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STATION NAME : 220KV GAMESA SWITCHING STATION

1.0 220KV VIJAYAPURA LINE DISTANCE RELAY SETTING CALCULATION
1.1 SYSTEM DETAILS
System data at GM SS end(As per input details)
Nominal Voltage : 220 kV
3- Phase fault level : 9131.2 MVA
1- Phase fault level : 6174.3 MVA

System data at remote end Vijaypura (As per input details)
3- Phase fault level : 3079.3 MVA
1- Phase fault level : 2430 MVA

35kM 220kV OHL-1
50.3 kM 220kV HNDI OHL-1&2

35kM 220kV OHL-2

25 kM 220kV VYASHALLI OHL-1&2
GM SS (Local)

VIJAYPURA(Remote)

Protected Line Data(220kV O/H Line)
Total Line length: = 35 km
Conductor : ACSR DRAKE TYPE
Positive Seq. Imp in Ohm/kM ZL1 (RL1+ jXL1) = 0.08040 +j 0.3999
Zero Seq. Imp in Ohms/kM ZL0 (RL0+ jXL0) = 0.22900 +j 1.245

Shortest adjacent line(220kV VIJAYPURA -VYSHALLI)

Line length: = 25 km

Longest adjacent line(220kV VIJAYPURA-HNDI)

Line length: = 50.3 km

CT details
CT Primary Current = 800 A
CT Secondary Current = 1 A

PT Details
PT Primary Voltage = 220 kV
PT Secondary Voltage = 110 V

1.2 Main-2 Distance Protection(21)
Relay Details:
Relay Type : 7SA522
Make : SIEMENS

NOTES
As per Relay requirement, all relay setting are in terms of Secondary Ohms.
All phase and earth fault zone elements have fixed quadrilateral characteristic shape.

EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.COM Page 1 of 6

COM Page 2 of 6 .98 Capacitance of the line = 0.4 EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.0126752 μF/km Transformation Ratio = (CTPri/CTSec)*(VTSec/VTPri) = (800/1)*(110/220000) = 0. Line Capacitance calculations Capacitance of line = B÷2xπxf B = Total Conductor susceptance μS/km = 3.

430 Ω = 17.0100 +j 9. X1 = 5.599 Ω ZL = 5.7224 Ω 79.63 ° Zero Sequence of the protected line.4696 Ω 79.245 ) x Total Zero Seq Impedance ZL0 = 5.0441 +j 20.2900 +j 12.1256 Ω Line Reactance.999 Ω = 4.997 Ω = 1.245 ) x Total Zero Seq Impedance ZL0 = 8.COM Page 3 of 6 .8140 +j 13.115 Ω = 1.3999 ) x Total Positive Seq Impedance ZL1 = 2.046 Ω = 8.(RLo + J XLo) = 3.5187 +j 62.998 Ω = 0.6589 Ω 79.6075 +j 25.1256 +j 5. Protected Line impedance calculations Positive Seq Imp of the protected line = Seq.7250 +j 31.0150 +j 43.2290 +j 1. (RL + JXL) = 1.450 Ω = 12.632 ° Zero Seq Imp of the line (RL0 + JXL0) =( 0.0804 +j 0.632 ° Zero Seq Imp of the line (RL0 + JXL0) =( 0.5986 Ω Line Angle.632 ° Zero Seq Imp of the line (RL0 + JXL0) =( 0.2290 +j 1.0804 +j 0. Impedance in Ω/kM x Line Length in km Positive Seq Imp of the line(RL1 + JXlL1) =( 0.578 ° Zero Sequence Compensation Factor The Zero sequence compensation setting is applied so that the distance protection measures the distance to fault of all fault types based on the positive sequence reach settings.3999 ) x Total Positive Seq Impedance ZL1 = 4.7106 Ω 78.8040 +j 3.2070 Ω 78.0804 +j 0.2060 +j 17.430 Ω Zero Sequence EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.2060 +j 17. Ө = 78.578 ° Longest adjacent line impedance calculations Positive Seq Imp of the protected line = Seq.245 ) x Total Zero Seq Impedance ZL0 = 11.0790 Ω 78. The setting is applied as RE / RL and XE / XL setting with respect to the respective zones (RE / Rl) = (1/3) x {(RE / Rl) -1 } (XE / Xl) = (1/3) x {(XE / Xl) -1 } Positive Sequence Impedance of the Protected line As calculated from the above Section Positive Sequence of the protected line.1256 +j 5. R1 = 1.599 Ω = 5.7106 Ω Positive Sequence Line Resistance.049 Ω = 25.624 Ω = 4.3999 ) x Total Positive Seq Impedance ZL1 = 2.578 ° Shortest adjacent line impedance calculations Positive Seq Imp of the protected line = Seq.575 Ω = 3. Impedance in Ω/kM x Line Length in km Positive Seq Imp of the line(RL1 + JXlL1) =( 0.125 Ω = 2.6176 +j 8.2290 +j 1. Impedance in Ω/kM x Line Length in km Positive Seq Imp of the line(RL1 + JXlL1) =( 0.

90 Ω (Primary) = 57.85 Load Angle = Cosˉ¹(Load Power Factor) Therefore.16 Ω (Secondary) Load Power factor = 0. X(Z1) = 4. Ө = 79.4300 Ω Line Angle.1256 +j 5. reactance Compensation Factor XE/Xl for Line = (1/3) x {(X0 / X1) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Line X0/ Line X1) -1 } Hence.2060 Ω Line Reactance. Vnominal = 220. set Zone-1 +ve Seq. Tower footing + Arc Resistance = RTf + Arc = 40 + 8. Line.8 x (1.599) = 0.616 EPILLAR2016@GMAIL. ØLoad-Max = ARCCOS(0.9 x V nominal Imax = 800 A Zlodmin = ( 220000/√3) x 0.88 Ω Hence.6160862 Zero Seq.565 +j 13.9/(800) Zlodmin = 142.944 Ω Zero Seq. Xo = 17. Max load angle with margin. RE/RL = 0.COM Page 4 of 6 . Compensation Factor RE/RL Zone-1 = (1/3) x {(RE / Rl) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-1R0/ Zone-1R1) -1 } Hence. resi. RE/RL = 0.9005 +j 4.9m (Suspension insulator length from tow Minimum fault current. I = 1000A Arc Resistance.00 kV Vmin = 0.43) = 2. Compensation Factors for Zone-1: (Z1 zero Seq ImpSec)= 80% x Positive Seq Imp of the protected line Ro(Z1) + j Xo(Z1) = 0. Line . Reactance.4 Length of the arc. Ro = 3.8 x (3.58 ° Zero Seq. Arc = 28707 x L / I1. resistance compensation Factor RE/RL for Line = (1/3) x {(RE / Rl) -1 } = (1/3) x {(LineR0/ Line R1) -1 } Hence.7044261 Arc & Tower footing Resistance (Assumptions) Tower footing Resistance RTf = 40 Ω Arc Resistance. XE/XL = 0.88 RTf + Arc = 48.85) + 5° ØLoad-Max = 37° Zone Setting Calculations: Zone . Zlodmin = (Vmin/√3)/ Imax Where.206 +j 17. Line Resistance.88 Ω (Primary) Minimum load Impedance Minimum load Impedance.479 Ω Zero Seq. Rarc = 8. Zone-1. L = 4. (Z1phReach) = 80% x Positive Seq Imp of the protected line R1(Z1) + X1(Z1) = 0.479 Ω Therefore.1 Reactance Settings X(Z1) Required Zone 1 reach.

RE/RL = 0. Zone-1 . Compensation Factor RE/RL Zone-1 = (1/3) x {(RE / Rl) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-1R0/ Zone-1R1) -1 } Hence.5 x(0. Factor XE/Xl Zone-2 = (1/3) x {(X0 / X1) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-2X0/ Zone-2X1) -1 } Hence.704 Zone-2 Time delay setting Set time delay setting for Zone-2. Zone-2 Reach = 100% of protected line + 50% of adjacent shortest line R1(Z2) + X1(Z2) = (1.2 Reactance Settings X(Z2) 100% of protected line + 50% of adjacent shortest line or 50% of Transformer Required Zone 2 reach= Impedance in parallel In This case Vijaypura side there is no transformer so.5981 Ω Z2 = 7.1256 +j 5. X(Z1B) = 6. Compen.804 + j3.45) = 4. Zone-1B +ve Seq.599) = 1. Factor RE/RL Zone-2 = (1/3) x {(RE/Rl) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-2R0/ Zone-2R1) -1 } Hence. X(Z2) = 7. XE/XL = 0.4 sec EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.0 sec Zone .616 Zero Seq. Compensation Factors for Zone-2: (Z2 zero Seq ImpSec)= 100% of protected line + 50% of adjacent shortest line Ro(Z2) + j Xo(Z2) = (3.0 sec Zone . Compen.1256 +j 5. tZ2 = 0.655 Ω Zero Seq.2 x (1.43) + 0. XE/XL = 0.750 Ω Therefore.206 +j 17. set Zone-2 +ve Seq.528 +j 7. Factor XE/Xl Zone-1 = (1/3) x {(X0 / X1) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-1X0/ Zone-1X1) -1 } Hence.29 + j12.1B Reactance Settings X(Z1B) As per Siemens Relay manual Overreach Zone shall be set for SOTF.750 Ω Zero Seq. Zone-1B . react. Zone-2 .599) + 0.718 Ω Therefore. resi. Zone-2.9999) = 1.704 Zone-1B Time delay setting Set time delay setting for Zone-1B.COM Page 5 of 6 .351 +j 6. Reactance. Zero Seq. Reactance.616 Zero Seq.5 x (2. Compen.847 +j 20.351 +j 23.704 Zone-1 Time delay setting Set time delay setting for Zone-1. tz1b = 0. Compensation Factors for Zone-1B: (Z1B zero Seq ImpSec)= 120% x Zero Seq Imp of the protected line Ro(Z1B) + j Xo(Z1B) = 1. XE/XL = 0. Zone-1B.2 x (3.206 +j 17. Compen.71832 Ω Zero Seq. resi. Zone 1B shall be set for 120% of the protected line (Z1BphReach) = 120% x Positive Seq Imp of the protected line R1(Z1B) + X1(Z1B) = 1. react. tZ1 = 0. react.43) = 3. RE/RL = 0.916 Ω Zero Seq. Factor XE/Xl Zone-1 = (1/3) x {(X0 / X1) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-1X0/ Zone-1X1) -1 } Hence.

and tower footing resistance in case of earth faults. resi.802 +j 4.43) = 0.3 Reactance Settings X(Z3) Required Zone 3 reach = (100% of protected line + 100% of adjacent longest line or 100% of Transform In This case Vijaypura sideimpedance there is nointransformer parallel) so.049) = 7.400 Ω Zero Seq. Zone-3 RE/RL = 0.7432 +j 13. (Z3phReach) = (100% of protected line + 100% of adjacent longest line) R1(Z3)+ X1(Z3) = (1. Required Zone 4 reach.8 sec Zone .645 Ω Zero Seq.3575 Ω Zero Seq.2 sec Resistive Reach Calculations As per Siemens manual Resistive reach margin for phase and earth faults. Compensation Factors for Zone-3: (Z3 zero Seq ImpSec)= Zero seq imp (100% of protected line + 100% of adjacent longest line) Ro(Z3)+j Xo(Z3) = (3.1256 +j 5.43) + (4. It is taken into account by the shape of the polygon. the relay settings should consider the fault resistance which appears as an additional resistance at the location of fault and the same is added to the impedance of the line.599) = 0. (Z4phReach) = (25% of protected line impedance) R1(Z4)+ X1(Z4) = 0. X(Z3) = 13. Reactance. It comprises. Factor XE/Xl Zone-4 = (1/3) x {(X0 / X1) -1 } Hence. Factor RE/RL Zone-3 = (1/3) x {(RE/Rl) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-3R0/ Zone-3R1) -1 } Hence.645 Ω Therefore.616 Zero Seq. Compen. Compen.206 +j 17. X(Z4) = 1.4 Reactance Settings X(Z4) Reverse reach Zone. Reactance.046) = 2.25 x (3.704 Zone-4 Time delay setting Set time delay setting for Zone-4. tZ3 = 0.813 +j 42.479 Ω Zero Seq.28 +j 1. Compensation Factors for Zone-4: (Z4 zero Seq ImpSec)= (25% of protected line impedance) Ro(Z4)+j Xo(Z4) = 0. tZ4 = 1. Compen. Fault resistance calculation for Phase-Phase fault EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.6176 + j 8. As per Siemens manual. Factor RE/RL Zone-4 = (1/3) x {(RE/Rl) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-4R0/ Zone-4R1) -1 } Hence.704 Zone-3 Time delay setting Set time delay setting for Zone-3.COM Page 6 of 6 . react. react.616 Zero Seq. resi. set Zone-4 +ve Seq. the resistance RL of the line itself can be ignored with SIPROTEC devices.25 x (1. Zone-4 XE/XL = 0.206 +j 17. Compen.6075+ j25. Zone-3 XE/XL = 0. set Zone-3 +ve Seq. Zone .599) + (1. Zone-4 RE/RL = 0.1256 +j 5.39965 Ω Therefore. Factor XE/Xl Zone-3 = (1/3) x {(X0 / X1) -1 } = (1/3) x {(Zone-3X0/ Zone-3X1) -1 } Hence. the resistance the arc.

88 Ω The Tower footing resistance + Arc resistance = 48.2x[1+ I2/I1] x {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} Fault current infeed factor I2/I1 = 2.750 Hence.645 = 16. Resistive tolerance for phase-phase fault = 0.2.2 Rarc = 8. R(Z1B)ϕ-ϕ = 11.498 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 0.752 Ω The Zone 3 phase-phase reach is as below. R(Z4)ϕ-ϕ = (0.743 + 7.5 x 8.5 x Rarc x 1.916 Hence.88 x 1.528 + 7.479) = 9. Resistive tolerance for phase-phase fault = (0. R(Z4)ϕ-ϕ = 8. R(Z3)ϕ-ϕ = (2. R(Z1B)ϕ-ϕ = (1. Zone(Z)Phase-earth fault reach = (R(Zone)ph-ph + Resistive tolerance ph-e) + j X(Zone) Where.0 [Worst case] Zero sequence compensation factor = RE/RL EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.28 + 7.351 + 7. the total impedance for phase-earth fault shall include resistive tolerance as below. R(Z1)ϕ-ϕ = (0.2) = 5.086) +j 13. Zone(Z)Phase-Phase fault reach = (R(Zone)ph-ph + Resistive tolerance ph-ph) + j X(Zone) Where.086 +j 4. Rarc = 8.758 = 11.328 Ω = 7.785 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 1.9005+7. As per Siemens Relay manual. R(Z1)ϕ-ϕ = 10. R(Z2)ϕ-ϕ = (1.498 Ω The Zone 4 phase-phase reach is as below.863 Ω The Zone 2 phase-phase reach is as below.159 Hence.COM Page 7 of 6 . Tft = 40 Ω Arc resistance. the total impedance for respective zones shall include resistive tolerance as below.682 Hence.550 Ω As per Siemens Relay manual. Resistive tolerance for phase-earth fault = 1.248 Ω Fault Resistance Calculations for Phase-Earth fault As per above Section 1.88 Ω = 19.3997 = 7.593 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 1.817 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 1.88 Ω Hence.086) +j 1. R(Z3)ϕ-ϕ = 18.086) +j 6.086) +j 7.086 Ω The Zone 1 phase-phase reach is as below.157 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 0. R(Z2)ϕ-ϕ = 12.1.078 Hence.718 = 10.072 Ω The Zone 1B phase-phase reach is as below. The Tower footing resistance .

262 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 4.616 (Ref.55)/(1+ 0.941 Ω The Zone 2 phase-phase reach is as below.4599 +j 4.0] x {(19.616)} = 43. RE/RL= 0. The Zone 1 phase-phase reach is as below.0] x {(19. R(Z3)ϕ-e = 53.0 [Worst case] Zone 3 Zero sequence compensation factor = RE/RL Zone 3.741 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 4.0 [Worst case] Zone 1 Zero sequence compensation factor = RE/RL Zone 1.743 + 43.2x[1+ I2/I1] x {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} Fault current infeed factor I2/I1 = 2.645 = 48.0] x {(19. Resistive tolerance for phase-earth fault .55)/(1+ 0.616)} = 43.479) = 44. Zone 2 Rtph-ph-e = 1. Rtph-ph-e = 1.045 Ω The Zone 1B phase-phase reach is as below. Rtph-ph-e = 1. RE/RL = 0. Rtph-ph-e = 1.2x[1+2.574 Hence.55)/(1+ 0.549939 R(Z4)ϕ-e = (0.549939 R(Z3)ϕ-e = (2.2x[1+ I2/I1] x {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} Fault current infeed factor I2/I1 = 2.401 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 4. Zone 3 Rtph-ph-e = 1.616)} = 43.2x[1+2.9005+43.616)} = 43. R(Z1B)ϕ-e = 49.2x[1+ I2/I1] x {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} Fault current infeed factor I2/I1 = 2.2x[1+2. above Section) Hence.549939 R(Z1)ϕ-e = (0. RE/RL = 0.549939 R(Z1B)ϕ-e = (1.549939 R(Z2)ϕ-e = (1. Resistive tolerance for phase-earth fault .616 (Ref.0] x {(19. above Section) Hence.55)/(1+ 0. Resistive tolerance for phase-earth fault .586 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 4.COM Page 8 of 6 .0 [Worst case] Zone 2 Zero sequence compensation factor = RE/RL Zone 2.2x[1+2.0 [Worst case] Zone 1B Zero sequence compensation factor = RE/RL Zone 1B.826 Hence.718 = 45.2x[1+ I2/I1] x {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} Fault current infeed factor I2/I1 = 2.5499) +j 6.616 (Ref.758 = 45. Zone 1 Rtph-ph-e = 1. Zone 4 Rtph-ph-e = 1.528 + 43. Rtph-ph-e = 1. above Section) Hence.616 (Ref.459 Hence.6160862 (Ref. RE/RL= 0.2x[1+2.088 Ω The Zone 4 phase-phase reach is as below. Zone 1B Rtph-ph-e = 1.0 [Worst case] Zone 4 Zero sequence compensation factor = RE/RL Zone 4. Resistive tolerance for phase-earth fault . R(Z2)ϕ-e = 50.540 Hence.5499) +j 7. R(Z1)ϕ-e = 49.351 + 43. above Section) Hence.0] x {(19.616)} = 43. Rtph-ph-e = 1.28 + 43.315 Ω The Zone 3 phase-phase reach is as below.55)/(1+ 0. Resistive tolerance for phase-earth fault .3997 EPILLAR2016@GMAIL. above Section) Hence.5499) +j 1.5499) +j 13.2x[1+ I2/I1] x {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} Fault current infeed factor I2/I1 = 2. RE/RL= 0.

0 sec EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.385 Hence.238 Ω 1.2 X 800 = 160A = 160A (Primary) Time delay curve type.3 Directional Earth Fault Protection DEF(67N) : Main-2 protection shall include the DEF(Directional Earth fault) protection DEF Status = Enable Polarization = Zero Sequence Voltage. Base (reference) current. = 43. operate time for inverse curve. V> = 10% of Vpn IBase.COM Page 9 of 6 .852 with additional 10% overall tolerance = 4. R(Z4)ϕ-e = 48. IN1 = 20% of IB IN1 in % of IBs = 0. t2Min = 2. IB = 800 A Operate residual current level. Characteristic2 = DT Min.

EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.COM Page 10 of 6 . Ω/km Ω/km teristic shape.

COM Page 11 of 6 .VTSec/VTPri) EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.

30 (Primary) (Secondary) (Secondary) 50.00 (Primary) (Secondary) (Secondary) e Length in km 50.30 (Primary) (Secondary) (Secondary) otection measures (Secondary) (Secondary) (Secondary) (Secondary) (Secondary) EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.COM Page 12 of 6 .00 (Primary) (Secondary) (Secondary) 35.00 (Primary) (Secondary) (Secondary) 25.00 (Primary) (Secondary) (Secondary) e Length in km 25.e Length in km 35.

(Secondary) (Secondary) / Line R1) -1 } / Line X1) -1 } pension insulator length from tower) (Secondary) (Secondary) R0/ Zone-1R1) -1 } EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.COM Page 13 of 6 .

804 + j3.COM Page 14 of 6 .29 + j12.5 x(0.9999) (Secondary) est line + 0.X0/ Zone-1X1) -1 } (Secondary) (Secondary) R0/ Zone-1R1) -1 } X0/ Zone-1X1) -1 } est line or 50% of Transformer est line 9) + 0.5 x (2.45) (Secondary) R0/ Zone-2R1) -1 } X0/ Zone-2X1) -1 } EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.

gest line or 100% of Transformer 9) + (1.6075+ j25.6176 + j 8.046) (Secondary) djacent longest line) + (4. earth faults. EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.COM Page 15 of 6 . nce which appears as an mpedance of the line.049) (Secondary) R0/ Zone-3R1) -1 } X0/ Zone-3X1) -1 } (Secondary) (Secondary) R0/ Zone-4R1) -1 } he resistance RL of the y the shape of the polygon.

COM Page 16 of 6 .all include resistive ph) + j X(Zone) (Primary) (Secondary) (Primary) (Secondary) all include resistive e) + j X(Zone) {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.

55)/(1+ 0.55)/(1+ 0.616)} {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} above Section) 19.55)/(1+ 0.616)} {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} above Section) 19.616)} 9) +j 13.55)/(1+ 0.616)} EPILLAR2016@GMAIL.616)} {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} above Section) 19.645 {(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} above Section) 19.55)/(1+ 0.{(Rarc + Rtf)/(1+RE/RL)} above Section) 19.COM Page 17 of 6 .