You are on page 1of 32

2013. 1.

10
1. Optimization Overall Description

2. Single Cell Function Test

3. Cluster Optimization

4. DM Tool

2
What is Optimization ?

RF Optimization is to adjust antenna parameters and system parameters related to RF


network quality and maximize network performance.
Usually, There are two types of optimization, one is SCFT (Single Cell Function Test) and the
other is Cluster Optimization.
Therefore, first optimization is carried out SCFT per site, cluster testing will be followed for the
detail Field Tuning.

The most important purpose of optimization is;

First, check the Cell Coverage if the signal level (SINR, RSRP) is good enough for the
service or not.

Second, check the call quality such as attach/detach, Setup Fail, Drop and Hand Over.

Third, guarantee stable and reasonable data throughput.

3
1. 1 Optimization Organization

OPT Manager

OPT Supporter

RF Engineer 1 RF Engineer 1
OPT Team 3 OPT Team 4 OPT Team N
Field 2 Teams Field 2 Teams

OPT Manager RF Engineer Field Team

Test Plan: Schedule, Man Progress Management Field Team: a Technician, a


Rigger, a Driver
Power and DT tool Analysis
Process Management: SCFT Result Reports Perform Field Test
SCFT/Cluster Optimization Cluster Result Reports Rigger: Check SCFT Site
Customer Support: Discuss Technical Supports
progressing status, Meetings, Technician: SCFT/Cluster DT
Support Field Activities testing and Data Collection
Technical Supports

4
1. 2 Optimization Tools -I

Equipment Description Spec

Vehicle Driving test & Power supply Sedan


Power Inverter DC to AC Over 500W
Over I5
Laptop PC Field Test and Data Gathering CPU Over 2.5GHz
Over RAM 2GB
Test UE Dongle Type, USB Hub Quanta
Compass & Tilt Measure Measure the Antenna Azimuth & Tilt -
Ip : 172.31.193.142
FTP Server Data Throughput Test DL / UL User ID : tptest
PW : tptest1234
DM & Analyzer Field Test(Data Gathering) & Monitoring DM : X-CAL
(GPS, Hard Lock-key) Data Analysis Analyzer : X-CAP

5
1. 2 Optimization Tools - II 1. DC to AC power inverter

- Power supply unit to Laptop PC

2. Laptop PC

- DM Setting and Monitoring


- Save DM data

3. Lock-Key

- USB Dongle Lock-Key of DM

4. GPS

- Get the reading of the position coordinations.


- It located top of the vehicle.

5. Test UE

- Test Mobile
- It fixed in front of the vehicle.

6
1. 3 Optimization Procedure

Preparation
Cluster 1st Drive Test
SCFT Site Check
Post Proc. & Analysis
SCFT Drive Test NO
Parameter Change ??
YES
SCFT - Analysis
Cluster 2nd Drive Test
Cluster ??
OK
Post Proc. & Analysis

NOK
Satisfy ATP Criteria ??
OK
Report & Close
7
1.4 SCFT Procedure

Single Cell Function Test

Check Initial Parameters eNB Alarm Status, Tx Power, VSWR, NI

Antenna Parameters eNB Location (Lat. / Long.), Ant Height, Ant. Model
Measurement Antenna Azimuth & M-Tilt

NOK Review and Compare the value with cell planning data and
Review
actual data
OK Adjust Antenna Adjust Antenna tilt and azimuth as Cell Plan

DM Setting Port Setting & Log Mask of DM

2UE Coverage Drive Test


Field Test
FTP Throughput Downlink & Uplink
Check System Parameters
Find out reason of fail and test again
or Change Facility
NO
Review K Review the result of SCFT
OK

Report & Close Make a SCFT Result Report.


Check important configuration parameters in LSM-R

8
1.5 Cluster Optimization Procedure

Cluster optimization

Check Cluster

Drive Route

NOK Change Parameters


Submit
- System parameters, Adjust Antenna-
OK

1st Drive Test 2nd Drive Test

Analysis and Improvement Suggest Analysis


- 1st Report - - Comparing with 1st and 2nd -

NOK NOK
Submit Submit

OK : Change Parameters OK

OK : Satisfied all test items Close

9
2.1 SCFT Test Items - I

Test Case Number Test Description


eNB-ATP2-1 Verification of Sector Swap
Coverage Test Drive: Two UEs

First UE with a long data call FTP DL, and the second UE with
a long data call FTP UL

1) This will check Link Adaptation / AMC in both DL and UL and give an idea about the
DL SINR and throughput distribution in the cell

2) UEs Tx Power Control


eNB-ATP2-2 3) MIMO Switching between SM and Tx Diversity
4) Cell Edge for 256 Kbps in UL and 2Mbps in DL
RF Parameters to be collected and post-processed:
1) RSRP, RSRQ, SINR
2) UE Tx Power and Power Headroom
3) MCS, RB Allocation, Rank Indicator
4) DL PHY Throughput, UL PHY Throughput and BLER
10
2.1 SCFT Test Items - II

Test Case Number Test Description


4) PCID
5) Tracking Area
6) Attach Success Rate
eNB-ATP2-2
7) Drop Rate
8) Handover Report has to be generated after performing clockwise and counter
-clockwise handover

Coverage Test Drive with eMBMS Service:


eNB-ATP2-3 To verify coverage of eMBMS and check if broadcast delivery can happen
satisfactorily over a given service area with the configured MCS values

11
2.2 SCFT Site Check

Sr. No. Parameter Where/How to check


Physical Parameters
1 Latitude DM
2 Longitude DM
3 Antenna Height Actual Survey
4 Antenna Azimuth Actual Survey
5 Antenna Tilt: Mechanical Actual Survey
6 Antenna Tilt: Electrical from LSM-R LSM-R
7 Antenna Make & Model Actual Survey
Important Configuration Parameters
8 EARFCN DM
9 PCID DM
10 Cell ID TSSR
11 TAC LSM-R
12 Tx Power from LSM-R LSM-R
13 MIMO Mode (TM3/TM4) from LSM-R LSM-R
14 MIMO Type (2x2, 4x2) from LSM-R LSM-R
12
2.3 SCFT Coverage Drive Test

Field Test Parameter Where/How to check


Test Route Main Road(Include 3 Sectors)
Test Conditions
Test Time Required 30Minutes ~ 1Hour
1 DM (X-CAL), 1 Laptop UE 1 : FTP Download / UE 2 : FTP Upload
Test Equipments 2 UEs UE 1 : FTP Download / UE 2 : FTP Upload
1 Analyzer (X-CAP) Post Processing & Analysis
Verification of sector swap Through PCI Plot
Coverage Test
Test Items Inter Sector Handover
DL/UL Throughput
Data Gathering

Test Procedure

13
2.4 SCFT Report - I

Sr. No. Test Case Reference Type of Report


1 eNodeB ATP2-2 Log of RRC and NAS Messages
2 eNodeB ATP2-2 DL SINR, DL MCS and DL Throughput Snapshot on both UEs
3 eNodeB ATP2-2 UL SINR, UL MCS and UL Throughput Snapshot on both Ues
4 eNodeB ATP2-2 PCID Plot for each sector

Plot of following parameters on Google Map


Histogram/CDF of the following parameters(except12,13)

1. RSRP
2. RSRQ
3. SINR
5 eNodeB ATP2-2
4. UE Tx Power
5. Power Headroom
6. MCS
7. RB Allocation
8. Rank Indicator

14
2.4 SCFT Report - II

Sr. No. Test Case Reference Type of Report


9. DL PHY Throughput
10. UL PHY Throughput
5 eNodeB ATP2-2 11. BLER
12. PCID
13. CQI
6 eNodeB ATP2-2 Handover Success Rate and Throughput drop during Handover
7 eNodeB ATP2-2 Drop Call Rate
Attach/Detach Latency Sector wise
8 eNodeB ATP2-2
Handover Latency Sector wise
9 eNodeB ATP2-3 MBMS throughput and BLER
10 eNodeB ATP2-2 Average DL/UL throughput
11 eNodeB ATP2-2 RACH acknowledgement Success Rate
12 eNodeB ATP2-2 Command list run during the drive test

15
3.1 Cluster Optimization Test Items - I

Test Case Number Test Description


Coverage Test Drive: Three UEs

First UE with a long data call FTP DL, and the second UE with a long data
call FTP UL, Third UE with a short call Attach - detach repetitively

1) This will check Link Adaptation / AMC in both DL and UL and give an idea about the
DL SINR and throughput distribution in the cell

2) UEs Tx Power Control


eNB-ATP3-1 3) MIMO Switching between SM and Tx Diversity
4) Cell Edge for 256 Kbps in UL and 2Mbps in DL
RF Parameters to be collected and post-processed
1) RSRP, RSRQ, SINR
2) UE Tx Power and Power Headroom
3) MCS, RB Allocation, Rank Indicator
4) DL PHY Throughput, UL PHY Throughput and BLER

16
3.1 Cluster Optimization Test Items - II

Test Case Number Test Description


5) PCID
6) Tracking Area
7) Attach Success Rate
eNB-ATP3-1
8) Drop Rate

9) Handover Report has to be generated after performing clockwise and


Anti-clockwise handover

Coverage Test Drive with eMBMS Service


eNB-ATP3-2 To verify coverage of eMBMS and check if broadcast delivery can happen satisfactorily
over a given service area with the configured MCS values

17
3.2 Cluster Optimization Site Check

Sr. No. Parameter Where/How to check


Physical Parameters
1 Latitude DM
2 Longitude DM
3 Antenna Height Actual Survey
4 Antenna Azimuth Actual Survey
5 Antenna Tilt: Mechanical Actual Survey
6 Antenna Tilt: Electrical from LSM-R LSM-R
7 Antenna Make & Model Actual Survey
Important Configuration Parameters
8 EARFCN DM
9 PCID DM
10 Cell ID TSSR
11 TAC LSM-R
12 Tx Power from LSM-R LSM-R
13 MIMO Mode (TM3/TM4) from LSM-R LSM-R
14 MIMO Type (2x2, 4x2) from LSM-R LSM-R
18
3.3 Cluster Optimization Coverage Drive Test

Field Test Parameter Where/How to check


Test Route Main Road(Include 3 Sectors)
Test Conditions
Test Time Required 3 ~ 4 Days
UE 1 : FTP Download / UE 2 : FTP Upload
1 DM (X-CAL), 1 Laptop
UE 3 : Attach Detach Call
Test Equipments UE 1 : FTP Download / UE 2 : FTP Upload
3 UEs
UE 3 : Attach Detach Call
1 Analyzer (X-CAP) Post Processing & Analysis
Coverage Test Through PCI Plot
Handover /TAU Test
Test Items DL/UL Throughput
Attach/Detach Success
Data Gathering

Test Procedure Reference Page 13 LTE Optimization Manual

19
3.4 Cluster Optimization Report - I

Parameters to be covered in Reports: Geographical / Statistical(Histogram/CDF)

1 DL SINR Distribution

2 DL RSRP Distribution

3 DL RSRQ Distribution

4 CQI Distribution

5 MCS Distribution

6 TM Mode Distribution

7 Rank Indicator Distribution

8 RB Distribution

9 DL Throughput Distribution

10 UL Throughput Distribution

11 eMBMS Throughput Distribution

12 eMBMS BLER rate Distribution

20
3.4 Cluster Optimization Report - II

Parameters to be covered in Reports: Geographical / Statistical(Histogram/CDF)

13 Unicast BLER rate Distribution

14 UE Transmit Power Distribution

15 Power Headroom Distribution

16 Physical Cell ID Distribution (Only on geographic map)

Signaling Success/Failure Reports on Geographic Maps

1 RACH Acknowledgement

2 Attach Success/Failure

3 ERAB Signaling

4 Handover

5 Tracking Area Update

6 Drop Call

7 Detach

21
3.4 Cluster Optimization Report - III

Latency Reports: Statistical

1 Attach Latency

2 Handover Latency

3 Ping Latency

22
3.5 Cluster Optimization Drive Test KPI - I

Sr. No Key Performance Indicator Value Unit

ACCESSIBILITY

1 PRACH Success Rate (UE End) > 99 %

2 Attach Success Rate > 99 %

3 Successful data transmission download attempts >99 %

4 Successful data transmission upload attempts >99 %

RETAINABILITY

5 Drop Calls % <2 %

MOBILITY

6 Handover success rate > 98 %

7 Tracking Area Update Success Rate > 98 %

23
3.5 Cluster Optimization Drive Test KPI - I

Sr. No Key Performance Indicator Value Unit

Coverage Quality

8 Unicast Block Error Rate <1 %

9 eMBMS Block Error Rate <1 %

10 DL SINR with >-2 dB 95 % area

11 DL RSRP with >-108dBm 95 % area

12 Average DL Throughput 20 Mbps

13 Average UL Throughput 2.5 Mbps

14 DL Throughput >2Mbps 95 % area

15 UL Throughput >256Kbps 95 % area

24
3.5 Cluster Optimization Drive Test KPI - I

Sr. No Key Performance Indicator Value Unit

Access Time

16 Attach Setup time 2 Sec

17 Latency: Audio Call < 100 ms

18 Latency: Video Call < 105 ms

19 Latency: Data < 150 ms

20 Latency: Data (inter-active) < 50 ms

21 QCI 5 (IMS Signaling) Radio Link Latency < 80 ms

25
3.6 Worst Area Optimization

3.6.1 Worst Area Optimization Purpose


The purpose of 1st Drive Test is to improve in the poor area of the cluster after measure entire signal
environment. The poor area will be designated based on measured signal environment of SINR,
RSRP, Session Setup, Data Throughput and System Performance of Handover.

3.6.2 Worst Area Definition


Category Classification Criteria Description
The area where SINR level under -3dB over 300M co
SINR -3dB
ntinuously.
Signal Level
The area where RSRP level under -113dBm over 300
RSRP -113dBm
M continuously.
The area where DL Throughput under 1Mbps over 30
Data Throughput Downlink 1Mbps
0M continuously.
Accessibility 97% The area where cannot connect to system.
Call Quality Call Drop 3% The area where occurred disconnection.
Handover 98% The area where occurred handover failure.

26
3.6 Worst Area Optimization - I

3.6.3 Proposal to improve worst area


Category Classification How to
SINR Adjust antenna tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improve SINR.
Signal Level
RSRP Adjust antenna tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improve RSRP.
Downlink
Coverage To improvement Data Throughput through the improve SINR and RSRP.
Uplink
Block Error Rate
BLER
Adjust ant. tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improve signal environment.
In case of weak signal
Adjust ant. tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improvement signal environment.
Handover
In case of not Neighbor list.
Call Quality
Enter the Neighbor list.

Tracking Area Updates


TAU Adjust ant. tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improvement signal environment.
Relocation TAU Area

27
3.6 Worst Area Optimization - II

3.6.3 Proposal to improve worst area


Category Classification How to
Signal Level SINR Adjust antenna tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improve SINR.
In case of occurred Access Fail
Adjust ant. tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improve signal environment.
Accessibility Check eNBs alarm or working status.
Call Check Access Parameters.
Accessibility Check NI Value.
& Mobility In case of call drop by weak signal
Adjust ant. tilt and azimuth of eNBs to improvement signal environment.
Call Drop
In case of call drop by not enter the Neighbor list.
Enter the Neighbor list.
Change request for antenna location at same tower or top of building.
When impossible to adjust ant. azimuth.
Antenna Relocation
When impossible to make service coverage due to there is obstacle in fron
t of ant. such as building.
Change request for eNB location from current place to other place.
eNB Relocation
When impossible to improvement RF signals by adjust ant. azimuth or tilt.
28
4.1 X-CAL

4.1.1 X-CAL Kits

Composition Comment

Lock Key USB Type

Software Ver.
GPS Receiver Model Name

4.1.2 System Requirements

Item Minimum

CPU Core I5 Processor or higher

Monitor 1024 x 768(16bit) or above

RAM 4GB or above

Hard Disk 500GB(7200RPM) or lager hard disk for collecting data


Operation System Windows XP or higher OS

29
4.1 X-CAL

4.1.3 How to use X-CAL

Composition Attachment

X-CAL Manual

3UE Port Setting

In-Building 2 UE Port Setting

30
4.2 X-CAP

4.2.1 X-CAP Kits

Composition Comment

Lock Key USB Type

Software Ver.

4.2.2 System Requirements

Item Minimum

CPU Pentium Duo Core Processor 2GHz or above processor

Monitor 1280 x 1024(32bit) or above

RAM 2GB or above

Hard Disk 80GB(7200RPM) or lager hard disk for collecting data


Operation System Windows XP or higher OS

31
4.2 X-CAP

4.2.3 How to use X-CAP

Composition Attachment

X-CAP Manual

How to make the Report

Legend

32