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a

The ideal gas equation is,


PV  NkT
Here, P is the pressure and V is the volume of the gas, N is the number of moles of gas.
k is the boltzmann constan and T is the temperature.
Rearrange the above equation for V
NkT
V
P
 V  Nk
  
 T  P P
 V   NkT
  
 P T P2
The coefficient of volume expansion of the ideal gas is,
1  V 
  
V  T  P
1 Nk
 
V P
Nk

PV
Nk

NkT
1

T

The isothermal compressibility is ,
1  V 
kT   
V  P T
 NkT  V 
Substitute for  
 P T
2
P
1   NkT 
kT   
V  P2 
NkT

 PV  P
NkT

 NkT  P
1

P
Substitute the values of  and kT in the equation
T  2V 2
CP  CV 
kT V
2
2 1
Substitute the values of  and kT in the equation
T  2V 2
CP  CV 
kT V
2
1
2
TV  
 T 
1
 V
P
PV

T
NkT

T
 Nk
The relation between boltzman constant and ideal gas constant is,
R
k=
N
R  Nk
Then,
CP  CV  R or CP  CV  R 
Therefore CP  CV  R is proved.