8

1.00 Introduction of EIA
EIA is an important tool for incorporating environmental concerns at the project level. EIA should be carried out as early as the project planning stage as part of feasibility thus it can assure that the project will be environmentally feasible. The general objectives of the EIA study base line information about the environmental, social, and economic conditions in information on potential impacts of the project.

1.02 Definition of EIA
Basic Concept of EIA:
The (EIA) procedure identifies the possible positive and negative impacts to the environment resulting from a proposed project. This includes the “ Nature” and “human” environments, which in reality cannot be separated. These impacts are identified over both a “short-term” and “longterm” time frame.

1.03 Broad Perspective
Environmental issue and problems in Bangladesh are now recognized as key concerns for the development of the country and it is also recognized that sound environmental development is real development, since it is sustainable. The GOB policy contains the following:  Conduct environmental impact assessment (EIA) for all development activities,   Assist the development of environmentally sound and appropriate technology : encourage relevant research and extension of activities Encourage uses of renewable energy sources and optimize the use of non-renewable energy resources.

1.04 Rational for EIA
Project activities create stress like emission or habitat alterations that travel through air, water and land. Stressors ultimately affect people, animal, plants materials to cause four impacts:(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) human health, human welfare, environmental resources and global impacts.

1.05 Benefits of conducting Environmental Impact Assessments:

including the establishment of terms and conditions of project implementation and follow-up. Influences both project selection and design by screening out environmentally unsound projects. STEPS environmental assessments are based on ten critical elements each of which are given a target score based on best practice principles: 1. Results in best practice prediction and mitigation of adverse effects of project. well structured dispassionate analysis of the effect and consequences of proposed projects. Evaluation & Mitigation /Enhancement 8. Major Field Investigation 6. as well as modifying feasible projects-Mitigation of negative environmental and social impacts. Analysis of Alternatives 9. Scoping 3. Pre-emption or early withdrawal of unsound proposals. Baseline Environment Description 5. Environmental Management Plan 10. Bounding 4. Impact Identification 7. EIA Reporting 3. Guides formal approval. Assists in the selection of alternatives. The assessment also shows simple ways to modify your design to improve the environmental performance. Impact Prediction.9       Facilities informed decision making by providing clear. Project Description 2. including the selection of the best practicable and most environmentally friendly option. 2.00 Steps in EIA STEPS is a simple way to see if your proposed residential development meets environmental performance targets.00 Environmental Impact Assessment Project Cycle and Project Management .

= more significant) from the impact prediction stage. Estimate the likely changes to the environmental/sustainability baseline caused by the activities resulting from the strategic action (and alternatives): o direct & indirect impacts.01 Prediction The impact of a strategic action is the difference in environmental/sustainability conditions with and without the strategic action. = more significant). and o when would they probably occur? • Determine. longer duration etc. for instance: o what activities would probably occur?. 02) Pre-feasibility stage : This stage identifies issues and impacts for investigation. and the timescale for the prediction. for each environmental/sustainability indicator. and impacts at different times. EIA report will be used as guideline during this phase. quick environmental overview or preliminary EIA can indicate the environmental implications of any proposed alternatives. o induced or generated impacts.10 The relevant EIA activities for each stage in the project cycle are :01) Project Concept/Identification At the initial stage of the project. 04) Project appraisal and decision : A decision on whether a project is feasible or not will be made at this stage. which is equivalent to 'Scoping' 03) Feasibility stage : EIA study is carried out during this stage. evaluation and mitigation 4. more sensitive • etc. and • the value and sensitivity of the receiving environment (already stressed. 4.02 Evaluation The aim of impact evaluation is to translate the predicted impacts into statements of importance or significance: is the predicted impact worth doing something about or not? Evaluation brings together: the predicted impact (larger magnitude. Typical stages in impact prediction are thus: • Predict what the strategic action (and alternatives) would 'look' like. o o impacts at different scales.00 Prediction. it will be implemented. 4. o where would those activities probably occur?. 05) Implementation of the project : If the project is feasible. the geographic area over which the predictions are being made. . This can vary from impact/. 06) Management of EIA study Conducting an EIA report that can be understood by all the related stakeholders.

4. protection and enhancement measures. 5.04 Analysis of Alternative Objectives :  To understand the need for considering possible alternatives that would achieve the same purpose as the proposed project. 5.00 Environmental Management and Planning (EMP) 5.  It provides opportunities to compare various development options which aims to achieve the same objectives.03 Mitigation Mitigation aims to maximize positive impacts and (particularly) minimize significant negative impacts. Reasons for Alternative  Examination of alternative options to development is the key element in identifying environmentally sound projects. It presents in deal how these measures should be operated. Typical SEA mitigation measures could include: • • changes to the wording of the strategic action.01 Definition An EMP is an implementation plan for mitigation. the resources required and scheduled for implementation. The EMP document should contain an implementation plan for each of the selected mitigative.  A discussion of alternative ensures that developers have considered either approaches to the project and means to prevent environmental damage. or components of it the removal of components of the strategic action that are not sustainable or environmentally sound • the addition of new components • the development of an altogether new strategic action • requirements to substitute or offset for certain types of impacts. it allows for reexamination of the proposed alternatives and to provide repaid and cost effective solutions. for instance through projects that replace any benefits lost through other projects • requirements and terms of reference for lower-level SEA and/or project environmental impact assessment. protection and enhancement measures which are recommended in the EIA.02 Steps in EMP .11 4.  If unforeseen difficulties arise during construction or operation of a project.

Reduction in waste generation through the use of non-waste technologies. Stress should be on by product recovery and recycle rather than treatment. Suitable waste treatment schemes for disposal of treated toxic /hazardous material.     The best strategy for minimizing waste generation at the source is to use minimum resources with maximum efficiency. residuals are treated adequately and products are recovered and recycled to the maximum extent possible.00 Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) . Discussion Points : effluent. if any.03 Essential Features of EMP  EMP should ensure that resources are used with maximum efficiency. waste generation is minimized.12 (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) Objectives Work Plan or Design Criteria Implementation Schedule Man Power Requirements Organizational Requirements Monitoring Costing of EMP 5. sold wastes and     EMP as a part of IEE /EIA and stand alone EMP-How they are different ? Emergency response plan—is a part of EIA ? Cost benefit issues Operational scheme of EMP 6.

and for which mitigation measures are prescribed easily. extent. 6. social and economic aspects of the project area is the most important reference for conducting IEE study. the level of detail in this description of study area should be sufficient to convey to readers nature of environmental and social resources condition of the affected areas. or other existing documentation. magnitude. the IEE is also used to confirm whether this is. but it can be changed in project design or project management.IEE should be carried out as early as the project planning stage as part of feasibility thus it can assure that the project will be environmentally feasible.03 Describing Environmental Condition of the Project Area Collection of baseline information on biophysical. social. Normally.2 The Process in Preparing IEE An early step is to determine the scope of the IEE study. the choice of which depends upon the impacts of concern.04 Assessing Potential Impact The "technical heart" of the environmental assessment process involves the prediction of changes over time in various environmental aspects as a result of a proposed project. and through field sampling. The prediction of the nature. indeed. 6. (iv) to assess the best alternative project at most benefits and least costs in terms of financial. requires an EIA (see Appendix 2) as a follow up. who will be the affected group. and v) to provide basic information for formulating management and monitoring plan The IEE is conducted if the project is likely to have minor or limited impacts. distribution. The general objectives of IEE study should at least cover the following: (i) to provide information about the general environmental settings of the project area as baseline data. It is not always necessary to change location of the project. and magnitude of environmental changes likely to result from a proposed project is aided by various tools and techniques. information is obtained from secondary sources when there is a facility of maintaining database. and environment. (ii) to provide information on potential impacts of the project and the characteristic of the impacts. and their duration. This activity is known as “scoping” as a procedure designed to establish the terms of reference (TOR) for the IEE. and the appropriate . The scoping procedure should at least produce the following outputs: (i) identify the likely environmental impacts or other environmental concerns and consideration that need to be further investigated in IEE study (ii) identify environmental component which need detailed or further study (iii) determine the general approach and methodology required to carry out the IEE study (iv) identify in general all affected interest to be consulted in carrying out IEE study (v) identify the need to fit the outputs of IEE into the project context especially on environmental management and monitoring plan The next step is undertaking IEE study.13 6. The description of environmental settings includes the characteristic of area in which the activity of proposed project would occur and it should cover area affected by all impacts including potential compensation area. data availability or lack thereof.01 Introduction IEE is an important tool for incorporating environmental concerns at the project level. and the following are key important activities: 6. (iii) to provide information on potential mitigation measures to minimize the impact including mitigation costs. Therefore. However. and potential area affected by its alternatives. Collection of baseline data should be designed to satisfy information requirements and should focused on relevant aspects that are likely to be affected by the proposed project. which can easily be predicted and evaluated.

or further reduce the residual environmental changes inherent in the selected project design. if several other financial institutions fund the proposed Project in the form of co-financing modality. This is to ensure that environmental assessment results are presented in a clear and concise fashion to contribute most effectively to decision-making.06 Features of an Effective Environmental Monitoring Plan · · · · · · · · · · · · Realistic sampling program (temporal and spatial) Sampling methods relevant to source Collection of quality data Comparable new data with other relevant data used in environmental assessment Cost-effective data collection Quality control in measurement and analysis Innovations (e. However. For example. when. or are unacceptable. and where. Institutional Requirements and Environmental Monitoring Plan . it is necessary for ADB to come up with an agreement with those institutions on IEE reporting requirement. The capacity of the executing agency. require mitigation. 6. Description of the Project C. The project lifecycle should be taken into account in setting the timing of implementation. but no single method will meet all the necessary criteria. Introduction B. Examples are sound operating rules of a reservoir to ensure minimum impacts on downstream water users. social. measures will be devised to mitigate anticipated environmental changes and consequential impacts during project implementation and operation. and installation of an electrostatic precipitator to remove fly ash in a coal-fired power plant project. and community organization should be reviewed to identify feasible approach for implementing the plans.e. in tracing contaminants and automated stations) Appropriate databases Multidisciplinary data interpretation to provide useful information Reporting for internal management and external checks Allowance for. Subsequently. 6. whether they are acceptable. Formulating Mitigation Measures Once the impacts have been analyzed. and materials to be avoided in procurement.g. their significance will be determined. plans should environmental mitigation measures should be implemented in the engineering design for the contract documents. the choice of the appropriate method for conducting an environmental assessment can only be guided by certain criteria.08 Outline of an IEE Report A. among others.07 Documenting IEE Studies IEE reports and their summaries (SIEE) should be presented in certain way to meet the requirements of ADB and the DMC. and institutional measures to be implemented as integral elements of the project. local government. and response to.05. 6. 6. However. wherever possible. Screening of Potential Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Measures E. They normally include technical.. input from third parties Presentation in the public arena (external assessment) Both the environmental management and monitoring plans need to include who will implement them. and adequate drainage system in an irrigation project.14 specificity of quantitative models. i. However.. ADB requests that the Borrower follow ADBprescribed format for IEE. Description of the Environment D.

In any given country. Selection”-Prasanna Chandra (6th ddition) “Web site” -www.00 Reporting The manual presents a recommended format for the organization of an EIA report. Findings and Recommendation H. References      “Lecture Sheet” –Kaniz Fatema-Director Training. Analysis. efficiency in review is enhanced if the project proponents have the same systematic reporting procedures regardless of the impact assessment techniques used. Public Consultation and Information Disclosure G.15 F. Professor “Project Management”-Hervey Maylor (3rd edition) . The following is a fairly standard format for EIA reports. Academy for Planning & Development “Projects Planning.google.com—different location “Assignment of Dhaka University on EIA”-Submitted by Mr. Conclusions 7. Saiful IslamAsst.