This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.
Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>
The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.
Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.
HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.
Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on Tizag.com
The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>
This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.
This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.
This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.
This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!
Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.
Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to Tizag.com's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!
Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.
For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. the Tizag banner. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years. a closing tag. Attribute . Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section. Advertise on Tizag. and finally. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. Web Pages Web pages have many uses. having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. . A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . an element is a complete tag.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements.A complete tag.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. the element's content. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels. Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful. Another medium to market your business. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. the paragraph texts.com An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. Everything you see in front of you. Elements will often have multiple attributes. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag .If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial.
The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. as the window's title. tables. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser. the best titles are brief and descriptive. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left.As of yet. etc). • Go Back . For now. Name your webpage as you please. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. (Paragraphs. pictures. complete webpage. we still have nothing happening on the web page. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. just keep in mind. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. As the menu on the left suggests. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed.
" Advertise on Tizag. HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). The reason being that these tags do not really require any content. HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. content(s). left to right. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags.com As you will learn. I'm a paragraph tag. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. though. you now may begin adding content to your site. Each time the browser finds a tag. . etc). Here's quick look at some HTML tags. In a way. and closing tag(s). This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom. lists. you signal to the browser "Hey look. Tables. and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. forms. images. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content).• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. now treat me as such. By adding tags to an HTML document. tables look like tables.
/mypic. life would become redundant real quick. HTML Code: <img src=". Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag . If every line break tag needed all three components as other do.jpg" /> -. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format. Let's take a look at a line break tag. More on attributes in the next lesson.Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site.Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag.Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags). it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>. . Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve.Image Tag <br /> -. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute..
right. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: . the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. these attributes should not be forgotten. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified. Do not overlook the title attribute. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. or center. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs.<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. forgotten attribute. HTML . You may title an element anything you would like.Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. HTML . You may align things left.Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless.
<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>
Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.
Go Back Continue
• • •
Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!
Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on Tizag.com The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>
Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.
HTML - Paragraph Centering
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.
HTML - Paragraph Align Right
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>
Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.
HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on Tizag.com
Or make your own essay paragraphs.</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example . Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag..HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags. Copy(Highlight. Each time you place a heading tag. Off ... let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete.</p> <p>For instance.. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display. then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page.
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. essays.5" floppy disk. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself.com HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely. . For instance. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. Place your documents. photos. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head. there is an alternative. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. However. With simple html skills. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. Advertise on Tizag. Off hand. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor.
"The Hobbit". Advertise on Tizag.Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs. lists. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag.com HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. tables. HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. JRR Tolkein.<br /> 2. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1.</p> Biliography: . and headings. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues.
"The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists. Advertise on Tizag. and <dl> for definition lists. numbers <dl> . dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list. 2. Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items.com • • • <ul> . JRR Tolkein. <ul> for unordered lists. Get Money 3. As you can see. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list.definition list. Find a Job 2.1. "The Hobbit".unordered list. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. as the list below demonstrates. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. bullets <ol> . HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1. its results can be outstanding.ordered list. and used properly. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . Ordered simply means numbered.
Find a Job A. Get Money c. Find a Job I. Find a Job i. Get Money II. Find a Job b. Buy Food 5. Enroll in College 6. Get Money ii. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. Get Money B. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. Move Out C. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. Move Out III. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. discs. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. and circles. Move Out iii. both capital and lower-case.
defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese.defines the start of the list <dt> . These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look. HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper Cereal • Cereal o Cereal Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.</dd> </dt> HTML Code: .definition term <dd> .Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like. • • • <dl> .</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car. It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further.
Fromage French word for cheese. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly. and more.com Bold. These formatting tags can make text bold. italic. Voiture French word for car. In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements. They can be used with any text type element. HTML . and you should consult how . Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements. sub/superscripted. Advertise on Tizag.Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. HTML . If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets.
Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values.RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. Advertise on Tizag. the web developer. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. green. GREEN. Being a voice of experience. and Blue Values: .com The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. Red. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. HTML Color Coding System . and blue. Below is an example of RGB in use. red. However.to do that in our CSS Tutorial.rgb(RED. BLUE). keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. The format for RGB is . do not worry. RGB stands for Red. Green. Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). Examples: black. just like the name implies. white. Blue. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic. Ultimately the decision is yours. but if you are not using a browser that supports it.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. Green.
A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce.0. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly. and the last are the blue value(BB). Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first.bgcolor="rgb(255. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal.255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System . Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .255. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code .0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document. They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. Rest assured that the system becomes much. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications.Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values.255)" bgcolor="rgb(255.255.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. the next two are a green value(GG).0.
See our CSS Tutorial for more information.The formula is real simple. These are called True Colors. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG . HTML . Font Size Set the size of your font with size. use paired hex values for color. and face attributes to customize your fonts. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size. Use the size.The default size of a font is 3.Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB .Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. and color to the text on your site.com The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color. Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. "#44HHFF". so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. color. . Advertise on Tizag. If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. Instead. Examples: "#0011EE". 15. since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser. use css styles to manipulate your font. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). and color. Let's try another one. size. or "#117788". Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR . face.
. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance.</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font.. Below is the correct way to set your basefont. Instead they will default to Times New Roman. Book Antiqua. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML.Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page. they will not be able to see it..</p> .. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font.Font Color Set the color of your font with color. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed.. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed.</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont . HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font..
which means it may not be supported sometime in the future..</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information.<p>This paragraph has had its font. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia. Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text. HTML .</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb.Links and Anchors .or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks. the use of basefont is deprecated.name.. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS.
Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link. The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window.com/" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www.Links to anchors on the current page Local . and Forms may be used to create these links. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.tizag. These connections are made using anchor tags to create links.com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML .jpg" Global . HTML Code: . Text. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag.espn. Advertise on Tizag.href="#anchorname" Local .The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites. or to open the link in the current browser window.com HTML .Links to other pages within your domain Global .com/" HTML .tizag.. • • • Internal .Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal .Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to./pics/picturefile. or Global. Hypertext references can be Internal.href="http://www. Local.Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor.yahoo. Use the demonstration below as a reference. Images.href=".com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www.
and naming them. They look like this.COM HTML . cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. the headings of this page contain blank. named anchors.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor. Here's the example.COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window. First.COM. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. a popular sports web site. In the example below. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page.target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window.ESPN. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: .com" target="_blank">ESPN. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links.
com/pics/htmlT/blanktext. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@example.com</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag.com In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well.tizag.com HTML . HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag. Base . The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML .com?subject=Feedback" >Email@tizag.Email Links Creating an email link is simple.zip">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML .Default Links. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links.com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag.com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them.
Additional Spaces and <>. In order to display these characters.copy • And finally a semicolon . trademark. Several symbols such as copyright. you need to know 4 parts.& • Then the entities name . In order to display them. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard.com There's three parts to every entity. Advertise on Tizag.. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line.tizag. .com/"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol. HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . Usually set your base to your home page.Copyright symbol. to make .© . HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www.Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to. Copyright: Combine ©.
must come  .<. ¢. >. £.>. so to use them on your web site you will need entities. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name  .<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. An entity exists for placing additional spaces. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML. ¥. ¡. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than .< Greater than . ¦. ¡. <br /> Body tag . . ¤. <. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up. §. <br /> Greater than .As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags.> Body tag . £. ¥. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags. >. ¦. §.body>. ¢. <. . Here's an example. HTML Code: <p> Less than .  . ".down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. ". .<. . ¤.
¹. ±. ¼. ¬. Acute Accent-Capital A Á. Ring-Capital A Å. ¿. Ä. Acute Accent-Capital O Ó.ETH. Middle Dot ·. È. Circumflex Accent-Capital O Ô. Ç. Á. &Eml. Spacing Cedilla ¸. Capital eth Ð. µ. Grave Accent-Captial A À. Ï. Í. Paragraph ¶. Inverted Question Mark ¿. ». ¾. ¼ Fraction ¼. º. Å. Tilde-Capital A Ã. Grave Accent-Capital I Ì. %amp. Registered Trademark ®. Feminine Ordinal Indicator ª. ¶. Tilde-Capital N Ñ. &mp. ·. ½ Fraction ½. ². Umlaut Mark-Capital A Ä. ½. Copyright ©. ¯. Tilde-Capital O Õ. Micro µ. Superscript 1 ¹. ¾ Fraction ¾. Ì. Degree(s) °. Grave Accent-Capital E È. Masculine Ordinal Indicator º. Negation ¬. Acute Accent-Capital E É. ®. . Superscript 2 ².¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot ¨. Spacing Acute ´. Acute Accent-Capital I Í. Cedilla-Capital C Ç. «. Ó. ´. ¸. Â. À. Right Angle Quotation Mark ». Grave Accent-Capital O Ò. °. ³. Umlaut Mark-Capital I Ï. Ã. Left Angle Quotation Mark «. Ò. Ô. Spacing Macron ¯. Plus or Minus ±. ©. Circumflex Accent-Capital A Â. Õ. É. Circumflex Accent-Capital E Ê. Æ. Umlaut Mark-Capital O Ö. Capital ae Æ. Ê. &mp.Ntilde. ª. Circumflex Accent-Capital I Î. Î. Umlaut Mark-Capital E Ë. ¨.)uml. Superscript 3 ³.
ø. Ø. you should know that when you place your email on your website. &Dagger. &OElig. Small Sharp ß. En Dash –. Em Dash —. &dagger. Umlaut Mark-Capital U Ü. Right Double Quote ”. &rdquo. Acute Accent-Captital U Ú. Slash-Small o ø. Modifier Circumflex Accent ˆ. &oelig. Circumflex Accent-Capital U Û. þ. Small ae æ. &euro. &lsquo. Ù. Ü. Per Mile ‰. ð. &ldquo. Small Ligature œ. Small Tilde ˜. Euro Mark €. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. &sbquo. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. &tilde. &ndash. æ. Ú. Zero Width Joiner ‍. Double Dagger ‡. ß. &lsaquo. Capital Ligature Œ. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. &rsaquo. Double Low Quote „. Small Thorn þ. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. Acute Accent-Capital Y Ý. &trade. Dagger †. &rsquo. Left Single Quote ‘. However. Single Low Quote ‚. Small eth ð. Þ. &circ. Thorn Þ. Right Single Quote ’. Û. Right Single Arrow Quote ›. &permil. Grave Accent-Capital U Ù.com .× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication ×. Slash-Capital O Ø. Ý. Left Single Arrow Quote ‹. &bdquo. Left Double Quote “. TradeMark ™. &mdash. ×. &zwj.
• • Subject .Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site. HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link. rather than specifying a web URL.com" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress. This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them).Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail.Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide.Images . Body .com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML . HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b. We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam.
html file A URL cannot contain drive letters. you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page. Use your best judgement to meet your needs. however.com HTML Code: <img src="sunset.Images are a staple of any web designer. There are two ways to define the source of an image.html file.gif" /> Image: HTML ..gif" src=". as you continue to upload picture files to your system.. URL Types: Local Src src="sunset. (src=". As with links described in a previous lesson. where the picture file is located. you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods. since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your . (src=http://www. the source of the image or more appropriately.gif" src=". for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work.com/pics/htmlT/sunset.gif) As your second choice./sunset.gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as . Pictures must be uploaded along with your .Alternative Attribute .Tizag.html file picture file resides in previous directory as . Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.Image src Above we have defined the src attribute. you may eventually run short on hard drive space./sunset. Advertise on Tizag./pics/sunset. Each method has its pros and cons. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly.gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your .html file to your web server. First you may use a standard URL.html file and the location of the picture file..html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as . HTML . Src stands for source.
1.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML . Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. HTML Code: <img src="sunset. or sections. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures. HTML Code: <img src="http://example. Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body.com/brokenlink/sunset. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture. tables. use the height and width attributes.The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. height and width attributes. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. or if a user has image files disabled.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . rather than letting the browser compute the size.
yes it is.com/"> <img src="sunset. so it's rather a waste. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1. Change it to your home page URL.image lesson. ..tizag.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. yes it is. this would be perfect. But we aren't talking about that. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1..gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links ... I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears. The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph.gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it.</p> <p> <img src="sunset.. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below..
Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. clip art. have an unlimited color wheel. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. and buttons.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail. If you do not know how to use the image tag. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired. not as compressed as a jpeg. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. high quality picture. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space. On the down side. HTML Code: <a href="sunset.espn.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. gifs are usually larger files. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. Jpegs however. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions.gif"> </a> Image Link: . bland-looking text link. HTML .
etc. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. many browsers add a small border around image links.gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. Advertise on Tizag. email address.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs.Notice that by default. such as: their name. HTML Code: <a href="sunset.com Text Fields . This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. you may store that data into a file. credit card. high quality picture. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. register the person to your web forum. gather user statistics. place an order. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.espn. No Border: HTML .
Generally.Determines what kind of input field it will be.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. let's start out with the basics of forms. Name defines what the label of the button will be. Possible choices are text.Before we teach you how to make a complete form. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.We will only be using the post functionality of method. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way. name . Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. • • • • type . which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor.Sets the horizontal width of the field. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit". HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. We will be sending our information to a fake email address. • • method . Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of. and password. action . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich.Specifies the URL to send the data to. maxlength .Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered. submit. size .com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> . The unit of measurement is in blank spaces.
HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction.defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of.com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button. Below we have 2 groups: shade and size. You may have seen them on quizzes.specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button. and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question. • • value . name . Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). . questionnaires.
The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user.HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org"> Select your favorite cartoon characters.com"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: . Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags.
but when the page is submitted to you. The words come as they are.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. One ongoing line. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. turns off word wrapping within the text area. i. Physical means that the text will appear both to you. the web host. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. the document sent will not have wrapping words. Off of course.e. Wrap has 3 values. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. For this form. the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts.com"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . Rows are roughly 12pixels high. the web host. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments.
Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. . Advertise on Tizag. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be.com HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized. Here's how to make a table. The <table> tag is used to begin a table. HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first. but it does take some getting used to. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly.
0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: .Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. use the <th> tag as shown below. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.255. Spacing defines the width of the border. HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables.
we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. specifically page and table backgrounds. However. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels.255. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. For additional . Also. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. HTML Color . The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. It may seem a bit complicated.
A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. 255)".. Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden.</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver. 255)". The body tag is where you change the pages background. . A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000".background styling. HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names. 0.</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names.. 0. Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color. check out CSS Backgrounds.com Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. here is how to change the background of your web page.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". 0.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0.
Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva. Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .
and bodys may all have a background image.100.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML . You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts.com HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen).This paragraph tag has. Tables. blue. There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal.Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML. "rgb(100. Advertise on Tizag.tizag. we use the background attribute as follows. white is all the colors of light. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. To accomplish this. "#333333. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red. paragraphs.100)". Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color.. Example.Background Repeat . Examples: #99FFCC. Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper.com/pics/htmlT/background. and green." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright. #33AA44. Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. HTML . headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. or Verdana as the backup..
In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop. the image simply begins to repeat itself. . HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome. Everything looks great. HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. however.tizag. or Paint Shop Pro. From a different angle. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background.Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use. HTML .tizag.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image.com/pics/htmlT/background.com/pics/htmlT/pattern.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros.
Be creative. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through.Transparent Background Another great techinique. Experiment. is that of transparent. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites. along the same lines as the patterned images. HTML Code: <table background="http://www. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. colored backgrounds.gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell.com/pics/htmlT/transparent. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . check out our HTML Background Color lesson. tinker. however. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%.tizag. If you would like more information about using HTML color. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can.HTML . and all systems should be go.
#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .
and content in another frame. With the addition of CSS and PHP.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ".html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset .com Frames .Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have. which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%. frames have become outdated. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame.html" because that is typically a site's main page. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index. but if you wish to use them. In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*". frameset cols="#%. This means that one page has no content on it.The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right. read on. .A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame.html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time.*"> <frame src="menu. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open. *". Individual frames are defined inside it.html"> <frame src="content. Advertise on Tizag.
*"> <frame src="title.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual .Modifies the border width. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width.html"> <frameset cols="30%. border="#". *". It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing.*"> <frame src="title.html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%. These attributes appear within the frameset tag. but some browsers only recognize one or the other. to be safe. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%.A zero value shows no "window" border.*"> <frame src="menu. used by Internet Explorer. which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height.Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%. so use both. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute. used by Netscape. with the same value.html"> <frame src="content.html"> <frame src="content. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%. • • • frameborder="#" . Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders.rows defines the height that each frame will have.*"> <frame src="menu.
</html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu..html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> . HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%..*"> <frame name="title" src="title.*"> <frame src="menu.html"> <frameset cols="30%.*"> <frame src="title.html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.html"> <name="content" src="content.html.html to point to that frame.html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> .html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.
the black one. scrolling="(yes/no)". Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts. However.Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize .Layout HTML layout is very basic. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen. Instead of updating the menu on each page. Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites.Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. you could simply update the menu. because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized.html file and be done with it! HTML . HTML . Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves. Not many options exist with the body tag alone.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame.Standard Layout .
The more specific you are about heights and widths. These are the backbone to any great website. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. navigation. The code becomes complex rather fast. the less debugging you will have to perform. and your content or display box. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> .
HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www. this includes any HTML tags. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users.Opening Comment -. HTML Code: <!-. scripting language(s).tizag. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what. or elements that aren't quite finished. etc. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. Also.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated.<input type="text" size="12" /> -.com/pics/tizagSugar.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress.Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element.<!-. HTML . we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element. • • <!-. All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. HTML Code: .> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages. there is an opening and a closing much like tags. your code may exist for many years.
com would be as follows. Here's an example of proper usage for a site. As mentioned above if they do not match. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. key keywords. Repeated words." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect . and they should be. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML. Be careful. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. XHTML. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine.you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. CSS. tutorials.
mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually. Embed Attributes . We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page. There are other ways to link to music. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. the above example will appear slightly different.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display.the height of the media player hidden .if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location.</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . To stop the music press stop/pause.the width of the media player.mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> . but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media. The range is 0-100. • • • autostart . HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag. height . • • • width . Embed Attributes .Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.set the volume of the media file.
mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). it works much like the image tag. feel free to use this URL while you practice. In fact. If you want your music to play over and over again.set the volume of the media file.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . The range is 0-100. If done poorly.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. HTML . users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music.Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images. Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site.com/files/html/htmlexample. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag.com HTML Code: <embed src="http://www. The embed tag does not require a closing tag. One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file. A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways. Advertise on Tizag. • • • autostart .tizag. HTML Code: .
swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy.swf).Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages.swf files . • • • • .controls the media's ability to start without prompting. AVI's (.> . autostart.wmv files . . Values are true or false.are Apple's Quick Time Movie format. Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages.mov files .mov) file types are supported by the embed tag. Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages. and loop. At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie. The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet. loop . volume .swf HTML .set a numeric value for the loudness of your media.avi). hidden. playcount . .com/pics/flash/motiontween1easy.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet. ".Video Media Types Flash movies (. false means no looping. there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume.Google Video HTML Code -.Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet.mpeg files . As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it. hidden . HTML Code: <! -. HTML .Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute. (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice).are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program.mpeg" files and Macromedia's .tizag.controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not. HTML . .<a href="http://www. • • • • • autostart .A true value means the media will continuously loop.set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group. (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise).swf"> motiontween1easy. and MOV's (.are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types. (0-100). Values are true or false.
com HTML . topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element. Paragraphs.com%2FThumbnailServer%3Fapp%3Dvss%26contentid% 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -.google. A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip.Body As we mentioned. Embed Google Video: HTML . top.<embed style="width:400px. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website.google. Forms.Body Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element.End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code above. . right.video." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video.com/googleplayer. Lists.com%2Fvideodownload%3Fversion%3D0%26 secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo. Tables. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site. Advertise on Tizag.swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program.google. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left. height:326px.
Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.0. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML .0. HTML . Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site.Div Element(s) .0)" > HTML . HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255.255)" vlink="rgb(0.Base Links Along the same lines. HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255. This method has deprecated.or bottom of your website.255. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead. we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links.
com • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. The div element provides a 3rd alternative.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags. or frames.</p> . applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags. web creators only had two choices. A table layout. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag. HTML .com">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements.google.Div Layouts When HTML first began. anything else should be reserved for CSS. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www. Use only the following attributes with your div element. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together. Much like the body tag. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag.
</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu. and another article of content below the existing content.Bold .</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML .</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here.
Advertise on Tizag. Advertise on Tizag.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face. use them to emphasize text or words.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart. HTML . Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart. HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter.com HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! .Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase. Rather.com HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text.
<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. They are short and sweet. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. Nothing fancy here. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts.
HTML .Phillip M.com You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user.</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler. This simply changes the font face. but the tag exists if you so desire. Advertise on Tizag. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson. As you can see. HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson. . It is not always necessary. size.
This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red.Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look. Tabs and spacing are quite different. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed. standing for previously formatted text. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. Spaces. I may sound crazy. One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. and absolutely annoying at times.com We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag. Sure. HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www.HTML .com" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet. Violets are blue. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. tabs. Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text. HTML .google. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: . you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks. Advertise on Tizag.
Violets are blue. But I love you! HTML . HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML . Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: . These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML . superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page. You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets.Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions." <hr /> 1. Advertise on Tizag.<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag.Roses are Red. HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>.Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing. I may sound crazy.
Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites. Advertise on Tizag.Water O2 . HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 ." 1. Secret meeting between lovers HTML . Advertise on Tizag.Carbon Dioxide HTML .Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> . we use the <del> tag.Oxygen CO2 .Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds."It was a lover's tryst1.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML .Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> .Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O .
This text is out!
HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>
To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes
Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.
HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on Tizag.com
HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •
"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"
HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields
You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />
Text Fields and Passwords:
HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />
HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />
HTML - Submit Buttons
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />
Submit Continue Please!
HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />
Reset Fields Start Over
HTML - User Input
or ASP. always specify a maxlength. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size). HTML . HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: .com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP. PERL. Advertise on Tizag.Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute. HTML . The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields.Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. generally this should match the size of your field. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site.Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server. To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields. The default size is around 20 characters long.HTML .
beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe.Text Field Value Using the value attribute. . Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables. Also. stars. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password.þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP. replacing them with dots. we could pre-populate our text fields with some information. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML . the browser hides the characters being typed. HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. or boxes.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag.
Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no. a sort of check all that apply question. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play. HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: .</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.HTML .Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form.
These types of forms must be named. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: .Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly.Please select every sport that you play. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios. In order to achieve this. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection).
HTML . we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.Radio Checked By using the checked attribute. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: .Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form.
essays. Paragraphs.Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag. Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear. or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted.com HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML . HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: . any words placed between them will appear inside your text area.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. cols and rows. Advertise on Tizag.Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML .
the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added).Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line. HTML . </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted.Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field.
</textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML . However. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area. HTML .Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts.Disabled . HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas.
We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute. movies. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. simply set the type attribute to file. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. or even their own webpages. An upload form is another type of input form. Advertise on Tizag.Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures.com HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space.As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: . </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML .
HTML . maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live.com HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms. Drop down lists have several options a user can select. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -. You have probably seen them already on the internet. .CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default. We can change this using the selected attribute.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -. Advertise on Tizag.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML .The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form.
Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms. HTML .CA</option> <option>Colorado -. Set the type attribute to submit.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML . HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: .CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them. This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action.HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -.Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -.
Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address. it will work great in our example.com" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. This can be changed to any value you wish. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:email@example.com HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> . or ASP file. Advertise on Tizag. Form Submission . Mailto has been depreciated. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form.Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method. PERL. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch.
When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. They need to be placed within a form tag.<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. HTML Code: . In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. a hidden form field may come in handy. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . or maybe justa plain text file. In this rare case.com A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. there are a number of uses for them. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field. SQL Server. HTML Code: <form action="myphp.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser.
Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access.Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is.<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user. . Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. HTML . Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in.
and text between the opening and closing tags. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. The output of this tag is browser dependent. but best used for long addresses. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation. Commonly called just plain "links. common outputs are italics.5 We are constantly updating this page. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag. manipulating the font-weight to your preference. line breaks. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override." It's safe to No! place images.HTML Reference . color. Many other tags function inside this element as well. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. providing many options to No! No! . changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. please Contact Us with your request. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items.Version 0. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format.
No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. browsers continue to recognize them. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. resuming text flow on the next line. Allows for No! inline citation of text. however. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire.customize the text therein. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text. Insert a line break. No! Strike through text. No! The definition part of a definition list. Yes! .
or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. For example. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. or sizse.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. No! The definition term of a Definition List. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. adding specific styles to specific divisions. Group together tables. No! . Yes! Change colors. paragraphs. Create Definition Lists. the word you will be defining. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. fonts. Create forms to retrieve user input and data.
its possible to alter this tag in many ways. No! . Also. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. Creates a horizontal rule on the page. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. No! Places a heading onto your document. or link to exterior style sheets here. Must be placed within frameset tags. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. place your title. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset. Using style sheets. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. Run scripts.
No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. Works well to quickly format text. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. No! . Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. Supported by numerous browsers. From buttons. Supported by many browsers. Place images onto your website. or checkboxes. to text fields. Specify using the type attribute.
No! Create Ordered Lists. No! Link exterior documents to your websight. within you HTML No! documents. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. . No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing.
For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! . Allows for inline text quotation. No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input. Must be placed within a "Select" tag.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. Place within a form element to retrieve user input.
id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself. WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed. No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. No! <td> align Create a table data cell. border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! .
Each tag defines the start and end of a table row. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Very versatile.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. No! . Compatible in nearly every browser. No! Create table headers over each of your columns. Placed within the No! "Head" element. capable of retrieving user input via forms. Creates a table row for your tables. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells.
No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text. Compatible with many browsers. No! .bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text.
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