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Temperature Sensors

The data sheet concept


Temperature Sensors agenda
Searches Content Layout----------------3. Electrical Characteristics: LM35, LM35C,
Features and Applications---------------5. LM35D----------------------------------12.

Description---------------------------------6. Typical Characteristics---------------13-14.


Difference range of temperature sensor-7. Typical Application----------------------15.
Pin Configuration and Functions-------8. System Examples--------------------16-19.
Specifications----------------------------9-10.
Power Supply Recommendations------20.
Electrical Characteristics: LM35A, LM35CA
Limits-------------------------------------11. Real Part------------------------------------21.
Electrical Characteristics: LM35A, LM35CA
Limits-----------------------------------11.
Searches Content Layout

Temperature Sensors
First features and specifications pages 1-4.
Second electrical characteristics pages 5-8.
Third electrical characteristics and typical characteristics
pages 9-12.
Fourth detailed description pages 12-15.
Fifth layout example pages 16-21.
Sixth packaging information pages 22-27.
Seventh example board layout 28 33 and review.
Temperature Sensors
Data sheet of Temperature Sensors LM35 Precision Centigrade
Temperature Sensors .
Features and Applications

Features
Calibrated Directly in Celsius (Centigrade). Operates from 4 to 30 .
Linear + 10 / Scale Factor. Less than 60 Current Drain.
0.5C Ensured Accuracy (at 25). Low Self-Heating, 0.08 in Still Air.
Rated for Full 55 to 150 Range. Non-Linearity Only Typical.
Suitable for Remote Applications. Low-Impedance Output, 0.1 for
Low-Cost Due to Wafer-Level Trimming. 1 Load.

Applications
Power Supplies. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC).
Battery Management. Appliances.
Description
The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit temperature devices with an output
voltage linearly proportional to the Celsius temperature.
The LM35 device has an advantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated in Kelvin, as
the user is not required to subtract a large constant voltage from the output to obtain
convenient Centigrade scaling.
The LM35 device does not require any external calibration or trimming to provide typical
accuracies of C at room temperature and C over a full 55C to 150C temperature
range.
Lower cost is assured by trimming and calibration at the wafer level.
The LM35s low output impedance, linear output, and precise inherent calibration make
interfacing to readout or control circuitry especially easy.
It can be used with single power supplies, or with plus and minus supplies.
As it draws only 60 from its supply, it has very low self-heating, less than 0.1C in still
air.
Difference range of temperature sensor

Basic Centigrade Temperature Sensor Full-Range Centigrade Temperature


(2C to 150C) Sensor (-55C to 150C)
Pin Configuration and Functions

That is important to connected the pins in circuit application.


Specifications
Absolute Maximum Ratings (over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted))

1. If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the Texas Instruments Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
2. Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. DC and AC
electrical specifications do not apply when operating the device beyond its rated operating conditions.
Specifications
Recommended Operating Conditions (over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted))
Electrical Characteristics: LM35A, LM35CA Limits

Accuracy is defined as the error between the output


voltage and 10 mv/C times the case temperature of the
device, at specified conditions of voltage, current, and
temperature (expressed in C).
Tested Limits are ensured and 100% tested in
production.
Design Limits are ensured (but not 100% production
tested) over the indicated temperature and supply
voltage ranges. These limits are not used to calculate
outgoing quality levels.
Non-linearity is defined as the deviation of the output-
voltage-versus-temperature curve from the best-fit
straight line, over the rated temperature range of the
device.
Regulation is measured at constant junction
temperature, using pulse testing with a low duty cycle.
Changes in output due to heating effects can be
computed by multiplying the internal dissipation by the
thermal resistance.
Electrical Characteristics: LM35, LM35C, LM35D

Accuracy is defined as the error between the output


voltage and 10 mv/C times the case temperature of the
device, at specified conditions of voltage, current, and
temperature (expressed in C).
Tested Limits are ensured and 100% tested in
production.
Design Limits are ensured (but not 100% production
tested) over the indicated temperature and supply
voltage ranges. These limits are not used to calculate
outgoing quality levels.
Non-linearity is defined as the deviation of the output-
voltage-versus-temperature curve from the best-fit
straight line, over the rated temperature range of the
device.
Regulation is measured at constant junction
temperature, using pulse testing with a low duty cycle.
Changes in output due to heating effects can be
computed by multiplying the internal dissipation by the
thermal resistance.
Typical Characteristics
Typical Characteristics
Typical Application

Basic Centigrade Temperature Sensor Application Curve

Design Requirements
System Examples:

LM35 as a current source:


The LM317 is used to provide a trim voltage. The PNP
transistor to increase the current capability (the LM35
cannot provide 20mA by itself). If we look at the numbers,
we want a 16mA increase for 100C. So this is 0.16mA per
C. We know the output of the LM35 is 10mVC, so we can
calculate the current through the 62.5 resistor:
10mV / 62.5 = 0.16mA. LM35 outputs 10mV/C, which
produces 0.16mA through the resistor. Since the range is
from 4-20mA, we need 4mA drawn to start with though.
The LM317 will sink around 2.8mA (1.25V / 452) so we just
need another 1.2mA. 1.2mA * 62.5 = 75mV, so we trim
the pot to about halfway for out zero C reference at 4mA.
System Examples:

LM35 as a Fahrenheit Thermometer:


F=(C x 1.8) + 32 (conversion from C to F)
F is the temperature in Fahrenheit.
C is the temperature in Celsius.
System Examples:

Temperature to Digital Converter


(Serial Output) (128C Full Scale)
System Examples:

LM35 With Voltage-To-Frequency


Converter and Isolated Output (2C
to 150C; 20 to 1500 Hz)
Power Supply Recommendations:
The LM35 device has a very wide 4-V to 30-V power supply Voltage range,
which makes it ideal for many applications. In noisy environments, TI
recommends adding a 0.1 from V+ to GND to bypass the power supply
voltage. Larger capacitances maybe required and are dependent on the
power-supply noise.

Layout:
N.C (no connection).
Real Part
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