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CHAPTER 1 DIRECTED NUMBERS

1.1 Multiplication and Division of Integers. Example:


1 2 2
Multiplication Division i) (-8 ) + 3 ii) (-3 ) x 5
3 5 3
1. 5 x 3 = 15 1. 6 ÷ 3 = 2 = =
2. 5 x (-3) = -15 2. 6 ÷ (-3) = -2
3. (-5) x 3 = -15 3. (-6) ÷ 3 = -2
4. (-5) x (-3) = 15 4. (-6) ÷ (-3) = 2
5. (-5) x 0 = 0 5. (-6) ÷ 0 = undefined 2 1 2
iii) 5 – (-3 ) iv) (-3 ) ÷ 5
6. 5 x 0 = 0 6. 0 ÷ (-6) = 0 3 2 3
7. 0 ÷ 0 = undefined = =

1.2 Combined operations on Integers.


1. Order of arithmetical operations.
1.4 Positive and Negative Decimals.
( ), ÷, x, +, –

Example:
-0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
(a) 11 – 22 + 33 (b) 12 x (-3) ÷ (-6)
= =
Negative Decimals Positive Decimals

Zero

1.3 Positive and Negative Fractions. 1.5 Computation involving directed numbers.
1. Number line 1 5
i) 0.75 + (- ) ii) -2.5 ÷ (- )
4 12
= =
3 1 1 1 1 3
-1 - - - 0 1
4 2 4 4 2 4

iii) [ 36 + 5 x (-4)] ÷ (-8)


Negative Fractions Positive Fractions
=
Zero