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KUALA LUMPUR INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (KLIA)

(i) Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) is Malaysia's main international airport and
one of the major airports in South East Asia. It is located approximately 45 kilometres
(28 mi) south of Kuala Lumpur city centre and serves the Greater Klang
Valley conurbation. The new mega airport complete with the latest technology and
state-of-the-art facilities, aims at providing maximum passenger safety, comfort and
convenience. It is unique because it has within its boundaries all that is needed for
business, entertainment and relaxation.

(ii) Wall: all the walls in KLIA building were built using fluoric resin coating aluminium
plate. Besides, glass-sash walls in both the main terminal and the satellite decrease
the penetration of solar heat. Also, the glass used on these walls is double-glazed
and tinted to reduce solar gain.

(iii) Floor: multicoloured granite of the floor.

(iv) Roof: The interior design is dominated by the timber-effect ceiling of the main roof.
The pattern of the ceiling is linear to accentuate the structural form of the hypar roof
shells The construction team also reinforced concrete with structural steel roof
elements on all buildings. It incorporates an Islamic-style shading roof anchored by
massive columns. The roof is also reminiscent of a common tree in the Malaysian
rainforest, and the lights on the canopy represent the filtered sun that shines
between leaves. In addition, Kurokawa’s “airport in the forest” design demonstrates
how modern design—the shell-like roof is made with sleek stainless steel—and
cultural traditions can blend together. Steeply pitched roofs and large windows are
both functional, allowing cross-ventilation, and decorative, being carved with intricate
organic designs.

(v) Structural frame: The KLIA Passenger Terminal Complex (PTC) comprises of
three buildings - the Main Terminal Building, the Satellite Building and
the Contact Pier. The Satellite terminal handles most of the international flights,
while the main terminal building's contact pier handles domestic traffic, regional
international flights and international flights routed to other hubs within Malaysia.

(vi) Conclusion
References

https://www.curbed.com/2017/5/25/15682130/best-airport-architecture

https://archnet.org/system/publications/contents/1566/original/FLS1809.pdf?1384750
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