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TEST NAME: 2017-2018 Core Science 7 Unit 1 Test

TEST ID: 44738

SUBJECT: Life and Physical Sciences
TEST CATEGORY: Common Assessment

2017-2018 Core Science 7 Unit 1 Test Page 1 of 10

09/11/17, 2017-2018 Core Science 7 Unit 1 Test

1. How are plant cells and human cells the same?

A. They can produce their own oxygen.

B. They make their own food from sunlight.

C. They can receive nutrients through the cell wall.

D. They use mitochondria to release energy from sugars.

2. Which two statements in the table are true for plant cells and false for animal cells?

1 They use the fuel stored in food for energy.

2 They use energy, carbon dioxide, and water.
3 They need nutrients but make their own food.
4 They need water and many kinds of nutrients.

A. 1 and 2

B. 2 and 3

C. 3 and 4

D. 4 and 1

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3. An excerpt from a student’s science notebook is shown.

Which labeled part of the notes contains incorrect information?

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

4. Which organelle converts glucose to energy for cellular work?

A. nucleus

B. mitochondrion

C. vacuole

D. chloroplast

5. What structure surrounds the cell and regulates materials that enter and leave the cell?

A. nucleus

B. chloroplast

C. mitochondrion

D. cell membrane

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6. The cells of a plant help the plant maintain its life functions. What part of a plant cell has the
function of producing sugar in the presence of sunlight?

A. chloroplast

B. cytoplasm

C. mitochondria

D. nucleus

7. Which of these is a product of photosynthesis and a requirement for cellular respiration?

A. carbon dioxide

B. glucose

C. water

D. sunlight

8. Which is a process that converts sunlight energy into a compound that stores chemical energy?

A. phototropism

B. photosynthesis

C. respiration

D. pollination

9. The general equation for photosynthesis is shown.

Carbon dioxide + Water + Sunlight → Glucose + ?

Which of these is needed to complete this equation?

A. Carbon

B. Hydrogen

C. Oxygen

D. Nitrogen

10. What is the main function of the cell wall in a plant cell?

A. to protect against disease

B. to give structural support

C. to contain the parts of the cell

D. to help with cell division

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11. In 1665, Robert Hooke observed an image similar to the one shown using a very simple

Which of the following describe the individual structural units of living matter that Robert Hooke

A. atoms

B. cells

C. tissues

D. molecules

12. In which organism can cell walls be found?

A. moth

B. grass

C. snake

D. hawk

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13. A basic plant cell is shown.

Which organelle stores hereditary material and coordinates the activities of the cell?

A. Organelle W

B. Organelle X

C. Organelle Y

D. Organelle Z

14. Which series correctly represents the levels of organization in an organism?

A. cells organs organ system tissue

B. cells tissue organs organ system

C. tissue cells organ system organs

D. tissue organ system cells organs

15. Miranda learned how the human body carries out life functions. Which is the most basic level of
organization in the human body?

A. an organ

B. a system

C. a tissue

D. a cell

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16. The heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and bladder working together are best described as
A. a cell.
B. a tissue.
C. an organism.
D. a system.

17. A characteristic that all living organisms have in common is they

A. need similar food.

B. have the same life span.
C. live in the same climate.
D. are made of cells.

18. Students were investigating the effect of fertilizer on tomato plants. Some of their data are
shown in the table below.

Which of these conclusions is a fact from the investigation?

A. The tomato plant that received the most fertilizer produced the greatest number of tomatoes.

B. A tomato plant will produce larger tomatoes if it is given more fertilizer.

C. Tomato plants that received more fertilizer were taller than the other plants.

D. The best tasting tomatoes came from tomato plants that received between 1 and 2 mL of fertilizer.

19. Students conduct an investigation with 20 of the same tomato plants. Each plant receives the
same amount of water but different amounts of sunlight. The students measure the number of
fruits on each plant every day. What is the dependent variable in this investigation?

A. type of plant

B. amount of water

C. amount of sunlight

D. number of fruits

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20. What is chlorophyll and how does it help plants?

A. Chlorophyll is a pigment that absorbs light energy and makes glucose.

B. Chlorophyll is a protein that changes shape in the presence of sunlight.

C. Chlorophyll is a receptor that binds carbon dioxide when energized by light.

D. Chlorophyll is an enzyme that catalyzes the production of glucose when exposed to light.

21. Chlorophyll captures energy from sunlight during photosynthesis. Energy is captured from all of
the colors of visible light except one. Which color of light is not captured?
A. blue
B. violet
C. green
D. red

22. Elodea is a plant that grows under water. Martina used pieces of Elodea in test tubes of water to
conduct an experiment. Her results are shown in the table below.

Elodea Experiment Data

Test Tube Bubbles
Number Per Minute
40 W
Shade Bright Sunlight
1 2 7 12
2 1 6 15
3 1 4 11

What question was she most likely trying to answer?

A. How does light intensity affect the rate of photosynthesis in plant leaves?

B. How does light intensity affect the rate of cellular respiration in plant leaves?

C. How does light intensity affect the amount of water produced by plant leaves?

D. How does light intensity affect the amount of oxygen absorbed by plant leaves?

23. Scientists detect a distant planet very similar to Earth. It orbits a single star and has one moon.
They have also detected oxygen in the planet’s atmosphere. The scientists think the oxygen in
the atmosphere came from the same reaction as the oxygen in Earth’s atmosphere. What do the
scientists think provided the energy for this reaction?
A. light from the star
B. heat from the planet’s core
C. magnetic field around the planet
D. gravitational pull from the planet’s moon

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24. Which of these is a function of all cells?

A. to produce oxygen through photosynthesis

B. to combine with other cells to form tissues
C. to subdivide to form cells for sexual reproduction
D. to transfer genetic information from one generation to the next

25. Which of these is a function of all cells?

A. to absorb nutrients and gases from blood

B. to extract energy from food to sustain life
C. to produce food using water and carbon dioxide
D. to give shape and structural support to an organism

26. At what level of organization does damage compromise the function of the whole system?

A. a cell
B. an organ
C. a tissue
D. an organelle

27. In a controlled experiment, the variable that is changed to test the hypothesis is called the-

A. controlled variable

B. responding variable

C. dependent variable

D. independent variable

28. Identify which parts are incorrect under Animal Cells.

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29. Which four elements make up the largest portion of living matter?

30. The function of a cell nucleus is to

A. direct the activities of the cell

B. help the cell expel waste

C. digest foreign substances

D. transport substances around the cell

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