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PWHT CYCLE TIME AS PER ASME CODES FOR ASME MATERIALS

P # & Material PWHT


ASME B 31.3 -2010
Sr # P# Gr # Grade Temperature Soaking time Thickness Limits Ref : Table Governing Thickness for
Heating rate Cooling rate Preheat tempearture Ref : 330.1.1
Ref : Table 331.1.1 Ref : Table 331.1.1 331.1.1 PWHT(Socket Welding)

1 SA 36 ,SA 53 ,SA 106 Gr B


1) Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Branch 1 ) For Thickness < 25.0 mm
2 SA234 WPB, SA 283 GR A connection & Clause 331.1.3 (b) ( 1") , Tensile value 71 Ksi =
1 2) For dissimilar thickness , 10C (50F)
3 SA 333 Gr 6, sa 350 Gr Lf1
Shall be cool rapidly in such a way Thicker component measured at
593C to 649C 1 Hr / Inch > 20.0 mm ( 3/4") with ALL
4 1 SA420 WPL6, SA 516 GR 60 that no embrittlement to weld Joint. 2) For Thickness 25.00 MM =
( 1100F to 1200F) ( 2.4 min /MM) Tensile Value
joint. 3) Not required when weld 79C (175F) or All Material.
5 SA 105, SA 216 WCB,SA 234 WPC Throat thickness is 16.00 MM or
6 2 A 350 GR LF2,SA 516 GR 70 Less regardless of Base emtal
3) Tensile value > 71 Ksi for
Thickness
7 SA 671 GR CC 70 CD 70 ALL Thickness = 79C (175F)

8 A 204 GR A, SA209 GR T1B 1) For T < 13.0 MM(1/2") & For


1) Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Tensile Value 71 Ksi ( 490 Psi) =
1) For Thickness > 20.0 mm (
9 1 SA 213 T2,SA 234 WP1, SA 335 P1 Branch connection. 10C(50F)
Shall be cool rapidly in such a way 3/4"), All Tensile Values. 2) For T 13.00 MM ALL Material =
593C to 718C 1 Hr / Inch 2) For dissimilar thickness ,
10 3 SA 356 GR 2, SA 691 CM-65 that no embrittlement to weld 79C
(1100F to 1325F) ( 2.4 min /MM) Thicker component measured
joint. 3) For All Thickness, If the
11 A 182 GR F2, GR F1 , SA 204 GR C at Joint. 3) For All Thickness with Tensile
2 Tensile Value > 71 Ksi ( 490 3) Note 2 Value > 71Ksi ( 490 Psi) = 79C
12 SA 336 GR F1 Psi) (175F)
13 A 182 FL12, CL.1,2
1) None For Thickness 13.0
14 A 213 T11 / T 12 mm(1/2")& Tensile Value 71 1) Refer Fig 328.5.4D for
1
15 A 234 WP11 / 12 Cl.1,SA 335 P11 Ksi ( 490Psi). Branch connection.
1 Hr / Inch Shall be cool rapidly in such a way
704C to 746C (1300F 2) For Thickness > 13.0 2) For dissimilar thickness , For ALL Thickness & ALL
16 4 A 335 P12 ,SA 336 GR F12/F11 ( 2.4 min /MM), that no embrittlement to weld
to 1375F) mm(1/2") with ALL Tnsile Thicker component measured Tensile Values = 149C ( 300F)
17 2 A 333 GR 4 Minimum 2 Hrs. joint.
Value. at Joint.
18 A 148 90 -60 3) For Tensile Value > 71Ksi ( 3) Note 2
3 490Psi) with ALL thickness
19 A 668 Cl.kb, ka, kc
20 SA 182 F22, Cl.1 , Cl.3, F21
21 SA 213 T21 & T 22, SA 217 GR WC9 1) For Thickness 13.0 mm,
22 SA 234 WP22, Cl.1, 3.0 % Cr & 0.15% C , PWHT
23 5A 1 A 335 GR P21 & 22 Not required.

24 A 336 F22 Cl.1 & Cl.3, SA 336 F21 CL.1


25 SA 369 FP21 & 22, SA 369 FP21 & 22
26 A 691 2.25 CR, Cl.1 & 2
2) For Thickness > 13.0 1) Refer Fig 328.5.4D for
27 A 182 F5a , F5 & F9, SA 234 EP5 & WP9 mm(1/2"), 3.0 % Cr & Branch connection.
28 A 213 T5c, T5, T5b &T 9 1 Hr / Inch Shall be cool rapidly in such a way 0.15% C with ALL Tensile
704C to 760C (1300F 2) For dissimilar thickness , For ALL Thickness & ALL
( 2.4 min /MM), that no embrittlement to weld Value.
29 1 A 335 GR P5, 5b & 5c , P9 to 1400F) Thicker component measured Tensile Values = 177C ( 350F)
Minimum 2 Hrs. joint.
at Joint.
30 A 336 F5, F5a & F9 ,369 GR FP5 &FP9
5B 3) Note 2
31 SA 387 5 Cl.1 & 2 , SA 691 5 CR, Cl.1 & 2
32 A 213 T91
33 2 A 217 GR C12A 3) For ALL Thickness Range &
34 A 356 GR 12A > 3.0 % Cr or > 0.15% C ,with
35 A 182 F 3V, F3 VCb,F22V ALL Tensile Value.

35 5C 1 A 336 F3VCb , F3V & F22V


37 A 508 22 Cl.3 & 3V ,SA 542 22 Cl3 & 3V

38 SA-182 F6a Cl 1,2,3 & 4, F6b


Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Branch
1) All = 732C to 788C 1 Hr / Inch Shall be cool rapidly in such a way connection. ALL Thickness = 149C (300F),
39 6 1,2 & 3 SA217 CA15,SA240 Type 410, 429 2) For A 240 Gr 429 = ( 2.4 min /MM), that no embrittlement to weld For dissimilar thickness , but the Interpass temperature
621C to 663C Minimum 2 Hrs. joint. Thicker component measured should be max = 316C
at Joint.
40 SA268 Type 410, SA 336 F6,SA 351 CA15

Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Branch


41 SA182 F430,SA 240 Type 405,409,410S connection.
7 1&2 NONE NA NA NA For dissimilar thickness , ALL Thickness = 10C
42 SA240 S44400,SA268 Type 439 Thicker component measured
at Joint.
43 A 182 FR , SA 203 Gr A,B, SA 234 WPR
44 A 333 GR 7 & GR 9, SA 334 GR 7 & 9 1) For Thickness > 20.0 mm
9A 1 Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Branch
45 A 350 GR LF5, Cl 1&.2 , SA 350 GR LF9 with ALL Tensile Value.
1/2 Hr / Inch connection.
593C to 635C (1100F For ALL Thickness Range & ALL
46 SA 714 Gr v, Tp.E , Gr V ( 1.2 Min/MM), 1 Hr Not given in code For dissimilar thickness ,
to 1175F) Tensile Values = 93C( 200F)
47 A 203 Gr D , Gr. E & F Minimum. Thicker component measured
2) For Thickness 20.0 at Joint.
48 9B 1 A 333 GR 3 , SA 334 GR 3 mm(3/4") with ALL Tensile
49 A 350GR LF3 , SA 765 III Value, PWHT not required.

50 SA 479 S32550 1/2 Hr / Inch


760C to 816C (1100F to Cool As rapidly as For ALL Thickness Range & ALL
10 1 1175F)
( 1.2 Min/MM), 1/2 Hr Not given in code
possible
ALL Thickness Same as above
Tensile Values = 149C- 204C
51 SA 815 S 32760 Minimum.

52 Alloy S31803 Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Branch


53 Alloy S32550 1 Hr / Inch connection.
Neither required nor
10H 1 ( 1.2 Min/MM), 1 Hr Not given in code ALL Thickness For dissimilar thickness , Not given
54 Alloy S32750 Prohibited
Minimum. Thicker component measured
55 All others at Joint.
Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Branch
56 SA 240 XM-33,27,SA268 TP446 1 Hr / Inch connection. All thickness (Normally
10 I 1 663C to 704C ( 2.4 Min/MM),1 Hr Not given in code Note 3 ALL Thickness For dissimilar thickness , Minimum = 149C)177C to
57 SA479 XM-27,SA 268 & 731 XM-27,33 Minimum. Thicker component measured 232C
at Joint.

58 SA 182 F91,A217 CA12A,SA234WP91 Refer Fig 328.5.4D for Branch


1 Hr / Inch connection.
59 15 E 1 SA336 F91,SA369F91,A356 12A 732 C to 774C ( 2.4 Min/MM), 2 Hr Not given in code ALL Thickness For dissimilar thickness , All Thickness = 204C
Minimum. Thicker component measured
60 A691 91,EN10222-2 X10CrMoVNb9-1 at Joint.

1 The above table is prepared based on ASME Code edition 2010 addenda 2011a
2 For P3, P4 and P5 Material not required when Throat thickness is 13.00 MM or less provided recommonded preheat is applied & Min Tensile strength is less than 71 Ksi
3 Cooling rate to 649C shall be less than 56C/Hr, thereafter the cooling rate shall be fast enough to prevent embrittlement.

Prepared by
A.Ayyanar 21 March 2013 1 of 1