This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.
Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>
The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.
Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.
HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.
Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on Tizag.com
The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.
This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.
This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.
This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!
Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.
Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to Tizag.com's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!
Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.
Another medium to market your business.A complete tag. an element is a complete tag. Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. and finally. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. Elements will often have multiple attributes. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. Web Pages Web pages have many uses.com An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. Attribute . the Tizag banner. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . the paragraph texts. having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. a closing tag. . the element's content. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. Advertise on Tizag. For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. Everything you see in front of you.
HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. (Paragraphs. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. as the window's title. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. we still have nothing happening on the web page. the best titles are brief and descriptive. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. For now. • Go Back . etc). Name your webpage as you please. As the menu on the left suggests. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. tables. complete webpage. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. just keep in mind.As of yet. pictures. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser.
This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML. now treat me as such. HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. lists. images. though. you now may begin adding content to your site. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. In a way. left to right. Tables. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. and closing tag(s). tables look like tables. . HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom. I'm a paragraph tag. The reason being that these tags do not really require any content. By adding tags to an HTML document. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element.com As you will learn. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. you signal to the browser "Hey look." Advertise on Tizag. content(s). Each time the browser finds a tag.• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. forms. etc).
jpg" /> -. it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>./mypic..Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags). Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag. HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve. HTML Code: <img src=". More on attributes in the next lesson. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute.Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag.Image Tag <br /> -. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do.Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. life would become redundant real quick. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag . Let's take a look at a line break tag. .
By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified.<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: . HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. Do not overlook the title attribute. HTML . HTML .Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. these attributes should not be forgotten. right. forgotten attribute. or center. You may align things left. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs. You may title an element anything you would like.Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element.
<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>
Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.
Go Back Continue
• • •
Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!
Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on Tizag.com The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>
Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Centering
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.
HTML - Paragraph Align Right
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.
HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on Tizag.com
Or make your own essay paragraphs.. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display..</p> <p>For instance. This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag. Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. Off . let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete.. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects. Copy(Highlight. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags.HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below.. Each time you place a heading tag.</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example . then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page.
(the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. Off hand. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. essays. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. . there is an alternative. Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. photos. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. Place your documents. However.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Advertise on Tizag. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. With simple html skills. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world.com HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. For instance. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head.5" floppy disk.
and headings. "The Hobbit". "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. tables. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. JRR Tolkein. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography.</p> Biliography: .<br /> 2. HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen. Advertise on Tizag.Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1.com HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute. lists. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag.
HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1. and <dl> for definition lists. 2. JRR Tolkein. "The Hobbit".ordered list. as the list below demonstrates. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. <ul> for unordered lists.1. and used properly. As you can see.definition list. HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists.unordered list. Advertise on Tizag. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . bullets <ol> . Get Money 3. its results can be outstanding. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list.com • • • <ul> . Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. Find a Job 2. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list. Ordered simply means numbered. numbers <dl> .
Move Out III. Move Out C. and circles. Move Out iii. Find a Job b. Get Money c. Get Money ii. both capital and lower-case. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. Find a Job i. Get Money II. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. Find a Job A. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. discs. Buy Food 5. Enroll in College 6. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. Find a Job I.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. Get Money B. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> .
defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese.defines the start of the list <dt> . • • • <dl> .Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like. It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further.</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car. These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.definition term <dd> . HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper Cereal • Cereal o Cereal Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.</dd> </dt> HTML Code: .
Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. italic. sub/superscripted.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly.com Bold. And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets.Fromage French word for cheese. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. and more. HTML . Advertise on Tizag. and you should consult how . it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. HTML . In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements. These formatting tags can make text bold. Voiture French word for car. They can be used with any text type element. Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements.
red. However.to do that in our CSS Tutorial. do not worry. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. BLUE). that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. HTML Color Coding System . Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. but if you are not using a browser that supports it. white.com The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. Green.rgb(RED. Below is an example of RGB in use. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic. the web developer. Blue. GREEN. Advertise on Tizag. and blue. RGB stands for Red. and Blue Values: . Being a voice of experience. just like the name implies. green.RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. Red. Examples: black. The format for RGB is . The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). Green. Ultimately the decision is yours.
A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce.255.0. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer.255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System . and the last are the blue value(BB). Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values. Rest assured that the system becomes much.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0.bgcolor="rgb(255. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers. They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document.255)" bgcolor="rgb(255.0. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code . the next two are a green value(GG). A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal.255.
and face attributes to customize your fonts. Advertise on Tizag.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers. See our CSS Tutorial for more information. face.Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB . Let's try another one. Font Size Set the size of your font with size. Instead. and color. so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. HTML . and color to the text on your site. If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size. Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR .Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. Examples: "#0011EE". HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. use css styles to manipulate your font. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. Use the size. .The formula is real simple.com The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used. 15. Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. "#44HHFF".The default size of a font is 3. or "#117788". use paired hex values for color.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG . The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color. These are called True Colors. color. size. since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser.
</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont ... Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed.</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font. Below is the correct way to set your basefont. they will not be able to see it. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed.. Book Antiqua. HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font.. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style..Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page..</p> .Font Color Set the color of your font with color. Instead they will default to Times New Roman.
</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However. HTML . which means it may not be supported sometime in the future.name.or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.<p>This paragraph has had its font..</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.Links and Anchors . Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text.. 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia. the use of basefont is deprecated. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num.
href=". or to open the link in the current browser window. These connections are made using anchor tags to create links. Local.Links to anchors on the current page Local .com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML .Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor.Links to other pages within your domain Global .Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal . or Global. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link.espn.jpg" Global . and Forms may be used to create these links.href="http://www.The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites.tizag. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag.com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www./pics/picturefile. The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page.Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.yahoo. Advertise on Tizag. Images..href="#anchorname" Local .com HTML . • • • Internal . Hypertext references can be Internal.com/" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www.com/" HTML . HTML Code: . HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Use the demonstration below as a reference. Text.tizag.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window.
named anchors. In the example below. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. First. the headings of this page contain blank. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link.ESPN. Here's the example.com" target="_blank">ESPN.COM.COM HTML .target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor.COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: . we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. and naming them. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. They look like this. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window. a popular sports web site. so that the viewer can remain at our web site.
com HTML .Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML .com</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag.Default Links.com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag. The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson.com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links.com/pics/htmlT/blanktext. Base . HTML Code: <a href="http://www. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@example.com">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML .com?subject=Feedback" >Email@tizag. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download.com In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.Email Links Creating an email link is simple. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them.
. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard.Copyright symbol. . Usually set your base to your home page. In order to display these characters. to make . Advertise on Tizag. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity. Additional Spaces and <>. you need to know 4 parts.com/"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line. In order to display them.Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to.com There's three parts to every entity. trademark.tizag. HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . Copyright: Combine ©.© . Several symbols such as copyright.& • Then the entities name . HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www.copy • And finally a semicolon .
< Greater than . >. ¡.<. §. must come  . . ¥. ¦. . so to use them on your web site you will need entities. §. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags. <. HTML Code: <p> Less than .<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. An entity exists for placing additional spaces.> Body tag . ".down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. £. ¤. Here's an example. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up. . <. <br /> Greater than . ¢. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name  . browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML. ¦.>.<.  . £. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than .As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags. <br /> Body tag . >.body>. ". ¢. ¡. ¥. ¤. .
Registered Trademark ®. Paragraph ¶. Degree(s) °.ETH. ª. Ring-Capital A Å. Acute Accent-Capital A Á. ¼. Copyright ©. Feminine Ordinal Indicator ª. Tilde-Capital A Ã. ±. Acute Accent-Capital O Ó. Í. Ê. ¼ Fraction ¼. Â. ². Ò. Cedilla-Capital C Ç. &mp. ¹. Superscript 1 ¹. Masculine Ordinal Indicator º. Spacing Cedilla ¸. ¿. º. &Eml. È. . %amp. ©. ¶. Capital eth Ð. ¨. Tilde-Capital N Ñ. É. Circumflex Accent-Capital E Ê. Á. ·. Circumflex Accent-Capital A Â. Î. Ó. Superscript 2 ². µ. Negation ¬. ¾.Ntilde.)uml. Å. Grave Accent-Capital I Ì. Superscript 3 ³. Ç. Tilde-Capital O Õ. Æ. ®. ». °. «. Ô. ½. ¬. Right Angle Quotation Mark ». ³. Umlaut Mark-Capital A Ä. Spacing Macron ¯. Acute Accent-Capital E É. Grave Accent-Captial A À. &mp. Spacing Acute ´. Capital ae Æ. Umlaut Mark-Capital E Ë. Umlaut Mark-Capital I Ï. Ì. Grave Accent-Capital E È. Õ. ¾ Fraction ¾. ¸. À. Ä. ¯. Acute Accent-Capital I Í. ½ Fraction ½. Umlaut Mark-Capital O Ö. Circumflex Accent-Capital I Î. Plus or Minus ±. Circumflex Accent-Capital O Ô. Ï.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot ¨. Left Angle Quotation Mark «. Ã. Middle Dot ·. Inverted Question Mark ¿. Grave Accent-Capital O Ò. ´. Micro µ.
Small Thorn þ. &mdash. you should know that when you place your email on your website. Small eth ð. þ. &lsaquo. Ü. &rdquo. &tilde. Þ. &sbquo. &dagger.com . &oelig. Grave Accent-Capital U Ù. Small Sharp ß. Capital Ligature Œ. &OElig. æ. ð. &permil. Left Single Quote ‘. Acute Accent-Capital Y Ý. ß. However. Single Low Quote ‚. &circ. &rsaquo. Small Ligature œ. Left Double Quote “. Em Dash —. Right Double Quote ”. Û. Ù. En Dash –. Thorn Þ. &ndash. ×. Right Single Arrow Quote ›. Ý. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. Small ae æ. Small Tilde ˜. Ø. Acute Accent-Captital U Ú.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication ×. Slash-Capital O Ø. &trade. Euro Mark €. Per Mile ‰. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. Zero Width Joiner ‍. Right Single Quote ’. &lsquo. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. Dagger †. &ldquo. &euro. Left Single Arrow Quote ‹. Modifier Circumflex Accent ˆ. Umlaut Mark-Capital U Ü. &bdquo. TradeMark ™. Circumflex Accent-Capital U Û. Slash-Small o ø. &zwj. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. Double Dagger ‡. Ú. &Dagger. Double Low Quote „. &rsquo. ø.
HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link.com" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors. • • Subject .Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site. This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to. We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam. rather than specifying a web URL.Images .Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. Body . HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them).com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML .Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account.
. as you continue to upload picture files to your system. (src=http://www. As with links described in a previous lesson. Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.gif) As your second choice. the source of the image or more appropriately. for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file. Src stands for source.html file to your web server.html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as .com/pics/htmlT/sunset. URL Types: Local Src src="sunset.Image src Above we have defined the src attribute./sunset. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work. you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods.gif" /> Image: HTML .gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as . Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page.html file and the location of the picture file. where the picture file is located. Use your best judgement to meet your needs.Tizag../pics/sunset. however. Advertise on Tizag. since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your . you may eventually run short on hard drive space. you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. (src=".Images are a staple of any web designer.html file A URL cannot contain drive letters./sunset. Each method has its pros and cons.com HTML Code: <img src="sunset. There are two ways to define the source of an image.. Pictures must be uploaded along with your . First you may use a standard URL.gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your . so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly.html file picture file resides in previous directory as .html file.Alternative Attribute . HTML .gif" src=".gif" src=".
rather than letting the browser compute the size. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. use the height and width attributes. 1. or if a user has image files disabled. tables. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image.com/brokenlink/sunset. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures. HTML Code: <img src="http://example. or sections. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom .The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. height and width attributes. HTML Code: <img src="sunset.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML .
com/"> <img src="sunset... .isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph. Change it to your home page URL.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1. The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph.. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets.. But we aren't talking about that. yes it is.gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the.. yes it is. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . this would be perfect.tizag.. so it's rather a waste. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1.gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below.image lesson.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works.</p> <p> <img src="sunset. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.
HTML .gif"> </a> Image Link: . clip art. gifs are usually larger files. bland-looking text link.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. If you do not know how to use the image tag.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space. On the down side. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries. Jpegs however.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail. high quality picture. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. not as compressed as a jpeg.espn. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners. and buttons. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. have an unlimited color wheel. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions.
high quality picture. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. many browsers add a small border around image links.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. No Border: HTML .com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. etc.Notice that by default.com Text Fields . place an order. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. you may store that data into a file. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero. gather user statistics. register the person to your web forum. such as: their name. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. Advertise on Tizag.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger.espn.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. credit card. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs. email address.
com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. and password. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later.Determines what kind of input field it will be. HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form. • • method .Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered. maxlength . We will be sending our information to a fake email address.Sets the horizontal width of the field. action . name . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit". Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. let's start out with the basics of forms. Generally. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button. • • • • type . submit. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way.Before we teach you how to make a complete form. Name defines what the label of the button will be.We will only be using the post functionality of method. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of. Possible choices are text.Specifies the URL to send the data to. Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. size . which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> .
• • value . and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question.</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information).com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". Below we have 2 groups: shade and size. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button. You may have seen them on quizzes. . questionnaires. name .defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button.
HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags. The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button.HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices.com"> Select your favorite cartoon characters.com"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: . <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user.
the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody. Physical means that the text will appear both to you. turns off word wrapping within the text area. The words come as they are. Rows are roughly 12pixels high. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. One ongoing line. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. Wrap has 3 values. i. the web host. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. For this form.com"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . but when the page is submitted to you. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. Off of course. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. the web host. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts. the document sent will not have wrapping words.e.
Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. Here's how to make a table. HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. Advertise on Tizag.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags. The <table> tag is used to begin a table. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>.com HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. but it does take some getting used to. .
Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables. use the <th> tag as shown below.255. Spacing defines the width of the border.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: . By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content.
be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you. It may seem a bit complicated. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. specifically page and table backgrounds. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags.255.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code. However. For additional . we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. HTML Color . Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels. The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. Also.
Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden. .</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". check out CSS Backgrounds. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0..com Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. 255)".. 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag. here is how to change the background of your web page. HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background.</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. 0. 0. 0.background styling. The body tag is where you change the pages background. HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names. 255)".</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver. Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color.
Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva. Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .
HTML . or Verdana as the backup.tizag. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color. There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal. #33AA44. You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed..100)".. and bodys may all have a background image. To accomplish this. blue. Examples: #99FFCC.com/pics/htmlT/background. Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. we use the background attribute as follows.100. white is all the colors of light." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright. Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML . paragraphs.com HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. Example. Advertise on Tizag.This paragraph tag has. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts.Background Repeat . "#333333.Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML. Tables. and green. "rgb(100.
HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. however.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros.tizag. .Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background. HTML . HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www. or Paint Shop Pro. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image. From a different angle.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome.tizag. In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop.com/pics/htmlT/pattern. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. the image simply begins to repeat itself. Everything looks great.com/pics/htmlT/background.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions.
Experiment.HTML . use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. and all systems should be go. tinker. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. is that of transparent.gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell.tizag. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. Be creative. colored backgrounds. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background.com/pics/htmlT/transparent. HTML Code: <table background="http://www. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. however. If you would like more information about using HTML color. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors. along the same lines as the patterned images.Transparent Background Another great techinique.
#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .
The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page. Individual frames are defined inside it. *".Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset . With the addition of CSS and PHP. This means that one page has no content on it.A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame. and content in another frame. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right.html"> <frame src="content. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open.html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index.com Frames .*"> <frame src="menu. but if you wish to use them. frameset cols="#%. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%. . which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself. In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*".#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ". When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page.html" because that is typically a site's main page. frames have become outdated. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame. Advertise on Tizag. read on.
*"> <frame src="menu. but some browsers only recognize one or the other.html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%. so use both. which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height.html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual .html"> <frame src="content. used by Netscape.Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.*"> <frame src="menu. with the same value. used by Internet Explorer. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing. border="#". Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders. *".Modifies the border width.html"> <frameset cols="30%. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. These attributes appear within the frameset tag. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%.rows defines the height that each frame will have. • • • frameborder="#" .A zero value shows no "window" border.html"> <frame src="content. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".*"> <frame src="title. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width. to be safe.*"> <frame src="title.
Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> .html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> . </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu.html to point to that frame. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.*"> <frame src="title.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.*"> <frame name="title" src="title.html"> <frameset cols="30%.html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content.*"> <frame src="menu.html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%...html.html"> <name="content" src="content. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.
Not many options exist with the body tag alone.html file and be done with it! HTML . Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame. We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. scrolling="(yes/no)". the black one.Layout HTML layout is very basic. you could simply update the menu. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table.Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . Instead of updating the menu on each page. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. However.Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor.Standard Layout . HTML .
The code becomes complex rather fast. and your content or display box. The more specific you are about heights and widths. the less debugging you will have to perform. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. navigation. These are the backbone to any great website.
com/pics/tizagSugar.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress. HTML Code: <!-.Opening Comment -.Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element. • • <!-. Also.> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages. there is an opening and a closing much like tags. or elements that aren't quite finished. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what. etc.<!-. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore.tizag.<input type="text" size="12" /> -. HTML .jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated. scripting language(s). HTML Code: . In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser. your code may exist for many years. HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www. this includes any HTML tags.
Repeated words. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect . and they should be. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. key keywords. tutorials. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. XHTML. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. As mentioned above if they do not match. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used.you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines.com would be as follows." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. CSS. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. Here's an example of proper usage for a site. Be careful. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML.
HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. Embed Attributes .Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . To stop the music press stop/pause.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. There are other ways to link to music. (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> . HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed. To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display.the width of the media player. Embed Attributes .the height of the media player hidden . but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media. • • • autostart . you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. The range is 0-100.set the volume of the media file. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page. the above example will appear slightly different.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag. • • • width .if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . height .mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually.mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player.
sets the media file to repeat or not volume . If you want your music to play over and over again. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL. it works much like the image tag. The embed tag does not require a closing tag. Advertise on Tizag. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images. In fact. • • • autostart .com HTML Code: <embed src="http://www.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). If done poorly.set the volume of the media file. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music. Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file. feel free to use this URL while you practice.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways.tizag.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . HTML Code: .com/files/html/htmlexample.Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. HTML . The range is 0-100. A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly.
controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not.swf files .> . loop .set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group. .are Apple's Quick Time Movie format.mpeg files . At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie.Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute. hidden.Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet. AVI's (. Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages.mov) file types are supported by the embed tag. (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise). autostart.set a numeric value for the loudness of your media. . and loop. HTML .com/pics/flash/motiontween1easy. • • • • • autostart . The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet. playcount . • • • • . (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice).avi).wmv files . Values are true or false. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages.mov files . Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages. Values are true or false.Google Video HTML Code -.swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy.tizag. (0-100).swf). there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume.controls the media's ability to start without prompting.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet.swf"> motiontween1easy. .A true value means the media will continuously loop.Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above.are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program. and MOV's (.mpeg" files and Macromedia's . HTML .are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types. HTML Code: <! -.<a href="http://www.Video Media Types Flash movies (. As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it. ". false means no looping. hidden . volume .swf HTML .
com HTML .google.video. .com%2FThumbnailServer%3Fapp%3Dvss%26contentid% 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -. Tables. Lists. right. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website.google.<embed style="width:400px.Body As we mentioned. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element.swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site. Forms. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left.Body Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip. A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag.google.com%2Fvideodownload%3Fversion%3D0%26 secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program. Embed Google Video: HTML . Advertise on Tizag.End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code above.com/googleplayer." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video. height:326px. Paragraphs. top.
255)" vlink="rgb(0.0)" > HTML .Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags. HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links. we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links.0. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML . we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead.0.255. HTML . This method has deprecated. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'.Base Links Along the same lines. HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255. Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site.or bottom of your website.Div Element(s) .
</p> . HTML . since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag.google. The div element provides a 3rd alternative. Use only the following attributes with your div element. web creators only had two choices. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together.com • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example.com">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. Much like the body tag. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. A table layout. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www. or frames.Div Layouts When HTML first began. anything else should be reserved for CSS. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag.
Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu.</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. and another article of content below the existing content. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.Bold .</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here.</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML . adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables.
Rather.Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase. Advertise on Tizag. use them to emphasize text or words. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face.com HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! .Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag. Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. HTML .com HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter. Advertise on Tizag. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations. HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion.
Nothing fancy here. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. They are short and sweet. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M.
com You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user. HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website.Phillip M. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson.</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. Advertise on Tizag.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. . This simply changes the font face. It is not always necessary. HTML . but the tag exists if you so desire. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. size. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson. As you can see. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler.
com We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag. I may sound crazy. and absolutely annoying at times. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: . Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text. Advertise on Tizag. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks.com" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet. Violets are blue. Spaces. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet. tabs. One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www.HTML . and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. standing for previously formatted text.Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look. Sure. Tabs and spacing are quite different. HTML .google. This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this.
Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing. Violets are blue.<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag." <hr /> 1. HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>. But I love you! HTML . superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML .Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions. You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets. I may sound crazy. Advertise on Tizag. These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag. Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: .Roses are Red.
Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: .Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> .Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O . Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 . Advertise on Tizag.Oxygen CO2 . Secret meeting between lovers HTML .Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites."It was a lover's tryst1.Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds.Water O2 . we use the <del> tag.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML .Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> .Carbon Dioxide HTML ." 1.
This text is out!
HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>
To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes
Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.
HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on Tizag.com
HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •
"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"
HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields
You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />
Text Fields and Passwords:
HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />
HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />
HTML - Submit Buttons
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />
Submit Continue Please!
HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />
Reset Fields Start Over
HTML - User Input
or ASP. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size).com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP.HTML . To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: .Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server. HTML . always specify a maxlength.Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. PERL.Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute. HTML . Advertise on Tizag. generally this should match the size of your field. The default size is around 20 characters long.
þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . we could pre-populate our text fields with some information. replacing them with dots. . All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. the browser hides the characters being typed. beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe. HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. stars. or boxes.Text Field Value Using the value attribute. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP. Also. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML .
Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form. HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. a sort of check all that apply question. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful. Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: .HTML . Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.
These types of forms must be named.Please select every sport that you play. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: . we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML . In order to achieve this.Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection).
Radio Checked By using the checked attribute. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: .Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form. HTML . we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.
HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: . Paragraphs.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. essays. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area. Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear. Advertise on Tizag. or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted. cols and rows.com HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML .Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user.Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML .
Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field. Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box. Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted.Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML . Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line. the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas.
Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML . </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area.Disabled .Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. However. </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML . you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas.
HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute. simply set the type attribute to file. We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. Advertise on Tizag. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: . or even their own webpages. movies. An upload form is another type of input form.Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures.com HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML .
Drop down lists have several options a user can select. Advertise on Tizag.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default. You have probably seen them already on the internet. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML .Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. We can change this using the selected attribute. .CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb. maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live.com HTML Code: <select> <option>California -. HTML .The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.
Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson.CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them. This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action.HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. Set the type attribute to submit. This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: . HTML .
it will work great in our example. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. Advertise on Tizag. Form Submission . This can be changed to any value you wish. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form. Mailto has been depreciated. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission.com HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> .Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. or ASP file. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form.com" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens.Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method. PERL. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP.
HTML Code: .<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field. When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. there are a number of uses for them. Advertise on Tizag. or maybe justa plain text file. SQL Server.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser.com A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. They need to be placed within a form tag. HTML Code: <form action="myphp. In this rare case.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . a hidden form field may come in handy.
1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user.<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view. HTML . especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in. .Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is.
and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override.HTML Reference . manipulating the font-weight to your preference. and text between the opening and closing tags. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag." It's safe to No! place images.5 We are constantly updating this page. but best used for long addresses. Many other tags function inside this element as well. please Contact Us with your request. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation. providing many options to No! No! . color. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code.Version 0. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. Commonly called just plain "links. The output of this tag is browser dependent. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. common outputs are italics. line breaks. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets.
customize the text therein. Insert a line break. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. browsers continue to recognize them. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. No! Strike through text. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. No! The definition part of a definition list. resuming text flow on the next line. Yes! . however. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text. No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. Allows for No! inline citation of text.
paragraphs. No! The definition term of a Definition List. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. For example. Create Definition Lists. fonts. Yes! Change colors. No! . or sizse. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. Group together tables. Create forms to retrieve user input and data. adding specific styles to specific divisions. the word you will be defining.
No! Places a heading onto your document. place your title. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. Also. or link to exterior style sheets here. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. No! . the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well. Must be placed within frameset tags. Creates a horizontal rule on the page. Using style sheets.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. Run scripts. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset. its possible to alter this tag in many ways.
Place images onto your website. No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. or checkboxes.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. Specify using the type attribute. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. Supported by many browsers. Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. No! . Supported by numerous browsers. Works well to quickly format text. to text fields. From buttons.
No! Link exterior documents to your websight.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document. Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. within you HTML No! documents. . No! Create Ordered Lists. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing.
Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input. Must be placed within a "Select" tag. Place within a form element to retrieve user input.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! . Allows for inline text quotation. No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag.
id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself. No! <td> align Create a table data cell. No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed. border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! .
No! Create table headers over each of your columns. capable of retrieving user input via forms.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. Placed within the No! "Head" element. Each tag defines the start and end of a table row. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Very versatile. No! . Compatible in nearly every browser. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. Creates a table row for your tables.
bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. No! . Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text. Compatible with many browsers. No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists).
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