Your Second Web Page

Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.

Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!

HTML Code:
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>

The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.

Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.

HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.

Continue Along
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.

HTML Code:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.

Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on

The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>


This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.

This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.

This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.

This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!

Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.

Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!

Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.

and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels. an element is a complete tag. and finally.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. the paragraph texts. a closing tag. Elements will often have multiple attributes. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years. Web Pages Web pages have many uses.A complete tag. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section. For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. the Tizag An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. Attribute . Advertise on Tizag. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. the element's content. Everything you see in front of you. Another medium to market your business. . Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful.

Double check that you did everything correctly and then press save. name it "index.</html> <html> begins and ends each and every web page. Copy the following HTML code into your text editor.html document.. HTML Code: <html> </html> Now save your file by Selecting Menu and then Save.closing tag Every (web)page requires four critical elements: the html.. Click on the "Save as Type" drop down box and select the option "All Files". blank document ready to go. For now. We will be placing the <title> element here and we'll talk about the other possible elements in later lessons. Its sole purpose is to encapsulate all the HTML code and describe the HTML document to the web browser. If you opened up your index. you're golden." Tags placed within the head element are not directly displayed by web browsers. When asked to name your file.paragraph words 3. your head element will continue to lay empty except for the title element that will be introduced next. <p> . HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> </html> . Remember to close your HTML documents with the corresponding </html> tag at the bottom of the document. Other elements used for scripting (Javascript) and formatting (CSS) will eventually be introduced and you will have to place them within your head element. open up Notepad or Crimson Editor and have a new. Now open your file in a new web browser so that you have the ability to refresh your page and see your changes.html". Here's a sample of the initial set up. title. without the quotes. you should be starring at your very first blank (white) web page! The <head> Element The <head> element is "next" as they say. If you haven't already. The head functions "behind the scenes.opening paragraph tag 2. head. As long as it falls somewhere between your <html> tag and your web page content (<body>). Element Content . </p> . The <html> Element. and body elements.1.

For now. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser. tables. (Paragraphs. the best titles are brief and descriptive. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. pictures. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. we still have nothing happening on the web page. etc). The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. just keep in mind. • Go Back .As of yet. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. Name your webpage as you please. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. as the window's title. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. As the menu on the left suggests. complete webpage.

lists. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. Tables. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML. you now may begin adding content to your site. By adding tags to an HTML document. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. now treat me as such. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. Each time the browser finds a tag.• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. . etc). you signal to the browser "Hey look. In a way. left to right. content(s). I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom. though." Advertise on Tizag. images. tables look like tables. I'm a paragraph As you will learn. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. and closing tag(s). HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). forms. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. The reason being that these tags do not really require any content.

HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag . it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>.Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag. .Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags).Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve. life would become redundant real quick..Image Tag <br /> -./mypic. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format.jpg" /> -. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute. HTML Code: <img src=". Let's take a look at a line break tag. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do. More on attributes in the next lesson.

What we mean by amplify is that when a web browser interprets a tag. All of these things and more can be achieved using Attributes. that name becomes a scripting variable for scripting languages such as Javascript. HTML . By allotting a name to an element. They play no direct role in formatting your elements but rather serve behind the scenes for scripting and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). The name attribute is seen most often with forms and other user-input elements. At some point you may want to give your body element a background color or perhaps change the width of a table. it will also search for set attributes and then display the element (tags+attributes) in its entirety. Attributes are placed within the opening tag and they follow a precise syntax (format).Class or ID Attribute The class and id attributes are nearly identical. HTML . Right now we want to focus on a set of generic attributes that can be used with just about every HTML Tag in existence. and PHP. It is always easier to make content for a topic or to achieve a goal. HTML Code: . These will be discussed as each tag is introduced throughout the tutorial. The idea is that you can classify or id certain a tag and later format the tag using Cascading Style Sheets.Name Attribute Name is much different than id and class. ASP. HTML Code: <p id="italicsparagraph">Paragraph type 1 Italics</p> <p id="boldparagraph">Paragraph type 2 Bold</p> Classification Attributes: Paragraph type 1 Italics Paragraph type 2 Bold HTML . It becomes necessary when you have two or more of the same element on a page (like a <p> tag) but want them to be different in appearance. The role of classification and identifying elements will become more apparent as your learn CSS.Now is a good time to start thinking about what type of website you may want to make. Advertise on Tizag.Attributes Attributes are used to amplify Many HTML tags have a unique set of their own attributes.

Do not overlook the title attribute. these attributes should not be forgotten. You may title an element anything you would like. right. HTML . the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds.Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. or center. HTML . You may align things left.<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified.Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. forgotten attribute. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: . HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element.

<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>

Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading

Attribute Defaults
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.

Generic Attributes
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.

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Go Back Continue

• • •

Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!

Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.

HTML Code:
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>

Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.

HTML Code:
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Centering
HTML Code:
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.

HTML - Paragraph Align Right
HTML Code:
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.

HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on

HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below. Each time you place a heading tag. Copy(Highlight.. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags..</p> <p>For instance. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete.</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example .. Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display. Or make your own essay paragraphs. Off . HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects.. This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag. then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page.

Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. photos. essays. Place your documents. With simple html skills.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line. Off hand. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. there is an alternative. For instance. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. Advertise on Tizag. However. . Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland.5" floppy disk. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete.

tables. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein.</p> Biliography: . "The Hobbit".com HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1. HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues. and headings. JRR Tolkein.<br /> 2.Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography. lists. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag.

ordered list. Advertise on Tizag. "The Hobbit". 2. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly.definition list. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. its results can be outstanding. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . JRR Tolkein. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1. and used properly. Ordered simply means numbered. HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists.1. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. bullets <ol> . Find a Job 2.unordered list. numbers <dl> . as the list below demonstrates. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. <ul> for unordered lists. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list. and <dl> for definition lists. Get Money 3. As you can • • • <ul> . Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list.

discs. Get Money II. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. Get Money c. Find a Job A. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Enroll in College 6. Buy Food 5. Find a Job I. and circles. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . Find a Job i. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. both capital and lower-case. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. Get Money ii. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. Find a Job b. Move Out III. Move Out C. Get Money B. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. Move Out iii. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag.

defines the start of the list <dt> . HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk  Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper  Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper  Cereal • Cereal o Cereal  Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.</dd> </dt> HTML Code: . These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.definition term <dd> . • • • <dl> .defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese. It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further.</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car.Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like.

it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. sub/superscripted. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets. Voiture French word for car. Advertise on Tizag. In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements. Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements. and more. italic. And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a Bold.Fromage French word for cheese.Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. These formatting tags can make text bold. HTML . They can be used with any text type element.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly. and you should consult how . HTML .

Blue. red. and blue. Examples: black. Ultimately the decision is yours. BLUE). just like the name implies. green. Green. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each do that in our CSS Tutorial.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. keep the use of these tags quick and The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . Being a voice of experience. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. Red. the web developer. Advertise on Tizag. RGB stands for Red. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values. and Blue Values: . Green. GREEN. HTML Color Coding System . if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic.rgb(RED. However. do not worry. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags.RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. Below is an example of RGB in use. white. Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). The format for RGB is . but if you are not using a browser that supports it.

Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document. They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white.bgcolor="rgb(255. the next two are a green value(GG).255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System . Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal. Rest assured that the system becomes much.255.0.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code . and the last are the blue value(BB).0.255. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color. Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .255)" bgcolor="rgb(255.

Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. Examples: "#0011EE".Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB . Let's try another one. size. Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR . and face attributes to customize your fonts. See our CSS Tutorial for more information.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG . If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. "#44HHFF".The formula is real simple. so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. or "#117788". face.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers. use paired hex values for color. and color to the text on your site. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest).Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. and color. since they will stay true in hue from browser to The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used. These are called True Colors. HTML . Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size. Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color. . HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. Use the size. use css styles to manipulate your font. 15.The default size of a font is 3. color. Advertise on Tizag. Font Size Set the size of your font with size. Instead.

they will not be able to see it.. Below is the correct way to set your basefont. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML. Book Antiqua.Font Color Set the color of your font with color..</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font..Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font.. Instead they will default to Times New Roman..</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont . HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font.. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance.</p> .

the use of basefont is deprecated.or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks.Links and Anchors . HTML .</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However..<p>This paragraph has had its font.. 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb. which means it may not be supported sometime in the Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text.</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.

Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal .com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML .The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites. Images. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link. Text. Advertise on" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate HTML Code: <a href="" HTML . The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page. Local. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag. These connections are made using anchor tags to create links.Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor.Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.tizag. and Forms may be used to create these links.tizag.href=".href="http://www. • • • Internal . Use the demonstration below as a reference.href="#anchorname" Local .com HTML .. Hypertext references can be Internal.espn. HTML Code: . or Global.Links to anchors on the current page Local ./pics/picturefile. or to open the link in the current browser window.Links to other pages within your domain Global .jpg" Global .

placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link. First.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links.COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN. a popular sports web site. and naming them.COM.COM HTML . They look like this. Here's the example. named anchors. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. the headings of this page contain blank. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: . we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. In the example" target="_blank">ESPN. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window.

tizag. HTML Code: <a href=" HTML . HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for</a> Email Links:</a> Complete Email:">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML .Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML .com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag. Base .com/pics/htmlT/blanktext.Email Links Creating an email link is simple.Default" >Email@tizag.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links. The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson. HTML Code: <a href=" In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well.

Additional Spaces and <>. trademark. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity.© .& • Then the entities name .com/"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol. Several symbols such as copyright. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard. In order to display these characters. In order to display them. ..Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to. Copyright: Combine &copy. you need to know 4 parts. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www. to make . Usually set your base to your home page.tizag. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line. HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand .copy • And finally a semicolon .com There's three parts to every entity.Copyright symbol.

so to use them on your web site you will need entities.&nbsp.body&gt. <br /> Body tag .< Greater than . Here's an example.&gt. &quot. &#166. &brvbar. An entity exists for placing additional spaces. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than . &pound. . HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name &#160. &#161. &#163. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. &gt.> Body tag . &#165. &sect. &nbsp. &cent.&nbsp.&nbsp.&lt. &curren. &#62.down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags. &yen. &#164. &#60. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up. &#162. <br /> Greater than . &#34. &iexcl. must come &nbsp. &#167. HTML Code: <p> Less than .As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags.&lt. &lt.

Acute Accent-Capital E &#201. Spacing Cedilla &#184. &ordm. Circumflex Accent-Capital A &#194. %amp. &Iuml. ¾ Fraction &#190. &Igrave. &Eacute. Spacing Acute &#180. &Icirc. &Eml. Cedilla-Capital C &#199. &reg. &Ograve. Grave Accent-Capital I &#204. Inverted Question Mark &#191. Copyright &#169.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot &#168. Left Angle Quotation Mark &#171. Umlaut Mark-Capital E &#203. &mp. Umlaut Mark-Capital A &#196. &Ecirc. Grave Accent-Captial A &#192. &copy. Ring-Capital A &#197. Acute Accent-Capital I &#205. &laquo. Circumflex Accent-Capital E &#202. Tilde-Capital O &#213. &Agrave. Acute Accent-Capital A &#193. Circumflex Accent-Capital O &#212. &Acirc. &iquest. &acute. &uml.)uml. Feminine Ordinal Indicator &#170. &Aacute. Capital ae &#198. Degree(s) &#176. . &Aring. Tilde-Capital N &#209. &sup1. Paragraph &#182. &AElig. Umlaut Mark-Capital I &#207. &Oacute. Right Angle Quotation Mark &#187. &Ocirc. &frac34. Superscript 3 &#179. Superscript 1 &#185. ¼ Fraction &#188. &plusmn. Masculine Ordinal Indicator &#186. &not. &middot. Grave Accent-Capital O &#210. Grave Accent-Capital E &#200. &deg. Capital eth &#208. &frac12. &Atilde.ETH. &Iacute. ½ Fraction &#189. &Ccedil. Umlaut Mark-Capital O &#214. Middle Dot &#183. Spacing Macron &#175. &Auml. &sup3. &macr. &para. Circumflex Accent-Capital I &#206. Tilde-Capital A &#195. &raquo.Ntilde. Negation &#172. Acute Accent-Capital O &#211. Registered Trademark &#174. &Otilde. &frac14. Superscript 2 &#178. &mp. Micro &#181. &micro. &ordf. &cedil. Plus or Minus &#177. &Egrave. &sup2.

&trade. Acute Accent-Capital Y &#221. Single Low Quote &#8218. Small ae &#230. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. &bdquo. Right Double Quote &#8221. Zero Width Joiner &#8205. &times. Slash-Capital O &#216. &tilde. Thorn &#222. Left Single Quote &#8216. &Ugrave. &OElig. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. Circumflex Accent-Capital U &#219. &ldquo. &circ. &zwj. Umlaut Mark-Capital U &#220. Grave Accent-Capital U &#217. Left Double Quote &#8220. &eth. Em Dash &#8212. &ndash. &mdash. Small eth &#240. &szlig. Euro Mark &#8364. &Oslash. Small Ligature &#339. Small Thorn &#254.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ ‍ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication &#215. &lsaquo. Small Tilde &#732. you should know that when you place your email on your website. &oelig. &thorn. &rdquo. Right Single Arrow Quote &#8250. Per Mile &#8240. Capital Ligature & . En Dash &#8211. &dagger. Double Dagger &#8225. &oslash. &sbquo. Modifier Circumflex Accent &#710. &aelig. Small Sharp &#223. &rsquo. However. &rsaquo. Right Single Quote &#8217. &Uuml. &Yacute. &THORN. Left Single Arrow Quote &#8249. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. &euro. &Ucirc. &Uacute. Acute Accent-Captital U &#218. Double Low Quote &#8222. TradeMark &#8482. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. Dagger &#8224. &lsquo. Slash-Small o &#248. &Dagger. &permil.

com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML . We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress.Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide.Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site.Images . • • Subject . rather than specifying a web URL. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them). HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link. HTML Code: <a href= "" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors.Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to. Body .

. since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your . the source of the image or more appropriately./sunset. Pictures must be uploaded along with your . First you may use a standard URL.. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly. you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. There are two ways to define the source of an image. as you continue to upload picture files to your system.html file.gif" src=".Images are a staple of any web designer. Use your best judgement to meet your needs.Alternative Attribute . As with links described in a previous lesson.html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as . for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file./pics/sunset.html file to your web server. however./sunset.html file A URL cannot contain drive HTML Code: <img src="sunset. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work. HTML . where the picture file is located.. Src stands for source. URL Types: Local Src src="sunset.gif) As your second choice.Image src Above we have defined the src attribute.Tizag. Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page. (src=". you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods.gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your .gif" src=". Each method has its pros and you may eventually run short on hard drive space.html file and the location of the picture file.html file picture file resides in previous directory as . (src=http://www. Advertise on Tizag.gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as . Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.gif" /> Image: HTML .

1. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly. HTML Code: <img src="sunset. tables. or if a user has image files disabled.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src.The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. height and width attributes.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML . use the height and width attributes.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body. HTML Code: <img src="http://example. or sections. rather than letting the browser compute the By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures.

HTML Code: <a href="http://www... yes it is.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph. If we were talking about beautiful tropical"> <img src="sunset.... The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph.gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it.tizag. so it's rather a waste. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works.image lesson. . Change it to your home page URL. yes it is. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below.</p> <p> <img src="sunset.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph.gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1.. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . But we aren't talking about that. this would be perfect.

gif"> </a> Image Link: .gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. bland-looking text link. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries. HTML .com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. have an unlimited color wheel. high quality picture. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. clip art. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. and buttons. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space. If you do not know how to use the image tag. Jpegs however. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. On the down side.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired. not as compressed as a jpeg. gifs are usually larger files.espn.

many browsers add a small border around image links. credit card. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. gather user statistics. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. high quality picture.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web Text Fields .gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. HTML Code: <a href="sunset.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger." target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. No Border: HTML . email address. Advertise on Tizag. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs. such as: their name. register the person to your web forum. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. place an order. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. you may store that data into a file.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset.Notice that by default.espn.

action . and password.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.Sets the horizontal width of the field. The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. name .Before we teach you how to make a complete form. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form.Determines what kind of input field it will be. Generally. let's start out with the basics of forms. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button.Specifies the URL to send the data to. Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. maxlength . • • • • type .We will only be using the post functionality of method. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way. Name defines what the label of the button will be. Possible choices are text.Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. size . submit. We will be sending our information to a fake email address. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit". • • method .com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> .

name . Below we have 2 groups: shade and size. Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button. .specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button.defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. questionnaires.</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction. HTML Code: <form method="post" action=""> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question. • • value . You may have seen them on quizzes.

com"> Select your favorite cartoon characters.HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags. The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: .

and the selected option tells the browser which choice to select by"> Musical Taste <select multiple name="music" size="4"> <option value="emo" selected>Emo</option> <option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option> <option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option> <option value="ska" >Ska</option> <option value="jazz" >Jazz</option> <option value="country" >Country</option> <option value="classical" >Classical</option> <option value="alternative" >Alternative</option> <option value="oldies" >Oldies</option> <option value="techno" >Techno</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Selection Forms: Musical Taste þÿ Email Yourself HTML Upload Forms First of all. to actually make the upload form function correctly you must know a scripting language of some sort. Javascript is also an option. PHP File Upload. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The first being a hidden field. This form will post what the user highlights. This hidden field does nothing more than limit the allowed file size of our uploaded file. The HTML code for the upload form does nothing more than create an interface for the user to see and work with. PHP and PERL work fine. We have an entire upload example demonstrated here. The size attribute selects how many options will be shown at once before needing to scroll. HTML codes this automatically when we place the type="file" attribute within the input tag. The second part is the input field itself. An upload form consists of three basic parts. a highlighted selection list. In this field. . Basically just another type of way to get input from the user.Education? þÿ Email Yourself HTML Selection Forms Yet another type of form. the user has the option to type in the full local URL of the file or he/she may click the browse button to thumb through directory after directory.

turns off word wrapping within the text area. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. One ongoing line. the document sent will not have wrapping words. but when the page is submitted to you. Physical means that the text will appear both to you.e. Rows are roughly 12pixels"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . Wrap has 3 values. For this form. The words come as they are. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. the web host. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag. the web host. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. Off of course. i. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts.

The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. but it does take some getting used to. .Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first. Advertise on Tizag. Here's how to make a table. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout. The <table> tag is used to begin a table. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags.

Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables.255. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content. use the <th> tag as shown below. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. Spacing defines the width of the border. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: .

For additional . be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. However.255. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide. It may seem a bit complicated. Also.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement. specifically page and table backgrounds.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you. HTML Color . The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags.

com Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. 0. 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. 255)". The body tag is where you change the pages background. A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0.. Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden. 255)".</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag.</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background. 0. HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". check out CSS Backgrounds.background styling.. . Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color. here is how to change the background of your web page. 0.

Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva. Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .

To accomplish this. Tables. Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color.100)".. and green. Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright. #33AA44.Background Repeat . You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed.Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML. and bodys may all have a background image. headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts.tizag. "rgb(100. Advertise on Tizag. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. paragraphs. HTML . Examples: #99FFCC. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). " HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML .com/pics/htmlT/background. Example. we use the background attribute as follows.This paragraph tag has.. Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. white is all the colors of light. blue. or Verdana as the backup. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red. There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal.100.

we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns.Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use. or Paint Shop Pro. however. Everything looks 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome. the image simply begins to repeat itself. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image. HTML . . HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www.tizag. HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros. From a different angle. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop.

along the same lines as the patterned images. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. HTML Code: <table background="http://www.HTML . however. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors.gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs.Transparent Background Another great techinique. Experiment. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. Be creative. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. is that of transparent. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your colored backgrounds. If you would like more information about using HTML color. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background. tinker. and all systems should be go. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell.

#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .

A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ". which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself. *".com Frames . Advertise on Tizag. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open. In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*". .The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page.html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time. Individual frames are defined inside it. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset .Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have. With the addition of CSS and PHP.html"> <frame src="content. and content in another frame.*"> <frame src="menu. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame. This means that one page has no content on it. but if you wish to use them. frameset cols="#%. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right.html" because that is typically a site's main page. frames have become outdated. read on.

html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual .html"> <frame src="content.*"> <frame src="menu. to be safe.html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%. *".*"> <frame src="title.Modifies the border width.*"> <frame src="menu.html"> <frameset cols="30%.Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.*"> <frame src="title. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute.html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".html"> <frame src="content. so use both. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height. with the same value. used by Internet Explorer. Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%. These attributes appear within the frameset tag. border="#". used by Netscape.A zero value shows no "window" border. • • • frameborder="#" . but some browsers only recognize one or the other.rows defines the height that each frame will have. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width.

*"> <frame src="menu.html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> . </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu.*"> <frame src="title..html"> <name="content" src="content.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.html"> <frameset cols="30%. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> .*"> <frame name="title" src="title.html to point to that frame.html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content.html.

A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts.Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . you could simply update the menu.Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. Instead of updating the menu on each page.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame. Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves. the black one. We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. scrolling="(yes/no)". We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen.Standard Layout . Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized. Not many options exist with the body tag alone.Layout HTML layout is very basic.html file and be done with it! HTML . However. Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table. HTML .

A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. and your content or display box. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . navigation. The code becomes complex rather fast. the less debugging you will have to perform. The more specific you are about heights and widths. These are the backbone to any great website.

Comments --> A comment is a way for you as the web page developer to control what lines of code are to be ignored by the web browser. Be creative yet organized. Tips • • • • Your code can become quite complicated rather fast. • • • Writing notes or reminders to yourself inside your actual HTML documents. Scripting languages such as Javascript require some commenting. Keep things neat. . Temporarily commenting out elements especially if the element has been left unfinished. break it up and organize it in your own way to make things easier for There are three main reasons you may want your code to be ignored.</td></tr> <tr height="25"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Navigation" id="navigation"> <tr><td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout 2: Banner goes here Links! Links! Links! Content goes here The code is quite a lot to look at.<!-. HTML . Use the align and valign (vertical align) attributes to align your navigation and content. Advertise on Tizag. Use cellspacing to add usable borders to your content. keep an organized spacing system so it becomes easy to spot where one table ends and the other beings.

<!-. your code may exist for many years. or elements that aren't quite finished. HTML Code: <!-. Also. All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser.tizag. this includes any HTML tags.<input type="text" size="12" /> -. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. HTML Code: . This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. HTML .> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages.Opening Comment -. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users.Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated. • • <!-. scripting language(s). etc. there is an opening and a closing much like tags.

<!-.<input type="text" size="12" /> Input Field: þÿ Comment out elements and bits of code that you may want to recall and use at a later date. you may want to look back and edit your code 5 years from now. HTML Code: <script> <!-document. but the internet community abused the meta tags to artificially increase their ranking in the search engine databases. Commenting out elements is a great technique to pick up from where you left off in your code. only then does the browser correctly execute the scripts. A few years back. you should still include meta for those search bots that do recognize them. Keywords Meta Tag Keywords or phrases are placed in this meta tag's content attribute. You should specify the most popular search terms you believe someone would use to reach your web site. allow your site to be included in their search engine. HTML . meta tags were a primary way for your site to be recognized by web spiders.Commenting Scripts --> Scripting languages such as Javascript and VBScript must be commented out as well.write("Hello World!") //--> </script> With this example we are jumping far ahead. HTML Meta Tags Meta tags are used to supply information for search engines that will not be seen by the web surfer unless they were to view your web site's HTML. Tips • • Make notes often and frequently. . Nevertheless. They are a very useful tool for any large project. just be sure you understand when to use comments and where to look for them. Nothing is more frustrating than deleting bits of code only to turn around and recode them. In the past. You will learn that once they are placed within the <script> tags.

CSS. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search would be as follows. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect . etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used. key could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. Here's an example of proper usage for a site. As mentioned above if they do not match. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. tutorials. Be careful. XHTML. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. and they should be. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML. Repeated words. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. Note that the keywords are separated by commas.

tizag. HTML javascript and HTML vbscript are very useful scripting languages to know. This code will send your visitors to" /> </head> Tips • • • Its important not to repeat words in the description or keywords meta tags Meta is not the only way to have your site seen by search engines.Later down the road. A common reason might be that you have just purchased a better domain name and would like to retain your old visitors. HTML Scripts There are two very popular scripts that are commonly used in HTML to make web pages come alive. just change the URL to the new site as shown below. if you have the time. url=http://www. or any other time-sensitive information. A quick refresh may be necessary for With HTML scripts you can create dynamic web pages. . remember to place a simple "Our site has moved" message as the existing domain. you may need to redirect traffic to another domain. Do not rely on meta tags alone to get your web site listed on search engines. The most common use for this type of meta tag. and then use a redirect meta tag to make life easier for your viewers that already may have your site ever changes. javascript and vbscript are very complicated compared to HTML. stocks. is after being at your site for five seconds. make image rollovers for really cool menu effects. If your domain (. of course!). Advertise on" /> </head> Above shows refreshing Tizag's home page every 10 seconds. To redirect a viewer automatically. yet still use your new domain. however.espn. url=http://www. However. or even validate your HTML form's data before you let the user submit. It may be simpler just to download someone elses scripting code and use it on your web page (if they have given you permission to do so. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5. With the refresh meta tag you will be able to redirect visitors to the web site of your choice.

check out our Javascript Tutorial.HTML Javascript Code If you want to insert javascript code into your HTML you are going to use the script tag. HTML Music Codes Inserting music onto a web page is relatively easy. Below is the correct code to insert embedded javascript code onto your HTML Embed . In the past multiple tags had to be used because browsers did not have a uniform standard for defining embedded media files. We also include a comment around the vbscript code. which is similar to specifying CSS. Below is the correct code to insert vbscript code onto your site. HTML Code: <script type="text/javascript"> <!--script ***Some javascript code should go here*** --> </script> For javascript you set the type attribute equal to "text/javascript". This will prevent browsers that do not support javascript or have had javascript disabled from displaying the javascript code in the web browser. I am glad to announce that this is a problem of the past and you will have a much easier time then webmasters of the past. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <script type="text/vbscript"> <!--script ***The vbscript code should go in this spot*** --> </script> For vbscript you set the type attribute equal to "text/vbscript". However. We also include a comment around the javascript code. HTML Vbscript How To To insert vbscript code onto your website you must once again make use of the script tag. This will prevent browsers that do not support vbscript or have had vbscript disabled from displaying the vbscript code in the web browser. If you would like to know more about javascript. which is similar to the process of specifying CSS.

choose if the media file will start automatically loop . the above example will appear slightly different.set the volume of the media file. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page. but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media. height . To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display.the height of the media player hidden . There are other ways to link to music. • • • autostart . To stop the music press stop/pause.the width of the media player.mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player. The range is 0-100. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag.if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed.</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. • • • width . Embed Attributes .mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually.mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> . (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . Embed Attributes . HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.

much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . • • • autostart . HTML . One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file. Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site. it works much like the image tag. users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). feel free to use this URL while you practice. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL.sets the media file to repeat or not volume .com HTML Code: <embed src="http://www. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. In fact. A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly.Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. Advertise on Tizag. The range is 0-100. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. If done poorly.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways. HTML Code: . If you want your music to play over and over again.set the volume of the media file.tizag. The embed tag does not require a closing

and MOV's (. The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the file types are supported by the embed tag. • • • • • autostart . Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages. At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie. Values are true or false.A true value means the media will continuously loop. Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages. HTML Code: <! files . HTML . and loop. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages.Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the<a href="http://www. • • • • .are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types. .Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above.swf HTML . playcount .are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program. .Google Video HTML Code -. (0-100).are Apple's Quick Time Movie format.swf).tizag.swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy. (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise).wmv files .> . Values are true or false. there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume. hidden.swf"> motiontween1easy. As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it.Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute. autostart.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet. AVI's (. false means no looping. HTML . hidden . loop .Video Media Types Flash movies (. ".mpeg" files and Macromedia's . . (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). volume .set a numeric value for the loudness of your media.swf files .mpeg files .controls the media's ability to start without prompting.set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.avi).controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not.

<embed style="width:400px. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element. top." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left. Embed Google Video: HTML .com/googleplayer.End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code HTML .Body As we Advertise on Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip. Tables. A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body Paragraphs. Lists. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! Forms. secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo. .swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website. right. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program.

0.255)" vlink="rgb(0. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML . we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links.0. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead. Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags.255. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'.Div Element(s) .or bottom of your website. HTML . This method has deprecated. HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255.0)" > HTML . HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255.Base Links Along the same lines.

web creators only had two choices. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag. Much like the body tag. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together. or frames. anything else should be reserved for CSS. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag.</p> .Div Layouts When HTML first began.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www. Use only the following attributes with your div HTML . The div element provides a 3rd alternative. A table layout. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements.

Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu. and another article of content below the existing content.</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here. Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML . adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables.</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.Bold .</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.

HTML . HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion. use them to emphasize text or words. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face.Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase. Advertise on Tizag.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag. Advertise on Tizag. Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations. HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! . It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart.

the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M. HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . Nothing fancy here.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. They are short and sweet.

</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. It is not always necessary. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson. but the tag exists if you so desire. . This simply changes the font face. HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. Advertise on Tizag. size. HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user.Phillip M. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler. HTML . and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. As you can see.

standing for previously formatted text. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: . This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this. HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www. Spaces. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag. Tabs and spacing are quite different. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet. HTML . One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. Violets are I may sound crazy. Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. and absolutely annoying at times. Sure. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red. Advertise on We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag. tabs.HTML .Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet.

superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page.Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing." <hr /> HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML . HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>.Roses are Red. Advertise on Tizag. But I love you! HTML . These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag.<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag. You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Violets are blue. I may sound crazy. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML . Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: .Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions.

com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML . Advertise on Tizag. we use the <del> tag.Oxygen CO2 .Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: .Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites.Carbon Dioxide HTML . Secret meeting between lovers HTML .Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> . Advertise on Tizag.Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds."It was a lover's tryst1.Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> .Water O2 . HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 .Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out." 1.

This text is out!

HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.

HTML Code:
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>

To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes


Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.

HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on

HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •

"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"

HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields

You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.

HTML Code:
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />

Text Fields and Passwords:

HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.

HTML Code:
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />


HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.

HTML Code:
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />


HTML - Submit Buttons

Setting an input type to "submit" specifies a very unique button. When pressed, the button activates the action of the form whatever that may be. Most often times this is some sort of server side scripting file or a javascript function. Since we are creatting a submission button. We need to introduce a new attribute, the value attribute. Anyword(s) specified as the value will be displayed on our button. Often it is best to stick with "Submit" or "Continue". Boring, yet effective.

HTML Code:
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />

Submit Buttons:
Submit Continue Please!

HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.

HTML Code:
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />

Reset Buttons:
Reset Fields Start Over

HTML - User Input
Input from the user is critical to the development of your websites and applications. Without the use of a scipting language such as PHP or Javascript, you will find HTML Input to be very limiting. Our PHP Form Example offers a step by step guide to mastering HTML/PHP forms. Feel free to copy any code you may find useful in that example. The following lessons take a deeper look at each individual type of input field including those not mentioned: textareas, selection forms, and upload forms.

PERL. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP.Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server. HTML . or ASP. HTML . The default size is around 20 characters long. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size). Advertise on Tizag. To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields.HTML . always specify a maxlength.Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. generally this should match the size of your field.Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: .

we could pre-populate our text fields with some information.Text Field Value Using the value attribute. . or boxes.þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . replacing them with dots. beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP. Also. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables. stars. the browser hides the characters being typed. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML .

</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: . HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options. HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.HTML . a sort of check all that apply question. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play. Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no.Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form.

we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. In order to achieve this. These types of forms must be named. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: . Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection).Please select every sport that you play. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios.Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection.

HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: .Radio Checked By using the checked attribute. HTML .Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form. we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.

cols and rows. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area. Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear. HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML .Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML . Advertise on Tizag.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. Paragraphs. or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: .Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user.

Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted. </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line.Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML . the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box.

Disabled . HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts. HTML . However. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML .Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area.

Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML . An upload form is another type of input form. movies. Advertise on Tizag. or even their own webpages. simply set the type attribute to file. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: .As the readonly attribute disables text HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute. We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes.Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures.

You have probably seen them already on the internet. We can change this using the selected attribute. . Drop down lists have several options a user can select. Advertise on Tizag.The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML .CA</option> <option>Colorado -. maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live. HTML .com HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list.

This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: . This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action. Set the type attribute to submit.Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML .CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them.

Form Submission .Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method. PERL. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form.Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch. Mailto has been depreciated. and the form will be emailed to the specified" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> . This can be changed to any value you wish. or ASP file. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. Advertise on Tizag. it will work great in our example. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address.

SQL Server. In this rare case.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser. Advertise on A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. They need to be placed within a form tag. HTML Code: . there are a number of uses for them. a hidden form field may come in handy. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field.<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. HTML Code: <form action="myphp.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. or maybe justa plain text file. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly. When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL.

especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in.<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field.Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. HTML . Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is. . Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user.

5 We are constantly updating this page. Commonly called just plain "links. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. and text between the opening and closing tags.HTML Reference . This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese." It's safe to No! place images. color. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. manipulating the font-weight to your preference. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. please Contact Us with your request. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. but best used for long addresses.Version 0. Many other tags function inside this element as well. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation. changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. common outputs are italics. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. providing many options to No! No! . The output of this tag is browser dependent. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override. line breaks.

Allows for No! inline citation of text.customize the text therein. resuming text flow on the next line. No! Strike through text. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. Insert a line break. however. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text. No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. browsers continue to recognize them. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font. No! The definition part of a definition list. Yes! . CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete.

No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. paragraphs. or sizse. fonts. For example. No! . adding specific styles to specific divisions. Group together tables.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. Yes! Change colors. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. Create forms to retrieve user input and data. Create Definition Lists. No! The definition term of a Definition List. the word you will be defining.

Using style sheets. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well. or link to exterior style sheets here. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. No! . Run scripts. No! Places a heading onto your document. Creates a horizontal rule on the page. place your title. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. Must be placed within frameset tags. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. its possible to alter this tag in many ways. Also. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser.

<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. Works well to quickly format text. Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. Supported by many browsers. No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. to text fields. From buttons. or checkboxes. No! . Specify using the type attribute. Supported by numerous browsers. Place images onto your website.

No! Link exterior documents to your websight. . this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. No! Create Ordered Lists. within you HTML No! documents. Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site. No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames.

No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. Allows for inline text quotation. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! . Place within a form element to retrieve user input. Must be placed within a "Select" tag.

No! <td> align Create a table data cell. No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! . WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site.

capable of retrieving user input via forms. Compatible in nearly every browser.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Creates a table row for your tables. No! . No! Create table headers over each of your columns. Very versatile. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. Each tag defines the start and end of a table row. Placed within the No! "Head" element.

Compatible with many browsers. No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists).bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. No! . Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text.

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