21 views

Uploaded by Shivam Agarwal

- CAE LAB MANUAL -JNTUA III B TechII SEM / SVTM /M RAMA NARASIMHA REDDY
- Abaqus Bracket Tutorial
- On Teaching Finite Element Method in Plasticity With Mathematica
- RR420302-FINITE-ELEMENT-METHODS.pdf
- FEA Question bank Mechanical Engineering
- Ansys Report-
- Dytran 2010 Example Problems Manual
- A tribute to Prof. Olek Zienkiewicz
- vol9no2_5
- IPC2012-90017
- Microsoft Word - L03_AUDJG_2007.pdf
- A12 001 ViewFlex Geometry
- Optimization of Ring Stiffener of a Missile
- Sant Hosh
- 7ce159 (1)
- FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS - BASKET - IV - MECHANICAL.doc
- Poisson Cont
- Fs 3310161019
- Question 2
- Text Part 1

You are on page 1of 4

ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) in Education & Technology (IJARET)

I

Tony. A. Baby, IITony Kurian, IIIMelvin Eldho Shibu

Graduate Student, III Assistant Professor

I,II

I,II,III

I

tonyabrahambaby@gmail.com, II tonykurian987654321.tk92@gmail.com, III itzmelvin@gmail.com

Abstract

This paper deals with a stress analysis scenario of flywheel to study the change in stress values due to change in different parameters.

A total of five parameters are considered such as speed, outer diameter of the flywheel, number of spokes, diameter of spoke and

material to study the change in stress behavior. The general problem faced in such an analysis is that it is difficult in a numerical

background. Overcoming this problem in modern world was easy with the help of FE platform. The results were obtained which

paved the way to study the stress behavior on flywheel in different parameters.

Keywords

Von mises stress, FEA, Flywheel

I. Introduction

Flywheel is a heavy rotating body which serves as an energy

reservoir. The flywheel stores the energy in the form of kinetic

energy during the period when the supply of energy from the prime

mover is more than the requirement of energy by the machine,

and releases it during the period when the requirement of energy

by the machine is more than the supply of energy by the prime

mover. In this work stress induced in a flywheel was studied and

considered different parameters such as speed, material, outer

diameter of flywheel, diameter of spoke and number of spoke.

A. Problem Definition

The paper deals with the study of stresses induced in a flywheel due

to different parameters like speed, material of flywheel, number of

spokes, diameter of spokes and outer diameter of flywheel. Through

this study it is possible to find out the factors that contribute to

increase in stresses on a flywheel. The main problem faced in such

a study is that it is tedious to be done in a numerical background.

To overcome this problem, modern technology was used. Using Figure 1: Representation of stress distribution on a flywheel using

modern software like creo 1.0 and ansys workbench, modeling Ansys Workbench

and analysis were made easier and more accurate.

The above figure is the representation of stress distributed

B. Methodology over a flywheel obtained using the analysis software Ansys

The modeling of the flywheel was done on the design software workbench.

tool Creo 1.0 created by PTC Inc. A total of 27 models were

created in .prt format and were converted to .igs using the format C. Geometric Description

converter provided by Creo itself. All the models are created with The parameters considered in the study were outer diameter

varying dimensions. (Do), speed (s), density (), diameter of spoke (d) and number of

A total of 243 analyses were done using the FE platform provided spokes (N). The flywheel considered for this work was part of a

by Ansys Inc. The materials considered for this work were Gray speed retardation test apparatus. The main changes done to the

cast iron (Density=7200 kg/m3), Structural steel (Density=7850 basic design of the model was varying the outer diameter values,

kg/m3) and Copper alloy (Density=8300 kg/m3). Each material the number of spokes, material, diameter of spoke and speed to

carry 81 analysis varying all the parameters and incorporating obtain different values for equivalent stress using the FE platform

them in order to obtain a complete review on the equivalent von designed by Ansys Inc. Ansys Workbench 14.5 is a well-designed

mises stress induced in the flywheel. The values were compared to software tool made to perform analysis on different conditions

perform overall study of stresses induced in flywheel at different such as fluid flow, electromagnetic, structural mechanics etc.

parameter variations

D. Stresses In Rimmed Flywheel

A rimmed flywheel consists of a rim at which the major portion

of the mass of flywheel is concentrated, a hub for mounting the

flywheel on the shaft and a number of arms for supporting the rim

on the hub. The maximum stress value obtained on a flywheel is

found to be on its rim. The following equation was obtained from

International Journal of Advanced Research ISSN : 2394-2975 (Online)

in Eduation & Technology (IJARET) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print)

Table 1: Flywheel parameter values taken

Outer Diameter 200mm

Speed 600rpm

Number of spokes 3

Structural steel

Material (Density=7850 kg/m3)

Diameter of spoke 37.5mm

The above table values were used in solving principal stress value

for both the equation and the analysis software.

Principal stress value obtained for the above details using FEA

E. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) analysis on Ansys workbench

Finite element method (FEM) is a numerical technique for Principal stress=2.98e8 Pa

finding approximate solutions to boundary value problems for Principal stress value obtained for the above details using Eqn.1

differential equations. It uses variational methods (the calculus [1]

of variations) to minimize an error function and produce a stable Principal stress=3.004e8 Pa

solution. Analogous to the idea that connecting many tiny straight The error was found to be around 1% and is negligible.

lines can approximate a larger circle, FEM encompasses all the

methods for connecting many simple element equations over many III. Result And Discussion

small subdomains, named finite elements, to approximate a more This method considers two variables varying keeping all the other

complex equation over a larger domain. three variables constant. This helps in understanding the effect of

The subdivision of a whole domain into simpler parts has several a variable with respect to another variable on stress induced. A

advantages such as accurate representation of complex geometry, total of 20 graphs were plotted using the five parameters. Some

inclusion of dissimilar material properties, easy representation of important results are discussed below.

the total solution and capture of local effects

A typical work out of the method involves dividing the domain of A. Effect of Speed with Varying Material

the problem into a collection of subdomains, with each subdomain

represented by a set of element equations to the original problem,

followed by systematically recombining all sets of element

equations into a global system of equations for the final calculation.

The global system of equations has known solution techniques, and

can be calculated from the initial values of the original problem

to obtain a numerical answer.

F. Von-Mises Stress

In an elastic body that is subject to a system of loads in 3 dimensions,

a complex 3 dimensional system of stresses is developed. That is,

at any point within the body there are stresses acting in different

directions, and the direction and magnitude of stresses changes

from point to point. The Von Mises criterion is a formula for

calculating whether the stress combination at a given point will

cause failure. There are three Principal Stresses that can be Figure 2: Effect of Speed with Varying Material

calculated at any point, acting in the x, y, and z directions.

Von Mises found that, even though none of the principal stresses The effect of speed with all other parameters constant shows

exceeds the yield stress of the material, it is possible for yielding that the equivalent stress value increases as the speed increases

to result from the combination of stresses. The Von Mises criterion from 600rpm to 1500rpm. The drastic increase in the stress due

is a formula for combining these 3 stresses into an equivalent to increase in speed shows that the effect of speed on the stress

stress, which is then compared to the yield stress of the material. induced is high. This increase is shown in figure 2. Considering

The yield stress is a known property of the material, and is usually the change in material, the material with the lowest density has

considered to be the failure stress. the lowest curve compared to the other materials. This shows that

The equivalent stress is often called the Von Mises Stress as a as the material property such as density changes, stress induced

shorthand description. It is not really a stress, but a number that is also changes. As the density increases the stress induced also

used as an index. If the Von Mises Stress exceeds the yield stress, increases.

then the material is considered to be at the failure condition.

A benchmark problem was done to check the error percentage

between the value obtained using Ansys workbench software and

with a standard equation.

ISSN : 2394-2975 (Online) International Journal of Advanced Research

ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) in Education & Technology (IJARET)

3.2 EFFECT

3.2 EFFECT OF OF MATERIAL

MATERIAL WITH WITH VARYING

VARYING type flywheel decreases as the number

type flywheel decreases as the number of

of spokes

spokes of

of the

the flywheel

flywheel

3.2 EFFECT

SPEED OF MATERIAL WITH VARYING type flywheel

becomes decreases as the number of spokes of the flywheel

balanced.

becomes balanced.

SPEED

B. Effect of Material With Varying Speed

SPEED thebecomes

number ofbalanced.

spokes of the flywheel becomes balanced.

2.5E+9

3.2 EFFECT OF MATERIAL WITH VARYING

2.5E+9

2.5E+9 3.4

3.4

type flywheel

EFFECT

EFFECT

decreases

OF OUTER

OFDiameter

OUTER

as the DIAMETER

number of spokes

DIAMETER

of the flywheel

WITH

WITH

SPEED 3.4 EFFECT

D. becomes

Effect OuterOF

ofbalanced. OUTER withDIAMETER

Varying Speed WITH

stress

VARYING SPEED

SPEED

misesstress

VARYING

mises stress

2.0E+9 2.0E+9

2.5E+9

2.0E+9 VARYING SPEED

3.4 EFFECT OF OUTER DIAMETER WITH

8.0E+9

8.0E+9

vonmises

8.0E+9

von stress

VARYING SPEED

stress

1.5E+9

misesstress

1.5E+9

2.0E+9 7.0E+9

7.0E+9

mises stress

1.5E+9 7.0E+9

Equivalentvon

8.0E+9

6.0E+9

von mises

1.0E+9 6.0E+9

vonmises

1.0E+9 6.0E+9

Equivalent

von stress

1.5E+9

1.0E+9 7.0E+9

Equivalent

5.0E+9

5.0E+9

5.0E+9

Equivalentvon

5.0E+8

5.0E+8 6.0E+9

4.0E+9

von mises

1.0E+9

5.0E+8 4.0E+9

Equivalent

4.0E+9

Equivalent

5.0E+9

3.0E+9

Equivalent

0.0E+0 3.0E+9

0.0E+0 3.0E+9

5.0E+8

0.0E+0

7200 7400 7600 7800 8000 8200 4.0E+9

2.0E+9

7200 7400 7600 7800 8000 8200 2.0E+9

Density

Equivalent

7200 7400 7600

Density 7800 8000 8200 2.0E+9

600rpm Density

1000rpm 1500rpm 3.0E+9

1.0E+9

1.0E+9

0.0E+0 600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm

1.0E+9

600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm

7200

7600 7400 7800 8000 8200 2.0E+9

0.0E+0

Figure 3:

Figure 3: Effect

Effect ofof Material

Material with with Varying

Varying

Density

Speed

Speed 0.0E+0

Figure 3: Effect

Effect of of Material

Material with with VaryingSpeed Speed 0.0E+0

200 250 300 350 400

Figure 3: Varying 200

1.0E+9 250 300 350 400

600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm 200 Outer diameter

250Outer diameter

300 350 400

Figure 33 considers

Figure considers the the effect

effect of of material

material while while varying

varying speed speed 600rpm 1000rpm Outer diameter

1500rpm

Figure 0.0E+0 600rpm

Figure

taking

Figure

taking all 333:

all

considers

Effect

other

considers

other parameters

the effect

of Material

parameters the effect with

constant.of Varying

of

constant.

material

The materials

material

The

whilevarying

Speed

materials

while varying

considered

considered

speed

speed 600rpm

1000rpm

1000rpm

1500rpm

1500rpm

taking all other parameters constant. The materials considered 3 200 250 300 350

Figure 5: Effect of Outer Diameter with Varying Speed 400

for this

fortaking

this all work

workother were

were

parametersGray cast

Gray constant. iron

cast ironThe (Density=7200

(Density=7200

materials kg/m

kg/m3),

considered ),

for3), Figure 5:

Figure 5: Effect

Effect ofof Outer

Outer Diameter

Diameter with

withVarying

Outer diameter VaryingSpeed Speed

for

Figurethis 3 work

considers were the Gray

effect cast

of iron

material

3 (Density=7200

while varying kg/m

speed Figure 5: Effect of Outer Diameter with Varying Speed

Structural

Structural steel

steel (Density=7850

(Density=7850 kg/m

kg/m 3) and

) and Copper

Copper

3 alloy

alloy 600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm

this work

Structural

taking all were

steel

other Gray cast ironconstant.

33(Density=7850

(Density=7200

kg/m 3 kg/mCopper

) materials

and ), Structural

alloy As the

the outer

outer diameter

diameter increases

increases the the stress

stressvalue

valuealso alsoincreases.

increases.

(Density=8300

(Density=8300 kg/mparameters

kg/m ). 3 Considering

). Considering the

the The

effect

effect of material

of material considered

with

with As diameter increases the stress value also increases.

steel (Density=7850

(Density=8300 kg/m kg/m

). 3

) and

Considering Copper thealloy (Density=8300

effect of material kg/3), Ascharacteristic

the outer

Figure 5: Effectdiameter

ofshown

Outerincreases

Diameter thewith

stress value

Varying also increases.

Speed

for

all other

all this work

other parameters were

parameters constant Gray

constant shows cast

shows that iron

that the (Density=7200

the induced with

stress induced

stress kg/m is

is

This

This characteristic is shownis shown in in a single

in aasingle curve

singlecurve in

curveininthe the above

theabove curve.

abovecurve.

curve.

all

m3).other

Structural parameters

Consideringsteel the the constant

(Density=7850

effect of shows

material kg/mthat

with

3

) the stress

andother

all Copper induced

parametersalloy is This characteristic

Therefore outer is shown

diameter of in a single

flywheel hascurve

a in the

high above

effect on curve.

the

directly

directly increasing

increasing the stress induced value.

3stress induced value. Even though the

Even though the Therefore outer diameter of flywheel flywheel has has aa high

higheffect

effecton onthe

the

directly

(Density=8300increasing kg/m the). stress

Considering induced the value.

effect Even

of though

material the

with Therefore

As

stress the outer

induced. outer diameter

diameter

Comparing of

increases

every flywheel

the

single has

stress

curve a high

value

it can effect

alsobe on

found the

increases.

stress increase

constant

stress increase shows is considerably

is considerably

that the stresssmall, small,

induced other material

is directly

other material properties

increasing

properties the stress induced.

induced.Comparing

Comparingevery every single

single curve

curve it be

it can canfound

be found

that

stress

all otherincrease isreason

parameters considerably

constant small,

shows otherthematerial

that stress properties

induced is stress

This

that as

as the induced.

characteristic

the speed Comparing

speed increasesis shown

increases the every

in

the slope a

slope of single

single

of the curve

curve

the curve in

curve alsoit

the can

abovebe

also increases.found

curve.

increases.

also may be the for this phenomenon. Considering that

as the speed

also

also

may

stress may

directly

be

induced the

bevalue.

increasing

reason

thevaryingEven

reason

for

though

the stress

this the

for induced

this

phenomenon.

stress

phenomenon.

value.

Considering

increase is considerably

Even Considering

though the as theincreases

thatshows

Therefore

This speed

outer

that

the slope

increases

diameter

the speed the

of

also

of the curve

slope

flywheel

has a of hasalso

the

relation a increases.

curve

high

with also This

theincreases.

effect on the

stress

different

different curves

curves for

for varying values

values also of speed,

of speed, the

thethe curve

curve with 600

withfor600 This

shows shows

that thethat

speedthealso

speed

has also

a has awith

relation relation

the withinduced

stress the stress

in

small, increase

different other

curvesmaterial properties

isforconsiderably

varying ofmay be reason withthis This

stress shows

induced. that the speed

Comparing also

every has a

single relation

curve itwith

can the

be stress

found

rpm

rpm stress

shows an

shows an increase

increase then aa values

then small,

decrease

decrease

speed,

other

towards

towards

thethecurve

material

the increase

increase in600

properties

in

induced in

induced

thethat

diameter

in thethe diameter

diameter varying

varying

varying flywheel.

flywheel. The

flywheel. The

flywheel

The flywheel

with

flywheel with

400mm

with

outer

rpm shows

phenomenon.

also may an

be increase

Considering

the reason then a

different

for decrease

this curves towards

phenomenon. the

for varying increase

values

Considering ofin inducedas

400mm outer in

the the

speed

outer diameter diameter

increases

diameter rotating varying

the

rotating at slope flywheel.

at 1500rpmof the

1500rpm has The

curve

has the flywheel

also

the maximum

maximum with

increases.

density of the material. This leads to the

density of the material. This leads to the possibility of a critical possibility of a critical 400mm

diameter rotating at the

1500rpm has the maximum stress

density

different of the material. This leads to the possibility of a critical 400mm

This

stress shows

induced outerthat

diameter

value whilerotating

speed also

the athas1500rpm

flywheel a relation

with has theinduced

with

200mm maximum

the stress

outer

speed,

speed

speed at thecurves

at which

which curve

the for varying

with

the effect

effect 600 rpmvalues

of change

of change shows ofanspeed,

in density

in density of the

increase

of curve

then

aa material

material withnot600

a decrease

is not

is stress induced value while the flywheel with 200mm outer

speedshows

rpm atFinding

whichan the

increaseeffect of change

then a speed in and

decrease density

towards of athe

material

increaseis not value while

stress

induced

diameter andthe600rpm

induced

in flywheel

the value with

diameter 200mm

while

rotational the

varyingspeed outerhasdiameter

flywheel

flywheel. thewith

The and

lowest 600rpm

200mmvalue outer

flywheel with

of

affected.

towards the such

increase a

in critical

density of

affected. Finding such a critical speed and applying them willthe material.applying

This them

leads will

to thein diameter

rotational

diameter

400mm

and

speed 600rpm

and has

outer

rotational

the lowest

600rpm

diameter

speed

valueat

rotational

rotating

has

of1500rpm

speedstress the lowest

hasinduced.

the

haslowest

value of

value of

the maximum

leadaffected.

density of

to better Finding

the

betterofprotection

protectionsuch

material. a critical

This leads

of flywheel

flywheel speed

to the and

against applying

possibility

failures of them

a towill

critical

due to stress induced.

stress induced.

lead to

possibility athe

critical of

speed at which against

the failures

effect due

of change into stress induced.

induced value while the flywheel with 200mm outer

lead

speed

stresses. to

at better

which protection

effect of of flywheel

change in against

density of afailures

material due

is not

stresses.

density of a material is not affected. Finding such a critical speed E. Effect

diameter ofand

Diameter

600rpm of Spoke with

rotational speed Varying

has the Number

lowest of of

value

stresses. Finding such a critical speed and applying them will

affected. 3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER OF SPOKE WITH

3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER

3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER OF SPOKE WITH

Spoke

stress induced. OF SPOKE WITH

and

3.3lead applying

EFFECTto better them

OF will

protection lead to

NUMBER ofbetter

flywheel

OF protection

against

SPOKES of flywheel

failures

WITH against

due to VARYING NUMBER OF SPOKE

3.3 EFFECT

3.3 EFFECT

stresses. OF OF NUMBER

NUMBER OF OF SPOKES

SPOKES WITH WITH VARYING

VARYING NUMBER

NUMBEROFOF

SPOKE

SPOKE

failures

VARYING SPEED due to stresses.

VARYING

VARYING SPEED

SPEED 3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER OF SPOKE WITH

9.0E+8

9.0E+8

2.5E+9 9.0E+8

3.32.5E+9

EFFECT OF NUMBER OF SPOKES WITH

2.5E+9 VARYING

8.5E+8 NUMBER OF SPOKE

stress

8.5E+8

misesstress

C. Effect of Number

VARYING SPEEDof Spokes with Varying Speed 8.5E+8

stress

mises stress

misesstress

9.0E+8

8.0E+8

mises stress

2.0E+9

2.0E+9 8.0E+8

2.5E+9 8.0E+8

vonmises

2.0E+9 8.5E+8

von stress

7.5E+8

vonmises

7.5E+8

von stress

1.5E+9 7.5E+8

1.5E+9 8.0E+8

Equivalentvon

2.0E+9

1.5E+9 7.0E+8

7.0E+8

von mises

Equivalentvon

7.0E+8

von mises

Equivalent

7.5E+8

6.5E+8

Equivalent

1.0E+9 6.5E+8

Equivalent

1.0E+9

1.5E+9 6.5E+8

Equivalent

1.0E+9 7.0E+8

6.0E+8

6.0E+8

Equivalent

6.0E+8

5.0E+8 6.5E+8

Equivalent

5.0E+8

1.0E+9 5.5E+8

5.0E+8 5.5E+8

5.5E+8

6.0E+8

5.0E+8

0.0E+0 5.0E+8

0.0E+0

5.0E+8 5.0E+8

12.5 17.5 22.5 27.5 32.5 37.5

0.0E+0

3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 12.5

5.5E+8 17.5 22.5 27.5 32.5 37.5

3 3.5 4

Number 4.5spokes 5

of 5.5 6 12.5 Diameter

17.5Diameter of spoke

22.5

of spoke27.5 32.5 37.5

3 3.5 Number

4 of spokes

4.5 5 5.5 6 Diameter of spoke

600rpm

Number

1000rpm

of spokes 1500rpm

3 spokes

5.0E+8 3 spokes

5

5 spokes

spokes 6 spokes

6 spokes

0.0E+0 600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm 3 spokes 5 spokes 6 spokes

600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm 12.5 of Diameter

Figure 6: Effect 17.5 of 22.5

Spoke with 27.5

Varying32.5

Number of 37.5

Figure

Figure 6: Effect

6: Effect of

of of with Varying Number of

6: Effect Diameter of Spoke

4 3 4.53.5 5 5.5 6

Figure 4:

Figure 4: Effect

Effect ofof Number

Number Number

of

of Spokes

Spokes with Varying

with

of spokes Varying Speed

Speed Figure Diameter

of Diameter of Spoke spoke

with Varying Number of

Figure 4: Effect of Number of Spokes with Varying Speed Spoke

Spoke 3 spokes 5 spokes 6 spokes

600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm Spoke

By categorizing

By categorizing the the number

number of of spokes

spokes into into balanced

balanced and and Figure of 6: Effect of Diameter of Spoke with Varying Number of

By categorizing ofthe number ofthespokes into balanced Diameter

Diameter spoke

of spoke

spoke hashas

has aaa negligible

negligible effect

negligible effect

effectonon the

onthe stress

thestress induced

stressinduced

induced

Figure

Figure

unbalanced,

unbalanced,

4:Effect

4: itEffect

it may of

may be

be

Number

Number

observed

observed

ofthat

of Spokes

Spokes

that

withVarying

with

stress

the stress

Varying

induced

induced

Speed

Speed

shows an

shows anand Diameter

Diameter

Spoke

while in

in the

of of

the case spoke

case of has

of 37.5mm a negligible

37.5mm diametric effect

diametric spoke on the

spoke flywheel, stress

flywheel, the induced

the stress

stress

unbalanced,

increase for it may be observed

unbalanced type of that the stress

flywheel induceda shows

whereas slight an while

while in the case of 37.5mm diametric spoke flywheel, the stress

increase for unbalanced type of flywheel whereas a slight while

seems toindrastically

the case

drastically of increase.

37.5mm diametric

mayspoke

This may flywheel,

be explained

explained the stress

as the

the

increase

By

decrease

By for

categorizing

is unbalanced

observed

categorizing the the

in

numbernumber

the type

ofcase

spokes of into

of flywheel

spokes

balanced

balanced whereas

into

flywheels.

and aThis

balanced slight

unbalanced, and seems

seems to

to to

drastically increase.

increase. This

This may be

bephenomenon

explained as

asexists,

the

decrease is observed in the case of balanced flywheels. This seems

Diameter

overlapping ofdrastically

of spoke

spokes has

at increase.

a

the This

negligible

hub. While may

effect

this be the

on explained

stress as the

induced

decrease

provides be is

unbalanced,

an

it may an observed

it may that

information

observed inthethe

be that

observed

that the case

stress that

stress ofthebalanced

value

induced stress flywheels.

induced

induced

shows shows

in an

an

an increasearmThis

an

for overlapping

overlapping of spokes

of spokes at at the

thehub.

hub.While

Whilethis

thisphenomenon

phenomenonexists, exists,

provides information the stress value induced in arm theoverlapping

while

curve infor

the 6ofnumber

casespokes at spoke

of 37.5mm

of the hub. Whilespoke

diametric

flywheel this

seemsphenomenon

flywheel,

to exists,

theThe

differ. stress

provides

increase an

for information

unbalanced that

typethe stress

of value

flywheel induced

unbalanced type of flywheel whereas a slight decrease is observedwhereas ina an arm

slight the curve

thethe

curve for

for 6 number

6drastically

number of spoke

ofincrease.

spoke flywheel

flywheel seems

seems to differ.

toexplained

differ. TheThe

seemscurveto for 6 number of spoke flywheel

This may seems

be to differ.as The

the

decrease

in the caseisofobserved

balancedinflywheels.

the case This of balanced

provides an flywheels.

informationThis

overlapping of spokes at the hub. While this phenomenon exists,

provides

that the stress value induced in an arm type flywheel decreasesarm

an information that the stress value induced in an as the curve for 6 number of spoke flywheel seems to differ. The

International Journal of Advanced Research ISSN : 2394-2975 (Online)

in Eduation & Technology (IJARET) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print)

flywheel was minimized by the balancing nature of the flywheel.

This shows that the extra stress induced because of overlapping

of spokes can be overcome by making the flywheel balanced.

IV. Conclusion

The following conclusions were obtained from the experiment.

The stress value gets affected by the speed of rotation of the

flywheel drastically. As the speed increases the stress value

also increases.

The relation between the number of spokes and the stress

induced on a flywheel largely depends upon whether the

flywheel is balanced or not. Balanced number of flywheel

number of spokes shows lower stress induced.

The material effect over stress values is low considering the

density of the material. Other properties may largely promote

high stress induction on the flywheel.

There is a possible presence of a critical speed value below

which the effect of density of material gets negligibly low.

Increase in diameter of spoke tends to promote more stress

induction but this effect gets nullified when the number of

spokes makes the flywheel balanced.

Outer diameter of flywheel and speed of rotation together

facilitates the drastic increase in stress values. Flywheel

with higher outer diameter and higher speed has more stress

induced. Keeping any one of them ensures more protection

against failures.

V. Acknowledgement

The authors would like to express their deep gratitude to almighty,

the supreme guide for best owing his blessings upon them in their

entire endeavor. They would also like to express their sincere

thanks to Prof K R Rajan, Head of Department, Mr. Melvin Eldho

Shibu, Assistant Professor and all other faculties of Mechanical

engineering department, SNGCE Kadayiruppu.

References

[1] Design Data Handbook by Jalaludeen, Anuradha

Publications, 2004, ISBN 8187721626, 9788187721628.

[2] Ritesh Krishna Kumar, Toms Philip, Analysis Of An Arm

Type Rotating Flywheel, International Conference On

Advanced Technology And Science (ICAT14).

[3] M. Dhengle, Dr. D. V. Bhope, S. D. Khamankar, Investigation

Of Stresses In Arm Type Rotating Flywheels. International

Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST).

[4] Sudipta Saha, Abhik Bose, G. Sai Tejesh, S.P. Srikanth,

Computer Aided Design & Analysis on Flywheel for Greater

Efficiency. International Journal of Advanced Engineering

Research and Studies. E-ISSN22498974

[5] S.M.Choudhary, D.Y.Shahare, Design Optimization of

Flywheel of Thresher Using FEM, International Journal of

Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, IJETAE,

ISSN 2250-2459, volume 3, issue 2, February 2013.

[6] Sushama G Bawane1, A P Ninawe1 and S K Choudhary,

Analysis and Optimization of Flywheel, International

Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotic Research,

ISSN 2278 0149, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2012.

[7] Akshay P. Punde, G.K.Gattani. Analysis of Flywheel,

International Journal of Modern Engineering Research

(IJMER), ISSN: 2249-6645, Vol.3, Issue.2, March-April

2013.

- CAE LAB MANUAL -JNTUA III B TechII SEM / SVTM /M RAMA NARASIMHA REDDYUploaded byreddy
- Abaqus Bracket TutorialUploaded byhfathollahi
- On Teaching Finite Element Method in Plasticity With MathematicaUploaded byyesullen
- RR420302-FINITE-ELEMENT-METHODS.pdfUploaded bySarath Chandra
- FEA Question bank Mechanical EngineeringUploaded bygoldencomet
- Ansys Report-Uploaded bypravi2010
- Dytran 2010 Example Problems ManualUploaded byMSC.Software
- A tribute to Prof. Olek ZienkiewiczUploaded byrrmerlin_2
- vol9no2_5Uploaded byGeorgeEdward
- IPC2012-90017Uploaded byMarcelo Varejão Casarin
- Microsoft Word - L03_AUDJG_2007.pdfUploaded byHussein Zein
- A12 001 ViewFlex GeometryUploaded byporuki
- Optimization of Ring Stiffener of a MissileUploaded byIJSTR Research Publication
- Sant HoshUploaded byThulasi Ram
- 7ce159 (1)Uploaded byashwa
- FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS - BASKET - IV - MECHANICAL.docUploaded bySiva Prasad
- Poisson ContUploaded byJaime Huarcaya
- Fs 3310161019Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Question 2Uploaded byanisashraf90
- Text Part 1Uploaded bydesavinicius
- Manual Efcad 2002 (1)Uploaded bySigmar de Lima
- Cad Lab Manual-2016Uploaded byDilip Patel
- A FE Procedure for Calculating Fluid-Structure Interaction - 19910007101_1991007101Uploaded byEggMan
- 9781493974214-c1Uploaded bypatrickNX9420
- SpecSys6 Base FEA ReportUploaded bynikolaiffb
- A Review on Finite Element Analysis of Beam to Column Endplate Bolted ConnectionUploaded byTatiani Zanoni
- SWDownload.ashx_Order=PanSystem&File=PanMesh_Supplementary_UG_20150514Uploaded byGaurav Gusain
- Finite Element TheoryUploaded byjpeg144
- MYSTRAN Demo Problem ManualUploaded byja_mufc_scribd
- International Journal of Damage Mechanics 2011 Sornin 845 75Uploaded bySadiq Sarfaraz

- Notification_ESE_2018_Engl_Revised.pdfUploaded byGanesh Peketi
- E Admit CardUploaded byDeepak Kumar
- IES ME.pdfUploaded byswapnil
- Chapter 5 GyroscopeUploaded bytejashraj93
- CappUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Kinetic Energy Recovery SystemUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Shanta BhaiUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- DeekshantRekhi 130909296 ME (2)Uploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Accenture ShortlistUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Honors Thesis ShengXuUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Cover LetterUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Steering SystemUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- 2. Components of Pneumatic SystemUploaded bySidharth Dave
- Draw SprocketUploaded byfernandop_77
- 1. POM-Introduction.pdfUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- me.pdfUploaded bypatel ketan
- Fall 17 Masters GuideUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- OrganizingUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Chapter 5 GyroscopeUploaded bytejashraj93
- Kal Ki PresentationUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- DeekshantRekhi 130909296 ME (2)Uploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Syllabi-of-GATE-2017.pdfUploaded bykhanirtekaz
- Rahul Assembly FinalUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Operations ManagementUploaded byrockon605
- 1. POM IntroductionUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- 2. Components of Pneumatic SystemUploaded bySidharth Dave
- Improvement of Drr2 LineUploaded byShivam Agarwal
- 56Uploaded byShivam Agarwal
- 1. POM-Introduction.pdfUploaded byShivam Agarwal

- Wilf Zeilberger PairUploaded byyossi1234
- Senocac - Evaluations of Cavitation Models for Navier-Stokes ComputationsUploaded bysaba135
- vol1no3-7_RanjithGUploaded bySandra Powers
- Meshfree Chapter 6Uploaded byZenPhi
- DocumentUploaded byDrizzle Ventura
- Dearator Design - Altair.pdfUploaded bySH1961
- Digital Attendance Calculation System using Support Vector Machine & Image ProcessingUploaded byIJSRP ORG
- Chapter Three 1Uploaded byAnnisa Rizqia
- INTERCAMBIADOR LIQUIDOUploaded bySolvy Marcela Téllez A.
- Guide to MarsUploaded byLauren Sarah Park
- CASD 2017. Design and Evaluation of the Lower-limb Robotic Orthosis for Gait Rehabilitation Actuated by Pneumatic Artificial MuscleUploaded byNam Hoang Thanh
- Chapter 5Uploaded byOnkar Terkar
- CHAPTER 2.docxUploaded bydinesh naik
- (DEsign Manual) Hollow Section Structural StabilityUploaded byShaileshRastogi
- Manual Instructions SC3000 Digital Breathalyser Alcohol TesterUploaded bySusan Mcknight
- Tribology - Solid & Semi-Solid LubrificantsUploaded byJorge Vieira
- MillsJR 0314 PeUploaded byEmmanuel
- Iem Library BooklistUploaded byLau Meng Yong
- Mysteries Magazine U890Uploaded byolav4407
- ibchstoichUploaded byapi-293306937
- A Finite Element Under CompressionUploaded byGabriel Gonzalez
- Aplicacion de Rodameintos en Zarandas VibratoriasUploaded byFredy Quispe Valverde
- System for Assisted Mobility Using Eye Movements Based on ElectrooculographyUploaded byRamanan Subramanian
- Matt DamonUploaded byАбхисар Банерее
- Stress Strain CurveUploaded byChandan Vrushabendra
- Mean, Median & Mode.pdfUploaded bywolfretonmaths
- Manual Calibrador AC 300Uploaded byCésar Jácome Conde
- Instrument Abbreviations Used in Instrumentation DiagramsUploaded byajayikayode
- Etabs Rc Slab DesignUploaded byEmanuelRodriguezElera
- How to Analyze Houses in Vedic Astrology Birth ChartUploaded bymo