Your Second Web Page

Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.

Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!

HTML Code:
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>

The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.

Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.

HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.

Continue Along
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.

HTML Code:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.

Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on Tizag.com

The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

<head>

This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.

<title>
This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.

<h2>
This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.

<p>
This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!

Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.

Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to Tizag.com's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!

Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.

having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. Attribute . or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. an element is a complete tag. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons. Another medium to market your business. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret.com An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. Advertise on Tizag. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements. Web Pages Web pages have many uses.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. the paragraph texts. the Tizag banner. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . and finally. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels. the element's content.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. a closing tag. . Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful. Everything you see in front of you.A complete tag. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. Elements will often have multiple attributes. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience.

We will be placing the <title> element here and we'll talk about the other possible elements in later lessons. Element Content .1. As long as it falls somewhere between your <html> tag and your web page content (<body>). open up Notepad or Crimson Editor and have a new. Click on the "Save as Type" drop down box and select the option "All Files". </p> . Remember to close your HTML documents with the corresponding </html> tag at the bottom of the document. The <html> Element. you should be starring at your very first blank (white) web page! The <head> Element The <head> element is "next" as they say.opening paragraph tag 2. HTML Code: <html> </html> Now save your file by Selecting Menu and then Save. your head element will continue to lay empty except for the title element that will be introduced next. Here's a sample of the initial set up.closing tag Every (web)page requires four critical elements: the html. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> </html> . Copy the following HTML code into your text editor. name it "index. blank document ready to go. head.html". Other elements used for scripting (Javascript) and formatting (CSS) will eventually be introduced and you will have to place them within your head element. <p> .paragraph words 3." Tags placed within the head element are not directly displayed by web browsers. When asked to name your file. For now. and body elements. Its sole purpose is to encapsulate all the HTML code and describe the HTML document to the web browser. you're golden..html document. title. If you opened up your index.. Double check that you did everything correctly and then press save. Now open your file in a new web browser so that you have the ability to refresh your page and see your changes. without the quotes. If you haven't already. The head functions "behind the scenes.</html> <html> begins and ends each and every web page.

we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. etc). Name your webpage as you please. complete webpage. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. pictures. we still have nothing happening on the web page. tables. as the window's title. For now. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. • Go Back . As the menu on the left suggests. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. the best titles are brief and descriptive. (Paragraphs. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser.As of yet. just keep in mind. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser.

tables look like tables. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. . Tables. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom.• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). you signal to the browser "Hey look." Advertise on Tizag. I'm a paragraph tag. In a way. images. now treat me as such. though. content(s). you now may begin adding content to your site. forms. Each time the browser finds a tag. By adding tags to an HTML document. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML. and closing tag(s). and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). lists. HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. left to right. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. etc). The reason being that these tags do not really require any content.com As you will learn.

Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags)./mypic. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute. More on attributes in the next lesson. HTML Code: <img src=".Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag.jpg" /> -. HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag.Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. . If every line break tag needed all three components as other do. it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>.Image Tag <br /> -. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag . Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve. life would become redundant real quick.. Let's take a look at a line break tag. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format.

The idea is that you can classify or id certain a tag and later format the tag using Cascading Style Sheets. All of these things and more can be achieved using Attributes. HTML . By allotting a name to an element. At some point you may want to give your body element a background color or perhaps change the width of a table.Now is a good time to start thinking about what type of website you may want to make. HTML . and PHP. Right now we want to focus on a set of generic attributes that can be used with just about every HTML Tag in existence. that name becomes a scripting variable for scripting languages such as Javascript. Attributes are placed within the opening tag and they follow a precise syntax (format).Class or ID Attribute The class and id attributes are nearly identical.Attributes Attributes are used to amplify tags. HTML Code: <p id="italicsparagraph">Paragraph type 1 Italics</p> <p id="boldparagraph">Paragraph type 2 Bold</p> Classification Attributes: Paragraph type 1 Italics Paragraph type 2 Bold HTML . HTML Code: . it will also search for set attributes and then display the element (tags+attributes) in its entirety.Name Attribute Name is much different than id and class. The role of classification and identifying elements will become more apparent as your learn CSS. They play no direct role in formatting your elements but rather serve behind the scenes for scripting and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). The name attribute is seen most often with forms and other user-input elements. It is always easier to make content for a topic or to achieve a goal. Advertise on Tizag.com Many HTML tags have a unique set of their own attributes. What we mean by amplify is that when a web browser interprets a tag. It becomes necessary when you have two or more of the same element on a page (like a <p> tag) but want them to be different in appearance. These will be discussed as each tag is introduced throughout the tutorial. ASP.

This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. or center. You may title an element anything you would like. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs.<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field.Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. HTML . HTML . forgotten attribute. these attributes should not be forgotten. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: . right. the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. You may align things left. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified.Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. Do not overlook the title attribute. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role.

<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>

Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading

Attribute Defaults
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.

Generic Attributes
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.

• •

Go Back Continue

Tips
• • •

Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!

Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on Tizag.com The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.

HTML Code:
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>

Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.

HTML Code:
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Centering
HTML Code:
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.

HTML - Paragraph Align Right
HTML Code:
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.

HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on Tizag.com

</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example . This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag.. Copy(Highlight.HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below. Or make your own essay paragraphs.</p> <p>For instance. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects. Each time you place a heading tag. then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete.. Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. Off .. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display..

Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. Place your documents. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. there is an alternative.5" floppy disk. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. With simple html skills. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. However.com HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. Advertise on Tizag. photos. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. Off hand. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line. For instance. essays. Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. .<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely.

lists. tables. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues.Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute.</p> Biliography: . A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography. "The Hobbit". HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen.com HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. and headings. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1.<br /> 2. JRR Tolkein. Advertise on Tizag.

ordered list. Get Money 3. and <dl> for definition lists. Ordered simply means numbered. Find a Job 2.com • • • <ul> . A <ol> tag starts an ordered list. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. numbers <dl> . as the list below demonstrates.unordered list. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists. JRR Tolkein. bullets <ol> . Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1. dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list. As you can see.1. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. <ul> for unordered lists. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. 2.definition list. "The Hobbit". Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. and used properly. its results can be outstanding.

Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. both capital and lower-case. Buy Food 5. and circles. Move Out III. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. discs. Get Money ii. Move Out iii. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. Get Money c. Enroll in College 6. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. Get Money II. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. Find a Job A. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. Get Money B. Find a Job I. Find a Job i. Find a Job b. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . Move Out C.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4.

</dd> </dt> HTML Code: .defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese. HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk  Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper  Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper  Cereal • Cereal o Cereal  Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.definition term <dd> .defines the start of the list <dt> . It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further. These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car.Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like. • • • <dl> .

italic. HTML . And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements.Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements. and you should consult how . sub/superscripted. These formatting tags can make text bold. it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. Advertise on Tizag.com Bold. They can be used with any text type element. Voiture French word for car. Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements.Fromage French word for cheese. HTML . If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets. and more.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly.

Green. The format for RGB is . Advertise on Tizag. green. but if you are not using a browser that supports it. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic. Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. Green.to do that in our CSS Tutorial. RGB stands for Red. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color.com The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags. red. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors.rgb(RED. white.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. just like the name implies. However. BLUE). Being a voice of experience. Blue. Ultimately the decision is yours. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values. the web developer. Examples: black. HTML Color Coding System .RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. do not worry. and Blue Values: . Below is an example of RGB in use. and blue. Red. GREEN. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB.

They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. Rest assured that the system becomes much. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly.0.0. and the last are the blue value(BB).255)" bgcolor="rgb(255. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers. Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 . A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce.255.255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System . it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code . Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document.Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values.255.bgcolor="rgb(255. the next two are a green value(GG).0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color.

Font Size Set the size of your font with size. Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR .Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB .The default size of a font is 3. "#44HHFF". since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest).Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. Let's try another one. Use the size. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size.com The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used. If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. Advertise on Tizag. Instead. so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. 15.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers. Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. and face attributes to customize your fonts. face. use paired hex values for color. and color to the text on your site.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG . Examples: "#0011EE". See our CSS Tutorial for more information. and color. or "#117788". use css styles to manipulate your font. HTML .The formula is real simple. These are called True Colors. . color. size. HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color.

Below is the correct way to set your basefont. Book Antiqua. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed.</p> .</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont .Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page.. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font..</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style. Instead they will default to Times New Roman.Font Color Set the color of your font with color. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML.. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance.. HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font... they will not be able to see it. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed.

or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks.. HTML .</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However.. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia.name. Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information.<p>This paragraph has had its font.</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. the use of basefont is deprecated. which means it may not be supported sometime in the future. 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.Links and Anchors . The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num.

com/" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www. Local.com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML . and Forms may be used to create these links.href=". Text. Use the demonstration below as a reference. Images.href="http://www.Links to anchors on the current page Local .espn. These connections are made using anchor tags to create links. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.href="#anchorname" Local .Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.yahoo.tizag. or Global.Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal .Links to other pages within your domain Global . • • • Internal . The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page.com HTML . Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link. HTML Code: ./pics/picturefile.com/" HTML . Hypertext references can be Internal. or to open the link in the current browser window. Advertise on Tizag.jpg" Global ..Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor.tizag. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag.com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www.The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window.

and naming them. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page.target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window. the headings of this page contain blank. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. named anchors. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: .Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link.COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN.ESPN. a popular sports web site.COM.COM HTML . HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. First. Here's the example. In the example below.com" target="_blank">ESPN. They look like this.

com/pics/htmlT/blanktext.com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links. The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson.com HTML . HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them.com In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well.com?subject=Feedback" >Email@tizag. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.com</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag.com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML .zip">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML . HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download.Default Links.tizag. Base .Email Links Creating an email link is simple.

HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www.Copyright symbol. to make .com/"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol.& • Then the entities name .tizag. HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . you need to know 4 parts. In order to display them. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity.© .. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard.Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to. Usually set your base to your home page. trademark.copy • And finally a semicolon . Copyright: Combine &copy. Additional Spaces and <>. Advertise on Tizag. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line. Several symbols such as copyright.com There's three parts to every entity. . In order to display these characters.

As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags. Here's an example. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up. &#60. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name &#160. &gt. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than .> Body tag . <br /> Body tag .&nbsp. &sect. An entity exists for placing additional spaces.&lt. &#62. &#162. <br /> Greater than . &nbsp. &curren. &yen.&lt. &#165. &quot.body&gt. &#163. &#164.&gt. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags.&nbsp. &brvbar. &pound. . &#167. so to use them on your web site you will need entities. &cent.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. &lt. HTML Code: <p> Less than . must come &nbsp. &iexcl.< Greater than . &#166. &#34.&nbsp.down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. &#161.

Grave Accent-Capital E &#200. Tilde-Capital O &#213. Ring-Capital A &#197. ¾ Fraction &#190. &frac34. &frac14. &Icirc.Ntilde. &Atilde. Micro &#181. &Ocirc. &uml. &ordm. &reg. Circumflex Accent-Capital A &#194. Inverted Question Mark &#191. &Ograve. Paragraph &#182. Umlaut Mark-Capital I &#207. &middot. Umlaut Mark-Capital O &#214. Acute Accent-Capital I &#205. &micro. &laquo. &raquo. Registered Trademark &#174. Circumflex Accent-Capital E &#202. Spacing Macron &#175. &mp. Tilde-Capital A &#195. &Eacute. Copyright &#169. Middle Dot &#183. Left Angle Quotation Mark &#171. Superscript 2 &#178. &Auml. Umlaut Mark-Capital A &#196. Grave Accent-Capital I &#204. &sup3. &Oacute. Tilde-Capital N &#209. &Ccedil. &Aring. Grave Accent-Captial A &#192. Right Angle Quotation Mark &#187. &ordf. &Eml. Masculine Ordinal Indicator &#186. &deg. Umlaut Mark-Capital E &#203. Capital eth &#208. &Otilde. %amp. &para. Negation &#172. &cedil. Degree(s) &#176.ETH. Circumflex Accent-Capital O &#212. &Egrave. . Acute Accent-Capital A &#193. &sup1. Superscript 3 &#179. Grave Accent-Capital O &#210. &Acirc. &Ecirc. Circumflex Accent-Capital I &#206. &Aacute. Superscript 1 &#185. &frac12. &Agrave. Spacing Cedilla &#184.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot &#168. ½ Fraction &#189. Acute Accent-Capital O &#211. &Iacute. &copy. &Iuml. Spacing Acute &#180. ¼ Fraction &#188. &not. Feminine Ordinal Indicator &#170. &macr. &iquest. &mp. &acute. Cedilla-Capital C &#199. Plus or Minus &#177. Acute Accent-Capital E &#201.)uml. &AElig. &Igrave. Capital ae &#198. &sup2. &plusmn.

&lsaquo. &Dagger. Acute Accent-Capital Y &#221. &eth. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. Slash-Capital O &#216.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ ‍ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication &#215. Dagger &#8224. &OElig. Left Single Quote &#8216. &bdquo. Left Double Quote &#8220. &ldquo. &Uacute. Euro Mark &#8364. Left Single Arrow Quote &#8249. &sbquo. Single Low Quote &#8218. &rsaquo. &rdquo. Small Sharp &#223.com . Small ae &#230. &Uuml. Umlaut Mark-Capital U &#220. &rsquo. &Oslash. &ndash. Modifier Circumflex Accent &#710. Circumflex Accent-Capital U &#219. &Yacute. &circ. &tilde. En Dash &#8211. Small eth &#240. Double Low Quote &#8222. Grave Accent-Capital U &#217. &euro. Right Single Quote &#8217. &zwj. &lsquo. &permil. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. Thorn &#222. &oslash. However. &aelig. you should know that when you place your email on your website. &mdash. Slash-Small o &#248. &trade. Acute Accent-Captital U &#218. Zero Width Joiner &#8205. Per Mile &#8240. Small Thorn &#254. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. &THORN. Right Double Quote &#8221. TradeMark &#8482. &times. Em Dash &#8212. &thorn. Double Dagger &#8225. Capital Ligature &#338. &oelig. &szlig. Small Tilde &#732. &Ugrave. Right Single Arrow Quote &#8250. &Ucirc. Small Ligature &#339. &dagger.

Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. • • Subject . HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them).Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide.Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account.com" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b.com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML .Images . This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site. Body . HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link. We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam. This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to. rather than specifying a web URL.

/sunset. Pictures must be uploaded along with your ..gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your . Use your best judgement to meet your needs. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly. you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. however. There are two ways to define the source of an image. as you continue to upload picture files to your system.html file to your web server.Image src Above we have defined the src attribute. As with links described in a previous lesson. First you may use a standard URL.Tizag. Each method has its pros and cons.html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as .com HTML Code: <img src="sunset. the source of the image or more appropriately. Src stands for source. for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file. HTML ./pics/sunset. Advertise on Tizag.gif" src=".. you may eventually run short on hard drive space. where the picture file is located. URL Types: Local Src src="sunset. (src=". Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page.html file.Images are a staple of any web designer. since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your .html file picture file resides in previous directory as . Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work. (src=http://www.Alternative Attribute . Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.gif" src=".com/pics/htmlT/sunset.gif) As your second choice.gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as ..gif" /> Image: HTML ./sunset. you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods.html file A URL cannot contain drive letters.html file and the location of the picture file.

The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures. or sections. or if a user has image files disabled. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture. HTML Code: <img src="http://example. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body.com/brokenlink/sunset. use the height and width attributes. 1. HTML Code: <img src="sunset. height and width attributes.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. rather than letting the browser compute the size.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. tables.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML .

isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . yes it is... so it's rather a waste. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1.gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the. this would be perfect.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears. But we aren't talking about that. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works. The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph.tizag. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph. HTML Code: <a href="http://www..image lesson.com/"> <img src="sunset.. yes it is. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below..</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph.</p> <p> <img src="sunset. Change it to your home page URL.gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it.. .

Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. have an unlimited color wheel.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. HTML . bland-looking text link. Jpegs however. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners. clip art. not as compressed as a jpeg. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail. gifs are usually larger files. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset.espn. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag. On the down side. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space. and buttons. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds. high quality picture.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman.gif"> </a> Image Link: .Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired. If you do not know how to use the image tag. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design.

espn. you may store that data into a file.com Text Fields .Notice that by default. gather user statistics. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. No Border: HTML .com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. credit card. register the person to your web forum. etc. email address. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs. high quality picture. such as: their name. many browsers add a small border around image links.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer.gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. place an order. Advertise on Tizag. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter.

HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.Determines what kind of input field it will be.We will only be using the post functionality of method. The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit".com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. Name defines what the label of the button will be. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. • • method .Specifies the URL to send the data to. • • • • type . Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. Generally. Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. submit. HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form. let's start out with the basics of forms. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way. and password. name .com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> . action . maxlength . Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button.Before we teach you how to make a complete form. We will be sending our information to a fake email address.Sets the horizontal width of the field.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. size . The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of.Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered. Possible choices are text.

</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction. questionnaires. and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question. Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button.specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). • • value . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. name .com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". You may have seen them on quizzes. .defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. Below we have 2 groups: shade and size.

HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com"> Select your favorite cartoon characters. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user.HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button.com"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons.

In this field. Javascript is also an option. to actually make the upload form function correctly you must know a scripting language of some sort. The size attribute selects how many options will be shown at once before needing to scroll. the user has the option to type in the full local URL of the file or he/she may click the browse button to thumb through directory after directory. HTML codes this automatically when we place the type="file" attribute within the input tag. a highlighted selection list. Basically just another type of way to get input from the user. . PHP File Upload. The second part is the input field itself. and the selected option tells the browser which choice to select by default. This hidden field does nothing more than limit the allowed file size of our uploaded file. We have an entire upload example demonstrated here. An upload form consists of three basic parts.com"> Musical Taste <select multiple name="music" size="4"> <option value="emo" selected>Emo</option> <option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option> <option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option> <option value="ska" >Ska</option> <option value="jazz" >Jazz</option> <option value="country" >Country</option> <option value="classical" >Classical</option> <option value="alternative" >Alternative</option> <option value="oldies" >Oldies</option> <option value="techno" >Techno</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Selection Forms: Musical Taste þÿ Email Yourself HTML Upload Forms First of all. This form will post what the user highlights. The HTML code for the upload form does nothing more than create an interface for the user to see and work with. The first being a hidden field. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.Education? þÿ Email Yourself HTML Selection Forms Yet another type of form. PHP and PERL work fine.

Physical means that the text will appear both to you. turns off word wrapping within the text area. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts.com"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. i. the web host. but when the page is submitted to you. Off of course. For this form. One ongoing line. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be.e. Rows are roughly 12pixels high. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. the web host. Wrap has 3 values. the document sent will not have wrapping words. the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody. The words come as they are.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto.

Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags. Here's how to make a table. . but it does take some getting used to. Advertise on Tizag.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be. HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>.com HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. The <table> tag is used to begin a table.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly.

HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables. Spacing defines the width of the border. use the <th> tag as shown below. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: .255. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes.

The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags. we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables.255. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. Also. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. specifically page and table backgrounds. For additional . It may seem a bit complicated. However. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you. be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code. HTML Color .

255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names.. 255)".</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0.</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". 0. check out CSS Backgrounds. A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color.</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. 0. HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background. .</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000".. here is how to change the background of your web page. 0. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag. 255)".com Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden. The body tag is where you change the pages background.background styling.

Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva. Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .

Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. Examples: #99FFCC.. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. #33AA44. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). blue. and bodys may all have a background image.Background Repeat . headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. To accomplish this. Advertise on Tizag. HTML . Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper. Tables. or Verdana as the backup. paragraphs. "rgb(100. You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red.100)". white is all the colors of light. There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML .tizag. and green. Example. "#333333..com/pics/htmlT/background.com HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color.Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML.100.This paragraph tag has. we use the background attribute as follows." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright.

the image simply begins to repeat itself. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background. .Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop. HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www. From a different angle. HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. or Paint Shop Pro. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture.tizag.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome. however.com/pics/htmlT/background.tizag.com/pics/htmlT/pattern. HTML . Everything looks great. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns.

is that of transparent. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background.com/pics/htmlT/transparent. If you would like more information about using HTML color. colored backgrounds. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell.gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs. however. HTML Code: <table background="http://www. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. check out our HTML Background Color lesson.Transparent Background Another great techinique. tinker. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files.tizag. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors. Be creative. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. and all systems should be go. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. along the same lines as the patterned images. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through. Experiment. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF .HTML .

#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .

*"> <frame src="menu. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame.html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time. and content in another frame. frames have become outdated.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ". A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index.Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have. read on.The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page.com Frames .A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%. but if you wish to use them. Advertise on Tizag. frameset cols="#%. With the addition of CSS and PHP.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset . In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*". *". which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself.html"> <frame src="content. Individual frames are defined inside it. This means that one page has no content on it. . When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open.html" because that is typically a site's main page.

Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute. but some browsers only recognize one or the other.html"> <frame src="content. Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders.*"> <frame src="title. *". In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".*"> <frame src="menu.A zero value shows no "window" border. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual . to be safe. used by Netscape. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing.html"> <frame src="content.Modifies the border width. so use both. which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height. used by Internet Explorer.*"> <frame src="title.html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%.html"> <frameset cols="30%.Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.rows defines the height that each frame will have. • • • frameborder="#" . FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. with the same value.html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%. border="#".*"> <frame src="menu. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width. These attributes appear within the frameset tag.

html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> . </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.html"> <name="content" src="content. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.html.html"> <frameset cols="30%.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu.*"> <frame name="title" src="title.html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content.html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> .html to point to that frame.html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.*"> <frame src="menu.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.*"> <frame src="title... HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.

Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. Instead of updating the menu on each page. the black one. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized. HTML .Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . Not many options exist with the body tag alone. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts.Layout HTML layout is very basic. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen. However. We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. you could simply update the menu.html file and be done with it! HTML . scrolling="(yes/no)". Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame.Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor.Standard Layout . Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves. because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame.

These are the backbone to any great website. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. and your content or display box. The code becomes complex rather fast. navigation. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized. the less debugging you will have to perform. The more specific you are about heights and widths.

• • • Writing notes or reminders to yourself inside your actual HTML documents. HTML .com There are three main reasons you may want your code to be ignored. Tips • • • • Your code can become quite complicated rather fast. Scripting languages such as Javascript require some commenting. break it up and organize it in your own way to make things easier for you. Be creative yet organized. Use the align and valign (vertical align) attributes to align your navigation and content.Comments --> A comment is a way for you as the web page developer to control what lines of code are to be ignored by the web browser. Use cellspacing to add usable borders to your content. keep an organized spacing system so it becomes easy to spot where one table ends and the other beings.<!-. . Keep things neat. Advertise on Tizag.</td></tr> <tr height="25"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Navigation" id="navigation"> <tr><td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout 2: Banner goes here Links! Links! Links! Content goes here The code is quite a lot to look at. Temporarily commenting out elements especially if the element has been left unfinished.

Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element.tizag. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what. etc. HTML Code: . this includes any HTML tags.Opening Comment -.> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages. HTML .<input type="text" size="12" /> -.com/pics/tizagSugar.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users. Also. there is an opening and a closing much like tags.<!-. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. your code may exist for many years. scripting language(s). we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element. or elements that aren't quite finished. • • <!-. All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser. HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress. HTML Code: <!-.

you may want to look back and edit your code 5 years from now. HTML Code: <script> <!-document. In the past. HTML Meta Tags Meta tags are used to supply information for search engines that will not be seen by the web surfer unless they were to view your web site's HTML. A few years back.<!-.write("Hello World!") //--> </script> With this example we are jumping far ahead. allow your site to be included in their search engine. You should specify the most popular search terms you believe someone would use to reach your web site. meta tags were a primary way for your site to be recognized by web spiders. HTML . but the internet community abused the meta tags to artificially increase their ranking in the search engine databases. just be sure you understand when to use comments and where to look for them. you should still include meta for those search bots that do recognize them. Tips • • Make notes often and frequently. Nothing is more frustrating than deleting bits of code only to turn around and recode them.Commenting Scripts --> Scripting languages such as Javascript and VBScript must be commented out as well. only then does the browser correctly execute the scripts. Keywords Meta Tag Keywords or phrases are placed in this meta tag's content attribute. .<input type="text" size="12" /> Input Field: þÿ Comment out elements and bits of code that you may want to recall and use at a later date. Commenting out elements is a great technique to pick up from where you left off in your code. Nevertheless. They are a very useful tool for any large project. You will learn that once they are placed within the <script> tags.

HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect .com would be as follows. As mentioned above if they do not match. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine. Repeated words." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. CSS. Be careful. Here's an example of proper usage for a site. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML. key keywords. tutorials. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine.you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. and they should be. XHTML. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed.

javascript and vbscript are very complicated compared to HTML.com after being at your site for five seconds. url=http://www. A common reason might be that you have just purchased a better domain name and would like to retain your old visitors. If your domain (. To redirect a viewer automatically. make image rollovers for really cool menu effects.espn. HTML Scripts There are two very popular scripts that are commonly used in HTML to make web pages come alive. just change the URL to the new site as shown below. With the refresh meta tag you will be able to redirect visitors to the web site of your choice. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10. However. url=http://www. however. . yet still use your new domain. Advertise on Tizag.com" /> </head> Tips • • • Its important not to repeat words in the description or keywords meta tags Meta is not the only way to have your site seen by search engines. or even validate your HTML form's data before you let the user submit. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5. or any other time-sensitive information. of course!). and then use a redirect meta tag to make life easier for your viewers that already may have your site bookmarked. The most common use for this type of meta tag.com) ever changes. A quick refresh may be necessary for news. Do not rely on meta tags alone to get your web site listed on search engines. if you have the time.com With HTML scripts you can create dynamic web pages. It may be simpler just to download someone elses scripting code and use it on your web page (if they have given you permission to do so. remember to place a simple "Our site has moved" message as the existing domain.Later down the road. stocks. HTML javascript and HTML vbscript are very useful scripting languages to know. This code will send your visitors to espn.tizag. is redirection.com" /> </head> Above shows refreshing Tizag's home page every 10 seconds. you may need to redirect traffic to another domain.

This will prevent browsers that do not support javascript or have had javascript disabled from displaying the javascript code in the web browser. This will prevent browsers that do not support vbscript or have had vbscript disabled from displaying the vbscript code in the web browser. I am glad to announce that this is a problem of the past and you will have a much easier time then webmasters of the past. Below is the correct code to insert embedded javascript code onto your site. We also include a comment around the javascript code. Advertise on Tizag. which is similar to the process of specifying CSS. We also include a comment around the vbscript code. If you would like to know more about javascript. which is similar to specifying CSS. HTML Code: <script type="text/javascript"> <!--script ***Some javascript code should go here*** --> </script> For javascript you set the type attribute equal to "text/javascript".HTML Javascript Code If you want to insert javascript code into your HTML you are going to use the script tag. HTML Vbscript How To To insert vbscript code onto your website you must once again make use of the script tag. check out our Javascript Tutorial. In the past multiple tags had to be used because browsers did not have a uniform standard for defining embedded media files. However.com HTML Embed . Below is the correct code to insert vbscript code onto your site. HTML Code: <script type="text/vbscript"> <!--script ***The vbscript code should go in this spot*** --> </script> For vbscript you set the type attribute equal to "text/vbscript". HTML Music Codes Inserting music onto a web page is relatively easy.

Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag. Embed Attributes . (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. There are other ways to link to music. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . • • • autostart .Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.set the volume of the media file.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . The range is 0-100.mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player.</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed. height .mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> . Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location.mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually. To stop the music press stop/pause. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. Embed Attributes . To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display.the height of the media player hidden . • • • width .if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed.the width of the media player. the above example will appear slightly different.

One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file. In fact. • • • autostart .com/files/html/htmlexample.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways.set the volume of the media file. The embed tag does not require a closing tag. Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site. Advertise on Tizag.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . it works much like the image tag.tizag. If done poorly.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . HTML .Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true.com HTML Code: <embed src="http://www. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music. A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly. The range is 0-100.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). feel free to use this URL while you practice. HTML Code: . If you want your music to play over and over again.

playcount .set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet.mov files . (0-100). and loop. there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume. Values are true or false. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages. (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise).are Apple's Quick Time Movie format.com/pics/flash/motiontween1easy.tizag. hidden .Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute.<a href="http://www.swf HTML . • • • • . Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages.Google Video HTML Code -.swf files .avi). Values are true or false. and MOV's (.Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet.mpeg" files and Macromedia's .wmv files . loop . false means no looping.controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not.set a numeric value for the loudness of your media.are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program. Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages.> .swf"> motiontween1easy. ".Video Media Types Flash movies (. HTML .Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above.controls the media's ability to start without prompting. . . hidden.mov) file types are supported by the embed tag. volume .swf). (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). . AVI's (. HTML Code: <! -. As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it. The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet. autostart.are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types.swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy. At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie. HTML . • • • • • autostart .mpeg files .A true value means the media will continuously loop.

allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left.com%2FThumbnailServer%3Fapp%3Dvss%26contentid% 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -. Tables. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website.google. Advertise on Tizag. .Body As we mentioned.swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp.com HTML . but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip. Paragraphs." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video.google. top. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site. Embed Google Video: HTML .com%2Fvideodownload%3Fversion%3D0%26 secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo.Body Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element. Forms.com/googleplayer. Lists.google. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element. right. height:326px. A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program.End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code above.video.<embed style="width:400px.

Base Links Along the same lines. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML . This method has deprecated. we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links.0.0.255. Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site. HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links.or bottom of your website. HTML . HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255.Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead.Div Element(s) . Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.0)" > HTML .255)" vlink="rgb(0.

The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag.com • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www.google. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together.Div Layouts When HTML first began. Much like the body tag. web creators only had two choices. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag. A table layout. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags. Use only the following attributes with your div element. anything else should be reserved for CSS. The div element provides a 3rd alternative. or frames.com">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements.</p> . we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. HTML .

Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML .</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu. Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here.</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. and another article of content below the existing content. Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables. adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.Bold .

com HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! . Advertise on Tizag.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag.Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase.com HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text. HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face. HTML . Advertise on Tizag. use them to emphasize text or words. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations. Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. Rather.

They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. They are short and sweet. Nothing fancy here. HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see.

HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website. but the tag exists if you so desire. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. As you can see. It is not always necessary.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. This simply changes the font face. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson. HTML . HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code.</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers.com You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson.Phillip M. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. size. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler. Advertise on Tizag. .

Sure. I may sound crazy. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious.HTML . Advertise on Tizag. Violets are blue.com We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag.google. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks. and absolutely annoying at times. This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this. Tabs and spacing are quite different. One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. standing for previously formatted text.Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet.com" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: . HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www. tabs.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. HTML . Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag. Spaces. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red.

<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag. Violets are blue. I may sound crazy. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML . superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page.Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML . These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag. You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets.Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing. Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: .Roses are Red." <hr /> 1. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>. But I love you! HTML .

Oxygen CO2 .Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds. Secret meeting between lovers HTML . HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 .Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> .Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML . Advertise on Tizag.Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O . Advertise on Tizag.Carbon Dioxide HTML .Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> . we use the <del> tag.Water O2 ."It was a lover's tryst1." 1.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: .

This text is out!

HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.

HTML Code:
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>

To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes

Tips

Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.

HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on Tizag.com

HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •

"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"

HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields

You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.

HTML Code:
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />

Text Fields and Passwords:
þÿ

HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.

HTML Code:
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />

Checkboxes:

HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.

HTML Code:
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />

Radios:

HTML - Submit Buttons

Setting an input type to "submit" specifies a very unique button. When pressed, the button activates the action of the form whatever that may be. Most often times this is some sort of server side scripting file or a javascript function. Since we are creatting a submission button. We need to introduce a new attribute, the value attribute. Anyword(s) specified as the value will be displayed on our button. Often it is best to stick with "Submit" or "Continue". Boring, yet effective.

HTML Code:
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />

Submit Buttons:
Submit Continue Please!

HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.

HTML Code:
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />

Reset Buttons:
Reset Fields Start Over

HTML - User Input
Input from the user is critical to the development of your websites and applications. Without the use of a scipting language such as PHP or Javascript, you will find HTML Input to be very limiting. Our PHP Form Example offers a step by step guide to mastering HTML/PHP forms. Feel free to copy any code you may find useful in that example. The following lessons take a deeper look at each individual type of input field including those not mentioned: textareas, selection forms, and upload forms.

HTML . generally this should match the size of your field. HTML . HTML .Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server. Advertise on Tizag.Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. always specify a maxlength.Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute. The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields.com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP. PERL. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. The default size is around 20 characters long. or ASP. To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: . the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size).

replacing them with dots. stars.Text Field Value Using the value attribute. HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML . we could pre-populate our text fields with some information. . All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables. beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe. Also.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP. or boxes. Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language.þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . the browser hides the characters being typed.

Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no. HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: .HTML . Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play. a sort of check all that apply question. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful.Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.

Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: . we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. These types of forms must be named. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection).Please select every sport that you play. In order to achieve this.

Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: . HTML . we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.Radio Checked By using the checked attribute.

or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: . Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear.com HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML .Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML . Paragraphs. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area. essays.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. Advertise on Tizag.Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user. cols and rows. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag.

Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted. HTML .Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box. Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line.

Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML . HTML .Disabled . Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. However.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area. you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts.

Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures. </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML . movies. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.com HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. or even their own webpages.As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. An upload form is another type of input form. We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: . simply set the type attribute to file. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. Advertise on Tizag. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute.

CA</option> <option>Colorado -.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb. .CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML . We can change this using the selected attribute. Drop down lists have several options a user can select.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default. Advertise on Tizag.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list. maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live. You have probably seen them already on the internet.com HTML Code: <select> <option>California -. HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -.

This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML . This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action. HTML . Set the type attribute to submit. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: .CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -.Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute.HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag. Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists.

PERL. or ASP file. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. it will work great in our example. Advertise on Tizag. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form.Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method.com" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. Mailto has been depreciated. Form Submission .Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form. This can be changed to any value you wish. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch.com HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> . The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission.

In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. or maybe justa plain text file.<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. SQL Server. In this rare case. HTML Code: <form action="myphp.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly. They need to be placed within a form tag. HTML Code: .com A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. Advertise on Tizag.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser. a hidden form field may come in handy. there are a number of uses for them. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field. When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL.

especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in. Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. HTML . Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user.<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view.Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access. .

Version 0. please Contact Us with your request. line breaks. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag. providing many options to No! No! . Commonly called just plain "links. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code.5 We are constantly updating this page. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets." It's safe to No! place images. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. The output of this tag is browser dependent. and text between the opening and closing tags. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override. color. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation. manipulating the font-weight to your preference.HTML Reference . changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. but best used for long addresses. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. Many other tags function inside this element as well. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese. common outputs are italics.

Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. resuming text flow on the next line. Insert a line break. No! Strike through text. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font. Yes! . however. browsers continue to recognize them.customize the text therein. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. No! The definition part of a definition list. Allows for No! inline citation of text. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text.

Create forms to retrieve user input and data. No! . adding specific styles to specific divisions. fonts. Create Definition Lists. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. the word you will be defining. Yes! Change colors. or sizse. paragraphs.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. Group together tables. For example. No! The definition term of a Definition List. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once.

Also. Creates a horizontal rule on the page. No! . Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. its possible to alter this tag in many ways. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. or link to exterior style sheets here. Using style sheets. No! Places a heading onto your document. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. place your title. Run scripts. Must be placed within frameset tags. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well.

Supported by numerous browsers. Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. From buttons. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. Specify using the type attribute. No! . to text fields. Supported by many browsers.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. Place images onto your website. No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. or checkboxes. Works well to quickly format text.

Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site. within you HTML No! documents. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. No! Create Ordered Lists.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit. No! Link exterior documents to your websight. . Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document. No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames.

Allows for inline text quotation. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input. No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag. Must be placed within a "Select" tag.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. Place within a form element to retrieve user input. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! .

border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! .id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself. No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. No! <td> align Create a table data cell. WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed.

No! . No! Create table headers over each of your columns. Each tag defines the start and end of a table row. Very versatile. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. Creates a table row for your tables. Placed within the No! "Head" element. capable of retrieving user input via forms. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. Compatible in nearly every browser.

Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text.bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. Compatible with many browsers. No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). No! .

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