0 views

Uploaded by John Raj

bet

bet

© All Rights Reserved

- Electricity Study Guide '11
- KIRCHHOFF’S RULES
- 125603663-Direct-Solution-of-Distribution-System-Load-Flow-Using-Forwardbackward-Sweep.pdf
- Network Topology
- Electric Forces
- UT Dallas Syllabus for phys2326.0u1.09u taught by Yuri Gartstein (yxg037000)
- Physical computing notes
- RobotiNo Inductive Sensor Data Sheet
- Answers to Problems
- electricity.PDF
- hukum_dasar_rangkaian_1549461155.pptx
- Biot Savarts Law
- A_25.pdf
- Ampere Newsletter 60
- ACE.OM.230
- Voltage
- Tutotial 1 Electrocstatic(q)
- EXAMS MASTER_ General Science-5.pdf
- Home Instalation
- cetttt

You are on page 1of 31

Chris Oh

Teaching Staff

Lecturer: Mdm. Pang SY (Chap 3, 4 & 7)

Dr. Amin (Chap 5 & 6)

Electric Elements & Circuit Laws

Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Contents

Electrical system

Charge & Current

Electric force

Voltage

Energy & Power

Circuit elements

Ohms Law

KVL & KCL

Electrical System

A basic electrical system consists of these 4 parts:

1. Source

2. Load

3. Transmission system

4. Control apparatus

(Transmission system)

(Control appratus)

Switch

(Source) (Load)

Charge & Current

Electric charge an electrical property of the atomic particles

of which matter consists, measured in C.

Unit coulomb, C

1 coulomb = total charge possessed by 6.241018 electrons.

The flow of electric charges creates electric current.

Electric current

time rate of change

of charge, measured

in amperes (A)

Quantity of electric charge, Q

Example 1

quantity of electric charge transferred.

Solution:

Example 2

charge of 100 C?

Solution:

Electric Force

The electric force, F between 2 charges (Q1 &

Q2) separated by a distance r is defined as:

r center to center distance (m)

k proportionality constant (9109 N.m2/C2)

Example 4

Determine the force exerted by a charge Q = 2C

on a charge q = -3C when the charges are

separated by a distance of 2m in free space.

Solution:

Voltage

Voltage (V or E)

Difference of potential energy between 2

points in a circuit.

Also known as potential difference.

wab

vab

q

Unit volt (V)

w is in joules (J) q is in coulombs (C)

Energy (W)

Fundamental ability to perform work/action.

Unit joule, J

1 W = Amount of power when 1 J of energy is

consumed in 1 s.

1 kWh = 1,000 60 60 = 3106 J

Power (P)

A measure of how fast energy is being used.

W energy in joules (J) t time in second (s)

Example 5

An e.m.f. source of 10V supplies a current of 3A for

10 hours. How much energy is provided in this

period of time?

Solution:

Circuit Elements

Voltage source

Current source

Resistor opposes electricity flow

Capacitor store electrical charge

Inductor store energy in em field

3 basic circuit laws

Ohms Law

Kirchoffs Voltage Law (KVL)

Kirchoffs Current Law (KCL)

(1) Ohms Law

Voltage (V) across a resistor (R) is directly

proportional to the current (I) flowing through

the resistor.

Example 7

A 100 W electric bulb is connected to a 250 V

supply. Determine the current flowing in the bulb

& the resistance of the bulb.

Solution:

(2) Kirchoffs Voltage Law (KVL)

The algebraic summation of all potential rises &

drops around a closed loop/path is always zero.

V 0

*bear in mind that current only flows in closed path

(2) Kirchoffs Voltage Law (KVL)

Apply KVL

In this V1 + + V2

example,

voltage drops

are considered For loop 1,

positive KVL gives

1 V3 V1 + V2

Va

+ V3 V4 + + V4 Va = 0

+

+

+

Vb

2 V5 3

+

Vc

For loop 2, KVL For loop 3, KVL

gives

gives + V6 Va V4 Vc V6

Vb + V3 + V5 = 0

V5 = 0

4

Vd V7 +

+

Vd + V6 + V7 = 0

Example 8

Apply KVL to the circuit below & determine the

current flowing in the circuit given:

V = 100V, R1 = 1, R2 = 3, R3 = 10 and R4 = 6

Solution:

V=

Example

Determine the voltages V1, V2 and V3.

+ V1

1

+

+ V2 +

24V + V3 3

10V

2

+

12V

Kirchoffs Current Law (KCL)

The algebraic summation of the currents entering

or leaving a node/junction is always zero.

I entering I leaving

Kirchoffs Current Law (KCL)

Apply KCL

Example 9

With the reference network shown below,

determine the relationship between the currents

I1, I2, I4 and I5.

Solution:

For junction a:

Hence,

For junction b:

Hence,

Therefore:

Example 10

For the network shown below, if I1 = 2.5A and

I2 = -1.5A, calculate I3.

Solution:

By KCL:

Therefore,

- Electricity Study Guide '11Uploaded bywoodyardc4512
- KIRCHHOFF’S RULESUploaded bythonah12
- 125603663-Direct-Solution-of-Distribution-System-Load-Flow-Using-Forwardbackward-Sweep.pdfUploaded bybertovalen
- Network TopologyUploaded bynikolaka
- Electric ForcesUploaded byp_k_soni_iit_physics
- UT Dallas Syllabus for phys2326.0u1.09u taught by Yuri Gartstein (yxg037000)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- Physical computing notesUploaded byAnonymous W9MgRBVtYC
- RobotiNo Inductive Sensor Data SheetUploaded byAndi Firman
- Answers to ProblemsUploaded byAnonymous QEJvf1d
- hukum_dasar_rangkaian_1549461155.pptxUploaded byHendy Wijaya
- Biot Savarts LawUploaded byPratik Kadam
- ACE.OM.230Uploaded bymichaelliu123456
- electricity.PDFUploaded bymeemansa12
- A_25.pdfUploaded byavmurugan87
- VoltageUploaded byThian Nyuk How
- Tutotial 1 Electrocstatic(q)Uploaded bystarsyah
- Ampere Newsletter 60Uploaded byGazzy Fnnish
- EXAMS MASTER_ General Science-5.pdfUploaded byRasel Islam
- Home InstalationUploaded byReza Mardiansyah Permana
- cettttUploaded byÇetin Öztekin
- WEG Brake Motor Installation Operation and Maintenance Manual 50021973 Manual EnglishUploaded byadalcomjesus
- uts electric.docxUploaded byade saputra
- Ssc Je Electrical Question Paper 2016 Set 3.PDF 27Uploaded bychhutu kumar
- p5 - current and voltageUploaded byapi-312174383
- Electricity 1 - Copy (3)Uploaded byNathachai Leewathanakij
- 3UG4512-1AR20.pdfUploaded byDenis Filipović
- Voltage Dip PresentationUploaded byRajnish Kumar
- Vijai Electrical Paint ShadeUploaded bypugal80
- Lab 08 - Superposition TheoremUploaded byAamir Khan
- 1110_WS_EC2Uploaded byAlban Hysomemaj

- Is Momentum Conserved During an Elastic CollisionUploaded byHafiezul Hassan
- Most Influential People in SpaceUploaded byJohn Raj
- 276562_1830_Tutorial 4 Clutches and BrakesUploaded byJohn Raj
- The Origin of the Solar System3 Apr 21Uploaded byJohn Raj
- 180467_110420_EME1226 Lab Sheet Tri2-20172018Uploaded byJohn Raj
- Marine Cargo OperationUploaded byJohn Raj
- gUploaded byJohn Raj
- LO1 Additional Tutorial QuestionUploaded byJohn Raj
- 195995_Tutorial 7Uploaded byJohn Raj
- Q2Uploaded byJohn Raj
- Part 2c and SuggestionUploaded byJohn Raj
- Solutions Hw 2Uploaded byJohn Raj
- 195310 Assignment 6Uploaded byJohn Raj
- Conservation MomentumUploaded byJohn Raj
- Microsoft Word - ReportUploaded byJohn Raj
- 185338_1EG2-4_newUploaded byJohn Raj
- 108742_Teaching Plan Template HE Trim 2 1610Uploaded byJohn Raj
- Pipeline-Shore-Approach-Design-Case-Study.pdfUploaded byJohn Raj
- Mpu 3409 Beach CleaningUploaded byJohn Raj
- Lab Report Submission Cover PageUploaded byLp Sai

- Excel ToolsUploaded byPriyank Gaba
- Continuous Time Review CochraneUploaded bySophie Béreau
- Boieng 767Uploaded byAjinkya Pawar
- SP-152Uploaded bydeviationz
- Identification of Lightning StrokeUploaded byFuentes San Juan
- SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSPECTIVE ON SEXUAL EDUCATION IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS SISTER LUISA ROSA SANDOVAL DEL CASTILLO, MARACAIBO. VENEZUELAUploaded byInternational Educational Applied Scientific Research Journal (IEASRJ)
- 3G RAN DesignUploaded byMahmut Gün
- wt lab manualUploaded byBhuvan Jai
- (1)Introduction to Material Balance Equation-Reserve EstimatesUploaded bydeb
- 5 Why InstructionsUploaded byMansoor Ali
- (Intersections_ Philosophy and Critical Theory) Georges Bataille-Inner Experience-State University of New York Press (1988)Uploaded byJúlia Manacorda
- Griseri & Seppala CHAPTER 06Uploaded byArmenia Miclat
- Reporty Psycho.Uploaded byReedon Quinan
- Spooked! - How Not to Prevent Violent ExtremismUploaded byImpello_Tyrannis
- Nonuseful SequelUploaded byPooja
- SociologyUploaded byCrystelle Monares
- 3DDamUploaded bypani68
- e-unit format edu512a fall 18 gabrielagarciaUploaded byapi-438371615
- The Relevance of Garbage- Can ModelUploaded byPersephona13
- Final Presentation Sm PhilipsUploaded bySania Helmi
- C Programming -- Sample QuestionsUploaded byRavi Kiran Goteti
- AI Updated Debug TipsUploaded byHugo Castillo
- NanoParticleUploaded byboubette
- Control CareUploaded byDavid Ballen
- Anatomical TerminologyUploaded byRura Danga
- Maxim Hand OutUploaded byArlene Aurin-Aliento
- Armasar, Ioana - Aspects of specialized translations in the field of economics.pdfUploaded byE Wigmans
- Attitudes of Teachers Towards Inclusive Education InUploaded byabuhaym
- Karnaugh MapUploaded bySunil
- LP AmbasanUploaded byJulius Alcantara