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consider a degenerate gas of fermions  electrons  at absolute zero  T=0  .

Fermions are the particles with half integral spins.


let us consider the energy  F is the fermi energy
The average energy per particle is,

 P  E  EdE
EF

E  0

 P  E  dE
EF

Here,P  E   C E and C is a constant.


Hence ,
EF
 CE E dE
12

E  0
EF
 C E dE
12
0
EF
 E dE
32

E  0
EF
 E dE
12
0
EF E
  1 
F

 E 3 21  2  1   x n 1 
  x dx 
n
  1 21   Here
3
 1  E   n  1 
2 0  0
  E 5 2  EF  EF


 0   2  3   1 
 5   2   E 3 2  0
 
EF  3 
  E 5 23 2   
0
5
3
E   E 0 F 
E

5
3
E   EF  0 
5
3
E  EF
5