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COMMITMENT TO STUDENT HEALTH

AND EDUCATION
Rutgers University has well-established programs ordinances apply to them, and for obeying them.
to prevent the abuse of alcohol and other drugs and to offer
help to those who suffer from the consequences of alcohol As a further guide to the responsible use of
and other drug abuse. Some of the programs available on alcohol, the Board of Governors adopted a set of
and off campus are described in this document, and you will guidelines which are published in the 1984 Univer
be hearing more about these programs during the school sity Policy, available in Deans of Students ofBces. In
year. This mailing is a special opportunity for you to gain any group where alcoholic beverages are served it is
an overview of alcohol and other drug issues on campus. expected that at least one person designated by the
group be responsible for insuring adherence to these
I. STANDARD OF CONDUCT guidelines.

At Rutgers University, people of different cultures, Students are expected to be sensitive to the
races, religions, and sexual orientations come together to fact that many of their peers cannot drink or choose
work and learn. One of our strengths is the diversity of our not to drink because of the provisions of law or for
community. Rutgers University encourages its students to other reasons. Making non-alcoholic beverages
foster relationships with one another that are based on available encourages greater freedom of choice and
caring and respect. Obeying the law and observing a stan reduces pressure to conform to drinking behavior.
dard of conduct help to ensure that we take care of each Although a small proportion of college students may
other and ourselves. be chronic drinkers, a larger number experience
problems associated with alcohol abuse.
Rutgers University students are expected to demon
strate respect and regard for the rights, property, and Since we are interested in the health and
persons of all individuals; to take responsibility for and be welfare of students, and know the grave conse
conscious of the consequences of their actions; and to act to quences of alcohol and other drug abuse, we seek to
reduce risks oftlamage and harm to tliemselves and others. help students become better informed. We believe
We expect all members of the Rutgers community to help alcohol and other drug education can have a positive
protect each other from harm, including the harm that impact on attitudes and behavior. The potential for
results from the use or abuse of alcohol and other drugs. responsible behavior increases with a greater under
All students are strongly urged to take the laws governing standing of the effects of alcohol and other drugs,
alcohol and other drugs seriously, and by obeying them, including information about ^mptoms, causes, and
avoid exposing themselves and others to serious legal, treatment of substance abuse.
academic, and health risks.
n. ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
All students and employees should know that
Rutgers University prohibits the unlawftil posses A. Information and Research
sion, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol
on its property or as part of any of its activities. Alcohol is the drug of choice for college
students. While illicit drug use by college students
Students at Rutgers University are expected to has been declining over the past decade (by 20% for
abide by federal, state, and local laws. Members of the all drugs including marquana and cocaine), alcohol
community are provided no special protection if they are use has remained relatively unchanged. Recent
caught using, possessing, or distributing illegal drugs. Since studies show that college students do more heavy
alcohol use by those over 21 years of age, in accordance with drinking (defined as 5 or more drinks on a single
university regulations and public laws, is permissible, occasion) than their non-college peers. This is
Rutgers University has adopted guidelines to promote particularly true of white male college students.
responsible use. The University Policy on Alcoholic Bever
ages (Revised by the Board of Governors, 1984) states in its In a 1987 Alcohol and Drug Survey of 606
text that: students at Rutgers University, one quarter of the
students reported that drinking is part of their social
The Universily does not have the authority to alter the activities most of the time. 93% of the students
laws or secure exemption for determining how applicable reported consuming alcohol in their lifetime, with
laws, regulations, and ordinances apply to them. Mem
bers of the University are individually responsible 82% having consumed in the past year, and 63% in
for determining how applicable laws, regulations, and the past week. 18% of the students did not drink
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alcohol. Our studies and others indicate that illicit drug contact against their will or without their consent (acquain
use correlates significantly with heavy alcohol use. tance rape). More than half of reported date rapes involve
alcohol, and one national report revealed that 75% of men
We are concerned about college students concep and 55% of women reported having been drinking or taking
tion of what constitutes normal drinking. People drugs just before an attach.
develop their sense of a norm fi*om the people with whom
they associate. Because heavy drinking is common among In a 1989 Rutgers survey, only 37% of the students
some of them, college students may have a skewed sense who reported having sex under the influence of alcohol or
of bow much alcohol it is safe to consume. For many other drugs said that they practice safer sex, while 50% of
college students, their drinking resembles the binge those who never use alcohol or other drugs said they do.
drinking of only a small percentage of the adult popula 48% of the respondents reported having sex while under the
tion. We also know some of the unique risks students influence of alcohol or other drugs within 60 days of com
expose themselves to at parties where they drink bever pleting the survey.
ages having unknown amounts of alcohol, drink without
eating, and often drink in crowded situations where it is Long-term heavy drinkers can develop psychologi
easy to get separated fi-om friends. Students are vulner cal and physical dependence on alcohol, increasing their risk
able to the same health risks as any drinker, but they also of developing liver and heart disease, circulatory problems,
expose themselves to some problems specific to campus peptic ulcers, cancers, and brain damage. Death fi-om
life. alcohol throughout the U.S. in 1985 was estimated at
94,768, including acute exposure to alcohol (e.g., overdose)
B. Health Risks and long-term misuse (e.g., liver or kidney failure, cancers,
stroke, pneumonia or flu, accidents).
Achieving and maintaining good health plays an
important role in succeeding at the University. Alcohol Health risks vary from drug to drug. Listing them
misuse and the use of illicit drugs can cause both acute is complicated by the synergistic effect that drugs have on
and chronic medical problems, and interfere with health, one another when used in combination. The University
safety, social and family relationships, and academic provides information on illicit drugs. The list of dangers
success. resembles the list for alcohol abuse, but also includes, as
examples, irregular heartbeat, overdose, p^chological
Alcohol is a drug. In the short term and in disturbances, seizures, and organ damage.
small amounts, alcohol reduces inhibitions by mildly tran-
quilizing the brain. As more alcohol is consumed (taking m.EDUCATION, COUNSELING, TREATMENT AND
into account other factors, such as mood, food eaten, body REHABILITATION RESOURCES
size, social setting, drinkers expectations, other drugs in
the body, and the amount and time period of alcohol con A person may have a problem with drinking when
sumption), judgment is impaired, coordination and he or she drinks to get drunk, tries to solve problems by
speech affected, body temperature cools, and pulse and drinking, has extreme changes in personality when drink
breathing rate are lowered. When blood alcohol concen ing (e.g., becoming violent, loud or angry), drinks before
trations exceed .10%, brain activity is further depressed, class or work, or causes harm to him/herself or others. A
reducing self-control, altering behavior, severely affecting similar range of symptoms applies to the use of illicit drugs.
judgment, and dulling sensoiy perceptions. In fact, if too
much alcohol is drunk in too short a time, the brain Rutgers University offers a range of services for
becomes anesthetized, where the drinker can go into a students who want to learn more about alcohol and other
coma and the heart and breathing can stop. drugs, are concerned about their own or someone elses
chemical use, desire treatment or rehabilitation, or are
Short-term risks of drinking include accidents, recovering firom chemical abuse problems.
violence, vandalism, and iqjuty. Students who are
intoxicated often behave more aggressively than when The Alcohol an d O th er Drug A ssistance Pro
they are not intoxicated, ending up in fights, vandalizing gram for Students (ADAPS) is a counseling and infor
property, and iqjuring themselves or others. Drinking to mation program for students who are concerned about their
intoxication often has unpleasant effects, such 6is black drinking or use of other drugs, about a fiiendss use/abuse,
outs, hangovers, and vomiting. Students report other or about drug or alcohol misuse in their family. The
problems with alcohol use as well: sleep disorders, diges ADAPS is a special service of the Rutgers Student Health
tive complaints, anxiety and eating disorders. Service.

Alcohol abuse often plays a role in unplanned Seven programs are available through ADAPS: con
pregnancies, acquaintance rape, forced sex, and assault sultation, outreach, individual alcohol/drug counseling.
One quarter of female students report unwanted sexual
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awareness groups, recovery support groups, adult children IV. FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL LAWS
of alcoholics groups, and substance free on-campus housing
(for students who have made a serious commitment to As part of the Drag-Free Schools and Communi
sobriety). SERVICES ARE CONFIDENTIAL; THERE IS ties Act, the federal government wants to ensure that
NO FEE. Students with concerns about alcohol or drag students are aware of the laws governing the use of
misuse, either their own or by someone dose to them, are alcohol and illicit drags. Students, like any other citi
encouraged to call and talk with an alcohol counselor. zens, are personally responsible for knowing the law. We
ADAPS also consults with faculty and staff to assist them in have selected for publication here some of the key laws
referring students. that we felt were most applicable to students. Campus
police and other local authorities have arrested students
The New J e rse y C ollegiate Substance Abuse for violating these (as well as other) laws. Publications
Pirogram (NJCSAP) is available for students in need of are available through the Acohol and Other Drag
more intensive addiction services, by providing outpatient Education Program for Training that contain further in
and on-campus inpatient treatm ent The NJCSAP inpa formation about alcohol and other drag laws.
tient program has a partial-residential component t.hAt
enables Rutgers students to maintain an academic schedule This listing is culled from federal, state, and
while in treatm ent The ADAPS arranges referral for municipal ordinances. It is not exhaustive, nor is it
Rutgers students in need of intensive outpatient or inpa meant to be. Complete listings of the laws, and informa
tient treatment with NJCSAP. Alcoholics Anonymous and tion about them, are available at the university libraries.
Narcotics Anonymous meetings are available both on and
off campus. A. Acohol
F o r help, inform ation, o r to schedule an appoint Loaning an ID card to an underaged friend or
m en t o n cam pus, call: in New Brunswick - 908-932- using someone elses to obtain alcohol is punishable by a
7976; in Newark - 201-648-1236; in Camden - 609-757- fine of up to $300 or up to 60 days in jail. Selling, offer
6005. ing, or exposing false BDs for sale is a disorderly persons
offense (NJSA 33:1-81.7).
The Alcohol an d O th er Drug Elducation
P rogram fo r Training^A D EPT) iaavailable for stu----- Alcoholhrbeverages msgr be servedrmtyto those
dents, faculty, and staff throughout the university. Stu of legal drinking age. Individuals and organizations
dents are encouraged to make responsible decisions about sponsoring a social activity where alcohol will be served
using or not using alcohol and other drags, and to respect are held responsible for compliance with regulations
the decisions of other students. governing the use of alcohol (NJSA 2C:33-17).
Skilled student alcohol/drag educators lead pro -Individuals who have not attained the legal
grams and workshops upon request for student organiza drinking age may be subject to a penalty if they possess
tions, residence halls, and classes. The goals of these or consume any alcohol in a public place. NJSA 2C:33-
programs are to help students look at their own values and 15, Possession or Consumption of Alcohol in Public
behavior and how chemical use may or may not relate to Places by the Under-aged, states that anyone under 21
personal goals and activities, to help students leam how who knowingly possesses or consumes alcohol in a public
alcohol and other drags act within the body and how they place is guilty of a disorderly persons offense and shall
are used generally and by college students, and to help stu be fined at least $100.
dents assist others who may have problems with chemical
abuse. In addition, students can help each other by learn Anyone found to have an opened or unsealed
ing signs of problems, and by learning how to express container holding an alcoholic beverage in a car or on the
concern and offer support and suggestions. street faces legal penalties. Penalties for violating "open
container ordinances" vaiy frx>m town to town. In New
Brunswick, the penalty is a fine of $100-$1000 and/or a
ADAPS, (908)932-7976 90-day jail term. In Piscataway, the penally is a fine of
Ms. Lisa L aitm an, D irector up to $100 and/or a jail term of up to 15 days. Penalties
ADEPT, (908)932-7710 in Newark and Camden are a fine of up to $500 and/or a
Mr. R ichard Powell, C oordinator jail term of up to 90 days.
NJCSAP, (908)932-6646
Mr. Milm Paulus, Co-Director B. Illegal Drags

The New Jersey Comprehensive Drag Reform


Act (NJS2C 1987, amended 1988) created new and university levels. Various disciplinary actions
offenses, increased penalties for existing offenses to for organizations indude forfeiture of student fee
ensure the imposition of stem, consistent punish support and losing their charter. Disdplinaiy
ment for all dmg offenders, and transferr^ all drug actions for individuals indude losing campus housing
offenses into the Code of Criminal Justice. Rutgers and suspension or expulsion fi:om the University.
students are affected by this Act
At Rutgers, in addition to the Urriversity
Simple possession, use, or being under the Policy, the individual colleges and residence halls
influence of maryuana can result in a fine of $500- have specific rules for alcohol use. These regulations
$15,000 and 0-18 months in jail. Cocaine, speed, are available fi:om residence hall staff, student cen
psilocybin, and LSD carry fines of $1,000-$15,000 ters, Deans of Students offices, and the Office of Stu
and jail terms of 0-5 years for possession, use, or dent Life Policy and Services.
being under the influence. Use or possession with
intent to distribute carries heavier penalties. Some Rutgers University has these polides and
new penalties students should consider include those sanctions because it has high expectations for
falling under the Dmg-Free School Zones Act, estab student achievement Alcohol and other drug abuse
lished by state law. Penalties for certain drug affects that achievement This abuse affects others
offenses committed within the school safety zones as well: fiiends, families, roommates, classmates,
are greatly increased. Many areas of the Rutgers employers, and fellow employees. Relationships can
campuses are considered to be within these safety become strained, misunderstandings can occur, and
zones. work performance can suffer. Substance abuse can
not only cause serious personal difficulties for indi
V. UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE SANCTIONS viduals, but can disrupt an entire college campus,
ruin relationships, and end lives. For students who
Rutgers University prohibits the illegal use choose to drink, many are able to drink responsibly.
and/or distribution of alcohol and drags. O rdinar For students who seek help for themselves or others,
ily th e university seeks expulsion o r suspen the University offers resources and support Work
sion for illegal substance distribution or ing together we can help realize our commitment to
possession o f a sufficient quantity to indicate education and health.
th e in te n t to distribute. For illegal use, the Uni
versity may require mandatoiy assessment and
counseling (w i^ follow-up if indicated), and sanc REFERENCES:
tions, short of suspension, as determined by individ Social Drinking: For People Who Drink and People Who
ual colleges. Your college will provide notice of its Dont, and Alcohol, Wisconsin Clearinghouse; P.O.Box 1468 Madi
son, W I53701.
rules and regulations. R utgers is com m itted to
helping people w ith substance abuse problem s Alcohol: Decisions on Tap, American College Health Asso
ciation, 1300 Piccard Drive, Suite 200; Rockville, MD 20860.
a n d encourages th em to seek assistance a t
ADAPS voluntarily. Seeking help for a sub Illicit Drug Use, Smoking, and Drinking By Americas Hig^
School Students, College Students, a n d ^ u n g Adults 1976-1987, for
stance abuse problem will n o t resu lt in rep o rt NIDA (6600 Fishers Lane; Rockville, MD 20867) by University of
ing. Michigan Institute for Social Research, 1988.
Journal of American College Health, Students. Alcohol, and
IlUcit drugs are prohibited on campus at all College Health: A Special Issue. Vol 36, No. 2, September, 1987.
times. The use of alcohol by those over 21 and in Regulations Governing the Use of Alcoholic Beverages,
accordance with university policy is permitted. The Rutgers University, Board of Governors, 1984.
Universitys alcohol policies apply to all members of
the University community and their guests or Federal law requires the University to inform stu
visitors using University facilities. These regulations dents of university policies, sanctions, and resources, of health
risks associated with alcohol and other drug use, and of
also apply to University-chartered and recognized applicable local, state, and federal laws. We have desiraed this
organizations, student organizations, residence hall document to meet the requirements of the Drug-Free Schools
organizations, fititernities, sororities, and events held and Communities Act Amendments of 1989 ((jFR 34 Part 86)
for drug-free schools and campuses.
in University facilities where the consumption of
alcohol is permitted.
Office of Student Life Policy and Services
301 Van Nest HaU
Individuals and organizations that fail to New Brunswick, N J 08903
abide by University policy and regulations governing
the use of alcohol are subject to disciplinary action in THE STATE UNIVERSITY O F N E W JERSEY
accordance with established procedures at college
RUTGERS