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8/19/2013

Overview
 Objective of Subject
Advance Transform Techniques Syllabus: overview

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ECE408  Reference books, Papers, Journals
 Introduction to subject
 Prerequisite Knowledge
Nikesh Bajaj
nikesh.14730@lpu.co.in
 Review of Basics
Digital Signal Processing  Summary
School of Electronics and Communication
Lovely Professional University 2 By: Nikesh Bajaj

Objective of Subject


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?
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Ba Why do you need ATT??


What this subject bring to you?
What you will be able to do?
How this will make difference?
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 How important is it?

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Syllabus Syllabus
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UNITs UNIT
 Daubechies Wavelets
 Review of Signal and Systems
 Wavelet Packet Analysis
 Fourier Transform
 M-Band Wavelet
 Fourier Series and Geometry
 Discrete Wavelet Transform and relation to Filter Banks
 Advance of Fourier
 Image Compression
 Introduction to Wavelet
 Denoising
 Wavelet Transform
 Other Transforms
 Discrete Wavelet Transform
 Haar Wavelet
 --------------MTE--------------------------

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References CA Evaluation
 Text  Assignments
 Soman, K.P., Resmi, N. G. , Ramchandran, K. I. Insight into WAVELETS: From
Theory to Practice, Edition: Third Edition, PHI Publication, ISBN: 978-81-203-  1. Assignment +Test (Assignment based)

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4053-4
 Marks =30
 Other Books
 2. Rao, “Wavelet Transforms”, Pearson Education, Asia, 2009  2. Programming Exercise+ Test
 3. James S. Walker, “A Primer on Wavelets and their Scientific
 Marks 15+15
Applications”, CRC Press, (2009)
 4. Oppenheim, ALAN V, Signals and Systems. Second Edition, PHI  3. Design Problem (Implementation on MATLAB)
Publication, ISBN: 978-81-203-1246-3
 Marks =30
 5. Alexander D Poularikas THE TRANSFOMS AND APPLICATIONS

Handbook, Second Edition CRC PRESS

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Introduction to subject
 Transform Domain


Understanding various Transform Techniques
Application of these Transforms in
Ba Prerequisite Knowledge
 Signal & Systems


Basics,LTI System
Fourier Series/Transform, Laplace/Z-Transform
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 Analysis  Digital Signal Processing
 Processing  FIR/IIR filter design
 Compressing
 Programming
 Transmitting
 MATLAB/LABVIEW/
 Synthesizing
 C/C++/Python/Octave Programming

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#Refer to Chapter 1 of Oppenheim

Signal???
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Unit-1: Review of Signal & Systems
Analysis and Synthesis Tool

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What is Signal Signal

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Review of Basics
 Signal & System
 Signal?

#Refer to Chapter 1 of Oppenheim

Classification of Signals :Properties
Ba #Refer to Chapter 1 of Oppenheim

Problems & Exercise
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 Continues & Discrete
 Analog & Digital,
 Deterministic & Random
 Periodic & Aperiodic
 Energy & Power
 Even & Odd
 Real & Complex

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Periodicity Sampling-Quantization
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Sampling Theorem(1920) Reconstruction of Signal

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Review of Basics
 System
 Properties of System


#Refer to Chapter 1 of Oppenheim

With memory or Without Memory
Linear or Nonlinear
Ba Problems & Exercise
#Refer to Chapter 1 of Oppenheim
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LTI Sys  Time invariant or Time variant
 Stable or Unstable
 Causal or Non-causal
 Invertible or Non invertible
 Elementary Signals
 Impulse, Unit step, Ramp signal
 Sinusoidal., Exponential, Complex expo.
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Review of Basics Review of Basics
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 Elementary functions  Digital Communication
 Sinc Fun, Gate Fun, Sgn fun.  Sampling
 Fourier Series  Digital Modulation Techniques
 Fourier Transform  FSK, ASK, PSK,
 QPSK, QAM, MSK.
 Laplace Transform
 M' ARY MODULATION: ary modulation - M ary PSK
 Z-Transform
 Speech/Image/Video data

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Guess….?

Fourier

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Analysis and Synthesis Tool

Sir Isaac Pierre-Simon Jean Baptiste Joseph
Newton (4 January Laplace (1749- Fourier (21 March 1768
1643 – 31 March 1827) – 16 May 1830)
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Question???


What do you mean by Transform?
What is Fourier Series/Transform?
Different between Fourier Series and
Ba History
 In 1748
 L. Euler: Vibrating String
 Vertical deflation at any time is the linear

combination of „normal modes‟, he showed it
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Fourier Transform  In 1753
 D. Bernouli argued same on physical ground (No math)
 Different between Fourier Transform and but was not accepted.
Laplace Transform  Eular discarded „Trigonometric series‟
 In 1759
 J. L. Langrange strongly criticized Trig. Series.
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Fourier Fourier Series
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 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier  “Fourier Series is a Great
-21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830, Auxerre, France,
Mathematician, Egyptologist, Mathematical Poem”
Revolutionary Discovery (1822). Scientific Advisor  Lord Kelvin (William Thompson)
 He claimed that any periodic signal can be represented by
a series of harmonically related sinusoidal.
–FOURIER SERIES  Laplace Rejected Fourier‟s Thesis
 He also obtained a representation of Aperiodic signal, not
as weighted sum of harmonically related sinusoidal, but  Laplace Generalized Fourier‟s one
as weighted Integral of sinusoidal that are not at all
harmonically related.
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Fourier Series Fourier Series
 x(t) periodic signal  Does FS always exist for any periodic signal?

2

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Convergence Criteria: Dirichlet
a jkt 
x(t )  e period , T 
k 
k
 1. Absolutely Integrable
 Where coefficients are  x(t ) dt <∞
T
1
T T
ak  x(t )e  jkt dt 2. There should be finite number of Maxima and
Minima in any period.
3. There should be finite number of finite
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discontinuities in any finite period By: Nikesh Bajaj

x(t ) 
Fourier Series
Periodic signal x(t)

a
k 

k
e jkt -To/2 -T1
1

T1 To/2
Ba A Sum of Sine Waves

Asin(x   
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2T1

sin kT 1
a 
k
k
1 2 sin koT 1
a 
k
To ko w  /T1

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Fourier Series to
Fourier Series Fourier Transform
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 What is the Use of Fourier Series?  If T0∞ ???
 Use in Analysis :LTI system 1
 HOW? will become Aperiodic

 Use in Synthesis -To/2 -T1 T1 To/2

2T1

will become Continuese

Fourier Transform comes in
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Fourier Transform Fourier Transform
 For Aperiodic signal x(t), FT  Does FT always exist for any aperiodic signal?
  Convergence Criteria: Dirichlet

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 x(t )e
 jt
X ( j )  dt 1. Absolutely Integrable



Inverse Fourier Transform  x(t ) dt <∞
T


1 There should be finite number of Maxima and
 X ( j )e
jt
d
2.
x(t ) 
2 
Minima in any finite interval.
3. There should be finite number of finite
discontinuities in any finite period.
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