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2ainaeot7 ‘Terrorist rule ofthe 1%: Understanding fascism | Fight Back! Homeio Aboutwteeamestnd) Contact cone, Subscribe laubece) Archive dhe) Freadom Road fusion ts.) FightBack!news News and Views from the People's Struggle lie I MES lata steno aenlLbor epee TeBTa Ldn) Oporeeed Nebo esedenlralin) Poor Poop’ Wovens Jnotanipozaesiatraml, ‘Suuaoe Movement ada seen tec Terrorist rule of the 1%: Understanding fascism ‘By Dave Sehnert 25,2016 Rend ore ais > Ani fasim anatase tsa aca Jacksonvilo, FL- The world watched in hororon the night of July 21 as bilianaire casino mogul Donalé J. Trump ofc became the Republican Party's nominee for president. ‘Wort an estimated $6 bition, Trump embodies big business and corporate America. Unlike most previous GOP ‘candidates, howover, Trump's campaign shocked the county with ts open racism and unapologetic xenophobia, Many liberals 2ssumes this would torpedo his campaign. Instead, it helped him win the Republican nomination at tadte soca bt of anaes Tung cals oben Musiminmgnts, tamnrascteny were Trumps dstubing bland of right-wing popultsm has ees on th left ane fascist, And on the surface, Create @ database of Muslims inthe U.S, and raid mosques are disturbingly similar othe Nazs'polcies against Jews in Germany, Other aspects ~racist demagoguery against Latinos, cynical populism directed a the working cass, and outright violence against protesters at campaign rales —bear a strking resemblance tothe tactics of Mussolin and Hier. White supremacist and neo-Nazi groups have ‘locked to support Trump, including former Ku Kiux Klan grand wlzard David Duko. Even the man himself keeps a wel-woI copy of Hill's speeches on his nghistand, according to his exife, and sprinkles Mussolini quotes into hs insane rants on Two. Most people are familar wih the unspeakable crimes committed by fascists in the 20th century. The word brings to mind images of death carps, ctators, genocide and war, which makes it effective paltcal profanity to throw a strong-arm poliicians or pressive policies. But for all the noise around whether Trump Is — or could become ~ fascist, there's startlingly Ite discussion about a broader question: What is fascism? To some, fascism is just a greatest‘ collection of authoritarian tras — extreme nationalism, political repression, rigged elections, ete. Others focus on fascist dictators, ke Mussolini and Hier, andthe crowals of people following them supposedly because oftheir charisma as leaders. While these features existed in fascist rgimes, they dont realy tll us anything unique. After al, you can find al ofthese practices in some form in every capitalist county including the United States. itwe want to understand fascism, we have to go beyond the surface level horors. Why did these regimes exist? Who benefited from them? And what | theirrolationship to democracy and capitalism? \Wot often told that fascism is something diferent and opposed to '‘democracias' tke the U.S. and Britain, but this simply isnt the case. The stato laws, goverment insitutons, courts, police andthe miltay — exists fer one class to dominate another clas and rule society. Ina capa systom, the state isa dictatorship of banks and corporations, who control he economy and exololt te working class for their own profit. Ther dictatorship can take a variety of forms, from welfare states (Sweden) to lberal democracies (United States) to Germany under the Naz's. But whether they hold Glectons oro, avery capitalist slate isa class actatorship of he 1%. Fascist regimes are algo class dictatorships ruled by monopoly capitalists - not by one, al: powertul charismatic leader. Unlike other forms of capitalist ictatorship, however, they enforce their rue through open terrors velence against the working class, extreme racism and imperialist miliary ‘aggression against oppressed nations. Simply put, fasclm is trrrist rule ofthe 1%, by the 1%, for the 1%. ‘The ruling lass may prefer one form of goverment aver another depending on time, place and conditions. Such is the case wit fascism. The Counties that became fascist after World War experianced deep economic crises and mass civ unrest ed by workers and peasants. Banks and big business saw thir profs drop due to rising wages, iftaton and taxes used to fund public education and social programs. To insure th continued rule, something had to change. Their top prosity became imposing harsh austerty measures on the working class - banning unions, roling back labor |aws, slashing important government programs, etc. ~at all costs ard by any means. Its more cifcll forthe 19% to impose ther agenda if unions, mass mavements and opposition parties have legal righ to ight back. Bul under a ran- ‘democratic arrangement, the rung class can simply destroy the opposition by force and impose whatever agenda it wants on the people ‘Toate exactly why Kalan big business planned and bankrolled Musson’ infamous March on Rome in 1922, which brought the Fascists to powor, ‘Similarly, German President Paul von Kindenburg - another poltcian ofthe 1% ~ appointed Hiler as chancellor in 1933 withthe ful backing of Gorman industry ané france. In both cases, the ruling lass sidestepped the formality of elections and installed fascism fom above. Part of fascism’s appeal tothe monopoly capitalist sits ably to mobilize a mass base to support is agenda, Importanly, however, fascist ‘movements never won any Substantial suppor from the working class in Germany, taly, Austa or any other county, despite thelr bes efforts. tp iwww ightbacknows or/2016/7/25terrorstrule-t-understanding fascism 18 2ainaor7 ‘Terrorist rule ofthe 1%: Understanding fascism | Fight Back! Instead, they drew thir supporters from struggling midale cass’ elements, ke small business owners and unemployed professional. A large ‘segment of former military offcers, scared from the battlefield and unable to find jobs, also gravitated towards fascist poltcs, along wih stest gangs and violent criminals Fascism accomplished this by presenting itself ax racial, ‘an-establshment, and sometimes even eral of big business, They played on real ‘economic hardships and promised to deliver racial new’ solutions, which turned auto only favor the 1%. This fasest populism was completely cynical, ofcourse. But ina time af deep poltical and economic css, ks the post WWI period and the Great Depression, these movements and parties diverted ‘middle class’ anger away trom the system and directed against workers, unions, oppressed peaple and ather nation. Using its base, fascism delivers an amy of shock troops fr the monopoly captalists to terrorize te working class. ter World War | Ralian workers {and peasants launched a wave of strikes, factory occupations and land-akings that shook the power af he ruling class. This revolutionary upsurge, Cubbed the Red Years, scared the big landowners ofthe south into hiring Mussolini's paramilitary death squads, the fasc dl combattent, to roam ‘he countyside — burning vilages, murdering miltants and revoluonares, and terorizng peasants. The major industrialists ofthe north took note and rwctite fascist gangs to break stkes, burn union hal, clase newspapers and destoy socials and communist party headquarters ‘The same was tru in Germany, where Nazi Sormiroopers batled communists and union workers in the streets long before 1933, when Her came to power. Similarly in the U.S. plantation owners inthe South hired the Ku Klux Klan to repress Affcan Americans after the defeat Radical Reconstruction. Ther terrorist methods — lynchings, show bials before al-white juries, and buming crosses —are wellknown, even though we seldom hea the U.S, media refer to the KKK as ascist ‘Trade unions are among the fist targets of fascist teror. Organized labor faces attacks n every caplalt county ~ fascist or not— because it poses a ‘threat the profs of the 1% and their yranny in the workplace. However, fascism unleashes open violence and clsmantes unions by force on behalf of the ring class. The Nazs, or nstance, shut down all German trade unions less than two months after taking power. Stormtroopers raided union halls and offices, seized thei funds and arrested ther leader, Mitant workers and communis faced torture and execution, and many were shipped ‘oft loin Hier’ concontraton camps, [though fascist movements developed a mass following among small business owmers and professionals, they tumed on those same groups ater coming fo power. Bath Musso and Hier oversaw the takeover of small businesses by large corporations in order to further consolidate the wealth ofthe monopoly capitalists. In Germany, Jewish businesses — particularly retail outs — were the frst targets of Nazi manopalzation, which they accompished through toga decrevs as well as outght criminal thet While German small businesses ial supported these ant-Semiic ‘measures to erive out compeitor, they ound themselves taken over by monopoles and their wealth doled out to big business and Naz officials, Fascism and war go hand in hand. Under monopoly capitalism, also called imperalism, the 1% dominates entre rations and exploits thr labor and {Sources fr profit. Miltary conflicts, ke World War , break out between rival imparalist powers for contol of tese colonies. Both laly and Germany had tower colonies than the U.S. Britain and France ater WW I. and with most ofthe world already colonized, the only way to expand thelr weak ‘empires was through wat, To this end, fascism used its open violence and intemal repression to mobilize the country for aggressive miltary expansion con behalf of monopoly capitalism. Using fascist ideology and national chauvinism as justifications, Miller looked towards Eastern Europe and the Sovit Union for lebensraum,oF'ving ‘pace’ or German colonial sellers. A rst, the ruling class in the U.S. and Blain maintained an uneasy neutaliy towards Hiler, hoping he wouls attack their common enemy = the socialist Soviet Union ~ fist, However, war broke out between these rival imperialist powers when Nazi Germany ‘annexed Polane and began expanding westward into Europe. {At he root of World Wer Il sits imperialist proft and colonial varies - nat some clash between U.S. ‘democracy’ ané German tyranny’. Banks and Corporations run all imperialist counties, and whatever conflicts emerge over who-gets-o-oxplottwhat-nation, ther goals and even methods arent as