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Figueras Pamela S.


Final Examination
(Principles of Teaching)

Directions: Answer/explain each statement briefly and direct to the point. Defend your answer
with theories if necessary.

1. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of at least 3 examples of instructional media?

Laptop and projectors- it is useful to make presentation more interesting and eye catching. It is

very easy to use. But laptop and projector cannot be used without electricity.

Audio and speakers- it is useful because everyone in the classroom can hear the output from the

laptop. But speakers can disturb others and also high quality external speakers can be expensive.

Textbooks- the material to be covered and the design of each lesson are carefully spelled out

detail. A textbook provides you with a balanced, chronological presentation of information. But

textbook is old or outdated and the questions in the book tend to be low level or fact-based.

2. As teacher, how will you apply the principles of classroom management?

As a teacher, first is build a good relationship between your students, you must address them

with name, show care and concern, use humour, involve class in some decision making and also

work hand-in-hand with students. Also as a teacher, you must set rules that are usually written

for them to see it every time and do not make it very long, just decide what rules are most

important. The teacher also must always let a student maintain their dignity; no one likes to be

singled out in front of their friends. And last in order to have an effective teaching, the teacher

must have fun teaching, because if you arent enjoying it, the kids will arent enjoying it too.

3. On the delivery of the subject matter, we have to consider its elements. What are these?

Give the difference of the following methods of teaching. Cite examples.

4. Deductive method

-Teacher-dominated approach.

-It begins with the abstract rule, generalization, principle and ends with specific examples and

concrete details.

-Learning is passive process (the learners do not take part in the generation of conclusion or



(For the subject GEOGRAPHY)

The teacher begins the lesson with a generalization that geographical location influences peoples

way of life.

She will present a map of the Philippines. Then study the map with them.

Those who live in wide plains like Central Plain of Luzon, Cagayan Valley have rice as main

product and farming as main occupation. Those who live near the sea are fishermen. Their main

product is fish.

5. Inductive method

-Teaching-learning process.

-It begins with specific details, concrete data and examples and ends with an abstract.

-Learning becomes more interesting at the outset because we begin with the experiences

of our students. Begin with what they know.


(For the subject GEOGRAPHY)

The teacher will shows to the class the map of the Philippines then ask the class to study

it with special attention on geographical features and economic products.

To guide them in their analysis she will ask those questions like what is the occupation of

people who live by the sea. What is their main livelihood? What generalization can you

draw about the relationship between geographical features of a place and peoples means

of livelihood.

Explain each of the following teaching methods and approaches.

6. Expository Approach - Learning is perceived mainly as a transmission of knowledge from

teachers to students through narration and flexible application of various media by teachers.

Emphasis is put on facts, concepts, rules, procedural skills and learning of theories.

7. Project Method is one of the modern method of teaching in which, the students point of view

is given importance in designing the curricula and content of studies. In this strategy pupils

perform constructive activities in natural condition. A project is a list of real life that has been

imparted into the school. It demands work from the pupils.

8. Exploratory/Guided-Exploratory Approach information is not available needs to be

discover yet. It is developmental/formulation of concept, principles, skills, attitudes, and values.

Step by step acquisition of knowledge and skills.

3 major considerations: a) the process emphasizes how to learn and not to learn b) it stresses the

need for functional/relevant transfer of knowledge c) it is concerned with the development of the


9. Inquiry Approach focuses on the how we learn/find out rather than just focusing on

content. It is concerned with acquiring the skills of learning. The approach is centered on

finding possible solutions to a problem. In other words, investigating a question posed.

10. Constructivism is the label given to a set of theories about learning which fall somewhere

between cognitive and humanistic views. Also learning is an active, constructive process. The

learner is an information constructor.

Prepared by:


Associate Professor I