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LESSON NOTES

Introduction #1
A Great Russian Conversation
Starter: “How Are You?”

CONTENTS
2 Russian
2 Romanization
2 English
2 Vocabulary
2 Sample Sentences
3 Vocabulary Phrase Usage
3 Grammar
5 Cultural Insight

# 1
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RUSSIAN

1. ANNA: Как дела?

2. ERIK: Хорошо, cпасибо.

ROMANIZATION

1. ANNA: Kak dela?

2. ERIK: Kharasho, spasiba.

ENGLISH

1. ANNA: How are you?

2. ERIK: Good, thanks.

VOCABULARY

R ussian R omanization English C lass

хорошо kharasho okay, good, well, fine particle; adverb

спасибо spasiba thank you, thanks interjection

Как дела? Kak dela? How are you? expression

SAMPLE SENTENCES

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Вы хорошо себя чувствуете? Он хорошо говорит по-русски.
Vy kharasho sebya chustvuyete? On kharasho gavarit pa-russki.

"Do you feel okay?" "He speaks Russian well."

Хорошо, спасибо. Привет, как дела?


Kharasho, spasiba. Privet, kak dela?

"Good, thanks." "Hi, how are you?"

VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE

The phrase "Как дела?" (kak dela) means "How are you?" and literally translates from
Russian as "How are the things?" The answer to this question as provided in the dialog is
"Хорошо" (kharasho) or "Good" in English. You can also use different answers describing
your mood, such as "Отлично" (atlichna) or "Wonderful", "Супер" (super) or "Super",
"Нормально" (narmal'na) or "Ordinarily", "Normal", "Не очень" (ne ochen') "Not really good".
"Спасибо" (spasiba) means "Thanks" and is one of the most important words to remember.

GRAMMAR

The focus of this lesson is Neuter noun in plural form

Kaк д е ла?

"How are you?"

The phrase "Как дела?" literally translates as "How are the things?". Please notice that the
noun "дела" is used in plural form here.

It's sigular form is "дело", which in Russian has a neuter case. You can recognize the neuter
case by the ending "-о". So, when the singular noun in neuter case changes to plural form, we
change the ending from "-о" "-а" (and sometimes to "-я"). For example, "Дело" changes to
"дела".

(Plural form of masculine nouns)

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Masculine nouns in Russian usually do not have endings. However, when in plural, endings "-
и", "-ы" or "-я" should be added to the nouns.

Examples of your explanation go here: (if there are more than two examples we use a
table: see below)

Construction (if Native Language


necessary) such (only italicized for Romanization (of
"English
as gender, tense, romanized your example if
Translation"
person, etc. languages) necessary)

Masculine noun in
plural form мальчики mal'chiki boys

столы staly tables

стулья stul'ya chairs

Note: The table headings can vary but usually contain at least two of the headings above
(Native language and English translation). This works very well when you have a lot of
sample sentences, sample conjugations, etc.

(Plural form of feminine nouns)

Feminine nouns usually have the ending "-а" or "-я". So, in plural form the endings change to
"-и" or "ы".

Examples of your explanation go here: (if there are more than two examples we use a
table: see below)

Construction (if Native Language


necessary) such (only italicized for Romanization (of
"English
as gender, tense, romanized your example if
Translation"
person, etc. languages) necessary)

RUS S I ANPOD101.COM I NT RODUCT I ON #1 - A GREAT RUS S I AN CONVERS AT I ON S T ART ER: “HOW ARE YOU?” 4
Feminine nouns in
Plural form девочки devachki girls

женщины zhenshchiny women

Note: The table headings can vary but usually contain at least two of the headings above
(Native language and English translation). This works very well when you have a lot of
sample sentences, sample conjugations, etc.

CULTURAL INSIGHT

Asking your friends or relatives "Как дела?" is a common part of greetings in Russia.

In case you haven't seen your friends for ages, by asking how they are doing, you can get the
idea what they were up to from the last time you saw each other.

Also, Russians usually use this phrase when they meet their family members, for example at
the end of the day, to learn how the day was for them.

However, Russians do not usually expect being told a long story when they ask you "Как
дела?". If the things were not so good, you can answer: "Не очень" ("Ne ochen"), which
means "not really good" and then if there is a follow up question like "Почему?" ("Pachemu"),
or "why", you can provide detailed explanation.

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