You are on page 1of 53

SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

TOPOSHEET

Area:
Chikiti village toposheet map image of srikakulam district.

Scale:
Scale of chikiti village toposheet + map image of srikakulam is 1:50000 mosaic of
the toposheet + containing four individual 74 A/12, 74 A/16, 74 A/11, 74 B/9.

Using reference to this topo sheet detonates all features like water bodies, roads
drainages and contours features in the topo sheet contain point poly line, polygon etc...

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


1
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT -1

AIM:
Procedure for Geo-referencing

PROCEDURE:
Step: 1
Go to start and to programs and to Arc GIS and click on arc map
Step: 2
Go to menu bar, right click on Geo referencing and click on tools
Step: 3
Click on add data (+) on the menu bar and open the map from D drive and add.
Step: 4
Now add control points (+/+) on menu bar and select four corners of the map. One by one
and right click and insert X (latitude) and Y (longitude)
X ref 840.45= 84.75 45/60=0.75
Y ref 19 .30= 19.5
0

Step: 5
Go to Geo referencing and rectify the map and then remove the map by right click.
Step: 6
Again click on add data (+) and open the rectify map.
Step: 7
Go to arc toolbox (Red colour) and click on data management tools and click on projection
and transformations in that select define projection.
Step: 8
Give the input is the rectify map and output (Click on select)
Step: 9
Select Geographic co-ordinate system and select world and select W.G.S 84 and click on ok.
Step: 10
Now remove the image and again open the image from add data and go to arc tool box (Red
colour)
Step: 11
Go to data management tools and projection and transformations. In select Raster and select
project Raster.
Step: 12
Give the input is the rectify map and output (Click on select)
Step: 13
Click on select and select projection co-ordinate system and select UTM folder and click on
the WGS 1984 folder and select WGS84 UTM zone and 44 North or 43 North
83/6= 13+30= 43
84/6= 14+30= 44

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


2
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT -2

Aim:
Digitising the water bodies to find out area
Software used:
Arc GIS 9.3
Procedure for water bodies:
Step 1:
Click on the Arc map.
Step 2:
Go to arc catalog and create new folder in any drive.
Step 3:
Click on folder then right click and select the new and select the personal Geo data base.
Step 4:
Click on personal Geo data base and right click and select the new and select the feature data
set.
Step 5:
Given the name and click on next and select the projected co-ordinate system and click
import and select the Geo referencing topo sheet data and then click on next and click on
next and click on finish.
Step 6:
Click on feature data set and then right click and select new and select feature class.
Step 7:
Given the shape file name (water bodies) and gives the feature class (polygon or poly line)
and click next.
Step 8:
Write the file name and sheet select the data type and click on finish
Step 9:
Add shape file in the viewer.
Step10:
Go to add data and add the topo sheet.
Step 11:
Go to editor then start editing.
Step 12:
Go to sketch tool.
Step 13:
Using sketch tool, delineate the water bodies features difference to the topo sheet
Step 14:
Go to shape file (water body) then right click, open attribute table, click ok.
Step 15:
Add all attribute values of the water bodies features in the topo sheet.

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


3
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT -3

Aim:
Digitising the contours to find out area
Software used:
Arc GIS 9.3
Procedure for contours:
Step 1:
Click on the Arc map.
Step 2:
Go to arc Catalog and create new folder in any drive.
Step 3:
Click on folder then right click and select the new and select the personal Geo data base.
Step 4:
Click on personal Geo data base and right click and select the new and select the feature data
set.
Step 5:
Given the name and click on next and select the projected co-ordinate system and click
import and select the Geo referencing topo sheet data and then click on next and click on
next and click on finish.
Step 6:
Click on feature data set and then right click and select new and select feature class.
Step 7:
Given the shape file name (contours) and gives the feature class (polygon or poly line) and
click next.
Step 8:
Write the file name and sheet select the data type and click on finish
Step 9:
Add shape file in the viewer.
Step10:
Go to add data and add the topo sheet.
Step 11:
Go to editor then start editing.
Step 12:
Go to sketch tool.
Step 13:
Using sketch tool, delineate the contours features difference to the topo sheet
Step 14:
Go to shape file (contours) then right click, open attribute table, click ok.
Step 15:
Add all attribute values of the contours features in the topo sheet.

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


4
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT -4

Aim:
Digitising the Drainage to find out area
Software used:
Arc GIS 9.3
Procedure for Drainage:
Step 1:
Click on the Arc map.
Step 2:
Go to arc catalog and create new folder in any drive.
Step 3:
Click on folder then right click and select the new and select the personal Geo data base.
Step 4:
Click on personal Geo data base and right click and select the new and select the feature data
set.
Step 5:
Given the name and click on next and select the projected co-ordinate system and click
import and select the Geo referencing topo sheet data and then click on next and click on
next and click on finish.
Step 6:
Click on feature data set and then right click and select new and select feature class.
Step 7:
Given the shape file name (Drainage) and gives the feature class (polygon or poly line) and
click next.
Step 8:
Write the file name and sheet select the data type and click on finish
Step 9:
Add shape file in the viewer.
Step10:
Go to add data and add the topo sheet.
Step 11:
Go to editor then start editing.
Step 12:
Go to sketch tool.
Step 13:
Using sketch tool, delineate the Drainage features difference to the topo sheet
Step 14:
Go to shape file (Drainage) then right click, open attribute table, click ok.
Step 15:
Add all attribute values of the Drainage features in the topo sheet.

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


5
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT -5

Aim:
Digitising the Roads to find out area
Software used:
Arc GIS 9.3
Procedure for Roads:
Step 1:
Click on the Arc map.
Step 2:
Go to arc catalog and create new folder in any drive.
Step 3:
Click on folder then right click and select the new and select the personal Geo data base.
Step 4:
Click on personal Geo data base and right click and select the new and select the feature data
set.
Step 5:
Given the name and click on next and select the projected co-ordinate system and click
import and select the Geo referencing topo sheet data and then click on next and click on
next and click on finish.
Step 6:
Click on feature data set and then right click and select new and select feature class.
Step 7:
Given the shape file name (Roads) and gives the feature class (polygon or poly line) and
click next.
Step 8:
Write the file name and sheet select the data type and click on finish
Step 9:
Add shape file in the viewer.
Step10:
Go to add data and add the topo sheet.
Step 11:
Go to editor then start editing.
Step 12:
Go to sketch tool.
Step 13:
Using sketch tool, delineate the Roads features difference to the topo sheet
Step 14:
Go to shape file (Roads) then right click, open attribute table, click ok.
Step 15:
Add all attribute values of the Roads features in the topo sheet.

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


6
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT -6

Aim:
Creation of digital elevation model for the digitised contours
Software used:
Arc GIS 9.3
Procedure for contours:
Step 1:
Click on the Arc map.
Step 2:
Click on the add data open the contours
Step 3:
Click on the 3-D analyst and click on the create/modify TIN and click on the create TIN
From Features and click on contours
Height source =contours No.s
Triangulate = mass point.
And click ok
Step 4:
TIN feature is created
Step 5:
Click on the 3-D analyst and click on the convert and click on the TIN to RASTER
Input TIN= TIN
Attribute = elevation.
And click ok

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


7
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT-1

ANALYSIS OF BEAMS

AIM:
A SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM OF LENGTH 6M IS SUBJECTED TO UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED
LOAD OF 2 KN/M

-2.000 kN/m

3
6.00m

Y
Z X
Load 2
STAAD EDITOR:

STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 14-Aug-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 6 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2;
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 PRIS YD 0.3 ZD 0.25
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1
SUPPORTS
1 PINNED
2 ENFORCED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1
MEMBER LOAD

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


8
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

1 UNI GY -2 0 6
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
PRINT MEMBER FORCES
FINISH

Nodes

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 6.000 0.000 0.000

Beams

Length
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 2 6.000 1 0

Materials

E Density
Mat Name
(kN/mm2) (kg/m3) (1/K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
5 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6

Supports

rX rY rZ
X Y Z
Node (kN- (kN- (kN-
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm)
m/deg) m/deg) m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed - - -
2 Fixed - - - - Fixed

Beam Loads : 1

Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
1 UNI kN/m GY -2.000 0.000 - 6.000 -

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


9
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beam Maximum Shear Forces

6
0 kN
m
3

Max: 6.000 kN
-6.000 kN

Y
Z X Load 1 Shear Y :
:

Force - kNm
Shear Force Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max Fz d Max Fy


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN)
1 1 6.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 6.000 -6.000

Reactions

Horizonta Vertical Horizonta Moment


l
FX FY l
FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1: 0.000 6.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 1: 0.000 6.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Beam Maximum Moments

0 kNm 0 kNm

6 3
m

Max: -9.000 kNm

Y
Z X Load 1 Bending Z :
:
Moment - kNm

Bending Moment Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max My d Max Mz


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kNm) (m) (kNm)
1 1 6.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 6.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 3.000 -9.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


10
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beam Displacement Detail

Max: 0.291 mm

Load 1 Displacement
Y
Z X

: Displacement - mm

Displacement Diagram

Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset

d X Y Z Resultant
Beam L/C
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
1 1: 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.600 -0.000 -0.091 0.000 0.091
1.200 -0.000 -0.171 0.000 0.171
1.800 -0.000 -0.235 0.000 0.235
2.400 0.000 -0.276 0.000 0.276
3.000 -0.000 -0.291 0.000 0.291
3.600 0.000 -0.276 0.000 0.276
4.200 -0.000 -0.235 0.000 0.235
4.800 0.000 -0.171 0.000 0.171
5.400 0.000 -0.091 0.000 0.091
6.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


11
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

AIM:
A simply Supported beam of length 6m subjected to a uniformly varying load of
maximum valve of 2 kn/m at the middle

-2.000 kN/m

6m

Load 1
Y
Z X

STAAD EDITOR:
STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 14-Aug-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 6 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2;
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 PRIS YD 0.3 ZD 0.25
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1
SUPPORTS
1 PINNED
2 ENFORCED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1
MEMBER LOAD
1 LIN Y 0 0 -2
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
PRINT MEMBER FORCES
FINISH

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


12
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Nodes

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 6.000 0.000 0.000

Beams

Length
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 2 6.000 1 0

Materials

E Density
Mat Name
(kN/mm2) (kg/m3) (1/K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
5 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6
Supports

X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN-m/deg) (kN-m/deg) (kN-m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed - - -
2 Fixed - - - - Fixed

Beam Loads:1

Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
1 TRI kN/m Y -2.000 - - - -

Beam Maximum Shear Forces

Max: 3.000 kN

6m 3

0 kN

-3.000 kN
Y
Z X Load 1 :
Shear Y :
Force - kNm
Shear Force Diagram

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


13
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.


Node Length d Max Fz d Max Fy
Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN)
1 1 6.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 6.000 -3.000

Reactions

Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment


FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1: 0.000 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 1: 0.000 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Beam Maximum Moments

0 kNm 6m 3 0 kNm

Max: -6.000 kNm


Y
Z X Load 1 : Bending Z :
Moment - kNm

Bending Moment Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max My d Max Mz


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kNm) (m) (kNm)
1 1 6.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 3.000 -6.000

Beam Displacement Detail

Max: 0.186 mm

Y Displacement
Z X Load 1 :
Displacement - mm
Displacement Diagram

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


14
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset

d X Y Z Resultant
Beam L/C
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
1 1: 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.600 -0.000 -0.057 0.000 0.057
1.200 -0.000 -0.108 0.000 0.108
1.800 -0.000 -0.149 0.000 0.149
2.400 0.000 -0.176 0.000 0.176
3.000 -0.000 -0.186 0.000 0.186
3.600 0.000 -0.176 0.000 0.176
4.200 -0.000 -0.149 0.000 0.149
4.800 0.000 -0.108 0.000 0.108
5.400 0.000 -0.057 0.000 0.057
6.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

AIM:
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
15
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

A simply supported beam of length 6m is subjected to a uniformly varying load of


maximum value 2kn/m at right support

-2.000 kN/m

0 kN/m 3

Y
Z X
Load 1 :

STAAD EDITOR:

STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 14-Aug-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 6 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2;
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
1 PRIS YD 0.3 ZD 0.25
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1
SUPPORTS
1 PINNED
2 ENFORCED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1
MEMBER LOAD
1 LIN Y 0 -2
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
PRINT MEMBER FORCES
FINISH

Nodes

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


16
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 6.000 0.000 0.000

Beams

Length
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 2 6.000 1 0

Supports

X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node - - -
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed - - -
2 Fixed - - - - Fixed

Materials

E Density
Mat Name
(kN/mm2) (kg/m3) (1/K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
5 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6

Beam Loads:1

Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
1 LIN kN/m Y 0.000 - -2.000 - -

Beam Maximum Shear Forces

2.000 kN
Max: -4.000
kN
0.500 kN 3

Y
Shear Y :
Z X Load 1 :
Force - kNm

Shear force Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


17
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Node Length d Max Fz d Max Fy


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN)
1 1 6.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 2.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 6.000 -4.000

Reactions

Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment


FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1: 0.000 2.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 1: 0.000 4.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Beam Maximum Moments

0 kNm 6m 30 kNm

-4.500
kNm Max: -4.618 kNm

Y
Z X Load 1 : Bending Z :
Moment - kNm

Bending Moment Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max My d Max Mz


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kNm) (m) (kNm)
1 1 6.000 1: Max ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 3.500 -4.618

Beam Displacement Detail

6m 3

Max: 0.146 mm

Y
Load 1 :
Displacement
Z X
Displacement - mm
Displacement Diagram

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


18
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset

d X Y Z Resultant
Beam L/C
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
1 1: 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.600 -0.000 -0.043 0.000 0.043
1.200 -0.000 -0.081 0.000 0.081
1.800 -0.000 -0.113 0.000 0.113
2.400 0.000 -0.135 0.000 0.135
3.000 -0.000 -0.146 0.000 0.146
3.600 0.000 -0.140 0.000 0.140
4.200 -0.000 -0.121 0.000 0.121
4.800 0.000 -0.090 0.000 0.090
5.400 0.000 -0.048 0.000 0.048
6.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


19
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT-2

ANALYSIS OF FRAMES

AIM:
Analysis of the portal frame
-8.000 kN

1m 3m

3m

6.5 m 3

Y
Z X
Load 1

STAAD EDITOR

STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 18-Aug-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 2.5 6 0; 3 3.5 6 0; 4 6.5 6 0; 5 6.5 3 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1 TO 4
MEMBER PROPERTY INDIAN
1 4 PRIS YD 0.2
2 3 PRIS YD 0.2378
SUPPORTS
1 FIXED
5 ENFORCED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1 ll

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


20
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

JOINT LOAD
3 FY -8
PRINT JOINT COORDINATES ALL
PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION ALL
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
PRINT MEMBER FORCES ALL
PRINT MEMBER STRESSES ALL
PRINT MEMBER SECTION FORCES ALL
PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 4
PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 4
FINISH

Nodes

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 2.500 6.000 0.000
3 3.500 6.000 0.000
4 6.500 6.000 0.000
5 6.500 3.000 0.000

Beams

Length
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 2 6.500 1 0
2 2 3 1.000 2 0
3 3 4 3.000 2 0
4 4 5 3.000 1 0

Materials

E Density
Mat Name
(kN/mm2) (kg/m3) (1/K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
5 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6

Supports

X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node - - -
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed
5 Fixed - - - - Fixed

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


21
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Node Loads : 1 LL

FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
3 - -8.000 - - - -

Beam Maximum Shear Forces

4.643 kN
4.643 kN
0 kN
1.786 kN 1m 3m

-3.357 kN -3.357 kN
3m

6.5 m 0 kN
3

Y Load 1 : Shear Y
Z X
Force - kNm
1.786 kN

Shear Force Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.


Node Length d Max Fz d Max Fy
Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN)
1 1 6.500 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.786
Max +ve 0.000 0.000
2 2 1.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.643
Max +ve 0.000 0.000
3 3 3.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.357
4 4 3.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000

Reactions

Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment


FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1:LL 0.000 4.643 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.176
5 1:LL 0.000 3.357 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


22
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beam Maximum Moments

-5.430 kNm
1m 3m 0 kNm
-5.430 kNm

-10.072 kNm 3m

6.5 m 0 kNm 3

Y Load 1 :Bending Z
Z X
Moment - kNm
6.176 kNm
Bending Moment Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.


Node Length d Max My d Max Mz
Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN-m) (m) (kN-m)
1 1 6.500 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 6.176
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 6.500 -5.430
2 2 1.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 1.000 -10.072
3 3 3.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 3.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -10.072
4 4 3.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 3.000 -0.000

Beam Displacement Detail

Max: 3.050 mm
Max: 3.033 mm
Max: 3.055 mm

Max: 4.477 mm

Y Load 1 : Displacement
Z X
Displacement - mm

Displacement Diagram

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


23
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset

d X Y Z Resultant
Beam L/C
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
1 1:LL 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.650 0.077 -0.033 0.000 0.084
1.300 0.270 -0.113 0.000 0.293
1.950 0.553 -0.232 0.000 0.600
2.600 0.901 -0.377 0.000 0.976
3.250 1.286 -0.538 0.000 1.394
3.900 1.682 -0.703 0.000 1.823
4.550 2.057 -0.860 0.000 2.229
5.200 2.385 -0.998 0.000 2.585
5.850 2.641 -1.105 0.000 2.863
6.500 2.798 -1.170 0.000 3.033
2 1:LL 0.000 2.798 -1.170 0.000 3.033
0.100 2.798 -1.185 0.000 3.038
0.200 2.798 -1.197 0.000 3.043
0.300 2.798 -1.208 0.000 3.048
0.400 2.798 -1.216 0.000 3.051
0.500 2.798 -1.222 0.000 3.053
0.600 2.798 -1.226 0.000 3.055
0.700 2.798 -1.227 0.000 3.055
0.800 2.798 -1.226 0.000 3.055
0.900 2.798 -1.221 0.000 3.053
1.000 2.798 -1.214 0.000 3.050
3 1:LL 0.000 2.798 -1.214 0.000 3.050
0.300 2.798 -1.172 0.000 3.034
0.600 2.798 -1.105 0.000 3.009
0.900 2.798 -1.016 0.000 2.977
1.200 2.798 -0.908 0.000 2.942
1.500 2.798 -0.784 0.000 2.906
1.800 2.798 -0.644 0.000 2.871
2.100 2.798 -0.493 0.000 2.841
2.400 2.798 -0.334 0.000 2.818
2.700 2.798 -0.169 0.000 2.803
3.000 2.798 -0.002 0.000 2.798
4 1:LL 0.000 2.798 -0.002 0.000 2.798
0.300 2.966 -0.001 0.000 2.966
0.600 3.134 -0.001 0.000 3.134
0.900 3.302 -0.001 0.000 3.302
1.200 3.470 -0.001 0.000 3.470
1.500 3.638 -0.001 0.000 3.638
1.800 3.806 -0.000 0.000 3.806
2.100 3.974 -0.000 0.000 3.974
2.400 4.142 -0.000 0.000 4.142
2.700 4.310 -0.000 0.000 4.310
3.000 4.477 0.000 0.000 4.477

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


24
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

AIM:

Analysis of the portal frame

-16.000 KN
-10.000 kN/m
0.5 m 1.5 m

2m

3m

2.000 kN

Y
1m
Z X
Load 1

STAAD EDITOR:

STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 28-Aug-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0 1 0; 3 0 4 0; 4 0.5 4 0; 5 2 4 0; 6 2 2 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5; 5 5 6;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1 TO 5
MEMBER PROPERTY INDIAN
1 2 PRIS YD 0.25 ZD 0.3
3 TO 5 PRIS YD 0.3149 ZD 0.3
SUPPORTS
1 6 FIXED
LOAD 1
JOINT LOAD
2 FX 2
4 FY -16
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
25
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

MEMBER LOAD
5 UNI GX -10 0 2
PRINT JOINT COORDINATES ALL
PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION ALL
PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES ALL
PRINT MEMBER PROPERTIES ALL
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
PRINT MEMBER FORCES ALL
PRINT MEMBER STRESSES ALL
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS ALL
PRINT SECTION DISPL LIST 1 TO 5
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION ALL
PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 5
PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 5
FINISH

Nodes

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 0.000 1.000 0.000
3 0.000 4.000 0.000
4 0.500 4.000 0.000
5 2.000 4.000 0.000
6 2.000 2.000 0.000

Beams

Length b
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 2 1.000 1 0
2 2 3 3.000 1 0
3 3 4 0.500 2 0
4 4 5 1.500 2 0
5 5 6 2.000 2 0

Materials

E Density a
Mat Name n
(kip/in2) (kip/in3) (1/F)
3 STEEL 29.7E 3 0.300 0.000 12E -6
4 STAINLESSSTEEL 28E 3 0.300 0.000 9.9E -6
5 ALUMINUM 10E 3 0.330 0.000 12.8E -6
6 CONCRETE 3.15E 3 0.170 0.000 5.5E -6

Supports

X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node
(kip/in) (kip/in) (kip/in) (kip-ft/deg) (kip-ft/deg) (kip-ft/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed
6 Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
26
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Node Loads : 1

FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
2 2.000 - - - - -
4 - -16.000 - - - -

Beam Loads : 1

Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
5 UNI kN/m GX -10.000 0.000 - 2.000 -

Beam Maximum Shear Force


Max: 15.162 kN
1.604 kN
-1.604 kN Max: -0.838 kN
-0.838 kN

Max: -18.396 kN

Max: -1.604 kN
0.396 kN
Y Load 1 : Shear Y
Z X
Force - kNm

Max: 0.396 kN

Shear Force Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max Fz d Max Fy


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN)
1 1 1.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.396
Max +ve 0.000 0.000
2 2 3.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.604
3 3 0.500 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 15.162
Max +ve 0.000 0.000
4 4 1.500 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.838
5 5 2.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.604
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 2.000 -18.396

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


27
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Reactions

Horizonta Vertical Horizonta Moment


l
FX FY l
FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
1 1: -0.396 15.162 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.207
6 1: 18.396 0.838 0.000 0.000 0.000 -13.677

Beam Maximum Moments

3.210 kNm -3.115 kNm


Max: 3.210 kNm
-3.115 kNm

Max: -4.371 kNm

Max: 13.677 kNm

Max: -1.603 kNm

Y Load 1 : Bending Z
Z X
Moment - kNm

-1.207 kNm

Bending Moment Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.


Node Length d Max My d Max Mz
Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN-m) (m) (kN-m)
1 1 1.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 1.000 -1.603
2 2 3.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 3.000 3.210
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -1.603
3 3 0.500 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.210
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.500 -4.371
4 4 1.500 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -4.371
5 5 2.000 1: Max -ve 0.000 0.000 2.000 13.677
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.167 -3.243

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


28
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beam Displacement Detail

Max: 0.063 mm Max: 0.062 mm


Max: 0.063 mm
Max: 0.064 mm

Max: 0.008 mm
Y Load 1 : Displacement
Z X
Displacement - mm

Displacement Diagram

Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset


d X Y Z Resultant
Beam L/C
(m) (in) (in) (in) (in)
1 1: 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.100 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.200 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.300 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.400 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.500 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.600 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.700 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.800 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.900 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
1.000 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
2 1: 0.000 -0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.300 -0.001 -0.000 0.000 0.001
0.600 -0.001 -0.000 0.000 0.001
0.900 -0.001 -0.000 0.000 0.001
1.200 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
1.500 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
1.800 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
2.100 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
2.400 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
2.700 -0.003 -0.000 0.000 0.003
3.000 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
3 1: 0.000 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.050 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.100 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.150 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.200 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.250 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.300 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
29
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

0.350 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002


0.400 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.450 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.500 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
4 1: 0.000 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.150 -0.002 -0.001 0.000 0.002
0.300 -0.002 -0.001 0.000 0.002
0.450 -0.002 -0.001 0.000 0.002
0.600 -0.002 -0.001 0.000 0.002
0.750 -0.002 -0.001 0.000 0.002
0.900 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
1.050 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
1.200 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
1.350 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
1.500 -0.002 0.000 0.000 0.002
5 1: 0.000 -0.002 0.000 0.000 0.002
0.200 -0.002 0.000 0.000 0.002
0.400 -0.002 0.000 0.000 0.002
0.600 -0.002 -0.000 0.000 0.002
0.800 -0.001 0.000 0.000 0.001
1.000 -0.001 0.000 0.000 0.001
1.200 -0.001 0.000 0.000 0.001
1.400 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
1.600 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
1.800 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


30
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

AIM:

Analysis of the portal frame

-2.000 kN/m
-2.000 kN/m
4m

2m

3m

16.000 kN

2m

Y
Z X
Load 1

STAAD EDITOR:

STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 18-Aug-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 0 2 0; 3 0 4 0; 4 4 4 0; 5 4 1 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1 TO 4
MEMBER PROPERTY INDIAN
3 4 PRIS YD 0.2
1 2 PRIS YD 0.2378
SUPPORTS
1 FIXED
5 PINNED

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


31
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

LOAD 1 LIVE
JOINT LOAD
2 FX 16
MEMBER LOAD
3 UNI GY -2 0 4
4 UNI GX -2 0 3
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
PRINT MEMBER FORCES ALL
PRINT MEMBER STRESSES ALL
PRINT SECTION DISPL LIST 1 TO 4
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION ALL
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS ALL
PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 4
PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 4
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
FINISH

Nodes

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 0.000 2.000 0.000
3 0.000 4.000 0.000
4 4.000 4.000 0.000
5 4.000 1.000 0.000

Beams

Length b
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 2 2.000 2 0
2 2 3 2.000 2 0
3 3 4 4.000 1 0
4 4 5 3.000 1 0

Materials

E Density a
Mat Name n
(kN/mm2) (kg/m3) (1/K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
5 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6

Supports

X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN-m/deg) (kN-m/deg) (kN-m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed
5 Fixed Fixed Fixed - - -

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


32
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Node Loads : 1 LIVE

FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
2 16.000 - - - - -

Beam Loads : 1 LIVE

Directio Da Ecc.
Beam Type Fa Fb Db
n (m) (m)
3 UNI kN/m GY -2.000 0.000 - 4.000 -
4 UNI kN/m GX -2.000 0.000 - 3.000 -

Beam Maximum Shear Forces

3.217 kN
-4.473 kN -0.783 kN Max: 4.473 kN
Max: -4.783 kN

-4.473 kN

1.473 kN
11.527 kN
Max: -4.473 kN

11.527 kN -1.527 kN

Y Load 1 : Shear Y
Z X
Force - kNm
Max: 11.527 kN
Shear Force Diagram
Node Length d Max Fz d Max Fy
Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN)
1 1 2.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 11.527
Max +ve 0.000 0.000
2 2 2.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -4.473
3 3 4.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.217
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 4.000 -4.783
4 4 3.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.473
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 3.000 -1.527

Reactions

Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Moment


FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1:LIVE -11.527 3.217 0.000 0.000 0.000 15.396
5 1:LIVE 1.527 4.783 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


33
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beam Maximum Moments

1.286 kNm Max: 4.418 kNm


1.286 kNm -1.148 kNm Max: 4.418 kNm

-3.186 kNm

-0.041 kNm

Max: -7.659 kNm

3.868 kNm
0 kNm
Y Load 1 : Bending Z
Z X
Moment - kNm
Max: 15.396 kNm

Bending Moment Diagram

Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max My d Max Mz


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kNm) (m) (kNm)
1 1 2.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 15.396
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 2.000 -7.659
2 2 2.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000 2.000 1.286
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -7.659
3 3 4.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000 4.000 4.418
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 1.667 -1.298
4 4 3.000 1:LIVE Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.418
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 2.250 -0.583

Beam Displacement Detail


Max: 0.674 Max: 0.676 Max: 0.671
mm mm mm

Max: 0.487
mm

Y Load Displacem
Z X 1 : Displacement
ent -
mm

Displacement Diagram
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
34
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset

d X Y Z Resultant
Beam L/C
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
1 1:LIVE 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.200 0.011 -0.000 0.000 0.011
0.400 0.037 -0.000 0.000 0.037
0.600 0.076 -0.000 0.000 0.076
0.800 0.126 -0.000 0.000 0.126
1.000 0.183 -0.000 0.000 0.183
1.200 0.246 -0.000 0.000 0.246
1.400 0.310 -0.000 0.000 0.310
1.600 0.373 -0.001 0.000 0.373
1.800 0.433 -0.001 0.000 0.433
2.000 0.487 -0.001 0.000 0.487
2 1:LIVE 0.000 0.487 -0.001 0.000 0.487
0.200 0.529 -0.001 0.000 0.529
0.400 0.564 -0.001 0.000 0.564
0.600 0.592 -0.001 0.000 0.592
0.800 0.613 -0.001 0.000 0.613
1.000 0.630 -0.001 0.000 0.630
1.200 0.642 -0.001 0.000 0.642
1.400 0.651 -0.001 0.000 0.651
1.600 0.659 -0.001 0.000 0.659
1.800 0.666 -0.001 0.000 0.666
2.000 0.674 -0.002 0.000 0.674
3 1:LIVE 0.000 0.674 -0.002 0.000 0.674
0.400 0.674 -0.022 0.000 0.674
0.800 0.673 -0.044 0.000 0.675
1.200 0.673 -0.060 0.000 0.676
1.600 0.673 -0.065 0.000 0.676
2.000 0.673 -0.059 0.000 0.675
2.400 0.672 -0.041 0.000 0.674
2.800 0.672 -0.018 0.000 0.672
3.200 0.672 0.004 0.000 0.672
3.600 0.671 0.014 0.000 0.672
4.000 0.671 -0.002 0.000 0.671
4 1:LIVE 0.000 0.671 -0.002 0.000 0.671
0.300 0.633 -0.002 0.000 0.633
0.600 0.577 -0.002 0.000 0.577
0.900 0.510 -0.002 0.000 0.510
1.200 0.437 -0.001 0.000 0.437
1.500 0.360 -0.001 0.000 0.360
1.800 0.283 -0.001 0.000 0.283
2.100 0.208 -0.001 0.000 0.208
2.400 0.136 -0.001 0.000 0.136
2.700 0.067 -0.000 0.000 0.067
3.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


35
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

AIM:

Analysis of the portal frame

STAAD EDITOR

STAAD PLANE
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 18-Aug-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 1 0; 2 0 2 0; 3 0 3 0; 4 2.5 3 0; 5 5.5 0 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 4 5;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1 TO 4
MEMBER PROPERTY INDIAN
1 TO 4 PRIS YD 0.2
SUPPORTS
1 5 FIXED
LOAD 1 ll
JOINT LOAD
2 FX 16
MEMBER LOAD
3 UNI GY -12 0 2.5
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
36
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

PRINT JOINT COORDINATES ALL


PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION ALL
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ALL
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
PRINT MEMBER FORCES ALL
PRINT MEMBER STRESSES ALL
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS ALL
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION ALL
PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 4
PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE LIST 1 TO 4
FINISH

Nodes

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 1.000 0.000
2 0.000 2.000 0.000
3 0.000 3.000 0.000
4 2.500 3.000 0.000
5 5.500 0.000 0.000

Beams

Length
Beam Node A Node B Property
(m) (degrees)
1 1 2 1.000 1 0
2 2 3 1.000 1 0
3 3 4 2.500 1 0
4 4 5 4.243 1 0

Materials

E Density
Mat Name
(kN/mm2) (kg/m3) (1/K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
5 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6

Supports

X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node - - -
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg) (kN m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed
5 Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed

Node Loads : 1 LL

FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
2 16.000 - - - - -

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


37
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beam Loads : 1 LL

Da Ecc.
Beam Type Direction Fa Fb Db
(m) (m)
3 UNI kN/m GY -12.000 0.000 - 2.500 -

Beam Maximum Shear Forces

Max: 18.061 kN
Max: 0.275 kN
-12.327 kN
-11.939 kN

3.673 kN
Max: -12.327 kN

Max: 3.673 kN Shear Y :


Y Load 1 :
Z X
Force - kNm

0.275 kN Shear Force


Diagram
Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max Fz d Max Fy


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN)
1 1 1.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 3.673
Max +ve 0.000 0.000
2 2 1.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -12.327
3 3 2.500 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 18.061
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 2.500 -11.939
4 4 4.243 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.275
Max +ve 0.000 0.000

Reactions

Horizonta Vertical Horizonta Moment


l
FX FY l
FZ MX MY MZ
Node L/C
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
1 1:LL -3.673 18.061 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.129
5 1:LL -12.327 11.939 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.035

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


38
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beam Maximum Moments

Max: 8.783 kNm


1.130 kNm
Max: 8.783 kNm Max: 1.130 kNm

-3.544 kNm
Max: -3.544 kNm

0.129 kNm
Y Load 1 :Bending Z
Z X
Moment - kNm
-0.035 kNm
Bending Moment Diagram
Distances to maxima are given from beam end A.

Node Length d Max My d Max Mz


Beam L/C
A (m) (m) (kN-m) (m) (kN-m)
1 1 1.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.129
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 1.000 -3.544
2 2 1.000 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 1.000 8.783
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 -3.544
3 3 2.500 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 8.783
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 1.458 -4.796
4 4 4.243 1:LL Max -ve 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.130
Max +ve 0.000 0.000 4.243 -0.035

Beam Displacement Detail

Max: 0.197 mm
Max: 0.129 mm Max: 0.266 mm

Max: 0.032 mm

Y Load 1 Displacement
:
Z X
Displacement - mm

Displacement Diagram

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


39
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Displacements shown in italic indicate the presence of an offset

d X Y Z Resultant
Beam L/C
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
1 1:LL 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.100 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000
0.200 0.000 -0.001 0.000 0.001
0.300 -0.000 -0.001 0.000 0.001
0.400 -0.001 -0.001 0.000 0.002
0.500 -0.003 -0.001 0.000 0.003
0.600 -0.006 -0.002 0.000 0.006
0.700 -0.010 -0.002 0.000 0.010
0.800 -0.016 -0.002 0.000 0.016
0.900 -0.023 -0.002 0.000 0.023
1.000 -0.032 -0.003 0.000 0.032
2 1:LL 0.000 -0.032 -0.003 0.000 0.032
0.100 -0.045 -0.003 0.000 0.045
0.200 -0.058 -0.003 0.000 0.058
0.300 -0.072 -0.004 0.000 0.072
0.400 -0.086 -0.004 0.000 0.086
0.500 -0.100 -0.004 0.000 0.100
0.600 -0.111 -0.004 0.000 0.111
0.700 -0.120 -0.005 0.000 0.120
0.800 -0.126 -0.005 0.000 0.127
0.900 -0.129 -0.005 0.000 0.129
1.000 -0.126 -0.006 0.000 0.127
3 1:LL 0.000 -0.126 -0.006 0.000 0.127
0.250 -0.127 -0.035 0.000 0.132
0.500 -0.127 -0.080 0.000 0.151
0.750 -0.128 -0.131 0.000 0.183
1.000 -0.128 -0.178 0.000 0.219
1.250 -0.129 -0.213 0.000 0.249
1.500 -0.129 -0.230 0.000 0.263
1.750 -0.130 -0.229 0.000 0.263
2.000 -0.130 -0.211 0.000 0.248
2.250 -0.131 -0.182 0.000 0.224
2.500 -0.131 -0.147 0.000 0.197
4 1:LL 0.000 -0.131 -0.147 0.000 0.197
0.424 -0.093 -0.108 0.000 0.143
0.849 -0.064 -0.076 0.000 0.099
1.273 -0.041 -0.052 0.000 0.066
1.697 -0.023 -0.033 0.000 0.041
2.121 -0.012 -0.020 0.000 0.023
2.546 -0.004 -0.011 0.000 0.012
2.970 -0.001 -0.005 0.000 0.005
3.394 0.001 -0.002 0.000 0.003
3.818 0.001 -0.001 0.000 0.001
4.243 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


40
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT 3

ANALYSIS OF TRUSS

Design a roof truss of span 9.3m at spacing of 4m for an industrial shed. The height of eaves is 6.5m and it is
situated in Delhi. Roof truss is supported on 40mm thick brick masonry. Use Pratt truss. (As shown in below
figures)

-1.864 kN

-1.864 kN -1.864 kN

-1.864 kN 1.79 m 1.79 m -1.864 kN

1.79 m 3.1 m 3.1 m 1.79 m


2.37 m 1.79 m 1.79 m 2.37 m
-0.932 kN -0.932 kN
1.79 m 0.895 m 0.895 m1.79 m
1.55 m 1.55 m 1.55 m 1.55 m 1.55 m 1.55 m 3

Load 1: DEAD LOAD

-1.655 kN

-1.655 kN -1.655 kN

-1.655 kN 3 12 -1.655 kN

9 16 17 11
14 15 18 19
-0.821 kN -0.821 kN
10 13 20 2
1 4 5 6 7 8 3
Y
ZX Load 2: LIVE LOAD
1.862 kN -1.862 kN

6.452 kN
-3.675 kN
3.675 kN

-3.675 kN 3.675 kN
6.365 kN 6.365 kN
-1.862 kN 1.862
3 kN
6.365 kN 6.365 kN
Y 3.226 kN 3.226 kN
ZX Load 3: WIND LOAD

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


41
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

-1.655 kN
-1.864 kN
-1.655 kN -1.655 kN
-1.864 kN -1.864 kN
-1.655 kN -1.655 kN
-1.864 kN -1.864 kN
-0.821 kN -0.821 kN
-0.932 kN -0.932 kN
3

Y
Z X Load 4: ( DL+LL)

-1.864 kN
1.862 kN -1.862 kN

-1.864 kN 6.452 kN -1.864 kN


-1.864 kN -3.675 kN 3.675 kN
-1.864 kN
-3.675 kN 3.675 kN -0.932 kN
-0.932 kN
6.365 kN 6.365 kN
-1.862 kN 1.862
3 kN
6.365 kN 6.365 kN
3.226 kN 3.226 kN

Y
Z X
Load 5: (DL+WL)*0.67

STAAD TRUSS
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 09-Oct-12
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 9.3 0 0; 3 4.65 2.685 0; 4 1.55 0 0; 5 3.1 0 0; 6 4.65 0 0;
7 6.2 0 0; 8 7.75 0 0; 9 3.1 1.79 0; 10 1.55 0.895 0; 11 7.75 0.895 0;
12 6.2 1.79 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 4; 2 2 11; 3 3 9; 4 4 5; 5 5 6; 6 6 7; 7 7 8; 8 8 2; 9 9 10; 10 10 1;
11 11 12; 12 12 3; 13 10 4; 14 4 9; 15 9 5; 16 5 3; 17 3 7; 18 7 12; 19 12 8;
20 8 11;
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 2.05e+008
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 76.8195
ALPHA 1.2e-005
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL MEMB 1 TO 20
MEMBER PROPERTY INDIAN
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
42
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

1 TO 20 TABLE ST TUB25252.6
SUPPORTS
1 PINNED
2 FIXED BUT FX MZ
LOAD 1 DL
JOINT LOAD
1 2 FY -0.932
3 9 TO 12 FY -1.864
LOAD 2 LL
JOINT LOAD
3 9 TO 12 FY -1.655
1 2 FY -0.8206
LOAD 3 WL
JOINT LOAD
1 3 FX -1.8625 FY 3.226
2 3 FX 1.8625 FY 3.226
9 10 FX -3.675 FY 6.365
11 12 FX 3.675 FY 6.365
LOAD COMB 4 DL+LL
1 1.0 2 1.0
LOAD COMB SRSS 5 DL+WL
1 1.0 3 1.0 0.67
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PARAMETER
CODE INDIAN
FYLD 217500 MEMB 1 TO 20
TRACK 2 MEMB 1 TO 20
SELECT OPTIMIZED
PRINT ALL
FINISH

Nodes

X Y Z
Node
(m) (m) (m)
1 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 9.300 0.000 0.000
3 4.650 2.685 0.000
4 1.550 0.000 0.000
5 3.100 0.000 0.000
6 4.650 0.000 0.000
7 6.200 0.000 0.000
8 7.750 0.000 0.000
9 3.100 1.790 0.000
10 1.550 0.895 0.000
11 7.750 0.895 0.000
12 6.200 1.790 0.000

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


43
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Beams

Length Propert
Beam Node A Node B
(m) y (degrees)
1 1 4 1.550 1 0
2 2 11 1.790 1 0
3 3 9 1.790 1 0
4 4 5 1.550 1 0
5 5 6 1.550 1 0
6 6 7 1.550 1 0
7 7 8 1.550 1 0
8 8 2 1.550 1 0
9 9 10 1.790 1 0
10 10 1 1.790 1 0
11 11 12 1.790 1 0
12 12 3 1.790 1 0
13 10 4 0.895 1 0
14 4 9 2.368 1 0
15 9 5 1.790 1 0
16 5 3 3.100 1 0
17 3 7 3.100 1 0
18 7 12 1.790 1 0
19 12 8 2.368 1 0
20 8 11 0.895 1 0

Section Properties

Area Iyy Izz J


Prop Section Material
(cm2) (cm4) (cm4) (cm4)
1 TUB25252.6 2.160 1.720 1.720 2.922 STEEL
2 TUB40402.6 3.720 8.450 8.450 13.602 STEEL
3 TUB35352.6 3.200 5.430 5.430 8.843 STEEL
4 TUB30302.6 2.680 3.230 3.230 5.348 STEEL
5 TUB45452.6 4.240 12.470 12.470 19.819 STEEL
6 TUB38382.6 3.510 7.140 7.140 11.534 STEEL
7 TUB48482.9 5.020 16.620 16.620 26.603 STEEL

Materials

E Density
Mat Name
(kN/mm2) (kg/m3) (1/K)
3 STEEL 205.000 0.300 7.83E 3 12E -6
4 ALUMINUM 68.948 0.330 2.71E 3 23E -6
5 CONCRETE 21.718 0.170 2.4E 3 10E -6

Supports

X Y Z rX rY rZ
Node
(kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN/mm) (kN-m/deg) (kN-m/deg) (kN-m/deg)
1 Fixed Fixed Fixed - - -
2 - Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed -

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


44
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Basic Load Cases

Number Name
1 DL
2 LL
3 WL

Combination Load Cases

Comb. Combination L/C Name Primary Primary L/C Name Factor


4 DL+LL 1 DL 1.00
2 LL 1.00
5 DL+WL 1 DL 1.00
3 WL 1.00

Beam Maximum Axial Forces

Beam L/C Fx Kn
1 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -15.236
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 18.093
Max -ve -18.093
2 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -12.189
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 13.079
Max -ve -13.079
3 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -9.142
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 8.097
Max -ve -8.097
4 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -9.142
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 8.097
Max -ve -8.097
5 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -12.189
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 13.079
Max -ve -13.079
6 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -15.236
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 18.093
Max -ve -18.093
7 4 DL+LL Max +ve 17.593
Max -ve N/A
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 22.272
Max -ve -22.272
8 4 DL+LL Max +ve 14.075
Max -ve N/A
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
45
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 21.956


Max -ve -21.956
9 4 DL+LL Max +ve 17.593
Max -ve N/A
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 25.014
Max -ve -25.014

10 4 DL+LL Max +ve 14.075

Max -ve N/A


5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 21.956
Max -ve -21.956
11 Max -ve N/A
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 25.014
Max -ve -25.014
12 4 DL+LL Max +ve 17.593
Max -ve N/A
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 22.272
Max -ve -22.272
13 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -6.095
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 10.083
Max -ve -10.083
14 4 DL+LL Max +ve 5.278
Max -ve N/A
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 8.733
Max -ve -8.733
15 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -4.655
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 7.701
Max -ve -7.701
16 4 DL+LL Max +ve 3.519
Max -ve N/A
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 5.822
Max -ve -5.822
17 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -6.095
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 10.083
Max -ve -10.083
18 4 DL+LL Max +ve 5.279
Max -ve N/A
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 8.733
Max -ve -8.733
19 4 DL+LL Max +ve N/A
Max -ve -4.655
5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 7.701
Max -ve -7.701
20 4 DL+LL Max +ve 3.519
Max -ve N/A
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
46
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

5 (DL+WL) Max +ve 5.822


Max -ve -5.822

Steel Design (Track 2) Beam 9 Select 1

|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Y PROPERTIES |
|************* | IN CM UNIT |
| * |=============================| |=====| ------------ |
|MEMBER 9 * | | | | AX = 4.2 |
| * | ST TUB45452.6 | | |--Z AY = 2.3 |
|DESIGN CODE * | | | | AZ = 2.3 |
| IS-800 * =============================== |=====| SY = 5.5 |
| * SZ = 5.5 |
| * |<---LENGTH (ME= 1.79 --->| RY = 1.7 |
|************* RZ = 1.7 |
| |
| 0.0( KN-METR) |
|PARAMETER |L0 L0 STRESSES |
|IN NEWT MM |L0 L0 IN NEWT MM|
|--------------- +L0 L0 -------------|
| KL/R-Y= 104.4 |L0 L0 FA = 72.2 |
| KL/R-Z= 104.4 +L0 L0 fa = 58.6 |
| UNL = 1789.8 |L0 L0 FCZ = 0.0 |
| C = 180.0 +L0 L0 FTZ = 0.0 |
| CMY = 0.85 |L0 L0 FCY = 0.0 |
| CMZ = 0.85 +L0 L0 FTY = 0.0 |
| FYLD = 217.5 |L0 L0 fbz = 0.0 |
| NSF = 1.0 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---| fby = 0.0 |
| DFF = 0.0 0.0 FV = 0.0 |
| dff = 0.0 ABSOLUTE MZ ENVELOPE |
| (WITH LOAD NO.) |
| |
| MAX FORCE/ MOMENT SUMMARY ( KN-METR) |
| ------------------------- |
| |
| AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z MOMENT-Y MOMENT-Z |
| |
| VALUE -36.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 |
| LOCATION 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 |
| LOADING 3 0 0 0 0 |
| |
|**************************************************************************|
|* *|
|* DESIGN SUMMARY ( KN-METR) *|
|* -------------- *|
|* *|
|* RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ *|
| FX MY MZ LOCATION |
| ====================================================== |
| PASS COMPRESSION 0.812 5 |
| 24.85 C 0.0 0.0 0.00 |
|* *|

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


47
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT 4

ANALYSIS OF RETAINING WALL


Input Pages Report

Options Data

Item Value Unit


Stem Profile Uniform thickness
Control Size based on User Input
F.S.Overturning 2
F.S.Sliding 1.5
Water Table Not Considered
Passive Pressure No
Vert Comp.of active earth pressure Don't Use

Geometry Data

Item Value Unit

Wall Height 4.5 m

Base Width 3.5 m

Base Thickness. 0.3 m

Stem Thk. 0.3 m

Toe slab to Base width ratio 0.228

Stem Bottom Thickness. 0.3 m

Water Table Height 1 m

Unit Weight of Water 0 kg/m3

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


48
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Soil Condition
Item Value Unit
Angle of internal friction 30
Unit Weight.of soil 1800 kg/m3
Gross Bearing.Capacity 150 kN/m2
Friction Coefficient 0.5
Depth of Soil (Passive) 2.5 M
Unit Wt.of soil(Passive) 1800 kg/m3
Angle of internal 30
friction(Passive)
Factor of Safety(Passive) 0.5

Surcharge Pressure
Item Value Unit
Surcharge Pressure 10 kN/m2
Surcharge Angle 0
Whether Shear Key provided No
Shear Key Depth 0.3 m
Shear Key Width 0.3 m
FOS for PP in S.Key 0.5
Calculation
Coeff. of friction btwn. soil & 0.4
soil

Material Properties

Item Value Unit


Fc M20
Fy Fe 415
Unit Weight of Concrete 24.544 kN/m3

Reinforcement Detailss

Item Value Unit


Clear Cover 0.05 m
Min. % of Reinforcement 0.12
Load Factor 1.5
Dia of Main Reinf(Heel) 16
Dia of Main Reinf(Toe) 16
Dia of Main Reinf(Stem) 16
Dia of Distb Reinf(Heel) 12
Dia of Distb Reinf(Toe) 12
Dia of Distb Reinf(Stem) 12
Min. Allowable Spacing 0.05 m
Max. Allowable Spacing 0.25 m
Shear Consideration Increase Steel %
Main Steel % (Heel) 0
Main Steel % (Toe) 0
Main Steel % (Stem) 0

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


49
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Calculation Sheet Report

DESIGN CALCULATIONS

Design Parameters

Height of Retaining wall (H) = 4500.000 mm


Thickness of base (Tb) = 300.000 mm
Thickness of stem at top (Tst) = 300.000 mm
Unit weight of concrete (gc) = 24.466 kN/cubic m
Unit weight of soil on Heel slab (gs) = 17.615 kN/cubic m
Angle of internal friction for soil on heel (fa) = 30.0 0
Surcharge Pressure (Ps) = 0.010 N/sq.m
Coeff of friction between soil and base slab ( m ) = 0.500
Characteristic strength of concrete (fck) = 20 N/sq.mm
Characteristic strength of steel (fy) = 415 N/sq.mm
Load Factor (k) = 1.500
Clear Cover to main reinforcement (Cc) = 50.000 mm
Minimum percentage of reinforcement (Ptmin) = 0.120 %
Dia of main reinforcement in heel slab ( f1 ) = 16.000 mm
Dia of main reinforcement in Toe slab ( f2 ) = 16.000 mm
Dia of main reinforcement in stem ( f3 ) = 16.000 mm
Dia of Distribution Reinf in Heel slab ( fd1 ) = 12.000 mm
Dia of Distribution Reinf in Toe slab ( fd2 ) = 12.000 mm
Dia of Distribution Reinf in Stem ( fd3 ) = 12.000 mm
Minimum allowable spacing (Smin) = 50.000 m
Maximum allowable spacing (Smax) = 250.000 m

Stability check

Coefficient of Active Earth Pressure (Ka) = 0.333


Ratio of Toe slab width to Base width ( a ) = 0.228
Base width of Retaining wall (B) = 3500.000 mm
Thickness of stem at bottom(Tsb) = 300.000 mm
Width of Toe slab (Bt) = a x B = 800.000 mm
Width of Heel slab (Bh) = B - Bt - Tsb = 2400.000 mm
Total Active Earth Force on Retaining wall = 59.451 N
Total Lateral Force due to Surcharge = 15.000 N
Net moment due to horizontal component of earth pressure (Mh) = -122925.826 N mm
Net moment due to vertical component of earth pressure (Mv) = 0.000 N mm

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


50
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Total Weight (W) = 258.074 N


Total Moment about Toe (M) = 414899.812 N mm
Overturning Moment (Mo) = 122925.826 N mm
Restoring Moment (Mr) = 537825.638 N mm
eccentricity from toe end (Xa) = 1607.677 mm
eccentricity from centre (e) = B/2 - Xa = 142.323 mm
e < = B/6 So Tension doesn't occur. Hence OK
Factor of safety against overturning (Fso) = Mr/Mo = 4.375
Fso > = FSOvt So safe against overturning
Factor of safety against sliding (Fss) = 1.733
Fss > Fsslide So safe against sliding

Pressure Distribution

Maximum Bearing Pressure (Pmax) = 91.726 kN/sq.m


Minimum Bearing Pressure (Pmin)= 55.745 kN/sq.m
Pmax < Bearing capacity of soil So OK

Design of heel slab

Moment about face of stem (Mhc) = 78776.811 N mm


Shear at face of stem (Vhc) = 55.778 N
Factored Moment (Mhcu) = K x Mhc = 118165.216 N mm
Factored shear (Vhcu) = K x Vhc = 83.668 N
Effective depth of Heel slab (dH) = Tb - Cc - f 1 /2 = 242.000 mm
Limiting moment(Mu,lim) = 161593.912 N mm
Mu,lim > Mhcu So a single reinforced section would suffice. Hence OK.
Area of steel required in Heel (Ast1) = 1561.463 sq.mm
C/S area of main steel bar (A f 1 ) p x f 1 2 /4.0 = 201.143 sq.mm
Spacing of main reinf required (S1 required) = b x A f 1 /Ast1 = 128.817 mm
Spacing of main reinf provided (S1 provided) minimum (3 x dH ,450,Smax,S1required)= 125.000 mm
Area of steel provided in Heel(Ast1_prov) = b x A f 1 /S1 = 1609.143 sq.mm
Percentage of steel provided (Pth) = 100 x Ast1_prov/(b x dH) = 0.665 %
Distribution steel area in Heel (Astd1) = Ptmin x b x dH/100 = 0.290 sq.mm
C/S area of distribution steel bar (A f d1 ) = p x f d1 2 /4.0 = 113.143 mm
Spacing of distribution steel required (Sd1 required) = b x A f d1 /Astd1 = 389.610 mm
Spacing of distribution steel provided (Sd1 provided) minimum (450,5 x dH,Sd1required) = 300.000 mm
Developed shear stress ( t hc,dev ) = Vhcu/(b x dH) = 0.346 N/sq.mm
Maximum allowable Shear stress ( t c,max ) = 2.800 N/sq.mm
t hc,dev < t c,max So the section provided is OK.

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


51
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Shear strength (t c1 ) = 0.535 N/sq.mm


Developed Shear stress ( t hc,dev ) is less than allowable Shear stress ( t c,1 ) Hence OK

Design of toe slab

Moment about face of stem (Mtc) = 26126.248 N mm


Shear at face of stem (Vtc) = 64.219 N
Factored Moment (Mtcu) = k x Mtc = 39189.372 N mm
Factored Shear (Vtcu) = k x Vtc = 96.329 N
Effective depth of toe slab (dT) = Tb - Cc - f 2 /2 = 242.000 mm
Limiting moment (Mu,lim) = 161593.912 N mm
Mu,lim > Mtcu So a singly reinforced section would suffice. Hence OK.
Area of steel required in Toe (Ast2) = 467.243 sq.mm
C/S area of main steel bar (A f 2 ) = p x f 2 2 /4.0 = 201.143 sq.mm
Spacing of main reinf required (S2 required) = b x A f 2 /Ast2 = 430.489 mm
Spacing of main reinf provided (S2 provided) minimum(3 x dT ,450,Smax,S2required)= 250.000 mm
Area of steel provided in Toe (Ast2_prov) = b x A f 2 /S2 = 804.571 sq.mm
Percentage of steel provided (Ptt) = 100 x Ast2_prov/(b x dT) = 0.332 %
Distribution steel area in Toe (Astd2) = Ptmin x b x dT/100 = 0.290 sq.mm
C/S area of distribution steel bar (A f d2 ) p x f d2 2 /4.0 = 113.143 sq.mm
Spacing of distribution steel required (Sd2 required) = b x A f d2 /Astd2 = 389.610 mm
Spacing of distribution steel provided (Sd2 provided) minimum(5 x dT,450,Sd2required) = 300.000 mm
Developed shear stress ( t tc,dev ) = Vtcu/(b x dT) = 0.398 N/sq.mm
Maximum allowable Shear stress ( t c,max ) = 2.800 N/sq.mm
t tc,dev < t c,max So the section provided is OK.
Shear strength ( t c2 ) = 0.405 N/sq.mm
Developed Shear stress ( t tc,dev ) is less than allowable Shear stress ( t c,2 ) Hence OK.
Design of stem

Moment about base of stem (Msc) = 101903.251 N mm


Shear at stem base (Vsc) = 65.788 N
Factored moment (Mscu) = k x Msc = 152854.877 N mm
Factored Shear (Vscu) = k x Vsc = 98.682 N
Effective depth of stem (ds) = Tsb - Cc - f 3 /2 = 242.000 mm
Limiting moment (Mu,lim) = 161593.912 N mm
Mu,lim > Mscu So a single reinforced sectionwould suffice. Hence OK.
Area of main steel required in stem (Ast3) = 2143.323 sq.mm
C/S area of main steel bar (A f 3 ) p x f 3 2 /4.0 = 201.143 mm
Spacing of main reinf required (S3 required) = b x A f 3 /Ast3 = 93.846 mm
Spacing of main reinf provided (S3 provided) minimum(3 x dS,450,Smax,S3required) = 90.000 mm
GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
52
SRI SIVANI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

Area of steel provided in stem (Ast3_prov) = b x A f 3 /S3 = 2234.921 sq.mm


Percentage of steel provided (Pts) = 100 x Ast3_prov/(b x ds) = 0.924 %
Distribution steel area in stem (Astd3) = Ptmin x b x ds/100 = 0.290 sq.mm
C/S area of distribution steel bar (A f d3 ) p x f d3 2 /4.0 = 113.143 sq.mm
Spacing of distribution steel required (Sd3 required) = b x A f d3 /Astd3 = 389.610 mm
Spacing of distribution steel provided (Sd3 provided) minimum(5 x ds,450,Sd3required) = 300.000 mm
Developed shear stress ( t sc,dev ) = Vscu/(b x ds) = 0.408 N/sq.mm
Maximum allowable Shear stress ( t c,max ) = 2.800 N/sq.mm
t sc,dev < t c,max So the section provided is OK.
Shear strength ( t c3 ) = 0.605 N/sq.mm
Developed Shear stress ( t sc,dev ) is less than allowable Shear stress ( t c,3 ) Hence OK.

Calculation of Concrete Quantity

Quantity of concrete per metre length = 2.310 m3

GIS AND CAD LAB DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


53