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Experiment Analysis for critical radius of insulation for a cylinder

Abstract

The critical radius effect is an interesting phenomenon of heat transfer in insulated circular solids. Insulating a cylinder or sphere larger than the critical radius has the expected effect of retarding heat loss. If the radius of cylinder or sphere is smaller than the critical radius, adding insulation will actually increase heat loss. In present paper a copper cylinder is heated by means of a heater 300W 240V which heats uniformly the copper cylinder. This copper cylinder is bounded by asbestos. By heating of copper cylinder asbestos gets heated.Tappings for thermocouple are given along insulation for asbestos. Finally critical radius of insulation for a cylinder is determined.

Figure 1.1 Experimental Set-up

Calculation Parameters used For Design:

L=0.15 m for each section. r _{1} =0.016m. T∞ =27.5˚C. (Properties of air at1atm pressure T∞ =27.5˚C). ρ=1.164kg/m ^{3} . Cp =1007Jkg ^{-}^{1} K ^{-}^{1} . K1=0.02588W/m ^{-}^{1} K ^{-}^{1} µ=1.872*10-5kgm ^{-}^{1} s ^{-}^{1}

.

.

ν=1.608*10-5m ^{2} s ^{-}^{1}

.

Pr=0.7282).

r _{1} =r _{1} +t (t=thickness of insulation).

Formulas:

Ts + T∞

T _{m} = β = 1/T _{m} RaD = (g β(Ts – T∞)D ^{3} )∗ Pr )/v ^{2} Nu = 0.6+(0.387∗RaD 1/6 ) [1+(0.559/Pr ) 9/16] 8/27 h = K∗Nu D Qconv=hAs(Ts- T∞). r _{c}_{r} = k/h Q = T−T∞ / [ln( r2 r1)/2πkL + 1/h2πr2L]0

2

Sample Calculation

Total

resistance=conductive

(r2/r1)/2πkl]+1/2πrhL

resistance

+convective

Sample calculation for 22 mm outer radius

Hence r _{1} =16mm r _{2} =22mm

resistance

=

[ln

Hence total resistance= [ln (22/16)/ (2π (0.15*0.15)] +1/ (2π (.022*6*0.15)) = 2.526+8.038 = 10.29073K/W

Calculation of heat transfer rate by change in radius (Sample calculation) 1) Calculate the heat transfer rate for R _{2} =22mm. R _{2} =22mm. R _{1} =16mm. Ts=49.925 ˚C , T∞=27.5 ˚C

L=0.015m

Heat transfer rate

Q = T − T∞ /[ln(r _{2} / r _{1} ) /2πkL + (1 /h _{2} πr _{2} L Q _{2} )] = 49.925 − 27.5/[ ln(22/16)/ (2π∗0.15∗0.15) + 1/6∗2π∗0.022∗0.6 Q _{2} = 2.179173 W

Conclusion

With the help of this apparatus the critical radius of any insulating material can be determined by changing insulating material. The same set up can be modified to determine the critical radius for different geometries. (eg. sphere) By calculating heat transfer through bare radius system by considering all losses, cross over Radius can be calculated by adding more and more insulating material beyond critical thickness. Receive good critical point. Noiseless and easy working operation. Understood the concept of critical thickness of insulation and graphically represented the variation of heat loss against insulation thickness. Apply the concept of critical thickness of insulation to decide appropriate thickness for practical applications. Developed an expression for critical thickness if insulation in case of

cylinder and solved numerical problem based on expression for critical thickness if insulation.

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