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Terri has $13.45 in dimes and quarters. If there are 70 coins in all, how

many of each coin does she have?

70 x = the number of quarters.

Bobbie has $1.54 in quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies. He has twice

as many dimes as quarters and three times as many nickels as dimes. The

number of pennies is the same as the number of dimes. How many of each

coin does he have?

2x= the number of dimes ($0.10 each)

3(2x) or 6x = the number of nickels ($0.05 each)

2x= the number of pennies ($0.01 each)

Bobbie has 2 quarters; 2x = 2(2) = 4 dimes; 6x = 6(2) = 12 nickels; and

2 x = 2(2) = 4 pennies.

MIXTURE PROBLEMS :

of a 40% alcohol solution to produce a 50% alcohol solution?

70% sol'n x 0.70 0.70x

40% sol'n 50 0.40 (0.40)(50) = 20

50% mix 50 + x 0.50 0.50(50 + x)

From the last column, you get the equation 0.7x + 20 = 0.5(50 + x). Solve for x.

0.7 x + 20 = 0.5(50 + x)

0.7x + 20 = 25 + 0.5x

0.7x 0.5x = 25 -20

0.2 x = 5

X = 25

a 15% saline solution to make a saline solution that is 10% salt?

Water x 0 0

15% sol'n 50 0.15 (50)(0.15) = 7.5

10% mix 50 + x 0.10 0.10(50 + x)

From the last column, you get the equation 7.5 = 0.1(50 + x). Solve for x.

(Note the percentage for water. "Pure water" contains no salt, so the percent of salt

is zero. If, on the other hand, you were trying to increase the salt content by

adding pure salt, the percent would have been one hundred.)

7.5 = 0.1(50 + x)

7.5 = 5 + 0.1 x

7.5 5 = 0.1 x

2.5 = 0.1 x

25 =x

How many pounds of lima beans that cost $0.90 per pound must be

mixed with 16pounds of corn that costs $0.50 per pound to make a

mixture of vegetables that costs$0.65 per pound?

lima beans x $0.90 $0.90x

Corn 16 $0.50 (16)($0.50) = $8

Mix 16 + x $0.65 (16 + x)($0.65)

From the last column, you get the equation $0.90x + $8 = (16 + x)($0.65). Solve

for x.

$0.90x + $8 = $10.4 + $0.65x

$0.90x - $0.65x =$10.4 - $ 8

$0.25x = $ 2.4

X = 9.6 pounds

AGE PROBLEMS :

Miguel was last year. When Miguel's present age is added to his

grandfather's present age, the total is 68. How old is each one

now?

g = grandfather's present age

Then m + g = 68 (Equation 1)

m 1 = Miguels age last year

g + 3 = grandfathers age in 3 more years

g + 3 = 6(m 1) (Equation 2)

Solving the first equation, I get m = 68 g. (Note: It's okay to solve for "g =

68 m", too. The problem will work out a bit differently in the middle, but

the answer will be the same at the end.) I'll plug "68 g" into the second

equation in place of "m":

g + 3 = 6m 6 (subs. from eq 1 : m= 68 g to m in eq 2)

g + 3 = 6(68 g) 6

g + 3 = 408 6g 6

g + 3 = 402 6g

g + 6g = 402 3

7g = 399

g = 57

Since "g" stands for the grandfather's current age, then the grandfather is

57 years old. Since m + g = 68, then m = 11, and Miguel is presently

eleven years old.

One-half of Heather's age two years from now plus one-third of her

age three years ago is twenty years. How old is she now?

This problem refers to Heather's age two years in the future and three years

in the past.

age now: H

age two years from now: H + 2

age three years ago: H 3

one-third of age three years ago: ( 1/3 )(H 3) = H/3 1

H

/2 + 1 + H/3 1 = 20

H

/2 + H/3 = 20

3H + 2H = 120

5H = 120

H = 24

NUMBER PROBLEMS (CONSECUTIVE & FRACTION)

The sum of the reciprocals of two consecutive integers is 5/6. Find the

integers.

Let the consecutive integers be n and n+1:

The LCD is

gives solution

gives solution

Checking:

Twice the larger of two numbers is three more than five times the

smaller, and the sum of four times the larger and three times the smaller

is 71. What are the numbers?

the smaller number: y

three more than five times the smaller: 5y + 3

relationship between ("is"): 2x = 5y + 3

three times the smaller: 3y

relationship between ("sum of"): 4x + 3y = 71

2x = 5y + 3

4x + 3y = 71

x = (5/2)y + (3/2)

Then substitute this into the second equation in place of the "x":

4[ (5/2)y + (3/2) ] + 3y = 71

10y + 6 + 3y = 71

13y + 6 = 71

13y = 65

y = 65/13 = 5

x = (5/2)y + (3/2)

x = (5/2)(5) + (3/2)

x = (25/2) + (3/2)

x = 28/2 = 14

WORK PROBLEMS :

If 6 workers can harvest a field in 18 hours, how many workers would it have

taken to do it in 3 hours?

108 worker-hours = 3x hours

36 workers = x

If 8 workers can plant a garden in 6 hours, how many workers would it have

taken to do it in 4 hours?

(8 workers)(6 hours) = (4 hours)x

48 worker-hours = 4x hours

12 workers = x

INVESTMENT PROBLEMS :

A woman had $10,000 to invest. She deposited her money into two accountsone

paying 6% interest and the other interest. If at the end of the year the total

interest earned was $682.50, how much was originally deposited in each account?

10,000 x is the amount deposited at

The amount of interest earned at 6% is 0.06 x

the amount of interest earned at is 0.075(10,000 x )

The total amount of interest is $682.50, so 0.06 x + 0.075(10,000 x ) = 682.50.

4500 = $5500 in the account.

AREA PROBLEMS :

If its area is 15 cm2, what are the rectangle's dimensions ?

Solution : A = l x w

(2x + 1) (2x 1) = 15

4x2 1 = 15

4x2 = 15 + 1

4x2 = 16

X2 = 4

X=2

Therefore length = 2x + 1 width = 2x - 1

= 5cm = 3cm

and the width is decreased by 1 inch, the area will be 60 square inches. What were

the dimensions of the original rectangle?

Sketch the figure

A = lw

substitute the values from the question and from the sketch.

60 = (4x + 4)(x 1)

Use distributive property to remove brackets

60 = 4x2 4x + 4x 4

Put in Quadratic Form

4x2 4 60 = 0

4x2 64 = 0

This quadratic can be rewritten as a difference of two squares

(2x)2 (8)2 = 0

Factorize difference of two squares

(2x)2 (8)2 = 0

(2x 8)(2x + 8) = 0

We get two values for x.

The question requires the dimensions of the originalrectangle.

The width of the original rectangle is 4.

The length is 4 times the width = 4 4 = 16

Answer: The dimensions of the original rectangle are 4 and 16.

MONEY PROBLEMS :

David has only $5 bills and $10 bills in his wallet. If he has 5 bills totalling $35,

how many of each does he have?

Let x = $ 5

Y = $ 10

X + y = 5 equation 1

5x + 10y = 35 equation 2

5x + 10y = 35

5(5-y) + 10y = 35

25 5y + 10y = 35

5y = 35 25

5y = 10

Y = 2 substitute in eq. 1 , we get x = 5 - 2

=3

Therefore we have (3) three $5 bills and (2) two $10 bills.

DISTANCE PROBLEMS :

A 555-mile, 5-hour plane trip was flown at two speeds. For the first part

of the trip, the average speed was 105 mph. Then the tailwind picked up,

and the remainder of the trip was flown at an average speed of 115 mph.

For how long did the plane fly at each speed?

d r t

first part d 105 t

second part 555 d 115 5t

total 555 --- 5

Using "d = rt", the first row gives d = 105t and the second row gives :

555 d = 115(5 t)

Since the two distances add up to 555, add the two distance expressions,

and set their sum equal to the given total:

Then solve:

555 = 575 10t

20 = 10t

2=t

"t" stands for the time spent on the first part of the trip, so the answer

is "The plane flew for two hours at 105 mph and three hours at

115 mph."

BS-CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

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