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Q.P.

-2015 Paper Code: UN412(1 - 24)

(Code: 412)
Q.P.-2016 Paper Code: UN415(1 - 24)

(Set A - Code: 415)


Q.P.-2016 Paper Code: UN418(1 - 24)

(Set B - Code: 418)


Q.P.-2016 Paper Code: UN421(1 - 24)
(Set C - Code: 421)

Key & Solutions

Class–II
CLASS : X

Class : X Mathematics

If cot θ + cos θ = p and cot θ – cos θ = q, find the value of


(p2 – q2)2 in terms of p and q.
(A) 16 pq (B) 8 pq (C) 4 pq (D) 12 pq

A bag contains 5 red balls and ‘n’ green balls. If the


probability of drawing a green ball is three times that of red
ball, find the total number of balls.
(A) 5 (B) 15 (C) 20 (D) 25

26. In the figure, AD = 4 cm, AB = 3 cm and CD = 9 cm


What is the area of triangle AEC?
A
B

C D
(A) 9.5 cm 2
(B) 4.5 cm 2
(C) 3.5 cm2 (D) 13.5 cm2

A cuboid of size 8 cm × 4 cm × 2 cm is cut into cubes of equal


size of 1 cm side. What is the ratio of the surface area of the
original cuboid to the surface areas of all the unit cubes so
formed?
(A) 13 : 4 (B) 8 : 3 (C) 7 : 24 (D) 7 : 12

Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 1


CLASS : X

The numbers x, y, z are such that xy = 96050 and xz = 95625


and y is greater than z by one. Find value of the number z.
(A) 425 (B) 220 (C) 525 (D) 225
If a, b, c are three natural numbers such that ‘c’ is a factor of
ab and c is co-prime to a, which of the following is true?
(A) ‘b’ is a factor of ‘c’ (B) ‘c’ is a factor of ‘b’
(C) ‘a’ is a factor of ‘b’ (D) ‘b’ is a factor of ‘a’

Two vertical poles 20 m and 80 m high stand apart on a


horizontal plane. The height of the point of intersection of
the lines joining the top of each pole to the foot of the other
is ‘a’ meters. What is the value of a?
(A) 12 m (B) 10 m (C) 16 m (D) 20 m
The given figure shows 4 identical circles enclosed in a
square of sides 20 cm.

20 cm

Find the area of the unshaded region of the figure.


(A) 320 cm2 (B) 200 cm2 (C) 280 cm2 (D) 350 cm2

Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 2


CLASS : X

In the xy-plane, points Q and S are the centers of the circles,


which are tangent to the x-axis. What is the slope of line QS
(not shown)?
y
R(11, 10)
P(3, 6)
S
Q
x
O
1 1 1 7
(A) (B) (C) (D)
8 4 2 8
If the 9th term of an A.P. is 99 and 99th term is 9, find 108th term.
(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) 6
In the given xy-coordinate plane, line n is perpendicular to
line l. What is the slope of line n?
y
n
3
l 2

1
x
O 1 2 3

1 1
(A) –3 (B) − (C) (D) 2
3 3
Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 3


CLASS : X

The radius and height of a right solid circular cone (ABC) are
respectively 6 cm and 2 7 cm. A coaxial cone (DEF) of radius
3 cm and height 7 cm is cut out of the cone as shown in the
figure. What is the whole surface area of the remaining solid
thus formed?
B

A D F C

(A) 96 π cm2 (B) 87 π cm2 (C) 60 π cm2 (D) 36 π cm2


The given figure shows a circle with centre O and a diameter
of 20 cm. Find the area of the shaded part of the circle.
(Take π = 3.14)

25o
O
25o

7 7
(A) 270 cm2 (B) 290 cm2
18 18

11 1
(C) 250 cm2 (D) 220 cm2
18 18
Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 4


CLASS : X

In the given figure, what is the median of the slopes of


OA, OB, OC, OD and OE ?
y

4
A B C D E
3

x
–1 O
1 2 3 4 5 6
–1

4 3 3
(A) (B) 1 (C) (D)
3 4 5

A ladder is inclined to a wall making an angle of 30o with it.


A man is ascending the ladder at the rate of 2 m/s. How fast
is he approaching the wall?
(A) 2 m/s (B) 1.5 m/s (C) 1 m/s (D) 0.5 m/s

What is the equation of the axis of symmetry of the graph


y = 3x2 + 12x – 2?
(A) x = –2 (B) x = 2 (C) y = –2 (D) y = 2

Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 5


CLASS : X

There are 4 numbers. The H.C.F. of each pair is 3 and the


L.C.M. of all the four numbers is 126. Find the product of 4
numbers.
(A) 1512 (B) 6048 (C) 3402 (D) 378

The line AB is 6 metres in length and is tangent to the inner


one of the two concentric circles at point C. It is known that
the radii of the two circles are integers. Find the radius of
the inner circle.
A
C

(A) 8 m (B) 4 m (C) 6 m (D) 3 m

If both a and b belong to the set {1, 2, 3, 4}, find the number
of equations of the form ax2 + bx + 1 = 0 having real roots.
(A) 10 (B) 7 (C) 6 (D) 12
m 1
If tan α = and tan β = , find α + β .
m+1 2m + 1

(A) π / 3 (B) π / 2 (C) π / 4 (D) π / 6


Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 6


CLASS : X

Which of the following is the graph of a linear function with


a negative slope and a positive y-intercept?
y y

(A) x (B) x
o o

y y

o x x
(C) (D) o

In the given figure, BD and CD are angle bisectors of ∠ ABC


and ∠ ACE, respectively, find ∠ BDC.

D
A

E
B C
1 1
(A) ∠ BAC (B) 2 ∠ BAC (C) ∠ BAC (D) ∠ BAC
2 3

If a, b, c and d are four positive numbers such that


a + b + c + d = 4, what is the maximum value of
(a + 1)(b + 1)(c + 1)(d + 1)?
(A) 32 (B) 8 (C) 16 (D) 81

Paper Code: UN412 7


CLASS : X

If AB is the chord at the circle with centre O, PAN and RBM


are the tangent at A and B respectively, which of the
following is correct?
P R

O
A x y B

N M
(A) x ≠ y (B) ∠ PAB = y
(C) ∠ PAB = y and ∠ RBA = x (D) x = y
If x + a is a factor of the polynomial x4 – a2x2 + 3x – a, find
the value of a.
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) –2 (D) 2
Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 8


CLASS : X

Class : X Physics
A student has three resistors, 3 ohms, 4 ohms and 6 ohms
respectively. He wants to make use of these three resistors
to form a new value of resistance for his electrical circuit.
Which value is he NOT able to get ?
(A) 2 ohms (B) 2.4 ohms (C) 8 ohms (D) 9 ohms
A painter leans his back against a painted wall while looking into
a 1 m long mirror at the opposite end of a rectangular room.
1 m long mirror

12 m
Painted wall Painter

How much of the painted wall can he see through the 1 m


long mirror?
(A) 1 m (B) 2 m (C) 6 m (D) 12 m
What is the main reason for using a solenoid instead of a
straight wire to produce magnetic field?
(A) To concentrate the magnetic field produced throughout
the wire to flow through the core of the solenoid.
(B) To reduce the space taken up by the long wire.
(C) To ensure that the magnetic field strength is constant.
(D) To reduce the amount of wires used to produce the
same magnetic field strength as a straight wire.
Given below is the path taken by light as it enters the human eye.
Aqueous
Light X Pupil Y
humour

Op c Vitreous
Brain Z
nerve humour
Which part of the human eye represents Z ?
(A) Cornea (B) Lens (C) Retina (D) Ciliary muscles
Paper Code: UN412 9
CLASS : X

Which is NOT the way to increase the efficient use of energy


sources ?
(A) Getting the least use of energy with maximum wastage.
(B) Good planning and management is using the energy sources.
(C) Developing and using highly efficient equipment.
(D) Developing a wider use of alternative sources such as
biomass and wind energy.
Which of the given have a virtual image ?
(i) The image formed by an image projector.
(ii) The image formed by a plane mirror.
(iii) The upright image formed by a magnifying glass.

(A) Only (ii) (B) Only (i) and (ii)


(C) Only (ii) and (iii) (D) (i), (ii) and (iii)
A charge of 200 C flows through an electric bulb of resistance 20
Ω for 25 s. Calculate the potential difference across the bulb.
(A) 120 V (B) 140 V (C) 160 V (D) 180 V

Which of the given statements are true ?

(i) There are three types of cone cells sensi ve to primary


colours.
(ii) Cone cells are sensi ve to high intensity of coloured light.
(iii) An owl has large number of rod cells in its re na.
(iv) Rod cells are sensi tive to low intensity of black and white
light.
(A) Only (i), (ii) and (iv) (B) Only (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(C) Only (i), (iii) and (iv) (D) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
What is the use of slip rings in a simple a.c. generator?
(A) To increase the rotational speed of the coil.
(B) To prevent the wires from entanglement.
(C) To change the direction of current flowing to the load in
every half a turn.
(D) To ensure good contacts between the moving parts and
the stationary parts.
Paper Code: UN412 10
CLASS : X

Which pair of lenses can be used to construct a compound


microscope?
(A) Two convex lenses with focal lengths of 5 cm and 100 cm.
(B) Two concave lenses with focal lengths of 5 cm and 100 cm.
(C) Two convex lenses with focal lengths of 5 cm and 7 cm.
(D) Two concave lenses with focal lengths of 5 cm and 7 cm.
Identify the renewable sources of energy.
(A) Coal, natural gas (B) Sunlight, tidal waves
(C) Ethanol fuel, sunlight (D) Wood, wind
Which part of the human eye is responsible for absorbing
light and preventing reflection of light within the eyeball ?
(A) Vitreous humour (B) Yellow spot
(C) Retina (D) Choroid

Which coil produces the strongest electromagnet for a given


flow of current ?
(A) A 10 cm coil with 100 turns
(B) A 5 cm coil with 200 turns
(C) A 10 cm coil with 200 turns
(D) A 20 cm coil with 200 turns
A photocopy machine uses a converging lens to focus images
for printing on papers. If the focal length of the lens is 6 cm,
what is the distance from the original copy to the lens during
photocopying ?
(A) 2 cm (B) 6 cm (C) 10 cm (D) 12 cm
The most appropriate fuse rating for a 240 V, 1.2 kW
heater is
(A) 3 A. (B) 5 A. (C) 10 A. (D) 13 A.
Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 11


CLASS : X

Carnivores such as tigers have their eyes in front of the head.


This enables them
(i) to estimate distance accurately.
(ii) to see things in three dimensions.
(iii) to have a large field of monocular vision.
(A) Only (i) and (ii) (B) Only (i) and (iii)
(C) Only (ii) and (iii) (D) (i), (ii) and (iii)
Identify the earthwire in the given circuit.
I II

IV

M ains
supply III

(A) II (B) III (C) I (D) IV


Which option is not the effect of refraction ?
(A) Chopsticks appear to bent in clear soup.
(B) A fish appears to be larger than its actual size in water.
(C) Light travelling through optical fibre.
(D) A man appears to be smaller than his actual size from
the point of view of a fish underwater.
A 2 m long wire with a cross sectional area of 1 mm2 has a
resistance of 16 Ω . What is the resistance of the same type of
wire which is 4 m long and has a cross-sectional area of 2 mm2?
(A) 4 Ω (B) 8 Ω (C) 16 Ω (D) 32 Ω
The given figure shows an object placed at X and its image is
formed at Z.

Identify the object distance, focal length and image distance


respectively.
(A) XY, OZ, YZ (B) XZ, OY, YZ (C) OX, OY, OZ (D) XY, OY, YZ
Paper Code: UN412 12
CLASS : X

Choose the correct option.

Materials Property Usage


(A) Iron Easily magnetised Electromagnet
(B) Iron Easily demagnetised Permanent magnet
(C) Steel Easily magnetised Electromagnet

(D) Steel Easily demagnetised Permanent magnet

Why is the filament in an electric bulb made from tungsten?


(A) It has a melting point higher than 3000 oC.
(B) It has high resistance to allow high current to pass
through.
(C) It has high mass so that more heat can be stored in the
filament.
(D) It has high specific heat capacity so that small amount
of heat can increase the temperature to a large extent.
A converging lens has a focal length of 15 cm. Given that an
object is placed 31 cm from the optical centre of the lens,
what are the characteristics of the image formed ?
(A) Real, inverted and diminished
(B) Real, inverted and same size as object
(C) Real, inverted and enlarged
(D) Virtual, upright and enlarged
Which is the safest method to dispose off radioactive wastes?
(A) To dispose into the sea.
(B) To keep it in a thick lead container and bury it under the sea.
(C) To bury it under the ground.
(D) To dispose in an uninhabited island.
An appliance marked “240 V, 2 A” is being connected to a
120 V supply. What is the output power of the appliance ?
(A) 60 W (B) 120 W (C) 240 W (D) 480 W

Paper Code: UN412 13


CLASS : X

Class : X Chemistry
Why do noble gases exist as monoatomic gases ?
(A) They have low melting point.
(B) They have high boiling point.
(C) Their atoms have duplet or octet electron arrangement.
(D) The forces of attraction between their atoms are very
weak.
Three different metals of the same size and thickness reacted
with equal volumes of dilute hydrochloric acid in 3 different
test tubes. The time taken to collect 5 cm3 of hydrogen gas is
recorded in seconds. Which option gives the correct
recording?

Magnesium Zinc Sodium


(A) 20 30 10
(B) 20 10 30
(C) 30 20 10

(D) 10 20 30

Identify a balanced equation for the given reaction.

Aluminium + Iron (III) oxide


Aluminium oxide + Iron

(A) 2Al(s) + Fe2O3(s) → Al2O3(s) + 2Fe(l)


(B) 2Al(s) + Fe2O3(s) → Al2O3(s) + 2Fe(g)
(C) Al(s) + Fe2O3(s) → Al2O3(g) + 2Fe(s)
(D) 2Al(s) + Fe2O3(s) → Al2O3(s) + Fe(s)
Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 14


CLASS : X

The table given below shows the volume, concentration and


pH value of two acids.

Acids Volume pH
and concentra on
Hydrochloric acid 50 cm3 of 1 mol dm–3 1
3 –3
Ethanoic acid 50 cm of 1 mol dm 4

Why is there a difference in pH value between the two acids?


(A) The number of moles of ethanoic acid is less than that
of hydrochloric acid.
(B) Ethanoic acid is more soluble in water than hydrochloric
acid.
(C) The degree of ionisation of ethanoic acid is less than
that of hydrochloric acid.
(D) The concentration of hydrogen ions is higher in ethanoic
acid than in hydrochloric acid.
One mole of a hydrocarbon ‘X’ reacted completely with one
mole of hydrogen gas in the presence of a heated catalyst.
What could be the formula of ‘X’ ?
(A) C 2 H 6 (B) C 3 H 8 (C) C 5 H 10 (D) C 7 H 16
Which steps can be taken to prevent the oxidation of fried
foods ?

(i) Addition of BHA and HBT to foods prior to frying.


(ii) Storing fried foods in air-tight containers and also
away from the light.
(iii) Filling unreactive gas in bags/ containers in which
fried foods are stored.
(A) Only (i) and (ii) (B) Only (ii) and (iii)
(C) (i), (ii) and (iii) (D) Only (i) and (iii)
From which ore is manganese extracted ?
(A) Haematite (B) Bauxite
(C) Pyrolusite (D) Calamine

Paper Code: UN412 15


CLASS : X

What is P in the given chemical reaction ?

Boiling
Vegetable oil + Alkali Soap + P

(A) Fat (B) Ester (C) Glycerol (D) Ethanol


The formulae of some oxides are given below.

Na2O , Al2O3 , CO2 , MgO , SO2

Which option gives the correct number of each type of oxide?


Acidic Amphoteric Basic
(A) 1 2 2
(B) 2 0 3
(C) 1 1 3
(D) 2 1 2
Identify an equation that represents the complete
combustion of CH3OH.
(A) 2CH3OH + O2 → 2C + 4H2O (B) 2CH3OH + 2O2 → 2CO + 4H2O
(C) 2CH3OH + O2 → 2CO2 + 4H2 (D) 2CH3OH + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 4H2O
The given bar chart shows a period of elements from lithium
to neon.

Property

Elements
Li Be B C N O F Ne
Which property of these elements is shown on the chart ?
(A) The number of electrons used in bonding
(B) The number of orbits holding electrons
(C) The (proton) atomic number
(D) The relative atomic mass

Paper Code: UN412 16


CLASS : X

Identify the numbers in places of (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)


respectively to balance the given equation.

(i) PbS + (ii) H2O2 (iii) PbSO4 + (iv) H2O

(A) 1, 4, 1, 4 (B) 1, 3, 1, 2 (C) 2, 2, 2, 2 (D) 1, 4, 1, 3

The metals iron, lead and zinc can each be extracted by the
reduction of the oxides with coke.
What is the correct order of the ease of reduction of the metal
oxides ?
(A) Iron, lead, zinc (B) Iron, zinc, lead
(C) Lead, iron, zinc (D) Zinc, iron, lead

A white solid is often seen around the stoppers of bottles


containing sodium hydroxide solution.
Which substance has reacted with sodium hydroxide to form
the solid?
(A) Water in the solution (B) Glass
(C) Oxygen in the air (D) Carbon dioxide in the air
Few reactions are given below in which ethanol is either a
reactant or a product.

(i) Combus on of ethanol


(ii) Conversion of ethene to ethanol
(iii) Fermenta on of glucose
(iv) Oxida on of ethanol to ethanoic acid

In which reactions is water also either a reactant or a product?


(A) Only (i), (iii) and (iv) (B) Only (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(C) Only (i), (ii) and (iv) (D) Only (iii)
Which option has electrovalent bonds between its particles?
(A) Chlorine (B) Hydrogen
(C) Carbon dioxide (D) Magnesium oxide

Paper Code: UN412 17


CLASS : X

When two liquids are mixed, a solution with a pH value of 7 is


formed. What are the pH values of the two liquids ?
(A) 5, 2 (B) 5, 12 (C) 6, 1 (D) 14, 7
X, Y and Z are elements in the periodic table. X forms an
acidic oxide, Y forms a basic oxide and Z forms an amphoteric
oxide.
If X, Y and Z are placed in order of increasing atomic number
(lowest atomic number first), which order is correct?
(A) X, Y, Z (B) X, Z, Y (C) Y, X, Z (D) Y, Z, X
Given below is the structural formula of a substance.
CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 O
–
–
CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 – O – S –O Na
–
–
– +

O
What is the substance ?
(A) Sulphonic acid (B) Fatty acid
(C) Soap (D) Detergent
Which reactions given below are oxidation reactions?
Ethanol
C2H5 OH

Ethyl Ethanoic Sodium


ethanoate Z acid Y ethanoate
CH3CO 2C2H5 CH3CO2H CH3CO 2Na

(A) Only X (B) Only X and Y


(C) Only Y (D) Only Y and Z
Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 18


CLASS : X

Class : X Biology
Which of the following is NOT true concerning photosynthesis
in green plants?
(A) Absorb carbon dioxide
(B) Releases oxygen
(C) Occurs in the presence of sunlight
(D) Absorbs carbohydrates
Which of these statements about the given food chain is correct?

A B C D
(A) Living thing A makes its own food so it does not need
energy from any sources.
(B) Living Thing D gets the most energy as it is at the end of
the food chain.
(C) Not all the energy from living thing B can be transferred
to living thing C.
(D) More energy is transferred from living thing C to D than
from living thing B to C.
Peripheral nervous system consists of
(i) cranial nerves (ii) spinal nerves
(iii) spinal cord (iv) brain
(A) (i) and (ii) (B) (i) and (iii) (C) (ii) and (iv) (D) (iii) and (iv)
Which two arrows show the path of blood vessels carrying
oxygen-rich blood?
P Q
Lungs Heart Parts of the Body
R S
(A) P and Q only (B) P and R only
(C) Q and S only (D) R and S only
In humans what is the probability for the baby to be a baby
boy?
(A) 25% (B) 50% (C) 75% (D) 100%

Paper Code: UN412 19


CLASS : X

A ring of bark is removed by cutting round the stem of a plant.


After three weeks, the part of the stem above the ring is
observed to be swollen. The swollen part contains mainly
(A) mineral salts. (B) sugar.
(C) oxygen. (D) water.
Arrange the living organisms below into a correct food chain.

(i) Frog (ii) Eagle


(iii) Rice plant (iv) Grasshopper (v) Snake

(A) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) (B) (iii), (iv), (i), (v) and (ii)
(C) (iii), (i), (iv), (v) and (ii) (D) (iii), (iv), (i), (ii) and (v)

Which of these is a hermaphrodite?


(A) Yeast (B) Paramecium
(C) Ascaris (D) Earthworm
F in the diagram is an endocrine gland in human body.

What is the function of the hormone released by F?


(A) Response to stress
(B) Stimulates the ovaries to produce eggs.
(C) Stimulates growth
(D) Regulates the amount of oxygen in the blood
Space for rough work

Paper Code: UN412 20


CLASS : X

What is represented by processes E and F in the given


flowchart.
Father Mother

Sperm Egg
E F

(A) Mitosis Meiosis


E
(B) M eiosis Mitosis
Zygote
(C) Fer lisa on Mitosis
F
(D) Cross over Meiosis

Baby

What will be the genetic material found in a sperm?

(i) 22 + X (ii) 22 + Y (iii) 24 + XY (iv) 23 + XY

(A) (i) and (ii) (B) (i) and (iv)


(C) (ii) and (iii) (D) (iii) and (iv)

The diagram shows losses from a rat to the environment.

What will not be returned to the ecosystem and recycled?


(A) Carbon dioxide (B) Heat energy
(C) Salts (D) Urea

Paper Code: UN412 21


CLASS : X

Which part of the human brain controls breathing rate and


regulates blood pressure?
(A) Cerebrums (B) Medulla
(C) Cerebellum (D) Spinalcord
The diagram shows the female reproductive system.
Where do fertilisation and implantation occur?

Study the experimental set-up below.

Which of the following describes the appearance of the


limewater after the set-up was placed in the sun for six
hours?
(A) The limewater turned cloudy.
(B) The limewater turned brown.
(C) The limewater turned dark blue.
(D) The limewater remained colourless.
What is the function of oxygen in our body?
(A) To fill in the lung
(B) To keep the body’s temperature
(C) To burn the food in our body
(D) To maintain blood circulation
Paper Code: UN412 22
CLASS : X

The diagram below shows the drawing of a human heart.


The blood vessel that is labelled X carries blood from the
heart to the lungs.

Which of the following is/are transported by the blood found


in X?

P. Oxygen Q. Carbon dioxide R. Water

(A) P only (B) P and R only (C) Q only (D) P and Q only
What type of movement is shown by Mimosa pudica plant
in response to external stimulus?
(A) Nastic movement (B) Thigmotropism
(C) Hydrotropism (D) Geotropism
The potato plant produces daughter plants through
(A) suckers. (B) corms. (C) bulbs. (D) tubers.
Study the diagram below which shows two different
samples of blood drawn out from Tom.

red
blood cells

Sample B
Sample A
was taken a er Tom
was taken before Tom
had been living on top of
climbed a mountain
the mountain
Tom’s ability to produce more red blood cells at the top of
the mountain shows an adaptation to
(A) lower oxygen levels.
(B) higher oxygen levels.
(C) lower surrounding temperature.
(D) higher surrounding temperature.
Paper Code: UN412 23
CLASS : X

Class : X General Awareness


On which river bank is Goa located?
(A) Ganga (B) Mandovi (C) Gomati (D) Sabarmati
Who is called a numismatist?
(A) Collector of stamps (B) Collector of coins
(C) Collector of matchsticks (D) Collector of books
B.B.C. is a
(A) pharmaceutical concern
(B) famous radio and television broadcasting corporation of U.K.
(C) unit of united nations
(D) company concerned with bank affairs
World’s tallest statue of Sardar Vallabhai Patel is laid in
(A) Gujarat (B) Rajasthan (C) Uttarpradesh (D) Kolkata
When is the National Youth Day in India celebrated?
(A) August 20th (B) January 12th
(C) July 15th
(D) April 20th
Who won the Magsaysay Award 2014 for Emergent leadership?
(A) T.N. Seshan (B) Randy Halasan
(C) Arvind Kejriwal (D) Manmohan Singh
In which game the expression ‘Banana Kick’ is used?
(A) Wrestling (B) Hockey (C) Football (D) Boxing
Which is the only Asian country represented in the G-8 group?
(A) China (B) Japan (C) India (D) Malaysia
Who is the author of Half Girlfriend?
(A) Narrottam Puri (B) R.K. Laxman
(C) J.K. Rowling (D) Chetan Bhagat
Government of India has decided to dedicate year 2015-16
to which of the following?
(A) Water Conservation year (B) Nuclear Energy Year
(C) Year of Clean India (D) Year of Digital India

Paper Code: UN412 24


CLASS :X

Class : X Mathematics
1. A cineplex has 13 rows of seats with 10 seats in the first
row, 12 in the second, 14 in the third and so on. What
is the total number of seats in the cineplex ?
(A) 252 (B) 256 (C) 258 (D) 286
2. If cos (α + β) = 0 for all α , β being acute angles, what
is the value of sin (α + β) ?
(A) cos β (B) cos 2 β (C) sin α (D) sin 2 α
3. O is the centre of the circle. Find the diameter of the circle
if PK = 1 cm is the perpendicular bisector of chord
AB = 6 cm.
(A) 10 cm (B) 1 cm (C) 19 cm (D) 5 cm
4. The difference of the L.C.M. and H.C.F. of 210 and 55
is expressed as 210 × 6 + 55y. What is the value of
y3 ?
(A) 1331 (B) 3375 (C) 55 (D) 6859
Space fo r rou gh w ork

Paper Code: UN 415 1


CLASS :X

5. Three chairs and two tables cost 1850. Five chairs and
three tables cost 2850. Find the total cost of one chair
and one table.
(A) 800 (B) 850 (C) 900 (D) 950
6. In trapezium ABCD, AB 2 CD and diagonals AC and BD
intersect at point O. If OA = N – 4, OB = 3N – 19,
OC = 4 and OD = N – 3, find 'N'.
(A) 10 units (B) 9 units
(C) 12 units (D) 8 units
7. Which triangle is formed by the points A (2a, 4a),
(
B (2a, 6a) and C 2a + 3a, 5a ? )
(A) A right-angled triangle
(B) An isosceles triangle
(C) An equilateral triangle
(D) An acute-angled triangle
Space for rough w ork

Paper Code: UN 415 2


CLASS :X

8. If P and Q are the zeros of the polynomial


aN2 + bN + c, what is the value of P2 + Q2 ?
b2 + 2ac a2 + 2bc
(A) (B)
a2 b2
a2 − 2bc b2 − 2ac
(C) (D)
b2 a2
9. If the roots of N2 + 4mN + 4m2 + m + 1 = 0 are real, which
of the following is true ?
(A) m = – 1 (B) m ≤ − 1
(C) m ≥ − 1 (D) m ≥ 0
10. From a tower of 200 m, the angles of depression of two
buildings in opposite sides of the tower are found to be
60° and 45°. What is the distance between the buildings ?
1
(A) 200( 3 + 1) m (B) 200( + 1) m
3
(C) 200 3 m (D) 200( 3 – 1) m
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Paper Code: UN 415 3


CLASS :X

11. If OA and OB are radii and PA and PB are tangents to the


circle, which of the following is quadrilateral OAPB ?
(A) Rectangle (B) Square
(C) Parallelogram (D) Kite
12. ∆ ABC is an isosceles triangle with the unequal side
measures 12 cm. If the attitude measures 6 cm, what is
the measure of ∠ BAC ?
(A) 36.8o (B) 45o (C) 90o (D) 38o
13. What is the area of a triangle whose vertices are
P(p, q + r), Q(q, r + p), and R(r, p + q) ?
(A) 16 sq. units (B) 12 sq. units
(C) 19 sq. units (D) 0 sq. units
14. If ∆ ABC ~ ∆ DFE, ∠ A = 30o, ∠ C = 50o, AB = 5 cm,
AC = 8 cm and DF = 7.5 cm. Which of the following is
true ?
(A) DE = 12 cm, ∠ F= 50o
(B) DE = 12 cm, ∠ F= 100o
(C) EF = 12 cm, ∠ D= 100o
(D) EF = 12 cm, ∠ D= 30o
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Paper Code: UN 415 4


CLASS :X

15. How many numbers between 100 and 1000 are divisible
by 7 ?
(A) 7 (B) 128 (C) 132 (D) 127
16. If the sum of the zeros of the polynomial
f( N) = (k 2 − 14 ) N 2 − 2 N − 12 is 1, which is one of the
possible values of 'k' ?
(A) 14 (B) – 14 (C) 2 (D) – 4
17. Three bulbs are connected in such a manner that they
glow for every 24 sec, 36 sec and 54 sec respectively. All
of them glow at once at 8 a.m. When will they again glow
simultaneously ?
(A) 8 : 30 : 36 a.m. (B) 8 : 03 : 36 a.m.
(C) 8 : 36 : 03 a.m. (D) 8 : 36 : 30 a.m.
18. A two digit number is 4 times the sum of its digits and
also 16 more than the product of digits. Find the number.
(A) 48 (B) 36 (C) 44 (D) 32
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Paper Code: UN 415 5


CLASS :X

19. In the figure above AD = 4, AB = 3 and CD = 9. What is


the area of triangle AEC ?
A
B
E

C D
(A) 18 (B) 13.5
(C) 9 (D) 4.5
⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 3⎞
20. Find the sum of ⎜ 1 − n ⎟ + ⎜ 1 − n ⎟ + ⎜ 1 − n ⎟ ...... upto ‘n’
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
terms.
n n−1 n+1 n (n + 1 )
(A) (B) (C) (D)
2 2 2 n2
21. In what ratio is the line segment joining the points (7, 3)
and (–4, 5) divided by the Y-axis ?
(A) 2 : 3 (B) 4 : 7 (C) 3 : 5 (D) 7 : 4
22. What is the angle between the hour and minute hands
of a clock at 02 : 15 hours ?
1o 1o
(A) 15o (B) 7 (C) 22 (D) 30o
2 2
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Paper Code: UN 415 6


CLASS :X

23. In the given circle, O is the centre, QP is a diameter and


PT is a tangent.
Q

O
S
T
P
If ∠ QOS = 120o, find ∠ PTS.
(A) 30o (B) 40o (C) 60o (D) 80o
24. Given N > y and z ≠ 0 and N, y, z are any real numbers. The
inequality which is not always true is :
(A) N + z > y + z (B) Ny > yz
(C) Nz > yz
2 2
(D) (N – z) > (y – z)
25. The sum of first n terms of an AP, whose first term is π ,
is zero. What is the sum of next m terms ?
πm (m +n) π (m +n)m
(A) (B)
n −1 1 −n
πn (m + n)
(C) (D) None
1 −n
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Paper Code: UN 415 7


CLASS :X

Class : X Physics
26. Given three different resistors, which arrangement will
cause it to have a maximum resistance ?
(A) Arrange all resistors in parallel.
(B) Arrange all resistors in series.
(C) Arrange the largest resistor in series with the battery.
(D) Arrange the smallest resistor in parallel with the
battery.
27. Five different solar panels, P, Q, R, S and T, were placed
at different locations. The conditions for each set-up are
given below. Which solar panel would likely provide the
most power ?

(A) 10 30 25 60
(B) 10 50 50 60
(C) 12 40 75 20
(D) 12 25 20
28. If the angle of incidence of a ray of light hitting the
surface of a liquid was 45 o, what would the angle of
refraction be ?
(A) 35o (B) 45o (C) 55o (D) 60o
29. What is true about electrical current ?
(A) To measure electrical current, ammeters are always
connected to the circuit in series.
(B) The unit for electrical current is ampere.
(C) An electrical current consists of moving positive
charges.
(D) Both (A) and (B)

Paper Code: UN 415 8


CLASS :X

30. Identify a statement that is not true.


(A) The pattern of the magnetic field around a conductor
due to an electric current flowing through it depends
on the shape of the conductor.
(B) The magnetic field of a solenoid carrying a current is
similar to that of a bar magnet.
(C) Magnitude of magnetic field is directly proportional to
the quantity of current flowing through the current.
(D) Magnetic field produced by the passage of current
through a straight were is permanent.
31. Which alternative source of energy at the same time
helps us to get rid of organic waste ?
(A) Solar energy (B) Wind
(C) Biomass (D) Geothermal energy
32. An object placed at F of a concave mirror will produce an
image
(A) at infinity. (B) highly enlarged.
(C) real and inverted. (D) all of these
33. Which material does NOT make the electromagnet
stronger ?
(A) Increasing the number of turns of wire in the coil.
(B) Increasing the current in the coil.
(C) Using a soft iron core.
(D) Using a bigger resistor.
34. Which appliance uses the most electricity ?
(A) 60 W light bulb used for 1 hour.
(B) 1 kW hair-dryer used for 5 minutes.
(C) 40 W tablet computer used for 2 hours.
(D) 600 W microwave used for 10 minutes.

Paper Code: UN 415 9


CLASS :X

35. In a power station run by waterfall, which energy


conversion occurs ?
(A) Potential → kinetic → electrical
(B) Heat → chemical → mechanical → electrical
(C) Chemical → heat → electrical → mechanical
(D) Light → mechanical → electrical
36. Why is electricity such a popular form of energy ?
(A) Electricity is the most harmless form of energy.
(B) Electricity is very easy to produce.
(C) Electricity can easily be converted into other forms of
energy.
(D) Electricity will never run out.
37. What happens when light travels from air into water ?
(A) It is absorbed by the water completely.
(B) It bends towards the normal.
(C) It travels with slower speed.
(D) Both (B) and (C).
38. A child is standing in front of a magic mirror. She finds
the image of her head bigger, the middle portion of her
body of the same size and that of the legs smaller.
Identify the order of combination of mirrors in the magic
mirror from the top.
(A) Plane, convex and concave
(B) Convex, concave and plane
(C) Concave, plane and convex
(D) Convex, plane and concave
39. Which part of the eye converts light rays into electric
signals to be sent by the optic nerves to the brain ?
(A) Retina (B) Iris (C) Cornea (D) Pupil

Paper Code: UN 415 10


CLASS :X

40. Light is deviated as it emerges from the prism.


!

"

Identify the angle of deviation.


(A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 1 (D) 4
41. A magnet is inserted into the centre of a coil and an e.m.f.
is induced across the coil. The magnitude of the induced
current depends on
(A) the diameter of the coil.
(B) the strength of a magnet.
(C) the thickness of the wire of coil.
(D) all the three
42. What is the function of a nuclear reactor ?
(A) To change nuclear energy into kinetic energy.
(B) To produce steam under high pressure.
(C) To split radioactive atoms such as uranium atoms.
(D) To drive the dynamo to produce electrical energy.
43. The cone cells in human eyes help us to
(A) identify different shapes of the object.
(B) identify different colours of the object.
(C) respond to different chemical substances.
(D) respond to the intensity of the light.
44. The resistance of a metal wire of length 2 m is 40 Ω at 20
°C. If the diameter of the wire is 1 mm, what will be the
resistivity of the metal at that temperature ?
(A) 1.28 × 10–8 Ω m (B) 1.57 × 10–8 Ω m
(C) 1.75 × 10–9 Ω m (D) 1.88 × 10–8 Ω m

Paper Code: UN 415 11


CLASS :X

45. An inverted image can be seen in a convex mirror,


(A) under no circumstances.
(B) when the object is very far from the mirror.
(C) when the object is at a distance equal to the radius
of curvature of the mirror.
(D) when the distance of the object from the mirror is
equal to the focal length of the mirror.
46. The diagram below shows the magnetic field of two
current carrying wires perpendicular to the plane of the
paper.

Which set of compasses shows the correct directions of


the needles ?
1 2 3
(A) ↑ ↑ ↓

(B) ↑ ↓ ↓
(C) ↑ ↑ ↑

(D) ↓ ↑ ↓
47. Light sensitive cells get activated on
(A) illumination.
(B) seeing the different colours.
(C) facing opaque objects.
(D) receiving message from the brain.

Paper Code: UN 415 12


CLASS :X

48. The outside of a microwave oven has a label with the


figures 230, 700 and 13 (units omitted). Choose the
option which allocates all the three figures to their correct
electrical unit.

Power (W) Voltage (V) Current (A)


) 230 700 13
* 13 230 700
+ 13 700 230
, 700 13

49. In torches, search lights and headlights of vehicles, the


bulb is placed
(A) between the pole and the focus of the reflector.
(B) at the focus of the reflector.
(C) between the focus and centre of curvature of the
reflector.
(D) at the centre of curvature of the reflector.
50. A light steel bar and a light iron bar are attracted to a
magnet as shown below. What will possibly happen when
the magnet is removed ?

iron steel N S
(A) The steel and iron bars repel each other.
(B) Both steel and iron bars lose their magnetism.
(C) Steel bar retains its magnetism and iron bar loses
its magnetism.
(D) Iron bar retains its magnetism and steel bar loses
its magnetism.

Paper Code: UN 415 13


CLASS :X

Class : X Chemistry
51. The bonding in sulphuric acid can be represented by the
structure shown.
H O O
S
H O O
What is the total number of electrons in the covalent
bonds surrounding the sulphur atom ?
(A) 4 (B) 6
(C) 8 (D) 12

52. The reaction, H2 + Br2 → 2HBr is


(A) a reduction reaction.
(B) an oxidation reaction.
(C) a displacement reaction.
(D) a combination reaction.
53. Which equation correctly shows the chemical reaction
between ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide ?
(A) CH3COOH + NaOH → No reaction
(B) CH3COOH + NaOH → CH3CONa + H2O
(C) CH3COOH + NaOH → CH3COONa + H2O
(D) CH3COOH + NaOH → NaCH2COOH + H2O
54. Chromium metal reacts with oxygen to form chromium
trioxide, CrO3, which is soluble in water and forms a
solution that turned universal Indicator orange.
Chromium trioxide is a/an
(A) basic oxide. (B) acidic oxide.
(C) neutral oxide. (D) amphoteric oxide.

Paper Code: UN 415 14


CLASS :X

55. Identify a characteristic of semi-metals.


(A) They have lower electrical conductivities than metals.
(B) They are identical to semiconductors.
(C) They combine with metals to form alloys.
(D) All of the above.
56. Which reaction is endothermic ?
(A) C + O2 → CO2
(B) CaCO3 → CaO + CO2
(C) CH4 + 2O2 → CO2 + 2H2O
(D) CaO + H2O → Ca(OH)2
57. The substance that does not produce copper (II) sulphate
when added to dilute sulphuric acid is
(A) copper. (B) copper(II) carbonate.
(C) copper(II) hydroxide. (D) copper(II) oxide.
58. The element “tin” can be located in the periodic
table in
(A) group IIIB of 4th period.
(B) group IVA of 4th period.
(C) group IIIB of 5th period.
(D) group IVA of 5th period.
59. Heating sodium hydrogencarbonate to constant mass
gives a residue and a gas that turns limewater cloudy. The
addition of acid to the residue releases more of the same
gas. What is the equation for heating sodium
hydrogencarbonate ?
(A) 2NaHCO3 → 2NaOH + 2CO2
(B) 2NaHCO3 → 2NaOH + 2CO + O2
(C) 2NaHCO3 → Na2CO3 + H2 + O2
(D) 2NaHCO3 → Na2CO3 + H2O + CO2

Paper Code: UN 415 15


CLASS :X

60. Which compound will burn with the sootiest flame ?


(A) Butane (B) Methanol
(C) Polyethene (D) Ethyl ethanoate
61. Covalent bonding is least likely to be formed
(A) between different elements in group VII.
(B) in a substance with high melting and boiling points.
(C) in a compound with low melting and boiling points.
(D) between elements in group I and elements in group VII.
62. Pentane has the molecular formula C5H12. It has
(A) 5 covalent bonds. (B) 12 covalent bonds.
(C) 16 covalent bonds. (D) 17 covalent bonds.
63. Both zinc and zinc carbonate react with dilute
hydrochloric acid. In what way are both these reactions
the same ?
(A) A gas is released.
(B) Water is a product.
(C) Neutralisation has occurred.
(D) Both involve redox reactions.
64. What remains unchanged on moving down a group ?
(A) Density
(B) Atomic radius
(C) Valence electrons
(D) Metallic character
65. Pure gold is soft. Which metal is added to 22 carat gold
to make ornaments ?
(A) Platinum (B) Aluminium
(C) Copper (D) Iron

Paper Code: UN 415 16


CLASS :X

66. Which chemical equation best describes the formation of


rust ?
(A) 4Fe + 3O2 + xH2O → 2Fe2O3.xH2O
(B) Fe + H2SO4 → FeSO4 + H2
(C) 2Fe3O4 + H2O → 3 Fe2O3 + H2
(D) 2FeSO4 → Fe2O3 + SO2 + SO3
67. Match the entries of Column-I with those in Column-II.
Column - I Column - II
a. Hexane 1. C"H
b. Ethane 2. C$H
c. Pentene 3. C#H
d. Hexene 4. C H$
e. Butane 5. C$H"
(A) a-5, b-4, c-3, d-1, e-2 (B) a-3, b-4, c-2, d-5, e-1
(C) a-5, b-4, c-3, d-2, e-1 (D) a-5, b-2, c-1, d-4, e-3
68. Two drops of universal indicator are added to a solution
in a test tube. The solution turns purple. This indicates
that the solution in the test tube is
(A) neutral. (B) alkaline.
(C) slightly acidic. (D) very acidic.
69. Thermite is a mixture of iron (III) oxide and
(A) zinc powder. (B) sodium.
(C) potassium. (D) aluminium powder.
70. A student added dilute HCl to a test tube containing zinc
granules and made following observations :
(A) The zinc surface became dull and black.
(B) A gas evolved which burnt with a pop sound.
(C) The solution remained colourless.
(D) All the three
Paper Code: UN 415 17
CLASS :X

Class : X Biology
71. Which of the following completes the given
equation ?

Glucose + Oxygen ?
(A) Only carbon dioxide + water + energy
(B) Only carbon dioxide + water
(C) Only carbon dioxide
(D) Only water + energy
72. Identify the gas that is evolved as gas bubbles in the test
tube.

(A) Oxygen (B) Carbon dioxide


(C) Nitrogen (D) Hydrogen
73. Which of the following parts make the peripheral nervous
system ?

(i) Brain (ii) Spinal nerves


(iii) Cranial nerves
(A) Only (i)
(B) Only (i) and (ii)
(C) Only (ii) and (iii)
(D) All the three

Paper Code: UN 415 18


CLASS :X

74. Which of these diagrams correctly shows the formation


of the zygote of a male baby ?
Fertilised
Sperm Egg egg

(A) X + X XX

(B) X + Y XY

(C) Y + X XY

(D) YY + Y YY

75. What is the connecting link between the birds and


reptiles ?
(A) Dinosaurs
(B) Mammoths
(C) Archaeopteryx
(D) Pliohippus
76. Which of the following sequences show how energy
moves in a food chain ?
(A) Grass → Frogs → Insects → Sun
(B) Sun → Grass → Insects → Frogs
(C) Frogs → Insects → Grass → Sun
(D) Insects → Frogs → Sun → Grass
77. With which tree is Amrita Devi Bishnoi associated ?
(A) Khejri (B) Keekar
(C) Khejrali (D) Khajoor

Paper Code: UN 415 19


CLASS :X

78. The two organisms which breathe only through their


moist skin are
(A) fish and frog.
(B) frog and earthworm.
(C) Prawn and earthworm.
(D) fish and earthworm.
79. What cannot be added in a composting pit to prepare
compost ?
(A) Sunflower plants
(B) Fruit and vegetable peels
(C) Plastic flower
(D) Red worms
80. Which event does not occur in photosynthesis ?
(A) Conversion of light energy into chemical energy
(B) Reduction of carbon dioxide to carbohydrates
(C) Oxidation of carbon to carbon dioxide
(D) Absorption of light energy by chlorophyll
81. Which statement is/are true about the given figure ?

(A) The food below the ring has been used up.
(B) Food cannot be transported to the part below the ring.
(C) Water and mineral salts cannot be transported
(D) Both (A) and (B)

Paper Code: UN 415 20


CLASS :X

82. Which is used artifically to remove nitrogenous waste


products from the blood ?
(A) Ventilator (B) Transfusion
(C) Hemodialysis (D) Angiogram
83. Flowers like tulip, croccus open at high temperature, but
close with fall of temperature. Which of the following
movements does it involve ?
(A) Photonasty (B) Nyctinasty
(C) Seismonasty (D) Thermonasty
84. Which of these is a mode of asexual reproduction ?
(A) Budding (B) Binary fission
(C) Spore formation (D) All of these
85. Hargobind Khorana was awarded the Nobel prize for his
work in the field of
(A) hormones.
(B) immunology.
(C) genetic Engineering.
(D) chromosomal abberation.
86. Identify a herbivore in an ecosystem ?
(A) Secondary consumers (B) Primary consumers
(C) Producers (D) Decomposers
87. Which of these reproduce by fragmentation ?
(A) Rhizopus (B) Salmonella
(C) Plasmodium (D) Spirogyra
88. Ravi bought a device ‘X’, which could cook food items and
can be used to produce electricity. It does not generate
energy at night. What is the source of energy used in the
device ‘X’ ?
(A) Air (B) Water (C) Sunlight (D) Coal

Paper Code: UN 415 21


CLASS :X

89. When Anvesh's cerebellum is injured in an accident,


Anvesh is unable to do which of the following actions ?
(A) Hand movements
(B) Balancing of body
(C) Coordinate his body movements
(D) All of these
90. What happens to the air as it passes through the nasal
cavity ?
(A) Filtered in the nostrils
(B) Moistened by mucus
(C) Warmed to the body temperature
(D) All of these
Space fo r rou gh w ork

Paper Code: UN 415 22


CLASS :X

Class : X General Awareness


91. Which cricketer has lent his voice to Swachh Bharat
anthem which was released on 2nd October, 2015 ?
(A) Sourav Ganguly (B) M.S. Dhoni
(C) Sachin Tendulkar (D) Kapil Dev
92. The famous tagline “Think Different” belongs to which
company ?
(A) Accenture (B) IBM
(C) Blackberry (D) Apple
93. Which political party Kiran Bedi joined to contest Delhi
Assembly elections on 15th January, 2015 ?
(A) Aam Aadmi Party
(B) Bharatiya Janata Party
(C) Indian National Congress
(D) Communist Party
94. Recently, government has decided to release a
commemorative postal stamp and also a coin in honor of
which Indian politician ?
(A) Jyotirao Phule (B) Vallabhbhai Patel
(C) BR Ambedkar (D) Lal Bahadur Shastri
95. Which technology giant has agreed to provide Wi-Fi
hotspots at 500 railway stations in India ?
(A) Microsoft (B) Google
(C) IBM (D) Facebook
96. How many British Satellites did ISRO launched from Satish
Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota in July, 2015 ?
(A) 4 (B) 5
(C) 6 (D) 2

Paper Code: UN 415 23


CLASS :X

97. Who sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Delhi on


14th February, 2015 ?
(A) Sheila Dikshit (B) Arvind Kejriwal
(C) Kiran Bedi (D) Sushma Swaraj
98. Which is the first state to ink mandatory voting rule
within state government ?
(A) Rajasthan (B) Gujarat
(C) Punjab (D) Tamilnadu
99. Who got appointed as chairman of India’s Oscar Jury ?
(A) Amol Palekar (B) Amitabh Bachchan
(C) Anupam Kher (D) Goutam Ghose
100. Pointing to a photograph of a boy Suresh said, "He is the
son of the only son of my mother." How is Suresh related
to that boy ?
(A) Brother (B) Uncle
(C) Cousin (D) Father
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Paper Code: UN 415 24


CLASS :X

Class : X Mathematics
1. ∆ ABC is right-angled at C. If p is the length of
perpendicular from C to AB and AB = c, BC = a and CA
= b, which of the following is true ?
(A) pc = ab (B) pb = ab
(C) pc = bc (D) pb = ac
2. An arithmetic progression has 10 terms. The sum of the
odd terms is 245 whereas the sum of the even terms is
305. Find the common difference.
(A) 2 (B) 7 (C) 3 (D) 1
3. Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are
(a, b + c), (a, b – c) and ( – a, c).
(A) 2ac (B) 2bc
(C) b(a + c) (D) c(a – b)
Space fo r rou gh w ork

Paper Code: UN 418 1


CLASS :X

4. ABC is a right - angled triangle with ∠B = 90o ,


AB = 12 cm and AC = 13 cm. A circle with centre O is
inscribed inside the triangle.

A 13 cm C

12 O
c m

B
Find the radius of the circle.
(A) 8 cm (B) 7 cm
(C) 4 cm (D) 2 cm
1
5. If sinθ = − , what are the respective possible values of
2
θ between 0 and 2π ?
(A) 210o and 300o (B) 240o and 330o
(C) 240o and 300o (D) 210o and 330o
Space fo r rou gh w ork

Paper Code: UN 418 2


CLASS :X

6. In what ratio does the X-axis divide the line segment


joining the points (3, –4) and (2, 6) ?
(A) 2 : 3 (B) 3 : 2
(C) 1 : 2 (D) 2 : 1
7. In the given figure, ∆ RSP : ∆ RPQ. Identify the true
statement.
P

Q S R
RS
(A) = RP2 (B) RP × RQ = RS2
RQ
(C) RS × RQ = RP2 (D) RQ × RS = RP
8. The first two terms of an arithmetic progression are 27
and 24 respectively. How many terms of the progression
are to be added to get – 30 ?
(A) 15 (B) 20 (C) 25 (D) 18
Space for rough w ork

Paper Code: UN 418 3


CLASS :X

9. What number must be added to each of the numbers,


5, 9, 17, 27 to make them proportionate ?
(A) 2 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 5
10. The remainder when a number is divided by 143 is 31.
What is the remainder when the same number is divided
by 11 ?
(A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 6 (D) 9
11. Find the value of cos1°cos2°cos3°.....cos89°cos90° .
1 1
(A) 1 (B) (C) (D) 0
2 2
12. AP is a secant and PT is a tangent to a circle.
If PT = 15 cm and AB = 8BP, find AP.

A B P

(A) 45 cm (B) 36 cm
(C) 25 cm (D) 62 cm
Space fo r rou gh w ork

Paper Code: UN 418 4


CLASS :X

13. Which of the following is not correct ?


(A) The degree of a zero polynomial is zero.
(B) The polynomial x4 + 1 has 4 zeros.
(C) The degree of a cubic polynomial is 3.
(D) A quadratic polynomial has two zeros.
14. What is the angle of elevation of a light source when the
length of the shadow of a flagpost is equal to its height ?
(A) 45° (B) 30° (C) 60° (D) 90°
15. The prime factorization of two numbers are
32 × 73 × 11 and 3 × 72 × 113 × 17.
Which of the following is a common factor of the
numbers ?
(A) 1683 (B) 5831
(C) 1089 (D) 539
16. What type of a system of equations is the pair of linear
equations 2N – 3y = 8 and 4N – 6y = 9 ?
(A) Consistent system (B) Inconsistent system
(C) Dependent system (D) Independent system
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Paper Code: UN 418 5


CLASS :X

17. Given sinθ + cosθ = 3, what is the value of


tanθ + cotθ ?
1 2 3
(A) (B) (C) (D) 1
2 3 2
18. If two opposite vertices of a square are (1, –2) and
(–5, 6), what are the other two vertices ?
(A) (2, 5), (– 6, –1) (B) (–2, 5), (6, 1)
(C) (2, – 5), (6, –1) (D) (2, – 6), (5, –1)
19. If all the sides of a parallelogram touch a circle, what is
the parallelogram ?
(A) A rectangle (B) A rhombus
(C) A square (D) A trapezium
20. The zeros of a quadratic polynomial f( N) = N2 − 7 N + k
are α and β such that α − β = 3 . Find the value of 'k'.
(A) 10 (B) 2 (C) 5 (D) 15
21. The perimeter and area of a rectangular park are 80 m
and 400 m2. What is its length ?
(A) 20 m (B) 15 m (C) 30 m (D) 40 m
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Paper Code: UN 418 6


CLASS :X

22. A paper is cut in the following shape.


E D

B A
Which of the following is the correct statement ?
(A) AE2 = AD2 + ED2 (B) AC2 = AD2 + DE2
(C) AC2 = AB2 + AD2 (D) AE2 = AB2 + BC2
23. The sum of the first 10 terms of an arithmetic progression
is four times the sum of its first five terms. Find the ratio
of the first term to the common difference.
(A) 1 : 4 (B) 4 : 1
(C) 2 : 1 (D) 1 : 2
24. If the height of a cylinder is 4 times its circumference,
what is the volume of the cylinder in terms of its
circumference, C ?
C3 2C3 C π+
(A) (B) (C) (D)
π π π "
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Paper Code: UN 418 7


CLASS :X

25. Find the value of 'p' so that N2 + 5pN + 16 = 0 has no real


root.
8
(A) Greater than
5
−8
(B) Less than
5
−& &
(C) Lies between and
# #
15
(D) Less than
8

Space fo r rou gh w ork

Paper Code: UN 418 8


CLASS :X

Class : X Physics
26. Observe the given circuit.
B 6Ω C
1.2 A
E F

A 4Ω D
Find the current passing through 6 Ω resistor.
(A) 0.72 A (B) 0.80 A
(C) 0.48 A (D) 0.62 A
27. The Sun obtains its energy from nuclear fusion. During
this process,
(A) helium atoms combine to form hydrogen atoms.
(B) hydrogen atoms combine to form helium atoms.
(C) helium atoms break up to form hydrogen atoms.
(D) hydrogen atoms break up to form helium atoms.
28. Magnification produced by a rear view mirror fitted in
vehicles
(A) is less than one.
(B) is more than one.
(C) is equal to one.
(D) can be more than or less than one.
29. Which factor does NOT increase the power of a D.C.
motor ?
(A) An increase in the number of turns in the coil
(B) An increase in the area of cross-section of the coil
(C) An increase in the size of the core
(D) The winding of a large number of coils on the soft iron
core
Paper Code: UN 418 9
CLASS :X

30. The diagram shows the direction of the current in a wire


and the circular magnetic field around it.

Identify the correct directions of the current and


magnetic fields respectively.

Direction of Direction of
current magnetic field
(A) Into the page Clock wise
(B) Into the page Anti-clockwise
(C) Out of the page Clock wise
(D) Out of the page Anti-clockwise

31. The refractive index of water is 1.33. What will be the


speed of light in water ?
(A) 3 × 108 m/s (B) 2.25 × 108 m/s
(C) 4 × 108 m/s (D) 1.33 × 108 m/s
32. Why is the neck of the glass bulb of an electric bulb
sealed ?
(A) To protect the filament from oxidation
(B) To maintain the temperature inside
(C) To prevent the effect of humidity
(D) All of the above
33. A tall man of height 6 feet, want to see his full image.
Then required minimum length of the mirror will be
(A) 12 feet. (B) 3 feet.
(C) 16 feet. (D) 24 feet.

Paper Code: UN 418 10


CLASS :X

34. Which of these are advantages of using biomass as a


source of energy ?

(A) 2 only (B) 1 and 2 only


(C) 1 and 3 only (D) 2 and 3 only
35. When a small magnetic needle is placed below a
horizontal conductor carrying a strong current from west
to east, its north pole will point in the direction of

+ –
B

A B
S N

(A) west - east. (B) south - west.


(C) north - south. (D) east - west.
36. A photovoltaic cell (solar cell) is usually made of silicon.
How does it produce electricity ?
(A) Liquids contained inside the cells contain chemical
energy that can be converted to electrical energy
(B) Using solar energy
(C) Using batteries
(D) Using wind power

Paper Code: UN 418 11


CLASS :X

37. Three resistors of 2.5 Ω , 12 Ω and 3.5 Ω are connected


in series. Which single resistor can replace all the three
of them in a circuit ?
(A) 16 Ω (B) 4 Ω
(C) 18 Ω (D) 8 Ω
38. Negative value of focal length of a spherical mirror
indicates that it is a
(A) concave mirror. (B) convex mirror.
(C) plane mirror. (D) none of these
39. Which factor does NOT affect the focal length of a convex
lens ?
(A) Refractive index of the material for making the lens
(B) Material of the lens
(C) Object distance
(D) Thickness of the lens
40. An iron box has a resistance coil of 30 Ω and takes a
current of 10 A. Calculate the heat developed by it in kJ
in 1 minute.
(A) 180 kJ (B) 90 kJ
(C) 45 kJ (D) 135 kJ
41. The colour of an object is determined by the colour of
light
(A) reflected by it.
(B) absorbed by it.
(C) incident on it.
(D) none of the above
42. The use of which source of energy pollutes the air ?
(A) Hydro energy (B) Nuclear energy
(C) Solar energy (D) Fossil fuels

Paper Code: UN 418 12


CLASS :X

43. Which field pattern given below is valid for both electric
and magnetic fields ?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

44. The camera’s diaphragm works like the human’s eye


pupil. What is the function of the pupil ?
(A) Focus on a view
(B) Control the amount of incoming light
(C) To get proper reflection
(D) To protect the eyes from dangerous object
45. Resistance is the ratio of the X in volts across the
component to the Y passing through, measured
in Z .
Which key has the three words that complete the
sentence correctly ?

46. What is the distance between a real object and its real
image when the object is placed at the centre of
curvature of a concave mirror ?
(A) f (B) 2f (C) 4f (D) Zero
Paper Code: UN 418 13
CLASS :X

47. Fleming’s left hand rule is used in finding the direction


of the magnetic field around a
(A) circular loop. (B) moving coil.
(C) straight conductor. (D) magnetic loop.
48. Match the entries in Column-I with those in Column- II
correctly.
Column- I Column - II
a. The blue colour 1. Total internal
of the sky reflection
b. The glittering of 2. Refraction of
diamond light
c. The formation of 3. Scattering of
rainbow light
d. The visibility of sun for 4. Dispersion of
something even light
after sunset
(A) a-3, b-1, c-4, d-2 (B) a-1, b-3, c-2, d-4
(C) a-2, b-3, c-4, d-1 (D) a-4, b-1, c-3, d-2
49. What is the potential difference across bulb X in the
circuit shown below ?
X

Dry
Cell
(A) 1.5 V (B) 3.0 V (C) 4.5 V (D) 6.0 V
50. A concave mirror has a focal length of 10 cm. Where
should an object be placed to obtain a real, inverted and
same size image as the object ?
(A) 5 cm (B) 15 cm
(C) 20 cm (D) 30 cm
Paper Code: UN 418 14
CLASS :X

Class : X Chemistry
51. A particular metal forms an invisible protective layer and
prevents further oxidation. Identify the metal, its oxide
and chemical formula.
(A) Iron, iron oxide, Fe2O3
(B) Aluminium, aluminium oxide, Al2O3
(C) Zinc, zinc oxide, ZnO
(D) Copper, copper oxide, CuO
52. Which of the given chemical equations is balanced?
(A) H2O2 → H2O + O2 (B) NaNO3 → NaNO2 + O2
(C) CaCO3 → CaO + CO2 (D) Al2CO3 → Al2O3 + CO2
53. Identify the functional group of ketone.
(A) – OH (B) CO
(C) – COOH (D) – CHO
54. Free mobile hydroxide ions are found in
(A) dry ammonia gas.
(B) dilute sulphuric acid.
(C) dry barium hydroxide.
(D) sodium hydroxide solution.
55. Which set of elements belong to the same period ?
(A) Li, Na, K (B) Li, Mg, Ca
(C) F, Cl, Br (D) Ga, Ge, As
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Paper Code: UN 418 15


CLASS :X

56. Identify a decomposition reaction.


(A) MgCO3 → MgO + CO2
(B) Fe2O3 + 2Al → 2Fe + Al2O3
(C) BaCl2 + H2SO4 → BaSO4 + 2HCl
(D) Zn + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H2
57. Sulphuric acid does not react with
(A) iron (B) gold
(C) zinc (D) magnesium
58. Which structure represents the electron arrangement of
Group 17 element in the periodic table ?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

59. What changes occur due to water of crystallisation ?


(A) Crystals of salts obtain their shape.
(B) Crystals of salts obtain their colour.
(C) Crystals of salts form a part of crystal structure.
(D) All of the above
60. Which hydrocarbon exhibits isomerism ?
(A) Ethane (B) Propane
(C) Butane (D) Methane
61. Which pair of metals are extracted just by heating
with their sulphide ores in air ?
(A) Mercury, copper (B) Mercury, magnesium
(C) Silver, mercury (D) Iron, mercury

Paper Code: UN 418 16


CLASS :X

62. Which compounds form a part in the homologous series ?


(A) Haloalkanes and alcohols
(B) Aldehydes and ketones
(C) Carboxylic acids
(D) All of the above
63. A strong acid
(A) ionises completely in water.
(B) has a small pH value.
(C) has a high concentration of hydrogen ions.
(D) all the three
64. Which element is NOT a metalloid ?
(A) Boron (B) Arsenic
(C) Antimony (D) Strontium
65. Why is aluminium a suitable material
for building air crafts ?
(A) It is a good conductor of heat.
(B) It has a high melting point.
(C) It is shiny.
(D) It is light and does not rust easily.
66. Identify ‘X’ and ‘Y’ in the given chemical reaction.
X + YSO4 → Y + XSO4
(A) Na and Mg (B) Zn and Cu
(C) Ag and K (D) H and Al
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Paper Code: UN 418 17


CLASS :X

67. While cooking, if the bottom of the vessel is getting


blackened on the outside. It means that
(A) the food is not cooked completely.
(B) the fuel is not burnt completely.
(C) the fuel is wet.
(D) the fuel is burning completely.
68. Identify a weak mineral acid.
(A) H2SO4 (B) H2CO3
(C) HCl (D) HNO3
69. A metal that cannot be reduced by carbon is
(A) magnesium. (B) iron.
(C) zinc. (D) lead.
70. Which of the given reactions is a compound –compound
combination reaction ?
(A) Reaction of water with calcium oxide.
(B) Reaction of iodine with white phosphorus.
(C) Reaction of iron with sulphur.
(D) Electrolysis of water.
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Paper Code: UN 418 18


CLASS :X

Class : X Biology
71. Which cell organelle traps solar energy and helps in
synthesising food through photosynthesis ?
(A) Chloroplast (B) Mitochondria
(C) Cytoplasm (D) Nucleus
72. Which process occurs in the part shown below ?

(A) Tubular secretion (B) Tubular reabsorption


(C) Ultrafiltration (D) All of the above
73. In which part of the female reproductive system does the
process shown below occur ?

(A) Ovary (B) Uterus


(C) Vagina (D) Fallopian tube
74. What provide(s) evidence of organic evolution ?
(A) Morphological evidence
(B) Anatomical evidence
(C) Embryological evidence
(D) All of the above
75. Conversion of glucose into glycogen in the liver is
controlled by
(A) thyroxine. (B) insulin.
(C) adrenaline. (D) oestrogen.

Paper Code: UN 418 19


CLASS :X

76. Identify the logical sequence of a food chain.


(A) Producer → consumer → decomposer
(B) Decomposer → consumer → producer
(C) Producer → decomposer → consumer
(D) Consumer → producer → decomposer
77. Which instrument is used to measure the blood
pressure ?
(A) Manometer (B) Barometer
(C) Sphygmomanometer (D) Photometer
78. Which of the following is NOT a product of fossil fuel ?
(A) LPG (B) Natural gas
(C) Biogas (D) CNG
79. The climbing organs of plants like tendrils grow towards
any support which they happen to touch and wind
around the support. This is an example of
(A) chemotropism. (B) nastic movement.
(C) thigmotropism. (D) geotropism.
80. Which of these organisms exhibit regeneration ?
(A) Paramecium and Hydra
(B) Hydra and Amoeba
(C) Planaria and Amoeba
(D) Hydra and Planaria
81. A zygote which develops into a baby girl will have
(A) 44 + YY chromosomes.
(B) 44 + XX chromosomes.
(C) 44 + XY chromosomes.
(D) 46 Y chromosomes.

Paper Code: UN 418 20


CLASS :X

82. Which of these samples is most probably from a


pulmonary artery ?

Oxygen content

P Q R S
Blood sample
(A) P (B) Q (C) R (D) S
83. The equation given below represents photosynthesis.
Identify P and Q.
sunlight
P + water glucose + Q
chlorophyll
(A) P - Carbondioxide, Q - Oxygen
(B) P - Oxygen, Q - Oxygen
(C) P - Carbondioxide, Q - Carbondioxide
(D) P - Oxygen, Q - Carbondioxide
84. What is the immediate effect on a person if the gland
shown below is removed ?

(A) Calcium and phosphorous levels are decreased.


(B) The blood sugar levels in blood are disturbed.
(C) Growth rate decreases.
(D) Growth rate increases.
Paper Code: UN 418 21
CLASS :X

85. In the figure given below, where does the germination of


pollen and fertilisation take place ?

(A) Only I and II (B) Only I and III


(C) Only I and IV (D) Only I, II and III
86. Which blood group is known as the universal recipient ?
(A) AB (B) O (C) A (D) B
87. Which of these controls and coordinates body
movements ?
(A) Cerebrum (B) Medulla oblongata
(C) Cerebellum (D) Pons varoli
88. Which of the following is the correct sequence of events
of sexual reproduction in a flower ?
(A) Pollination, seed, fertilisation, embryo
(B) Seed, embryo, fertilisation, pollination
(C) Pollination, fertilisation, embryo, seed
(D) Embryo, seed, pollination, fertilisation
89. Which of these activities does not cause pollution ?
(A) Cars for transportation
(B) Polybags for shopping
(C) Windmills for generating power
(D) Dyes for colouring clothes
90. Amoeba reproduces by which of the following methods ?
(A) Binary fission (B) Budding
(C) Germination (D) All of the above
Paper Code: UN 418 22
CLASS :X

Class : X General Awareness


91. Who is the author of 'War and Peace' ?
(A) Leo Tolstoy (B) Mahatma Gandhi
(C) Charles Dickens (D) Kipling
92. The SI unit for which of these is named after James Watt,
a Scottish inventor and engineer ?
(A) Temperature (B) Power
(C) Force (D) Electric Current
93. In which state, a cricket stadium in the name of Sachin
Tendulkar is going to start ?
(A) Tamil Nadu (B) Kerala
(C) Maharashtra (D) Gujarat
94. The given logo belongs to which company ?

(A) Mazda (B) Maruti Suzuki


(C) Toyota (D) Mahindra
95. Which state government has launched “M-Shiksha-Mitra”
mobile app for teachers which is developed by National
Informatics Centre ?
(A) Chattisgarh (B) Madhya Pradesh
(C) Himachal Pradesh (D) Haryana
96. Where is the National Institute of Sports located ?
(A) Ranchi (B) Delhi
(C) Mohali (D) Patiala
97. Who is the Indian industrialist honoured by UK City of
Coventry as ‘Honorary Freeman’ recently ?
(A) Mukhesh Ambani (B) Laxmi Mittal
(C) Ratan Tata (D) Kumara Manglam Birla
Paper Code: UN 418 23
CLASS :X

98. Which of these markings is given by the Bureau of Indian


Standards to identify the purity of precious metals ?
(A) ISI Mark (B) Trademark
(C) Hallmark (D) FPO Mark
99. Which is the heaviest internal organ in the human body ?
(A) Pancreas (B) Heart
(C) Liver (D) Lungs
100. What does the acronym ISD stand for ?
(A) Internal Subscribers Department
(B) International Subscriber Dialling
(C) International Subscriber Details
(D) Internet Subscriber Details
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Paper Code: UN 418 24


C L A S S : 10

Class : 10 Mathematics
1. The smallest angle of a triangle is one-fifth the sum of
the other two and the largest angle exceeds the sum of
the other two by 20 o. Find the largest angle of the
triangle.
(A) 100o (B) 90o (C) 120o (D) 110o
2. Find the number of points on X-axis which are at a
distance 'c' units (c < 3) from (2, 3).
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 0 (D) 3
3. In terms of radians, what is the equivalent of 45o ?
180°π 45°
(A) 25 π (B) 0.25 π (C) (D) π
45°
4. PT is a tangent and PAB is a secant of the circle meeting
the circle at A and B. If PA = 4 cm and AB = 5 cm.
What is the length of PT ?
(A) 8 cm (B) 6 cm (C) 3 cm (D) 1 cm
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Paper Code: UN421 1


C L A S S : 10

5. The L.C.M. of 318 and 477 is expressed as 159 × p + 318.


What is the value of ‘p’ ?
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 0
6. The side of a square is 4 m more than the side of another
square. The sum of their areas is 208 sq. m. What is the
side of the larger square ?
(A) 12 m (B) 8 m (C) 9 m (D) 5 m
7. For what value of ‘N’ are A(2, 3), B(N, y) and C(4, 3) the
vertices of a right triangle with right angle at A ?
(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 3
8. α, β and γ are the zeros of a cubic polynomial.
If α + β + γ = 2 , αβ + βγ + γα = (−7) and αβγ = (−14) ,
find the polynomial.
(A) x3 – 2x2 – 7x + 14 (B) m3 + 2m2 – 7m – 14
(C) n3 – 2n2 + 7n – 14 (D) y3 + 2y2 – 7y – 14

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Paper Code: UN421 2


C L A S S : 10

9. Three circles with centres A, B and C touch one another


externally. The three centres are joined to one another
to form a triangle.
)

* +

If AB = 7 cm, BC = 11 cm and AC = 6 cm, find the radii


of the three circles.
(A) 2 cm, 7 cm, 9 cm (B) 1 cm, 6 cm, 5 cm
(C) 12 cm, 5 cm, 6 cm (D) 3 cm, 10 cm, 7 cm
10. What is the sum of first ‘n’ odd numbers starting from
11 ?
(A) n2 + 10n (B) n2 – 10n
(C) 10n – n2 (D) n2
11. The string of a kite is 200 m long. It makes an angle of
30° with the ground. What is the height of the kite above
the ground ?
(A) 120 m (B) 150 m
(C) 100 m (D) 200 m
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Paper Code: UN421 3


C L A S S : 10

12. ∆ ABC is an isosceles triangle right-angled at B. Similar


triangles ACD and ABE are constructed on sides AC and
AB. Find the ratio between the areas of ∆ ABE and ∆ ACD.
(A) 1 : 2 (B) 3 : 1 (C) 1 : 3 (D) 4 : 1
13. If the co-ordinates of points A, B, C and D are (6, 3),
(– 3, 5), (4, –2) and (N, 3N) respectively and if
area of ∆DBC 1
=
area of ∆ ABC 2 , find the value of 'N'.
8  %
(A) (B) (C) (D) 0
11 & '
14. If ∆ ABC is right angled at C, find the value of cos (A + B).
1 3
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) (D)
2 2
15. If an equilateral triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, which
of the following is formed by the tangents at their
vertices ?
(A) A scalene triangle (B) An equilateral triangle
(C) An isosceles triangle (D) A right triangle
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Paper Code: UN421 4


C L A S S : 10

16. Find a quadratic polynomial, whose sum and product of


−10
zeros are and 7 respectively.
3
10 7
(A) x + x+ (B) 3N2 − 10 N + 7 3
3 3
(C) 3 x + 10 x + 7 3 (D) x + 10 x + 7 3
17. A quadratic equation αN 2 + 5 N + β = 0 has two roots
1
N = and N = –2. Find the respective values of α and β.
3
(A) 3, 2 (B) 2, – 5
(C) – 3, 5 (D) 3, – 2
18. For what value of 'N' does 6N end with 5 ?
(A) 0 (B) 1
(C) 5 (D) Never ends with 5.
19. What is the sum of ‘n’ arithmetic means between 'a' and
'b' ?
3 n
(A) (a + 2b ) (B) (a + b )
2 2
n n
(C) (a − b ) (D) (a + b )
2 4
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Paper Code: UN421 5


C L A S S : 10

20. Identify the incorrect statement.


(A) A right angled triangle may have 1, 1 and 2 as its sides.
(B) 1, 2, 3 are the sides of a right angled triangle.
(C) The ratio of corresponding sides of two squares whose
areas are in the ratio 4 : 1 is 2 : 1.
(D) 17, 8 and 15 are the sides of a right angled triangle.
21. Find the point of trisection of the line joining the points
(–2, –19) and (5, 4).
(A) (2, – 3) (B) (1, 2)
⎛ !4 ⎞ ⎛ 8  ⎞
(C) ⎜ ! , − ! ⎟ (D) ⎜ ! , ! ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
22. What is the numerical value of the expression
sin9o cos81o
− ?
sin48o cos42o
1
(A) 1 (B) (C) 0 (D) – 1
2
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Paper Code: UN421 6


C L A S S : 10

23. In ∆ ABC , ∠ B > 90o and AD ⊥ CB (produced). Identify the


correct statement.
(A) AC = AB + BC + BC.BD
(B) AC = AB + BC + BC.AB
(C) AB = AC − BC + BC.BD
(D) AB = AC + BC + BC.AC
24. The numbers 28, 22, 'N', 'y', 4 are in arithmetic
progression. What are the respective values of 'N' and
'y' ?
(A) 10, 16 (B) 20, 18
(C) 18, 16 (D) 16, 10
25. The sum of squares of two consecutive positive even
numbers is 340. Find them.
(A) 12, 14 (B) 12, 10
(C) 10, 8 (D) 14, 16
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Paper Code: UN421 7


C L A S S : 10

Class : 10 Physics
26. A bird stands on a current-flowing electrical wire, getting
ready to fly. Why does it NOT get electrocuted ?
(A) The bird does not have any resistance.
(B) The bird is too small to get electrocuted.
(C) The bird will get electrocuted once it flies.
(D) The bird’s two feet have the same potential.
27. The top of box-type solar cooker is covered with glass to
(A) allow one to see the food being cooked.
(B) allow more sunlight into the box.
(C) prevent dust from entering the box.
(D) reduce heat loss by radiation.
28. At which of the following positions do the given mirrors
form a virtual image ?
(A) In convex mirror at infinity
(B) In concave mirror between F and P
(C) In plane mirror at all positions
(D) All of the above
29. Which core with same number of turns in all can be made
a strongest electromagnet ?
(A) Steel core, 2 cells (B) Iron core, 2 cells
(C) Steel core, 1 cell (D) Iron core, 1 cell
30. How does the eye change its focus to see near or distant
objects ?
(A) The lens moves diagonally.
(B) The retina expands and contracts.
(C) The lens becomes thicker and thinner.
(D) The pupil becomes larger and smaller.

Paper Code: UN421 8


C L A S S : 10

31. What is the effective resistance of the four resistors in the


circuit shown below ?
(A) 0.25 Ω
(B) 4 Ω
(C) 6 Ω
(D) 18 Ω
32. A typical solar cell develops a potential difference of
(A) 0.5 – 1 V and 0.7 W of electricity
(B) 0.7 V and 0.5 W of electricity
(C) 0.7 V and 1.0 W of electricity
(D) None of these
33. Identify an incorrect statement.
(A) A medium with larger refractive index is optically
denser than a medium with smaller refractive index.
(B) The speed of light is less in a rarer medium than a
denser medium.
(C) Refraction is due to the change in speed of light as it
enters from one medium to another.
(D) The absolute refractive index of a medium is simply
called its refractive index.
34. Three vertical conducting wires have the same amount
of current flowing through them.
Given that the distance between the wires are the same,
what is the direction of the resultant electromagnetic
force acting on the middle wire ?
(A) To the left.
(B) To the right.
(C) Perpendicular to the plane of the paper.
(D) Resultant electromagnetic force is zero.

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C L A S S : 10

35. Identify the parameters of electricity supply in India.

36. Which gas is derived from biomass in our effort to


conserve our energy sources ?
(A) Methane (B) Coal
(C) Natural (D) Petroleum
37. Three conductors are joined as shown below.
2

4
5

3
The current in conductor RS is 10 A. The current in
conductor QR is 6 A. What will be the current in conductor
PR ?
(A) 4 A (B) 6 A (C) 10 A (D) 16 A
38. A converging lens has a focal length of 10 cm. If an object
is placed 18 cm from the optical centre of the lens, how
far will the image be from the optical centre of the lens ?
(A) 20.0 cm (B) 22.5 cm
(C) 24.0 cm (D) 25.5 cm
39. A soft iron bar is introduced inside a current carrying
solenoid, its magnetic field will
(A) become zero. (B) decrease.
(C) increase. (D) remain the same.

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C L A S S : 10

40. A person is not able to see near objects clearly, because


(A) image is formed behind the retina.
(B) focal length of the eye lens is more.
(C) use of convex lens has been ignored, though it was
advised.
(D) all of the above.
41. Four magnetic materials used to pick up paper clips after
they were taken out from a coil which is connected to a
strong direct current is given below. Which is the best
magnetic material to be used as an electromagnet ?

42. Which element contained in a fuel contributes to its high


calorific value ?
(A) C (B) H2 (C) O2 (D) N2
43. Which source produces yellow light ?
(A) Sodium lamp (B) Sunlight
(C) LPG (D) Both (A) and (B)
44. A man wearing yellow coloured glass for left eye and red
coloured glass for right eye stands in front of a plane
mirror. Which statement about his image is correct ?
(A) Both the eyes appear red.
(B) Both the eyes appear yellow.
(C) Left eye appears yellow and right eye red.
(D) Left eye appears red and right eye yellow.

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C L A S S : 10

45. What is the current flowing through an appliance marked


“240 V, 40 W” ?
(A) 0.17 A (B) 3.00 A
(C) 6.67 A (D) 6.00 A
46. The red sky during the sunset is due to
(A) reflection of light. (B) refraction of light.
(C) dispersion of light. (D) scattering of light.
47. Identify the formula of ethyl mercaptan added to LPG
cylinders to detect its leakage.
(A) C2H4S (B) CH4S
(C) C2H6S (D) C3H8S
48. An image formed by a convex mirror is always
(A) virtual, erect and diminished.
(B) virtual, real and magnified.
(C) real, inverted and diminished.
(D) real, erect and magnified.
49. Wire A and wire B have the following ratios.
length LA 2 diameter DA 2 resistivity ρA 4
= ; = ; = .
length LB 1 diameter DB 3 resistivity ρB 3
Given that wire B is 2 Ω, What is the resistance of
wire A ?
(A) 0.17 Ω (B) 4 Ω
(C) 6 Ω (D) 12 Ω
50. If a real object is placed in front of a convex lens of focal
length ‘f’ at its principal focus, where is the image
formed ?
(A) At zero (B) At infinity
(C) At a distance of 2f (D) At a distance f/2

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C L A S S : 10

Class : 10 Chemistry
51. The metal with lowest density is
(A) sodium. (B) potassium.
(C) lithium. (D) caesium.
52. Which statement is true ?
(A) Ammonia and hydrogen chloride react to form
ammonium hydroxide
(B) Removal of hydrogen from a compound is an example
of reduction
(C) The reaction of copper sulphate with hydrogen
sulphide is an example of a double displacement
reaction
(D) A matchstick gets ignited when inserted in the blue
flame of a candle
53. Identify the molecular formulae of the acid and the
alcohol respectively from which an ester can be
prepared.
(A) CH3COOH + C2H5OH
(B) HCOOH + C2H5OH
(C) HCOOH + CH3OH
(D) CH3CH2COOH + CH3OH
54. Equal moles of each of the following substances were
dissolved in an equal volume of water.
Which of them will form the solution with the highest
pH ?
(A) Ammonia (B) Sulphur dioxide
(C) Potassium oxide (D) Hydrogen chloride

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C L A S S : 10

55. The atomic radius of elements in Group 1 of the Periodic


Table increases down the group because
(A) the number of valence electrons increase.
(B) the number of valence electrons decrease.
(C) the number of occupied shells increase.
(D) the distance between the nucleus and the outermost
electron shell decrease.
56. Which condition is necessary for a chemical reaction ?
(A) It must be accompanied with change in temperature
and pressure.
(B) At least one of the reactants must be in a fixed
quantity.
(C) It must follow the law of conservation of mass.
(D) All of the above
57. Which method is employed for obtaining a pure metal ?
(A) Froth floatation (B) Electrolytic reduction
(C) Magnetic separation (D) Gravity separation
58. Three elements X, Y and Z form a Dobereiner triad. Their
atomic weights are in the ratio 5:11:17. If the sum of the
atomic weights of extreme elements is 176, then find
their atomic weights.

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C L A S S : 10

59. Which gas is given off when dilute hydrochloric acid


reacts with aluminium ?
(A) Oxygen (B) Chlorine
(C) Hydrogen (D) Carbon dioxide
60. What is the difference in the formulae and molecular
masses of CH3OH and C2H5OH ?
(A) CH3 and 16 units (B) CH2 and 14 units
(C) CH4 and 18 units (D) CH3 and 18 units
61. Copper (II) oxide is reduced to copper as shown. The
burner is then turned off but the hydrogen is kept flowing
until the tube is cold.

What is the main reason why the hydrogen is kept


flowing ?
(A) to lessen the risk of explosion in the hot tube
(B) to make certain that the reaction is complete
(C) to prevent the copper from reacting with the air
(D) to remove any traces of water left in the tube
62. Identify an unsaturated hydrocarbon that has a cyclic
structure.
(A) Ethene (B) Butene
(C) Benzene (D) Pentene

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63. An excess of dilute sulphuric acid reacts with both


aqueous barium hydroxide and aqueous barium chloride
respectively. In what way are the two reactions the
same ?
(A) A gas is evolved.
(B) An insoluble salt is formed.
(C) Their final pH is 7.
(D) A base is produced.
64. The table given below shows some of the elements across
Period 3 of the Periodic Table, starting from phosphorus.

What is y ?
(A) Iodine (B) Silicon (C) Oxygen (D) Chlorine
65. Aluminium is extracted from purified bauxite by
electrolysis but iron is extracted from haematite by
reduction with coke.
Why is iron not extracted by electrolysis ?
(A) Haematite needs to be purified but bauxite does not.
(B) Iron is less reactive than aluminium.
(C) Reduction with coke is cheaper than electrolysis.
(D) Reduction with coke gives a purer product than
electrolysis.
66. Identify a slow, combustion reaction in which glucose
present in the body cells combines with oxygen to
produce energy.
(A) Digestion (B) Excretion
(C) Respiration (D) Transpiration

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67. Soaps can remove dirt or grease from clothes by the


formation of a/an
(A) acid. (B) base.
(C) micelle. (D) ethyl alcohol.
68. A boy took four substances gastric juice, milk of
magnesia, lemon juice and pure water respectively to
identify their pH. What is the correct ascending order of
pH of these substances ?
(A) Gastric juice, lemon juice, pure water, milk of
magnesia
(B) Lemon juice, pure water, gastric juice, milk of
magnesia
(C) Pure water, gastric juice, lemon juice, milk of magnesia
(D) Milk of magnesia, lemon juice, pure water, gastric juice
69. Complete the reaction given below.
ZnO + 2NaOH → ?
(A) Zn(OH)2 + H2O (B) Na2ZnO2 + H2O
(C) Zn(OH)2 + Na2O (D) Na2ZnO2 + Na2O
70. ‘X’ is an equation which contains equal number of atoms
of each element on both the sides. What is ‘X’ ?
(A) A balanced equation (B) An unbalanced equation
(C) A chemical equation (D) All of the above

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C L A S S : 10

Class : 10 Biology
71. Gas 'P' diffuses from a capillary into an alveolus in the
lungs. When is gas 'P' expelled out from the alveolus ?

(A) During inhalation (B) During exhalation


(C) During inspiration (D) None of these
72. The aim of the given experiment is to prove that

(A) sunlight is essential for photosynthesis.


(B) carbon dioxide is essential for photosynthesis.
(C) water is essential for photosynthesis.
(D) chlorophyll is essential for photosynthesis.
73. What prevents the mixing of the blood of the foetus with
that of the mother ?
(A) Umbilical cord (B) Uterus wall
(C) Placenta (D) Water sac

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C L A S S : 10

74. What will happen if part ‘R’ is injured ?

(A) Breathing will be affected.


(B) The person will not be able to think rationally.
(C) Coordination and stability of the body will be adversely
affected.
(D) The person will not be able to see.
75. Identify the characteristic(s) of vegetative reproduction.

X – Involves two individuals


Y – Daughter cells are genetically identical
to the parent.
Z – The cell division is only mitotic.

(A) Only X (B) Only X and Z


(C) Only Y and Z (D) X, Y and Z
76. Why is it important to boil the leaf in alcohol, while
carrying out the starch test on a leaf ?
(A) To dissolve the waxy cuticle
(B) To make the cells more permeable to iodine solution
(C) To remove the chlorophyll
(D) To stop chemical reactions in the cells.
77. What is the common phase between aerobic and
anaerobic respiration ?
(A) Glycolysis (B) Kreb's cycle
(C) TCA cycle (D) EMP pathway

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78. Which of these form a food chain ?


(A) Grass, wheat and mango
(B) Grass, goat and human
(C) Goat, cow and elephant
(D) Grass, fish and goat
79. The procedure of cleaning the blood of a person by using
a kidney machine is known as
(A) ketolysis. (B) hydrolysis.
(C) dialysis. (D) photolysis.
80. Which of these is present in grey matter ?
(A) Nerve cell bodies (B) Nerve axons
(C) Pons (D) Myelin sheath
81. Identify the type of nutrition exhibited by the given
figure.

(A) Autotrophic nutrition


(B) Saprophytic nutrition
(C) Parasitic nutrition
(D) Symbiotic nutrition
82. The sheath which covers the axon of a neuron is
chiefly made up of
(A) glucose. (B) protein.
(C) minerals. (D) fat.

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83. Why are egg cells larger than sperm cells ?


(A) Because they have more cells in them.
(B) Because they have thicker cell membranes.
(C) Have larger nuclei.
(D) Have food store to help growth after fertilisation.
84. Identify 'X' and its function.

X Function
(A) Ribosome Synthesises proteins
(B) Lysosome Produces enzyme
(C) Vesicle Release chemicals
(D) Granule Stores starch

Palaeontologists deals with the evidences of


(A) embryology
(B) fossil
(C) homologous and analogous organs.
(D) all of these

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C L A S S : 10

The term cardiac refers to which organ in the body ?


(A) Heart (B) Kidney
(C) Stomach (D) Brain
87. Identify P, Q and R.
Male P Sperm
R
Female Ovary Q

(A) P – Ovum, Q – Testes, R – Ovulation.


(B) P – Testes, Q – Ovum, R – Implantation.
(C) P – Ovum, Q – Testes, R – Implantation.
(D) P – Testes, Q – Ovum, R – Fertilisation.
88. Which of these represents the accumulation of harmful
substances in organisms at successively higher trophic
levels ?
(A) Food web (B) Carbon cycle
(C) Biomagnification (D) Population
89. Which of these helps in the curdling of milk ?
(A) Pepsin (B) Renin
(C) HCl (D) Trypsin
90. Which part of nervous system controls involuntary
actions ?
(A) Medulla oblongata (B) Cerebellum
(C) Hypothalamus (D) Spinal cord

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C L A S S : 10

Class : 10 General Awareness


91. Where is the headquarters of Election Commission of
India located ?
(A) Chennai (B) New Delhi
(C) Mumbai (D) Kolkata
92. Which International Cricket Council President resigned
after Cricket world cup 2015 ?
(A) Mustafa Kamal (B) Alan Isaac
(C) Sharad Pawar (D) N.Srinivasan
93. The famous tagline “The Ultimate Driving Machine”
belongs to automobile company ?
(A) Ford (B) Chevrolet
(C) BMW (D) Hundai
94. Which of these awards is not named after a person?
(A) Nobel Prize (B) Pulitzer Prize
(C) Magsaysay Prize (D) Grammy Awards
95. Which actor along with business tycoon Ratan Tata has
joined hands for the Indian government’s initiative “Call
to Action for a TB-free India” ?
(A) Amitabh Bachchan (B) Anupam Kher
(C) Hritik Roshan (D) Shahrukh Khan
96. Which company owns the Android operating system ?
(A) Microsoft (B) Apple
(C) Google (D) Ericsson
97. Which Greek philosopher tutored Alexander the Great in
the childhood ?
(A) Pythagoras (B) Aristotle
(C) Socrates (D) Plato

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98. The given logo belongs to which brand ?


(A) Titan
(B) Fastrack
(C) Rolex
(D) Omega
99. How many scientists share the Nobel Prize in Medicine
for the year 2015 ?
(A) 2 (B) 3
(C) 5 (D) 4
100. Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited which country in
September,2015 on a five day visit ?
(A) Russia (B) Singapore
(C) London (D) USA
Space fo r rou gh w ork

Paper Code: UN421 24


UNIFIED COUNCIL
A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION - 2015 (UPDATED)


Solutions for Class : 10
Paper Code: UN412
Mathematics
4. (C) The required ratio
1. (A) p2 – q2 = 4 cos θ cot θ = 4 cos2 θ /sin θ 2 (8 × 4 + 4 × 2 + 8 × 2 )
=
⇒ (p2 – q2)2 = 16 cos4 θ /sin2 θ (8 × 4 × 2 ).2 (1 × 1 + 1 × 1 + 1 × 1) = 7 : 24
pq = cot2 θ – cos2 θ 5. (D) xy = 96050 .... (i)
xz = 95625 .... (ii)
 1 − sin2 θ  cos4 θ
= cos θ  sin2 θ  = sin2 θ
2
y 3842
  = [Dividing (i) by (ii)] .... (iii)

z 3825
∴ (p2 – q2)2 = 16 pq
and y – z = 1
2. (C) Probability of drawing green ball
⇒ y=z+1 .... (iv)
= 3 × probability of drawing red ball
from eq. (iii) and (iv), we get z = 225
n 3×5 6. (B) As ‘c’ is factor of ab and ‘a’ is factor of ab as
⇒ =
5+n 5 + n c and a are coprime, so ca is factor of ab
⇒ n = 15
then, if ab = (ca) x for x ∈ N, then b = cx.

∴ Total no. of balls = 5 + 15 = 20 ∴ c is a factor of b.

3. (B) ∆ CDE : BAE 7. (C) ∆ ABC ≅ ∆ DCB,


AF AB 80 4
CD ED ∴ = = =
∴ = CF CD 20 1
AB AE
A
9 ED
⇒ = D
3 AE
F
80

ED
⇒ 3+1= +1
20

AE O
a
ED + A E B E C
⇒ 4=
AE AF 4
⇒ =
AD CF 1
⇒ 4=
AE AF + FC 4 + 1 5
⇒ = =
FC 1 1
4
⇒ AE = = 1 cm ∆ ABC : ∆ FEC [Since AB and FE are parallel]
4
AB AC
1 ⇒ =
FE FC
∴ Area of ∆ AEC = × AE × CD
2
80 5
⇒ =
1 FE 1
= ×1× 9
2 FE = 16
= 4.5 cm2 Hence, the value of a = 16 m
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8. (D) 310o 2 7
= o × 314 cm = 270 cm2
360 18
20 cm
14. (C) Median of the slopes of
3
OA, OB, OC, OD, OE = slope of OC =
4
Area of square = 20 cm × 20 cm = 400 cm2 15. (C) Let AB be the ladder inclined at an angle of
Out of 16 parts, 2 are shaded. 30o with the wall BC.
B
14
∴ Area of unshaded region = × 400cm2
16 30
= 350 cm2 F
D
y 130
R(11, 10)
P(3, 6) 60o
 10  A E G C
S  11, 2 
Q  
9. (B) After one second the man will be at D such
O  6
x that AD = 2 m.
 3, 
 2
1
∴ AE = AD cos 60o = 2 × = 1m
5− 3 2 1 2
∴ Slope of QS = 11 − 3 = 8 =
4 Similarly after 2 seconds, the man will be at
10. (A) Let a be the first term and d be the common F such that AF = 4 m.
difference of A.P. ∴ AG = 2 m
Since a9 = 99 Thus after every second, the man is approaching
∴ a + 8d = 99 ..... (i) the wall a distance equal to 1 m, i.e., at 1 m/
sec.
Also, a99 = 9
16. (A) Given parabolic equation is y = 3x2 + 12x – 2
∴ a + 98d = 9 ..... (ii)
−b −12
Subtracting (ii) from (i) = = −2
2a 6
⇒ –90 d = 90
y = f(2) = 12 – 24 – 2 = – 14
∴ d = –1
∴ Vertex of the parabola = (–2, –14)
Substituting this value of d in (i)
∴ The axis of symmetry is x = – 2
a + 8(–1) = 99
17. (C) Product of ‘m’ numbers = (H.C.F. of pairs)m – 1
⇒ a = 99 + 8 = 107 × L.C.M. of ‘m’ numbers.
∴ a108 = a + (108 – 1) d Hence, product of 4 numbers = (3)4 – 1 × 126
= 107 + 107 (–1) = 0 = 3402
11. (Del) Correct answer is 3. 18. (B) Given AB = 6 m ⇒ AC = CB = 3 m
12. (B) The whole surface area of the remaining A
solid = π RL + π rl + π [R2 – r2] C
o
= π[6 × 36 + 28 + 3 × 9 + 7 + (36 − 9 )] B

= π [6 × 8 + 3 × 4 + 27] = 87 π cm2 Since, the radius of two circles are integers,


13. (A) 360 – 25 – 25 = 310
o o o o then for OC = 4 m and OB = 5 m, the value of
CB is 3 m
Radius of circle = 20 cm ÷ 2 = 10 cm
∴ The radius of inner circle is 4 m.
Area of circle = πr 2
19. (B) ax2 + bx + 1 = 0 has real roots if
= 3.14 × 10 cm × 10 cm = 314 cm2
Area of shaded part b2 – 4a ≥ 0

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C
Value of a
P R

A x y B
2 3, 4 2
N M
3 4 1
4 4 1 Now ∠ ACB = x (angle in alternate
segment)
Total number of ways = 7
∠ ACB = y (angle is in alternate segment)
m / m + 1 + 1 / 2m + 1 ⇒ x=y
20. (C) tan (α + β ) =
1 − (m / m + 1) )(1 / 2m + 1)
25. (A) Let p(x) = x4 – a2 x2 + 3x – a.
2m2 + m + m + 1 Since x + a, i.e. x – (–a) is a factor of p(x), we
= must have p(–a) = 0
2m2 + 2m + m + 1 − m
⇒ (–a)4 – a2 (–a)2 + 3(–a) – a = 0
2m2 + 2m + 1
= =1 ⇒ a4 – a4 – 3a – a = 0
2m2 + 2m + 1
⇒ –4a = 0
∴ á+â = π / 4
⇒ a=0
21. (D) In option (D), the slope is negative and
y-interept is positive. Physics
26. (C) If two resistors (a and b) are connected in
22. (C) In ∆ ABC, ∠ ACE = ∠ ABC + ∠ BAC series, the value of the total resistance will
Similarly in be a + b.
∆ BCD, ∠ BDC = ∠ DCE – ∠ DBC If two resistors (a and b) are connected in
[Ext. angle prop. of a ∆ ] parallel, the value of the total resistance
1 a×b
But ∠DCE = ∠ACE and will be .
2 a+b
Using different combinations of 3, 4 and
1 6 ohm resistors, we can make new resistors
∠DBC = ∠ABC
2 with the following values:
Now, ∠ BDC = ∠ DCE – ∠ DBC 9 ohms : 3 ohms and 6 ohms in series,
1 1 3+6=9
= ∠ACE − ∠ABC
2 2 2.4 ohms : 4 ohms and 6 ohms in parallel,
1 4 × 6 24
= (∠ACE − ∠ABC) = = 2.4
2 4 + 6 10
1 2 ohms : 3 ohms and 6 ohms in parallel,
= (∠ACE + ∠BAC − ∠ACE)
2 3 × 6 18
= =2
1 3+6 9
∴∠BDC = ∠BAC There is no combination that can produce a
2
total resistance of 8 ohms.
23. (C)
27. (B) Assume that the painter is facing the centre
a b c d of the mirror. To see the maximum range,
he has to look at the two extreme ends of
1 1 1 1 (2) (2) (2) (2) = 16 the mirror. By applying the laws of
2 1 1 0 (3) (2) (2) (1) = 12 reflection, angle of incidence = angle of
reflection as per the figure given below, the
maximum length of painted wall, the
painter can see is 2 m.
Hence, maximum value of (a + 1) (b + 1)
(c + 1) (d + c) is 16.
24. (D) Take any point C on circle and join C to A
and B.

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1 m long mirror through the optic nerve in the form of
electrical signals.
30. (A) Statements (B), (C) and (D) are the best
ways to increase the efficient use of various
12 m sources of energy.
31. (C) Only image projector emits light rays on a
screen and forms real images.
The image formed in the plane mirror is
virtual and erect.
0.5 m 1m 0.5 m
The image formed by a magnifying glass
28. (A) The solenoid is a long coil containing a large (convex lens) is also virtual and erect.
number of close turns of insulated copper V
wire. The magnetic field produced by a 32. (C) Using Ohm’s law, =R
I
current carrying solenoid is similar to the
magnetic field produced by a bar magnet. Q
∴ V=I ×R= ×R
The lines of magnetic force pass through t
the solenoid and return to the other end. If
a current carrying solenoid is suspended 200
∴ V= × 20 = 160 V
freely, it comes to rest pointing North and 25
South like a suspended magnetic needle. 33. (D) All the statements are true.
One end of the solenoid acts like a N-pole 34. (B) The slip rings are used to prevent
and the other end a S-pole. Since, the entanglement of the wires in the external
current in each circular turn of the solenoid circuit.
flows in the same direction, the magnetic
If a coil of wire is placed in a magnetic field
field produced by each turn of the solenoid
adds up, giving a strong resultant magnetic and rotated, an alternating (sinusoidal)
current is induced. As it rotates, sometimes
field inside the solenoid.
it is ‘cutting’ through lots of flux, and so lots
of current is induced. At other times, it is
moving parallel to the flux, and so no flux is
cut, and no current is induced. In between,
some current is induced. This creates an
alternating current.
Either end of the coil can be connected to
wires outside of the generator in order to
use the current elsewhere. This would be
fine for the first few rotations, but after this,
29. (C) (i) The light coming from the objects the wires would get tangled up and the
enters the human eye through cornea generator would be useless. In an AC
(X). Just behind the cornea is the iris. generator, this is a pair of rotating
There is a hole in the middle of the iris conducting ‘slip rings’ attached to either
called pupil. end of the coil. Carbon brushes bring these
(ii) The lens lies behind the pupil (Y). It is into contact with the outside world.
convex, transparent, soft and flexible. 35. (C) Two convex lenses of focal lengths 5 cm and
It is held in proper position with the 7 cm respectively are used to construct a
help of suspensory ligaments at one compound microscope.
end and ciliary muscles at the other A compound microscope consists of two
end. converging lenses, (i) the objective O ' , and
(iii) The space between the cornea and the (ii) the eyepiece E. The lens facing the object
lens is filled with aqueous humour. is called the objective and the lens close to
(iv) The focal length of the convex lens the eye is called the eyepiece. The objective
present inside the eye can be changed is of very short focal length and has a smaller
(made thicker / thinner) by the action aperture than the eyepiece. The eyepiece is
of ciliary muscles. also of short focal length but of large
(v) The space between the lens and the aperture. The objective is a combination of
retina is filled with vitreous humour. two lenses, which acts as a converging lens.
The eyepiece is a combination of two lenses
(vi) Behind the lens is the natural screen
separated by a small distance. The focal
called retina (Z) on which the image is
length of the eyepiece is slightly greater than
formed. It is conveyed to the brain
that of the objective. The two lenses are
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placed coaxially at the ends of an adjustable (ii) The two eyes are a few centimetres
tube. The distance between the two lenses apart from each other. Due to this
can be adjusted. reason, the two eyes see the same
E object from two slightly different
O' angles and send two slightly different
B images of the same object to the brain.
Fo Fe Fo
I (iii) The brain combines these two slightly
I1
O Fo β
different images to build a three
M Eye dimensional picture of the object which
enables us and animals to judge the
distance of the object more accurately.
M1
(iv) Most of the animals have a large field
of view to see around due to binocular
The object OB is placed just beyond the focus
vision but not monocular vision.
of the objective, which forms a real, inverted
and magnified image. This image is formed 42. (D) Earth wire connects the conducting casing
within the focus of the eyepiece, which of the appliance to the ground. It is used to
produces a virtual, erect and magnified conduct any leaked charges from the
image. The final image I1M1 is adjusted to be conducting casing of the appliance to the
formed at the least distance of distinct ground. This prevents people from getting
vision. The eyepiece acts as a magnifier. an electric shock should there be a leakage
of charges.
36. (B,C,D) Renewable sources of energy are sunlight,
tidal waves, ethanol fuel, wood and wind 43. (C) When light travels through optical fibre,
while non-renewable sources of energy are total internal reflection takes place and not
coal, natural gas and petroleum. refraction.
37. (D) The human eye ball is almost spherical and 44. (C) Doubling the length of the wire will double
has a thick, tough coating called sclerotic the resistance. (R ∝ L).
on the external side. About 5/6th of this Doubling the cross-sectional area of the
portion is opaque and the remaining part is  1
in front of the eye which is a transparent wire will have the resistance.  R ∝  .
 A
structure called the cornea. The coating
within the sclerotic is called choroid which Resistance of the wire which is 4 m and has
consists of black pigment cells. Choroid 2 mm2 cross-sectional area.
absorbs light and prevents the reflection 1
of light within the eyeball. 16 × 2 × = 16 Ω
2
38. (B) One of the factors that determines the
45. (C) (i) The distance between the optical
strength of the electromagnet is the number
centre (O) of the convex lens and object
of coils per unit length. The more
placed at ‘X’ is the object distance OX.
concentrated the coils are being packed, the
stronger will be the magnetic field strength. (ii) The distance between the optical
centre (O) and principal focus ‘Y’ of the
39. (D) To reproduce a similar print, the real image
convex lens is the focal length - OY.
must be the same size as the object. It can
only be achieved when u = 2f. This implies (iii) A ray of light parallel to the principal
that u = 12 cm. axis of a convex lens passes through its
focus after refraction through the lens.
40. (C) I = V ÷ R
The distance between the optical
= 1200 ÷ 240 = 5 A centre (O) of the convex lens to the
The operating current of the heater is 5 A. The point where the image ‘Z’ is formed is
fuse should be slightly higher than the the image distance - OZ.
operating current. The function of the fuse is 46. (A) Iron is a soft magnetic material which can
to allow operating current to flow through but be easily magnetised and demagnetised. It
melts when the current becomes too high so is used as an electromagnet.
as to protect the equipment from being
Steel is a hard magnetic material which cannot
damaged by the undesirably high current.
be easily magnetised nor demagnetised. It is
The next higher rate of fuse is the 10 A fuse. used as a permanent magnet.
41. (A) Statements (i) and (ii) are true for carnivores. 47. (A) Tungsten has a melting point higher than
(i) Human beings and all the predators 3000 oC.
like tiger, lion, cheetah etc. have their When the filament is so hot that it produces
eyes in front of the head. white light, its temperature must be

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greater than 2500 oC. The material of the metals, sodium is the most reactive metal
filament must have a melting point higher followed by magnesium and zinc.
than 2500 oC. (i) Sodium metal is very reactive. It reacts
Option (B): Tungsten has high resistance to violently with dilute hydrochloric acid
allow high current to pass through. to form sodium chloride and hydrogen.
When a material has high resistance, the (ii) Magnesium metal is less reactive than
current flowing through it is low (with other sodium. It reacts quite rapidly with
factors held constant). dilute hydrochloric acid to form
Option (C): Tungsten has high mass so that magnesium chloride and hydrogen.
more thermal energy can be stored in the (iii) Zinc metal is less reactive than
filament. magnesium and aluminium. It reacts
When a material has high mass, more thermal less rapidly with dilute hydrochloric acid
energy is required to increase its to form zinc chloride and hydrogen.
temperature. The filament would need more As the reactivity of metals decreases from
energy to produce the same brightness. sodium to zinc, sodium metal releases
Option (D): Tungsten has high specific heat hydrogen gas faster followed by
capacity so that small amount of heat can magnesium and zinc.
increase the temperature to a large extent. 53. (A) Chemical reaction between aluminium and
When a material has high specific heat iron (III) oxide is balanced. Both being
capacity, it requires more energy to metals are solids as reactants.
increase its temperature. The reduction of a metal oxide to form
48. (A) Focal length f is 15 cm. metal by using aluminium powder as a
reducing agent is called a thermite reaction.
Object distance u is 31 cm.
(A) A mixture of iron (III) oxide and
For u > 2f, the image formed will be real,
aluminium powder is ignited with a
inverted and diminished.
burning magnesium ribbon. Aluminium
49. (B) The safest method to dispose radioactive reduces iron oxide to produce iron
wastes is given below. metal with the evolution of lot of heat.
The radioactive wastes must be kept in a Due to this heat, iron metal is produced
thick, lead containers with narrow mouth in the molten state.
and plugged with thick lead corks. These The molten iron is then poured
containers can be buried under the sea. between the broken pieces of heavy
50. (B) Resistance of the appliance iron objects like girders, railway tracks
= V ÷ I = 240 V ÷ 2A = 120 Ω or cracked machine parts to join them.
Current flowing through the appliance at (B) Chemical reaction is balanced but iron
120 V supply = V ÷ R being a metal is shown as (g) gas, which
is not correct.
= 120 V ÷ 120 Ω = 1 A (C) Chemical reaction is not balanced on
Power of appliance = I2R the reactants side (Aluminium) and
= (1)2 × (120) = 120 W aluminium oxide being a metallic
Chemistry oxide is represented as gas, which is
not correct.
51. (C) Noble gases are elements of Group 18. They
exist as monoatomic gases because their (D) Chemical reaction is not balanced as
outermost shells are filled with two or less number of iron atoms are shown
eight electrons as shown below. on products side.
54. (C) (i) Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid and
Element Atomic Electron the pH of this acid lies between 0 to 3
Number Arrangement on the pH scale. Strong acids
Helium 2 2 completely ionise in water to form a
Neon 10 2, 8 large number of H+ ions.
Argon 18 2, 8, 8 (ii) Ethanoic acid is a weak acid and its pH
Krypton 36 2, 8, 18, 8 is above 3 on the pH scale. Weak acids
Xenon 54 2, 8, 18, 18, 8 do not ionise completely in water and
Radon 86 2, 8, 18, 18, 32, 8 produce a small number of H+ ions
(iii) HCl is a strong acid and it ionises
52. (A) Metals react with dilute hydrochloric acid completely to form H + and Cl – ions
to give metal chlorides and hydrogen gas is respectively. CH 3COOH is a weak acid
released. Based on the reactivity series of because it does not ionise completely.
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It forms CH3COO– (Acetate ion) and H+ 62. (A) Option (A) gives the correct balanced equation
(ion respectively. The difference in pH as per the numbers given under (i), (ii), (iii)
value between the two acids is and (iv) respectively as shown below.
ionisation. So, the degree of ionisation (i) PbS + (ii) 4H2O2 → (iii) PbSO4 + (iv) 4H2O
is less in ethanoic acid than that of
63. (D) Reactive metal oxides form more stable
hydrochloric acid.
oxides. Zinc is the most reactive metal and
55. (C) Hydrocarbon ‘X’ must be an unsaturated lead the least reactive of the three metals
hydrocarbon with a C=C bond i.e. an alkene given.
C 5H 10 (pentene). C 2H6 , C3H 8 and C7H 16 are
64. (D) 2NaOH + CO2 → Na2CO3 + H2O
saturated hydrocarbons in the homologous
series of alkanes. The white solid is Na2CO3.
56. (B) Due to typographical error (i) is not 65. (C) Combustion of ethanol :
considered because BHT is printed as HBT. C2H5OH + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 3H2O
To prevent oxidation of fried foods, the Manufacture of ethanol:
following methods must be adopted. C2H4(g) + H2O(g) → C2H5OH(l)
(i) Adding antioxidants like butylated Fermentation of glucose :
hydroxy-anisole or butylated hydroxy
toluene to food substances before C6H12O6        → 2CO2 + 2C2H5OH
Yeast, absence of air

frying them in oil. Oxidation of ethanol:


(ii) Storing fried foods in air-tight C2H5OH + 2[O] → CH3COOH + H2O
containers prevents the contact of food 66. (D) The bond formed between two oppositely
with oxygen. Absence of light slows charged ions is ionic or electrovalent bond,
down the oxidation of oil and fats in Mg+2 and O–2 .
fried foods.
Two chlorine atoms and two hydrogen
(iii) Filling the huge bags / containers in atoms separately form a single covalent
which the fried foods would be stored bond as shown below.
with nitrogen gas.
Cl + Cl → Cl2 Cl – Cl
57. (C) The ore from which manganese is extracted
is pyrolusite. H + H → H2 H–H
Haematite - Iron Carbon dioxide forms a double covalent
bond O = C = O.
Bauxite - Aluminium
Calamine - Zinc Transfer of electrons
58. (C) The given chemical reaction is used in the

: :
Mg : + O:
manufacture/preparation of soap. Magnesium atom Oxygen atom
Vegetable oil + Alkali ∆
→ 2, 8, 2 2,6
(Castor, cotton, (Sodium
Mg2+ O or MgO
linseed or hydroxide)
Magnesium ion Oxide ion
soyabean oil)
2, 8 2,8
Soap + Glycerol (P)
(Sodium salt of (An alcohol) Magnesium oxide
fatty acid) We find that the magnesium ion has 2 units
So, ‘P’ is glycerol. of positive charge whereas the oxide ion
has 2 units of negative charge. The
59. (D) Acidic oxide : SO2, CO2 oppositely charged magnesium ions, Mg2+,
Amphoteric oxide : Al2O3 and oxide ions O2–, are held together by a
Basic oxide : Na2O , MgO strong force of electrostatic attraction to
form magnesium oxide compound Mg2+O2–
60. (D) Chemical equation for complete combustion or MgO. Thus, magnesium oxide contains
of methanol is given in option (D). ionic bonds.
Chemical equations given in options (A), (B)
and (C) show incomplete combustion of 67. (B) First liquid pH Second liquid pH
methanol. (A) 5 2
61. (A) From Li to C, the elements use 1 to 4 electrons
(B) 5 12
for bonding respectively. However, from C
to F, the number of electrons used declines (C) 6 1
from 4 to 1. Ne does not form any compound (D) 14 7
readily since it is a noble gas.
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In options (A) and (C), the solutions are Male
acidic (pH < 7). When mixed, the pH of the X Y
resulting solution will also be acidic. In Female
option (D), the first solution is alkaline X XX XY
while the second one is neutral. When they
are mixed, the resulting solution will be X XX XY
alkaline.
68. (D) Metals tend to form basic oxides while non- 50% Male, 50% Female
metals tend to form acidic oxides. Hence, Y 76. (B) The swollen part above the girdle is due to
is a metal and X is a non-metal. Z would be the accumulation of food in phloem.
between the 2 elements since the oxide is 77. (B) Rice plant → Grasshopper → Frog → Snake
amphoteric. → Eagle
69. (D) The given structural formula is of a
detergent. A detergent has a large non-ionic 78. (D) Earthworm is a hermaphrodite.
hydrocarbon group and an ionic group like 79. (A) F is the adrenal gland. It releases adrenline
sulphonate group SO 3 – Na + , or sulphate which responds to stress, for example ,
group. SO4– Na+. The structure sugar is released studdenly to enable us to
CH3 – (CH2)10 – CH2 – SO4– Na+ is of sodium run fast and escape when there is danger.
n-dodecyl sulphate. 80. (C) In the given flowchart E represents
70. (A) X : Oxidation reaction Fertilisation and F Mitosis
The conversion of C 2 H 5OH to CH 3CO 2 H 81. (A) The genetic material found in a sperm can
involves the removal of H and addition be 22 + X or 22 + Y
of O.
82. (B) Heat energy that is lost from the body cannot
C2H5OH + 2[O] → CH3CO2H + H2O
be returned to the ecosystems and recycled.
Y : Acid/base reaction
83. (B) Medulla oblongata controls breathing rate
CH3CO2H + NaOH → CH3CO2–Na+ + H2O
and regulates blood pressure.
Z : Esterification
84. (A) In human beings fertilisation occurs in
CH3CO2H + C2H5OH → CH3CO2C2H5 + H2O
fallopian tubes and implantation in uterus.
Biology
85. (D) Under the sun plants perform photosynthesis
71. (D) Photosynthesis takes place in green plants and releases oxygen hence the limewater
by the absorption of water and carbon remains colourless.
dioxide in the presence of sunlight and 86. (C) Oxygen is helpful to oxidised or burn the
chlorophyll pigment by the liberation of food in our body to release energy.
oxygen and produce carbohydrates.
87. (C) The arrow labelled ‘X’ is pulmonary artery.
72. (C) Some of the energy in each level of food It carries deoxygentated blood from heart
chain is lost as heat. Hence, not all the to lungs.
energy from living things is transfered to
88. (A) Movement of the plant in response to
living thing C.
external stimulus is called nastic
73. (A) Peripheral nervous system consists of movements.
cranial and spinal nerves.
89. (D) The potato plant reproduces by stem
74. (A) The arrows (showing) labelled as P and Q tubers.
blood vessels carries oxygen rich blood.
90. (A) The air at the top of the mountains has less
75. (B) The sex of a baby is determined by the X amount of oxygen hence people who live
and Y chromosomes. Females have two X on mountain top produce more RBC to
chromosomes. Males have one X and one Y absorb more oxygen as compared to land
chromosome. level.
Each parent gives one copy of their
chromosome to the baby.

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UNIFIED COUNCIL
A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION


Paper Code: UN415
Solutions for Class : 10
Mathematics
1. (D) Given arithmetic progression is 10, 12, 14, Difference of L.C.M. and H.C.F.
..... = 2310 – 5 = 2305
⇒ a = 10, d = 2, n = 13 Given 2305 = 210 × 6 + 55y
n 2305 − 210 × 6
⇒ Sn = ⎡2a + (n − 1) d⎤⎦ ⇒ y= = 19
2⎣ 55

13 ∴ y 3 = 19 3 = 6859
S13 = ⎡⎣2 (10 ) + 12 (2 )⎤⎦
2 5. (B) Let the cost of a chair be ' N'.
13 Let the cost of a table be ' y'.
=
2
[20 + 24 ]
Given 3N + 2y = 1850 ..... (1)
= 13 × 22 = 286 5N + 3y = 2850 ..... (2)
2. (Del) Solving eq. (1) and (2), we get

C 9 N + 6y = 5550
3. (A)
10 N + 6y = 5700
− N = −150
o
3 cm P 3 cm ⇒ N = 150
A B
Substituting the value of 'N' in eq. (1)
K ⇒ 450 + 2y = 1850
‘O’ is the centre of the circle. ⇒ 2y = 1400
CP × PK = AP × PB ⇒ y = 700
AP × PB 3 × 3 Hence, the cost of one chair and one
CP = = = 9 cm
PK 1 table = N + y = 150 + 700 = 850.
∴ Diameter CK = CP + PK = (9 + 1)cm 6. (D) Since the diagonals of a trapezium divide
= 10 cm OA OB
each other proportionally, =
OC OD
4. (D) 210 = 2 × 3 × 5 × 7
55 = 5 × 11 N − 4 3N − 19
⇒ =
∴ L.C.M. = 2 × 3 × 5 × 7 × 11
4 N−3

= 2310 ⇒ ( N − 4) ( N − 3) = 4(3 N − 19)


H.C.F. = 5

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⇒ N2 − 7 N + 12 − 12 N + 76 = 0 ⇒ 4m + 4 ≤ 0

⇒ N2 − 19 N + 88 = 0
⇒ m ≤ −1

⇒ N2 − 11 N − 8 N + 88 = 0 A
10. (B)
45° 60°
⇒ N( N − 11) − 8( N − 11) = 0

⇒ N = 11 or 8 200 m
45° 60°
∴ The required value of 'N' is 8 units.
D ym B xm C

7. (C) AB = (2a − 2a)2 + (6a − 4a)2


According to the problem, from the
figure, AB is the tower of height 200 m.
= (2a)2 = 2a
The distance between the height is
(N + y) m.
BC = (2a + 3a − 2a)2 + (5a − 6a)2
200
∴ tan45° = ⇒ y = 200 m
= ( 3a)2 + (−a)2 y
..... (1)
= 3a2 + a2
200 200
2 tan60° = ⇒ N=
= 4a = 2a N 3
..... (2)
(2a + )
2 2
AC = 3a − 2a + (5a − 4a) ∴ The required distance

200
= 3a2 + a2 = N+y = + 200
3
= 4a2 = 2a
⎛ 1 ⎞
= 200 ⎜ + 1⎟ m
Hence, ∆ ABC is an equilateral triangle. ⎝ 3 ⎠
8. (D) Given P and Q are the zeros of the
polynomial aN2 + bN + c, 11. (D) B
2 2 2
⇒ P + Q = (P + Q) − 2PQ
O P
2
⎛ −b ⎞ ⎛c⎞
=⎜ ⎟ − 2⎜ ⎟ A
⎝ a ⎠ ⎝a⎠

b2 2c b2 − 2ac OA = OB, as radii of a circle are equal.


= − =
a2 a a2 PA = PB, as tangents to a circle from an
external point are equal.
b2 − 2ac
Hence, the value of P2 + Q2 = . ∴ OAPB is a kite.
a2
9. (B) Given, N2 + 4mN + 4m2 + m + 1 = 0 have 12. (C) In ∆ABC, AB = AC = 19 cm
real roots. and BD = DC = 6 cm .
⇒ b2 − 4ac ≥ 0 A

(4m) − 4 (1) (4m2 + m + 1) ≥ 0


2

6
⇒ 16m2 − 16m2 − 4m − 4 ≥ 0

B D C
12
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In ∆ABD, AB2 = AD2 + BD2 = 72 ⇒ k2 = 16

⇒ AB = 6 2 ⇒ k = ±4
17. (B) All the three bulbs glow at once at 8 a.m.
BD 6 1
sinθ = = =
AB 6 2 2 The time when they glow simultaneously
again
⇒ θ = 45o
= L.C.M. (24, 48, 54) seconds
⇒ ∠ BAC = 2 (∠ BAD) = 2 × 45o
= 216 seconds
= 90 o
= 3 minutes 36 seconds
13. (D) Area of ∆PQR ∴ The time when the three bulbs glow
together again is at 8 : 03 : 36 a.m.
1
= [p(r + p − p − q) + q(p + q − q − r) 18. (A) Let the digits in the tens place and the
2
ones place be N and y respectively.
+ r(q + r – r – p)]
Then, according to the problem,
1
= [p(r − q) + q(p − r) + r(q − p)] 10N + y = 4(N + y) ⇒ y = 2N
2
and 10N + y = Ny + 16
1
= [pr − pq + pq − qr + rq − pr ] ⇒ 10N + 2N = N(2N) + 16
2

1 ⇒ 12N = 2N2 + 16
= × 0 = 0 sq. units.
2 ⇒ 2N2 – 12N + 16 = 0
14. (B) ∆ABC ∼ ÄDEF ⇒ N2 – 6N + 8 = 0

AB AC ⇒ N2 – 4N – 2N + 8 = 0
⇒ =
DF DE ⇒ N(N – 4) – 2(N – 4) = 0
5 8 ⇒ (N – 4) (N – 2) = 0
⇒ =
7.5 DE
⇒ N = 4 or 2
8 × 7.5 If N = 2, then y = 2N = 4.
⇒ DE =
5
∴ The number is 24.
⇒ DE = 12
If N = 4 then y = 8.
and ∠F = 100o
∴ The number is 48.
15. (B) The numbers divisible by seven are 105,
112, 119, ......, 994. Hence, the required number is 48.
19. (D) If we take AE as the base of triangle AEC,
tn = a + (n − 1) d then the height is CD.
⇒ 994 = 105 + (n – 1)7 The height of the triangle is therefore,
889 9 (given).
⇒ = n−1
7 To find the base we need to see that
⇒ 127 + 1 = n triangles AEB and CDE are similar. The ratio
AB : CD, is therefore equal to the ratio
⇒ 128 = n AE : ED. The given information shows that
the ratio is 3 : 9, or 1 : 3. Now dividing AD
2
16. (D) α +β = (4) in this ratio gives us AE as 1.
k2 − 14
1
2 The area of AEC = base × height
⇒ 2 = −1 (Given) 2
k − 14
1
= × 9 = 4.5
2
⇒ 2 = k − 14 2

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20. (B) (1 + 1 + ....... 'n' terms) – n
25. (B) Sn = [2 π + (n – 1) d] = 0
⎛1 2 ⎞ 2
⎜ n + n + ..........'n' terms ⎟
⎝ ⎠
(m + n)
Sm = Sm + n – Sn = [2 π + (m + n – 1)
⎛ 1 + 2 + 3 + ...... + 'n' terms ⎞ 2
=n−⎜ ⎟
⎝ n ⎠ d] – 0
n (n + 1 ) n+1 (m + n)(m + n − 1)d
=n− =n− = (m + n) π +
2n 2 2
n−1
= (m2 + n2 + 2mn − m − n)d
2 = mπ + nπ +
2
21. (D) If the ratio is λ : 1 ,
7 − 4λ 7 − 4λ (n2 − n)d (m2 + 2mn - m)d
N= =0 = nπ + + mπ +
or 2 2
λ+1 λ +1
Since, the line segment is divided by n m(m + 2n − 1)d
Y-axis = [π + (n − 1)d] + mπ +
2 2
7
∴λ = m(m + 2n − 1)d
4 = 0 + mπ +
2
⇒ The required ratio = 7 : 4
Physics
22. (C) The minute hand moves 6o in one
minute. R R R!
26. (B)
∴ It will move 30o in 5 minutes (from
2 to 3). When resistors are connected in series,
their values add up. This arrangement
Also the hour hand moves 30 o in one
will always give the maximum resistance.
hour.
o
27. (D) A solar panel is a packaged inter-
⎛ 30 × 15 ⎞ connected assembly of solar cells
∴ It will move ⎜ ⎟ in 15 minutes,
⎝ 60 ⎠ (photovoltaic cells). Solar cell converts
⎛ 1⎞
o light energy into electrical energy. The
i.e., ⎜ 7 ⎟ solar panel can be used as a component
⎝ 2⎠
of a larger photovoltaic system to
So, the angle between the two hands is generate and supply electricity for
o o
commercial and residential use.
⎛ 1⎞ 1
= 30 − ⎜ 7 ⎟ = 22 .
o
The power generated by a solar panel
⎝ 2⎠ 2
would most likely be affected by the
23. (C) ∠QOS = 120° (Given ) surface area of the solar panel itself and
the cloud cover percentage.
⇒ ∠OQS = ∠OSQ
- The greater the surface area, the
180o − 120o greater the power generated.
= = 30 o
2
- The lesser the cloud cover
∠OPT = 90° [Since, QP ⊥ PT.] percentage, the greater the power
generated.
⇒ ∠PTS = 180° − [90° + 30°]
Wind and humidity do not affect the
⇒ ∠PTS = 60° power generated by a solar panel.
24. (B) Since the nature of z is not known. Solar panel (D) has the greatest surface
If z = + ive = + k then, N > y ⇒ Nk > yk area and it is put at a place with the least
cloud cover percentage. Therefore, solar
If z = – ive = – k then, N > y ⇒ – Nk < – yk.
panel (D) would likely provide the most
power.

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28. (A) The refracted angle in a denser medium 34. (D) To calculate the number of units of
is less than the incident angle because electrical energy used by the appliance,
the speed of light slows down in a multiply the power (in kW) of the
denser medium. In slowing down, the appliance by the amount of time (in h)
light bends towards the normal and the that the appliance was used. 600 W
refracted angle is therefore less than the microwave for 10 minutes = 0.6 kW × 10/
angle of incidence. 35 o is less than 45o. 60 hour = 0.1 kWh.
The other options are incorrect.
35. (A) In waterfalls, gravitational potential
29. (D) Ammeter is used to measure the amount energy is first converted to kinetic
of current flowing in an electrical circuit, energy of water which then will be
and it must be connected in series to the converted into electric energy by a
circuit. Electrical current (unit: Ampere) generator. This type of electricity
consists of moving negative charges (also production using kinetic energy of water
known as electrons). is called hydroelectricity. It is a
30. (D) Electromagnetic effect is temporary. renewable source of energy.

31. (C) Biomass is an alternative source of 36. (C) Electricity can easily be converted into
energy that contains organic wastes other useful forms of energy like heat,
which includes continuous crop residues, light and sound.
wood, cow dung etc., These organic 37. (D) Water has higher refractive index than
wastes are used immediately for the air. When light travels from air into water,
production of biogas. it bends towards the normal line as it
32. (D) An object placed at F of a concave mirror moves with lower speed inside the
produces a highly enlarged, real and water. This phenomenon is called
inverted image at infinity. refraction.
38. (C) A combination of mirrors arranged in a
magic mirror can be easily identified
33. (D) without touching it based on the
characteristics of the image formed in
each mirror of an object/girl.
(i) The girl’s head appeared bigger as
a concave mirror will produce a
An electromagnet is a solenoid with an magnified image.
iron core inserted into it. If a current
(ii) The middle portion of the girl’s
flows in the coil, a magnetic field is
body appeared to be of same size
generated. The core greatly enhances the
indicates that it is a plane mirror as
strength of the eiectromagnet.
the object and image size are same
There are three ways to make the for any position.
electromagnet stronger:
(iii) As a convex mirror produces a
- Increasing the number of turns of wire diminished image, the girl’s legs
in the coil appeared smaller.
- Increasing the current in the coil
39. (A)
- Using a soft iron core
Resistance will decrease the amount of
current flowing in the coil, and hence it
cannot improve the strength of the
electromagnet.

Retina which is located at the back part


of the eye is the film of the eye. The
retina has a large number of light-
sensitive cells. When the image falls on

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the retina of an object, then these light- 45. (A) A convex mirror forms virtual, erect and
sensitive cells get activated and generate diminished images of objects when
electrical signals. The retina sends these placed at infinity and anywhere between
electrical signals to the brain through the the pole and infinity. A convex mirror
optic nerve and gives rise to the does not form an inverted image of the
sensation of vision. object.
40. (C) Deviation angle (or the angle of 46. (A) The correct field pattern and directions
deviation) is the angle between the are shown below.
original incident ray and the emergent
ray.
41. (D) When the diameter of the coil increases,
the magnetic field cutting the conducting
coil will be weaker because the magnet
is further away from the coil. The induced
e.m.f. will be smaller and thus the
induced current is also smaller. The
induced e.m.f. depends on the rate of 47. (A) Light sensitive cells get activated on
change of magnetic flux cutting the coil. illumination enabling formation of
Therefore the stronger the magnet, the image.
higher will be the induced e.m.f and thus
the higher will be the induced current. 48. (D) The power is 700 W, the voltage is 230 V
The thickness of the wire will affect the and the current is 13 A.
resistance of the wire. Although the 49. (B) A bulb is placed at the focus of a concave
induced e.m.f is not affected, the mirror that acts as reflector in torch,
induced current will increase if the search and headlights respectively to
diameter of the wire is increased. produce a powerful beam of parallel
42. (C) Uranium atoms are split in a nuclear light rays to see objects upto a
reactor to produce nuclear energy, which considerable distance in the darkness of
is used to boil water to obtain steam. night.

Steam under high pressure is used to 50. (C) Steel is a hard magnetic material. It
turn a turbine which then drives a retains some magnetism after the
dynamo to produce electrical energy. magnet is being removed. Steel will
continue to attract the iron based on
The steam which has been used for induced magnetism.
turning the turbine is later condensed to
water in a condenser to be used in the Chemistry
boiler again. 51. (D) There are 2 double bonds (4 electrons
each) and 2 single bonds (2 electrons
43. (B) The retina of our eye has two kinds of
each) surrounding the sulphur atom.
light sensitive cells called rods and cones.
Hence, the total number of electrons
Cone cells are sensitive to bright light and
around S = 2(4) + 2(2) = 12.
also cause sensation of colour of objects
in our eyes. Cone cells help us to see, 52. (D) H 2 and Br 2 are the two elements that
identify and distinguish between various combine chemically to form a compound
colours. 2HBr. It is an element-element
combination reaction to form a single
44. (B) R = 40 Ω , d = 1mm, l = 2m compound.
RA Rπd2 40 ×22 ×1 880 53. (C) The acidic portion of ethanoic acid is the
ρ= , ρ= , =
l 4l 4 × 7 ×2 ×108 56 ×108 –COOH portion, with the H from the –OH
being lost during reaction with the base.
880 × 10 −8
= ∴ρ = 1.57 × 10−8 Ω m 54. (B) Since the solution turns universal
560
indicator orange, it is acidic in nature.
Only an acidic oxide will produce an
acidic solution in water.

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55. (D) All the given characteristics belong to 66. (A) Iron reacts with moist air and forms Fe2O3
semi metals. that is the formation of rust.
56. (B) Heat is required to decompose calcium 67. (C) The general formula of : alkanes is
carbonate. Thus, this reaction proceeds C nH 2n+2. The formula of Hexane- C 6 H 14 ,
with absorption of heat therefore, it is an Ethane-C2H6, Butane C4H10. Alkenes have
endothermic reaction. general formula CnH 2n. The formula of
Pentene is C 5H 10 and Hexene is C 6H 12 .
57. (A) Copper is below hydrogen in the
reactivity series and therefore does not a-5, b-4, c-3, d-2, e-1
react with H 2SO4.
68. (B) On adding a few drops of universal
58. (D) Tin is in group IV A of 5 th period. indicator to a solution in a test tube that
turned purple indicates that it is alkaline
59. (D) The residue formed is Na2CO3 which can
and its pH is >11.
react with more dilute acid to form
carbon dioxide gas. 69. (D) Thermite is a mixture of iron (III) oxide
and aluminium powder.
Na2CO3 + 2HCl → 2NaCl + H2O + CO2 ↑
70. (D) Statements (A), (B) and (C) describe the
60. (C) Polyethene has a high C:H ratio of 1:2. It
given observations.
is also a long chain molecule and will
require a large supply of oxygen to burn Zn (s) + 2 HCl (aq) → ZnCl2 (aq) + H2
completely. Hence, in normal
Biology
circumstances, polyethene will burn with
71. (A) The given equation represents aerobic
the sootiest flame.
respiration. Glucose + oxygen → carbon
61. (D) The atoms of Group I elements (being dioxide + water + energy
metals) have 1 outermost shell electron
72. (A) During photosynthesis plants take in
each which is easily given away. Atoms of
carbon dioxide and give out oxygen.
Group VII elements (being non-metals)
have 7 outermost shell electrons and 73. (C) Spinal nerves and cranial nerves together
easily accept 1 more electron to form a constitute the peripheral nervous
stable octet structure. Hence, these two system.
types of elements are most likely to form
74. (C) The sex of a baby is determined by the
ionic compounds with transfer of
father’s chromosomes. If a sperm carries
electrons.
and a egg Y chromosome X chromosome
than the zygore formed as XY is a male
62. (C) H H H H H
baby.
H C C C C C H 75. (C) Archaeopteryx is a connecting link
H H H H H between reptiles and birds.
Pentane 76. (B) The given sequence shows the
movement of energy
63. (A) Zinc will give hydrogen gas and zinc
sun → grass → insects → frog.
carbonate will give carbon dioxide with
an acid. 77. (A) Amrita Devi Bishnoi is associated with
the conservation khejri tree.
Zn + 2HCl → ZnCl2 + H2 ↑ 78. (B) Frog and earthworm have moist skins.
Most skin helps in breathing in these
ZnCO3 + 2HCl → ZnCl2 + H2O + CO2 ↑ organisms.
64. (C) On moving down any group in a periodic 79. (C) Plastic is a non-biodegradable substance.
table, the number of valence electrons in Hence it is not used in compost pit.
the outermost shell of respective
elements remains the same. 80. (C) Reduction of carbon dioxide takes place
during photosynthesis.
65. (C) 24 carat gold is soft and not suitable for
making ornaments as it is not malleable. 81. (D) In the given experiment the part below
22 parts of pure gold is alloyed with 2 the ring is shrivelled as the food has
parts of copper or silver to make been used up and above is swollen due
ornaments. to the accumulation of food.
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82. (C) Hemodialysis is used to remove 86. (B) Primary consumers in an ecosystem are
nitrogenous waste products from the herbivores. They feed directly on
blood. producers.
83. (D) Movements induced in plants due to 87. (D) Spirogyra reproduces by fragmentation
temperature are called thermonastic method.
movements.
88. (C) Sunlight is used to produce electricity in
84. (D) Budding, binary fission and spore solar cells.
formation are types of asexual
89. (D) Cerebellum maintains posture, balancing
reproduction.
of body and coordination of body
85. (C) Hargobind Khorana was an Indian born movements.
scientist who settled in the United
90. (D) Before air is breathed into the lungs, it
States. He did a lot work in the field of
is filtered in the nostrils, moistened by
molecular biology. He solved the genetic
mucus and gets warmer equal to the
code for several amino acids along with
body temperature.
other scientists. He was the first person
to synthesize “gene”. He did extensive
work in the discovery of genetic code and
for this he was awarded the Nobel Prize.

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UNIFIED COUNCIL
A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION


Paper Code: UN 418
Solutions for Class : 10

Mathematics
1 5
1. (A) Area of  =  Base  Altitude = S5 =  a + d + a + 9d = 305
2 2
 2a + 10d = 122
B
 a + 5d = 61 ..... (2)
(2) – (1)  d = 12
c Note: Answer is not given in options so
D a
it is deleted.
p 3. (A) Area of triangle

A 1 a(b  c  c) + a(c  b  c)
b C =
2 a(b + c  b + c)
Taking AC as base, 1
= a(b  2c)  ab  a(2c)
2
1
area   ABC  =   AC   BC  1
2 = ab  2ac  ab  2ac
2
1
= ba ...... (1) = 2ac
2
Taking AB as base, area  ABC  13 cm
4. (D)
A R C
1 1
=  AB   CD  =  c p  ...... (2) r
2 2
1 1 12 O
From (1) & (2), pc =  ab  c m r Q
2 2 P
 pc = ab B

2. (Del) t1 + t3 + t5 + t7 + t9 Using Pythagoras’ theorem,

n AC2 = AB2 + BC2


= Sn =
2
a + l
2 2
 BC2 = 13   12  = 25
5  BC = 5 cm
 S5 =  a + a + 8d  = 245
2
OP = OQ = OR = r (radius)
 2a + 8d = 98
POQB is a square
 a + 4d = 49 ..... (1)
 PO = BQ = r
t2 + t4 + t6 + t8 + t10 AP = 12 – r, QC = 5 – r,
AR = AP = 12 – r, RC = QC = 5 – r
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1
 AR + RC = AC Let 'x' be added to each of the given
numbers to make the numbers
 12 – r + 5 – r = 13
proportionate.
 17 – 2r = 13
Then,
 2r = 4
(5 + x) (27 + x) = (9 + x) (17 + x)
 r = 2 cm
 135 + 32 x + x2 = 153 + 26 x + x2
1
5. (D) sin =   32 x  26 x = 153  135
2
sin  is negative in 3rd and 4th quadrants.  6x = 18
Hence the angles are 210o and 330o.  x=3
6. (A) Suppose X-axis divides the line joining 10. (D) Let the quotient when the given number
(2, 6) and (3, –4) in  : 1 ratio. is divided by 143 be 'q'. Given that the
A (x, y) remainder is 31, the number
= 143q + 31
= 11 × 13q + 11 × 2 + 9
= 11(13q + 2) + 9
B (4, –3) C (–9, 7)
Hence the remainder when the same
6  1 +  1   number is divided by 11 is 9.
Then y = 0 =
 +1
11. (D) cos1°cos2°cos3°.....cos45°....
 6  4 = 0
..  cos90°  2° cos  90°  1° cos90°
3
=  cos1°cos2°.....cos45°...
2
 The required ratio is 1 :  = 2 : 3 . ...sin2°sin1°sin0° = 0

7. (C) As  RSP   RPQ 12. (A) AP = AB + BP = 8BP + BP = 9 BP.


Let BP be x. Then AP = 9x
RS RP
 = Now, AP  BP = PT2 , as the product of the
RP RQ
segments of a secant is equal to the
 RS × RQ = RP2 square of the tangent.
2 2
8. (B) a = 27, d = – 3  9 x  x = 15 cm
n  x = 5 cm
Sn = 2a + n  1 d
2
 AP = 9x = 45 cm
n
30 = 2  27  + n  1  3  13. (A) The coefficients of the variable in a zero
2 polynomial are zeros. Hence, the degree
n of a zero polynomial is zero is not correct.
=
2
54  3n + 3
 – 60 = n(57 – 3n)
 – 60 = 57n – 3n2
 3n2  57n  60 = 0
 n2  19n  20 = 0
 n2  20n + n  20 = 0
 (n – 20) (n + 1) = 0
 n = 20 or –1
9. (C) Four numbers are in proportion if First 
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2
19. (B) We have, AP = AS
A
14. (A)
BP = BQ
hm CR = CQ
 DR = DS
C hm B
D R C
According to the problem, AB is the
flagpost and BC is its shadow, both equal S
to h m. Q
h
 tan = =1 A P B
h
  = 45°  Since tan45° = 1.  AB + CD = AP + BP + CR + DR
 The required angle of elevation = 45°. = AS + BQ + CQ + DS
15. (D) 539 = 7 2 × 11 is common in the given = (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ)
numbers. = AD + BC
Hence 539 is the common factor of the Since, AB = CD and AD = BC.
given numbers.
(  opp. sides of a parallelogram are
16. (B) Given, system of equations 'is' 2x – 3y equal.)
= 8 and 4x – 6y = 9
 AB = AD
a1 2 1 b1 3 1
 a = 4 = 2 ; b = 6 = 2  CD = AB = AD = BC
2 2
Hence ABCD is a rhombus.
c1 8
and c = 9 20. (A) If  and  are the zeros of the
2
polynomial f(x) = x2  7 x + k ,
a1 b1 c1
 =   +  = 7 and  = k .
a2 b2 c2
Given that    = 3 ,
Thus, the given system of equations is
inconsistent. solving  +  = 7 and    = 3 , we get
17. (D) sin + cos = 3  = 5 and  = 2 .
 sin2 + cos2  + 2sin cos = 3   = 10 and k = 10.
 2 sin cos = 2
  = k 
 sin cos = 1 = sin2 + cos2  21. (A) The perimeter of the rectangular park
= 2(x + y) = 80 m, where x is the
sin2 + cos2 
 =1 length and ‘y’ the breadth.
sin cos
2 2
Also area = xy = 400 m2
sin  cos 
 + =1 = x(40 – x) = 400
sin cos sin cos
 x2  40 x + 400 = 0
sin cos
 + =1
cos sin  x2  20 x  20 x + 400 = 0

 tan + cot = 1  x(x  20)  20(x  20) = 0

18. (A) Mid point of (1, –2) and (–5, 6) = (–2, 2)  (x  20) (x  20) = 0
Mid-point of the points in option (A) is  x = 20 or 20

 2 6 5 1  The length of the rectangle is 20 m.


 2 , 2  =  2, 2 
 

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3
22. (A) In AED, hypotenuse is AE. According to 27. (B) The sun obtains its energy from nuclear
Pythagoras' theorem, fusion reactions that occur inside the sun
all the time. During this process
AE2 = AD2 + DE2 . hydrogen atoms combine to form helium
23. (D) S10 = 4S5 atoms to produce heat and light. Nuclear
fusion reactions of hydrogen are the
5 source of sun’s energy.
2a +  5 - 1  d
1 2
 = 28. (A) A convex or rear-view mirror used in
4 10 2a + 10 - 1 d
2 
   vehicles forms images of objects that are
always smaller than the object. The
1 1  2a + 4d  linear magnification produced by a
 = convex mirror is always less than one.
4 2  2a + 9d 
29. (C) The power of a D.C motor can be
1 1a + 2d
 = increased by laminating the soft core,
4 2a + 9d and not by increasing the size of core.
 2a + 9d = 4a + 8d 30. (A) The “X” symbol indicates that the current
 d = 2a is flowing into the plane of the paper.
Using right-hand screw rule, the magnetic
1 a field can be identified as turning in the
 =
2 d clockwise direction.
24. (A) Since, V =  r2h, you need to express r and 31. (B) Speed of light in water
h in terms of C.
3×108
It is given that h = 4C. = = 2.25×108 m / s
1.33
C 32. (D) The sealed glass bulb in an electric bulb
C = r  r 
2 helps in maintaining high temperature,
2
protects the filament from directly
 C  C2  C3 coming into contact with moisture
V   
 2 
 4C    2 
4C 
 4   (humidity) and oxygen.
25. (C) Given x2 + 5px + 16 = 0 has no real root 33. (B) Min. length of mirror to see full image
 b2 – 4ac < 0 Height 6
= = = 3 feet
2 2 2
  5p   4  1 16  < 0
34. (A) Being renewable and not running out are
 25p2  64 < 0
the advantages of using biomass energy.
2 64
 p <
25
35. (C) The magnetic needle will be
8 perpendicular to the current carrying
 p <
5 conductor, i.e., it points in north - south.
8 8 direction.
 p lies between and .
5 5
Physics
1 1 1 1 1 1
26. (C) = + (in parallel), = +
R R1 R2 R 6 4

4+6 10 24
= = , Total R = = 2.4
24 24 10

Total I = 1.2 A, V = IR = 1.2  2.4 = 2.88 V

2.88
V = IR1 , I = = 0.48A
6

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4
36. (B) A solar cell (photovoltaic cell) is a device 46. (D) When the object is placed at C of a
that converts the energy of sunlight concave mirror, the distance between a
directly into electricity by the real object and its real image is zero.
photovoltaic effect. Assemblies of cells
47. (C) Fleming's left hand rule is used to find
are used to make solar modules (solar
the direction of magnetic field around a
panels). The energy generated from
straight conductor.
these solar modules, referred to as solar
power, is an example of solar energy. 48. (A) The correct matching is
a-3, b-1, c-4, d-2
(i) The blue colour of the sky –
Scattering of light.
(ii) The glittering of diamond – Total
internal reflection.
(iii) The formation of rainbow –
37. (C) RE = R1 + R2 + R3 = 2.5 + 12 + 3.5 = 18  Dispersion of light.
(iv) The visibility of sun for some time
A single resistor of 18  can replace all
even after sunset –
the three resistors.
Refraction of light.
38. (A) Focus of a concave mirror is towards the
49. (A) The potential difference of the bulb is 1.5
left, so focal length is negative.
V (as the e.m.f. of a dry cell is 1.5 V) since
39. (C) The object distance does not affect the a closed switch is a conductor and has
focal length which is a property of the zero voltage.
lens.
50. (C) When the image formed by a concave
40. (A) H = I2 Rt = 102  30  60 = 180000 = 180 kJ mirror is real, inverted and of the same
41. (A) Colour of an object is determined by the size as the object, then the object must
colour of light reflected by it. The be placed at its centre of curvature (C).
reflected light causes the sensation of Now, the centre of curvature of a concave
the colour in the eye. mirror is at a distance of ‘twice the focal
length’ or ‘2f’. Here,
42. (D) Fossil fuels are easy to burn and release
a lot of energy except coal. Coal on Focal length, f = 10 cm
burning produces acidic gases and soot So, 2f = 2  10 cm = 20 cm
that pollutes the environment.
Thus, the object should be placed at a
Incomplete burning of fossil fuels
distance of 20 cm in front of this concave
releases carbon monoxide into the
mirror.
atmosphere. It is a poisonous gas. When
inhaled by humans reduces oxygen Chemistry
carrying capacity of the blood. 51. (B) Aluminium is a metal which forms an
43. (C) The field pattern in option (C) is valid for invisible protective layer and prevents
both electric and magnetic fields. further oxidation. Aluminium oxide is
the covering of film formed with its
44. (B) The human eye pupil’s function is to chemical formula, Al 2O3.
control the amount of light coming
towards the eyes. The function to focus 52. (C) Decomposition of calcium carbonate is
on the view is performed by the eye lens balanced.
which will be reflected onto the retina. 53. (B) The ketone group consists of one carbon
The eyelids function is to cover and atom and one oxygen atom. The oxygen
protect the eyes from dust and other atom of the ketone group is joined to the
dangerous objects. carbon atom by a double bond.
45. (B) Resistance is the ratio of potential
difference in volts across the component
to the current passing through measured
in amperes.

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5
54. (D) Sodium hydroxide is a base. When it 66. (B) ‘X’ is zinc and ‘Y’ is copper. Zinc is more
dissolves in water, it forms sodium ions reactive than copper. Z inc displaces
and hydroxide ions respectively. copper from copper sulphate compound
Water Na+ + OH–
NaOH  so that copper is set free. It is a
displacement reaction.
Sodium hydroxide is a strong base which
67. (B) When fuels burn in a very limited supply
completely ionises in water to produce a
of air or oxygen, carbon is not oxidised
large number of free, mobile hydroxide
completely to give carbon dioxide and
ions.
water. The unburnt carbon forms a black
55. (D) Gallium, germanium and arsenic all soot and gets deposited on the bottom
belong to the same period (4 th). of the cooking vessels.
56. (A) Magnesium carbonate decomposes to 68. (B) Carbonic acid (H 2CO3) is a weak mineral
form magnesium oxide and carbon acid.
dioxide gas is evolved.
69. (A) Magnesium is a highly reactive metal
57. (B) Gold does not show any reaction with which is extracted by the electrolysis of
H2SO4 under any conditions. molten magnesium chloride. Moderately
58. (C) The structure in option (C) represents an reactive metals like zinc, iron, lead and
halogen fluorine of group 17 of the copper are extracted by the reduction of
periodic table. It has seven valence their oxides with carbon.
electrons. 70. (A) Reaction of water with calcium oxide is
a compound - compound combination
59. (D) During water of crystallization, the
reaction.
crystals of salts form a part of their
structure, obtain shape and colour.
 Ca  OH2
H O + CaO 
2
60. (C) Isomerism is not possible in methane, compound + compound compound

ethane and propane. It is possible only in


hydrocarbons having 4 or more carbon
atoms. Butane has two isomers, n-butane Biology
and iso-butane respectively. 71. (A) Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast
61. (A) Both mercury and copper can be of a plant cell.
extracted just by heating their sulphide 72. (C) Ultra filtration of liquid take place in
ores in air. The oxides obtained are glomerulus.
further heated to get pure metals.
73. (D) The given figure represents fertilisation.
62. (D) Compounds like haloalkanes, alcohols, It takes place in the fallopian tubes.
aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids
74. (D) Morphological, anatomical and
all form a part in the homologous series.
embryological evidences support
63. (D) All the given statements are true about evolution.
a strong acid.
75. (B) Glucose is converted into glycogen by
64. (D) Metalloids are elements with both the insulin and stored in the liver.
characteristics of metal and that of non-
76. (A) The sequence of food chain is
metal. In the periodic table we can find
producer  consumer  decomposer..
the metalloids between the intersection
where metals and non-metals meet. 77. (C) Sphygmomanometer is used to measure
They are roughly positioned in a stair- the blood pressure.
case manner in the periodic table. 78. (C) Biogas is produced by the action of
Strontium is an alkaline earth metal. decomposers on organic wastes.
65. (D) A thin impervious layer of aluminium 79. (C) The winding of tendrils and climbing of
oxide is formed on the surface of the stem to the support is called
aluminium when exposed to air and thigmotropism.
prevents further corrosion. Also,
aluminium is light in weight. Due to this 80. (D) Hydra and planaria exhibit regeneration
two reasons, aluminium is used for type of reproduction.
building air crafts.
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81. (B) Female destined zygote cell contains 85. (C) Germination of pollen take place on
44+XX chromosomes. stigma that is labelled as I and
fertilisation in ovary tablelled as IV.
82. (D) Pulmonary arteries carry impure blood to
the lungs. 86. (A) Blood group AB is called the universal
recipient.
83. (A) Photosynthesis can be represented in
the following way 87. (C) Cerebellum controls and coordinates
body movements.
sunlight
CO2 + water glucose + O2 88. (C) The correct sequence followed in event
chlorophyll of sexual reproduction in a flower is as
pollination, fertilisation, embryo and
seed.
84. (B) The given figure is that of pancreas. It
89. (C) Windmills generate power by using wind
controls blood sugar level.
energy without causing pollution.
90. (A) Amoeba reproduces by binary fission.

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UNIFIED COUNCIL
A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION (UPDATED)


Paper Code: UN 421
Solutions for Class : 10

Mathematics 2. (C) Let the point on x-axis be (x, 0).


1. (A) Let the smallest angle be C and the 2 2
largest angle be A. Then, c = 2  x  + 3  0 

Then according to the problem, 2


=  2  x  + 9 3
1
C = (A + B) .....(1)
5 (For x = 0, 1, .... etc)
and A = B + C + 20° .....(2) But as it is given that c < 3, no such point
exists.
Since A + B + C = 180° ,
c
C = 180°  (A + B) .....(3)  45o   
3. (B) 45o =  o 

From (1) and (3),  180 

1 c
(A + B) = 180°  (A + B) 
=   = 0.25 
5 4
1 1 4. (B) Given PA = 4 cm and AB = 5 cm
 A + B + A + B = 180°
5 5
6
 (A + B) = 180°
5 O B
A
180° × 5
 A + B = = 150° P
6 T
 A = 150°  B .....(4)  PT2 = AP  PB
1  PT 2 = 4  9
and C = × 150° = 30° .....(5)
5
 PT = 6
From (2) and (4),
Hence, the length of PT is 6 cm.
150°  B = B + C + 20°
5. (B) 318 = 2 × 3 × 53
 130° = 2B + C .....(6)
477 = 3 × 3 × 53
= 2B + 30°
 L.C.M. (318, 477)
130°  30° = 2 × 3 × 3 × 53 = 954
 B = = 50°
2
Given that
A = 150°  50° = 100°
954 = 159 × p + 318,
Hence the largest angle is 100o .
954  318
p= =4
159
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6. (A) Let the length of the side of the smaller 9. (B) Let x, y and z be the three radii.
square be 'x' m. Then its area is x2 sq. m.
 x + y = 7 cm ..... (1)
 The length of the side of the larger y + z = 11 cm ..... (2)
square = (x + 4) m and x + z = 6 cm ..... (3)
 Its area = (x + 4)2 sq. m Subtracting eq. (2) from eq. (1), we get
= x2 + 8x + 16 sq. m x–z=–4 ..... (4)
Given that the sum of their areas is Adding eq.(3) and eq.(4), we get
208 sq. m.
2x = 2  x = 1 cm
 x2 + x2 + 8 x + 16 = 208
from eq. (1)  y = 6 cm
 2 x2 + 8 x + 16 = 208 from eq. (3)  z = 6 – 1 = 5 cm
 x2 + 4 x + 8  104 = 0  x = 1 cm, y = 6 cm, z = 5 cm
2
 x + 4 x  96 = 0 10. (A) Odd numbers starting from 11 are 11, 13,
2
 x + 12 x  8 x  96 = 0 15, 17, 19, ....

 x(x + 12)  8(x + 12) = 0 Sum to ‘n’ odd numbers, where a = 11,
d = 2 is
 x = 12 or 8
n
Since the side of a square cannot be Sn = [2a + (n  1)d]
2
negative, the side of the smaller square
is 8 m. n
=
2
2  11 + (n  1)2
 The side of the larger square is 12 m.
n
7. (A) According the problem, = [22 + 2n  2]
2
BC2 = AB2 + AC 2
n
C(4, 3) = [20 + 2n]
2
= n(10 + n) = 10n + n2

11. (C) A

m
A(2, 3) B(x, y) 200 hm
 (x  4)2 + (y  3)2 = [( x  2)2 + (y  3)2 ] 30
o

C B
+ (4  2)2 + (3  3)2 
h
 x2  8 x + 16 + y 2  6y + 9 According to the problem, sin30° =
200
= (x2 – 4x + 4 + y2 – 6y + 9) + 4 + 0
 h = 200 sin30°
  8 x  6y + 25 = 4 x  6y + 13 + 4
1
  8 x + 25 = 4 x + 17 = 200  = 100 m
2
 4x = 8  x = 2  The kite is 100 m above the ground.

8. (A) Given  +  +  = 2,  = (14) and 12. (A) Let AB = BC = x


 +  +  = (7) , the required
polynomial is
x3  ( +  + )x2 + ( +  + )x  
= x3  2 x2 + (7)x  (14)
2x
3 2
= x  2 x  7 x + 14
Hence, the polynomial is
x3 – 2x2 – 7x + 14.
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Given that  ABC is right angled at B. A
X Y
2 2 2
Therefore, AC = AB + BC
 AC2 = x2 + x2 B C
 AC = 2x
Also,  ABE   ACD Z

Area   ABE  AB2 Since XY is a tangent to the circle at the


 = point A,
Area   ACD  AC2
 XAB = ACB = 60o
Area   ABE  x2
 = 2 Similarly, ABX = 60o .
Area   ACD 
 2x  In  AXB, AXB

Area   ABE  1 = 180o   60o + 60o  = 60o
 = =1:2
Area   ACD  2
Similarly it can be shown that Y = 60o
13. (B) The given points are
and Z = 60o .
A (6, 3), B (– 3, 5), C (4, –2) and D (x, 3x).
  XYZ is an equilateral triangle.
Area of DBC =
16. (C) Let  and  be the zeros of the required
1
 x  5 + 2   3 x  3  4  + 1 6  20   polynomial f(x).
2
1 10
= 7x + 21x  14  = 14 x  7 Given,  +  = ,  = 7
2 3
Area of ( ABC) f(x) = x2    +   x + 
1
= 6  5 + 2   3  3  4  + 1  6  20  = x2  
 10 
2 x+7
 3 
1 49
=
2
42 + 21  14 = 2 10
 f(x) = x2 + x+7
3
Area   DBC  14 x  7 1
 = = (given)
Area  ABC  49 / 2 2 = 3 x2 + 10 x + 7 3

2  2 x  1 1 Hence, the quadratic polynomial is


 = 3 x 2 + 10 x + 7 3 .
7 2
17. (D) The factors are (3x – 1) and (x + 2).
7
 2x  1 = Product = (3x – 1)(x + 2)
4
11 = 3x2 + 6 x  x  2
 2x =
4 = 3 x2 + 5x  2
11
 x=   = 3 and  = 2
8
14. (A) A + B + C = 180°
18. (D) If 6x ends with 5, then 6x would contain
the prime 5.
A + B = 90° Since C = 90°. But 6x = (2 × 3)x = 2x × 3x .
 cos  A + B  = cos90° = 0  The only prime numbers in the
15. (B) Let XY, YZ and ZX be the tangents to the factorization of 6x are 2 and 3.
circle at the vertices of an equilateral  By uniqueness of fundamental
 ABC . theorem, there are no primes other than
2 & 3 in 6x. So, 6x will never end with 5.
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19. (B) 1st term of 'n' A.M.s between 'a' & 'b' = AB2 + BC2 + 2.BC.BD

ba (Since AD2 + DB2 = AB2.)


= a+
n+1 24. (D) Here, a = 28, a + d = 22, a + 4d = 4
an + b  d = (–6).
=
n+1 Since 'x' is the 3rd term,
Last term of 'n' A.M.s between 'a' & 'b' x = a + 2d = 28 + 2(–6)
b a
=b = 28 – 12 = 16
n+1
and 'y' is the 4th term = a + 3d
bn + a
= = 28 + 3 (–6)
n+1
Sum of the terms = 28 – 18 = 10
 The required values are 16 and 10.
n  na + b bn + a 
=  +
2  n + 1 n + 1  25. (A) Let the two consecutive even numbers
be ‘n’ and (n + 2).
n   n + 1 a + b   Then, according to the problem,
=  
2  n+1  n2 + (n + 2)2 = 340
n
= a + b  n2 + n2 + 4n + 4 = 340
2
20. (A) In a right angled triangle, hypotenuse is  2n2 + 4n + 4 = 340
the square root of sum of squares of
other two sides. Hence, the sides cannot  2n2 + 4n  336 = 0
have values as 1, 1 and 2.
 n2 + 2n  168 = 0
21. (C) The ratio in which a line is trisected is
1 : 2.  n2 + 14n  12n  168 = 0

 1(5) + 2(2) (4) + 2(19)   n(n + 14)  12(n + 14) = 0


= , 
 1+2 1+2 
 (n + 14) (n  12) = 0
 The point of trisection of the line
 n = 14 or 12
 1 34 
joining the points =  , 
3 3   The required numbers are 12 and 14.

sin  90°  81° cos81° Physics


22. (C)  26. (D) Yes, the body of the bird behaves like a
sin  90°  42  cos42°
resistor in an electrical circuit. But since
cos81° cos81° the two feet of the bird have the same
=  =0
cos42° cos42° potential, the current will not flow
through the body, i.e. the bird will not get
23. (A) A electrocuted. Remember that current can
only flow when there is a potential
difference.
27. (D) The top of box-type solar cooker is
covered with glass so that the heat
radiated from inside the box is reflected
D B C back into the box. Thus, radiation loss is
reduced.
AC2 = AD2 + DC2 28. (D) All the given mirrors form a virtual image
2
= AD + BC + BD 
2 of a real object according to the given
positions.
= AD2 + BC2 + BD2 + 2.BC.BD
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29. (B) One of the factors that determines the
strength of the electromagnet is the
magnitude of the current flowing in the
solenoid. Having more cells connected in
series can increase the voltage across the
solenoid and hence increase the current
flowing through the solenoid.
The interaction between wire 2 and wire
Another factor is the type of materials. 3 is also similar as their current directions
Iron is a soft magnetic material. It will are the same as wire 1 and wire 2.
make a stronger electromagnet than
This implies that wire 2 will be attracted
steel which is a hard magnetic material.
to both wire 1 and wire 3. These two
30. (C) When the ciliary muscles contract the forces will have zero resultant force as
lens becomes thick. The focal length the current flowing through the three
decreases and enables us to see near wires is of the same magnitude.
objects. When the ciliary muscles relax,
35. (A) Parameters of electricity supply is
the lens becomes thin and the focal
different in different countries. In India
length increases which helps us to see
it has a potential difference of 220 V,
distant objects clearly.
frequency of 50 Hertz and current rating
31. (B) The 3  resistor and the 9  resistor are of 5A/15A.
connected in series. Their effective 36. (A) Biogas is produced when wet organic
resistance is 12  . matter is decomposed by bacteria in the
absence of oxygen. A type of anaerobic
The 5  resistor and the 1  resistor are bacteria break down biomass to sugars,
connected in series. Their effective organic acids and other compounds.
resistance is 6  . These are further decomposed by other
bacteria to form CO 2 and H 2 which
combine to form methane and water as
given below.
CO2 + 4H2  CH4 + 2H2O
Biogas is a mixture of several gases like
methane (75%), carbon dioxide (23%)
and other gases including hydrogen and
hydrogen sulphide is (2%). The above
combustible gases form an excellent,
The 12  (combined) resistor and the 6 
renewable fuel and help to conserve our
resistor (combined) are connected in
energy sources.
parallel.
37. (A) Current in PR is 4 A as PR (4 A) + QR
1 1 1 1 1 (6 A) = RS (10 A). Based on the calculation,
  ,  , R = 4
R 12 6 R 4 all other options are incorrect.
32. (A) A typical solar cell develops a potential 38. (B) Use the lens equation
difference of 0.5 – 1 V and 0.7 W of
electricity. 1 1 1
+ =
u v f
33. (B) The speed of light is higher in a rarer
medium than in a denser medium. where u is the object distance, v is the
image distance and f is the focal length.
34. (D) By using the right-hand grip rule on wire
1 and wire 2, it can be seen that the 1 1 1
interaction between the two fields + =
18 v 10
create opposite signs. This implies that
there is an attractive force caused by the 1 1 1
 v = 10  18
interaction of the fields.
 v = 22.5 cm

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39. (C) Internal magnetic field lines are 46. (D) Light scattering occurs when light passes
developed in the bar which increases through air particles. The blue light is
the magnetic field inside the bar. scattered the most while the red light is
scattered the least. Natural phenomena
40. (D) The focal length of the eye lens is more
such as the blue skies and the red skies
or the eye ball has shrunk. The image is
during sunset are examples of light
formed behind the retina and the person
scattering.
faces difficulty in seeing the near objects
clearly. Use of convex lens is advised for 47. (C) A strong smelling substance called ethyl
correcting the defect. mercaptan (C 2 H 6 S) is added to LPG
41. (A) An ideal electromagnet has very strong cylinders to help in the detection of gas
magnetic strength when in operation and leakage. Ethyl mercaptan has a foul smell
zero magnetic strength when it is resembling that of hydrogen sulphide gas
switched off. To achieve that, the core of which can be easily detected.
the electromagnet must not retain any 48. (A) When an object is placed anywhere
magnetism when it is taken out from the between the pole and infinity in front of
coil. a convex mirror, the image is formed
between the pole and focus. It is virtual,
42. (B) Hydrogen has a high calorific value of
erect and diminished (smaller than the
1,50,000 kJ/kg.
object).
43. (D) If light from two different sources has
the same colour, it also has the same L
49. (D) R=  , R : RB
wavelength even if the origins are A A
different. Sodium lamp is an artificial
(2  4)  (2)2 : (1  3)  (3)2
source of light while sunlight is a natural
source of light.
1 ,6 : 1
2:
Our sun produces more yellow light than 3
any other color because its surface
temperature is 5,500 o C. If the sun’s When resistor B is 2  , resistance of
surface is cooler i.e., 3000 o C it would resistance of resistor A = 2  6 = 12 
look reddish and if the sun’s surface is 50. (B) When a real object is placed infront of a
hotter i.e., 12000o C, it would look blue. convex lens of focal length ‘f’ at its
The earth’s atmosphere acts as a kind of principal focus, then the image is formed
light filter. Some colours are filtered at infinity.
more than others. The sun is a yellow
star, but the earth’s atmosphere makes 1 1 1 1
 – = – , = 0 (or) v = 
the sun look more yellow than it f v f v
appears. If you observe it from space, it
would appear more white than yellow.
Chemistry
51. (C) The metal with lowest density is lithium
44. (D) When a man wearing yellow coloured – 0.534 g cm–3
glass for left eye and red coloured glass
for right eye and stands in front of a 52. (C) When hydrogen sulphide gas is passed
plane mirror, he observes his image in through copper sulphate solution, then a
the mirror as left eye coloured red and black precipitate of copper sulphide is
right coloured yellow due to lateral formed alongwith sulphuric acid.
inversion. CuSO4 (aq.)  H2 S(g)  CuS(s)  H2 SO4 (aq.)
45. (A) When an appliance is marked “240 V, 40 Two compounds copper sulphate and
W”, it means that a 240 V across the hydrogen sulphide react by an exchange
appliance will produce a power of 40 W. of ions to form two new compounds
P = VI copper sulphide and sulphuric acid.

 40 = 240 I Blue zone is at the base of the candle


flame i.e., below the wick of the candle.
40 So, a match stick does not get ignited
 I = 240 A = 0.17 A when inserted in the blue flame of a
candle.
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53. (A,B,C,D) All the given carboxylic acids and in acid, then fresh aluminium metal is
alcohols respectively form esters. exposed which reacts rapidly with dilute
hydrochloric acid.
54. (C) The highest pH is the most alkaline
solution. Potassium oxide dissolved in The reaction of aluminium with dilute
water to form potassium hydroxide, a hydrochloric acid is less rapid than that of
strong alkali. magnesium, so aluminium is less reactive
55. (C) Statements (A), (B) and (D) are not true. than magnesium.
As the atomic radius of elements of 60. (B) CH 2 and 14 units is the difference in
group 1 increases down the group, the formula and molecular masses of CH3OH
number of electrons occupied in various and C 2H5OH
shells also increases from 1 to 7 as given
61. (C) CuO is reduced to copper metal by
below:
hydrogen. Dry hydrogen gas continues to
Number of flow through to prevent the hot copper
shells metal from reacting with oxygen in air to
form back CuO again.
62. (C) Ethene, butene and pentene are
unsaturated hydrocarbons. In addition to
straight chain and branched chain there
exists closed chain or ring type chain
Rubidium 5 called cyclic hydrocarbons that are
Cesium 6 saturated and unsaturated. Benzene is an
Francium 7 unsaturated, cyclic hydrocarbon.
63. (B) In both the cases, precipitation occurs. A
56. (C) A chemical reaction must follow the law
white precipitate of BaSO4 is formed as
of conservation of mass.
shown below.
57. (B) The highly reactive metals such as
(i) Ba(OH)2 + H 2SO4  BaSO4 + 2H 2O
potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium
and aluminium are extracted by the (ii) BaCl 2 + H 2SO4  BaSO4 + 2HCl
electrolytic reduction of their molten
64. (D) y is chlorine.
chlorides or oxides. The metals extracted
by this process are very pure and do not 65. (B) Iron, being a less reactive metal than
contain any impurities. aluminium, forms a less stable oxide that
can be reduced by heating with a
58. (B) Let the given ratio of atomic weights of reducing agent. Aluminium oxide
X, Y, Z be 5x, 11x, 7x respectively. (bauxite) is very stable to reduction by
Sum of extreme elements reducing agents; aluminium can only be
(5x + 17x) = 176 (given). extracted by electrolysis of molten
bauxite.
176
22x = 176, x = =8 66. (C) During the process of respiration, the
22
glucose present in the body cells
 At wt. of X = 5  8 = 40, combines with oxygen to produce
Y = 11  8 = 88, Z = 17  8 = 136. energy.
59. (C) Most of the acids react with metals to 67. (C) When soap is dissolved in water, it forms
form salt and evolve hydrogen gas. This a colloidal suspension in water and the
shows that hydrogen is common in all soap molecules cluster together to form
acids. spherical micelles. When a cloth with
dirt, oil or grease is soaked in soap
2Al  6HCl  2AlCl3  3H2
solution, the micelles attach to the dirt,
Aluminium metal at first reacts slowly oil or grease particles. They entrap with
with dilute hydrochloric acid due to the their hydrocarbon ends and on agitation
presence of a tough protective layer of in soap solution get dispersed by
aluminium oxide on its surface. But when removing the dirt, oil or grease and on
the thin, outer oxide layer gets dissolved rinsing several times, the dirty cloth
becomes clean.
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68. (A) The correct ascending order of pH of 77. (A) Glycolysis is the common phase between
given substances is as given below : aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
(i) Gastric juice - 1.5 to 3.5 78. (B) Grass Goat Human
(ii) Lemon juice - 2 to 2.4
(iii) Pure water - 7 79. (C) The process of cleaning the blood in
(iv) Milk of magnesia - 10.5 kidney failures using a kidney machine is
69. (B) When ZnO reacts with NaOH (a strong called dialysis.
base), sodium zincate and water are 80. (A) Nerve cell bodies are present in the grey
formed. matter.
81. (B) The given figure is that of the bread
70. (A) A balanced equation is the one in which
mould. It exhibits saprophytic nutrition
the atoms of every element will be the
same on both the sides of the equation. 82. (D) Myelin sheath covers the axon of a neuron.
It is made up of schwann cells and chiefly
Biology consists of fatty material.
71. (B) The gas that diffused out from a capillary 83. (D) Egg cells contain yolk which help growth
into an alveolus is carbon dioxide. During after fertilisation.
exhalation carbon dioxide gas is expelled 84. (C) X represents a vesicle. It releases
out.
chemicals that act as neurotransmitters.
72. (B) The experimental set up is used to prove
85. (B) Palaeontologists deals with the evidences
that carbon dioxide is essential for of fossils.
photosynthisis.
86. (A) Cardiac refers to heart.
73. (C) Placenta prevents the mixing of the blood
of the foetus with that of the mother. 87. (D) In the given flow chart P is testes Q is ovum
and R is Fertilisation
74. (A) ‘R’ represents Medulla oblongata.
Medulla oblongata controls heart beating, 88. (C) The progressive increase in the
respiration swallowing, coughing and accumulation of a harmful substance in
sneezing. organisms at successively higher trophic
levels is called biomagnification.
75. (C) The characteristic features of vegetative
reproduction are: cell division takes place 89. (B) Renin helps in curdling of milk.
only by mitosis and daughter cells formed 90. (A,D) Spinal cord and medulla oblongata
are geneticaly identical to the parent. controls involuntary actions.
76. (C) To remove chlorophyll, the leaf is boiled
in alcohol.

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