Your Second Web Page

Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.

Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!

HTML Code:
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>

The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.

Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.

HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.

Continue Along
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.

HTML Code:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.

Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on Tizag.com

The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

<head>

This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.

<title>
This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.

<h2>
This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.

<p>
This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!

Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.

Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to Tizag.com's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!

Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.

Elements will often have multiple attributes. a closing tag. the element's content. and finally. Another medium to market your business. Everything you see in front of you.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements. Web Pages Web pages have many uses.A complete tag. . and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. an element is a complete tag. Attribute . the paragraph texts. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons. the Tizag banner. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . Advertise on Tizag.com An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them.

without the quotes. The head functions "behind the scenes.html document. Copy the following HTML code into your text editor.1. blank document ready to go. If you haven't already. Here's a sample of the initial set up. Remember to close your HTML documents with the corresponding </html> tag at the bottom of the document.closing tag Every (web)page requires four critical elements: the html. your head element will continue to lay empty except for the title element that will be introduced next. head. title.. Double check that you did everything correctly and then press save. Element Content . Other elements used for scripting (Javascript) and formatting (CSS) will eventually be introduced and you will have to place them within your head element.</html> <html> begins and ends each and every web page. Click on the "Save as Type" drop down box and select the option "All Files". you're golden. As long as it falls somewhere between your <html> tag and your web page content (<body>).opening paragraph tag 2.paragraph words 3. HTML Code: <html> </html> Now save your file by Selecting Menu and then Save. open up Notepad or Crimson Editor and have a new. <p> . Its sole purpose is to encapsulate all the HTML code and describe the HTML document to the web browser. and body elements. name it "index.html". Now open your file in a new web browser so that you have the ability to refresh your page and see your changes. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> </html> ." Tags placed within the head element are not directly displayed by web browsers. We will be placing the <title> element here and we'll talk about the other possible elements in later lessons. When asked to name your file. For now.. If you opened up your index. </p> . The <html> Element. you should be starring at your very first blank (white) web page! The <head> Element The <head> element is "next" as they say.

the best titles are brief and descriptive. As the menu on the left suggests. just keep in mind. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. complete webpage. etc). For now. tables.As of yet. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. (Paragraphs. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. as the window's title. we still have nothing happening on the web page. Name your webpage as you please. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser. • Go Back . pictures. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. Content (stuff you can see) will come later.

there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. I'm a paragraph tag. now treat me as such. The reason being that these tags do not really require any content. you signal to the browser "Hey look. lists. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content).com As you will learn. HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. In a way." Advertise on Tizag. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. . you now may begin adding content to your site. and closing tag(s). Each time the browser finds a tag.• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. tables look like tables. content(s). and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. By adding tags to an HTML document. Tables. images. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). though. etc). left to right. HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. forms. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom.

• • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag .jpg" /> -. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag.Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags).Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -./mypic. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do. HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute. it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>.. HTML Code: <img src=". Let's take a look at a line break tag.Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve. life would become redundant real quick.Image Tag <br /> -. . More on attributes in the next lesson. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format.

Class or ID Attribute The class and id attributes are nearly identical. Right now we want to focus on a set of generic attributes that can be used with just about every HTML Tag in existence.Now is a good time to start thinking about what type of website you may want to make.Attributes Attributes are used to amplify tags. It becomes necessary when you have two or more of the same element on a page (like a <p> tag) but want them to be different in appearance. It is always easier to make content for a topic or to achieve a goal. They play no direct role in formatting your elements but rather serve behind the scenes for scripting and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). HTML . ASP. Attributes are placed within the opening tag and they follow a precise syntax (format). and PHP. All of these things and more can be achieved using Attributes. HTML . it will also search for set attributes and then display the element (tags+attributes) in its entirety. The idea is that you can classify or id certain a tag and later format the tag using Cascading Style Sheets. that name becomes a scripting variable for scripting languages such as Javascript. At some point you may want to give your body element a background color or perhaps change the width of a table. By allotting a name to an element.com Many HTML tags have a unique set of their own attributes. These will be discussed as each tag is introduced throughout the tutorial. The role of classification and identifying elements will become more apparent as your learn CSS. What we mean by amplify is that when a web browser interprets a tag. HTML Code: .Name Attribute Name is much different than id and class. Advertise on Tizag. The name attribute is seen most often with forms and other user-input elements. HTML Code: <p id="italicsparagraph">Paragraph type 1 Italics</p> <p id="boldparagraph">Paragraph type 2 Bold</p> Classification Attributes: Paragraph type 1 Italics Paragraph type 2 Bold HTML .

these attributes should not be forgotten. forgotten attribute. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: .Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. right. Do not overlook the title attribute. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. You may title an element anything you would like. or center. HTML .<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs.Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. You may align things left. the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified. HTML . HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless.

<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>

Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading

Attribute Defaults
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.

Generic Attributes
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.

• •

Go Back Continue

Tips
• • •

Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!

Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on Tizag.com The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.

HTML Code:
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>

Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.

HTML Code:
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Centering
HTML Code:
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.

HTML - Paragraph Align Right
HTML Code:
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.

HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on Tizag.com

Off . then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Or make your own essay paragraphs. This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag...</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example . Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags.HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below. Copy(Highlight. Each time you place a heading tag.. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display.</p> <p>For instance.. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects.

Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. With simple html skills.com HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. photos. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Advertise on Tizag. For instance. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. Place your documents. essays. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. . let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. However. Off hand. there is an alternative.

HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues. lists.</p> Biliography: . HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute. "The Hobbit". tables. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. JRR Tolkein.<br /> 2. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. Advertise on Tizag. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography. and headings.Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs.com HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example.

JRR Tolkein. numbers <dl> . Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1. and used properly.1. and <dl> for definition lists. its results can be outstanding. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list.ordered list.unordered list. "The Hobbit". As you can see. dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list. Find a Job 2. 2. bullets <ol> . as the list below demonstrates. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. Ordered simply means numbered. Advertise on Tizag. Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> .com • • • <ul> .definition list. HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists. Get Money 3. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. <ul> for unordered lists.

Get Money ii. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. discs. Move Out iii. Find a Job I. and circles. Enroll in College 6. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. Find a Job A. both capital and lower-case. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. Get Money c.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. Get Money B. Find a Job b. Get Money II. Move Out III. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. Move Out C. Find a Job i. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Buy Food 5. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters.

These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese. It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further.defines the start of the list <dt> .</dd> </dt> HTML Code: .definition term <dd> .Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like. • • • <dl> .</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car. HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk  Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper  Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper  Cereal • Cereal o Cereal  Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.

Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly. italic. it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements.Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. These formatting tags can make text bold. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets. Advertise on Tizag. They can be used with any text type element. Voiture French word for car. and you should consult how . HTML . And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time. and more.com Bold.Fromage French word for cheese. Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements. sub/superscripted. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. HTML . In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements.

• • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags. GREEN. Advertise on Tizag. do not worry. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. Blue. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. Being a voice of experience. white. The format for RGB is . Below is an example of RGB in use.com The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . Green. green. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. Red. and Blue Values: . Ultimately the decision is yours. Green. BLUE). However. Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. RGB stands for Red. but if you are not using a browser that supports it. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values. and blue. HTML Color Coding System . if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic. red.RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB.rgb(RED. Examples: black.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. just like the name implies.to do that in our CSS Tutorial. the web developer. Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color).

bgcolor="rgb(255. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers.255. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer.255)" bgcolor="rgb(255. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value. the next two are a green value(GG). They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. Rest assured that the system becomes much. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications.255.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color.0. A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code . Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white.Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values.255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System . and the last are the blue value(BB). Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .0.

so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. HTML . Use the size. HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. use css styles to manipulate your font.Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers. 15. Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. use paired hex values for color. and color. and color to the text on your site. Instead. Examples: "#0011EE". Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR . "#44HHFF". since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. face. or "#117788".Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG . Let's try another one.com The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used.Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB . Font Size Set the size of your font with size. . These are called True Colors. See our CSS Tutorial for more information.The formula is real simple. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color. size. Advertise on Tizag.The default size of a font is 3. color. and face attributes to customize your fonts.

HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font.</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont .</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font.Font Color Set the color of your font with color. Below is the correct way to set your basefont. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font.Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page.</p> . Book Antiqua. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML.. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style. Instead they will default to Times New Roman... they will not be able to see it. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed.. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed...

</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text. which means it may not be supported sometime in the future. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information.name. the use of basefont is deprecated. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num. HTML . 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb.<p>This paragraph has had its font.</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However.Links and Anchors . HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia...or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks.

. Use the demonstration below as a reference. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link. Local.Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor. HTML Code: .com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www. or to open the link in the current browser window. or Global. • • • Internal . These connections are made using anchor tags to create links.Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.jpg" Global . Advertise on Tizag.espn. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag. The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page.href="http://www.com/" HTML .tizag. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Text.tizag.yahoo.href=". Hypertext references can be Internal.href="#anchorname" Local .Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal .com/" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window.The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites.com HTML . Images./pics/picturefile.Links to anchors on the current page Local . and Forms may be used to create these links.com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML .Links to other pages within your domain Global .

the headings of this page contain blank. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. named anchors. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. a popular sports web site. Here's the example. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. First.com" target="_blank">ESPN. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window. In the example below.COM.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: . They look like this.target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window.COM HTML .COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN. and naming them. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page.ESPN.

com HTML .com In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML . HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.zip">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML . The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson.com/pics/htmlT/blanktext.Email Links Creating an email link is simple. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.Default Links.com?subject=Feedback" >Email@tizag.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links.com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag.com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag.tizag.com</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download. Base .

& • Then the entities name . Several symbols such as copyright. In order to display these characters. Additional Spaces and <>.tizag.Copyright symbol.© .Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to. you need to know 4 parts.com There's three parts to every entity. Copyright: Combine &copy. In order to display them.copy • And finally a semicolon . Advertise on Tizag. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity.. to make . It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line. HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard. . Usually set your base to your home page. trademark.com/"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol. HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www.

&#163.&nbsp. &#60. &#161. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up.&lt. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML. &brvbar. &pound. &#162.As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags. An entity exists for placing additional spaces. &cent.< Greater than . HTML Code: <p> Less than . &nbsp. &gt. must come &nbsp.&lt.> Body tag . <br /> Body tag . &#164. &curren.body&gt. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name &#160. &#166. &#34.down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. &#62. &#165. &#167.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table.&gt. &yen. &iexcl. <br /> Greater than . must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags.&nbsp. Here's an example.&nbsp. &lt. . &sect. &quot. so to use them on your web site you will need entities. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than .

Copyright &#169. &middot. Spacing Acute &#180. &uml. Negation &#172. &reg. &Agrave. Capital ae &#198. Umlaut Mark-Capital O &#214. Capital eth &#208. Feminine Ordinal Indicator &#170. &iquest. Circumflex Accent-Capital I &#206. &frac34. &mp. &sup3.Ntilde. Acute Accent-Capital E &#201. Grave Accent-Capital O &#210. Left Angle Quotation Mark &#171. ½ Fraction &#189. Ring-Capital A &#197. Grave Accent-Capital E &#200. ¼ Fraction &#188. Spacing Cedilla &#184. Grave Accent-Capital I &#204. . &deg. &Eml. &sup2. Superscript 2 &#178. Circumflex Accent-Capital O &#212. Acute Accent-Capital I &#205. &sup1. Masculine Ordinal Indicator &#186. Tilde-Capital A &#195. &para. &ordm. Tilde-Capital O &#213. Umlaut Mark-Capital A &#196. Right Angle Quotation Mark &#187. &frac14. Acute Accent-Capital A &#193. &frac12. Circumflex Accent-Capital A &#194.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot &#168. Spacing Macron &#175. Plus or Minus &#177. &Iuml. &Aring.ETH. &macr. &Icirc. Superscript 1 &#185. &acute. Superscript 3 &#179. &copy. Degree(s) &#176. &Igrave. &mp. Inverted Question Mark &#191. Micro &#181. Middle Dot &#183. &cedil. &AElig. Circumflex Accent-Capital E &#202. &Ecirc. &Aacute. &raquo. Umlaut Mark-Capital E &#203. &Acirc. &Oacute. &laquo. &Otilde. &Auml. &Ograve. &plusmn. &micro. Umlaut Mark-Capital I &#207. &Atilde. Registered Trademark &#174. Tilde-Capital N &#209. &Ocirc. %amp. &Iacute. Paragraph &#182. ¾ Fraction &#190. &Egrave. Cedilla-Capital C &#199. Acute Accent-Capital O &#211. &ordf.)uml. &not. &Eacute. Grave Accent-Captial A &#192. &Ccedil.

&Dagger. &tilde. Capital Ligature &#338. &circ. Circumflex Accent-Capital U &#219. Euro Mark &#8364. &oslash. Per Mile &#8240. Slash-Small o &#248. &thorn. &lsaquo. &rsquo. &rdquo. Umlaut Mark-Capital U &#220. Right Double Quote &#8221. Double Dagger &#8225. Single Low Quote &#8218. &dagger. &Oslash. Small eth &#240. Zero Width Joiner &#8205. &bdquo. &aelig. you should know that when you place your email on your website. &oelig. Small Ligature &#339. Grave Accent-Capital U &#217. &euro. &Ugrave. Left Single Arrow Quote &#8249. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. &THORN. &ldquo. &lsquo. &szlig. Acute Accent-Captital U &#218. Small Tilde &#732. Thorn &#222. Double Low Quote &#8222. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. En Dash &#8211. &eth. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. However. &zwj. Acute Accent-Capital Y &#221. Right Single Arrow Quote &#8250. Dagger &#8224. &rsaquo. Em Dash &#8212. TradeMark &#8482. &Uacute. Modifier Circumflex Accent &#710. &times.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ ‍ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication &#215. Left Single Quote &#8216. Left Double Quote &#8220. &Ucirc. &permil.com . Small Thorn &#254. &sbquo. Small Sharp &#223. Small ae &#230. Right Single Quote &#8217. &OElig. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. &mdash. &ndash. &Yacute. &trade. Slash-Capital O &#216. &Uuml.

com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML .Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account.Images . • • Subject . HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link.Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site.Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress. Body . rather than specifying a web URL. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them). This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to. We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam.com" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors.

since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your .gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your . As with links described in a previous lesson. First you may use a standard URL. Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.html file A URL cannot contain drive letters.gif" src=".Alternative Attribute ../sunset. HTML . you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods. as you continue to upload picture files to your system. URL Types: Local Src src="sunset.gif" /> Image: HTML ./pics/sunset.gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as . however. you may eventually run short on hard drive space. Src stands for source.Image src Above we have defined the src attribute.html file picture file resides in previous directory as . Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page.html file. There are two ways to define the source of an image..html file and the location of the picture file./sunset.com HTML Code: <img src="sunset.Tizag. Use your best judgement to meet your needs. Pictures must be uploaded along with your .html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as . where the picture file is located. for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file.Images are a staple of any web designer. the source of the image or more appropriately. Each method has its pros and cons. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly.html file to your web server. (src=".gif" src=". Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work. (src=http://www..gif) As your second choice. Advertise on Tizag. you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source.com/pics/htmlT/sunset.

gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. HTML Code: <img src="sunset.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML . tables. or sections.The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. HTML Code: <img src="http://example.com/brokenlink/sunset.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image. use the height and width attributes. or if a user has image files disabled. Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body. rather than letting the browser compute the size. height and width attributes. 1.

.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph.image lesson. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below. The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph.tizag.</p> <p> <img src="sunset. Change it to your home page URL. yes it is. .com/"> <img src="sunset.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph..gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it... this would be perfect.gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the.. so it's rather a waste. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1.. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works. yes it is. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . But we aren't talking about that. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets.

which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds. high quality picture. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. have an unlimited color wheel. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.espn. gifs are usually larger files.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail. If you do not know how to use the image tag. and buttons.gif"> </a> Image Link: . Jpegs however.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. bland-looking text link.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. clip art.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired. HTML . Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. On the down side. not as compressed as a jpeg. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger.

you may store that data into a file. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero. etc. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. place an order. credit card.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman.com Text Fields . A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs. many browsers add a small border around image links.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. such as: their name. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. Advertise on Tizag.gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. high quality picture.Notice that by default. email address. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions.espn. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. No Border: HTML .Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. register the person to your web forum. gather user statistics. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter.

Sets the horizontal width of the field. and password. • • • • type . we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. name . the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit". • • method .Specifies the URL to send the data to.Determines what kind of input field it will be. Name defines what the label of the button will be. We will be sending our information to a fake email address.Before we teach you how to make a complete form. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.We will only be using the post functionality of method.Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button. HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form. action . Generally. size . The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way. Possible choices are text. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> . submit. maxlength .Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. let's start out with the basics of forms. Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor.

specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button.defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). • • value . name . . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button. Below we have 2 groups: shade and size.</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction. and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question. You may have seen them on quizzes. questionnaires.

The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button.HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons.com"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: .com"> Select your favorite cartoon characters. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user.

An upload form consists of three basic parts. In this field. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The HTML code for the upload form does nothing more than create an interface for the user to see and work with. The size attribute selects how many options will be shown at once before needing to scroll.Education? þÿ Email Yourself HTML Selection Forms Yet another type of form. PHP File Upload. . The first being a hidden field. The second part is the input field itself. a highlighted selection list. PHP and PERL work fine. Javascript is also an option. We have an entire upload example demonstrated here. the user has the option to type in the full local URL of the file or he/she may click the browse button to thumb through directory after directory. This hidden field does nothing more than limit the allowed file size of our uploaded file. and the selected option tells the browser which choice to select by default. Basically just another type of way to get input from the user. HTML codes this automatically when we place the type="file" attribute within the input tag. to actually make the upload form function correctly you must know a scripting language of some sort. This form will post what the user highlights.com"> Musical Taste <select multiple name="music" size="4"> <option value="emo" selected>Emo</option> <option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option> <option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option> <option value="ska" >Ska</option> <option value="jazz" >Jazz</option> <option value="country" >Country</option> <option value="classical" >Classical</option> <option value="alternative" >Alternative</option> <option value="oldies" >Oldies</option> <option value="techno" >Techno</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Selection Forms: Musical Taste þÿ Email Yourself HTML Upload Forms First of all.

the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. Rows are roughly 12pixels high. turns off word wrapping within the text area. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. Off of course. but when the page is submitted to you. For this form. Wrap has 3 values. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. i. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag. the document sent will not have wrapping words.e.com"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . the web host. One ongoing line.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. the web host. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. The words come as they are. Physical means that the text will appear both to you. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap.

Advertise on Tizag. but it does take some getting used to.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be. HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first.com HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout. . Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly. The <table> tag is used to begin a table. Here's how to make a table. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags.

0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: . HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables.255. use the <th> tag as shown below.Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. Spacing defines the width of the border. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within.

Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. However.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. It may seem a bit complicated.255. be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags. HTML Color .0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you. we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. For additional . Also. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement. specifically page and table backgrounds. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road.

</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. check out CSS Backgrounds. The body tag is where you change the pages background. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background. 255)"..com Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. 255)". HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names. Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden..</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0. Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color. 0. A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. here is how to change the background of your web page. 0. . 0.background styling. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000".</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver.

Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva.

Advertise on Tizag. and bodys may all have a background image. white is all the colors of light. we use the background attribute as follows.100)".This paragraph tag has.Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML. Tables. blue. "rgb(100. or Verdana as the backup. HTML . Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed. Example. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML . #33AA44. Examples: #99FFCC.Background Repeat .. "#333333. To accomplish this. and green. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font.com/pics/htmlT/background. paragraphs..100. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red.com HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts.tizag." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright. headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal. Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color.

.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions. HTML . HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. however. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. the image simply begins to repeat itself.tizag.Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use.com/pics/htmlT/background. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background. In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image.com/pics/htmlT/pattern. Everything looks great. From a different angle.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www. or Paint Shop Pro. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome.tizag.

gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can.Transparent Background Another great techinique. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites. is that of transparent. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. and all systems should be go. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. Be creative. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. however. Experiment. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background. If you would like more information about using HTML color.tizag. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. along the same lines as the patterned images. colored backgrounds.HTML . The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell.com/pics/htmlT/transparent. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors. tinker. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. HTML Code: <table background="http://www.

#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .

*"> <frame src="menu. Individual frames are defined inside it. and content in another frame. Advertise on Tizag.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset . *". . frames have become outdated.html" because that is typically a site's main page.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ". but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%. which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself. In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*".html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time.A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame. read on. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page.com Frames .Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have. With the addition of CSS and PHP. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index.html"> <frame src="content. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right. This means that one page has no content on it.The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page. but if you wish to use them. frameset cols="#%. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame.

It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing. but some browsers only recognize one or the other.A zero value shows no "window" border.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual .rows defines the height that each frame will have. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width. • • • frameborder="#" . used by Netscape. Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders. *". HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%.Modifies the border width.html"> <frame src="content.*"> <frame src="menu.*"> <frame src="menu. which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height.Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%. to be safe. so use both. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%. These attributes appear within the frameset tag.*"> <frame src="title.*"> <frame src="title.html"> <frame src="content.html"> <frameset cols="30%. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute. used by Internet Explorer. border="#". with the same value. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames.

.*"> <frame src="title.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> .html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%. </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu.. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> .*"> <frame src="menu.html.html"> <frameset cols="30%.html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content.html to point to that frame.html"> <name="content" src="content.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.*"> <frame name="title" src="title.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.

Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. you could simply update the menu. Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. Not many options exist with the body tag alone. scrolling="(yes/no)". We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no.Layout HTML layout is very basic. the black one. However. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table.Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . Instead of updating the menu on each page. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts.html file and be done with it! HTML . because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts.Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame. HTML .Standard Layout .

and your content or display box. navigation. The more specific you are about heights and widths. The code becomes complex rather fast.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. These are the backbone to any great website. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . the less debugging you will have to perform. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized.

</td></tr> <tr height="25"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Navigation" id="navigation"> <tr><td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout 2: Banner goes here Links! Links! Links! Content goes here The code is quite a lot to look at. HTML . Scripting languages such as Javascript require some commenting. Be creative yet organized.com There are three main reasons you may want your code to be ignored. Keep things neat. Tips • • • • Your code can become quite complicated rather fast. Advertise on Tizag. • • • Writing notes or reminders to yourself inside your actual HTML documents. keep an organized spacing system so it becomes easy to spot where one table ends and the other beings.Comments --> A comment is a way for you as the web page developer to control what lines of code are to be ignored by the web browser. Use cellspacing to add usable borders to your content. break it up and organize it in your own way to make things easier for you. .<!-. Temporarily commenting out elements especially if the element has been left unfinished. Use the align and valign (vertical align) attributes to align your navigation and content.

HTML Code: <!-.com/pics/tizagSugar. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. or elements that aren't quite finished.<!-.> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages. HTML . Also. • • <!-. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what.Opening Comment -. this includes any HTML tags. HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www.<input type="text" size="12" /> -. All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser. scripting language(s).Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated.tizag. there is an opening and a closing much like tags.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. HTML Code: .Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress. etc. your code may exist for many years.

Tips • • Make notes often and frequently.Commenting Scripts --> Scripting languages such as Javascript and VBScript must be commented out as well. just be sure you understand when to use comments and where to look for them.<input type="text" size="12" /> Input Field: þÿ Comment out elements and bits of code that you may want to recall and use at a later date. you should still include meta for those search bots that do recognize them. allow your site to be included in their search engine. only then does the browser correctly execute the scripts.write("Hello World!") //--> </script> With this example we are jumping far ahead. HTML Meta Tags Meta tags are used to supply information for search engines that will not be seen by the web surfer unless they were to view your web site's HTML.<!-. You will learn that once they are placed within the <script> tags. HTML . Keywords Meta Tag Keywords or phrases are placed in this meta tag's content attribute. HTML Code: <script> <!-document. Nevertheless. you may want to look back and edit your code 5 years from now. In the past. Commenting out elements is a great technique to pick up from where you left off in your code. They are a very useful tool for any large project. You should specify the most popular search terms you believe someone would use to reach your web site. . A few years back. Nothing is more frustrating than deleting bits of code only to turn around and recode them. meta tags were a primary way for your site to be recognized by web spiders. but the internet community abused the meta tags to artificially increase their ranking in the search engine databases.

or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. Repeated words. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect . this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. CSS. and they should be. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. key keywords. Be careful. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. Here's an example of proper usage for a site.you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines. tutorials. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines.com would be as follows. XHTML. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. As mentioned above if they do not match. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML.

is redirection. if you have the time.com) ever changes. or even validate your HTML form's data before you let the user submit. you may need to redirect traffic to another domain. javascript and vbscript are very complicated compared to HTML. remember to place a simple "Our site has moved" message as the existing domain. . HTML javascript and HTML vbscript are very useful scripting languages to know. However. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5. The most common use for this type of meta tag. It may be simpler just to download someone elses scripting code and use it on your web page (if they have given you permission to do so. Advertise on Tizag. url=http://www.com" /> </head> Tips • • • Its important not to repeat words in the description or keywords meta tags Meta is not the only way to have your site seen by search engines. To redirect a viewer automatically. Do not rely on meta tags alone to get your web site listed on search engines. A quick refresh may be necessary for news.tizag. A common reason might be that you have just purchased a better domain name and would like to retain your old visitors.Later down the road. url=http://www. or any other time-sensitive information. make image rollovers for really cool menu effects. HTML Scripts There are two very popular scripts that are commonly used in HTML to make web pages come alive. yet still use your new domain.espn. If your domain (.com after being at your site for five seconds. This code will send your visitors to espn. and then use a redirect meta tag to make life easier for your viewers that already may have your site bookmarked. With the refresh meta tag you will be able to redirect visitors to the web site of your choice. however. of course!). HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10.com" /> </head> Above shows refreshing Tizag's home page every 10 seconds. stocks. just change the URL to the new site as shown below.com With HTML scripts you can create dynamic web pages.

I am glad to announce that this is a problem of the past and you will have a much easier time then webmasters of the past. This will prevent browsers that do not support javascript or have had javascript disabled from displaying the javascript code in the web browser. HTML Code: <script type="text/vbscript"> <!--script ***The vbscript code should go in this spot*** --> </script> For vbscript you set the type attribute equal to "text/vbscript". HTML Vbscript How To To insert vbscript code onto your website you must once again make use of the script tag. which is similar to specifying CSS. HTML Music Codes Inserting music onto a web page is relatively easy. Below is the correct code to insert embedded javascript code onto your site. check out our Javascript Tutorial.com HTML Embed .HTML Javascript Code If you want to insert javascript code into your HTML you are going to use the script tag. We also include a comment around the vbscript code. which is similar to the process of specifying CSS. We also include a comment around the javascript code. Advertise on Tizag. Below is the correct code to insert vbscript code onto your site. This will prevent browsers that do not support vbscript or have had vbscript disabled from displaying the vbscript code in the web browser. In the past multiple tags had to be used because browsers did not have a uniform standard for defining embedded media files. HTML Code: <script type="text/javascript"> <!--script ***Some javascript code should go here*** --> </script> For javascript you set the type attribute equal to "text/javascript". If you would like to know more about javascript. However.

sets the media file to repeat or not volume . Embed Attributes .mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually. There are other ways to link to music. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media. • • • width . the above example will appear slightly different.the height of the media player hidden . • • • autostart . To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display.set the volume of the media file.</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag.Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location. To stop the music press stop/pause.mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> . The range is 0-100. Embed Attributes .mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player. height . HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed.the width of the media player.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page.

The embed tag does not require a closing tag.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly.com HTML Code: <embed src="http://www. it works much like the image tag.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . Advertise on Tizag. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true.tizag. The range is 0-100.com/files/html/htmlexample.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways. If you want your music to play over and over again. In fact. Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site. One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file. feel free to use this URL while you practice.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images.Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL. HTML .set the volume of the media file. • • • autostart . HTML Code: . You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. If done poorly. users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music.

mpeg" files and Macromedia's . ". Values are true or false.set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.A true value means the media will continuously loop. playcount . Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages. At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie. HTML .> .com/pics/flash/motiontween1easy. Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages. Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages.set a numeric value for the loudness of your media. HTML Code: <! -.Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute. loop . autostart. hidden .Google Video HTML Code -. (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). Values are true or false.are Apple's Quick Time Movie format. • • • • • autostart .Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above.Video Media Types Flash movies (.swf HTML .controls the media's ability to start without prompting. • • • • . The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet.are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types.are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program.mpeg files .Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet.controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not.swf"> motiontween1easy.mov files .tizag. and loop.avi).swf files . volume . there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume. .swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy. As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it.swf). HTML .mov) file types are supported by the embed tag.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet. and MOV's (.<a href="http://www. false means no looping.wmv files . (0-100). hidden. . . (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise). AVI's (.

swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp.com%2Fvideodownload%3Fversion%3D0%26 secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip.Body As we mentioned.google. Tables. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element.video.Body Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element.com/googleplayer." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video. right. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left. Paragraphs. top. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website. .google. A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag. Forms.com HTML . Lists. height:326px. Advertise on Tizag.google.<embed style="width:400px.com%2FThumbnailServer%3Fapp%3Dvss%26contentid% 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -.End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code above. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program. Embed Google Video: HTML .

0)" > HTML . Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'. HTML . Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site. HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255.255.Base Links Along the same lines. This method has deprecated.Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags.255)" vlink="rgb(0. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML .0. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links. we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links.0.or bottom of your website.Div Element(s) . HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255.

web creators only had two choices. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag. Much like the body tag. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag. Use only the following attributes with your div element.Div Layouts When HTML first began. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www.</p> . HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags.google. or frames. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers.com">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements. anything else should be reserved for CSS. A table layout. HTML .com • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example. The div element provides a 3rd alternative. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags.

</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here. and another article of content below the existing content. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu.Bold . HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with.</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables. Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML .

com HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! .Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase. Advertise on Tizag. use them to emphasize text or words.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart. HTML .com HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text. Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter. HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face. Rather.

<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . They are short and sweet. the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. Nothing fancy here. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts.

Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. . Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler.</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. It is not always necessary.Phillip M. size. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. As you can see. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson. Advertise on Tizag. HTML . HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website.com You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. This simply changes the font face. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user. but the tag exists if you so desire. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code.

HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www.com" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet. This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this.google. I may sound crazy.com We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag. Advertise on Tizag. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks. Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text. Tabs and spacing are quite different. HTML . One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red. and absolutely annoying at times. standing for previously formatted text.Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed. tabs. Spaces. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. Violets are blue. Sure. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: .HTML .

I may sound crazy. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML . Advertise on Tizag. Violets are blue. Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: .Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing." <hr /> 1.<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag. superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page. But I love you! HTML . You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets. HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>. These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag.Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML .Roses are Red.

Secret meeting between lovers HTML . HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML . we use the <del> tag.Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites.Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O .Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.Oxygen CO2 ."It was a lover's tryst1.Water O2 ." 1.Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: . Advertise on Tizag. Advertise on Tizag.Carbon Dioxide HTML .Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds.Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> .

This text is out!

HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.

HTML Code:
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>

To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes

Tips

Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.

HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on Tizag.com

HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •

"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"

HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields

You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.

HTML Code:
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />

Text Fields and Passwords:
þÿ

HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.

HTML Code:
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />

Checkboxes:

HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.

HTML Code:
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />

Radios:

HTML - Submit Buttons

Setting an input type to "submit" specifies a very unique button. When pressed, the button activates the action of the form whatever that may be. Most often times this is some sort of server side scripting file or a javascript function. Since we are creatting a submission button. We need to introduce a new attribute, the value attribute. Anyword(s) specified as the value will be displayed on our button. Often it is best to stick with "Submit" or "Continue". Boring, yet effective.

HTML Code:
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />

Submit Buttons:
Submit Continue Please!

HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.

HTML Code:
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />

Reset Buttons:
Reset Fields Start Over

HTML - User Input
Input from the user is critical to the development of your websites and applications. Without the use of a scipting language such as PHP or Javascript, you will find HTML Input to be very limiting. Our PHP Form Example offers a step by step guide to mastering HTML/PHP forms. Feel free to copy any code you may find useful in that example. The following lessons take a deeper look at each individual type of input field including those not mentioned: textareas, selection forms, and upload forms.

HTML .Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. HTML . always specify a maxlength. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: . or ASP.com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP. generally this should match the size of your field. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. The default size is around 20 characters long. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size).Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute.Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server. PERL. Advertise on Tizag. The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields. HTML .

. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML . beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe. or boxes. HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them.þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . the browser hides the characters being typed. we could pre-populate our text fields with some information.Text Field Value Using the value attribute. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables. replacing them with dots. Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. Also. stars.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP.

HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: . HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.HTML . Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful.Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form. a sort of check all that apply question.

Please select every sport that you play. These types of forms must be named.Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection). HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: . we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios. In order to achieve this.

HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: . we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio. HTML .Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form.Radio Checked By using the checked attribute.

Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: . or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted.Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user.com HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML . essays. Advertise on Tizag. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes.Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML . cols and rows. Paragraphs. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag.

Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted. Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box.Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required.Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field. HTML . the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line.

Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.Disabled . you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area. However. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML . </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML .Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas.

HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. or even their own webpages. An upload form is another type of input form. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: . </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML .com HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. movies. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute.As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting.Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures. Advertise on Tizag. We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes. simply set the type attribute to file.

CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. You have probably seen them already on the internet. .CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML . maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -. Drop down lists have several options a user can select.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list. We can change this using the selected attribute. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms.com HTML Code: <select> <option>California -. Advertise on Tizag.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form. HTML .

CA</option> <option>Colorado -. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -. Set the type attribute to submit. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: . Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute. HTML . This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action.HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.

PERL. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address.com" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP. This can be changed to any value you wish.Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. Mailto has been depreciated. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. or ASP file. Form Submission .Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method. it will work great in our example. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> .

When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. SQL Server. In this rare case.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . HTML Code: .com A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly. HTML Code: <form action="myphp. there are a number of uses for them. Advertise on Tizag. or maybe justa plain text file.<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. They need to be placed within a form tag. a hidden form field may come in handy. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field.

HTML . especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field.<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user. Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is.Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. .

No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. color. providing many options to No! No! . The output of this tag is browser dependent. please Contact Us with your request. Commonly called just plain "links. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property." It's safe to No! place images. line breaks. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese.Version 0. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. common outputs are italics.HTML Reference . manipulating the font-weight to your preference. changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation.5 We are constantly updating this page. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. and text between the opening and closing tags. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. but best used for long addresses. Many other tags function inside this element as well.

browsers continue to recognize them. however. No! Strike through text. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. resuming text flow on the next line. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font. No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags.customize the text therein. Allows for No! inline citation of text. Insert a line break. No! The definition part of a definition list. Yes! . Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text.

No! The definition term of a Definition List. adding specific styles to specific divisions.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. Group together tables. paragraphs. or sizse. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. Create Definition Lists. or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. Create forms to retrieve user input and data. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. Yes! Change colors. fonts. the word you will be defining. For example. No! .

place your title. Must be placed within frameset tags. Also. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset. or link to exterior style sheets here. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. No! Places a heading onto your document. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. its possible to alter this tag in many ways. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. Run scripts. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well. Creates a horizontal rule on the page.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. Using style sheets. No! .

Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. No! . From buttons. Supported by many browsers. or checkboxes.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. Place images onto your website. Specify using the type attribute. Works well to quickly format text. Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. Supported by numerous browsers. to text fields.

Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site. within you HTML No! documents. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit. No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. No! Create Ordered Lists. . Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. No! Link exterior documents to your websight.

Must be placed within a "Select" tag. Allows for inline text quotation.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. Place within a form element to retrieve user input. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! . For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input.

border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! .id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself. No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. No! <td> align Create a table data cell. WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed.

Each tag defines the start and end of a table row. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. capable of retrieving user input via forms. Placed within the No! "Head" element. Compatible in nearly every browser. Very versatile. No! Create table headers over each of your columns.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Creates a table row for your tables. No! .

bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. Compatible with many browsers. No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text. No! .

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