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International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.

Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
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SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevention

Smart Bag for Environment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid

Prevention for Asthma Patient

Muhammad Fadlurahman*, Muhammad Azzumardi A*, Bagas Priyo H*, Astrid

Lutfiana Jahmadi**, Nadia Annizar**

University of Brawijaya, Malang, East Java Indonesia

E-mail : sanbavpimnas@gmail.com

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
1/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

ABSTRACT

Asthma is a chronic lung disease which there is a variation of lung function such as

various airflow limitation where there is more effort on expiratory airflows and respiratory

symptoms like wheezing, tightness in your chest, shortness of breath, and cough that could be

vary over time and may be present or absent at any point of time. Eventhough asthma causes

a reversible change, it cant be cured completely and can only be controlled the exacerbation

by avoiding the cause of asthma. So, there is an idea to create a device to detect potentially

dangerous environtmental condition for asthma sufferers and to provide immediate reliefs in

order to help preventing asthma exacerbation with a device Smart Android Bag for Asthma

Prevention (SANBAV).

Sanbav, supported by Android application is a network of devices that is able to show

environtmental conditions and to give commands for users to be aware of the upcoming

asthma attack when the triggers is detected. SANBAV uses some equipments such as the

sensor detection of gas, humidity, temperature, and dust, which are integrated with Android

interface and alarm. When environtmental conditions were to have potential to cause asthma

symptoms, the alarm will blare and the tools will turn on so that the android device that has

been integrated with the microcontroller via bluetooth gives you a warning while provides

information for users to take precaution so that asthma symptoms could be prevented. If

asthma potential cause were to improve, the alarm will be turned off. Thus, the user is already

safe from Hazard.

Keywords: SANBAV, Asthma, Smart Android Bag.

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
2/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

1. INTRODUCTION

Breathing is the main activity in daily life. By breathing a person will be able to inhale

the oxygen content in the air which is further used for metabolic processes in the body.

Unfortunately the number of respiratory problems is very high every year. One of the most

dominant respiratory disorders is asthma. Asthma is a recurring attacks in which sufferers

have difficulty breath and goes off when sighing, where symptoms are different for each

person. Data from the WHO (World Health Organization) mentions, in 2011 there are 235

million people worldwide suffer from asthma with a mortality rate of over 8%. In Indonesia,

particularly in the Persahabatan Hospital as one of the hospitals, the number of asthma

patients who enter emergency rooms has increased 3 times that are 6630 patients in 2011.

In General, asthma is caused by a reaction of the immune system resulting in the

presence of inflammation in the airway. According to AAFA (Asthma and Allergy Foundation

of America) the cause of the inflammation can be an allergen (allergy triggers) such as dust

and pollen of flowers, an irritant in the air like smoke from smoking, coal and firewood as

well as weather as cold temperatures and high air humidity.

From the above background, appeared the idea to create a useful tool to help

prevent the occurrence of asthma caused by environmental conditions that are less

appropriate. The advantages of this tool is also supported by the android smartphone

system utilization that enabled to display environmental conditions and gave the order for

the user to anticipate the occurrence of asthma when the trigger is detected on the

environment. This creativity will be proposed with the title is "SANBAV (Smart Android Bag

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
3/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
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for Asthma Prevention)". This tools is using a sensor, such as dust sensor, temperature

sensor, humidity sensor, bluetooth, and arduino which connected through android

application which is freely to be downloaded on google playstore for everyone.

2. PROPOSED RESEACH

Dust Sensor

The work of dust sensor is to create Digital

output to Particulate Matters (Polution particle) or

mixing solid particle and liquid drop which is found in

the air, This sensor can detect some particle like

dust, ash, or smoke that cant be seen with our bare


Dust Sensor
eyes.

Temperature Sensor IC LM35

Temperature Sensor IC LM35 can be used as a basic temperature sensor. In

addition, LM 35 is also as a precise temperature sensor and packed in the form of Integrated

Circuit (IC), where output voltage output is very linear match with the temperature change.

This sensor serves as a modifier of the physical quantities of temperature to the magnitude

of voltage that has a coefficient of 10 mV / C which means that a temperature rise of 1 C

then there will be a rise in voltage of 10 mV.

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
4/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Humidity Sensor

We use DHT11. DHT11 is a digital sensor that can

measure humidity and ambient air temperature. This Humidity Sensor

sensor is very easy to use along with Arduino. This sensor

has excellent stability levels as well as highly accurate

calibration features. The calibration coefficients are stored

in OTP memory program, so when the internal sensor detects something, then this module

includes the coefficients in its calculation.

Gas Sensor

Gas sensors are devices that can convert chemical compounds into electrical

signals. In this case gas or vapor of organic compounds, gas chromatography (GC) and gas

chromatography / mass spectrometry (GC / MS) has been widely used as a gas gauge. GC

and GC / MS are not portable instruments so that the preparation and storage of samples

are complicated and complex. In addition, investment and maintenance costs as well as GC

and GC / MS operations are not cheap. This sensor is able to provide an alternative as a

quantitative and qualitative quantitative gas gauge that is accurate and reliable, portable,

simple and relatively inexpensive.

Arduino

Arduino is one type of microcontroller which is a

combination of hardware and software based on open

source microcontroller as a means of development of

Arduino
*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique
** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
5/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
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electronics flexible and easy to use. Arduino is aimed at artists, designers, hobbyists and

anyone who is interested to creating devices / products that are interactive. The Arduino

name refers to 3 things: Hardware, a development board, and an ATMega-based AVR

microcontroller.

By using Arduino software we can write programs (called sketches), check if there

are programming errors to program to the microcontroller on the Arduino board. In this

software happens compiling process, that is conversion from program that we write into

codes that can be understood by microcontroller. The Arduino IDE software was developed

based on open source processing software that is widely used to produce interactive

software programs on PC. Arduino programming language based on C language and is a

development of Wiring programming language.

Bluetooth

Bluetooth is a wireless communication

technology that operates in the 2.4 Ghz frequency

band using a frequency hopping transceiver capable

of providing real-time data communication services

between bluetooth hosts with the same range of


Bluetooth
distance as the limited range of service coverage .

With the bluetooth then the microcontroller that has detected an asthma trigger in the

environment will be able to send information to the android device, so it will raise the

anticipation command on the android display that makes it easy for the user.

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
6/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Mechanism of SANBAV :

This activity includes designing all components of the tool that will be applied

in perfecting the working mechanism of SANBAV. In addition, the selection and testing of

each component that may be applied in the system so that the tool will be able to function

optimally. The mechanism of action of this tool

starts from the sensor as an important

component that will be directly related to the

environment to detect any potential cause of

asthma. Afterdetecting the environmental

conditions, this sensor will send an analog signal

to the arduino as a microcontroller, which is.

Then this signal will be processed by the

microcontroller so that it can be seen that in the

environment there are potential causes of recurrence of asthma symptoms or not. If the

condition of the environment has the potential to cause asthma symptoms, the alarm on

the appliance will light up and the android device that has been integrated with the

microcontroller via bluetooth will provide warnings as well as provide information to users

to perform certain actions in anticipation for asthma symptoms do not occur.

Tools Design

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
7/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

The design of this SANBAV will be implemented in the form of a bag in which has

been installed the main tool in the form of sensors and all other electrical components. All

tool components will be designed in one portable box that is easy to install or remove for

easy use. The shape of the bag is chosen because it can store all the components of the

SANBAV system along with toolkits that functioned in anticipation in preventing the

occurrence of asthma. The material used in this bag is a waterproof material, so that when

used during rain, electrical components and toolkits that are not water resistant will be

protected.

Main Component Box Design

Unnification of Tools and Packaging

This activity includes the installation of components that have been made perfectly

into the media bag that has been designed. It also installed a toolkit in the bag as an

anticipation of the potential causes of asthma in the environment. Here are the types of

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
8/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

triggers and commands that are displayed from your android device as anticipated to be

applied in the tool.

As for the android device also included information in the form of causes of

asthma that can be predicted and prevented by avoiding it like due to factors of food, drugs

and so forth. So the cause of asthma will be anticipated to the fullest.

Testing Tools and Evaluation

This test is intended to ensure that the performance of the tool has been made to

function as expected. Some of the tests to be performed are:

A. Sensor Testing and Mechanism

B. Test of Ketahana Packaging on Heat and Rain

C. Ergonomic Feasibility Test

The air holes are


inhaled by miniblower
as a detection sample
by the sensor

Plug it in to charge
the battery
Box Component 3D Design

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
9/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Indicator Lamp

Parameter Display of
Environtment

Main Switch

On / Off

Component Design Box front View

Box Specification :

Lenghtt : 15 cm
Width : 10 cm
Height : 8 cm
Mass : 0,7 kg

3. CONCLUSION

Sanbav can be used to detect the triggered of asthma in the environtment through the sensor.

The sensor is integrated with android application which connected using a bluetooth, so SANBAV

can be used as firstaid and prevention so the asthma attack can be avoided.

4. REFERENCE

Association, The Lung. 2009. All About Asthma Triggers. Ontario : Ontario Lung

Association.

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
10/10
International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Barrett, Steven F. 2013. Arduino Microcontroller Processing for Everyone.

Morgan & Claypool Publishers.

Faisal F, Yunus F, Harahap F. 2012. Dampak Asap Kebakaran Hutan pada

Pernapasan, dalam CDK-189 , Vol.39 no.1 Tahun 2012. Departemen

Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran

Universitas Indonesia.

GINA. 2011. Pocket Guide for Asthma Management and Prevention. dalam

http://www.ginaasthma.org/documents/1 . Diunduh pada tanggal 5 Mei

2015 pukul 20.00 WIB

Iriani, Dewi Utami. 2004. Hubungan Iklim, Indeks Standar Pencemar Udara

(ISPU) dan Kejadian Serangan Asma/Bronkitis di DKI Jakarta Tahun

2002-2003 (Studi Ekologi Time Trend pada 5 rumah Sakit Umum di DKI

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Tampilan Digital dan Keluaran Suara Berbasis Mikrokontroller Avr At

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
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International Journal of Academic Research [ISSN: 2075-4124] Vol. Issue & pp.
Special Issue: SANBAV (Smart Android Bag for Asthma Prevetion : Smart Bag for
Environtment Condition Detection with Android Basis as a Rapid Prevention for Asthma
Petient
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Mega 8535. Surabaya: Progam Studi Sistem Komputer, Universitas

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RI, Depkes. 2009. Pedoman Pengendalian Asthma. jakarta : Depkes RI.

Suhata. 2005. Aplikasi Mikrocontroller sebagai Pengendali Peralatan Elektronik

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WHO. 2013. Asthma dalam http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs307/

en/. Diunduh tanggal 29 September 2015 pukul 17.31 WIB

Xu Z, Huang C, Su H, Turner L, Qiao Z, Tong S. 2013. Diurnal temperature

range and childhood asthma: a time-series study dalam Xu et al.

Environmental Health 2013, 12:12.

*University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Technique


** University of Brawijaya, Faculty of Medicine
12/10