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IMPORTANCE AND CONDUCT

OF GRID IMPACT STUDY

40th IIEE Annual National Convention and 3E XPO 2015
Nov. 27, 2015

Stronger transmission
for a stronger nation.

Outline

1. Statutory and Regulatory Basis

2. Importance

3. Procedures and Requirements

1. Statutory and Regulatory Basis .Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.

if any. . A set of technical studies which are used to assess the possible effects of a proposed expansion. System Impact Study (SIS): An assessment made or conducted by the Transmission Provider/System Operator in addition to the Grid impact studies prepared by it in accordance with the Grid Code. to determine: (i) the adequacy of the Transmission System and its capability to accommodate a request for Power Delivery Service. and (ii) the costs. reinforcement. Definitions in the Open Access Transmission Service (OATS) Rules Grid Impact Studies (GIS): As defined in the Grid Code and includes Grid planning studies. Definitions Definition in the Philippine Grid Code (PGC) Grid Impact Studies. or modification of the Grid or a User Development and to evaluate Significant Incidents. that may be incurred in order to provide Power Delivery Service to a Transmission Customer.

consistent with the TDP and the Grid Code. 9136 : EPIRA EPIRA mandates the Transmission Provider to: Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. adequacy. to adequately serve Generation Companies. R.A. security. as set forth in the Grid Code and the Distribution Code. stability and integrity of the Grid in accordance with the performance standards for the operation and maintenance of the Grid.  Provide open and non-discriminatory access to its system to all electricity users  Ensure and maintain the reliability.  Improve and expand its transmission facilities. . TRANSCO or its Buyer or Concessionaire shall submit any plan for expansion or improvement of its facilities for approval by the ERC. Distribution Utilities and Suppliers requiring transmission service and/or Ancillary Services through the transmission system.

The Grid Operator may disapprove an application for connection or a modification to an existing connection.3.  The User shall indicate whether it wishes the Grid Operator to undertake additional technical studies. The User shall shoulder the cost of the additional technical studies.Grid Impact Studies Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.  The Grid Operator shall develop and maintain a set of required technical planning studies for evaluating the impact on the Grid of any proposed connection or modification to an existing connection.3 . if the Grid Impact Studies show that the proposed User Development will result in the Degradation of the Grid. . PHILIPPINE GRID CODE Chapter 4.  Any User applying for connection or a modification of an existing connection to the Grid shall take all necessary measures to ensure that the proposed User Development will not result in the Degradation of the Grid.

the Transmission Provider shall determine on a non-discriminatory basis whether a specific System Impact Study (SIS) is necessary to process the application.  Evaluation under the GIS. in addition to the information already available from its own Grid Impact Studies and any previous System Impact Studies. OATS RULES Module B14 . After receiving the service application. . The Transmission Provider shall develop and maintain a set of Grid Impact Studies for evaluating service applications in accordance with the Grid Code.  Determination whether SIS is necessary.Evaluation of Applications including Grid Stronger transmission Impact Studies (GIS) and System Impact Studies (SIS) for a stronger nation.

 Connection Assets and Residual Subtransmission Assets for Load Customers. OTHER REFERENCE ERC Resolution No. 16-2011 – a Resolution Amending the Stronger transmission Definition and Boundaries of Connection Assets for a stronger nation.  Connection Assets for Generation Customers .

Importance . 2.Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.

 Recommend the Appropriate Connection Scheme Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.  Determine the Required transmission reinforcements.  Define the Asset Boundaries . if there's any.

Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. Procedures and Requirements . 3.

INITIAL APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.  DOE clearance to undertake the SIS  Letter of Intent from the Generator Customer  Proposed plant details and specifications  Target commissioning date  Connection scheme to be agreed by both NGCP and Customer  BIR and SEC registration .

conductor Data and information type and distance. Tripartite Confidentiality Agreement . ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.A. and transformer capacities required Generator modeling parameters Transmission Service Application Form (TSAF) Offer of Service Agreements N. NGCP to conduct the SIS Third Party to conduct the SIS Vicinity map of the Project Single Line Diagram of the proposed connection scheme/s indicating the parameters of the connection facilities such as line structure.

Short-circuit Analysis. BASE CASE PREPARATION Grid Model Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. System Peak Demand Forecast Identified System Generation Requirements Capacity Addition Dispatch Scenarios System Simulation Studies: Load Flow Simulations. Stability Analysis Planning Criteria: Grid Code (N-1 Rule) .

Maximum Panay Mindanao – Maximum North . BASE CASE PREPARATION Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. Typical Visayas – Maximum Leyte . Maximum South .System Off-Peak Demand Luzon – 45% of system peak Visayas – 60% of system peak Mindanao – 60% of system peak • Generation Assumptions Generating facilities are dispatched such that the condition will subject the transmission facilities at worst loading condition. • Load Assumptions . Luzon – Maximum North .System Peak Demand .

LOAD FLOW STUDIES Stronger transmission Load Flow Studies aim to determine whether an existing or reinforced for a stronger nation. Voltage variations in the system for all voltage levels shall remain within ±5% of the nominal value during normal conditions and during single outage contingency events as required by the PGC. Voltage Limits. The grid shall also be designed and operated to include devices that will mitigate the effects of transient overvoltage on the system. system can satisfy the voltage and current limits. The loading levels of all transmission lines and substation Equipment are below 100% of the maximum continuous ratings of phase conductors and transformers as certified and submitted by the Grid Owner. under steady state conditions. . Deviations may only be acceptable on contingency that depends on the condition of the facility subject to monitoring by the GMC. Thermal Limits.

The Regulated Transmission Entity shall consider the scenario of “all generation facilities online” to get the most conservative values. Overview studies of fault levels throughout the system only require the calculation of three (3) phase fault levels. SHORT CIRCUIT STUDIES Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. Generation facilities should be represented by a voltage of 1 per unit (pu) behind a saturated sub-transient reactance and all transformers by their reactances on nominal tap. NGCP shall endeavor to maintain the short-circuit levels through all circuit breakers within acceptable limits in such a way that replacement projects of existing circuit breakers can be minimized. Short Circuit Limit. .

However.6 Hz during normal conditions. the fundamental frequency should be within the limits of 59. As per PGC. Frequency Limits. . FREQUENCY ASSESSMENT Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. the system operator shall intervene when the frequency limits of 59. Frequency Assessment aims to determine if the sudden disconnection of a proposed power plant while injecting power to the grid will result to rise or drop of the system frequency beyond the acceptable limits set by the PGC.3 Hz are breached.7 Hz and 60.4 Hz and 60.

100 ms for 230 kV and 138 kV. The required maximum clearing time per voltage level that shall be used in the dynamic simulations are the limits below as specified in Section 4. TRANSIENT STABILITY Stronger transmission Transient stability is the ability of the system to maintain for a stronger nation.85 milliseconds (ms) for 500 kilovolt.4. All generators and large machines connected to the transmission system should remain in synchronism and maintain stable operation during normal as well as during the loss of single- element (N-1) contingency events. and . . Stability During Contingencies. synchronism when subjected to a severe fault or disturbance. .3 of the PGC.120 ms for voltages less than 138 kV.9. . such as a short circuit on a transmission line.

• No electrical and thermal ratings of transmission elements are overloaded. SINGLE OUTAGE CONTINGENCY PLANNING CRITERION Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. and • The remaining generators stay in synchronism after a disturbance . • Stable control of system voltage and frequency maintained within allowable limits.

OPERATIONAL ASSESSMENT Stronger transmission for a stronger nation. • The proposed connection of a new power plant or modification of existing connection will be assessed for any possible operational constraint/issues that may arise. REGULATORY ASSESSMENT • The proposed connection of a new power plant or modification of existing connection will be assessed to define the resulting asset boundaries based on ERC Resolution No. . 16-2011.

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT Technical Assessments: SIS Report Entry of Generating Plant / Load Flow Assessment Recommended Connection User Development Short-Circuit Assessment Scheme Stability Assessment Connection Scheme Frequency Assessment Required Grid Generator / Load Data Operational Assessment reinforcements. if any Regulatory Assessment Asset Boundary . System Impact Study Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.

Question & Answer .Stronger transmission for a stronger nation.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!! .