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UPM-CALC/BBI2424 ACADEMIC WRITING/SEM 1/2017_18/SCL/WORKSHEET 6/ANSWER KEY

TOPIC: SENTENCE STRUCTURE

ITEM 1: Recognising Sentence Types

No. Sentence No. Sentence Type


1 2 Complex

2 3 Simple

3 7 Compound

4 9 Simple

5 10 Complex

ITEM 2: Combining Sentences in Different Ways

1. For many working adults, online education has greatly enhanced the
opportunity to take classes and complete their studies.

2.These days most working adults pursue their studies online; however,
neverthelesss, nonetheless, still, it can be a major issue if students do not put in
sufficient effort and time in completing their studies.

3. Students may not be able to experience a conducive learning environment, for


they have limited opportunities to learn from the experiences and backgrounds of
peers in class.

4. In normal classrooms, students can share ideas, listen to peers and collaborate
face-to-face on projects and assignments.

5. Normal classrooms encourage peer participation while online classrooms have


virtual discussion forums with no face-to-face interaction.

6. New ways of thinking and broader cultural diversity awareness is difficult to


achieve because there is a lack of students deeply engaging in conversations
with other students.
UPM-CALC/BBI2424 ACADEMIC WRITING/SEM 1/2017_18/SCL/WORKSHEET 6/ANSWER KEY

TOPIC: SENTENCE ERRORS

ITEM 1

1. Sentence no: 2
Correction:
Disability has not been an area that the media has felt obligated to cover
because media representatives and their audience often do not know that
disability sports exists or even consider it authentic.

2. Sentence no: 4
Correction:
DePauw (1997) claims that people with disabilities continue to be excluded from
sports because they fail to meet the societal norm of physicality.

3. Sentence no: 8
Correction:
According to these studies, all the athletes enjoy mainstream media as well as
disability media.

4. Sentence no: 10
Correction:
They also like the disability media such as Sports n' Spokes because it allows
them to see other athletes with disabilities participating in a wide variety of sports.

5. Sentence no: 11
Correction:
Many athletes with disabilities would like to see media coverage focus on the
influential elements of their sport, but they do not blame this entirely on the media.
UPM-CALC/BBI2424 ACADEMIC WRITING/SEM 1/2017_18/SCL/WORKSHEET 6/ANSWER KEY

ITEM 2

1. Sentence error : Fragment


Sentence number: 5
Correction:
A clinically depressed person is in a constant state of sadness because of three
main factors which are genetics, substance abuse and social environment.

2. Sentence error : Comma splice


Sentence number: 7
Correction:
People who are born with low levels of serotonin and dopamine in their brains
cannot experience pleasure in the same way that people with both balanced
chemicals can, so these people do not experience happiness from normal happy
events.

3. Sentence error : Run-on


Sentence number: 13
Correction:
People who use these chemical substances may experience short-term or long
term depression due to the chemical changes in their brains. For example,
alcoholics can develop depression because of the constant altering of the levels of
dopamine in their brain.

4. Sentence error : Non-parallel structure


Sentence number: 18
Correction:
In addition, traumatic events such as the death of a family member or the
witnessing of a murder are also social environmental factors that can send a
person into depression.

ITEM 3

1. Sentence error : Non-parallel structure


Sentence number: 3
Correction:
In California, for example, by 2035, it is expected that over 50% of children
enrolled in kindergarten will have grown up understanding and speaking a
language other than English (McLaughlin, Spodek & Saracho, 1995). OR
UPM-CALC/BBI2424 ACADEMIC WRITING/SEM 1/2017_18/SCL/WORKSHEET 6/ANSWER KEY

In California, for example, by 2035, it is expected that over 50% of children


enrolled in kindergarten will have grown up able to understand and speak a
language other than English (McLaughlin, Spodek & Saracho, 1995).

2. Sentence error : Comma splice


Sentence number: 5
Correction:
The science of bilingualism is still a new field, and some issues on bilingualism
are impossible to address due to vast differences across families, communities
and cultures.

3. Sentence error : Fragment


Sentence number: 10
Correction:
In fact, code mixing is a normal part of bilingual development, and bilingual
children actually have good reasons to code mix (Pearson, 2008).

4. Sentence error : Run-on


Sentence number: 14
Correction:
A bilingual child might not know or cannot quickly retrieve the appropriate word in
one language, so he or she might borrow the word from the other language
(Lanza, 2004).

TOPIC: TENSES

1. influences

2. have created

3. perceives

4. were

5. portrays