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A COMPLETE GUIDE TO PRODUCTION OF PAINT

I sincerely welcome to this course. we shall be treating how to


produce all kinds of paints from emulsion, textcoat, and Satin
otherwise called nylon or washable paint. lets get started.
A COMPLETE GUIDE TO PAINT PRODUTION
Emulsion, Textcoat and Satin (nylon paint)

Introduction of chemical
These are the chemical to be used in the production of emulsion
paint<br />
1. Water
2. Titherni (used only for the production of white paint)
3. Calcium carbonate (Calcium)
4. Colourite
5. P.V.A
6. Formalin
7. Nitrosol
8. Ammonia
9. Hydrosol
10. Marble dust
11. Acrydext
Others include
12. Geniple
13. K14
14. Bama cork

Functions of the chemicals


1. water
Water is used to mix all the chemicals together. It must not be a
hot water. You can use any type of clean and neat water with
normal water temperature. However, I prefer soft water to cold
water. It helps to mix the paints more easily.
2. Titherni
It is whitening chemical in powdery form. You can always get it
where they are selling paint chemical, or rather industrial
chemical. Just ask of titherni it will be given to you. It performs the
function of making sure that you with paint is shining and not dull.
This is the secret of some big names in painting industry. We
shall give you the ratio down the line. It is only used when you are
producing with paint. That does not mean you cannot use it in
other colours but the function is more significant in white paints.
3. Calcium Carbonate
This chemical is also in powdery form. It is packaged in bags and
they write CalCo on it. It is made by so many companies, I would
not like to advertise any but just ask of calcium and it will be given
to you.
Now calcium carbonate is of two or types
We have delomite and cacite. Both are good but delomite is
recommended if you are producing pure white paint and cacite is
better in off white (dirty white) paint.
4. Colourite
This is the most important of the entire course. It involves the
ability of mixing some colours to get a desired result. It is not
difficult at all if you have initiative and artistic eye.
These are the colours we have in raw form ( please permit me to
call them primary colours because all other colours in the painting
industry is gotten from them)
They are: yellow ( we painters call it cream), Red, Black, Blue,
and Green. All other colours are gotten from a combination of one
or two of these.
What about White paint? You might ask. Well we do not need to
have a pure white colour because, we make our paints with
CalCo and it gives us white naturally. In fact once you put your
calcium in water you get white paint. I hope that is clear.
We shall cover how to mix the paints to get particular result. But
for now just know that colours can be found in paste or oxide.
When we say colours are in paste we mean that they are in
condensed liquid form (like your pomade), when they are in oxide
it means they are in dust form (like your wife’s powder). A colour
like cream has both oxide and paste. Red and black are mostly in
oxide, green and Blue are in paste. For those who might be
wondering which one to use between the yellow oxide and yellow
paste, I suggest that if you want the colour you are producing to
be deep yellow like MTN colour, you should use paste, otherwise
use oxide.
CAUTION: you MUST dilute the colours very well with a little
water before you apply it to your paint. For example if you get a
red oxide, pour a cup of water in a different container mix
thoroughly. If not, your paint will be having dotted stains as you
roll it on the wall.
5. P.V.A.
This chemical is very important. I guess you might have seen a
situation where after painting a building, when you rub your hand
on the surface it will be dusting. That is as a result of ill usage of
this liquid formed chemical. In my experience, some big names in
the painting industry do not even know how to use it. But you not
worry, I will tell you and who know you might become their next
consultant.
6. Formalin
It does the function of preservative.
7. Nitrosol
It helps to hold the paints together i.e it is a thickener. Its correct
usage makes the paint more durable on the wall.
8. Ammonia
This is your secondary school laughing gas. It is also used to
make the paints more durable. It serves as a preservative agent
too.
9. Hydrosol
This is the chemical that integrates the colours and brings out the
best in them. It is used to correct dullness in paints.
10. Marble dust
This is usually used in the production of textcoat paints. It is of
two types rough and smooth. The preference is determined by
what you want to achieve. If you want sandy textcoat i.e the one
without lining, you use only rough type. However, the combination
of both in the same ratio gives a better result.
11. Acrytext
This is used as a thickener. It holds the seemingly watery paint
together.
12. Geniple
This one just does the function of giving the painter a scintillating
perfume as he does his job.
12. K14
It is also a preservative.
13. Bama cork
It does the function of nitrosol. If you use bama cork you do not
need to use nitrosol.

Steps to making Emulsion Paints


Emulsion are those ordinary paints that are not roughened with
sand-like objects. The once that are sand-like are regarded as
textcoat. You need to aware that there are other types of paint as
well. Satin, oil e.t.c we shall treat them separately but for now let
us concentrate with textcoat and emulsion.

For emulsion
Step 1.
Mix Calcuim Carbonate in water
For one bucket production (hence we shall be referring to bucket
of paint i.e. normal -- litres of paint as drum), pour water in the
bucket up to half (-- liters of water) you can always increase the
volume of water at any stage if necessary. Add less than half bag
of Calcuim (add until the mixture rises to about 17 liters in the
bucket) by now the drum will be quarter empty. NOTE; if you are
producing white paint, you will mix titherni in water before adding
calcium. -- spoons of titherni are enough. MIX VERY WELL.
Step 2:
Add your colour. It is assumed that by now you must have diluted
the colours as required with water if they are oxide. Now put
colour in small rations and keep turning until you get your desired
result. You can always add more if you like. Suppose you added
more yellow for example, than you need, you can correct it by
adding more calcium (but not after this stage) Bear in mind that
the colour may be deeper when wet and lighter when the paint is
dried.
Step 3
Add --kg of P.V.A to the mixture. After turning add half glass cup
of nitrosol. Nitrosol is always in powdery form so you must dilute it
in small water before you add to your mixture.
Next add about -- centiliter of formalin and about same volume for
ammonia and hydrosol sequentially. Turn very well at any addition
of a new chemical.
Final step
When you have completed the above steps, make sure that you
turn the above mixture very well. As you are turning it you might
be a little fidgeted that you have wasted your resources. You don’t
need to be afraid. Just add acrytext to the mixture and turn. Add it
in small quantity until you get the thickness you desire. However if
you add access you might spoil your mixture. Now that you paint
is ready, just take your scraper, brush and roller and roll away
your newly built house.
Warning: please the chemicals must be added in the order I have
given you. If not you may have problem for example if you put
ammonia before Nitrosol, the paint will get blocked. And again if
ammonia drops in Nitrosol, the Nitrosol will block. More so, when
formalin is poured into ammonia it will explode. The only time you
can add ammonia before Nitrosol is when you are turning on
machine speed. Just be careful.

For Large Quantity Production


If we are working wit 350 litres of butter, we shall have about 16
drums of paint after production.
Now 350 litres butter goes with -- litres of water i.e. pour -- and
half paint buckets of water
Add -- bags of Calcium
1kg of titherni(if you a producing white paint)
-- kg of P.V.A (for super quality paint or --kg for less quality paint)
-- kg of Nitrosol
Others has no specific quantity. You just add with discretion but
make sure you do not over add especially Acrytext.

Production of Textcoat
For 1 drum of textcoat
Step 1:
Pour about -- liters of water into the bucket, add -- bag of Calcuim
(or less) then add your colours as it is supposed to be.

Step 2: now after turning the mixture above, you add marble dust(
I hope you remember what we said about marble dust above).
Good. You will notice that some textcoat paints have a kind of
lining and some has only rough surface. And there are those that
we call designer textcoat such are the once that they use with the
aid of a special roller to design houses so that its end effect will
be something like flowers or blocks made of paint in your house.
Am sure you must have seen such paint. It is called artwork in the
painting industry. All these are textcoat but it is the mode of
application of this chemical that makes different types.
For rough textcoats use only rough marble dust in your production
For lining textcoats use a combination of rough and smooth
marble dust in equal ratio( if you are producing this one I will
advice you add smooth marble dust first after turning add the
rough one)
For artwork textcoats use only smooth marble dust in production.
Now as you are adding the marble dust, you will notice that the
volume of your mixture is increasing. Just add according to your
own discretion it has no specific measurement. If you are
confused on the quantity to add, just keep adding until the drum is
-- empty. Use your initiative. Please do not use only smooth
marble dust for production unless you are producing artwork that
needs a designer roller.

Step 3: when you are through with turning of this mixture (turn
very well), you will now add your P.V.A. and other chemicals like
we said in emulsion. However you will need to increase their
volume a little. For example you will need full glass cup of Nitrosol
and increase the volume of other chemicals a little. When you
have finish adding all the other chemical up to Hydrosol, you can
go and gym in order to activate your muscle for turning the paint
as you add Acrytext. On the addition of acritext the paint will
become strong. Now to know if the Acrytext you added is enough,
take a small portion of the paint and touch it on the wall. If the
teething is not falling congratulations if it is falling add more. Now
you can go and roll away your textcoat on your parlour.

Bigger Quantity Production


350 litre butter will give us 15 drums of textcoat paint
Add -- drums of water ( remember what we said about drum)
Use -- bags of calcium
Use -- bag of marble Dust i.e. -- for rough, -- for smooth
Empty -- kg of Nitrosol and -- kg of P.V.A
All other are as usual
If you cannot turn the whole paint when you add acrytext, pour
them out in different buckets and add you acrytext so that you can
turn it.
When this is done call your marketer and take the latest product
to the hungry market.

Satin (nylon paint)


I hope you remember we did mention Satin paint some where.
This is the type of paint that is generally regarded as nylon paint.
It is called nylon paint because it is washable ( u can use water to
wash it when it is dirty.
Production of Satin
For one drum
Use About -- litres of water. Add calcium in a small quantity to
make the paint light. What I mean is that the thickness of the paint
at this stage will be less than the thickness it has when we are
producing emulsion.
Now add your favourite colour.
You do NOT use P.V.A.
Add -- kg of Acritext
-- kg of Nitrosol (just enough to make the paint thicker and
drawing)
Add ammonia and formalin as usual and finally add -- kg of
hydrosol
Your washable paint is ready. Beautify your house.
Thank you.