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October, 2017

Overseas Direct Investment For November 2017

5 Social Media Marketing Trends In 2017

Difference between Global Co., International Co., Index Numbers Of Wholesale Price In India (Base:
2011-12=100) Review For The Month Of November,
Multinational Co., Transnational Co. and Multidomestic Co. 2017
With the Globalization of trade between the countries, many a companies across the world have come Customs (Furnishing Of Information) Rules, 2017 -
forward to sell their products and/or render services not only in their domestic country but also in Notified
different foreign countries. This has opened up whopping opportunities for these companies to go
global, grow and diversify. [DGFT] Application Fee For Grant Of Import
Authorization

Developments In Indias Balance Of Payments During


The Second Quarter (Jul-Sep) Of 2017-18

India Signs Loan Agreement With World Bank For US$


250 Million For SANKALP Project

Recent Comments

CA Neeraja Kartik commented on sectoral cap in fdi:


Sectoral Cap is for FDI only, but for External
commecial borroowings (debt ) also there are

Mohana Raje commented on companies compromises


arrangements and amalgamations rules 2016: Any
cases after the above amendments?

Namrta Shah commented on revalidation of share


transfer deed: I Have share certificates as per
companies act 1956. and I have not executed transfer
deed at that

THE ZIM SALES GUY commented on abbreviation


short form for company: Thanks a lot. Now I have an
understanding of registered companies throughout the
Corporate-Cases.com world.

Rajat arora commented on annual general meeting


minutes format: In good format any person can use for
minutes for AGM of the company.

GLOBAL COMPANY

Operations & Trading: Any Company, which is having operations and trading
in many countries across the world is called as a Global Company. Generally, Follow us at Instagram
the number of countries in these cases, would be quite high, lets say atleast
around 15-20+ countries.

Investment: Global companies mostly have foreign direct investment (FDI) in


some or all of the foreign countries where they operate in.

Strategy: In most of the Global companies, the organization structure and key
decisions making functions have a "Centralized" approach i.e the major
decisions on the organizational approaches /changes are taken from the
headquarter of the company. These major decisions are like merger and
amalgamation, new products launching, etc.

Products / R&D: Products development processes are generally initiated and


also completed by the Parent company and then distributed to the subsidiary
companies at other countries for further trading. Subsidiary companies at other
countries may be allowed to take part in product idea evolvement process, but
the final development takes place at the headquarter of the Parent company's
country.

Challenges: As these companies have investment in many countries, they face


regulatory and legal issues in those countries often. Also, as these companies
follow uniform product type across all countries, they miss the local touch in it
and this sometimes lowers the demand in some countries.

Abbreviation / A.k.a.: Do not have any abbreviation.

Example: Lenovo, Kellogg, Shell, Coca-cola, Microsoft.


INTERNATIONAL COMPANY

Operations & Trading: International companies are the companies, who sell its
products in foreign countries by exporting it to those countries and they might
also be involved in various importing activities. These companies do not have
their own establishments in foreign countries.

Investment: International companies do not have any foreign direct investment


(FDI) in the foreign countries where they export to or import from their
products/services.

Strategy: As these companies do not have any foreign set up or branches, the
key decision making functions is always taken from the domestic country of the
company.

Products / R&D: Product development processes are accomplished in the


domestic country.

Challenges: Legal, regulatory and customs issues are the key bottlenecks for
these companies. Also, in cases where the taste of products in some of the
countries does not match, these company may run the risk of failures.

Abbreviation / A.k.a.: Do not have any abbreviation.

Example: Wal-Mart, Spencer.

MULTINATIONAL COMPANY

Operations & Trading: Any Company, which is having operations and trading
in two or more countries across the globe is called as a Multinational Company.
Generally, the number of countries in this cases, would be in the medium range
- from two to ten.

Investment: Multinational companies may have foreign direct investment (FDI)


in very few of the foreign countries where they operate in.

Strategy: Multinational companies, mostly, have a "Centralized" organization


structure and key decisions making functions.

Products / R&D: Just like the global companies, in case of multinational


companies the products development processes are generally taken up by the
Parent company and then distributed to various subsidiary companies at foreign
countries for further trading.

Challenges: In addition to the international legal issues, these companies also


face various IPR (Intellectual Property Rights) issues like product ideas copying,
etc.

Abbreviation / A.k.a.: MNC, Multi-national Company, M.N.C.

Example: General Motors, Intuit.

TRANSNATIONAL COMPANY

Operations & Trading: These type of companies can be considered as a


mixture of the global, multinational and international companies, as it combines
many of the features of these 3 types of companies. Here, the structure of the
company is a little complex type and also versatile - considering many of
aspects vital for global trade. These companies are pretty flexible companies in
terms of operating across the global by adopting the local cultures and
consumer behaviors and the ultimate marketing strategy based on it.

Investment: Transnational companies mostly have foreign direct investment


(FDI) in many of the foreign countries where they operate in.

Strategy: Transnational companies prefer to have a "Decentralized"


organization structure and key decisions making functions wherein each of their
international establishments are responsible to take their own key decisions as
suitable for the local region they are in.

Products / R&D: Here, subsidiary companies at different countries are also


given the rights to develop products on their own based on the local needs and
demands, though the final approval for launching may come from Parent
company's side. Products of multidomestic companies vary from country to
country, as products are developed in line with the local taste and customs.

Challenges: Due to varied organization structure and culture, transnational


companies mainly face internal manpower issues, and organizational problems,
etc.

Abbreviation / A.k.a.: TNC, T.N.C.

Example: BMW, Nokia, Ford Motor Company.

MULTIDOMESTIC COMPANY

Operations & Trading: These type of companies are almost similar to the
Transnational companies. These companies have branches and establishments
across many countries in the world.
Investment: Multidomestic companies mostly have foreign direct investment
(FDI) in some of the foreign countries where they operate in.

Strategy: Multidomestic companies also prefer to have a "Decentralized"


organization structure and key decisions making functions wherein each of their
international branches are responsible to take their own key decisions suitable
to the respective domestic places.

Products / R&D: Subsidiary companies at different countries are also given the
rights to develop product as per the local taste and demands.

Challenges: Same challenges as mentioned above for Transnational


companies.

Abbreviation / A.k.a.: MDC, M.D.C.

Example: McDonald, KFC.

COMMON PRACTICES ON USE OF TERMS

Generally, it is a practice that many companies who have operations in different


countries gets referred to as "International Company" or simply as "MNC".

Also, it has been seen that some of the companies who have operations in
different countries refer themselves (even in public) as any of the above said
four category of company without going deep into various aspects which would
really put them in the right category of company. Most of the time the confusion
arises between global, multinational and international company.

Though the meaning of all these companies are almost similar to Universal
Company or Worldwide Company, but they are hardly referred to by these
names. Hence, it is better not to refer by these names.

Labels: Company, Global Company, International Company, Multidomestic Company, Multinational


Company, Transnational Company, Type of Companies

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Simone Tedesco January 05, 2017


Very useful ;)
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