1. Visualization Close your eyes and think of the sea. What sights and sounds come to your mind? What do you feel when you think about the sea? Now open your eyes and spend a few minutes writing down whatever came into your mind, in your own language or English. 2. Sea Vocabulary: Odd word out In pairs or small groups, circle the word which does not belong to each of the following groups. Use a dictionary to help you. SEA ASSOCIATIONS Which of these words is not associated with the sea? Spray, tides, waves, ocean, cliffs, bay, shore, rocks, hive, port, surf, current , shipwreck, voyage, channel, dock, jetty, cargo, port ON THE BEACH Which items would you not expect to find on the beach? shingle, pebbles, shells, rocks, starfish, sand, spanner, sand dunes, seaweed, driftwood, turtle

3. Sea Vocabulary: Onomatopoeic words A. Certain words are called onomatopoeic because the sound of the word is like its meaning. Example: I love hearing the birds twitter on a Sunday morning Twitter is an onomatopoeic word because it sounds like the sounds birds actually make. Sea vocabulary is often onomatopoeic. Match these sounds to the things which make them. Some sounds can be linked to more than one thing Lapping Screeching Roaring Howling Crashing Boats waves Slapping Hooting Squelching Splashing




B. What other onomatopoeic words do you know? Make a list with your partner. C. What other onomatopoeic words do you know in your own language? Share them with your group. 4. Writing a descriptive paragraph Yesterday you made a trip to the coast. Write a paragraph describing what you saw, the sounds you heard and the way you felt. Write about 75 words.

SEA CREATURES Which creature is associated with the sea? not

Porpoise, turtle, lobster, whale, shark, seal, dolphin, puffin, penguin, crab, squirrel WORDS FOR BOAT Which of the following is not a word for a kind of boat? yacht, dinghy, raft, tram, tug, speedboat, canoe, barge, car, ferry, catamaran, oil tanker, galleon, trawler

I knew I was breaking my father s heart but the call of the sea was too strong. Friday and I observed a rowing boat coming ashore. I m Robinson Crusoe and this is my story I was born in the year 1632 in the city of New York. I stopped. but I always made time for spiritual contemplation. For a home. I explored the island and found fruit trees and a herd of goats.THE STORY OF ROBINSON C RUSOE Read the version below of the story of Robinson Crusoe. was going to accompany me. as I called him. I built a strong shelter close to fresh water. On the boat I found the ship s dog and two cats. walking towards my boat. He runs away to sea j. the ship was wrecked and I was the only survivor. He salvages things from the shipwreck Never had any adventurer s misfortunes. He meets Friday c. I believe. My guess was right. begun earlier or continued longer than mine. Friday and I worked out a way to capture the mutineers and set the captain free. a. I had always wanted to go to the sea but my father wanted me to enter the law. one of the strangest stories ended as I. wanted to learn English and gradually we learned to understand one another and appreciate each other s way of life. number these events in order in which they happened. He rescues the ships captain h. and my despair knew no depths as I realized I was condemned to live in a silent world. to my misfortune. and a goat. He builds a home on the island i. pots. forever an outcast in this horrid place. This time. Against the wishes of my parents I joined a big trading ship when it was in the dock at Hull. He accepts his life on the island k. thunderstruck. Robinson Crusoe sailed away from the island. and my family was contented and I learned to love the beauty of the island. The crew of the ship had mutinied and the captain and some of his loyal followers had been taken prisoner. He returns to England e. I was taken as a slave but I escaped. The captain of the ship offered to take me back to England. The sea had washed me onto a deserted tropical island. never to return. who I found as true and good as a friend as a man could ever wish for. and made a calendar to mark the passing of the days. Friday. . My solitude ended when. He was escaping the anger of his countrymen and I gave him refuge. The task was urgent as my survival depended on it. after 28 years on the island. For some time I even ran a plantation in Brazil but I could not resist returning to the sea. He sees an English ship on the horizon g. The doings of the greedy. He is made a slave d. I resolved to look on the bright side rather than the dark side of my condition. These creatures. He manages a plantation f. a boat and other necessities. material world and my own past wickedness became more and more remote. My luck changed when an English ship appeared on the horizon. improvising baskets. On one occasion. Crusoe is shipwrecked b. I knew I had to swim back to the ship before it sank completely and salvage everything of value. Try to guess the meaning of unfamiliar words As you read. at the sight of strange footprint in the island. So. At first I was terribly seasick but I gradually learned to adapt and weather the great storms which blew up. with a parrot I taught to speak. I spent many hours in hard labour. Am I all alone? I called. Yet I longed to see a human face and hear a human voice. however. were for many years my only companions on the island. Friday . on December 19th 1686. I sowed barley I had taken from the ship. This incident marked the beginning of my friendship with a man who lived on a distant island. Each year the crops increased.

Comprehension check 1. Use these questions to help you continue his story. Crusoe had many adventures. l What will you most miss about your island life? l What did you choose to take with you? l What have you learned from your experiences? Do you feel the hardships of the island made you a better and more understanding person? l Who will remember you at home? Who will you want to see? l How will you make your living? l What might be the difficulties of fitting into a normal life again? l What will be your future plans and dreams Share your ideas with your classmates. What was the first sign that another human being had visited the island? How did Crusoe finally manage to escape from the island? Explain the meaning of the mutineer 6.THE STORY OF ROBINSON C RUSOE 5. 5. on your way back to England. Continuing a story creatively Try imagining that you are Robinson Crusoe. 6. 2. Word-limit: 100 to 150 words . 4. What were they? How did Crusoe feel when he realised he was all alone on the island? What did he manage to do before the wrecked ship sank? Describe Crusoe s way of life on the island. 8. What future did Crusoe s father want for his son? Even before the shipwreck. 3. 7.

I ll have a beautiful house. and dreams? 3. I m still not sure I might do fashion design words you want to stress. I have big plans and I would like to tell you a your partner. but I can t plan that until I meet the right person. before I m 30. ambitions. My name is Susannah.F UTURE D REAMS WRITING FOR TALKNIG My dreams for the future 1. I m excited about that. It is difficult because I m interested in aloud. I m 18 years words or expressions that would be useful when old. Mark pauses and going to study next year. It was great fun and we get on very well. In each one underline any Hello everyone. who is as successful as I am. 2. Write a talk about your future plans and dreams When I return. Now read Susannah s talk again carefully. Suzie for short. There are six paragraphs. My dreams for the future . In five or ten years time I would like to have my own business and work for myself. of course a husband. My mother and I are going to spend Christmas with him in the summer sun. In my dreams I see myself at 40 running a successful gardening company with about 20 employees. I might even do a business course after I finish art school. 5. Of course. two beautiful children and. brother who is working in Australia. like my father. How do you see your life ? l Next year l In the five years of time l In the ten years time Write some notes about your hops and ambitions at each of these times Ask and answer questions about them with a partner. My most immediate plans are holiday plans. I have to make a final decision about which course I m (word limit 100 to 200 words). He has his own building business. He is brilliant with gardens and we have already worked on two projects together. Read Susannah s talk on her future dreams. I ll design beautiful gardens for people. bit about them. Rewrite the first paragraph about. I would like to work questions with my friend Jasper. I m going to visit my 4. Compare with dream about my future. Answer any both clothes and gardens. one day I hope to marry and have children ideally. Give your talk to the class. Practise reading it or I might do landscape design. At the moment I m in my second year at art school and I often you write a talk about your future. Read it aloud to your partner. If I choose landscape. Think about your future. What are her definite plans? What is she not sure about? What are her hopes.

To my ___________ (astonish). I rolled up my jeans and _______________ (splash) through the cold. I was reluctantly turning back when I heard a voice calling my name. The tide was out and the sand was wet and ridged. had _____________ (cancel) at the last minute. and I chose the most interesting looking ones for my _______________ (collect). It is said that in the past many sailors sadly __________ (drown) here. My brilliant holiday by the sea was now perfect! . My parents would be waking up and wondering where I was. She told me her family s plan had changed and they had _______________ (decide) to come to the coast after all. their boats _____________ (cruel) smashed on the rocks. the raging energy of the storm had drained away and the air was still and peaceful. who was suppose to be with me. The sand was studded with shells. a ____________ (violence) storm had blown up. and above me seagulls _______________ (screech) and circled. I loved the area but was feeling a little sad as my best friend. The crisp freshness of the early morning air was ______________ (delight) after the stuffiness of our holiday caravan. I closed the door behind me as _____________ (quiet) as I could. shallow water. like a patient _______________ (recover) from a fever which has burned itself out.VOCABULARY : TEXT C OMPLETION ² A HAPPY ENDING Activity 1. I saw my friend Caroline standing on the top cliff and waving.TEXT COMPLETION Read this story from a teenage magazine about a seaside holiday and fill in the gaps by adapting the words in the brackets A HAPPY ENDING Have you ever ____________ (be) on holiday with your family and really wished you had a friend of your own age around? Last summer my parents and I were _____________ (stay) in a caravan on the coast. _______________ (remind) me of the underwater world that one day I would love to explore. One morning I ____________ (wake) up very early and decided to collect shells on the beach. I bent down and dug out a starfish from the sand. This morning. Eagerly. On the horizon a boat hooted. to _____________ (inspection) its intricate shape more closely. It was a _____________ (glory) morning. The night before. Now and again a silvery fish slipped across my feet. aware of the humped shapes of my parents still fast asleep in their narrow caravan bed. and I heard the huge waves ______________ (crash) onto the shore. however. The growing warmth of the sun told me that time was ______________ (pass).

on the motorway today. 3. Trickling Click 1. There was a terrible car 6. Everyone news. The children ran into the sea and screamed with delight as they slipped/sloshed/splashed each other with cold water. He wacked the ball into the air.. with disappointment at the C. . 5. I couldn t concentrate on the play because of the rustle of papers behind me 4. . If you have a sore throat. 2. . I can feel raindrops neck. ... The child splashed through the puddles 2. The blades of the propeller 3. down the back of my . They 5.VOCABULARY : O NOMATOPOEIC WORDS Activity 2 ± ONOMATOPOEIC WORDS A. noisily. Little Bella loves squelching/ squeaking/squashing through the mud after a rainy day. in the pan! . . . The twittering/screeching/lapping of the seagulls woke me up on my first day at the seaside. groaned sizzling clinked crash whirred splashing as it turned in the lock. Speak up! Don t mumble. Can you guess the meaning of the underlined words from their sounds? 1. The baby loves 8. 7. Choose an appropriate word from the box below to complete the sentences. 6. She heard his key 2. I love to hear sausages 4. In its bath. 1. glasses and drank to each other s health. Choose the right onomatopoeic word in each sentence. 5. try gargling with some salt water. 3. Can you hear the howling/cracking/flapping of the wind on a stormy night? 4. Have you ever tried smacking/skimming/sliding stones over the lake? B. The waves roared/slapped/booted against the side of our boat as we sped through the water..

fill up. Damon shouted angrily at the driver. He nearly __________ (8) a car which was coming towards him. Finally he arrived at work. . . He __________ (1) his seat-belt and _________ (2) the engine. He realised he was about to __________ (5) petrol so he stopped at a petrol station to __________ (6). . B. he had to __________ (9) quickly because he hadn t seen a car which __________ (10). He didn t stop to pick it up but continued his journey. He __________ (3) his car out of the garage and __________ (4) a dustbin that was on the pavement. 5.D REAM C ARS AND NIGHTMARE JOURNEYS Dream cars & Nightmare Journeys 1. Complete the gaps in the text. 4.. . What kind of driver do you think Damon is? Give reasons to your answer. Q. Q. What do the following traffic signs mean? Use You mustn t or You have to. 1. using the correct form of verbs in the list Overtake.30 Damon got into his car. so he decided to __________ (7) it without looking to see if the road was clear. He __________ (11) his car under a No parking sign and walked into Damon s Driving school. Driving verbs A. break down. When he went round the next corner. park.. . The lorry in front of him was going very slowly and Damon was in a hurry. . The driver was furious but Damon drove on. reverse. Do you think he is worthy of being an instructor in a driving school? Why or why not. 3. turn on At 8. put on. crash into (2).. 2. Run out of... Look at the picture story. break. ..

but my car. he said. an old sports car which I loved. 3.00 in the morning. The engine was beginning to get very hot and suddenly black smoke began coming out. Why don t you buy a normal car. but the wedding had already finished. _____. and had to stop at a garage. Later check with your dictionary or the teacher . was eighteen years old and sometimes used to break down. But even the taxi too ages to get there because there was a terrible traffic jam. They might not even believe what had really happened. a passing car stopped and gave me a lift to the garage. 3. Luckily. Then as I was driving towards the centre.NIGHTMARE JOURNEYS A. _____. Time was running out. _____. another car hooted at me and I realized that I had a puncture. ten minutes late. 4. Here are this week s two best stories called The Wedding and The Interview. My friend was furious because I d missed one of the most important moments of his life. 2. _____. I took the wrong turning and I soon found myself completely lost. I d been unemployed for about six months but I had just been called for an interview for a job. everything started to go wrong. yes. 4. I saw that I d almost run out of petrol.m. I couldn t believe it! My nightmare journey happened last year. It was fine. Read the two mixed up stories: the wedding and the interview. But at least the story had a happy ending. hot. _____ NIGHTMARE JOURNEYS We asked our readers to send us their nightmare journeys. I eventually arrived. Guess the meaning from the context. Which four paragraphs belong to each story? Write the correct order 1-4 l The Wedding: 1. In my elegant suit I began walking towards the nearest village to find a mechanic. Look at the underlined words and expressions in the text. _____ l The Interview: 1. B C D E F G H B. When I walked into the manager s office. sweaty and really stressed.. _____. _____. I d decided to set off at 11. The interview was at 4. A After a few agonizing minutes of indecision I decided to abandon the car and take a taxi. 2. But when I arrived at the first crossroads. because I got the job! Finally. I said. The ceremony was at 1 p.15 in the centre of the town. which doesn t always break down when you really need it? I started to change the wheel myself. I was the best man so it was very important for to arrive early. but I was wearing a very tight white skirt and jacket and was afraid of getting dirty. the first thing she asked me was. I reached the village at two o clock in the afternoon. But as soon as I got into the car. with my car repaired. Did you have a good journey? Oh. Five minutes later the car broke down. First of all. Although it was only an hour s journey from my home in Aberdeen. The worst journey I ve ever had was three years ago when I was going to a friend s wedding at a small village in Scotland. and I knew that being late for the interview would be disastrous.

A NIGHTMARE JOURNEYS C. boat etc). talk about your experience of a nightmare journey (car. In groups of three or four.. . bus.Use the space given below to jot down points and Present your experiences to the other group members .

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