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3G Load Monitoring & Expansion Criteria

COE Optimization

Telenor
Pakistan
CAPACITY MANAGEMENT
3G Load monitoring & expansion is more complex as compared to 2G.

The UMTS is a soft capacity system.

Its capacity is not only constrained by the hard resources such as the CE and Iub configuration bandwidth,
but also constrained by the soft resources such as the OVSF code, uplink interference, and downlink power.

Soft Capacity includes: OVSF Codes, UL Interference & DL Power.


Hard Capacity includes: Channel Elements, IUB Bandwidth, CC Card.

UMTS may use the hybrid carrier strategy of R99+HSPA. R99 and HSPA share the system resources, making it
more complex to monitor the capacity of R99 and HSPA.

This document provides suggestions to monitoring major indicators for Load & perform the required
expansion after exhausting all optimization activities.
Process for Load monitoring & Expansion

Yes

Meet the cell capacity Cell expansion


Cell-level monitoring,
expansion requirements Yes Add carriers or power
analysis, and alarm
or not? amplifiers

High-load network Perform


NodeB-level Meet the NodeB capacity NodeB expansion
performance optimization to
monitoring, analysis, No expansion requirements Yes Add BPC boards or
monitoring and solve the problem
and alarm or not? transmission resources
of high load
evaluation

RNC expansion
Meet the RNC capacity
RNC-level monitoring, Software: Add licenses
expansion requirements Yes
analysis, and alarm Hardware: Add RUB or
or not?
RCB boards

No
CHECKs for different NEs

CELL LEVEL:

• CELL Throughput
• Avg HSDPA User Throughput
• Power Resource Utilization
• Code Resource Utilization
• UL RTWP

NODEB LEVEL:
• Channel Elements
• IUB Bandwith utilization

RNC LEVEL:
• CPU Load(control plane)
• DMP(User Plane)
STEPS to FOLLOW

PRIMARY FOCUS on HSDPA. Secondary focus on R99 PS & CS.

HSDPA Throughput Vs User Number


 STEP1: Filter Cells with High Payload in BH, Low Avg HSDPA throughput per User & High HSDPA
User number.

Avg Utilization Ratio:(Proactive Approach)


 STEP2: Filter Cells with high DL power, Code, CEs utilization, IUB, CC cards.

Services Rejections/Blocking: (Reactive Approach)


 STEP3: Filter Cells contributing to Services Rejections for DL Power, Code, CE, IUB, UL Noise floor
etc. 2 methods. RAB Blocking Check or Services Rejection Check
HSDPA Throughput Vs User Number
STEP1: Filtering Cells with High Payload in BH, Low throughput & High HSDPA User number.

Inputs(considering Busy Hour):

 HSDPA THROUGHPUT per cell


 Avg. HSDPA USER THROUGHPUT per user
 Avg. HSDPA User Number

Counter/KPI List:

NETNUMEN KPIs Formula


ASN HSDPA Thr Mbps new C310545121/(C310545123*Gr*1024)
The best Cell Average HSDPA Users(Piece) C310030460+C310030462
TP_HSDPA_Payload_MB (C310010157+C310010158+C310010159+C310010160)/1000

Filtering Criteria:

Avg HSDPA User Throughput per User < 512kbps & Avg HSDPA User Number > 25
+
HSDPA PAYLOAD > 1.5 GigaBytes with CELL HS DL Throughput around 3.5 Mbps.
Utilization Ratio: (Proactive Approach)
STEP2: Filtering Cells with high DL power, Code, CEs utilization, CC cards utilization.

Considering for non-HS services only (Reason: dynamic strategy allocation)

Inputs(considering Busy Hour):

 UL Noise Floor & UL RTWP


 Average non-HS TCP Utilization Ratio
 Average utilization of non-HSDPA code resources
 Average Number of Cell-DCH user in the best cell
 DL/UL CE Utilization
 CC Cards Utilization

Counter/KPI List:
Description Counter/KPI Formula
Average Cell TCP Utilization Ratio(%) C310444439/C310444444
Average non-HSDPA TCP Utilization Ratio(%) C310454489/C310456517
Maximum Cell TCP Utilization Ratio(%) C310444437
DL POWER
Average HSDPA TCP Utilization Ratio(%) C310454516/C310456517
Maximum non-HSDPA TCP Utilization Ratio(%) C310454487
Maximum HSDPA TCP Utilization Ratio(%) C310454514
Average Cell Freq RTWP(dbm) (C310444466/C310444467)-112
UL LOAD
Average Noise Floor(dbm) C310444482/C310446513-112

DL OVSF Code C372490218 C372490218

CELL DCH Users Average Number of Cell-Dch user in the best cell(Piece) C310030463
Maximum Utilization Ratio of Uplink NodeB CE(%) C310810034
CHANNEL ELEMENTS
Maximum Utilization Ratio of Downlink NodeB CE(%) C310810038
Utilization Ratio: (Proactive Approach) Cont…
Filtering Criteria for DL TCP Utilization:

Average non-HSDPA TCP Utilization Ratio > 60%


+
Average Number of Cell-Dch user in the best cell > 20

Filtering Criteria for UL Load:

UL Noise Rise(RTWP- NoiseFloor)> 10dB


+
Average Number of Cell-Dch user in the best cell > 20

Filtering Criteria for DL OVSF Code Utilization:

Average utilization of non-HSDPA code resources > 60%

Filtering Criteria for Channel Elements Utilization:

Maximum Utilization Ratio of Uplink NodeB CE(%) > 90%


+
Maximum Utilization Ratio of Downlink NodeB CE(%) > 90%
Services Rejections/Blocking: (Reactive Approach)
STEP3: Filtering Cells contributing to Services Rejections for DL Power, Code, CE, IUB, UL Noise floor etc

2 Methods:

 RAB Blocking Approach


 Services Rejection Approach

RAB Blocking(Threshold > 1%)


 Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to Power) Average non-HS TCP Utilization Ratio
 Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to Code)
 Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to CE)
 Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to IUB)
 Number of failed RAB assignment setup in cell for PS domain, Due to Node B

Services Rejection(Threshold > 2%)


 Service Rejection Due to DL Power
 Service Rejection Due to DL Code
 Service Rejection Due to CREDIT LIMIT(DL/UL CEs)
 Service Rejection Due to UL Power
 Service Rejection Due to User Limit(Only for HSPA)
Services Rejections/Blocking: (Reactive Approach) Cont…
Related Counters:

RAB Blocking%:

Counter/KPI Formula
Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to Power) 300188
Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to Code) 300190
Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to CE) 300189
Blocking Rate of RAB Setup(Due to IUB) 300191

Services Rejection %:

Counter/KPI Formula
ex2b_SR_Code% C310504772*100/(C310504797+C310504798+C310504799+C310504800)
ex2b_SR_PowerDL% C310504769*100/(C310504797+C310504798+C310504799+C310504800)
ex2b_SR_HSDPAUserlimit% C310504774*100/(C310504797+C310504798+C310504799+C310504800)
ex2b_SR_HSUPAUserlimit% C310505616*100/(C310504797+C310504798+C310504799+C310504800)
ex2b_SR_RTWP% C310504765*100/(C310504797+C310504798+C310504799+C310504800)
ex2b_SR_CEs_UL% C310504766*100/(C310504797+C310504798+C310504799+C310504800)
ex2b_SR_CEs_DL% C310504770*100/(C310504797+C310504798+C310504799+C310504800)
Optimization Activities

 DL OVSF Code Congestion:


Taken care of through Dynamic code resource allocation on NodeB through parameters.

 DL Power Congestion:
Radio Remote Unit is supporting 80Ws per sector. Max transmission Power is being increased
to cater blocking issues.

 UL Noise Rise/RTWP:
With increasing users, UL interference is increasing. In order to control UL interference during
high load times, Load adaptive Power control is being taken into account to reduce UL SIR,
EbNo targets for each services to accommodate multiple users possible.

 CE Congestion:
In TP network, very few cells are contributing to CE congestion and high capacity CE cards shall
be installed if required.

 CC card Congestion:
URA PCH/Fast dormancy shall be enabled+ Ping pongs related IRAT reselections must be
controlled.

 HSPA User Limit:


HSDPA/HSUPA users license shall be increased to maximum, in case of Users Rejections.