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A MAJOR PROJECT REPORT

ON

“FABRICATION OF SEMI-AUTOMATIC DRAIN CLEANER”


Submitted in partial fulfillment of the require of the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY

IN

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

By

IMRAN AHMAD _ 13E01A0338

JAMSHED ALAM _ 13E01A0339

MOHD SHAHID _ 13E01A0342

AKHTAR ALI _ 13E01A0353

Under the guidance of

Mr. L. Ravi, MTech (CAD/CAM)

Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Deshmukhi (V), near Ramoji Film City, Nalgonda District, Pin code-508284, T.S.

2017

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CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the dissertation work titled “FABRICATION OF SEMI-AUTOMATIC

DRAIN CLEANER” submitted by Imran Ahmad (13E01A0338), Jamshed Alam

(13E01A0339), Mohd Shahid (13E01A342), Akhtar Ali (13E01A0353) students of Nizam

Institute of Engineering and Technology in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree,

Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering, this is a record of the bonafide work carried

out by them during the academic year 2016-2017

Guide: Head of Department

Mr. L. Ravi, Dr. Y. Sujatha

Assistant Professor, Professor & Vice Principal

Department of Mechanical Engg Department of Mechanical Engg

NIET, Deshmukhi-508284 NIET, Deshmukhi-508284

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

It gives us an immense pleasure to acknowledge with gratitude, the help and support received by
us during the course of the successful completion of the project “FABRICATION OF SEMI-
AUTOMATIC DRAIN CLEANER”. We are grateful to our internal guide, Mr. L. Ravi,
professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nizam Institute of Engineering and technology
for perseverance, patience and gracious cooperation extended by him in the execution of this
project.

We owe our immense thanks to Dr. Y. Sujatha, Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Nizam Institute of Engineering and Technology for this valuable guidance, sustain interest,
constructive criticism and constant in encouragement at every stage of this in endeavor.

Special thanks Dr. Mohammed Sanaullah Qaseem, Professor and Principal, Department of
Computer Science Engineering, Nizam Institute of Engineering and Technology and the
management of Nizam Institute of Engineering and Technology for providing us the best amenities
to enable us complete our project in the stipulated time.

Last but not the least; We are very thankful our parents, friends and the other faculty of the
department of Mechanical Engineering for their unstinting support which gave us the confidence
required to overcome the obstacles that we faced in the completion of this project.

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DECLARATION

This is to certify that work reported in the present thesis titled “FABRICATION OF SEMI-
AUTOMATIC DRAIN CLEANER” is a record of work done by us in the Department of
Mechanical Engineering, Nizam Institute of Engineering and Technology, Deshmukhi (Village),
Nalgonda(District), Pin code-508284

Name H.T. No Signature of the student

Imran Ahmad 13E01A0338

Jamshed Alam 13E01A0339

Mohd Shahid 13E01A0342

Akhtar Ali 13E01A0353

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ABSTRACT

In this project, the proposed concept is to replace the manual work in drainage cleaning by Semi-
Automatic drain cleaner. Now-a-days even though Semi-Automatic drain cleaner plays a pivotal
role in all industrial application in the proper disposal of sewage from the industries and
commercial are steel a challenging task. Drainage pipes are using for the disposal. Unfortunately,
sometimes there may be loss of human life while cleaning the blockages in the drainage system.
To overcome this problem and to save human life we implemented a design “Semi-Automatic
drain cleaner” and we designed our project to use this in a efficient way to control the disposal of
wastages and with regular filtration of wastages. The Semi-Automatic drain cleaner is a machine
which helps to protect the environment from different kinds of environmental hazards through the
promotion waste management by the removal of garbage from the drainages system. These wastes
when not removed end up settling in residential places where these wastes are burnt thereby
causing climate change otherwise these wastes block the drainage system thereby causing
flooding. Fabrication of the Model and assembling of the model carried out and then process are
studies and optimized for effective semi-automatic drain cleaner for sewage water for floating
materials.

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CONTENTS
PRELIMINARIES PAGE NO

CERTIFICATE (ii)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (iii)

DECLARATION (iv)

ABSTRACT (v)

LIST OF FIGURES (vi)

LIST OF TABLES (vii)

CHAPTER-1 INTRODUCTION PAGE NO

1.1 Drain Cleaner 1-4

1.2 Advantages 5

1.3 Application of Machine 5

1.4 Disadvantages 5

1.5 Rural Area Open Drainage Cleaning System 6

1.6 Urban Area Drainage Blockage Problem 7-8

1.7 Floating Material in Drain 8

1.8 Effect of Drain Cleaning on Human Life 9

CHAPTER-2 LITERATURE SURVEY 10-12

CHAPTER-3 FORMULATION OF PROBLEM 13

CHAPTER-4 REQUIRED MATERIAL 14

4.1 L-Type Angle 14-17

4.2 Shaft 17-18

4.3 Sprocket 19-20

4.4 Chain Drive 20-21

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4.5 Belt Drive 22-23

4.6 Journal Bearing 24

4.7 Geared Head Electric Motor 25

4.8 Pulley 26

4.9 Lifter 27

4.10 Nuts & Bolts 27-28

4.11 Mild Steel Net 28

4.12 Plastic Sheet 29

4.13 Grease 29-30

4.14 Screw 31

4.15 Primer 32-33

4.16 Paint 33-34

4.17 Paint Brush 34

CHAPTER 5-FABRICATION PROCESS

5.1 Cutting The L-Type Angle 35-36

5.2 Joining of Frame 36-37

5.3 Basic Welding Circuit 38-40

5.4 Making Holes on The Angle 41-42

5.5 Alignment of Bearing 42

5.6 Turning on Lathe Machine of Shaft 43-46

5.7 Boring of Sprocket 47

5.8 Fixing of Sprocket 48

5.9 Allen Key 48

5.10 Joining of Chain 49

5.11 Welding of Lifter 49

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5.12 Fixing of Motor 50

5.13 Boring of Pulley 50-51

5.14 Fixing of Pulley 52

5.15 Leveling of Machine Part 53

5.16 Greasing of Chain Drive 54

5.17 Welding of Net 54-55

5.18 Grinding of Weld Joint 55-56

5.19 Apply Primer on Mild Steel 56-57

5.20 Cutting of Plastic Sheet 57-58

5.21 Fixing of plastic sheet in collecting bin 59

5.22 Apply paint on Semi-automatic drain cleaner 59

5.23 Making of collecting bag 60

CHAPTER 6- TESTING

6.1 Testing of Semi-automatic drain cleaner 61-62

CHAPTER 7- RESULT 63

CHAPTER 8- CONCLUSION 64

CHAPTER 9-REFRENCE 65

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LIST OF FIGURES

Name Page No

1.1 Isometric View of Semi- Automatic Drain Cleaner 4

1.2 Side View of Semi- Automatic Drain Cleaner 4

1.3 Rural Area Open Drainage Cleaning System 6

1.4 Urban Area Drainage Blockage Problem 7

1.5 Floating Material in Drain 8

1.6 Drain Cleaning by Human 9

4.1 L-Type Angle 15

4.2 Shaft 18

4.3 Sprocket 20

4.4 Chain Drive 21

4.5 V-Belt Drives 23

4.6 V-Belt with Pulley 23

4.7 Journal Bearing 24

4.8 Gear Head Motor 25

4.9 Section View of motor 25

4.10 Pulley 26

4.11 Lifter 27

4.12 Nuts &Bolts with Washer 28

4.13 Mild Steel net 28

4.14 Plastic Sheet 29

4.15 Anatomy of Grease 30

4.16 Grease 30

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4.17 Screw 31

4.18 Primer 33

4.19 Paint 34

4.20 Paint Brush 34

5.1 Measuring of L-Angle 35

5.2 Cutting of L-Angle 36

5.3 Electric Arc Welding 37

5.4 Machine of Electric Arc Welding 37

5.5 Welding of Base 38

5.6 Welding Base of Corner 39

5.7 Base of The Machine 39

5.8 Welding of L-Angle 40

5.9 Drilling on Angle 42

5.10 Alignment of Bearing 42

5.11 Preliminary Steps to Turning and facing of shaft 43

5.12 Fitting of Shaft in the Lathe Machine 44

5.13 Turning of The Shaft 45

5.14 Lathe Machine 45

5.15 Fixing of Bearing 46

5.16 Tightening of Bearing with Allen Key 46

5.17 Boring of Sprocket 47

5.18 Sprocket After Boring 47

5.19 Fitting of Sprocket 48

5.20 Allen Key 48

5.21 Joining of Chain 49

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5.22 Welding of Chain 49

5.23 Fixing of Motor 50

5.24 Pulley on Lathe Machine 51

5.25 Pulley after boring 51

5.26 Fixing of Larger Pulley 52

5.27 Fixing of Smaller Pulley 52

5.28 Leveling of Machine Part 53

5.29 Leveling of Lifter 53

5.30 Greasing of Chain Drive 54

5.31 Mild Steel Net 54

5.32 Welding of Net 55

5.33 Grinding of Weld Part 56

5.34 Primer and Brush 57

5.35 Apply primer 57

5.36 Marking on sheet 58

5.37 Cutting of sheet 58

5.38 Fixing of sheet 59

5.39 Apply paint on machine 59

5.40 Collecting bag 60

6.1 Graph of time v/s collecting bin 61

6.2 Graph of cycle v/s collecting bin 62

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LIST OF TABLES

Name Page No

2.1 Literature Survey 12

4.1 Quantity of L-Type Angle 15

4.2 Specification of Shaft 18

4.3 Specification of sprockets 19

4.4 Journal bearing 24

4.5 Geared head motor 25

4.6 Pulley 26

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