Your Second Web Page
Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.
Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>
The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.
Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.
HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.
Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on Tizag.com
The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.
This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.
This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.
This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!
Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.
Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to Tizag.com's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!
Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.
an element is a complete tag.
Web pages have many uses.com An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. the paragraph texts. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements. Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful. Everything you see in front of you. Advertise on Tizag.
The Rest of the Tutorial
For the rest of the tutorial. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. Tags look like this: <tag> Element .If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial.Used to modify the value of the HTML element.
• • •
A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience. the element's content. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. a closing tag. Elements will often have multiple attributes. Let the world know about you with a personal website!
Words to Know
• • •
For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. the Tizag banner. Attribute . November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. and finally. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons.A complete tag.
HTML elements exist on many levels.
. having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. Another medium to market your business. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section.
Brief HTML Background
HTML has not been around for many years.
Now open your file in a new web browser so that you have the ability to refresh your page and see your changes. If you haven't already. Remember to close your HTML documents with the corresponding </html> tag at the bottom of the document. you're golden. The head functions "behind the scenes. head. Element Content .html". </p> .. blank document ready to go. We will be placing the <title> element here and we'll talk about the other possible elements in later lessons. Copy the following HTML code into your text editor. you should be starring at your very first blank (white) web page!
The <head> Element
The <head> element is "next" as they say. <p> .</html>
<html> begins and ends each and every web page.paragraph words 3." Tags placed within the head element are not directly displayed by web browsers.
The <html> Element.opening paragraph tag 2.closing tag Every (web)page requires four critical elements: the html.
<html> <head> </head> </html>
. your head element will continue to lay empty except for the title element that will be introduced next. title. open up Notepad or Crimson Editor and have a new.
complete webpage. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses.
<html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html>
Go ahead and view your first. (Paragraphs. Here's the html code:
<html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html>
Save the file and open it in your browser. as the window's title. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. Content (stuff you can see) will come later.
The <title> Element
Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. pictures. just keep in mind. the best titles are brief and descriptive. For now. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. we still have nothing happening on the web page. tables.
The <body> Element
The <body> element is where all content is placed.As of yet. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. etc). Name your webpage as you please.
. As the menu on the left suggests. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content.
left to right. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML.
<openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p>
Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version.
. and closing tag(s). The reason being that these tags do not really require any content. etc). In a way. images. Each time the browser finds a tag.com As you will learn. By adding tags to an HTML document. forms. content(s). now treat me as such. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. lists. Tables. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). you now may begin adding content to your site. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. I'm a paragraph tag. So please continue on! Review:
• • •
Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site
Beginning HTML Tags!
A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. though. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two.
<body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body>
Tags Without Closing Tags
There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s).•
With these 4 elements." Advertise on Tizag. you signal to the browser "Hey look. tables look like tables.
<img src=". it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>.
Go Back Continue
• • • •
A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag ..
. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve.Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags). Let's take a look at a line break tag. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag.jpg" /> -./mypic. life would become redundant real quick.Input Field
As you can see from the above image tag. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format. More on attributes in the next lesson. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag.Image Tag <br /> -. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute.Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -.
To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site.
The idea is that you can classify or id certain a tag and later format the tag using Cascading Style Sheets. ASP. All of these things and more can be achieved using Attributes. It becomes necessary when you have two or more of the same element on a page (like a <p> tag) but want them to be different in appearance. These will be discussed as each tag is introduced throughout the tutorial. Right now we want to focus on a set of generic attributes that can be used with just about every HTML Tag in existence. They play no direct role in formatting your elements but rather serve behind the scenes for scripting and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). At some point you may want to give your body element a background color or perhaps change the width of a table.
<p id="italicsparagraph">Paragraph type 1 Italics</p> <p id="boldparagraph">Paragraph type 2 Bold</p>
Paragraph type 1 Italics Paragraph type 2 Bold
HTML . The role of classification and identifying elements will become more apparent as your learn CSS.Attributes
Name is much different than id and class. What we mean by amplify is that when a web browser interprets a tag. Advertise on Tizag. it will also search for set attributes and then display the element (tags+attributes) in its entirety.
HTML .com Many HTML tags have a unique set of their own attributes. It is always easier to make content for a topic or to achieve a goal. Attributes are placed within the opening tag and they follow a precise syntax (format). By allotting a name to an element. The name attribute is seen most often with forms and other user-input elements.
HTML .Class or ID Attribute
The class and id attributes are nearly identical.
<h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2>
Display: Centered Heading HTML Code:
<h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2>
Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag
Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. Do not overlook the title attribute.<input type="text" name="TextField" />
The Name Game:
This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. these attributes should not be forgotten.Title Attribute
This is a neat little perhaps. right. forgotten attribute. the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds.Align Attribute
If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. You may title an element anything you would like. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs. You may align things left. or center.
HTML . but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role.
<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>
Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.
Go Back Continue
• • •
Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!
Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on Tizag.com The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>
Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Centering
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.
HTML - Paragraph Align Right
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.
HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on Tizag.com
This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag..
<h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects.HTML Code:
<body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body>
Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below.</p>
. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags. Or make your own essay paragraphs. Copy(Highlight.</p> <p>For instance.
Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. Off ...
Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display. then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page.. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Each time you place a heading tag.
5" floppy disk.
. essays. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter.
<p>Sincerely. Ohio<br /> </p>
Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. For instance.
Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills. Place your documents. However. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. there is an alternative. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p>
Sincerely. photos. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. Off hand. Advertise on Tizag. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.com
<p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland. Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line.
<br /> 2. tables.
<hr /> <p>1. lists.
HTML Horizontal Rule
Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen. Advertise on Tizag. "The Hobbit". and headings. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein.</p>
.Kevin Sanders Vice President
• • •
The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs.com
<hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr />
Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. JRR Tolkein. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography.
Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. and used properly. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. its results can be outstanding.
There are 3 different types of lists. as the list below demonstrates. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. "The Hobbit". bullets <ol> . dictionary
HTML Ordered Lists
Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list. 2. As you can see.definition list.com
• • •
<h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li>
. <ul> for unordered lists. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein.ordered list.1. Find a Job 2. Get Money 3. Advertise on Tizag. and <dl> for definition lists. numbers <dl> . Ordered simply means numbered.
<h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol>
1. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list. Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. JRR Tolkein.unordered list.
<h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul>
. Buy Food 5. Find a Job i. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. both capital and lower-case. Move Out III. Move Out C. Get Money c. Move Out iii. Find a Job I. Get Money ii. Find a Job A. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with.</ol>
Numbered List Start:
4. discs. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. Move Out
HTML Unordered Lists
Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. Use the type attribute to change the numbering.
HTML Ordered Lists Continued
There are 4 other types of ordered lists. Get Money B. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here.
<ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I">
Ordered List Types:
Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Get Money II. Enroll in College 6. Find a Job b. and circles.
<ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle">
Unordered List Types:
type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper Cereal • Cereal o Cereal
HTML Definition Term Lists
Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.defining definition
<dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese.</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car.defines the start of the list <dt> . It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further. These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.
• • •
<dl> .Unordered Lists:
• • • •
Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread
Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like.definition term <dd> .</dd> </dt>
it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. Italic and More
<p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p>
An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements. and you should consult how
. and more. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets. They can be used with any text type element.
HTML . And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time. italic. In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements.
HTML .Formatting Elements w/ Tags
As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. Voiture French word for car.com
Bold. These formatting tags can make text bold.Formatting Tag Usage
These tags should be used sparingly.Fromage French word for cheese. Advertise on Tizag. sub/superscripted.
and Blue Values:
. Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. However.RGB Values
We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. BLUE).
Go Back Continue
Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags.Color Names
There are 3 different methods to set color. GREEN. green.com
The 16 Basic Colors:
Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal
HTML Coloring System . and blue.
HTML Color Coding System . The format for RGB is . but if you are not using a browser that supports it. Being a voice of experience. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse.
Red. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. the web developer. Green. white. Ultimately the decision is yours.rgb(RED. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors.to do that in our CSS Tutorial. Advertise on Tizag. just like the name implies. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic. Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). Blue. RGB stands for Red. Green. red. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. Examples: black. Below is an example of RGB in use. do not worry.
0)" bgcolor="rgb(0.Breaking the Code
The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal.255)"
White Red Green Blue
HTML Coloring System . this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white.
A Real Hexadecimal:
The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value. and the last are the blue value(BB). A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color.
My First Hexadecimal:
HTML Color Code . MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer.255. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly.bgcolor="rgb(255.
(15 * 16) + (15) = 255
. Rest assured that the system becomes much.
Hexadecimal Color Values:
Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers.0.0. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications.255. They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet.Hexadecimal
The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first.255)" bgcolor="rgb(255.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. the next two are a green value(GG).
Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB . so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. size. 15.com The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color. "#44HHFF". See our CSS Tutorial for more information. and face attributes to customize your fonts. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size. Let's try another one. These are called True Colors. Advertise on Tizag. and color to the text on your site. use paired hex values for color. use css styles to manipulate your font. Instead.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG .
. Examples: "#0011EE". and color.
HTML . Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change.
bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR .The default size of a font is 3. face.
<p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p>
Font Size: Here is a size 5 font.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5
Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers.Font and Basefont
The <font> tag is used to add style. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. color. since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser.
Set the size of your font with size. Use the size.The formula is real simple. or "#117788".
Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed.
<html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance.Set a Solid Base
With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font. Below is the correct way to set your basefont. Book Antiqua.</font> </p>
This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag!
Basefont . We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML..Font Color
Set the color of your font with color. Instead they will default to Times New Roman..
<font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font>
This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red
Choose a different font face using any font you have installed...</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font..</p>
<p> <font face="Bookman Old Style. they will not be able to see it..
. the use of basefont is deprecated. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS.</p>
ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.
<p><font size="7" face="Georgia.Links and Anchors
. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.name.
Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num. Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text. which means it may not be supported sometime in the future.</p> </basefont> </body> </html>
This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However.<p>This paragraph has had its font.. 7 is biggest Change the font type
"rgb.or hexidecimal" Change font color
Beautiful First Letter Style
Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks.
Text.com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a>
Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home
HTML ./pics/picturefile.tizag.Hypertext Reference (href)
The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.href="#anchorname" Local .espn.Links to other pages within your domain Global .tizag. The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page.yahoo.Text Links
Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor.
• • •
Internal . and Forms may be used to create these links.Links to other domains outside of your site
Internal ..Links to anchors on the current page Local .The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites. Advertise on Tizag.com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www.jpg" Global . These connections are made using anchor tags to create links. or to open the link in the current browser window.Link Targets
The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window.
.href=". Hypertext references can be Internal.com/" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www. Images. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link. Local. or Global.com/"
HTML . Use the demonstration below as a reference. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag.
com" target="_blank">ESPN. By placing blank anchors just after each heading.COM.ESPN. and naming them.COM
<a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a>
. In the example below. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN.Anchors
To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor. Here's the example.
Tizag's Own Code:
<h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2>
Now create the reference links. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page.
<a href="http://www. named anchors. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window. a popular sports web site. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. First. They look like this. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below.COM</a>
ESPN.target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window. the headings of this page contain blank.
Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download.com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag.Download Links
Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links.Email Links
Creating an email link is simple.Default Links.com
HTML . The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson.com</a>
<a href="mailto:email@example.com">Text Document</a>
Download a Text Document:
<a href="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well.com?subject=Feedback" >Email@tizag.com/pics/htmlT/blanktext.com</a>
Email@tizag. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links
HTML . Base
• Each begins with a ampersand .com/"> </head>
HTML Character Entities
An entity is a fancy term for a symbol.© .&
Then the entities name . you need to know 4 parts.copy
And finally a semicolon .
<head> <base href="http://www.
Additional Spaces and <>. Advertise on Tizag.Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to.
Combine ©. Usually set your base to your home page.Copyright symbol.tizag. In order to display these characters. In order to display them. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity. to make . trademark. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line.. Several symbols such as copyright.com There's three parts to every entity. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard.
. ¤. so to use them on your web site you will need entities.body>. <. ¤.
<p>Everything that goes up. </p>
Less than Greater than:
Less than . >.< Greater than . <br /> Body tag . <br /> Greater than . ¢. ¡.<. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags.<.> Body tag . ¦. ¦. . An entity exists for placing additional spaces.
<p> Less than . ¢. ".>. . £. ". ¥. >. <. £. . §.As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags.down!</p>
Everything that goes up. §. ¥. must come  .  . Here's an example. ¡.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML.
HTML Entities Reference Table
Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name  .
Acute Accent-Capital E É. Â. Superscript 2 ². ¿. Registered Trademark ®. ¾ Fraction ¾. ². ¯. Ì. ³. Í. Feminine Ordinal Indicator ª. &mp. Ó. Ò. Circumflex Accent-Capital A Â. µ. Grave Accent-Capital O Ò.Ntilde. Acute Accent-Capital A Á.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö
Double Dot ¨. «. ». Tilde-Capital N Ñ. ©. ®. ·. Grave Accent-Capital I Ì. Copyright ©. Inverted Question Mark ¿.)uml. °. ½. Spacing Cedilla ¸. %amp.
¨. Æ. &mp. Capital ae Æ. ¶. Paragraph ¶. Superscript 1 ¹. À. Grave Accent-Capital E È. Umlaut Mark-Capital A Ä. Ï. Ring-Capital A Å. Left Angle Quotation Mark «. ¬. ½ Fraction ½. Middle Dot ·. Acute Accent-Capital O Ó. Spacing Acute ´. É. ´. &Eml. º. Umlaut Mark-Capital E Ë.
. Umlaut Mark-Capital O Ö. Cedilla-Capital C Ç. Capital eth Ð. ª. Ê. ±. Acute Accent-Capital I Í. Å.ETH. Ã. Tilde-Capital A Ã. Superscript 3 ³. Ô. Circumflex Accent-Capital O Ô. Micro µ. ¹. Masculine Ordinal Indicator º. Õ. Circumflex Accent-Capital I Î. ¾. Umlaut Mark-Capital I Ï. Degree(s) °. Negation ¬. Circumflex Accent-Capital E Ê. È. ¸. Spacing Macron ¯. ¼ Fraction ¼. Î. Ä. Ç. ¼. Right Angle Quotation Mark ». Á. Tilde-Capital O Õ. Grave Accent-Captial A À. Plus or Minus ±.
&lsaquo. Thorn Þ. þ. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. &lsquo. Slash-Small o ø.
Create HTML Email
Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. &bdquo. Small Ligature œ. Circumflex Accent-Capital U Û. &mdash. Ù. ß. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. Ü. Slash-Capital O Ø. &rsquo. ø.
×. Left Single Arrow Quote ‹. ð. Capital Ligature Œ. Umlaut Mark-Capital U Ü. &OElig.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™
Multiplication ×. &oelig. Left Single Quote ‘. Double Low Quote „. Small ae æ. Per Mile ‰. &Dagger. Right Single Quote ’. Right Double Quote ”.com
. &rsaquo. &permil. Modifier Circumflex Accent ˆ. you should know that when you place your email on your website. Small eth ð. Þ. However. &zwj. En Dash –. Ú. &dagger. &euro. &rdquo. Grave Accent-Capital U Ù. &tilde. TradeMark ™. &ndash. Small Tilde ˜. &trade. Euro Mark €. &sbquo. Acute Accent-Capital Y Ý. &circ. Û. Acute Accent-Captital U Ú. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. Left Double Quote “. Small Sharp ß. &ldquo. Dagger †. Ø. Em Dash —. Ý. Right Single Arrow Quote ›. Zero Width Joiner ‍. Small Thorn þ. Single Low Quote ‚. æ. Double Dagger ‡.
Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to.Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account.Images
. Body .
<a href= "mailto: email@example.com" >Email Example</a>
Additional HTML Email Code
By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors.Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site. rather than specifying a web URL. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them).com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a>
2nd Email Example
<a href= "mailto:abc@mail.
HTML Email Tag
There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress.
html file picture file resides in previous directory as .gif" src=".html file
A URL cannot contain drive letters. As with links described in a previous lesson. Each method has its pros and cons.. There are two ways to define the source of an image.Alternative Attribute
.html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as . you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods. (src=http://www.Image src
Above we have defined the src attribute.gif" src=".html file. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work.gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your .
Local Src src="sunset. for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file. the source of the image or more appropriately. Advertise on Tizag. First you may use a standard URL.gif" />
HTML . Pictures must be uploaded along with your .Images are a staple of any web designer.html file to your web server. you may eventually run short on hard drive space../pics/sunset.Tizag.gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as . since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your . where the picture file is located. Use your best judgement to meet your needs. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly. Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page.. as you continue to upload picture files to your system.gif) As your second choice.com/pics/htmlT/sunset. however.html file and the location of the picture file. Src stands for source.
<img src="sunset. (src="./sunset. Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.
The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. or if a user has image files disabled. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image. 1.
Vertically and Horizontally Align Images
Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom
. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly. tables.Image Height and Width
To define the height and width of the image. use the height and width attributes. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures.gif" height="50" width="100">
Height and Width:
Above we have defined the src. rather than letting the browser compute the size.
<img src="sunset.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" />
HTML . align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture.
<img src="http://example. height and width attributes.com/brokenlink/sunset. or sections.
Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets.
. The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph.</p>
Image Wrap Arond:
This is paragraph 1.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears. But we aren't talking about that.
<a href="http://www.tizag... isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture
Images as Links
This will be a quick review of the links .</p> <p> <img src="sunset. this would be perfect. so it's rather a waste..com/"> <img src="sunset. Change it to your home page URL.
<p>This is paragraph 1. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works...o
Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph.gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the..image lesson.gif"> </a>
Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it. yes it is. yes it is.
Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. On the down side. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme.gif"> </a>
. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. gifs are usually larger files. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space.espn. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. Jpegs
Gifs are best used for banners.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman.
<a href="sunset. not as compressed as a jpeg. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. clip art. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail.gif"> </a>
HTML Gifs vs.
HTML . bland-looking text link.
<a href="http://www. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag. If you do not know how to use the image tag. have an unlimited color wheel.Image Links
Using graphics will liven up that tired. Jpegs however. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds. and buttons. high quality picture.
many browsers add a small border around image links.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. gather user statistics. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs. credit card.Notice that by default. No Border:
HTML . you may store that data into a file. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. Advertise on Tizag.gif" border="0"> </a>
<a href="sunset.gif"> </a>
Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. place an order. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. etc.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman.
Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. such as: their name.espn. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter.com
. email address. register the person to your web forum. high quality picture.
let's start out with the basics of forms. size .
• • • •
type . and password. name . action . We will be sending our information to a fake email address. The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit".
HTML Form Email
Now we will add the submit functionality to your form.Specifies the URL to send the data to. Name defines what the label of the button will be. Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send">
method . The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form>
Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes.Determines what kind of input field it will be. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. Possible choices are text. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. Generally.Before we teach you how to make a complete form.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. submit.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.Sets the horizontal width of the field.Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. maxlength .We will only be using the post functionality of method.
Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information).com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form>
What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size:
Light Medium Large
If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". name . Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button.</form>
Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form!
HTML Radio Buttons
Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction. You may have seen them on quizzes. and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question.
.specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button.defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. Below we have 2 groups: shade and size.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. questionnaires.
HTML Check Boxes
Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo
HTML Drop Down Lists
Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags.com"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form>
Drop Down Lists:
. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user.com"> Select your favorite cartoon characters.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form>
Select the 2 greatest toons.
Basically just another type of way to get input from the user.com"> Musical Taste <select multiple name="music" size="4"> <option value="emo" selected>Emo</option> <option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option> <option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option> <option value="ska" >Ska</option> <option value="jazz" >Jazz</option> <option value="country" >Country</option> <option value="classical" >Classical</option> <option value="alternative" >Alternative</option> <option value="oldies" >Oldies</option> <option value="techno" >Techno</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form>
HTML Upload Forms
First of all.Education?
HTML Selection Forms
. The second part is the input field itself. In this field. The HTML code for the upload form does nothing more than create an interface for the user to see and work with. a highlighted selection list.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. An upload form consists of three basic parts. The first being a hidden field. HTML codes this automatically when we place the type="file" attribute within the input tag. and the selected option tells the browser which choice to select by default. PHP File Upload. This form will post what the user highlights.
and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. Rows are roughly 12pixels high.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Wrap has 3 values. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts. One ongoing line. The words come as they are. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. Off of course. For this form. the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody. turns off word wrapping within the text area.e. the document sent will not have wrapping words. i. the web host.HTML Code:
<input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" />
HTML Text Areas
Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto.com"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form>
. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. Physical means that the text will appear both to you. the web host. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. but when the page is submitted to you.
o o o
"off" "virtual" "physical"
Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag.
but it does take some getting used to. Advertise on Tizag. Here's how to make a table. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout.
Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized.com
<table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table>
Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be.Enter Comments Here
Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags.
Tables may seem difficult at first. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. The <table> tag is used to begin a table. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad.
0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table>
Cellspacing and Padding:
. Spacing defines the width of the border.Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells
Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content. use the <th> tag as shown below. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes.
<table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.
<table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table>
Colspan and Rowspan:
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1
Cell Padding and Spacing
With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables.255.
. It may seem a bit complicated. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels. we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables.
<table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. However. be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag.
HTML Color . specifically page and table backgrounds. Also. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code.255.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1
Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2
And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table>
Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2
The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you.
• • •
Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag.bgcolor
The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags.
background styling. 0. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. 255)". The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag. check out CSS Backgrounds.com
<TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0.</td> </tr></table>
A lime colored table background using color names.. 0.
<body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000"..</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0.
<table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names. here is how to change the background of your web page. The body tag is where you change the pages background.
. Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden. 255)". 0. Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML!
Adding Color to Your Tables
This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color.</p> </body>
We set the background of this paragraph to be silver.
Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns
Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color
<table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr>
This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray!
Background Color and Font Color Together!
Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor!
<table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table>
Green Bay 13 New England 27
<table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva. Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00">
Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen)." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright.com/pics/htmlT/background.. There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal. Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal.This paragraph tag has.tizag. or Verdana as the backup. blue.100. white is all the colors of light. Advertise on Tizag. Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper. "rgb(100. headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts. </font></p> </td></tr> </table>
This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. and green.. You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed. Tables.Background Repeat
. and bodys may all have a background image. "#333333.100)".jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table>
This table has a background image
Images can be placed within elements of HTML. Example. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red. To accomplish this. paragraphs.
• • • • •
If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color.com
<table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. #33AA44. Examples: #99FFCC. we use the background attribute as follows.
jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table>
This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome.Patterned Backgrounds
Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use. From a different angle.
<table height="200" width="300" background="http://www. Everything looks great. the image simply begins to repeat itself.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions.
Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table.com/pics/htmlT/pattern. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns.
HTML .com/pics/htmlT/background.tizag. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. however.
<table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture.tizag. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image. In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background. or Paint Shop Pro.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table>
This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros.
gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table>
This table has a red transparent background image
When creating patterns or transparent gifs. along the same lines as the patterned images.
<table background="http://www. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. however. and all systems should be go.tizag. Experiment. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. If you would like more information about using HTML color. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF
#00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF
HTML Color Chart
Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors.Transparent Background
Another great techinique.HTML . Be creative.com/pics/htmlT/transparent. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell. colored backgrounds. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. tinker. is that of transparent. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at.
#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900
#330033 #333333 #336633 #339933
#330066 #333366 #336666 #339966
#330099 #333399 #336699 #339999
#3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC
#3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF
#33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF
#660000 #663300 #666600 #669900
#660033 #663333 #666633 #669933
#660066 #663366 #666666 #669966
#660099 #663399 #666699 #669999
#6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC
#6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF
#66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF
#990000 #993300 #996600 #999900
#990033 #993333 #996633 #999933
#990066 #993366 #996666 #999966
#990099 #993399 #996699 #999999
#9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC
#9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF
#99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF
#CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF
#FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF
In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*". frameset cols="#%. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame.
A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index. *".Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have.html" because that is typically a site's main page. This means that one page has no content on it.com
Frames . which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF
Frames allow for multiple ". read on. frames have become outdated. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open.html"> </frameset> </html>
Here's the example: Frame Index
frameset .*"> <frame src="menu. Individual frames are defined inside it. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page. and content in another frame. With the addition of CSS and PHP.
<html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%.
.html"> <frame src="content.The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page.A Generic Frame Page
Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame. but if you wish to use them.html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time. Advertise on Tizag. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right.
used by Internet Explorer. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing. *".
• • •
frameborder="#" .*"> <frame src="title.*"> <frame src="menu. These attributes appear within the frameset tag. with the same value. border="#".rows defines the height that each frame will have.html"> <frame src="content.html"> <frame src="content.html"> <frameset cols="30%.A zero value shows no "window" border.*"> <frame src="menu. used by Netscape. which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height.
<html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%.Modifies the border width.*"> <frame src="title. to be safe. but some browsers only recognize one or the other. so use both.
Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders.html"> </frameset> </html>
Here's a visual:Visual
. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute.html"> </frameset> </html>
frameset rows="#%. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width.
FrameBorder and FrameSpacing
You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%.Adding a Banner or Title Frame
Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows:
<html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.
*"> <frame src="title.html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content. </html>
Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu.html"> <frameset cols="30%.html"> </frameset> </html>
<html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> .html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.*"> <frame name="title" src="title.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout!
Noresize and Scrolling
It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.html"> <name="content" src="content.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html>
.html to point to that frame.html.
<html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%..
<html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.*"> <frame src="menu..Frame Name and Frame Target
How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.
html file and be done with it!
HTML . because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts. We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers.Layout
HTML layout is very basic. Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. scrolling="(yes/no)".Noresize and Scrolling:
Here's the Visual: Visual
<table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table>
Tables inside tables:
Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table. However. Not many options exist with the body tag alone.
• • •
Frames can be simple and well organized.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame. the black one.
HTML .Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts. Instead of updating the menu on each page. you could simply update the menu. Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves.
We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen.Standard Layout
A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. The more specific you are about heights and widths. navigation. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. and your content or display box. These are the backbone to any great website. the less debugging you will have to perform.
<table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table>
Place a banner here Content goes here
Links! Links! Links!
This approach is basic yet organized.
<table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table>
. The code becomes complex rather fast. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well.
Use the align and valign (vertical align) attributes to align your navigation and content.
A comment is a way for you as the web page developer to control what lines of code are to be ignored by the web browser.</td></tr> <tr height="25"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Navigation" id="navigation"> <tr><td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table>
Basic Layout 2:
Banner goes here Links! Links! Links! Content goes here
The code is quite a lot to look at. Temporarily commenting out elements especially if the element has been left unfinished.
• • • •
Your code can become quite complicated rather fast. break it up and organize it in your own way to make things easier for you. Be creative yet organized.
• • •
Writing notes or reminders to yourself inside your actual HTML documents.
This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. Also. or elements that aren't quite finished. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road. there is an opening and a closing much like tags.
<!-. your code may exist for many years.<!-.Opening Comment -. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users. this includes any HTML tags.com/pics/tizagSugar.
.Commenting Existing Code -->
As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress.<input type="text" size="12" /> -.
HTML .> Closing Comment
Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages. All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser.jpg" height="100" width="200" />
Comment to self:
As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated. scripting language(s).Input Field -->
Now when we are ready to display that element.
<!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www.
you may want to look back and edit your code 5 years from now. A few years back.
HTML Meta Tags
Meta tags are used to supply information for search engines that will not be seen by the web surfer unless they were to view your web site's HTML.
Make notes often and frequently. meta tags were a primary way for your site to be recognized by web spiders. Nevertheless.<input type="text" size="12" />
Comment out elements and bits of code that you may want to recall and use at a later date. They are a very useful tool for any large project.write("Hello World!") //--> </script>
With this example we are jumping far ahead.
HTML . In the past.Commenting Scripts -->
Keywords Meta Tag
Keywords or phrases are placed in this meta tag's content attribute.
<script> <!-document. you should still include meta for those search bots that do recognize them. Nothing is more frustrating than deleting bits of code only to turn around and recode them. You should specify the most popular search terms you believe someone would use to reach your web site. but the internet community abused the meta tags to artificially increase their ranking in the search engine databases. only then does the browser correctly execute the scripts.<!-.
. allow your site to be included in their search engine. Commenting out elements is a great technique to pick up from where you left off in your code. You will learn that once they are placed within the <script> tags. just be sure you understand when to use comments and where to look for them.
or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine. Repeated words." /> </head>
Description and Keywords tags are very similar.you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines.
<head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. tutorials. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. CSS. key keywords. XHTML. tizag" /> </head>
Description Meta Tag
As you might have guessed.
<head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head>
Refresh Page and Redirect
. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. Be careful.
Revised Meta Tag
The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site.com would be as follows. As mentioned above if they do not match. and they should be. Note that the keywords are separated by commas.
<head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials.
<head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML. etc" /> </head>
name defines what type of meta tag being used. Here's an example of proper usage for a site. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines.
<head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5. Advertise on Tizag.com" /> </head>
• • •
Its important not to repeat words in the description or keywords meta tags Meta is not the only way to have your site seen by search engines. of course!).espn. However. if you have the time. url=http://www. url=http://www.com With HTML scripts you can create dynamic web pages. The most common use for this type of meta tag.com after being at your site for five seconds. If your domain (. With the refresh meta tag you will be able to redirect visitors to the web site of your choice. A quick refresh may be necessary for news. A common reason might be that you have just purchased a better domain name and would like to retain your old visitors. stocks.
Above shows refreshing Tizag's home page every 10 seconds.
<head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10. is redirection.
HTML Vbscript How To
To insert vbscript code onto your website you must once again make use of the script tag. Below is the correct code to insert vbscript code onto your site.
<script type="text/vbscript"> <!--script ***The vbscript code should go in this spot*** --> </script>
For vbscript you set the type attribute equal to "text/vbscript".
HTML Music Codes
Embed Attributes .Related to Functionality
To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.</p>
Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted.
• • •
autostart .mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player.sets the media file to repeat or not volume .
<embed src="beethoven. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page.mid" width="360" height="165" />
Usually. (Values are true/false)
<embed src="beethoven.Related to Display
To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.the width of the media player.
• • •
width .set the volume of the media file. To stop the music press stop/pause.
Embed Attributes . Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location. but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media.if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag. height .
<embed src="beethoven. The range is 0-100.mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" />
. the above example will appear slightly different.the height of the media player hidden . There are other ways to link to music.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display.
mpeg" autostart="false" />
You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file.Customize Your Code:
The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. The embed tag does not require a closing tag. The range is 0-100.
• • •
Be careful when placing music on your web site. If done poorly.tizag.
• • •
HTML . users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music. it works much like the image tag.com/files/html/htmlexample. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images. If you want your music to play over and over again. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL.Video Codes
Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways. feel free to use this URL while you practice.
. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. Advertise on Tizag.choose if the media file will start automatically loop .set the volume of the media file. A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly.sets the media file to repeat or not volume .com
<embed src="http://www. In fact.
.are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program. hidden.avi).are Apple's Quick Time Movie format. .mpeg" files and Macromedia's . As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it.
• • • •
HTML . loop .set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.
• • • •
.controls the media's ability to start without prompting.>
.Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above. volume . Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages.Embed Attributes
Along with the previously discussed src attribute.wmv files . (0-100). (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). hidden .controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not. false means no looping. and loop.swf</a>
motiontween1easy. Values are true or false. ".are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types.mov) file types are supported by the embed tag.swf"> motiontween1easy. Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages. playcount .
The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet.Google Video HTML Code -. autostart.mpeg files . .swf files .Google Video
Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet.set a numeric value for the loudness of your media.mov files .swf
HTML .A true value means the media will continuously loop. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages.<a href="http://www. AVI's (.tizag.Video Media Types
Flash movies (. At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie. and MOV's (. Values are true or false.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet. there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume.swf). (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise).
com%2Fvideodownload%3Fversion%3D0%26 secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element. Tables. right. Lists.google.video. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program. Paragraphs. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site.google." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video.Body Margins
leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element.
A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag.Body
As we mentioned.com
HTML . the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website.
Embed Google Video:
HTML .End of Google Video HTML Code -->
It is a messy code above. Advertise on Tizag.swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp. Forms. height:326px.google. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left.<embed style="width:400px.com%2FThumbnailServer%3Fapp%3Dvss%26contentid% 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -. top.com/googleplayer.
. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip.
255.255)" vlink="rgb(0. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead. Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site.0.
<body link="white" vlink="black" >
<body link="rgb(255. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.Div Element(s)
Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links.0)" >
HTML . we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links. This method has deprecated.Base Text
The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags.Base Links
Along the same lines.
<body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50">
Top Margin Left Margin
<body text="red" >
<body text="rgb(255.or bottom of your website.0.
The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag.
HTML .google. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags.com
• • • • •
id width height title style
For the purpose of this example.
<div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. anything else should be reserved for CSS. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. Much like the body tag. or frames.</p>
When HTML first began.com">Google</a> </div> </body>
HTML Div Element:
Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements. A table layout.
<body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www. Use only the following attributes with your div element. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag. web creators only had two choices. The div element provides a 3rd alternative.
adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu.</p> </div>
HTML Div Layout II:
HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS
This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</div>
HTML Div Layout:
HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT
This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables.
<div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. and another article of content below the existing content.
Content Article Number Two
Here's another content article right here.Bold
Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro!
These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face. Rather.com
<b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b>
This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text. Advertise on Tizag.
<p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart.</p>
Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart. Advertise on Tizag. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter.Italic(s)
The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag.
<p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p>
Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations.
. Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. use them to emphasize text or words.
<p>Phillip M. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. Nothing fancy here. They are short and sweet. the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p>
<b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em>
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases.
HTML Bold and Italics
Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>!
Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way.
we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson.
. but the tag exists if you so desire. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler.Code <code>
The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. size. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. This simply changes the font face.</p>
Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. As you can see. Advertise on Tizag.com You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example.
This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>!
This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website.
<p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson. It is not always necessary. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code.
The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags.Phillip M.
you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks.
HTML .google. Sure. and absolutely annoying at times. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag. Spaces.
It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text.com" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet.com We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag. This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this.Code Links
Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look. tabs.HTML . I may sound crazy. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious.
<pre> Roses are Red. One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. Tabs and spacing are quite different.
<p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed. Violets are blue. Advertise on Tizag.</p>
Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet.<pre> Preformatting
A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. standing for previously formatted text. But I love you! </pre>
We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions. But I love you!
HTML . I may sound crazy. Violets are blue. Advertise on Tizag. Secret meeting between lovers
. superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page.<sup> Superscript
Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag.
<p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>.com
<p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p>
This text is superscripted!
HTML ." <hr /> 1.Footnotes
You may have come across several texts where a referencing.
2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup>
23 = 8 14x
HTML . These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag. You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets.Roses are Red.
This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds. we use the <del> tag.com
<p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p>
."It was a lover's tryst1.Strikethrough
To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.Carbon Dioxide
<p>H<sub>2</sub>0 . Advertise on Tizag.Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> . Secret meeting between lovers
<p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p>
This text is subscripted!
HTML .Carbon Dioxide
H2O ." 1.Subscript
Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites.Oxygen CO2 .Water O2 .Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> . Advertise on Tizag.
This text is out!
HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>
To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes
Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.
HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on Tizag.com
HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •
"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"
HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields
You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />
Text Fields and Passwords:
HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />
HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />
HTML - Submit Buttons
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />
Submit Continue Please!
HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />
Reset Fields Start Over
HTML - User Input
<input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" />
<input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" />
þÿ þÿ þÿ
Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. Advertise on Tizag. always specify a maxlength.
HTML . PERL.Text Field Size
We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute.com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP. The default size is around 20 characters long.
HTML .HTML . The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size). or ASP. generally this should match the size of your field.Text Fields
Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server.Text Field Maxlength
Without specifying a maxlength attribute. To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields.
Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP.Text Field Value
Using the value attribute. the browser hides the characters being typed. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. stars. Also.
<input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" />
Text Field Values:
HTML . we could pre-populate our text fields with some information.
. replacing them with dots. or boxes.þÿ þÿ þÿ
HTML .Password Fields
Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables.
<input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" />
The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe.
Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.
<p>Please select every sport that you play.Checkbox Forms
Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" />
. Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no. a sort of check all that apply question.
HTML Checkboxes Selected
It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful.
<p>Please select every sport that you play.HTML .</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" />
Please select every sport that you play.
These types of forms must be named.Please select every sport that you play.
Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" />
Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection). In order to achieve this.
Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" />
Italian: Greek: Chinese:
Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball:
HTML . We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios.
Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form.
Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" />
Italian: Greek: Chinese:
Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" />
Italian: Greek: Chinese:
Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" />
By using the checked attribute. we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.
Advertise on Tizag. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area.Textareas
Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user. cols and rows.Text area Cols and Rows
Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear.com
HTML . Paragraphs. or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted.
<textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea>
Bigger Text Areas:
.Italian: Greek: Chinese:
HTML . essays. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag.
Wrapping can be one of three settings:
• • •
soft hard off
Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted.Text Area!
A text area could take up an entire page if required. Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box. Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line. the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.Textarea Wrap
The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field.
<textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. </textarea>
Text Area Wrapping:
Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field.Disabled
.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e
<textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.
<textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts. </textarea>
As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e
HTML . However. </textarea>
Read Only Textareas:
As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read
Now you may not change the text inside the text area. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.
An upload form is another type of input form.As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes.Upload Forms
Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute. movies.
<textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. Advertise on Tizag. or even their own webpages.
<input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" />
Max File Size:
As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read
HTML . simply set the type attribute to file.com
<input type="file" />
Max File Size
To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space.
Advertise on Tizag. Drop down lists have several options a user can select.
.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb.Selection Forms
We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list.CN</option> </select>
Drop Down List:
HTML .The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form. We can change this using the selected attribute.CN</option> </select>
Drop Down List:
By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists
Drop down lists are the basic selection forms. maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live. You have probably seen them already on the internet.com
<select> <option>California -.
<select> <option>California -.
CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.Submit Buttons
Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag.HTML Code:
<select size="3"> <option>California -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CN</option> </select>
<select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -. This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms.
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br />
. This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action.CN</option> </select>
Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them.
HTML . Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson.Selecting Multiples
We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute. Set the type attribute to submit.
however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission.Submit Send Submit Form
Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute.
Form Submission .Action
For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method.com" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form>
Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. it will work great in our example.
HTML Reset Buttons
Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form. or ASP file. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. Advertise on Tizag. PERL.com
<input type="reset" value="Reset" />
. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address.
<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. Mailto has been depreciated. This can be changed to any value you wish. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP.
Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser. or maybe justa plain text file.
<form action="myphp.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form>
Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form!
HTML .<input type="reset" value="Start Over" />
Reset Start Over
HTML Reset in Action
To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. SQL Server. In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. They need to be placed within a form tag.com A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field. When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. a hidden form field may come in handy. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly. there are a number of uses for them. In this rare case.
Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is. especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user.
. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access.<input type="hidden" />
There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view.
<input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" />
Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field.Name and Value the Fields
Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously.
manipulating the font-weight to your preference.5
We are constantly updating this page.Version 0. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. providing many options to
. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag." It's safe to No! place images. but best used for long addresses. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. and text between the opening and closing tags. please Contact Us with your request. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated?
Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. The output of this tag is browser dependent. Many other tags function inside this element as well. line breaks. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7)
Bidirectional Override. common outputs are italics. No!
href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill
Sets a font face. color. Commonly called just plain "links. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese.HTML Reference .
The definition part of a definition list. Allows for No! inline citation of text. resuming text flow on the next line.
Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text.
Insert a line break. browsers continue to recognize them.
. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font.
Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. however. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title
Place your content within your "body" tags.customize the text therein.
Strike through text.
or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. or sizse. fonts. Group together tables. adding specific styles to specific divisions. paragraphs.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title
Divide your content.
Customize fonts within your HTML document.
Create Definition Lists.
Create forms to retrieve user input and data. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. the word you will be defining. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics.
The definition term of a Definition List. Yes! Change colors. For example.
Places a heading onto your document. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets.
Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. or link to exterior style sheets here. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well. Also.
Creates a horizontal rule on the page. Must be placed within frameset tags. place your title.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang
Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. its possible to alter this tag in many ways. Using style sheets.
Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset.
to text fields. Supported by numerous browsers.
Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. From buttons. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. or checkboxes. Works well to quickly format text.
iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title
Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. Supported by many browsers.
Place images onto your website. Specify using the type attribute.
Link exterior documents to your websight.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style
Used to create list items of HTML lists.
Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. Use a seperate link tag for each link
Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document.
Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit.
Create Ordered Lists.
. within you HTML No! documents. Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags.
type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir
Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. Must be placed within a "Select" tag.
Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. Place within a form element to retrieve user input.
Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag.
Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text
Allows for inline text quotation.
Create a selection list to retrieve user input. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser.
WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed. border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style
. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself.
<td> align Create a table data cell.
Create a table for layout or data presentation.id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width
Add superscripted text to your site.
Each tag defines the start and end of a table row.
Create table headers over each of your columns. capable of retrieving user input via forms. Compatible in nearly every browser. Very versatile. Placed within the No! "Head" element.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border
Creats a field to display codelike text. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells.
Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Creates a table row for your tables. No!
.bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type
Underline your text. Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text.
Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). Compatible with many browsers.