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# 9/24/2013

## Ref: RAJIVSAXENA AND KULBIRSINGH

Course Code: ECE408

Where we are?
Introduction to Subject

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Fractional Fourier Transform Fourier Series
FRFT Fourier Transform & Its Limitations
Short Time Fourier Transform & its Limitations
With MATLAB

## Nikesh Bajaj Window Functions, with MATLAB

nikesh.14730@lpu.co.in Fractional Fourier Transform
Asst. Prof. LSECA, ECE Introduction to Wavelet
Lovely Professional University 2 By: Nikesh Bajaj

Overview

Introduction to FRFT
Concept of Fraction
Concept of FRFT
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Introduction to FRFT
FRFT is generalization of FT
Depend of parameter
Important tool for signal processing, Now
first introduced by Victor Namias in 1980, but was in
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## discussion from 1929 among scientist with different name

FRFT : Mathematically N. Wiener, H. Weyl, E. U. Condon, H. Kober, A.Pguinand
FRFT: Properties A. L. Patterson, V. Bargmann, De Bruijn, R. S.Khare.
It is being used in area of
FRFT: Applications optics and wave propagation,
Summary signal analysis, space or time-variant filtering, multiplexing
quantum mechanics, statistical optics
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Signal detectors, correlation and pattern recognition, By: Nikesh Bajaj
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## Fraction Time to frequency domain

94=9999 t domain, w domain
v
91.5=? u
d
First derivative of F(x) F (x) New domains
dx t
u, v domain
d2 d d
2
nd derivative of F(x) F ( x) F ( x) alpha domain
dx 2 dx dx

d 0.5
0.5th derivative of F(x) dx 0.5 F ( x) ?

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## FRFT: Mathematically FRFT: Mathematically

Fourier Transform (t) FRFT(tu) F[x(t)] = X(u)

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j( ) j j
x(t )e dt
jt
X ( j ) e 4 2 u 2 cot t 2 cot

X (u )
2 sin
e2

x(t )e 2 e jut csc dt
t

1
X ( j )e
jt
x(t ) d
2

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Ba FRFT

F (u ) x(t ) K (t , u )dt

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1 j cot j u2 cot
2 2
t
j cot

2
e
x(t )e 2 e jut csc dt

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F (u ) x(t ) K (t , u )dt

1 j cot j u2 cot
2 2
t
j cot

2
e
x(t )e 2 e jut csc dt FRFT v
u

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Parameter t
=0
No rotation
F0[x(t)] = x(t) : Identity Operator
=/2
F/2[x(t)] = X() : Fourier Transform
=
F[x(t)] = x(-t) : Reflector

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FRFT FRFT
Other Definitions of FRFT

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FRFT
Ba FRFT Filtering
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## Linear combination type DFRFT

(a) = 0.01
DFRFT of the rectangle window function for various angles :
(top left) = 0:01, (b) = 0.05
(top right) = 0:05,
(middle left) = 0:2,
(c) = 0.2
(middle right) = 0:4, (d) = 0.4
(bottom left) =/4,
(bottom right) =/2 (e) = /4
(f) = /2

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