1. A farmer has to plant two kinds of trees P and Q in a land of 400m2 area. Each P tree requires
at least 25m2 and Q tree requires 40m2 of land. The annual water requirement of P tree is 30
units and of Q tree is 15 units per tree, while at most 3000 units of water is available. It is also
estimated that the ratio of the number of Q trees to the number of P trees should not be less
than 6/19 and should not be more than 17/8. The return per tree from P is expected to be one
and half times as much as from Q tree. Formulate the problem as an LPP model.
(June/July 2015)
2. Define operations research. List and explain the various phases of an operations research study
(June/July 2015)
1
Operations Research 10CS661
8. Use the graphical method to solve this model. What is the resulting daily cost per pig?
. (June/July 2014)
Minimize Z= 0.4 A + $0.8 B,
subject to
800 A + 1000 B 8000
140 A + 70 B 700
2/3 A  1/3 B 0 and
A 0, B 0.
9. what is operation research? Mention the six phases of an operations research study.
(June/July 2014)
10. A farmer wants to customize his fertilizer for his current crop. He can buy plant food mix A
and plant food mix B. Each cubic yard of food A contains 20 pounds of phosphoric acid, 30
pounds of nitrogen and 5 pounds of potash. Each cubic yard of food B contains 10 pounds of
phosphoric acid, 30 pounds of nitrogen and 10 pounds of potash. He requires a minimum of
460 pounds of phosphoric acid, 960 pounds of nitrogen and 220 pounds of potash. If food A
costs $30 per cubic yard and food B costs $35 per cubic yard, how many cubic yards of each
food should the farmer blend to meet the minimum chemical requirements at a minimal cost?
What is this cost?
Subject to 2x + 3y 120
5x + 4y 200
x0 y 0
12. A farmer can plant up to 8 acres of land with wheat and barley. He can earn $5,000 for every acre
he plants with wheat and $3,000 for every acre he plants with barley. His use of a necessary
pesticide is limited by federal regulations to 10 gallons for his entire 8 acres. Wheat requires 2
gallons of pesticide for every acre planted and barley requires just 1 gallon per acre.
(Dec 2014)
13. A company has two grades of inspectors, 1 and 2 to undertake quality control inspection. At
least 1,500 pieces must be inspected in an 8 hour day. Grade 1 inspector can check 20 pieces
in an hour with an accuracy of 96%. Grade 2 inspector checks 14 pieces an hour with an
accuracy of 92%.The daily wages of grade 1 inspector are Rs. 5 per hour while those of grade
inspector are Rs. 4 per hour, any error made by an inspector costs Rs. 3 to the company. If
there are, in all, 10 grade 1Inspectors and 15 grade 2 inspectors in the company, find the
optimal
assignment of inspectors that minimize the daily inspection cost (Dec 2014)
x1 + 3x2 15
2x1 + x2 10
and x1
0, x2 0.
a. Introduce slack variables in order to write the functional constraints in augmented form.
b. (b) For each CPF solution, identify the corresponding BF solution by calculating the
values of the slack variables. For each BF solution, use the values of the variables to
identify the nonbasic variables and the basic variables.
c. For each BF solution, demonstrate (by plugging in the solution) that, after the nonbasic
variables are set equal to zero, this BF solution also is the simultaneous solution of the
system of equations obtained in part (a)
2. Explain the concept of Tie breaking in simplex method. (Jan 2014)
4. Define basic solution and obtain all the basic solutions to the following system of linear
equations: (June/July 2013)
2x1 + 3x2 + 4x3 = 10,
3x1 + 4x2 + x3 = 12
Also, classify the solutions into i) Basic
feasible solution ii) Degenerate basic
solution iii) Nondegenerate basic feasible
solution.
(June/July 2015)
(Jan 2013)
6. Solve using the Simplex method the following problem: (June/July 2014)
Maximize Z = f(x,y) = 3x + 2y subject
2x + y 18
to:
2x + 3y 42 3x
+ y 24 x0,y
11. An advertising company wishes to plan is advertising strategy in three different media
television, Radio and magazines. The purpose of advertising is to reach as large as a number
of potential Customers as possible. Following data has been obtained from the market survey:
television Radio Magazine 1 Magazine 2 (Dec 2015)
Maximize Z = 4x1 + x2
Subject to 3x1 + x2 = 3 4x1
+ 3x2 6
x1 + 2x2 3 and x1 , x2 0 (Jan 2014)
1. Apply revised simplex method to solve the following problem (Jun/July 2015)
Maximize Z = 4 x1 + 3 x2 + 6 x3,
subject to
3 x1 + x2 + 3 x3 30
2 x1 + 2 x2 + 3 x3 40
and x1 0, x2 0, x3
0.
2. Apply revised simplex method to solve the following problem (Jun/July 2015)
Maximize Z = x1  x2 + 2 x3,
subject to
x1 + x2 + 3x3 15 2x1  x2 + x3
2 x1 + x2 + x3 4
and x1 0, x2 0, x3 0.
3. Identify the defining equations for the CPF solution corresponding to the optimal BF solution
in the simplex tableau. (Dec 2015)
Coefficient of:
Basic Z x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 Right
Variable Side
Eq
x4 (1) 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 5
(2) 0 1/2 0 1 0 1/2 1/2 3
x3
4.Identify the missing numbers in the final simplex tableau. Show your calculations. Identify the
defining equations of the CPF solution corresponding to the optimal BF solution in the final
simplex tableau. (June/July 2014)
Coefficient of:
Basic Z x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 Right
Variable Side
Eq
Z (0) 1 0
x4 (1) 0 1 1 2
x3 (2) 0 0
x2 (3) 0 0

7. Max Z = 2x1 + x2
Subject to
3 x1 + 4 x2 6
6 x1 + x2 3 and x1, x2 0
8. Explain the need of studying queues. (Jan 2013)
9. Define i) Balking ii) Reneging iii) Jockling (Jan 2013)
10. Explain the following: (Jan.2014).
11. Solve the following LPP by revised simplex method: (June/July 2013)
i) Weak duality property ii) Strong duality property iii) Complementary solutions
property
1. Construct the primaldual table and the dual problem for the following linear programming
model fitting our standard form. (June/July 2015)
Maximize Z = 5 x1 + 4 x2  x3 + 3 x4 subject
to
3 x1 + 2 x2  3 x3 + x4 24
3 x1 + 3 x2 + x3 + 3 x4 36 and
x1 0, x2 0, x3 0, x4 0.
Maximize Z = 2 x1  1 x2 + 1 x3,
subject to
3 x1 + 1 x2 + 1 x3 60
1 x1  1 x2 + 2 x3 10
1 x1 + 1 x2  1 x3 20 and
x1 0, x2 0, x3 0.
Maximize Z = 2 x1  1 x2 + 1 x3,
subject to
3 x1 + 1 x2 + 1 x3 60
1 x1  1 x2 + 2 x3 10
1 x1 + 1 x2  1 x3 20
and
x1 0, x2 0, x3 0.
8. Write any five key relationships between the primal and the dual problems. (June/July 2013)
5. The transportation costs per truck load of cement (in hundreds of rupees) from each plant to
each project site are as follows: (Jan.2014)
Determine the optimal distribution for the company so as to maximize the total transportation cost.
7. Solve the following assignment problem: (June/July 2013)
Player 2
Strategy 1 2 3
1 1 2 0
Player 1 2 2 3 2
3 0 3 1
2. For the game having the following payoff table, use the graphical procedure to determine
the value of the game and the optimal mixed strategy for each player according to the
minimax criterion. (Jun/July
2015)
Player 2
Strategy 1 2 3
1 1 1 3
Player 1 2 0 4 1
3 3 2 5
4 3 6 2
3. Two players I and II throw a die on a table the strategy is has follows find the game
(Jan.2014)
UNIT 8: Metaheuristics
1.Explain briefly tabu search and simulated annealing (June/July 2015)
2. Write a note on tabu search (Dec 2015)
3. Write a note Genetic algorithm (Dec 2015)
4. Write the algorithm for tabu search (June/July 2014)
5. Explain briefly the following: (Jan.2014)
6. Write the outline of a basic tabu search algorithm. Explain it with the help of a minimum spanning
tree problem with constraints. (June/July 2013)
7. Write short notes on: (June/July 2013)
i) Simulated annealing; ii) Genetic algorithms.
Solution: Refer solution of question 1