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DESIGN OF R.C.

C CHIMNEY
SUBJECT NAME = DESIGN OF TALL STRUCTURES
SUBJECT CODE = 2732005

PREPARED BY :-
CHIRAG MULCHANDANI (160410720007)
ALIABBAS RETIWALA (160410720017)
SAMIR PRAJAPATI (160410720015)
ARJAV PATEL (160410720009)

GIVEN DATA :-
EXTERNAL DIAMETER AT TOP 1.7 m
EXTERNAL DIAMETER AT BASE 6 m
SHELL THICKNESS AT TOP 200 mm
SHELL THICKNESS AT BASE 500 mm
WIND INTENSITY 1.8 KN/m2
THICKNESS OF BRICK LINING 100 mm
AIR GAP 100 mm
TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE 70 C
COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION 0.000011 /C
Es 210000 N/mm2
DENSITY OF BRICK LINING 20 KN/m3
GRADE OF CONCRETE 40 N/mm2
GRADE OF STEEL 415 N/mm2

SOLUTION :-

13 N/mm2
230 N/mm2
m 7.18 (280/(3σ_cbc)
LOAD AT BASE SECTION :-

AVG. DIAMETER OF SHELL AT TOP 1.5 m


AVG. DIAMETER OF SHELL AT BASE 4.6 m
AVG. THICKNESS OF SHELL 0.35 m
WEIGHT OF SHELL 8384.12 KN
DIAMETER OF BRICK LINING AT MID-HEIGHT 2.75 m
WEIGHT OF BRICK LINING 1727.87 KN
TOTAL DEAD WEIGHT W ON THE BASE SECTION (W) 10111.99 KN
AREA OBSTRUCTING WIND 385 m2
SHAPE FACTOR 0.7
WIND LOAD 485.1 KN
ITS RESULTANT MAY BE TAKEN AS ACTING AT A HEIGHT 50 m
MOMENT (M) DUE TO WIND LOAD 24255 KN.m
ECCENTRICITY e = (M/W) 2399 mm

REINFORCEMENT :-

LET US USE 1 PER CENT VERTICAL REINFORCEMENT


Ast AT BASE SECTION 72257 mm2
SELECT DIA OF BAR 25
NUMBER OF BARS REQUIRED 147.2 Nos
PROVIDE NUMBER OF BARS 149
THICKNESS OF EQUIVALENT STEEL RING 5 mm
STRESSES AT BASE SECTION DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT AND WIND LOAD

LET US TRY

α 70 α (IN RADIANS) 1.222 NOTE 1 DEGREE = 0.0175 RADIAN

R 2300 mm
tc 500 mm
ts 5 mm
Sin2α 0.6427892
(Π-α) 1.920
Sinα 0.939692
Cosα 0.3420211

e 1696.9114 mm

α 84 α (IN RADIANS) 1.466

R 2300 mm
tc 500 mm
ts 5 mm
Sin2α 0.2079141
(Π-α) 1.676
Sinα 0.994522
Cosα 0.1045297

e 1936.41 mm

α 100 α (IN RADIANS) 1.745

R 2300 mm
tc 500 mm
ts 5 mm
Sin2α -0.3420174
(Π-α) 1.396
Sinα 0.984808
Cosα -0.1736467

e 2383.9922 mm

FIND OF THE Ϭc BY GIVEN EQUATION

R 2300 mm
W 10111.99 KN
tc 500 mm
ts 5 mm
Sinα 0.984808
(Π-α) 1.396 347.5962
Cosα -0.1736467

5.226003 N/mm2

SAFE

53.28865 N/mm2

THE STRESSES IN STEEL AND CONCRETE ARE WITHIN THE SAFE LIMITS

HOOP REINFORCEMENT :-

SHEAR AT THE BASE OF THE CHIMNEY (H) 485.1 KN


MEAN DIAMETER 4600 mm
LEVEL AREA (D1) DISTANCE BETWEEN THE CENTRES OF STEEL 4500 mm
(MEAN DIAMETER -(2 x COVER)
PROVIDE 10mm BARS OF 200 mm c/c AS HOOP REINFORCEMENT
THEN FIND

137.25534 N/mm2
SAFE

CHECK FOR COMBINED STRESSES DUE TO SELF-WEIGHT, WIND AND TEMPERATURE EFFECT :-

(A) LEEWARD SIDE

tc 500 mm
ts 5 mm
LET COVER BE 50 mm, THEN (a x tc = 350)
a 0.7
PERCENTAGE STEEL ( p = (ts/tc) )
p 0.01 ÷
α 0.000011 /C
m 7.18
Ec 29250 N/mm2
(Ec = (Es/m)

5.226003 N/mm2

4.0559944
2.0279972 k2 0.29476 k -1.20633
1 k2 0.145346 k -0.59484
SOLVE ABOVE EQUATION
K 0.702

15.81 N/mm2

PERMISSIBLE VALUE 1.33x Ϭcbc 17.29 N/mm2


SAFE

(B) WINDWORD SIDE

53.28865 N/mm2
41.754512
-20.877256 k2 -3.03442 k 1.124092
1 k2 0.145346 k -0.05384

k 0.170482

3.83968 N/mm2
< 1.33x Ϭcbc
SAFE

85.62 N/mm2
<
SAFE

STRESSES IN HOOP STEEL

k' 0.254

5.7313296 N/mm2
SAFE

72.041993 N/mm2
SAFE

HENCE THE DESIGN IS SAFE AT BASE