This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.
Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>
The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.
Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.
HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.
Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on Tizag.com
The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.
This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.
This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.
This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!
Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.
Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to Tizag.com's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!
Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.
The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. the paragraph texts. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. a closing tag. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons. the element's content. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years. Elements will often have multiple attributes. Web Pages Web pages have many uses. and finally. Attribute . Everything you see in front of you.com An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. an element is a complete tag. Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements. having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. the Tizag banner. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. . For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. Another medium to market your business. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below.A complete tag. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . Advertise on Tizag.
The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. • Go Back . it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. etc). Name your webpage as you please. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. the best titles are brief and descriptive. pictures. For now.As of yet. just keep in mind. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. (Paragraphs. complete webpage. we still have nothing happening on the web page. as the window's title. As the menu on the left suggests. tables. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser.
• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. etc). and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. left to right. lists. Each time the browser finds a tag. HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. you now may begin adding content to your site. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. By adding tags to an HTML document. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom. content(s). though. and closing tag(s). The reason being that these tags do not really require any content. tables look like tables. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML." Advertise on Tizag. Tables.com As you will learn. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. . now treat me as such. images. forms. you signal to the browser "Hey look. I'm a paragraph tag. In a way.
Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag. . HTML Code: <img src=". HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site.Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>. Let's take a look at a line break tag. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag . More on attributes in the next lesson.jpg" /> -. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format./mypic. life would become redundant real quick.Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags)..Image Tag <br /> -. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do.Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag.
the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified. HTML . right. Do not overlook the title attribute. these attributes should not be forgotten. or center. You may align things left. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. You may title an element anything you would like.Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. HTML .<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: .Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs. forgotten attribute. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role.
<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>
Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.
Go Back Continue
• • •
Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!
Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on Tizag.com The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>
Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Centering
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.
HTML - Paragraph Align Right
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.
HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on Tizag.com
. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags.HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below.. Or make your own essay paragraphs.. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off .</p> <p>For instance. Copy(Highlight. Each time you place a heading tag.. then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page. Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay.</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example . This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display.
However.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. For instance. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. . photos.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely.5" floppy disk. Place your documents. essays. With simple html skills. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Advertise on Tizag. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. Off hand. there is an alternative.com HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland.
"The Hobbit". and headings. tables. Advertise on Tizag.Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs. HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues.<br /> 2. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute. JRR Tolkein. lists. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag.com HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example.</p> Biliography: . "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work.
"The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. numbers <dl> . bullets <ol> . and <dl> for definition lists. JRR Tolkein. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1.definition list.com • • • <ul> . 2. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . "The Hobbit".unordered list. Ordered simply means numbered. <ul> for unordered lists.1. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list.ordered list. Get Money 3. and used properly. dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list. Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. its results can be outstanding. Find a Job 2. as the list below demonstrates. Advertise on Tizag. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. As you can see. all this tag does is draw a line across your content.
Get Money II. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. and circles. discs. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Find a Job I. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. Move Out iii. Move Out III. both capital and lower-case.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. Find a Job b. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. Get Money ii. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. Get Money B. Buy Food 5. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. Find a Job A. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . Get Money c. Find a Job i. Enroll in College 6. Move Out C.
defines the start of the list <dt> .definition term <dd> .</dd> </dt> HTML Code: .</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car. These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese. HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper Cereal • Cereal o Cereal Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like. • • • <dl> . It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further.
These formatting tags can make text bold. sub/superscripted.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly. HTML . italic.com Bold. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets. And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time. HTML . Advertise on Tizag. In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. Voiture French word for car. Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements. it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements.Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. and you should consult how . and more.Fromage French word for cheese. They can be used with any text type element.
GREEN. Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color).Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. green. Examples: black.com The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System .RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. white. Red. RGB stands for Red. do not worry. HTML Color Coding System . • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. Ultimately the decision is yours. and Blue Values: . Blue. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic. red. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. Advertise on Tizag. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. BLUE). the web developer. but if you are not using a browser that supports it. Being a voice of experience. The format for RGB is . Green. Below is an example of RGB in use. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. Green. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values.rgb(RED.to do that in our CSS Tutorial. However. and blue. just like the name implies.
They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0.255.bgcolor="rgb(255. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal.255)" bgcolor="rgb(255. Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers.255. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications. the next two are a green value(GG).0. and the last are the blue value(BB). A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white. Rest assured that the system becomes much. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first.255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System .Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code .0.
HTML . so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. and color to the text on your site. face. These are called True Colors.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers.Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB . "#44HHFF". Use the size. Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. See our CSS Tutorial for more information. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color.The formula is real simple.com The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used. Font Size Set the size of your font with size. 15. Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR . since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser. or "#117788". Examples: "#0011EE".Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG .The default size of a font is 3. color. Advertise on Tizag. and color. and face attributes to customize your fonts. . The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). use paired hex values for color. size. HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. Let's try another one. If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. Instead.Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. use css styles to manipulate your font. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value.
HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML...Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page.. Book Antiqua.Font Color Set the color of your font with color..</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed.. Instead they will default to Times New Roman.. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font. they will not be able to see it.</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont .</p> . HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style. Below is the correct way to set your basefont. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance.
. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num.</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However. HTML . Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text.name. 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb.<p>This paragraph has had its font. the use of basefont is deprecated.. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information.or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia.</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.Links and Anchors . which means it may not be supported sometime in the future. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.
and Forms may be used to create these links.href="http://www.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window.Links to anchors on the current page Local . Text.href="#anchorname" Local . The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page. • • • Internal ./pics/picturefile.Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal . or Global. These connections are made using anchor tags to create links.com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML .The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites. or to open the link in the current browser window.yahoo. HTML Code: .Links to other pages within your domain Global .com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www.tizag. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag.. Use the demonstration below as a reference.com HTML . HTML Code: <a href="http://www.com/" HTML .com/" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www.tizag. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link.Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor. Images. Advertise on Tizag.espn. Local.Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.jpg" Global . Hypertext references can be Internal.href=".
a popular sports web site. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link. In the example below. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links. the headings of this page contain blank.COM HTML .COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN.ESPN. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: . First. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.COM. They look like this.target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window. and naming them. named anchors.com" target="_blank">ESPN. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. Here's the example.
com?subject=Feedback" >Email@tizag. The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@example.com HTML . Base .Default Links.com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download.zip">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML .com/pics/htmlT/blanktext.com</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag.tizag.com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag.Email Links Creating an email link is simple.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links.com In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML .
Copyright symbol.Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to. Advertise on Tizag. Usually set your base to your home page. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line.com/"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol. . Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity.copy • And finally a semicolon .com There's three parts to every entity.tizag. HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www. Copyright: Combine ©.& • Then the entities name . you need to know 4 parts. trademark. Several symbols such as copyright.© .. to make . HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . In order to display them. In order to display these characters. Additional Spaces and <>. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard.
".As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags.< Greater than . >. <.<. . ¦. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up. . <.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. ¦. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name  . so to use them on your web site you will need entities.down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up.>. £. ¢. ¤. . <br /> Body tag . >. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than . §.> Body tag . ¤. ¡. ¥. ¡. . must come  . ¢. §. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags. ". £. <br /> Greater than . HTML Code: <p> Less than . An entity exists for placing additional spaces.  . Here's an example.<. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML.body>. ¥.
ETH. Registered Trademark ®. Acute Accent-Capital O Ó. ¶. Inverted Question Mark ¿. Grave Accent-Capital I Ì. &mp. ½. Paragraph ¶. ·. ¼. ©. ¼ Fraction ¼. Acute Accent-Capital I Í. Superscript 3 ³.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot ¨. Ring-Capital A Å. Grave Accent-Capital E È. Masculine Ordinal Indicator º. È. Plus or Minus ±. Copyright ©. Grave Accent-Capital O Ò. Degree(s) °. µ. Micro µ. Acute Accent-Capital A Á. Ò. Left Angle Quotation Mark «. ¿. Grave Accent-Captial A À. À. Superscript 2 ². Ó. ¯.)uml. Circumflex Accent-Capital E Ê. Ã. &Eml. Feminine Ordinal Indicator ª. «. ². Ì. ¨. Ê. °. ®. ¾ Fraction ¾. Ô. ³. ½ Fraction ½. Negation ¬. Î. ª. ´. Í. Circumflex Accent-Capital I Î. Middle Dot ·. Á. Å. &mp. Capital ae Æ. ». Circumflex Accent-Capital O Ô. ±. Tilde-Capital O Õ. Superscript 1 ¹. Circumflex Accent-Capital A Â. Æ. Umlaut Mark-Capital A Ä. %amp. Umlaut Mark-Capital I Ï.Ntilde. Ä. Tilde-Capital N Ñ. Tilde-Capital A Ã. ¬. Ï. Spacing Macron ¯. Õ. É. º. Spacing Cedilla ¸. ¹. Right Angle Quotation Mark ». Spacing Acute ´. Umlaut Mark-Capital O Ö. . ¾. Capital eth Ð. Umlaut Mark-Capital E Ë. Ç. Acute Accent-Capital E É. Â. ¸. Cedilla-Capital C Ç.
&rsaquo. Modifier Circumflex Accent ˆ. &rdquo. &bdquo. Right Single Arrow Quote ›. Zero Width Joiner ‍. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. ß. Circumflex Accent-Capital U Û. Single Low Quote ‚. Small eth ð. Acute Accent-Captital U Ú. Grave Accent-Capital U Ù. &oelig. &rsquo. Per Mile ‰. Capital Ligature Œ. &sbquo. Û. &zwj. &ldquo. Small Tilde ˜. þ. Small Thorn þ. ×. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. &ndash. Ý. Right Double Quote ”. &lsaquo. &permil. ð. Þ. &OElig. Slash-Capital O Ø. However. Double Low Quote „. Ù. Slash-Small o ø. Euro Mark €. Left Single Arrow Quote ‹. Left Double Quote “. Ø. En Dash –. &euro. Thorn Þ. Small Ligature œ. æ. you should know that when you place your email on your website. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. &tilde. Double Dagger ‡. TradeMark ™. &circ. Small ae æ. Umlaut Mark-Capital U Ü.com .× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication ×. Ú. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. Small Sharp ß. &trade. &lsquo. Acute Accent-Capital Y Ý. &Dagger. &dagger. Em Dash —. Left Single Quote ‘. &mdash. Right Single Quote ’. ø. Ü. Dagger †.
• • Subject . HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b.Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them). This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress. HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link.com" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site.Images . Body .Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam.Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account.com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML . rather than specifying a web URL. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail.
URL Types: Local Src src="sunset.Tizag. where the picture file is located.gif" /> Image: HTML . As with links described in a previous lesson. Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page.Images are a staple of any web designer. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work.gif" src=". Advertise on Tizag.gif" src=". the source of the image or more appropriately. since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your ..html file A URL cannot contain drive letters.. (src=http://www.Alternative Attribute . you may eventually run short on hard drive space./pics/sunset. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly. for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file.html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as .html file. Src stands for source.gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your ./sunset. you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. Each method has its pros and cons.html file and the location of the picture file.com HTML Code: <img src="sunset.com/pics/htmlT/sunset. Use your best judgement to meet your needs.gif) As your second choice. HTML .html file to your web server. There are two ways to define the source of an image./sunset. however. Pictures must be uploaded along with your .html file picture file resides in previous directory as .Image src Above we have defined the src attribute.. Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem. First you may use a standard URL. (src=". as you continue to upload picture files to your system.gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as . you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods.
valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . 1. tables.The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures. height and width attributes. Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body. rather than letting the browser compute the size.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture.com/brokenlink/sunset.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML . or if a user has image files disabled. HTML Code: <img src="sunset. or sections. use the height and width attributes. HTML Code: <img src="http://example.
. yes it is.gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears.</p> <p> <img src="sunset. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works. Change it to your home page URL.image lesson.tizag.. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below.. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. this would be perfect. so it's rather a waste. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph.gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the..o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1. But we aren't talking about that. yes it is..com/"> <img src="sunset. ..
To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. Jpegs however.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired. clip art.gif"> </a> Image Link: . Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds. not as compressed as a jpeg. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag.espn. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. have an unlimited color wheel. HTML . bland-looking text link. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. On the down side. high quality picture. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. If you do not know how to use the image tag. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. and buttons. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. gifs are usually larger files. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding.
high quality picture. gather user statistics. No Border: HTML .gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. place an order.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer. Advertise on Tizag.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. credit card.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs.gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero.espn.Notice that by default. etc. register the person to your web forum.com Text Fields . or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter. such as: their name. you may store that data into a file. email address. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. many browsers add a small border around image links. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.
• • • • type . Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button. Possible choices are text. action . and password. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. maxlength . let's start out with the basics of forms. We will be sending our information to a fake email address. name . submit.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. Generally.Before we teach you how to make a complete form.Sets the horizontal width of the field. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.Specifies the URL to send the data to.Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered. Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.We will only be using the post functionality of method. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> . The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. size . Name defines what the label of the button will be. • • method .Determines what kind of input field it will be. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit".
questionnaires. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). • • value . You may have seen them on quizzes.</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction.com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". name . Below we have 2 groups: shade and size. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question.specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button.defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button. .
HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: .HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags.com"> Select your favorite cartoon characters. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons.
the web host. but when the page is submitted to you. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. Off of course. i. the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody.e. One ongoing line. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. The words come as they are. Physical means that the text will appear both to you. For this form. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. the document sent will not have wrapping words. Wrap has 3 values. the web host. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. Rows are roughly 12pixels high.com"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. turns off word wrapping within the text area.
The <table> tag is used to begin a table.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be. . HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized. Here's how to make a table.com HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. Advertise on Tizag. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. but it does take some getting used to.
Spacing defines the width of the border. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: . Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within.255. use the <th> tag as shown below.
we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. Also. For additional . be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag.255. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement. specifically page and table backgrounds. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide. However. It may seem a bit complicated. HTML Color . you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code.
com Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty.background styling. HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background. 0. 255)".. .</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver. 255)". Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color.. 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. check out CSS Backgrounds.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0. here is how to change the background of your web page.</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. The body tag is where you change the pages background. 0. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names. 0.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden.
Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva. Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .
You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed.com/pics/htmlT/background. headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. we use the background attribute as follows. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red.Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML. Example. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). or Verdana as the backup.tizag. "rgb(100. Tables.100)".com HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML . Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper. paragraphs.100.. "#333333. HTML ." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright. blue. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. Advertise on Tizag. To accomplish this. Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color.Background Repeat .This paragraph tag has. Examples: #99FFCC. white is all the colors of light. There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal. and green. Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts.. #33AA44. and bodys may all have a background image.
com/pics/htmlT/pattern. HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions. From a different angle.tizag. Everything looks great. however. HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image. .Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use.com/pics/htmlT/background.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome. or Paint Shop Pro. In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. the image simply begins to repeat itself.tizag. HTML . it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example.
HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors. If you would like more information about using HTML color.gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs.Transparent Background Another great techinique.HTML . Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. Be creative. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. and all systems should be go. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell. is that of transparent.tizag. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . however.com/pics/htmlT/transparent. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. along the same lines as the patterned images. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. Experiment. tinker. HTML Code: <table background="http://www. colored backgrounds. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through.
#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .
frames have become outdated. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page. With the addition of CSS and PHP.html"> <frame src="content. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ". . frameset cols="#%. and content in another frame.html" because that is typically a site's main page. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open. which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset . *". In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*". but if you wish to use them.*"> <frame src="menu. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index.The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page.html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time.com Frames . Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right.A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame. This means that one page has no content on it. Advertise on Tizag. read on.Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have. Individual frames are defined inside it. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame.
A zero value shows no "window" border. These attributes appear within the frameset tag. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute.html"> <frameset cols="30%. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing.Modifies the border width. so use both.*"> <frame src="menu.*"> <frame src="title. border="#".html"> <frame src="content. Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders.html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%.rows defines the height that each frame will have. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. used by Netscape.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual . which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height.*"> <frame src="title. to be safe.html"> <frame src="content. but some browsers only recognize one or the other.html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*". HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%.Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%. • • • frameborder="#" . used by Internet Explorer. *". framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width.*"> <frame src="menu. with the same value.
html..html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.html"> <name="content" src="content.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> .*"> <frame name="title" src="title..html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> .*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.*"> <frame src="menu. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.html to point to that frame.*"> <frame src="title. </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.html"> <frameset cols="30%.
We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts. Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves.Layout HTML layout is very basic. However. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized. Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites.Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts. you could simply update the menu. Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime.Standard Layout .html file and be done with it! HTML . HTML . Not many options exist with the body tag alone. the black one.Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. scrolling="(yes/no)". because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen. Instead of updating the menu on each page.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame.
and your content or display box. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. These are the backbone to any great website. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. The more specific you are about heights and widths.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. The code becomes complex rather fast. navigation. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . the less debugging you will have to perform.
HTML . there is an opening and a closing much like tags.> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages. this includes any HTML tags. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users.<input type="text" size="12" /> -. or elements that aren't quite finished.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. your code may exist for many years.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated. • • <!-.<!-. etc. HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www. scripting language(s).Opening Comment -. HTML Code: . Also.com/pics/tizagSugar.tizag. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. HTML Code: <!-. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what. All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser.Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element.
Here's an example of proper usage for a site. key keywords. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. Repeated words. XHTML. As mentioned above if they do not match. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials.you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. Be careful. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. and they should be. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine.com would be as follows. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML. CSS. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect . this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. tutorials.
mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually. To stop the music press stop/pause. Embed Attributes .choose if the media file will start automatically loop .if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed.</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed.Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display.mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . • • • autostart . (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. the above example will appear slightly different.mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> . HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location.the height of the media player hidden . • • • width .set the volume of the media file. The range is 0-100.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. height . There are other ways to link to music.the width of the media player. Embed Attributes . but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media.
com/files/html/htmlexample.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways.com HTML Code: <embed src="http://www. Advertise on Tizag. The embed tag does not require a closing tag. If done poorly. HTML Code: .tizag.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . HTML . The range is 0-100. Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site. If you want your music to play over and over again. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . In fact. • • • autostart . it works much like the image tag. feel free to use this URL while you practice. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file.Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly.set the volume of the media file. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL.
Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages.swf files . AVI's (.tizag.com/pics/flash/motiontween1easy. (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). and loop. HTML .controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages.set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group. HTML Code: <! -. • • • • .> .swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy. At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie.swf HTML . . ".swf"> motiontween1easy.Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet. .avi).Video Media Types Flash movies (.swf). autostart. Values are true or false. and MOV's (.controls the media's ability to start without prompting.<a href="http://www. (0-100).Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute. volume .mov) file types are supported by the embed tag. loop .mpeg" files and Macromedia's . As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it.are Apple's Quick Time Movie format.mov files .wmv files .swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet.are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types.A true value means the media will continuously loop.are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program. false means no looping. hidden . Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages. • • • • • autostart .Google Video HTML Code -. HTML .Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above. . there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume. The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet. playcount . hidden.set a numeric value for the loudness of your media. Values are true or false.mpeg files . (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise).
google.video. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program.com%2Fvideodownload%3Fversion%3D0%26 secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo. . right. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element.Body As we mentioned. height:326px. Tables.google. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip. A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag. Embed Google Video: HTML .swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left.com%2FThumbnailServer%3Fapp%3Dvss%26contentid% 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -.<embed style="width:400px.google. top. Advertise on Tizag. Lists." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video.com HTML .End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code above. Forms. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website.Body Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element. Paragraphs.com/googleplayer.
0. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML .Div Element(s) . HTML . Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site. This method has deprecated.0.255)" vlink="rgb(0.Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags.Base Links Along the same lines. HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255.or bottom of your website. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'. we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links. HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.0)" > HTML .0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links.255. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead.
Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together.Div Layouts When HTML first began.google. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag. anything else should be reserved for CSS.</p> . web creators only had two choices. HTML . Much like the body tag. A table layout. or frames.com">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements. The div element provides a 3rd alternative.com • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example. Use only the following attributes with your div element.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags.
Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML .</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. and another article of content below the existing content. Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here.</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables.Bold . adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu.</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.
Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase. use them to emphasize text or words.com HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations. HTML . HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter. Rather. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face.com HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! . Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag. Advertise on Tizag. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion.
just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M. HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts. the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. They are short and sweet. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. Nothing fancy here. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases.
HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website.com You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. It is not always necessary. HTML . the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler. size. but the tag exists if you so desire.Phillip M. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson. . we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. This simply changes the font face. As you can see.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user.</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers.
standing for previously formatted text. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks.com We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag. Violets are blue. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet. Spaces. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: .com" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet.google. Advertise on Tizag. tabs. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. I may sound crazy.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. Sure. One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. HTML . and absolutely annoying at times. This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this. Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text.HTML . Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed.Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look. Tabs and spacing are quite different. HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www.
But I love you! HTML .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML .Roses are Red.<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag. I may sound crazy.Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML . You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: . These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag.Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions." <hr /> 1. superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page. Violets are blue.
we use the <del> tag.Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: . HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 .Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> .Carbon Dioxide HTML .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML .Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> .Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites." 1.Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O . Secret meeting between lovers HTML . Advertise on Tizag.Oxygen CO2 .Water O2 . Advertise on Tizag."It was a lover's tryst1.Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.
This text is out!
HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>
To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes
Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.
HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on Tizag.com
HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •
"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"
HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields
You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />
Text Fields and Passwords:
HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />
HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />
HTML - Submit Buttons
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />
Submit Continue Please!
HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />
Reset Fields Start Over
HTML - User Input
or ASP.Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size).HTML . HTML .Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields. always specify a maxlength. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. HTML . HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: . The default size is around 20 characters long. The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. Advertise on Tizag.Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server. PERL. generally this should match the size of your field.com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP.
replacing them with dots. beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe. Also. . Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. we could pre-populate our text fields with some information. or boxes. the browser hides the characters being typed. stars. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML . HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag.þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML .Text Field Value Using the value attribute.
</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play. a sort of check all that apply question. Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no.HTML .Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: . We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play. HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.
We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML .Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection.Please select every sport that you play. In order to achieve this. we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. These types of forms must be named. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection).
HTML . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: .Radio Checked By using the checked attribute.Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form. we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.
essays. or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted. Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear.Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user.com HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML . Textareas have an opening and a closing tag. Paragraphs. Advertise on Tizag.Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML . HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: .Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area. cols and rows.
the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). HTML .Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line. Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted. Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box. </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: .
Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area.Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts. However. </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML .Disabled . HTML .
HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. movies. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: .Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures. or even their own webpages. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. An upload form is another type of input form.com HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML .As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes. simply set the type attribute to file. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. Advertise on Tizag. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute.
A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb. HTML .The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form. maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML .CA</option> <option>Colorado -. You have probably seen them already on the internet.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default. We can change this using the selected attribute.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -.com HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list. Drop down lists have several options a user can select.
CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms. Set the type attribute to submit.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them. Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists.Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: . HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson. HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML .
Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address. it will work great in our example. Mailto has been depreciated. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission.com" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. PERL.Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method. Form Submission .Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch.com HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. Advertise on Tizag. This can be changed to any value you wish. or ASP file.
or maybe justa plain text file. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field. They need to be placed within a form tag.com A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. Advertise on Tizag.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser. a hidden form field may come in handy. SQL Server. When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. there are a number of uses for them. HTML Code: <form action="myphp. In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . HTML Code: .<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. In this rare case.
.Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access.<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in. HTML . Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field.
Many other tags function inside this element as well. color. common outputs are italics. and text between the opening and closing tags. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face.HTML Reference ." It's safe to No! place images. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese. but best used for long addresses. Commonly called just plain "links. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. line breaks.Version 0. changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. The output of this tag is browser dependent. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. please Contact Us with your request.5 We are constantly updating this page. manipulating the font-weight to your preference. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. providing many options to No! No! . Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag.
No! The definition part of a definition list. Allows for No! inline citation of text. No! Strike through text. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font.customize the text therein. however. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. browsers continue to recognize them. No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text. Yes! . Insert a line break. resuming text flow on the next line. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire.
the word you will be defining. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. No! . No! The definition term of a Definition List. paragraphs.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. For example. Create Definition Lists. or sizse. Create forms to retrieve user input and data. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. adding specific styles to specific divisions. fonts. Group together tables. Yes! Change colors.
Also. or link to exterior style sheets here. No! Places a heading onto your document. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. Must be placed within frameset tags. Creates a horizontal rule on the page. Run scripts. No! . No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. its possible to alter this tag in many ways. place your title. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. Using style sheets.
Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. Works well to quickly format text. Supported by many browsers. From buttons. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. No! . Place images onto your website. No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. or checkboxes.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. Specify using the type attribute. to text fields. Supported by numerous browsers.
Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. No! Create Ordered Lists. No! Link exterior documents to your websight. . this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit. within you HTML No! documents.
No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. Place within a form element to retrieve user input.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. Allows for inline text quotation. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. Must be placed within a "Select" tag. No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! .
No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. No! <td> align Create a table data cell. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself. WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed.id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site. border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! .
title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. Compatible in nearly every browser. No! Create table headers over each of your columns. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. Creates a table row for your tables. No! . Each tag defines the start and end of a table row. Very versatile. capable of retrieving user input via forms. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Placed within the No! "Head" element.
Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text.bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. Compatible with many browsers. No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). No! .
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