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ISSN : 2394-2975 (Online) International Journal of Advanced Research

ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) in Education & Technology (IJARET)

Stress Analysis on Flywheel


I
Tony. A. Baby, IITony Kurian, IIIMelvin Eldho Shibu
Graduate Student, III Assistant Professor
I,II

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Sree Narayana Gurukulam College of Engineering,


I,II,III

Kadayiruppu, Kolenchery, Kerala, India.


I
tonyabrahambaby@gmail.com, II tonykurian987654321.tk92@gmail.com, III itzmelvin@gmail.com
Abstract
This paper deals with a stress analysis scenario of flywheel to study the change in stress values due to change in different parameters.
A total of five parameters are considered such as speed, outer diameter of the flywheel, number of spokes, diameter of spoke and
material to study the change in stress behavior. The general problem faced in such an analysis is that it is difficult in a numerical
background. Overcoming this problem in modern world was easy with the help of FE platform. The results were obtained which
paved the way to study the stress behavior on flywheel in different parameters.

Keywords
Von mises stress, FEA, Flywheel

I. Introduction
Flywheel is a heavy rotating body which serves as an energy
reservoir. The flywheel stores the energy in the form of kinetic
energy during the period when the supply of energy from the prime
mover is more than the requirement of energy by the machine,
and releases it during the period when the requirement of energy
by the machine is more than the supply of energy by the prime
mover. In this work stress induced in a flywheel was studied and
considered different parameters such as speed, material, outer
diameter of flywheel, diameter of spoke and number of spoke.

A. Problem Definition
The paper deals with the study of stresses induced in a flywheel due
to different parameters like speed, material of flywheel, number of
spokes, diameter of spokes and outer diameter of flywheel. Through
this study it is possible to find out the factors that contribute to
increase in stresses on a flywheel. The main problem faced in such
a study is that it is tedious to be done in a numerical background.
To overcome this problem, modern technology was used. Using Figure 1: Representation of stress distribution on a flywheel using
modern software like creo 1.0 and ansys workbench, modeling Ansys Workbench
and analysis were made easier and more accurate.
The above figure is the representation of stress distributed
B. Methodology over a flywheel obtained using the analysis software Ansys
The modeling of the flywheel was done on the design software workbench.
tool Creo 1.0 created by PTC Inc. A total of 27 models were
created in .prt format and were converted to .igs using the format C. Geometric Description
converter provided by Creo itself. All the models are created with The parameters considered in the study were outer diameter
varying dimensions. (Do), speed (s), density (), diameter of spoke (d) and number of
A total of 243 analyses were done using the FE platform provided spokes (N). The flywheel considered for this work was part of a
by Ansys Inc. The materials considered for this work were Gray speed retardation test apparatus. The main changes done to the
cast iron (Density=7200 kg/m3), Structural steel (Density=7850 basic design of the model was varying the outer diameter values,
kg/m3) and Copper alloy (Density=8300 kg/m3). Each material the number of spokes, material, diameter of spoke and speed to
carry 81 analysis varying all the parameters and incorporating obtain different values for equivalent stress using the FE platform
them in order to obtain a complete review on the equivalent von designed by Ansys Inc. Ansys Workbench 14.5 is a well-designed
mises stress induced in the flywheel. The values were compared to software tool made to perform analysis on different conditions
perform overall study of stresses induced in flywheel at different such as fluid flow, electromagnetic, structural mechanics etc.
parameter variations
D. Stresses In Rimmed Flywheel
A rimmed flywheel consists of a rim at which the major portion
of the mass of flywheel is concentrated, a hub for mounting the
flywheel on the shaft and a number of arms for supporting the rim
on the hub. The maximum stress value obtained on a flywheel is
found to be on its rim. The following equation was obtained from

www.ijaret.com 107 IJARET All Rights Reserved


International Journal of Advanced Research ISSN : 2394-2975 (Online)
in Eduation & Technology (IJARET) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print)

design data book [1] Consider a flywheel of


Table 1: Flywheel parameter values taken
Outer Diameter 200mm
Speed 600rpm
Number of spokes 3
Structural steel
Material (Density=7850 kg/m3)
Diameter of spoke 37.5mm
The above table values were used in solving principal stress value
for both the equation and the analysis software.
Principal stress value obtained for the above details using FEA
E. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) analysis on Ansys workbench
Finite element method (FEM) is a numerical technique for Principal stress=2.98e8 Pa
finding approximate solutions to boundary value problems for Principal stress value obtained for the above details using Eqn.1
differential equations. It uses variational methods (the calculus [1]
of variations) to minimize an error function and produce a stable Principal stress=3.004e8 Pa
solution. Analogous to the idea that connecting many tiny straight The error was found to be around 1% and is negligible.
lines can approximate a larger circle, FEM encompasses all the
methods for connecting many simple element equations over many III. Result And Discussion
small subdomains, named finite elements, to approximate a more This method considers two variables varying keeping all the other
complex equation over a larger domain. three variables constant. This helps in understanding the effect of
The subdivision of a whole domain into simpler parts has several a variable with respect to another variable on stress induced. A
advantages such as accurate representation of complex geometry, total of 20 graphs were plotted using the five parameters. Some
inclusion of dissimilar material properties, easy representation of important results are discussed below.
the total solution and capture of local effects
A typical work out of the method involves dividing the domain of A. Effect of Speed with Varying Material
the problem into a collection of subdomains, with each subdomain
represented by a set of element equations to the original problem,
followed by systematically recombining all sets of element
equations into a global system of equations for the final calculation.
The global system of equations has known solution techniques, and
can be calculated from the initial values of the original problem
to obtain a numerical answer.

F. Von-Mises Stress
In an elastic body that is subject to a system of loads in 3 dimensions,
a complex 3 dimensional system of stresses is developed. That is,
at any point within the body there are stresses acting in different
directions, and the direction and magnitude of stresses changes
from point to point. The Von Mises criterion is a formula for
calculating whether the stress combination at a given point will
cause failure. There are three Principal Stresses that can be Figure 2: Effect of Speed with Varying Material
calculated at any point, acting in the x, y, and z directions.
Von Mises found that, even though none of the principal stresses The effect of speed with all other parameters constant shows
exceeds the yield stress of the material, it is possible for yielding that the equivalent stress value increases as the speed increases
to result from the combination of stresses. The Von Mises criterion from 600rpm to 1500rpm. The drastic increase in the stress due
is a formula for combining these 3 stresses into an equivalent to increase in speed shows that the effect of speed on the stress
stress, which is then compared to the yield stress of the material. induced is high. This increase is shown in figure 2. Considering
The yield stress is a known property of the material, and is usually the change in material, the material with the lowest density has
considered to be the failure stress. the lowest curve compared to the other materials. This shows that
The equivalent stress is often called the Von Mises Stress as a as the material property such as density changes, stress induced
shorthand description. It is not really a stress, but a number that is also changes. As the density increases the stress induced also
used as an index. If the Von Mises Stress exceeds the yield stress, increases.
then the material is considered to be at the failure condition.

II. Benchmark Problem


A benchmark problem was done to check the error percentage
between the value obtained using Ansys workbench software and
with a standard equation.

IJARET All Rights Reserved 108 www.ijaret.com


ISSN : 2394-2975 (Online) International Journal of Advanced Research
ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) in Education & Technology (IJARET)
3.2 EFFECT
3.2 EFFECT OF OF MATERIAL
MATERIAL WITH WITH VARYING
VARYING type flywheel decreases as the number
type flywheel decreases as the number of
of spokes
spokes of
of the
the flywheel
flywheel
3.2 EFFECT
SPEED OF MATERIAL WITH VARYING type flywheel
becomes decreases as the number of spokes of the flywheel
balanced.
becomes balanced.
SPEED
B. Effect of Material With Varying Speed
SPEED thebecomes
number ofbalanced.
spokes of the flywheel becomes balanced.
2.5E+9
3.2 EFFECT OF MATERIAL WITH VARYING
2.5E+9
2.5E+9 3.4
3.4
type flywheel
EFFECT
EFFECT
decreases
OF OUTER
OFDiameter
OUTER
as the DIAMETER
number of spokes
DIAMETER
of the flywheel
WITH
WITH
SPEED 3.4 EFFECT
D. becomes
Effect OuterOF
ofbalanced. OUTER withDIAMETER
Varying Speed WITH
stress

VARYING SPEED
SPEED
misesstress

VARYING
mises stress

2.0E+9 2.0E+9
2.5E+9
2.0E+9 VARYING SPEED
3.4 EFFECT OF OUTER DIAMETER WITH
8.0E+9
8.0E+9
vonmises

8.0E+9
von stress

VARYING SPEED

stress
1.5E+9

misesstress
1.5E+9
2.0E+9 7.0E+9
7.0E+9

mises stress
1.5E+9 7.0E+9
Equivalentvon

8.0E+9
6.0E+9
von mises

1.0E+9 6.0E+9

vonmises
1.0E+9 6.0E+9
Equivalent

von stress
1.5E+9
1.0E+9 7.0E+9
Equivalent

5.0E+9
5.0E+9
5.0E+9

Equivalentvon
5.0E+8
5.0E+8 6.0E+9
4.0E+9

von mises
1.0E+9
5.0E+8 4.0E+9
Equivalent

4.0E+9

Equivalent
5.0E+9
3.0E+9

Equivalent
0.0E+0 3.0E+9
0.0E+0 3.0E+9
5.0E+8
0.0E+0
7200 7400 7600 7800 8000 8200 4.0E+9
2.0E+9
7200 7400 7600 7800 8000 8200 2.0E+9
Density

Equivalent
7200 7400 7600
Density 7800 8000 8200 2.0E+9
600rpm Density
1000rpm 1500rpm 3.0E+9
1.0E+9
1.0E+9
0.0E+0 600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm
1.0E+9
600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm
7200
7600 7400 7800 8000 8200 2.0E+9
0.0E+0
Figure 3:
Figure 3: Effect
Effect ofof Material
Material with with Varying
Varying
Density
Speed
Speed 0.0E+0
Figure 3: Effect
Effect of of Material
Material with with VaryingSpeed Speed 0.0E+0
200 250 300 350 400
Figure 3: Varying 200
1.0E+9 250 300 350 400
600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm 200 Outer diameter
250Outer diameter
300 350 400
Figure 33 considers
Figure considers the the effect
effect of of material
material while while varying
varying speed speed 600rpm 1000rpm Outer diameter
1500rpm
Figure 0.0E+0 600rpm
Figure
taking
Figure
taking all 333:
all
considers
Effect
other
considers
other parameters
the effect
of Material
parameters the effect with
constant.of Varying
of
constant.
material
The materials
material
The
whilevarying
Speed
materials
while varying
considered
considered
speed
speed 600rpm
1000rpm
1000rpm
1500rpm
1500rpm
taking all other parameters constant. The materials considered 3 200 250 300 350
Figure 5: Effect of Outer Diameter with Varying Speed 400
for this
fortaking
this all work
workother were
were
parametersGray cast
Gray constant. iron
cast ironThe (Density=7200
(Density=7200
materials kg/m
kg/m3),
considered ),
for3), Figure 5:
Figure 5: Effect
Effect ofof Outer
Outer Diameter
Diameter with
withVarying
Outer diameter VaryingSpeed Speed
for
Figurethis 3 work
considers were the Gray
effect cast
of iron
material
3 (Density=7200
while varying kg/m
speed Figure 5: Effect of Outer Diameter with Varying Speed
Structural
Structural steel
steel (Density=7850
(Density=7850 kg/m
kg/m 3) and
) and Copper
Copper
3 alloy
alloy 600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm
this work
Structural
taking all were
steel
other Gray cast ironconstant.
33(Density=7850
(Density=7200
kg/m 3 kg/mCopper
) materials
and ), Structural
alloy As the
the outer
outer diameter
diameter increases
increases the the stress
stressvalue
valuealso alsoincreases.
increases.
(Density=8300
(Density=8300 kg/mparameters
kg/m ). 3 Considering
). Considering the
the The
effect
effect of material
of material considered
with
with As diameter increases the stress value also increases.
steel (Density=7850
(Density=8300 kg/m kg/m
). 3
) and
Considering Copper thealloy (Density=8300
effect of material kg/3), Ascharacteristic
the outer
Figure 5: Effectdiameter
ofshown
Outerincreases
Diameter thewith
stress value
Varying also increases.
Speed
for
all other
all this work
other parameters were
parameters constant Gray
constant shows cast
shows that iron
that the (Density=7200
the induced with
stress induced
stress kg/m is
is
This
This characteristic is shownis shown in in a single
in aasingle curve
singlecurve in
curveininthe the above
theabove curve.
abovecurve.
curve.
all
m3).other
Structural parameters
Consideringsteel the the constant
(Density=7850
effect of shows
material kg/mthat
with
3
) the stress
andother
all Copper induced
parametersalloy is This characteristic
Therefore outer is shown
diameter of in a single
flywheel hascurve
a in the
high above
effect on curve.
the
directly
directly increasing
increasing the stress induced value.
3stress induced value. Even though the
Even though the Therefore outer diameter of flywheel flywheel has has aa high
higheffect
effecton onthe
the
directly
(Density=8300increasing kg/m the). stress
Considering induced the value.
effect Even
of though
material the
with Therefore
As
stress the outer
induced. outer diameter
diameter
Comparing of
increases
every flywheel
the
single has
stress
curve a high
value
it can effect
alsobe on
found the
increases.
stress increase
constant
stress increase shows is considerably
is considerably
that the stresssmall, small,
induced other material
is directly
other material properties
increasing
properties the stress induced.
induced.Comparing
Comparingevery every single
single curve
curve it be
it can canfound
be found
that
stress
all otherincrease isreason
parameters considerably
constant small,
shows otherthematerial
that stress properties
induced is stress
This
that as
as the induced.
characteristic
the speed Comparing
speed increasesis shown
increases the every
in
the slope a
slope of single
single
of the curve
curve
the curve in
curve alsoit
the can
abovebe
also increases.found
curve.
increases.
also may be the for this phenomenon. Considering that
as the speed
also
also
may
stress may
directly
be
induced the
bevalue.
increasing
reason
thevaryingEven
reason
for
though
the stress
this the
for induced
this
phenomenon.
stress
phenomenon.
value.
Considering
increase is considerably
Even Considering
though the as theincreases
thatshows
Therefore
This speed
outer
that
the slope
increases
diameter
the speed the
of
also
of the curve
slope
flywheel
has a of hasalso
the
relation a increases.
curve
high
with also This
theincreases.
effect on the
stress
different
different curves
curves for
for varying values
values also of speed,
of speed, the
thethe curve
curve with 600
withfor600 This
shows shows
that thethat
speedthealso
speed
has also
a has awith
relation relation
the withinduced
stress the stress
in
small, increase
different other
curvesmaterial properties
isforconsiderably
varying ofmay be reason withthis This
stress shows
induced. that the speed
Comparing also
every has a
single relation
curve itwith
can the
be stress
found
rpm
rpm stress
shows an
shows an increase
increase then aa values
then small,
decrease
decrease
speed,
other
towards
towards
thethecurve
material
the increase
increase in600
properties
in
induced in
induced
thethat
diameter
in thethe diameter
diameter varying
varying
varying flywheel.
flywheel. The
flywheel. The
flywheel
The flywheel
with
flywheel with
400mm
with
outer
rpm shows
phenomenon.
also may an
be increase
Considering
the reason then a
different
for decrease
this curves towards
phenomenon. the
for varying increase
values
Considering ofin inducedas
400mm outer in
the the
speed
outer diameter diameter
increases
diameter rotating varying
the
rotating at slope flywheel.
at 1500rpmof the
1500rpm has The
curve
has the flywheel
also
the maximum
maximum with
increases.
density of the material. This leads to the
density of the material. This leads to the possibility of a critical possibility of a critical 400mm
diameter rotating at the
1500rpm has the maximum stress
density
different of the material. This leads to the possibility of a critical 400mm
This
stress shows
induced outerthat
diameter
value whilerotating
speed also
the athas1500rpm
flywheel a relation
with has theinduced
with
200mm maximum
the stress
outer
speed,
speed
speed at thecurves
at which
which curve
the for varying
with
the effect
effect 600 rpmvalues
of change
of change shows ofanspeed,
in density
in density of the
increase
of curve
then
aa material
material withnot600
a decrease
is not
is stress induced value while the flywheel with 200mm outer
speedshows
rpm atFinding
whichan the
increaseeffect of change
then a speed in and
decrease density
towards of athe
material
increaseis not value while
stress
induced
diameter andthe600rpm
induced
in flywheel
the value with
diameter 200mm
while
rotational the
varyingspeed outerhasdiameter
flywheel
flywheel. thewith
The and
lowest 600rpm
200mmvalue outer
flywheel with
of
affected.
towards the such
increase a
in critical
density of
affected. Finding such a critical speed and applying them willthe material.applying
This them
leads will
to thein diameter
rotational
diameter
400mm
and
speed 600rpm
and has
outer
rotational
the lowest
600rpm
diameter
speed
valueat
rotational
rotating
has
of1500rpm
speedstress the lowest
hasinduced.
the
haslowest
value of
value of
the maximum
leadaffected.
density of
to better Finding
the
betterofprotection
protectionsuch
material. a critical
This leads
of flywheel
flywheel speed
to the and
against applying
possibility
failures of them
a towill
critical
due to stress induced.
stress induced.
lead to
possibility athe
critical of
speed at which against
the failures
effect due
of change into stress induced.
induced value while the flywheel with 200mm outer
lead
speed
stresses. to
at better
which protection
effect of of flywheel
change in against
density of afailures
material due
is not
stresses.
density of a material is not affected. Finding such a critical speed E. Effect
diameter ofand
Diameter
600rpm of Spoke with
rotational speed Varying
has the Number
lowest of of
value
stresses. Finding such a critical speed and applying them will
affected. 3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER OF SPOKE WITH
3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER
3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER OF SPOKE WITH
Spoke
stress induced. OF SPOKE WITH
and
3.3lead applying
EFFECTto better them
OF will
protection lead to
NUMBER ofbetter
flywheel
OF protection
against
SPOKES of flywheel
failures
WITH against
due to VARYING NUMBER OF SPOKE
3.3 EFFECT
3.3 EFFECT
stresses. OF OF NUMBER
NUMBER OF OF SPOKES
SPOKES WITH WITH VARYING
VARYING NUMBER
NUMBEROFOF
SPOKE
SPOKE
failures
VARYING SPEED due to stresses.
VARYING
VARYING SPEED
SPEED 3.5 EFFECT OF DIAMETER OF SPOKE WITH
9.0E+8
9.0E+8
2.5E+9 9.0E+8
3.32.5E+9
EFFECT OF NUMBER OF SPOKES WITH
2.5E+9 VARYING
8.5E+8 NUMBER OF SPOKE
stress

8.5E+8
misesstress

C. Effect of Number
VARYING SPEEDof Spokes with Varying Speed 8.5E+8
stress

mises stress
misesstress

9.0E+8
8.0E+8
mises stress

2.0E+9
2.0E+9 8.0E+8
2.5E+9 8.0E+8
vonmises

2.0E+9 8.5E+8
von stress

7.5E+8
vonmises

7.5E+8
von stress

1.5E+9 7.5E+8
1.5E+9 8.0E+8
Equivalentvon

2.0E+9
1.5E+9 7.0E+8
7.0E+8
von mises
Equivalentvon

7.0E+8
von mises

Equivalent

7.5E+8
6.5E+8
Equivalent

1.0E+9 6.5E+8
Equivalent

1.0E+9
1.5E+9 6.5E+8
Equivalent

1.0E+9 7.0E+8
6.0E+8
6.0E+8
Equivalent

6.0E+8
5.0E+8 6.5E+8
Equivalent

5.0E+8
1.0E+9 5.5E+8
5.0E+8 5.5E+8
5.5E+8
6.0E+8
5.0E+8
0.0E+0 5.0E+8
0.0E+0
5.0E+8 5.0E+8
12.5 17.5 22.5 27.5 32.5 37.5
0.0E+0
3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 12.5
5.5E+8 17.5 22.5 27.5 32.5 37.5
3 3.5 4
Number 4.5spokes 5
of 5.5 6 12.5 Diameter
17.5Diameter of spoke
22.5
of spoke27.5 32.5 37.5
3 3.5 Number
4 of spokes
4.5 5 5.5 6 Diameter of spoke
600rpm
Number
1000rpm
of spokes 1500rpm
3 spokes
5.0E+8 3 spokes
5
5 spokes
spokes 6 spokes
6 spokes
0.0E+0 600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm 3 spokes 5 spokes 6 spokes
600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm 12.5 of Diameter
Figure 6: Effect 17.5 of 22.5
Spoke with 27.5
Varying32.5
Number of 37.5
Figure
Figure 6: Effect
6: Effect of
of of with Varying Number of
6: Effect Diameter of Spoke
4 3 4.53.5 5 5.5 6
Figure 4:
Figure 4: Effect
Effect ofof Number
Number Number
of
of Spokes
Spokes with Varying
with
of spokes Varying Speed
Speed Figure Diameter
of Diameter of Spoke spoke
with Varying Number of
Figure 4: Effect of Number of Spokes with Varying Speed Spoke
Spoke 3 spokes 5 spokes 6 spokes
600rpm 1000rpm 1500rpm Spoke
By categorizing
By categorizing the the number
number of of spokes
spokes into into balanced
balanced and and Figure of 6: Effect of Diameter of Spoke with Varying Number of
By categorizing ofthe number ofthespokes into balanced Diameter
Diameter spoke
of spoke
spoke hashas
has aaa negligible
negligible effect
negligible effect
effectonon the
onthe stress
thestress induced
stressinduced
induced
Figure
Figure
unbalanced,
unbalanced,
4:Effect
4: itEffect
it may of
may be
be
Number
Number
observed
observed
ofthat
of Spokes
Spokes
that
withVarying
with
stress
the stress
Varying
induced
induced
Speed
Speed
shows an
shows anand Diameter
Diameter
Spoke
while in
in the
of of
the case spoke
case of has
of 37.5mm a negligible
37.5mm diametric effect
diametric spoke on the
spoke flywheel, stress
flywheel, the induced
the stress
stress
unbalanced,
increase for it may be observed
unbalanced type of that the stress
flywheel induceda shows
whereas slight an while
while in the case of 37.5mm diametric spoke flywheel, the stress
increase for unbalanced type of flywheel whereas a slight while
seems toindrastically
the case
drastically of increase.
37.5mm diametric
mayspoke
This may flywheel,
be explained
explained the stress
as the
the
increase
By
decrease
By for
categorizing
is unbalanced
observed
categorizing the the
in
numbernumber
the type
ofcase
spokes of into
of flywheel
spokes
balanced
balanced whereas
into
flywheels.
and aThis
balanced slight
unbalanced, and seems
seems to
to to
drastically increase.
increase. This
This may be
bephenomenon
explained as
asexists,
the
decrease is observed in the case of balanced flywheels. This seems
Diameter
overlapping ofdrastically
of spoke
spokes has
at increase.
a
the This
negligible
hub. While may
effect
this be the
on explained
stress as the
induced
decrease
provides be is
unbalanced,
an
it may an observed
it may that
information
observed inthethe
be that
observed
that the case
stress that
stress ofthebalanced
value
induced stress flywheels.
induced
induced
shows shows
in an
an
an increasearmThis
an
for overlapping
overlapping of spokes
of spokes at at the
thehub.
hub.While
Whilethis
thisphenomenon
phenomenonexists, exists,
provides information the stress value induced in arm theoverlapping
while
curve infor
the 6ofnumber
casespokes at spoke
of 37.5mm
of the hub. Whilespoke
diametric
flywheel this
seemsphenomenon
flywheel,
to exists,
theThe
differ. stress
provides
increase an
for information
unbalanced that
typethe stress
of value
flywheel induced
unbalanced type of flywheel whereas a slight decrease is observedwhereas ina an arm
slight the curve
thethe
curve for
for 6 number
6drastically
number of spoke
ofincrease.
spoke flywheel
flywheel seems
seems to differ.
toexplained
differ. TheThe
seemscurveto for 6 number of spoke flywheel
This may seems
be to differ.as The
the
decrease
in the caseisofobserved
balancedinflywheels.
the case This of balanced
provides an flywheels.
informationThis
overlapping of spokes at the hub. While this phenomenon exists,
provides
that the stress value induced in an arm type flywheel decreasesarm
an information that the stress value induced in an as the curve for 6 number of spoke flywheel seems to differ. The

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International Journal of Advanced Research ISSN : 2394-2975 (Online)
in Eduation & Technology (IJARET) Vol. 2, Issue 3 (July - Sept. 2015) ISSN : 2394-6814 (Print)

drastic increase in stress value for 37.5mm diametric spoke


flywheel was minimized by the balancing nature of the flywheel.
This shows that the extra stress induced because of overlapping
of spokes can be overcome by making the flywheel balanced.

IV. Conclusion
The following conclusions were obtained from the experiment.
The stress value gets affected by the speed of rotation of the
flywheel drastically. As the speed increases the stress value
also increases.
The relation between the number of spokes and the stress
induced on a flywheel largely depends upon whether the
flywheel is balanced or not. Balanced number of flywheel
number of spokes shows lower stress induced.
The material effect over stress values is low considering the
density of the material. Other properties may largely promote
high stress induction on the flywheel.
There is a possible presence of a critical speed value below
which the effect of density of material gets negligibly low.
Increase in diameter of spoke tends to promote more stress
induction but this effect gets nullified when the number of
spokes makes the flywheel balanced.
Outer diameter of flywheel and speed of rotation together
facilitates the drastic increase in stress values. Flywheel
with higher outer diameter and higher speed has more stress
induced. Keeping any one of them ensures more protection
against failures.

V. Acknowledgement
The authors would like to express their deep gratitude to almighty,
the supreme guide for best owing his blessings upon them in their
entire endeavor. They would also like to express their sincere
thanks to Prof K R Rajan, Head of Department, Mr. Melvin Eldho
Shibu, Assistant Professor and all other faculties of Mechanical
engineering department, SNGCE Kadayiruppu.

References
[1] Design Data Handbook by Jalaludeen, Anuradha
Publications, 2004, ISBN 8187721626, 9788187721628.
[2] Ritesh Krishna Kumar, Toms Philip, Analysis Of An Arm
Type Rotating Flywheel, International Conference On
Advanced Technology And Science (ICAT14).
[3] M. Dhengle, Dr. D. V. Bhope, S. D. Khamankar, Investigation
Of Stresses In Arm Type Rotating Flywheels. International
Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST).
[4] Sudipta Saha, Abhik Bose, G. Sai Tejesh, S.P. Srikanth,
Computer Aided Design & Analysis on Flywheel for Greater
Efficiency. International Journal of Advanced Engineering
Research and Studies. E-ISSN22498974
[5] S.M.Choudhary, D.Y.Shahare, Design Optimization of
Flywheel of Thresher Using FEM, International Journal of
Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, IJETAE,
ISSN 2250-2459, volume 3, issue 2, February 2013.
[6] Sushama G Bawane1, A P Ninawe1 and S K Choudhary,
Analysis and Optimization of Flywheel, International
Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotic Research,
ISSN 2278 0149, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2012.
[7] Akshay P. Punde, G.K.Gattani. Analysis of Flywheel,
International Journal of Modern Engineering Research
(IJMER), ISSN: 2249-6645, Vol.3, Issue.2, March-April
2013.

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