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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES

PART A: STRUCTURES
STRUCTURE 1
Somebody + want/ like/expect + someone to do something
Somebody + want /like/expect + something + to be done
EX:
Our teacher wants us to prepare our lessons carefully.
Our teacher wants our lessons to be prepared carefully.
They expected me to finish my work early.
They expected my work to be finished early.
STRUCTURE 2
Somebody + agree/arrange/determind/decide + to do something
Somebody + agree/arange/determind/decide + that something + should be + done
EX:
She decided to rebuild the house.
She decided that the house should be rebuilt.
STRUCTURE 3
Something + need(s) + doing (also: want+ v-ing/require+v-ing)
Something + need(s) + to be done (also: want+ to be done/require+to be done)
EX:
The house needs cleaning. (passive meaning) These flowers require watering.
The house needs to be cleaned. These flowers require to be watered.
You don’t need to prepare the lesson (active) The chickens need feeding
The lesson doesn’t need to be prepared. The chickens need to be fed.
The lesson doesn’t need preparing.
STRUCTURE 4
A. PRESENT MEANING
people + think/expect/believe/estimate/say/report/suppose/hope/declare/rumour + that+someone + do
something (active)  PASSIVE

thought
expected
TYPE 1 It is believed that someone + do something
PASSIVE

estimated
said
reported
supposed
TYPE 2 Someone is hoped to do something
declared
rumoured
EX:
People think that he drives dangerously. (active)
It is thought that he drives dangerously. (type 1)
He is thought to drive dangerously. (type 2)
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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
People believed that he is a good teacher.
It is believed that he is a good teacher. (type 1)
He is believed to be a good teacher. (type 2)

B. PAST MEANING
people + think/expect/believe/estimate/say/report/suppose/hope/declare/rumour + that + someone +
did something (active)  PASSIVE
thought
expected
TYPE 1
PASSIVE

It is believed that someone + did something


estimated
said
reported
supposed
TYPE 2 Someone is hoped to have done something
declared
rumoured

EX:
People think that he drove dangerously. (active)
It is thought that he drove dangerously. (type 1)
He is thought to have driven dangerously. (type 2)
People believed that he is a good teacher. (active)
It is believed that he was a good teacher. (type 1)
He is believed to have been a good teacher. (type 2)
NOTE:
It’s your duty to do something
You are supposed to do something (bổn phận của bạn là….)
EX:
It’s your duty to lock all the doors.
You are supposed to lock all the doors.
STRUCTURE 5
Somebody + see/make/let + someone + do + something (active)
Someone is seen/made + to do something (passive)
Someone is let + do something (passive) but we often say: someone is (not) allowed to do something
EX:
He made me stay outside yesterday. (active)
I was made to stay outside yesterday.
The teacher let us go home early last week. (active)
We were let go home early by the teacher last week.
often: We were allowed to go home early by the teacherlast week.
I saw the thief climb the wall. (active)
The thief was seen to climb the wall.
STRUCTURE 6
Somebody + have + someone + do something
Somebody + get + someone + to do something
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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
Somebody + have + something + done
"To get someone to do something" suggests that you talked to the person and convinced him to do
something.
"To have someone do something" simply states that you arranged for someone to do something, whether or
not that person did it voluntarily.
EX: He had his waiter carry the luggage home.
He had the luggage carried home by the waiter.
I got the postman to post the letter for me.
I had the letter posted for me by the postman.
STRUCTURE 7
Don’t do something (active)  something musn’t be done
It’s impossible to do something (active)  something can’t be done
It’s possible to do something (active)  something can be done
EX: Don’t touch this switch
This switch musn’t be touched
It is impossible to do this
This can’t be done.
STRUCTURE 8
Somebody + advise/ beg/ urge/ recommand someone to do something (active)
Cách 1: someone is advised/ begged/ urged/ recommanded to do something
Cách 2: somebody advise/ beg/ urge/ recommand that something should be done
EX: He advised me to sell the car.
I was advised to sell the car.
He advised that the car should be sold.
STRUCTURE 9
Somebody + agree/ arrange/ determine/ decide/ is deternined/ is anxious +to do something (active)
Somebody + agree/ arrange/ determine/ decide/ is deternined/ is anxious + that something should be
done
EX: She decided to rebuild the house.
she decided that the house should be rebuilt.
STRUCTURE 10
Somebody + insist/ advise/ propose/ recommand/ suggest + doing something (active)
Somebody insist/ advise/ propose/ recommand/ suggest that something should be done
EX:
He suggested selling the radio
He suggested that radio should be sold.
They advised enlarging the garden
They advised that the garden should be enlarged.

STRUCTURE 11
Mệnh lệnh thức (imperative) + Object  S + should/must + be +P2/ Let+object+be+P.P
EX: Turn on the lights. Open your book, please!
The lights should be turned on. Let your book be opened, please!

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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES

PART B: EXERCISES
A. MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. All bottles _________ before transportation.
A. frozen B. is frozen C. was frozen D. were frozen
2. Everything that _________ remained a secret.
A. had be overheard B. had been overheard
C. had been overheared D. would had been overheard
3. Everything ___________________________.
A. were forbidden B. is forbidden C. is forbidded D. are forbidden
4. Everything___________________________.
A. are going to be forgotten B. is going to be forgotten
C. is going to be forgot D. were going to be forgotten
5. I___________________________.
A. have not given the money B. have not been given the money
C. have not been give the money D. have not be given the money
6. It _________ for years.
A. has not be known B. had not been known
C. had not be known D. have not been known
7. It _________ that learning English is easy.
A. are said B. said C. is said D. is sayed
8. John and Ann___________________________.
A. were not mislead B. were not misleeded
C. was not misled D. were not misled
9. Our horses ___________________________.
A. are well feeded B. are well fed C. is well fed D. is well feeded
10. Peter and Tom _________ in an accident yesterday.
A. is hurt B. is hurted C. were hurt D. were hurted
11. South Florida and HawaiI _________ by a hurricane.
A. is hit B. have been hit C. have are hit D. has been hit
12. The battles _________ for liberation .
A. had be fought B. had been fighted C. had been fought D. has been fought
13. We can’t go along here because the road........................
A. is repairing B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. repairs
14. The story I’ve just read_________ Agatha Christie.
A. was written B. was written by C. was written from D. wrote by

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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
15. I’m going to go out and_________
A. have cut my hair B. have my hair cut C. cut my hair D. my hair be cut
16. Something funny_________ in class yesterday.
A. happened B. was happened C. happens D. is happened
17. Many US automobiles_________ in Detroit, Michigan
A. manufacture B. have manufactured C. are manufactured D. are manufacturing
18. A lot of pesticide residue can_________ unwashed produce.
A. find B. found C. be finding D. be found
19. We_________ by a loud noise during the night.
A. woke up B. are woken up C. were woken up D. were waking up
20. Some film stars_________ difficult to work with.
A. are said be B. are said to be C. say to be D. said to be
21. Why did Tom keep making jokes about me? – I don’t enjoy_________ at.
A. be laughed B. to be laughed C. laughing D. being laughed
22. Today, many serious childhood diseases_________ by early immunization.[ sự miễn dịch]
A. are preventing B. can prevent C. prevent D. can be prevented
23. Do you get your heating_________ every year?
A. checking B. check C. be checked D. checked
24. Bicycles_________ in the driveway.
A. must not leave B. must not be leaving C. must not be left D. must not have left
25. Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony_________ next weekend.[ Symphony: khúc giao hưởng]
A. is going to be performed B. has been performed
C. will be performing D. will have perform
26. All bottles_________ before transportation.
A. frozen B. were froze C. were frozen D. are froze
27. ___________________________.yet?
A. Have the letters been typed B. Have been the letters typed
C. Have the letters typed D. Had the letters typed
28. English has become a second language in countries like India, Nigeria or Singapore where `____
_____ for administration, broadcasting and education.
A. is used B. it is used C. used D. being used
29. The telephones_________ by Alexander Graham Bell.
A. is invented B. is inventing C. invented D. was invented
30. Lots of houses_________ by the earthquake.
A. are destroying B. destroyed C. were destroyed D. is destroyed
th
31. Gold_________ in California in the 19 century.
A. was discovered B. has been discovered C. was discover D. they discover
32. The preparation_________ by the time the guest_________
A. had been finished- arrived B. have finished- arrived
C. had finished-were arriving D. have been finished- were arrived
33. The boy_________ by the teacher yesterday.
A. punish B. punished C. punishing D. was punished
34. “Ms Jones, please type those letters before noon”_ “They’ve already ______, sir. They’re on you
r desk.”

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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
A. typed B. been being typed C. being typed D. been typed
35. Sarah is wearing a blouse. It___________ of cotton.
A. be made B. are made C. is made D. made
36. They had a boy _________ that yesterday.
A. done B. to do C. did D. do
37. We got our mail _________ yesterday. [have/get sth done]
A. been delivered B. delivered C. delivering D. to deliver
38. James……..the news as soon as possible.
A. should tell B. should be told C. should told D. should be telled
39. My wedding ring _________ yellow and white gold.
A. is made B. is making C. made D. make
40. Mr. Wilson is _________ as Willie to his friend.
A. known B. knew C. is known D. know
41. References _________ in the examination room.
A. not are used B. is not used C. didn’t used D. are not used
42. Laura _________ in Boston.
A. are born B. were born C. was born D. born
43. His car needs _________ [sth needs doing= sth needs to be done]
A. be fixed B. fixing C. to be fixing D. fixed
44. Her watch needs _________.
A. repairing B. to be repaired C. repaired D. A and B
45. My mother is going _________ this house.
A. sold B. sell C. to be sold D. to sell
46. There’s somebody behind us. I think we are _________.
A. being followed B. are followed C. follow D. following
47. Have you _________ by a dog?
A. bite B. bit C. ever been bitten D. ever been bit
48. The room is being _________ at the moment.
A. was cleaned B. cleaned C. cleaning D. clean
49. It _________ that the strike will end soon.
A. is expected B. expected C. are expected D. was expected
50. It is _________ that many people are homeless after the floods.
A. was reported B. reports C. reported D. reporting
51. He was said _________ this building.
A. designing B. to have designed C. to design D. designed
52. Ted _________ by a bee while he was sitting in the garden.
A. got sting B. got stung C. get stung D. gets stung
53. These tennis courts don’t _________ very often. Not many people want to play.
A. got used B. used C. get used D. get use
54. I’ll get Minh _________ this for you.
A. do B. done C. did D. to do
55. Those letters _________ now. You can do the typing later.
A. need typing B. needn't be typed C. need to type D. needn't typing
56. “What a beautiful dress you are wearing”- “thanks, it_________ especially for me by a French ta

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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
ilor.”
A. is made B. has made C. made D. was made
57. Somebody cleans the room every day.
A. The room everyday is cleaned. B. The room is every day cleaned.
C. The room is cleaned every day. D. The room is cleaned by somebody every day.
58. People don’t use this road very often.
A. This road is not used very often. B. Not very often this road is not used.
C. This road very often is not used. D. This road not very often is used.
59. How do people learn languages?
A. How are languages learned? B. How are languages learned by people?
C. How languages are learned? D. Languages are learned how?
60. Over 1500 new houses _________ each year. Last year, 1720 new houses _________.
A. were built/ were built B. are built/ were built
C. are building / were built D. were built/ were being built
61. Tom bought that book yesterday.
A. That book was bought by Tom yesterday. B. That book was bought yesterday by Tom.
C. That book yesterday was bought by Tom D. That book was bought yesterday.
62. The new computer system _________ next month.
A. is be installed B. is being installed
C. is been installed D. is being installed by people

B. Chuyển các câu sau sang dạng bị động:


1. They must do their task now.
 Their task must be done now..............................................................................................................
2. He expected me to buy him a book.
 He expected a book to be bought.......................................................................................................
3. They want him to invite them to the party.
 They want to be invited to the party...................................................................................................
4. They opened the road 10 years ago.
 The road was opened 10 years ago...................................................................................................
5. He can mend all chairs for you now.
 All chairs can be mended for you now..............................................................................................
6. We expected them to forgive us.
 We expected to be forgiven................................................................................................................
7. They allowed women to vote many years ago.
 Women were allowed to vote many years ago...................................................................................
8. You should open the wine 3 hours before you use it.
 The wine should be opened 3 hours before it is used........................................................................
9. They suggested making the test easier.
 They suggested the test should be made easier..................................................................................
10. People think she is the most beautiful girl.
 She is thought to be the most beautiful girl./ It is said she is the most beautiful girl.......................
11. It’s your duty to make tea for the party.
 You are supposed to make tea for the party.......................................................................................

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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
12. They let their children go to the zoo last Sunday.
 Their children were allowed to go to the zoo last Sunday.................................................................
13. He had the neighbor mend the chair.
 They had the chair mended by the neighbor......................................................................................
14. The walls need painting.
 The walls need to be painted.............................................................................................................
15. He made me clean all the plates last night.
 I was made to clean all the plates last night.....................................................................................
16. Don’t close the door.
 The door mustn’t be closed................................................................................................................
17. People say he is very rich.
 He is said to be very rich. / It is said that he is very rich..................................................................
18. We see her walk with him every evening.
 She is seen to walk with him every evening.......................................................................................
19. They had the typist type all their letters.
 They had all their letters typed by the typist......................................................................................
20. I am going to ask the gardener to cut my fence tomorrow.
 I am going to have my fence cut by the gardener tomorrow.............................................................
21. Don’t let others see you.
 You aren’t allowed to be seen by others/you mustn’t be seen by others.............................................
22. He needn’t repair the bike.
 The bike needn’t be repaired..............................................................................................................
23. People think he was an artist.
 He is thought to have been an artist./ It is thought that he was an artist..........................................
24. It’s impossible to rebuild the school.
 The school can’t be rebuilt.................................................................................................................
25. He let me come in.
 I was allowed to come in...................................................................................................................
26. People said she was very intelligent.
 He is said to have been very intelligent./ It is said that she was very intelligent..............................
27. He doesn’t need to paint the house.
 The house does not need paiting.......................................................................................................
28. You needn’t water the flowers.
 The flowers needn’t watering./ The flowers needn’t be watered........................................................
29. Tom used to borrow my pen.
 My pen used to be borrowed by Tom.................................................................................................
30. He had to finish his work on time.
 His work had to be finished on time..................................................................................................
31. You needn't do all the homework.
 All the homework needn't be done.....................................................................................................
31. You ought to tell him early.
 He ought to be told early...................................................................................................................
33. They don't use the room very often.
 The room isn't used very often...........................................................................................................

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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
34. They must widen the road to school this year.
 The road to school must be widened this year...................................................................................
35. Have you done your homework?
 Has your homework been done?.......................................................................................................
36. Did you finish your work early?
 Was your homework finished early?..................................................................................................
37. Who will Ann meet at the airport?
 Who will be met at the airport by Ann?.............................................................................................
38. What did you do last night?
 What was done last night?.................................................................................................................
39.Who wrote this book?
 Who was this book writen by? ..........................................................................................................
40. Who has seen her at the party?
 By whom has she been seen at the party?/ Who has she been seen by at the party?........................
41. Who built this house?
 By whom was this house built?/ Who was this house built by?.........................................................
42. Who had to tell you about it?
 By whom did you have to be told about it?.......................................................................................
43. Who can do this work?
 By whom can this work be done?/ Who can this work be done by?..................................................
44. Who will meet you at the airport?
 By whom will you be met at the airport?...........................................................................................
45. I can't make tea with cold water.
 .Tea can’t be made with cold water....................................................................................................
46. Tom has taken away some of my books
 .Some of my books has been taken away by Tom...............................................................................
47. They will hold the meeting before Tuesday.
 .The meeting will be held before Tuesday..........................................................................................
48. Open your books, please!
 . Let your books be opened, please!..................................................................................................
49. They have to repair the enginer of the car.
 .The engine enginer of the car have to be repaired...........................................................................
50. The boy broke the window and took away some pictures.
 .The window was broken and some pictures were taken away by the boy.........................................
51. A man I know told me about it.
 .I was told about it by a man I know..................................................................................................
52. No one believes his story.
 .His story isn’t believed/ his story is unbelieved................................................................................
53. Do they teach English here?
 . Is English taught here?....................................................................................................................
54. Will you invite her to your wedding party?
 . Will she be invited to your wedding party?.....................................................................................
55. Some people will interview the new president on TV.
 .The new president on TV will be interviewed...................................................................................

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Grade 10-11-12 SPECIAL PASSIVE & EXERCISES
56. The manager didn’t phone the secretary this morning.
 .The secretary wasn’t phoned by the manager this morning.............................................................
57. They find the new project worthless.
 .The new project is found worthless..................................................................................................
58. Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother.
 .This ticket was ordered for his mother by Tom.................................................................................
59. You didn’t show me the special camaras.
 .I wasn’t shown the special camaras.................................................................................................
60. She showed her ticket to the airline agent.
 .The airline agent was shown her ticket............................................................................................
61. He lends his friend his new shoes.
 .His friend is lent his new shoes........................................................................................................
62. She left her relatives five million pounds.
 .Her relatives were left five million pounds.......................................................................................
63. The shop assistant handed these boxes to the customer.
 .These boxes were handed to the customer by the shop assistant.....................................................
64. The board awarded the first prize to the reporter.
 .The reporter was awarded the first prize by the board....................................................................
65. They make shoes in that factory.
 Shoes are made in that factory...................................................................................
66. People must not leave bicycles in the driveway.
 Bicycles mustn’t be left in the driveway......................................................................
67. They built that skyscraper in 1934.
 That skyscraper was built in 1934.............................................................................
68. The students will finish the course by July.
 The course will be finished by the students by July....................................................
69. They are repairing the streets this month.
 The streets are being repaired this month..................................................................
70. They make these tools of plastic.
 These tools of plastic are made..................................................................................
71. They have finished the new product design.
 The new product design has been finished.............................................................. .
72. They were cooking dinner when I arrived.
 Dinner was cooked when I arrived............................................................................
73. Smithers painted 'Red Sunset' in 1986.
 'Red Sunset' was painted by Smithers in 1986...........................................................
74. Did the plan interest you?
 .Are you interested in the plan?..................................................................................
75. They had finished the preparations by the time the guests arrived.
 The preparations had been finished by the time the guests arrived...........................

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