Mr 6 2017 Problems

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Mr 6 2017 Problems

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J427. ind all complex numbers x, y, z which satisfy simultaneously the equations:

x + y + z = 1, x3 + y 3 + z 3 = 1, x2 + 2yz = 4.

2x[x] + 2{x} = 2017,

where [a] denotes the greatest integer not greater than a and {a} is the fractional part of a.

1 1

1− 3 1 − 3 ≥ 49.

x y

√

J430. In triangle ABC, ∠C > 90◦ and 3a + 15ab + 5b = 7c. Prove that ∠C ≤ 120◦ .

J431. Let a, b, c, d, e be real numbers in the interval [1, 2]. Prove that

a2 + b2 + c2 + d2 + e2 − 3abcde ≤ 2.

Senior Problems

2017

z+ =4−i

w

2018

w+ = 4 + i.

z

S428. Let a, b, c be nonnegative real numbers, not all zero, such that ab + bc + ca = a + b + c. Prove

that

1 1 1 5

+ + ≤

1+a 1+b 1+c 3

S429. Let ABC be a triangle and let M be a point in its plane. Prove that for all positive real

numbers x, y, z the following inequality holds

yz zx xy

xM A2 + yM B 2 + zM C 2 > a2 + b2 + c2 .

2(y + z) 2(z + x) 2(x + y)

π 1

sin ≥ ,

2n n

for all positive integers n.

1 1 1 3

2

+ 2

+ 2

≥

(1 + a) (1 + b) (1 + c) 4

S432. Let d be an open half-disk of diameter AB and h be the half-plane defined by the line AB

and containing d. Let X be a point on d and let Y and Z be points in h on the semicircles of

diameters AX and BX, respectively. Prove that

AY · BZ + XY · XZ ≤ AX 2 − AX · BX + BX 2 .

Undergraduate Problems

Z

f (x, y) dx dy.

R2

(1 + a2 b2 )c (1 + b2 c2 )a (1 + c2 a2 )b ≥ 1 + 9a2 b2 c2 .

U429. Let n ≥ 2 be an integer and let A be an n × n real matrix in which exactly (n − 1)2 entries

are zero. Prove that if B is an n × n matrix with all entries nonzero numbers, then BA can

not be a nonsingular diagonal matrix.

U430. Let A and B be 3 × 3 matrices with complex numbers entries, such that

U431. Evaluate Z t√ Z t

1 1 x

lim 1 + ex dx and lim ee dx

t→0 t 0 t→0 t 0

U432. For every point P (x, y, z) on the unit sphere, consider the points Q(y, z, x) and R(z, x, y). For

every point A on the sphere, denote ∠(AOP ) = p, ∠(AOQ) = q and ∠(AOR) = r. Prove that

√ p

cos q + cos r ≤ 2 3 sin .

2

Olympiad Problems

O427. Let ABC be a triangle and ma , mb , mc be the lengths of its medians. Prove that

√

3 (ama + bmb + cmc ) ≤ 2s2 .

x2 + y 2 = n(x − y)

x2 + y 2 = 2017(x − y).

Vlad Crişan, Göttingen, Germany

s s s

1 1 1 1 1 1

2 + +1+ 2

+ +1≥2 2

+ + 1.

rb rc rc rb ha ha

2n

O430. Find the number of positive integers n ≤ 106 such that 5 divides

n .

64

a2 + b2 + c2 + d2 + abcd ≥ 3.

27

O432. Let ABCDEF be a cyclic hexagon which contains an inscribed circle. Denote by ωA , ωB , ωC , ωD , ωE

and ωF the inscribed circle in the triangle F AB, ABC, BCD, CDE, DEF and EF A, respec-

tively. Let `AB be the external common tangent of ωA and ωB , other than the line AB;

lines `BC , `CD , `DE , `EF and `F A are defined analogously. Let A1 be the intersection of the

lines `F A and `AB , B1 the intersection of the lines `AB and `BC ; points C1 , D1 , E1 and F1

are defined analogously. Suppose that A1 B1 C1 D1 E1 F1 is a convex hexagon. Prove that its

diagonals A1 D1 , B1 E1 and C1 F1 are concurrent.

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