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The Baldwin Piano.. .

You can see why it sounds better

The designer of a console piano is faced with an important decision on the type of action to
use. Most manufacturers use a compressed action with small parts because the strike point
of the hammers is not high enough to allow room for a full-size direct blow action. We
prefer to use full-size parts with pick-up fingers.
True, the compressed action is somewhat easier to remove and replace. But it has the built-
in disadvantage of operating on greater arcs of motion, with added rubbing friction. That
means less dependability and far more frequent service. In our Full-Blow Action our full-
size parts travel on smaller arcs of rotation so there is less wear on the action centers.
Again, because of the greater arcs of motion, the compressed action has a reduced rate of
repetition. In contrast, our researchers have found that our Full-Blow Action repeats at an
average rate that is 23 percent faster than a compressed action.

In summary our Full-Blow Action adds up to a very impressive advantage when it comes to
tonal performance - consistent full-power blows from full-sized parts, reduced wear on ac-
tion parts, and an extremely fast repetition rate.
Sixth in a series of informative ads on piano tone published by Baldwin exclusively for the benefit of piano technicians.
R-i _...... -.. ~~~~
Schaff is now a Distri- R-9 SPOONBENOER(UP1 T-3 WOODENMUTE
butorfortoolsimported R-10 CAPSTANSCREWWRENCH T-4 WOODENMUTE
by Yamaha International R-11 DAMPERREGULATOR T-9 TIP
Board Official Publication Of The Volume 29
Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. Number 10
PO Box- 10386
Oxon Hill, MD 20745 IN THlS ISSUE...
(301) 567-2757
4 16
Vice President
6520 Parker Lane
Indianapolis, IN 46220
(317) 255-8213 PERSPECTIVE Later history of the Sil-
ROBERT SMIT, RTT The true assets of an bermann pianos; Schro-
Secretary-Treasurer association. ter’s piano action.
17 Carmichael Court By M.B. Hawkins By Jack Greenfield
Kanata, ON, Canada K2K 1Kl
(613) 592-6907 (H)
(613) 828-1292 (WJ
Immediate Past President
34 Jacklin Court
Clifton, NJ 07012

Part II.
By Yat-Lam Hong
(201) 473-1341 Your image: the job is
Northeast Regional Vice President
811 Amherst Drive
Rome, NY 13440
(315) 337-4193
Southeast Regional Vice President
Skyland Drive, Box 248. RFD 2
An update on the Guild
history search. 11 Letters
Powell, TN 37849
(615) 945-2639
By Richard Quint 11 Industry News
NOLAN P. ZERINGUE, RTT 26 Auxiliary Exchange
South Central Regional Vice President 28 Membership
619 Barbier Avenue THE
Thibodaux, LA 70301
(504) 446-6812
Coming Events

Central East Regional Vice President Damper wire plating,

303 Leland grand rebuilding, what’s
Bloomington, IL 61701
new, tech tips, tips for
(309) 829-8359
apprentices, and the
Central West Regional Vice President dumb sales claim contest. Close-up section of a custom
1307 South Maple By Jack Krefting replacement pinblock.
Sioux City, IA 51106
(712) 276-3176
Western Regional Vice President
1012 Dunbarton Circle
Sacramento. CA 95825
(916) 454-4748
Staff Copyright October 1986. Articles published in the Piano Technicians Journal repre-
BARBARA PARKS sent only the opinions of the author and not those of the Piano Technicians Guild,
Executive Director Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be copied or reproduced in
any form, by mimeograph or by any other means, without permission from the pub-
LARRY GOLDSMITH lisher, the Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. The words, “The Piano Technicians Guild,
Executive Director Designate Inc.” and the logo are registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office - Unau-
MIRIAM PATTERSON thorized use is strictly prohibited.
Director of Member Services
Technical Editor The Piano Technicians Journal (ISSN 0031 9562) is the official publication of The
Piano Technicians Guild, Inc., 9140 Ward Parkway, Kansas City, MO 64114. The
Journal is published monthly, with two issues in December. Second class postage paid
Recorded Journal Reader
at Kansas City, MO., US ISSN 0031 9562 foreign and domestic. POSTMASTER: send
JUDY HAAG address changes to: Piano Technicians Journal, 9140 Ward Parkway, Kansas City,
Subscriptions/Advertising MO 64114.
9140 Ward Parkway Annual subscription price: $85 (US) for one year; $155 (US) for two years; $7.50 (US)
Kansas City, MO 64114 per single copy. Piano Technicians Guild members receive the Piano Technicians
(816) 444-3500 Journal for $45 per year as part of their membership dues.

!/October 19% Piano Technicians Journal

Sanderson Accu-Tuners and
Accu-Tech Tool Cases.

Too/ cdses _designed to carry the

Sanderson Accu-Tuner (or Sight-O-
Tuner) and tools. Three sizes ava~labie
Professi6nal in appearance. Call or
write for price and details. Purchase
an Accu-Tuner and a case and recefve
2 free turunys pre-programmed into
your Accu-Tuner. Robert Conrad,
6405 Wyandotte, Kansas City, MO
$4113. Phone (816) 444-4344.


No machlne WIII ever fully replace a fine tuners muslcal gemus But the Hale $399 Net
Sight-O-Tuner electronic tumng devtce WII complement your skills It allows
YOUto tune anv olano faster and more accuratelv than vou ever thouaht was
1 I
briefcase. Bnng It Indoors or outdoors It’s battery operated to ellmlnate lhne
possible ’ or mlcrophone worries
Even III the noisiest environment. you choose whtch note you want to tune Every professlonal tuner, music or orchestra dlrector could use and
and it WIII tune that note only Extraneous sounds won’t affect the special should have one
tunmg light on the HALE SIGHT-O-TUNER. You can also tune faint notes, Let the HALE SIGHT-O-TUNER make your tuning easier Jom the thou-
from uo to 30 feet Or mdlvldual harmonics. Or wild strlnas sands of people, includtng the late Arthur Fledler, who already have
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October 1986 Plan0 Technmns Journal/3

Most of the time one hears Actually, there are many ave-
about assets the thought that nues to do this. Our chapters
comes to mind is something hav- have various committees which
ing to do with a financial report. function as development stages
The One dictionary definition is that for new and exciting ideas. Then
there are organizational commit-
of a valuable object or favorable
President’s circumstance which adds tees which cover a wide range of
strength and support or which subjects. Oh yes, we almost for-
Perspective benefits in any way. I like that got to mention the newsletter as
definition because the type of a means of communicating
assets I’m thinking of are non- thoughts and ideas.
financial. The intangible nature These only scratch the surface
of non-financial assets is abso- because we have so far only
lutely vital for true success. mentioned communication
They can actually eclipse the within our organization. When
importance of any financial we move outside our own group
asset. there is another entire world
When I think of intangible waiting for our input. After all,
assets the thing that stands out we are the ones who spend the
for me is enthusiasm. Possessed time to become more knowledge-
with an intensive desire to able relative to the piano. It is
achieve a stated goal, all sur- our responsibility to not only
roundings will be charged with upgrade ourselves but then
enthusiasm. The enthusiastic share what we have learned
charge is like electricity; get with the owners and users of
M. B. Hawkins
close enough to it and you will those thousands upon thousands
be affected. An organization that of pianos who need and desire
exudes enthusiasm actually the service we have to offer.
challenges its members. It chal-
lenges its members with many
The True Assets opportunities.
Meeting and becoming friends
Earlier I said an organization
that exudes enthusiasm chal-
Of An Assobiation with a larger body of technicians
is unique in itself as members of
lenges its members with oppor-
tunities. I believe it is clear that
our group constantly find out. It the opportunities are present
is great to be able to draw upon and they are present because of
the expertise of fellow profes- the high energy of so many of
sionals literally from around the our members. Enthusiasm does
world. Don’t miss the opportu- exude and it is only one non-
nity to vary your participation financial asset. If you don’t have
as you share your ideas with it, get in its path. It’s going
others. around. Let’s cause an epidemic.=


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xober 19% Pian?%?h%ks Journal

Our perform
is letterperfect.
We were very pleased to receive letters from We establisheda full time service department
Walter T. Pearson,Lew Herwig and Stephen Davis and a parts inventory at our headquarters in South-
last spring becausewe’ve been trying to reach ern California to keep parts and information within
them for 30 years. easy access.And last spring, we finally got word
That’s when Young Chang began crafting pianos from some of the people that mattered to us most.
in Korea. From the very beginning we wanted to We hope to hear from you with questions,advice
create fine instruments of unmatched value and and recommendations on how we can further
support them with a bold warranty that would improve our products and service.Becausewhen
challenge other manufacturers to stand behind it comes to creating fine instruments and support-
their products as well. We wanted to keep our ing them, we intend to earn our letters.
pianos performing their best year after year. And For more technical information, please call Ray
we recognized that tuners, technicians, rebuilders Chandler at 213/926-3200.Or write to him at Young
and piano supply professionalswould be the ones Chang TechnicalServices,13336Alondra Boulevard,
to let us know when we met our goals. Cerritos,CA 90701for a free copy of our Service
So we constantly refined our designs and man- Guide and Technical Specifications Manual.
ufacturing techniques until our pianos were recog-
nized as quality instruments by respected piano
care professionalsthroughout the world.
“Always work on the advantage of the psychological
assumption that ‘the job is boss.’ boost by tackling other tough
The problem is the controlling chores, or do you bask in your
factor, not your opinion or accomplishment and ease up for
authority. When you wish to be the rest of the day or week?
FROM THE forceful, let the force arise not 5. Do you present your ideas
from your authority, but from clearly, in a logical sequence?
EXECUTIVE the needs of the job, the urgency 6. Do you view problems as
of the situation. Talk the lan- barriers to getting your work
DlRECTOR guage of business, not of emotion done, or do you see them as part
or personal vanity.” of the work for which you are
The writer is Ted Pollock, in responsible?
the August 1986 DOOFS& Hard- 7. When faced with a prob-
ware magazine, an odd source of lem, do you try to isolate the key
information for piano techni- element on the supposition that
cians, perhaps. However, Pol- if you can crack it, everything
lock’s article deals with some else will fall into place?
things at the very heart of cus- 8. Do you get to work on a
tomer relations. problem as soon as you become
“People tend to respond to the aware of it, or do you tend to put
attitudes and ,actions expressed it off in the hope that it may
by others in similar ways. Act magically take care of itself?
politely toward someone and he 9. Have you devised any new
will respond in kind. Display work methods or procedures that
hostility and you will also get reduce waste, save time or con-
Barbara Parks back what you give. There is an serve material?
Executive Director unconscious urge to live up - or 10. Are you aware of any
down - to the opinions others biases, preconceived notions or
appear to demonstrate toward personal flaws that inhibit your
us.” creativity - for example, dis-
Pollock included a 28-point counting the abilities of others,
self-evaluation test of the way assuming that certain facts are
we present ourselves. Here are a unobtainable or giving up too
few of his questions, adapted in soon? If you are aware of them,
Your Image: some cases to the different
requirements of someone who
do you consciously ward them off
while in the throes of creativity?
The Job operates his own service
business. By stepping back and taking
Is Boss 1. What is your reaction to a
an unbiased look at ourselves,
we can spot weaknesses that
request to perform a service dif- might keep us from fulfilling our
ferent from any you have done potential. It’s easy to get so
before? Apprehension? Enthu- caught up in our daily processes
siastic anticipation? and procedures that we don’t see
2. Are you generally confident our situation clearly. Next time
about your ability to adapt to you deal with a client, be con-
new circumstances? scious of the way you present
3. Do you stay on top of your yourself and your ideas. By occa-
paperwork and does the way you sionally “taking inventory” of
conduct business by mail and our most important business
telephone speak well of you? asset - ourselves - we can
4. When things are going work more effectively and serve
exceptionally well, do you take our customers better. n

‘October 1986 Piano Technicrans Journal

You may remember the impaired man of 85 years who
first of these articles which has a very interesting story to
appeared in the February issue tell. In fact, he does just that in
of the Journal. In that writing, I a book he wrote, entitled “But
asked for input to help in com- You Can Feel It.” When I went
piling our history. I mentioned to talk with him, he sold me a
some of the things I had learned copy of his book, and I have
at that time. Since then, I have found it fascinating. It is a book
learned a great deal more, and I that any member of the family
am sure there is still a lot more. can enjoy, about how a man with
This, then, is sort of a report of very little sight and less money
my findings and knowledge made his way through college,
OUR gained concerning our history to earned a degree in education
the general membership. and went on to be a benefactor
BEGINNINGS I was asked to prepare a dis- to other blind folks.
play of old pictures, etc., for the As you know, Mrs. Pollard’s
membership booth at convention husband Allen was executive
in Las Vegas this past July and secretary for the PTG for a num-
be sort of an historian. I also ber of years. One floor of his
Richard Quint took along my video equipment house in Houston was filled with
Waukegan, IL, Chapter for interviewing some of our sen- files of correspondence and other
ior members on video tape. I memorabilia. He passed away
found considerable interest in some years ago, and Mrs. Pol-
An Update the project and some very gra-
cious folks agreed to a taped
lard has since moved from that
house. Much of the material is
On The Guild interview.
The first person I taped was
being kept in storage for her by
Ronald Sanford in Houston. Last
History Search Errol “Put” Crowl, but made the
mistake of trying to do it in the
spring, I was visiting my daugh-
ter in Austin and took a side
membership booth area. Need- trip to Houston to visit Mr. San-
less to say, background noise ford and look at some of the files
made that one useless. Two and and correspondence. We spent
a half hours gone. Well, Put said about four hours and hardly
he didn’t mind doing it again, so skimmed the surface. There
this time we used my hotel must be six or eight hundred
room. Folks, he talked solid for pounds of paper there. Needless
over three hours, and I can’t edit to say, there are more items of
out a thing. Every word is price- history in those records than one
less. I also interviewed Mrs. would find in the old magazines.
Ruth Pollard, and that went on On a cold January day (nine
for over an hour and again, I below zero), Ralph Kingsbury
have to save every word. came for a taped interview
Another interesting person was which is nearly two hours long. I
Fred Drasche of Steinway, who learned a lot from that one, too.
came up for an interview along In addition, he gave me some old
with his delightful wife. photographs which were on dis-
I didn’t have time to tape any play at convention. All of these
others due to their schedules, tapes were shown on a monitor
etc., but there are many more just outside the exhibit area and
who have a great deal to contrib- were viewed by many.
ute. I have found that part of the Next year at Toronto, Dick
history consists of more than Bittinger has promised me a
just the activities of the organ- room to use just for interviews
ization. It is the history and and I have some folks who have
background of the people who agreed to be taped. Among them
make it all work. Some of the are Emil Fries and Stanley
folks who were very influential Oliver. Perhaps you might know
did not hold office but did some of others or can be of help your-
very important things behind self. Believe me, I need all the
the scenes. One very interesting input I can get.
man is Emil Fries, who became One thing I don’t have much
a member of the Hall of Fame information on is the revival of
this year. Emil is a sight- Continued on next page

1 O/October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal

History ... blanks in the history.
It has also occurred to me
extremely interesting.
I do have some copies of the
NAPT in the 40s. As we men- that there is probably a great Tuners Journal dating back to
tioned last time, NAPT kind of deal of history contained in the 1913 which Larry Goldsmith
fell apart during the depression records of “divisions” and chap- sent me and some go up into the
years. And in 1941 ASPT was ters. We need the help of inter- 3Os, but there is a gap from
formed. Sometime during the ested chapter historians to assist about 1932 or so to the late 40s.
late 4Os, I believe NAPT came us in this area. Incidentally, if However, formal magazines
back to life and was going pretty you don’t already have a chapter really don’t contain much of the
strong at the time John Travis historian, consider naming one. real meat. By that I mean
became president and took part It can be of great value in future organizational information. All
in making the merger possible. years. If you are a new chapter, of them contain technical arti-
There is a lot of correspondence start out by getting personal his- cles and trade information which
concerning the negotiations for tories of your charter members is also very interesting and
merger in Mrs. Pollard’s files, and go on from there. If your important, but what we really
but not much on the activities of chapter history goes back to need are the stories of the “old
NAPT. Anyone having this NAPT or ASPT, find out all you timers” to add to the flavor. We
information please help us out. can from some of your older are off to a good start, but have
We don’t want to leave any members. You will find it a long way to go. Til next time..m

letters playing the poker machines!) and

were very impressed by it all.
Industry News
Dear Friends, An interesting aspect for me
was meeting people in my profes- Old Concert Halls
You will never know just how
much your prayers, thoughts and sion and learning about their life- Still The Best
cards meant to me during my styles and how they run their Modern concert halls with their
recent three-week stay in the hos- businesses and comparing notes - high-tech construction may look
pital with heart problems. During so to speak. elegant, but they do not match the
this time, I discovered one of the I attended as many classes as sound quality produced in late
best benefits of the Piano Techni- time allowed and a new experience 19th-century halls.
cians Guild, caring and sharing in for me were the “hands-on” classes. The Grosser Musikvereinssal in
time of need. Because of your We both hope to be able to Vienna, the Concertgebouw in
happy thoughts, supportive prayers attend another PTG Convention in Amsterdam, the Grosser Tonhalle-
and encouraging cards and tele- the not-too-distant future and saal in Zurich and Symphony Hall
phone calls (plus the great medical thanks once again for a great in Boston, all built before 1910, are
technology of my physician) I am “Christmas in July.” generally considered among the
now “on the road again!” Lex and Suzanne Vandervalk world’s greatest concert halls.
After receiving a pacemaker, my Queensland, Australia The limitations of the building
heart is once again beating “A- materials then in use produced the
440.” I am tuning about two pianos Dear Editor: fine acoustic qualities in these
a day and getting as much rest as One thing the Journal doesn’t halls, according to an article in the
possible, so when the busy season have that I would enjoy is letters to August issue of Mechanical Engi-
hits I will be ready. the editor. neering, a monthly publication of
Once again, Ginny and I want to I am currently writing to tell the American Society of Mechani-
thank everyone for caring during you how much I have enjoyed the cal Engineers.
our time of need. What a wonderful covers of this year’s Journals. The The halls were shoe-boxed
feeling...brotherhood! close-up photos of the different shape, long and narrow with high
Bob Russell piano parts are excellent visual ceilings and thick walls to bear the
design and I’ve appreciated them. weight of the roof. The width was
Thank you for listening. limited by the length of the wooden
Palma Richardson beams spanning the ceiling and
supporting the roof.
Dear Sirs, Editor’s note: Thank you for your Their narrow construction was
I am writing this letter to say compliments. As you can see, the the secret to good acoustics because
thank you to all the people Journal does occasionally publish it is reflected sound that reaches
involved in the organization of the letters to the editor. However, it is a the ear within a quarter of a sec-
PTG Convention in Las Vegas. technical publication, and we ond of the direct sound that is
It was a great experience for my encourage readers to address dis- important to the concert’s quality,
wife and myself to be able to cussions of technical matters to our according to Leo Beranek, a lead-
attend and we thoroughly enjoyed Technical Editor, Jack Krefting, ing acoustician and author of
every minute (when we were not Box 16066, Ludlow, KY 41016. Music, Acoustics and Architecture.
October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal/l 1


Damper Wire Plating, Grand Rebuilding

What’s New, Tech Tips, Tips for Apprentices
And The Dum-b Sales Claim Contest

Jack Krefting
Journal Technical Editor

0 ne of the fresh ideas to

emerge from our 1986 national
Damper Wire Plating rough and the bushing is eased,
the contacting surfaces will still
convention in Las Vegas was the 0: When replacing grand dam- be rough and the friction will be
appointment, by President Hawk- per felt recently, I was cleaning the as bad as before except that now
ins, of a Publications Advisory wires and noted that the color of there is excessive clearance
Committee which will explore, the metal was changing somewhat, between wire and bushing, allow-
among other things, the possible from silver to brass. Presumably ing the wire to flop around in its
publication of certain collections this means the wires are made of hole. Because the wire is now
of technical articles from the plated brass and that the plating touching just a portion of the
Journal. The Committee is is wearing off. First of all, does bushing, and even then not all
headed, appropriately enough, by this really matter, since brass the time, it seems to work more
Charlie Huether, who has been a won’t rust anyway? And if it does freely; but we have merely traded
vocal advocate of such support mutter, what should be done about one problem for another.
publications for several years. it? Lubrication seems a reasonable
Readers are encouraged to sug- alternative at first glance, but
gest favorite articles that could will not solve the problem in the
stand collectively in book form, Ai They are indeed made of long term because no lubricant
either a related series by a single brass, partly for reasons of lon- will stay in the bushing or on the
author or a collection of articles gevity but mainly to make them wire without evaporating, attract-
on a given topic by various easy to bend and twist for adjust- ing dirt, or otherwise changing its
authors. ment. If they were not plated, properties. Shrinking solutions,
And speaking of article series, however, normal corrosion from such as the methanol-and-water
we are once again in need of a elements in the air and in the treatment commonly applied to
few good authors who will write guide rail bushings would cause a tight action centers, won’t work
on a continuing basis. Please send chemical reaction at the bearing either because the wire isn’t suffi-
a sample article, such as the first surface of the brass, sooner or ciently tight in its bushing to
of the series, together with an later causing sluggishness in compress it when liquid is
outline of the material to be cov- operation. Faced with such a situ- applied. It may well be too tight
ered in the remaining articles. If ation, the technician might be to work freely, but not tight
you can write clearly and feel tempted to ease the bushings or enough to allow a shrinking solu-
that you have something of tech- lubricate the wires, neither of tion to work.
nical interest to share, please con- which is a good idea. The plating must be restored,
sider doing so. If the contacting surfaces are and the easiest and least expen-
it/October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal
sive way to do that is to replace side in turn, mortise side up on a there are no old nicks in the wire
the wires. If this is not a routine workbench, and place its wire in to contend with.
operation for you, there may be position over the mortise and the 7. The traveling bends can now
some hesitation about the diffi- hole. Tap each wire into its head be refined so that each damper
culty involved; but in order to firmly with a hammer, so that the moves straight up and down, and
make the dampers work after widest part of the wire is com- then the spacing bends above the
removing them and replacing the pletely within its mortise. This is guide rail can be made to center
felt, one must know how to bend important because otherwise the each damper over its unison. The
the wires. It follows, then, that if damper head could loosen on its rest of the regulation is the same
one knows how to bend old wire, wire and move out of regulation. as would be done with old wires.
one can bend new wire as well. 6. Reinstall each damper, using
That’s the way it should be, a caul to set the height of the
anyway. In the real world, how- damper lever for proper key lift, What’s New
ever, until a technician has just as would be done if the old
actually performed a particular wires were being used. Setting Joe Sciortino of Copiague, New
procedure, he will understandably samples is actually easier with York, has developed something of a
be lacking in confidence. Here, the new wires, though, because reputation as a “gadget man” who
then, is a simple step-by-step pro-
cedure that can be followed by
anyone who can regulate Grand Rebuilding
1. Obtain new wires and make
Third in a Series
sure they are long enough, which Continuing with our dis- failure, as we discussed last
means if the new felt is thicker cussion of materials, and month. Another example is
than the old, the new wires may assuming some hypothetical below.
have to be longer as well. Check prices just for ill&ration,
the position of the dimple in the It costs just as much to
here are some examples:
old wire made by the top flange install, regulate and voice a
screw; if it is near the bottom of cheap set as a better set, and
Material: Pinblock for aver-
the wire, the new wires may well the results will be quite differ-
age-sized grand
have to be longer unless thicker ent, assuming the most expen-
Mat’1 A: $95.00 Generally
damper lift felt is also being sive is always the best, which
considered excellent
installed. Also be sure there are isn’t necessarily true. The
Mat’1 B: $75.00 Generally
enough bass wires - swaged near point is, however, that
considered good
the top for string clearance - and because of the high labor cost,
Mat’1 C: $55.00 Adequate,
enough extra-long tenor wires for the biggest waste of money
but just barely
the dampers in the area of the would be to buv and install a
tenor-bass break. cheap set of ha”mmers, spend
The difference in cost
2. If the technician is in doubt hours trying to achieve a
between the most expensive
about how much to bend the decent sound, and then have
and the cheapest is just $40,
wires, they can be pre-bent to to remove them and install
which is nothing compared to
match the old ones before the lat- another set.
the cost of the labor to install
ter are removed. The bends will In most shops the cost of
the block and string the
have to be refined when the dam- material represents just 10 to
piano, install dampers, etc. A
pers are installed, but at least 20 percent of the total cost to
high- volume manufacturer
this pre-bending will get them the client, and almost anyone
probably wouldn’t spend the
close enough to install. who is spending $10,000 or so
extra money, simply because
3. Remove the old wires by for a custom rebuilding job
$40 per piano times 20,000
pulling them out of the wood, tak- would leap at the chance to
pianos per year equals
ing care not to damage the mor- upgrade the materials wher-
$800,000.00 and that’s lost
tise in the damper head. The ever possible. Just try telling
profit to him because he can
easiest way to do this is to bend that customer that you saved
repair or replace a lot of
the wire completely out of the him $75 on hammers and $40
blocks for that kind of money.
mortise before pulling it out of on a bargain pinblock and you
But the custom rebuilder can’t
the hole in the damper head. will see a long look of concern
afford the luxury of buying
on his face, not gratitude.
4. If any mortises were cheap material because some
chipped, repair them now; then of it will go bad, inevitably, Next month: OVERHEAD
size the holes and mortises with a and he can’t afford even one
mixture of glue and water. An ali-
phatic resin such as Titebond, Quality of Cost of set Cost of installation
mixed 50/50 with water, is fine for hammer 8~ regdation, voicing
this, although any water-soluble Best $150.00 $i,000.00
glue would presumably serve as Good 100.00 1,ooo.oo
well. Cheapest 75.00 1,ooo.oo
5. Lay each damper head on its
October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal/l3
is always thinking of ways to use
fixtures and special tools’ to solve
everyday problems. Joe’s latest
effort started out to be a vertical
hammer hanging jig which we
were going to feature in these
pages a few months ago; but Joe
found that although the jig worked
fine at first, it wouldn’t work on
every make and model without
some modification. When he fin-
ished redesigning it, it occurred to
him that with just a little more
effort he could make the thing
work for grand hammer hanging as
well, so he redesigned it again.
Since the fixture uses the ham-
mer rest rail as a reference point
when set up for grand hammers, it
obviously would not work on pianos
that have bumper cushions on their
wippens, so he reworked it again,
and at the same time added a
grand letoff reference to make the A magnetic screwdriver included with the kit allows easy installation of
jig even more useful. As though hammer hanging fixture.
this weren’t enough, Sciortino has
even devised a method of clamping
a broken key, using pieces from the
As can be seen in the accompa-
nying photos, Joe has addressed
the problem of ascertaining the
strike point by using the point of
the hammer molding as a refer-
ence; and, assuming the boring dis-
tance is the same and that there is
no under-or over-centering, either
now or originally, that should work
at least as well as other systems
now in use.

Tech Tips
Peter Briant of Great Falls,
Montana, writes to say that the tip
he offered in our July issue regard-
ing iron-on veneer was incorrectly
Emergency key repairs can even be made with parts from the kit.
interpreted by us as being the
same procedure as has been advo-
cated by many other technicians.
Peter’s offering, instead, is not
coated with Titebond by the techni-
cian; it comes from the manufac- glue to dry in the crack and then mence tuning. This method creates
turer already coated, and when for the reinforcing patch to dry. a secure clamp or splint while the
used in small pieces such as when Using the “iron on” veneer, Tite- Titebond dries, and then forms a
repairing keys, is simply heated bond is first applied to the cracked strong reinforcement for the glue
and applied. Here is some of Peter’s or broken area of the keystick. Then joint. Time lost is usually 5 minutes
letter: two patches are heated (5-10 sec- or less.
I have found this material to be onds) and pressed into place. Adj’a-
most useful for repairing keys in the cent keys may be used for clamping Briant goes on to say that the
field. The Reblitz repair sequence and alignment while the adhesive material to which he refers is
(p.104) may be fine in the shop, but cools (5-10 seconds). After wiping shown in Constantine’s catalog
is not practical when a cracked or off any squeezed-out Titebond or under the heading, “flexible
broken key is encountered mid-tun- sanding the veneer to increase veneer,” page 15. Our apologies to
ing, since one is required to wait for clearance, replace the key and com- Peter for the error.
IUOctober 1986 Piano Technicians Journal
Tips For Apprentices
A Good Choice. . .
A good action cradle is just
about as smart an investment
as we can think of, especially
for the relatively inexperi-
enced technician who will be
spending a lot of time trans-
porting and working on old
upright actions. If you’re
really short of money, make a
cradle from plywood scraps as
shown here:
. ..And A Poor One
Flange guards, sometimes
called flange shields, are sold
by supply houses to be
installed on every other flange
to keep the centerpins from
walking out; these devices do
much more harm than good larger pin, an operation that quickly destroy the roundness
and should never, in our opin- doesn’t take much more time of the hole in the birdseye,
ion, be installed in any than it would take to install a usually requiring replacement
instrument. flange guard anyway; to sim- of the entire assembly. That
If the centerpin is starting ply block the end travel with entire scenario could have
to walk out of the birdseye, a metal shield will allow the been avoided simply by repin-
that means it’s too loose and part to wobble on its loose ning the part properly in the
must be replaced with a centerpin. That wobbling will first place.

DSC Contest posts or bracing assembly to stabi- piano superior to any other piano
This month’s Dumb Sales Claim lize the plate. Z asked the salesman with back posts.
was submitted by Dan Squire of why this was and he said that this Please send all tech articles,
Lake Charles, Louisiana: plate has been vacuum cast and tips, comments, questions and
And for the dumb sales claim will not bend or distort for any rea- DSC contest entries to me:
contest - Z went to a music dealer son. Besides that, those back posts Jack Krefting
and Z looked at one of their vertical absorb tremendous amounts of P.O. Box 16066
pianos. Z saw that it had no back sound and therefore makes this Ludlow, KY 41016

including products from Germany,
J&an and Asia.
Imports include tools, action parts,
felts and hammers.
Latest “State of the Arts” lubricants
and polishes.
Send $5.00 for your copy of catalog or
I with $100.00 or more ourchase. I



P.O. Box 9412 l North Hollywood, CA 91609
24 Hour Phone Ordering Service (213) 877-0674
October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal/l 5

Later History
Of The Silbermann Pianos;
Schroter’s Piano Action

Jack Greenfield
Chicago Chapter

Second Generation Silber- brother Johann Andreas in Stras- exported to other European coun-
mann Instrument Makers bourg. His training had included tries as well and were sent even as
The reputation of the Silbermann over a year of study in his uncle’s far away as India. Examples of spi-
family as great instrument builders shop in Freiburg in 1742-3. Johann nets, clavichords and grand pianos
was maintained by the work of the Heinrich became famous for excel- he built have survived in European
sons of Andreas. Johann Andreas, lent workmanship and for building collections. Since he followed his
born in Strasbourg in 1712, the instruments with fine tone. He was uncle’s designs quite closely, the
oldest son, followed a career of best known in France but his study of his surviving instruments
building organs and attained the instruments were also widely also provides additional informa-
first rank stature of his father and tion on details of Gottfried’s work.
uncle Gottfried for these instru-
ments. Johann Daniel, born in Silbermann Pianos
Strasbourg in 1717, went to Frei- Neglected
burg to take over his uncle’s busi- In spite of Frederick the Great’s
ness after Gottfried died in 1753. early enthusiasm for the Silber-
Very little is known about Johann mann pianos during Bach’s visit in
Daniel’s work. He built keyboard 1747, Frederick did not give up the
stringed instruments and organs harpsichord. He subsequently
but neither instruments nor docu- When interest in the early ordered some large harpsichords in
mentary evidence have survived. It 1765 and 1775 but there are no
is likely that his business was cur- history of the piano was records of any further piano pur-
tailed or terminated by the unset- awakened during the last chases. The English historian Bur-,
tled conditions that existed in ney during his European travels
Saxony during the Seven Years
few decades of the 19th around this time had the opportu-
War started when Frederick the century, musicologists nity to examine one of,Frederick’s
Great invaded Saxony in 1756. began to seek out the Silbermann pianos and gave an
Other instrument builders who left account of his observations in his
Saxony during this period moved to neglected and forgotten book Present State of Music in Ger-
England where they helped start a historic instruments which many (1773). After Frederick’s
piano building industry there. death in 1786, his successors had
It was Johann Heinrich, born in were previously considered no interest and the pianos were put
Strasbourg in 1729, Gottfried’s worthless. aside and neglected. The author
youngest nephew, who carried on Forkel, who wrote a biography of
his work building keyboard Bach published in 1802, reported
stringed instruments, including on the state of the Silbermann
pianos. Johann Heinrich followed pianos in one of his footnotes, “I
his career in association with his hear they all now stand, unfit for
1 MOctober 1986 Piano Technicians Journal
use, in various corners of the Royal
When interest in the early his-
tory of the piano was awakened
during the last few decades of the
19th century, musicologists began
to seek out the neglected and for-
gotten historic instruments which
previously were considered worth-
less. There were only three Silber-
mann pianos still surviving.
Among the piano authorities who
came to examine them were Carl
Bechstein and Alfred Hipkins. Hip-
kins reported that in 1881, he
found one in each of the music
rooms of three royal palaces associ-
ated with Frederick, The Stadtsch-
loss, the Sans Souci, and the Neues
Palais in Potsdam, a suburb of Ber-
lin. During World War II one of the
pianos disappeared, either taken
Bway or destroyed. The remaining
two pianos are now in the Sans
Souci Palace.
Description Of
The Silbermann Pianos
A description of the Silbermann
pianos is given by Edwin M. Ripin
in the section “Pianoforte” of the
1980 Grove Dictionary of Music.
They are close copies of the 1726
Cristofori piano with equidistant
spacing of strings - two per note,
inverted pinblock, rolled parchment Above, grand piano by Gottfried
hammers and padded backchecks, Silbermann (about 1745 - Suns
and a hand stop operated una corda Souci Palace, Potsdam, Germany.
shift. Silbermann had made several At right, grand piano by J.H. Sil-
improvements. Instead of mounting bermann (1776).
the circular hammer butts to pivot
around a common center rod as in
Cristofori’s pianos, he mounted
each hammer butt by a strip of
leather attached to a rail. Cristo-
fori had used leather strips simi-
larly for attachment of the
intermediate levers. Seeking to
achieve the same effect Silbermann
evidently had observed in the play-
ing of sustained tones on Heben-
streit’s oversized dulcimer, the Drawings of the Silbermann Silbermann And Schroter
Pantaleon, he added hand stop action have been made by several Supporters Debate
operated damper-lifting mechanism different observers including Carl
for raising the dampers of the tre- Bechstein. Harding’s The Piano- During the investigations by
ble andior the bass notes. Silber- Forte does not show the Gottfried musicologists in the latter half of
mann did not copy the obsolete Silbermann action. Instead she pro- the 19th century seeking to deter-
Italian double inner-outer case con- vides a drawing she made to illus- mine who was responsible for the
struction of Cristofori but assem- trate the principles of the action in invention and the establishment of
bled the soundboard, framing and a piano built by his nephew in piano making, there were some
outer case as a single structure, the 1776. J. H. Silbermann’s piano, who accepted the claim of Cristoph
usual practice of German instru- seen in a museum in Berlin, is a Gottlieb Schroter that he had been
ment builders then. The references direct copy of the Gottfried Silber- the first to design a hammer
available do not give details on Sil- mann pianos in Potsdam. Harding’s action. They maintained that Sil-
bermann’s internal bracing or drawing does not show the inverted bermann had profited by using
scaling. pinblock or backcheck details. Schroter’s ideas while Schroter did
October 1986 Pmno Technmns Journal/l:

Left, action diagram of 1726 Cristofori piano. Right, diagram off 1776 grand pianoforte by J.H. Silbermunn.
Both by R. Harding.

not receive sufficient credit or bene- descriptions are also shown. Schro- of Schroter, regardless of any doubt
fit otherwise. One of Schroter’s ter’s crude original 1763 drawing of over the details of his original
leading supporters was Oscar Paul, his up-striking action is not actions, he is generally recognized
author of a history of the piano, included by Harding. as the first German designer of a
Geschichte des Claviers (Leipzig, Judging the information on piano action. His influence on a few
1868). An earlier book, Der Flugel Schroter’s work given in the Paul German piano builders after the
(Frankfurt, 1856) by H. Welcker and Welcker books against the 1763 publication of his action
von Gontershausen also discusses more recent knowledge acquired on drawing and description is consid-
Schroter’s work. Schroter’s claim to Cristofori and Silbermann leads to ered a possibility.
be the inventor of the piano was the conclusion that Schroter’s
baaed on his up-striking action claims were greatly exaggerated. Details of
model he said he built in 1717 and There is no evidence that Silber-
submitted to the Royal Court in mann or other early piano builders Schroter’s Action
Dresden in 1721. He had a descrip- copied Schroter’s designs. In Schroter’s up-striking action
tion of it in his first letter written The overstatement of the signifi- drawing, the key, supported on
in 1738 and provided a drawing cance of Schroter’s work in the middle and back rails, is guided by
with his later letter published in early development of the piano has rows of pins set in the back rail. A
Marpurg’s Kritishe Brief in 1763. been continued by a few modern key stop rail controls upward
Harding’s The Piano-Forte contains writers who have used Paul’s book motion. The rear end of the key
several drawings of museum action as reference. An error has also lifts a small intermediate lever
models of Schroter’s designs which been made in crediting Cristoph that supports a thin wooden jack.
were constructed using information Schroter with being an instrument Escapement, not shown, evidently
derived from the Welcker and Paul maker. It was a contemporary of was intended to be a copy of the
books. Besides the up-striking his, not related, J. G. Schroter who harpsichord jack system with a
action, drawings of his tangent built organs and who received a spring-loaded swinging tongue that
action and down- striking action as testimonial from Bach in 1716. caught the hammer shank while
interpreted from his written In evaluating the achievements moving upward and swiveled back

1UOctober 1986 Piano Technicians Journal

to clear the shank when the jack Silbermann’s Place
dropped after the key was released. Piano History
The pivoted hammer mounting is
located about one-fifth of the way Silbermann n----- X--’
up from the bottom end of the ham- source of the des,ign for his pianos
mer shank. A damper pad in the although he nevl er claimed credit
museum model but not shown in for being the inv ,entor. It is
Schroter’s drawing is placed at the
bottom end of the hammer shank.
L-- lllal~
unlikely that SiluaI - ?n earned ‘[ig.-t--:--:..:..:--:-.:--t-.f.-t--’..’--:-f
much from nianc , hq*;lJ;,
uulLuLng as stated
by some critics. 1He probably did it Diagram by Cristoph Gottlieb Schroter
The most noteworthy feature of of his action design, published by
mainly for prest: ige since he had
Schroter’s design is his use of an Marpurg in 1763-64. A, key; B and C,
become wealthy building organs
iron bar to give downbearing pres- keyframe rails; D, keystop; E, driver
and other keybo; ard instruments.
sure on the strings to prevent them lever; F, driver lever rest rail; G, driver
Although he matde no major
from moving up and away from the stop rail; H, hammer; I, hummer rail;
advances in piar IO design, he rates
bridge under the force of the ham- K, hammer rest rail; L, jack; M, pin-
an important pls ice in piano his-
mer blows. In early pianos as in block; N, string; 0, nut bridge;
tory. His work a ttracted the public
harpsichords, from the tuning pins, P, down-bearing bar; Q, keybed.
interest and cha nged the status of
strings passed over a pinblock
the piano from a curiosity like the
bridge, known as the “nut.” Schro- leaders of piano building in Ger-
geigenwerke to :in established
ter’s pressure bar was placed to many, England and elsewhere in
mainstream mu: ;ical instrument.
bear down on the strings just past Europe. w
Men trained by 1him became the
the pinblock bridge. This elimi-
nated one of the reasons Cristofori
had had for inverting the pinblock.
Schroter’s pressure bar principle
was the basis of the 1843 invention


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October 1986 Piano Technicms Journal/l

The 1986 P.T.G. Study Tour of Europe:
A Report - Part 2

Yat-Lam Hong
Western Michigan Chapter

Editor3 note: In the last issue, our To provide a steady supply of where every hammer butt, shank,
traveler5 took a well-deserved week- materials to work with, it main- damper lever, etc., is the result of
end break after visiting the Schimmel, tains an enormous lumber yard at as many as several hundred opera-
Grotrian-Steinweg, Bluthner, Roslau, the Odenheim plant, where a tions, which must be perfectly coor-
Bosendorfer and Holzwerke Schwaiger wide assortment of wood from all dinated for the finished product to
factories over Europe is being seasoned. work. Although there are hundreds
The bulk of it is hornbeam of machines in use, almost every
(“white beech” from Finland), machine calls for the constant

Af ter a weekend at the resort

city of Bregenz, Austria, we drove
which is used in almost all action
parts. After two or three years
outdoors, the wood is further
attention of an operator. The
machine may do the actual work,
but it still takes a person to guide
along the south shore of Bodensee dried in the computerized kilns it, feed it, and pick up the proc-
(Lake Constance) through Switz- for 10 to 14 days to a seven or essed pieces to fill the storage
erland, and then north towards eight percent moisture content trays. These trays of parts are then
Stuttgart to visit the world- before it’s cut to working carried to the next work station for
famous Louis Renner Company. dimensions. the next operation. Ingenious, spec-
Renner, we learned, now has According to Mr. Lins, Ren- ialized, and complicated as they
two factories: the main one in ner’s reputation for quality is are, these machines can only be
Stuttgart and a smaller one in based on the way it processes its called “semi-automatic.” They are
Odenheim, a village about 38 wood, which is a very time-con- efficient, but perhaps not efficient
miles northwest of Stuttgart, suming and costly procedure. enough.
where wood processing and most Because of Renner’s high stand- This is a point Mr. Lins also
of the prefabricating are done. ards, the waste of materials is tre- touched upon: The labor cost
Founded in 1882, Renner was mendous. The slightest accounts for 57 percent of the total
once a family-owned business, and imperfection is enough to send a expenditure at Renner, which, by
is now owned by two families. piece of wood to the junk pile. The today’s industrial standards, is
Currently, the two plants together rejected materials in Renner’s very high. The company hopes to
employ a total of 405 people, 60 of junk pile are already of better reduce it to below 50 percent
whom are office workers. With quality than what some manufac- within a few years through further
sales of DM 34 million (about turers use to build their pianos automation. It appears that the
US$16 million) in 1985, Renner is with, Mr. Lins said. But strictly large machine shop in the base-
one of the largest piano action speaking, the junk pile is not ment, which designed and built
manufacturers in the world, pro- junk. It’s burned in the winter to most of the working machines
ducing between 25,000 and 30,000 heat the plant. upstairs, and its engineers have
vertical actions, 8,000 and 9,000 From Odenheim, we drove back their work cut out for them for
grand actions, and about 40,000 to Stuttgart to see the main factory quite some time. Now that we
sets of hammers a year. 37 per- in the afternoon, and enjoyed a know about the hundreds of steps
cent of its products are exported, well-balanced sack lunch provided it takes for wood, leather, felt, cen-
and its largest overseas customers by Renner on the way. Mr. Lins ter pins, lubricant, come
are Steinway of New York and said Stuttgart is a good location for together to form, say, hammer
Samick of Korea. his business because of the availa- shanks, we have a renewed respect
Mr. Robert Lins, president of bility of a large pool of skilled for piano parts. I’m sure next time
Renner, met us at the hotel, and workers. Several major car makers we order a set of hammer shanks,
rode with us on the bus to the are also located in the city, pre- instead of complaining about the
Odenheim plant, which is not sumably for the same reason. “high price,” we would scream with
easy to locate without a guide. My first impression of the Ren- joy that it isn’t higher.
There to meet us were Rudolf ner factories is that both of them That evening, we were the din-
Genger, Renner’s technical direc- are extremely labor-intensive, ner guests of Renner at an elegant
tor, Klaus Fenner, renowned much more so than any other fac- 380-year-old cellar restaurant in
piano designer, and Mrs. Fenner. tory we visited. But then, this Endersbach (just outside Stuttgart).
Renner consumes about 2,000 could be simply due to the nature It was an eight-course filet mignon
cubic meters of wood every year. of action parts manufacturing, dinner, where wine literally flowed
ZO/October 1986 PIXIO Technicians Journal
like water. From appetizer to des- both sides to a pre-determined Chicago to prepare for the NAMM
sert, it took three-and-a-half hours depth. While the bushing cloths are (National Association of Music
to consume. Without a question, held in place, the machine inserts a Merchants) Expo, and couldn’t wel-
this was the most lavish dinner we plastic key-bushing wedge, trims come us in person. Instead, they
had, and Renner’s hospitality was the cloths, and moves on to the had arranged for their youngest
just unbelievable, to which we can next key-button. Very rhythmi- and very talented daughter, 12-
/ only say “Thank you.” As one of us cally, it does one bushing every two year-old Manuela, to greet us with
remarked, it’s nice to have a taste seconds - without human supervi- the music of J.S. Bach in the com-
of how “the other 10 percent lives.” sion. In three minutes, an entire pany show room on a gorgeous 7’
Our next visit was to Euterpei set of key-buttons is bushed! This 11” Seiler (of course) grand.
FeurichHoffmann in Langlau, a is another one of these technologi- Seiler employs 150 people, and
small village about 32 miles south- cal marvels that one has to see to turns out one grand and 20 verti-
west of Nurnberg. It’s actually appreciate. cals each work day. Due to the
three separate small companies While going through the grand recent expansion, Seiler now has
which have joined their resources, department, someone happened to two factories in Kitzingen: The
and built one modern factory. The check the pinblock fit in a Feurich main one is called the “Etwashau-
three pianos are all built by the grand, and was surprised to dis- sen” factory, and the newer one, on
same workers, using the same sup- cover that the pinblock didn’t even the outskirts of town, is the “Gold-
plies and machinery, but each touch the plate flange. That raised berg.” We visited the “Goldberg”
according to its own design and a lively discussion about tuning first. As it was raining heavily, our
scaling. Since Euterpe pianos are stability. Mr. Feurich and his plant bus drove right into the factory
not exported to the United States, manager explained that, for pianos building to unload us. Seiler’s chief
American technicians probably are using tuning pin bushings such as engineer, Horst Donnert, showed
familiar only with the Feurich and Feurich and many other makes, a us through the plant, explaining
W. Hoffmann pianos. This factory tight fit is not necessary, because everything in perfect German,
is located in a most scenic area, the leverage on the tuning pin is which the company manager,
totally surrounded by tall trees, exactly reversed from what one Ursula Schuhmann, translated into
with a large man-made lake would expect: As the string tension English for us. This was our only
nearby. There are no neighbors pulls the top of a tuning pin back- bilingual tour.
that we could see. A piano factory wards (that is, towards the hitch “Goldberg” is mainly a wood-
may be the last thing in the world pins), the bushing becomes the ful- working plant, where case parts
one would expect to find in these crum, and the bottom of the tuning and grand rims are made and fin-
woods, but there it is. pin will move forward (towards the ished. It’s here that we first saw an
We arrived around noon, and pianist), pulling the pinblock away automatic finish-applying machine:
were immediately taken to lunch from, and not against, the plate The case parts to be finished move
by Julius Feurich, company presi- flange. The principle is that it’s the along a conveyor belt under a
dent, at an equally isolated and tuning pin bushings that support steady “waterfall” of lacquer (or
scenic outdoor restaurant on the the pinblock, as is frequently the polyester, as the case may be). The
other side of this lake. (More food!) case in vertical pianos, many of coated pieces are then loaded onto
Fortified by the Bavarian-style which don’t even have a flange cast racks, and moved to the drying
lunch (bratwurst, roast pork, sauer- in their plates. Klaus Fenner, who room. At Seiler, a lacquer- finish
kraut, rolls and beer!), we were was also with us at EuterpelFeu- piano gets four coats, and a polyes-
ready for the tour. rich/Hoffmann, concurred with this ter-finish piano gets eight. Between
Euterpe/Feurich/Hoffman is sit- theory, and pointed out that the coats, there are the usual rubbing
uated on an 11-acre site, with physics of the situation is really so. and buffing operations.
118,000 square feet of manufactur- He said that it’s only when a piano What impressed me about this
ing space inside its building. It does not use tuning pin bushings department is that, although wet
employs 210 people, 20 of whom that the pinblock must be fitted lacquer and polyester were every-
are office workers. The total annual tightly to the plate flange. For where, the place did not smell bad
production is 3,000 pianos, 300 of American technicians, a tight-fit- - thanks to a specially designed
which are grands. From start to ting pinblock is practically a law in ventilating system required by
finish, a grand takes about a year, grand rebuilding, but then, many German law. This is the exact
and a vertical, five or six months. of them rebuild only pianos that do opposite of the Bluthner operation,
Euterpe/Feurich/Hoffmann is not use tuning pin bushings, where where employees in the finishing
another ultra-modern plant, with a tight fit is critical to tuning sta- department literally work in an
numerous machines in operation. bility. One should keep in mind “explosive” atmosphere of heavily
Many of them were designed and that a company like Feurich has concentrated chemical fumes. (The
built by the company’s own been in business since 1860, and it lack of ventilation there is proba-
machine shop. The one that caught evidently knows what it’s doing. bly deliberate - to keep dust parti-
my fascination the most is the From Langlau, we moved on to cles from settling and ruining the
automatic key-bushing machine. Kitzingen, a city of 20,000 people shine of the finished surfaces. The
(This must be because I’m terribly about 12 miles southeast of Wurz- result is certainly obtained at a
slow at this job.) It applies just the burg, to visit the Eduard Seiler terrific human cost. If the workers
right amount of glue to the wood Piano Company. At the time of our there become ill from inhaling
inside the key-button mortise, and visit, Mr. Steffen Seiler, company toxic fumes, the state will provide
inserts the bushing cloths from president, and his wife were in free medical treatment, but this is
October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal/l
really a matter off our subject.) to lunch in Bad Hersfeld as Klaus care lavished on the preparation of
Before continuing on to the Fenner’s guests. This is Klaus’ wood. Steinway cuts most of its
main factory, we were invited to home town, which was on our way lumber by first slicing logs into
meet with Kitzingen’s mayor, from Kitzingen to Hamburg. boards, which are laid out to sea-
Rudolf Schardt, in the 400-year-old Founded in 736, the prosperous city son outdoors for several years until
City Hall. The mayor welcomed us of Bad Hersfeld is celebrating its they reach a moisture content of 15
with a history of the city and 1,250th anniversary this year with a percent. They are then dried down
refreshments. Among the interest- very ambitious series of concerts, to 8 percent moisture content in
ing things we learned is that Kit- operas, and plays. The festive mood electronically controlled kilns.
zingen has the distinction of being could readily be felt everywhere After that, the wood is to be
the city where the world’s greatest during our walking tour of the city “aged.” The climate-controlled
number of American-German mar- before lunch at the Ratskeller (res- “aging room” in the basement is
riages takes place, thanks to the taurant in the city hall basement). almost as big as the whole build-
large U.S. military bases nearby. There we had our sixth Wiener ing, and the aging process takes
The local newspaper photographer Schnitzel of the trip, which was between six and nine months. Also
took our picture, and we were every bit as enjoyable as the first. aging in this room are all the wood
front-page news in the Kitzinger To the Germans, the Wiener parts that eventually go into a
Zeitung the next day. Schnitzel (veal cutlet) must be piano: the rims, pinblocks, case
The “Etwashausen” factory 1~; :;mpany food,” perhaps equivalent parts, soundboards, actions, glue
where the bulk of the interior n.;lrk to roast beef for Americans (that is, flakes, etc. All the parts are
is done. Here we saw more clever before the health food craze took labelled, and kept in the computer-
machines, such as the plate- drill- over) - a supreme demonstration ized inventory.
ing machine, which is designed to of friendship and good will. Propor- The exceptional care taken in
drill two plates simultaneously tionally speaking, this was also the seasoning, drying, and aging wood
with only one operator, the auto- most generous of hospitality, for is mandatory, Mr. Husmann said,
matic voicing machine, which can which we are all indebted to Klaus because wood is the foundation of
pre-voice a set of new hammers in Fenner and his family. piano building. Without a totally
only a few minutes - regardless of Our last factory was Steinway stable foundation, the rest won’t be
how hard they may be, stringing in Hamburg. Mr. Werner Hus- necessary. As an example for com-
machines, bridge-notching and mann, Steinway’s export manager, parison, he said that, if a certain
bridge-pinning machines...The pro- greeted us at the entrance, and led very large piano maker in the Ori-
ductivity is truly impressive. us through the plant. It was imme- ent were to season, dry, and age its
We were then served an elabo- diately apparent that, in spite of wood the way Steinway does, it
rate Frankish-style lunch in the his official title, he is much more would have to have a lumber yard
company dining room. In the eve- than a businessman. Having been the size of the city of Hamburg
ning, we were the guests of Seiler with the company for 20 years, he (which, of course, it doesn’t). This
again at a cocktail party at the is well acquainted with every remark is certainly an exaggera-
hotel, where we had another oppor- aspect of piano-making, and knows tion, but its implications are
tunity to visit with our hosts. We his way around the plant inside obvious.
were overwhelmed by Seiler’s hos- and out. According to Mr. Hus- The next major difference is that
pitality, and our visit was another mann, the first major difference Steinway does things “backwards:”
memorable occasion. between the manufacturing meth- While other makers build their
Talking about hospitality, we ods of Steinway and those of other pianos from inside out, Steinway
had another surprise; an invitation companies is in the extraordinary builds their from outside in. This is
to insure the rigidity of that foun-
dation, so the energy from the
strings are not lost through the
many loose joints because the case
parts are not “added on piece by
Complete Grand Music Desks piece.” First, the inner and outer
Any Dimensions rims are built as one inseparable
unit, using laminated African
Steinway Style Moulding mahogany and beech, and cold ani-
Mortised Construction mal glue in a cold press. Next, the
pinblock, stretcher, and belly rail
Hardware Included are glued and doweled into the
Available in Maple, Walnut, Mahogany, etc. rims and each other in one opera-
tion. (They are not screwed in.)
Write for Free Catalogue
Then the beams are fitted, glued,
Fleisher Piano Cabinetry
and doweled into the rims, with
P.O. Box 618
their other ends converging at the
Santa Monica, CA 90406
center of the belly rail where they
Telephone: (213) 399-1227
are fastened by a metal bracket.
All these parts come out of the
aging room after having been there
for six to nine months. The all-
ZUOctober 1986 Piano Technicians Journal
important foundation is now more are concert grands. shows immediately in the way they
or less complete. Unlike most other pianos, Stein- talk. For example, Mr. Bluthner
After this, Steinway employees way’s main market is the concert told me he can do every job that
have to work in very tight quarters stage, rather than homes or his workers do, because, as the
to fit the pinblock to the plate, the schools. But even here, Mr. Hus- president, he has to set an example
soundboard and bridges to the mann said, the competition is heat- for his employees. Mr. Schimmel
rims, and the plate-supporting dow- ing up. He didn’t elaborate on this has no difficulty answering ques-
els to determine the downbearing. point. tions about string lengths in his
Fortunately, ingenious machines At the conclusion of the tour, we pianos and their effect on inhar-
are available for some of these were treated to a fruit-and- sand- monicity. He is not just another
operations. Pinblock-fitting is done wich lunch in the company dining knowledgeable piano technician
by a tracing router in an elaborate room, where we also saw a 25- who has passed the P.T.G. Crafts-
set-up, which is similar to the kind minute video film on how to regu- man examinations like most of us;
used by Grotrian- Steinweg late a Steinway grand. On our way he is also the president of the larg-
described earlier. out, we were each given a chart of est piano company in western
We were very surprised that Steinway specifications and a set of Europe! As “the man on the white
Steinway would show us how it regulating tools, which were horse” (pardon the pun), the presi-
installs its soundboards. For a long greatly appreciated. Again, we dent has to provide the leadership
time, this department was off lim- were overwhelmed by our host’s for his company, which is in turn
its to visitors because it was con- kindness and generosity. reflected in the quality of its prod-
sidered a “trade secret.” But even After I got home, a friend uct. Although they have to be
now, photography in this depart- wanted to know what I have sharp businessmen, too, they form
ment is still strictly forbidden. The gained during the trip, “A few a startling contrast to those execu-
procedure is too difficult to write pounds,” I said. Well, that’s only a tive types who keep mouthing
about, and I can only say that the small part of it. The main thing is tired, old cliches about “quality and
work is painstakingly done by that, each in his own way, the par- workmanship” - but don’t know a
hand, by workers with many years ticipants on this tour have gained a hitch pin from a bridge pin. This is
of experience. We saw several better understanding of the piano- _n_ot&_obelittle the value qfpaper-
young apprentices working in this manufacturing business in Ger- shuffling. To do that profitably also
department under the watchful many. Everything I saw may be requires enormous skill, but not
eyes of the master craftsmen, a few summed up in the following really knowing one’s products will
of whom are perhaps close to observations. always be a handicap. Besides,
retirement age. First of all, I was struck by the there’s always something phony
Steinway hammers are still fact that these company presidents about them.
made by Renner, according to really know their business. They I was impressed by the good
Steinway specifications, but with understand their products, and it working conditions the West Ger-
felts supplied by Steinway. These
felts are made in England (also
according to Steinway specifica-
tions), and are checked out by
Steinway before being shipped to
Renner. When Steinway receives
its hammers, each set is tested for
quality with a special hammer-test-
ing device. Only hammers passing
Piano Technology
this rigid test are used on pianos, Tuning and restoration of pianos are alive and thriving in Boston
and bad hammers are rejected at North Bennet Street School. If you are interested in working
immediately. Unfortunately, Mr. with these fine instruments, our Piano Technology program is for
you. In just two years you will gain the knowledge and skills necessary
Husmann could not show us this for a rewarding career as a professional piano technician.
testing device. Your First Year will be comprised of tuning, regulatio
As hammers are such an inte- repairs, and maintenance on grands, uprights and spine
gral element in tone production, There’s also the general study of acoustics, history of
Steinway regrets that it has to sub- the piano, business practice and promotion.
contract their manufacture to a Your Second Year advances you to com-
prehensive piano rebuilding, including
supplier. For a small company like case refinishing, sound board repairs,
Steinway to get into the business of bridge, wrestplank, action replacement and
making (and controlling the qual- scaling. Advanced tuning, regulating and voicing
ity of) its own hammers is almost make it complete.
more bother than it’s worth, Mr. If this career education sounds right for you,
Husmann said. Of Steinway’s 500 write or call for our free catalog.
employees, only 285 are piano
builders. (The rest are office and
sales staff..) The company produces 39 North Bennet Street Boston, Massachusetts 02113

1,700 pianos a year, 1,400 of which 617-227-0155

are grands, and of these, 180 to 200
October 1986 PIXIO Technicms Journal/Z
man piano workers enjoy. (The anyway. these regulations will be shut down
East Germans are in a special cate- Perhaps the problem runs by the government, and forced out of
gory of their own, and not dis- deeper than that. I suspect there business. These expenditures are
cussed here.) In every factory we may be’s “macho” attitude at work. part of the cost of operating any
visited, I noticed how well pro- “Whatever the abuse, the real man manufacturing facility in Germany.
tected they are from typical indus- can take it.” Wearing too many
trial hazards. For example, all protective devices may make one On the average, German piano
spraying booths are backed by a appear “sissy.” But then, self- makers get 41 paid holidays a year
wall of running water to catch the destructive behavior is nothing - not counting weekends. These
overspray. Wherever toxic fumes new to the human race. I vividly include both religious and national
tend to accumulate, a proper venti- recall our visit to the polishing holidays. It also means that an
lation system takes them out. Ger- department at Grotrian-Steinweg, average worker works only 10
man law requires these where a worker was buffing an months out of a year, which seems
installations to protect the workers’ ebony grand with a huge buffer. So very generous indeed by American
health. The companies also provide much dust was coming off that his standards. At the same time, the
free ear plugs, hearing protectors, face had already turned black from typical work week has shrunk from
eye goggles, dust masks, etc., for It. When he noticed our presence, 40 hours to the present 38. Within
additional protection in the appro- ;! e turned around, and greeted us three years, it’s expected to drop
priate departments, but this is co;?- with a polyester grin. I kept won- down to 35 hours. Normally, they
sidered an area of “personal dering what his lungs looked like. work eight hours a day Monday
freedom,” and the company cannot Germans also seem to be a very through Thursday, and quit early
force the workers to wear these environment-conscious people. Liv- on Friday, so they can have a
devices. Of the hundreds of piano ing in close proximity, they per- longer weekend to spend in their
workers we saw, I counted only haps have to be. The law imposes cottages in the country. Somebody
four wearing eye protection, two stringent controls over sources of has to pay for all these benefits!
wearing dust masks, and one wear- pollution, and requires that all And the burden naturally falls on
ing a face shield - although quite waste products from factories be fil- the employers. Mr. Lins of Renner
a few do wear ear plugs in very tered and purified before the used gave us a rather somber picture of
noisy areas. Mr. Duricic of Schim- water and air can be returned to the present German piano indus-
me1 compared such abuse of one’s the environment. Anti-polution try. He said that on top of a work-
health to smoking: You know it’s devices on smokestacks, for instance, er’s salary, a company has to pay
bad for you, but you keep smoking are standard. Companies violating an additional 80 percent in fringe

The Golden Gate Chapter and Auxiliary invite you to the 20th Annual California State Convention on February 13-16,
1987 at the Sheraton Palace Hotel in San Francisco, followed by a tax deductible tour (with technical classes) to Hawaii.
All members of the Western Region will soon receive promotional materials and registration forms. Others may obtain them
from Sid Stone, 16875 E. 14th Street, San Leandro, CA 94578. Conventron regrstration and hotel rooms WIII be the lowest
possrble. The Hawaii trip will be priced comparable to the Hawaii trip following the PTG Convention in 198 I.
Besides the 1987 California State Convention being held in “America’s Favorite City”and recruiting PTG’s favorite instructors,
we will also have “The World’s Strongest Piano Man, ” “The World’s Largest Collection of Business Cards of Piano Tuners
& Technicians,” and a “Hall of Shame” display. (Note: the proposed Birdcage Bonfire will not take place).

ZUOctober Technicians Journal

benefits and social costs. The high names. Without saying it in so and marks available for the pur-
labor cost forces up the price of the many words, they all seem to real- chase of pianos. On top of it all, the
product, which puts German pianos ize that cutting quality to reduce consumer’s choice for entertain-
at a great disadvantage on the cost will amount to professional ment is changing. Piano- playing
international market. On the aver- suicide. To reduce cost without sac- requires physical effort and mental
age, a Japanese piano is 30 percent rificing quality is going to be a discipline, which not everyone is
cheaper than a comparable German major challenge. One way to go willing to invest his free time in.
one, and a Korean piano, 60 per- about it, as Mr. Lins had pointed It’s much easier for him to go for
cent cheaper. Today, two out of out, is further automation. We can passive entertainment, for exam-
three pianos sold in Germany are expect to see more machines, better ple, to sit in front of the television
imported, and grands form an machines, faster machines to set (perhaps with beer in one hand
increasing percentage of the replace the present ones (and per- and potato chips in the other), and
imported pianos. Compared to haps some of the workers, too.) let the show come to him instead.
1981, sales of German pianos Another alarming development Nobody knows where it will all
worldwide have declined by a is the trend for more and more lead. Maybe, regardless of the best
shocking 30 percent. The “guest companies to purchase supplies efforts and the most intense pride,
workers” (imported foreign labor- from fewer and fewer suppliers. In some companies will still have to
ers) are also becoming a major some ways, it may mean that all go out of business, which may give
social problem, although it does not pianos are becoming more alike, if the remaining ones a better chance
have too serious an impact on the that’s possible. But I’m not sure if for survival. It’s not a pretty
piano industry. this trend is all that healthy for thought.
In view of the tough situation the industry. If a major supplier There is an old Chinese saying:
which is getting increasingly has a lengthy strike, or suffers When you drink water, think of the
tougher, one has to wonder: What’s some natural of man-made disas- well. In concluding this rambling
making all these piano companies ters, the disruption will have a far- report, I must publicly thank two
hang on? The answers I get vary reaching effect. Although foreign- gentlemen who-made this P.T.G.
widely, but they can all be boiled made instruments are a tremen- Study Tour of Europe possible: Dan
down to one word: pride - pride in dous competition to the German Evans, who spent over a year plan-
one’s work, pride in the family piano industry, Mr. Husmann of ning for this trip and making all
name, and pride in a long tradi- Steinway said that an even more the arrangements, and all at his
tion, which is reflected in the qual- serious threat is the booming lei- own expense, too, and Fred Oden-
ity of the product. Of the seven sure industry, which takes away an heimer, who provided the many
piano companies we visited, five increasingly large percentage of a necessary contacts in Europe. If
(Schimmel, Grotrian, Bluthner, consumer’s disposable income. Tele- you missed this trip, it was your
Feurich, and Seiler) are still run by vision, video recorder, stereo, loss. But it’s not too early to start
direct descendants of their original travel, camping, sailing...all claim saving up your pennies for the next
founders, who carry the company their share, leaving fewer dollars 0ne.D

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October 1986 Pmo Technicians Journal/Z5

Convention News
- --_ The 1986 convention held in Las

Auxiliarv Vegas, NV was one of the biggest

ever for the Auxiliary. There were

148 registrants, 54 of whom were
non-Auxiliary members. It’s always
nice to see the friends with whom
you’ve conventioned before, but
very exciting to meet so many new
ones! At our opening assembly roll
call, we found that 21 states were
represented, along with Canada
President’s Message and Australia, with the largest del-
egation being from California.
As you are reading this mes- You members can make it so Many people took advantage of the
sage I will have already been to much easier for the Board to Auxiliary program, enjoyed the Las
Toronto for the convention plan- “see it through” if you would let Vegas city tour, and got caught up
ning meeting and the Auxiliary us know what you want. We in the spirit of “Christmas in July.”
program for our 1987 Annual already know what kind of pro- I’m sure many people at Caesars
Convention will be in the gram we like. While the pro- Palace thought it strange to see
process of development. gram is now in the process of 150 people displaying hand-cro-
While we will do our utmost being formed, final decisions will cheted Christmas wreaths on their
to present a varied, entertaining not be made for many months. It name badges. Seven of our past
and educational week, it will is still not too late for you to get presidents attended the convention
have to be based more on what your ideas into the planning and graced our Tea. Julie Berry,
we think you want than it will process. Pauline Miller, Helen Pearson,
on what we know you want. In Would you like some organ- Ruth Pollard, Luellyn Preuitt,
the packets in Las Vegas a ques- izational meetings? Classes of a Jewel1 Sprinkle, and Esther
tionnaire was included for the technical nature related to Stegeman contributed their gra-
157 registrants. In spite of a pianos? More free time? More ciousness, enthusiasm, and collec-
small “bribe” in the way of a gift scheduled events? Perhaps this tive wisdom to our functions. Many
to be drawn from those who sub- lethargy is because you like the thanks to Helen Pearson who also
mitted the questionnaire, only programs just the way they are. served as Parliamentarian for the
35 were received. Vera Pierson If this is the case tell me that Council.
(Mrs. James) of Seattle was the and I’ll quit worrying about it, At the Council meeting, one of
lucky winner. but many seem most eager to the first orders of business was to
British Prime Minister Mar- tell us what they didn’t like unanimously approve the Inclianap-
garet Thatcher wrote the follow- after the convention but very olis Chapter’s proposal to confer
ing short verse: few tell us what they would like Honorary Life Membership upon
Yt’s easy enough to be a starter, beforehand. Ginny Russell. Ginny is a recent
But are you a sticker too? past president and one of the most
It’s easy enough to begin a job, Ginger Bryant energetic and tireless supporters
It’s harder to see it through.” the Auxiliary has ever had. The
Council felt it a privilege to bestow
this well-deserved honor upon
Ginny Russell.
The Council also voted to estab-
National Executive Board lish a scholarship fund in order to
benefit up-and-coming piano stu-
GINGER BRYANT (Mrs. Jim) DEANNA ZERINGUE (Mrs. Nolanj dents and promote awareness of
President Vice President the Auxiliary. The award will be
10 12 Dunbarton Circle 6 I 9 Barbier Avenue administered through the Piano
Sacramento, Caljfornia 95825 Thibodaux, Louisjana 7030 1 Technicians Guild Foundation. Pro-
ceeds from the “Christmas in July”
HELENA THOMAS (Mrs. Dean) REBECCA HENEBERRY (Mrs. Alan) project together with a most gener-
Recording Secretary Corresponding Secretq ous $1000 donation give us
Rd. I, Box 2lOA 23 I OA East Randolph Avenue approximately $2750 to begin our
Edinburg, Pennsylvania 16 1 16 Alexandrra, Virginia 2230 I fund. Dorothy Silva of the Golden
Gate Chapter of the Auxiliary pre-
KATHRYN SNYDER (Mrs. Wlllisj LOUISE STRONG (Mrs. DonJ sented her gift-donation in memory
Treasurer Immediate Past President of her mother.
79 Furnace Street One Knollwood Drrve The Council commended Ginger
Robesonia, Pennsylvania I955 1 Rome, Georgia 30 I6 I Bryant for her fine work on the
Auxiliary Exchange. The Council
also elected the slate of officers pre-
Z&October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal
sented by the Nominating Commit- the word logo is derived from the
tee which you will find boxed on Greek, meaning word, speech or
these pages. The Nominating Com- Exchange Editor: reason. A logo type is a symbol,
mittee elected for this term is Hel- trademark or name or a company
ena Thomas, Chair, Barbara AGNES HUETHER or publication. (dialogue, logic,
Fandrich and Grace Mehaffey. 34 Jacklm Court logistics)
A Committee to investigate the Clrfton, New Jersey 070 12 Hallmark, a mark used in Eng-
restructuring of Council voting was land, is stamped on articles of sil-
formed. Rebecca Heneberry will ver or gold to designate that they
chair the committee and be individual who does not enjoy meet established standards of
assisted by Julie Berry and walking through parks and forests purity. A secondary meaning
Marge Evans. Jewel1 Sprinkle to store up in the minds eye all the applies to any work of recognized
addressed the assembly with a plea autumnal delights before the onset quality or excellence.
to disband the chapters for pur- of winter. Into this new season Colophon, originally from the
poses of representation at Council arrive the first-run films, the new Greek kolophon meaning “summit”
for a more equitable division of del- TV and sit-corn shows as well as or “finish,” was the “finishing
egates. Anyone who would like to the tried and tested ones brought touch” at the end of a manuscript
express their views on this issue back by popular demand. The Met- or book. Today the word has two
and/or offer possible solutions is ropolitan Opera House has its meanings: the original one, and a
asked to contact Rebecca. grand reopening and even the new one referring to a publisher’s
You will be seeing a new piece United States Supreme Court trademark or emblem.
of Auxiliary literature in the not- starts a new session.
too-distant future. An informa- The various P.T.G. Chapters An interesting story is told
tional brochure is in the works structure their seminars with the about the founders of Viking Press
which is designed to answer that goal of providing and enhancing and how the publishing company
age-old puzzler; “just what is it the new ideas, new techniques and new came to be so called. Established in
Auxiliary does, anyway?” It will formats for their membership. Of 1925, the Board of Directors of the
tell who we are, why we are, and special interest to Guild members founding company wished to have
what we are doing. and their spouses will be the state the business known as The Half-
There are also some other inter- seminars to be held in October in Moon Press, to be named after
esting things stirring, like child- Cleveland, OH, New York City, Henry Hudson’s vessel, the Half-
care options for Toronto and “mini- NY and in Houston, TX. Moon. They commissioned the
techs” for the Auxiliary program. Did you know that October too noted illustrator, Rockwell Kent to
These are just in the “Idea Stage” is the birth month for some famous design a suitable colophon. The art-
so if you would like to see these individuals of the music world. ist did not care for the old English
things happen, send your thoughts Just to name a few we cite Itzhak vessel, and employing artistic
and ideas to Rebecca Heneberry, Perlman, Vivienne Della Chiesa, license, drew instead a drakkar, a
our new Corresponding Secretary. Georg Solti, Barbara Cook, Melba type of ship used by the Vikings.
She will collect your input and Moore, Vladimir Horowitz and The design so pleased the founders
maybe we can come up with some- Luciano Pavarotti. that the company’s name was
thing workable for our upcoming And our Statue of Liberty in changed to Viking Press.
conventions. New York harbor was not 100 We’re sure many of you are
It has been and is a pleasure for years old last July 4th, her actual familiar with Viking Press and the
me to serve the Auxiliary as Rec- 100th “birth” day is October 28, Viking Penguin books. Now when
ording Secretary, and I hope you 1986. In 1886 the statue was you see the drakkar and the pen-
will all start thinking and plan- unveiled on Bedloes Island - later guin you’ll know the story behind
ning toward Toronto in ‘87. know as Liberty Island. them.
IS the PTG emblem of a tuning
(Our thanks to Helena Thomas for fork and hammer a logo, hallmark
Logo? Hallmark? or a colophon?
a comprehensive account of the ‘86
convention of the Piano Technicians Coiophon?
Guild Auxiliary. Editor)
For quite some time this writer
In October... has heard a good deal about one Still Available:
four-letter word, who may use it,
October, that beautiful month when may it be used, etc. Of course
which signals the end of summer this reference is made to the word l Suncatchers
and the beginning of cold weather “logo.” It is highly probable that
in the northern hemisphere, has its some of my colleagues in the Auxil-
most spectacular “show” in the iary also know of these concerns. l idea Books
northeastern region of our country, Because of the recurrent interest
from Maine and the New England and attention, it seemed that some l Jorgensen Prints
states to the southern and western mild research was in order. Upon
areas of Pennsylvania. Fall foliage consultation with Webster’s
tours are many and it is the rare dictionary it was determined that
Xtober 1986 Piano Technicrans Journal/Z7
Membership Matters

Associate With The Guild

Ron Berry
Vice President

la ok around your community. with entrance exams which could becoming RTTs themselves. This
Are there some people there you’d label him as an Apprentice or a will preserve the high standards
like to have as chapter members? Student. we have established with our
Chances are there are still some Under the new system exams standardized written, technical
fine people in your area who are no longer part of an entrance and tuning exams.
should be in the Guild but have procedure. Instead our exams are So do look around your commu-
not yet joined. given to our members after they nity to see if there is a person
Our membership restructure have already been accepted into there who belongs in the Guild. A
voted in by the 1986 Council the Guild as Associates. This personal invitation from you
offers us a good way to help peo- gives a new member time to feel might be the beginning of a last-
ple get involved with the Piano comfortable in the organization, ing good relationship for that per-
Technicians Guild. All people who to receive the Journal, to ask son and for the Guild.
join the Guild in one of our six questions, and to attend chapter
regions join as Associate Mem- technicals, seminars, and conven-
bers. Later on many of them will tions at member rates before New members who joined the
proceed to become Registered requesting RTT exams. Guild during the month of August
Tuner-Technicians, but everybody Since RTTs are the only ones and those who were reclassified to
comes through the door marked who may use the logo and adver- Registered Tuner-Technician will
“Associate.” tise as Registered Tuner-Techni- be listed with membership infor-
This takes away the fear a cians, Associate members who are mation in next month’s Journal.
tuner with an established busi- technicians will want to work
ness might have of being faced towards passing the exams and

Now Available- 1979 - 1983!

(Covers articles published
between January 1979
and December 1983)

Compiled By
Merle H. Mason
Piano Technicians Guild Members-$12.50 Non-members -$15
Please allow four to six weeks for delivery and add $1.50 for postage and handling.

Z(VOctober 1986 Piano Techmks Journal

Calendar Of Coming Events
Date Event
Oct. 10-12, 1986 Ohio State Conference
Wlckllff. OH
Kevin and Janet Leary; 18817 Hllllard; Rocky River, Oh 441 16. (216) 331-5605

Oct. 16-l 9, 1986 New York State Conference

New York, NY
Nancy Harzard; I Ruth Place, Staten Island. NY 10305. (718) 979-5154
Oct. 17-19, 1986 Texas State Seminar
lntercontlnental Alrport Holiday Inn, Houston, TX
James B Kozak, 301 W. 19th St, Houston, TX 77008
Nov. 7-9, 1986 North Carolina State Conference
Adams Mark Hotel, Charlotte, NC
Eugenla Carter; 43 17 Commonwealth Ave.; Charlotte, NC 28205, (704) 568. I23 1
Nov. 8, 1986 Intermountain Seminar
BrIgham Young University, Provo, Utah
Jack Reeves; 486 N. 300 W ; Orem, UT 84057; [SOI) 225. 1757
Nov. 15. 1986 20th Anniversary Baltimore Chapter Seminar
Omnl InternatIonal, Baltimore, MD
Chrrstre Cornetta; 10 DrawbrIdge Ct. Baltimore, MD 21228, (303) 788-3684
David Hughes; 13228 Old Hanover Rd ; Reisterstown. MD 21 136, (301 J 429-5060

Jan. 9-10, 1987 Arizona State Seminar

Arizona State Unlversq, Tempe, AZ
Wart Harvey, 5901 Calle del Norte, Phoenix, AZ 85018: (602) 945-8515

Feb. 13-l 6, 1987 California State Conference

San Francisco Sheraton Palace
Sld Stone; 16875 East 14th St, San Leandro. CA 94578, (415) 481-1903
Mar. 7-8, 1987 1987 South Central Regional Seminar
Oklahoma City, OK
Gary Nele; 240 Jane Ann; Plnevllle, LA 71360; (318) 640-3122
Mar. 20-22. 1987 1987 Central West Regional Seminar
Unlversrty of Minnesota
Paul Olsen; 3501 Adalr Ave. N ; Crystal, MN 55422 (612) 533-5253
Mar. 26-28, 1987 1987 Memphis Mid-South Seminar
Memphis, TN
Ken Tapp; 4 13 1 Old Brownsville Rd ; Memphrs. TN 38 134 (90 I ) 386. I5 15.
*July 20-24, 1987 30th Annual Piano Technicians Guild Convention & Institute
Constellation Hotel, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Home Offrce: 9140 Ward Parkway, Kansas City, MO 641 14; (816) 444-3500

Be sure to let us know!
If you’re moving, whether it’s
across town or around the
world, be sure to let us know
so your Journals can follow.
To speed the change, send a
mailing label from an old
issue and your new address to:

Piano Technicians Guild

9140 Ward Parkway
Kansas City, MO 64114

October 1986 Pmno Technmns Journal/29

Index of Display Advertisers
Advertiser Page Advertiser Page
Baldwin Piano & Organ Co. IF Pacific Piano Supply 15
California State Conference 24,30 Perkins School 3
Robert Conrad 3 Pro Piano 3
Dampp-Chaser Electronics 3 Schaff Piano Supply Co.
Decals Unlimited 4 Schroeder’s Classic Carriage ;5
Fleisher Piano Cabinetry 22 O.E. Shuler Co., Inc. 23
CA. Geers Co. 18 Superior Imports 19
Grayson County College 30 Superior Instructional Tapes 31
I. Jacoby 30 Tuners Supply Co. 3
A. Isaac Pianos 29 The Vestal Press 19
Kawai Pianos 9 Yamaha 5
Lee Music Mfg. Co., Inc. 19 Young Chang 67’7
The Lunsford Alden Co. 4 Wholesale Piano Co. 4
New England Conservatory 25 Wurlitzer BC
North Bennet Street School 23





upnghts. Reconditioned

- all names. Very

No bad Quality

grands. French & Superfine

fine floor-ready

rebuildable Instru-

PO6 2 I 148 Cleveland 4412 1 OHIO

Hawaii In February

16, 1987.
nia State Conventlon
the Callfor-
at the Sheraton
Palace Hotel in San Francisco Feb. 13-

Technjcal classes will allow the trip

to be tax deductible. More information
in next month’s Journal, or write Sid
Stone, 16875 E. 14th Street, San Lean-
dro, CA 94578.

3 IO/October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal

CLERKS when you are trying to order AN0 PARTS and kits, original fac-
parts? Call Pianotek and talk directly tory materials from the finest early
with technicians - we want to help keyboard suppliers in the world. Also
you get the results you are looking for! Troubleshooting and assistance to fel-
PIANOTEK call (313) 583-1234 or low RTT’s on harpsichord problems.
write 2825 Vinsetta, Royal Oak, MI Authorized Zuckermann Agent. Low-
48073. est Factory Direct Prices - buy from
the source. Catalogs, price lists free.
KEY RECOVERING MACHINES. Send Yves A. Feder RTT, Harpsichord
stamped S.A.E. for current prices and
Classified description. SOLENBERGER PIANO
2 North Chestnut Hill,
CT 06417 (203) 663-
Advertising ROSA, CA 95405. (707) 542-1756.


Classified advertising rates are hand, 150 to 300 uprights! Plain case, GAUGES - as described in the PTG
25 cents per word with a $7.50 art case and players. Also 50 to 150 Jan. 1986. Bubble or dial type. $85.00
minimum. Full payment must grands at all times, as is or rebuilt. Also available at all major supply
accompany each insertion Excellent brand names - no junk! All stores. Call or write the inventor: Tom
request. Closing date for ads is set up for inspection. Lowest possible Lowell, 2360 Galls Creek Rd., Gold
six weeks prior to the first of the prices. Call for quotes. Owen Piano Hill, OR 97525. (503) 855-1743.
month ofpublication. Wholesalers, 2152 W. Washington
Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90018. Tele- KORG AT-12 AUTOCHROMATIC
Box numbers and zip codes phone (818) 883-9643. TUNER, Play instrument; tuner shows
count as one word. Telephone note, octave, cents sharp or flat for
numbers count as two words. GRAHAM ANDERSON, Piano seven octaves: C = 32.70 Hz to
Names of cities and states are Rebuilding and Repair, 3632 Fern- B = 3951.07 Hz. Plays four octaves:
way Drive, Montgomery, AL 36111. C = 65.41 Hz to B = 987.77 Hz. Cali-
counted separately. 20 years’ experience with Steinway - brate A = 430-450 Hz. Batteries, AC
Send check or money order London. Specializing in replacement adaptor, earphone, case, year warranty,
of action rails. Also available GENU- 1 lb. Introductory offer: $135 postpaid
(U.S. funds, please) made payable INE IVORY KEY TOPS ‘replaced.
to Piano Technicians Journal, ($190 list). Song of the Sea, 47 West
Call or write for free estimates. (205) Street, Bar Harbor, Maine 04609,
9140 Ward Parkway, Kansas City, 284-0197. (207) 288-5653.
MO 64114.
Ads appearing in this publica- TAPES. Stimulating Chapter Techni- PINBLOCKS - BRIDGES, BASS/
tion are not necessarily an cals. PIANO TUNING AURAL/ TREBLE. We can duplicate the old
endorsement of the services or ELECTRONlC...$175. The most accu- large complex pinblock with attached
products listed. rate approach in fine tuning. KEY wide stretcher. Send in old part for cus-
MAKING...$124.75. GRAND tom replacement. EDWIN C. TREFZ,
REBUILDING (2 tapes)...$225.75. 202 E. SOUTH AVENUE, NOR-
For Sale Preparation, pinblock replacement, WOOD, PA 19074. (215)532-7768.
COMPLETE HOME STUDY damper installation, restringing.
ing, and Repairing. Write or call for SOUNDBOARD REPLACE- Improve the accuracy of your tunings
free brochure. Aubrey Willis School MENT...$94.75. Ship old board - new with a correctly calibrated SOT. Also
of Piano Tuning, PO Box 25339, board comes to you ready for installa- do repairs and modifications. Richard
Phoenix, AZ 85002. Phone: (305) 299- tion. Please specify VHS or Beta. All
Weinberger. 14130 AIta Vista, Sara-
3696 or (602) 266-1640. prices include shipping. THE PIANO
toga, CA 95670. (408) 867-4513.
GREAT GIFT IDEA: As seen at the PA 19119. (215) 438-7038.
Convention - Grand Piano Shop/
Kitchen Aprons and Potholders. Aprons NEW SOUNDBOARDS MADE
$19.95, Potholders $3.95. Order now for FOR YOU. Ship old board. New
holiday gift giving! Ski and Swim board comes to you ready for installa- COLEMAN-DEFEBAUGH
Fabrications, 902 185th St. Ct. E., tion. Send for instruction on: Victor Video Cassettes
Spanaway, WA 98387, (206) 847-6009. Video Tape, $94.75. Victor A. Ben- @Aural & Visual Tuning $79.50
venuto, 6825 Germantown Avenue, Pitch raising, temperament setting, beat
SIGHT-O-TUNER, Good condition, 6 Philadelphia, PA 19119. (215) 438- counting, Sander-son Accutuner, etc.
years old, completely modified one year 7038. @Grand Action Rebuilding $79.50
ago by Rick Baldassin. $500.00. Jeff Hammers, shanks & flanges, wippens,
Schnell, 4514 Chateau Dr., Albany, THE GUIDE. $10. The Piano Techni-- key bushzng, backchecks, etc.
GA 31707, (912) 432-2757. cians Guide. A job time study and work l Upright Regulation $65.00
guide. Revised and printed to fit a Troubleshooting, refelting, etc.
FOR SALE: One HMR Instratune pocket. Newton J. Hunt, 3253 Lock- l Beginning Piano Tuning $55.00
1600 Quartz tuner in like- new condi- moor, Dallas, TX 75220. (214) 352- VHS or Beta (213) 735-4595
tion $225.00. Write to Ted Wall, 7 6846. Also available from Ford Piano
Superior Instruction
MacDonald Crescent, Swift Current, Supply Co. TX residents add appropri- 2152 W. Washington Bl.,
Sask., Canada S9H 4A8. ate sales tax. Los Angeles, CA 90018

October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal/31

NILES BRYANT OFFERS TWO ond quarter. Employers: contact our STEINWAY GRAND WANTED!! for
HOME STUDY COURSES: Elec- placement office about availability of music school. 215-729-5195.
tronic Organ Servicing: Newly graduates. For more information, con-
revised. Covers all makes and models tact Admissions Office, PO Box 265,
- digital, analogue, LCI’s, synthesiz- Sioux City, IA 51102 or call (712)
ers, etc. Piano Technology: Tuning, 276-0380 collect. Miscellrneous
regulating, repairing. Our 87th year!
Free booklet: Write or call NILES LARGE AND PROFITABLE tuning PIANO TUNER TECHNICIAN, School
BRYANT SCHOOL, Dept. G, Box and repair business in Boston area. of Music, State University of New York
20153, Sacramento, CA 95820 - Based in Lexington, a lovely, historical College at Fredonia. Accepting applica-
(916) 454-4748 (24 hi-s.) town only 30 minutes from downtown, tions for full time piano tuner techni-
and convenient to the RT. 128 beltway cian beginning January 1987. The
RESULTS YOU CAN REALLY BE connecting suburban towns. First qual- School of Music, an integral component
PROUD OF! Imadegawa hammers ity instruments. Owner moving to west of the State University of New York,
from PIANOTEK - your parts alter- coast. Write or !call Edward Klein, 67 College at Fredonia, has a long and
native. Call or write for catalogue - Farmcrest Ave., Lexington, MA proud trandition and is dedicated to
2825 Vinsetta, Royal Oak, MI 48073. 02173, (617) 862-6405. educational and musical excellence.
Phone: (313) 583-1234 Visa/MC. Currently there is an enrollment of 400
“OLD RELIABLE” IS SQUIRMING students, with forty full-time piano fac-
GUARANTEE YOUR NEXT HAM- - and no wonder! They’re competing ulty. The School has excellent facilities
MER JOB! Get proven results with a with A. Isaac’s V.I.P. hammers. Your including over 220 pianos. Applicants
minimum of hassle. Absolutely the reputation is on the line, so why settle should be experienced in all phases of
most accurate hammer boring avail- for “reliable” when you can get piano work, including action rebuilding
able. Imadegawa from PIANOTEK. “superb”? Prompt service and boring- and regulating, pinblock installation,
Call or write for catalogue (313) 583- accurate boring-available. We value and concert-quality tuning and voicing.
1234,2825 Vinsetta, Royal Oak, MI your time...and your reputation. Also Duties will include organizing and
48073. available-wood formulated super glue. maintaining a shop, supervision of
It’s dynamite! Coming soon: Shanks & professional and student assistants.
ALUMINUM KEY BUSHING flanges. Steve Pearson Piano Ser- Membership in the Piano Technicians
CAULS, take the guesswork out of vice, 831, Bennett Ave., Long Beach, Guild with a craftsman rating and a
rebushing keys. “Alumi-Cauls” are CA 90804, (213) 433-7873. Bachelor’s Degree is preferred. Applica-
accurately machined in six standard tions, including resumes and references
CUSTOM REBUILDING of fine should be sent to: Patrick T.
sizes to handle most instruments. grands. Soundboards, pinblocks, action
$49.50/set of 90 plus $2.50 shipping. McMullen, Director, School of
restoration or replacement, refinishing, Music, State University of New
Call or write for complete price and etc. J. Krefting Pianos, PO Box
application list. Also available - 4- York, College at Fredonia, Fre-
16066, Ludlow, KY 41016. (606) 261- donia, NY 14063. SUNY college at
page instructions “A Factory Method 1643.
For Rebushing Keys.” Lifetime invest- Fredonia is an AA/E0 Employer.
ment. Peter W. Grey, RTT, PO BOX NOW AVAILABLE ON AUDIO Women and Minorities are encouraged
56, Kingston, NH 03848. 603-642- CASSETTE “The Marvelous Building to apply.
3633. Blocks of Music.” Explains & Demon-
strates Music Intonation & Harmony. IS PERSONAL SERVICE a thing of
THE TECHNICIANS CHOICE: Price $10.00 postpaid. William Stege- the past? Frustrated with major supply
PIANOTEK Imadegawa/Dampp- man, 304 - 16th St., NW, Austin, houses? At PIANOTEK you talk
Chaser/and more-2 day service on all Minn. 55912. directly with technicians - not desk
orders-Next Day Air available. (313) clerks. Imadegawa hammers and cus-
583-1234,2825 Vinsetta, Royal Oak, Wanted tom boring our specialty. Give us a try!
MI 48073. Call or write: (313) 583-1234, 2825
PLAYER ACTION REBUILDING. Vinsetta, Royal Oak, MI 48073.
PIANO KEYS RECOVERED: ,050 - Any make. Specialize in Gulbransen &
$35.00. .060 - $37.00. .075 - with Schulz. All work guaranteed. We sup- SIGHT-O-TUNER MODIFICATION.
fronts $55.00. New sharps - $25.00. ply packing crate for stack via UPS. Bourns Knobpots are not enough.
Sharps refinished $12.50. New fronts - Wm. D. Gilstrap, Rt. 2, Bevier, MO Exclusive Internal Error Compensation
$17.50. Keys Rebushed $35.00. Return 63532, (816) 385-5338. is necessary for truly accurate modifi-
freight paid. Charles Wilson, 1841 Kit cation. Factory re-calibration and
MASON & HAMLIN EX-PLAYER. repair procedures available. Sales -
Carson, Dyersburg, Tenn. 38024 Have mechanism to install. Also want
(901) 285-2516. modified or stock, new or used. Work
Steinway Ex-Player in an art carved endorsed by the inventor of the Sight-
case. BRADY, 4609 Cranbrook, Indi- O-Tuner, Albert Sanderson. Also,
A CAREER in Band Instrument anapolis, IN 46250. (317) 259-4305
Repair or Piano Tuning and Repair can SANDERSON ACCU-TUNERS from
after 5 p.m. (317) 849-1469, call Authorized Distributor. The most accu-
be yours! Enroll in Western Iowa Tech collect.
Community College’s programs and rate and advanced tuning aid avail-
develop skills from tuning to rebuilding WANTED: SQUARE GRAND able. Tuning lever note switch for
pianos, or overhauling and repairing ACTION PARTS. Complete actions or Accu-Tuner $20. Sight-O-Tuner service
brass and woodwind instruments. Spe- single pieces, any condition. Also books still available to Accu-Tuner and pre-
cially designed facilities include indi- or other material about pre-1900 vious Sight-O-Tuner customers.
vidual work stations and up to date pianos. Xerox copies fine. Send prices. Repairs to new customers by appoint-
equipment. In state tuition is $250.00 Antique and Modern Piano Service, ment only, please. Rick Baldassin,
per quarter; out of state tuition is Mallory and Jan Geller, Box 191084, 2684 W. 220 North, Provo, UT 84601,
$500.00 per quarter. Most students Los Angeles, CA 90019, (213) 733- (801) 374-2887. Solving your pitch
qualify for in state tuition by the sec- 7241. problems since 1981.

32/October 1986 Piano Technicians Journal

Caesars Palace Hotel
Las Vegas, Neveda
July 2529,1988
Cassette Tapes Are $7.00 Each
(1 PTG-326

[I PTG-302
bye A. McCall


Bill Sp”rlock. Fern Henry

[I PTC-329

[I PTG-330


Jack Krefrmg


George U’heller. Webb Philips


George Wklkr, Webb Phlllqx


Norman Helschober
[I PTG- 312
TECHNICIANS” Norman Hellchober

[I PTt-336


D.wld Betts Allen Foote

Ern,e ,Uh” Tom Cobble

Ray l?eutrw Mark Anderson

Ray rceutrer r4mvton J. Hun,

We”&,, Eaton, RKk Bulter Newlo” 2. HunI

11 PTG-344

[I PTG-320

[I PTC-321

rl i ANY THREE TAPES $19.00 l ANY SIX TAPES $38.00

Cl 6 Cassette Storage Album $5.00 0 12 Cassette Storage Album $6.00
Please Check Tapes Desired (Does Not Include Sales Tax Or Postage And Handling)

my stare. ZIP

Sigmturs (required on charges) Amount lor Tapes. Accaawria~ f


I q Picked Up 0 Send
Sales 181 5% (KY Only)
0 Paid ’ O&II s.9m aIt1
0 Cash 0 Charoe 0 Check

Check Number Delwered


Oaposiled Mailed
GUARANTEED POLICY: If for any reason you are not happy with the tapes you have received from Meetings lnternationale please advise. It is our
policy to refund your money, replace a defective tape or allow you to select another tape from the listing. Your satisfaction is guaranteed.
AtInt&ochenCenter for the Arts Al Fisher
makes’sureth’e.pianos top condition for _
students and perforriiing artists. That might
look like a formidable job, especially when . .
you consider that most of
‘the -pianos used during the
famous National Music
Camp are; in lakeside’
buildings where. temperature
and’humidity change
constantly. But Al Fisher
will tell you that it’s “easier
than you might think” with,
Wurlitzer pianos.. . because’
Wurlitzer actions are f
manufactured ,with ) -‘. ’
uncommon precision.
Naturally, he appreciates
that., But he also appreciates ‘.
the extra service that Wurlitz
technicians. For example, th
shows how Wurlizter pian
uses it regularly in the pian
teaches at Interlochen. !‘I us
~students. It’s well .done.”
, :- 4
Peop’le like Al &her appreciate Wurlitzer, because : ,’ ..
we keep. the technidian’in mind .whendesigning
pianos and establishing service programs. And that _.
m,akes the technician’s job a little easier. ‘,, .j; :’ _,,,: ..t
i . ._.I. : :Z’..

I .

. ‘., :,. : DeKalb, Illinois 60115‘.‘: :- ~ ” .“t: