Your Second Web Page

Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.

Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!

HTML Code:
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>

The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.

Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.

HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.

Continue Along
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.

HTML Code:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.

Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on Tizag.com

The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

<head>

This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.

<title>
This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.

<h2>
This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.

<p>
This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!

Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.

Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to Tizag.com's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!

Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.

Tags look like this: <tag> Element . Advertise on Tizag.A complete tag. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. Everything you see in front of you.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. Attribute . Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful. Another medium to market your business. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years. . a closing tag. the Tizag banner. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section.com An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience. the paragraph texts. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. Elements will often have multiple attributes. the element's content.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons. an element is a complete tag. and finally. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. Web Pages Web pages have many uses.

open up Notepad or Crimson Editor and have a new." Tags placed within the head element are not directly displayed by web browsers. When asked to name your file. you should be starring at your very first blank (white) web page! The <head> Element The <head> element is "next" as they say. The head functions "behind the scenes. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> </html> . As long as it falls somewhere between your <html> tag and your web page content (<body>). Here's a sample of the initial set up. without the quotes.closing tag Every (web)page requires four critical elements: the html. your head element will continue to lay empty except for the title element that will be introduced next. We will be placing the <title> element here and we'll talk about the other possible elements in later lessons. head. HTML Code: <html> </html> Now save your file by Selecting Menu and then Save.html". If you haven't already. If you opened up your index. blank document ready to go. Other elements used for scripting (Javascript) and formatting (CSS) will eventually be introduced and you will have to place them within your head element.html document. Double check that you did everything correctly and then press save. Copy the following HTML code into your text editor. Element Content . Now open your file in a new web browser so that you have the ability to refresh your page and see your changes. Its sole purpose is to encapsulate all the HTML code and describe the HTML document to the web browser. name it "index.opening paragraph tag 2. For now. and body elements.paragraph words 3.</html> <html> begins and ends each and every web page. Click on the "Save as Type" drop down box and select the option "All Files". The <html> Element. Remember to close your HTML documents with the corresponding </html> tag at the bottom of the document.. </p> .1.. title. <p> . you're golden.

pictures. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. (Paragraphs. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. etc). • Go Back . Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. complete webpage. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. as the window's title.As of yet. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. just keep in mind. tables. Name your webpage as you please. For now. As the menu on the left suggests. the best titles are brief and descriptive. we still have nothing happening on the web page.

These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. In a way. you signal to the browser "Hey look. I'm a paragraph tag. now treat me as such. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. tables look like tables. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. and closing tag(s). they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). content(s). The reason being that these tags do not really require any content. By adding tags to an HTML document. images. . lists." Advertise on Tizag. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom.com As you will learn.• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML. forms. HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. though. HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. Each time the browser finds a tag. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). Tables. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. left to right. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. etc). you now may begin adding content to your site.

. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag.Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags).. your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute. life would become redundant real quick.jpg" /> -./mypic.Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag .Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag. Let's take a look at a line break tag. More on attributes in the next lesson. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve. HTML Code: <img src=". Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format. HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site. it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>.Image Tag <br /> -.

What we mean by amplify is that when a web browser interprets a tag. By allotting a name to an element. and PHP.Attributes Attributes are used to amplify tags. The name attribute is seen most often with forms and other user-input elements. HTML .Name Attribute Name is much different than id and class. All of these things and more can be achieved using Attributes. The role of classification and identifying elements will become more apparent as your learn CSS. They play no direct role in formatting your elements but rather serve behind the scenes for scripting and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). ASP. HTML Code: . These will be discussed as each tag is introduced throughout the tutorial. Right now we want to focus on a set of generic attributes that can be used with just about every HTML Tag in existence. HTML . Attributes are placed within the opening tag and they follow a precise syntax (format).Class or ID Attribute The class and id attributes are nearly identical. It is always easier to make content for a topic or to achieve a goal. that name becomes a scripting variable for scripting languages such as Javascript. It becomes necessary when you have two or more of the same element on a page (like a <p> tag) but want them to be different in appearance. At some point you may want to give your body element a background color or perhaps change the width of a table. The idea is that you can classify or id certain a tag and later format the tag using Cascading Style Sheets. Advertise on Tizag.com Many HTML tags have a unique set of their own attributes. it will also search for set attributes and then display the element (tags+attributes) in its entirety.Now is a good time to start thinking about what type of website you may want to make. HTML Code: <p id="italicsparagraph">Paragraph type 1 Italics</p> <p id="boldparagraph">Paragraph type 2 Bold</p> Classification Attributes: Paragraph type 1 Italics Paragraph type 2 Bold HTML .

<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. forgotten attribute.Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified. right. these attributes should not be forgotten. the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role. You may title an element anything you would like. HTML . This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. HTML . You may align things left. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: . HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. or center. Do not overlook the title attribute.Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs.

<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>

Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading

Attribute Defaults
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.

Generic Attributes
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.

• •

Go Back Continue

Tips
• • •

Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!

Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on Tizag.com The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.

HTML Code:
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>

Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.

HTML Code:
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Centering
HTML Code:
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.

HTML - Paragraph Align Right
HTML Code:
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.

HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on Tizag.com

Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete.</p> <p>For instance. Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. Off .. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects..HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below. This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag.</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example . then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page.. Copy(Highlight. Or make your own essay paragraphs.. Each time you place a heading tag.

or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. there is an alternative. However.com HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. essays. For instance. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. With simple html skills. Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely.5" floppy disk. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next line. Off hand. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. photos.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. Place your documents. Advertise on Tizag. . Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete.

Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues. "The Hobbit". JRR Tolkein. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein.com HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute. Advertise on Tizag. lists.<br /> 2. tables. HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen.</p> Biliography: . the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. and headings. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag.

and <dl> for definition lists. numbers <dl> .ordered list. and used properly. Advertise on Tizag.definition list. Get Money 3. its results can be outstanding. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. As you can see. JRR Tolkein. HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists. as the list below demonstrates. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. Find a Job 2. dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items.com • • • <ul> . HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . 2. <ul> for unordered lists. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1.1. "The Hobbit". A <ol> tag starts an ordered list. Ordered simply means numbered.unordered list. bullets <ol> .

both capital and lower-case. Get Money II. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Move Out III. Find a Job i. Move Out C. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . Find a Job I. Get Money B. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. Move Out iii.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. and circles. Find a Job A. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. Buy Food 5. Enroll in College 6. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. discs. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. Get Money ii. Find a Job b. Get Money c.

These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car.defines the start of the list <dt> .</dd> </dt> HTML Code: . HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk  Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper  Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper  Cereal • Cereal o Cereal  Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like. It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further. • • • <dl> .defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese.definition term <dd> .

In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements. They can be used with any text type element.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly. Voiture French word for car. Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements. These formatting tags can make text bold. HTML . HTML .Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets.Fromage French word for cheese. and you should consult how . and more. italic. And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time. it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. sub/superscripted.com Bold. Advertise on Tizag.

rgb(RED. but if you are not using a browser that supports it. BLUE). The format for RGB is . Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). However. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB.to do that in our CSS Tutorial. just like the name implies. Green. Blue. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. Being a voice of experience. green. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values. Below is an example of RGB in use. Red. Green. GREEN.com The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . Examples: black. red. RGB stands for Red. Advertise on Tizag. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags. Ultimately the decision is yours. white. and Blue Values: . the web developer. and blue.RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. do not worry. HTML Color Coding System .

0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. Rest assured that the system becomes much.255. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color. and the last are the blue value(BB).Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly. Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System .0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white. They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document.Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code .255)" bgcolor="rgb(255. the next two are a green value(GG). A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer.bgcolor="rgb(255.0. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value.0. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers.255.

"#44HHFF". so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. Font Size Set the size of your font with size. Examples: "#0011EE".com The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used.Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. See our CSS Tutorial for more information. HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. . Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack.Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB . since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG . HTML . use paired hex values for color. and face attributes to customize your fonts. Instead. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. Advertise on Tizag. use css styles to manipulate your font. Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR .Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers. Let's try another one. or "#117788". Use the size. size. 15. and color. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). and color to the text on your site. If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. color. These are called True Colors.The default size of a font is 3. face. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color.The formula is real simple.

.. Book Antiqua. HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font.. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed.Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page.. Instead they will default to Times New Roman.Font Color Set the color of your font with color. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML.</p> . Below is the correct way to set your basefont.. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed. they will not be able to see it..</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style.</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont .

which means it may not be supported sometime in the future.. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num. HTML .name.</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look.or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks. Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text.. the use of basefont is deprecated. 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb.Links and Anchors .<p>This paragraph has had its font.

Links to anchors on the current page Local . Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag.href="http://www. • • • Internal . and Forms may be used to create these links. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.href="#anchorname" Local .Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window..jpg" Global .href=".Links to other pages within your domain Global .com HTML . Images. or Global. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link.com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www. or to open the link in the current browser window.com/" HTML . Hypertext references can be Internal. Use the demonstration below as a reference.Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal ./pics/picturefile. These connections are made using anchor tags to create links.espn.yahoo. Local.com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML .tizag. HTML Code: .com/" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www.Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor.The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites. The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page. Text.Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.tizag. Advertise on Tizag.

COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN. By placing blank anchors just after each heading.COM HTML . Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: . They look like this.COM. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Here's the example.ESPN.com" target="_blank">ESPN. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. First. and naming them. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page. In the example below. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor.target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window. a popular sports web site. named anchors. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new window. the headings of this page contain blank.

Default Links.com In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well.com</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag.com HTML . HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.com/pics/htmlT/blanktext. Base . Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download.Email Links Creating an email link is simple.com?subject=Feedback" >Email@tizag.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML . If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text links.zip">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML . HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.tizag. The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson.com?subject=Feedback&body=Sweet site!"> Email@tizag.

Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity. Usually set your base to your home page.com There's three parts to every entity. Copyright: Combine &copy. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line.. trademark. Additional Spaces and <>.com/"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol. Several symbols such as copyright. HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www. In order to display them.© . In order to display these characters.& • Then the entities name . HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . you need to know 4 parts.Copyright symbol.copy • And finally a semicolon .Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to. Advertise on Tizag. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard. . to make .tizag.

&pound. &#62. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than . &cent. &#165.&nbsp.< Greater than . so to use them on your web site you will need entities. &#161.> Body tag . &#167. &#164. &quot. &#162.&lt. <br /> Greater than . &lt.down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. <br /> Body tag .&nbsp. must come &nbsp. &gt.&nbsp. &brvbar. &#34. &nbsp.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. &curren.As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags. &#60. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML. .&gt. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up.&lt. Here's an example.body&gt. &iexcl. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags. &#163. &#166. HTML Code: <p> Less than . &sect. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name &#160. &yen. An entity exists for placing additional spaces.

Capital eth &#208. Grave Accent-Capital I &#204. &Atilde. &Icirc. Tilde-Capital A &#195. &Igrave. &Otilde. &Eacute.)uml. Superscript 1 &#185. &micro. &Ograve. &Eml. ¾ Fraction &#190. &deg. Umlaut Mark-Capital O &#214. &not. &macr.Ntilde. &Ecirc. Cedilla-Capital C &#199. Acute Accent-Capital I &#205. &AElig. &Oacute. Plus or Minus &#177. &acute. &frac14. &para. Umlaut Mark-Capital E &#203. Middle Dot &#183. &uml. Spacing Acute &#180. Circumflex Accent-Capital A &#194. &frac12. Masculine Ordinal Indicator &#186.ETH. &ordm. Spacing Cedilla &#184. Umlaut Mark-Capital I &#207. Acute Accent-Capital O &#211. &Acirc. &mp. Spacing Macron &#175. ½ Fraction &#189. &iquest. Negation &#172. Degree(s) &#176. Circumflex Accent-Capital O &#212. &middot. &Aacute. &Iacute. Circumflex Accent-Capital I &#206. &raquo. Circumflex Accent-Capital E &#202. Capital ae &#198. Superscript 3 &#179. &Agrave. &frac34. Feminine Ordinal Indicator &#170. &Auml. Tilde-Capital O &#213. Registered Trademark &#174. Micro &#181. %amp. &Ccedil. &reg. Grave Accent-Capital E &#200. Grave Accent-Capital O &#210. Umlaut Mark-Capital A &#196. Copyright &#169. &mp. &cedil. &Ocirc. Ring-Capital A &#197. Tilde-Capital N &#209. Acute Accent-Capital A &#193. ¼ Fraction &#188.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot &#168. &sup3. Superscript 2 &#178. &Egrave. Paragraph &#182. &Aring. &Iuml. Right Angle Quotation Mark &#187. Left Angle Quotation Mark &#171. &sup2. . &sup1. &ordf. &laquo. Acute Accent-Capital E &#201. Inverted Question Mark &#191. &copy. &plusmn. Grave Accent-Captial A &#192.

Zero Width Joiner &#8205. &trade. &szlig. Left Single Quote &#8216. Left Single Arrow Quote &#8249. Grave Accent-Capital U &#217. &sbquo. &lsquo. &aelig. &rsaquo. &Ugrave. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. &rsquo. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. &ndash. &circ. TradeMark &#8482. Right Single Quote &#8217. Slash-Small o &#248. &thorn. Em Dash &#8212. Circumflex Accent-Capital U &#219. Slash-Capital O &#216. Acute Accent-Captital U &#218. &Ucirc. Per Mile &#8240. &ldquo. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. &zwj.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ ‍ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication &#215. &Uuml. Left Double Quote &#8220. you should know that when you place your email on your website. Small Ligature &#339. &eth. Acute Accent-Capital Y &#221. &Dagger. Capital Ligature &#338. &euro. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. Double Dagger &#8225. Single Low Quote &#8218. Small Tilde &#732. &Uacute. &OElig. &oslash. Modifier Circumflex Accent &#710. &lsaquo. Double Low Quote &#8222. &times. &THORN. &mdash. Small Sharp &#223. &Yacute. &rdquo.com . &oelig. Euro Mark &#8364. &Oslash. Right Double Quote &#8221. However. Small eth &#240. Thorn &#222. Small Thorn &#254. Small ae &#230. &permil. &dagger. Umlaut Mark-Capital U &#220. Right Single Arrow Quote &#8250. Dagger &#8224. &bdquo. En Dash &#8211. &tilde.

Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site.Images . This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to. rather than specifying a web URL. By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them).Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress.com?subject=Web Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML . • • Subject . HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b.Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link. Body . We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam.com" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail.

the source of the image or more appropriately./sunset. URL Types: Local Src src="sunset.html file to your web server.gif" src=".html file picture file resides in previous directory as . so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly. Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.gif" /> Image: HTML .html file and the location of the picture file.html file. Src stands for source. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work.Alternative Attribute . as you continue to upload picture files to your system. As with links described in a previous lesson.gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your . you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. Advertise on Tizag. First you may use a standard URL. since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your .html file A URL cannot contain drive letters. (src=http://www. for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file. Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page.Images are a staple of any web designer. however.com/pics/htmlT/sunset. you may eventually run short on hard drive space. There are two ways to define the source of an image.Tizag. Pictures must be uploaded along with your .Image src Above we have defined the src attribute./sunset.com HTML Code: <img src="sunset..gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as . HTML .. (src="./pics/sunset. Use your best judgement to meet your needs.. you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods. where the picture file is located.gif) As your second choice.gif" src=". Each method has its pros and cons.html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as .

com/brokenlink/sunset. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image.The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. HTML Code: <img src="http://example. 1. Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. tables. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. or if a user has image files disabled. HTML Code: <img src="sunset. rather than letting the browser compute the size. height and width attributes. use the height and width attributes. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. or sections.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML . text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture.

..gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the... this would be perfect.</p> <p> <img src="sunset. yes it is. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below. But we aren't talking about that. Change it to your home page URL. The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears..tizag. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets.com/"> <img src="sunset. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph. so it's rather a waste. yes it is.image lesson. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph.gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1...

HTML Code: <a href="http://www. bland-looking text link. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners.gif"> </a> Image Link: . Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. and buttons. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. have an unlimited color wheel. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it. high quality picture. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. On the down side. not as compressed as a jpeg. If you do not know how to use the image tag. HTML . clip art.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. Jpegs however. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme. gifs are usually larger files. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions.espn.

HTML Code: <a href="http://www.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. Advertise on Tizag. many browsers add a small border around image links. gather user statistics.com" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger.espn. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. place an order. high quality picture.com Text Fields . HTML Code: <a href="sunset. No Border: HTML . A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs.gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions.Notice that by default. you may store that data into a file. etc. register the person to your web forum.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer. such as: their name. credit card. email address. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter.

com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> . • • method .Specifies the URL to send the data to. submit. and password. Name defines what the label of the button will be. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. The unit of measurement is in blank spaces.Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered. size .Before we teach you how to make a complete form.com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit". We will be sending our information to a fake email address. • • • • type . Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. Generally. name . The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of. action . let's start out with the basics of forms. maxlength .We will only be using the post functionality of method. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.Determines what kind of input field it will be.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way. Possible choices are text. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form.Sets the horizontal width of the field. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button.

and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question. • • value .specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. . Below we have 2 groups: shade and size. questionnaires. You may have seen them on quizzes.</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction.defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of.com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). name .

HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: . The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button.HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option> tags. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user.com"> Select your favorite cartoon characters.

The HTML code for the upload form does nothing more than create an interface for the user to see and work with. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. In this field. The second part is the input field itself. We have an entire upload example demonstrated here.Education? þÿ Email Yourself HTML Selection Forms Yet another type of form. This form will post what the user highlights. The size attribute selects how many options will be shown at once before needing to scroll. Javascript is also an option. a highlighted selection list. PHP File Upload. An upload form consists of three basic parts.com"> Musical Taste <select multiple name="music" size="4"> <option value="emo" selected>Emo</option> <option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option> <option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option> <option value="ska" >Ska</option> <option value="jazz" >Jazz</option> <option value="country" >Country</option> <option value="classical" >Classical</option> <option value="alternative" >Alternative</option> <option value="oldies" >Oldies</option> <option value="techno" >Techno</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Selection Forms: Musical Taste þÿ Email Yourself HTML Upload Forms First of all. Basically just another type of way to get input from the user. PHP and PERL work fine. The first being a hidden field. and the selected option tells the browser which choice to select by default. to actually make the upload form function correctly you must know a scripting language of some sort. HTML codes this automatically when we place the type="file" attribute within the input tag. the user has the option to type in the full local URL of the file or he/she may click the browse button to thumb through directory after directory. This hidden field does nothing more than limit the allowed file size of our uploaded file. .

The words come as they are. the web host. the web host. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. but when the page is submitted to you. Physical means that the text will appear both to you.com"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. For this form. Wrap has 3 values. Rows are roughly 12pixels high. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. i. Off of course. One ongoing line. turns off word wrapping within the text area.e. the document sent will not have wrapping words.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody.

HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized. but it does take some getting used to. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. Here's how to make a table. . The <table> tag is used to begin a table.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells.

Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: . use the <th> tag as shown below. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. Spacing defines the width of the border. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns. HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables.255. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content.

we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. HTML Color . you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide. specifically page and table backgrounds. The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. It may seem a bit complicated. For additional .255.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. However. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. Also. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code.

. HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names.. 0. A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. 255)". check out CSS Backgrounds.com Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. 255)". Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0. Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden.</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". The body tag is where you change the pages background. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0.. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag. 0. here is how to change the background of your web page.background styling. HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background.</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. 0.

Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva. Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .

There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal. Advertise on Tizag.tizag. white is all the colors of light." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright. or Verdana as the backup.100. "#333333. Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper. blue. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. Tables.Background Repeat . headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. and bodys may all have a background image. You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed. Examples: #99FFCC. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts. Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color. and green. HTML .jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML ..Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML. #33AA44. paragraphs. To accomplish this.com/pics/htmlT/background.100)". Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. we use the background attribute as follows. "rgb(100. Example. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red..com HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www.This paragraph tag has.

jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture. Everything looks great. however.com/pics/htmlT/pattern. From a different angle. or Paint Shop Pro. HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions. the image simply begins to repeat itself. HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns.tizag.Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use. In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background. .jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros.tizag.com/pics/htmlT/background. HTML .

is that of transparent.HTML .gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell.com/pics/htmlT/transparent. HTML Code: <table background="http://www. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. tinker.Transparent Background Another great techinique. along the same lines as the patterned images. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background. If you would like more information about using HTML color. and all systems should be go. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through. colored backgrounds. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors. Experiment. however. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . Be creative. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites.tizag. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program.

#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .

Individual frames are defined inside it.A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame. *".The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page.com Frames . Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right. With the addition of CSS and PHP. . frames have become outdated.*"> <frame src="menu.html"> <frame src="content. and content in another frame. Advertise on Tizag. which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself. This means that one page has no content on it.html" because that is typically a site's main page. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page. frameset cols="#%. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index. but if you wish to use them.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset . read on. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ".Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have. In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*".html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame.

• • • frameborder="#" .html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%. border="#".Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%. to be safe.*"> <frame src="title.*"> <frame src="menu.html"> <frame src="content.A zero value shows no "window" border. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute. used by Internet Explorer.*"> <frame src="menu. so use both. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width. These attributes appear within the frameset tag. but some browsers only recognize one or the other.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual .Modifies the border width.html"> <frameset cols="30%.html"> <frame src="content. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. with the same value.rows defines the height that each frame will have. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".*"> <frame src="title. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing. *". which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height.html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%. Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders. used by Netscape.

html"> <frameset cols="30%.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu.*"> <frame src="menu..html.*"> <frame src="title. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.*"> <frame name="title" src="title. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.html"> <name="content" src="content.html to point to that frame..html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content.html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> .Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu. </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu.html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> .

they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves.Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . However. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts.Layout HTML layout is very basic. scrolling="(yes/no)".Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table. because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. HTML . Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized. you could simply update the menu. Not many options exist with the body tag alone.html file and be done with it! HTML . the black one. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame. Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen.Standard Layout . Instead of updating the menu on each page. We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no.

These are the backbone to any great website. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . the less debugging you will have to perform. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. The more specific you are about heights and widths. navigation. and your content or display box. The code becomes complex rather fast. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well.

Use cellspacing to add usable borders to your content. Tips • • • • Your code can become quite complicated rather fast. HTML . keep an organized spacing system so it becomes easy to spot where one table ends and the other beings. Be creative yet organized. Advertise on Tizag.</td></tr> <tr height="25"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Navigation" id="navigation"> <tr><td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout 2: Banner goes here Links! Links! Links! Content goes here The code is quite a lot to look at. break it up and organize it in your own way to make things easier for you.Comments --> A comment is a way for you as the web page developer to control what lines of code are to be ignored by the web browser. Use the align and valign (vertical align) attributes to align your navigation and content.<!-. • • • Writing notes or reminders to yourself inside your actual HTML documents. . Keep things neat.com There are three main reasons you may want your code to be ignored. Scripting languages such as Javascript require some commenting. Temporarily commenting out elements especially if the element has been left unfinished.

these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road.<input type="text" size="12" /> -. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element.tizag. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what.Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. • • <!-. or elements that aren't quite finished. there is an opening and a closing much like tags.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress. Also.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore.com/pics/tizagSugar. HTML Code: <!-. HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www. your code may exist for many years. HTML . this includes any HTML tags.<!-. scripting language(s). All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser. etc. HTML Code: .Opening Comment -.> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages.

meta tags were a primary way for your site to be recognized by web spiders. They are a very useful tool for any large project. Commenting out elements is a great technique to pick up from where you left off in your code. Keywords Meta Tag Keywords or phrases are placed in this meta tag's content attribute. Tips • • Make notes often and frequently. you should still include meta for those search bots that do recognize them. allow your site to be included in their search engine.<input type="text" size="12" /> Input Field: þÿ Comment out elements and bits of code that you may want to recall and use at a later date. but the internet community abused the meta tags to artificially increase their ranking in the search engine databases. Nevertheless. HTML . HTML Meta Tags Meta tags are used to supply information for search engines that will not be seen by the web surfer unless they were to view your web site's HTML. you may want to look back and edit your code 5 years from now. Nothing is more frustrating than deleting bits of code only to turn around and recode them. just be sure you understand when to use comments and where to look for them. .<!-. You will learn that once they are placed within the <script> tags. You should specify the most popular search terms you believe someone would use to reach your web site. In the past. only then does the browser correctly execute the scripts. A few years back.Commenting Scripts --> Scripting languages such as Javascript and VBScript must be commented out as well. HTML Code: <script> <!-document.write("Hello World!") //--> </script> With this example we are jumping far ahead.

you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine. Here's an example of proper usage for a site. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. Be careful. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML. and they should be. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag.com would be as follows. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. XHTML." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar.you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect . As mentioned above if they do not match. key keywords. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. tutorials. CSS. Repeated words.

yet still use your new domain. HTML Scripts There are two very popular scripts that are commonly used in HTML to make web pages come alive. However. HTML javascript and HTML vbscript are very useful scripting languages to know. or any other time-sensitive information.espn.com after being at your site for five seconds.com) ever changes. however. If your domain (. A common reason might be that you have just purchased a better domain name and would like to retain your old visitors. Do not rely on meta tags alone to get your web site listed on search engines. and then use a redirect meta tag to make life easier for your viewers that already may have your site bookmarked.com" /> </head> Above shows refreshing Tizag's home page every 10 seconds. is redirection. stocks. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5.Later down the road. It may be simpler just to download someone elses scripting code and use it on your web page (if they have given you permission to do so. javascript and vbscript are very complicated compared to HTML. just change the URL to the new site as shown below. With the refresh meta tag you will be able to redirect visitors to the web site of your choice. or even validate your HTML form's data before you let the user submit. To redirect a viewer automatically.com With HTML scripts you can create dynamic web pages. url=http://www. Advertise on Tizag. url=http://www. of course!). . if you have the time. remember to place a simple "Our site has moved" message as the existing domain. A quick refresh may be necessary for news.com" /> </head> Tips • • • Its important not to repeat words in the description or keywords meta tags Meta is not the only way to have your site seen by search engines.tizag. This code will send your visitors to espn. you may need to redirect traffic to another domain. make image rollovers for really cool menu effects. The most common use for this type of meta tag.

HTML Vbscript How To To insert vbscript code onto your website you must once again make use of the script tag. This will prevent browsers that do not support vbscript or have had vbscript disabled from displaying the vbscript code in the web browser. This will prevent browsers that do not support javascript or have had javascript disabled from displaying the javascript code in the web browser. Below is the correct code to insert vbscript code onto your site. HTML Code: <script type="text/javascript"> <!--script ***Some javascript code should go here*** --> </script> For javascript you set the type attribute equal to "text/javascript". check out our Javascript Tutorial. Advertise on Tizag. However. which is similar to the process of specifying CSS. We also include a comment around the vbscript code. We also include a comment around the javascript code. I am glad to announce that this is a problem of the past and you will have a much easier time then webmasters of the past.com HTML Embed . In the past multiple tags had to be used because browsers did not have a uniform standard for defining embedded media files.HTML Javascript Code If you want to insert javascript code into your HTML you are going to use the script tag. which is similar to specifying CSS. HTML Code: <script type="text/vbscript"> <!--script ***The vbscript code should go in this spot*** --> </script> For vbscript you set the type attribute equal to "text/vbscript". If you would like to know more about javascript. HTML Music Codes Inserting music onto a web page is relatively easy. Below is the correct code to insert embedded javascript code onto your site.

HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. height . Embed Attributes . HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. • • • width . (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed. To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display. Embed Attributes .Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag. The range is 0-100. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. There are other ways to link to music.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . • • • autostart .mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page.the width of the media player. To stop the music press stop/pause.sets the media file to repeat or not volume .the height of the media player hidden .mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> .Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed. the above example will appear slightly different.mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually. but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media.set the volume of the media file.

choose if the media file will start automatically loop . Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site. The embed tag does not require a closing tag. If done poorly.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). it works much like the image tag. • • • autostart . HTML . The range is 0-100. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. HTML Code: . A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly. If you want your music to play over and over again.set the volume of the media file.sets the media file to repeat or not volume .com HTML Code: <embed src="http://www. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL.Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. In fact.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways.com/files/html/htmlexample.tizag. feel free to use this URL while you practice. users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images. Advertise on Tizag.

HTML . (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). volume . autostart.Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above.swf"> motiontween1easy. Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages.Video Media Types Flash movies (.avi).mpeg files .set a numeric value for the loudness of your media. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages. and MOV's (. and loop. Values are true or false.swf files .Google Video HTML Code -. ".swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet.<a href="http://www. (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise).are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program.> .swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy. hidden.Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet.swf).mpeg" files and Macromedia's . hidden . HTML . HTML Code: <! -.controls the media's ability to start without prompting. At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie.swf HTML . false means no looping. • • • • • autostart . Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages.Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute. • • • • . (0-100).are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types.mov) file types are supported by the embed tag.A true value means the media will continuously loop.controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not. Values are true or false. there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume. As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it. .tizag. The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet. loop .wmv files . .mov files .are Apple's Quick Time Movie format. playcount . .set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.com/pics/flash/motiontween1easy. AVI's (.

" id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video. Embed Google Video: HTML . height:326px. top.<embed style="width:400px. Paragraphs.com%2Fvideodownload%3Fversion%3D0%26 secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo.Body Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element.swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp.video. Lists.google. Tables. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip.google.com%2FThumbnailServer%3Fapp%3Dvss%26contentid% 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -.End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code above.com/googleplayer. Forms. Advertise on Tizag.google. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element.com HTML . allowing you set a pixel value margin for the left.Body As we mentioned. . A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag. right.

0.0. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'. HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags.or bottom of your website.0)" > HTML . HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255.Div Element(s) .255. we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links.255)" vlink="rgb(0. Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML .Base Links Along the same lines. This method has deprecated. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links. HTML .

anything else should be reserved for CSS. HTML . A table layout. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www.</p> . Use only the following attributes with your div element. web creators only had two choices.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Much like the body tag. or frames.com">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag.google. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together.Div Layouts When HTML first began.com • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. The div element provides a 3rd alternative.

Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables. Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML .</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with.Bold .</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here. and another article of content below the existing content.</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu.

Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart. Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face.com HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text.Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations. HTML . HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion. use them to emphasize text or words. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart. Advertise on Tizag. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter. Advertise on Tizag. Rather.com HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! .

Nothing fancy here. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. They are short and sweet.

Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user.com You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website.Phillip M. but the tag exists if you so desire. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code. It is not always necessary. As you can see. HTML . HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. size. . Advertise on Tizag. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code.</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. This simply changes the font face.

and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: .Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed.google. tabs.com We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. Sure. standing for previously formatted text. I may sound crazy. and absolutely annoying at times. Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text. Tabs and spacing are quite different. Advertise on Tizag. Violets are blue.com" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks. Spaces. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red. HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www. This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this. HTML .HTML . One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag.

Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: . You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets. These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag.Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing. Advertise on Tizag. Violets are blue.<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag.Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions. superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page.Roses are Red. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML . HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>. I may sound crazy." <hr /> 1. But I love you! HTML .

Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> .Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites.Oxygen CO2 . Advertise on Tizag.Water O2 ."It was a lover's tryst1.Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds. Secret meeting between lovers HTML . we use the <del> tag. HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 .Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: ." 1.com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML . Advertise on Tizag.Carbon Dioxide HTML .Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> .

This text is out!

HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.

HTML Code:
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>

To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes

Tips

Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.

HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on Tizag.com

HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •

"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"

HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields

You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.

HTML Code:
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />

Text Fields and Passwords:
þÿ

HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.

HTML Code:
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />

Checkboxes:

HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.

HTML Code:
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />

Radios:

HTML - Submit Buttons

Setting an input type to "submit" specifies a very unique button. When pressed, the button activates the action of the form whatever that may be. Most often times this is some sort of server side scripting file or a javascript function. Since we are creatting a submission button. We need to introduce a new attribute, the value attribute. Anyword(s) specified as the value will be displayed on our button. Often it is best to stick with "Submit" or "Continue". Boring, yet effective.

HTML Code:
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />

Submit Buttons:
Submit Continue Please!

HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.

HTML Code:
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />

Reset Buttons:
Reset Fields Start Over

HTML - User Input
Input from the user is critical to the development of your websites and applications. Without the use of a scipting language such as PHP or Javascript, you will find HTML Input to be very limiting. Our PHP Form Example offers a step by step guide to mastering HTML/PHP forms. Feel free to copy any code you may find useful in that example. The following lessons take a deeper look at each individual type of input field including those not mentioned: textareas, selection forms, and upload forms.

HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. Advertise on Tizag. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size). To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields. PERL. The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. The default size is around 20 characters long.com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP. HTML . HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: . HTML . generally this should match the size of your field.Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. always specify a maxlength.Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute.Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server. or ASP.HTML .

beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe. .þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables. stars. Also. replacing them with dots. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP. we could pre-populate our text fields with some information.Text Field Value Using the value attribute. or boxes. the browser hides the characters being typed.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML . HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language.

HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no. a sort of check all that apply question. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play.Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.HTML . HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: .

we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: .Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection).Please select every sport that you play. In order to achieve this. These types of forms must be named.

HTML .Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: . we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.Radio Checked By using the checked attribute.

cols and rows.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag. essays. Advertise on Tizag. or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: . Paragraphs.Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML . Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear.Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user.com HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML .

</textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas.Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field. the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted. Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line. Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. HTML .

Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts.Disabled . HTML . However. </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML .

Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. Advertise on Tizag. or even their own webpages. simply set the type attribute to file.Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures. movies. An upload form is another type of input form. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute.com HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML . We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: .As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation.

CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -. maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live.Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML . You have probably seen them already on the internet. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb. Advertise on Tizag.com HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form. . HTML . Drop down lists have several options a user can select. We can change this using the selected attribute.

Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson.HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: .CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. Set the type attribute to submit. This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists. HTML .Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag.CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them.

Mailto has been depreciated. PERL. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. Advertise on Tizag. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission. it will work great in our example.Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method.com HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> . Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email address. or ASP file.com" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. Form Submission . This can be changed to any value you wish.Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form.

com A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. In this rare case.<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. They need to be placed within a form tag. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser. SQL Server. In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. a hidden form field may come in handy. there are a number of uses for them. HTML Code: <form action="myphp. or maybe justa plain text file. HTML Code: .php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly. Advertise on Tizag.

<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view.Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field. Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user. . HTML . especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is.

This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. color. Many other tags function inside this element as well. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation.5 We are constantly updating this page. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. The output of this tag is browser dependent. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. manipulating the font-weight to your preference. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property." It's safe to No! place images. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. providing many options to No! No! . Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. but best used for long addresses.HTML Reference . and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. please Contact Us with your request. and text between the opening and closing tags. Commonly called just plain "links.Version 0. line breaks. common outputs are italics.

No! Strike through text. resuming text flow on the next line. however. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. Allows for No! inline citation of text. Yes! . No! The definition part of a definition list. Insert a line break. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete.customize the text therein. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text. browsers continue to recognize them. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font.

No! The definition term of a Definition List. paragraphs. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. Yes! Change colors.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. Group together tables. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. or sizse. For example. or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. the word you will be defining. fonts. adding specific styles to specific divisions. Create Definition Lists. No! . Create forms to retrieve user input and data.

No! Places a heading onto your document. or link to exterior style sheets here. Also. Using style sheets. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. Must be placed within frameset tags. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. place your title. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset. its possible to alter this tag in many ways.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. Run scripts. Creates a horizontal rule on the page. No! . Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags.

Place images onto your website. Supported by numerous browsers. From buttons. No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. or checkboxes. Specify using the type attribute. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. No! . Works well to quickly format text. to text fields. Supported by many browsers.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics.

Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. . No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. within you HTML No! documents. Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. No! Link exterior documents to your websight. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. No! Create Ordered Lists.

Place within a form element to retrieve user input. Must be placed within a "Select" tag. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. Allows for inline text quotation. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! .

No! <td> align Create a table data cell. No! Create a table for layout or data presentation.id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site. border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! . Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself. WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed.

Very versatile. Compatible in nearly every browser. No! . No! Create table headers over each of your columns. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. Placed within the No! "Head" element. Each tag defines the start and end of a table row.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. Creates a table row for your tables. capable of retrieving user input via forms. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading.

Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text. No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). Compatible with many browsers.bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. No! .

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