You are on page 1of 4

9/24/2013

Ref: RAJIVSAXENA AND KULBIRSINGH


Advance Transform Techniques
Course Code: ECE408

Where we are?
Introduction to Subject
Brief about Signal & System

jaj
Fractional Fourier Transform Fourier Series
FRFT Fourier Transform & Its Limitations
Short Time Fourier Transform & its Limitations
With MATLAB

Nikesh Bajaj Window Functions, with MATLAB


nikesh.14730@lpu.co.in Fractional Fourier Transform
Asst. Prof. LSECA, ECE Introduction to Wavelet
Lovely Professional University 2 By: Nikesh Bajaj

Overview


Introduction to FRFT
Concept of Fraction
Concept of FRFT
Ba


Introduction to FRFT
FRFT is generalization of FT
Depend of parameter
Important tool for signal processing, Now
first introduced by Victor Namias in 1980, but was in
sh

discussion from 1929 among scientist with different name


FRFT : Mathematically N. Wiener, H. Weyl, E. U. Condon, H. Kober, A.Pguinand
FRFT: Properties A. L. Patterson, V. Bargmann, De Bruijn, R. S.Khare.
It is being used in area of
FRFT: Applications optics and wave propagation,
Summary signal analysis, space or time-variant filtering, multiplexing
quantum mechanics, statistical optics
3 By: Nikesh Bajaj 4
Signal detectors, correlation and pattern recognition, By: Nikesh Bajaj
ke

Concept of Fraction Fractional Fourier Transform


Ni

Fraction Time to frequency domain


94=9999 t domain, w domain
v
91.5=? u
d
First derivative of F(x) F (x) New domains
dx t
u, v domain
d2 d d
2
nd derivative of F(x) F ( x) F ( x) alpha domain
dx 2 dx dx

d 0.5
0.5th derivative of F(x) dx 0.5 F ( x) ?

5 By: Nikesh Bajaj 6 By: Nikesh Bajaj

1
9/24/2013

FRFT: Mathematically FRFT: Mathematically


Fourier Transform (t) FRFT(tu) F[x(t)] = X(u)

jaj

j( ) j j
x(t )e dt
jt
X ( j ) e 4 2 u 2 cot t 2 cot


X (u )
2 sin
e2

x(t )e 2 e jut csc dt
t


1
X ( j )e
jt
x(t ) d
2

7 By: Nikesh Bajaj 8 By: Nikesh Bajaj

Ba FRFT

F (u ) x(t ) K (t , u )dt

sh
1 j cot j u2 cot
2 2
t
j cot

2
e
x(t )e 2 e jut csc dt

9 By: Nikesh Bajaj 10 By: Nikesh Bajaj


ke


F (u ) x(t ) K (t , u )dt

1 j cot j u2 cot
2 2
t
j cot

2
e
x(t )e 2 e jut csc dt FRFT v
u

Ni

Parameter t
=0
No rotation
F0[x(t)] = x(t) : Identity Operator
=/2
F/2[x(t)] = X() : Fourier Transform
=
F[x(t)] = x(-t) : Reflector

11 By: Nikesh Bajaj 12 By: Nikesh Bajaj

2
9/24/2013

FRFT FRFT
Other Definitions of FRFT

jaj
13 By: Nikesh Bajaj 14 By: Nikesh Bajaj

FRFT
Ba FRFT Filtering
sh
15 By: Nikesh Bajaj 16 By: Nikesh Bajaj
ke

Discrete fractional fourier transform


Ni

Linear combination type DFRFT



(a) = 0.01
DFRFT of the rectangle window function for various angles :
(top left) = 0:01, (b) = 0.05
(top right) = 0:05,
(middle left) = 0:2,
(c) = 0.2
(middle right) = 0:4, (d) = 0.4
(bottom left) =/4,
(bottom right) =/2 (e) = /4
(f) = /2

17 By: Nikesh Bajaj 18 By: Nikesh Bajaj

3
9/24/2013

jaj
19 By: Nikesh Bajaj 20 By: Nikesh Bajaj

Ba
sh
21 By: Nikesh Bajaj
ke
Ni