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# AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle, Roorkee www.amiestudycircle.

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AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE, SECOND FLOOR, SULTAN TOWER, ROORKEE - 247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.com Ph: (01332) 266328, 9412903929, 9897394020
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AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle, Roorkee www.amiestudycircle.com

AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE, SECOND FLOOR, SULTAN TOWER, ROORKEE - 247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.com Ph: (01332) 266328, 9412903929, 9897394020
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AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle, Roorkee www.amiestudycircle.com

hydrodynamic force on the system. 12 ( b ) Name the flow measuring methods used for flow
measurement in open channels. Under what condi-
tions would you suggest to use ( 1) V notch,
( ii) Rectangular notch, or ( ii11 weir and why ? 10
8. Write short notes oil the following:
(a ) Boundary layer and its control
( b ) Venturimeter
( c) .Turbulent boundary layer.
Groupe
9. Choose the correct answer for the following: 1 x20
LL....----1 (i) One SI unit pf viscosity is equal to
k >I (a) 10 poise
10 cmcj>
' .; - ; .
~.
Fig. 2
(b) 981 poise·
(c) 0·1 poise
(d) None ofthese
(b) Define mixing length and explain its' iiriportance in (ii) · :P.r~s~-h~cj·or'a· fluid is the ratio of pressure to
the.aniilysis of flow through pipes: ·'···~ ':'i . 8 .(a) fluidheight
( b) specific weight
6. (a) In a gas flow through a convergent_.no~zle, the gas
at exit is always cooler than the· gas .at entrance. (c) density
Explain the phenomenon. 7 (d) specific gravity
(iii) Ina.differentialmanometer, theflowingfluidis water
(b) Define Rayleigh and Fanno lines. 7
and the gauge fluid is mercury. If the manometer
(c) A shell is fired from a field gun with a velocity of 400 reading is 10 em, the differential head in m of
m/s in air. What is the maximum rise in its skin water is
temperature? 6 (a) 13·6
(b) 1·36
7. (a) Determine the velocity field in a flow developed by
(c) 1·47
placing a source in uniform flow. 10
{d) 1·26
MC 404 (14971 I 4 I (Continued)
MC 404 (1497) ( ' \ I Tum Over)

AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE, SECOND FLOOR, SULTAN TOWER, ROORKEE - 247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.com Ph: (01332) 266328, 9412903929, 9897394020
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AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle, Roorkee www.amiestudycircle.com

( iv) Along a stream line, (d) 0·62

(a) velocity is constant ( viii) An error of 1·5 mm is committed in the
measurement of head over a triangular notch. The
(ht ; &zero
head over the notch is 0·5 m. The percent error in
(c) 'P is zero computing discharge is

(d) 'P is constant (a) 0·5

( v ) Doublet is a combination of (b) 0·75

(a) source and vortex (c) 1·5

(b) .source and sink
(d) 3·0
(c) source and uniform flow
(ix )· In series pipes, the. parameter which. ·is same in
(d) None of these each pipe is

( vi) Flow in a whirlpool in a river is an example of (a} h 1

(a) free vortex (b) Q

( b) spiral vortex (c) f

(c) forced vortex
(d) None of these
( d) radial vortex
(x) The following is not a minor loss:
( vii ) The coefficient of contraction of a sharp..:.edged
small orifice under normal conditions is (a) friction loss

(a) 0·985 ( b) bend loss

(b) 0·82 (c) enlargement loss

(c) 0·707 (d) contraction loss

v1C:404 (ll')-:') ( 6 ) (Continued) MC 404 (1497) ( 7 ) ( Turn ni/Pr\

AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE, SECOND FLOOR, SULTAN TOWER, ROORKEE - 247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.com Ph: (01332) 266328, 9412903929, 9897394020
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AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle, Roorkee www.amiestudycircle.com

AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE, SECOND FLOOR, SULTAN TOWER, ROORKEE - 247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.com Ph: (01332) 266328, 9412903929, 9897394020
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8 (a) 2a/d 8. the rise of liquid of a droplet of water is given by lev. Prove that the discharge (b) 4a/d through an orifice meter is given by (c) 8a/d (d) None of the abo~e. measured by a mercury oil differential manometer on two sides of the orifice meter gives a reading of ( iv) The position of centre of pressure of a plane surface 50cm of mercury. Choose the correct answer for the following: 1 x20 (b) A fluid flow field is given by ( i) The buoyant force for the floating body passes through the Prove that it is a case of possible steady incompressible (a) centre of gravity of the body. (ii) forced v4rtex flow. ROORKEE . SECOND FLOOR. 1 . in case of forced vortex. 5'08:5 FN:MC404(1497) ( 4 · ( ContinUfd) 5'08: 5 FN:MC40~(1497) 5 ) (Tum Over) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. the coefficient of discharge. Calculate the velocity at the point {2. and (iii) free vortex flow. Roorkee www. pitrit static tube ? 4 (d) None of the above. SULTAN TOWER. Find the rate of flow of oil of immersed in a static fluid is specific gravity 0:9 when the coefficient of dis- ( a ) at the centroid of the submerged surface. ( d ) All of the above. "'·"· 3x 1 (ii) The pressure difference between inside and outside (d) Prove that. 6 ( b ) always above centroid. the area of orifice . 10 (b) is viscous.com 7. ( c ) What is the difference between pitot tube and ( c I always below centroid. (H) path lines. . charge of the meter is 0·64. (c) Define (i) vortex flow.el at the ends ii equal to the fall of liquid level at the axis of rotation. 3x1 9. The pressure difference (c) obey's Newton's law of viscosity. ( c ) centroid of the displaced volume. (a) Define .amiestudycircle. 9897394020 13 . "' . and Groupe (iii) streak lines.( b) An orifice meter with diameter 15 em is inserted in a pipeof 30cm diameter.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. 9412903929.com Ph: (01332) 266328. (iii) An ideal fluid is one which where "t is the area of pipe .(i) stream lines. cd. 3). (a) Define an orifice meter. 6 (b) meta-centre ofthe body. . (a ) is frictionless and incompressible. fluid flow.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.

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(ii) vis co- sity.} should be answered at one place. 9897394020 20 .247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. SULTAN TOWER.amiestudycircle. ROORKEE . Answer should be briefand to-the-point and be supple- mented Withneat skete-'hes. b. SECOND FLOOR. Roorkee www. All parts. 9412903929. etc. Any missing or WI?ng data may be assumed suitably giving proper justification.· 4x2 (b) What is centre of pressure'? Obtain an expression for the depth of centre of pressure when the lamimi is immersed in a liquid and is at angle with the horiZontal. 7 AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE.com S'09: 5 FN: MC404(1497) MECHANICS OF FLUIDS Time : Three hours Maximum MarkS : 100 Answer FIVE questions. · (Iii) specific gravity.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. Figures on the right-hand side margin indicate full marks. taldng ANY TWO from Group A.com Ph: (01332) 266328. Unnecessary long answer may iesult in loss ofmarks. ANY TWO from Group B and ALL from Group C.ofa question (a. Group A 1. and ( iv) specific weight. (a ) Define the following : (i) Surface tension.

respectively. and (iii) Reynold number of the limitations. completely of a crude oil (speclfic weight 9000 N/m 3 ).boundary shear stress. ROORKEE . During submerged in water and is anchored at intervals of the test run. 6 GroupB 3. · 10 and 9810 N /m\ respectively. The maximum shear stress at the pipe wall is given as 196·2 N/m 2 • Find (i) the pressure gradient.oil. calculate momentum correction factor= 4/3. Work out dynamic viscosity of Specific weight of steel and water are 75340 N/m 3 the. y = distance from pipe wan. (a ) Explain the following: 3x2 drag coefficient.com (c) A steel pipeline. and the upward force on each into a weighing tank and 5000 N of oil was collected anchorage. The oil :was allowed to discharge N per metre run. (a) Set up the Navier Stoke's equations and make 5. has an internal (b) A straight stretch of horizontal pipe of 5 em diameter diameter of 1·20 m and an external diameter of was used in the laboratory to measure· the viscosity 1·25 m. Mention its average velocity. 5 4. obtain expression for the 2. Calculate the buoyant force in was recorded from two pressure gauges loCated 6 m apart on the pipe. (a I Assuming one or" the standard velocity distributions for laminar boundary flow. the pressure intensity at a depth h " u ju* = 5·75log10 (y !k) + 8·5 below the free surface is equal to the product of specific weight W and the depth h. 6 the flow rate of water. SULTAN TOWER.flow.com Ph: (01332) 266328. If the pressures at two sections kinetic energy correction factor is equal to 2 while are 400 kPa and 150 kPa. (ii) (b) State and prove Bernoulli's theorem. in 3 min duration. 9412903929. is flowing through a circular pipe of diameter 10 em. 9897394020 21 . 8 (i) Steady and unsteady flow (ii) Uniform and non-uniform flow (b) A fluid of viscosity 0·7 Ns/m2 and specific gravity 1·3 . Roorkee www. . qmveying gas.amiestudycircle. 8 . SECOND FLOOR. 10 S '09: SFN: MC404 (1497) ( 2 ) (Continued) S '09: SFN: MC404 (1497i. It is laid ~cross a riverbed. 6 (c) A horizontal water pipe of diameter 15 em converges ( c ) Prove that for viscous flow through a circular the . and k =roughness factor. ( 3 ) (Tum Over) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. to 7 ·5 em diameter. (iii) Laminar and turbulent flow. a pressure differential of 18000 N/m 2 3m along its length. and · thickness of the boundary layer. 10 where· u* = shear velocity.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. (a ) Show that velocity distribution for turbulent flow suitable assumptions to prove that for a hydraulic through pipe is given by mass of fluid.

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SULTAN TOWER.com Ph: (01332) 266328. 6 ( c ) The velocity profile in laminar flow through a round pipe is expressed as v=2u[l-(r/~)] where u is the average velocity. taking ANY TWO from Group A. and (iii) water hammer. 6 (b) What are the characteristic fluid properties of which the following phenomena are attributable: (i) Rise of sap in a tree. and r0 . etc.) should be answered at one place. Unnecessary long answers may result in loss ofmarl: s. the radial distance from the centre line of the pipe . Roorkee www. r. Any missing or wrong data may be assumed suitably giving proper justification. (a) EnunciateNewton'slawofviscosityanddistinguish between Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. Answer should be briefand to-the-point and be supple- mented with neat sketches. 9412903929 27 . the pipe radius. Draw the dimensionless shear AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. ROORKEE . SECOND FLOOR. (ii) cavitation.amiestudycircle. AU parts of a question (a. b.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. Group A 1.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.com S'10: 5 FN: MC 404(1497) MECHANICS OF FLUIDS Time : Three hours Maximum marks : 100 Answer FIVE questions. ANY TWO from Group B and AIL from Group C. Figures on the right-hand side margin indicate full marks.

8.594 under~ pressure of 1. 1 . The boundary layer on each surface of the plane is laminar.594) A circular disc rotating in oil Fig. 1 (c) Discuss the shape of floating body and its stability.amiestudycircle.8) 4. 6 fromafixedsurface (F~g.75 kgf/cm 2 and themanometricfluidismercury.~. 6 &! x = 3. e= 1000 3. Calculate ·the headloss and power flows with an av~rage velocity of 4m/s in a pipe f=O. (a) Derive the Bernoulli's equation with its assump. velocity oo. Assume the velocity profile is approximated by a linear expression for which Fig. between the levels of mer- cury.3 mlong and 2m wide. 6 of diameter 150mm.2 kg/m 3 . Roorkee www.2 Oil (specific =0. SULTAN TOWER.6 m 2 /s. For v= 1. 8 chloride of specific gravity 1.3 m 2 steel duct. Determine the drag force on the plate.com stress profile T/T0 against r/r0 . a liquid of Jarge viscosity ~ at a small distance h tion.1 X to. x.where &= boundary layer thickness.Ol5. find &*!&and e /&. (a ) If the velocity distribution in the boundary layer is given byu/v= y/8. where T0 is the wall (b) Air (Q= 1. having an absolute viscosity ~t=4x w-z Ns/m .81 X w-s Ns/m2 ) is shear stress.46.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.2m/sec. If the pressure in the pipe N is r~ldrlf-- 1. 8 ( b ) Water at 15 oC flows over a flat plate at a speed of 1.com Ph: (01332) 266328. and 6 = momentum thickness. SECOND FLOOR. when fuel oil. w== 1. 8 {c) A circuJar disc of diameter d is slowly rotated in 2.05 kgf/ cm2 and pipe N contains air of speci- fic gravity 0. 2 148 m long. 6 AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. 2). 6 kg/m 3 . the plate is 0. find the difference. (a) Derive the expression for Hegen-Poiseullie flow. 9412903929 28 . Find the value of T 0 .Derive an expression for torque T necessary to maintain an angular ( b ) As shown in Fig. 8 Carbon tetrachloride ((si>eci1fic gravity= 1. ROORKEE . forced at 25 m/sec through a= 0. &* = displacement thickness. pipe M contains carbon tetra.

25 m flowing over a flat plate. ROORKEE . SULTAN TOWER..w.1Maz )y/y-1 (c) dp = ..com Ph: (01332) 266328. (a) Explain the terms 'doublet' and 'circulation'.dz (d) dp=.2 y are respectively x and y boundary layer thickness.com 7. and Ma = Mach number. and weirs. (c) Air at an absolute pressure 60.96. Roorkee www. dV (Ma 2 _ 1 ) A V 9. Explain phenomenon of boundary layer separation with a neat sketch. further ( b ) turbulent flows. 9412903929 29 . identify type of the nozzle. The cross-sectional (a) non-viscous flow. 12 negative. At a distance of 1 m from the scaling following liquid and the maximum flow is edge. determine stream function. . downstream the pressure is 78. and (iii) ( b ) If u = 2x and v = . and ( ii) completely turbulent flow to ensure that the pressure head does not become for a one-seventh power low velocity profile.02 m2 • At section 2.. SECOND FLOOR. (a ) Prove the relation Groupe dA =. 8 AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. calculate Mach number ( c} viscous flow. 6 over a flat plate. 4 x 2 (b) Air (e= 1. 6 where z measures vertically upward. 8 Group B ( c ) Explain what is meant by a point source and a sink 5.dz . Prove (a) dp=. · 6 as ( b ) Explain stagnation point and its properties. Write the correct answer for the following: 10x2 where A = area. area at the entrance is 0.23 kg/m 3 and r= 1.8 kPa (absolute).zde where P0 = stagnation pressure. Take Cd=0.= P. (a) Define orifice.5 x 10. 8 8. 12 6. Given: v= 1. mouth-piece. 3x 2 components of possible fluid flow.1 m 3 /min. where the pressure head is 7.5 m2 /s) is ( b ) A venturi meter is to be fitted in a pipe of 0. (ii)fully developed flow.4. Assuming isentropic flow. (a) Explain the phenomena of boundary layer growth source.0 kPa and 27 "C (ii} Navier Stokes equation is useful in the analysis of enters a passage at486 m/ sec. V = velocity.w. ( d} both viscous and turbulent flows. Find the least diameter of the throat laminar flow. The free stream speed diameter. for ( i ) completely 8.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.dz the relation (b > dp= -e. y= isentropic index. 3+3 ( c) Discuss the following terms : ( i) No slip boundary condition. (l+y. calculate 6 and . and Ma = Mach ( i) The pressure variation in static fluid may be written number. Also. notch.6m of is 15 m/ s. at section 2.amiestudycircle.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.

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Answer should be briefand to-the-point and be supple- mented with neat sketches. SULTAN TOWER. etc. ANY 'IWO from Group B and AU. (a ) Discuss Couette flow and show the effect of pres- sure gradient along the flow direction on develop- ment of velocity profile at any section. IInd FLOOR.rough veins and capilhuies in our body? How does Jlr.amiestudycircle. in terms of headloss between two sections and other flow variables. ROORKEE . 5 ( b ) Can we consider our blood as Newtonion fluid for · th. from Group C. 9412903929 Web: www.e pw pose of its flow fr.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. b. All parts of a question (a. 10 2.) should be answered at one place. Unnecessary long answers may result in loss ofmarks.amiestudycircle. (a ) What is the main difference between behaviour of Newtonion and non-Newtonion fluids? Draw an appropriate diagram to justify your answer.. Determine friction factor for a flow of viscous fluid through a circular pipe of diameter. 8 AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. d. Roorkee www. GroupA · 1. vary with fluid temperature? 5 ( c ) Discuss the importance of friction factor in flows through ducts. taking ANY 'IWO from Group A.com Ph: (01332) 266328.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.OF FLUIDS Time·: Three hours Maximum Marks: 100 Answer FIVE questions. Figures on the right-hand side margin indicate full marks.com 31 .com W'10: 5 FN: MC 404(1497) MECHANICS. Any missing or wrong data may be assumed suitably giving proper justification.

contains ~ater. 10 gravity for body's stability. Roorkee www. (ii) total force on the sides at condition of propulsion at maximum efficiency. 8 cross-sectional area at throat and exit of the nozzle when the flow is isentropic all along its length. It is ( i) water is taken from the side of the strip or accelerated horizontally at 3 rri/s 2 in the direction (ii) from front end of the strip. SULTAN TOWER. (a ) Why does a laminar flow changes into turbulent Front or back tlow? Discuss importance of the most important factor responsible for this change.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.hort notes on any four of the following: 4x5 (a ) Reynolds transport theorem (b) Navier-Stokes equation (c) Poiseuille's flow ( d} Outline of Blassius solution (e) Wall shear. 4 Jet 4. 3 m long.to a_depth of 1.com 32 . 9412903929 Web: www. 8 two ends of the tank. 4 (c) What is the concept of mixing length model? 5 :3. kg/ s through a converging-diverging nozzle to a less than the number of unknowns in the equation back pressure of 1 bar. IInd FLOOR. 1 · ( b ) Define turbulent velocity and its effects on the flow characteristics. Calculate· the nozzle leads to unique solution. ROORKEE . (a) Compressed air at reservoir condition. Find (i) inclination of water surface comments on the results in two cases under the ·with the horizontal.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. 1) when deep.amiestudycircle. Write .com Ph: (01332) 266328. How does this introduce additional ( c I Explain bouyancy and its effect on stability of a stress in momentum equation? Discuss it briefly body floating in water. 2m wide and 2m a strip propelled by a reacti9n jet (Fig. (a I Derive boundary layer equations from flow equa. Make your of its length. 5 Fig.amiestudycircle. 10 AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE.com ( b ) Obtain the relationship for thrust and e1ficicncy for ( b ) A rectangular tank. What should be relative giving idea of the procedure to follow to get relation position of metacentre with reference to centre of for this stress and name the stress.25m. and (iii) maximum permissi- ble acceleration in this case. 6. GroupB Bow or 5. 8 (c) Discuss methods used for control of boundary v layer. p0 = 10 bar tions using concept of order of magnitude and and 100 oc is to be discharged at the rate of 15 explain how are number of equations so obtained .

9412903929 Web: www. the exit diameter of the nozzle and that of pipe is 40 em. and (iii) diameter of the nozzle throat. of variables for basic flows so that the pattern of (c) no shear stress.com 33 . and 0. Assume an average droplet size of 1 medium. metre of ground area. flow so generated matches with the actual flow pattern. types of solution approach? 10 (b) larger than the mean free path of the mole- (b) When it is raining. pipe. 10 IS 8. flow pattern around ( i) half bodies. to run but many others say you should walk to keep yourself dry. 1 m wide. SULTAN TOWER. Choose the correct answer for the following . (a) How can you combine the basic flows to generate (a ) frictionless. Roorkee www. pressure and temperature at the pipe 9. discuss the procedure for selection (b) at rest. (a) Under what conditions will you use differential or that the characteristic length of the flow is integral approach for the solution of a flow (a) smaller than the mean free path of the mole- problem? Do you expect different results with two cules. How would Groupe the length.com Ph: (01332) 266328. 8 and nozzle or diffuser for an isentropic flow 1. Determine the (i)length of the through it. The mean coefficient (it Boundary layer separation and its control · of friction for pipe is 0. respectively. respectively. ROORKEE .0. and (ii) elliptic bodies ? Also. ( ii) pressure and temperature at the pipe exit. (ii) Normal stresses are of the same magnitude in all analyze the solution to decide whether should he directions at a point in a fluid only when the fluid walk at 1 m/s or run at 4 m/s to stay dry. IInd FLOOR. If an adult is 2m high.5 m deep. The Mach (iii) Conditions for converging pipe to act as numbers at entry and exit of the pipes are 1. AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. 10 ( d) in all cases of fluid motion. 10x2 exit be affected if a normal shock occurs at nozzle exit? 10 (i) The concept of continuum in fluid flow assumes 7. The flow is isentropic in the nozzle and adiabatic in the pipe. Suppose that it is raining straight ( c ) larger than the dimensions of suspended parti- down at a volume flux ratio of 1_0.amiestudycircle. some people say that it is better cules.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.5 m 3 Is per square cles.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. Stagnation pressure (ii) Flow velocity measuring methods used in the and temperature of air at the nozzle inlet is 12 bar laboratory and 600 K.com (b) A nozzle is provided with a pipe of constant cro. (b) Write short notes on any two of the following: 2 x 5 ss-section at its exi~. mm 3 for which the velocity of rainfall is 5 m/ s. and you have to go 100m · ( d) larger than the wavelength of sound in the in this rain.amiestudycircle.0025.

amiestudycircle.J2 (ix) Air (Q = 1. tapered pipe is classified as (c) equal to x component of R. uniform flow· (d) equal to x component minus the friction (b) steady.amiestudycircle. the shear in radial direction varies as stress at the wall is (a) r (a) zero (b) 1/r (b) 153.com 34 . uniform flow (viii) A laminar boundary layer has a velocity distribu- (d) unsteady.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.-2) is (a.) o (a) u.u (d) 0/6 (d) . SULTAN TOWER.2 kg/m 3. (a ) R in magnitude and in its direction.80 x 10" 5 Pa. non-uniform flow force.fi (b) 0/2 (b) u (c) 0/4 (c) .2 Pa AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. The velocity 20 m/s.02.247667 (UTTARANCHAL) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. ROORKEE . If the friction factor is 0. Roorkee www. magnitude of velocity vector at point (2.. non-uniform flow tion given by u/U= y /8. Displacement thickness for this boundary layer is ( v) If u = zxy.6Pa (c) 2. (a) steady. control volume.4 Pa (d) 1. the resultant reaction force. (d) altimeter.com Ph: (01332) 266328. (c) unsteady. IInd FLOOR. !l = 1. (iv) Flow of liquid at constant rate in a conically (b) equal to R but opposite in direction.com (iii) Local atmospheric pressure is measured by ( vii) The linear momentum equation applied to a ~ontroi volume in a flow through a nozzle yielded ( a ) hydrometer.s) flows ( vi ) An incompressible fluid flows radially outward through a pipe of 10 em dia with a velocity of from aline source in a steady manner. 9412903929 Web: www. The force required to keep the nozzle inposition is ( c) hygrometer. R. on the fluid in the (b) barometer.

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com 36 .6 N I cm2 • If the pipe is filled with oil of specific gravity 0.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. All parts of a question (a. taking ANY TWO from Group A. Figures on the right-hand side margin indicate fuD marks. which is 4 m in diameter. (a ) Define the following terms : 4x2 (i) Specific weight (ii) Specific gravity (iii) Viscosity ( iv) Surface tension.amiestudycircle.87. etc. b. Any missing or wrong data may be assumed suitably giving proper justification. ANY TWO from Group B and AIL from Group C. SULTAN TOWER. ( b ) What is centre of pressure ? Obtain an expression for the depth of centre when the lamina is immer- sed in a liquid and is at an angle with the horizontal.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. Unnecessary long answers may result in Joss ofmarks. mented with neat sketches. ROORKEE . Group A 1. find the force exerted by the oil upon the gate and position of centre of pressure. SECOND FLOOR.amiestudycircle. contains a gate valve. 5 AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. Roorkee www. 7 ( c ) A pipeline.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. The pressure at the centre of the pipe is 19.) should be answered at one place.com S'11: 5 FN: MC 404(1497) MECHANICS OF FLUIDS Time : Three hours Maximum Marks: 1oo Answer FIVE questions.

(a ) Prove that the velocity distribution for viscous flow layer thickness.com 37 . 7 Ns/ m 2 and specific gravity to Prandtl. 6 fixed across a section.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. Determine ( i ) boundary 3.amiestudycircle. · 8 y from the plate and u = U at y= 6. 7 1. The wall roughness is 3 mm. Also.4 m 2 /s. Roorkee www. Here & is (c) A pipeline carrying oil of specific gravity 0. is parabolic in nature. when both plates are plate. 10 higher level. ( ii) average velocity.2 N I m 2 • Find the (i) pressure 600 mm at the rate of 600 litre/sec. Find the power lost for 1 km gradient. (b) What do you mean ·by Prandtl m1x1ng length · theory ? Derive an expression for shear stress due (c) A fluid of viscosity 0. (ii)momen- (iii) Rotational and irrotational flows.3 is flowing through a circular pipe of diameter 100 mm. respectively and the immersed in a fluid of specific gravity 0. tum thickness. ( ii) Mach number.886 N/cm 2. and (iii) energy thickness for the velocity distribution in the boundary layer given ( b ) Derive an expression for continuity equation for by u/v= y !6. (ii) Compressible and incompressible flows. ( ii }shear stress at the end of the between two parallel plates. 4. 6 6. and (iii) Reynold's length of pipe. SECOND FLOOR. 6 with a velocity of 6 m/ s. (b) Find the (i)displacement thickness. 9 and discharge is 200 litre/ s. If the pressures at A and B are 9. 10 GroupB (b) Define the following terms: 2+2 5.amiestudycircle. which is 4m at a thickness. and (iii ) drag force on one side of the plate. 6 ( i) Boundary layer S'll :5fN:MC 404 (1497) ( 3 ) (Tum Over) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. where u is the velocity at a distance a three-dimensional flow. (a ) Define (i} compressible flow.87. U:'le boundary layer thickness. calculate the changes in diameter from 200 mm at a position ratio of displacement thickness to momentum A to 500mm at a position B. The maximum shear stress at the pipe (c) Water is flowing through a rough pipe of diameter wall is given as 196. SULTAN TOWER. (a ) Define the following : 3x2 (iii) Displacement thickness (i) Uniform and non-uniform flows. 6 number of the flow.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. The fluid is moving and direction of flow.com {ii) Boundary layer thickness 2. 81 ( c ) A plate of 600 mm length and 400 mm wide is N/cm 2 and 5.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. ROORKEE . (a ) What do you mean by separation of boundary layer? What is the effect of pressure gradient on ( i) Kinetic energy correction factor boundary layer separation? 7 (ii) Momentum correction factor. determine the loss of head kinematic viscosity 10. (iv) Momentum thickness. (a ) Define the following terms : 4xl and (iii) stagnation properties.

com AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.amiestudycircle. SULTAN TOWER.com 38 . ROORKEE . SECOND FLOOR.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. Roorkee www.amiestudycircle.

5 . (b) u= Umax[R 2 -r] (c) energy. (d) laminar flow.com 39 . SECOND FLOOR. Roorkee www. ( d) None of the above. .AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. (a} steady flow."f/2g.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www.70( S'll: SFN :MC 404 (1497) ( 6 ) ( Continued) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. (c) u=Umax[l-(r!R)] 2 (d) None of the above. {c) non-uniform flow. (a) hL = ( "f~ l/f)/2g (c) velocity at a point. SULTAN TOWER. {d) pressure at a point· (c) hL = ( V..amiestudycircle. (viii) The ratio of inertia force to viscous force is known as (a ) Reynold number ( b ) Protide number (c) Mach number (d) Euler number S'l\:SFN:MC404 (1497) ( 7 ) AG--1. pipe is given by (b) average velocity. (b) uniform flow. ~) 2 /2g (vii) Stream lines and path lines always coincide in ( d) None of the above.(r/R )2 ] (b) momentum. circular pipe having viscous flow is given by tion of (a) mass.com ( ix ) The velocity distribution across a section of a ( v) Continuity equation deals with the law of conserva. ( vi) Pitot tube is used to measure (x } The loss of he~d due to sudden expansion of a (a ) discharge. ROORKEE . (b) hL = 0.amiestudycircle. (a) u= Umax [1.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.

SULTAN TOWER.com 40 . (a) Definetbefollowingtenns: 3x2 (z) Specific gravity (il) VIscosity (iiz) Surface tension (b) Explain the condition of equilibrium of submerged bodies with neat sketches. Roorkee www. 8 (Turn Over) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. ROORKEE . ) should be answered at one place. Any missing or wrong data may be assumed suitably giving proper justification.5 m from water surface. Answer should be brief and to-the-point and be supple- mented with neat sketches. SECOND FLOOR. Figures on the right-hand side margin indicate full marks Group A 1.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. etc. b.amiestudycircle. Unnecessary long answer may result in loss ofmarks. taking ANY TWO from Group A.amiestudycircle. All parts of a question ( a. 6 (c) Find the total pressure and position of centre of pressure on a tnangular plate ofbase 2m and height 3 m which is immersed in water in such a way that the plan of the plate makes an angle of 60° with the free surface of the water.com 8'12:5 FN: MC 404 (1497) MECHANICS OF FLUIDS Tzme : Three hours Maximum Marks : 100 Answer FIVE questions. The base of the plate is parallel to water surface and at a depth of2. ANY TWO from Group Band ALL from Group C.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.

AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.. 8 culate the loss ofhead. whereA =area. (iil) displacement thickness. ••- J' t'. calculate the value of o· /0. wall shearing stress. Calculate the (i) thickness ofthe (c) ·The following cases represent the two velocity boundary layer at the end of the plate. ness. where u is the velocity at a distance y from the plate (ii)Laminar and turbulent flow and u = U at y = o.24 kg/m3 and kinematic viscosity 0.amiestudycircle. (a) Define the following: 2+2 (b) Find the displacement thick ness. Also. 10 velocity of 5 mls. velocity and shear stress at 30 mm from (b) An oil of viscosity 0.25 cm2 • Also.5 m. Roorkee www. determine the throat area.6 m and width 0. "') A<:'l.J J. State all the assumptions made. Take density of air velocity such that they satisfy the continuity equa. 6 tion: . and (ii) drag components. Given (b) Determine the exit velocity and mass flow rate for .~.2 . SECOND FLOOR. Determine the third component of force on one side of the plate. 6 (b) Derive Euler's equation of motion along a stream- line for an ideal fluid and obtain from it Bernoulli's (c) A thin plate is moving in still atmospheric air at a equation.yz2 + xy 5. and (iv) momen.a. as 1. Take the value of coefficient of friction 'f 50 mm and of length 300 m.a.amiestudycircle.. 10 3.. Cal- circular pipe. w = 2xyz due to friction in pipes. Using the above per meter width for the laminar flow of oil with a equation. where fluid through the pipe is 3. Assume y =1... the momentum thickness and energy thickness for the velocity dis- (z) Steadyandunsteadyflow tribution in the boundary layer given by ul V = yl o. sketch the shape of nozzle and diffuser.9 is flowing through a circular pipe of diameter stokes. (a) Derive an expression for shear stress and velocity (b) A smooth pipe ofdiameter 80 mm and 800 mm long distribution for a flow of viscous fluid through a carries water at the rate of 0.com 41 .~11"1-"-il"'~+t:r Vlll"""Vi>.C l\. (a) Derive Darcy-Weisbach equation for loss ofhead (iz) v = 2y .4.U..com 2. v= velocity) and M =Mach number.T~Jn-. centre line velocity. Take kinematic viscosity ofwateras0. 6 6. The exit area is 6. ROORKEE . (a) Derive an expression for area velocity relationship for a compressible fluid flo~ing through the nozzle in (c) Determine the (l) pressure gradient. tum thickness. 6 isentropic flow of air truough a nozzle from inlet stagnation condition of7 bar and 320 octo an exit 4. The length ofthe plate is 0. (ii) boundary layer thick. SULTAN TOWER.1 N s/m2 and relative density pipe wall.5litre/s. (a) Define (z) boundary layer.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. (iz) shear stress at the two horizontal parnllel plates.0791/(ReY' 4 ..a.015 0.J+3 GroupB (l) u == r + y2 + z2 ' v = xy2. where o = boundary layer thickness.05 bar. Find the pressure Re is the Reynold number."TJ~. 10 drop in a length of300 m and also the shear stress at the pipe wall.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. The rate of flow of fromtherelationgivenas f == 0.15 stokrs. and (ili) discharge the form dA/ A= dV IV[M 2 -1]. 12 maximum velocity of2 m/s between two horizontal parallel fixed plates which are 100 mm apart. pressure of 1.480 m3/min.. 4x 2 8 S'l2: 5 FN :MC 404 (1497) ( 2) ( Conti~ued ) S'l2: 5 FN :MC 404 (1497) (3 ) (Turn Over) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE.

com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www.62 N/cm2 by and 9. (a) H (d) velocitygradient. S'l2: 5 FN :MC 404 (1497) (4 l (Continued) S' 12: 5 FN :MC 404 (1497)) ( 5 ) (Turn Over) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. (ii) forced (c) velocity at a point. 3x 2 (d) discharge. 10 (b) centreofbuoyancy. Writethecorrectanswerforthefollowing: 20 X 1 u- au (c) ox (z) Poise is the unit of (d) None of the three above.amiestudycircle. (v) The rate of flow through a venturimeter varies as (c) viscosity. 8. The pres- sure gauges fitted upstream and downstream of (iv) The local acceleration in the direction ofx is given the orifice meter gave readings of 19. inserted in a pipe of20 em diameter. with orifice diameter 10 em. Find the au au discharge ofwater through pipe. SULTAN TOWER.amiestudycircle. (b) An orifice meter. (i) vortex flow. (a) centre of pressure.5. tion.81 N/cm2 . 10 (c) centre ofgravity. Roorkee www. Coefficient of discharge for the meter is given as 0.Groupe (b) -ou at 9. (b) Define velocity potential :fimction and stream func- tion. (a) massdensity. and (iii) free vortex flow. is called · doublet ofstrength 5 m2/s. ROORKEE .247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail. with examples. (a) Explain. is (d) metacentre. (d) H~ (b) flow. Calculate the velocity at this point and also the value of the stream func.com 7. SECOND FLOOR.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. respectively.6. 10 (a) u-+- ox at .1) is situated in the flow field of a ting. (b) kinemati?~cosity.com 42 . vortex flow. 2+2 (iiz) The point about which a floating body starts oscilla- (c) A point P (0. (a) What is a venturimeter ? Derive an expression for the rate of flow offluid through it. (b) ~ (ii) Pitot tube is used for measurement of (c) HX (a) pressure. when the body is tilted.

(d) M. (c) non-unifo~ flow. liquid is subjected to uniform rotation in a container. (a) 2 cr/d (b) velocity increases. SECOND FLOOR.81 m (d) Eulernumber.amiestudycircle. the free surface assumes a (b) ML1r 1 shape of (c) ML'Iy-2 (a) ellipsoid ofrevolution. (c) 9.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. (d) for flow over flat plate only. (a) for ideal fluids.5m (c) Mach number. Roorkee www.1 L. (d) 10.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. (c) 8 cr/d (viii) The boundary layer takes place (d) None of the three above. SULTAN TOWER. (a) steady flow. (c) for real fluids. ROORKEE .com (vi) The ratio ofinertiaforcetoviscous force is lmown (x) Atmospheric pressure held in terms of water as column is (a) Reynoldnwnber. (xii) Stream lines and path lines always coincide in (b) forpipeflowonly. (a) None of the three above.amiestudycircle. (a) 7. (b) 8. S'12: 5 FN :MC 404 (1497) ( 6) ( c~ntinued ) S'"12: 5 FN :MC 404 (1497) ( 7 ) (Turn Over) AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.1r 1 (b) circular cylinder. (a) MLr-2 (xiii) When a static.30m (vii) For supersonic flow.com 43 .5m (b) Froudenwnber. (b) 4cr/d (c) velocity is constant. (ix) Dynamic viscosity (!1) has the dimensions as (d) laminar flow. ifthe area of flow increa- ses then (xi) The pressure difference between inside and out- side of a droplet of water is given by (a) velocitydecreases. (b) uniform flow.

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AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle. (a) Define the following : (i) Specific mass. ROORKEE . Unnecessary long answer may result in loss ofmarks. etc. (iii) specific volume. (ii) specific weight. SECOND FLOOR.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. 10 2. and (v) Newton's law ofviscosity. 5x2 (b) A cone of wood floats in a fluid of specific gravity 0.6 which should be suspended with the help ofa string tied to the apex of the cone so as to just submerge it. ) should be answered at one place. Answer should be briefand to-the-point and be supple- mented with neat sketches. SULTAN TOWER. (a) Distinguish between the following : 5x2 (z) Steady and unsteady flow AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. If the specific gravity of the wood is 0.9 with its apex downwards.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.amiestudycircle. (iv) surface tension.amiestudycircle. taking ANY TWO from Group A.J. find the weight of steel of specific gravity 7. Roorkee www. Figures on the right-hand side margin indicate full marks Group A 1. b.com W'12: 5 FN: MC 404 (1497) MECHA.~ICS OF FLUIDS Time : Three hours Maximum Marks : 100 Answer FIVE questions.com 45 . All parts of a question ( a. Any missing or wrong data may be assumed suitably giving proper justification. ANYTWOfrom Group Band ALL from Group C.6 and the cone weighs 290 N.

..ILJ.al.Ul. OJ.•. and (iii) frictional drag on the plate considering both its ends. have laminar flow ofoil between them with a maximum 6. J.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.a.. what would then be the (i) ulv0 =2 (y/8)-(y/8)2 rate of flow if the pressures at A and B re- 10 (iz) ulv0 =-2 (yl<>)+(yl£>i +2 (y/£>)4 main unchanged ? (iii) u I v0 = 2 (y! <>i +(yl <>)3 -2 (y I <>t (b) Two fixed parallel plates..~7 '_."' '\.\.'-'LlLJu.1" V. apart. The point B is 20m above A.f"f"dl"+ rt. find the (i) distance from the leading edge where the (iv) Free and forced vortex flow boundary layer flow changes from laminar to tur- bulent flow..H..f" . SECOND FLOOR.amiestudycircle.5 m is held in water moving at 1...t rJ. terms of average velocity for (i) smooth pipes.th th.15 m 3/s.. .l""' v. I"Yr"n. 6 of400 m long.Q.1~ LJ. and The local velocities at the centre and mid-radius are (v) velocity gradient at the plates end.... UL-"'. 8 4.lJ. ROORKEE . How is the velocity of 1. (a) Explain Prandtl mixing length theory.L."-"'CI''11'9-.5 m/s. (a) What do you mean by separation of boundary n£V7'71o.l..1... Dv..... (a) Explain the essential features ofBlasius method of solving laminar boundar)r layer equations for a flat (c) Obtain an expression for velocity. Take ther the flow is attached or detached : 8 f= 0.u_. 3+3 solution..02 cumec from A to B. what boundary layer separation ? 6 force will be exerted by the fluid on the nozzle ? 7 (b) Derive an expression ofloss of head due to sudden 3.on+ rt.amiestudycircle..ror? 1llhn.l'\. If the flow in the boundary (iii) Laminar and turbulent flow layer is laminar at the leading edge of the plate.d. 3 GroupB (c) A 30 em diameter horizontal pipe terminates in a 5.l. flows through the pipe at a rate of0...VL.\. J 1V. (ii) thickness ofthe boundary layer at ( v) Compressible and incompressible flow.~ +h. (c) Examine the following velocity profiles to state whe- ssure at A. The dis- charge is 0. . Roorkee www.U. the friction factor is doubled. 10 AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE. 10 (b) State few engineering applications of momentum equation.U.0Ns/m 2 • Compute the (i) discharge pipe wall? 6 per metre width. if the pressure at B is 200 kPa. J!l.com 46 .:2. kept 8 em apart.+ .11.a.)'""J.hJ.006.tor J~.. lft'hA . Derive expressions for boundary layer tltick.09 m/sec...l.::. o.u. v. 10 2. (ii) shear stress at the plates.d.\. (a) Water flows through a 150 mm diameterpipeAB contraction of pipe..&.31 m/sec and 2...25 m/s parallel to its length. Take dynamic viscosity of oil mixing length dependent on the distance from the to be I!= 2.1 UJ. and ness and local skin friction coefficient from this (ii) rough pipes..o. this section.distribution in plate.. V.. I .lJ. ~ ~'-' .1U.a.l. (iii) pressure difference between two points 25 m (b) Water flows through a pipe of diameter 250 mm. • '' u.L.'-'J..I.otA-1'" n..l~ \.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.com (ii) Uniform and non-unifonn flow (b) A plate 3 m x 1. Suppose after 12 years of service..J.. (iv) velocity at 2 em from plate. SULTAN TOWER.. Find the pre.com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www.-n-..'f"\ .. Find the discharge and the pipe roughness... ''~'.\..J.

com Ph: (01332) 266328 Web: www. ROORKEE . SULTAN TOWER.247667 (UTTARAKHAND) EMAIL: pcourses@hotmail.AMIE Study Material & Admission Packages AMIE(I) Study Circle.com AMIE(I) STUDY CIRCLE.com 47 .amiestudycircle.amiestudycircle. SECOND FLOOR. Roorkee www.