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(b) Mineral salt will break the cell wall

Assignment on Plant Physiology (c) Salt water enter the cell

(d) Water comes out by exosmosis
1. In terms of permeability, the cell wall and
7. A cell increases in volume if the external medium is
plasmalemma are
[AFMC ; Haryana PMT ]
(a) Permeable and differentially permeable
respectively (a) Hypotonic (b) Hypertonic
(b) Both semipermeable (c) Isotonic (d) None of these
(c) Semipermeable and differentially permeable 8. In osmosis solvent flows from [
(d) Both differentially permeable (a) Lower concentration to higher concentration of
2. That the cell membrane is selectively permeable can be solvent
best deduced by [AFMC ] (b) Higher concentration of solvent to lower
(a) The entry of water from root hair concentration of solvent
(b) The entry of mineral salts from the root hair (c) One cell to another
(c) Both together (d) None of the above
(d) The rise of sap in plants 9. If a cell is reduced in size on placing in a solution of
3. What happens when formalin preserved Spirogyra sugar, the solution is [AFMC ; CPMT ]
filament is placed in a hypertonic sugar solution (a) Hypertonic (b) Hypotonic
(a) It gains turgidity (b) It looses turgidity (c) Isotonic (d) Saturated
(c) It becomes plasmolysed (d) Nothing happens 10. Freshly cut potato slice is put into strong solution of
4. The process of osmosis involves [CPMT ] sugar, later its cells found to be
(a) Movement of solute through semipermeable (a) Flaccid (b) Turgid
membrane (c) Longer (d) More full of starch
(b) Movement of solvent through a semipermeable 11. An example of selectively permeable membrane is
membrane [AIIMS ; RPMT ]
(c) Movement of solution through a semipermeable (a) Plasmalemma (b) Cell wall
(c) Mitochondrial membrane (d)Chloroplast membrane
(d) None of the above
12. Plasma membrane controls [RPMT ; AFMC ]
5. If a cleaned goat bladder is filled with a syrup tightly
(a) Passage of water
tied and emersed in a vessel of water
(b) Passage of water and some solutes in and out of
(a) Volume of liquid in the bladder will increase the cell
(b) Volume of liquid will decrease (c) Passage of water and solutes into the cell
(c) Volume of liquid in the bladder remain constant (d) Movements of the cell contents out of the cell
(d) Plasmolysis will occur 13. When a grape is placed in concentrated sugar solution,
6. A cell placed in strong solution will shrink because then it will show
[JIPMER ; AFMC ] (a) Endosmosis (b) Exosmosis
(a) Cytoplasm will decompose (c) Imbibition (d) None of these
14. The process by which large molecules move out of the osimotic potential potential
cell is called 21. During osmosis, water moves through a membrane
(a) Plasmolysis (b) Deplasmolysis [MP PMT ; RPMT ]
(c) Phagocytosis (d) Reverse phagocytosis FROM TO
15. Movement of particles of matter in the cell due to its (a) Low water potential High water potential
own kinetic energy is called (b) High solute concen Low solute concen.
(a) Imbibition (b) Diffusion (c) High osmotic Low osmotic potential
(c) Gummosis (d) None of these potential
16. Exchange of gases between plant and atmosphere is (d) A hypotonic A hypertonic solution
governed by solution (less (more solute)
(a) Osmosis (b) Diffusion solute)
(c) Permeability of cell wall (d) None of the above 22. When a cell is placed in a solution and osmotic
17. The osmosis help in pressure of outer solution is more than that of the cell
(a) Distribution of water across the cells sap the outer solution is known as
(b) Turgor of the guard cells (a) Hypotonic solution (b) Hypertonic solution
(c) Resistance to the frost (c) Isotonic solution (d) None of these
(d) All the above 23. When a fish of marine water kept in fresh water then it
18. Osmosis is helpful to plant because will die due to
(a) Growth of the young cells is brought about by (a) Endosmosis (b) Exosmosis
osmotic pressure and turgor pressure of these cells (c) Imbibition (d) Isotonic solution
(b) Certain turgor moments in plants are determined 24. In the process of osmosis [AFMC ]
by osmosis
(a) Both protoplasm and cell wall act as a single layer
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(b) Only protoplast acts as a single layer
(d) None of these
(c) Only cell membrane acts as a single layer
19. Osmosis can be demonstrated by
(d) None of the above
(a) Potato osmoscope (b) Ganong's respiroscope
25. Osmosis is the property of [RPMT ]
(c) Microscope (d) All the above
(a) Solutes
20. Water moves across a selectively permeable
(b) Solutions
(c) Semipermeable membrane
FROM TO (d) Solvent

(a) Region of higher Region of lower water 26. Process of osmosis shall cease when [CPMT ]
water-potential potential (a) Solutions become isotonic or DPD becomes equal
(b) Lower water Higher water (b) Water concentration becomes equal
concentration concentration (c) There is no light
(c) Higher solute Lower solute (d) The level of water falls
concentration concentration 27. How the molecules of water would behave if pure
(d) Region of higher Region of lower osmotic water is separated from a colloidal suspension with the
help of a selectively permeable membrane. It would 34. Plant cells submerged in distilled water will become
cause a net movement of water to [MP PMT ]
(a) Colloidal side (b) Water side (a) Turgid (b) Flaccid
(c) Either side (d) Neither side (c) Plasmolysed (d) Impermeable
28. Why osmosis cannot be demonstrated by a potato 35. The plants face wilting due to use of excessive
osmoscope using a solution of NaCl instead of sugar; fertilizers because of [CPMT ]
because the potato tissue is (a) Exosmosis (b) Endosmosis
(a) Permeable to Na ion
(c) Imbibition (d) None of these
(b) Permeable to Cl ion
36. If a cell shrinks when placed in a solution, this solution
(c) Permeable to salt solution is
(d) Impermeable to salt solution [RPMT ]
29. Grapes immersed in water would shrink if (a) Hypotonic (b) Hypertonic
(a) Water contains salts (b) Water contains starch (c) Isotonic (d) Mesotonic
(c) Water is cold (d) Water is hot 37. The membrane which allows passage of certain
30. Why the rapid plasmolysis caused by hypertonic KCl is substances more readily than others is termed as[BVP ]
reversed; because (a) Impermeable (b) Semisolid
(a) KCl breaks down inside the cell (c) Permeable (d) Selectively permeable
(b) KCl breaks down outside the cell
(c) KCl slowly enters into the cell
(d) KCl slowly leaks out of the cell
31. When pieces of potato tissue were placed in a solution,
after some time a loss in weight was recorded. The
possible reason could be
(a) Death of tissue (b) Exit of solutes
(c) Exosmosis (d) Respiration of tissue
32. Movement of molecules of gases, liquids and solids
from a region of higher concentration to a region of
lower concentration is termed as [KCET ]
(a) Diffusion (b) Evaporation
(c) Transpiration (d) Osmosis
33. Osmosis is defined as the process in which [MP PMT ]
(a) Water diffuses from lower concentration to higher
(b) Solutes diffuse from lower concentration to higher
(c) Active transport of ions takes place
(d) Passive transport of ions takes place