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4G Wireless Networks

By Jamia Yant

April 26th, 2012


the 3G mobile network is a Wide Area Cell Based network with a circuit-switched subsystem. The applications are where a lot of users get hooked on technology. 3G opened a whole new realm of possibilities with applications allowing users to stream video and audio. 3G technology will always be tied to the introduction of the smart-phone. For example.Assignment 2: 4G Wireless Networks by Jamia Yant April 26. high definition mobile television. UMTS. but as our mobile phones evolve so does our technology. When a Sprint user accesses a website or uses an internet based application. That data request travels from the satellite to a central office wirelessly using 2 . 4G does not have a circuit-switched subsystem. video calling. a radio signal is sent to a 4G cell site. Then the central switching office connects the call or data request with the rest of the world. Our society is a demanding one and for the technologically savvy those demands are in the form of mobility. video conferencing. The 4G networks are an integration of wireless LAN and Wide Area. 4G applications include gaming services. users make a call or open the internet. That data travels from the cell site to a central switching office by a wire-line fiber-optic network. network architecture. 2012 In the timeline of mobile phone technology. data throughput and user perceptions. amended mobile web access. and EDGE along with a list of others while 4G networks offer Wimax2 and LTE-Advance. it is a purely packet based Internet Protocol (IP) system. Compare and Contrast 3G Wireless Networks to 4G Networks We can compare and contrast 3G wireless networks and 4G networks in four areas: service and application. connectivity and faster mobile technology. Some examples of services offered by 3G wireless networks are CDMA2000. video conferencing and a huge array of multimedia applications in the mobile environment. One of the differences between these two standards of networks lies in the network architecture. IP telephony and even 3D television. a radio signal is transmitted to a 3G tower antenna or cell site. It relies on large satellite connections that connect to telecommunication towers.

while the data throughput rate for 4G networks is 3 to 5 mbps but potentially estimated at a range of 100 to 300 mbps with a bandwidth of 100MHz (or more). Another difference is in the data throughput. Distinguish between the 4G LTE. It is readily available and competitive pricing have enabled millions of users to access mobile technology in ways they never imagined possible. connects the data using a wire-line network to the outside world. Most of the problems are 3 . I expect to see a few changes in the 4G services being offered.1 mbps with a bandwidth of 5 – 20MHz. The 4G LTE network stands for 4G Long Term Evolution. 4G networks have had outages and complaints about coverage areas. in turn. This is a more reliable method than a wire-line transmission because there is less network downtime.Assignment 2: 4G Wireless Networks by Jamia Yant April 26. and 4G WiBro. 4G WiMax. The common users who only listen to music and watch the occasional video won’t be to swayed to evolve but the business mined tech savvy individual will be converting as fast as the technologies change. The data throughput rate for 3G is up to 3. International 4G Roaming Agreements. and 4G WiBro Networks The introduction of 4G networks has given us a variety of network choices: 4G LTE. but there have been some reports of poor connectivity and sometimes no connectivity at all. The differences are definitely there between the two technologies but the users of today have only gotten a brief taste of the potential benefits of 4G service. Many users are happy with their 3G wireless network service. Collaborative Network Contributions instead of strain and the end of flat rate data. Users that are really taking advantage of the advancements seem happy with the 4G LTE services offered today. I look for boosted app performance and capabilities. This is the 4G technology used by Verizon Wireless. The central office. 2012 microwave technology. However. In the next few years. 4G WiMax. It supports data rate exchanges at speeds of 100 Mbps for downloads and 50 Mbps for uploads.

Devices have some limits with compatibility of networks when going for 3G to 4G but the real issue is backward compatibility. As of April 19th.16). if a piece of mobile equipment travels beyond the range of an LTE network. 2012 away from the metropolitan areas where there are fewer 4G cell sites. enhanced customer experience and services for diverse uses it will no doubt reach its projected goals. This type of 4G network was designed to provide broadband wireless access in on open Internet Architecture. Most data exchange rates show this technology to have a data rate of 70 Mbps. customer address control. This coverage provides service to 230 markets in the United States with expectations of that coverage increasing to 400 markets and 260 million people by the end of 2012. Reports have shown Fixed WiMax can provide speeds of up to 75 Mbps and Mobile WiMax offering speeds of up to 30 Mbps. it can fall back on a 3G network if it has the required radio technologies. This basically means that an LTE terminal should be able to work in an LTE-Advanced Network and the same in reverse. When WiMax standard of 802. Its cost to performance ratio exceeds all other technology and for that reason has already brought access to millions of users.16d (fixed WiMax) 4 . This technology is also the current standard of wireless broadband devices in the United States. 2012 Verizon’s 4G LTE network coverage maps showed their service covered two-thirds of the U.S Population.Assignment 2: 4G Wireless Networks by Jamia Yant April 26. It is common knowledge that in order to access a 4G network a user must be equipped with a 4G network enabled device. The 4G WiMax network stands for Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access and is a different standard (802. There is backward compatibility of LTE-Advanced with LTE. With benefits like security. With time this will be resolved. This is because LTE was designed to be backward compatible with GSM and HSPA. Sprint uses this technology for its 4G network. Because of this design.

However. For non-line of sight the network can reach up to 25 . Another big factor are the businesses with remote branch offices that want to adopt a cellular enabled business plan that adopt cellular-enabled business gateways as either primary or back up WAN connections. 2012 was upgraded to 802.Assignment 2: 4G Wireless Networks by Jamia Yant April 26. their productivity levels increase dramatically. The Service availability for WiMax is limited in that it only allows so many users on the standard and will cut off any additional users trying to use the connection. One 5 . mobile access designed in Korea for the purpose of maintaining connectivity on the go. The Competition between the 4G LTE Carriers One of the driving factors causing competition between carriers is the customers increase in choices but there are several other factors that are causing more interest in mobile technology today that is also driving such fierce competition. WiBro has the ability to mark out a receiver that is stirring from one location to another location at speeds of up to 74 miles per hour. the range increases to 2. There are similarities between WiBro and WiMax in that the transmission speeds for both are same.800 square miles. If an individual can be on the move and have the same level of connection speed as they do at their home or office. This Wireless Metropolitan Area Network can offer voice and data services without the high expense of cable or the limitations DSL has with distance.30 square miles. It is a radio service for broadband. Like LTE. This is offered as an alternative to WiMax. WiMax is also backward compatible with 3G technologies. The rate of exchange has data rates of 30 – 50 Mbps. One of those factors is the availability of mobile broadband speeds that are directly competing with fixed line access technologies.16e (Mobile WiMax) it was made to be backwards compatible with its previous version. WiMax avoids this because it requires a stationary antenna for receiving the signal. but for line of site between the transmission point and the receiving antenna. The WiBro 4G network technology stands for Wireless Broadband.

Assignment 2: 4G Wireless Networks by Jamia Yant April 26. This gave them a full year’s competitive advantage to develop their coverage areas. Commercials for smart-phones abound and the technology accompanying them is showing the world the capabilities of mobile technology. 6 . I can’t wait to see what is next. 2012 of the many other factors causing this competition is governments of undeveloped countries wanting to take advantage of global services by using the technology to increase telephone access to rural areas unable to be served by wired telephone infrastructures. Verizon and AT&T’s Markets Verizon was the first carrier in the United States to offer a 4G LTE network. Data plans have more competitive pricing and the desire to be the order winner is causing carrier to make improvements to their systems daily. Verizon achieved this lead partly by offering unlimited service plans and popular data-equipped handsets. The race to increase coverage areas is driving the competition along and spreading the benefits to each new market it reaches. Conclusion One only has to sit and watch television for a brief amount of time and he/she will see the advances in technology. The ability to offer 4G LTE network technology has taken the competition to a whole new level with accompanying benefits for the user. Verizon also obtained another 17 million people in their customer base by delivering wholesale access through third party resellers. Advancements from 3G wireless networks to 4G networks are just the next step in mobile technologies evolutionary process. AT&T just launched their network in September of last year and is trying to catch up. Prices are being driven down by having more than one carrier offer the service.

Class Text  Segan.asp  Viswanahan. http://www. (2012) 3G Vs 4G – Which is Better? Pros and Cons of the 3G and 4G Networks. R.wisegeek.html  Cisco.html  between-wifi-wimax-and-wibro. 4G: What’s the Difference?. 7 .html  Verizon Wireless (2011) News Center LTE Information Center. http://www. (2012) Managed 4G LTE WAN: Provide Cost-Effective Wireless Broadband 686343. 2012 References:  Turban / Volonino (2011) Information Technology for Management: Improving Strategic and Operational Performance 8th 2: 4G Wireless Networks by Jamia Yant April 26. www.goingwimax. (2012) Verizon: A Strong Play for Profits Now.verizonwireless. http://www.htm   Conjecture Corporation (2012) What Are the Differences between WiFi. (2009) What is the Difference Between WiMax and LTE? (2012) WiBro.about. P. S.2817. (2012) 3G vs.00. http://seekingalpha.htm  WiMax and WiBro?.