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VLF-.

1 Hz AC Hipot Series
040 kVac 060 kVac Models
.05 Hz and .02 Hz Also Included
Description
VLF 40
(0-40kVac, 2.2 fd) AT LAST: The Portable VLF.1 Hz AC Testing Solution for XLPE, PE & EPR Cables
The High Voltage, Inc. *VLF.1 Hz series of AC Hipots finally enables
utilities and industry to economically AC field test cables and electrical
apparatus instead of DC testing. (*VLFVery Low Frequency).
Why VLF Hipot?
Because DC testing can be harmful to cables and also deleteriously
program and cause faults within the solid dielectric insulation of cables!
VLF testing actually enhances and increases cable life.
System Design
A variable transformer connected to a synchronous motor via a cam
arrangement raises the voltage in a sinusoidal curve to the maximum line
voltage, then reverses direction and drives the variable transformer to zero
with the same declining sinusoidal curve.
The man carrying the This amplitude modulated 50/60 cycle voltage is fed into a HV
HV section is 67 years transformer/rectifier which removes the 50/60 cycles and yields a perfect
old. He is Stanley G. .05 Hz sinusoidal wave up to the 90 deg. or peak value. The waveshape of
Peschel, the inventor.
the 90 deg. to 180 deg. portion of the sine wave is maintained by
sequentially changing the bleed resistors. When the first fixed bleed resistor
exponential decay line intersects the sine wave (~45 deg.), a second
resistor is paralleled by means of a HV relay which puts the exponential
decay curve under the sine wave until about 15 deg. At which time another
HV relay/resistor again puts the decay line under the Sine wave down to
zero. Since the exponential decay curves are always under the sine wave,
the power supply adds a little voltage to fill the void between the exponential
and sinusoidal curve, thus maintaining waveshape.
At 180o or zero volts the output polarity of the transformer/rectifier is
reversed. The variable transformer/cam arrangement goes through its full
cycle and the negative half of the sine wave is generated. Since polarity is
reversed at zero, there are no transients or contact arcing thus long life.
The position relays switch under voltage, however, the first one at 25kV
only sees 25 milliamperes, the second one at 13 kV, 50 milliamperes. The
arcing is minimal and a 3 micron filter in the oil circulating/heat exchanger
loop removes any carbon generated.

Main Plant: 31 Rt. 7A P.O. Box 408 Copake, NY 12516 (518) 329-3275 Fax: (518) 329-3271
Corporate Sales: (860) 927-0190 Fax: (860) 927-1398 Web address: www.high-voltage-hipot.com

High Voltage, Inc. designs and manufactures high voltage test equipment for utility and industrial applications. Also available are
Very Low Frequency (VLF) high voltage AC test sets, AC and DC Hipot test sets, cable fault locators and other products.
VLF-.1 Hz AC Hipot Series (New 120 kV VLF Model also available.)

Description
Model VLF 40 and VLF 60 are continuously adjustable 0-40 kilovolt and 0-60
kilovolt AC hipots with a .1 Hz cycle/second sinusoidal output. Their waveshape
is independent of capacitive loading and can test cables up to 10,000 feet in
Cable
storage
Cable
storage
length. The units run off of a 10/15 amp 120 volt line and are portable.
The test sets consist of a 50 pound controller and a 72 or 100 pound HV
section. Interconnecting and output cables are stored in a controller
compartment. Dual, cushion grip carrying handles facilitate transport by one or
two men. Operator skill is not required.
Control Panel Layout Controls are elementary: Power ON switch, HV ON and OFF button,
overload breaker, output voltage knob and a single range 40 kV/60 Kv peak
kilovoltmeter. For skeptics, a BNC output jack to feed a scope is included. The
unit is rated for continuous duty. Patent pending.
The VLF test is also ideal for PILC cable and transition joints, both hand
taped and heat shrinkable. A VLF test helps to determine if a cable should be
replaced or rejuvenated to extend life. A VLF test can detect cable defects at
Some Benefits of the .1 Hz VLF-AC Hipots a much lower voltage than a DC Hipot/Proof test. Also voltage transients are
Smallest, lightest weight ACVLF much smaller with a VLF AC Hipot test during cable failure or flashover than
Hipot available with the largest test with a DC hipot/Proof test. No travelling waves are generated with VLF during
load ratings testing.
The VLF AC Hipot also burns, breaks-down and conditions a cable fault
Two-piece portability
much quicker than conventional DC burners. Therefore, fault locating time
Simple and easy operation with existing thumper/radar devices is much quicker and easier.
Only a 120vac/60Hz or 230vac/50Hz
input line required Specifications VLF - 4022 (40 kV,2.2F)
The VLF AC Hipot does NOT Input: 120 V, 60 Hz, 10 A peak, 5 A average
generate harmful voids in the 230 V, 50 Hz, 6 A peak, 2.5 A average
insulation through treeing Output: Sinusoidal, 0 40 kVac peak, .1 Hz frequency
Duty: Continuous
Harmful space charges are NOT
Test capacitance: 1.1 Microfarads (approx. 10,000 ft.) of cable
injected into the dielectric during
Kilovoltmeter: 3.5 in., 0-40 PEAK KILOVOLTS
testing
Control Case Size: 19 w x 11 d. x 15.5 h.
A true-sinusoidal output voltage 483 mm w. x 274 mm d. x 394 mm h. 23 Kgs
waveform is used High Voltage Tank size: 13.5 w. x 8.5 d. x 19 h.
No traveling waves are generated 343 mm w. x 216 mm d. x 483 mm h. 33 Kgs
during testing Control Case Weight: 50 lbs. (22kg)
High Voltage Tank wt.: 72 lbs. (31kg.)
Interconnect cable length: 10 ft.
Additional test applications RG8/U output cable length: 20 ft.
Rotating machineryIEEE-433-1974 Shorting Stick: 10 ft. Braid
Capacitors Specifications VLF - 6022 (60 kV,2.2F)
Full Reel Cable Input: 120 V, 60 Hz, 15 A peak, 7.5 A average
Bushings & Insulators 230 V, 50 Hz, 8 A peak, 4 A average
Transformers Output: Sinusoidal, 0 60 kVac peak, .1 Hz frequency
Duty: Continuous
Test capacitance: 1.1 Microfarads (approx. 10,000 ft.) of cable
Kilovoltmeter: 3.5 in., 0-60 PEAK KILOVOLTS
Other standard test frequencies
Control Case Size: 19w x 11 d. x 15.5 h.
.05 Hz and .02 Hz
483 mm w. x 280 mm d. x 394 mm h. 25 Kgs
.05 Hz = 2.2 ufd Load, approx. 20,000 ft. High Voltage Tank size: 14.4 w. x 10.25 d. x 21.5 h.
.02 Hz = 5.5 ufd Load, approx. 50,000 ft. 366 mm w. x 260 mm d. x 546 mm h. 45 Kgs
Control Case Weight: 55 lbs. (25kg)
High Voltage Tank wt.: 100 lbs. (45kg.)
Interconnect cable length: 10 ft.
Flexible x-ray output cable length: 20 ft.
Shorting Stick: 10 ft. Braid

Main Plant: 31 Rt. 7A P.O. Box 408 Copake, NY 12516 (518) 329-3275 Fax: (518) 329-3271
Corporate Sales: (860) 927-0190 Fax: (860) 927-1398 Web address: www.high-voltage-hipot.com
High Voltage, Inc. designs and manufactures high voltage test equipment for utility and industrial applications. Also available are Very Low
Frequency (VLF) high voltage AC test sets, portable AC and DC Hipot test sets, cable fault locators and other products.

500VLF/1/00