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Defense

Support
to
Civil
Authorities
(DSCA)
Defense Support to Civil Authority
....DoD Homeland Defense
and
Homeland Security
Policy Overview
Col Chris Buescher USMCR
LtCol Mike Zwingle USMCR
LtCol Hal Kempfer USMCR

Marine Emergency Preparedness


Liaison Officer (MEPLO) Team
FEMA Region IX (CA/AZ/NV/HI)
Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Flight Line – Oct 2003
The fire line nears a Scripps Ranch development.
National Response Plan
„ Signed into law in Nov 05, supersedes federal
response plan
„ Lead Federal Agencies – situation dependent
„ Requires compliance to National Incident
Management System (NIMS)
„ NIMS is essentially ICS (incident cmd system,
ref SEMS in California)
„ Military also must be NIMS compliant
„ All-Hazards focus (HSPD 5 & 8)
DoD Civil Military Policy

„ Immediate response authorities for local commanders


„ Request for assistance formally processed
„ DSCA versus MSCA
„ Asset of last resort…last in first out
„ In support role…not in charge
„ TACON remains with Title 10 commander

„ Commander works “in support of” civil authority

„ DoD will support Lead Federal Agency for HLS


„ DoD is LFA for HLD role
„ Within the law and approved protocols

„ USNORTHCOM and PACOM


The Domestic
Response Challenge
All emergencies are local - EVERYBODY HAS TO BE READY
Responders need to be able to work together
Severity of Emergency

DHS DOD
Coordinate Federal Military
Response Capabilities
Federal
Specialized Assets
se
on

Regional Assets
sp

National Guard
State
Re

Fire /Rescue Mutual Aid


Law Enforcement HAZMAT
Emergency Management Urban Search & Rescue
Emergency Medicine Communications
Public Information
Local
Time
Our Role in Protecting the Homeland
DoD’s
Priority

Unique Area of Extraordinary


Responsibility
Circumstances
Specialized
Capabilities

Emergency
Circumstances
Temporary
Circumstances

Execute OPLANS

Special Events Support to Domestic Domestic CBRNE


Counter Narcotics Disaster Relief Civil Support Incident Mgmt
Circumstances for
DoD Military Activity in the U.S.

„ Extraordinary – Combat operations inside the U.S.


• Combat Air Defense
• Specialized Explosive Ordnance Disposal

„ Emergency – Military support to civil authorities


• Consequence management for disasters, terrorist attacks, etc.
• Logistics, mobility, supply, etc.

„ Temporary – Temporary support to civil authorities


• Special Events
• Training First Responders
• Support to Law Enforcement
Immediate Response

• Imminent serious conditions --Take actions to:


- Save Lives
- Prevent Human Suffering
- Mitigate great property damage

• When conditions and time do not permit approval from higher


headquarters

• Must inform military chain of command ASAP

Commander’s call…
Commander’s ultimate responsibility
DSCA and the Marine Corps
„ “We are Expeditionary Warfighters – it’s not really
our mission”

„ The National Guard does that…

„ We have other commitments around the world that


precludes Marine assets from being employed…

„ Where are the Army and National Guard that are


normally on Hawaii?
Department of Defense
Civil Support Mission

„ Provide mutual assistance

„ Plan, prepare, and apply resources


to mitigate domestic emergencies

„ Support civil authorities response


to emergencies

„ Assist other Federal departments


and agencies
DoD in support of civil authorities
„ Coordinate support from DoD to
civil authorities and interagency

„ Provide continuity of operations


Key Players

„ ASD Homeland Defense


„ Joint Staff – Joint Director of Military Support
„ JFCOM
„ Military Services
„ Unified Commanders
„ USNORTHCOM

„ USPACOM

„ Joint Task Force Commander

„ Defense Coordinating Officer & Defense


Coordinating Element
„ Emergency Preparedness Liaison Officers
Chain Of Authority

Secretary of Defense

ASD Homeland Defense


CJCS
Executive Agent (DSCA/HLD)
Joint Director of Military Support

DoD Action Agent Military Departments

NORTHCOM/PACOM
Supporting Commanders
DoD Principal Planning Agents

Service Components Service Lead


Principal Planning Agents Regional Planning Agents
Joint Director Of Military Support

„ Ensures Executive Agent responsibilities for planning and


execution are performed
„ Direct/validate Defense Support to Civil Authority missions
„ Manage Defense Support to Civil Authority expenditures
„ Direct/coordinate development of generic and incident-
specific plans through DoD Principal Planning Agents
„ Provide authorizations to perform emergency work
Military Departments/Services

„ Organize, train, equip, & provide forces


„ Assign Emergency Preparedness Liaison Officers
„ Provide support, as required, by ASD Homeland Defense
DoD Principal Planning Agents

„ Direct assigned Service Components in their AOR to:

„ Maintain liaison with Lead Federal Agencies

„ Develop supporting DSCA plans

„ Train response personnel – formal training and


exercises

„ Provide DSCA response (personnel, facilities,


equipment) as directed by Executive Agent

„ Activate Regional/State EPLOs to coordinate


emergency response operations
Response - Recovery
Continuum
Incident Response Recovery

Incident Commander

State Coordinating Officer

Federal Coordinating Officer

Immediate Defense Coordinating Officer


Response
Commander
JTF Commander
Execution Sequence Of Events
DoD Assets Deployed
FCO @ DFO
Assigns RFA to DCO
Appropriate Federal Validates RFA and
Agency for Sends Valid
Validation/Execution Missions to…
DCO For DoD
Resources
Local/State Officials Combatant Commander,
JDOMS, or Service Lead
Initiates RFA & Sends
to FCO Sources/Tasks Forces
(EXORD) to Complete RFA
Mission

COORD

*Joint Staff
Any Deployment of Unified
Combatant Commander
DCO Forces or Equipment must
After RFA is Complete,
DCO Releases Forces Has OPCON Of be Coordinated with CJCS
Back to Home Unit Forces in Field
Forces Complete
RFA Mission
Joint Task Force
Large Disaster

„ Combatant Commander (PPA)


directs a JTF to deploy
High Visibility
„ The DCO requests JTF support

„ Multiple DFOs - DoD response Span of Control


requires prioritization of “low
density, high demand” resources
Multiple DFOs
„ High “political” visibility
JTF Trigger Determined on
Case-by-Case Basis
DoD Logistical Support Structure

„ Base Support Installation: An installation of any


service or defense agency within a relative proximity
to an operational area designated to pre-position
selected federal resources and provide inter-
service/joint administrative and logistical support to
deployed DoD forces during domestic support
operations.

„ Note: A BSI may also be designated as a Federal


Mobility Center (MOB). In this case, the BSI/MOB would
provide logistical support for DoD and other Federal
agencies.
Typical BSI Support Functions

„ Maintenance for common


equipment
„ Supply and distribution
„ Forward assembly areas,
marshalling, staging or
mobilization areas
„ Airfield control group/airlift
control
„ Administrative and logistical
support to FEMA Urban Search
& Rescue Teams
Typical BSI Support Functions

Subsistence

Transportation

Contracting

and Purchasing Services


Typical BSI Support Functions

Airfield Emergency

Operations Medical Service


Deployment Considerations by BSI Commanders

Life and property in immediate danger, no commercial asset available, all


local and State assets have been exhausted, State has requested
Federal/DoD assistance, length of mission, cost reimbursement and a
current MOU is in place – or as directed…
• National Response Plan (NRP) operates in accordance
with the Incident Command System (ICS) and NIMS

• All DoD installations/bases must be in compliance


with NRP/NIMS

• The Fed Response Plan (FRP) Provides the mechanism for coordinating the
delivery of Federal assistance and resources to augment the efforts of State and
local authorities overwhelmed by a major disaster or emergency
UNCLASSIFIED

USNORTHCOM C2
JTF – FIRE FIGHTING
Peterson AFB, CO

USNORTHCOM
Norfolk, VA

Tyndall, FL
Ft McPherson, GA
MARFORNORTH
JFLCC JFACC Tyndall, FL
(ARNORTH) (1 AF)
LNO

TF West
(5th ARMY) Point Mugu, CA

Point Mugu, CA
JTF-FF
DCO/ MEPLO
FEMA DCE Boise, ID
Boise, ID

LNO NIFC

NC CA WY CO CA CA

145 AEU 146 AEU 153 AEU 302 AEU MAG 16 USMC
COCOM MAFFS 7,8 MAFFS 4,6 MAFFS 1,3 MAFFS 2,5 6 x Helo’s FIRE BN
OPCON
OPCON As Required
COORD
UNCLASSIFIED / FOUO

National Security Special Event


…..DNC Command and Control (“Dual Hat”)

DOD USSS* FEMA* FBI* LFAs*


JDOMS
JDOMS

USCG
USCG MACC
MACC
NORAD
NORAD USNORTHCOM
USNORTHCOM State
State
AL ST
JFACC ER AT
JFACC E D E
F 10
NORAD
NORAD LNOs
LNOs JTF
JTF DNC
DNC
AD
AD Assets
Assets Local LE
(BG
(BG Pappas)**
Pappas)**
NC
NC Augmentation
Augmentation

Deputy is from NC*** Deputy for State TBD


Title 10
Title 10 T32/SAD
T32/SAD **JTF CDR, from MA NG, is on Title 10
orders, but maintains State Command
Forces
Forces Forces
Forces status IAW FY 2004 NDAA, Sec 516
JTF has DIRLAUTH w/LFAs

Additional
RFF(s) for T10
T32/SAD Forces Command
***NC-J3 Forces as req’d
As req’d Coordination
UNCLASSIFIED / FOUO
NORTHCOM
Service Principal Planning Agents
Air
Force National
Security Emergency
Preparedness

FORSCOM

COMLANTFLT

MARFORRES/NORTH
NORTHCOM AOR
Force Providers
Air Combat Command

Forces Command
Forces Provided IAW
MOU/MOA

COMPACFLT
COMLANTFLT

MARFORPAC
MARFORLANT MARFORRES
Marine EPLO – FEMA Region IX USMC
MSCA Command Relationship Flow Chart
JTF-CS
or JTF-CM
II MEF MARFORNORTH (MFL)
(757) 836-1644/0733

DCO/DCE
Marine Corps
Bases (CA/AZ)
Camp Pendleton
(760) 725-5617/5618
HQMC (PS 2)
Barstow
(703) 695-7366 FCO/ESFs
(760) 577-6961
29 Palms
(760) 830-7200/6944 MEPLO
Miramar
(858) 577-4277
Yuma I MEF MARFORPAC
(928) 269-6559 (808) 477-8642/0077
(760) 725-9114
Bridgeport
(760) 932-8231
MCRD MARFORRES
(619) 524-8700 (504) 678-8701

Marine Bases Pacific


(808) 477-0077
Duties of the MEPLO
USMC MEPLO Distribution
I
X

VIII II

IX III
VII
V

IV
VI

1-3 MEPLOs Per Region (30 Total)


1 MEPLO – Hq First Army (?)
1 MEPLO – Hq Fifth Army (?)
Lead MEPLO – MFR HQ (?)
EPLO Coordination
“It’s not so much what you know, but who you know”

„ Visit and train with DCO/DCE


„ Visit/brief:
„ State/local EMAs and EOCs

„ Coast Guard, Corps of Engineers, installation/Service’s commands

„ Work as a team with the other EPLOs


„ Participate in planning meetings, exercises, conferences, training
„ Prepare as backup for other EPLO(s)
„ Work with the National Guard Joint Force HQ’s
„ Meet and brief TAG, POTO, POMSO

„ Participate in State and National Guard DP exercises

„ Review and evaluate National Guard contingency plans


EPLO Assignments
States

National Guard Unified


DHS EPRD Joint Force HQ Combatant
Regions Commander HQ

Federal MACOMs
Agencies OES
Installations

EPLO
EPLO Structure
Principal
Regional EPLO Most Experienced

Regional EPLO
1 Per Region Min
10 Regions

State EPLO 1 Per State Min


Regional EPLO Team
Principal
EPLO

Army USAF USMC Navy Corps Of


Element Element Element Element Engineers

Medical

Note:
„ Liaison officers remain under C2 and DISA
administration of parent services
„ Principal EPLO provides policy guidance Defense
for team Logistics
Agency
Domestic Emergency
Coordination
Joint Field Office

State OES Military Services


National Guard Agencies

DCO

EPLO

JRMP

Supporting Federal
DHS - EPRD
Agencies
Getting “Into the Fight” –
The Flow for Marines

FCO/DCO Civil-Military Actions

JDOMS/NORTHCOM
Joint Actions
JFCOM

MARFORNORTH (MFL/MFR)
Marine Corps Actions
MFP/MCBP/TECOM/MCLC

Ex: I MEF/CPEN/29 Palms/Barstow


Call In the MEPLOs
„ FEMA Region IX MEPLO Team
„ Col Chris Buescher USMCR (NoCal/Bay Area)
„ LtCol Hal Kempfer USMCR (SoCal/LA Area)
„ LtCol Mike Zwingle USMCR (NoCal/Bay Area)

„ MEPLOs are few, so routinely back-up other regions


for exercises or real events – and work Jointly with
other services, even the Army if we have too…

„ MEPLOs assigned to/by


MARFORRES/MARFORNORTH,
„ but in FEMA Region IX also have USPACOM/MFR AO
coverage