You are on page 1of 313

wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif

nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

trSm

pifppfqdkaomf þ wwd,ESdyfjcif;jzpfonfh ]]nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f}} 0w¦K&SnfBuD;twGuf


uRefawmfUtaeESifh trSmpm xyfrHa&;om;&ef vdktyfygao;\avmrod/ pum;ajymvdkí pma&;
cJU&ol uRefawmfUtwGufrl jynfolESifh pmzwfy&dowfwdkUudk ]]nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f}}
0w¦Kjzifhyif ajymjycsiforQudk wifjyxm;NyD;om;rdkU? rSmbG,fwdkUukefí a&;bG,fwdkU pkHaeNyD
xifyg\/

trSm0,f txl;a&;&rnfqdkvQif ]]nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f}} 0w¦KBuD;\ vIdif;*,ufwdkU


wkefUjyef &kdufcwfvmojzihf cHpm;tyf&aom uRefawmfU&ifESvkH;rS rqkH;Edkifaom a0'emaw;udk
om zJGUEJGUjy&rnfuJUodkU &Sdaeonf/

vlUb0udk ork',csDwdkifaESmifí r[Dabmif&SnforQ EJGvdk&olwOD;taeESifh ]]urÇmukef us,f


oa&GU0,f}} om,mpdkajy Nidrf;csrf;avaom vlaerIpHepfw&yf zGm;opfcdkifwnfvmrnfh ta&;udk
arQmfawG;ygonf/ þarQmfrSef;csuf yef;rmvmonf yGifhvef;vm&efrSm? yrmqdkvQif rdk;ulí
a&atmifygrS ysKd;nGefUwdkU xlaxmifvmrnfudk wGufqí BudK;yrf;&onfh v,folvkyfom;\
apwemESifh vkyfief;rsKd; vdkayonf/

,aeU jrefrmjynfjzpfaeykHrSm ]]'Drif;'Dpdk; 'Dolcdk;ESifh 'Drkd;'Dav 'DvlawG}} [k NiD;&rnfhykH aygufae


onf/ odkUaMumifhyif? ,aeUxuf eufjzef/ ypöKyÜefxuf tem*gwfudkom arQmfudk;rdonf/
rsufarSmufacwf\ wdkif;zsufjynfzsuf ]]vlBuD; vlrdkuf}} rsm;xuf vmrnfhacwf0,f wdkif;jyK
jynfjyKrnfh ]]vli,f vlaumif;av;}} rsm;udkom ,kHMunftm;xm;rdonf/ oif;uav;wdkUudkyif
ysKd;yifysKdtjzpf &nfnTef;onf/ ]]nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f}} 0w¦KBuD;rSm v,folvkyfom;
uRefawmf\ a&atmif&efom ulavaom rdk;yrmom jzpfyg\/

þ0w¦KBuD;udk a&;rdí tcsKdUaomtzJGUtpnf; vlenf;plwokdufu uRefawmfhtm; yk*¾Kdvft&


t&SufwuGJ tusKd;enf;ap&ef4if;? rodem;rvnfolwdkU txifvJG rkef;wD;vm&ef4if;? pGyfpJG
vkyfBuHvmMu&kHESifh tm;r&? toufudkyif csdrf;acsmufaom vQKdU0Sufpmypfjcif; trIwdkUyg

-1-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

vkyfvmMuonf? &kd;om;aom,kHMunfrI apwemw&yfaMumifh uRefawmfU&ifü toJeifhbG,f


a0'emwdkUudk cHpm;cJU&onf/

rnfodkU&Sdap..../ qdka&;&Sdu qdk&rnfrSm udk,fh0efudk,fausvdkaom pmay0efxrf;wkdU\ "r®wm


omwnf;/ qdkorQ a&;orQwdkU\ jrpfzsm;cH,l& ,HkMunfrIopömt[kefudkvnf; rnfonfh
]]vlenf;pk tmPm&Sif}} ESifh ]]vlrsm;pk tmPm&Sif}} wdkUrS [efUwm;Edkif&dk;r&Sdyg/

arwÅmNcKHaom opömw&m;\ tpGrf;[kefrSm ,ck wwd,ESdyfjcif;txd atmifjrifcJUí vkH;csif;


0w¦K ordkif;wGif pHcsdefopfpwifxlcJUonfh ]]nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f}} 0w¦KBuD;u oufao
jyKcJUayNyD/ pmwwefvlwwef qufoG,faqG;aEG; tm;ay;Muaom vlBuD;vli,f? ausmif;om;
rdb? vlwef;pm;toD;oD;rS jynfoltaygif;tm; þtrSmpmjzifh *kPfjyKwkefUjyef aus;Zl;pum;
qdkygonf/

ESpfq,f&mpkkESpf jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHawmf\ vli,ftaygif;wdkU acwfa[mif;tarSmifpifum


tjrifopfESifh rdrdwdkU\ udk,fydkifacwfaumif;udk ajymif;vJxlaxmifEdkifMu ygapownf;/

bkef;Edkif

(*-*-61)

-2-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef; (1)

ykvJ&nfrdk;aygufwdkU avmuajrjyifudk csD;ajrSmufonfh ysKd;aygufopfyif jropfvGif&m


e,kefa<url; 0gqdkOD;wGif rkwfokefav&l;ESifhtwl ar&Dwa,muf wuúodkvfodkU a&mufcJU
avonf/

av&l;yrm vl;vGefUp ar&D\pdwfuav;u axGjym;ysHUvGifhaeonf/ ajrudkrSDí avqD


ajrSmfrSef;aom ysKd;Ekyif\yrm ar&D\pdwfrmefrSm <ucsDysHwufaeyg\/ avvmwdkif;a&GUvsm;í
cPcsif;rSmyif oP²mefopfqufum zJGUqef;aom wdrfqdkifyrmvnf; ar&D\ pdwful;pdwforf;
wdkUrSm tHUbeef; tajymif;tvJ jrefwwfygao;\/

wcsufomvQif ar&Dü xl;yg\/ rkwfokefESifhtwl wuúodkvfajrqD a&mufcJUaom ar&DrSm


onfawmifyifv,frS c&D;onfuJUodkUrl tjyKaw;udkroD? ar&D\ &ifwGif;üum; toJzsufaw;
wyk'frSm oJhoJhjrnfusL;aeyg\/

vSaom ar&D\ oefUpifjzLazG;aom rsufESm0ef; jynfhjynhfav;rSm Eke,fojzihf ydkí wifhw,f


aeonf/ tjynf&nfvQrf;aom rsufvkH;MunfESpfpkH\ usufoa&rSm pmüqdkaom orifri,f\
rsufvkH;tvSxuf tjypfuif;onfh uav;i,f\ rsufvkH;rS oefUpifrIoabmu ydkí rsm;ae
onf/

ar&D\ vIyf&Sm;rIuav;rsm;rSm nSif;avEkyrm odrfarGUayghyg;í ar&D\ MuiSef;qHaom[efrSm


ysKd;yifysKd\ ,drf;EGJUjcif;uJUodkU EGJUaESif;ajyjypfonf[k qdkMuyg\/ ar&D\ eufarSmifaom
rsufckef;ESpfoG,f\ tem;a&;rS jra&mif&Sdrf;&Sdrf;ESifh yg;jyifEkEkrS uGef,uf&Sufjzmvsuf&Sdonfh
taMumpdrf;uav;wdkUrSm rdk;zsef;pyifysKd\ &GufopfopfwkdUyif r,SOfomatmif ydkrdkí
vef;qef;wifh&Tef;onf[k tvStyqdk tvGefvQif udk;uG,fwwfMuaom wuúodkvf
ausmif;awmfBuD;om;rsm;u qdkprSwfjyKMuonf/ 0dZÆmwef;rS ausmif;om;BuD;rsm;url ar&Dudk
&IMunfh&jcif;onf tvSty\ tbd"r®mw&yfudk vufawGUem;vnfjcif;yif jzpfojzihf
acgrwdkif;ynm&Sif yavwdk\ yk&mPfusrf;BuD;rS vSyjcif;obm0udk aqG;aEG;cef;tm;
zwfMunhf&efrvdk[k eufeJpGm rSwfcsufcsMuukefonf/

þokdUjzifh ar&Donf nSif;avyrm odrfarGUayghyg;aom vIyf&Sm;rI? ysKd;yifysKd\ ,drf;EGUJjcif;uJUodkU


EGUJaESmif;ajyjypfonfh MuiSef;qHaom[efwdkUjzifh ydwkef;a&mifawmuf&Gef;aom aumhrsufawmif

-3-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

&SnfwdkU 0ef;&Htyfonfh rsufvkH;jymBuD;rsm;udk vSnfhupm;&if; wuúodkvf\ pBuFefrsm;wavQmuf


vkyfvJUvkyfvD oDu&DESifh wnfwzkHMunfwvSnfhjzifh avQmufvsuf&SdcJUonf/

cufonfrSm ar&Donf olUudk,fol vSrSef;odjcif;aywnf;? ydkcufonfrSm rdrdtvS\


pl;&Sxufjrufjcif;udk &dyfpm;rdjcif;aywnf;? tcufqkH;rSm rdrd,kHMunfpdwfcs&aom tvStm;udk;
ESifh wuúodkvf0,f rSwfwrf;wifp&m Zmwfvrf;yrm pGefUpm;cef;w&yfudk zGifhvSpfjcif;aywnf;/

]]wuúodkvfrSmaeae b,fqDa&mufa&muf ukefukefajymr,f? a,muffsm;&NyD;wJUtxd rdef;uav;


wOD;[m rdrdudk,fudk obiftEkynm&SifwOD;vdk trSwfxm;&r,f? wavmuvkH;rSm [efaqmifrI
uvJGyD; bmrSr&Sdbl;/ [efaqmifolawG tm;vkH;xJrSm tyd&dqkH;vludk obm0tusqkH;tjzpfeJU
avmuZmwfckHu o&zlaqmif;ay;vdrfhr,f....}}

þpum;&yfrsm;um; ar&D wuúodkvfra&mufrDuwnf;u ,cktcg EdkifiHjcm;&Sd oH&kH;wck\


ppfwJGbuf twGif;0efuawmf jzpfaeaom trjzpfol arb,fvfvGif\ EIwfrS rMumcP
Mum;cJU&aom tHUbeef;onfh Mo0g'xl;yifwnf;/

odkUaMumifhyif ar&Donf t&nfvnfuRrf;usifNyD;om; ausmif;awmfom;BuD;rsm;\ a&SUwGif


rsufvkH;0dkif;0dkif; tvnfvnfESifh EkaomrsufESmav;tm; MunfEdkiforQ MunfMunfvifvif
xm;um uav;i,fozG,f cspfp&mtrl vkyfwwfavh&Sdoavmuf tcspfaus;uRef jzpfcsif
aZmjzihf b0ocifrudk tarmom; &Smaeaom vlBuD;vlaumif;aygufpav;rsm;ESifh &ifqdkifvQifrl
rsufESmay;udk tvSrysuf&kH wnfEdkiforQ wnfxm;vsuf xDrxif[ef jyKpGrf;ouJUodkUyif
tlwlwl tww? rESifh&ifqdkifvQif ygarmu©csKyfESifh awGU&onfxuf taecufaom pmMurf;ydk;
oem;p&m *Gtdk;rsm;udk awGUvQifum; rsufESmudk NyKH;csKdcsKdxm;vsuf &,farmjcif;udk vGwfvyfpGm
jyKNyD; ujym;rav;rsm;t[ef oGufoGufESifh &kd;at;oltm; uav;ozG,f pupm;csifao;onf/

odkUESifh wvcefU ausmif;wufrdvQifyif ESpftqkH;ü pmar;yJGatmifrnf ratmifrnf raocsm


aomfvnf; olUtrajymouJUodkU avmuZmwfckH0,f o&zl raqmif;Edkifonfhwdkifatmif
wuúodkvfeef;rS wyg;aom ]xm;} ocifr jzpf&awmUrnfudk ar&Donf pdwfcsrdcJUonf/

wckaom qE´onfom ar&D\&ifü ckdwGJrae[kqdkvQif ,cktcsdeftxd olxifouJUodkU jzpf


aeaom wuúodkvfü olajrSmfrSef;cJUonfwdkUudk rsuf0g;xifxif awGUcJU&NyDjzpfaom ar&DrSm
olUb0tm;ol tauseyfBuD; auseyfrdaernfrSm trSefjzpfayonf/

-4-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

þqE´udkrl ar&Donf b,folUtm;rQ zGifhrajymrdcJU/ zGifhajymívnf; rjzpf[kxifonf/ þqE´


&SdaerdonfhtwGufyif ar&DrSm olUudk,fol &l;rdkufaerdoavm[kyif wcgw&H todOmPfav;
0ifwdkif; tHUMordonf/

trSefawmUvnf; rdrdrjrifbl;ol? rdrdtm;vnf; urÇmajr0,f &Sdavovm;[krS trSwfjyK


vdrfhrnf r[kwfolwOD;tm; &SmazGaecJUrdjcif;twGuf ar&DrSm &Sufpdwfuav;awmU aygufrd
onf/

udkjrifhol/ þemrnfu ar&DU&ifwGif trSwfxifxif yJUwifxyfaewwfonf/ emrnfuyif


uAsmqHaeonfxif\/ uAsmq&mrdkU emrnfudk uAsmqHqHyif rSnfhxm;avonfvm;rod/

pBuFrsm;wGifavQmufcdkuf y&dowftBudKufudk odkufNrdKufpGm tokH;awmfcH&if; uacsonfrav;


ar&DrSm olUtm; zl;awGUvdkoltrsm;Mum;rS oljrifawGUvdkoltm; awGUEdk;Edk;jzifh &SmMunfhaerd
cJUonf/ wcgw&HwGif taMumif;rJU pdwfaygufum tjypfrJUol wa,mufvltm; u&kPm
a'gaomESifh usdefqJrdcJUonfvnf; &Sdonf/

]]b,frSvJwJU.... uAsmq&mqdkwJU udkjrifhol aumif&,f.....}}

tcef;wHcg;ydwfNyD;í olUygwem y*D¾0rf;wa,muf tdyfNyDqdkvQif ar&Donf xlxJaom


pm&Gufjymtxyfrsm;udk aowÅmwGif;rS tomt,mxkwfum wdwfwqdwf cdk;zwfrdonf/

rD;rSwfNyD;vQifum; ar&Donf w'dwf'dwfckefaom rdrd&ifrStoHudk emcHrd&if; &Suf&GHU&GHUESifhyif


oli,fpOfuxJu tvGwf&cJUaom uAsmq&mr Munfat;\ uAsmav;wyk'fudk wD;wdk;
&Gwfaerdwwfonf/

]]rjrifbl;cifu

arhrSjzihf &l;NyDarmif...

aAGoOfrSm a&T&ifxdwfESifh

wdwfwdwfav;aysmf&atmif}}

-5-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef; (2)

olawGUcsifaom udkjrifholtm; olrajrSmfvifhaomenf;jzihf ar&Donf waeUrSm awGUcJU&yg\/

eHeufudk;em&D twef;wufNyD;aemuf aeUv,fydkif;wGifom MuLwdk;&D;&Jwcsdef &Sdojzihf ar&Donf


tif;vsm;ausmif;aqmifodkU rjyefawmUbJ tm;vyfcsdeftwGif; usufrSwfp&m&Sdonfrsm;udk
usufrSwf&ef wuúodkvfpmMunhfwkdufqDodkU xGufvmcJUonf/

ar&Dü wckawmU cspfbG,f&SdonfrSm bmawG;awG; bmBuHBuH ausmif;pmudkrl vspfvsLr&I jcif;yif


jzpfonf/ wuúodkvfoifwef;rsm;rSm waeukef qufwdkufwuf&onfr[kwfbJ Mum;ü
tm;vyfcsdefrsm;&Sd&m þtcsdefrsm;twGif;üyif BudK;pm;Munhfrnfqdku waeUay;onfh oifcef;pm
udk waeUtwGif; NyD;atmifMunhfEdkifonf/ þuJUodkU Munfhcsifolrsm;twGuf wuúodkvf
pmMunfhwdkufonf qlnHípnfum;aom ausmif;aqmiftcef;rsm;ESifh tyef;ajztcef;rsm;xuf
ydkrdkí oifhavsmfonf/ oifcef;pmudk rMunfhcsifolrsm;twGufvnf; tjcm; taxGaxGA[kokw
jzpfzG,f pmayrsm;udk pmMunfhwdkufwGif avhvmEdkifonf/

pmMunhfwkduftwGif;odkU ar&Da&mufvmaomtcg pmtkyfiSm;&m aumifwmrS xlxJvSaom


pmtkyfBuD;wtkyfudk xkwf,lydkufxGufvmaom ausmif;olwOD;ESifh &ifqdkifwdk;aeonf/ xdk
ausmif;olESifh ruRrf;ao;aomfvnf; waqmifwnf;aebufjzpfí tcef;csif;vnf; ra0;ojzihf
olUemrnftm; ar&Donf odNyD;jzpfonf/ Nidrf; [lownf;/

Nidrf;rSm t&yfoG,foG,f ydefydefyg;yg; jzpfonf? tenf;i,f&Snfoa,mif&Sdaom rsufESmwGif


xlxJvSaom uRJaumfudkif;rsufrSefBuD;udk wyfxm;&m toGifrSm twef&ifhykHaygufonf/
vrf;avQmufvQif rsufvTmudk csxm;wwfí rsufESmay;rSm xm0pOf &Sufudk;&Sufuef;Edkifaom
oP²mef ay:aeonf/ rvTJomí rsufESmcsif;qdkifrdpOf Nidrf;\ rsufrSefaemufuG,frS rsufvkH;
&Snf&Snfrsm;udk awGUrdvQifum; Nidr;frSm emrnfomNidrf;at;aomfvnf; twGif;pdwfrSm
rwnfNidrfaMumif;udk &drfrdEdkifonf/ Nidrf;\ rsufvkH;&Snf&Snfrsm;rSm csm;&[wfvnfaewwfí
twGif;pdwfudkrSDum rsufvkH;a&mifrSm cPcsif;yif rSdefcsnf0if;csnf &Sdaewwfonf/ okdU&mwGif
ydwftuÐs tjzLvuf&Snf? taoG;&ifhaom csnfvkHcsnfydef;rsm;udkom tNrJ0wfwwfojzihf
Nidrf;tm; [efaqmifrIenf;í &dk;taom rdef;uav;wOD;jzpfonf[k ar&Du em;vnfxm;onf/

arNidrf;ESifh &ifqdkifwdk;rdaomtcg ar&Duyifpí NyKH;EIwfqufvdkufonf/

-6-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]pmtkyfvmxkwfovm;.....}}

pmMunhfcef;wGif pum;us,fus,frajym&Jojzihf ar&Du avoHjzihf ar;vkdufonf/ Nidrf;u


a&mh&JpGmjyefNyKH;&if; acgif;ndwfjyonf/

]]ar&Duawmh pmzwfcsifvdkUvmwm.....}}

]]vmav 'gjzihf tay:xyfudkoGm;&atmif? Nidrf;vJ pmzwfrvdkUbJ........}}

2OD;om; avSum;qDrS wufvmpOf ar&Du Nidrf;\vufwGif;rS pmtkyfBuD;udk waphwapmif;


Munfhrdonf/ *Ref'&ifh0g;wm; wnf;jzwfonfh urÇmUpmayordkif;twdkcsKyf jzpfavonf/

ar&Du Nidrf;tm; tHUMooGm;onf/ þrQi,fi,f&G,f&G,fESifh þrQus,f0ef;aom ynmudk


avhvmum tb,faMumifhNidrf;onf rdrdudk,fudk nSOf;qJcsif&oenf;[kvnf; oem;oGm;onf/

tay:xyfwGif pmMunhf&ef pm;yJGuav;rsm;&Sdonf/ ay:vpfta&mifjzihf awmufajymifaeaom


pm;yJGuav;wckpDtm; tv,fwGif twefjrifhaom opfom;jym;tumwcku 2 ydkif; cJGjcm;xm;
onf/ opfom;tum\ wzufwGif wa,mufpD ukvm;xdkifESifh xdkifí pmMunhfEdkifonf/

ar&DESifhNidrf;wdkU tay:xyfodkU a&mufMuaomtcgwGif 2 ae&mom vpfvyfawmUonfudk awGU&


onf/ pm;yJG 2 vkH;rSm wydkif;pDom vGwfaeonf/ useftydkif;rsm;wGif a,mufsm;uav; 2 OD;u
ae&m,lxm;onf/

bmaMumifhrod? Nidrf;\ jzLa&mfaomrsufESmuav;rSm tenf;i,feD&JoGm;onfudk ar&Donf


owdjyKvdkufrdonf/ Nidrf;onf &Sufudk;&Sufuef;ESifh t"dyÜm,frJU ar&Dtm; wcsufNyKH;jyvdkufí
ae&m&Smonfhyrm acwÅ a,mifcsmcsmjzpfaeNyD;aemuf vufsmbufpm;yGJ\ vGwfaomae&mwGif
0ifxdkifvdkufonf/

Nidrf;0ifxdkifaom pm;yGJ\ tjcm;wydkif;wGif xdkifaeolrSm Nidrf;uJUodkUyif uRJaumfudkif; rsufrSef


BuD;udk wyfxm;vsuf rNzD;bJxm;[ef&Sdaom qHyifrsm;rSm xdk;axmifyGa,mif;vsufaeonf/
tom;rSm ndKum ESmacgif;tenf;i,fjym;í toGifrSm vlaMumufwwfaom pm*sydk;wa,muf
*dkufay:aeonf/ olonf ar&DwdkU0ifvmaomtcg wcsufarmfMunfhvdkufNyD;? Nidrf;tm; awGU
aomtcg ndKaomrsufESmrSm jymoGm;NyD; acgif;jyefikHUoGm;vsuf pmtkyfudkom oJoJrJrJjyefzwf
aeonf/ olzwfaeaom pmtkyfBuD;rSmvnf; 3vufrcefU xlownf;/

-7-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Du rodromNyKH;vdkufNyD; vuf0JbufpmyJG\ vpfvyfaomtydkif;wGif 0ifxdkifvdkufonf/


wzufydkif;wGif xdkifaeolrSm rkwfqdwfarG;xlxl aAmif;xkyfBuD;ESifh yefcsmyD ausmif;om;wOD;
rSef; ar&Du owdjyKvdkufrdonf/

ar&D\ rsufvkH;tpkHrSm Nidrf;ESifh olUvlxH rsufpdu a&mufoGm;jyefonf/ rsufrSef 2 ckum;


pmtkyfrsm;udkom pm;awmU0g;awmUrnfhtwdkif; oJoJrJrJ ikHUMunhfaeMuonf/ ar&donf wcsD
xyfNyKH;vdkufum rSwfpkpmtkyfudkzGifhvsuf MuLwdk;&D;&JtwGuf qdkifaom tcsuftvufrsm;udk
xkwf,laeonf/

cPtMumwGifrl yefcsmyDausmif;om;onf ae&mrSxum ar&Dtm; wcsufapGMunfhvsuf


ajcvSrf;usJBuD;rsm;jzifh atmufxyfodkUqif;oGm;onf/ olUajcoHraysmufrDyif &l;bdeyf wa*guf
a*guf Mum;&NyD; ausmif;om;wOD;onf vGwfae&modkU 0ifxdkifonf/

ar&DESifhwuG rsufrSef 2 pkHrSm vlopftm; wNydKifeuf armfMunfhvdkufrdMuonf/ ydk;[ma0,H&Swf


jzL rD;ckd;a&mif ouúvufabmif;bDESifh tom;vwfvwftm; jrifvdkufonfESifhwNydKifeuf
ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSm csufjcif;wnfoGm;um xDrxifrsufESmay;jcif;tvkyfudk qufvkyfae
vdkufonf/

vli,f\emrnfudk ar&Drodaomfvnf; rsufESmudkrl wef;rdaeonf/ ar&Donf olUtm;


rdrdESifhwlaom bmomwJGudk ,lonfr,lonf raocsmaomfvnf; rdrdwuforQ twef;wdkif;ü
aemufwnfhwnfhrS tpOf&SdaerSef;udkrl owdjyKrdcJUonf/ pBuFrsm;wavQmuf ar&DavQmufoGm;
aom tcgrsm;üvn;f rMumcPaemufrS waumufaumufvdkufwwfonf/

,ckvnf; olUtrlt&mrSm *PmrNidrf? rsufrSefxlpkHwJGtm;Munfhcsnf? ywf0ef;usifudk tuJcwf


csnfESifh vIyf&Sm;aeonf/ 'gawGtm;vkH;udk owdjyKrdaomfvnf; ar&Donf a&;rSwfp&m&Sdonf
udkom qufvufa&;rSwfaeonf/

watmifhtMumwGifrl vli,frSm NidrfoufoGm;um pmtkyfwtkyfudk cyfuG,fuG,fzGifhvsuf


rSifaoaojzifh zwf&Iaeonf/

rdepf 40cefU&Sdaomf ar&Donf em&Dtm;ikHUMunfhvdkufí pmtkyfrsm;udkydkufvdkufum ae&mrSxNyD;


Nidrf;xHodkU csOf;uyfvkdufonf/

]]ar&DoGm;awmUr,f..... Nidrf;ae&pfOD;rvm;....}}

-8-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

Nidrf;u acgif;ndwfvdkufojzihf ar&DonfNidrf;tm; NyKH;EIwfqufcJUí avSum;qDodkU xGufcJU


onf/ pm;yJGrS [ma0,H&SwfESifh vli,frSmvnf; ae&mrSysm&D;ysm&mxum ar&DUaemufrS uyf
vkdufvmonf/

avSum;wGif olu ar&Dtm; ausmfqif;onf? ar&DUtm; jzwfrdpOfwGif olu ydkufxm;aom


ar&D\pmtkyfMum;odkU pmwapmifudk zsufueJ ypfxnfhoGm;onf/

ar&D\rsufESmav;rSm eD&JoGm;um pm&Gufacguftjymav;tm; avSum;xufrS atmufodkU


ypfaygufcsvdkuf\/ xdktcsdefwGif avSum;ajc&if;odkU a&muf&SdaeNyDjzpfaom vli,frSm ajcvSrf;
wkHUoGm;vsuf pm&Gufacgufav;tm; jyefaumuf,lvdkufonf/ ar&Donf olUtm; trSwfrxif
jyKonfh[ef rsufESmav;udk tomyifhvsuf pmMunfhwdkuftayguf0rS aMumUaMumUarmUarmUyif
rSefrSef vrf;avQmufxGufvmcJUonf/

cPcsif;rSmyif vli,frSm trSDvkdufvmum aemufwBudrf pm&Gufacgufav;tm; &ifüydkufxm;


aom ar&D\pmtkyfMum;xJodkU xnfhvdkufjyefonf/

ar&Donf ywf0ef;usiftm; vSnfhMunfhvdkufonf/

vlykyk qHyifpkwfzGm;ESifh rsufESmwGif 0ufNcHrsm;xlvjypf&Sdaom ausmif;om;wOD;onf ucsif


vG,ftdwf teDBuD;wckudk vG,fvsuf armfawmfqdkifu,fwpD;tm; t"dywdvrf;wavQmuf
ajrmufrSawmifodkU tcsKd;ruspGm tjyif;armif;pD;vm&m ar&DwdkUpkHwJGtm; jrifaomtcg arS;aom
ayG;rsufvkH;udk jyL;vsuf us,faomyg;pyfudk NzJvsuf orifvnfjyef vSnfhMunfhoGm;onf/

*syfqifausmif;0if;bufrS t"dywdvrf;udk jzwfausmfvmaom uwkH;qHawmuf a&TrsufrSef


0if;0if;ESifh t&yf&Snf&Snfydefydef vli,fwOD;u armfawmfqdkifu,fay:rS ausmif;om;tm; vSrf;
aemufvdkufonf/

]][aumifBuD;.... okb&mZnGefU? ypyfuoa&awG "mwfqDtdk;xJ 0ifawmUr,f......}}

armfawmfqdkifu,f vGefoGm;aomtcg olu ar&DwdkUbuf vSrf;MunfhvdkufNyD; oludk,fwkdif


yg;pyfBuD;NzJum ai;Munfhae\/

awmfygao;\? paeaeUvnf;jzpf? aemufqkH;tcsdefvnf;jzpfojzifh ywf0ef;usifü ausmif;om;


ausmif;olrsm; r&Sd? cyfvSrf;vSrf; rdef;uav;rsm;em;ae&m &dyfomtcef;teD; a[vfrif; trsKd;

-9-
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tpm; um;pdrf;av;wpD;ab;üom ausmif;om; 5 OD;cefU&Sdonf? twefa0;aom bJGUESif;obif


taqmuftODBuD;bufrSmrl csnfukwftuFsD csnfabmif;bDt&Snf yGyGBuD;rsm;ESifh zJxD;csKdif;Mum;
nSyfxm;aom ukvm;q&mwOD;rSm acgif;idkufqdkufESifh tawG;vGefvm[ef ar&DwdkUbufodkU
jznf;nSif;pGm avQmufvmaeonf/

ar&D\acgif;xJwGif todOmPfav;wcku 0if;ueJvufueJay:vmonf/ xdkUaMumifhyif pm&Guf


acguftm; pmtkyfMum;rS,lvkdufí vufuav;udktm;ukef,rf;um vrf;udkausmfvsuf wzuf
jrufcif;jyifta&muf vTifhypfvdkufonf/

yvufazgif;ab;ü &yfaeaom a&TrsufrSefESifhausmif;om;qDrS4if;? um;pdrf;em;rS ausmif;om;


rsm;qDrS4if;? &,farmoHonf xGufay:vmonf/ [ma0,H&Syfausmif;om; ausmif&yfaeckduf
ar&Donf twef;wuf&ef&Sdonfh t"Dywdvrf;\ taemufbufrS pmoifcef;rsm;&Sd&modkU
cyfoGufoGufuav; vSrf;xGufvmcJUonf/

odkU&mwGif pdwfynmXme\ <uufjzLavSmiftdrfrsm;&Sd&m avSum;&if;odkU ar&D a&mufaom


tcgwGifrl [ma0,H&SyfESifhvli,frSm rSDvdkufvmNyD; a&SUrSumqD;vdkufonf/ tm*ZJGyifwnf;/

vljywfonfhae&mjzpfojzihf ar&DrSm tenf;i,fxdwfvefUoGm;onf/ a'govnf; tawmf


xGufcJUNyDjzpfojzihf rsufESmav;rSm eDaeum udk,fav;rSmvnf; qwfqwfwkefae\/

uHtm;avsmfpGmyif teD;&Sd pBuFHab; tkwfvuf&rf;ay:wGif at;at;vlvlxdkifaeaom vl&G,f


wOD;tm; jrifvdkufojzihf ar&DrSm wtm;wufoGm;onf/ vl&G,frSm touf 20 ausmfcefU&SdayNyD?
&Syfeufjymvufwdk abmif;bDjzLESifh t0wftpm;udk NyD;pvG,f0wfxm;aomfvnf; tawmfyif
acsmarm odu©m&SdolwOD; jzpfaMumif;udkrl ar&Donf ta&;xJwGif owdjyKvdkufrdonf/

ar&Donf olUa&SUrSvli,ftm; rsufESmxm;wif;wif;ESifh &ifqdkifvdkufonf/

]]'gawmU.... &Sifw&m;vGefbDxifw,f}} ar&D\toHrSm a'gojzihf wkef,ifaeonf/

]]pdwfqdk;t&ifrvdkygeJUAsm......? 'Dpmav;,loGm;bdkUuvJ 0efav;wmrSwfvdkU}}

vli,frl tNyH;rysuf? toHrSmvnf; at;at;yif/

- 10 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Du tuFsDjymESifhvl&G,ftm; tm;udk;[efESifh vSnfhMunfhvdkufrdonf/ xdkvlwa,mufurl


at;at;yif rpdefnGefUaq;aygvdyfudkzGmum olwdkUESpfOD;tm; ur®Xmef;yk*¾dKvf\ wnfNidrfjcif;jzifh
Munfh&Iaeonf/

]]&Sif usrvrf;udk z,fay;yg}}

]]'gav;om..... wqdwf....}}

ol\vufrSm qefUwef;vmaom pm&Gufacgufuav;udk ar&DUpmtkyfwGif;odkU vSnfhxnfhvdkuf


onf/ okdU&mwGif pm&Gufacgufav;rSm ar&D\&ifcGifodkU ra&muf/ vlli,f\vuftm;
wpkHwa,mufu aemufrSaeí cyfjyif;jyif; ykwf&dkufvdkufojzihf pm&Gufacgufav;rSm avxJodkU
vGifhajrmufxGufoGm;onf/

]]rdef;uav;wa,mufudk 'DavmufaESmuf&Suf&&if awmfa&maygh.....}}

rmausmjywfom;aom toHuvnf; xGufay:vmonf/

2 OD;om; vSnfhMunfhkvdkufaomtcg avSum;&if;wGif rsufESmxm;wif;wif;ESifh &yfaeaom


ausmif;om;wOD;tm; awGU&onf/

cg;EJGUEGJUESifh oG,foG,fyg;yg; vlAvHav;wOD;yifwnf;/ EIwfcrf;arG;a&;a&;&Sdum ar;&dk;rsm;rSm


av;a'gifhruswus cdkifrmaeonf/ a'goaMumifhvm;rod? rsufvkH;rsm;rSm 0if;0if;awmuf
aeonf/

]]usKyf..... cifAsm;vkyfykHudk apmifhMunfhaewmMumvSbD/ cifAsm; ESrcsif; rpmwwfwmu ta&;


rBuD;bl;? ausmif;BuD;*kPfudk xdcdkufvSw,f....}}

onfawmUrS [ma0,H&SyfESifhvli,fu vIyf&Sm;vmonf? &Sufa'goaMumifh olUrsufESmrSmvnf;


rJjymoGm;onf/

]]aeygtkH;.... cifAsm;ESifh bmqdkifvdkUwkH;....}}

vlrSmvnf; avSum;&if;odkUqif;oGm;um wzufvltm; &ifqdkifvdkufonf/

- 11 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'DrSmrdwfaqG? rdef;uav;wa,mufa&SUrSmawmU ol&Jaumif;vkyfNyD; &efrjzpfcsifeJU? owÅd&Sd&if


vm [dkuefapmif;rSm vl&Sif;w,f? oGm;Mur,f}}

vlAvHav;\ toHrSmvnf; armufrSmvSonf/

[ma0,H&SyfESifhvli,fonf bmrQjyefrajz/ olUvufwzufonfom ajrmufwufoGm;NyD; vlAvH


av;\ ar;qDodkU usvmonf/

]]tkd...}}

ar&Du aMumuftm;vefUtm; atmfvdkufum rsufpdudkrSdwfvdkufonf? ar&D rsufpdzGifhMunfhvdkuf


aomtcgwGifum; avSum;&if;wGif oJoJrJrJ owfykwfaeMuavNyD/ aMumuftm;aMumifh ar&DrSm
xGufrajy;rd/

avSumvuf&rf;udkrSDum tuFsDjymESifhvl&G,fudkom wcsufvSrf;Munfhvdkufrdonf? xdkvlrSmvnf;


at;at;yif&Sdao;onf? aq;vdyftzGmrysuf/ vl 2 a,muf &efjzpfaeonfudk acG;udkufyJG Munfh
ouJUodkU [efrysufMunfhaeonf/

xdktcdkufwGifyif ar&Du olawGUcsifoltm; yxrOD;tBudrf jrifvdkuf&jcif;jzpfayonf/

teD;&Sd zDvdkqdkzDXme pmMunfhwkdufwHcg;onf yGifhvmNyD; ouúvwfwdkufykHrD;ckd;a&mif bef


aumufvkHcsnftpdrf;ESifh vl&G,fwa,mufonf &efjzpfaeol 2 OD;qDodkU cyfoGufoGuf csOf;uyf
vmonf/ olUaemufrSvnf; pma&;ESifhwlolwOD;rSm vkdufygvmonf/

]]a[h......a[h..... awmfMuav...}}

yg;pyfrSvnf;ajym&if; vlrSm yl;owfaeol 2OD; Mum;odkU wkd;0ifum [efUwm;vdkufonf/

onfawmUrS vuf&rf;ay:u tuFsDjymESifhvl&Gl,frSmvnf; qif;um &efyGJudk0ifzsOfonf? cP


tMumwGifrl [ma0,H&SyfESifhvli,ffrSm tuFsDjymESifhvl&G,f\ oefrmaomvufxJwGif4if;? vlAvH
av;rSm pma&;ESifhwlol\ NrJNrHaomcsKyfwnf;rIwGif4if;? rvIyfEdkifatmif rdaeNyDjzpfavonf/

wdkufykHtuFsDESifh vl&G,f\ yg;pyfrSrl aoG;rsm;pD;usaeonf? &efzsOfpOf wOD;OD;\ vufoD;csuf


u rawmfwq rdoGm;[efwlonf/

- 12 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][m.... q&mhyg;pyfrSmvJ aoG;awGeJU? cdkufrdoGm;w,f xifw,f.....}}

pma&;ESifhwlolu atmfvdkufonf? cyfapmifapmifjzpfaeaom vli,f 2 OD;rSmvnf; ]q&m} [k


ac:oHMum;vkduf&ojzifh wkefvIyfacsmufcsm;oGm;Muonf/ aoG;prsm; yg;pyfüayusHaeol q&m
tm; vSrf;Munhfvdkufaom 2OD;vkH;\ rsufvkH;rsm;wGif pdk;&drfrIESifh tm;emxdcdkufrIrsm; ay:vGif
ae\/

q&murl bmrSrjzpfouJUokdU aoG;prsm;udk vufudkufyk0gjzLESifh okwfypfvkdufonf/

]]aeygapudkvGif vTwfvdkufyg? udkvSa0uvJ vTwfvdkufygav? olwdkUudk uRefawmf pum;ajym


p&m &Sdygw,f....}}

olUtoHrSm olUtrluJUodkUyif at;csrf;aeonf? &efjzpfol 2 OD;tm; Munfhí NyKH;vkdufykHrSm NrJNrH


aomfvnf; usifemrIjynfhaom tudkwOD;\ tNyKH;yifwnf;/

]]b,fvdkjzpfMuovJ.....}}

&efjzpfol 2 OD;u q&m\ xdk;xGif;aomtMunfhtm; &ifrqdkif&Joa,mif rsufESmvTJypfvkdufum


acgif;ikHUxm;Muonf/

]]ausmif;om;csif;[m nDtudkvdk cspfMuwmbJ q&mjrifcsifw,f? tckvdk &efjzpfMuwm[m


wuúodkvfausmif;om;qdkwJU rif;wdkU&JU*kPfodu©meJU rvdkufbufzl;vdkU q&mxifw,f.......}}

olUtoHrSm tjypfwifoHxuf azsmif;zsoHu ydkxif&Sm;aeonf/

vlUAvHav;u píajzonf/

]]xdcdkufrdoGm;wm[m uRefawmfhaMumihfqdk&if q&mhudkuefawmUygw,f? ay;wJUtjypfudkvJ cHygh


r,f....}}

[ma0,H&SyfESifhvli,fu vlUAvHav;tm; iJUMunhfvkdufNyD; ]]uRefawmfvJ awmif;yefygw,f


q&mBudKufwJUtjypfay;yg....}} [k qdkonf/ q&mu olwdkUESpfOD;tm; pl;pkdufMunhfae&mrS
ausepfpGm NyKH;vdkufonf/

- 13 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rif;wdkU xyf&efrjzpfbl;qdkwJU uwdwvkH;bJ q&mhudkay;yg..}}

[ma0,H&SyfESifhvli,fu pwifí vlAvHav;\vufudk qJGvIyf,rf;&if; wnfNidrfpGmyif


awmif;yefonf/

]]cifAsm;udk uRefawmfawmif;yefygw,f? uRefawmfu prSm;wmyg? q&mvJuRefawmfhudk


cGifhvTwfyg.....?}}

olonf ar&D&Sd&mbufodkU &SufaoG;0ifaomrsufESmjzifh wcsufvSnfhMunfhvdkufum ae&rS


jznf;nSnf;pGm xGufcGmoGm;onf/ onfawmUrS ar&Duvnf; vIyf&Sm;vmum avSum;&if;odkU
qif;cJU\/

]][kwfygw,fq&m? [kdvluprSm;wmyg/ olu ar&DtwGuf Mum;u0if &efjzpfay;&wmyg}}

ar&DUtm; jrifvdkufonfESifhwNydKifeuf q&m\rsufESmrSm bmaMumihfrod? aoG;qkwfouJUodkU


jzLzyfjzLa&mf jzpfoGm;onf/ twefMumaMumifai;aeNyD;rS owd&[ef rsufvkH;udk vTJz,f
vkduf\/

]][kwfw,f.... [kwfw,f? uRefawmfvJ [kda'gifhu Munfhaumif;vdkUMunhfaewm? [dkvlu


awmfawmfvGefwmbJ....}}

aemufay:vmaomtoHrSm ArmoHyDyDooBuD;jzpfaomfvnf; tem;a&mufvmolrSm apmapmu


ar&DowdjyKrdcJUaom aAmif;xkyfESifh yefcsmyDausmif;om;jzpf\/

xdkpOf ausmif;acgif;avmif;xdk;oH xGufay:vmonf/

ar&Du vlAvHav;bufodkUvSnfhum NyHK;jyEIwfqufNyD; tay:xyfodkUwufcJUonf/

usef&pfolrsm;teuf tuFsDjymESifh udkvSa0ac:aom ausmif;om;u apmapmucsxm;aom


aq;ayghvdyfudk jyefaumuf,lum zGmaeonf/

]]cifAsm;uawmU pHbJAsKdU udkoufwif.....? aomfwmaqGa&;ovdk cifAsm;wdkU aygif;wnfom;


awG[m rkdufrJcsnfhxifyg&JU ........}}

- 14 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

yefcsmyDausmif;om;u jzLazG;aomoGm;rsm; ay:atmifNyKH;&if; vlAvHav;\ yckH;udkykwfí


&if;ESD;pGmqdk\/

]]qdk;wmu a[m'DvludkvSa0? armifrif;BuD;om;u Munfhaevdkufwm aq;vdyfaomufawmif


rysufzl;q&m....}}

q&mu udkvSa0tm; NyKH;&if; armfMunfhvdkufonf/ udkvSa0url aq;vdyfaiGUrsm;udk armfhrIwf


xkwf&if; ai;ae&mrS q&mhtm; wcsufMunfhvdkuf&if; rNyKH;wNyKH;ESifh qdkonf/

]]uRefawmfu wuúodkvfausmif;BuD; ysufpD;aewm Munhfaumif;aumif;&SdvkdU Munfhaewm....}}

]]vkyfNyD cifAsm;BuD;u....}}

]]r[kwfzl;vm;q&m? ysufcsifwJU[mysufrSmbJ? uRefawmfudk,fwkdufuvJ aumif;wmrS r[kwf


bJ? tm;vkH;[m olUt&SdefeJUol vdrfhaeMuwm? vdrfhMuyapaygh? r[kwfzl;vm;qif;....}}

qif;[k tac:cH&aom yefcsmyDonf tm;&yg;& atmf&,fvdkufonf/

]]'gbmrSr[kwfzl;? 'Dar&DqdkwJU aumifrav;udku raumif;wmq&m? oludk,fwkdifu wu,fh


tJUpw,fvmbJ....}}

armifoufwifu vlBuD;av;OD;ESifh ajymonf/ csm;vfpf'pfuif;\ ajrSmfwvifhvifh0w¦KrS


tvStm;udk;jzihf a,musfm;rsm;tm; t&l;vkyfcsifaom Zmwfvdkufrif;orD; tJUpw,fvmESifh
ar&Dtm; olu EIdif;vkdufonf/

]]jzpfrSmbJ jzpfudkjzpf&rSmbJ? 'DckPu uufeufqkdwJUaumifa&m? 'Dar&Dqdkwma&m vlwef;pm;


rSefwJU [mawGrS r[kwfbJ...}}

armifoufwifuom qufvufa0zefaeonf/ olUESifhbufNydKifjiif;olrSm qif;jzpfonf/

]]vlwef;pm;awG bmawGeJU pmtkyfBuD;xJu[mawG &Gwfraeprf;ygeJU? ckvdkjzpfwm vli,fawGrSm


[d&DMowÅyÜw&m; eJyg;vmwmjywm? qkyfuyfqdkawmU jA[®pdk&fw&m;awG bmawG acgif;yg;
vmawmU....}}

- 15 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkvSa0rSm cGD;...ueJ&,fum aq;vdyfrsm;yif oD;aeonf/

q&mrSmyif £ajE´rqnfEdkifatmif NyKH;rdoGm;onf/

]]awmfprf;yg udkudkyefcsm&m? ur®0gvm&Gwfraeprf;ygeJU? armif&if tvGwfusufxm;wJU


tbd"r®mawGudk armif&ihfpum;&nfvkyGJ pifjrifhay:MurS &Gwfjy}}

armifoufwifonf ajymajymqdkqkd tm;vkH;udkEIwfqufum xGufcGmoGm;onf/ olUaemuf


ausmudk Munfhjum qif;u qufa0zefvdkufyg\/

]]'DowÅ0gav;u olom pum;vkH;BuD;BuD;okH;csifwm? vlrsm;us&if rBudKufzl;....}}

]]aeygtkH; udkudkyefcsm.....? 'Dzufu bmvmvkyfwmvJ}}

]]ukdvSa0u jzwfar;vkdufonf}}

]]cifAsm;uaum rdk;awGbmawGacgifatmif ausmif;vmwufovm;.....}}

]]q&mOD;jrifholeJU awGUp&m&SdvkdUyg}}

]][m tawmfbJ uRefawmfvJ q&meJU wdkifyifp&m&SdvkdU....}}

]]uJuJ vmMu vmMu? tcef;xJusrS pum;ajymMu&atmif}}

,cktcsdefxd Nidrfaeaom udkjrifholu olwdkU 2 OD;tm; tcef;qDodkU qJGac:vmonf/

]]bmvJ ..... qif;? 'DAdwfajymp&m &SdjyefNyDvm;....}}

]]r[kwfzl;? 'DESpf uRefawmfwdkU tdEd´,r*¾Zif;rSm uRefawmf arwÅmaw;&SifqdkwJU 0w¦Kwyk'f


a&;rvkdU vmwkdifyifwm...}}

udkvSa0rSm 'kwd,tBudrf wcGD;cGD;ESifh aq;vdyfoD;oGm;&jyefyg\/

- 16 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(3)

ar&Donf ausmif;aqmifodkUjyef&ef t"dywdvrf;tm; jzwfausmfvdkufonf/

vrf;udkjzwfausmfpOf eHeufydkif;u vrf;ay:ü jzpfysufcJUonfudk owd&ojzihf &SufaoG;av;


jzmoGm;rdonf/

ar&DUtaeESifh pmay;cH&onfrSm tqef;r[kwfawmUacs/ odkU&mwGif reufuausmif;om;


jyKrlykHrSm vGefvGef;onf[kxifonf/ eHeufu jzpfcJUykHrSm t&kyfqkd;vSí rawmfwq wuúodkvf
taMumif;qdkvQif [kwfonfjzpfap r[kwfonfjzpfap? wkdif;jynftm; ykHBuD;csJUwifjycsifonfh
tcsKdUaom owif;pmrsm;om odoGm;vQif ausmfraumif;Mum;raumif; rdrdrSm tacsmif emrnf
ysufoGm;Edkifonf/

&efyJGudkowd&rd&mrS &efjzpfolrsm;tm; trSwf&rdjyefonf/ &efudk aq;vdyfaomufrysuf


ur®Xmef;yk*d¾Kvf\ wnfNidrfjcif;ESifh MunhfaeEdkifaom tuFsDjymESifh vlacsmacsmudk t&if trSwf
&onf/ wuúodkvfü tvGefxl;qef;aomvlrsKd;rsm; &Sdwwf&m olonfvnf; þtrsKd;tpm;rS
wa,muf[k ar&Du rSwfcsufcsrdonf/ olaus;Zl;wifpum;ajymcJUonfh vlAvHav;udkrl
ar&Donf av;pm;jcif;w0uf rcHcsifjcif;w0ufESifh owd&onf/ rdef;uav;wOD;tm;
aESmuf&Sufonfudk trkef;cH 0ifwm;onfrSm ol&Jaumif;qefaomfvnf; av;pm;xkdufonfrSm
trSefjzpfonf/ odkU&mwGif aus;Zl;wifpum;ajymaom rdrdtm; tzufrjyK cyfwnfwnf qufqH
vdkufonfhtwGufrl ar&Donf rcHcsifjzpfrdonf/ tprStqkH; þoli,f\[efrSm armuf<um;
<um; EkdifvGef;vSí rdrdtm;Munhfaom olUrsufvkH;rsm;wGif pufqkyfrkef;wD;a&mifrsm; ay:aeonf
[k ar&Dxifonf/

aemufqkH;wGifrl ar&D\tawG;onf vufoD;'PfaMumifh yg;pyfrSaoG;rsm;udk at;csrf;pGm


okwf&if; tudk\ MuifemaomtNyKH;udk NyKH;Edkifonfh q&mqdkolxHa&mufvmonf/ olUtoHrSm
olUtrlt&mvdkyif at;csrf;í xl;jcm;aom qJGiifrIw&yf&Sdonf[k ar&DowdjyKrdcJUonf/ ar&D
tm; vSrf;Munfhvdkufaom olrsufvkH;rsm;rSm Munfvifawmuf&Tef;vSaomfvnf; rdrdtm; jrifcsdef
wcPü bmaMumifhrod? arS;rdef&Da0oGm;um rsufESmrSmvnf; aoG;qkwfonfhtoGif jzLa,mf
oGm;onf/

- 17 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olUoP²mefrSm wcgjrifbl;vQif rarhaysmufEdkifaom oP²mefjzpfonf? t&yfrSm tawmfoG,fum


ydefydefyg;yg;jzpfojzihf &Snfonfxufydk&Snfonf xif&\/ tuFsDjymESifhvlavmuf racsmaomf
vnf; ar;&dk;ESifhESmwHusykHrSm yd&doyf,yfvsuf cHUnm;rGef&nfjcif;ü oluydkonf? tom;rSm
awmfawmfyifjzL&m ol0wfxm;aom rD;cdk;a&mifouúvufwkdufykH? befaumufvkHcsnf tpdrf;wkdU
ESifhqdk vdkufzufonf[k ar&Du oabm&onf/

tawG;vGefvmaom ar&Donf tif;0ausmif;aqmifbufrS ausmif;taqmuftOD;BuD; &Sd&modkU


oG,fwef;vmaom pBuFay:ta&mufü vuf0JbufodkU csKd;0ifrnftjyKwGif taqmuftOD;wGif;
vlqkH&maxmifhü eHeufu [ma0,H&SyfESifhvli,fudk tjcm;taz:ausmif;om;rsm;tv,fwGif
&yf&if; rdrdtm; rrSdwfrokef &yfMunfhaeonfudk awGU&ojzihf &ifav;rSm ckefoGm;um ajcvSrf;
rSmvnf; wkHU&yfoGm;onf/ ausmif;qif;vlpnfaomtcsdefwGif eHeufutjzpfrsKd; xyfrjzpf[k
rnfol qdkEdkifygrnfenf;/

ar&D csDwkHcswkHjzpfaecdkuf axmifhcsKd;tuG,fwckrS ay:vmum rdrd&Sd&mbufodkU OD;acgif;udk


idkufpdkufcsvsuf jznf;nSif;nifompGm avQmufvmolwOD;tm; awGUvdkuf&ojzihf twdkif;rod
0rf;ajrmufoGm;onf/

]]q&m.....}}

tem;a&mufvmaom olUtm; ar&Du OD;atmif NyKH;NyKH;av; EIwfqufvdkufonf/

]]aMomf....}}

olUEIwfrSvnf; pum;wvkH;u vGwfxGufvmonf/ ar&Dtem;ü &yfvkdufpOf olUrsufESmrSm


eHeufuuJUodkUyif jzLzyfjzLa,mf jzpfoGm;jyefonf/

]]reufuwJu q&mhudk ar&D aus;Zl;wifpum; aoaocsmcsm ajymcsifygw,f? 'gayr,fh


ausmif;om;awG rsm;aevdkU....}}

olu ckrS wcsufNyKH;vdkufonf/

]]ar&Duom aus;Zl;wifaewmyg? q&mu ar&D aus;Zl;wifavmufatmif bmrSvJ raqmif&Guf


&ao;ygvm;...}}

- 18 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tdk...... aus;Zl;wif&rSmayghq&m&,f? ar&DpOf;pm;Munhfw,f q&mom tcsdefrSDay:rvm&if


b,ftxdqufvdkU bmawGjzpfusrvJrodbl;......}}

xdkpOf pBuFwavQmuf ausmif;om;rsm;avQmufvmMuojzihf udkjrifholu vrf;z,fay;&ef


atmufajrjyifodkU qif;vkdufaomaMumihf ar&Duyg a&mqif;vdkufonf/

]]q&m tck tdrfjyefrvdkUvm;? ausmif;0if;xJwGif aew,f xifygw,f....}}

]][kwfygw,f? tif;,m;vrf;ay:rSmwifygbJ/ ar&Da&m......}}

]]ar&DvJ apa[mvfudk jyefrvdkU? tawmfygbJ? q&meJU a&SmufvdkufcJUr,f....}}

2 OD;om; pum;qufrqdkawmUbJ ajrvrf;av;wavQmuf tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SU jzwfoGm;


aom uwÅ&mvrf;qDodkU avQmufvmcJUMuonf/

avQmufvmpOf udkjrifholu eHeuf0,f armifoufwif BuD;BuD;us,fus,f vlBuD;yrm &GwfoGm;


aom pum;&yfrsm;udk awG;aerdonf/

]]'Dar&DqdkwJU aumifrav;udku raumif;wmq&m? olukd,fwkdifu wu,fh tJUpw,fvmbJ....}}

olu ab;rS ar&D\ uav;i,fyrm Eke,faom rsufESmazG;azG;av;tm; apmifhiJU Munf&Ivkduf


onf/ armifoufwifpGyfpGJouJUokdU tUJpw,fvm [kwfr[kwf rod&aomfvnf; a,mufsm;rsm;
&l;avmufaom &kyf&Snf&SdaMumif;udkrl owdjyKrdonf/

ar&D\ rsufESmav;u olU&if0,f azsmufzsufxm;ojzihf arhavmufNyD[k xifaeaom pdwf


a0'emw&yfudk vIHUqGaz:ay;aeonf/ odkUaMumifhyif ar&DESifh&ifqdkifwdkif; olUrsufESmu jzLzyf
jzLa&mf jzpfoGm;onf/

ar&du olUxHrS oufjyif;csoHwkd;wdk; Mum;vdkuf&onfxifonf/

]]q&m reufu xdcdkufrdoGm;wm awmfawmfemvm;/ ar&D awG;NyD; pdwfraumif; jzpfaerd


ygw,f...}}

]]tdk...... udpör&Sdygbl;uG,f.....}}

- 19 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ausmif;om;awGudk pdwfrqdk;bl;vm;[if.... q&m....}}

]]tdk bmvdkUpdwfqdk;&rSmvJ ar&D&,f...}}

]]ar&DawmU olwdkUudk wcgwcg odyfrkef;w,fq&m? reufu[mrsKd;uawmU rqdk;vGef;bl;


vm;....}}

olu at;aq;pGmyif NyKH;vdkufjyefonf/

]]ausmif;om;av;awG[m vli,fawGyg ar&D? vli,fawGrSm rdkufwmav;awG rkef;p&mav;awG


&Sdovdk tvdr®mav;awG cspfp&mav;awGvJ &Sdygw,f...}}

olUtoHrSm eHeufwkH;uvdkyif cGifhvTwfjcif;ESifh jynfhaeonf/

]]vli,fawGrSm b,facwfrqdk &l;Muwmav;awG tjypfwifp&mav;awG &SdpNrJaygh? q&mwdkU


acwfwkef;uvJ 'DvkdygbJ? 'gayr,fh vdrfrmw,fqdkwJU vlBuD;vlrdkufawGeJU teD;uyfaygif;&av
&l;MurkdufMuwJU vli,fvlaumif;uav;awG[m ydkMunfndKp&maumif;avygbJ.....}}

olu oJUoJU&,farm&if; ajymojzihf ar&Duyg a&m&,fvkduf&onf/

ar&D avm*spf,lygw,fq&m? q&m zDvkdqdkzDXmeubJ r[kwfvm;/ q&mhudk ar&D rjrifbl;


ao;bl;....}}

]]q&mu pdwfynmXmeuyg...}}

xdkpOfu zDvdkqdkzDXmeESifh pdwfynmXmerSm yl;wGJxm;onf/ pdwfynmrSm 0dZÆm? odkUr[kwf


odyÜHwef;usrSmom pwifoifMum;aomaMumifh Oypmwef;rSmom&Sdao;aom ar&Du olUtm;
rjrifbl;ao;jcif; jzpfavonf/

]]tdk..... q&mu pdwfynmXmeu....}}

ar&Donf oGm;av;rsm; ay:atmifNyKH;&if; ar;onf/

]]bmjyKvkdUvJar&D.....}}

- 20 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf.... ar&Du pdwfynmq&mqdk&if tuFsDBuD;zdk;&dk;zm;&m;0wf rkwfqdwfarT;a&Sa&S? qHyif


pkwfzGm;zGm;eJU vlem;rv,fwJUpum; ajymwwfwJUvlrsKd;xifwm EdkUNyD; pdwfynm,l&if &l;wwf
w,fqdk}} ar&Du uav;i,fyrm olUxifjrifcsuftm; vuf[efajc[efESifh tm;&yg;&uav;
ajymaeojzihf olu vIdufvSJpGm &,farmrdonf/

]]ar&DajymwJU pdwfynmq&mrsKd;u pma&;q&mawG&JU 0w¦KawGrSmom ygwmyg? pdwfynm,l&if


&l;wwfw,fqdkwmuvJ pdwfynmudk pHepfwusravhvmwJUvlawG pdwfynmr[kwfwmudk
pdwfynmxifNyD;? vdkufpm;aewJU tJ.... q&mholi,fcsif; udkvSa0ac:ovdk vGwfaeaom
ynm&SifrsKd;awGom &l;wwfwmyg? rsm;aomtm;jzihfawmU pdwfynmaMumifhr[kwfzl;/ e*dk&fuxJ
u &l;r,fholrkdU &l;wmyg? wu,fhpdwfynmqdkwmrsKd;u &lyab'wdkU ygPab'wkdU vdkbJ bmrS
tEÅ&,f&Sdwmr[kwfzl;/ &l;wJUvludkawmif aysmufatmifukEdkifao;w,f.....}}

]]q&m bJGUb,frSm,lcJUovJ....}} &dkif;&musaomfvnf; odcsifaZmjzihf ar&Du t&JpGefU


ar;vdkufonf/

]]tar&dum;rSmyg....}}

]]yDtdcsf'Daygh? [kwfvm;q&m...}}

olu acgif;ndwfajz&if; pyfpkvSaomar&Dtm; NyKH;í vSnhfMunfhonf/

]]q&mtck uxduvm;q&m....}}

]]r[kwfygbl;? vufaxmufuxduyg.....}}

]]tdk a'gufwkd&dwfawmif&NyD;rS vufaxmufuxdubJ&w,f}}

]]a'gufwmbJGU&NyD;wmeJU uxducefU&r,fvdkU Oya'r&Sdygbl; ar&D? wjcm;EdkifiHrSm a'gufwmbJGU


&,l&if; "wfcJGcef;apmifhwdkUbmwkdU 0ifvkyfaewJUvlawG wykHBuD;bJ....}}

ar&Du pum;qufrajymawmUbJ vrf;ab;wGif pdrf;pdkpGmaygufaeaom opfyifyk0dkif;0dkif;rsm;tm;


wcsuf ai;Munfhvkdufonf/

]]'gawG[m *efUa*:yifawGvm;q&m......}}

- 21 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][kwfw,far&D...}}

]]*efUa*:awGyGifh&if odyfvSrSmbJaemf q&m....}}

bmaMumifhrod? olUrsufESmu rodrom nSKd;usoGm;onf/

]]ar&D... *efUa*:yef;udk cspfovm;....}}

]]tdk odyfcspfwmayghq&m? NyD;awmU [dkoDcsif;av;[m bmwJUq&m? aMomf ]ywÅjrm;yv’if


*efUa*:yef;awGeJU? jrwfbk&m;xHawmfwGif} qdkwJU ]ESpfudk,fopöm} qdkwm ar&D odyfBudKufwmbJ/
aemufyGifhr,fhbk&m;&Sif[m *efUa*:yifatmufrSm yGifhrSmqdkawmh *efUa*:yef;[m odyfjrwfwm
ayghaemf.... q&m....}}

ol\rsufESmrSm rJonfxufrJvmonf/ tvdkufrodaom ar&Duom uav;i,fyrm ajymcsif


wmudk wwGwfwGwf ajymvdkufvmonf/

ESpfOD;om; tif;vsm;vrf;ay:odkU a&mufvmMuonf/ vrf;cJG&rnfhae&mjzpfojzihf olu t&if


&yfvkdufonf/

]]aMomf 'gxufq&m? ppfNyD;uxJu aumvdyfudk a&mufwmayghaemf....}}

]][kwfygw,f ar&D....}}

]]'gjzifhq&m? arU&Drrudk odrvm;rodbl;? arb,fvf ac:w,f? arb,fvfvGifaygh...}}

þtBudrfwGifrl udkjrifhol\ rsufESmrSm ,ciftcgrsm;uxuf jzLzyfjzLa,mf jzpfoGm;onf/


wnfNidrfaom [eftrlt&mrSmvnf; ododomomysufoGm;í rsufvkH;rsm;rSm rIdif;&DoGm;NyD; acwÅ
ar&Dudkom ai;pdkufMunfhvdkufyg\/ odkU&mwGif csufcsif;yif owd&[efESifh rsufESmudk vTJz,f
vdkufum cyfrIdif;rIdif; pdrf;vsuf&Sdaom uHUaumfyifrsm;tm; ai;MunfhvkdufNyD; wvkH;csif;
jznf;av;pGm ajzvdkufonf/

]]odygw,far&D? ar&DUrr arb,fvfwa,mufudk q&maumif;aumif;odygw,f...}}

- 22 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Dtm;ajz[efrwl? olUzmomol wpkHwcktm; av;av;eufeuf trSwf&&if; a&&Gwfae[ef


om ay:ae\/

em;rvnfaom ar&Duom &kwfw&uf trlysufoGm;aom olUtm; ai;ai;av; pdkufMunfhae


rdonf/ xdkpOf olu wcsufNyKH;vdkufNyD; ar&DUtm; EIwfqufonf/

]]uJ.... q&moGm;r,far&D? aemufawmU awGUMuao;wmaygh}}

]][kwfuJUq&m.....? aMomf.... 'gxuf}}

udk,fw0ufyif vSnfhNyD;vsuf xGufcGmawmUrnf [efjyifaeaomolu ajcvSrf;wkHUoGm;onf/

]]bmvJar&D....}}

ar&Du cspfpzG,fyif NyKH;vkdufonf/

]]tdwfpfusL;rD q&m.....? q&mheHr,fvJ ar&D rod&ao;bl;}}

olu wkefvIyfoGm;[efESifh ar&DUtm; pdkufMunfhaeonf/ olUtMunfhrSm rdrd&ifwGif;rS wpkH


wcktm; &SmazGae[ef&Sdonf[k ar&Du cHpm;rdonf/ &kwfw&uftajzr&ojzihf ar&DrSmvnf;
awGUp&Sdao;oljzpfvsuf q&morm;vnf;jzpfolwOD;tm; rqifrjcif emrnfar;rdojzifh &dkif;&m
usoGm;NyDvm;[k xifum rsufESmav;ysufoGm;&Smonf/

xkdpOfolu jznf;av;pGm qdkonf/

]]q&mrSef;rodayr,fh q&mheHr,fudk ar&D odNyD;aeavmufyDvdkU q&mxifw,f...}}

]]&Sif.....}}

]]arb,fvfvGif&JUnDr ar&D[m q&mheHr,fudk odESihfaeygvdrfhr,f....}}

ar&D\ESvkH;rSm 'dwfueJckefoGm;onf/ &ifrSmvnf; wvSyfvSyfckefvm\/ xdkcPwGifyif


ta0;odkUai;ae&mrS olu ar&DUtm; jyefí rsufESmcsif;qdkifvkdufonf/ þtBudrfwGifrl ar&D
awGUcJU&aom tudkwOD;\ arwÅmaiGUjynfhonfh MuifemrItNyKH;rSm ay:vGifat;csrf;ae\/

- 23 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]q&mheHr,f.... jrifhol....}}

]]tkd.....}}

ar&D\ESvkH;rSm &yfoGm;onfxif&\/ xl;qef;aom pdwfa0'emwrsKd;u ar&DUwudk,fvkH;tm;


vTrf;NcKHvdkufojzifh vlrSm wkefwkef,if,if jzpfvmonf/

]]jrifhol....? q&mheHr,f jrifhol.....}}

ar&DU&ifrSm yJUwifxyfae\/ rsufvkH;rsm;rSmvnf; &DjymjymjzpfoGm;um rsufESmav;rSmvnf;


&SufaoG;jzihf &JoGm;onf/ at;csrf;pGm&yfaeoltm; trsKd;trnfroJuJGaom tNyKH;jzihf EIwfquf
vsuf rajy;&kHwr,f oGufoGufuav; cJGxGufcJUol ar&DUrSm woufESifhwudk,f rdrdudk,fudk
rdrdxifouJUodkU xdef;csKyfr[efaqmifEdkifao;aMumif; a&;a&;odxifvmonf/

- 24 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(4)

armifoufwifonf wuúodkvftrIxrf;rsm;&dyfomudk jzwfazgufxm;aom vrf;wavQmufrS


olaeaom waumif;ausmif;aqmif&Sd&modkU wa,mufwnf; vrf;avQmufjyefvmpOf wavmu
vkH;tm; pdwfrausreyf jzpfaeonf/

armifoufwifvdk aumifav;rsKd;rSm avmutm; rauseyfonfhpdwf xm0pOf&ifü cdkwJG aewwf


onf/ t&G,fa&mufvmí rdrd\ vlvm;ajrmufaomtjzpfudk odonfrSpí rSefuefjcif;? w&m;
rQwjcif;? jzLpifjcif;? wdk;wufjcif;paom vlwdkif;jrwfEdk;rSef;odvsuf? vlwdkif;ESifh vlavmuwGif
b,faomtcgurQ tjynfht0r&SdcJUaom? b,faomtcgwGifrQ? tjynfht0&Sd&ef rvG,faom?
pHjyoabmrsm;udkom udk;uG,frdí r&Sdao;aom þt&mrsm;udk &Sdvmatmif vkyfcsifaomqE´rSm
wuf<uvmaom tiftm;ESifhtwl rdrdwkdU&ifwGif jyif;jyvmonf/ wenf;tm;jzihf vlUabmif
tm; &Sdaeonfhtwdkif; vufrcHcsifbJ rdrdwdkU&Sdapvdkonfhtwkdif;om jzpfapcsifonf/ ta[mif;
rSeforQudk ypfy,fbG,fxifvmí topfrSeforQudk vufwnfhprf;Munfhvdkaom jrwfEkd;bG,f&m
tjzpf jrifvmonf/ rdrdESifhtjrifrwloludkawGU vQif &efoltjzpfxuf vGJírMunfhwwfbJ
,kHMunfrIonf ,kHMunfrIomjzpfvsuf trSefw&m;r[kwfaMumif; cJGjcm;rodao;acs/ rdrd
,kHMunfonfom trSefjzpfí rdrdrSefonfxif&myif rdrd\,HkMunfbG,f jzpfaeonf/ onf
Mum;wGif rdrd\tpJGESifhudkufaom avmujyKjyifa&; aq;enf;wdk tvG,fvrf;rsm;udkawGUvQif
rdkufrdkufuef;uef; pGwfvdkufwwfonf/

odkUaMumifhyifvnf; rdrd&aeonfudk qef;ppfrMunfhrdbJ rdrdvdkcsifonfudkom &vdkaom


armifoufwifrSm xm0pOf avmutm; rauseyfjzpfaeonf/ rMumcPvnf; &efjzpfwwf
onf/ wcgw&H Adkvf&l;BuD;'GefuDa&maw; t&l;xouJUodkU tv,facwfoHcsyf0wf ol&Jaumif;
BuD;rsm;yrm jrif;wpD;? vSHwacsmif;? 'dkif;wckESifh a&qkH;ajrqkH; wavmuvkH;tm; vuf&kH;
tm;udk;jzihf vdkufjyKjyifcsifpdwfrsm;vnf; ay:vmwwfonf/ rdrdrSefonfxifojzifh rdrd
,kHMunfum 0ifa&mufaqmif&Gufaeaom? rdrd\tzJGUtpnf;rS acgif;aqmifqdkolrsm;ESifh olwdkU
tvGwf&Gwfqdkjywwfaom? rdrdaumif;aumif;em;rvnfaomfvnf; rdrdtxifBuD;onfh cHUnm;
x,f0gaom pum;vkH;BuD;rsm;jzihf oDukH;xm;aom oabmw&m;a&;rsm;aMumifhom r[kwf[k
qdkvQif armifoufwifrSm tu,fyif acwfopf'GefuDa&maw; jzpfaernfvm;rod/ rSm;onf
jzpfap? rSefonfjzpfap? wuúodkvfa&mufcJUNyD;rS armifoufwifonf bmvkyfvkyf? bmBuHBuH
oabmw&m;a&;av;rsm; xnfhpOf;pm;wwfvmí þuJUodkU pOf;pm;&onfudkyif t&om
awGUvmonf/

- 25 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

,ckvnf; eHeufu &efjzpfvmcJUonfh udpöudkom pOf;pm;vmonf? olvkyfcJUonfudk ol


vufcH,HkMunfxm;aom oabmw&m;a&;ESifh EIdif;,SOfokH;oyfum olUudk,fol rausreyf
jzpfvmonf/ cPrSmyif xkH;pHtwkdif; rdrdudk,fudkrl cGifhvTwfvdkufNyD; vkyfwdkif;cHavmutm;om
pdwf&Sdvuf&Sd tpGrf;ukef rausreyfjzpfypfvkdufonf/

avQmufvm&mrS armifoufwifonf vrf;ay:rS ausmufcJ 3 vkH;avmufudk aumufNyD; cyf


vSrf;vSrf;&Sd ydawmufyifrsm;tm; wyifpD vTJypfaygufvdkuf\/

jynfausmif;aqmif taemufaygufrS 0ifrnfjyKpOf reD;ra0;&Sd a&bkHbdkifrS a&cHaeaom


rdef;rtdkwOD;tm; armifoufwifonf vSrf;jrifrdonf/ rdef;rtdkrSm av;vHaom a&ykH;BuD;tm;
acgif;ay:wif&ef rEdkifojzifh ab;bDudk vSrf;arQmfMunfhaeonf/ armifoufwifu tajy;
uav; csOf;uyfoGm;um a&ykH;udk tr,ftdk\acgif;ay:odkU ulnDí rwifay;vdkufonf/

]]'DavmufaeylBuD;xJrSm tdkBuD;tdkreJU a&vmo,f&ovm;...}}

]]aMomf.... vluav;&,f....? tarro,fvdkU b,folo,frvJ...}}

]]om;awG orD;awG r&Sdbl;vm;...}}

]]orD;awmU r&Sdygbl;uG,f....? om;rkqdk;zdkeJU ajr;av;awGawmU&Sdw,f/ om;uvJ xrif;csuf&kH


udk tvkyfqif;aew,f}}

armifoufwifonf bmrQqufrajymawmUbJ xGufvmcJUonf/ pdwfxJwGifrl rausrcsrf;


a&&Gwfvmonf/

]]awmuf...? wpufrStokH;uswJU vlaerIpHepfBuD;r[kwfzl;? 'DpHepfqdk;BuD;udk zsuf&r,f? zsufudk


zsufypf&r,f}}

olonf aemufxyfcJ 3 vkH;udk aumufum ydawmufyifrsm;tm; vTJypfaygufvkdufjyefyg\/

armifoufwifonf waumif;a[matmufxyf xrif;pm;cef;ü aumfzDwcGufudk 0ifarmhcJUNyD;


ta&SUbuftpG,f\ tay:xyfodkU wufcJUpOf wa,moHwckudk Mum;vkduf&onf/

- 26 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;eHygwf 194 a&SUwGif yufvufukvm;xdkif udk,fpDjzihf xdkifaeMuaom ausmif;om;BuD;BuD;


2 OD;tm; awGU&onf/ wOD;rSm tom;vwfvwf rsufaygufusOf;usOf;ESifh w&kyfujym;ESifh
wlonf/ olonf usOf;aomrsufayguftm; arS;&if; wa,mudk cRJcRJEJGUEJGUxdk;aeonf/ olESifh
,SOfxdkifvsuf&Sdaom ausmif;om;rSm uwkH;qHaxmuf a&TrsufrSef0if;0if;ESifh ydefydefyg;yg;jzpfum
BuD;rm;aomvnfpvkwf &Sdonf/

olUrsufESmrSm 'g&dkufwma&TnmarmifESifh tenf;i,f qifoa,mif&Sdaomfvnf; ol\ tEkynm


tqifhtwef;udkrl wa,mwD;olu ajcaxmufESifh tcsufjyaevsufu pnf;udk wvJGwacsmf
vdkufaejcif;jzihf cefUrSef;tuJcwf MunfhEdkif\/

]][m..... udkMuufO? tm.... a,mifvdkU udkwifOD;armif? oDcsif;av;bmav; qdktkH;rSaygh}}

]]rif;....tar}}

a&TnmarmifESifhwlaom ausmif;om;\yg;pyfrS ajymifajrmufaom *DwwvkH;u xGufvmonf/

wifOD;armifrSm vlydefoavmuf xGm;usKdif;aomrdef;rysKdrsm;tm; BudKufwwf&m wcgu olU


cE¨mudk,fav;tm; usdefqJí oli,fcsif;rsm;rodatmif wuúokdvftav;r&kHü wdwfwdwfusdwf
avhusifhbl;onf/ ntcgrsm;wGifvnf; vlajcwdwfcsdefwGif aowÅmwGif;ü 0Sufxm;aom
MuufOrsm;udk ckd;aomufavh&Sd&mrS wcsDwGif vlrdoGm;ojzihf oli,fcsif;atmifcifjrifh
<uufom;armifbJGU&ouJUodkU olvnf; ausmfraumif;Mum;raumif; MuufOarmifbJGU &cJUjcif;
jzpfonf/ yifudk,ftm;jzihf oabmaumif;aom ausmif;om;wOD; jzpfaomfvnf; olUtm;
MuufOarmif[k ac:oltm; vla&SUola&S&ra&Smif ratESifhudkifwkwfwwfonf/

wBudrfwGifvnf; xrif;pm;rnfjyKpOf pm;yJGxkd;udkOmPftm; bm[if;csufonfudk ar;rdojzifh


udkOmPfu bJO[if;csufaMumif; ajzrd&m OqdkvQif bmOrSrMum;csifaom wifOD;armifonf
a,mifí ratESifhwkwfzl;onf/ bkrodbrodESifh cHvdkuf&&Smaom udkOmPfrSm aemifrS
ausmif;om;rsm;xHrS taMumif;odvsuf olwdkUxHrSyif bJOMuufOtm; wifOD;armifa&SU ac:enf;
udk &cJUavonf/ aemufwBudrfvnf; bJO[if;csufjyef&m yg;pyftNidrfraeEdkifaom
wifOD;armifonf ar;jyefonf/

]]udkOmPf bm[if;vJAsKdU}}

]][dkq&m... tm.... bJ...... bJ..... bJvkH;[if; q&m}}

- 27 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rat....}}

ausmif;om;rsm; wcGD;cGD;&,faepOf wifOD;armifrSm xdkaeUu xrif;rpm;awmUbJ tcef;wGif;rS


xGufoGm;bl;onf/

oDcsif;vnf; tvGefqdkcsiforQ toHrSm jymíaMumifonf/ toHaMumifolrsm; oDcsif;rsm;rsm;


atmfqdkay;vQif toHaumif;wwfonf qdkojzihf a&csKd;&if; a&csKd;cef;rif;om; bJGU&atmif
atmf[pf oDcsif;qdkaewwfolvnf; jzpfonf/ rnfrQavhusifhapumrl ajcmufaygufjzihf
xdk;aeaom wa,mudk ol0ifqdkvQif olUtoHrSm ckepfoHwGifa&mufaeí wa,mxdk;olu
ckepfoHajymif;í xkd;ay;vQif olUtoHu ajcmufaygufodkU jyefusvmwwfonftxd qufvuf
aMumifNrJaMumifaeonf/

þESpfcsufrSm wifOD;armifrcHEdkifaom ajymcsuf 2 csufjzpf&m 4if;wdkUudkrS zufí aemufajymif


EIwfqufvdkufaom armifoufwiftm; wifOD;armifu wkHUjyefvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/

wa,mxdk;aeaom ausmif;om;rSm £ajE´rqnfEdkifatmif &,farmrdojzifh wa,mqufrxkd;


EdkifbJ &yfvdkuf&onf/

]]wifOD;armif&m rif;qJoHMum;vdkuf&wm pdwful;,Ofwmawmif aysmufoGm;wmbJ}}

wifOD;armifrSmvnf; onfawmUrS ydefuyfvSaom&ifrS rcsdrqHUxGufvmaom &IdufoHESifh


wlonfh olUobm0 &,fjcif;udkjyKonf/

armifoufwifonf ab;wGif vGwfaeaom ukvm;xdkifwckay:wGif 0ifxdkifvdkufonf/

wa,mq&mausmif;om;u olUtm; armfMunfhNyD; ajymvkdufonf?

]]qdk....? b,foleJU &efjzpfcJUao;vJ...}}

]][m..... rajymygeJUawmUAsm....}}

]]rajymawmUygbl;.....}}

armifoufwifrSm aMumifoGm;cdkuf wifOD;armifu rcsdrqHU&,foHav;ESifh 0ifaemufjyefonf/

- 28 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tif;.... [if;....[ifh..... rajymygeJUawmU}}

]][m.... udk&Sdef.....? cifAsm;BuD; odyfqdk;wJUvl.... uRefawmfu taumif;ajymwmrSwfvkdU....}}

waumif;ausmif;aqmifom;rsm;ESifh tzJGUusaom armifcdkifvrf; wuúpDpwif;rS um;'&dkifbm


2OD; &Sdonf/ udktaumif;ESifh udkpdef[efjzpfonf/ 4if;wdkU 2OD;tm; &,fí udk&Sdefu aemuf
aejcif; jzpfonf/

]]aeAsm....? usKyfrajymawmUbl;? oGm;r,f....}}

]]aMomf.... aeygtkH;? vlav;ui,fNyD;? a'gou BuD;vScsnfhvm;}}

ukd&Sdefu acsmharmhNyD; jyefqJGrS armifoufwifu jyefxdkifonf/

]]uJ ajym&eftoifhjyif p.....ajym.....}}

udk&SdefrSm pum;aumif;ajymír&? tm;vQif rsufESm ajymif&Twfae&rS auseyfoljzpfonf/


olU"mwfudkodNyD;om; armifoufwifrSm qufpdwfrqdk;EdkifawmUbJ &,farmíom aevdkuf&
onf/

]][dkaumifrav;ayghAsm....? olUudk,fu taerwwfzl;..../ a,mufsm;jrif jrLovdk usLovdkeJU


e&if;csnf; tkyfypfzkdUaumif;w,f}}

]]tm;.... aMomf..... aMomf..... [dkaumifrav;udk;? tif;tif;.... tJ'Dvdk &Sif;&Sif;av; ajymtkH;


rSaygh....}}

]]cifAsm;BuD;u aemufzkdUbJapmifhae? qkH;atmifjzifh em;raxmifbl;? b,faumifrav;&rvJ?


cifAsm;bJ tJUpw,fvmvdkU eHe,fay;xm;wmav;aygh...}}

]]aMomf.... ar&Dvm;? bmvJ.... rif; 'Daumifrav;eJU ebrf;vkH;owfcJUvdkUvm;}}

]]vkyfNyD? uRefawmfu bmvdkUoleJU ebrf;vkH;owf&rSmvJ....}}

- 29 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rodbl;av... armif&ifu &efjzpfvmao;vJqdk&JU? ar&DqdkawmU igu oleJUjzpfvmw,f


xifvkdUyg....}}

]]oleJUr[kwfzl;As...? [dk uufeufqdkwJU vlpifppfu arsmufjzpfaewJU ieJeJU? olu ar&Dudk


pmvdkufay;w,fav...}}

]]bmbm... ar&Dudk pmvkdufay;w,f.../ [[... aeygtkH; pmay;&kHbJvm;...}}

wifOD;armifu pdwf0ifpm;vm[efESifh udk,fudka&SUnGwf&if; ar;onf/

]]tif; tif;... vlu ydefuydefoeJU? 'grsKd;rsm;us w,f0goemBuD;w,f....}}

wifOD;armifrSm b,frdef;uav;udkrS pmay;&Jolr[kwf&m vlrsm;pmay;onfh taMumif;qdkvQif


oGm;&nfwjrm;jrm;ESifh em;axmifwwfonf/ xdkpOf teD;&Sd tcef;wckrS 0kef;'dkif;ESifh toHMum;
vkduf&NyD; r[mezl;ajymifajymif yg;pyfNzJNzJ *ifwdkwdkESifh ausmif;om;wOD;rSmvnf; ckefayguf
ajy;xGufvmonf/

]][...[....aeMuygtkH;? igvJem;axmifyg&ap...}}

]]tHrm... aomufyif;u 'grsKd;usawmU ta0;BuD;uMum;w,f....}}

ezl;ajymifESifh ausmif;om;rSm w[J[J&,f&if; tem;ü0ifxkdifvdkufonf/ aemuf em;udk


vuf0g;ESifhumvsuf armifoufwifajymorQudk pdwf0ifpm;pGmjzihf em;axmifaeonf/ aemuf
xGufvmaomausmif;om;rSm em;yif;ac: a&Tem;ayac: <uufom;armifbJGU& atmifcifjrifh
jzpfonf/

3 OD;om;rSm armifoufwif jyefvnfajymjyaom Zmwfvrf;tm; rSwfcsufrS 0ifrcsrdatmifyif


tm&kHpdkuf em;axmifaeMuonf/ wcgw&Hom a&Tem;ayu olroJuGJaomae&mrsm;ü xyf
ajymckdif;ojzihf em;t&omysufoGm;rI&Sdonf/

armifoufwif pum;qkH;oGm;aomtcg 3OD;om;onf rsufvkH;rsm;udkjyL;vsuf wa,mufrsufESm


udk wa,muf ar;cGef;xkwfouJUodkU MunfhrdMuonf/

- 30 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'gbmrSr[kwfzl;As.....? t&if;ppftjrpfajruqdkwmvdk trsKd;om;,Ofaus;rI ysufvkdUjzpf&wm?


a0gpw&du aoG;pkwfaumifBuD;awG tvdkus xkwfvkdufwJU t&if;&SifEdkifiHu &kyf&SifawGMunfh?
t&if;&SifEdkifiHu rdrppf? zrppf ,Ofaus;rIawG twkcdk;? 'gawGaMumifh 'DwuúodkvfBuD;
ysufpD;aewm....}}

armifoufwifu 550 ZmwfawmftqkH;ü opömav;yg;eSifh csKyfouJUodkU olUpum;tm; xkH;pH


twkdif;yif pmtkyfBuD;t& t&if;&SifEdkifiHrsm;udk ykwfcwfvsuf tqkH;owfvdkufonf/

]]om"k...om"k.....om"k....}}

armif&Sdefu &TwfysufysufESifh olUa'oemtm; aumif;csDay;vdkufonf/ wifOD;armifurl....


]]ajy;Mua[h..... a&SmifMua[h.... avBuD;rdk;BuD; 0kef;'dkif;}} [k 0ifaemufvkduf\/

olwdkU 3OD;pvkH;rSm ausmif;aqG;aqG;? vlaqG;aqG; [laomZJGjzihf wuúodkvf0,f ppfNyD;p


a&mufuwnf;rS aysmfaysmfBuD; aevmMuolrsm; jzpfonf/

,ckwGif wifOD;armifwa,mufom bJGU&NyD; pmayAdrmefü acwÅ0ifvkyfvsuf Oaya'wef;


wuf&if; EdkifiHawmf0efxrf; pmar;yJGatmifpm&if;udk apmifhaeoljzpfonf/ udk&SdefrSm bDtufpD
tif*sifeD,m aemufqkH;ESpfrSjzpfí bDatatmifNyD;om; atmifcifjrifhrSm bDtD;'D wufaeol
jzpfonf/ 0g&ifhcJUNyDjzpfaom olwdkUuJUodkU ausmif;om;BuD;rsm;twGuf wuúodkvfa&mufp
armifoufwifwdkUuJUodkU tvGwfusufxm;aom EkdifiHa&;pum;vkH;BuD;rsm;udk okH;csifol vlopf
uav;rsm;tm; ESpfpOfawGUcJU&ojzihf txl;tqef;r[kwfawmUbJ jyufvkH;&Sifuav;rsm; tjzpf
om rSwf,lxm;Muonf/

]]aeygtkH; oufwif&m? armif&ifajymovdk wuúodkvfBuD; ysufqD;aebD qkd&atmifu ar&D


uaum b,favmufBuD;wJU tjypfrsm; vkyfaevdkUvJ? vkyfw,fxm;ygtkH;? ar&Dvdk aumifr
av;awG[m wuúodkvfrSm ESpf&mckdifEIef;awmif r&Sdygbl;/ ausmif;oltrsm;pk[m rif; [dk Nidrf;
qdkwJU aumifrav;rodbl;vm;? olUvdk pmayudkomvkdufpm;wJU todkuf&Sdw,f/ y*¾D0rf;wkdUvdk
&Dp&m&Sd&D? aysmfp&m&SdaysmfeJU cav;vdkaysmfaysmfaewwfwJU todkuf&Sdw,f/ trsm;qkH;uawmU
udk,fhudk,fvJ tvSjyif? ausmif;vJrSefrSefwuf cspfwJUvlawGU&ifvJ tdrfaxmifbufjyKbdkU
a&G;oifha&G;NyD; Ak'¨bmom jrefrmtrsKd;orD;*kPfudk xdef;aeMuwmygbJ? uufeufvdk rsKd;rppfwJU
owÅ0gawGuaum ausmif;BuD;wckvkH;rajymeJU? 'dkUausmif;aqmifrSmawmif b,fESpfa,muf
&SdvdkUvJ? rif;wdkU[mu r[kwfao;ygbl;/ ickH;rawmifaMumifh wavSvkH;ykyfatmif 0g;vkH;

- 31 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

csD;okwf ,rf;wmudk;..../ [dk pwkw¦r@KdifqdkNyD; r[kwfur@dKifjzpfMuwJU wcsKdUowif;pm


awGu owif;axmufwcsKdUeJU w,fwlwmbJ}}

q&mavmif;vnf;jzpfí um,Avorm;vnf;jzpfaom atmifcifjrifhuom rcHcsifojzihf orm


orwf 0ifajymonf/

]]pdwfawmUr&SdygeJU armifoufwif? igom csefpvmqdk&if rif;wkdUvkd jyKwfrEl; pdwful;,Of


atmufajcvGwf Muufwla&G; qefukefajrav; EdkifiHa&;orm;awGudk ausmw&m&ifw&m
'PfESpf&mcwfyD; NrdKif&yfudk ESifypfvkdufrSmbJ.....}}

armif&Sdefuvnf; aemufovdkajymifovdkESifh rsufESmudkpyfNzJNzJxm;&if; ememav; 0ifESufvdkuf


onf/

armifoufwif\ rsufESmav;rSm eD&JoGm;onf/ olonf atmifcifjrifhESifh armif&SdefwkdUudk


xxdk;vdkufcsifonf/ odkU&mwGif olwdkUrSm xxdk;xdk;? xqJqJ emwwfolrsm;r[kwfí cufonf/

]]cifAsm;wkdU tJ'Dvkdom ausmif;om;ta&;udk aqmif&Gufr,fhvlawGr&Sd&if tukef 'ku©a&muf


ukefrSmaygh......}}

]]bk&m;a&... uvl uvl....}}

udk&Sdefu rsufjzLqkdufoGm;onfh[ef vkyfvkdufojzifh usef 2a,mufu 0dkif;&,fvkdufMuonf/

]]tif;... 'Dyk*¾dKvfBuD;awGr&Sd&if 'dkUpmrwwfawmUbl; xifyg&JU}}

]]uRefawmfajymwmu ausmif;om;tcGifhta&;awG umuG,fbdkUajymwm}}

]][ aumif&.... ausmif;om;tcGifhta&; umuG,fay;bdkUqdkwmu 'dkUtxufvlawGu 'dkU&efol


awGrdkU 'dkUudk wrifcsKyfcs,faewmrdkUvm;? 'dkUtxufu qdkwm[m 'dkUq&mawGbJr[kwfvm;
tpdk;&u csKyfcs,f&atmif qdkwmuvJ EdkifiHjcm;tpdk;&vJr[kwf/ awmfyguGm....? rif;wdkU[m
awmfawmfMum om;orD;tcGifhta&; umuG,fa&;? rdbqefUusifa&;tzJGUrsm; zJGUtkH;rvm;
rodbl;}}

- 32 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udk&Sdef\ aemufqkH;pum;aMumifh usef 2 a,mufu tm;&yg;& 0if&,fvdkufMuonf/


armifoufwif bmrQjyefrajzEdkifrD wifOD;armifu qufjyefonf/

]]rif;wkdUu bmbJajymajym...? 'dkUuawmU 'dkUwuúodkvf'dkU odyfvGwfvyfw,f xifw,f?


vGwfvyfvGef;vdkUawmif cufaeao;w,f? ausmif;wufcsifwuf rwufcsifae? a[mu
xGufcsifwJUtcsdefxGuf 0ifcsifwJUtcsdef0if? zwfcsifwJU pmtkyfzwf? rzwfcsifwJUpmtkyfvTifhypf?
ausmif;urSefwHcg;awG &dkufcJGjcifcJG rcJGcsifae/ pmar;yGJajzcsifajz rajzcsifae/ ausmif;olawG
taqmifa&SU oDcsif;atmfqdkcsifqdk ucsifu/ ysif;ao;vdkU ay:jyLvmjzpfcsifao;vQif tpdk;&udk
aumfqJcsifqJ? aumfqJ&if;u 'Dwkdif;jynfrSm vGwfvyfpGma[majymcGifhr&Sdygbl;vdkU jyufvkH;
xkwfcsifxkwf/ at;...... tJ'DvGwfvyfcGifhawGudk usyfjynfhwif;jynfh cHpm;aeMuwmuvJ rif;wkdU
EdkifiHa&;ausmif;om;awGyg? tJ'Dvkd vkyfcsifwmvkyfNyD; tcsdefwefbJGUr&bJ xrif;iwfawmU
ri;ftb b,fEdkifiHa&;orm;urS xrif;vmrauR;bl;....}}

]]tif;.... tif;..... odyfcsD;rGrf;ae? tck 3cgus pHepfawG bmawG xGifawmUrwJU..}}

armifoufwifu &GJUumrJUum ajymvkdufonf/ udk&SdefeSifhatmifcifjrifhu 0rf;omtm;& xckef


vkdufonf/

]]ESdyf[......? tJ'DpHepfom apmapmu&Sd&if 'dkUMumvSbD? bJGUawGbmawG,lyD; tvkyftudkifeJU


rdef;r&vdkU cav;w'gZifausmfaeyD/ vGwfvGwfvyfvyfBuD;aeEdkifwmrdkU 'dkU ausmif;aqG;aqG;?
vlaqG;aqG; aevmvdkufMuwm tck b,fESpfESpf&SdbDvJ? a[h....aeygtkH;[? 'dkU ausmif;a&muf
wm b,fESpfuvJ.....}}

udk&Sdefu udk,fausmif;a&mufaomESpfudk arhaeojzihf 2a,mufuyg cufcufcJcJ 0ifwGufay;


ae&onf/ atmifcifjrifhu t&ifowd&onf/

]][dkuGm...AdkvfcsKyfwkdU rusqkH;cif wESpfu}}

]]tm;.... 46 ckESpfaygh? tck 53 ckeSpfawmif &SdbDr[kwfvm;? b,favmufawmif MumbDvJ 'dkU


ausmif;a&mufpu armifoufwifwkdUqdk ESyfcsD;wJGavmif; a*G;wJGavmif;eJU upm;wkef;&SdtkH;r,f
tufpuvyfpf&vdkU 'dkUxuf wwef;bJydkBuD;wJU 'dkUoli,fcsif; udkjrifholwdkUqdk ck tar&dum;u
jyefvmvdkU a'gufwmbJGUawG bmawG&NyD; uxduawmif jzpfaebD}}

- 33 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]awmfprf;ygAsm.... 'D okH;cguspHepfBuD;u rw&m;vkyfwmyg? ynma&;bwf*sufrSm aiGrokH;Ekdif


vkdU ausmif;om;awGudk ausmif;u uefxkwfcsifvdkU xGifwmyg/ ausmif;q&m rvkHavmuf?
ausmif;pmtkyf rvkHavmufeJU ausmif;om;awG pmar;yJGusrSmaygh....}}

]]rif;ajymovdkbJ wefprf;ygarmif&if&m.....? rifhqifajcawGudk ausmif;taMumif; bmrSrodwJU


vludk oGm;ay;prf;yg/ rif;vJ todom;bJ/ 'dkUvJ uscJUwmbJ/ uswJUausmif;om; awmfawmf
rsm;rsm;[m wESpfvkH;aysmf? a[;av;0g;vm;vkyf? rwfv pmar;yGJajzawmUr,fqdk Zefe0g&Dv
avmuf&SdrS pmusuf? ruscHEdkifyghrvm; rif;oGm;Munfhprf;.... vdkifba&&Day:rSm pmrSefrSefusuf
aewJU tJ'DvlawGxJu uswJUvl b,fESpfa,muf&SdvJ/ at;.... cRif;csufawmU &Sdoayghav?
tifrwefxdkif;wJU vlawG? tajccHodyfnHUcJUwJU vlawG? olwdkUawmU BudK;pm;ayr,fh uscsif
usraygh....}}

]]awmfygAsm? cifAsm;wdkUeJU pum;ajymvdkU rjzpfygbl;.....}}

atmifcifjrifhu armifoufwiftm; uav;i,fuJUodkU yckH;ykwfum acsmhvdkufonf/

]]jzpfygw,fuGm.....? rif; wjcm;pum;omajymyg? EkdifiHa&;awmU vmra[meJU 'dkUu aESm{uaESm


aebD? tck rif;wdkUacgif;aqmifqdkwJU zdk;wdawG rif;wdkUtzJGUuaum? rif;wdkU twdkuftcHuaum
tm;vkH; 'dkUodw,f? b,folb,favmufawmfw,f? a&Smfw,f? nmw,f? wwfw,f? bmawG
vkyfcJUw,f 'dkUtukefodw,f [m..... tawmfbJ rif;eJUpum;ajymvkdU&r,fh yk*¾KdvfBuD;awG vmbD
oGm;awmU...}}

tm;vkH;onf avScg;OD;qDodkU MunfhvkdufMu&m qHyifpkwfzGm;? 0ufNcHxl &Srf;vG,ftdwfESifh


ausmif;om;ykykwOD;tm; awGU&onf/ olUtem;wGifuyfvsuf tom;jzLjzL t&yfjrifhjrifhESifh
jyZmwfrif;om;*dkuf zrf;aeolwOD;udkyg jrif&onf/

armifoufwifonf udk&SdefwkdUtm; EIwfrqufawmUbJ xdkausmif;om; 2 OD; qDodkU xGufcGm


oGm;onf/

]]okb&mZmnGefUeJU wJGvmwm b,folvJ....}}

ausmif;aqmifwGifraeawmUbJ acwÅvmvnfolomjzpfonfh wifOD;armifu ar;onf/

]]nGefUwifBuD;vdkbJ? jynfolUpma&;q&mqdk xifyg&JU? emrnfu MunfjzLwJU...}}

- 34 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]olwdkUudk b,folu jynfolUpma&;q&mbJGU ay;vJ.....}}

]]olwdkUzmom olwkdU ac:MuwmbJav}}

3OD;om; NydKifwl &,fvdkufrdMuonf/

]]at;a[h.... udkvSa0BuD; ajymovdkbJ? 'dkUArmjynfrSm tcktvGwfynm&SdawG odyfaygaew,f}}

udk&Sdefu rSwfcsufcsonf/

]]a[m[dkrSm vGwfaeaom jynfolUorufBuD; 2 a,muf vmbD....}}

atmifcifjrifhu ajymvdkufojzifh olwdkUonf atmufodkU ikHUMunfhvkdufMuonf/

tuFsDjymESifh udkvSa0onf rkwfqdwfarT; qif;ESifhtwl ausmif;aqmifa&SUvrf;rS avQmufvmMu


onf/

qif;onf atmifcifjrihftm; jrifaomtcg nmvufudk xrif;vkyf,l[ef yg;pyfqDydkUNyD; ]]a&csKd;


NyD;yvm;}} [k ar;vdkufonf/ a&Tem;ay atmifcifjrifhu ]]xrif;vm; pm;NyD;bD}}[k jyefajzonf/

]]aomufyif;.... 'grsKd;awmUrMum;bl;/ 'Davmufyif;wJUem;eJU bDtD;atmif&if uav;awG


b,fvkdvkyfrsm; pmoifrvJrodbl;}}

armif&Sdefu aemufrSae ajymvdkuf\/ atmifcifjrifhu NyKH;csKdpGmvSnfhMunfhvdkuf&if; ar;onf/

]]b,folvJ? udkvSa0vm;...}}

aMomf yif;ygw,fqdkrS uef;jyaejyefygbD? eifhudkajymwm eifhudk.....}}

ESpfOD;om;rSm tlwufrwwf &,frdMuonf/

]]a[h armif&Sdef rEÅav;yefcsmu odyf ay:jyLvmjzpfaeygvm;....}}

- 35 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

qif; OypmodyÜHwef;atmifí waumif;ausmif;aqmifodkU ajymif;vmaomESpfu jzpfonf/


ausmif;aqmifrS xrif;rauR;ojzihf qdkifrSydkUaomxrif;udk tcef;xJwGif udk&SdefESifh wifOD;armif
rSmpm;aeMupOf vlopfjzpfol qif;u jzwfavQmufvmonf/ yg;pyf tNidrfraeEdkifaom
armif&Sdefu vSrf;aemufvdkuf\/

]]tD;...q&muD;.... pm;ygOD;vm;....}}

]]aMomf.... okH;aqmifawmfrlMuygcifAsm/ aus;Zl;wifvSygw,f/ bm[if;awGeJUrsm; okH;aqmif


aeMuygovJ? oGm;vdkuftkH;r,f cGifhjyKygaemf}}

OD;acgif;ndwfum cg;nGwfumESifh qif;u jyefajymoGm;ojzihf 2OD;om; [efraqmif&JbJ


&,frdMu&m xrif;vkyf rrsKdrao;aom wifOD;armifyg;pyfrS xrif;aphrsm; udk&Sdef\rsufESmodkU
pOfukefonf/

]]&D;...... 'DavmufyJ &D&ovm;? ayukefbD....}}

]]rif;tbudk oGm;pwmudk? tm*a[U..... vufpowfawmU rEÅav;yefcsmudk......}}

xdkaeUrSpí qif;rSm rEÅav;yefcsm[k wGifcJUjcif;jzpfonf/

wifOD;armifonf udkvSa0 olwdkUa&SUwnfhwnfh a&mufaomtcg vSrf;í oDcsif;qdk aemufvdkuf


onf/

]]aMomf.... rrEJGU&,f.... rrEJGU&,f rsKd;cspfudk..... rsKd;cspfudk....}}

]]a[haumif r&&ifvJ r[kwfwmawG qdkraeprf;ygeJU.....}}

udkvSa0url rcsdvSaom tNyKH;udkom NyKH;&if; jynfvrf;bufodkU qufxGufoGm;onf/

]]EJGUvdkrdef;uav;udk a&Smifajy;aewJU udkvSa0ubJ &l;ovm; udkvSa0vddk a&Smifajy;aewJUvludkrS


rrkef;EdkifwJU EJGUubJ &l;ovm;}}

atmifcifjrifhu av;av;yifyif nnf;vdkufonf? udk&Sdefuvnf; wpkHwckudk owd&[efESifh Nidrf


awG;aeonf/

- 36 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'DrSma[h ckeifu armifoufwifajymwJUtxJrSm &efyGJzsOfay;wm q&mwa,mufqdk.....}}

]]at; 'Daumifav;uawmU eHr,fodykHr&bl;/ bmjyKvdkUvJ}}

]]'dkU udkjrifholBuD;rsm; jzpfaervm;vdkU}}

]]at;a[U....? olqdk&ifawmU ar&DeJU....}}

ESpfOD;om; wa,mufrsufESm wa,mufMunhfaecdkuf qif;onf tem;a&mufvmonf/

]]udk....udk.....yefcsm? b,foGm;aewmvJ....}}

]]a'gufwmOD;jrifholqDyg? a[.... tJ'gxuf [dkcsmwdwf&efjzpfvkdU 0ifzsOfwm q&mhawmif eJeJ


xdoGm;ao;w,f....}}

]]a[... q&mjrifhol? aetkH;q&m? ar&DeJU qkHrdMua&mvm;....}}

]]qdkifrdMuwmaygh/ aeygtkH;.... cifAsm;wdkUu Mum;yD;bDvm;}}

udk&Sdef? wifOD;armifESifh atmifcifjrifhwkdUu qif;\tar;udkrajz? wOD;rsufESmomwOD; t"dyÜ,f


ygyg MunfhaerdMuonf/ a&S;OD;pGm atmifcifjrifhu vIyf&Sm;vmí yg;pyfudkNzJum atmfqdk
vdkufonf/

]]nDrav;&,f... pdk&drfrdw,f.}}

]]aeygtkH;....? 'gbmt"dyÜm,fvJ}}

qif;u 0ifar;onf/

]]rodcsifygeJUav.....}}

armif&Sdefonf jrufcif;jyif\wzuf&Sd jynfausmif;aqmif\ ta&SUbufxdyfrS uHUaumfyifBuD;


tm; arQmfMunfh&if; qdkvkdufonf/

- 37 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ol\tm&kHwGifrl tif;vsm;ausmif;aqmifa&SUü a&T0gESifhaiGjzL0if;aom yef;pnf;BuD;udk ydkufvsuf


&yfaeaom EkxGm;ysKdvGifonfh vli,fwOD;\ o@mefudk jrifaerdonf/

cPcsif;rSmyif olUpdwfonf rIdif;nKdUav;yifvmonf/ xdkUaMumifhyif wa,mudk aumufudkif


vkdufum toHpOfwcktm; zJGUprf;awm,laerdonf/ ra&S;raESmif;yif av;EJGUaomwa,moHESifh
twl aw;wydk'fudk vSpf[nnf;nLaerdonf/

]]'Db0&JUbkHtv,f...? nDrwGufyHkwoG,f....? aMomf....&DysysrIefjc,f....}}

olUtoHrSm av;av;ESifh aqG;jrnfhjrnfhjzpfae\/

]]r[Deef;NrdKif oJqdkifOD;0,f? yGifhzl;cJUwJU rmvmcdkifpy,f....}}

tqkdESifhvkdufzufpGm wa,moHav;rSmvnf; EJGUEJGUxGufay:aeonf/

]]vIdifMuLwifhqef;.... ydkifydkifol rqifjref;om? bkHtESrf;0,f ,Hkpwrf;uG,f wikHyef;EG,f....}}

tqdkrSm Mumav vIdufvSJvmonf/

]]cspfvGrf;&dyfoHo&mrSmuG,f? ork',ta&;... aMomf...wckurSrat;rSmrdkU? nDrav;&,f pdk;&drf


rdw,f}}

wifOD;armifESifh armifcifjrifhwdkUrSmvnf; NidrfoufaeMuonf/

]]avmu"H rm,mOmPf<u,f aESmif;wyGifhES,f....? ajymif;vGifhuG,f....? avmif;rqifhoifhwJU


a[mif;&ifh ZmwfaMumif;ES,f}}

em;rvnf&Smol qif;uom olwdkU 3 OD;\ rsufESmrsm;tm; vSnfhumMunfhaerdyg\/

- 38 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(5)

cgwdkif;qdkvQif tm;vyfaompaeaeU aeUv,fydkif;ü y*¾D0rf;acgif;aqmifaom pum;0dkif;wGif


aysmfaysmf&Tif&Tif 0ifEJGaeavU&Sdaom ar&Donf ,aeU wOD;wnf; tcef;a&SUxGufum tawG;e,f
vGefaerdonf/

,aeUBuKHcJU&orQrSm Eke,faom ar&D\ ESvkH;om;0,f vufcHEdkifonfxuf axGjym;&IyfaxG;


vSojzihf ar&DrSm wudk,fvkH;wkef,ifvsuf tm;avsmhEGrf;e,frIw&yfudk cHpm;ae&onf/

]]ar&D bmjzpfovJ...? aeraumif;bl;vm;}}

jyefa&mufpwGif oGufvuforQ wzufom;ay:wGif Muifemwwfaom y*¾D0rf;u ar;onf/

]]ar&D aeaumif;ygw,f}}

]]ar&D aeaumif;w,fomqdkw,f... ar&DrsufESmuvJ raumif;ygvm;}}

]]ar&D rsufESmraumif;&atmif ar&DElaevdkUvm;....}}

ar&Du [efaqmifNyKH;&,f&if; jyefaemufvdkufonf/

]]rsufESmuawmU rElygbl;? toJursm; ykyfaeovm;vdkUyg}}

]]tdk.... y*¾Dpum;u bmpum;vJ}}

]]a[m.... tdk;rvkHbl;xifw,f? y*¾D&Sif;jyr,f/ wuúodkvfrSm ar&DUvdkvSwJU rdef;uav;awG?


NyD;awmU taray;wJUtoJvTmudk olUorD; ighociftwGuf rNidKjiif&ufa&m ta[moduH
rif;a0oefvkyfcsifwJU ausmif;om;av;awG[m a&m*gqef;wck &wwfw,f/ tJ'Da&m*g[m
twGif;xJuvIdufpm;wm? q&m0efawGu tJ'Da&m*gudk toJwjcrf;ykyfwJUa&m*gvdkU ac:w,f}}

y*¾D0rf;u BuHBuHzefzef pDumywfukH; ajymaeojzihf ar&DrSm vIdufvIdufvSJvSJav; &,farm


rdonf/

- 39 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rif; awmfawmf BuHBuHzefzefajymwwfw,f y*¾D? 'gaMumifhvJ 'DAdwfwm jzpfaewm}}

y*D¾0rf;rSm tom;0g0g zdkifhzdkifhESifh cspfzG,faumif;aom w&kyfujym;rav; jzpfonf/ rsufayguf


uav; twefi,fusOf;aomfvnf; rjym;vGef;aomESmacgif;? rdkUazgif;azgif;av;aeaom yg;pkefU
uav;rsm;jzihf abmh[J,m;av;ESifh jzpfjyef&m uav;rav;ozG,f cifrifcspfpzG,f&Sdonf/
tajymaumif;ta[maumif; jzpfojzihf ausmif;a&mufonfrSm rMumao;aomfvnf; wuúodkvf
pum;&nfvkyJGrsm;wGif tif;vsm;ausmif;aqmifudk,fpm; 2csDcefU atmifatmifjrifjrif 0ifEJGNyD;NyD
jzpfavonf/

]]uJygav....ar&D pum;awGvJGcsraeeJU? ar&D 'DaeUbmjzpfcJUovJ ajym}}

ar&Durl vluJcwfaumif;vSaom y*¾Dtm; tHUMooa&mifpdkufMunfhaeonf/

]]ar&D rajymcsifvJaeav? y*D¾rSm a,mufsm;av;oli,fcsif;awG trsm;BuD;&Sdw,f/ udkvSjrifh?


udkat;xGef;wdkU? udkcifarmifat;wkdU? aemuf [dk waumif;a[mu udkudkyefcsmwdkU wuúodkvf
b,fae&mrSm b,fwkef;u b,folbmjzpfw,fqkdwm olwkdUtukefodw,f/ olwkdUod&if y*D¾
odwmbJ? tJ'DawmUrS ar&DUtaMumif; y*D¾od&if wcef;0ifwcef;xGuf a&Smuf armif;cwf
vdkufr,f}}

ar&DrSm rsufvkH;av;jyL;oGm;onf/ y*D¾rSm olajymouJUodkUyif a,mufsm;av;oli,fcsif; rsm;pGm


&Sdonf/ tjcm;rdef;uav;rsm;uJUodkU t&SuftaMumufvnf; ae&mwumrBuD;vGef;? [efvnf;
rrsm;vGef;? olUudkaemufvQif jyefaemufwwfí olUudkpvQif jyefwG,fwwfaom y*D¾tm;
a,mufsm;av;tcsKdUu vefUMuaomfvnf; awmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSm av;pm;cifrifMuonf/

ar&DrSm þodkU oGufvuforQ OmPfxufrsufvSaom w&kyfykyfrav;tm; qufvufzkH;uG,fí


rjzpfawmUrSef; odojzihf eHeufrSjzpfcJUorQudk jyefajym&onf/

y*D¾onf rsufawmifykyfcwfvkyf&if; em;axmifae&mrS ar&Dpum; qkH;oGm; aomtcg rSwfcsuf


ay;onf/

]]'D uufeufqdkwJUowÅ0g pmray;bl;wJUrdef;cav; wuúokdvfrSm t&Sm;om;bJ? olu tdyfxJ


tNrJwrf; pm 3 apmifavmuf xJUxm;wwfw,f? tvum;vlyg? ar&DajymwJU [dkbkaumifav;
eHr,fu armifoufwifvkdUac: w,f? bkusayr,fh pdwf&if;aumif;ygw,f/ y*D¾eJU cifom;
bJ.....}}

- 40 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Donf y*D¾tm; 'kwd,tBudrf tHUMopGm ai;Munfhvdkufrdonf/

]]y*D¾ rif;.... &DydkUwm vkyfpm;bdkUaumif;w,f? rif;rodwm r&Sdbl;....}}

]]y*D¾om &DydkUwmvkyf&&if [dk EdkifiHa&;rrawG t&ifxdkifidkrSm....}}

y*D¾onf cyfvSrf;vSrf;&Sd tcef;wckudk ar;aighjy&if; ajymvdkufonf/

[dk tuFsDjymeJUvlu udkvSa0BuD;bJ jzpf&rSmbJ? olu tNrJtuFsDjym0wfwwfw,f? vJrSvJ&JUvm;


rodbl;? olUudk ausmif;xkdifyk*¾dKvfvdkUvJ ac:w,f/ ausmif;a&mufwm MumvSbD? oluvJ
wdwfwdwfykef; taqG;orm;BuD;yg/

]]olu bmjyKvdkU aqG;&wmvJ....}}

]]rrEJGUaMumifhaygh......}}

]][ pkHvScsnfvm; y*D¾&? 'gawG rif;b,fuMum;vJ....}}

]]odwmaygh waumif;a[mrSm bDtD;'DwufaewJU y*D¾Utudkoli,fcsif; a&Teayudkatmifcifjrifh


&Sdw,f? olUqDuaygh....}}

arU&Donf rrEJGUESifh udkvSa0wdkUtaMumif; ar;rnfjyKpOf y*D¾u OD;atmif ar;cGef;wck xkwfvdkuf


onf/

]]aetkH; ckeu ar&DajymwJU q&mOD;jrifholu awmfawmfacsmvm;.....}}

ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSm ysufoGm;onf/

]]bmjyKvdkUwkH;.....}}

]]y*D¾ar;wm ajzprf;yg....}}

]]rGefrGef&nf&nfyg? bmjzpfvkdUvJ....}}

- 41 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf....ckeu ar&Dajymwkef;u olUtaMumif;udk ar&Dtrsm;qkH;ajymw,f? pkHprf;tkH;aemf? vlysKd


[kwfuJUvm;.....}}

]]tdk..... y*D¾uvJ bmqdkifvkdUwkef;....}}

]]a[m ajym&if;qdk&if; rsufESmawGeDvmbD? 'gbJaemf cav;r udk,hfq&morm;udk rypfrSm;eJU


i&JBuD;aetkH;r,f....}}

]]y*D¾aemf &Sufp&mBuD; bmawGa&SmufajymaewmvJ....}}

ar&D\ trlt&mrSm twefyif ysufaeNyDjzpfonf/ a&SUqufvQif ydkqdk;awmUrnfjzpf&m


AspfawmufjrnfoHESifhtwl taqmifrSL;ay:vmojzihfom awmfawmUonf/

]]w,fcufMuwmbJ? cav;awGqdk,ifvJ 'kwfeJU&dkuf&&JU...}}

acgif;avQmfwwfMuaom paeaeUvnf;jzpfí Mum;aeMu jrnfwGefoHvnf;jzpfojzihf taqmif


rSL; rnfonfh tjrifrawmf&mudk awGUcJUNyDqkdjcif;udk ar&DESifhy*D¾rSm &dyfrdNyD;jzpfonf/

tcsKdUaom ausmif;olrsm;rSm acgif;avQmfvQif oD;oefUcGufudk tokH;rjyKbJ rsufESmopf


vufaq;jcif;wdkUom jyKxkdufaom a<ucGufBuD;rsm;udkom okH;wwfMuonf/ pifMu,fatmif
vnf; raq;cJUMuojzifh a<ucGufBuD;rsm;rSm cRJusef&pfum 4if;wdkUqDrS a&oG,fxGuf&mjzpfaom
>yefaygufrsm;rSmvnf; wa&mfuifyGef;oD;rsm;ESifh ydwfqdkUaewwfonf/

ar&DESifhy*D¾rSm wa,mufrsufESm wa,mufMunfhí wdwfwdwfNyKH;aeMupOf taqmifrSL;onf


a[mMuLwm q&mrwOD;ESifh &yfpumajym&if; qufvufqdkjrnfae\/

]]t0wfavQmf&ifvJ ay;xm;wJU opfom;ckHay:rSm avQmf&rSm b,favmuf0efav;vdkUvJ 'D


a<ucGufxJrSmbJ? t*FawawGuGmNyD; ysufukefbD/ [dkaeUubJ wvkH;jyif&yD;bDr[kwfvm;
q&mrwkdUuvJ eJeJ wif;wif;MuyfMuyf vkyfay;rSaygh.....}}

orD;waumifEGm;waxmif[k qkd&dk;&Sd&m waumifruaom 0rf;rvG,forD;wdkUtm; xdef;ausmif;


&&Smol taqmifrSL;q&mrBuD;twGufrSm rvG,fvSacs/ ausmaxmufaemufcH xdef;odrf;rI?
ywf0ef;usif tajctaeaygif;pkHrS vmMuaom ausmif;olrsm;teuf pnf;urf;rJUoltcsKdU ygvm
wwf&m wm0efcHq&mrrsm;twGuf wcgw&H acgif;udkufzG,fjzpfaeonf/

- 42 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rsm;aomtm;jzihf ausmif;oluav;rsm;rSm wuúodkvfa&mufrS yXrOD;qkH;tBudrftjzpf vGwfvyf


pGm aecGifh&cJUMuonfjzpf&m tppt&m&m rdrdwkdUudk,fudk rdrdwdkU rxdef;odrf;wwfao;?
&kwfw&uf &&SdcHpm;&aom vGwfvyfa&;aMumifh pdwfrxdef;Edkifjzpfum apmifha&Smuftyfonfh
tcsKdUpnf;urf;rsm;udkyif azmufzsufrdwwfMuonf? þtcgrsm;wGif q&mrrsm;ESifh pdwfaumif;
apwemaumif;&Sdí wm0efodwwfMuaom ausmif;olBuD;rsm;u azsmif;zsvrf;nTef ay;Mu&
onf/ ausmif;oltrsm;pkrSm þodkU azsmif;zsnTefMum;ay;rIudk vkdufemusifhokH;Muí wpwp
odwwfvdr®mvmMuaomfvnf; wa,mufaumif; ESpfa,mufaumif; [lírl rESpfoufol remcH
olrsm;vnf; &Sdao;onf/ olwdkUtwGufrl q&mrBuD;ajymouJUodkU t&G,fa&mufNyD;olrsm;
jzpfMuojzihf &dkufqkH;rívnf;rjzpf? q&mrBuD;uJUodkUaom tkyfxdef;olrsm;\ tcuftcJudk
om;orD;rsm;ol rdbrsm;omvQif udk,fcsif;pm em;vnfEdkifayrnf/

a[mMuLwm q&mrav;ESifh &yfpum;ajymNyD;í qufavQmufvmcJUaom taqmifrSL;onf


ar&DESifh y*D¾wdkUtm; awGUvdkufaomtcg NyKH;í EIwfqufvkdufonf/

]]y*D¾ 'DaeU tdrfjyefrvdkUqdk? roGm;ao;bl;vm;}}

]][kwfuJUrr? jyefyghr,f? tdrfuum;rvmao;vdkU apmifhaewmyg....}}

]]at;at;... tdrfa&muf&if avQmufNyD;v,fraeeJU? pmusufzdkU pmtkyfav;bmav; ,loGm;...}}

NrdKUxJwGif rdbtkyfxdef;ol&Sdaom ausmif;olrsm;rSm rdbtkyfxdef;olrsm;\ cGifhjyKcsufpm&vQif


aomMumaeUrS BudKwif tcGifhawmif;í paeaeUü tdrfjyeftdyfcGifh&Sdonf/

omref NrdKUwGif;odkUxGufvnfcsifol ausmif;olrsm;twGufvnf; þodkU xGufvnfjcif;udk


oabmwlaMumif; rdbtkyfxdef;olrsm;xHrS cGifjhyKcsufpmudk &,lxm;onf/ xGufrvnfrSD
qdkif&m a[mMuLwmtm; wkdifMum;&í pmtkyfwGifvnf; rdrdwdkUoGm;rnhfae&m? &nf&G,fcsuf
ponfwkdUtm; a&;om;az:jy vufrSwfxdk;cJU&NyD; nae 6em&D vlpDwef;ppf tcsdefrSD ausmif;
aqmifodkU jyef&muf&onf/

waMumif;aMumif;aMumifh aemufusaevQif q&mrrsm;rSm pdk;&drfaMumifhMuwwfí þodkU


pnf;urf;azmufjyefolrsm;wkdUrSmrl q&mrBuD;\ ta&;,lrI? rdbtkyfxdef;olxH pma&; wkdifpm
ydkUapjcif; paomtjypf'Pf cHMu&onf/

- 43 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ausmif;twGif;ü yJGvrf;obif&Sdí ntcsdefwGif ausmif;olBuD;rsm;? q&mrrsm; ttkyftcsKyfjzifh


xGuf&onfrSvJGí omreftcsdefqdkvQif n 6em&DvGefu b,frQxGufcGifhr&Sdacs/ txl;ojzihf
tif;vsm;ausmif;aqmifrSm ydkrkdpnf;urf;BuD;onf/ ausmif;olav;rsm;\ oGm;vmvIyf&Sm;cGifhrSm
tcsKdUxifouJUodkU vGwfvyfvGef;vSonfr[kwf? xkH;pHtwkdif;yif pnf;urf; rnfrQaumif;aomf
vnf; wenf;ESifhr[kwfwenf;ESifh wdrf;a&SmifauGUazmufolrsm;rSm cRif;csuftm;jzifhrl &Sdonf/

]]bmvJy*D¾....? rif; 'DaeU tdrfjyeftdyfrvkdUvm;}}

taqmifrSL; xGufcGmoGm;aomtcg ar&Du &ifav;w'dwf'dwfckef&if; ar;onf/

]][kwfw,far&D....}}

ar&Donf bmrQjyefrajymawmUacs/ cgwdkif;qdkvQifrl y*D¾NrdKUxJjyeftdyfrnfudk tvGefpdk;&drfrdonf/


,ckrl wdwfwdwfusdwf 0rf;omrdí &ifav;rSmom ckefaeonf/

xdkpOf y*D¾\taygif;taz:rsm; a&mufvmum xkH;pHtwdkif; pum;0dkif;pojzifh yxraomf £ajE´


rysuf 0ifa&mcJUNyD;rS tvpfwGif ar&Donf tjyifxGufí ai;aerdonf/

ar&Donf ausmif;aqmif\awmifbuf rvSrf;rurf;&Sd ygarmu©csKyftdrfa&SUrS uHUaumfyifrsm;udk


jrifae&onf/

]]ar&D *efUa*:yef;udk cspfovm;....}}

þtoHrSm ar&D\&ifxJwGif yJUwifxyfaeí toH&Sif\ rIdif;&dyfqifaeaom rsufESmrSm rsufvkH;


0,f ay:vmonf/

bmaMumifh at;csrf;wnfNidrfí &ifhusufNyD;aom olwOD;onf uHUaumf[laomtoH Mum;&kHrQESifh


þrQ rcsKyfxdef;Edkifatmif rsufpdrsufESmysuf&onfudk ar&DrSm rpOf;pm;wwfatmif jzpfaerd
onf/ rdrd tptqkH; tvkH;pkHodonfxifcJUonfh Zmwfvrf;0,f vQKdU0SufwdrfjrKyfaeaom tydkif;
rsm; &SdaevdrfhOD;rnfvm;[k ar&Donf yxrqkH;tBudrf oHo,jzpfrdonf/

rdrdudk,ftm;vnf; rausreyfjzpfrdonf/ awGUvdkoltm; &SmpOfu rawGUbJ rajrSmfvifhpOf BuHKrd


jyefawmUvnf; rdrdpdwful;ü pDpOfjyifqifxm;cJUrdaom [efrsKd;udkvnf; rvkyfrd? ajymcsifí
ajymrnf[k awG;awma&G;cs,fxm;aom pum;rsm;udkvnf; rqdkrd/ rdrdwBudrfwcgrQ rcHpm;

- 44 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

bl;aom rdrdudk,fwdkif emrnfrrSnfhEdkifonfh jyif;xefvIdufvSJaom a0'emw&yf\ vTrf;NcKH


pdk;ydkifrIudk rwGef;vSefombJ t&IH;ay;cJUrdonfh rdrdudkom tHhMord&if;u tjypfvnf; wifrdonf/

tawG;tvDvDESifh [dk[dkonfonf rSef;&nfai;arQmfaerdaom ar&D\ rsufvkH;tpkHonf atmuf


xyf ausmif;aqmif rsufESmpmyef;cif;teD; vrf;ab;uyfum &yfxm;onfh tpdrf;Eka&mif
[rf;bm;a[mufpf trsKd;tpm; um;BuD;qDodkU a&mufoGm;onf/

um;\ta&SU &THUumay:wGif udk,fwapmif;rSDvSJ&if; pD;u&ufwvdyfudk rmefygygcJvsufESifh


ausmif;om;BuD;[efay:aeaom vl&G,fwOD;u ar&DUtm; rsufawmifudkpif;arS;&if; pl;pdkufMunfh
aeonf/ olonf ydk;wdkufykHtjzL befaumufvkHcsnf yef;a&mifEkwdkUudk oyf,yfpGm 0wfqif
xm;í acgif;udk aooyfajymifvufpGm NzD;xm;\? tom;rSm rjzLrndKjzpfaomfvnf; rsufESmrSm
twefazG;aeojzihf wpkHwckvdrf;xm;rSef; odomaeonf/

ar&DESifh rsufvkH;csif;qkHrdaomtcg olu tomNyKH;vdkufí OD;acgif;ndwfum EIwfquf[ef


jyKvdkufonf? rdrdESifh rodoljzpfojzihf &Jwif;vSaom xdkoltm; ar&Donf rnfodkUrQ rwkHUjyefbJ
rsufESmav;udkom tenf;i,fwif;atmif jyifvQuf rsufvkH;udk vTJvdkufonf/

ausmif;aqmifta&SUwGifrl tdrfjyefonfholrsm;? vmac:olrsm;? {nfhonfrsm;ESifh pnfum;&IyfaxG;


aevsuf um;t0iftxGuf tqdkuftem;vnf; rsm;ae\/

ar&Donf rsufeufav;apGum apmapmuvltm; tvpfckd;Munfhvdkufjyefonf/ olurl trlt&m


rysuf NyKH;NrJNyKH;vsuf ar&DUtm; pdkufMunfhNrJ pdkufMunfhaeonf/

ar&DU&ifrSm vIyf&Sm;oGm;NyD; yg;jyifrSm tenf;i,f&JoGm;vsuf rsufESmudk vTJvkduf&jyefonf/

xdkpOf bdeyfoH wzswfzswfESifhtwl ausmif;olBuD;BuD;wa,mufonf ar&DUtem;odkU a&mufvm


onf/ ausmif;olrSm yJGxdkifoGm;rnfh[ef tpGrf;ukefvdrf;jc,fxm;í udk,frSmvnf; a&Ta&mif
EdkifvGefa&mif b&dkudwfa&mifwdkUjzifh awmifajymifaeonf/ ausmif;olonf ar&DUtm; jrifaom
tcg ao;rQifvSaom rsufckef;udk [efygygyifhvsuf eD&JaomEIwfcrf;udk &G&GyGifhtm&if; cifrif
&if;ESD;pGm EIwfqufonf/

]]tdk...ar&D? rif;b,frS roGm;bl;vm;....}}

]]roGm;ygbl; rra'g&pf}}

- 45 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ausmif;olrSm 0dZÆmwef;rSjzpfí trnfrSm a'g&pfwifac: vSvSwifjzpfonf/

]]tdk..... b,frSroGm;&if ysif;p&mBuD;aygh? ar&D rrwdkUeJUvkdufrvm;}}

vSvSwifonf rsufawmifudk pkHcwf&if; ar&DUtm; uav;i,fudk pl;prf;onfh[ef pdkufMunfhae


onf/ aemuf toHudkESdrfhum wdk;wdk;qufajymonf/

]]'DnaerSm ygwDwck&Sdw,f? odyfaysmfbdkUaumif;r,f? ar&DvdkufcJUygvm;}}

]]aeygaprr? aus;Zl;wifygw,f? ar&D eJeJaeraumif;vdkUyg}}

]]tdk..... aeraumif;&if [dkBuvef;oGm;rSmaygh? t0wftpm;vJacsygvm;? rrwdkUapmifhaer,f....?


oifoifawmifvdkufrSm? olrNyD;ao;vdkU rrck apmifhaewmaygh.....}}

cgwdkif;qdkvQif ar&Donf þtcGifhta&;rsKd;udk jiif;rdrnfraocsmacs/ odkU&mwGif ,aeUrl


bmaMumifhrod? ar&DrSm pdwfwuf<ujcif;r&SdvS/

]]aemufwcgrSbJ vkdufyghr,f rr&,f? NyD;awmU ck ar&DUudkvJ b,folurS zdwfwmvJ


r[kwf.....}}

ar&Duom vSvSwif\udk,frS ysHUxGufvmaom *dk,ma&arT;eHUudk &SL&Iduf&if; jiif;onf/


vSvSwifurl &,fp&mr&SdbJ tom&,fvkdufonf/

]]aMomf-ar&DES,f rrzdwf&if zdwfwmbJaygh? NyD;awmU [dkrSmav rrumZifawmfw,f/ twGif;0ef


Od;tkef;nGefUom;aygh? [ife&DnGefUvkdUac:w,f? 'DaeUygwDrSm ol'umaygh? olu ar&DeJU odyfod
csifvdkU rdwfzJGUay;bdkU rrudk ylqmaewmMumbD? bDat*kPfxl;wef;orm;bJ ar&D? ar&Dygvm&if
ol odyf0rf;omrSmbJ.....}}

vSvSwifu [rf;bm;um;pdrf;ab;rS vl&G,ftm;nTefjy&if; av&SnfBuD;ajymaeonf/

]]aus;Zl;wifygw,f rr? 'gayr,fh 'DaeU ar&D wu,faeraumif;vdkUyg....}}

vSvSwifu rsufckef;ESpfzufudk tomwGefUvdkufum ]]bmvJ}} [k t"dyÜm,fygyg ar;vdkufNyD;


ar&D\ em;em;uyfí wpkHwckar;vdkufonf/

- 46 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][kwfw,frIwfvm;.....}}

]]tdk rruvJ r[kwfygbl;? ar&D acgif;rl;aevdkUyg.....}}

ar&DUrsufESmuav;rSm &SufaoG;jzifheD&Jaeonf/ vSvSwiftm;vnf; rkef;ovdk txifao;ovdk


jzpfoGm;rdonf/

vSvSwifuom £ajE´rysuf qufajymaeonf/ ]]'gjzihf &SdygapawmUav? eufjzefawmU ypfcsm


oGm;r,f? ar&D vdkufcJU&r,faemf 'gbJ....}}

ar&DrSm qufjiif;&efraumif;awmhojzifh acgif;ndwfvkduf&awmhonf/

rvSrf;rurf;&Sd tcef;wcktwGif;rS tom;rJrJ tuFsDxlxbDxlESifh rsufESmxm;wif;aom


ausmif;olwOD;u xGufvmí ar&DwdkUtm; waphwapmif; Munfhaeonf/ ra&S;raESmif;yif
pBuFeftcsKd;udk vGefí vSvSwifuJUodkUyif NzD;vdrf;jyifqifxm;aom ausmif;oli,fi,fwOD; ay:
vmonf/ vSvSwifajymaom oifoifyifjzpf\/

oifoif\ rsufESmuav;rSm oG,foG,fESifh EkEke,fe,fyif jzpfacsonf/ jzL0if;pdkajyaom


tom;av;rSm &ifaecg;us oG,faESmif;vSonfh udk,faMumhaMumhay:ü qifxm;aom tpdrf;Ek
a&mif ydk;xbD? EkdifvGeftusÐjzLwdkUESifh yem[yfum vef;qef;vwfqwfae\/ oifoif\
rsufESmav;onf acsmarmaomfvnf; rdrdudk,ftm;rdrd ,kHMunfpdwfcsjcif; r&Sdao;onfh[ef
ywf0ef;usiftm; *&kjyKvGef;onfh o@mefwdkUudk azmfjyaeonf/ vnfyif;ü qJGxm;aom
ao;usifonfh a&TqJGBudK;av;rSwyg; rnfonfh&wemudkrQ cE´mudk,fü qif,ifrxm;onfukd
axmufí4if; oifoifrSm csrf;omvSaomrdbrsm;rS aygufzGm;vmaomol r[kwfaMumif; &dyfrd
Edkifonf/

oifoif tem;odkUa&mufvmaomtcg vSvSwifonf ar&DUtm; EIwfqufí oifoifESifhtwl


atmufxyfodkU qif;oGm;onf/ ar&Durl olwdkUESpfOD;tjyif atmufxyfrSapmifhaeaom tjcm;
ausmif;olwOD;wdkU [ife&DnGefU\um;ESifh xGufcGmoGm;onfudk ai;ai;av;Munfhaerdonf/

]]tif;.... orifrysKdeJU rkqkd;BuD;aomEkw¦dK&fawmh csKdifhoGif;ay;r,fh awmacsmufolawGeJUtwl


oajyvm;..... a&vm; oGm;av&JU}}

- 47 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

reD;ra0;wGif &yfaeaom tom;rJrJESifh ausmif;olu av;av;eufeuf rSwfcsufcsonf?


olUemrnfrSm wkwfwkwfac:í ZwfZwfBuJ EkdifiHa&;ausmif;olwOD;rSef; ar&Du odxm;NyD;
jzpfonf/

ar&Donf wkwfwkwf\rSwfcsufudk bmrSjyefrajzbJ cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS rdrduJUodkUyif xGufoGm;aom


um;pdrf;tm;Munfh&if; nifompGmavQmufvmonfh q&mrwOD;udkom vSrf;NyKH; EIwfqufvdkuf
onf/ xkdtcdkufwGifyif ar&Donf oifoifwdkUvlpktm; *&kjyKaeaom tjcm;ausmif;olrsm;vnf;
&Sdao;aMumif; owdxm;rdonf/

tcef;0wckrSaeí Nidrf;onf xlxJvSaom rsufrSefESpfuGif;udk cGif;um4if;? rdrd\ tcef;a&SUrS


b,ftcsdefu vlpluGJNyD;cJUonfrod y*D¾0rf;rSmvnf; rsufvkH;usOf;usOf;av;rsm;udk pkdufí4if;?
rdrdenf;wlyif um;pdrf;\aemufNrD;udk ai;vsufMunfhaeMuonf/

q&mru pum;rqdkbJ at;csrf;wnfNidrfpGmjzihf ar&D\ab;wGif 0if&yfonf/ bmpdwful;&onf


rod? Nidrfae&mrS Nidrf;onf ]]xGufajy;csifw,f....xGufajy;csifw,f}} [k atmf&if; ckefrvdk
aygufrvdkESifh ar&DwdkUbufodkU xGufvmonf/

]]a[Y Nidrf;.... bmt&l;xvmwmvJ b,fuxGufajy;csifwmvJ}}

y*D¾0rf;u Nidrf;\ vufuav;wzufudk qJG,lxm;xm;&if; ar;onf/

]]'DavmuBuD;xJuaygh? 'DusOf;ajrmif;wJU urÇmBuD;uae [dk;tjyifbuf bmrSr&SdwJU v[mjyif


udk...}}

Nidrf;\pum;aMumifh ar&DESifhq&mrrSm tomNyKH;í y*D¾url tm;&yg;& atmf&,fvkdufonf/

]]rif;wdkU.... uAsmq&mrawG[m odwfpdwful;,OfwmbJ}}

y*D¾u qufvufrSwfcsufcsaeojzihf ar&DrSm uAsmq&mrqdkaom Nidrf;tm; tHUMopdwfESifh


awGawGav; ai;Munfhaerdonf/ eHeufu Nidrf;udkifxm;aom pmtkyfxlBuD;udk owd&rdae&mrS
rsufrSefxlESifh ausmif;om;tm;vnf; trSwf&vmonf/

Nidrf;\o@mefrSm jyefvnfwnfNidrfoGm;um rNyKH;wNyKH;ESifh ]]tvdkvdk a<uumusrSuG,f? ajr0,f


udkom rc,bG,f}} [laom aw;tvdkuf avcRef&if;&yfaeonf/

- 48 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

q&mrurl ausmif;olav; 3 OD; tm;om Munfh&if; tomNyKH;aeonf/

]]rreJU? armfawmfum;qdkwJU t"dyÜm,fodvm;...}}

y*D¾u q&mrtm; vSrf;ar;onf/

]]rodygbl;uG,f....}}

]]y*D¾UBuD;awmfwOD;udk b,fzkef;BuD;uqdkvJ rodbl;? ajymjyw,fwJU/ armfawmfum;qdkwJU


t"dyÜm,fu armfwmawG awmf&ifawmf? rawmf&if um;ukefvdrfhr,fwJU....}}

q&mrESihf ausmif;olESpfOD;rSm BuHBuHzefzefajymaom y*D¾aMumifh ESpfESpfNcdKufNcdKuf &,farmrd


onf/

q&mrEJGUEJGUu wpkHwckudk av;av;eufeuf awG;[efESifh awG;aeNyD;rS ar;vdkufonf/

]]ar&DwdkU ppfrjzpfcifwkef;u OD;odef;azjrifha&;wJU oydwfarSmufausmif;om;qdkwJU 0w¦Kudk


zwfzl;vm;....}}

usefESpfa,mufu acgif;cgMuí Nidrf;uomajzonf/

]]zwfzl;ygw,frr? 2wJGawmifav.... bmjzpfvdkUvJ}}

]]NyD;awmUppfNyD;acwf ya'omr*¾Zif;rSmygwJU okarmifa&;wJU tyGifhqdkwmaum....}}

þtBudrfrl 3OD;pvkH; acgif;ndwfMuonf/

]]bmrSrjzpfygbl;uG,f? oydwfarSmufausmif;om;xJu MuLwmbodef;wifvdk vlrsKd;awG[m


b,facwfrqdk &SdwwfNyD; ausmif;olav;awG[mvJ okarmif&JU tyGifhrsKd;av;awG rjzpfatmif
a&SmifEdkifwwfygapvdkU rrEJGU qkawmif;rdw,f....}}

]]Nidrf;wdkUawmU udkndKxGef;vdkvl&SmNyD; xm;vkyfr,f....}}

Nidrf;u r&,frNyKH;ESifh 0ifajymonf/

- 49 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]y*D¾wdkUawmU q&mZ0e&JU udkodef;azvdkvl &SmNyD; rat;pdefvkyfrSmbJ/ ar&DuawmU roef;jrifh


vdkU eHrnfajymif;NyD; ausmf0if;udkvkduf&Smaygh.....}}

EJGUEJGUu bmrQrajymbJ uav;qdk;av;rsm;ESifhwlaom olwdkUESpfa,muftm; cspfpEdk; NyKH;Munfh


aeonf/

xkdpOf ausmif;aqmif0ü vlydefEJGUEJGU a&Tudkif;rsufrSef befaumufvkHcsnf? wdkufykHtusÐESihf vl&G,f


wpfOD; ay:vmonf/

]]a[m [dkrSmNidrf; tcsdefrSefBuD;qdkufvmbD? oGm;ayawmU.....}}

y*D¾u ajymvdkufojzifh Nidrf;onf oufjyif;&Idufjcif;jyKí nnf;vkdufonf/

]]tif;.... þvnf;w'ku©bJ? uJav wufcsnfqif;csnfeJU '&0rfBuD; anmif;aetkH;r,f? Nidrf;


oGm;awGUvdkuftkH;r,f}}

]]olub,folvJ y*D¾...}}

Nidrf;xGufoGm;rS ar&Du ar;onf/

]]pma&;q&mqdkvm;... jynfolUuAsmq&mqdkvm; rodygbl; Nidrf;qDrSefrSef vma*:aewmaygh?


tif;pdefbwfpfum;xuf tcsdefrSefvdkU olUudk tcsdefrSefBuD;vdkU y*D¾wdkUu eHrnfay;xm;w,f}}

ar&Donf ae&mwum odvGef;aom y*D¾0rf;tm; pdwfwGiftHUMo&if; Nidrfaerdonf/ EJGUEJGUuvnf;


tif;vsm;uefuRef;qG,frsm;qDrS pdrf;vef;aom awmwef;rsm;tm; ai;Munfhae\/

]]a[m... tdrfuum;vmbD/ y*D¾oGm;awmUr,f rr? ar&D oGm;r,faemf....}}

ausmif;aqmiftwGif;odkU auGU0ifvmaom *spfum;wpD;udk jrifojzifh y*D¾onf q&mrESifh


oli,fcsif;wdkUtm; EIwfquf&if; uav;i,fozG,f jrL;wl;ajy;vTm; aysmufuG,foGm;onf/

]]y*D¾av;[m oGufvufcsufcsmNyD; cspfzdkUaumif;w,faemf ar&D...}}

- 50 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

EJGUEJGUu rSwfcsufcsonf/ ar&Durl apmapmu y*D¾ajymcJUaom pum;w&yfudk jyeftrSwf&ae


onf/

]]udkvSa0u wdwfwdwfykef; taqG;orm;BuD;aygh? rrEJGUaMumifhaygh...}}

ar&Donf EGJUEJUGtm; pl;prf;tuJcwfMunfhrdonf/

EJGUEJGUrSm emrnfESifhvkdufatmifyif aysmif;EJGUajyjypfonf/ t&yfrSm omrefrdef;uav;rsm;xuf ydkrkd


&SnfoG,faomfvnf; jynfhtdaom udk,f\t0ef;ESifh vkdufzuf&kH&Sdonf/ awmifhwif;onfvnf;
r[kwf? ajymhnGwfonfvnf;r[kkwf? EJGUaESmif;&kHomjzpfaom EJGUEJGU\o@mefwckvkH;rSm ,Offaus;
rGef&nfjcif;ESifh cHUnm;odrfarGUrIwdkU a&m,Sufay:vGifaeonf/ a&T0g&nf &dyf&dyfajy;aom tom;
0if;0if;ESifh ESmwHoG,f rsufvkH;Munfvsuf rsufawmifaumhaom EJGUEJGUrSm vSjcif;xufvGefaom
usufoa&&Sdonf[k ar&Duxifonf? eufarSmifoefpGrf;onfh qHyifudk tarmufrvkyfbJ &dk;&dk;
av; NzD;xkH;xm;wwfaomaMumifhyif wnfMunfaomrsufESmrSm ydkíodu©mjynfhae\/ vrf;
avQmuf[efrSm nifomí toHrSm MunfviforQ wdk;nif;NyD; tNyKH;rSm MuifemrIjynfhaom
pdwf"mwfudk xm0pOfjyaeonf/ EJGUEJGUESifh &ifqdkif&aomtcg cHpm;&onfh at;csrf;rIa0'emudk
ar&Donf tjcm;olwOD;ESifh &ifqdkif&pOfuvnf; cHpm;bl;oa,mif&Sdonf[k a&;a&; awG;xifrd
onf/

ar&D\ pdwfxJwGif wnfMunfacsmarmaom udkvSa0ESifh cHUnm;wifhw,faom EJGUEJGUwdkUtm;


wJGzufMunfhprf;aerdonf/ udkvSa0 aqG;ae&onfrSm rrEJGUaMumifh qdkojzifh olwkdUESpfOD;\
reD;pyfEdkifaom taMumif;udk ar&Donf &SmazGMunfhaerdonf/ y*¾DajymouJUokdU ausmif;xdkif
yk*¾dKvfBuD; jzpfaeolrdkU udkvSa0tm; &lyaA'enf;jy uxduq&mr EJGUEJGU taMumif; odonf
jzpfojzihf ar&DrSm rxif&Jacs/ wyg;ESpfoufol &SdESifhNyD;í qdk&rSmvnf; EJGUEJGUxH rnfonfh
a,mufsm;av;rQ rSefrSefvmrvnfonfudk ar&D owdjyKrdNyD;jzpfonf/

ar&Donf tawG;vGefaerdonfudk tem;wGif wkwfwkwf vm&yfrS tpowfvkduf&onf/

]]ar&D b,frSrv,fbl;vm;....}}

wkwfwkwfu ar;onf/

]]rv,fygbl; wkwfwkwf? ar&D odyfaeraumif;bl;....}}

- 51 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aeraumif;&if rrtcef;rSm aq;awG&Sdw,f? oGm;,lay;r,fav.... ar&D}}

EJGUEJGUuMuifempGm 0ifqdkonf/

]]aeygap rrEJGU? ar&D NiD;pDpDjzpfaewmyg/ awmfawmfMum aysmufoGm;ygvdrfhr,f? 'gxuf rrEJGU


a&m pae? we*FaEGawGrSm rv,fbl;vm;....}}

]]txl;awmUrv,fygbl; ar&D....? v,fvJodyfrv,fcsifygbl;av? 'gayr,fh we*FaEGaeUqdk&if


rr yD,mEdk oGm;oGm;wD;wwfwmbJ&Sdw,f}}

]]tdk.... rrEGJU yD,mEdkwD;wwfw,f...}}

]][kwfw,f.... ar&D? bmjyKvdkUvJ}}

]]aMomf.... rrEJGUu &lyaA'uqdkawmU tEkynmrSm 0goemygwm tHUMovdkUyg}}

EJGUEJGUu tomt,m &,farmvdkufonf/

rrEJGUtxifawmU *Dwynmudkem;v,frS vlwa,muf&JU ynmwwfrI[m jynfhpkHw,fvdkU xif


w,f}}

EJGUEJGUonf at;csrf;pGmqdkonf/

]][m....'gwGifb,furvJ... rrEJGU? wkwfwkwftjrifrSmawmU *Dw[m vlrIqufqHa&;eJU vlxkudk


ynmay;wJUae&mrSm tifrwefxda&mufwJU vufeufaygh? wkwfwkwfawmUrwwfygbl;? 'gay
r,fh 0goemygygw,f}}

]]0goemyg&if aumif;ygw,fwkwfwkwf? tEkynmbJ odyÜHynmbJ qdkNyD; cJGjcm;MuwmuvJ


ckacwfrSyg/ ynmoabmuawmU waygif;wpnf;xJyg? acgracwf ynma&;rSm wjcm;[mawG
tjyif *sifremhpwpf um,ynmeJU jrL;Zpf *Dwynmudkyg r,lrae& xJUoGif;xm;w,f? *smref
odyÜHynm&SifawG rSeforQ[m *Dwudkyg wwfMuw,f? a&S;wkef;u ygarmu©[if;rfa[mZfwdkU
qdk&if wu,fh*Dworm;BuD;aygh? ygarmu©tdef;pwdef;[mvJ tm;&if wa,mjym;av;eJU tcsdef
ukefwwfwmygbJ? pdwfynmXmeu rrwdkUrdwfaqGayghav? a'gufwmOD;jrifhol ajymjybl;w,f?
*smrefygarmu© 0odkif;rm;[m pdwfynmOya'wckudk yD,mEdkwD;yD; &Sif;jybl;owJU....}}

- 52 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

Nidrfem;axmifaeaom ar&D\&ifav;rSm 'dwfueJ ckefvTm;oGm;onf/

]]rr.... q&mOD;jrifholeJU cifovm;}}

ar&D\toHav;rSm rodromwkefae\/

]]q&mOD;jrifhol&,f rr&,f aemufudkvSa0qdkwm wa,muf&Sdao;w,f? i,fi,fuxJu


jynfrSm ausmif;twlaecJUMuwmaygh? q&muawmU rrwdkUxuf ausmif;a&mufwm eJeJapmw,f?
rrtck yD,mEdk;wD;csif&if olUtdrfoGm;wD;wmbJ}}

udkvSa0\trnfudk ajym&mü EJGUEJGU\toHrSm tenf;i,fav;oGm;onf/ aemuf pum;rquf


awmUbJ wpkHwckudkawG;[ef ai;aeonf/ cPcsif;yif jyefNyKH;um ar&Dtm;ar;vdkufonf/

]]ar&Daum 0goemrygbl;vm;}}

]]ar&D yD,mEdk;awmU odyfrwD;wwfygbl;/ ar&DUrru ydkwD;wwfw,f/ ar&Du tqdkawmU


BudK;av;bJGUav;avmuftxdawmU wufzl;ygw,f/ ywfysKd;eJU ,kd;',m;awmU rEdkifao;bl;}}

ar&Du wkefaeaomtoHudk xdef;&if;ajzonf/

EJGUEJGUu ar&Dtm; awGawGwcsuf ai;Munfhvdkufonf/

]]ar&DUrr arb,fvfr[kwfvm;? ar&DeJU rsufESmcsif;odyfqifw,f....}}

ar&DU&ifckefoHrSm ydkjrefvmonf/ bmaMumifhrod? EGJUEGJUtm;vnf; rMunfh&Jojzihf rsufESmvTJ


vkdufrdonf/

]]eufjzefvJ rr yD,mEdk;oGm;wD;rvdkU? wkwfwkwfeJUar&D vkdufcJUygvm;...}}

ar&Du EJGUEJGU\rsufESmtm; zswfueJ vSnfhMunfhvdkufrdonf? EJGUEJGU\ at;csrf;aom rsufvkH;


tpkHu rdrd\&iftm; pmzwfMunfhaeonfxif\/

]][kwfw,f ar&DvdkufcJUygvm;? wkwfwkwfvJ vkdufr,f}}

- 53 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ckrSar&Du vSvSwifzdwfMum;csufudk oGm;owd&onf/

]]aemufawmUrSbJ vdkufyghr,f rrEJGU&,f....? eufjzefar&D oGm;p&m&Sdao;w,f}}

oHk;OD;om; pum;rqdkbJ acwÅNidrfaerdMuonf/

]]aMomf... ckeu ar&Dacgif;rl;w,fajymw,f? uefapmif; vrf;avQmufMu&atmifvm;? wkwfwkwf


vJ vkdufcJUav}}

EJGJUEJGUu a&SUaqmifac:iifojzihf ar&DrSm bmrQjyefrajymbJ oabmwlaMumif; acgif;ndwfjy


vkdufonf/

vrf;om avQmufcJU&onf/ ar&DU&ifrSm tawG;wdkUjzifh &Iyfoxuf&Iyfvmonf/

]]q&mOD;jrifhol&,f? rr&,f? aemuf udkvSa0&,f jynfrSm ausmif;twl aecJUMuwmaygh....}}

EJGUEJGU\ þpum;&yfrsm;u ar&D\em;wGif yJUwifxyfaeonf/ xdkcPwGifyif ar&Du tawG;


wck aygufrdí xdwfvefUoGm;onf/ q&mOD;jrifholESifh EJGUEJGUrSm b,ftxd &if;ESD;avoen;f/
udkvSa0ESifh EJGUEJGUwdkU\pyfMum;rS twm;tqD;onf.....

ar&Donf qufrpOf;pm;awmUbJ wpkHwcktm; jyKvkyf&ef qkH;jzwfvkdufonf/ acgif;av;rSm


armfhvmí rsufESmav;rSm Munfvmonf/

]]a[;... ar&D? bmawG tawG;vGefvmvJ....}}

wkwfwkwfu ar;onf? ar&Donf wkwfwkwf\tar;udk rajz EJGUEJGUbufvSnfhí ajymvkduf


onf/

]]rrEJGU? eufjzef ar&DoGm;p&m&SdwJUqD roGm;awmUbl;...}}

&kwfw&uf ajymif;vJajymvkdufonfrdkU EJGUEJGUrSmyif tHtm;oifhoGm;um ar&DUtm; armfMunfhvdkuf


onf/

]]eufjzef rrEJGU yD,mEdk;oGm;wD;&if ar&DvJvkdufr,f....}}

- 54 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&D\toHav;rSm þtBudrfwGifrl wkef,ifjcif;r&SdawmU?

tHUMojcif;ajyaysmufoGm;aom EJGUEJGUuom ar&DUtm; wcsuf NyKH;NyKH;av;MunfhNyD; at;csrf;pGm


acgif;ndwfvsuf El;nHUpGmyif rSwfcsufcsvdkufonf/

]]aumif;wmayghar&D? rrEJGUwdkU todkuft0ef;rSm cspfp&m nDrav;wa,muf wdk;wmaygh....}}

- 55 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(6)

tjyifbufwGif va&mifonf &Tef;jrjrusae\/

udkjrihfolonf zwfaeaom ygarmu©uGefuvif\ vli,fpdwfynmqdkif&m tajccHrlrsm; [laom


usrf;tm; pm;yJGay:csxm;cJUvsuf jyLwif;0rSaeí va&mifü pdrf;pdkaeonfh rdk;&moD\ yifysKd
rsm;tm; acwÅai;Munfhvkdufonf/ &IyfaxG;vsuf&SdaomOD;aESmuf twefMunfonfhtcg
pmMunfhpm;yGJrS rD;tm; Nidrf;vdkufNyD; rsufESmusufrSrD;yGifhudk zGifhvdkufí pD;u&ufwvdyfudk
xkwf,lzGmnSdum teD;&Sd yufvufukvm;xdkifwGif vJavsmif;xdkif&if; rowfEdkifonfh tawG;udk
qufaerdonf/

pdwfynm&SifwOD;vnf;jzpfí vli,fpdwfvnf; raysmufao;olwOD;taeESifh vli,fha&;&mrsm;udk


xm0pOf pdwf0ifpm;rdonf/

ausmif;q&mwOD;taeESifh wynfhvli,fvkHi,frsm;tm; rdk;0,f tnGefUxdk;vlvlESifh tm;,lp


ysKd;yifuav;rsm; tjzpfom jrifxifrdonf/ wefbkd;vnf;BuD;vSí wefbdk;vnf;BuD;vSpGm
jyKpkysKd;axmifcJU&aom þtnGefUtzl;av;udk xkdufonfhavsmfnDaom a&? ajr? rkd;? av?
ywf0ef;usiftajctae &SdMuvsuf iGm;pGifhoefpGrf; zl;? yGifh? oD;? ikH? vef; Mu&ef O,smOfrSL;\
apwemESifh aMumifhMurIrSm &ifü rjywfwrf; cdkwGJaeonf/

tajctaet&yf&yf nDnGwfrQwvifhupm; a&S;pmüqdkouJUodkU ]qpfydk;} udk,frEdkifvdkU zl;cdkifu


nId;wwfayao;onf/ ,ckrl rdrd\ ysKd;yifi,fwdkU\udk,fwGif 0ifpJGcJUNyDjzpfaom ]qpfydk;} wdkUudk
rcsdaomfvnf; &Sdaeojzifh rMunfhcsifjrifvsufom; txift&Sm;awGUae&NyD/ þ qpfydk;rSm
ysKd;udkom rudkuf? tem*wfrsK;dudkyg cdkufrnfh wm0efrJU EdkifiHa&;qpfydk;wnf;/

rdrdtaeESifh rnfolUrQ tjypfrwifvdk? tjypfwifpGyfpJGjcif;jzihf ay:aygufaeaom jyóem


rSmvnf; ajz&Sif;oGm;vdrfhrnfr[kwf? a'go rme tmCmw ESifh *dkPf;*PpGJwdkUjzifh az:pyfxm;
aom ajzaq;ta,mifaqmif tqdyfaq;wdkUrSm pGJaeaoma&m*gtm; ydkomvQifoJapvdrfhrnf/

ausmif;om;vli,fwdkU\ jyóemomr[kwf? tem*wf&mZ0iftm; wdkuf&dkuf tusKd;oufa&muf


xdcdkufapEdkifaom jyóemjzpfonf/ þacwfü rSm;orQudk usK;HvSdrfhcH&rnfjzpfaom tem*wf
vlom;wdkUonf rsufarSmuftcg\ wm0ef&SdolrSeforQtm; aMumufrufzG,f usdefqJMuvdrfhrnf/

- 56 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tem*wf\ ordkif;q&mwdkUonfvnf; þwm0ef&SdolwkdUtm; rnSmwrf; &IwfcsrSwfwrf;wif


ayvdrfhrnf/

jyóemtm; ajz&Sif;&eftwGuf em;vnfrIü tajccHpwif&efxuf omaomaq;onfr&Sd/


ausmif;om;vli,fwdkU\ jyóemudk em;vnf&efrSm tcsdefwefpmtkyfydkufí oifwef;a&SU
rwfwwf&yf a[majym&if; avhvm&kHESifh r&/ ausmif;y&0kPf\ tjyifbuf yefumatmuf
xdkif&if; tpD&ifcHpmrsm;udk jzwf&Ijcif;jzifhvnf; rjzpfao;/ jyóemudk rdrdudk;uG,fzwf&I
aeaom vufpGJusrf;BuD;xJrS vu©PmcJGjcm;a&; wm&m;aopHepfrsm;t& trnfay;um r[m
vuf0J acwfopfbkd;bkd;atmif t*¾d&wfaq;rsm;ESifh aygufajz&Sif;ae&kHESifhvnf; rvkHavmuf/

vli,fwdkU\ tawG;tBuHudk vlBuD;tjrifESifhom Munfhícsnf; tjypfwif&kHESifh rNyD;ao;?


rdrdudk,fudk vli,f\ae&mrS 0ifMunfhí vlBuD;wdkU\ avmuonfvnf; pifMu,fyg\avm[k
qef;ppfMunfh&ef vkdkao;\/ vli,fwdkU\ rauseyf uefUuGufrIwdkUtm; udk,fcsif;pmem vufcH
Edkifí þrauseyfrIuefUuGufrIwdkU vli,fwdkUtv,fwGif rnfodkUpwifay:aygufvmonfudk
&SmazGokH;oyf&efvnf; vdkyg\/ odkU &SmazGokH;oyfrIay:wGif rSDíom jyóemudk ajz&Sif;&
ayrnf/ wckawmU&Sd\/ ajz&Sif;ay;&rnfh olrsm;rSm wzufowftjrifom &Sdwwfonfh trnfcH
EdkifiHa&;orm;rsm;awmU rjzpfxdkufacs/

udkjrifholu oufjyif;&Idufvdkufí wdkaeNyDjzpfaom pD;u&uftm; rD;owfum aq;vdyfcGufxJodkU


xnfhvdkufonf/ csxm;aom pmtkyfudk jyefudkifum zwfrnfjyKpOf ol\ta':jzpfolu tcef;
wGif;odkU 0ifvmonf/

]]b,fES,fhvJ? pmMunfhwkef;bJvm; armifjrihfol? tjyifav;bmav; xGufygtkH;vm;.....}}

ta':jzpfol a':apm&Du teD;&Sdckwifay:wGif 0ifxdkif&if; qdkonf/

]]ausmif;om;b0 wkef;uawmUvJ pmar;yGJaMumifh pmzwf&? q&mjzpfjyefawmUvJ oufjybdkUqdk


omqdk;ao;w,f/ rif;wkdUwl0&D;eJU 'DpmtkyfawG b,fawmUrS uif;yghrvJrodbl;....}}

olurl bmrQjyefrajzbJ ta':jzpfoludkom NyKH;Munfhaeonf/

OD;av;jzpfolrSmvnf; wuúodkvfrS uxdubOD;jzpfonf/ vlysKdudk,fjzpfí tdrfvnf; rvdkao;


ojzifh OD;av;ESifhta':\ tdrfwGifyifae&onf/ zcifrSmvnf; qkH;cJUNyDjzpfí rdcifrSmvnf;
wOD;wnf;om;ESifhyifcJGí ppfudkif;awmif&kd;üom 0dyóemvkyfief;ESifh taersm;ojzifh rdcif\

- 57 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

nDr þta':ESifh OD;av;udkyif rdbvkyfí at;at;ukyfukyf aecJUonf/ om;orD;rxGef;um;


aom OD;av;ESifhta':rSmvnf; wOD;wnf;aomwltm; wa,mufwnf;aomom;yrm t&dyf
wMunfhMunfhESifh &SdaeMu&Smonf/

]]pmMunfhaewm r[kwfygbl; a':a': vli,fawGtaMumif; awG;aerdwmyg....}}

]]tJh'D rif;awG;wJU vli,fawGtaMumif;rSm rif;taMumif;aum yg&JUvm;.....}}

]][m.... a':a':uvJ...}}

ta':jzpfolu NyKH;&if; olUtm;Munhfaeonf/ ta':hpum;OD; b,fqDvSnfhawmUrnfudkvnf;


olu odNyD;jzpfonf/

eufzef EGJUEGJUwa,muf vmtkH;rvm;.....}}

pawmUpayNyD/

]]vmrSmaygh a':a':....}}

a':apm&Du olUtm; t"dyÜm,fygygyif NyKH;Munfhvkduf\/

]]b,fESifhvJ...}}

]]b,fUES,frS rvJygbl;a':a':...}}

]]rif;wkdUuom b,fUES,frSrvJbl;qdk ayghae? vlBuD;awGuawmU rayghEdkifbl;...}}

]]cufvdkufwm a':a':&,f...}}

]]'dkUurcufygbl;? rif;wdkUuom cufaewm? rif;a&mEGJUEJGUa&m ri,fMuawmUbl;....}}

]]a[m... ckeuawmh uRefawmfvJ vli,fqdk.....}}

]]rif;a':a':Uudk pum;vSJUr,fBuHovm; armifjrifhol....}}

- 58 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf... cufjyefygbD a':a':&,f....}}

olu tom&,farm&if; pD;u&ufwvdyfudk rD;NidzGmjyefonf/

]]rif; 'DpD;u&ufawGvJ taomufravQmUeJU Mum;vm;.....}}

]]EdkU aq;wHaomufyghr,f qdkawmUvJ a':a':ubJ vlBuD;eJUwlr,fqdk....}}

]]awmfprf;yg? rif;qifajcBuD;bJ rif;udk EJGUEJGUeJU jrefjrefae&mcsrS at;rSmbJ.....}}

ta':jzpfolu usm;usm;rD;,yf olvdkcsifonfom ZGwfwGef;aeojzifh udkjrifholrSm &,farmíom


aevdkuf&onf/

]]aeygtkH;? rif;u EGJUEGJUudk bmjzpfvdkU rBudKuf&wmvJ}}

]]a[mAsm? tJ'g b,fvdkajz&yghrvJ}}

]]EJGUEJGUrSm rBudKufEdkifp&m bm&SdvdkUvJ....}}

]]uRefawmfu rBudKufzl; rajym&ygvm; a':a':....}}

]]'gjzifh BudKufw,faygh....}}

]]tkd tdk rBudKufzl;rajymwmeJU BudKufw,fawmUvJ b,f[kwfrvJ a':a':&,f...}}

]]rif;pum;u bmpum;vJ? a':a':Uudk pmoiftkH;rvdkUvm;....}}

olu olUta':pum;aMumifh ESpfESpfNcKdufNcdKuf &,farmrdonf/

]]rif; EJGUEJGUudk jiif;aewm[m rif; [dkoli,fr arb,fvfudk vGrf;wkef;bJvm;....}}

&,farmaeaom olUrsufESmrSm ysufoGm;um vlrSmvnf; idkifoGm;onf/

]]a[m.... rif;idkifoGm;jyefbD? a':a':ajymwm rSefw,fr[kwfvm;....}}

- 59 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]uRefawmf cav;r[kwfawmUygbl; a':a':....}}

olu tm;wif;NyKH;&if; ajzonf/ ta':jzpfolu xkdifae&mrSxum olUyckH;tm; ,k,pGm


ykyfvsuf MuifemaomavoHESifh azsmif;zsonf/

]]a':a':hwludk pdwfrcsrf;omatmif rvkyfcsifygbl;? 'gayr,fh a':a':wkdUrSmu 0wå&m;


&Sdw,fr[kwfvm;/ rruvJ pma&;wdkif; 'gbJ ar;ar;aew,f/ 0guRwf&if EJGUEGJUwdkUararuvJ
vmtkH;r,f? at;av.... pOf;pm;tkH;aygh}}

ta':jzpfolu xGufoGm;aomtcgxd olu Nidrfusef&pfonf/ rzwfcsifawmUNyDjzpfaom pmtkyf


tm;vnf; pm;yJGay:odkU ypfwifvdkufum pD;u&ufwvdyfudkom xyfNidSjyefonf/ vufrSm
pm;yJGtHqGJqDodkU a&mufoGm;um rSefabmifoGif;xm;onfh 6 vufrt&G,f "mwfykHwcktm; tom
xkwf,lvdkufonf/ udk,fwydkif;&dkufxm;aom rdef;rysKdwOD;\ykHjzpfonf/

aysmfrqkH;&SdpOfu &dkufxm;onfrdkU "mwfykHwGif;rS arb,fvf\ 0ef;jynfhaom rsufESmuav;rSm


awmuf&Tef;zl;yGifhonfh tNyKH;a&mifESifh 0if;yMunfvifaeonf/

wcgwkef;u rifrqkH;cJUonfh þtNyKH;a&mifonfyif ,ckrl &ifESvkH;tm; rcsrf;ajrUapEdkifawmU


ayNyDwum;/

olu oufjyif;udk wcsuf&Idufvdkufí "mwfykHtm; tHqJGwGif; jyefxnfhvdkufNyD; &,f&G,fcsufrJU


jyLwif;em;&yfum va&mif&Tef;aom tjyifbufNcHwGif;qD ai;Munfhaerdonf/

arb,fvf\ &kyfoGifay:aeao;aom rsufvkH;wGif Eke,faom ar&D\ rsufESmav;u xifay:


vmonf/ nDrcsif;rdkU &kyfcsif;u qifayonf/ arb,fvf\rsufESmu tenf;i,fydkoG,fjcif;
ESifh ar&D\tom;a&mifu a&T0g&nfydk0if;onfom jcm;em;onf/

]]*efUa*:yef;awGyGifh&if odyfvSrSmbJaemf}}

tjypfuif;aom ar&D\ uav;i,fyrm ar;jref;csufrsm;u olU&iftm;eifhapcJUonf/ rdrd


trnfudk zGifhajymumrS £ajE´av;ysufum &SufaoG;jzef;vsuf xGufcGmaysmufuG,fajy;aom
uav;rudkrl aumif;aumif;em;rvnfrd/

- 60 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

arhaysmufcsifí arhaysmufatmifvnf; BudK;pm;cJUojzifh arhaysmufNyD[k xifaom pdwfa0'em


onfom &ifrSmjyefvnf vl;vGefUusef&pfonf/

olonf pdwful;udkjzwf[ef pD;u&ufaiGUrsm;tm; rIwfxkwfvdkufNyD; pm;yGJqDjyeftvSnfhü


tdrfa&SU{nfhcef;qDrS pE´,m;oHwcku rwdk;rus,f ay:xGufvmonf/

cPwGifyif Munfvifaomfvnf; aqG;ajrU&dyfvTrf;aom oDqdkoHrSmvnf; uyfygvmonf/

vufoHESifh tqkd&Sif\toHudk rSwfrdaom udkjrifholu tcef;0wGif&yf&if; Nidrfvsuf em;axmif


aerdonf/

oDcsif;rSm *DweufoefudkapmNidrf;\ todrfarGUteufeJqkH; ]]opöm}} yifjzpfonf/

]]qif;oGif&kyf0g vu©PmtoG,foG,f? b,fykHrcefUrSef;EkdifbG,f? onm,Ofaus;a&Topöm


cifav;&,f....}}

pmom;wGifomru aw;oGm;uvnf; odrfarGUaeonf/

]]wa&GUa&GUa0;ygvkdU? a&ajrtPÖ0g? urÇmajrjcm;&m0,f ajy;a&Smifz,f? xGufajy;a&Smifz,f?


armifhtay:0,f rlvGef;Edkiftm;w,f}}

vIdufvSJaom tqdk&SifrSmvnf; &ifrSa0'emudk tqD;twm;r&Sd az:vTwfae[efwlyg\/


xufjrufaom*Dw\ rjrifomaom ndIUuGif;uGef,ufwkdU oG,f,Sufodkif;&pfvmojzifh
em;axmifae&ol\ &ifwGifyif eifheJqGwfysHUonfh a0'emrSm jynfhvQrf;vmonf/

]]em&DawGajymif;.... &ufawGom anmif;ygvkdU&,f? v&moDawG ajymif;um ajymif;um


ESpfaygif;awG uGmcJUaygh? r[muyfurÇm ajrvTmjyif0,f? jrLajcaiGESif; usvmqif;onfhES,f....}}

toHrSm pdwfysufaMuuJGjcif;bufodkU ,drf;,dkifvmayNyD/

&yfaeaom tcef;0qDrS udkjrifholonf aw;&Sif\ cHUnm;aomfvnf; rIdif;&yfqifaeaom


o@mefudk vSrf;jrifae&onf/

- 61 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olUtm; ab;wdkufay;í udkvSa0onf tdyfrufü a,mif&rf;oDqdkaeolyrm rsufvkH;rsm;u


ta0;odkU aMumifaMumifai;&if; vufacsmif;rsm;udkom pE´,m;cvkwfrsm;ay:wGif nifompGm
vIyf&Sm;aeaponf/

]]ouFm,kHrSm;vJGpm? arSmifrJt0dZÆm zkH;ydwfuG,f? awGUEdkifcJvSw,f? opöm opömcif&,f? cifhudk


cspfcsifavorQ? avmu&JUy&d,m,f rm,mtoG,foG,f? qef;Mu,fpGm olvSnfhpm;vdkU Z&mu
0g;rsKdcJUNyDuG,f....}}

pdwfysufoHrS ajrSmfvifhcsufuif;aom vlwOD;\ nnf;nLtm;avsmhoHudk ul;ajymif;vmonf/

]]aepdrfhwJU ar&,f.... uG,faysmufvkdU b,fqDrSma0;w,f? oDwma&ajr qkH;ygapa&mh?


&Sm&awmUr,f opömcif&,f? arwrif ykef;&ufwmvm;uG,f....}}

oDcsif;qkH;oGm;aomfvnf; vufur&yf? vufOD;wnfY&m toHpOfrsm;udk qufvuf ul;ajymif;


wD;acgufaeonf/

onfawmUrS Nidrfaeaom udkjrifholu olUtem;avQmufoGm;onf/ ajcoHMum;aom udkvSa0u


twD;udk&yfvdkufNyD; ol\obm0jzpfaeaom pdwfwGif;rSrygonfh ajcmufaoG;a&mh&Jaom
tNyHK;ESifh EIwfqufonf/ xdkUaemuf udkjrifholvSrf;ay;vdkufaom pD;u&ufwvdyfudk rD;Nid
zGm&Idufí acgif;udkarmhum taiGUrsm;tm; rIwfxkwf&if; ]]tdyfraysmfvdkU xGufcJUwm}} [k qdkonf/

vlacswdwfaom ntcsdefrsm;wGif tdyfraysmfaomaMumifh[kqdkum þodkUvQif rMumcP


qdkufa&muf vmwwfonf/ qdkufa&mufvmvQifvnf; rnfolUtm;rQ EIwfrquf/ pE´,m;ckH
wGif 0ifxdkifum ndKUrIdif;aom oDcsif;wydk'fydk'fudk wD;aeavh&Sdonf/

udkjrifholu teD;&Sdukvm;xdkifwckwGif 0ifxdkifvdkufNyD; olUtm; wnfhrwfpGmMunfhí ar;cGef;


wckudk xkwfvdkufonf/

]]cifAsm; EJGUEJGUeJU awGUao;vm;....}}

olu udkjrifholtm; vSnfhMunfhvdkufNyD;aemuf tajzray;bJ jyefíar;vdkufonf/

]]bmvkyfrvdkU cifAsm; 'gudkar;&wmvJ.....}}

- 62 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkvSa0onf vlolav;yg;a&SUü i,foli,fcsif;jzpfaom udkjrifholtm; ]]q&m}} [kac:í


]]uRefawmf}} ESifh ajymaomfvnf; 2 OD;csif; vGwfvGwfvyfvyf awGUaomtcgwGif &if;&if;ESD;EDS;
wef;wl jyefqufqHavh&Sdonf/

]]reufu cifAsm; jyefoGm;&kH&SdtkH;r,fxifw,f? EJGUEJGU uRefawmfhqDa&mufvmNyD; cifAsm;udk


ar;ao;w,f.....}}

]]cifAsm; bmajzvkdufvJ}}

]]cifAsm;twGuf uRefawmfu bmrsm;ajzp&m&SdrvJ udkvSa0}}

udkvSa0u t"dyÜm,frJU wcsufNyKH;vdkufí olUudk,folajymouJUodkU nnf;nLaeonf/

]]EJGUEJGU[m wu,foem;bkdUaumif;wJU rdef;cav;wOD;bJ}}

]]uRefawmfuawmU EGJUEJGUxuf cifAsm;udk ydkoem;w,f....}}

]]uRefawmfhvdkvlrsm; cifAsm;oem;ae&ao;ovm;.... udkjrifhol}}

]]cifAsm;? uRefawmf[m cifAsm;&JU tcspfqkH;oli,fcsif;wa,mufqdkwm arhoGm;bDxifw,f/


cifAsm;vkyfaewmawG[m t"dyÜm,f&Sdao;&JUvm; [if....}}

olu 'kwd, rdNyKH;vkdufjyefonf/

]]uRefawmf[m wcgu vlUb0eJUwuG urÇmavmu t"dyÜm,fudk b,favmuf jrwfjrwfEkd;Edk;


&SmcJUw,fqkdwm cifAsm;todbJ? tck em;v,fxm;wmu wavmuvkH;rSm bmt"dyÜm,frS
r&Sdwm? uRefawmfudk,fEIdufu t"dyÜm,f&SdbdkU vkdao;ovm;}}

olu pE´,m;cvkyfav;rsm;udk &nf&G,fcsufrJU wdkUupm;aejyefonf/ okdU&mwGif olUtm&kHrSm


olvkyfaeaom t&may:wGif pl;pdkufrI&SdrSef;rSm odomaeonf/

]]wcgwkef;u uRefawmf txifwBuD;aygif;cJUayr,fh pifppfawmU bmrS av;pm;p&mr&SdwJU


uRefawmfh&Jabmfa[mif;awGu ajymvdrfhr,f/ uRefawmf[m awGa0idkufjrnf;aewJU vlwa,muf?
azmufjyefaewJU owå0gwaumifvdkU cifAsm;wdkUvdk pdwfynmq&mawGu ajymvdrfhr,f?

- 63 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

uRefawmf[m vlaumif;eJUvl&l;udk cJGjcm;xm;wJU e,fedrdwfrsOf;aMumif;ay:rSm a&SmufaewJU


vlvkdU.....}}

olu emusnf;pGmyif &,farmvdkufonf/ pum;udk qufajymaomtcgwGif olUtoHrSm


rauseyfjcif;/ rcHcsdjcif;oabmwkdUudk a&mifjyef[yfaeonf/

]][kwfw,f? uRefawmf[m awGa0idkufjrnf;aew,f? azgufjyefysufpD;aew,f? vlUb0&JU


t"dyÜm,faysmufaewJh vlwa,mufrdkU &l;aew,f/ rSefw,f? rjiif;bl;? 'gayr,fh uRefawmf
rwwfEdkifbl;? wcgwkef;uawmU 'DrSmbufrSm jrifhjrwfw,f/ jzLpifw,f? rSefuefw,fvdkU
uRefawmf ,kHMunfNyD; vufcHwJU todkuft0ef;&Sdw,f/ [dkrSmbufrSm ,kwfnHUw,f? npfywf
w,f/ azgufjyefysufpD;aew,fvdkU uRefawmf,kHMunfNyD; jiif;y,fqefUusifcJUwJU todkuft0ef;
&Sdw,f/ tck uRefawmfawGU&wmu uRefawmf jiif;y,fqefUusifcJUwJU todkuft0ef;[m
,kwfnHUNrJ ,kwfnHUaew,f? npfywfNrJ npfywfaew,f? azgufjyefNrJ azgufjyefaew,f/
uRefawmf vufcHtxifBuD;cJUwJU todkuft0ef;uawmUaum bmrSrxl;bl;/ wef;wl ,kwfnHU
w,f? npfywfw,f? azmufjyefw,f? 'DtcgrSm uRefawmfu bmvkyf&rvJ? [dkbufudk rul;
Edkifbl;? 'DbufrSmvJ raeEdkifbl;/ jcm;em;xm;wJU NcHpnf;&dk;ay:xdkif pdwfysufae&kHuvJGNyD; bmrS
rvkyfwwfzl;......}}

olu &Snfvsm;pGm ajymcsvdkufonf/ wpxufwp olUtoHrSm rmvmum olUrsufESmrSmvnf;


wif;vmonf/

[J....[J... pOf;pm;Munfh&if odwf&,fbdkUaumif;w,f? {&mrvuf0Jorm; jynfolUom;aumifBuD;


awGu qdkw,f? "e&Sif tdrfaxmifa&;pHepfBuD;wckvkH;[m ysufpD;aewJU jynfhwefqm vkyfief;
BuD;wJU/ 'gayr,fh tJ'Dyk*d¾KvfBuD;awGubJ wu,fhjynfhwefqmvkyfief;udk um,uHajrmuf
vufawGUusL;vGef tm;ay;aew,f/ 'gayr,fh udk,fhbufusawmU bdkiftdkvkd*sDu,ftmh*sf
obm0aoG;om;awmif;qdkrIrkdU jzpfwJUenf;eJU aNzajzmuf&owJUav? [dkbufuvlawGusawmU
taemufEdkifiH oH&kH;uay;wJU a':vmudk,l wkdufwJU0DpuDudkaomufyD; wdkif;jynfudk a&mif;pm;
aeowJU/ olwkdUudk,fEIdufusawmU ta&SUEdkifiHuay;wJU &lb,fudkvufcH wdkufwJUaAmvfumudk
,pfrl;NyD; EdkifiHudk opömazmufMuw,f? wzufudkawmU tmPm&l;w,fvkdUajymw,f? udk,fEIduf
usawmU tmPmudk a&iwfovdk qmaew,f? uRefawmfu b,folUrsm; oGm;MunfndK&yg
rwJUvJ}}

- 64 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olu xdkif&mrS xvdkufum jyLwif;aygufem;wGif udkjrifholtm; ausmay;&yfí tjyifbufodkU


ai;Munfhaeonf/ udkjrifholurl pdwfrcsrf;omjcif; BuD;pGmjzifh oli,fcsif;jzpfol\ aemuf
ausmudk pdkufMunfhae&if; a&S;jzpfa[mif; toG,foG,ftm; jrifa,mifaerdonf/

wuúodkvfa&mufpü udkvSa0u olESifh waqmifxJaeonf/ tcef;csif; uyfvsuf&SdouJUodkU


vlcsif;rSmvnf; cJGr&cJU? ESpfOD;vkH;rSm tem*wftwGuf ajrSmfvifhcsufudk,fpDESifh jynfh0aeí
ypöKyÜefudkvnf; auseyfvsuf &SdcJUMuonf/

ESpfOD; cJGBuHonfh tcsdefav;rsm;&Sdonf? rdrdu arb,fvfvGifESifh rqkH;Edkifaom pum;wkdUudk


qdkaepOf udkvSa0uvnf; EGJEJGUESifh r&dk;Edkifaom aw;wdkUudk oDaecdkufwGifom jzpfonf/

jyefawG;vQifrl xdkpOftcgrsm;ü ESpfOD;om;rSm pdwful;,OftPÖ0g0,f arwÅmavmif;,Ofudk,fpDeJU


b,fqDrodao;aomfvnf; tawG;ESifhyif vGrf;rufcsifpzG,f opömaomifajcOD;odkU jzwful;
&GufvTifhaeoa,mif jzpfonf/

vrf;ckvwfwGifyif rdrd\avSrSm epfcJU&yg\/ udkvSa0\avSrSm ysufcJU&yg\/ taMumif;jcif;


awmUrS rwlcJU/ b,ftcsdefu pcJhavovJrod? udkvSa0onf rdrdESifhcJGcJUavonf/ EJGUEJGUudk
wdrf;cJUayonf/ taygif;toif;opfrsm;ESifhom usifvnfaecJUonf/ olUtaygif;toif;opf
rsm;um; rsufrSefxlxlwyfí acgif;NzD;avhr&SdbJ pmtkyfBuD;BuD;rsm;udk udkifwwfaom EdkifiHa&;
ausmif;om;rsm;yifwnf;/

olwdkUESifh aygif;onfhaerSpí udkvSa0onf ausmif;wufonfxuf NrdKUxJodkU xGufonfu


rsm;ygonf/ ausmif;pmtkyfwdkUudk ypfy,fum oabmw&m;a&;&m pmtkyfBuD;rsm;udkom
pGJaeawmUonf? toGifrSm ,cifuuJhodkU rMunfvifawmU? [efrSm a&SUpOfuuJUodkU
rajymhajymif;awmU/

wjzpfvJcJhaom udkvSa0tm; rdwfaqGyDyD owday;aomtcgrsm;wGif rdrdtm; pmtkyfrSay;aom


todOmPfom&Sdí b0rrSefao;oltjzpf ypfypfcgcg a0zefwwfonf/ EGJUEGJU\ azsmif;zs
wdkufwGef;csufrsm;udk cg;cg;oD;oD;jiif;y,fí aemufqkH;wGif tjypfrJUolcrsmudkyif a&Smifz,f
vmonf/

rdrd EdkifiHjcm;odkUoGm;onfhESpfwGif udkvSa0vnf; wuúodkvfESifh &efukefajrrS aysmufoGm;onf


qdkonf/ rdrdjyefa&mufvmaom tcgwGifrl vlUb0\ t"dyÜm,faysmufaeaom udkvSa0tm;

- 65 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

aMuuGJbG,f jyefqkHawGU&onf/ wcgu Munfvifaom udkvSa0r[kwfawmU? wcgu


wuf<uaom udkvSa0vnf; r[kwfawmU/

ausmif;vnf;rwuf? tvkyfvnf;rvkyf? olESifhcifrifaom wDwDpDausmif;0if; twGif;&Sd uxdu


wOD;\ tm;vyfaeonfh tapcHwef;vsm;rS tcef;wckü wudk,fawmf usifhokH;vsuf
aeaeonf/

udkvSa0u jyLwif;rSjyefvSnfhum ukvm;xdkifwvkH;ay:wGif 0ifxdkifvdkufojzifh udkjrifhol\


tawG;rSm jywfoGm;onf/

udkvSa0\ o@mefrSm jyefvnfajymhajymif;aeonf/ udkjrifholtm; wcsufvSrf;MunfhvkdufNyD;


at;csrf;aeNyDjzpfonfh toHESifh ar;onf/

]]uRefawmfajymwmawG b,fvkdoabm&ovJ...}}

]]uRefawmfhtwGufawmU rqef;ygbl;...}}

]]b,fvdk rqef;wmvJ...}}

]]cifAsm;rSm oli,fema&m*g rpifao;bl;...}}

]]Asm....}}

]]ausmif;om;awmfawmfrsm;rsm;[m cifAsm;vdkbJ oli,femrpifwJU a&m*g&wwfMuw,f......}}

udkvSa0u rsufarSmifwcsuf MuKwfvdkufonf? bmrQjyefrajym? udkjrifholuom at;csrf;


wnfNidrfpGm qufajymaeonf/

]]cifAsm;wdkU uRefawmfwdkUvdkbJ? vli,fawG[m wuúodkvfa&mufwJU tcsdefeJU vlvm;ajrmufwJh


tcsdefeJU vmBuHKBudKufaew,f/ cav;b0[m pdwfoabmt&ma&m? &kyfoabmt&ma&m rQw
nDnGwfaewJU tcsdefjzpfw,f? t*FvdyfvdkawmU yD;&da&mhatmhzf tDuGDvDb&D&ifvkdU ac:w,f/
BuD;aumif0if vlvm;ajrmufwJU tcdkuftwefUrSm tJ'D rQwnDnGwfjcif; oabm[m ysuf,Gif;
oGm;w,f? vlopfpdwfopfjzpfovdk tBuHopf OmPfopf tjrifopfawG 0ifvmw,f/ 'DtcsdefrSm
pdwful;t,OfwwfqkH;? pdwftajymif;tvJ tjrefqkH; udk,fpGrf;udk,fpudk tjycsifqkH; tcsdef

- 66 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

jzpfw,f/ vlBuD;jzpfvmr,fh tcsdefrSm woufpGJNrJawmUr,f tusifhpm&dwåeJU pdwfoabmxm;


awG pwifzJGUpnf;tajcjyKwJU pyful;rwful;tcsdefvJ jzpfw,f/ uHqkd;wmu uRefawmfwdkUEdkifiH&JU
[dkufpul;ausmif;eJU wuúodkvfausmif;awGrSm 'Dvdk ykHoGif;wdkif;&r,fh vli,fawGtwGuf txl;
&G,fpl;NyD;xm;wJU nTefMum;yJhjyifrIpHepf r&Sdbl;....}}

udkjrifholu &Snfvsm;pGm &Sif;jyonf/

]]tJ'geJU bmqdkifvdkUwkH;.....}}

]]qdkifwm uRefawmfajymjyyghr,f/ 'Dvdkvli,fawGudk ynmydkif;qdkif&mawGu acgif;aqmifrI


ay;bdkU arhavsmhaewJhtcgrSm vpfvyfaewJU acgif;aqmifrIudk wm0efrJh EdkifiHa&;orm;awGu
0if,lvkdufw,f? uRefawmfwkdUwkdif;jynfu EdkifiHa&;orm; awmfawmfrsm;rsm;[m yg;pyfu
b,fvkd toHaumif;awG [pfaeMuayr,fh uRefacwfu tjrpfwG,fcJUwJU uRefpdwfuRefusifhawG
rukefMuao;bl;/ t*Fvdyfudk aumfqJbdkUuvG,fw,f/ e,fcsJUpHepfBuD;udk &IwfcsbdkUu vlwdkif;
vkyfEdkifw,f/ EdkifiHopfwnfaxmifbkdU tjrifopftusifhopf&bkdUudk odyfcufw,f/ uRefacwf
EdkifiHa&;&JU t"du&nf&G,fcsufu rdrdygwD tmPm&a&;onf yxr? EdkifiH okdUr[kwf jynfol
vlxkonf 'kwd,/ 'g[m uRefpdwf uRefusifh&JU toGifvu©Pmwck jzpfw,f/ a&S;wkef;u
vlawG[m t*FvefjynfrSm vkyfonfqdkwJU t&mrSeforQudk txifBuD;Muw,f? tck
vlawmfawmfrsm;rsm;uawmU &k&Sm;jynfrSm vkyfonfqdkwJU ukeftrSwfwHqdyfudk aps;BuD;ay;
0,faeMujyefw,f/ ae&mwumrSm EdkifiHjcm;uvmwmudk zkH;uG,fcsifrI[mvJ uRefpdwf
uRefusifh&JU toGifvu©PmwckbJ jzpfw,f....}}

udkjrifholu acwå pum;udk &yfem;vdkufonf/ rauseyfaom udkvSa0uom ar;cGef;xyf


vdkuf\/

]]cifAsm;ajymaewmawGeJU uRefawmfhudk oli,femrpifao;bl;vdkU pGyfpGJwmu bmqdkifvJ}}

]]qdkifwJUtcef;udk a&mufygawmUr,f? ckeuajymovdk wuúodkvfa&mufp vli,fawG[m


pdwfopftjrifopfeJU rdrdwdkU&JU vlrIywf0ef;usifudk vSrf;ajrSmfqef;ppfMunfhMuw,f/ qef;ppf
Munfhw,fqdkayr,fh touft&G,feJU tawGUtBuKHu Eke,fMuao;awmU EIdif;EdIif;csdefcsdef
okcrdefqdkwJU ynm&Sd&JU rQwaom qef;ppfMunfhykHrsKd;eJUawmU r[kwfzl;/ a0zefrIvkdU cyf,Of,Of
trnfwyfxm;wJU qDvdk tayguf&Sm tjypf&SmrIudkom jyKMuw,f? 'DawmU tqifrajyrIawG?
rrSefuefrIawG? rjynfh0rIawG? ratmifjrifrIawG 'gawGudkbJ awGUMuw,f? 'gawG[m
uRefawmfwkdUEdkifiHrSm r&Sdbl;r[kwfzl;? &Sdw,f? 'gayr,fh 'DrESpfNrdKUbG,f&mawG[m ppfyD;acwf

- 67 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

EdkifiHawG? txl;ojzihf ]]xGuf[JU... xGuf[JU.... qkdvdkUomxGufcJU& igbmaumifrSef;rod}} qdkwJU


tajcrSm &SdaewJU udkvdkeDpHepfu vGwfajrmufpEdkifiHwdkif;rSm rvTJra&Smifomatmif ay:aygufae
Muw,f/ 'gawGay:aygufvmwJU taMumif;u waMumif;r[kwfzl;? taMumif;awG trsm;BuD;
&Sdw,f? ajz&Sif;p&menf;uvJ wenf;xJ avSeH"m;xpfr&Sdbl;? tzkHzkHtoG,foG,f&Sdw,f/ 'Dtxd
cifAsm; em;v,fw,faemf....}}

]]qufygtkH;av......}}

]]wuúokdvfu ynmwwfvli,fav;awG[m vli,fyDyD pdwfjrefawmU tajztjrefqkH;&r,fh


wckwnf;aom tcsuftjcmtaMumif;qdkwmudk &SmMunfhMuw,f/ a&m*gwck&JU tajctjrpf
toG,foG,fudk EdIif;csdefpDppfydkif;jcm;jywJU q&m0ef&JU tpD&ifcHpmxuf rsufpdwrSdwf vQyfwjyuf
twGif; a&m*gpGJudk 'ufueJtrnfay;wwfwJU ya,m*q&m&JUpum;udk ydkrdk,kHMunfcsifwJU
oabmaygh/ ajz&Sif;bkdUtwGuf enf;vrf;udkvJ t&ifvdkvrf;tdkvdkufwJU wpwp jyKjyifrIenf;
xuf jzwfvrf; aq;NrD;wdkoabmudk ydkESpfoufMuw,f/ 'DtcgrSm wm0efrJUEdkifiHa&;orm;awG
0ifvmw,f/ olwkdUawGu Armjynf&JU 'ku©toG,foG,f aysmufcsif&if tMurf;zuf vlwef;pm;
wdkufyGJenf;eJU awmfvSefypf&r,fvdkU a[mMum;Muw,f/ olwkdU&JU a[majymcsufawGudk
wuúodkvfu vli,fawG[m awmfawmfrsm;rsm; vufcHvmMuw,f/ vufcH&wJU taMumif;uvJ
&Sdaew,f/ 'Dae&mrSm vli,fpdwfynm[m ajz&Sif;bdkU0ifvmw,f}}

udkjrifholu pD;u&ufwvdyfudk xkwf,lí udkvSa0tm; vSrf;ay;vdkufonf/ udkvSa0u


vufumí jiif;qefaomtcg rdrdbmomzGmNidaomufNyD; pum;udkqufonf/

]]'Dq&mBuD;awG&JU aq;NrD;wdkawGudk vli,fawGvufcHwJUtaMumif;u 3csuf&Sdw,f/ yxr


tcsufu b,fwdkif;jynfrSmrqdk b,facwfrSmrqkd vli,fawG[m olykefqefcsifwJU oabm
&Sdw,f/ 'DoabmaMumifh awmfvSefa&;vdkU trnfwyfxm;wJU 0g'awG awmfvSefa&;
bufawmfom;vdkU trnfcHxm;wJU vlawGudk txifBuD;udk;uG,fcsifwJUtusifh &vmwwfw,f/
'Dtusifh[mbJ vli,fawG&JUzuf&Sif jzpfvmwwfw,f? 'kwd,tcsufu ynmwwfwJU
vli,fawGrSm wenf;tm;jzihf MunfndKbG,faumif;wJh pdwf"mwfwck&Sdw,f/ olwkdU[m
tmPm&aewJU tkyfcsKyfaewJU vlawG&JU pum;awG0g'awG[m b,favmufbJrSefaeyap?
vdkufembkdU axmufcHbkdUtwGuf vdyfjymroefUjzpfwwfw,f/ vdkufemaxmufcHjcif;[m tacsmif
orm;qefw,f? rsufESmvdktm;&jyKw,fvdkU xifwwfMuw,f/ ol&Jaumif;qefenf; wrsKd;aygh/
tJ'D 2csufudk uRefawmfu oli,fema&m*gvdkUac:w,f}}

- 68 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkvSa0u [uf[ufyufyuf &,farmvdkuf\/ aemuf ]]tJ'D2csuf[m uRefawmfhudk,fawGUeJU


udkufvGef;vdkUAsKdU}} [k qdkonf/

]]aemufqkH;tcsufuawmU Armjynfu ausmif;om;awGeJU ydkqdkifw,f? 'DwaZmufuef;0g'udk


vufcHMuwJU ausmif;om;trsm;[m e,fuausmif;om;awGrsm;w,f? olwdkUawG[m e,frSm
pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;? ynma&;? usef;rma&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;? taxGaxGrSm rauseyfp&m tqif
rajywmawG? trIxrf;awG? tmPm& tzJGU&JU bufawmfom;awG&JU atmufajcvGwfrIawGudk
cHpm;cJUMu&w,f? olwkdU&ifrSm rcHcsifpdwfawG? a'gow&m;awG[m tjynfhygvmMuw,f/
pdwfynm oabmuawmU olwkdUawGudk aqmufwnf&mr& jzpfaeolawGvkdU ac:w,f/
aqmufwnf&mr& jzpfaeolawGtwGuf waZmufuef;0g' tjrpfwG,fbkdU[m tifrwef
vG,fw,f/ vli,fawmfawmfrsm;rsm; qlylaeMuwm[m 0g'oabmw&m;a&;aMumifhxuf
tpdk;&eJU tmPmydkifawGudk qJqdkae&wm t&omudkawGUaeMuvdkUjzpfw,f}}

]]cifAsm;'gawGudk b,fhES,fvkyfajz&Sif;rvJ}}

]]ajz&Sif;bkdUurvG,fbl;/ 'gayr,fh enf;vrf;&Sdygw,f/ wvrf;u ynmay;bdkU? wvrf;u


pnf;urf;udkifay;bdkU/ ynmqdkwm oif&dk;rmwdumawGxJu [mawGcsnf;bJ q&mawG[m
oifraebJ vli,fawGeJU vufyGef;wwD; aygif;&r,f? yGifhyGifhvif;vif; aqG;aEG;&r,f?
rkef;rSmudkraMumufbJ trSefudkajym&J&r,f/ pnf;urf;udkifay;bdkUqdkwmuvJ csKwfcs,fbdkU
r[kwfzl;/ Oya'abmiftwGif;uae xdef;odrf;Muyfrwfay;bdkUbJ/ EdkifiHa&;orm;awGuvJ
wcgu wuúodkvft"dywdBuD;ajymovdk vufa&Smifay;bdkU aumif;w,f? vli,fawGudk qlenf;
ylenf; pnf;urf;zsufenf;awGudk oifay;aewmawGudk &yfwef;u &yfypfoifhbD/ vuf&Sdtpdk;bJ
NrJaeae twdkfuftcHbJwufwuf? b,f0g'awGeJUbJ wdkif;jynfjyKjyK? 'Dvli,fav;awGudkbJ
tm;udk;&rSmbJ/ 'Dvli,fav;awGudk EdkifiHa&;pum;vkH;BuD;BuD; okH;wwfzkdU? EdkfifiHa&; vIHUaqmf
pnf;&kH;enf;awG wwfzdkUudkcsnfh tm;ay;ae&if tem*wfArmjynfrSm avvkH;omxGm;wwfNyD;
wdkif;jynfjyKvkyfief; bmrSrwwfwJU acgif;aqmifawGeJUom jynfhaerSmbJ/ 'g[m tckacwf&JU
tcuftcJwGifr[kwfzl;? tem*wftEÅ&,fvJjzpfw,f? vli,fawGudk,fEdIufuvJ jyKjyifvG,f
aom pdwfarG;jrLyD;? wzufowf0g'pGJawGudk rsufpduef;vufrcHbJ tajctae tawGUtBuKH
ponfawGeJU EdIif;csdefokH;oyfMunfhzdkU vdkaew,f/ 'DrSm udkvSa0? tJ'Dvkd EdIif;csdefokH;oyfrI r&Sd&if
vli,fawG[m bmjzpfoGm;rvJ}}

udkvSa0u 'kwd,tBudrf rsufarSmifMuKwfum olUtm; vSrf;Munfhvdkufjyefonf/

]]bmjzpfoGm;rvJ}}

- 69 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]bmjzpfoGm;rvJqdkawmU cifAsmvdkbJ &Sif&ufeJU aooGm;Edkifw,f}}

udkvSa0u olUtm; qwfueJarmfMunfhvdkufonf/ olUtoGifrSm rajrSmfvifhbJ rdk;BudK;usOfpufrd


olyrm wkefvIyfacsmufcsm;oGm;onf/ cPcsif;rSmyif OD;acgif;rSm jyefvnfusKd;usoGm;onf/

]]uRefawmf[m wu,fbJ &Sif&ufeJUaoaeovm;...}}

olUtoHrSm tufuGJajcmufaoGUae\/

udkjrifholudk ar;vdkufonfxuf rdrdudk,fudkar;ae[efom wlonf/ udkjrifholu rajzrDyif


olUbmomol qufajymaejyef\/

]]uRefawmf[m &Sif&ufeJU aoaeovm;/ 'Dar;cGef;udk udk,fhbmomudk,f ar;aerdwm MumygbD/


tajzudk uRefawmfodw,f/ odayr,fh vufrcH&Jbl;/ vufcH&rSmudk pdwfuemusnf;aew,f/
[kwfw,f/ uRefawmf[m aoaewmbJ/ 'gudkodwmuwjcm;bJ/ uRefawmfhudkuRefawmf
&Sifatmif jyefrvkyfEdkifwmu wjcm;bJ/ tcef;wHcg;ydwf&if pdwful;wHcg;udkvJ ydwfygqdkwJU
tdyfaysmfaq;enf;wvufudk em;v,fw,f? 'gayr,fh pdwful;wHcg;udk b,fvdkydwfvdkUrSr&bl;?
wcgwav ausmif;rSefrSefjyefwufNyD; bJGUav; 'D*&Dav;,lvdkU tvkyftudkif&SmazGaexdkifr,f
BuHrdw,f? vufawGUrSmawmU rvkyfrdbl;? rcufzl;vm;..../ 'gudk b,fhES,fhvkyfrvJ....}}

olu acwåawG;ac:ae[efESifh &yfem;vdkufonf/ cPwGif;yif OD;acgif;udk jyefarmhvkdufí


ta&mifrJUaom rsufvkH;tpkHtm; rsufESmBuufqD ai;arQmfpdkufMunfh&if; aqG;ajrUaiGUvTrf;aom
toHESifh wvkH;csif; qufajymonf/

]]ntcgawGrSm rqdkufa&mufvmEdkifwJU tdyfaysmfjcif;qdkwmudk oufjyif;vIdifvIdif cs&if;u


apmifharQmfaewkef;rSm tqkH;tpr&SdwJU awG;vkH;awG[m 0if0ifvmwwfw,f? wu,fqdkawmU
tp&,fvdkU r,fr,f&&r&SdwmrdkU tqkH;[mvJ b,fqDaerSef;rodavwJU 'Dpdwf&JU vGifhyg;rI
awGudk tawG;vdkU ac:Edkifyghrvm;vJ rodbl;/ wcgwavawmUvJ aecsifovdk jzpfrvmwJU
avmuBuD;rSm jzpfovdkeJU a&mifh&JNyD; taMumifhtMueJeJeJU aysmfaysmfbJaeawmUr,f pdwful;rd
yg&JU? 'DvkdqdkjyefawmUvJ vlUb0udk av&l;a&SUu&Guf0gyrm arsmav&mvGifhpwrf;vkdU vufcH
cJUwJUtydkif;? uHZmwfq&m olaporQudk vGrf;cef;rSmidkNyD; aysmfcef;us&DvkdU avmubkHwcGif
BuKHtifavorQudk udk,fhudk,fudkudk,ftpdk;r&wJU uacso,f&JUtjrifeJU MunfhcJUwJUtjzpf?
'Dtjzpf 'Dtpdwftydkif;awG[m twdwfrSm rIefarS;a0;oD usef&pfavwJU cav;b0eJUtwl
ysufjy,fvGifhaysmufcJUNyDjzpfwmrdkU ayghayghaebkdU pdwful;rdwmudkbJ &l;oGyfjcif;ayvm; xifrsm;

- 70 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

xifrdao;w,f/ udk,fhb0udk,f jyefMunfhrdwJhtcgrSm tqkH;pGefa&mufaeNyDjzpfwJU BudK;wp&JU


tzsm;udk qkyfudkifxm;&if;u arSmifeJUrJrJrSm a&SUqufc&D;oGm;bkdU xdwfvefUaewJU vlwa,muf
tjzpf jrifrdw,f/ 'DBudK;udkvTwfNyD; rjrifrprf; a&SUquf&if acsmufurf;yg;rSmbJ usrvm;rod?
'DBudK;udkwG,fNyD; b,frSra&GUjyefawmUvJ 'DtarSmifu woufb,fvdkvGwfygr,frod}}

olu tNyKH;r[kwfaom tNyHK;udkjyKvkdufum pE´,m;cHqD jyefoGm;onf/ cvkwfjzLjzLrsm;ay:wGif


vufu vIyf&Sm;avonf? cPwGif cyfapmapmu olwD;cJUaom aw;onfyif Nidrfhanmif;pGm
0JysHUa0jrnfvmonf? tqdkyifrygaomfvnf; aw;oGm;tvkduf eufeJodrfarGUaom pmom;rsm;u
udkjrifhol\ tm&kHwGif a&;a&;xifvmyg\/

]]r[muyfurÇm ajrvTmjyif0,f? jrLajcaiGESif; usvmqif;onfhES,f? ouFm,kHrSm;vTJpGm? arSmifrJ


t0dZÆmzkH;ydwfuG,f? awGUEdkifcJvSw,f? opöm-opömcif &,f....}}

- 71 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(7)

udkvSa0u oDcsif;udk tqkH;owfvdkufaomtcg udkjrifholonf olUyckH;ay: vufwifvkduf&if;


qdkonf/

]]cifAsm;vJ rtdyfEdkifbl;r[kwfvm;? uRefawmfvJ rtdyfcsifao;bl;? tjyifxGuf NcHxJ xdkifMu&


atmif? NyD;awmU EdkUat;at;wcGufpDaomuf&if; pum;qufMuao;wmaygh}}

udkjrifholonf tdrfazmfa':BuD;ciftm; EdkUat;ESpfcGuf,lvm&ef rSmBum;NyD; udkvSa0tm;


ac:aqmifum NcHwGif;odkUxGufcJUonf/ NcHwGif;ürl rdk;eHUoif;aom ncsrf;avEkaMumifh at;jr
vef;qef;aeonf/

a':apm&D w,kw,arG;jrLxm;aom yef;yifwdkUrS &eHUpkHwdkUonfvnf; arT;ysHUBudKifxkHae&m


py,feHUrSm toif;qkH;jzpfaeonf/

uHUaumfyif&dyftpGef;&Sd va&mifzsef;vsuf&Sdaom jrufcif;jyifxuf csxm;onfh Budrfukvm;xdkif


wckpD0,f ESpfOD;om; xkdifvdkufMuonf/ udkvSa0u oefU&Sif;aomavudk tm;&yg;& &l&Iduf
vdkuf&if; ]]ckrSbJ &ifxJrSmwif;usyfwm aysmufoGm;w,f}} [k qdkonf/

]]uRefawmfawmU udkjrifhol? tdrfqdk&if b,ftdrfrqdk odyfusOf;usyfw,fvdkU cHpm;rdw,f?


vGwfvGwfvyfvyf awmawmifa&ajrawGqkH;atmif av[mjyifxJ avQmufoGm;csifaew,f....}}

]]aumif;om;bJ..... cifAsm; c&D;rsm;rsm; xGufypfvdkufygvm;}}

]]xGufcJUygw,f? &Srf;jynf? &ckdifjynf weoFm&D tawmfESHUygw,f/ 'gayr,fh rxl;ygbl;av......


usOf;usyfatmif cHpm;ae&wmu pdwftaESmifhtzJGU r[kwfvm;.....? 'DajrrSm ajy;aevkdUaum
vGwfrwJUvm;....}}

udkjrihfolu tajzray;bJ olUtm;om NyHK;&if; pdkufMunfhaeonf/

xdkpOf tvdkufodaom a':BuD;cifu EdkUat;ESpfcGuftjyif pD;u&ufAl;ESifh rD;jcpfudkyg,lvmí


teD;&Sd pm;yJGykuav;ay:wGif vmcsay;onf/

- 72 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]cifAsm;b0udk cifAsm; auseyfaeovm;.... udkjrihfol....}}

EdkUat;udkaomuf&if; bmpdwful;&onfrod? udkvSa0u NyKH;&if;ar;onf/

]]vlUb0rSm udk,fhb0rSm udk,faysmfEdkifbdkU[m ta&;BuD;qkH;aygh udkvSa0/ r&Edkifwmudk awmifhw


rdjcif;vkdbJ &aewmeJU rwif;wdrfEdkifjcif;[mvJ pdwf'ku©&p&m taMumif;&if;wckygbJ....}}

udkjrihfolu taemufrdk;jyifbuf twef,drf;avsmvsuf&Sdaom 8-&ufom;vjcrf;tm; ai;Munfh


&if; wvkH;csif;ajzonf/

]]uRefawmfawmU wcgwav cifAsm;vdkbJ tdrfwaqmifrD;wajymif tvkyftudkiftwnfwuseJU


wifhawmifhwifhw,f aecsifom;/ 'gayr,fh udk,fu pnf;pdrfeJU wudk,faumif;qefqef
ZdrfcHaewkef; wjcm;vlawGu iwfae rJGae idkae&wmudk pOf;pm;rd&if vdyfjymroefU jzpfrd
w,f....}}

]]cifAsm;apwem[m rSefygw,f...? b,folaoao iawrmNyD;a&mqdkwJU wudk,faumif; BuD;yGm;


a&; 0g'awG[m acwfukefygNyD/ vlwdkif; b0&JUcsrf;omrIudk tnDtrQ cHpm;Mu&ygapqdkqwJU
apwem[m qdk&S,fvpf0g'&JU tESpfom&oabm tcsKyfygbJ/ wckawmU tHUMow,f/ 'Dvdk
jA[®pdk&fw&m;qefwJU 0g'wckudk qefUusifbufa'go tmCmwoabmawGeJU wGJzufay;csif
wm[m obm0udk zDqef&mraebl;vm;....}}

]]cifAsm; bmudkqdkvdkovJ....}}

]]cifAsm; wcgu toJpGJ,kHMunfNyD; tckvJ oHa,mZOfrjywfao;wJU rmhufpf? vDeif0g'ac:wJU


tMurf;zuf EdkifiHawmfqdk&S,fvpf0g'BuD;aygh.... udkvSa0.....}}

udkvSa0u EdkUat;zefcGufudk pm;yGJay:csvdkuf&if; udkjrifholtm; awGawGpdkufMunfhvdkufonf/

]]cifAsm; pdwfqdk;oGm;ovm; udkvSa0...}}

]]qdkygtkH;av....}}

]]cifAsm;apmapmu rauseyfwmawGudk tefcsoGm;wJUae&mrSm vlawGudkom zdtjypfwifoGm;


w,f? rlukdawmU auseyfvufcHaeqJoabmu ay:aeao;w,f/ rludkvJrpGefUEdkif? vlawGudkvJ

- 73 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

&GHUrkef;eJUrdkU cifAsm;[m ypf&rSmvJ tqDw0if;0if; pm;&rSmvJ oJeJU&Syf&Syf qdkwmvdk a&SUrwdk;om


aemufrqkwfEdkif jzpfaew,f [kwfvm;......}}

'gudkawmU udkvSa0u rjiif;? 0efcHonfhtaeESifh Nidrfem;axmifaeonf/

]]'gayr,fh cifAsm;tawG; vdkaeao;w,f? cifAsm;vufcH,kHMunfxm;wJU rlBuD;uaum rSef&JU


vm;vdkU qef;ppfMunfhykHr&bl;...}}

]]bmvJ cifAsm;u um;vfrmhpfudk rSm;w,fvdkUrsm; ajymtkH;rvkdUvm;....}}

þae&mwGifrl udkvSa0\toHrSm tenf;i,frmaeonf/

]]uRefawmfwkdU ppfolBuD;pum;r[kwfbJ ynm&Sdpum; ajymMu&atmif/ eufeJodrfarGUwJU oabm


awGudk qkH;jzwfcefUrSef;wJUae&mrSm vlNydef;awG t"dyÜm,faygufxm;wJU rSm;w,f rSefw,fqdkwJU
pum;awGudk e,fusOf;usOf;eJU tokH;jyKvdkUr&bl;/ vlwa,muf[m uGefjrLepfjzpfjzpf uGefjrLepf
qefUusifa&;orm;jzpfjzpf bmbJjzpfaeae odyÜHenf;usaom vlrIa&;&m 0dZÆmynmeJU vufawGU
qefwJU qdk&S,fvpf0g'awG[m um;vfrmhpfu pw,fqdkwmawmU b,folrSrjiif;bl;? 'gudk
auseyfuJUvm;....}}

udkvSa0u NyHK;&kHomNyKH;aeonf? tajzawmUray;/

]]'gayr,fh vlom;ynm&SifrSeforQ[m acwf&JUaus;uRefrQomjzpfw,f/ um;vfrmhpf xuf r,SOf


omatmif awmfwJU t&pöawmfw,fvfvdk acgrynm&SifBuD;[mawmifrS olUacwf olUtcg&JU
t&Sdeft0gudk rvGefqefEdkifcJUbl;/ um;vfrmhpf0g'udk rSm;w,fvdkUawmU rqkdEdkifbl;/ acwfrrSD
awmUbl;? usyfrjynfhao;bl;vdkUawmU wxpfcsqdkEdkifw,f/ um;vfrmhpfudk a0zefcsif&if
olU0g'eJU cJGjcm;vdkUr&wJU &kyf0g'BuD;udkyg a0zef&vdrfhr,f? um;vfrmhpf[m 1847 ckESpf aEGOD;
aygufrSm uGefjrLepftzJGUcsKyfudk zJGUpnf;cJUw,f? 1848 ckESpfrSm oleJU tdef*s,f&JU uGefjrLepf
rufeDzufpwdkudk xkwfa0jzefUcsDcJUw,f/ 1864 ckESpfrSm yxr tifwmeuf&Sife,f ac:wJU urÇmU
uGefjrLepftzJGUudk wnfaxmifcJUw,f/ 1889 ckESpfrSm 'kwd, tifwmeuf&Sife,fudk wnfaxmif
Mujyefw,f? 'gawGtm;vkH;udk q,fhudk;&mpkESpfrSm jzpfay:cJUw,faemf.....}}

]]qufygtkH;av.....}}

- 74 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tJ'D um;vfrmhpfwdkU tdef*s,fwdkU usifvnfcJUwJU q,fhudk;&mpkacwf[m &kyf0g' tatmifjrifqkH;


acwfvkdUqdk&r,f/ tJ'DacwfrSm &lyaA'qdkwJU odyÜHynm[mvJ odyfwdk;wufcJUw,f/ um;vfrmhpf
wkdU ,kHMunfcJUwJU &kyf0g'udk tJ'Dacwf &lyaA'odyÜHynm[m taxmuftulay;cJUw,f/
'Dae&mrSm &kyf0g'&JU tajccH,kHMunfrIESpf&yfudk uRefawmfajym&vdrfhr,fxifw,f/ cifAsm;awmU
odNyD;om; jzpfayvdrhfr,f.....}}

]]ajymygav.....}}

]]&kyf0g'&JU yxr,kHMunfcsufu &kyfomvQif tppftrSefopömjzpfw,f? emrfqdkonfrSm


arSmufrSm; vJGrSm;aom xifa,mifxifrSm;jzpfrIom jzpfw,f/ [kwfw,frIwfvm;? 'kwd,
,kHMunfcsufu avmuobm0"r® jzpfysufrI toG,foG,f[m taMumif;rJh jzpfay:ae
Mujcif;r[kwf? wdusaom aMumif;usKd;qufoG,frIt&om jzpfay:aeMuw,f? 'gaMumifhrdkU
4if;wkdU jzpfay:aeMujcif;udk aMumif;usKd;qufoG,f awG;ac:rIay: rSD wDxGifxm;wJU oobm0
"r® enf;Oya'rsm;t& wxpfcsajz&Sif;Edkifw,f/ 'gjzpf&if 'gvdkufvm&r,f ponfjzifh BudKwif
NyD; rvJGatmif a[majymEdkifw,f? rSefw,faemf}}

]]rSefygw,f....}}

]]bmaMumifh &kyfudkomvQif rSEfaomopömvdkU ajymcJUMuovJqdkawmU &kyf[m wnfNrJwmrdkUvdkU


qdkw,f/ wnfNrJjcif;oabmudk ae&müwnfNrJjcif; tcsdefüwnfNrJjcif;ponfjzihf t"dyÜm,f
azmf,l&w,f? twdkcsKyfajym&&if 19 &mpkacwf &lyaA'ynmudk,füu &kyf? ae&m? tcsdef? 'D
oabm 3 ckudk razgufrjyef rSefuefaom y&rwfw&m;awGtjzpf vufcHcJUw,f/ 'DvkdbJ
&kyf0g'&JU 'kwd,tajccH ,kHMunfcsufudkvJ vufcHcJUw,f/ 'D&kyf0g'&JU tajccH,kHMunfcsuf
ESpf&yf[m rjynfhpkHaMumif; todOmPf&ifhoefwJU ynm&SdawG[m &Sif;jyajymqdkcJUMuayr,fh odyÜH
ynm&JU taxmuftxm;udk r&Muao;wmrdkU &kyf0g'BuD;[m rjzKefcJUbl;/ 'gayr,fh 20 &mpkESpf
a&mufawmU &kyf0g'BuD;udk oufaotaxmuftxm;jynfhpkHpGmeJU &kyf0g'DawG b,fvdkrS rxifcJh
MuwJU &lyaA'ubJ tjrpfup wGef;vSefzsufqD;ypfvkdufw,f....}}

]]b,fvdk wGef;vSefzsufqD;ypfvkdufovJ...}}

]]wGef;vSefzsufqD;vkdufwJUae&mrS omrefawG;vkH; awmvkH; jiif;vkH;awGudk tokH;jyKcJUMuwm


r[kwfzl;/ wdusrSefuefwJU ocFsmwGufcsufrIawG? odrfarGUcufcJwJU &lyaA' vufawGU
prf;oyfcsufawGeJU odyÜHynme,fy,feJU urÇmavmuBuD;wckvkH; odrfhodrfhwkefapcJUwJh ygarmu©
tdefpwdef;yvefU? bDufZifwfcfeJU &Id;'if;*sm; wdkUvdk t"duynm&SifBuD;awGjzpfw,f....}}

- 75 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ygarmu©tdefpwdef;&JU emrnfu pMu0VmwckvkH;eJUywfoufwJh vlom;&JUtjrifudk wrsKd;wzkH


ajymif;vJapwwfwJU &Dav;wpfADwDqdkwJU oDtkd&DeJU qufoG,faew,f yvefUcf? [dkufZif;
bwfcfeJU &Id;'if;*sm;wdkU&JU trnf[m tEkjrLudk avhvm&Sif;vif;wJU uGrfwefoDtdk&DwdkU? j'L;0Jvf
oDtdk&DwdkUeJU qufoG,faew,f/ twdkcsOf;NyD; vkd&if;udk t&ifajymxm;ESifh&r,fqdk&if tBuD;qkH;
pMu0VmBuD;udk avhvmavhvm? tao;qkH; tEkjrLudk avhvmavhvm? &kyf0g'BuD;[m rjynfhpkH
aMumif;? odkUr[kwf acwfrrSDawmUaMumif; awGUvm&w,f....}}

]]bmaMumifh....}}

]]a&S;acwfu tEkjrLudk olyif &kyf&JUtp? olyif &kyf&JUtqkH;vdkU xifcJUw,f? tEkjrL[m


tao;qkH;aom &kyf&JUtajccHjzpfNyD; olUudk cJGpdwfvdkUr&? zsufqD;vdkUr&? aysmufysufvJroGm;bl;/
'gaMumifhrdkU NrJw,frSefw,fvdkU qdkw,f/ 'gayr,fh &kyf odkUr[kwf &kyf&JU tESpfom&
oabmjzpfwJU ypönf;xk[m tm;oabmudk ajymif;oGm;EdkifaMumif; tdefpwdef;[m oufaojy
cJUw,f/ wcg tm;qdkwm[m "mwfvIdif;jyefUvGifhjcif;oabmeJU ukefcrf;oGm;Edkifw,f? tm;
ukefcrf;&if &kyfypönf;[mvJ aysmufysufoGm;Edkifw,f? Oyrm "mwfvIdif;jyefUvGifhjcif;oabm
xm0pOf jzpfaewJU aexJrSmqdk&if &kyfypönf;[m wpuúefUrSm wefcsdef av;oef;avmuf
jy,fysuf aysmufuG,faew,f}}

]]'g[m vufawGUrSefaMumif; om"u&Sd&JUvm;}}

]]&Sdw,f? [kduf'&dk*sifAkH;aygufuGJykH[m om"ubJ? [dkuf'&dk*siftEkjrLtjzpfuae [DvD,HtEkjrL


jzpfatmif ajymif;vJvdkufwJUtcgrSm ypönf;xktcsKdU[m tm;oabmtjzpf ajymif;vJaysmufxGuf
w,f/ tJ'Dvkd ajymif;vJxGufvmwJU tm;aMumifh BuD;us,faom aygufuGJrI[m jzpfvm&w,f?
aeeJUMu,fawGxJrSm [dkuf'&dk*sifAkH;aygufuGJrIoabmawG jzpfaewmbJ}}

]]pdwf0ifpm;p&mygbJ quf&Sif;prf;ygtkH;}}

]]'DawmU wnfNrJírSefuefaom &kyfqdkwJU t,ltq[m t"dyÜm,fr&SdawmUbl;/ pMum0VmBuD;rSm


&kyfqdkwJUoabm r&SdawmUbl;/ tm;ajymif;vJjcif;oabmbJ &SdawmUw,f? &lyaA'[mvJ
a&S;wkef;uvdk &kyfeJU &kyf&JUa&GU&Sm;jcif; oabmudk avhvmwJUynmr[kwfawmUbJ tm;ajymif;vJ
jcif;udk avhvmwJUynmjzpfcJUw,f? tm;qdkwmbmvJvdkU twdtus b,folrSrajymEdkif
awmUbl;/ y&rwfoabmt& r[kwfbJ vufawGUtvkyfvkyfzkdU wcgwav t;qdkwmudk
t&m0w¦K trIeftpoabmeJUjzpfap? wcgwav "mwfvIdif;jyefUvGifhjcif; oabmeJUjzpfap ,lq
&w,f/ 'Dtcsufudk j'L;0JvfoDtdk&DvdkU ac:w,f/ b,fhES,fhvJ em;v,f&JUvm;}}

- 76 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]em;v,fovdkawmh&Sdw,f? oabmawmU odyfraygufao;bl;....}}

]]'gudkawmif oabmrayguf&if a&SUqufajymr,fh[mudk em;v,fyghrvm;rodbl;? em;awmh


axmifMunfhao;wmaygh? udk,f&yfwnfaewJU urÇmajr uGufuGufuav;ay:uaeNyD; a&wGif;
xJu zm;vdk rMunfhbJ pBuF0VmBuD;wckvkH;udkyg NcKHpOf;pm;&if &Dav;wpfApfwD oDtdk&Dt&
ae&m&,f? tcsdef&,f? tuGmta0;&,f? a&GU&Sm;jcif;&,fqdkwJU oabmawGrSm bmrQwduswJU
t"dyÜm,f r&SdawmUbl;? 'gaMumifh ae&mtm;jzifh wnfNrJjcif;? tcsdeftm;jzihf wnfNrJjcif;qdkwJU
t,ltq[m t"dyÜm,fr&Sdjyefbl;/ wcg [kdufZif;bwfcf&JU? tefqmwdef;ewD oabmt&
obm0"r® jzpfysufjcif;awGudk aocsm*epGm wdkif;wmaz:jyrIonf rjzpfEdkifvkdUod&w,f/ Oyrm
t&mwck[m b,fae&mrSm bmjzpfaew,fvdkU twdtusajymvdkufwmeJU wNydKifeuf tJ'D
t&m0w¦K[m b,fEIef;eJU a&GUvsm;aew,fqdkwm ajymvdkUr&awmUbl;/ em;&IyfoGm;NyD xif
w,f.....}}

]][kwfw,f? em;&IyfoGm;&kHrubl;? rvdkufEdkifawmUbl;.....}}

]]'gcifAsm;tjypfr[kwfzl;? uRefawmfvJ em;v,fatmif 'Dxuf&Sif;bdkUcufoGm;bD? pifppfawmU


'DoabmawGu &lyaA'? ocFsmaA'eJU zDvdkqdkzDbmom&yfawGrSm xl;cRefwJUynm&Sifcsif;om
em;v,fEdkifwJU eufeJodrfarGUvSwJU oabmawGuvm;/ twkdcsKyfuawmU ESpfq,f&mpkESpf
odyÜHynmt& &kyfomvQif NrJírSefuefonfqdkwJU &kyf0g'&JU yxr,kHMunfcsuf[m t"dyÜm,f
r&SdawmUbl;....}}

]]'kwd,,kHMunfcsuf rSm;ykHuaum.....}}

]]tm; 'gudk em;v,fbdkUu ydkvG,fw,f/ a&S;acwfodyÜHynm&JU aqmifyk'fu obm0w&m;onf


ckefausmfjzpfavhr&SdvdkU qdkw,f? wenf;tm;jzifh obm0"r® jzpfysufrIawGudk avSum;xpf
tqifhqifh oG,fqufvmykHrsKd; jrifw,f/ 'gNyD;&if 'gvdkufvm&r,f? 'gjzifh&if 'gay:&r,f?
'gay:vmwm[m 'gjzpfcJUvdkU 'Dvkd,lqw,f/ 'gayr,fh tckacwf tEkjrLudkavhvmvdkU awGU&
wmu tEkjrLawG&JU obm0eJU ywfoufvm&if 'gNyD;&if 'gjzpfr,f? 'gay:vmwm[m
'gaMumifhvkdU w&m;ao wxpfcsajymvdkUr&bl;/ odyftqifhtwef;jrifhwJU OyrmawmUr[kwfzl;?
eJeJeD;pyfwJU Oyrmwckay;r,f/ uRefawmfwdkU i,fi,fu&cJUwJU ]aygufyifbmvdkUudkif;&w,f
AsKdif;em;vdkU udkif;&w,f} qdkwJU uAsmav;[mav? a&S;acwfodyÜHynm&JU t,ltq[m
'Dtwdkif;bJ/ aygufyifudkif;wm[m AsKdif;em;vdkU? AsKdif;em;&if aygufyifudkif;&r,f/ tckacwf
odyÜHynmtvdkt& AsKdif;em;ayr,fh aygufyifudkif;csifrSudkif;r,f/ aygufyifudkif;wdkif;vJ

- 77 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

AsKdif;em;vdkU [kwfcsifrS[kwfr,f? 'gaMumifhrdkU &kyf0g'&JU 'kwd,,kHMunfcsuf[mvJ t"dyÜm,f


r&Sdjyefbl;}}

]]'DawmU rmhpf0g'[m bmjzpfoGm;rvJ}}

]]bmjzpf&rvJ.....? 'D0g'tajccHxm;wJU &kyf0g' acwfrrSD rjynfhpkHovdk 'D0g'vJ acwfrrSD


rjynfhpkHawmUwmaygh/ ppfppfawmU rmhpf xifcJUovdk vlom;eJU vlUtzJGUtpnf;awG[m
ywf0ef;usif &kyfavmujyKorQ Ek&w,fqdkwm[m rrSefawmUbl;/ 'DrSmudkvSa0....}}

udkjrifholu pum;&yfí udkvSa0tm; NyHK;Munfhvdkufonf/

]]bmvJ..... udkjrihfol....}}

]]cifAsm; tifrwefav;pm;wJU rmhufpf0g'BuD;[m aygufyifbmaMumifhudkif;&w,f? AsKd;em;vdkU


udkif; &w,fqdkwJU uav;wa,muf&JU tawG;tac:xuf bmrSxl;NyD;rav;eufvSygbl;...}}

udkvSa0\acgif;rSm qwfueJ wcsDarmhvmjyefum rcHcsifpdwf\ t&dyfta&mifrsm;onf


rsufESmwGif ay:vm&if; udkjrihfoltm; wcsufawGawG pdkufMunfhvdkufonf/

]]cifAsm; tar&duefujyefvmrS rmhufpf0g'Dukd awmfawmf&GHUrkef;aew,fxifw,f....}}

udkjrifholu toHxGufatmifyif &,farmvdkufonf/

]]cifAsm;ckxd udk,feJU0g'rwl&if pGyfpGJ&IyfcsbkdUavmufomwwfwJUtusifh raysmufao;bl;


xifw,f/ pGyfpGJ&IyfcswJUtusifh[m pGyfpGJ&IyfcswmudkaMumufwJU jynfolvlxkawG rdkufrS rSm;rS
auR;rS arG;rS xrif;pm;&wJU EdkifiHa&;orm; vl&l; vlyg; tcsif;csif;om okH;MubkdU aumif;yg
w,f/ vljrif&m udk,feJUrwJUwmeJU a&SmufpGyfpGJae&if cifAsm;wdkUrSm bmrStusKd;r&Sdbl;/ &efol
ydkrsm;vmwmom tzwfwifrSmbJ.....}}

udkvSa0u jyefracsbJ NyHK;&kHomNyHK;aeonf/

]]tar&duu jyefvmvdkU qdk&atmifuvJ uRefawmfhtaeeJU tar&duudk aus;Zl;wifp&m bmrS


txl;r&Sdbl;/ uRefawmfhrSm owfrSwfxm;wJU t&nftcsif;jynfhvdkU uRefawmfhEdkifiH&JUaiGeJU
uRefawmf oGm;oifvmwm? &cJUwJhbJGU[mvJ pwmvifqkvdk &k&StBudKufvdkufurS &wJUbJGUrsKd;

- 78 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

qkrsKd; r[kwfzl;/ udk,fhzmom rtdyfraeBudK;pm;vdkU &cJUwmbJ? tckajymaewmawG[mvJ


rmhufpf0g'udk &GHUrkef;vdkU ajymaewmr[kwfzl;/ trSm;trSefudk a0zefBuwJUae&mrSm cspfwmwdkU
rkef;wmwdkUudk qJGroGif;vmxdkufzl;xifw,f....}}

]]cifAsm; ckeu ajymcJUwJUtxJrSm &kyf0g'BuD;&JU acwfrrSDrjynfhpkHaMumif;om ygao;w,f/


rmhufpf 0g'taMumif; odyfrajymao;bl;....}}

]]&kyf0g'[m rmhufpf0g'&JU tajccHtkwfjrpfrdkU &kyf0g'cRwf,Gif;orQ rmhufpf0g'[m cRwf,Gif;


wmygbJ/ txl;ojzifh a,bk,s&kyf0g' oabmxufydNkyD; uaygufwduaygufcsmEdkifwJU
tEky#davmr&kyf0g'vdkU ocifpdk;BuD; bmomjyefxm;wJU 'dkif,mvufwDu,f rwD;&D;&JvpfZif;
[m omNyD;wdrfao;w,f...}}

]]bmaMumifh....}}

]]'dkif,mvufwpfqdkwm cifAsm;vJodom;bJ/ awG;ac:enf;w&yf? odkUr[kwf wuúaA'pHepf


w&yfyg/ oabmwckudk rSefw,fvkdU,lqvkduf? 'Dvdk,lqvdkufwmeJU wNydKifeuf tJ'Doabm
udk rSm;w,fqdkwJU qefUusifbuf oabmwck[m ay:vmvdrfhr,f/ tJ'Doabm ESpfckudk
,SOfxdk;NyD; okH;oyfMunfh? tjrwfu tJ'DoabmESpf&yfay:rSDNyD; ydkrdkrSefuefwJU oabmopfw&yf
ay:vmvdrfhr,f? tJ'Doabmopfudk wcg rSefuefw,fvdkU ,lqvkduftkH;? olU&JUqefUusifbuf
oabmu ay:vmjyefr,f/ 'DESpfckudk ,SOfNydKifokH;oyf? 'DvkdawG;ac:enf;[m 'dkif,mvufwpf
enf; qdkwmygbJ/ vdk&if;tcsKyfu qefUusif&kef;uefjcif;rS wdk;wdkufrI&wJU oabmbJ/ 'DtawG;
tac:enf;[m tqef;vJ r[kwfygbl;/ tjcm;awG;ac:enf;awGxuf odyfvJruGmbl;? xl;vJ
rombl;? rmhufpfu wjcm; &kyf0g'orm;awGvdkbJ &kyfomvQif tppftrSef obm0w&m;
jzpfw,f/ &kyfobm0w&m;awG[m qefUusif&kef;uefjcif;rS wdk;wufrIoabmtwdkif; jyKjyif
ajymif;vJaew,fvkdU a[mMum;w,f/ tJ'D,kHMunfrIudk tajccHNyD; vlUordkif;eJU.... vlrItaqmuf
tOD; ajymif;vJykHudk quf&Sif;w,f/ [kwfw,frIwfvm;}}

]]qufygav}}

]]rmhufpfu vlrItaqmuftODwckvkH;[m ukefxkwfvkyfrI pHepfay:rSm wnfw,fvkdU ,lq


xm;w,f/ ukefxkwfvkyfrIpHepfwck ay:vm&if tJ'DpHepftvdkuf ypönf;ydkifqdkifrIa&;&mawG
ay:vmw,f/ vlydef;pum;eJU ajym&&if ukefxkwfvkyfrIpHepfu b,folypönf;rJU b,fol
ypönf;&Sif b,foluRef b,folocif b,foltmPmrJU b,foltmPm& pwJUoabmawGudk
zefwD;w,f/ tJ'DawmU y#dyu©oabmt& ukefxkwfvkyfrIpHepfwckwdkif;&JU atmufrSm ypönf;

- 79 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ydkifqdkifrIa&;&m y#dyu©rIawG&Sdw,f/ tJ'gawGu oabmawGbJ/ tJ'DoabmawG&JU y#dyu©rI


tjzpfeJU jrif&w,f/ uHa<u;cspHepfacwfrSm ya'o&mZfawG&JU v,fuRefawG? pufrIacwfrSm
v,fajr&SifawGeJU pufrIvkyfief;ydkif&SifawG? t&if;&SifacwfrSm t&if;&SifawGeJU ypönf;rJU
vkyfom;awG tpOfy#dyu©jzpfcJUw,f? jzpfaew,f/ y#dyu©jzpfwdkif; pHepfa[mif;[m NydKysufNyD;
pHepfopf[m ay:xGef;vmw,f? pHepfopfeJUtwl ypönf;ydkifqdkifrIa&;&mopf ]vlwef;pm;opf}
y#dyu©opfawG ay:vmjyefw,f/ 'DoHo&m[m b,ftxd v,frvJqdkawmU aemufqkH;
ypönf;rJhvkyfom;wdkU atmifyGJcHNyD; vlwef;pm;rJUwJU ypönf;udk rdrdpGrf;&nftvdkuf? rdrd&JU
vkdtyfonftvdkuf &&Sdvmr,fh uGefjrLepfavmuedAÁmefBuD; wnfaqmufrdwJUtxdbJ}}

udkvSa0u qifajcwufp&mr&Sdonfh[efjzifh tomNyHK;&if; em;axmifaeonf/

]]'g[m vlUordkif;c&D;pOfudk rmhufpf jrifxm;ykHbJ? 'DtjrifeJUywfoufNyD; vuf0Jvufsmra&G;


vlUordkif;q&mawG? vlrIa&;&m 0dZÆmynm&SifawG? rEkóaA'ynm&SifawG[m rmhufpfudk csD;rGrf;
Muw,f? csD;rGrf;Muayr,fh uGefjrLepfacwfopf bmoma&;orm;awGvkdU rmhufpfjriforQ
ajcmufjypfuif; oJvJpOf jyKjyifp&mrvkdawmUwJU tqkH;owfrSefuefaom opömw&m;BuD; tjzpf
awmU vufrcHMubl;? taMumif;uawmU rmhufpf&JUtjrif[m rSefoifhoavmuf rSefaomfvJ
vGwfae vdkae vGJaewmawGu &Sdao;wmudk;/

]][m.... tJ'gawmU cifAsm;aoaocsmcsm &Sif;&vdrfhr,f...}}

]]pdwfcsyg? yxrqkH;u uRefawmf apmapmuajymcJUovdk &kyfomvQif tppftrSefvdkU ,lq


xm;csuf[m ysufjy,foGm;bDrdkU rmhufpf&JU0g'[m tajcupNyD; NydKysufaew,f.../ 'kwd,
rmhufpfeJU olUaemufvdkufawG tifrwef,kHwJU 'dkif,mvufwpfawG;ac:enf;[m trSefw&m;udk
awGUzkdU rvkHavmufzl;/ tckacwfrSm opömw&m;udkawGUbkdU awG;ac:Munfh&kHeJU r&bl;/ awG;ac:
vdkU&cJUwJU tajzawGudk rSef rrSef? vufawGU&SmazGawGU&SdcsufawGeJU udkufnD\ rudkufnD\
EIdif;,SOfqef;ppfMunfh&w,f/ wcgwav awG;ac:Munfh&kHeJU rodEdkif em;rv,fEdkifwJU t&mawG
udk vufawGU&SmazGjcif;eJU od&em;v,f&wmawGvJ&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dvkd &SmazGenf;udk tifyD;&D;
qpfZif; ac:w,f? 'DpHepf[mawmif odyfpdwfrcs&ao;bl;/ wcgwav ynm&SifawG[m udk,fh
t,ltq tawG;tac:eJU rudkufudkufatmif vufawGUtcsuftvufudk ZGwfykHoGif; t"dyÜm,f
jyKay;wwfMuw,f/ 'grsKd; rmhufpf[m trsm;BuD;vkyfcJUwmaygh}}

]]Oyrmay;ygtkH;....}}

- 80 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]Oyrm rmhufpf0g'BuD;udk prf;oyfppfaq;NyD;rS rSefuefaMumif; xif&Sm;wJU tcsuftvufawGay:


rlwnfaqmufxm;wJU odyÜHenf;usaom 0g'BuD;udk A[kokwen;fao;wJU touf 20avmuf
uwJu pHepfwusrawG;bJ rSefw,fvkdU t&if BudKwifqkH;jzwf csrSwf,kHMunfxm;cJUw,f/
NyD;awmUrS olU,kHMunfcsufudk axmufcHr,fhtcsufawGudk a&G;EIwfNyD; cHUnm;wJU usrf;BuD;
usrf;i,fawGudk jyKpkwmbJ/ ,kHMunfcsufut&if? prf;oyfwmuaemuf? wenf;tm;jzifh
trlonfudk aoapvdkU pD&ifcsufudk t&ifcsNyD; ao'PfpD&ifcsufcsvdkufwJU oufaocH
taxmuftxm;udk aemufrS&SmwJU w&m;olBuD;eJU wlaew,f.....}}

]]'gwGifbJvm;....}}

]]usefygao;w,f? 'dkif,mvufwpfenf;eJU rmhufpf&JUq&m wD;0Jvfu wGufMunfhawmU N*dKvfBuD;


7vkH;? tajccH"mwfrsKd; 4rsKd;? wdkufBuD; 3wdkuf &Sd&r,fvkdU tajz&w,f/ vufawGUu N*dKvfBuD;
9vkH;? tajccH"mwfrsKd; 100ausmf? wdkufBuD; 6wdkuf &Sdaew,f/ 'Dom"uawGt& 'dkif,m
vufwpf enf;BuD;[m rvkHavmufzl;qdkwm xif&Sm;aew,f/ tckacwf odyÜHynm[m opöm
w&m; &SmwJUae&mrSm omrefvufawGU&SmazGjcif;xuf tqifhtwef;jrifhwJU xdef;csKyf vufawGU
&SmazGenf; tdufpfyJ&Drifw,fvpfZif;udk oHk;w,f/ rmhufpf0g'BuD;[m opömw&m;BuD;r[kwfzl;/
avmu"wfynmw&m;cGifrSm rSefrrSef tppfaq;cHbkdU apmifhae&&Smao;wJU trIo,frQom
jzpfw,f/ &Sif;&JUvm;....}}

]]Oyrmay;ykHawmU BudKufw,fAsKdU...}}

]]tckcsdeftxd &wJU oufaocHtaxmuftxm;eJUwGif rmhufpf0g'BuD;[m tawmf tHacsmfcRwfvJG


aewm awGU&w,f/ vlUordkif;eJU vlUtaqmuftOD[m ukefxkwfvkyfief; ajymif;&if ajymif;
&w,fqdkwmu rSefygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ukefxkwfvkyfief;ajymif;vJ&jcif;[m vl&JU todOmPf
ynm xdk;xGif;pdwfBuHpnf wDxGifrIawGaMumifh jzpfw,fqdkwmudkawmU rmhufpfeJU aemufvdkuf
awG[m Ekwfydwfa&ikHaeMuw,f/ todtrSwf wdwfwdwfjyKMuwJhwdkifatmif yGifhyGifhvif;vif;
tom;ray;&JMubl;/ vlom;eJU vlom;&JU pdwfwefcdk;OmPfynmudk wefbdk;rxm;csifrI ab;
csdwfcsifrI[m rmhufpfeJU olUwynfhawG&JU OmOfqdk;wckbJ/ wenf;tm;jzifh t"du cRwf,Gif;csuf
yJ/ 'DcRwf,Gif;csufaMumifh rmhufpfwdkU tdef*s,fwdkU vDeifwdkU&JU Asm'dwfawG[m wckrS taumif
txnf ray:vmwm awGawGU&w,f....}}

]]bmawGvJ....}}

- 81 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rmhufpfeJUtdef*s,fu w&m;aoa[mcJUw,f/ t&if;&SifpD;yGm;a&;pHepfaMumifh "etiftm;[m


t&if;&SifawGvufrSm Mumavwdk;avjzpfvmNyD; tvkyform;awG[m Mumavqif;&Jav
jzpfvm&r,f? 'Denf;eJU t&if;&SifblZGmawG[m udk,fhaowGif;udk,f wl;aeMuw,f? taMumif;u
awmU qif;&JwJhtqkH;rSm ypönf;rJUawG[m vufeufpGJudkifNyD; awmfvSefvdkU t&if;&SifpHepfBuD;udk
NzdKzsufMur,f/ 'gayr,fh vufawGUu t&if;&SifEdkifiHu tvkyform;awG&JU vlaerI tqifh
twef;[m Mumavjrifhav jzpfvmw,f/ wcg ypönf;rJUeJU t&if;&Sif vlwef;pm;om jywfjywf
om;om; uGJxGufNyD; y#dyu©jzpfvm&r,fvkdU rmhufpfpmtkyfBuD;awGu qdkayr,fh ydkrdkus,fjyefU
wJU vlvwfwef;pm; wdk;wufvmwJU ypönf;rJUawGuae waeUxufwaeU aygufzGm;BuD;xGm;
vmw,f....}}

]]'guawmUAsm? t&if;&SifEdkifiHawGu tvkyform;awG[m csrf;omrSmaygh/ udkvdkeDEdkifiHawGqDu


t&if;&Sif;awG "jrwdkufcJUwmawGU&JU t&dk;t&if;udk tJ'Dtvkyform;awG 0g;Mu&wmudk;...}}

]]cifAsm; 'DOpöm vDeif&JU e,fcsJU0g'usrf;xJu aumufEkyfudk;um;vdkufwm rIwfvm; vDeif[m


olUq&mBuD;awG ajymcJUa[mcJhwmawG vufawGUrjzpfvmvdkU qifajcay;bdkU 'Dpmtkyfudk a&;wm
bJ/ udkvkdeDawG[m e,fcsJUEdkifiHawGaMumifh qif;&Jw,fqdkwm rSefw,f? 'gayr,fh t&if;&SifawG
t&if;vmpkdufwmxuf t&if;udk pdkufoifhoavmuf vmrpdkufvdkU qif;&JMuwmbJ?
'DoabmudkaygufvkdU tck udkvHbkdpDrHudef;wdkU urÇmhbPfwdkU ay:vmwmbJ/ EdkifiHopf wnf
aqmufaeMuwJU jrefrm tdE´d,wdkU&JU t"dutcuftcJwck[m t&if;rvkHavmufrIbJ? 'gaMumifh
aESmifBudK;rJUwJU tultnDawGudk &SmBuH,laeMu&wmbJ/ NyD;awmU udkvdkeDpHepfaMumifh t&if;&Sif
EdkifiHu tvkyform;awG csrf;omw,fqdkawmU udkvdkeDwckrSr&SdwJU aemfa0;? qGD'if? 'def;rwf?
qGwfZvefpwJU EdkifiHawGu tvkyform;awG&JU vlaerItqifhtwef;awG jrifhMuwmawmU
b,fvdkajzrvJ.....}}

]]tm;.... 'guawmU....}}

udkvSa0rSm tajzay;p&m &kwfw&uf&SmrawGUojzifh pum;udk a&SUrqufEdkifbJ &yfaeonf/

]]'DrSmudkvSa0? urÇmhpD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufrIeJU vlordkif;ajymif;vJrI[m rmhufpfwdkUxifwmxuf


trsm;BuD; ydkrdkus,f0ef;eufeJygw,f? vlom;awGudk &kyfavmujyKorQ EkMu&wJU pufyrm
MunfhykH[mvJ rrSefygbl;/ 'DpHepfay:&if 'Dy#dyu©jzpfNyD;? 'Dy#dyu©jzpf&if 'DpHepfopf[m 'Dvkd
ay:&r,fqkdwJU aygufyifeJU AsKdif;yrm awG;ac:rI[mvJ wdrfvGef;tm;BuD;ygw,f/ tckacwf
EdkifiHwdkif;rSm EdkifiHa&;vGwfvyfrItjyif pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;cHpm;cGifh[mvJ ta&;BuD;w,fqdkwm
ta&;,lvmMuygbD? bmbJajymajym tJ'guawmh a&mbwftdk0iftp rmhufpftygt0if

- 82 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

qdk&S,fvpf abm*aA'q&mBuD;awG&JU jrifhjrwfvSwJU aus;Zl;w&m;yg/ udk,fhaowGif; udk,f


wl;atmif rdkufwJU t&if;&SifqdkwmvJ r&Sdygbl;? &SdtkH;awmU trsm;jynfolvlxku ZufvTwf
ray;ygbl;/ yk*¾vduvkyfief; tpGrf;txufqkH;qdkwJU tar&duefjynfaxmifpk rSmawmif
jynfwGif;eJU urÇmhpD;yGm;a&;usyfwnf;rIab;udk wm;qD;bdkU tpdk;&&JU pGyfzufxdef;odrf;rIawG
ay:vmaebD? rmhufpfenf;eJUr[kwfbJ udk,fhenf;eJUudk,f om,maomvlUabmifudk aqmufwnf
aeMuwJU jrefrmjynf? tdE´d,jynfawGvJ ay:vmbD/ &k&Sm;awmfvSefa&;BuD; tNyD; *smref
awmfvSefa&;eJU urÇmhawmfvSefa&; ay:&r,fqdkwJU vDeif&JU aMuuGJbG,f&m ajrSmfvifhjcif; vJGcJh
wmawG? 'kwd,urÇmppfBuD;tNyD; taemufOa&myEdkifiHawGrSm ypönf;rJUtmPmodrf;yGJawG ay:&
r,fvkdU a[mMum;cJUwJU pwmvifhwGufudef; rSm;cJUwmawG? u&ifrviftrdefUeJU x<ucJUwJU
tm&Sta&SUawmifydkif; EdkifiHawGu uGefjrLepfykefuefrIawG ratmifjrifcJUwmawG? pwmvifaoNyD;
wJhaemuf wufvmwJh acgif;aqmifawG&JU Nidrf;csrf;pGm twlaea&;rlawG? oHuefUvefUum
twGif;u uGJoHNyJoHeJU x<uykefuefrIawG 'gawGtm;vkH;[m rmhufpfvDeif0g'BuD;&JU rjynfhpkH
ao;wUJtjzpf? tqkH;owfw&m;ao rrSefao;wJhobm0? urÇmhemwm&Snfa&m*gBuD;udk ukobkdU
wckwnf;omjzpfwJU r[mvuf0J acwfopfbdk;bdk;atmif aq;NrD;wdkBuD;r[kwfwJUtcsuf ponf
wdkUu xif&Sm;apwJU om"uoufaoawGbJ.....}}

udkjrifholu &Snfvsm;vSaompum;udk tqkH;owfvkduf&if; pD;u&ufwvdyfudk rD;NidSzGmaomuf


um udkvSa0tm; cyfNyKH;NyKH;pdkufMunfhaeonf/

cifAsm;bmjzpfvdkU 'gawGudk t&SnfBuD; uRefawmfh&Sif;jyaeovJ.....}}

]]aMomf cufygbd? cifAsm; &Sif&ufeJU aoaewmudk rMunfh&ufvdkUaygh/ cifAsm;wGifrubl;


vli,fawGtm;vkH; vrf;ab;u ajcmufjym;wyJay;&wJU pmtkyfawGzwf? wm0efrJh EdkifiHa&;
orm;awG&JU wzufowfpum;awG trSef,l? udk,fhbmomudk,fawmif em;rv,fwJU rmhZpf
*sm*Gef; ac:wJU A&kwfokwfcpum;vkH;BuD;awG okH;okH;NyD; tcsdefjzKef;aeMuwm rMunfh&ufbl;/
wcgu wm0efodwwfwJU twdkuftcH EdkifiHa&;acgif;aqmifwOD; tdk;a0r*¾Zif;rSm a&;cJUovdk
vli,fawG[m udk,frodem;rnfao;wJU trsKd;om;eJU urÇmhEdkifiHa&;awGrSm A[kokw&SmrSD;wm
r[kwfbJ npfus,fnpfus,f 0ifvkyfaer,fhtpm; wdkif;jyKjynfjyK twwfawGbuf ydkrdk tm&kH
pdkufapcsifw,f/ rmhufpfu bma[mw,f? vDeifu bmqdkw,f? armfpDwkef;u bmrdefUw,f...?
tJ uRefawmfhudk,fydkifawmU bmrSrajymwwfzl;cifAs? qdkwJU tqifhuaewufNyD;? tajcopf
taeopfeJU udkufnDatmif pdwfopfvlopfeJU tBuHopfOmPfopfawG xkwfapcsifw,f?
uRefawmfwdkU wdkif;jynfBuD;[m vuf&Sd vlBuD;vlrdkufBuD;awGaMumifh 'ku©a&mufvSygbD? vlBuD;
vlaumif;av;awGu aemifwacwfrSm wdkif;jynfudk u,fwifEdkifbdkU BudK;pm;Muapcsifw,f....}}

- 83 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkvSa0u oufjyif;wcsuf&Idufí ae&mrSxvkdufonf? pD;u&ufwvdyfudk rD;NidzGm&IdufNyD;aemuf


vufaemufypfvsuf eufeufeJeJawG;awm&if; jrufcif;ay:wGif vrf;avQmufae\/ cPtMum
wGif udkjrifhol\tem;odkU csOf;uyfí &yfvkdufonf/ olUrsufESmrSm wnfMunfaeum rIdif;rIef
onfh t&dyfta&mifrsm; acwÅvGifhpOfaeonf/

]][kwfw,fudkjrifhol? cifAsm;ajymwmrSefw,f? uRefawmfu vlawGudkompdwfysufaerdw,f/


rludk wBudrfrS qef;ppfrMunhfcJUrdbl;? tck cifAsm;ajymwmawGudkvJ wcgrSrMum;bl;bl;....}}

olu pum;udkjzwfum tomNyKH;vkdufonf/

]]&Sif;&Sif;0efcH&&if uRefawmfu rmhufpf0g'oabmw&m;a&; pmtkyfawGuvJG&if wjcm; b,f


pmtkyfrS rzwfzl;/ zwfrdvdkU rmhufpf0g'udk a0zefxm;wmawGU&if t&if;&SifawG&JU 0g'jzefUpmvdkU
t&ifqkH;jzwfNyD; acgif;xJu azsmufypfvkdufwmbJ}}

udkjrifholu bmrQjyefrajzaomfvnf; olu olUbmomol toHxGufatmifyif &,farm


vkdufonf/

]]vlUpdwf[m tqef;om;aemf? cifAsm;tckajymrS uRefawmftrSwfrxif roJruGJ cHpm;xifjrifrI


wck[m xif&Sm;vmw,f? rmhufpfpmayawGzwf&if; tppauseyfrdayr,fh wckckvdkaeovdk
&ifxJrSm [maerdw,f? tJ'g[m vlUordkif;ZmwfckHrSm vl&JUtodOmPfeJU pdwftiftm;&JU@bJ}}

olu acwÅpum;&yfum pD;u&ufzGm&if; awG;aeonf/

]]todOmPfwdkU pdwfwdkUvdkUbJac:ac:? &kyf&JUa&mifjyef[yfrIbJ ac:ac:? bmbJjzpfjzpf 'Doabm


awG&JU pGrf;&nfudk wdrfjrKyfxm;vdkUawmh r&bl;xifw,f? 'gxuf cifAsm;wdkU ckacwfopf
pdwfynmu pdwftaMumif; bmajymovJ....}}

]]tm;...... &lyaA'[m &kyfavhvmaomaA'uae &kyfudkravhvmovdk pdwfynm[mvJ vltrsm;


ac:qkdaeMuwJU pdwfqdkwmudk ravhvmawmUbl;/ pdwfqdkwmbmvJ? pwJh tajzrvG,fwJh
ar;cGef;awGtpm; acwfopfpdwfynm[m vufawGUprf;oyf ajz&Sif;avhvmEdkifwmawGudkbJ
avhvmaew,f/ a,bk,sajym&&if ouf&SdowÅ0gqdkwm&Sdw,f/ olU&JUywf0ef;usif qkdwmvJ
&Sdw,f? ouf&SdowÅ0geJU ywf0ef;usif[m xm0pOf tjyeftvSef aMumif;usKd;qufoG,f
wkHUvS,frIoabm&Sdw,f/ pdwfynm[m tJ'Doabmudk odyÜHenf;usus avhvmwmbJ/ 'gawG
ajymae&if 'DnqkH;awmUrSmr[kwfzl;/ aemufrS aqG;aEG;Muwmaygh/ cifAsm;pum; qufygtkH;}}

- 84 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkvSa0u rdrd\tawG;tm; pum;vkH;jzifh az:&cufonfh[ef twefMum awG;aeonf/

]]uRefawmfh&ifxJ&SdwJU [mawGudk b,fvdktwdtus az:&rSef;awmif rodygbl;/ rausreyf


jzpfaerdwmawmh MumygbD/ bmudk rausreyfjzpfaew,fqdkwm[m a&;a&;ay:vmayr,fh
bmaMumifhrSef;rodbl;/ 'Dvkdav wckcku uRefawmfhpdwfudk xdef;csKyfxm;w,fxifw,f....}}

olu &yfae&mrS vIyf&Sm;um ukvm;xdkifvuf&ef;ay: wifyg;vTJxdkifcsvkdufonf/ aemuf


ukvm;xdkifaemufrSDtm; vufESpfzufjzifh tm;,laxmuf&if; pum;udk jznf;av;pGmjzifh owd
xm;&if; wvkH;csif;qdkonf/

wcsKdU bmoma&;orm;awGu vlwa,muf&JU b0c&D;udk uHMur®mqdkwmu vkH;0 BudK;qJG


pD&ifcsufcsxm;w,fvdkU ajymMuw,f? 'Dvl[m b,favmufbJBudK;pm;BudK;pm; jzpf&r,fh[mu
jzpfNyD; ysuf&r,fh[mu ysufr,f? uHMur®m&JUtrdefUudk OD;xdyfyefqif ikHUcH&r,fhtjzpfbJ/ vlU
b0BuD;[m b,favmuf pdwfysufp&maumif;ovJ....}}

]]Ak'¨bmomuawmU 'Dvkdrqdkygbl;/ cifAsm;usifhBuHEdkif&if b0wPSmeJUwuG oHo&m aESmifBudK;


awGudk y,fjzwfNyD; tpdk;r&jcif;uae tpdk;&jcif;? rNrJjcif;uae NrJjcif;qD a&mufEdkifw,f/
'Doabm[m vlom;&JUajrSmfvifhjcif;eJU vlom;&JU vGwfvyfjcif;bJjzpfw,f}}

udkvSa0u ta&mifawmufaeaom rsufvkH;tpkHjzifh udkjrifholtm; armfMunfhvdkuf\/

]]Ak'¨bmomu 'DvdkbJqdkovm;....}}

]]uRefawmfawmU 'DvkdbJ em;v,fxm;w,f/ (zkXdóavmu"ar®[d? pdwÅH,ó eurÜwd?


taomuH 0d&ZH acrH) qdkwJU r*Fvmw&m;[m vlom;wkdUt&EdkifqkH; tjrifhqkH;aom vGwfvyf
jcif;bJvkdU uRefawmfu ,lqxm;w,f.....}}

]]trSefudkajym&&if Ak'¨bmomqdkwm bmvJvdkU uRefawmf eufeufeJeJ rodygbl;/ rodbJeJU


ypfy,fcJUrdwmygbJ/ qufajym&tkH;r,f? vlom;[m ukefxkwfvkyfa&;qdkif&m &kyftiftm;pkrsm;
qkdwm[mvJ ausmufcJ 2 ck xdcdkufrdvdkU rD;yGifhwJhoabmvdk rawmfwq ay:aygufrIomqdk&if
bmrsm; t"dyÜm,f&SdawmhrvJ? 'D0g'udk a[mMum;olawG[ma&m rvGefqefomaom tcsKyftjcm
uHMur®mpdk;rdk;rI0g'udk a[majymol bmoma&;tpGef;wzuform;awGeJU bmrsm;uGmrvJ....}}

udkjrifholu xdkif&mrSxum udkvSa0\yckH;tm;ykwf&if; 0rf;ompGmqdkonf/

- 85 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][kwfyD.... cifAsm;awG;ac:ykH[m uRefawmf&Sif;jycJUwmawGxufawmif tqifhtwef;jrihfoGm;bD?


qufom vGwfvGwfvyfvyfawG;yg? usOf;usyfaewJU cifAsm;pdwf[m ayghyg;us,fvGifh vm
vdrfhr,f}}

udkvSa0uyg xdkif&mrSxonf/

]]uJ.... uRefawmfjyeftkH;r,f...? aemufrS qufaqG;aEG;Muao;wmaygh..... 'DaeUawmU awG;


p&mawG awmfawmf&wmbJ? 'DawG;p&mawGuawmU pdwfvGwfvyfr,fbJ ,kHrdw,f....}}

ESpfOD;om; pum;rqdkbJ NcH0 uHhaumfyif&dyfqDodkU avQmufvmMuonf/ NcHt0iftkwfckHjzLav;odkU


ta&mufwGif udkjrifholupí qdwfqdwfjcif;udk NzdKcJGvkduf\/

]]aMomf...'gxuf uRefawmfwdkU BuD;us,fwmawG ajymMuNyD;vdkU udk,fa&;udk,fwmav; qufMu


pdkU ygtkH;vm;....}}

udkvSa0u xdwfvefUwMum; armfMunfhvdkuf\/ udkjrifhol\ pl;prf;aom rsufvkH;rsm;udk acwÅ


&ifqdkifí rsufESmvJTvkdufonf/

]]bmrsm;vJ....}}

]]cifAsm; EGJUEGJUudk a&SmifaetkH;rSmvm;....}}

udkvSa0\ rsufESmrSm ododomom nId;usoGm;onf/

]]EGJUEJGUudkuRefawmf a&Smifae&tkH;r,fr[kwfzl;/ a&Smifudka&Smif&r,f/ EJGUEJGUeJU vSa0wdkU&JU


Zmwfvrf;[m 1949 ckESpfxJu qkH;cJUygbD....}}

olUtoHu rodromwkef,ifaeonf/ wdrfjzLrsm; jzwfoef;ausmfvTm;jcif; cHae&onfh vrif;udk


armfMunfhaeaom olUrsufvkH;rsm;rSm rsuf&nfrsm;&pf0Jae\/

]]wcgwkef;u vlrIe,fy,fudk uRefawmfu pnf;jcm;jycJUw,f? 'DrSmbufrSmawmU uRefawmf


raeEdkifNyDrdkU [dkrSmbufqD vkdufavcJUbdkU EGJUEJGUudk uRefawmfac:cJUbl;w,f? EJGUEJGUujiif;cJUw,f/
rsuf&nfvnf&GJeJU wm;cJUw,f/ wm;&ufeJU olUudkuRefawmf ypfxm;cJUw,f/ ypfxm;cJU&kHrubl;?
'Db0'DrQomvdkU uRefawmfhZmwfvrf;udkuRefawmf idkcef;raESmbJ wif;wif;jywfjywf odrf;cJU

- 86 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

w,f/ tckvdk vlUb0&JUt"dyÜm,f aysmufaeavwJU vlwa,muftjzpfrS cGifhvTwfavao;wJU


EJGUEJGU&ifcGifqD jyefckd0ifbdkU w&m;ygtkH;awmUrvm;....}}

olUtoHrSm qdkUeifhpGmESifh aysmufoGm;onf/

]]'gayr,fh EJGUEJGU[m tcktxdcifAsm;ay: opöm&Sdwkef;bJ}}

]]oluopöm&Sdav uRefawmfu vdyfjymroefUavbJ? tcktaerSm tajccsif;uvJ odyfuGmaeNyD


xifw,f? rdbawGvJ ,dkifvJcJUNyDrdkU uRefawmf[m udk,hfajcaxmufay:wGif udk,fawmif
tEdkifEdkif&yfae&olyg/ EJGUEGJUrdbawGtaeeJUvJ uRefawmfod&oavmuf uRefawmfeJU b,fenf;
eJUrS oabmrwlbl;/ cifAsm;u cifAsm;&JUtultnDeJU ausmif;jyefaebdkU ajymw,f/ uRefawmf
[m b,folUudkrS 0efray;csifbl;/ NyD;awmU t&ufaomufbmaomufeJU uRefawmfh tusifh
pm&dwÅ[mvJ raumif;awmUbl;/ EJGUEJGUeJUuRefawmf rwefawmUbl;...}}

udkjrifholu pdwfxdcdkufBuD;pGmESifh ajymaeaom udkvSa0tm;ai;Munfh&if; bmpum; quf&rSef;


rod jzpfaeonf/

]]cifAsm;aum.... EGJUEGJUudk r,lEdkifbl;vm;....}}

rajrSmfvifhaom udkvSa0\pum;aMumifh udkjrifholrSm wkefvIyfoGm;onf/

]]t"dyÜm,fr&SdwJUpum;udk rajymygeJU udkvSa0}}

udkvSa0u NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]uRefawmfhudkawmU riJUeJUudkjrifhol...? uRefawmf pum;ukefajymbD;bD....}}

udkjrifholu acgif;udkjznf;nSif;pGmcgonf/

]]rjzpfygbl;udkvSa0... rjzpfEdkifwmawG...}}

]]b,fvdk rjzpfEdkifwmvJ? cifAsm;'Dwouf tdrfaxmifjyKr,f pdwful;ao;vm;}}

olu av;yifpGm NyKH;vkdufonf? tajzrlray;/

- 87 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]cifAsm;.... rdef;rawGudk pdwfemaeovm;....}}

]]uRefawmf[m cav;r[kwfygbl;/ NyD;awmU pdwfynmorm;wa,mufyg...}}

]]'gjzifh arb,fvfvGifudk cifAsm; rarhEdkifao;bl;xifw,f.....}}

udkjrifhol\rsufESmrSm ododomomysufoGm;onf/ vlwudk,f0,f ajymhcsufwcsufpDrl &SdNrJ


aywnf;/

]]vGifhudkuRefawmf arhygNyD&,fvdkU rnmcsifbl; udkvSa0? arhEdkifp&mvJ r&Sdygbl;/ cspfjcif;


qdkwmudk cGifhvTGwfEdkifjcif;tjzpf em;v,fxm;olwa,muftaeeJUvJ vGifeJUwuG rdef;rom;
awGudk uRefawmf rrkef;Edkifygbl;....? 'gayr,fh....}}

udkjrifholu pum;rqufbJ udkvSa0enf;wl rdk;jyifrSaiGvtm; ai;arQmfMunfhaeonf/

]]'gayr,fh bmjzpfvJ....}}

udkjrifholu NyKH;vkdufonf/

]]'gayr,fh &ifxJu'Pf&muawmU rao;bl;ayghav/ 'D'Pf&mudk wrifawmU rarG;jrLxm;


ygbl;/ ZGwfvJ aysmufjy,fatmif rBudK;pm;csifbl;? aysmf&TifaomvlUb0&JU c&D;pOfrSm taESmifh
t,Sufw&yf taeeJUvJ r&Sdapcsifygbl;....}}

udkjrifholu cdkifrmaomar;&dk;wkdUtm; NrJNrHpGmaph&if; udkvSa0tm; Munfhvdkufonf/

]]'gxuf reufuawGUcJUMuwJU ar&D[m vGifh&JUnDrt&if;bJ....? cifAsm;odvm;...}}

udkvSa0\ rsufvkH;rsm;rSm jyL;oGm;onf/

]][kwfvm;....? cifAsm; b,fvdkvkyfodvJ....}}

]]ar&DUqDubJaygh? ar&D[m uRefawmfeJUvGifhtaMumif;udk odoifhoavmuf odaew,fxifw,f/


uRefawmfheHrnf zGifhajymvkdufawmU trlt&mawGysufNyD; xGufajy;oGm;w,f}}

- 88 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkvSa0u rsufarSmifMuKwf&if; wpkHwckudk av;av;eufeuf pOf;pm;aeonf/ aemuf ar;cGef;


w&yfudk jyKonf/

]]cifAsm;uaum...}}

udkjrifholu oufjyif;&Iduf&if; av;yifpGm wcsufNyKH;vdkufonf/

]]uRefawmfhtwGufawmh ta[mif;awG[m topfjyefjzpfavwmaygh udkvSa0? trSefajym&&if


ar&DUudk uRefawmf &ifrqdkif&JawmUbl;/ &ifrqdkif&Jayr,fh uRefawmfhtawG;awGrSm vGif&SdaeorQ
ar&D[mvJ ,SOfwGJygaeawmUr,f}}

udkvSa0uvnf; oufjyif;&Idufvdkufí udkjrifholtm; em;vnfpmempGm Munfhvdkufonf/ ESpfOD;


om; twefMum pum;rajymrdbJ NidrfaerdMu\/

]]uJ...nOfheufNyD? uRefawmfjyefr,f....}}

olu NyKH;EIwfquf&if; xGufcGmroGm;rD nnf;nnf;nLnL qdkoGm;onf/

]]tif;....? 'DavmuBuD;rSm uRefawmfwa,mufxJ jyóemawGudk &ifqdkifae&wm r[kwfygbJ


uvm;...}}

udkjrihfolu udkvSa0a0;oGm;onfhwdkifatmif &yfMunfhaeNyD;aemuf NcHwGif;odkUvSnfh0ifvmonf/


tdyfcsifpdwfvnf;r&Sdao;? Budrfukvm;xdkifay:wGif ajcypfvufypfxdkif&if; tawG;udk qufae
rdonf/

va&mifrSm neufojzihf ydkxGef;vufvmonf? pdkvef;aomrkd;\ ncif;rSm wdwfqdwforQ


om,mjyefUajymae\/

va&mifü rdk;pufrsm;ESifh vufaeaom uHUaumfyiftm; jrifae&onf/ uHUaumfyifu olUtm;


wapäacsmufaeonf/ þacsmufaomwapärSm aMumufzG,f a0'emudkray;/ &ifü jynfhNzdK;aMuuGJ
aom a0'emudk xifaponfh twdwfrSt&dyfomwnf;/

8rdkifrS uHUaumfNrdKifESifh uHUaumfyifwef;wdkUrSm rsufpdwGifay:vmonf/ uHUaumfyGifhcsdef0,f


uHUaumf&dyfv,frS vGrf;bG,fh&mZmwfaMumif;rSm wa&;a&;xifvmonf/

- 89 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]*efUa*:awGyGifh&if odyfvSrSmbJaemf q&m}}

olonf rsufpdudkpkHydwfvdkufonf/ rsufpdydwfoGm;aomfvnf; o@mefwdkUrSm xifaeqJjzpfí


em;rSmvnf; yJUwifxyfaeonf/

xdktcdkufwGifyif wa,moHwcku tif;vsm;ausmif;aqmifxufrS vGifhxGufvmonf/ tqdkrSm


vnf; uyfvkdufvm\/

]]'Db0&JU bkHtv,f....? nDr wGufykHwoG,f? aMomf &DjyjyrIefjc,f}}

vufoHESifh oDcsif;rSm olaumif;aumif;rSwfrdaom udk&Sdef\ vufoHESifh oDcsif;oHyifwnf;/

]]r[Deef;NrdKif oJqdkifOD;0,f? yGifhzl;cJUwJU rmvmcdkifpy,f? vIdifMuLwifhqef;? ydkifydkifol rqifjref;


om? bkHtESrf;0,f? ,kHpwrf;uG,f wikHyef;ES,f....}}

udkjrifholonf oDcsif;oHtm; rSdef;em;axmifae&mrS tdyfrufrS &kwfw&ufvefUEdk;olyrm vIyf&Sm;


oGm;vsuf &ifrSm vsifjrefpGmckefvmonf/ wdkufqdkifvGef;vSacsonfwum;/

]]cspfvGrf;&dyf oHo&mrSmuG,f? ork',ta&;? aMomf... wckurS rat;rSmrdkU...... nDrav;&,f


pdk;&drfrdw,f? avmurm,mOmPf<u,f aESmif;wyGifhES,f.... ajymif;vGifhuG,f..... avmif;rqifh
oifhwJU a[mif;&ifh Zmwfvrf;ES,f}}

wa,moHuom qufvufMuL;&ifhaeonf/

udkjrifholu rsufpdudkydwfvdkufonf? vufrSmvnf; trSwfrxif em;qDa&mufoGm;onf/

rsufpdrnfodkUrSdwfí em;yifb,fodkUydwfaomfvnf; oDcsif;oHrSmrl &if0,fyJUwifxyfí qkH;awmU


rnf r[kwf/

þntwGuf tawG;wdkUonf qkH;tHUrnfr[kwf? tdyfaysmfjcif;vnf; qkdufa&mufawmUrnf


rxif/

- 90 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

odkU&mwGif nü rdrdomr[kwf? wdwfqdwfaom pufcef;aqmif0,f tjymEka&mifpm&Gufrsm;ay:rS


vGrf;bG,fhuAsmwdkUudk zwf&if; ar&Dwa,mufvnf; Edk;Mum;vsuf&Sdaeonfudkrl udkjrifholrSm
rodEdkifaywum;../

- 91 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(8)

0ef;vnf&nf&Tef;aom rsufvkH;jymBuD;rsm;udk 0dkufvSnfhvsuf pE´,m;ckHteD; qdkzmwckay:


xdkif&if; ar&Donf {nfhcef;ESifhywf0ef;usiftm; *&kwpdkuf avhvmMunfhaerdonf/

ypönf;y&dabm*rsm;rSm xdyfwef; taumif;pm;BuD;rsm; r[kwfaomfvnf; acwfrSDajymifvuf


oefU&Sif;aeonf/ cif;xm;aom aumfaZmMurf;ay:wGif4if;? aumfaZmvGwfaeaom t*Fawacsm
Murf;jyifwGif4if;? jrL&dyfzkHrIefU rawGU&ojzifh tdrf&Sifr\ pnf;pHepfBuD;ykHudk cefUrSef;odEdkifonf/

]]a':a':apmu Armtdrf&Sifr ppfppfBuD;bJar&D? vifudkjyKpkbdkU? wlom;udk *&kpdkufzdkU? tdrfeJU


NcH0if;udk jyKjyifrGrf;rHbdkU? NyD;awmU{nfho,ftay: {nfh0wfausyGefbdkU? 'gawGavmufbJ tm&kH
pdkufaewm? wckawmUowdjyKaemf.... tefwDvdkUrac:eJU/ ArmyDyD a':a':bJac:/ 'gaMumifh odyf
a&S;qefwJU tzGm;BuD;vdkUvJ rxifeJU? ar&DwdkU awGUygvdrfhr,f/ tifrwef azmfa&Gygw,f}}

ar&DwkdUtm; pE´,m;wD;&ef udkjrifhol\tdrfodkU ac:rvmrD EGJUEGJUu a':apm&D\taMumif;udk


BudKwifajymxm;cJUonf/

odkUaMumifhyif ar&Du t0wftpm;0wfonfutp qifjcifjyifqifcJUonf/ tom;ESifhvdkufaom


eHUoma&mifajzmhajzmh EdkifvGeftusÐtxlpm;udk a&G;0wfonf/ tusÐvuf&Snfr&Sdojzifh vufjywf
0wfcJU&onfudkyif pdwfraumif;jzpfaeonf/ xbDrSmrl tarSmifbufvkaom c&rf;eufa&mif
&ifh&ifh rEÅav;ydk;uefUvefUpif;jzpfonf/ qHyifudk txl;rjyKjyifbJ oyf,yfyd&dpGmNzD;í &dk;&dk;
,Ofatmif aemufwJGxkH;xm;onf/ rsufESmwGif yg;vsm;pGmomrIefjc,fí EIwfcrf;udk qdk;onf
qdk&kH qdk;xm;\/ &Tef;&Tef;awmufvS&efxuf þodkU odu©mjynfhjynfhusufoa&&SdrIu ta&;BuD;
onf[k xifonf/ rdrdbmaMumifh a':apm&DtBudKufESifhvdkuf&ef jyifqif&onfudk ar&Donf
rdrdudk,fudktHUMo&if;u aumif;pGmrlem;rvnf/

ar&D\rsufvkH;rsm;u tpdrf;Eka&mif&dyf&dyfajy;aeaom oefUpifonfh eH&Hrsm;qDodkU a&mufoGm;


jyefonf/ ta&mifpkHawmufajymifvGef;aom yef;csDESifh "mwfykHum;rsm;udk rawGU&/ cyfusJusJ
jzpfaomfvnf; tcsKd;nDnDcsdwfxm;onfh teufaemufcH0,f a&T0ga&mifjrufrQifrsm;ESifh yef;csD
&Icif;rsm; azmf&ufxm;aom um;rsm;udkom awGU&onf/

- 92 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&DUrsufESmcsif;qdkifbufwGifrl vJavsmif;tdyfpufjcif;vnf; jyKEdkifaom yef;uGufazmf ydwfom;


tkyf qdkzmtedrfhpm;wck &Sdonf/

pE´,m;wnfaeykHudkrl ar&Du oabmusrdonf/ acgif;tenf;i,fiJU&kHESifh pE´,m;wD;&if;


jyLwif;udkausmfí NcHwGif;rS yef;cif;rsm;udk4if;? tif;vsm;vrf;ESifh wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;qkH&m
w0dkufrS opfyiftkyfpkwdkUudk4if; vSrf;jrifEdkifonf/

pE´,m;ckHjrifhay:wGif r&rf;apha&mif uwÅDygtkyfxm;aom apmif;wvkH;tm; wnfxm;onfudk


awGU&\/

apmif;ESifhpE´,m;udk jrifaomtcg ar&Du oli,fpOfuzwfzl;aom rif;aqG\ aoG;0w¦KrS


Zmwfvkduf cifarmifjrifhESifh cifjrjrwdkUtm; oGm;trSwf&onf/ trSwfrxifyif rdrdudk,fudk
cifjrjrESifh EIdif;vdkufNyD;rS tvGrf;ESifhZmwfodrf;ykHudk owd&í pdwful;udk &yfypfvdkufonf/

EJGUEJGUrSm rlar&DwdkUtm; {nfhcef;wGifxm;cJUNyD; tdrftwGif;bufqDodkU 0ifoGm;&mrS jyefrxGuf


vmao;/ wkwfwkwfurl tcef;waxmifh&Sd pmtkyfbD&dkwckrS pmtkyftrnfrsm;udk vkdufvH
zwf&Iaeonf/

]]ar&Da& 'DrSmpmtkyfawG odyfpkHw,fa[h? 0w¬KawGa&m wjcm;[mawGyg tzdk;wefcsnf;bJ?


bm;e'fa&Sma&;wmawG? ae&ll;a&;wmawG? rGefU0w¬KawGvJ &Sdw,fq&m? &S,fvDwdkU aumv&pfcsf
wdkU&JU uAsmawGvJ ygao;w,f/ rm*&ufrpfcs,f? yg;pfbwfcf? tdk[ife&D? armfygqGef?
qifuvJ,m;vl0pf p*a&[rf*&if;? [m trsm;BuD;bJ? Nidrf;omawGU&if odwfoabmusrSmbJ}}

wkwfwkwfu pmtkyfrsm;tm;MunfhaepOf yg;pyfrSvnf; tNidrfrae? ar&DUtm; vSrf;ajymaeonf/

]]a[m.... 'DrSmvJ csmcsDvfa&;wJU 'kwd,urÇmppfordkif;ygvm;? tm;Edk;wGKdif;bD; a&;wmawGvJ


&Sdw,f? aetkH;? rmhufpfeJUvDeif&JU qDvufwuf0yfufpfawGvJ &Sdao;w,f? tHr,f? 'ghpf
uufyDw,f awmif &Sdygvm;}}

]]'ghpfuufyDw,fqdkwm bmvJ}}

ar&Du uav;i,f\ rodem;rvnfjcif;[efESifh ar;onf/

]]tdk.... 'ghpfuufyDw,fqdkwm rodbl;....}}

- 93 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

wkwfwkwfu tHUMo[efESifh ar&DUtm;Munfh&if; jyefar;onf/

]][ifhtif;}}

]]'ghpfuufyDw,fvfqdkwm umvfrmhpfa&;wJU tifrwefeufeJwJU abm*aA'usrf;BuD;aygh}}

]]wkwfwkwf zwfzl;vm;...}}

wkwfwkwfu acwåawGoGm;onf/

]]zwfawmU rzwfzl;ygbl;? vlrsm;ajymoH Mum;bl;wmygbJ/ odyfcufw,f ajymw,f? wkwfwkwf


awmU uGefjrLepfrufeDzufpwdk&,f? 0dwf*sfavbmtifuufyDw,f qdkwm&,f? tifwDj'L;&def;
qdkwm&,f zwfzl;w,f}}

]]tJ'gawGaum bmawGvJ...}}

wkwfwkwfu 'kwd,tBudrf ar&DUtm; tHUMo[efESifh Munfhvdkufonf/ aemuf quf&Sif;&ef


pdwfysufonfhavoHESifh wdkwkdyifajzonf/

]]usrf;awGaygh...}}

]]wkwfwkwf usrf;awGzwfovm;? rysif;bl;vm; ar&DawmUazazzwfwJU 'pfpum;Am;&D;atmhzf


tif'D;,m;qdkvm; ae&l;a&;wmajymw,f/ azazu odyfaumif;w,fqdkvdkU zwfMunfhbl;w,f/
em;rv,fygbl;/ ysif;wmeJU qufrzwfawmUbl;....}}

xdkpOf EGJUEGJUESifha':apm&Du ay:vmonf/ wkkwfwkwfu r&,frNyKH;ESifh &yfMunfhaepOf ar&Du


xdkif&mrSxum cspfpzG,fNyHK;&if; EIwfqufBudKqdkonf/

]]xkdifMu xdkifMuyg? udpör&Sdygbl;/ a':a':u a&csKd;NyD; oeyfcg;vdrf;wkef;wef;vef;rdkU csufjcif;


xGufrvmEdkifwm/ aMomf.... eHr,fawGuaum EJGUEJGU....}}

]]olu ar&Dac:w,f a':a':apm? wa,mufu wkwfwkwfwJU...}}

a':apm&Du ar&DUtm; NyHK;csKdpGmpdkufMunfh&if; qdkonf/

- 94 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&DwJUvm;? eHr,fav;eJUvlav;u vdkufvdkufwm cspfp&mav;....}}

a':apm&Du rSwfcsufjyKvkdufNyD; usefESpfOD;xHrS oabmwlnDrIawmif;onfh[ef rsufESmrsm;udk


wvSnfhpD vdkufMunfhonf/ wkwfwkwfESifhEGJUEGJUu NyKH;aeMuonf/

]]ar&Dtck toufb,favmuf&SdbDvJ...}}

]]ar&Dtck 17ESpfxJrSma':a':....}}

ar&Du ,Ofaus;pGmajzonf/

]]tdk 17ESpf? i,fi,fav;ygvm;/ rsufESmu 'gaMumifhodyfEkwmbJ....}}

a':apm&Du ar&DUtm; tu,fyif pdwf0ifpm;ae[efwlonf/

a':a':uawmU cav;&l; &l;ae&wmygbJ? om;orD;rxGef;um;awmU ar&DwdkU t&G,fav;awG


awGU&if odyfcspfwmbJ? a[m'Du EJGUEJGUeJU armifjrifholudkbJ orD;eJUom;vdk cav;vkyf cspfae&
wmom MunfhawmU....}}

a':apm&Du EGJUEJGU\yckH;ay: vufwzufudk ,k,pGmwif&if; ajymonf/ EJGUEJGUtm; jrwfEdk;pGm


NyKH;&if; ai;ai;Munfhaeaom a':apm&D\rsufvkH;rsm;rSm olajymouJUodkUyif pdwf&if;trSef
jzpfaMumif; azmfjyaeonf/ bmaMumifhrod EJGUEJGU\tNyKH;rSm avsmh&JoGm;um jzLazG;aeaom
yg;jyifESpfzufrSm tenf;i,f&JoGm;onf/ EJGUEJGUonf ar&Dtm; wcsufvSrf;MunfhvkdufNyD;
rsufvTmudk atmufcsvdkufonf/

a':apm&Du rsufvkH;rsm;udk ar&DESifhwkwfwkwfwdkUbufodkU vSnfhvdkuf\/

]]'Dub,foltJ wkwfwkwf? wkwfwkwfa&m ar&Da&myg tm;&if EGJUEJGUygygrygyg vmv,fMuaygh/


tdrfxrif;tdrf[if; aumif;aumif;pm;jcif vmpm;Muaemf/ ausmif;u [if;odyfraumif;bl;
Mum;w,f....}}

a':apm&D\rsufvkH;rSm ar&D\ rsufESmav;qDodkU a&mufvmjyefonf/ cspfcifMuifem&dyfjyaom


rsufvkH;rsm;u wpkHwcktm;vnf; pl;prf;&SmazGae[ef ay:onf/

- 95 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aetkH; ar&Dudk a':a':b,frSm jrifbl;vJrodbl;/ 'grSr[kwf ar&DeJUwlwm b,folrsm;ygvdrfh?


pOf;pm;vdkUr&ygbl;/ a':a':wkdUt&G,fu rSwfOmPfodyfraumif;awmUbl;...}}

ar&D\ NyHK;aeaomrsufESmav;rSm rodromysufoGm;onf/ EJGUEJGU\rsufvkH;rSmvnf; tenf;i,f


jyL;oGm;\/

]]vlwlr&Sm; eHr,fwlr&Sm; jzpfrSmayghav....? uJ vGwfvGwfvyfvyf wD;MuqdkMuaygh? a':a':


NyD;awmUvmcJUr,f/ armifjrifholvJ olUtcef;xJrSm ausmif;om;wa,mufu vmuefawmh
qdkvm; awmif;yefqdkvm; rodygbl;? a':a': vTwfvdkufr,f....}}

ajymajymqdkqdk a':apm&Du tm;vkH;udkEIwfqufí tcef;jyifodkU xGufoGm;onf/

EJGUEGJUu pE´,m;ckHodkUoGm;um cvkwftzkH;udkzGifhí toHrsm;udkprf;aeonf/

]]vmavar&D.... wD;rvm;}}

]]ar&D odyfrwD;wwfygbl;qdk? rrEGJU zif*g&if odyfraumif;bl;? rrEGJUwD;yg}}

]]ar&D qdkrvm;}}

]]tdk rrEJGU&,f ar&Db,ft&rf;qdkEdkifrvJ? yxrprf;MunfhtkH;rSaygh? tuGufwlvm; ar&D


em;axmifMunfhyg&aptkH;...}}

EGJUEJGUu acwåawG;&if; Nidrfaeonf/ aemuf ]]bGJUu pwD;wmaygh/ &dk;&dk;bJ *E¨rmawmifbJaygh


[kwfvm;}} [k qdkonf/

ar&Du ae&mrSxum pE´,m;ckHay:rS pnf;ESifhaAsmufudk ,lvkdufNyD; ae&mwGif jyefxdkifvdkuf


onf/

EJGUEJGUu bJGUcHudk t&ifwD;onf/ aemuf oDcsif;om;qDul;vmonf/ ar&Du tom pD;0g;vdkuf


Munfhae\/ oDcsif;qkH;oGm;aomtcg ]]b,fhES,fhvJ 0ifqdkEdkifrvm;}} [k EJGUEJGUuar;onf/

]]qdkEdkifygvdrfhr,frrEGJU? rrEGJUtuGufawGu ar&DUrreJU odyfruGmygbl;...}}

- 96 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf [kwfom;bJ? rrEJGUarhaevdkU? arb,fvfeJUrrEJGU wJGNyD; wD;vJwD;bl;w,f/ oDcsif;vJ


twlwufzl;w,f? [efuswmaygh/ ar&Dpnf;vJEdkifom;bJ/ vm 'gjzifhpMu&atmif...}}

ar&Du bJGUcHwGif vdkufrqdkbJ oDcsif;a&mufr Spnf;tm; [efygygpwD;&if; 0ifqdkonf/

]]*E¨rmawmif vkdPfacsmifrIwfeef; *li,fwGif }}

ar&D\toHrSm vkHí MunfMunfat;at;av; jzpfonf/ tiftm;pdkufxkwfjcif;r&SdbJ oufouf


omomESifh yDoacsmarmpGm pnf;rd0g;rd qdkEdkifojzifh pHepfwus oifwuf,lxm;rSef; odom
ayonf/ EJGUEJGUonf wD;&if;rS toHomr[kwf? qdk[eftrlt&mrsufESmay;yg rSefuefajyjypfaom
ar&DUtm; csD;rGrf;aom rsufvkH;rsm;jzifh wcsufwcsufvSrf;Munfhonf/

wkwfwkwfu ab;wGifvm&yf&if; ar&D\pnf;csufudkMunfhum olyga&mí pnf;vdkufMunfhae&m


0g;tcswGif pnf;vdkufaemufusvdkufESifh rnDrnGwfjzpfaeonf/

wD;&if; EGJUEGJUonf ar&Dudk tm;&vmí rdrdrSmvnf; vufawGwuf<uvm\/ oDcsif;cscgeD;wGif


]]BudK;wyk'fquf&atmif uRef;uRef;ydkifo}} [k wD;&if;ajym\/ ar&Du oDcsif;qdkrysufbJ
oabmwlaMumif; acgif;ndwfjyonf/

bJGUqkH;aomf EJGUEJGUu BudK;odkUul;ojzihf ar&Donf e&Dpnf;tm; 0g;vufodkU ajymif;vsuf 0ifqdk


onf/

]]uRef; uRef;ydkifo... wdkif;cef;.... aeEIef;eef;.... a&Twnfhom a&Tbkef;yef;...}}

oDcsif;oHESifhtwD;rSm zufpyfoifhjrwfvsuf om,ma0pnfpGm qufvufay:xGufaeonf/

ar&Donf tqdkü pdwf0ifpm;aeojzifh ab;ywf0ef;usiftm; *&krxm;rd? oDcsif;qkH;cgeD;rS


rsufvkH;rSm tcef;0qDodkU a&mufoGm;onf?? cPrSmyif ar&D\toHav;rSm wkefoGm;NyD; tqdkrSm
xpfaighoGm;\/ pnf;rrSm;&efyif renf;xdef;vdkuf&onf/

tcef;0wGifrl &yfaeaomudkjrifhol\ &SnfoG,faomo@mefudk jrif&onf/ ausmuf&kyfodkU


Nidrf&yfae[efrSm tdyfrufüa,mifxí &yfaeolwOD;\ owdvufvTwfrIrsKd;udk azmfjyae\/

- 97 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

trSefrSmvnf; olu tdyfrufrufaeonf[k xifrdonf/ vGefcJUonfh 7ESpfausmfcefUrS tawGU


tBuKH cHpm;rIonf tdyfrufü oHo&mvnf jyefvSnfhvmonfhyrm rajrSmfvifhbJ &ifü
cHpm;&ojzihf ausmuf&kyfyrm Nidrfai;aerdjcif; jzpfavonf/

oDcsif;rSm qkH;oGm;onf/ a&S;OD;pGm owdjyefxdef;EdkifolrSm ar&Djzpfonf? ar&Du wkef&Dacsmuf


csm;aeonfudk ZGwfESdrfvsuf tNyKH;ESifhEIwfquf&if; &dkaoorIESifh rwfwwf&yfvdkuf\/

onfawmUrSolu tNyKH;w&yfudk BudK;pm;yrf;pm;jyK&if; tcef;wGif;odkU jznf;nSif;pGm0ifvm\/


ol0ifvmrS aemufrSuyfum ay:vmaom ausmif;om;wOD;udk awGU&ojzifh ar&DrSm xyfrH
tHUMooGm;&jyefonf/

]]vmav.... armifoufwif? xdkif....}}

udkjrifholu armifoufwiftm; ukvm;xdkifwvkH;udk nTefjyxdkifckdif;í oluvnf; pmtkyfbD&dk


teD;&Sd aemufrSDukvm;xdkifykwckwGif 0ifxdkifonf/

armifoufwifrSm ar&DUtm; awGUaomtcg tHUtm;oifhoGm;ykH&í wkwfwkwftm; jrifaomtcg


wGifrl &if;ESD;pGm EIwfqufonf/

]][m... wkwfwkwfygvm;....}}

]]tr,f.... b,folvJrSwfw,f udkoufwifudk? bmvmvkyfwmvJ....}}

rwfwyf&yfvsufyif &Sdao;aom armifoufwifu &kwfw&ufjyefrajzbJ udkjrifholtm;


vSnfhMunfhvdkufNyD;aemuf ar&DUtm;vnf; acwåwcsuf Munfhvdkufum teD;&Sdukvm;xdkifwGif
0ifxdkif&if;....

]]q&mUqD cPvmawGUwmyg}}...[k qdkonf/

wkwfwkwfu pE´,m;em;rScGmum xGufvmí armifoufwifESifh ,SOfvsuf&Sdaom ukvm;xdkif


wvkH;wGif 0ifxdkifonf/

ar&Durl olwdkUESpfOD;xuf EJGUEGJUESifh udkjrifholwdkUxH tm&kHydka&mufaeonf/ EGJUEJGUu udk,fwcsrf;


a&GUapmif;xdkifvdkuf&if; udkjrifholtm; aysmhajymif;&Da0aom rsufvkH;BuD;rsm;ESifh rsufawmifaumh

- 98 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rsm;udk vSefum wcsufMunfhvdkufonf/ taxGtxl;awmU EIwfqufjcif;r&Sd? aemuf pE´,m;


cvkwfrsm;tm; wcsufpD tomvdkufwdkUprf;aeonf/

]]EJGUwdkUa&mufwm MumoGm;bDaemf...}}

jyefvnfwnfNidrfcJUNyDjzpfaom udkjrifholu at;csrf;pGmar;onf/

]]oDcsif;ESpfyk'fawmif wD;NyD;oGm;ygbD? apmapmu udkudkjrifhqD vmrvdkU[m {nfhonf a&muf


aew,fqdkvdkU....}}

EJGUEJGUu armifoufwiftm; wcsufvSrf;Munfh&if; ajymonf/ ygw,fqdkvdkU EJGUac:cJUwm?


ar&Dqkdwm Mum;w,fr[kwfvm; udkudkjrifh....}}

udkjrifhol\ rsufvkH;rsm; ar&DUqDa&mufvmojzifh rsufvTmcsxm;vdkufonf/

]]ar&DqkdoH Mum;awmU q&ma&marmifoufwifyg tHUtm;oifhoGmMuw,f? ar&DrSef;awmh


rodbl;aygh? 'gaMumifh 'Dbuful;vmMuwm? ar&DudkawGUvdkufawmU rajrmfvifhbJrdkU &kwfw&uf
tHUMoaerdw,f.....}}

oltHUtm;oifh&onfh taMumif;udkrl zGifhrajym? þtoHrsKd;ESifh þqdk[efrsKd;rSm rdk;rS jyefusvm


onfh[ef wzefopfvnfvmí b,fykHcHpm;&onfudk olwOD;omodEdkifayrnf/ xdkUaMumifhyif
ar&D\[efudk csD;rGrf;aomfvnf; xkH;pHtwdkif; b,folESifhoifí wwfcJUonfudkrl rar;/
ar;p&mvnf; rvdkawmU? qef;Mu,fpGm wkHU&pfvnfvmavaom uHMur®mudkom qGwfysHUaom
&ifESvkH;ESifh tHUMoae&onf/

]]udkudkjrifh ar&DUudk odNyD;bDvm;...}}

EJGUEJGUu ar;vdkufojzifh udkjrifhola&m ar&Dyg wkefvIyfoGm;Muonf/ tajzudkapmifh&if; udkjrifhol


tm; Munfhaeonfh EGJUEJGU\rsufvkH;rsm;wGif pdwfxufoefrIu xif&Sm;ay:vGifaeonf/

ar&Du rsufvTmcsxm;&mrS udkjrifholtm; vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ ar&D\&ifrSm waeUqDu cHpm;


cJU&onfh xl;qef;aom a0'emrsKd;ESifh jynfhvQrf;ae\/ udkjrifholu bmrQrajzrd? ar&Du
EJGUEGJUbufodkU vSnfhí &Sif;jyonf/

- 99 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rrEGJUudk rajymjyrdcJUygbl;/ ar&DeJUq&m odygw,f? odw,fqdkayr,fh w&ufawmif rausmf


ao;ygbl;? aemf...q&m...}}

ar&Du udkjrifholESifhwqufwnf; armifoufwifbufyg vSnfhMunfh&if; pum;udk tqkH;owf


vdkuf\/

udkjrifholu tomNyKH;í acgif;ndwfjyNyD; pum;udkvTJ&ef wkwfwkwfbuf vSnfhvdkufonf/

]]wkwfwkwfaum bmwD;wwfvJ.....}}

]][m... q&m? wkwfwkwfu pnf;awmifrS rSefatmifrvdkufwwfygbl;/ 'gayr,fhq&m.... a[m'D


udkoufwifuawmU wa,maumif;aumif; xdk;wwfw,f.....}}

ar&Du armifoufwiftm; vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ udkjrifholuvnf; pdwf0ifpm;oGm;[efESifh


armifoufwiftm; vSnfhar;onf/

]][kwfvm;.... armifoufwif....}}

]]odyfr[kwfygbl;? eJeJyg;yg;ygq&m....}}

]]tr,f..... zkH;raeygeJU? oDcsif;BuD;a&mumvay:yg olaumif;aumif;Edkifw,fq&m? tckol


ausmif;om;awGudkpkNyD; toHvTifhbdkU wD;0dkif;w0dkif;awmif axmifaew,f...}}

wkwfwkwfu Mum;xJrS0if a&SUaevdkufay;onf/

]]armifoufwif b,foleJUoifcJUovJ....}}

]]uRefawmf q&mOD;cspfarmifwynfhygq&m....}}

]]tkd;..... OD;cspfarmifwynfhudk;....}}

EJGUEJGUESifh udkjrifholwdkU wNydKifeufqdkvdkufMuonf/ ar&Duvnf; yxrOD;qkH;tBudrftjzpf


armifoufwiftm; txifwBuD;Munfhrdonf/

- 100 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]q&mOD;cspfarmifwynfhqdk&if txl;ajymaep&m rvkdygbl;/ *Dwoabm&JU eufeJykHudk


em;v,frIeJU pnf;pHepfusrIawGeJU yufowfvm&if q&mOD;cspfarmifudk rSDwJUvl &Sm;om;vm;/
EGJUEGJUa&mq&myg olUqDu enf;emcH,lbl;ygw,f....}}

EJGUEJGUu udkjrifhol\pum;udk axmufcH[ef acgif;ndwf&if;yifajymonf/

]]'gjzifh 'DaeU0dkif;pnfrSmaygh...? udkoufwif wa,m0ifxkd;ygvm;? ODav;wa,m&Sdw,f....}}

]][kwfw,f... cPaetkH;? q&moGm;,lay;r,f....}}

udkjrifholu ajymajymqdkqdkxum tcef;xJrS xGufoGm;onf/ cPtMumwGif [Gef;wa,mBuD;


wvkH;udk ydkufvsuf jyefa&mufvmonf/

]]wa,muawmU [Gef;bJ? OD;av;wdkUacwfu[maygh? toHawmU aumif;ygw,f....}}

armifoufwifu wa,mudkvSrf;,lvdkufNyD; pE´,m;ckHem;odkU uyfoGm;onf/ aemuf EGJUEGJUu


pE´,m;ESifh acgufjyonfh toHESifh nDatmif wa,mBudK;udknSdae\/

]]q&maum bmwD;rvJ....}}

armifoufwifu udkjrifholtm; vSrf;ar;onf/

]]aeygapuG,f.... q&mrwD;ygbl;/ 'DaeUq&m em;bJaxmifcsifw,f.....}}

udkjrifholu pum;tqkH;wGif ar&DUtm; vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ qkHrdavaom rsufvkH;ESpfpkHrSm


twefMum qdkifvsufom;&SdaeNyD;rS NydKifwlyif vTJa&SmifvdkufMuonf/

]]uJ..... EJGUwdkU bmwD;MurvJ....}}

EJGUIEJGUu armifoufwiftm;wvSnfh ar&DUtm;wvSnfh Munfh&if;ar;vdkuf\/

]]bJGUvJyD;bD....? BudK;vJNyD;bD ywfysKd;ul;Mu&atmif....}}

armifoufwifu tBuHay;onf/

- 101 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tdk.... ar&D ywfysKd;rqdkwwfygbl;....}}

ar&Du uysmu&mjiif;ojzifh EGJUEGJUu ]]wyk'fav;rS r&bl;vm;}} [kar;onf/

]]ar&Dajymwmu BudK;eJUbJGUawGavmufom pHepfwus oifbl;w,f? ywfysKd;xdatmif ra&muf


ao;bl;? wyk'fwav t&rf;0ifqkdbl;wmawmU&Sdw,f....}}

]]b,f[m qdkbl;vJ....}}

ar&Du csufjcif;rajz/ awGawGav; pOf;pm;ae&mrS udkjrifholtm; wcsufa0hMunfhvdkufí wdk;wdk;


ajzonf/

]]atmifajrompH...}}

Munfpjzpfaeonfh udkjrifhol\rsufESmrSm jyefínkdUrIdif;oGm;onf/ vlrSmvnf; ododomom


wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ þonfudk owdjyKrdaom EJGUEGJUu rsufESmvTJvdkufí pE´,m;cvkwfrsm;
udkom wdkUupm;aevdkuf\/

]]rrEGJU acgif;aqmifwD;aygh/ uRefawmfeJU tuGufwlrvm; rodbl;/ rwl&ifvJ vkdufarS;wD;


yghr,f}}

armifoufwifu ajymojzifh EJGUEJGUu tm;ay;aomtNyKH;udk NyKH;&if; ar&Dtm; vSrf;ajymvdkuf


onf/

]]ar&D &J&J0ifqdkaygh....? rrEGJU az;wD;ay;yghr,f}}

ar&Du bmrQ qufrjiif;awmUbJ pnf;ESifhaAsmufudk aumufudkifvsuf udk,ftaetxm;udk


jyif&if; tqifoifhapmifhaeonf/ cPwGifyif av;aq;aysmif;EGJUaom *DowHESifhtwl om,m
aomfvnf; vGrf;qGwfzG,f&Sdaom ar&D\toHuav; ay:xGufvmonf/

]]atmif....ajr..... om..... pH...? aomif.... ,H..... oJ... u.....vJ..... vkd.... vdk..... cif;.....
omw,f.... udk}}

- 102 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrifholu aemufrSDwGifacgif;udkwif&if; rsufvkH;rsm;rSdwfvsuf em;axmifaeonf/ yg;pyfrS


vnf; wdk;wdk;vdkufnnf;aeonf/

rSdwfxm;aom rsufvkH;tpkHwGif vGefcJUonfh 7ESpfcefUrS rD;a&mif0,f xdefvif;aeaom *syfqif


cef;r pifjrifhrS *DwESifhtqdkNydKifyGJudk jrifa,mifaerdonf/ xdkpOfu olESifh cspfvSpGmaom
arb,fvfrSm awGUp odp a&TarwÅmuGef,ufudk zGJUqufpwnf;/

xkdn0,f arb,fvfu zufzl;a&mifrEÅav;xbD EdkifvGeftusÐjzLvuf&SnfESif jhzpfí jzLEkaom


tom;a&mifESifh vkdufzufum py,fyGifhodkU vef;qef;wifhw,faeonf/

rdrdu pE´,m;wD;í arb,fvfu qdkonf/ oDcsif;rSm atmifajrompHyifwnf;/ arb,fvf\


q&m&if; *DwrdcifBuD; a':apmjrat;Munfu w&m;rQwatmif[k arb,fvfqdkaom tvSnfh
wGif tuJjzwfvlBuD;rvkyfbJ xGufay;onf/

wukH;wnf; qGJxm;aom a&TqJGBudK;oG,foG,frSm &Sif;oefUaom arb,fvf\ vnfwdkif


aMumhaMumhxuf0,f 0if;vufaeonf/ oDcsif;qdkpOf eDaxG;aomEIwfcrf;ikHvTmwdkU
yGifhtmvmcdkuf ykvJoG,fyrm nDnmaom oGm;av;awGrSm vQyfjyufonfhES,f a&mifvQHajy; ae
onf/

xdknwGif arb,fvfu oDcsif;udk toJESifhqdkcJUygonf[k ajymjycJUonf/ rdrduvnf; *Dwudk


usL;&ifhcJUonfr[kwf? toJvTmudk zGifhjycJU&ygonf[k 0efcHcJUonf/ tqdkyxrqk arb,fvf
&cJUaom xdknwGifyif rdrdrSmvnf; wrf;wrdí tzdk;rjzwfEdkifxifcJUaom qkxl;tm; &&SdcJUyg\/
taMumif;rSm wuúokdvfaiGva&mifrS xdkn0,f rdrdESifh arb,fvfwdkUu oajyyifeef; a&,Of
prf;ESifh cspfvGrf;&dyfoHo&m atmifajrpcef;odkU twlvSrf;&ef opömjyKbl;aomaMumifhyifwnf;/
,ckrl....

]]eef;a&Tawmifjrihf... ewfu,fpH&m.....? vGrf;avatmifqifh xyfcgBuHKvm....}}

ar&D\ vIdufvSJqGJiifpGm qdkvdkufonfh toHav;aMumifh tawG;vGefae&mrS owd&vmonf/

pE´,m;u tvl;tvdrfhav;rsm; a0a0NrdKifNrdKifESifh vdrhfajy;aecdkuf wa,moHrSmvnf; &Idufiif


zdkvIdufpGm ay:xGufaeonf/

- 103 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrifhol\ rsufvkH;rsm;rSm wa,m&SifxHodkU a&mufoGm;onf/ armuf<um; 0ifh0gjcif;rsm;rSm


armifoufwif\o@mefwGif jy,fvGifhaeNyD? pif;usaom rsufawmifwdkUjzifh ar&Dtm; &Da0pGm
ai;Munfh&if; wD;aeaom armifoufwifrSmvnf; toJvTmudk trSwfrxif zGifhrdvsufom;
&Sdae[ef ay:aeonf/ t&G,fnDvdkufzufaom uav;ESpfOD;\ MunfEl;bG,f&mudk rajrmfvifhbJ
awGUrdaom udkjrifhol\&ifrSm &kwfw&uf qdkUeifhoGm;onf/

ojzefqkH;oGm;aomtcg ar&Du oufjyif;av;udk &Iduf&SLvdkuf&if; udkjrihfoltm; oltrsKd;trnf


rcJGjcm;Edkifaom tNyKH;av;jzihf vSrf;Munfhonf/

]]odyfawmfwmbJ ar&D...? ar&DUudk uRefawmfb,fvdk csD;rGrf;&rvJrodbl;.....}}

pawGUMuuwnf;rS ar&DUtm; pum;wcGef;rQ rajymcJUao;aom armifoufwifu vIdufvIduf


vSJvSJ csD;rGrf;onf/

]]ar&Du pHepfwus rwufzl;omqdkw,f? rrEGJGUawmU ar&DUtqdkudk odyfauseyfwmygbJ...}}

EJGUEJGUuvnf; ar&DUtm; cspfjrwfEdk;pGmMunfh&if; qdkonf/

]]aoaocsmcsm rwufzl;ayr,fh ar&DUrru 'DoDcsif;udk cPcPwD;awmU wD;wdkif; ar&D


0ifqdkMunfhwmygbJ/ rruvJ eJeJyg;yg; jyay;bl;w,f? ar&Dqdkwm [kwfuJUvm; q&m...}}

ar&Du udkjrifholtm; vSrf;í xifjrifcsufawmif;onf/

]]odyfaumif;ygw,f ar&D....}}

]][kwfuJUvm;q&m? ar&DawmU udk,fhudk,fudk,f odyftm;r&bl;........}}

]]pHepfwusrwufzl;ao;awmU eJeJyg;yg;awmh vdkao;wmayghar&D...? 'gayr,fh 'Davmuf jzpf


wmudkbJ csD;rGrf;&rSmaygh}}

]]ar&D b,fae&mvdkaevJ q&m}}

]][dk.... wdrfpG,f&dyfu,fuarS;....uae a&Tjynfawmf.......qdkwJU tydk'fudktul;rSm eJeJ t0if


aemufusaew,f xifw,f....}}

- 104 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'gwGifbJvm; q&m...}}

*Dwü tpdrf;jzpfaeaomwkwfwkwfu 0ifar;onf/

]]'Dvkd&Sdw,f....? oDcsif;qdkwJhae&mrSm tqdkudk twD;uswJhae&mtxd vdkufqdkwmvJ&Sdw,f?


twD;uswJhae&mtxd rvdkuf&bJ tJ'DuswJhtoHeJU zufpyfvkdufavsmrI&SdwJU toHrSmwGif
tqdku jzwfxm;cJU&wmvJ &Sdw,f/ Oyrm EGJU tckajymaewJhtydk'f jyefwD;jyvdkufprf;yg...}}

EGJUEJGU wD;aepOf udkjrifholu 0ifqdkjyonf/

]]wqifhwufaomf wawmifausmf? a[m awGUvm; ausmfqdkNyD; q&mu&yfxm;w,f/ pE´,m;


oHu a'gifqdk qufusvmw,f? q&m&yfxm;wJU ae&mu? EJGUeJeJ jyefwD;vdkufprf;yg? tJ.....
5aygufrSm csvdkuf? Munfhprf;... awGUvm;? a'gif.... qdkwmu 2aygufrSm? tJ'Dtxd vdkuf
rqdk&bl;? vdkufqkd&if ausmf..... a0:qdkyD; vmaxmifhaer,f......}}

udkjrifholu pdwf&Snfvuf&Snf &Sif;jyonf/ ar&Du olajymonfhtwdkif; wdk;wdk;av; vdkufqdk


Munfhaeonf/

]]'gavmufygbJar&D? trSefu atmifajrompHvdk oDcsif;udk 'DavmufqdkEdkifwm[m csD;rGrf;xdkuf


aeygbD? olu BuD;av;BuD;avmufudk cufwmbJ}}

]]a[m.... q&m usrem;vnfwJU pum;okH;jyefygbD? bmvJq&m BuD;av;BuD;qdkwm}}

pyfpkaomwkwfwkwfu 0ifar;onf/ udkjrifholu tajzray;ao;bJ jyKH;aecdkuf armifoufwif


u 0if&Sif;jyonf/

]]uRefawmfwdkU jrefrmoDcsif;BuD;awGxJrSm ywfysK;dBuD; 4 ydk'f&Sdw,f/ ukef;abmify&ar?


bkHysHaeeef;? txl;xl;? rIdif;jymrIefa0? awmf&kHwef&kH *Dwtqdkorm;awG[m 'DywfysKd;BuD;awGem;
ruyfEdkifbl;? olwdkUudk ydkifydkifEdkifEdkifwwfwJUvl &Sm;w,f? atmifajrompHeJU a&T&ifabmif
aiG&ifabmif ywfysKd;BuD;awG r[kwfayr,fh ywfysKd;BuD;awGavmufeD;yg; cufw,fvdkU qdkMu
w,f &Sif;bDvm;}}

]]ywfysKd;BuD;awGu bmvdkUcufwmvJ? BuD;vdkU &SnfvdkUvm;}}

- 105 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

wkwfwkwf\ tar;aMumifh usef 4a,mufrSm toHxGufatmif NydKifwl&,fvdkufrdMuonf/

]]BuD;wm&Snfwmu t"dur[kwfygbl;wkwfwkwf? 'DoDcsif;BuD;awGrSmu toHul; toHajymif;


awG rsm;w,f? woHxJ qdkwD;vdkUr&bl;? pnf;vJcufw,f/ tydkif'ftul;awGrS yxr pnf;vGwf
NyD; 'kwd,pnf;eJU 0if&wmawG&Sdw,f/ qdk&wmuvJ twJGUawGygvmawmU pnf;a'gifh 0g;a'gifh
zrf;&wm odyfcufw,f...}}

EJGUEGJUuNyKH;&if; ajymjyonf/

]][m.... rrEJGU? wkwfwkwfem;rv,fwJU pum;awG ygvmjyefbD}}

udkjrifholu NyKH;vdkufí ]]'Dvdkyg? wkwfwkwf0goemyg&if q&m&Sif;jyyghr,f}} [kqdkonf/

]]twJGUqdkwmu ckeu ar&DojzefqdkoGm;wm owdxm;rdvm;? &dk;&dk;tydk'fawGrSmvdk twD;u


rpdyfzl;? usJNyD;av;w,f? wcgwav oDcsif;pum;vkH;av; 4vkH;eJU? wcgwav wvkH;xJeJU
w0g;ukefoGm;w,f? tJ'Dvkd twD;u usJusJav;av;? tqdku qGJqJGiifiif oGm;aewkef;
toHtm;jzihf wdwdusus ydkif;jzwfxm;rIu rxif&Sm;awmU b,fae&m pnf;cs&r,f? b,fae&m
0g;cs&r,fqdkwm oddbdkUcufaewmaygh/ 'gudk pnf;a'gifh 0g;a'gifh cufw,fajymwm....}}

]]erlemav; &Sif;jytkH;rSaygh.... q&m&JU}}

&if;ESD;í &J&ifhvmNyDjzpfaom ar&Du cyf&Tef;&Tef;av;0ifí ajymvdkufojzifh udkjrifholrSm vIdufvSJ


pGm &,farmrdonf/

]]uJ.... uJerlemMunfh? EJGUa&.... ukef;abmify&artx.... wD;Munfhprf;yg}}

EJGUEJGUu wD;jy&efjyifpOf udkjrifholu ar&DUxHrS pnf;ESifhaAsmufudk vSrf;,lvdkufonf/

]]Munfhaemf? ukef;....abmif..... y&ar? aZ,smbd..... jrifvm; ajz;ajz;w0g;&atmif qJG,l


oGm;wm? yxr0g;[m aZrSmvmusw,f....? MunhftkH;.... aZ,smbdoD&d? a[m.... aZrSm 0g;usNyD;
qGJoGm;vdkufwm pum;b,fESpfvkH;&Sdao;vdkUvJ? oDrSm aemufw0g;vmusw,f/ 'Dtwdkif;bJ
qufoGm;wmbJ? jA[®mqkESif;rSm jA rSmvm0g;usw,f/ jA[®mqkESif; atmifcif;pH&dyfNidrf usawmh
Munfh? jA rSm0g;usw,f/ atmifrSm aemufw0g;usNyD; &dyfeJUNidrfMum;rSm w0g;vmusjyefw,f/
a[m.... NidrfusawmU olUwvkH;xJudk w0g;jynfhatmif qGJoGm;w,f jrifvm;...}}

- 106 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrifholu oHaeoHxm;ESifh qdkjyaeNyD; pnf;wcRifcRif 0g;wajzmufajzmufESifh pdwfyg0ifpm;pGm


&Sif;jyae\/

]][m... 'gjzifh q&m..... oDcsif;qdkw,fqdkw,feJU wu,fqdkwwfzdkUu wu,fcufygvm;}}

]]cufwmaygh wkwfwkwf&,f? wcg tqdkrSm usefwJUwl&d,mawGeJU qdkwwfzdkUu vG,fao;w,f?


apmif;eJUusawmU ydkcufw,f/ wu,fhtqdkynmudk Ekdifeif;wJUvlawGusjyefawmU apmif;eJU qdk&
wmudk ydkt&omawGUw,f}}

]]apmif;eJU wjcm;wl&d,mawGu b,fvdkuGmvJ q&m}}

]]uGmykHuawmU trsm;BuD;bJ? Oyrm atmhawhzd rSmuGmw,f? atmhawhzd qdkwmu toHpOf


wckudk tcsKd;usrSefrSef qif;&ifqif; wuf&ifwufoGm;? pcJUwJU toHuae a&wGufvdkU &Spfck
ajrmufwJUtoH[m pcJUwJUtoHeJU jyefvmwlw,f? tJ'DtoHESpfckudk t*Fvdyfvdk atmhawhzdawG
ac:w,f? 'gaMumifh tjcm;wl&d,mawGrSmu atmhawhzf wckeJUwckMum;rSm 8 oH&Sdw,f?
jrefrmapmif;usawmU 6 oHbJ&Sdw,f? vdkwJUtoHudk apmif;BudK;awGay:rSm vufrvufoJeJU
axmuf azmf,l&w,f? 'DvdkuJGjym;rIaMumifh oDcsif;wckudk wjcm;wk&d,mawG[m tuGufaph
vkH;aphywfaphwD;ovdk apmif;urwD;bJ rSifeJU[efeJU wykHxl;jcm;NyD;wD;w,f/ tJ'D rSif[efawG
udk wjcm;wl&d,mu vdkufwkvdkUr&bl;/ &&ifvJrrSDbl;/ em;vnf&JUvm;}}

]][kwfuJUq&m}}

]]NyD;awmU..... jrefrmoDcsif;awGrSm BudK;? bJGU? ywfysKd; ponfjzihf&Sdw,f/ wjcm;wl&d,mawGu


bmoDcsif;wD;wD; woHxJbJwD;w,f/ txl;ojzifh pE´,m;eJU ywÅvm;aygh? 'gayr,fh apmif;
usawmU oDcsif;tvdkuf qDavsmfwJhtoHeJU ajymif;wD;awmU ydkom,mw,f? Oyrm apmif;eJU
qdk&if BudK;? bJGU? oDcsif;cHawGudk oH&dk;eJU wD;w,f/ ywfysKd;? avmuewf? jrif;cif; ponfwdkUudk
atmufjyefeJU wD;w,f/ ,kd;',m;usawmU ykvJeJU wD;w,f}}

]]tJ'D oH&dk;wdkU? ykvJwdkU? atmufjyefwdkU qdkwmawGu bmawGvJq&m....}}

ar&Du rsufvkH;jym MunfMunfBuD;rsm;jzifh udkjrifholtm; pdkufMunfh&if; ar;onf/

]]'gawGu BudK;nSdenf;awGyg/ oH&dk;nSdenf;udk tajccHxm;w,f/ tJ'DrSm oHrSef 7ayguf?


6ayguf? 5ayguf ponf&Sdw,f/ atmufjyefnSdenf;usawmU atmufjyef&JUoHrSef[m oH&dk;&JU

- 107 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

5aygufeJU wlw,f/ wcg atmufjyefnSdenf;u 5aygufoHudk ykvJvdkUac:w,f/ olu oH&dk;u


qpfcsD;oHeJU wlw,f/ wenf;tm;jzifh ykvJnSdenf;u oHrSef[m atmufjyef&JU 5ayguf oH&kd;&JU
2aygufeJU wlw,f}}

]][if....ar&D em;rsufpdv,foGm;bDq&m....}}

ar&Du uav;i,fozG,f NyKH;tdktdkESifh qlatmifhatmifhav; ajymonf/

udkjrifholESifh armifoufwifwdkUu ESpfcsKdufpGm &,farmvdkufMuonf/

]]wajz;ajz;awmU em;v,frSmayghar&D? 'gawGu vufawGU&Sif;jyrS jzpfwm}}

]]'gjzihfq&m? apmif;eJU ar&DwkdUudk ywfysKd;wyk'f wD;jyygvm;}}

udkjrifholu &,farmíomaeonf/ armifoufwifESifh wkwfwkwfwdkUuyg 0ifaxmufcHonf/

odk&mwGif xdktcdkufyif a':apm&Du tcef;wGif;odkU ay:vmojzifh pum;jywfoGm;Muonf/

]]b,fhES,f 'DaeU odyfNrdKifqdkifygvm;? a':a':vJ tdrfxJ tvkyfvkyf&if; em;axmifaewm/


tqdkav;uvJ aumif;w,f wa,moHav;uvJ odyfEJGUwmbJ}}

a':apm&Du az:a&GpGmNyKH;&if; qdkonf/

]]aMomf'gxuf {nfhonfawGawmU tm;emp&mbJ? cPaeMutkH;? wD;rIwfcsifvJ wD;rIwf aeMu


wmaygh? EJGUEJGUeJU armifjrihfolawmU rif;wdkUOD;av;u pum;ajymp&m&SdvdkUwJU? cP....}}

EJGUEJGUESifh udkjrihfolu wOD;rsufESmwOD; t"dyÜm,fus,f0ef;pGmESifh MunfhvdkufMuonf/ EJGUEJGU\


rsufESmav;rSm &kwfjcnf;jzLavQmfoGm;í csufcsif;yif yef;Eka&mif&Jvmonf/

udkjrihfolu t&if£ajE´q,fEdkifonf/ at;csrf;wnfNidrfpGmESifh ar&DwdkUtm; NyKH;MunfhvdkufNyD;


]]uJaeMutkH;? q&m NyD;awmU vmcJUr,f}} [kqdkum a&SUrSxGufoGm;ESifhonf/ onfawmUrS EGJUEJGU
u ar&Dtm; NyKH;jy&if; olUyifudk,favoHESifh ajymhaysmif;pGmajymonf/

]]aeMutkH;aemf..... rrEGJU ckbJjyefvmcJUr,f....}}

- 108 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;wGif;ü usef&pfaom 3OD;rSm twefMumNidrfaeMuonf/

]]aMomf ar&D? ar&DUtoHu odyfaumif;wmbJ/ udkoufwifwdkUwD;0kdif;eJU wJGNyD;omqdkvdkuf&&if


wuúodkvfwGif rubl;? ArmjynfrSmyg emrnfausmfoGm;rSmbJ}}

wkwfwkwfu pajymonfudk ar&Du bmrQjyefrajymbJ NyKH;&kHomNyKH;aeonf/

]][kwfw,far&D? uRefawmfwdkUwD;0dkif;rSm ar&Dygygvm;}}

]]jzpfyghrvm; udkoufwif&,f? ar&DUtoHu toHvTifhavmufatmif aumif;r,frxifygbl;}}

]]tdk jzpfygw,far&D? tckacwf ar&DavmufvJ tqdkraumif;bl;? oDcsif;BuD;rajymeJU umv


ay:udkawmif pnf;udkifNyD; rqdkwwfwJUolawGu olwdkUudk,folwdkU tqdkawmfqdkNyD; vkyfaeMu
ao;wmbJ}}

ar&Du 'kwd,tBudrf NyKH;&kHomNyKH;aeonf/

]]ar&Dom pmqdkMu,fjzL&JU oDcsif;awGudk qdkvdkuf&&if wu,fhudk [dk;[dk;ausmfoGm;rSmbJ}}

wkwfwkwfuravsmh? qufom csD;rGrf;aeonf/ aemuf ]]aMomf ar&Da& NcHxJuyef;yifawG


avQmufMunfh&atmifvm;}} [k tazmfnSdonf/

]]aeygap rrwkwf? ar&D'DrSmbJ aecsifw,f}}

wkwfwkwfu armifoufwiftm; rsufESm&dyfjzifh tcsufjyum

]]uJvm 'gjzifh udkoufwifeJUwkwfwkwf oGm;Mur,f}} [kqdk\/

armifoufwifu yxraomf ar&Dtm; armfMunfhvdkufí qkwfuefqkwfuef jzpfaeao;onf/


aemuf wkwfwkwf\ rsufvkH;rsm;aMumifh rjiif;awmUbJ xGufvdkufcJUonf/

]]udkoufwif &Siftawmftao;wmbJ}}

NcHwGif; opfyif&dyfwckatmuf a&mufa&mufcsif; wkwfwkwfuqdkonf/

- 109 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]Asm........}}

]]'DrSm ta&;BuD;wmawG ajymcsifvdkU &Sifhudkac:wm}}

]]aMomf....}}

]]aMomf vkyfraeygeJU? &SifwdkU0dkif;xJ ar&DUudk ygatmifqGJ&r,f}}

]][m [kwfw,f? ar&DUtoHu odyftEkynm*kPfajrmufw,f}}

]]&Sifawmfawmfcufao;wmbJ udkoufwif? usrwkdUtxJ &Jabmfwa,muftaeeJU awG;prf;yg?


tEkynmonf tEkynmtwGufqdkwmawG ab;csdwfxm;vdkufprf;yg/ tEkynmbJjzpfjzpf
bmbJjzpfjzpf bmvkyfvkyf &nf&G,fcsuf&Sd&r,f? &Jabmfu odyfoabmw&m;a&; nHUao;
wmudk;}}

]]cifAsm;ajymcsifwm wJUwJUajymprf;ygAsm}}

armifoufwifu pdwfr&SnfbJ olUobm0twkdif; cyfqwfqwfjyefa[mufonf/

]]'DrSm atmf*efEdkifaZ;&Sif; bufawmfom;pkwdkUudk vmbfjrif&w,f? ar&Dvdk &kyf&nftoHrsKd;eJU


rdef;cav;wOD;udk usrwdkUbuf odrf;oGif;Edkif&if b,favmuftokH;usrvJ...}}

]][m..... jzpfyghrvm;? ar&Du b0rSrrSefbJ....}}

]]wuúodkvfausmif;om;ausmif;olrSef&if b,folrS b0rrSefbl;/ ynmwwf vlvwfwef;pm;


awG/ tJ'DvdkrrSefawmU ompkpnf;bdkU vG,fao;w,f/ eHr,fausmfcsifwJUvludk ausmfatmif
vkyfay;? pifjrifhay:wufcsifwJUvl pifjrifhay:wifay;/ jzpfwJUenf;eJU pkpnf;&r,f em;v,f
vm;....}}

]][m... [kwfNyD? uRefawmfoabmaygufNyD...}}

]]aetkH;? roGm;eJUtkH;? ajymp&mawG&Sdao;w,f/ tckaemufqkH; ausmif;om;EdkifiHa&;tajctae


b,fvdk&SdvJ? &SifhudkolwdkU rajymjybl;vm;....}}

- 110 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]nGefUwifBuD;eJUawmU awGUNyD;bD/ oleJUMu,fjzLuawmU ajymoGm;wmbJ? 'gayr,fh 'DaumifBuD;


awGu aygaMumifaMumifeJU r&Sif;ygbl;....}}

]]uJvm..... 'DrSmxdkif? usr&Sif;jyr,f....}}

armifoufwifu oufjyif;&Idufvdkuf&if; wkwfwkwfxdkifcdkif;&mwGif xdkifvdkuf&onf/

tcef;xJwGif wa,mufwnf;usef&pfaom ar&Du jyLwif;0wGif&yfí tjyifbufodkU arQmfMunhf


aeonf/

0óefwGif;rdkU &Icif;rSm csufjcif;yif tzkHzkHajymif;aeonf? awmifqDrS ndKrJaomrdk;om;wkdUonf


tvdyfvdyfESifh vGifhcsDwufvmonf/ rdk;oufavOD;rSmvnf; wdkufcdkufjrL;wl;vmpjyKonf/

Munfvifaom ar&D\ pdwfuav;rsm;rSmvnf; ndKrif;vGifodkU nId;&dyfqifvmonf/

EGJUEJGUESifh udkjrifholwdkU\ ajym[ef qufqH[efrSm ar&D\tm&kHwGif raysmufEdkifatmif jzpfae


onf/

wa,mufu ]EJGU} [k w,kw,ac:í wOD;url ]udkudkjrifh} [k uEJGUuvs jyefac:onf/

]]EJGUEJGUeJU armifjrihfoludkbJ orD;eJUom;vdk cav;vkyfcspfae&wmom MunfhawmU....}}

a':apm&D\pum;rSm em;wGif Mum;a,mifaeonf/ þpum;&yfrsm;u t"dyÜm,fjynfh<u,fvGef;


onf[k ar&Duxifonf/ a':apm&Donf þpum;udk bmaMumifh rdrdwdkUa&SUü ajym&ygoenf;/

ar&D\&ifrSm vIdufvSJvmonf/ rcHjcifonfh pdwfuav;rSmvnf; ay:vmonf/ b,folUudk


bmaMumifh rcHcsifjzpf&onfudkrl pOf;pm;r&/

ar&Du [efaqmif&onfudkvnf; pdwfysufvmonf/ tr\ Mo0g'xl;aMumifh [efaqmif&ef


BudK;pm;aecJUrdaomfvnf; ar&DrSm rSefonfxif&mudk ZGwfvkyfcsifaom olykefpdwfuav;tm;
tNrJ tvdkvdkufcsifaeonf/

wu,fqdkjyefawmUvnf; rdef;uav;wa,muftaeESifh vufawGUbmrQ udk,fxif&m udk,f


rvkyfEdkifrSef; &dyfrdjyefojzifh a'goxGuf&mrS ar&Donf csKef;yGJcsidkvdkufcsifrdonf/

- 111 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Du oufjyif;&Idufvkdufonf/ cPwGifyif aemufyg;rS ajcoHMum;&onf/

]]aMomf... ar&Dwa,mufxJvm;? 'DrSm udkudk;eJUudwfawG...? BudKwifodrxm;awmU bmrS zG,fzG,f


&m&m rvkyfxm;&bl;....}}

a':apm&Du pm;aomufzG,f&mrsm;udk Aef;ESifhxnfhí pm;yJG&Snfav;ay: vmcsay;&if; ajymonf/

]]uJ aomufygtkH;ar&D? wkwfwkwfwdkUa&m...}}

]]olwdkU NcHxJa&SmufMunfhaeygw,f a':a':....}}

aMomf... Munfhygap Munfhygap? uJ ar&DaomufESifhaygh/ a':a':oGm;vkduftkH;r,f...}}

ar&Du aomufcsifpdwfr&Sdaomfvnf; udkudk;wcGufudk 0wfaus0wfukef armhcsvdkufonf/


rkefUrpm;awmUbJ pE´,m;ckHwGif jyefxkdifvkduf&if; tjyifodkUai;rdjyefonf/

wdrf&dyfwdkU vGifhyg;aeonfudk jrifjyefaomf tawG;prQifwdkUu rodrf;Edkifatmifjzpf&onf/

atmifajrompHudk qdkrdpOfu ysufjym;cJUavaom udkjrifhol\ trlt&mudk xifjrifvmjyefonf/

pifppf rdrdwdkUESpfOD;rSm wOD;ESifhwOD; odNyD;ESifhMuNyD;jzpfvsuf [efaqmifae&jcif;rQom jzpfonf/


[efaqmifrIrSm Mum&SnfEdkifygawmhrnfvm;[kvnf; ar&Du oHo,jzpfrdonf/

okdU&mwGif ar&D\pdwfwGif wpkHwcku av;vHaeonf/ tdyfrufwGif; c&D;oGm;&olonf


c&D;0,f tumtqD; &SdaerSef;od&í rnfodkU tumtqD;[lírl rjrif&bJ ausmfvTm;Edkif
aMumif;om em;vnfí armyef;ae&onfhenf;wl ar&DrSm armyef;aeonf/

ar&D\ vufacsmif;vSvSav;rsm;u cvkwfjzLjzLrsm;ay:wGif vIyf&Sm;oGm;aerdonf/ wD;wwf


orQ vufOD;wnfh&m prf;wD;aerd&if; yg;pyfrSvnf; wdk;wkd;vkdufnnf;Munfhaerdonf/

]]xufcGifa'0 trÁKefom? &dkufanmif;yOö*Fg}}

ar&D\toHav;rSm wkef,ifum tenf;i,fvnf;us,fvmonf/

- 112 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]],rkefem[dkbufurf;... b,frSm&SdvdrfhrSef;/ a&mfuma&mfum&rf;ygvkdU ajzr&Tifyef;onfESifh


&pfoef;ywfvnfum....}}

ar&Du aemufyg;ü vlwa,muf wdwfwqdwfvm&yfonfudk owdjyKrdojzifh tqdkESifhtwD;udk


&yfvQuf vSnfhMunfhvdkufrdonf/

apmapmwkef;uuJUodkUyif.... udkjrifholu rwkefrvIyfESifh &yfaeavonf/

]]ar&D.....}}

olUtoHu ajcmufuyfaeonf/

]]q&m}}

ar&D\toHav;rsm;uvnf; wkef,ifaeonf/

olUrsufESmrSm pdwfxdcdkufjcif;jyif;jyrIaMumifh tdkrif;EGrf;e,fae\/ ar;&dk;rsm;rSm NrJNrHpGm


aphpyfvsuf &Sdaomfvnf; touf&loHrSm jyif;um &iftkHrSm jrifhwkHedrfhcsDESifh vIyf&Sm;ae\/
wpkHwckudk ajymawmUrnfh[ef EIwfcrf;rsm;rSm wkef,ifvmNyD; &kwfw&uf owdxm;rd[efESifh
acgif;udk wcsuf,rf;vdkufum jyLwif;qDodkU csOf;uyfoGm;onf/

]]ar&Dwa,mufxJ ysif;aebDxifw,f....}}

olu wdrfpdkifrsm; NydKavsmusaeaom rdk;jyiftm; ai;arQmfMunfh&if; ar&DUbufrvSnfhbJ qdkonf/

ar&DurajzbJ ab;wdkufjrif&aom olUrsufESmtm; acwÅawGawG pdkufMunfhaeonf/

cPjcif;rSmyif ar&Du oE´dXmefcsvdkufí olUtem;odkU csOf;uyfvmonf/

]]q&m....}}

olu xdwfvefUwkefvIyfoGm;[efESifh ar&DUtm; ikHUMunfhvdkufonf/

]]bmvJar&D...}}

- 113 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&D\ Eke,faom rsufESmav;rSm wnfMunfcHUnm;&ifhusufae\/

]]q&m ar&DUudk zkH;uG,fraeygeJUawmU? ar&D 'DaeUa&mufwm[m q&mhudk vmnSOf;qJovdk


jzpfaew,fr[kwfvm;.....}}

]]tdk.... ar&D&,f bmjyKvdkU....}}

olu pum;rqufEdkifbJ ar&D\ rsufESmav;udkom tHUMopdwfESifh pl;pdkufMunfhaerdonf/

]]tm;vkH;[m ar&DUtjypfBuD;ygbJq&m....? ar&Dr&nf&G,fygbl;? 'gayr,fh ....'gayr,fh}}

ar&D\toHu wdrf0ifoGm;onf/

ar&DUrsufESmav;rSm yGifhvif;&dk;om;aeí trSefyif pdwfxdcdkufrIaMumifh rsufvkH;0ef;0ef;rsm;wGif


rsuf&nfrsm; jynfhvQrf;aeonf/

]]q&majymcJUovkdygbJ? qdkwmudkav/ [kwfw,f..... ar&Dodw,f/ ar&D tm;vkH;odw,f/


ar&D[m ar&DUudk,far&D xifaeovdk q&mhudkoem;w,fqdk&if ar&D q&mhem;uyfbdkUroifhbl;/
ar&D[m q&mhtema[mif;udk 'kwfeJUqGay;bdkU roifhbl;/ ar&DUudkcGifhvTwfyg? ar&DrSm;ygw,f}}

ar&Du aygufuGJxGufawmUrnfh &ifrSa0'emudk xdef;csKyfí csmueJvSnfhum tcef;wGif;rS


xGufajy;oGm;onf/

]]ar&D...}}

aMumifí NidrfMunfhae&mrS udkjrifholu vSrf;ac:vdkufonf/

]]ar&D q&majymrSmudk em;raxmifawmUbl;vm;[if....}}

ar&D\ ajcvSrf;rsm;u wkHUoGm;onf/ udkjrifholtm; vSnfhíMunfhvdkufaom rsufESmjyifxuf0,f


rsuf&nfaygufrsm;u cdkwGJaeonf/

udkjrifholu ajcvSrf;usJrsm;jzifh ar&DUem;odkU a&mufoGm;um ar&D\vufav;udkqJGum tcef;


wGif;odkU jyefac:vmonf/

- 114 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&D nDrav; 'DrSmxdkifprf; a&mh 'Dvufudkifyk0geJU rsuf&nfawGokwfypfaemf NyD;awmU


q&majymwm em;axmifprf;...}}

udkjrifholu ar&DUtm; tdwfwGif;rS vufudkifyk0gjzLudkxkwfum ay;vdkufNyD;aemuf tcef;0rSaeí


NcHwGif;odkU arQmfMunfhvdkufonf/ NcHwa'gifhü armifoufwifESifh wkwfwkwfrSm bmawGudk
pdwf0ifpm;pGm aqG;aEG;aeMuonfrod/ jyifytm; bmrQ*&kjyKrdykHr&/

olu ar&DESifh rsufESmcsif;qdkifwGif jyefxdkifvdkufonf/ wnfNidrfpGmESifhMunfh&if; NyKH;vdkufykHrSm


ar&D aumif;pGmrSwfrdaom tudkwa,muf\ MuifemrItNyKH;wnf;/

]]ar&D ckvdk xGufajy;a&SmifxGufoGm;vdkU q&m pdwfcsrf;omr,frsm; ar&Dxifovm;...}}

ar&Du rajrSmfvifhaompum;udk Mum;vkduf&ojzifh jyL;us,f0ef;vnfaom rsufvkH;tpkHESifh


olUtm; armfUai;pdkufMunfhaeonf/

]]trSefu ar&DUtjypfr[kwfzl;/ q&mhtjypfbJ/ q&m[m vlBuD;wa,mufjzpf&ufeJU trSef


w&m;udk vlysKdaygufwOD; &ifqdkifenf;rsKd;eJU &ifqdkifcJUw,f/ 'g[m q&mrSm;wmbJ....}}

ar&Du bmrQ0ifrajym? olUudkom uav;i,fwOD;odkU armfhMunfhaeonf/

]]trSefu q&meJU ar&DUrr BuKHcJU&wmawG[m pdwfxdcdkufzdkUaumif;w,f? 'gayr,fh 'g[m


tqef;r[kwfzl;? vlUjynfvlom;wkdif; vlvm;ajrmuf&if wBudrfr[kwfwBudrf BuKHpNrJbJ?
b0wauGUrSm tpdk;r&vdkU jzpfysufcJUayr,fh a[mif;EGrf;NyD; t&mra&mufawmUwJU taMumif;
wck[m ypöKyÜef&JU aumif;usKd;qdk;usKd;udk vmray;apoifhawmUbl;.......}}

olUtoHrSm a[mMum;ydkUcsaeouJUodkU jywfom;wnfNidrfaeonf/

]]q&m[mvJ [dkwkef;ujrifhol r[kwfawmUbl;? ar&D[mvJ arb,fvfr[kwfzl;? ar&Dajymovdk


jzpfysuforQ wOD;eJUwOD; odMuorQudk rzkH;uG,fMubJ yGifhyGifhvif;vif; todtrSwfjyKMuNyD;
topfawGUMuwJU ar&DeJUq&m[m twdwfuOyg'gefawG uif;uif;&Sif;&Sif;eJU oefUpif vGwfvyf
wJU cifrifaygif;zJGUrIukd wnfaqmufEdkifw,f? wnfaqmuf&r,f/ [kwfyvm; ........ ar&D}}

ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSm jyefvnfMunfvifvmum olajymorQudk acgif;ndwfoabmwlae\/

- 115 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&D[m q&m&JU topfay:xGef;vmwJU? nDrav;wOD;omjzpfw,f/ arT;&eHUo,fvmwJU


ESif;qDopfudk yef;cspfolwdkif;[m 0rf;ajrmufvufcHMuovdk oefUpifwJU arwÅmzl;ikHjzpfwJU
ar&DUudk q&muvJ &Tifvef;pGmeJUBudKqdk&r,f/ ar&DUaw;oHrSm q&maysmfjrL;r,f/ ar&DU
pum;oHrSm q&mMunfEl;r,f/ Eke,fi,f&G,fwJU q&mhnDri,f rrSm;wefwmrrSm;? rwdrf;
wefwm rwdrf;atmif xdef;odrf;bkdUu q&mh0wfw&m;bJ/ 'g[m wkHUvS,faom arwÅm
oabmygbJ ar&D}}

olu cHUnm;wnfNidrfpGmNyKH;&if; pum;udk tqkH;owfvdkufojzihf ar&Duvnf; a&ma,mif


NyKH;vdkuf&onf/

]]uJ..... x...... oDcsif;wyk'fqdk? q&m pE´,m;wD;r,f...}}

]]tkd..... q&muvJ ar&Dbmqdk&rSmvJ oDcsif;BuD;awmU awmfa&maygh.....}}

]]umvay:qdkwmaygh? vmygar&D}}

avo,fí wdrfwdkUvGifhavojzihf Munfvifvmaom naeapmif;0,f aea&mifjcnfrSm


jzmvif;ae\/

]]umvay: b,f[mqdkrSmvJ [if..... q&m}}

]]apmNidrf;a&;wJU 0PÖybm&vm;}}

ar&Du olUtm; wcsufarmhfMunfhvdkufonf/ olu wnfNidrfpGmyif ar;aejcif;jzpfonf/

]]&ygw,fq&m...}}

]]uJ.... 'gjzifhqdk....}}

olu ar&D toHwnfEdkifatmif toHpOfudk prf;jyonf/ tqkH;ü ar&D\ Munfvifom,maom


oDqdkoHu Nidrfhanmif;pGm ay:xGufvmonf/

]]qnf;qm;aMumh.....? naeqD0,f? aea&mifjcnf... eJU yempm;...... {u&Dbk&ifr xdyfacgif


wyg;ES,f? cHUnm;x,f0gygayhuG,f......}}

- 116 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

_____

naeapmif;í jyefMuaomtcg EGJUEJGU\ rsufESmuav;rSm ndId;i,faeí wkwfwkwfurl bmudk


awG;aeonfrod? tenf;i,f wnfaeonf/ NcH0wGif &yfusef&pfaom a':apm&DESifh udkjrifhol
tm; vufuav;jyvsuf NyKH;&TifpGm xGufcGmcJUol ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSmrl qnf;qm\
aea&mifjcnfodkU a&T0g&nf 0if;rSnfhvef;Munfvsuf&Sdonf/

]]EJGUEJGU rsufESmraumif;bl;....}}

a':apm&Du rSwfcsufcsonf/

]]'gaMumifh ravmygeJUvdkU uRefawmfajymw,fr[kwfvm;/ olUcrsm rMum;csifwJU pum;udkrS


OD;av;eJU a':a':u ZGwfoGm;em;cswmudk;}}

]]EJGUEJGUu rif;udk bmvdkUr,lcsifwmvJ}}

]]cspfwmwdkU BudKufwmwdkU rcspfwmwdkU rBudKufwmwdkU qdkwmudk oGm;NyD; taMumif;&SmvdkU


awGUwmrsKd; r[kwfzl;.....}}

]]bmuJGU....}}

]]a':a': OD;av;udk bmvdkUBudKufwmvJ}}

]]awmfprf;? rif;... awmufwD;awmufwJU uav;uvm;}}

udkjrifholu pD;u&ufwvdyfudk xkwfNiSdzGm&Iduf&if; w[J[J&,faeonf/ þodkUqdkjyefawmUrl


a':apm&DrSm wlcspftm; &SufNyKH;BuD;NyKH;&if; rsufapmif;xdk;&kHtjyif bmrQrwwfEdkifcJU..../

]][JU...... [JU..... aeygtkH;}}

a':apm&Du ckrS bmudkowd&onfrod? jyL;jyL;ysmysmajymonf/

]]bmvJ a':a':uvJ tvefUwMum;}}

- 117 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ighES,f waeUvkH; pOf;pm;vdkuf&wm? ar&D[m b,foleJUwlovJvdkU...... ckrS ay:awmUw,f/


rif; [dkoli,fr arb,fvfeJU rwlbl;vm;? aoaocsmcsm pOf;pm;prf;}}

]]aMomf.... a':a':ES,f wlrSmaygh? nDr t&if;acgufacgufudk;....}}

]]bk&m;a&.... a[mawmU}}

a':apm&Du olU&ifyyfudkol vufESifhzdí wtHUwMojzpfaeonf/

]]a':a': odyftHUMooGm;ovm;}}

]]aeygtkH; olu rif;qDudk vmw,f}}

]]aMomf.....? vmvdkUbJ a':a':eJU awGUNyD;bDr[kwfvm;}}

]][Jh 'gudkajymwmr[kwfzl;? olu bmvmvkyf&wmvJ}}

]][m.....bmvmvkyf&rvJ? EJGUEJGUu ac:cJUvdkU ygvmwmaygh}}

udkjrifholu pum;udkjzwfum ]]vrf;a&SmuftkH;r,f}} qdkí tjyifbufodkU xGufvmcJUonf/

a':apm&DrSmom NcH0wGif AspfawmufAspfawmufESifh a&&Gwfusef&pf\/

]]'ku©rS 'ku©tppfygbJ? 'Dcav;awGudk igb,fvdkrsm; em;v,fatmif vkyf&rvJ rodawmU


ygbl;}}

- 118 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(9)

wkwfwkwf\ wdkufwGef;csufrSm taumiftxnfay:cJUí armifoufwif\ BudKwif


ajrmfjrifcsufwkdUrSmvnf; rSefuefcJUonf/

wBudrfu ar&Donf wuúodkvf\ pBuFefrsm;wavQmuf wudk,fawmf pGefUpm;cef;zGifhavonfh


uacsonfrav; jzpfcJUaomfvnf; ,ckrl todkuft0ef;\ csD;jrSifhjcif;tv,fwGif yJGwkdif;wifh
aom wuúodkvf\ toJpGJtqdkawmfrav; jzpfcJUayNyD/

waumif;ausmif;aqmifawmfom;rsm;ESifh tif;vsm;ausmif;awmfolwdkU\ pum;&nfvkyJGü {nfhcH


&mwGif ar&DUtm; armifoufwifOD;pD;aom wuúodkvfaw;jrwfrGef wl&d,mwD;0dkif;rS yGJxkwfvdkuf
onfrSpí ar&D\emrnfrSm arT;cJUonfESifhtrQ ar&D\ aw;oHwdkUrSm wuúodkvfajrwGifru
EdkifiHüyif a&'D,dkrSwqifh jyefvGifhcsKdat;cJUonf/

rdrd\ rajrSmfvifhaomenf;jzifh atmifjrifausmfMum;cJUjcif;twGuf ar&Donf rnfolUtm;


aus;Zl;wif&rnfudk rawG;wwfatmif jzpfaeonf/ rdrd\ wdrfjrKyfaeaom t&nftaoG;tm;
azmfvSpfcGifhudk pwifay;onfh EJGUEJGUtm;yifavm? tpwGif rdrdtm; &GHU&Smrkef;wD;rItm;
rzkH;uG,fEdkif jzpfav&mrS ,ckrl olUtwGuf bmrQ*&kpdkufykHr&? rdrdtvdkus tppjzpf&ef
BudK;yrf;í arm[efrjyavaom armifoufwifudkayyifavm/

yGJwkdif;wGif EJGcJU&í? EJGavorQ xifay:cJUonfh rdrd\atmifjrifrItm; rdrd\ t&if;ESD;qkH;


taygif;toif;rsm;\ wkHUjyefrIudkrl ar&Donf aumif;pGmtm;r&/

wcgwGif pum;pyfrdav&mrS y*¾D0rf;onf vufnId;uav;udk ar;üaxmufí rsufarSmifav;


MuKwf&if; pum;rajymrSD pOf;pm;aeonf/ y*D¾\ þ[efudk ar&Donf txifvnf;BuD;í
aMumufvnf;aMumufonf/ taMumif;rSm þ[efESifh pOf;pm;NyD;í ajymavorQaom y*D¾\
pum;rsm;rSm rSefwwfvGef;í jzpfonf/

]]'DrSmar&D..... y*D¾pOf;pm;rdw,f/ puúLyef;eDeD[mvJ vSwmbJ/ ESif;qD&J&JuvJ vSwmbJ/


'gayr,fh vlawG[m ESif;qDudkpmzJGUoavmuf bmjyKvdkU puúLyef;udk tzufrvkyfBuovJ....}}

]]aMomf y*D¾&,f....? ESif;qDu arT;vJarT;ao;w,f r[kwfvm;}}

- 119 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'DawmU ikyef;[m ydawmufxufvSw,f/ 'gayr,fh ikudk tzufrvkyforQ ydawmufudk


jrwfEdk;rqkH; jzpfaeMuwmvJ teHUaMumifhbJ xifyg&JUaemf.....}}

]]y*D¾... rif; bmawGajymaewmvJ.....}}

ar&Du rsufarSmifuav;MuKwfum y*D¾tm; em;rvnfí ar;rdonf/ y*D¾u acwÅqdkif;aeNyD;rS


awmif;yefaom tNyKH;ESifh qufajymonf/

]]ar&D pdwfrqdk;eJUaemf? ar&DUtoHeJU tqdku odyfaumif;wmygbJ? 'gayr,fh ar&D[m tckvdk


acsmacsmvSvSav;r[kwf&if ar&D ckavmufausmfMum;rSmr[kwfzl;.....}}

ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSm tkdoGm;í yxrOD;pGmtjzpf y*D¾tm;vnf; pdwfckoGm;rdonf/

]]y*D¾u ckar&D odyfvltcsD;rGrf;cHae&wm toHaumif;vGef;vdkUr[kwfzl;? &kyfacsmvdkU..... 'Dvdk


qdkvdkovm;....}}

]]tdk tdk 'DvkdvJr[kwfygbl;ar&D? y*D¾u jzpfwwfwJUobm0udk ajymwmyg/ y*D¾wcgu *Dw


tEkynmudk odyfcspfjrwfEdk;w,fqdkwJU ausmif;om;wa,mufeJU awGUbl;w,f? olu uyÜvD
tqdkawmfrBuD; ar&D,Htif'gqifudk em;axmifvdkUr&bl;wJU? 'gayr,fh tqdkrSm ar&D,H
tif'gqifudk b,fvdkrSrrSDwJU a':&pfpfa';wdkU? bufwD*a&b,fvf wdkUudkawmU csD;rGrf;vdkU
rarmEdkifbl;? olwdkUu &kyfvJacsmw,f r[kwfvm;....}}

apmapmu pdwfck&kHckcJUaom ar&DrSm a'gav;yifyGvmí rsufESmuav;rSm tenf;i,f


eD&Jvmonf/

]]'gawmU y*D¾ tqif;om&SdyD; teHUr&SdwJU puúLyef;u bmvkyf&rvJ? teHUa&m tqif;ygjynfhwJU


ESif;qDyef;udk rufwmudk bmrStjypfajymp&mrvdkbl; xifygw,f....}}

]]ar&DUudk ESif;qDyrm csD;ajrSmufaewJUvlawG[m ysm;ydwkef;vkdowÅ0gawG rjzpfygapeJUvdkU y*D¾


qkawmif;w,f.....}}

ar&Du y*D¾tm; csmueJvSnfhMunfhvkdufonf/ a'goaMumifh jyefacs&rnfh pum;rsm;udkvnf;


pOf;pm;ír&/

- 120 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

odkU&mwGif y*D¾\ rsufESmuav;rSm MunfvifoefUpifaeí 0efwdkjiLplaom t&dyfta&mifudk


pOf;i,frQ rjrif&/

y*D¾u ar&D pdwfqdk;aerSef;odojzifh ar&D\ oG,fEJGU&Sif;aomcg;uav;tm; ,k,cifrifpGm


ayGUzuf&if; acsmharmhonf/

]]y*D¾udk txifrvJGeJU ar&D? ar&D[m y*D¾tcspfqkH; oli,fcsif;bJ/ ar&DBudKufBudKuf rBudKufBudKuf


ar&DUtwGuf y*D¾pdk;&drfwmudk bGif;bGif;bJ zGifhajym&rSmbJ...}}

]]ar&DUrSm bmawG pkd;&drfp&m&SdaevdkUvJ....}}

]]ar&DUtwGufwif r[kwfzl;ar&D? ar&DUwdkUvdk &kyfacsmoavmuf ausmfMum;rIyg&SdvmwJU


rdef;cav;awGtwGuf wuúodkvfrSm tEÅ&m,fawGrsm;vSw,f/ 'g y*D¾wGifr[kwfzl;....? rrEGJUvJ
cPcP ajymwmbJ....}}

]]rrEGJUu ar&DUudk 'DvdkbJajymovm;....}}

ar&Du ta0;odkU ai;Munfh&if; wdk;wdk;av; nnf;[efESifhar;onf/

]]ar&DUudk ajymwmr[kwfzl;..... &kyfacsmaom rdef;cav;tm;vkH;udk a,bk,sNcHKajymwm....}}

ar&Du bmrQjyefrajymbJ tawG;ESifhom pum;pudk &yfypfcJU&onf/

rrEGJU bmajymoenf;/ onfhxuf q&mbmajymrnfenf;/ þonfudk ar&Du ydkodcsifonf/

waeUaom we*FaEGaeUrSpí ar&Donf EGJEJGUESifhtwl tm;vyfcsdefrsm;wGif udkjrifhol\tdrfodkU


rMumcP a&mufcJUonf/ rnfrQtjcm;tvkyfrsm;&Iyfaeonfwkdifap? ar&DrSm þ0wÅ&m;udkrl
rzsufcJUay/ t0iftxGufrsm;cJUojzifh ar&Donf wtdrfom;vkH;ESifh cifrifvmcJUouJUodkUyif
udkjrifholESifh ydkrdk&if;ESD;vmcJUonf/

olUrsufESmrSm awGUpwkef;uuJUodkU jzLzyfjzLa&mf ajymif;vJrIrsm;udk rawGU&awmU? ar&D


ruRrf;usifao;aom ywfysKd;tqdkrsm;udk pdwf&Snfvuf&Snf csay;wwfaom udkjrifholtm;
ar&Donf tjcm; ausmif;ESifhywfoufaom pmayoifcef;pmrsm;udkyif ar;jref; oifcdkif;wwf
vmonf/

- 121 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olUtrlt&mrSm vGwfvyfyGifhvif;vmí olESifhqufqH&onfrSm ydkrdkvG,fulvmaomfvnf;


bmaMumifhrod? ar&DrSm wcgw&H 0rf;enf;vdIufzdkvmoa,mif rcHcsifoa,mif jzpfrdonf/
þa0'emrSm rMumcP awGU&wwfaom udkjrifholESifhEJGUEJGUwdkU ESpfOD;csif; wD;wdk;aqG;aEG;aepOf
wGif ydkíjyif;xefonf/

EGJUEGJUESifh wD;wdk;wdkifyifNyD;wdkif; udkjrifhol\rsufESmrSm twefnId;vsuf tenf;i,f ai;ai;idkifidkif


&SdaewwfrSef; ar&DowdjyKrdonf/ þtcdkuftwefUrsKd;wGif ESpfOD; &ifqdkifrdaomtcgrsm;üom
ar&Donf rdrdtm; wcsufwcsuf idkifí aqG;aqG;ajrUajrU Munfhaewwfonfh udkjrifholudk
jyefvnfawGUBuHK&onf/

armifoufwifwdkUwD;0dkif;ESifh rdrdoDqdkausmfMum;vmjcif;ESifh ywfoufí EGJUEJGUa&m udkjrifholyg


csD;usL;Muaomfvnf; ESpfOD;pvkH;\ csDK;usL;[efrSm rdrdajrSmfvifhorQ vIdufvSJrIr&Sd[k ar&Du
xifonf/

]]q&m..... ckvdk ar&D udkoufwifeJUvdkufqdkaewmudk BudKufuJUvm;[if....}}

wBudrfwGif ar&Du ar;bl;onf/

]]tdk.... bmvdkUrBudKuf&rSmvJ ar&D&,f...}}

olu ar&Dtm; MuifempGmNyKH;&if; jyefajzonf/

]]q&m wu,fajymwmvm;? q&mrBudKuf&if ar&DrqdkawmUbl;....}}

]]tdk....'DvdkvJ r[kwfao;bl; ar&D? ausmif;olausmif;om;awG[m tdufpfx&m;u,f&Dulvm


ausmif;pmtjyif 0goemyg&mwckckudk atmifjrifxGef;aygufatmif vkyfwm q&mtm;ay;yg
w,f/ 'gayr,fh.....}}

olu wpkHwcktm; awG;rd[ef &yfaeonf/

]]'gayr,fh bmjzpfvJq&m...}}

]]'gayr,fh 0goemyg&m bmbJvdkufpm;vkdufpm; 'gu 'kwd,? ausmif;pmu yxrqdkwmawmU


owdrvGwfapcsifbl;/ NyD;awmU *Dwynmudk 0goemygwJU ar&DUtaeeJU ausmfMum;rI b,f

- 122 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

avmuf &vmonfjzpfap rmewufroGm;apcsifbl;? *Dwynmt&mrSm ar&D[m qnf;yl;


avhvmaeqJ qdkwJUtcsufudkvJ arhaysmufroGm;aveJU NyD;awmU....}}

ukdjrifholu wBudrf qdkif;iHUoGm;jyefonf/

]]NyD;awmU bmjzpfvJq&m....}}

olu csufjcif;jyefrajzbJ ar&DUtm; pl;pl;pdkufpdkuf wcsufvSnfhMunfhvkduf\/

]]NyD;awmU ar&DUudkq&m pum;ukefajym&rSmbJ ar&DUudk,far&D aumif;aumif; xdef;odrf;Edkif


ygap....}}

olu pum;tqkH;wGif t"dyÜm,fjynfh0ef;pGmESifh NyKH;&if; ar&Dtm; Munhfaeonf/

]]ar&DUudk,far&D xdef;yghr,f/ 'gayr,fh rSm;oGm;&if q&mhudk ar&Drnmygbl;? ar&Dtjypf&Sd&if


q&m&dkufaygh...}}

]]tdk.... ar&DUudkq&m r&dkuf&ufygbl;uG,f}}

]]ar&DrSm;&if ajymwmygq&m? 'gayr,fh q&mpdwfrcsrf;omr,fhtvkyfudk ar&DvJ b,fawmUrS


rvkyfygbl;.....}}

ajym&if;yif ar&D\&ifrSm jynfhvQrf;vmonf/ &ifrSa0'emtm; &Da0pGm azmfvSpfvsuf&Sdaom


rsufvkH;tpkHESifh armfhMunfhvdkufaomtcg olUxHrSrsufvkH;vTJvsuf ta0;odkUai;Munfhaeaom
udkjrifholtm; awGU&onf/

]]q&m.... bmawGawG;aevJ....}}

]]bmrS rawG;ygbl;uG,f....}}

]]rawG;ygbl;omqdkw,f... ai;vScsnfvm;}}

]]aMomf.... ar&D&,f....}}

- 123 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olu oufjyif;wcsufudkom &Idufvdkufonf/

tEkynmESifhywfoufí Nidrf;wa,muf\ wkHUjyefrIrSm wrsKd;xl;jcm;onf/

]]ar&D tEkynmudk 0goemygw,fxifw,f? tEkynmeJU ywfoufNyD; ar&Db,fvdkjrifxm;vJ}}

]]b,fvdkrS jrifrxm;bl; Nidrf;}}

]]tdk.... b,fvdkrS jrifrxm;bl;}}

rsufrSefatmufrS rsufvkH;pif;pif;rsm;udk jyL;&if; Nidrf;uwtHUwMoar;\/

]]ar&DuawmU oDcsif;qkd&wm 0goemygvdkU qdkwmygbJ? 'DjyifawmU bmrSem;rvnfygbl;}}

]]'gayr,fh ckar&DeJU wGJaewJUtokdufu tJ'Dvdk bmrSem;rv,fwJUtodkuf r[kwfzl;? tEkynm


onf tEkynmtwGufqdkwJU oabmudk vufrcHMubl;/ olwdkUu jynfolUtEkynmorm;qdkwJU
vlpkawG....}}

]]EdkU Nidrf;u uAsmq&mrqdkawmU ydkem;v,frSmbJ? b,ftEkynmoabmu ydkaumif;vJ}}

Nidrf;\ rsufrSefatmufrS rsufawmifrsm;rSm ykwfcwfykwfcwfESifh twefMumvIyf&Sm;aeonf/

]]'guawmU tvG,fwulrajzEdkifbl;ar&D? Nidrf;avhvm&orQ ajymjyr,fav? jynfolUtwGuf


tEkynmqdkwmu vlAdef;awG tvG,fwul em;v,fEdkifNyD; vufcHEdkifw,f/ vufawGUrSmawmU
jynfolUtEkynmqdkwm[m &k&Sjynfu EdkifiHa&;orm;awG&JU 0g'jzefUcsDa&;oufoufyJ jzpfae
w,f/ wenf;tm;jzifh jynfolUtEkynmoabmrSm tEkynmeJU 0g'jzefUcsDa&; uJGjym;rIr&Sdbl;?
acwfopfbmoma&;vkyfief;wrsKd; jzpfaew,f/ tEkynmonf tEkynmtwGufqdkwJU oabm
udk &IwfcsykwfcyfzdkUu vG,fw,f? wu,fem;vnfbdkUu cufw,f/ Nidrf;taeeJUawmU b,f
[mudkrS vufcHrxm;bl;/...}}

]]Nidrf;oabmuawmU tEkynmqdkwmudk abmifcwfay;xm; pnf;rsOf;owfay;wm[m


tEkynmudk owfypfw,fxifwmygbJ/ tEkynmorm; aygufpawGuawmU jynfolUtEkynm
qdkwmudk [kwfonfjzpfap r[kwfonfjzpfap zuf&SifoabmeJU vufcHaeMuwmygbJ....}}

- 124 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&DrSm Nidrf;ajymjyonfwdkUudk aumif;pGmem;rv,fojzifh NidrfNidrfav; em;axmifaeonf/ Nidrf;


pum;qkH;cgrS rdrdpdwf0ifpm;&mudk aumufar;vdkufonf/

]]'gxuf [dk Nidrf;qD vmvmaewJU jynfholUpma&;q&mBuD; qdkwmaum? ckwavm rjrifyg


vm;....}}

Nidrf;\ rsufESmav;rSm tenf;i,fwif;oGm;onf/

]]'Dvlu tvum;vlyg....}}

]][if... bmjyKvdkU....}}

]]Nidrf;eJU pmayaqG;aEG;&atmifqdk vmvmaeNyD; tNyD;owfusawmU olUudk,fudk csD;rGrf;cef;zGifhNyD;


Nidrf;udk vlysKdpum;ajymoGm;wmbJ....}}

]]tdk....}}

[kwfw,f? yxrawmU Nidrf;odyfpdwfysufwmbJ? NyD;awmU Nidrf;uvJ tm;emwwfawmU bm


jyefajym&rSef;rodbl;/ [dkwavmuawmU r*¾Zif;wckxJrSm Nidrf;eJUolUudk,foludk ZmwfaumifawG
vkyNfyD; BudKufaeMuovdk a&;xm;wmawGUvdkU odyfa'gyGoGm;wmbJ? 'geJU olvm&if qif;
rawGUbJ 4 5 cg aevdkufw,f? ck ay:rvmawmUbl;}}

ar&Donf jynfolUpma&;q&mBuD;tpm; aomMumaeUnaewdkif; wywfwcg Nidrf;xHvmaeaom


{nfhonfopfwa,mufudk trSwf&vmonf/ {nfhonfopfrSm pmMunfhwkdufay:ü Nidrf;ESifh
wcgu rsufESmcsif;qdkif pmzwfaeonfudk ar&DawGUcJUbl;aom rsufrSefxlESihfausmif;om;
jzpfavonf/ olu Nidrf;qDvmaomtcg pmtkyfwtkyf ydkuf,lvmwwfí Nidrf;uvnf; olUtm;
qif;awGUaomtcg pmtkyfwtkyf ,loGm;wwfonf/ y*D¾xHrS&aom owif;t&qdkvQif olwkdU
ESpfOD;rSm tywfpOf pmtkyfvJzwfaeMuolrsm; jzpfonf/

]]tckNidrf;qD vmvmaewJUoluaum pma&;q&mbJvm;}}

]]b,folvJ udka&Tarmifvm;}}

Nidrf;u rsufESmuav; rodrom&JoGm;&if; qdkonf/

- 125 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]olUeHr,f udka&TarmifwJUvm;? [dk rsufrSefxlxleJU vl[mav}}

]][kwfw,far&D? olu pma&;q&mr[kwfygbl;? pmzwform;wa,mufyg? Nidrf;vdkbJ olUrSm


udk,fydkifpmMunfhwdkufuav; &Sdw,f/ Nidrf;wdkU udk,fU&SdwJUpmtkyfcsif; vJzwfMuwmyg/ olU
rsufrSefxlxl wyfxm;wmu [dkq&mawGvdk zuf&Sifr[kwfygbl;/ wu,fhudk rsufpdrIefvdkUyg}}

]]olUMunfh&wm &dk;&dk;at;at;eJU pum;tawmfeJykH&w,f}}

ar&Donf wBudrfutjzpftysufudk trSwf&í ajymvdkufonf/ wnaewGif armifoufwifESifh


pma&;q&mMu,fjzLwdkU ar&DUxHvmvnfMuojzifh ar&DrSm {nfhcef;aqmifü {nfhcH pum;ajym
aeonf/ udka&TarmifrSm pmtkyfwtkyfudk a&SUcsum 0gawmf 60 & rax&f\ wnfNidrfjcif;jzifh
rsufvTmcsvsuf ukvm;xdkifwvkH;wGif rvIyfr&Sm; xdkifaeonf/ rMumrD pmtkyfwtkyfudk
ydkufvsuf Nidrf;ay:vm\/ wOD;ESifhwOD;rMunfhbJ pum;wvkH;ESpfvkH;qdkMuonf/ aemuf
pmtkyfcsif; vJvS,fMuNyD; wa,muf pmwtkyfpD zGifhzwfvsuf NidrfaeMuonf/
armifoufwifwdkU jyefí ar&D{nfhcef;rS cGmcJUonftxd rsufrSefESpfpkHrSm rvIyfr&Sm; pmzwf&if;
usef&pfMuonf/

]][kwfw,f? pum;awmUeJw,f? 'gayr,fh olajymcsifwmuawmU trsm;BuD;ajymEdkifw,f/


pmayA[kokweJU t,ltqrSm [dk jynfolUpma&;q&mBuD;xuf trsm;BuD;omw,f/ [dk
q&mBuD;uawmU oleJUt,ltqrwlwJUvludk "e&Sifpma&;q&m? azmufjyefa&;orm;ponfeJU
pGyfpGJwwfwmtjyif bmrS ydkrdkav;av;eufeuf rajymwwfygbl;....}}

Nidrf;u uHqkd;vSpGmaom jynfolUpma&;q&mBuD;tm; uJU&JU&if; pum;tqkH;owfcJUonf/

rnfodkUyifjzpfap wkwfwkwfwa,mufonfrl ar&Dtm; csD;rGrf;írqkH;atmif jzpfaeonf/


wkwfwkwfomru ,cifu ar&DUtm; taygif;toif;rvkyfaom wkwfwkwfwdkUtzJGUrS rdef;
uav;rsm;uvnf; ta&;,lvmMuonf/ ar&Donf rdrd wkwfwkwfwdkUESifh &if;ESD;vmonfESifh
trQ a'g&pfpfwdkUu a&Smifz,fvmonfudkvnf; owdjyKrdonf/

,cifu a,mufsm;av;todtuRrf; enf;cJUaom ar&DrSm ,ckrl tawmfyif aygrsm;vmcJUonf/


armifoufwifESifh qufoG,fí pma&;q&mrsm;jzpfonfh Mu,fjzL? nGefUarmif ponfwkdUESifh
vnf; cifrifvmonf/ uAsmwyk'fpyf&eftwGuf pm&Gufazmifwdef tjynfhtpkHESifh tif;vsm;
uefpyf opfyifatmufwGif wa,mufwnf; oGm;oGm;xdkifwwfonfqdkaom 0g;bavmuf
aomufyGifhOD;? &nf;pm;onf olaX;om;wa,mufESifh &ojzifh "e&Sif tdrfaxmifa&;pHepfBuD;tm;

- 126 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tjrpfrS wGef;vSefypf&eftxd awmfvSefa&;pdwf"mwf xufoefaeol a*:uDrJGndK paom uAsm


q&mBuD;rsm;ESifhvnf; oduRrf;vmonf/

taygif;toif;rsm;í xif&Sm;vmcJUaom ar&DrSm pdwf"mwfrsm;vnf; twefajymif;cJUí


trlt&mrsm;vnf; ,cifESifhrwl jcm;em;cJUonf/

vlpnfaom pBuFrsm;udk a&Smifcsifvmonf? wnfNidrfjcif;udk ydkrufarmvmí ausmfMum;jcif;


twGuf olUtpfrajymouJUodkU [efaqmif&efrvdk[k oabmaygufvmonf? armifoufwif
rMumcP ajymwwfovdkyif vlUb0ü &Sifoefaecdkuf &nf&G,fcsufw&yf&Sd&í ao&J&eftwGuf
,kHMunfrIwck &Sd&rnf[kvnf; wcgw&H awG;awmrdvmonf/

armifoufwifESifhywfoufí ar&DrSm qef;Mu,faom uHtaMumif;udkvnf; tHUMordonf/

tpyxrü armifoufwiftm; &dkif;jyarmufrmol vli,fwOD;[k rkef;ouJUodkU jzpfrdonf/


teD;uyf aygif;rdaomtcg onf;nnf;cHwwfí &dk;om;jzLpiforQ wcgw&H tvGef
pdwful;,OfwwfrSef;vnf; od&onf/

rdrd oDcsif;qdk&aomtcgrsm;wGif ukvm;xdkifr&Sdao;vQif udk,fwdkif ajy;o,fay;wwfí


rdkufu&dkzkH;rSm jrifhaevQif ysmysmovJ vma&mufjyifqifay;wwfonf/ rdrd\tvdkus rnfonfh
t&mudkjyKvkyfay;onfjzpfap rsufESmrSm tpOfwnfMunfvsuf tom;,lrIxuf trSefwu,f
cifrifMuifemrIudk jyaewwfonf/ vrf;twlavQmuf&aom tcgrsm;wGif tjcm;a,musfm;av;
rsm;uJUodkU tcGifhaumif;okH;í eD;eD;uyfuyfrwGJ? cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS uGmuGmvdkufí vmwwf
ayonf/ rdrdESifh tawmftwef cifrif&if;ESD;onfhwdkifatmif ausmif;aqmifodkU ay:vmcJí
a&mufvmvQifvnf; wa,mufwnf;rvm taz:tNrJac:cJUavh&Sdonf/ wBudrfomvQif
wOD;wnf; a&mufvmcJUonf/

rdk;oJaomwnaewGif jzpfonf/ rajrSmfvifhbJ armifoufwiftm; ydawmufyef;pD;BuD;udkifvsuf


ausmif;aqmifatmifxyfwGif qkHcJU&onf/ xD;ygcJUaomfvnf; oJaomrkd;aMumifh olUudk,frSm
&TJaeonf/

]]tdk.... ydawmufyef;awG....}}

ar&Duvnf; uav;i,fodkU &TifjrL;pGmatmf&if; olUxHajy;oGm;onf/

- 127 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][kwfw,far&D....}}

ydawmufyef;pnf;udk ayGUydkufxm;aom olUtoGifrSmvnf; Munfvif&Tifvef;aeonf/

]]xl;xl;qef;qef; udkoufwif/ 'DtcsdefrSm ydawmufyGifh&owJUvm;}}

ar&DrSmvnf; tHUMoaeonf/

]]'gawGu Armydawmufr[kwfzl; ar&D? t*FvdyfydawmufvdkU ac:w,f? oxkHvrf;wavQmufrSm


aygufaewJU tyifawGav? olwkdUu rdk;v,frdk;aESmif;rSm yGifhw,f}}

]]tdk t*Fvdyfydawmuf? ar&D wcgrSrMum;bl;bl;....}}

]]tjzLyGifhawGyGifhwJU aiGydawmufqdkwmvJ &Sdao;w,f/ qifewdk&D,H NcH0if;xJrSm&Sdw,f/


oif;BuFefyGifhwJU ydawmufyifBuD;u tif*sifeD,maumvdyfa&SUrSm &Sdw,f...}}

oluom pdwf&Snfvuf&Snf &Sif;jyaeonf/

]]&Sif 'Dyef;awG ar&DbkdU cl;vmwmvm;}}

]]ar&DyefbdkU uRefawmfudk,fwdkif wufcl;vmwm}}

ar&D\&ifrSm wvSyfvSyfckefvmonf/ olUtm; vSrf;Munfhvdkufaomtcg olUrsufESmrSm xkH;pH


twkdif; wnfMunfaeaomfvnf; rsufvkH;rsm;rSm t&nfvJUawmuf&Tef;ae\/

ar&Donf ydawmufyef;pnf;BuD;udk vSrf;,lvsuf yGifhcufrsm;udkcsKd;um acgif;üyefvdkufonf/


armifoufwifu auseyfpGmNyKH;&if; Munfhaeonf/

]]rsm;vdkufwmudkoufwif? &Siftawmf yifyifyef;yef; cl;&rSmayghaemf....}}

ar&Du cspfpzG,fNyKH;&if; ar;onf/

]]'gw0ufbJ &Sdao;w,f/ w0ufu ckeuwif a':a':apm bk&m;wifbkdU q&mwdkUtdrf 0ifay;


cJUao;w,f}}

- 128 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

NyKH;aeaom ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSm &kwfw&ufyif wnfusoGm;onf/

]]q&meJUaum awGUao;vm;.....}}

]]awGUw,far&D? 'Dwpnf;udk ar&DUqDvmydkUrvdkU vdkUawmif ajymcJUao;w,f}}

ar&D\&ifrSm ydkckefvmonf/ pum;jyefajymaomtcgwGif toHav;rSm rodrom wkefae\/

]]q&m bmajymao;vJ}}

ar&Du rdk;aygufrsm;usaeaom vrf;rqDai;&if; ar;onf/

]]rajymygbl;ar&D... bmjyKvdkUvJ}}

ar&Du csufjcif;yif rsufESmav;udkjyifí NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]bmrSrjzpfygbl;udkoufwif? q&muvJ yef;cspfw,fxifvdkUyg/ aMomf'gxuf &Sifhudk,fu


&TJvdkUygvm;? tat;rdawmUr,f}}

olu bmrQjyefrajzwwfí xD;udkaumufudkifum jyef&efjyifonf/

aMomf.... ar&D? rrEGJUudkvJ eJeJcJGay;vdkuftkH;aemf...}}

]]ay;vdkufyghr,f udkoufwif? ckvdk owdw&vmay;wm ar&D odyfaus;Zl;wifygw,f}}

olxGufoGm;aomtcg ar&Du idkifidkifav;awG;&if; avSum;rS tay:odkUwufcJUonf/ ydawmuf


yef; awmfawmfrsm;rsm;udk cJGí EGJUEGJUxHydkUcJUNyD;aemuf useforQtm; 0dkif;0ef; paemuf
ajymifaeMuaom y*D¾wdkUtodkuftm; a0iSay;NyD;aomtcg ar&Donf rdrd\tcef;odkUjyefvsuf
wOD;wnf; qdwfNidrfpGm awG;aerdonf/

tb,foabmESifh rdk;BuD;avBuD;xJwGif tpdkt&TJcHí armifoufwifonf þ pdwful;,Of


&moDyef;udk qufurf;vmavoenf;/ rdk;a&&TJaeaomolUtm; tat;rdrnfpdk;í jyefckdif;pOfu
&kwfw&uf trSwfrxif rdrdpdwf0,f ay:aygufavcJUaom u&kPmrSm tb,frQ c&D;wm
&SdcJUygoenf;/

- 129 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

yef;pnf;udk &ifcGifydkufvsuf &yfaeavaom Eke,fysKdvGifonfh armifoufwif\ o@mefrSm


ar&D\pdwf0,f vGrf;armwobG,f&m ykHjyifyrm tpOfxifum&Sdaeaom tvm;wl wa,muf
vltm; ydkrdktrSwf&apí &pfvnfay:opfjyefcJUonfh tjzpf&yfudk tHUMoírqkH;Edkifatmif &Sdap
onf/

xdkvlwa,muftay:wGifrl rdrdpdwfudkrdrd r&dyfrdrDuyif u&kPmrdk;&GmNzdK;cJUrd&mrS ork',


aESmifBudK;onf wpESifhwp ESvkH;om;Eke,fe,ftm; wif;usyfatmif &pfywfcJGcsnfrdcJUonf/
onfpOfwGifrS aESmifBudK;opfwacGonf qifhuJodkif;zJGUvmcJUygoavm/

wzufvl\ apwemtrSefudk rod&rD BudKwifí pdwful;,Ofrdojzifh ar&DrSm &SufaoG;av;


awmU 0ifhrdonf/ armifoufwifuJUodkU &dk;om;wnfMunfí rdrd\*kPfodu©mudk rdrd
xdef;wwfaom a,mufsm;av;rsm;\ oabmtrSefudk od&efrSm cufcJvSonf/ ar&Donf
tjzwf&cufaom awG;pudk BudK;pm;jywfapí ay:aygufawmUrnfrSm aocsmaeaom jyóem
w&yfudk ray:aygufygap&ef w0ufwjyuf pdwfxufoefrIESifh qkawmif;&if; tcsdefudk
ukefapcJUonf/

okdU&mwGif ajy;rvGwfonfudk a&Smifvnf;ra&Smifrdojzihf waeUwGifrl armifoufwif\


ESvkH;jyLwif; [if;vif;yGifhonftm; txif;om;awGUcJU&\/

Nidrf;ESifh&if;ESD;rdavrS ar&Donf Nidrf;xHrS twwfaumif;uav;rsm;ESifh twwfqef;av;


awmfawmfrsm;rsm;udk wwfcJU&onf/ Nidrf;u uAsmq&mr? pma&;q&mrwdkUrnfonf vlUb0ESifh
vlUavmuudk obm0usus em;vnf&rnfqdkonf/ vlUb0ESifh vlUavmuudk em;vnf&efrSm
vlUavmu tvTmtrsKd;rsKd;udk 0ifwdk;&rnf[k quf&Sif;onf/ þ&nf&G,fcsufESifh Nidrf;onf
oljriforQaom vlUavmutvTmtrsKd;rsKd;udk 0ifwdk;aeonfqdkonf/ Nidrf;0ifwdk;aeaom ae&m
rsm;um; &efukefNrdKUBuD;\ vrf;toG,foG,fESifh yvufazgif;rsm;jzpfonf/ wa,mufwnf;
roGm;0HUjyefojzifh Nidrf;onf ar&DUtm;yg taz:ac:avh&Sd&m Nidrf;udk txifBuD;aerdonfu
waMumif;? Nidrf;tajymaumif;onfu waMumif;wkdUaMumifh ar&Donf Nidrf;ESifhvdkufí pGefUpm;
cef;zGifhbl;onf/

pae? okdUr[kwf we*FaEGaeUrsm;wGif &kyf&SifMunfh&ef aps;0,f&ef a&Twd*kHzl;&ef paom


taMumif;rsm;jycJUum Nidrf;ESifhar&Donf ausmif;aqmifrS xGufvnfavh&Sdonf/ NrdKUxJ
a&mufonfESifhwNydKifeuf Nidrf;onf ar&DUtm; ar&Dwa,mufwnf;taeESifh b,faomtcgrQ
a&mufvdrfhrnf r[kwfaom ae&mrsm;odkU ac:oGm;avh&Sdonf/

- 130 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

NrdKUv,f&Sd ta&;ay:uGufopfrsm;? rD;ab;'ku©onfpcef;rsm;odkU rMumcP a&mufwwfonf/


a&mufonfqdkaomfvnf; todwa,mufrQ &Sdonfr[kwf&um; [dkvrf;0ifonfvrf;xGufESifh
avQmufMujcif;jzpfonf/ vifr,m;? odkUr[kwf tdrfeD;yg;csif;rsm; &efjzpfaeMuonfukd
awGUvQif ar&Du aMumufí xGufajy;csifaomfvnf; Nidrf;u pdwf0ifpm;pGm &yfMunfhaewwf
onf/ qJvkH; qdkvkH; ceJUvkH; apmif;vkH;rsm; Mum;vQif Nidrf;onf aoaocsmcsm rSwfum ausmif;
aqmifjyefa&mufvQif [efESifhyefESifh jyefvkyfjywwfonf/

a*:&if*sDukvm;rsm;ESifh naeapmif;wGif pnfaeavh&Sdaom bkHqdkifrsm;udkvnf; Nidrf;onf


rvSrf;rurf;rS Munfh&onfudk oabmusonf? ukvm;rsm; t&ufrl;í ajym[efqkd[efrsm;
udkvnf; ususee twkcdk;onf/

wcgw&HwGifrl odrfBuD;aps; opfoD;wef;rS yef;oD;? ojyufoD;rsm;udk vG,ftdwfESifh 0,fxnfh


cJUí ojyufoD;0g;&if;? yef;oD;udkuf&if; &efukefta&SUzsm;rS taemufzsm;? odrfBuD;aps;rS
tif;pdef ponfwdkUudk toGm;tjyef bwfpfum; taysmfvdkufpD;avh &Sdao;onf/

]]avhvmwwf&if bwfpfum;ay:wdkU rD;&xm;ay:wdkUrSm b0oifcef;pm trsm;BuD; &Edkifw,f...}}


[líyif cyfwnfwnfESifh Nidrf;onf ar&DUtm; ajymjybl;onf/

]]Nidrf;u tdrfrSm BuD;awmftysKdBuD;awGeJU ae&w,f/ olwdkUu odyfcsKyfcs,fwmbJ/ Nidrf;u


a,mufsm;av;awGvdk [dkvrf;0ifonfvrf;xGuf? [dkqdkif0ifpm; 'Dqdkif0ifpm; tJU'Dvdk odyfaecsif
wmbJ}}

Nidrf;u þodkUajymrS Nidrf;bmaMumifh olykefqefcsifonfudk ar&DrSm em;vnfvmonf/ Nidrf;rSm


olajymonfhtwkdif; trSefvnf; vkyfonf/ w&kyfwef; yvufazmif;? oGif&kH ta&SUbuf
yvufazmif; tp&SdonfwdkUay:rS taygpm; w&kyfqdkifrsm;odkU0ifum acG;ajcay: ususee
xdkifvsuf wlESpfacsmif;udk ususeeudkifum tpm;tpmrsm;tm; Nrdef&nf&Suf&nf pm;wwfonf/
&GHUwwfaom ar&Durl cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS &,fcsifpdwfw0uf? tHUMopdwfw0ufjzifh Nidrf;vkyforQudk
apmifhMunfhae&onf/

]]Nidrf; 'gawGa&Smufvkyfaewm Nidrf;tdrfuod&if bmvkyfMurvJ rodbl;}}

]]olwdkUod&ifvm;... Nidrf;udk vifjrefjref ay;pm;vdkufMurSmaygh ar&D....}}

Nidrf;u rxDav;pm;[efESifh ayghwD;ayghqajzbl;onf/

- 131 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tpaomf.... Nidrf;ESifhvdkuf&onfudk pdwfysufrdaomfvnf; wpwpESifh ar&DrSm aysmf&Tifvmonf/


wcgw&H Nidrf;onf rdrdpGefUpm;cef;rS &,f&TifbG,f&mrsm;udkvnf; jyefajymwwfonf/

]]Nidrf; wcgwkef;u bdkifpukwfudk taygqkH; a&SUwusyfwef;u 0ifMunfh&wm b,fvdkaervJqdk


0ifMunfhbl;w,f}}

]]b,fvdkaevJ}}

]][m;.... vlUudk tDoGm;wmbJar&D}}

]]bmjyKvdkUvJ *sydk;udkufvdkUvm;}}

]]r[kwfzl;.....? zifqdwfcH&vdkU? tifwmA,ftay; xvpfcJU&w,f...}}

Nidrf;onf ar&DUtm; twwfaumif;av;rsm;vnf; oifay;onf/

Nidrf;rSm jrefrmEdkifiH okawoetoif;wGif pwk'ifhrif;bm;ac: ausmif;om;toif;0if wOD;


jzpfonf/ ar&DUtm;vnf; ZGwf0ifckdif;um toif;\ a[majymyGJrsm;odkUvnf; ac:oGm;wwf
onf/

]]wuúodkvfausmif;a&mufNyD; okawoetoif;0ifrS? r[kwf&if wuúodkvfausmif;om;udk rNyDo


ao;bl;/ 'Dtoif;&JU a[majymyGJwckudk em;axmif&wm[m pmtkyfESpfq,f zwf&wmavmuf
A[kokwwdk;w,f}}

xkH;pHtwkdif;yif Nidrf;vkyforQudk txifBuD;rdaom ar&Donf okawoetoif;\ a[majymyGJ


rsm;udk vdkufwwfrdonf/ þodkUwufrdcgrS þtoif;ü udkjrifholrSm trIaqmiftzJGU0if
wOD;rSef; ar&DodcJU&onf/

okawoetzJGU tpnf;ta0;rsm;udk ar&DwufrSef;odaomtcg armifoufwifrSmvnf; vdkufí


wufvmonf/ aemuftcgrsm;wGif y*D¾0rf;yg ygvm\/

armifoufwif\ [if;vif;yGifhaeaom ESvkH;om;tm; ar&DawGUjrifcJU&onfrSm þodkUaom


a[majymyJGwck\ tNyD;wGif jzpfavonf/

- 132 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

xdkaeUu a[majymyGJrSm aq;aumvdyfausmif;BuD;ü usif;yavonf/ a[majymyGJtNyD;ü ar&DwdkU


todkufrSm wuúodkvfe,fajrodkU jyef&ef ausmif;a&SUrS tif;pdwfbwfpfum;udk apmifhaeMuonf/

Nidrf;u udka&TarmifESifh ar&Dem;rvnfaom jyóemw&yfudk aqG;aEG;aeonf/ aqG;aEG;onf


qdkaomfvnf; wa,mufrsufESmwa,muf MunfhMuonfr[kwfay/ ukda&Tarmifu a&SUwnfh
wnfh pdkufMunfhae&if; ajymí Nidrf;u ajrjyifudk ikHUMunfh&if; ajymaejcif;jzpf\/

ar&DESifhy*D¾u a&mufvmorQ vltjynfhESifh usyfaeaomum;rsm;udk pdwfysufpGm ai;Munfhaecdkuf


armifoufwifESifh rEÅav;yefcsmqif;wdkUu tem;odkU a&mufvmMuonf/

]][Jvdk rpöwmqif;....? &SifhtoJu'Pf&m usufoGm;bDvm;}}

qif; tem;odkU a&mufa&mufcsif; y*¾Du vSrf;íajymvdkufjcif; jzpfonf/ qif;onf rnf;euf


aom EIwfcrf;arT;rkwfqdwfarT;rsm;tMum;rS azG;vufnDnmaom oGm;rsm;udkay:atmif NyKH;&if;
jyefajzonf/

]]'guawmU 'Dvdk&Sdygw,fcifAsm? [dk o@mefvkyfo&kyfwl&r,fqdkwJU pum;vdkaygh....? pum;


&nfvkyJGwkef;u tEdkif&atmifom r[kwfw&kyf vkyfZmwfcif;vkduf&wmyg/ trSefrSmu
uRefawmfhtoJ[m yGifhpyef;vdk xm0pOfvef;vsufyg....}}

qif;rSm ur®0g&Gwfaejyefojzifh ar&Donf rNyKH;rd&ef EIwfcrf;udk tomoGm;ESifhBudwfcJxm;


&onf/

y*¾DrSm NyD;cJUaom pum;&nfvkyGJü qif;wdkUtzJGUtm; &SLH;vdkuf&ojzifh rausrcsrf; jzpfaeaom


aMumifh ,ck awGUawGUcsif; qif;tm; pwG,fvdkufjcif; jzpfonf/

xdkpOfu ajymcJU&onfrSm vlBudKufrsm;aom ]]rdef;ronf a,mufsm;xuf u&kPmw&m;


ydk&Sdonf}} [laom acgif;pOfjzpfonf/

y*¾DrSm tqdkbufrSjzpfí qif;wdkUu acsy&onf/

y*¾Donf OyrmOyar,s pkHpkHnDnD [efyefcsDí tqdkudk wifoGif;tNyD;wGif qif;u pwif


acsyonf/

- 133 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf..... wzufu rdef;rom;av;awGcrsmu olwdkUawG[m uRefawmfwkdUvkd tawmif 20 0wf


rif;a,mufsm;awGxuf oem;u&kPmt&mrSm omygw,fvdkU acsmhovdkaemhovdk avajymhav;
aoG;awmU uRefawmfu o'¨gokreZmwfrSm yJcl;jrqdkoGm;wJU oDcsif;av;rsKd;eJU wkHUjyefvdkufcsif
w,fcifAs....}}

vufckyfoHrsm;Mum;wGif qif;u ,Of,Ofav; ed'gef;ysKd;vdkufNyD;aemuf oHaeoHxm;ESifh quf


qdkonf/

]]tckrS ESajrm&vm; udkaome&JU? okreausmrSm 'Pf&mawGeJU qdkwmvdkbJ? tckrS racsmhvmeJU?


a[m'Du udkudkyefcsmtoJrSm 'Pf&mawGeJUvdkU jyefvSefum olwdkU&ufpufavorQ vSpfjyvdkuf
csifprf;vSw,f.....}}

okdU qif;u ajymcJUonfudk &nfpl;í y*D¾onf ,ck aemufvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/

y*D¾ESifhqif;wdkU qufvufpum;ppfrxdk;rdMurD armifoufwifu0ifí qif;ESifhar&Dtm;


rdwfqufay;onf/

]]a[m'D[m rpöwmauqif;? 'kwd,ESpf bDtufpDtif*sifeD,mu? oluawmU ar&D? wa,mufeJU


wa,muf awGUbl;Mum;bl;awmU &SdMuNyD;om;bJ r[kwfvm;}}

ar&Du jyKH;&if; ]]od&wm tifrwef0rf;omygw,f}} [k qdkonf/ qif;url olUxkH;pHtwdkif;


acgif;nGwfudk,f,kdUum pum;quf&Snfae\/

]]uRefawmfuvJ od&wm tifrwef0rf;omygw,f/ ar&DeJU ckvdk rcifrif&ao;ayr,fh


uRefawmf[mvJ ar&DUudk csD;rGrf;av;pm;aewJUolawGxJ wa,muftygt0ifqdkwm ajymjy
csifygw,f/ 'DrSm tdkifat;udkoufwif}}

]]qdk....}}

]]uRefawmfwdkU OMoiSufav;[m toHomoavmuf t&kyfqdk;NyD; a&T[oFmiSufuawmU


&kyfvSoavmuf toHraumif;&Smbl;vkdU qdk&dk;&Sdw,fr[kwfvm;/ a[m'Du ar&DUusawmU
a&T[oFmiSuf&JU tvSeJU OMoiSuf&JU toHudk aygif;xm;wmygbJqdk rSm;rvm;cifAsm}}

- 134 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

yg;pyfudk b&dwfrtkyfEdkifaom a&Tref;yefcsmu wwforQrSwforQ pGyfawmaeawmUonf/ y*D¾rSm


cpfueJtoHxGufatmif &,fvdkufrdonf/ ar&DrSmyif [efraqmifEdkifatmif NyKH;rdoGm;onf/

qif;rSm rnfrQquf av&SnfaeOD;rnfrod/ ausmif;0if;twGif;rS teufa&muf a[;vfrif;


trsKd;tpm; um;uav;wpD;u xGufvmí olwdkUteD; xdk;qdkufvdkufojzifh qif;\ [&ef
jyifaeaom yg;pyfrSm ydwfoGm;onf/

um;armif;vmolrSm udkjrifholjzpfavonf/

]][m..... q&m? um;awGbmawG 0,fNyD;bDvm;}}

qif;uar;onf/

]]odyftxifrBuD;eJU qif;/ q&m0,fwmr[kwfzl;? q&mhOD;av; 0,fxm;wm}}

udkjrifholu usefvlrsm;bufodkU vSnfhvdkufum......

]]ausmif;jyefMur,fr[kwfvm;....? vdkufcJUMuav}} [k zdwfac:onf/

]]oifhc,l q&m? ar&DwdkU um;racsmifwmeJU apmifhaeMuwm tawmfygbJ}}

ar&Du acgif;aqmifum um;aemufwHcg;udkzGifhí wufojzifh y*D¾uyg vdkufwufonf/

Nidrf;url udka&Tarmiftm; wcsufvSrf;MunfhvkdufNyD; ]]wcgxJ vdkufcJUygvm;}} [k ac:onf/

]]a&SUu ESpfa,muf &ygao;w,f? vdkufcJUMuav....}}

ukdjrifholu um;a&SUwHcg;udk zGifhay;&if; ajymonf/

]]uJ.... udka&TarmifeJU udkoufwif vdkufoGm;aygh? uRefawmfu NrdKUxJ0ifp&m&Sdao;w,f}}

qif;uqdkojzifh udka&TarmifESifh armifoufwifrSm um;a&SUcef;ü 0ifxdkifvdkufMuonf/

]]aMomf.... 'gxuf qif;? udkvSa0wa,muf awGUao;vm;? q&mhqD ray:vmwm MumoGm;bD}}

- 135 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

uddkjrifholu um;pufEId;í *D,moGif;NyD;rS uvyf&SfrvGwfao;bJ &kwfw&uf owd&[efESifh


ar;onf/

]][m.... tJ'gajymrvdkU? ck udkvSa0BuD; t&ifolaewJUtdrfrSm r&SdawmUbl;? NrdKUxJu


owif;pmwdkufwwdkufrSm nt,f'Dwm vkyfaew,fwJU? 'gaMumifh rdk;acgifaewmayghq&m}}

]][if..... cifAsm;b,fuMum;vJ qif;? uRefawmfwdkUvJ olaysmufjcif;rvSaysmufaewmeJU


tHUMoaewm}}

armifoufwifuyg tHUMopGmESifh 0ifar;onf/

]]'Dvlu bmudka&Smifajy;aerSef; rodygbl;? uRefawmfawmifrS [dkw,f'DpDwDqdkwJU ukvm;


[dkw,fwckrSm acsmifxJukyf xrif;pm;aewm oGm;awGUvdkU? nt,f'Dwm vkyfaew,fom
ajymw,f? b,fwdkufrSmvdkU rajymbl;? 'gayr,fh qdkif&Sifu uRefawmfholi,fcsif;qdkawmU
odwmaygh? nae 4 em&Dqdk 'DqdkifrSm tNrJxrif;vmpm;w,fwJU? Munfh&wm waeUvkH;tdyfNyD;
Ekd;rS reufpmeJUnpm aygif;pm;aew,feJUwlw,f}}

qif;u av&SnfBuD; quf&Sif;jyaeonf/ ar;p&mrvdkawmUaom udkjrifholu olUtm;NyKH;í


EIwfqufum um;udk armif;xGufcJUonf/

]]qif;wa,mufuawmU awmfawmfpkHw,faemf....}}

ar&Du rSwfcsufcsonf/

]]yefcsmrdkUvdkUaygh.......? Armqdk&ifcufrSm? aMomf..... 'gxuf ol pum;&nfvkyGJawGrSmokH;wJU


pum;awGu odyfuAsmqefw,fatmufarhw,f? [dkaeUu udkatmifcifjrihfBuD;ajymrS od&w,f/
pum;ajymp&m&Sdwdkif; q&mhqD vmvmwkdifyifw,fqdk}}

y*D¾u udk,fudk a&SUtenf;i,fudkif;í udkjrifholtm; vSrf;ar;onf/

udkjrihfolu NyHK;vdkufonf/ a&SUrS bwfpfum;wpD;udk ausmfwufaeqJjzpfojzifh csufjcif;rl


tajzray;/

- 136 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]qif; vmwdkifyifwm [kwfygw,f? 'gayr,fh olUtajymaumif;wm[m q&mhaMumifhcsnf;


r[kwfzl;? oludk,fEIdufuudk awmfw,f? wcgwav q&may;vkdufwJU pum;awG[m omref
Arm vdkufajymEdkifrSmr[kwfzl;? oluawmU&w,f}}

um;rSm yJcl;uvyfa&SUodkU a&mufvmonf/ y*D¾pum;rquf&rD Nidrf;u 0ifar;onf/

]]q&m t&ifu uAsmawGpyfwm Nidrf;zwfzl;ygw,f/ tck bmvdkUrpyfawmUvJ}}

ukdjrifhol\ Munfvif&TifNyHK;aeaom rsufESmrSm &kwfw&ufrIdif;usoGm;onf/ olUrsufvkH;rsm;rSm


a&SUwnfhwnfh ta0;odkUai;&if; jyefar;onf/

]]Nidrf;vJ uAsmq&mrwa,mufyJ r[kwfvm;? b,fvdktcgrsKd;rSm Nidrf; uAsmawGpyfavh&SdovJ}}

]]tdk.... Nidrf;uawmU &ifxJrSm cHpm;rIawG jynhfvmwJUtcg zGifhtefypfwJUoabmeJU a&;cs


vdkufwm rsm;wmygbJ}}

ar&Donf um;aemufydkif;rSaeí wjcrf;omjrif&aom udkjrifhol\rsufESmudk tuJcwf Munfh&I


vdkufygvmonf/ usefvlrsm;uvnf; NidrfaeMuonf/

udkjrifholrSm rSefrSefav;ajy;vsuf&Sdaom um;\ pwD&m&ifudk xdef;armif;vsuf&SdpOf olUpdwfrSm


a0;vHaom twdwfuav;qDodkU w0ufwysuf a&mufvsuf&SdrSef; olUrsufESmudk tuJcwf
vdkufygvmaom ar&Du &dyfrdaeonf/

udkjrihfolu tawG;prsm;udk &kyfodrf;&yfem;vdkuf[ef oufjyif;wcsufudk rodrom &Idufvdkufí


pum;qufajymonf/

]]Nidrf; ajymovdkygbJav? cHpm;rIawG[m &ifrSmjynfhvQrf;vmwJUtcg xGufvrf;ay;wJUtaeeJU


tEkynmw&yf&yf[m aygufzGm;vmpNrJaybJ/ tckq&m uAsmawG ra&;awmUum cHpm;rIawG
r&SdawmUvdkUvm;qdkawmU 'DvkdvJ r[kwfaybl;? t&ifwkef;u cHpm;rIawGu t[kefjyif;jyif;
wufwuf<u<ueJU vIyf&Sm;rIoabmu rsm;aew,f/ tckcHpm;rIuawmU wrsKd;bJ? az:jyp&m
um&ef&SmrawGUwJU cHpm;rIrsKd;awGbJ/ NyD;awmU yk*¾vducHpm;rIawGudk a,bk,spr®taeeJU wifjy
csifwJUpdwfvJ r&SdvSawmUbl;.....}}

]]'gjzifh q&m? jynfolUtEkynmoabmudk vufcHovm;.....}}

- 137 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrifholu NyHK;vdkufonf/

]]tEkynmw&yfudk jynfolUtEkynmygbJ&,fvdkU b,foluqkH;jzwfrvJ? EdkifiHa&;orm;awG


uvm;? 'grSr[kwf vlrsm;pk vlydef;awGuvm;....}}

Nidrf;ESifhudka&Tarmifu &,fvdkufMuonf/ armifoufwifurl bmawGtawG;vGefvmonfrod?


udkjrifhol\pum;udk Mum;vdkuf[efrwl/

]]q&mtaeeJUawmU jynfolUtEkynm&JU oabmtcsKdUudk awmfawmfav; ESpfNcdKufygw,f/


'gayr,fh tEkynmw&yf[m apwemppf apwemrSefaMumifh tvdktavsmuf aygufzGm;vmrS
aumif;w,f/ wrif ZGwfw&GwfykHoGif;yD; aMumufjcif;aMumifhaomf4if;? vltxifBuD;apvdkvdkU
aomf4if;? *wdav;yg; vdkufpm;csifvdkUaomf4if;? zefwD;xkwfvkyfvdkuf&wJU tEkynm[m
tEkynmouf aoaewwfw,f/ tckq&mwkdU awGUaeMu&wmu wcsKdUtEkynmorm;awG[m
jynfolUtEkynmqdkwmudk aumif;w,f csD;rGr;faeMuwJUae&mrSm csD;rGrf;jcif;[m 0pfvpfpm;vpf
jzpfaewJU bk&ifudk tifrwefvSwJU t0wftpm;awG 0wfxm;ygw,fvkdU csD;rGrf;aeMu&wJU
rSL;rwfawGeJU odyfwlaew,f.....}}

um;rSm pnfum;aom ajreDukef;tedrfhxJodkU qif;a&mufvmojzifh udkjrifholu pum;pudk


jzwfí owdESifh qufarmif;vmaeonf/

udkjrifholxH tm&kHvkH;0a&mufae&mrS ar&Donf a&SUwnfhwnfhodkU Munfhvdkufonf/ um;rSefxJü


um;wGif;&Sd vlrsm;\t&dyfonf xyfxifaeonf/ a&SUajymif;vmaom ar&D\ rsufvkH;tpkHrSm
rSefü t&dyfay:aeaom armifoufwif\ rsufvkH;rsm;ESifh oGm;qdkifrdonf/ armifoufwifonf
rSefxJrS rdrd\o@mefudk MunfhvsufaerSef; ar&Du odvdkufonf/

armifoufwif\ tMunfhrSm owdvGwfai;idkifaeolwOD;\ jrwfEkd;pGmaom tMunfhjzpfonf/


rsufESmwGifrl wpkHwcktm; wef;wajrSmfvifhaeaom o@mefrSm xddcdkufpGmay:vGifaevsuf
r&kyfodrf;Edkifaom rsufvkH;rsm;\ tMunfhrSm EIwfrSrqdkaom pum;wkdUtm; vSpf[íaeonf/

þtMunfhaMumifh ar&D\&ifrSm at;oa,mif aEG;oa,mif zdkeifhoGm;onf/ þtMunfhu


ar&D\ rsufvkH;rsm;udk &kwfw&uf rcGmEdkifatmif qGJiifxm;onf/ rsufvkH;udk vTJa&GUNyD;aom
tcgwGifrS ar&D\&ifrSm wkefvIyfae\/

- 138 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]pma&;q&mawG uAsmq&mawG[m rdrdwkdUtaMumif;udk rdrdwdkUjyefaz:jy aeMuw,f qdkwmudk


aum q&mb,fvkdoabm&vJ}}

,cktcsdeftxd pum;wvkH;rQ r[cJUao;aom udka&Tarmifu par;onf/

]]'guawmU 'Dvdk&Sdw,fav....}}

r[mNrdKifvrf;rS &kwfw&uf auGUxGufvmaom ukeftjynfhwifvmonfh um;BuD;wpif;eSifh


wdk;aeojzifh udkjrifholu um;b&dwftkyfí pufuif;*D,modkU ajymif;vdkuf&ojzihf pum;udk
acwÅqdkif;xm;vdkuf&onf/

]]pma&;q&mawG uAsmq&mawG[m rdrdwdkUtaMumif;udk jyefaz:jyw,fqdkwmu rdrdwdkU&JU


b0jzpfaMumif;udk jyefa&;jywmudk rqdkvdkygbl;/ rdrdwdkU&JU avmutjrif? rdrdwdkU&JU vlb0udk
t"dyÜm,faumuf,lxm;ykH ponfawGudk wifjywJUoabmudk qdkvdkwmyg? tJ pmaye,f uAsm
e,fudk 0ifpvlawGuawmU rsm;aomtm;jzifh udk,fhtjzpftysufudk wkduf&dkuf jyefaz:jywwf
Muw,f/ 'g[mvJ tjypfrqkdomaybl;/ tEkynmw&yfudk wGef;uefxkwfvkdufzdkU rD;tm;
vdkw,f/ 'DrD;tm;ao&if tEkynm[mvJ &yfoGm;wwfw,f....}}

]]tJ'DrD;tm;[m bmvJq&m....}}

Nidrfcsufom;aumif;ae&mrS y*D¾u 0ifar;vdkufonf/ udkjrifholu ,JU,JU NyKH;vQuf a&SUodkU


Munfh&if; wvkH;csif;ajzonf/

]]cspfjcif;arwÅm&,f? cspfjcif;arwÅmeJU cJGjcm;vdkU b,ftcgrSr&wJU 0rf;enf;jcif;? 0r;fomjcif;?


remvdkjcif;? cGifhvTwfjcif;? rmefrmeeJU aemifw oabmawGaygh...}}

tm;vkH; tawG;udk,fpDESifh NidrfoGm;Muonf/

ar&D\em;wGifrl udkjrifhol\ aemufqkH;pum;&yfrsm;rSm xyfvnfysH0Jaeonf/ olajymovdkyif


olUb0tawGUtBuKHudkyif jyefaz:jyvdkufavvm;rod/

]]armifoufwif ausmif;aqmifrSm qif;ae&pfrvm;....}}

[Hom0wDt0dkif;udk vGefaomtcg udkjrifholu ar;onf/

- 139 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]uRefawmf tif;,m;a[mtxdbJ vkdufr,fq&m/ uefapmif;vrf;avQmufcsifao;vdkU...}}

armifoufwifu ar&DbufodkU tenf;i,fapmifhvSnfhMunfh&if; ajzonf/

]]udka&Tarmifaum....}}

udka&Tarmifu tajz&Muyf[ef acwÅawG;aeonf/ aemufrS ]]udkoufwifeJU vdkufcJUygtkH;r,f


av}} [k qdkonf/

udkjrifholu tm;vkH;tm; tif;vsm;ausmif;aqmifa&SUwGif csxm;ay;NyD;aemuf EIwfqufvsuf


xGufcGmoGm;onf/ xrif;qmvSNyDjzpfaom y*D¾rSm [efraqmifawmUbJ ausmif;aqmifwGif;odkU
0ifajy;onf/

ar&Du armifoufwiftm; armfhMunfhvdkufonf/ armifoufwif\ trlt&mrSm wpkHwcktm;


ajym&ef csdefqaeykH&onf/ reD;ra0;wGif rsufrSefpkHwJGrSmvnf; ajrjyifudk ai;pdkufMunfhvsuf
&yfaeMu\/

]]udkoufwif udpö&Sdao;vdkUvm;...}}

ar&Du pwifar;&onf/ onfawmUrSolu vIyf&Sm;vmonf/

]]tif; eJeJajymp&m&SdvdkUyg? eufjzefnae ausmif;qif;NyD;&if t,fvfpDtm&fem;rSm cPapmifhyg


vm;/ wkwfwkwf&Sdaevdrhfr,f/ uRefawmfwkdU vmcJUr,fav? Mu,fjzLwdkU yGifhOD;wdkUvJ ygvdrfh
r,f}}

]]bmvkyfp&m&SdvdkUvJ udkoufwif}}

]]taxGtxl; r[kwfygbl;? eJeJ aqG;aEG;Mu&atmifyg}}

]]bmawG aqG;aEG;rSmvJ udkoufwif? EdkifiHa&;awGvm;/ ar&D 'gawG 0goemrygbl;}}

]]EdkifiHa&;r[kwfygbl;/ ausmif;om;ta&;awGyg? tm;vkH;u ar&DUudk vmapcsifMuw,f?


uRefawmfuvJ awmif;yefygw,f ar&D}}

- 140 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]udkoufwifu vmygqdk&ifawmU vm&wmayghav/ odyf&Iyf&IyfaxG;axG;awGawmU ar&D


em;rv,fbl;}}

Nidrf;ESifh olUvluvnf; ,ckrSp pum;qdkMuonf/

]]udka&Tarmif vrf;a&SmufrvdkUvm;}}

]][ifhtif; ra&Smufygbl;}}

Nidrf;uolUtm; zswfueJarmfhMunfhvdkufonf/

]]EkdUbmjyKvdkU vdkufvmvJ}}

olu pum;jyef&ef[efjyifonf/ EIwfcrf;rsm;rSm vIyfvmNyD;rS bmrQrajzwwf[efESifh jyefNidrf


oGm;onf/

]]Nidrf;udk bmajymp&m&Sdao;vJ....}}

]]tm.....tm....bm.... bmrSr&Sdygbl;....}}

yxrOD;pGm Nidrf;rSm &Jwif;vmum NyKH;vnf;NyKH;rdoGm;onf/

]]'gjzifh Nidrf;oGm;r,f.....}}

olu Nidrf;tm; wcsufarmfhMunfhvdkufNyD; at;csrf;pGmqdkonf/

]][kwfuJU....}}

Nidrf;u ar&DwdkUbufodkU vSnfhMunfhvdkufonf/

]]uJ udkoufwif 'gbJvm;? udpör&SdawmU&if ar&D0ifawmUr,fav....}}

]]cPaeygtkH; ar&D....}}

- 141 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Du rsufvkH;0ef;0ef;av;rsm;udk jyL;vsuf olUtm;armfhMunfhonf/

]]uRefawmf oDcsif;wyk'f pyfxm;w,f....}}

]]aMomf.... aMomf....}}

]]uRefawmf t&ifu oDcsif;wyk'frS rpyfzl;bl;/ pyfp&mvJ r&Sdbl; ar&D...}}

olu ajz;av;pGm &Sif;jyae\/

]]NyD;awmU 'DoDcsif;[m b,folqdkbdkUrSvJr[kwfzl;...}}

]]tdk...}}

ar&Du tHUMooGm;onf/

]]EdkU.... bmjyKvdkUpyfwmvJ.....}}

]]bmjyKvdkUpyfrdrSef;vJ rodbl;....}}

]][if....}}

ar&Du oGm;uav;rsm;ay:atmif NyKH;rdoGm;onf/

]]&SifhoDcsif; eHr,fuaum....}}

]]oJOD;yef;wJU...}}

]]tdk..... oJOD;yef;wJUvm;? eHr,fav;u vSvdkufwm....}}

olu ar&Dtm; idkifí wcsufai;vkdufonf/ ol\tai;MunfhrSm apmapmuuJUodkU &ifrSpum;udk


oG,fydkUavaom tMunfhwnf;/

olonf jrufvkH;rsm;udk vTJz,fvkdufNyD; tdwfwGif;rS pm&Gufacgufav;wcktm; xkwfay;onf/

- 142 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]zwfMunfhayghar&D? toHeJUtoGm;udk aemufawmUrS em;axmifwmaygh....}}

olu r&,frNyKH;ESifh ar&Dtm; EIwfqufvsuf udka&TarmifESifhtwl xGufoGm;onf/

pm&Gufacgufav;tm; udkif&if; idkifusef&pfaom ar&DrSm Nidrf;uyfvmrS owd&vsuf taqmif


0if;wGif;odkU 0ifcJUonf/

]]udkoufwifu bmajymoGm;wmvJ ar&D.....}}

odcsifaZmaMumifh Nidrf;u vTwfceJ ar;rdoGm;onf/

ar&Du oufjyif;av;&Idufvsuf ausmif;aqmifa&SUrS avta0SUwGif ,drf;EJGUvIyf&Sm;aeaom


a&mifpkHyef;nSmcdkifrsm;tm; Munfh&if; av;yifpGm ajzvdkuf\/

]]udkoufwif[m olUtoJESvkH;udk ar&DU zGifhjyoGm;w,fxifw,f Nidrf;....}}

- 143 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(10)

wdrfMum;rS xGef;vufaom aerSm twefyifylaeonf/

waumif;ausmif;aqmifa&SU&Sd yk@&dufyifrsm; pDwef;aygufum &Hvsuf&Sdaom uwÅ&map;vrf;


wavQmufrSaeí uwkH;qHawmuf a&TrsufrSefESifh t&yf&Snf&Snf vl&G,fwOD;onf vlrdrnfudk
vefUaom olcdk;[efESifh ab;bwf0ef;usiftm; usD;uef;awmif;arSmufMunfh&if; okwfoD;
okwfysmESifh rajy;&kHwrnf avQmufvmonf/

ausmif;aqmiftv,f avSum;qDrS vufzuf&nfAef;av;udk &Gufvsuf qif;vmaom


ukvm;av;wOD;tm; jrifonfhtcg olonf &kwfw&uf ausmif;aqmiftaemufzuf tpG,f
avSum;rS ajy;wufum cyfuG,fuG,f a&SUodkU qufavQufoGm;onf/

olonf cRwfeif;í ausmif;aqmif\ ta&SUbuftqG,f tay:xyfodkU a&mufaomtcg


vufsmbufodkU csKd;vsuf auGUavQmufvmonf/

xkdpOf a&csKd;cef;rsm;bufqDrS wifOD;armif\ toHjymjymonf ay:xGufvmonf/

]]a[haumifawG ...... jyefay;uGm? &SpfBuD;cdk;yg&JU.....}}

a&TrsufrSefESifh ausmif;om;u wcsufNyKH;vkdufum tcef;wcka&SUa&mufaomf cg;rS aomhudk


xkwfí zGifhaeonf/ xdktcdkufwGifyif yg;pyfudk vuf0g;ESifhtkyfí usdwf&,f&if; ajzazmheif;
vsuf udk&Sdefonf a&csKd;cef;rsm;bufqDrSyif ay:avonf/ udk&SdefUudkjrifaomtcg a&TrsufrSef
ESifh ausmif;om;u vufnId;ESifh yg;pyfudk awUjyvsuf toHrxGuf&ef wm;onf/

]]acG;aumifBuD;..... jrifhoef;? eifb,faysmufaevJ}}

]]&SL;..... wdk;wdk;? ig pusufwck awGUxm;vdkU.....}}

]]b,frSmvJ....? ykZGefawmif csD;pufrSmvm;}}

]]xGD.... rif;oGm;cs;D? wu,fyguG? a&Twd*kHay:rSm igtck wHjrufvSJtoif;xJ 0ifxm;w,f....}}

- 144 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]bmvJ.... rif; ydwfjzLpifMu,f0wfNyD; Oykofo,fav;awGudk olawmfaumif;ydk; ydk;aew,f


r[kwfvm;? igwdkU Mum;NyD;ygbD}}

jrifhoef;u w[J[J&,f&if; ckwifay: xdkifcsvdkufonf/

]]rif;bm&DwmvJ}}

udk&Sdefu [D;ueJ&,fvkdufum ]]udka&TomatmifBuD;ayghuGm}} [kqdkí teD;&Sd ukvm;xdkifBuD;ü


0ifxdkifvdkufonf/

]]udka&TomatmifBuD;aygh/ tDtD;oGm;,dkwm [dkbuftdrfomcef;xJ ola&mufaewm igu oGm;


toHjyKrdvdkU....}}

udka&TomatmifqdkvQif pum;trsm;qkH; ausmif;om;wa,mufrSef; ausmif;aqmifwaqmifvkH;u


odavonf/ olESifh,SOfvsuf tdrfomwufrdaom ausmif;om;rSm wzuf,kdtdrfcef;rS olajym
orQudk wtif;tif;vdkuf&aom'ku© awGUwwfonf/

]]igu oGm;toHjyKrdawmh oluar;w,f? avmuBuD;rSm bmvkyf&wm Zdrft&SdqkH;vJwJU/ rodbl;


qdkawmU tDtD;,kdwmwJU/ NyD;awmU ykHqufajymawmUwmygbJ? wcgwkef;u ynm&SdtrwfBuD;udk
bk&ifu avmuBuD;rSm bmZdrft&SdqkH;vJar;awmU tDtD;,dkwmvdkU ajzrdwmeJU owfaptrdefU
cscH&owJU? ynm&SdtrwfBuD;u olraocif bk&ifudk xrif;auR;{nfhcHyg&apvdkU avQmuf
owJU/ xrif;pm;yJGrSm trwfBuD;u bJwdkU0ufwdkUqdkwJU tykyfpmawG? o&ufoD;rSnfh iSufajym
oD;rSnfheJU oabFmoD;aysmfaysmfBuD;awG auR;owJU/ NyD;awmUrS avSpD;<uawmfrlygqdkNyD;
tysKdawmfawGygwifNyD; a&v,f ac:oGm;owJU/ tawmfMumawmU bk&ifBuD;AdkufxJ &pfvmvkdU
avSurf;uyfcdkif;wm uyffray;bJ jrpfv,frSmbJ qufnSOf;xm;owJU? aemufqkH; bk&ifBuD;
tawmf roufromjzpfaerS csKHxlwJUurf; uyfay;vdkufowJU/ csKHxJu bk&ifBuD; jyefxGuf
vmawmU trwfBuD;u avmuBuD;rSm bm Zdrft&SdqkH;ygvJbk&m;vkdU ar;awmU ]]tdrf;.....
tDtD;,dkwmbJ[}} vdkU jyefrdefUNyD; rowfbJ qkawmfvyfawmfawG csD;jrSifhowJU....}}

]]olkUykHuvJ BuHBuHzefzefuGm}}

jrifhoef;u &,f&if;ajymonf/

- 145 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ykHqkH;wmawmif pum;awG qufaeao;w,f/ 'geJUigvJ tif;usJusJ vdkufay;w,f/ wcg


wav odyfusJoGm;&if olu aocsmatmifar;&if jyefxl;vdkufw,f? tckolpdwfcsNyD; quf
avyef;aewkef; ajcoHrMum;atmif xGufcJUwmbJ? ig&Sdao;w,frSwfvdkU qufuefaeav&JU}}

xdktcdkufwGif wifOD;armif\toHrSm xGufvmjyefonf/ þtBudrfwGifrl a'gooHygaeonf/

]]csrf;vSbDuG? ay;ygawmU rat.... av;awG}}

]]udktDpGwf bmjzpfaewmvJ....}}

udktDpGwfqdkaom trnfrSm wifOD;armif\ tjcm;bJGUwckjzpfonf/ ausmif;olwOD;tm; umZif


umZifESifh yGwfaecJU&m umZifrStDpGwf[lí ajymif; trnfay;xm;Mujcif; jzpfonf/

]]bmjzpf&rvJ.... [dkaumifav;awGu ykqdk;vSrf;EIduf,lNyD; zGufxm;wmtwGuf cufaevdkUaygh}}

jrifhoef;\ NyKH;NzJaeaom rsufESmrSm xdwfvefUaomtrlt&modkU ajymif;oGm;onf/ xkdcP


wGifyif ausmif;om;vli,fESpfa,mufrSm tayguf0ü ydwf&yfNyD;jzpfonf/

]]vmcJU.....vmcJU? cifAsm;BuD; apmifhzrf;aewm tckrSrdw,f? b,frSmvJ uRefawmfwkdUydkufqH


jyefay;}}

jrifhoef;rSm rajy;EdkifawmUojzifh rsufESmudk pyfNzJNzJESifh toem;cHaomtrlt&m vkyfjyae\/

ausmif;om;av;ESpfOD;rSm armiftkef;ausmfESifh armifvSjrifhac: vlopfuav;rsm; jzpfonf/


ausmif;a&mufp rtlrv,fwaeUwGif jrifhoef;onf olwkdUtcef;a&SUodkU a&mufoGm;NyD; aiGzvm;
wvkH;ESifh ]]uRefawmfwdkUtoif;BuD;twGuf}} [k cyfwnfwnf qdkonf/ vli,fESpfOD;u wusyfpD
xnfhaomtcg enf;onf[k oluyif jyefa[mufaomaMumifh aemufxyf wusyfpD xnfhMu&
jyefonf/ jrifhoef;onf &aomydkufqHESifh &kyf&Sif&kHodkU vpfownf;/ 4if;aemuf aumifav;awG
ESifh rawGUatmif a&Smifajy;aeonf/

]][J [J.... ighnDwdkU&m jyefay;p&mr&Sdbl;? a[m tudkUnDr ESpfa,muf rif;wdkUt&G,fbJ [J....[J?


tif;,m;rSm wa,muf? bifwefrSmwa,muf? tudkvkduf rdwfzJGUay;r,f? auseyfyvm;.....}}

]]awmfyg cifAsm;ESrawGuvJ cifAsm;vdk rsufESmajymifwmawGqdk b,fUES,fvkyfrvJ....}}

- 146 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]pdwfcsygighnDwdkU&m? tudkvdrfrajymbl;? &kyfvJrqdk;bl;? uGm aemufqkH;olwdkUeJU rSNDyD; rif; [dk


ar&DwdkU oifoifwkdUvdk tacsmav;awGeJU rdwfaqGjzpfEdkifygw,f.....}}

]][m r&bl;? vma[h olUtdwfxJ EIdufMu&atmif....}}

ajymajymqdkqdk aumifav;ESpfa,mufu jrifhoef;tdwfxJ 0dkif;EIdufMu&m q,fweftxyfvkduf


usvmonf/

]][..... jrihfoef;&? csrf;omvScsnfvm;...}}

jrifhoef;onf acsmhacsmharmharmhESifh vli,fESpfa,muftm; q,fwefwcsyf ay;í ESifvTwfvdkuf


&onf/

]]ig jrif;Edkifxm;wmuG? ta<u;qyf&rSmpdk;vdkU u&meDrjrifatmif ykef;wufvmwm? twufrSm


wdk[D;eJU oGm;qkHawmUrvdkU reJrjrifatmif a&Smifajy;cJU&wm.....}}

olUpum;rqkH;rDyif qJoH? qloHESifhtwl wifOD;armif ay:vmonf/ vkHcsnfr&Edkifojzifh teH


wxGmom&Sdonfh rsufESmokwfyk0gav;udk rvkHUwvkH ywfxGufvm&&Smonf/

]]&D;rSbJ? awmfbD.... rif;wdkUausmif;aqmif b,fawmUrS aemufvmrv,fawmUbl;.....}}

plkatmifhvmaom wifOD;armifonf jrifhoef;vufwGif;rS q,fwefrsm;tm; jrifaomtcg


csufjcif; NyKH;&TifoGm;onf/

]][aumifBuD; jrifhoef;& csrf;omaevScsnfvm;....}}

]]bkd;bkd;uG? uJyg jrifraumif;&Iraumif;eJU tcef;xJa&mufatmif 0ifprf;ygtkH;/ awmfawmfMum


0g'ifuawmf xGufvmvdkU wapäacsmufwwfqdk vefUzsyfaetkH;r,f....}}

onfawmUrS wifOD;armifrSm owd&[efESifh tkef;ausmfwdkUtm; usdefqJvdkufí tcef;wGif;odkU


0ifum ykqdk;wxnf ,l0wfvdkufonf/

]]uJ..... udk,fhvl? 'Dwe*FaEG bkdifusvdkU b,frSrxGuf&bl;xifwm? wumawmfa&ajrU&Sif


ay:vmvdkU tawmfbJ...}}

- 147 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armif&Sdefu auseyfESpfodrfUpGm ajymonf/

]]tr,fav; csrf;omay;MuyguGm? ig'gav;eJU ckjrif;yGJoGm;rvkdU[m....}}

]]tHr,f.... bm&rvJ? aemuftywfrSoGm;? 'dkUajymwmem;raxmif&if u&meDqdkifudk taMumif;


Mum;vdkufr,f....}}

jrifhoef;rSm rsufvkH;jyL;oGm;onf/

]]uJ..... armifrif;BuD;om;wdkU? tMuyfawmUrudkifeJU? oabmbJ/ wdk;wdk;awmUvkyfMu...}}

]]at;....... 'grSayghuG? a[Ua&Tem;a&? vma[Ujrifhoef;....}}

wifOD;armifu vSrf;atmf&m pum;rqkH;rD jrifhoef;u yg;pyfudkxydwfonf/

]]&Sdcdk;yg&JU wdk;wdk;? vlwumodukefvkdU ygorQ ajymifawmUrSmbJ....}}

þae&mrsKd;ü em;yg;aom a&Tem;ayrSmvnf; oGm; 32 acsmif; ay:atmifNyKH;&if; tcef;0ü


ay:vmonf/

]]armif&ifu ray:vmeJU ay:vmawmUvJ bdk;bkd;atmiftwkdif;ygvm;? a&Trdk;aiGrdk;&GmvdkU....}}

atmifcifjrifhu atmfus,fatmfus,fajym&if; 0ifxdkifonf/

jrifhoef;u wpkHwckudk owd&onfh[efESifh toHudk ESdrfhumajymonf/

]]a[h.... 'DaeU NrdKUxJrSm tawmfaysmfp&maumif;r,f? Z,fav;awG awmfawmfxGufMuw,f ig


ar&DeJU Nidrf;udkawmif za&Zmvrf;ay: awGUcJU&ao;w,f/ NyD;awmU.... [dkum;pdrf;BuD;ay:rSm....
oifoifa&ma[h? NyD;awmU.....}}

]]NyD;awmU.... bmjzpfvJ....}}

]]NyD;awmU... rxGufpzl; EJGUEGJUvJ awGUw,fuG/ um;eUJq&m? b,folarmif;wJU um;xifvJ}}

- 148 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]b,fodrvJ}}

]]'dkU udkjrifholBuD;aygh}}

]]a[...}}

usef 3 OD;om;u wOD;rsufESmwOD; vSnfhvnfMunfhaerdMuonf/

]]igawmU r[kwfrSvJGa&m? awmfawmfMum EGJUEGJUeJU udkjrifholeJU....}}

jrifhoef;u pum;udk t"dyÜm,fygygESifh wydkif;wvufp &yfxm;vdkufonf/

]][m..... rjzpfEdkifbl;? rif;wdkUigwdkU i,foli,fcsif;awGbJ r[kwfvm;? udkjrifholtaMumif; odMu


om;bJ? udkvSa0ay: 'DavmufopömrrJUbl;}}

atmifcifjrifhu ajymojzihf usef 3 OD;rSm idkifoGm;Mujyefonf/

]]at;..... 'gxuf udkvSa0wa,mufaum}}

ausmif;aqmifwGif aeaomfvnf; NrdKUxJüom tcsdefukefavh&Sdaom jrihfoef;u ar;onf/

]]tJ'gajymrvdkUaygh? udkvSa0 aysmufoGm;wmMumbD? udkudkyefcsmuajymawmU owif;pmwdkuf


wwdkufrSm nt,f'Dwm 0ifvkyfaew,fqdkbJ}}

udk&Sdefurl NidrfawG;aeonf/ aemuf pOf;pOf;pm;pm;0ifajymonf/

]]udkjrihfoleJU EGUJEGJU&bkdUu cJ,Of;ygw,f? 'gayr,fh udkjrihfoleJU ar&DuawmU}}

udk&Sdefuvnf; olUpum;udkol t&Sdefowfxm;onf/

]][m.... rjzpfEdkifwmBuD;? 'dkUoli,fcsif;rdkU 'dkUtrTef;wifajymwmr[kwfzl;? udkjrihfolu q&m


wa,muftaeeJU ausmif;olawGudk qufqHwJUae&mrSm tifrwefoefU&Sif;w,f}}

jrifhoef;u 0ifuefUuGufonf/

- 149 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'gayr,fh rif;vJodom;bJ? arb,fvfudk udkjrifhol b,favmuftxd cspfw,fqdkwm?


arb,fvfeJU &kyfcsif;rSma&m? oDcsif;tqdkrSma&m 'DavmufwlwJU ar&DeJU jyefqkHawmU udkjrifhol
pdwfcsrf;omtkH;rwJUvm;....}}

]]'DrSmw&kyfykyf? igajymr,f? udkjrihfol pdwfrcsrf;omwmawmU rodbl;? 'dkUioufwifav;awmU


tawmfUudk xdaebD}}

atmifcifjrifhu udk&SdefUpum;udkjzwfí 0ifajymonf/

]][kwfvm;? 'dkUwa,mq&mav; b,fvdkxdaevJ}}

]][dkwavmu rdk;BuD;avBuD;xJ ydawmufyef;awGwufcl;yD; tif;,m;oGm;ydkUw,fwJU? ar&DqDbJ


jzpfaerSmbJ? [dkwaeUnuvJ rtdyfbJ wa,mwuRDuRDeJU? ar;awmU oDcsif;pyfrvdkUwJU?
oDcsif;emrnfuvJ oJa&Tyef;qdkvm;rodbl;}}

]]aomufyif;u r[kwfwmawmU rSefrSefMum;w,f? [kwfwmus yif;jyygbD? b,fuvm


oJa&Tyef;&rvJ? oJOD;yef;yg/ ighawmif waeUu wD;jyao;w,f}}

wifOD;armifu rcsnfhrqHU&,foHjyK&if; ajymonf/

]]aeygtkH;? tck 'DowÅ0gav; b,frSmvJ}}

jrifhoef;uar;ojzifh udk&Sdefuajzonf/

]]b,frSm&rvJ.... udk,fhxrif;udk,fpm;NyD; BuD;awmfEGm; vdkufausmif;ay;aewmaygh? olwdkU


tzJGUu 'DESpfa&G;aumufyGJrSm tBudwfte,f 0ifEJGUrvdkUwJUav....? zdk;wdav;u tck ydkpwm
uyf&? aqG;aEG;yGJwuf&eJU odyftvkyf&Iyfaewm}}

]]at;ayghuGm.... ausmif;csifwmausmif;ygap? aumvdyfa&mufcgp rv,fao;cifawmU wBudrf


r[kwf wBudrf BuD;awmfEGm;ausmif;&wJU vlcsnf;bJ}}

jrifhoef;u em&Dudk ikHUMunfhvdkufonf/

]]uJ..... jrefjreft0wfpm;vJMu? wGJvfomwD;&Id;rSDatmif}}

- 150 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]&kyf&SifrrSDvJ ta&;rBuD;bl;? 'DaeU &kyf&Sifxufaumif;wJU Zmwfvrf;awG awGUcsifawGU&tkH;rSm}}

oli,fcsif; 4 OD;rSm uAsmu&m t0wftpm;vJí tif;pdefbwfpfum;ESifh NrdKUwGif;odkU xGufcJU


Muonf/

oli,fcsif;wodkufrSm *vkyf&kHü jyvsuf&Sdaom um;udkMunfh&ef oabmwlMuonf/ &kHodkU


a&mufaomtcg jrifhoef;u vufrSwfoGm;,laepOf usef 3 a,mufrSm &kHa&SU&Sd qdkifwqdkifwGif
pD;u&uf ajryJqm;avSmf ponfwkdU0,f&if; apmifhaeMuonf/

rvSrf;rurf;wGifrl &kHü aemifjyrnfhum;rsm; aMumfjimxm;onfh ydkpwmBuD;rsm;udk awGUEdkifonf/


aMumfjimxm;onfhteuf ESpfum;rSm jyNyD;om;jyefvmrnfh um;rsm;jzpfonf/ ydkpwmwck\
a&SUwGif abmif;bD&Snf? owif;pmpuúLqif [ma0,HtuÐsESifh tar&duef*dkuf zrf;aeaom
axmifuJ&G,f&G,fwOD;tm; awGU&\/

]]a[U.... [kdrSm tar&dukef;BuD;ygvm;.....}}

yg;pyfudk tNidrfxm;ír&aom armif&Sdefu axmifuJbufodkU rsufpypfjy&if; qdkonf/

axmifuJrSm t*Fvdyfpm odyfwwf[efray:acs/ okdU&mwGif ydkpwmteD;ü rdef;rysKdESpfOD;


vm&yfonfESifh wNydKifeuf olonf [efygygESifh aMumjimvdk atmfzwfvdkufonf/

]]xa&;0g; tpfpvif? udk;vm;bdkif wpfcseDudk;vm;....}}

xdktcdkufwGif jrifhoef;rSm olUrdwfaqGrsm;teD;odkU jyefa&mufaeNyDjzpfonf/ axmifuJ\toHudk


Mum;aomtcg a&TrsufrSefatmufrS olUrsufvkH;rsm;rSm jyL;oGm;um acgif;rSmvnf; axmifuJ
&Sd&mbufodkU csmceJvnfhoGm;onf/ ydkpwmteD;&yfaeaom rdef;rysKdESpfOD;rSm cpfueJ toH
xGufvsuf yg;pyfrsm;udk vufudkifyk0gESifhtkyfum usdwf&,fvdkufMu\/

axmifuJzwfvdkufaom aMumfjimxm;onfhum;rSm &wem'DyHac:aom um;jzpfonf/ aMumfjim


xm;aom t*Fvdyfpum;rsm;\ toHxGuftrSefrSm ]]x&J&Sm;tdkifvif? umvm;bdkif wuúeD
umvm}} [lí jzpfonf/ a&;[efESifh zwfoHudk em;rvnfojzifh axmifuJrSm wvJGwacsmf
&Gwfvdkufjcif; jzpf\/

- 151 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armif&SdefESifh jrifhoef;u wOD;rsufESmwOD; MunfhvdkufNyD;aemuf Zmwfwdkufxm;aom vl&Tifawmf


ESpfOD;tvm; axmifuJ\a&SUü &ifabmifwef; &yfvdkufMuonf/ teD;&Sd tjcm;ydkpwmwckudk
MunfhvkdufMuí vnfyif;aumfvmrsm;udk [efygyg qGJvdkufMuNyD; NydKifwlatmfzwfvdkufMu\/

]]o&Judk;rD;[dkrD;? aemif;&Id;tif; tuf*vdkbD}}

xdktcsddefwGif teD;ü twefpkrdNyDjzpfaom t*Fvdyfpmwwf &kyf&SifMunfhy&dowfrsm;xHrS 0g;ueJ


&,farmoH ay:vmonf/ teD;&Sd rdef;rysKdESpfOD;rSmvnf; ratmifhEdkifawmUbJ udk,fuav;rsm;
odrfhodrfhwkefatmif tlwufrwuf &,faeMuonf/

olwkdUESpfOD; zwfvdkufaom aMumfjim\ toHxGuftrSefrSm ]]o&D;urf; [krf;? aemif;&Id;tif;


tuf*vkyf}} [lí jzpfonf/ axmifuJtm; t&GJUwdkufí toHxGufudk rvdkufbJ pmvkH;aygif;
tvkdufwrif wvJGwacsmf atmfvdkufMujcif; jzpfonf/

axmifuJ\ rsufESmjzLjzLrSm &Sufa'goaoG; a&m&Sufay:vmojzihf c&rf;csOfoD;rSnfh ta&mif


jzpfvmonf/ olonf jrifhoef;tm; t&if &ifqdkifvdkuf\/

]]uif;rsm;vdkUu u,kwfudk aemufwmvm;....}}

jrifhoef;u rsufvkH;jyL;rsufqefjyL;ESifh vuf0g;umjyum armif&Sdef\bufodkU vufnId;nGef


jyonf/ armif&SdefUbufodkU axmifuJu vSnfhvdkufaomtcg armif&Sdefuvnf; tvm;wl vkyfjy
í jrifhoef;bufodkU vufnId;nGefjyonf/ tlaMumifaMumifjzpfae&mrS axmifuJonf jrihfoef;
bufodkU vnfhvkdufjyefonf/ jrifhoef;u olUygpyfwGif;odkU vufnId;nTefjyum vuf0g;cgjyí
armif&SdefbufodkU nTefjyonf/ wzefarmif&Sdefu reD;ra0;&Sd atmifcifjrifhqDodkU vufnId;xdk;
vdkufNyD;rS rdrd\em;qDrdrd jyefnTefjyvsuf vuf0g;cgjy\/

teD;&Sd y&dowfrSm w0g;0g;ESifh jzpfaeayNyD/ t&l;vkyfcH&aom axmifuJrSm olUtwGuf Mumav


qdk;avjzpfrnfudk &dyfrdonfhtvm; jrifhoef;wdkUESpfOD;tm; rsufapmif;xdk;vsuf ]]bvuf'Dzl;}} [k
cyfwnfwnfa[mufum ae&mrS tjrefqkH; xGufcGmajy;onf/

onfawmUrS olwdkUESpfOD;rSm vufckyfvuf0g;wD;um tm;&yg;& &,fvdkufMuonf/

]]a[U..... a[U rif;wdkUu bmjzpfwmvJ}}

- 152 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

a&Tem;ay atmifcifjrihfu tem;uyfvmí ar;onf/

]]aMomf ta&;xJus 'dkUa&Tem;ayu yif;jyygbD/ 'DrSm [dkaxmifuJu rif;taeovm;qdkvdkU igu


em;rMum;bl;vdkU &Sif;jyaewm}}

armif&Sdefu tom;vGwfcGyfvdkufojzifh atmifcifjrihfonf olUausmudk vuf0g;ESifh wtm;


csvdkufonf/

]]acG;aumifawG? aemufzdkUqdk ae&mra&G;bl;/ eifwdUk b,faeU taygufusOf;eJU BuHawm a&mufMu


r,f rodbl;}}

xdktcdkuf apmapmu trsKd;orD;ESpfOD;rSm olwdkUtm;jzwfausmfí ql;av;vrf;rBuD;qDodkU


ul;oGm;&m rsufvkH; 3 pkHrSmvnf; wnDwnf; vdkufygoGm;Muonf/

]]b,fUES,fvJ..... redyfzl;vm;}}

armif&Sdefu ar;onf/

jrifhoef;u ESmacgif;&IHU&if; ]]ArmjynfajrykH twdkif;bJ}} [kqdkonf/

]]b,fvdk ArmjynfajrykHtwkdif;vJ}}

]]Munfhygvm;? ArmjynfajrykHvdkbJ/ tay:ydkif;u azgif;um;yD; cg;usao;vdkU? atmufydkif;&SL;


aew,fr[kwfvm;/ aygifav;awGu weoFm&D urf;&dk;wef;twdkif;bJ}}

jrifhoef;\pum;aMumifh usefESpfOD;rSm oabmuspGm &,fvdkufMuonf/

]][ 'gxuf udktDpGwfaum}}

atmifcifjrifhu owday;vdkuf\/

olwdkU vSrf;Munfhvdkufaomtcg cyfa0;a0; ajryJqm;avSmf? ygwmeDa&mif;aom ukvm;qdkifteD;


&kyf&Sif&kH rsufESmpm&Sd tkwfwdkifwckudkrSDvsuf wifOD;armifonf ql;avvrf;rBuD;bufodkU

- 153 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ai;Munfhae\/ rsufvkH; 3 pkHonf wifOD;armifai;&mbufodkU vSnfhMunfhvdkufrdonfwGif


olwdkU 3 OD;yg idkifusoGm;Mu\/

ql;av;bk&m;vrf; wzuf &mZf&kHqDrS rdef;uav;ESpfOD;onf ucsifvG,ftdwf udk,fpDvG,fvsuf


þbufodkU ul;vmaeMuonf/

wOD;rSm Nidrf;jzpfí usefwOD;rSm ar&Djzpfonf/

]]a[ Nidrf;eJUar&D? odyfwJGaeMuygvm;}}

armif&Sdefu rSwfcsufcsonf/ 3 OD;om; rsufvkH;rsm;u ar&DwdkUxH vdkuf&if; vlrsm;url


wifOD;armif\ teD;odkU a&mufvmMuonf/

]]irf;ay; udktDpGwf? rsufvkH;u rsufrSef aygufuRwfusawmUr,f}}

onfawmUrS wifOD;armifrSm owd0ifvm[efESifh &ifrS rcsdrqefU xGufvmaomtoHjzifh


nnf;onf/

]][if; [if;}}

]]tvdk....... udktDpGwf bma&m*gvJ}}

]][if; [if;}}

usef 3 OD;rSm rsufvkH; NydKifwljyL;oGm;Muonf/

]]a[U MunfhvkyfMuygtkH;? 0uf&l;jyefawmUr,fxifw,f}}

atmifcifjrifhu 0ifaemufvdkufrS wifOD;armifonf vIyf&Sm;vm\/

]]rif;tb 0uf&l;jyef&rSmvm;}}

EdkUbmjzpfwmvJ}}

- 154 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]0rf;eJvdkUuG? 0rf;eJvdkU}}

]]tvkd bmawGrsm; 0rf;eJ&jyefwmvJ}}

]]Munfhprf;uGm avmuBuD;rSm ar&DwdkUvdk odyfvSwJU aumifrav;awG&Sdw,f? &SdwmudkvJ


awGUae&w,f? NyD;awmU 'DavmufvSwJU aumifrav;awGudkvJ ig 'Dwouf &rSmr[kwfzl;}}

wifOD;armifu tu,fyif 0rf;enf;yef;enf; ajymaeojzihf armif&Sdefu ]]at; 0rf;awmUeJ


ayghuGm? idkawmh ridkygeJU? NydwÅmwdkUrsuf&nf ajrrusaumif;bl;vdkU qdkw,f}} [k 0ifcGyfvdkuf\/

]]rif;tar....}}

jrifhoef;wa,mufurl Nidrfaeonf/ vSnfhMunfhvdkufMuaom tcgwGifrl olonfvnf; vrf;


wzufodkU ai;&if; idkifae\/

]][m oGm;jyefNyDa[U wa,muf}}

vrf;wzuf rsufESmcsif;qdkif&Sd tdk&D&ifha[mfw,fwGif;rS a'gh&pfvSvSwifwkdU oifoifwdkU xGuf


vmMuonf? olwdkUESpfa,mufaemufrS uyfvsuf [ife&DnTefUESifh tjcm;a,mufsm;ysKdwOD;vnf;
ygvmonf/

olwdkUonf a[mfw,fESifh reD;ra0;&Sd um;pdrf;BuD;&Sd&modkU avQmufvmMuonf/ um;teD;okdU


a&mufaomtcg [efe&DnGefUu um;aemufwHcg;udkzGifhvsuf rdef;uav;rsm;tm; wufaponf/
aemuf olESifhtaz:rSm a&SUcef;ü ae&m,lNyd; um;udkauGUywfvsuf ajrmufbufodkU tvHjy
bk&m;vrf;twdkif; armif;xGufoGm;\/

]][if;.....awmuf....}}

jrifhoef;u oufjyif;cs awmufacgufvdkufonf/

]]a[m vmjyefbDwa,muf? 'guaum bma&m*gvJ}}

]]a'gyGwmuG? a'gyGwm}}

- 155 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf.... a'gyG&ifvJ tusKd;taMumif;av; ajymNyD;rSyGygvm; oli,fcsif;&m? rif;b,folUudk


a'gyGwmvJ}}

]]ightazeJU tarudkayghuG}}

]]a[....}}

]]'Dtzdk;BuD;eJU tzGm;BuD;[m eJeJrS rodwwfzl;? wu,fqdk ukd,fhom;av; aumvdyfa&muf&if


tqifoifhpD;zdkU um;av;bmav; 0,fay;Edkifatmif pkaqmif;xm;Mua&maygh? [if; tckawmU
awmuf ..... igum;r&SdvdkU....}}

jrihfoef;u cyfwnfwnfESifh ajymaeonfudk wifOD;armifu 0ifESufvdkuf\/

]]aMomf..... vluav;&,f? azazuawmU 0,fay;csifwmaygh rif;araru uyfap;ESJ r[kwf


vm;....}}

jrifhoef;rSm t&IdufxdoGm;ojzifh &kwfw&uf bmjyefacs&rSef;rodbJ wifOD;armiftm; rsufapmif;


xdk; Munfhaeonf/

]]rif; um;pD;csif&if ausmif;rSm tckzJGUaewJU [dkjynfawmfomtzJGU 0ifygvm;? olwdkUrmrDu


odyftpGrf;xufqdkbJ? um;pD;rvm; &mxl;aumif;aumif;,lrvm;? *syefjynfoGm;rvm;}}

]]a[haumif awmfawmf? rif; ig;aMumfpm;csifNyDxifw,f vm 'Dem;ae&wm pdwfrcsrf;omygbl;/


&kHxJ0if avyef;Mu&atmif}}

armif&Sdefu pum;udk0ifjzwfum a&SUaqmifvsuf &kHqDodkUxGufcJU\/

umvfwef&kH atmufwGifrl Nidrf;ESifhar&DwdkUu &yfaeMuonf/ jyaeaomum;rSm um;aumif;


jzpfojzifh 3 usyfcJGwef; vufrSwfaygufüyif vltawmfpnfaeonf/ uHtm;avsmfpGmyif b,f
qDu ay:vmonfrod? udka&Tarmifu ukyfacsmif;ukyfacsmif;ESifh Nidrf;wdkUem;okdU a&mufvmonf/

]]aMomf.... udka&Tarmif? &kyf&SifMunfhrvdkUvm;}}

Nidfrf;u t&ifEIwfqufonf/

- 156 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][kwfw,f.... Nidrf;wdkUaum}}

olu xkH;pHtwdkif; rsufvTmudk atmufcs&if; ajymonf/

]]Nidrf;wdkUvJ MunfhrvdkUbJ? vufrSwfayguf vl&IyfaevdkU}}

tvdkufrodaomolu bmrQjyefrajymbJ vufrSwfaygufqDokdUom vSrf;Munfhaeonf/

]]'DrSm udka&Tarmif? Nidrf;wdkUudk vufrSwf0,fay;ygvm;.....}}

]][kwf..... [kwfuJU....}}

ar&Du wzufodkUvSnfhum tomNyKH;vkdufrdonf/ Nidrf;u vG,ftdwfwGif;rS ydkufqHudkEIdufí


olUvufwGif;odkU xnfhvkdufonf/

]]3 usyfcJGwef;uaemf? udka&TarmifhtwGufyg? 3 apmif,lcJU? [kwfvm;....}}

olu Nidrf;tm; armfhMunfhvdkufonf/ roGm;ao;bJ awGaeaomfvnf; yg;pyfrS bmpum;rQ


xGufrvm/

]]oGm;av.... udka&Tarmif....}}

onfawmUrS olUxHrS pum;uxGufvm\/

]]Nidrf;u wusyfcJG pdkufae&tkH;r,f....}}

]]&Sif.... bmjyKvdkU...}}

]]uRefawmfu ESpfusyfwef;u MunfhrSm}}

ar&DrSm yg;pyfudk vufudkifyk0gESifhzdum usdwf&,faerdonf/ Nidrf;u rsufarSmifuav; MuKwf


vsuf a&SUrS *Gpmtm; wcsufpdkufMunfhvdkufonf/

- 157 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'DrSmudka&Tarmif.....? Nidrf;ajymwm vkyfprf;yg? 3 usyfcJGwef;u 3 apmif? oGm;awmUav


awmfawmfMum vufrSwfukefoGm;tkH;r,f....}}

onfvdkqdkjyefawmU olonf bmrQjyefrajymawmUbJ vufrSwf&kHqDodkU idkufpdkufidkufpdkufESifh


xGufoGm;onf/

]]aumvdyfausmif;om;xJrSm 'DavmuftwJhvlvJ &Sdao;w,faemf....}}

ar&Du rSwfcsufcsonf? Nidrf;u bmrQjyefrajzbJ udka&Tarmif&Sd&mbufodkU wcsuf vSrf;Munfh


vdkufonf/

]]vmNidrf;? ajryJavSmfwdkU uspkoD;wdkU 0,f&atmif...}}

ar&Donf ajymajymqdkqdk qdkifwqdkifqDokdU xGufcJUonf/ ar&Daemufvdkuf&ef ajcvSrf;jyifvdkuf


aom Nidrf;rSm a&SUrSumqD;vsuf &yfvdkufaom vlwa,mufaMumifh wkHUoGm;onf/

]]Nidrf;}}

tcsdefrSefbJGU& pma&;q&mBuD;yifjzpfonf/ Nidrf;\ rsufESmav;rSm jzLavsmfoGm;um rsufvkH;rsm;


vnf; 0dkif;oGm;\/

]]Nidrf;....? &ufpufvScsnfhvm; Nidrf;&,f....}}

pma&;q&mBuD;\ toHrSm olU0w¦KxJrS Zmwfvdkufrsm;\ toHvdkyif aqG;aqG;ajrUajrU


&SdvSonf/

]]Nidrf;qDudk uRefawmf pmawGxJUwm 15 apmif&SdbD/ Nidrf;wdkUa[mvfudk a&mufwmvJ 10 acguf


rubl; Nidrf; odyfaeEdkifwmbJ....}}

Nidrf;onf ar&D&Sd&mbufodkU vSrf;Munfhvdkuf\/ ar&Duvnf; qdkifa&SUrS &yf&if; rsufvkH;av;


jyL;vsuf olwdkUESpfOD;tm; ai;Munfhaeonf? Nidrf;&ifqdkifaeaom tcuftcJtm; ar&Du &dyfrd
aomfvnf; vlESpfOD;\ udk,fa&;udk,fwmudpöxJü 0if[efUwm;&JaomowÅd ar&Dü r&Sdao;acs/

- 158 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]uRefawmf[m wcgu rmeBuD;bl;ygw,f Nidrf;? uRefawmfa&;orQ pmvkH;awGwdkif;[m jynfol


awGtwGuf jzpf&r,f ,kHMunfcJUw,f? tckawmU uRefawmfawG;orQ[m Nidrf;taMumif;jzpfovdk
uRefawmfa&;orQ[mvJ Nidrf;twGuf jzpfaebDav? 'g[m uRefawmf&JU usqkH;rIbJ? Nidrf;twGuf
uRefawmf&JU usqkH;rIbJ}}

oluom qufajymaeonf/ Nidrf;\rsufESmav;rSm wpxufwp eD&Jvmonf/ rsufvTmrSm


atmufcs xm;aomfvnf; Nidrf;\&ifwGif;ürl ADZygtm;emjcif;ESifh olykefqefUusifrIoabm
ESpfckrSm &kef;uefwdkufckdufaeMuonf/ cPcsif;rSmyif Nidrf;\ rsufESmav;u wif;vmum acgif;
onfvnf; armhvm\/

]]'Dae&m[m 'Dpum;rsKd;ajymbkdU r[kwfzl;vdkU Nidrf;xifw,f}}

olu oJUoJU NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]rSefygw,f? 'gayr,fh a&Smifykef;avwJU Nidrf;wa,mufudk uRefawmfu tcGifha&;&wJUtcsdefrSm


ar;&rSmbJ....}}

acgif;rmolaMumifh Nidrf;rSm bmvkyf&rSef;rod jzpfoGm;onf/ rsufvkH;rsm;rSm vufrSwf&kHqDodkU


a&mufoGm;onf/ udka&TarmifrSm Nidrf;wdkUbmjzpfaeonfudk od[efray:/ vufrSwfayguf0ü
aiGay;NyD;ojzifh ta<ujyeftrf;onfudk a&wGuf,laeonf/

]]Nidrf; pdwfcsrf;om vufcsrf;omeJU &kyf&SifvmMunfhwmudk &SifraESmuf&Sufxkdufzl;xifw,f.....}}

Nidrf;\ toHav;rSm rmvmonf/

]]Nidrf;qDu vkHavmufwJU tajzr&&if Nidrf;em;u uRefawmf rcGmEdkifbl;....}}

]]&SifhudkNidrf; bmrSajzp&mr&Sdbl;....}}

]]'g Nidrf; rjzpfEdkifbl;? cspf&ifcspfw,f? rkef;&ifrkef;w,f? uRefawmf twdtus odcsifw,f....}}

Nidrf;rSm twef a'goxGufcJUNyDjzpfonf/ ab;ywf0ef;usif vlrsm;rSmvnf; olwdkUESpfOD;xH tm&kH


pkdufrdMuayNyD/ Nidrf;\ olykefpdwfrSmvnf; tkH<uwufvm\/

- 159 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]&Sifhudk Nidrf; rcspfzl;}}

]]Asm...}}

olu yg;pyfta[mif;om; jzpfoGm;onf/ olem;vnfxm;onfESifh wjcm;pDjzpfaeaom Nidrf;\


jywfom;rIudk tHUMooGm;jcif;yif jzpfonf/

]]Nidrf; bmvdkU uRefawmfhudk rcspfvJ.... 'gudk uRefawmfodcsifw,f.....}}

xdktcsdefwGif tajctaeudk &dyfrdvmaom ar&Du Nidrf;\teD;odkU a&mufvmonf/ udka&Tarmif


rSmvnf; vufrSwfuav;rsm;udk udkifvsuf uyfvmonf/ olwdkUtm; owdjyKrdaomNidrf;onf
yg;pyfxJrS ay:vmaom pum;w&yfudkom pGwfajymcsvdkufonf/

]]Nidrf;rSm Nidrf;vl&Sdw,f? tckoleJU &kyf&SifvmMunfhwm....}}

pma&;q&mu Nidrf;\aemufyg;rS udka&Tarmiftm; wcsufvSrf;Munfhum csmueJvSnfhvsuf


&Sufudk;&Sufuef;jzifh xGufcGmoGm;onf/

]]rSwfua&m....}}

ar&DUtm;ajymí aemufodkUvSnfhvdkufaom Nidrf;rSm olUtm; yg;pyfta[mif;om;ESifh rsufvkH;jyL;


pdkufMunfhaeaom udka&TarmifESifh rsufESmcsif;qdkifrdvsufom; jzpfoGm;onf/ Nidrf;\ yg;pyf
uav;rSm [oGm;onf/ apmapmu a'goa&mifaMumifh eDaeaom rsufESmav;rSm &SufaoG;
aMumifh ydk&JoGm;NyD;aemuf jzLzwfjzLavsmf jzpfvmjyefonf/

Nidrf;onf &Suf&rf;&rf;um udka&TarmifvufxJrS vufrSwfESpfapmiftm; qwfueJqJG,lvdkufí


ar&D\vuftm; qkyfudkifvsuf &kyf&Sif&kHtaygufqDodkU xGufvmcJUonf/ udka&TarmifcrsmrSm
olUvufwGif;rS vufrSwfav;tm; ai;Munfh&if; ae&mwGif rvIyfr&Sm; tlaMumifaMumif
usef&pfonf/

&kyf&Sif&kHaygufusrS Nidrf;onf &yfvkduf\/ bmudk oabmaygufonfrod? tm;&yg;& NyKH;vdkuf


onf/ aemuf udka&Tarmif&Sd&mbufodkU vSnfhum cyfwnfwnfESifhyif vSrf;ac:vdkufonf

]]udka&Tarmifvmav.... bmvkyfaewmvJ....}}

- 160 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udka&Tarmifu uRJaumfudkif;rsufrSefBuD;rsm;atmufrS rsufvkH;rsm;tm; jyL;vsuf vSnfhMunfhonf/


xdkUaemuf &kwfw&uf pufEId;vTwfvdkufaom t&kyfuJUodkU Nidrf;wdkU&Sd&modkU avQmufvmonf/

bmudkrQ rsufpdxJjrif[efrwlaom udka&TarmifrSm &kHa&SUyvufazgif;rS &kH0ifaygufqDodkU


vSrf;vdkufpOf cvkwfwdkufum tm;vsm;xdk;arSmufvsuf vJrwwfjzpfoGm;&Smygonf/

________

&kyf&SiftNyD;rS qmrSef;odaom jrifhoef;wdkUtodkufrSm &Rdif&G,f&kH\ taemuf zuf AdkvfcsKyfvrf;


ab;&Sd ukvm;a[mfw,fwckwGif;odkU 0ifa&mufvmMuonf/

0ifvQif0ifcsif; cRJoHovdyfoHtjynfh&Sdaom toHuJGBuD;jzifh tmabmiftm&if;oefoef rIwfae


aom avoHwoHudk Mum;Mu&onf/

pm;yJGwckwGif nGefUwifBuD;onf taygif;taz:rsm;jzpfMuaom Mu,fjzL? 0g;bavmufaomuf


yGifhOD;? a*:uDrJGndK ponfh ausmif;om;rsm;jcH&Hvsuf pum;BuD; pum;us,frsm;udk okH;vsuf
avyef;um &Sdaeonf/

ausmif;wGif vIyf&Sm;rIw&yf&yf &SdonfhtcgwGif nGefUwifBuD;ESifh olUtodkufrSm b,faomtcgrQ


xdxda&mufa&muf tvkyfrvkyfbJ vG,ftdwfBuD;wum;um;ESifh [dkoGm;'DoGm; Asmrsm;jyum
vzuf&nfqdkifwqdkifwGif pkvsuf wm0efBuD;rsm;udk xrf;aqmifae&aom {&mryk*¾dKvfBuD;rsm;
o@mef t&om&Sd&Sd ajyma[mjiif;ckHaewwfonf/

jrifhoef;wdkUtodkuf 0ifvmonfudk jrifaomtcg nGefUwifBuD;rSm uefaeaomavudk &yfvdkufí


0gaomoGm;rsm;ay:atmif NyKH;vkdufNyD; ]]vm.... vzuf&nf aomufMuygtkH;vm;}} [k zdwfac:
onf/

]]tm.... wuúodkvf uaAsmifqa&mifBuD;awGygvm;.....}}

jrifhoef;u jrifjrifcsif; vSrf;wG,fvdkufojzifh usefvlrsm;rSm rsufESmysufoGm;Muaomfvnf;


nGefUwifBuD;rSm w[J[J&,faeonf/

trSefrSm nGefUwifBuD;rSm 0goemtavsmuf aygaomfvnf; 0g'pJGaMumifh cyfvGwfvGwf&Sdonf


rSwyg; ta&;tom; ajyjypfacsmarmoavmuf oabmraeaumif;um onf;cHpdwf&Sdonf/

- 161 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ol\ onf;cHpdwfaMumifhyif tcsKdUausmif;om;rsm;u olUtm; csKd;zJUzdESdyfajymwwfaomfvnf;


olurl pdwfqdk;&rSef;rodacs/

armif&Sdefurl uAsmq&mrsm;a&SU pm;yGJay:wGifxm;aom pmtkyfxlBuD;rsm;qD rsufpda&muf


oGm;onf/

]]cifAsm;wdkU pmtkyfBuD;awGu xlvScsnfvm;? acgif;tkH;tdyfzdkU w,faumif;..}}

olwdkUtokdufrSm pmtkyfxlxlBuD;rsm;udk vla&SUola&SUü vuftanmif;cH o,fydk;&Id;jyí tcef;


a&mufvQif acgif;tkH;tdyfwwfrSef; "mwfodjzpfojzifh armif&Sdefu aemufvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
usefvlrsm;rSm wBudrfrsufESmxyfysufoGm;Muaomfvnf; nGefUwifBuD;url a&S;enf;twlyif
w[J[J&,f&if; jyefajzonf/

]]at;As..... uRefawmfu ypönf;rJU pma&;q&mr[kwfvm;? acgif;tkH;r0,fEdkifvdkU 'gBuD;awGbJ


tkH;tdyfae&w,f.....}}

]]'gjzifh cifAsm;udk uRefawmfay;xm;wJUeHrnf oabmusw,fr[kwfvm;....}}

]]b,fvdkvJ....}}

]]cifAsm;wdkUu ypönf;rJh pma&;q&mBuD;awGr[kwfvm;? 'gayr,fh cifAsm;emrnfu &wemnGefU


qdkawmU ya'o&mZfapmf eHvSw,f/ ArmjynfrSm ypönf;rJUqkH;eJU atmufwef;tusqkH;u
u,fygwdkU okb&mZmwdkUbJ r[kwfvm;/ 'DawmU tJ'Dvlwef;pm;udk *kPfjyKaomtm;jzihf
cifAsm;eHr,fudk okb&mZmnGefUvdkU jyifvdkuf&if ydkrqDavsmfbl;vm;....}}

armif&Sdefu olUpum;tqkH;wGif olUzmomol oabmusí wcpfcpfESifh &,fvdkuf\/


vzuf&nfMurf; aomufvsufwef;vef;ESifh nGefUwifBuD;rSmvnf; vkduf&,frd&m oD;ojzifh
wcGD;cGD;w[Gwf[Gwf jzpfae\/

wifOD;armifu wzef a*:uDrJGndKbufodkU vSnfhí pvdkufjyefonf/

]]a[Ucspfaz? rif;ua&m bmjyKvdkU 'Dusufoa&r&Sd usufo&mr&Sd eHr,fBuD; ,lxm;&wmvJ....}}

]],lcsifvdkU ,lxm;wmayghAs....}}

- 162 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

a*:uDrGJndKbJGUcH cspfazu rsufESmxm;wnfwnfESifh jyefa[mufvdkufojzifh wifOD;armif\


ZufrSm yk0ifqif;oGm;onf/ Mu,fjzLurl armif&SdefwdkUtodkuftm; wcsuf rsufapmif;xdk;
Munfhvdkufonf/

tajctaeudk &dyfrd[efray:aom a&Tem;ayu 0ifpGufjyefonf/

]]udk,fuawmU aemufwmr[kwfzl;? armif&ifwdkUudk wu,fa0zef&tkH;r,f? armif&ifwdkU a&;ykH


om;ykH pum;vkH;okH;EIef;zJGUpnf;ykHawG[m awmfawmfav;*kPfajrmufw,f? wcgwav t,ltq
tawG;tac:av;awG[m wrsKd;xl;jcm;qef;opfw,f? udk,fhxrif;udk,fpm;NyD; wwfEdkiforQ
pmay0efudk xrf;aqmifaeMuwmvJ csD;rGrf;p&mbJ.....}}

]][if rif;[mu rcsD;rGrf;wm bmusefao;vJ....}}

jrifhoef;u 0ifaESmufvdkufojzifh atmifcifjrifhrSm pum;jywfoGm;onf/

]]aetkH;? 'dkUpum;aumif;aewmeJU bmrSpm;p&m rrSm&ao;bl;}}

wifOD;armifu owday;onf/

]]&Iwfygw,fuGm? xrif;vGwf wckckwG,f&atmif? Muufom;eJU csygwDaygh [kwfvm;/


a[UaxmifuJ/ tm- bGmbGm? cRwfu&m; vmygtkH;....}}

armif&Sdefu ukvm;pm;yGJxdk;av;tm; pm;p&mrsm;rSmaecdkuf udka&Tarmifonf tawG;vGefvm


aom rsufESmay;ESifh qdkifwGif;odkU 0ifvmonf/

]][m tawmfbJ udka&Tarmif? vmvm? a[m'DrSm cifAsm;pdwf0ifpm;r,fh pum;awG ajymae


Muw,f....}}

udka&Tarmifu tdyfrufrS Edk;vmoluJUodkU zdwfac:avaom armif&Sdeftm; tvefUwMum;


armfhMunfhonf/ xdkUaemuf pm;yGJwGif0ifxdkifvdkufí wudk,fwnf; rnfholUtm;rQrMunfhbJ
auseyfpGm NyKH;ae\/

]]a&m cufyD? vrf;oGm;&if; bmrsm;[yfrdNyD; ESvkH;eJUawGUvmw,frodbl;? NyKH;vScsnfvm;/ uJ


udk,fhq&m bmpm;rvJ...}}

- 163 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

onfawmUrS udka&Tarmifonf tNyKH;udk&yfvdkufNyD; ]]ckeifu bmajymw,f}} [k ar;onf/

armif&Sdef\rsufvkH;rsm;onf jyL;oGm;\? usefvlrsm;rSmvnf; wcGD;cGD;&,frdMuonf/

]]aMomf... a&m*g..a&m*g? bma&m*grSef;awmU rodbl;? cifAsm;bmpm;rvJ ar;aew,f...}}

]]bmrS pm;vdkU&rSmr[kwfygbl;/ vbuf&nfwcGufqdk awmfygbD...}}

armif&Sdefonf vzuf&nfwcGufrSmNyD; owd&[efESifh nGefUwifBuD;wdkUbufodkU vSnfhí ]]cifAsm;


wdkUaum bmxyfpm;MutkH;rvJ}} [k ar;\/

awmfygbD udkatmifcifjrifh? cifAsm;pum; qufygtkH;}}

yGifhOD;u armif&Sdef\tar;udk ajzNyD; atmifcifjrifhbuf vSnfhajymvdkufonf/

]]tm; b,fawmifa&mufoGm;ygvdrfh? tJ tJ armif&ifwdkU&JU pmayvdkufpm;wm[m csD;rGrf;p&m


ygbJ/ 'gayr,fh armif&ifwdkUOpömu oabmw&m;a&;eJU vufawGUeJU wjcm;jzpfaewmu
cufw,f.....}}

]]b,fvdk wjcm;jzpfaevdkUvJ....}}

]]armif&ifwdkUu ypönf;rJUbufawmfom;omqdkw,f? BudKufvdkufrSjzifh ta&;ydkiforD;wdkU?


wdkif;rif;BuD;orD;wkdU? twGif;0eforD;wdkU? r&&ifa&;ygNyD..... idkcsif;&Snf0w¦KBuD;awG? armif&ifwdkU
10a,muf 0w¦Ka&;&if 10-yk'fpvkH;[m wrsKd;xJwavxJ cGJr&atmif wlaewmcsnf;bJ/ yxr
ya'o&mZf wyifwdkifjreef;u rbk&m;av;&JU tHUrcef;wJUtvSudk wooeJU zGJUEGJUr,f/ NyD;awmU
ya'o&ZforD;ysKdeJU ypönf;rJUom;rdkU aygif;ul;wHwm; rqufpyfEdkifwJU acsmufurf;yg;BuD;
taMumif;udk &IdufoHaESmNyD; azmfjyr,f/ aemuf oysufoD;csOfwJUajracG;vdk r&EdkifwJU {u&DeJU
olusifvnfwJU vlwef;pm;&dyfNrKHwckvkH;udk okH;r&atmif ysufpD;aeoltjzpf csKef;yGJcsidk&if;u
pGyfpJGusdefqJr,f/ 'DawmU b,favmufbJ armif&ifwkdUyg;pyfu jynfolUpmayvdkU atmfaeayr,fh
armif&ifwdkU vufawGUjyKpkMuwmu acGolUpmayawGcsnf; jzpfaew,f.....}}

þtBudrfwGifrl nGefUarmifBuD;yif r&,fEdkifawmU/ atmifcifjrifh\ pum;rsm;onf rjiif;Edkif


atmif rSefaeojzifh t&IdufxdoGm;aom olwdkUwodkufrSm rsufESmrsm;ysufvsuf bmjyefajz&rSef;
rod jzpfaeonf/

- 164 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

a&Tem;ayu tvdkufrod qufrIwfaejyefonf/

]]NyD;awmU &Sdao;w,f/ 'gh(pf)uufzDw,f(vf)vdk cufayhqdkwJU rmhufpf&JU usrf;BuD;udk udk,fvJ


wvkH;rS em;rv,fbJeJU tbd"mPfpmtkyf ab;csNyD;? vlem;rv,fatmif A&kwfoku©
bmomjyefw,f? aemuf 'gh(pf)uufyDw,f(vf)awmif bmomjyefwJU {&mr oabmw&m;a&;&m
yk*¾dKvfBuD;tjzpf *kPf,lvdkufao;w,f/ 'gvJ oufoufaygaMumifaMumif pwefUxGifvmbJ
r[kwfzl;vm;....}}

Mu,fjzLu pm;yJGudk vufoD;ESifhxkvdkufonf/ olUtoGifrSm rcsKyfwnf;Edkifatmif a'goxGuf


ae[ef&SdNyD; ]]'gcifAsm; usKyfwdkUudk oufoufapmfum;wm...}} [k atmfvdkufonf/

]]'gawmU apmfum;w,fxif&ifvJ xifaygh/ udk,fuawmU jrifwJUtwkdif; ajymwm....}}

atmifcifjrifhu yckH;udk [efygygwGefUjyvdkufNyD; [if;yef;uefwGif;rS Muufom;wwkH;udk


q,fum csygwDESifh tm;&yg;&pm;aeonf/ armif&Sdef wifOD;armifESifh jrifhoef;wdkUurl csygwD
tm; qdwf0g;ouJUodkU 0g;&if; ajymifacsmfacsmfrsufESmay;rsm;jzifh [dkMunfhonfMunfh vkyf
aeMuonf/ Nidrfí aumfzDaomufaeaom udka&Tarmifuom qufvuf0ifajymonf/

]]'Dvdk&Sdw,f udknGefUwif? cifAsm;wdkUrSm t&nftaoG;eJU tvm;tvm trsm;BuD;&Sdw,f/


pmayrSm cifAsm;wdkU apwem&SdwmvJ trSefbJ/ 'gayr,fh cifAsm;wdkU vufawGUrusifhokH;EdkifbJ
vufcHxm;wJU qdk&S,fvpf o&kyfazmf0g'BuD;u cifAsm;wdkU&JU wufopfptEkynmawGudk
tnGefUusKd;atmif owfaew,f/ &k&StEkynm&SifawG[m wacwfu urÇmrSm tawmf
ajymifajrmufBuD;us,fcJhMuw,f/ tck qdkAD,ufacwfrSm 'D qdk&S,fvpfo&kyfazmf0g'qdkwmeJU
tEkynmudk abmifcwfcsKwfcs,fNyD;wJUaemuf ajymifajrmufwJU pmaytEkynmawG[m wck
wavrS ray:aygufcJUawmUbl;/ tEkynm&JUtouf[m vGwfvyfpGm apwemtavsmuf
zefwD;rI qdkwmudk vufcHMu&JUvm;}}

nGefUwifwdkUtodkufrSm wOD;rsufESmwOD; MunfhvdkufMuonf/ udka&Tarmif\ t&nftcsif;udk


odESifhNyD;jzpfMuojzifh t&rf;rl rjiif;&JMu/ udka&Tarmifuom at;csrf;wnfNidrfpGm quf
&Sif;aeonf/

]]uRefawmf &k&S0w¦Kwdkwyk'f zwfzl;w,f? tcef;u orD;&nf;pm; awGUqkHcef;bJ/ aiGva&mif


azG;azG;rSm a,mufsm;ysKdeJU rdef;rysKd[m v,fxGefpufBuD;awGeJU v,fxGefaeMuw,f/ acwÅ
em;aeMuwkef; a,mufsm;ysKdu vav;u omvdkufwmaemf...}} vdkU pum;ac:vdkufawmU

- 165 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rdef;rysKdu ][kwfw,f&Sifh.....? vav;uomvdkufwm/ usrawmU rdk;vif;txd v,fqufxGef


awmUr,f} vdkU jyefajzw,f/ 'DawmU bom;acsmu bmjyefajymw,fxifovJ/ oljyefajym
wmu ]]awmuf... rif;udkig 'gawGaMumifhcspfwm/ igrif;udkcspfwm[m rif;qdkwJU yk*¾dKvfudk
r[kwfzl;/ rif;&JUvkyftm;udk rif;&JUvkyftm;udk cspfwm}} wJU/ b,favmuf aygaMumifaMumif
EdkifovJ? tEkynmoufudk aysmufawmUwmbJ/ pwmvif aoNyD;wJUaemufrSm &k&Sm;ygwD
tmPmydkifawG[m 'Dvdk aMumifuGufawGudk rodromvdkufESdrfae&w,f/ uGefjrLepf ydkvef
EdkifiHrSmawmU qdk&S,fvpfo&kyfaz:0g'aMumifh ydkvefpmay ysufpD;&w,fqdkNyD; ajAmifa0zefae
w,f/ tJ'D uGefjrLepfEdkifiHawG&JU trSm;udk uRefawmfwdkUArmjynfu rsufpduef; vdkuf twkcdk;
rvdkUvm;...}}

]]'gawGtwGuf cifAsm;rSm bmoufaocHtaxmuftxm; &SdovJ}}

yGifhOD;u vSrf;ar;vdkufonf/

]]tck twdkuftcH EdkifiHa&;orm; vuf0Jpmay acgif;aqmifwOD; &k&Sm;jynfujyefvmNyD; vkyfwJU


a[majymyGJwckrSm ajAmifzGifh[0efcHxm;wmbJ}}

udka&Tarmifu yGifhOD;tm; aphaphMunfhí ajymonf? bmrS jyefajzonfudk rMum;&aomtcgrS


qufajymjyefonf/

]]wdkif;jynfwjynf&JU tpOftvm tajctae vlrIywf0ef;usiftvdkuf pmaytEkynmawG[m


toGifo@mef aqmif,lpNrJbJ/ jyifopfpmay[m ]vlrIa&;&m pmay} vdkU urÇmUynm&SifawGu
qkH;jzwfMuw,f/ &k&Sjynf[mawmU xm0&csKyfcs,frIatmufu e,fajrjzpfNyD; csKyfcs,frI&JU
om;orD;jzpfwJU xm0&awmfvSefrI&JU e,fajrvJjzpfw,f/ 'gaMumifh &k&SpmayawG[m tNrJwrf;
a&mifjyef[yfaew,f/ wcg ajrudkcspfwJU v,form;wdkU&JU wkdif;jynfrdkU &k&Spmay[m tNrJwrf;
]rdcifajrBuD;} qdkwJUoabm ay:vGifaew,f/ olUwdkif;jynf olUobm0eJU olUpmay[m qDavsmf
aeayr,fh uRefawmfwdkUArmawGu olwdkUt,ltqudk ykHwlul;cs,lbkdUu 1942-ckESpf ,DeHrSm
w&kyfwjynfvkH;u tEkynm&SifawG pka0;a&mufvmcdkuf armfpDwkef; owday;cJUwJU pum;udk
jyefowd&MubkdU aumif;w,f}}

]]armfpDwkef;u bmajymvJ}}

- 166 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]armfpDwkef;u ynm&SifyDyDbJ ajymoGm;w,f/ tEkynm&Sif&JU a&aomufjrpf[m EdkifiHjcm;u


ul;oef;wifoGif;vmwmawGvJ rjzpfxdkufzl;/ a&S;a[mif; tarGtESpfawGudk avSeH"m;xpf
zufwG,fxm;wmvJ rSm;w,fvdkU qdkw,f/ 'Davmufqdk cifAsm;wdkU pOf;pm;MunfhbdkU &Sif;aebD}}

nGefUwifBuD;u qdkif&Sifukvm;tm;ac:í ydkufqH&Sif;NyD; ae&mrSxonf/

]]at;Asm udka&Tarmif? aemufawmUrS aqG;aEG;ao;wmaygh}}

olwdkUonf pum;vufpudk jywfapum qdkifwGif;rS xGufcGmoGm;Muonf/

]]'Dzdk;wdawGu 'Dtwdkif;bJ? olwdkUudk Edkifatmifjiif;r,fhvlawGU&if ajy;wmbJ...}}

wifOD;armifonf pum;udk &kwfjcnf;&yfvdkufonf/ usefvlrsm;uvnf; pum;&yfí ai;


aeaom wifOD;armif\ rsufvkH;rsm; pl;pdkuf&mqDodkU vSrf;MunfhvdkufMuonf/

qdkifa&SU yvufazgif;wavQmufrS Nidrf;ESifhar&Donf taemufbufodkU avQmufvmaeMuonf/

wnfNidrfaeaom udka&Tarmif\ rsufESmrSm vIyf&Sm;oGm;onf/ þonfudk vQifaom jrifhoef;u


&dyfrdvdkufonf/

]]a[U.... zdk;a&Tarmif idkifvScsnfvm;? apmapmuvJ bmawG yDwdjzpfvmovJ ajymprf;}}

udka&Tarmifu bmrQjyefrajz? ]][D..[D}} [kom wcsuf&,fvdkuf\/

]]a[m... a&m*g jyefpvmbD....}}

]]raemufprf;ygeJU armif&Sdef&m? igar;prf;yghr,f/ 'DrSmudka&Tarmif? cifAsm;bmjzpfvmvJ....? wdkwdk


ajzprf;....}}

jrifhoef;u trIppfpkHaxmuf[efESifh udka&Tarmiftm; ar;onf/ udka&Tarmifu xyfí &,f


vkdufonf/

]]uRefawmf pGHbDAs...}}

- 167 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tdk.... [dk [dk b,foleJUvJ....}}

]]Nidrf;eJU.....}}

]]a[.....}}

usef 4 OD;rSm NydKifwl tmar#dwfoH jyKvdkufMuonf/

xdktcsdefwGif udka&TarmifrSm tawmfyif pdwfwuf<uaeNyDjzpfonf/ tm0ZÆef;rSm &Tifvmum


&kyf&Sif&kHa&SUü jzpfysufcJUorQtm; jyefajymjyonf/ pum;qkH;aomf wifOD;armifu olUezl;ol
jyef&dkufum t&kyfBudK;jywfouJUodkU ukvm;xdkifay: acGacGav;usoGm;onf/

]]udktDpGwf.. udktDpGwf.... owdxm;rSaygh? b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ}}

wifOD;armifu rcsdrqHU&,foHav; jyKvdkufonf/

]]ighb0ig pdwfemvGef;vdkUyguGm..../ vlrsm;pGHw,fMum;&if igwu,f&l;csifw,f....}}

]]aMomf... jzpf&av...}}

oli,fcsif;wokdufrSm 0g;ueJ&,fvdkufMuonf/

armif&Sdefonf vufywfem&DMunfhvdkufí....

]]uJ 4 em&Dxdk;bD/ oGm;Mu&atmif}} [k qdk\/

'g,umjrihfoef;u usoifhonfudk &Sif;NyD;aemuf tm;vkH; qdkifwGif;rS xGufvmaomf tuÐsjym


abmif;bD&SnftjzLESifh udkvSa0tm; 0ifwdkufrdrwwf jzpfoGm;Muonf/

]][m.. udkvSa0BuD;}}

udkvSa0u ajcmufaoGUaomtNyKH;ESifh olwdkUtm; wkHUjyefEIwfquf\/ olUrsufESmrSm twef


acsmifaeí rkwfqdwfyg;odkif;arT;rsm;onf &Snfaeonf/

- 168 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]cifAsm; b,faysmufaewmvJ udkvSa0}}

armif&Sdefu ar;onf/

]]'DvdkygbJ...}}

]]bm.... 'DvdkygbJvJ? cifAsm;tck owif;pmt,f'Dwm jzpfaew,fqdk b,fwdkufrSmvJ}}

udkvSa0u jyefrajz? NyKH;&kHom NyKH;aeonf/

]]a[Uvl? ar;wmajztkH;av....}}

udkvSa0\ rsufESmrSm jyefwnfMunfoGm;onf/ aemuf ajcmufaoGUaom toHESifhtwl


ajzonf/

]]tck t,f'Dwmr[kwfawmUygbl;}}

]]EdkUbmvJ}}

]]owif;axmufbJ/ txl;owif;axmuftjzpfeJU w&kyfArme,fpyf oGm;rvdkU}}

olvkyfaomwdkuf\trnfudk udkvSa0onf wrifzkH;aerSef;odojzifh oli,fcsif;rsm;onf ZGwf


rar;awmUacs/

]]cifAsm; b,fawmUavmuf e,fpyfoGm;rvJ}}

]]uRefawmf twdtus rqkH;jzwf&ao;ygbl;}}

armif&SdefwdkUrSm vQKdU0Sufaom udkvSa0xHrS bmpum;udkrQ EIdufí&rnfr[kwfrSef; odojzifh


qufrar;awmUbJ olUtm; NyKH;íomMunfhaeMuonf/

]]uJ- uRefawmfoGm;r,f? aemufawmU awGUMuao;wmaygh}}

udkvSa0u olwdkUtm; EIwfqufí taemufzufodkU cyfoGufoGuf xGufcGmoGm;onf/

- 169 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

oli,fcsif; 4 a,mufrSm olUtm; rsufpdwqkH;Munfhí oufjyif;NydKifwlcsvdkufMuonf/

]]vGwfavtkH; udkvSa0&.....}}

olwdkUonf AdkvfcsKyfvrf;jzwfum rD;&xm;&kHBuD;\ ta&SUbuf&Sd um;qdyfqDodkU a&mufvmí


e*g;wHqdyfum;tm; apmifhaeMuonf/

watmifhtMumwGif olwdkU\teD;odkUuyfvsuf a[;vfrif;trsKd;tpm; um;eufuav;wpD;onf


xdk;&yfvdkuf\/

um;armif;olrSm udkjrifholjzpfí ol\vuf0JbufwGif xdkifvdkufvmolrSm EJGUEGJUjzpfonf/

]]udk&SdefwdkUygvm;}}

udkjrihfolu t&ifEIwfqufonf/ EJGUEJGUuvnf; olwdkUtokduftm; vSrf;NyKH;jyonf/

]]aMomf.... udkjrihfol EGJUEGJUvJygw,fudk;? b,foGm;MurvdkUvJ}}

EIwfoGufaom armif&Sdefu olwdkU 2 OD;tm; tuJcwf&if; ar;onf/

EJGUEGJU\toGifrSm tenf;i,f ndK;EGrf;aeonf/ rsufESmrSm NyKH;vsuf&Sdaomfvnf; tNyKH;rSm


a&mh&JvS\/ udkjrifhol\ o@mefrSmvnf; yifyef;[ef ay:aeonf/ ol\qHyifrsm;rSm us,f0ef;
aom ezl;jyifxuf 0Jusaeí rsufESmrSm acR;ap;rsm;jyefaeonf/

]]udk&Sdef? cifAsm;wdkU udkvSa0wa,muf b,frSmaew,fqdkwm rodbl;vm;...}}

udkjrifholu ar;onf/

]]a[mAs tJ'grSawmU vGJwmbJ/ ckwifbJ udkvSa0eJU awGUao;w,f....}}

EGJUEJGU rsufESmav;rSm 0if;oGm;onf/ um;jyLwif;aygufrS acgif;uav;jyLum armif&Sdeftm;


pdwfxufoefpGmESifh ar;onf/

]]&Sif? udkvSa0eJU awGUcJUvm;? [kwfvm; udk&Sdef? oltck b,frSmvJ.....}}

- 170 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

EJGUEGJU\toHrSm jrefqefoavmuf wkef,ifaeonf/

]]uRefawmfwdkU vrf;ay:rSm awGUvdkufwmyg/ a[m'D AdkvfcsKyfvrf;twdkif;bJ....? taemufzuf


avQmufoGm;av&JU? ckwifuav;bJ b,faerSef;awmU rodbl;}}

EGJUEGJUESifh udkjrifholwdkU wOD;rsufESmwOD; MunfhvdkufMuonf/ udkjrifholu pdwfudk qkH;jzwfvkduf


[efESifh um;udk *D,moGif;vdkuf\/

]]aus;Zl;yJ udk&Sdef/ uRefawmfwdkU olUaemuf vdkufzrf;vdkuftkH;r,f}}

um;eufuav;onf vrf;ay:ü vsifjrefpGm OD;jyefvSnfhvsuf vrf;qkHt0dkif;BuD;tm; jzwfum


AdkvfcsKyfvrf;twdkif; taemufzufodkU tajy;xGufcGmoGm;onf/

jrifhoef;u yckH;wGefUvdkuf\/

]]'DaeUawmU vlpkHbJa[U.... bmjzpfvmMuw,frodbl;/ wu,fUudk &kyf&Sifxufawmif aumif;


aeNyD...}}

armif&Sdefu um;eufuav;tm; rsufpdwqkH;txd ai;Munfhíaeonf/ xdkUaemuf wvkH;csif;


ajz;av;pGm ajymvdkufonf/

]]at;.... &kyf&Siftwdkif;ygbJ? 'gayr,fh &kyf&Sifudk tptqkH;r[kwfbJ xa&vmawG wydkif;wp


Munfh&ovdkbJ? bmrS t"dyÜm,faumufvdkUudk r&bl;...}}

- 171 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(11)

armif&SdefwdkUtodkuf jrifvdkufcJUonfhtwkdif;yif Nidrf;ESifhar&Donf AdkvfcsKyfvrf;twdkif; avQmuf


vmMuNyD;aemuf r*dkvrf;twdkif; qufvmcJUMuonf/

þtywfwGif Nidrf;u ar&Dtm; ar&Drpm;bl;ao;aom cspfwD;xrif; auR;rnf[k uwday;


xm;onf/

ESpfOD;om;onf a&S;OD;pGm r*dkvrf;&Sd aq;wdkufrsm;okdU 0ifMuonf/ Nidrf;\tusifhwckrSm


azmhpzdkvufpDoif? bD*sDazmh(pf)? qifewdk*sif? bDuGefyvufpf paom tm;wdk;aq;rsm;udk
wrsKd;NyD;wrsKd; ajymif;í aomufwwfjcif;yifjzpfonf/ rdrdudk,fu tm;enf;aoma&m*g pGJuyf
aeonf[k tpOf,kHMunfNyD; tm;wdk;aq;aMumfjimrsm;rSm az:jyxm;onfh tpGrf;tmedoifrsm;
udkvnf; cRif;csufr&Sd ,kHMunfao;onf/

aq;wdkufrsm;rS udpöNyD;aomtcg za&Zmvrf; yvufazmif;qdkifrsm;rS wdkvDrdkvDypönf;rsm;udk


0,fMuonf/ aemufqkH;rS Nidrf;onf ar&DUtm; r*dkvrf;&Sd cspfwD;a[mfw,fwcktwGif;odkU
OD;aqmifac:cJU\/

a[mfw,ftwGif;odkU 0if0ifcsif; ar&DrSm ESmacgif;&IHUoGm;onf/ a[mfw,fom qdkaomfvnf;


xrif;qdkif tBuD;pm;rQomjzpf\/ cef;rBuD;xJwGif ckHwef;&Snfrsm;&Sdum ckHwef;wdkif;ü 'l;axmif
aygifum;ESifh cspfwD;rsm;? uv,fukvm;rsm;onf iSufaysmzufxJ xnfhxm;aom xrif;
[if;rsm;udk Nrdef&nf&Suf&nf pm;aeMu\/ ukvm;wa,mufrSm yJ[if;&nf&JGaeaom xrif;udk
vuf0g;ESifh wbkwfbkwfjrnfatmif &dkufNyD;vQif vufacsmif;rsm;wGif ayusHaeonfh [if;&nf
rsm;udk w>ywf>ywf yg;pyfESifh tm;yg;w& pkwf,lae\/

ar&DwdkU 0ifvmaomtcg olwdkUtm; jyL;us,faom rsufvkH;rsm;u 0dkif;MunfhMuonf/


waomaomnHatmif ajymaeaom pum;oHrsm;rSmvnf; acwÅwdwfqdwfoGm;onf/

Nidrf;url [efrysufapbJ twGif;bufususaxmifh&Sd tcef;ESpfcef;teuf wcef;wGif;odkU


0ifvdkufNyD; tcef;0rS cef;qD;eufjymudk qGJaphumvdkufonf/

- 172 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ukvm;i,fi,fwa,mufu iSufaysmzufpnf;wzuf xrif;ZvkHwzuf udkifvQuf 0ifvmonf/


pm;yGJay:wGif iSufaysmzufESpf&Guf cif;vdkufí t0wfa&pdkwckESifh yGwfwdkufay;onf/ aemuf
oGufvufpGmjzifh xrif;vdkufykHay;\/ xdktckdufwGifyif vHuGwfwD0wf cspfwD;&G,f&G,fwOD;
0ifvmojzihf Nidrf;u ig;[if;wyJGESifh Muufom;[if;wyJG rSmvdkufonf/ ra&S;raESmif;rSmyif
tjcm; cspfwD;wOD; ay:vmí xrif;ykHrsm;ab;ü 'efUovGef&GufaMumf? orÇ&moD;oeyf?
&kef;ywDoD;[if; paom Am*sD;[if;rsm; xnfhay;\/ pm;yGJay:wGif&Sdaom cGufrsm;xJodkUvnf;
yJ[if;a&usJ? rEkwfwHeDwdkUudk avmif;xnfhay;ao;onf/

txl;tqef;jzpfaeaom ar&Duom olwdkUvkyforQudk ai;Munfhaeonf/ arT;BudKifaom [if;eHU


rsm;aMumifh qmavmifívnf; vmonf/

]]xrif;eJU 'D[if;awGu ukef&if xyfawmif;Edkifw,f/ ydkufqHtydk ray;&bl;...}}

Nidrf;u rEkwfwHeDwZGef; cyfaomuf&if; ajymonf/

]]tck Nidrf;aomufwm bmvJ}}

]]rEkwfwHeDac:w,f/ refusnf;oD;&,f? a&&,f? qm;&,f azsmfxm;wmaygh/ jrnf;Munfhygvm;?


cHwGif;vdkufw,f}}

ar&Du wZGef;cyfaomufMunfhonf/

]]b,feJUvJ}}

]]csOfiefiefeJU wrsKd;bJ}}

]]awmfawmfMum &Smv,foGm;rSmyg/ aMomf.... ar&D 'DrSmvufaq;a&/ ukvm;xrif;udk ukvm;


vdkbJ tm;&yg;& vufeJUpm;Mu&atmif}}

Nidrf;jyay;onfhtwdkif; ar&Donf 'efcGufESifh xnfhay;xm;aom a&jzifh vufxaq;um


ae&mwGif jyefxdkifonf/

]]Nidrf;udk ar&D tHUMoaew,f}}

- 173 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]bmawG tHUMoaevJ}}

]]Nidrf;rvkyfzl;wm wckrSr&Sdbl;}}

Nidrf;u auseyfpGm NyKH;vkduf\/

]]'gayr,fh Nidrf;rvkyfzl;wmwck&Sdw,f/ tJ'g vkyfMunfhrvm;vdkU}}

]]bmvJNidrf;}}

]]Nidrf; &nf;pm;rxm;bl;ao;bl;}}

]]tdk.... Nidrf;uvJ}}

]]t[kwfajymwm? &nf;pm;wa,mufavmufawmU xm;Munfhcsifom;/ 'gayr,fh &nf;pm;


xm;bkdUu rvG,fbl;rIwfvm;/ yxr udk,fhudkcspfwJUvlvJ &Sd&r,f? olUudkvJ udk,fu jyef
cspf&tkH;r,f? tJ'D cspfw,fqdkwm b,fvdkvJvdkU Nidrf;odyfodcsifwmbJ? ar&Daum rodbl;vm;}}

]]tkd.... Nidrf;uvJ BuHBuHzefzef}}

ar&Donf rsufESmuav; rodromysuf&if; qdkvdkufonf/

]]Nidrf;awmU tckodovdkvdkbJ? cspfw,fqdkwm[m &ifckefwmbJjzpf&rSm? olUuG,f&mrSm olUudk


awGUcsifw,f/ awGUjyefawmUvJ acR;ap;awGjyefNyD; &Sufovdk aMumufovdk &ifrSmckefvmyD;
tae&usyfvdkU rl;aemufaemufjzpfvmw,f? 'g[m cspfwmjzpf&rSmbJ}}

Nidrf;\ pum;aMumifh ar&DrSm vIdufvIdufvSJvSJav; &,farmrdonf/

]]Nidrf; 'gudk b,fvdkvkyfodvJ}}

Nidrf;u rsufckH;wzufudkyifhum yckH;udkwGefUvsuf ayghwD;ayghqyif ajzonf/

]]Nidrf; odwmaygh? udka&TarmifeJUawGU&if Nidrf; 'DvdkbJtNrJjzpfw,f/ {uEÅ.... Nidrf; olUudk


cspfae&r,f}}

- 174 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]vkyfNyD..... Nidrf;wa,mufu}}

ar&DrSm Nidrf;tm; tHUMovnf; tHUMordonf/ &,fvnf; &,fcsifrdonf/

]]aMomf.... 'DaeU Nidrf; vTwfueJpGwfajymcsvdkufwm olMum;oGm;w,fxifw,f}}

Nidrf;onf ajym&if; jyefvnfwnfNidrfoGm;onf/

xdkpOf [if;cGufrsm;a&mufí pum;jywfoGm;Muum xrif;ppm;Muonf/ [if;rsm;rSm av;av;


yifyifESifh t&om&Sdaomfvnf; tenf;i,f ylpyfonf/

]]cspfjcif;rnfonf pGefUvTwfjcif;qdkwJU pum;udk Nidrf;b,fvdkxifvJ}}

ar&Du wpkHwckudk av;av;eufeuf awG;ae&mrS ar;vdkufonf/

]]Nidrf;awmU 'gudkr,kHbl;? yavwdkuajymw,f/ cspfjcif;qdkwm ydkifqdkifvdkjcif;wJU/ rdrd


ydkifqdkifvdkwJU t&mudk pGefUvTwfbdkUtwGuf rdrd b,favmufxdcdkuf cHpm;&w,fqdkwm[m
cspfcsif;arwÅm&JU yrmPudk twdkif;twmay;r,fvdkU Nidrf;xifw,f}}

ar&Donf idkifidkifav;jzpfoGm;onf/ Nidrf;\pum;rSm rdrd\&ifü cHpm;ae&onfESifh wdkuf&dkuf


oufqdkifaeonf[k xifonf/

]]a[m ar&D bmawGtawG;aygufoGm;ovJ}}

]]tdk... tdk... ar&D bmrStawG;raygufygbl;}}

ar&Donf ysmysmovJ jiif;qdkvkdufí xrif;udkikHUpm;aeonf/

xdktcdkuf tcef;tjyifrS &SL;zdeyfoH Mum;Mu&onf/ zdeyfoHonf olwdkU\tcef;udk ausmfvGef


um uyfvsyf&Sdaom tcef;qDü&yfoGm;\/ tenf;i,f[aeaom cef;qD;rS ausmfvGefí
jzwfavQmufoGm;oltm; jrifvdkuf&ol Nidrf;u oGif;tHUjyifaeaom xrif;vkyfudk roGif;rdbJ
rsufvkH;av; jyL;oGm;onf/

]]b,folvJ Nidrf;}}

- 175 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]&SL;....}}

Nidrf;u tomowday;onf/ aemuf avoHESifhqdkonf/

]]udkvSa0BuD;&,f....}}

rSefayonf/ 0ifvmolrSm udkvSa0yif jzpfonf/

olwa,mufrSmrl pdefac:rSajy;oltvm; a&Smif&Sm;ykef;ae&onf/ rykef;rjzpfxifíyif ykef;ae


cJU&onf/ NrdKUwGif;odkUajymif;avcJUNyD;rS pm;aeus pD;wD;a[mfw,fwGif qif;ESifh qkHrdatmif
qkHcJUojzifh wqdkifa&GUí wacsmifcdk&jyefonf/

ykef;a&Smifomae&\/ pdwfwGif;rSmawmU rMunfvS/ e*dk&fu npfnL;aompdwfrSm ykef;a&Smif


ae&ojzifhyif xyfrHusOf;usyfcJU&ao;onf/ tjrefqkH; &efukefajrrScGmí EGJUEGJUESifha0;&m?
vlolESifhuif;&m awmawmifa&ajrpdrfhprf; omarmonfh e,fpyfqDodkU xGuf&rnfhaeUudkom
a&wGuf ajrSmfrSef;aerdonf/

acgif;idkufpdkufESifh tawG;vGefí r*dkvrf;twkdif; avQmufcJUNyD; cspfwD;qdkif twGif;odkU 0if


vmcJUaom udkvSa0rSm aemufyg;vSrf;vSrf; um;eufuav;ay:rS rsufpdvsifaom udkjrifholu
olUtm; vSrf;jrifvdkufonfudkrl rod&Sm/

udkjrifholu udkvSa00ifoGm;aom cspfwD;xrif;qdkifESifh rvSrf;rurf;wGif um;udk&yfay;í


MuifemrIESifh tm;ay;rI a&m&Sufaom tNyHK;jzifh EGJUEJGUtm; vSnfhMunfhvdkufonf/

cgwdkif;ü at;csrf;wnfNidrfaom EJGUEJGUrSm ,ckrl tenf;i,f wkefwkef,if,if jzpfaeonf/


udkjrifhol NyKH;jyonfudkyif jyefrNyHK;rd/ pdwfwif;onfh[ef toufudkom jyif;jyif;wcsuf &SLoGif;
vkdufonf/

]]uJ. oGm;ayawmU EJGUEJGU....? udkudkjrifh [dkem;u zgvl'gqdkifu apmifhaer,f/ ajym&r,fh


pum;awG rSwfrdw,faemf....}}

EGJUEJGUu acgif;av;ndwfum um;wHcg;udkzGifhvsufqif;NyD; pdwfudk 'kH;'kH;csvkduf[efjzihf rsufESm


av;udk tomyifhí qdkifqDodkU oGufvufpGm xGufcGmoGm;onf/

- 176 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

EJGUEJGU qdkifwGif; 0ifaysmufuG,foGm;rS udkjrifholonf um;av;tm; vrf;udkjzwfauGUvsuf


zgvl'gqdkifteD; yvufazgif;ab;ü xdk;&yfxm;vdkuf\/

qdkiftwGif;&Sd tcef;wGif;rS Nidrf;ESifhar&Donf xrif;udk NidrfoufpGmpm;&if; wzufcef;qDodkU


tm&kHjyKaeMuonf/ olwdkUonf tcef;tjyifrS zdeyfoHwzswfzswfudk Mum;vdkuf&NyD; &dyfueJ
avQmufoGm;aom EJGUEJGUtm; jrifvkdufMuonf/ okdU&mwGif xrif;ikHUpm;&mrS trSwfrJU jrifvdkuf&
onfrdkU EJGUEJGUrSef;rl rodvdkufMu/

zdeyfoHrSm wzufcef;0qDü &yfoGm;\/ aemuf þae&mrsKd;ü b,fvdkrSrajrSmfvifhaom toH


wckudk Mum;Mu&onf/

]]armif.....}}

toHrSm ajrSmfvifhjcif;? cspfrufjcif;? aMuuGJjcif;wdkUESifh a&m&Sufjynfhae\/

udkvSa0\toHudk csufjcif;rMum;Mu&? &kwfw&ufxvdkufí ukvm;xdkiftm; wGef;uefwdkufrd


oHom ay:vmonf/ watmifhMumrS eifheJqdkUeifhaom wkHUjyefoHu xGufvmonf/

]]EJGU....}}

ar&DESifhNidrf;u NydKifwl rsufvkH;jyL;oGm;Muum wOD;rsufESmwOD; vSrf;MunfhrdMu\/

]]rrEGJU&,f.....}}

ar&Du avoHESifh wdk;wdk;qdkonf/

EJGUEGJUu pm;yGJwzufpGef;rS &yf&if; udkvSa0tm; rsuf&nfjynfhaom rsufvkH;rsm;ESifh pdkufMunfh


aeonf/ tHUMopdwfESifh a,mif&rf;xrdNyD;jzpfaeonfh udkvSa0u pm;yGJ\tjcm;wzufrSaeí
EJGUEJGUtm; aMumifai;Munfhae\/

csufjcif;yif oluowd&onf/ EJGUEJGUtm; a&SU&Sdukvm;xdkiftm; nGefjy&if; ]xdkifavEJGU} [k


ajcmufuyfpGm qdkonf/

- 177 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

EJGUEJGUu ukvm;xdkifwGif 0ifxdkifaomfvnf; rsufvkH;rsm;u olUxHrSrcGm? EJGUEGJU\&ifrSm jynfhvQrf;


aeonf/ ajymcsifaompum;rsm;rSm tNydKiftqkdif vk,ufaeMuonf/ vIyf&Sm;jyif;xefaom
a0'emrSm wudk,fvkH;tm; vTrf;aejyefojzifh rnfonfhpum;pudkrQ az:ír&/

]]EJGU... b,fUES,f 'Dudka&mufvmovJ....}}

udkvSa0u EJGUEJGUtm; rMunfhbJ jyefwnfNidrfaeNyDjzpfaom toHESifh ar;onf/

]]b,fvdka&mufvm&rvJ armif? armifhudk waeUvkH; EJGUvdkuf&SmaecJUw,f/ pD;wD;'D [dkw,frSm


awGUwwfw,fqdkvdkU 0if&Smao;w,f? rawGUbl;/ tckawmif uHaumif;vdkU? 'DqdkifxJ armif
vSrf;t0ifrSm jrifvdkufvdkUaygh....}}

olu EGJUEJGUajymonfudk ausmuf&kyfuJUodkU rwkefrvIyf xdkifem;axmifaeonf/

]]bmvdkU EGJUu vdkuf&Smae&ovJ.....}}

EJGUEJGU\ rsufESmav;rSm rJUoGm;onf/ 0rf;enf;jcif;ESifh a'goxGufjcif;rSm &ifü NydKifwl ay:


vm\/

]]bmvdkUvkduf&SmaewmvJ [kwfvm;...? armifrdkU 'Dtar;udk ar;&ufw,f/ wu,fqdk armifhudk


om EJGUu ar;&rSm? bmvdkU armif a&Smifajy;aeovJ[if...}}

olu acgif;udkukyfvdkufonf/ aemuf a&SU&Sd yJ[if;csKdcGufrS [if;&nfrsm;tm; &nf&G,fcsufrJU


ZGef;ESifh arTvdkuf\/

]]EGJUwa,mufxJvm;? bmeJUvmcJUvJ}}

tajzray;csifaom udkvSa0u pum;udkvTJíar;onf/

]]EJGUudk udkudkjrihfudk,fwdkif um;eJUvdkufydkUay;w,f..../

udkvSa0\ trl&mrSm tenf;i,fvIyf&Sm;oGm;\/ aemuf EJGUEJGUtm; armfMunfh&if;....

]]tck udkjrifhol b,fusef&pfcJUvJ}} [k ar;onf/

- 178 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tjyifrSm apmifhaew,f? armifhudk EGJU vGwfvGwfvyfvyf ajymp&mawG&SdvdkU wrif wa,mufxJ


vmcJUwm}}

olu acgif;jyefikHUusoGm;onf/ a&SUü tpkHa&muf&SdaeNyDjzpfaom xrif;[if;rsm;udk rpm;rd?


ai;Munfhíom ae\/

]]armifhudkEJGU ajymp&mawG trsm;BuD;&Sdw,f? veJU&ufeJUcsDNyD; armifhudkawGU&if ajymr,fvdkU EGJU


aw;xm;cJUwmawG ukefatmifawmif ajymEdkifyghrvm;vdkU EGJUxifrdcJUw,f/ ckawmUarmif? armifh
rsufESm jrifjyefawmU.....}}

EJGUEJGU\ toHav;rSm pdwfxufoefpGm ajymae&mrS wdrf0ifoGm;onf/ olu armhMunfhvdkuf


aom tcgwGif tHudkBudwfvsuf aygufuGJxGuftHUaom a0'emapwodwfudk xdef;csKyfxm;onfh
EJGUEGJUtm; jrif&onf/

EGJUEJGUu rdrdukd,fudkrdrd tEdkifEkdifwif;vdkufNyD; wnfMunfNidrfoufpGmESifh qufajymonf/

]]EGJU armifhudk tjypfrwifygbl;? tjypfwifMunfhvdkUvJ r&ygbl;/ 'gayrJU EGJU tm;i,frdw,f/


EGJUtjzpfudk oufnSmbkdU? EJGUpum;awGudk axmufxm;bdkU armifhrSm toJESvkH; &Sdao;&JUvm;[if}}

olu NyKH;vdkufonf/ emusnf;aqG;jrnfhaom tNyHK;yifjzpfonf/ aemuf jznf;nSif;pGmjzifh


]]armifhrSm toJESvkH; &Sdygao;w,f}} [k qdk\/

]]tJ'D armifhtoJESvkH;rSm EGJU&JU t&dyfta&mifawmifrS xifao;&JUvm; armif&,f}}

olonf wcsufidkifoGm;jyefonf/ EJGUEGJU\ pum;rSm olU&iftm; eifheJpGm xdcdkufoGm;onf/


xdkUaMumifhyif jyefajymavaom olUtoHrSm ajymhajymif;orQ aqG;jrnfhae\/

]]EJGUudkarmif oem;w,f? EGJUudkarmifoem;w,f qdkwmtjyif armifbmrS rajymEdkifawmUbl;?


ajymvJ rajymxdkufawmUbl;/ 'Dxufydk ajymcsiftkH;awmU ajymEdkifwJUtajc armifhrSmr&Sdbl;/
trSefu armif[m yifhultdrfuGef,ufwckxJrSm r&kef;omrvGwfEdkifatmif rdaewJUvlwOD;yg/
'DtaESmiftzGJUudk EJGUuaum bmvdkU twlvdkufqif;csif&wmvJ/ EJGUu vdkufqif;csiftkH;awmU
armifucGifhjyK&rSmwJUvm;? csrf;omjcif;rSmtwlpHNyD; qif;&Jjcif;rSm twlcHMur,f qdkwJU
cspfjcif;arwÅm&JU opömoabmudk armifav;pm; *kPfjyKygw,f/ 'gayr,fh armif,kHMunfxm;wJU
arwÅmuawmU wqifhomvGefygao;w,f/ csrf;omjci;frSm twlpHMur,f jzpfayr,fh

- 179 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

qif;&Jjcif;rSmawmU udk,fomcHyghr,f/ olwa,mufawmUjzifh <uif;vGwfusef&pfygap/ 'D


apwem[m armifh&JU tcspftbd"r®mbJEJGU? 'Dapwemudk EJGUodapcsifw,f? 'Dapwemtavsmuf
EJGUqDu a&Smifajy;wdrf;a&SmifaewJU armifhudk cGifhvTwfapcsifw,f}}

&Snfvsm;aompum;udk jznf;av;pGmajymaecdkuf olonf EGJUEGJUtm; armfírQrMunfh? olU


rsufvkH;rsm;u pm;yGJqDüom pdkufvsuf vufnId;jzifh pm;yGJckH rsufESmjyif0,f rxifvSaom
rsOf;aumufrsOf;wGefUrsm;udk &nf&G,fcsufrJU a&;qGJae\/

EJGUEJGUuom &ifxkremESifh cspfoltm; ai;ai;av;Munfhaerdonf/ wcgu Eke,fysKdrspfpOf


MunfvifoefUpifaom olUtoGifrSm ,ckrl rIdif;&ifhtkHU&DaeayNyD/ rjynfh0awmUNyDjzpfonfh
rsufESmrSm yifyef;EGrf;e,f&dyfwdkU ay:vsuf EIwfcrf;arG;ESifh rkwfqdwfarT;wdkUrSm &SnfoefaeMu\/
pum;ajympOf olUxHrS t&ufeHUuvnf; woif;oif;vmae\/

EGJUEGJU oufjyif;wcsuf &Idufvdkufonf/

]]qif;&JwGif;qD armifuEJGUudk rac:csifbl;qdkawmU csrf;omjcif;eJU qif;&Jjcif;udk armif


b,fvdkrsm; teufzGifhaeygovJ/ armifcsef&pfcJUvdkU usef&pfcJUwJUtaerSm csrf;omjcif;qdkwm
EGJUtwGuf &SdavtkH;r,fvdkU ,llqaeovm; armif&,f? armifu 'Dpum;udkqdkawmU armifhudk
cPcP EJGUajymjycJUwJU t*FvdyfuAsmav;wckudk EJGUoGm;owd&rdw,f/ armif trSwf&ao;
&JUvm;}}

olu bmrQjyefrajzbJ rwkefrvIyf Nidrfaeonf/ EGJUEGJUuom qufíajymonf/

]]EGJUudk vlawGu wzufowf tpGJtvrf;BuD;olvdkU qdkMurvm;rodbl;/ rdef;raumif;


trnfcHcsifvdkU wyGifhyef;yefcsif[efjyw,fvdkU ,lqMurvm;rodbl;? trSefu EJGU[m wyGifhyef;
yefcsifwm r[kwfygbl;/ toJrwDajrrSm wyifom&SifoefNyD; woufrSmwBudrfom yGifhOD;avwJU
rmvmcdkifMuLcufudk ajrroufygap? a<urysufygapvdkU pkHrufonfESifhtrQ oHa,mZOf0#f
aESmifwif;rd&wJU olyg/ aumif;uifrdk;,HrSm Mu,fwm&mawG uka#uk#mwGufavav a&rqkH;
vdrfhayr,fh wvkH;xJomjzpfwJU &Sifaerif;uG,f&if tarSmif[m ydwfzkH;NrJvdk.... pdwfoEÅmefrS
awG;awmrSwfxifbG,f&mawG teEÅ/ oHo"&mvnforQ b0wcGifrSm BuHKtif&mawG toacFs
ruayr,fh arwÅm&Sifaerif;eJU uif;cJUNyDqdkrSjzifh woufwmqdwfokOf;vdkU aysmf&Tifjcif;vJ
qkH;vdrfhr,fqdkwJU uAsmoabmygbJav/ yda,[d 0dyÜa,ma*g 'kau©m&,fvdkU jrwfpGmbk&m;
awmif todtrSwfjyKxm;wJU 'ku©bkHtv,frSm usef&pfcJUr,fh EJGUtwGuf csrf;omjcif;qdkwm
b,f[mygvJ armif&,f...}}

- 180 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

£ajE´BuD;olrdkU tEdkifEdkif wif;qnfxm;&aomfvnf; ajym&if;ajym&if;ESifh EJGUEGJUrSm vIdufvIduf


vSJvSJ jzpfvmí toHav;rsm;ü idkoHa&mvmcJUonf/ ol\rsufESmrSmrl wpxufwp rJndK
vmum 0rf;wGif;&Sd xdcdkuforQrSm ay:onfxufay:vmonf/

]]EJGUem;v,fxm;wJU cspfjcif;arwÅmqdkwm[m cGifhvTwfjcif;ygbJarmif/ armifhudk cGifhvTwfw,f


qdkawmU armifhtay: tjypf&Sdw,fvdkUvJ EJGUrqdkvdkygbl;/ armifh,kHMunfcsufeJUarmif vkyfoGm;pOf
tcgu EJGUbmajymcJUovJ/ armifhudkEGJU cspfwmomodw,f? bmaMumifh cspfw,fqdkwm
EJGUrodbl;/ odbkdUvJrvdkbl;xifw,f/ armifh,kHovdk EJGUr,kHbl;? armifjzpfcsifovdk EGJU vdkuf
rjzpfEdkifbl;/ 'gayr,fh armifhudkEGJU cspfwm[m cspfwmygbJ/ tvdkvdkufrS p&dkufwlrS tBudKuf
nDrS cspfw,fqdkwJU oabmudk EGJUvufrcHEdkifbl;/ rwlwmawG rnDwmawG uGJvJGcsuf
taxGaxG[m cspfjcif;arwÅmppfudk vTrf;ypfvdkUr&ygbl;/ EJGUtcspfuawmU 'Dtwdkif;ygbJ/
armifeJUaepOfvJ cspfw,f? armifpGefUypfoGm;awmUvJ cspfwmbJ/ ckarmifjyefa&mufwJU txdvJ
EGJUtcspf[m rajymif;vJao;bl;}}

udkvSa0u tHBudwfxm;í vufoD;udkvnf; uspfuspfygatmif qkyfxm;rdonf/ EGJUEGJU\


pum;rsm;u olUpdwfudk jyif;xefpGm emusnf;aponf/ apmapmu aomufxm;onfh t&uf&Sdef
rSm ,pfwufvsuf&Sdojzifh olUacgif;rSm &Da0um tawG;wdkUrSmvnf; &IyfaxG;vmonf/ olU
&ifwGif;ü qE´ESpfckrSm qefUusif&kef;uefaeonf/ wckrSm EGJUEGJU\yckH;udkzufí csKef;rJcsidkjcif;
jzpfí wckrSm rdrdudk,fudk pdwf&Sdvuf&Sd nSOf;yef;ESdyfpuf vdkufcsifjcif;yifjzpf\/ ,wdjywf
qkH;jzwfcJUNyD;NyD jzpfojzifh EJGUEJGUESifh &ifqdkifrdvQif jywfjywfom;om;ESifh jzpfcJUorQ jynfzkH;um;
csonfhyrm jiif;y,fwGef;vSef&ef oEédXmefjyKrdcJU\/ ,ckrl bmrQrwwfEdkif EJGUEGJUajymorQ
pdwfajymhnHUpGm xdcdkufrdavaom rdrdudk,fudkrdrd a'goxGufaerd\/ cPrSmyif olU&ifrSm
aygufuJGxGufvmonf/

]]awmfygawmUEGJU? awmfygawmU/ EGJUajymwmawG armifrMum;yg&apeJUawmU....}}

olu rdrdbmvkyfrdonfudk rdrd owd&Sd[ef rwlolwOD;uJUodkU xdkif&mrS &kwfw&uf xvdkuf


onf/ olUtoGifrSm þae&mrS xajy;csif[ef ay:aeonf/ okdU&mwGif rajy;jzpfcJU/ udk,frSm
wkef,ifaeí ',D;',dkifvnf; jzpfae\/

EJGUEGJUrSm pum;&yfoGm;onf/ 0rf;enf;jcif;? xdwfvefUjcif;jzifh yg;pyfuav;[vsuf rsufESmi,f


ESifh olUtm; armhfai;Munfhae&Smonf/

- 181 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]EJGUEGJU..... 'Dpum;awG bmvdkU armifhvmajymaeovJ? EGJUeJUarmif&JU Zmwfvrf;[m qkH;cJUNyD


rIwfvm;? armif[m b0awGtrsKd;rsKd; ul;cJUNyD;bD? EJGU[m tckarmifhudk wrvGefb0u taMumif;
awG vmajymaew,f? armifOyg'gefrpJGyg&apeJU? [kwfw,f? Oyg'gefrpJGcsifbl;/ udkjrifholu
ajymw,f? armif[m &Sif&ufeJU aoaewJUvlwa,mufwJU....... [J.... [J....}}

olu ajcmufaoGUpGm &,fvdkufonf/

]][kwfw,f? armif[m t&Sifwydkif; taowydkif;bJ/ wrvGefwkef;u pGJorQ Oyg'gef-


0#fa<u;awGudk cHpm;Edkif&kH &SifaeyD; b0opfudk rul;Edkif&kH aoaew,f/ jyifvdkUr&NyDjzpfwJU
trSm;awGtvJGawG cHpm;eifheJjcif;awG 'gawGu rysufraysmuf usefaew,f? armifhudk tNrJ
acsmufvSefUaew,f/ 'gawGudk zsufcsifaew,f/ rysufzl;? arUcsifw,f raysmufbl;....}}

olUtoHrSm rmvmonf/ olU&ifwGif;rS emusnf;orQonf tefusvm[efwlonf/

tpaomf EGJUEGJUrSm wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ eDMuefaomrsufvkH;0,f rsuf&nftjynfhESifh pdwfrmefygpGm


ajymaeaom olUtm; tHUMoai;armaerd\/ olUpum;qkH;umrS owdjyef0ifvmonf/

]]EJGUpum;udk qkH;atmif em;axmifygtkH; armif&,f? tck EJGU[m armifhudk awmif;yefbkdUvmwmyg/


vlUb0qdkwm[m armifjrifxm;ovdk rysufwrf;wnfaer,fh ausmufxufrSm xGif;azguf
az:jyxm;wJU &kyfwkZmwfvrf; r[kwfygbl;/ jyifvdkU&ygw,f/ rNrJwmudk tNrJxifNyD; rpJGoifh
wmudk tvJGvGJpGJae&ifawmU rSefw,f? armif[m &Sif&ufaoaerSmygbJ/ tck EGJUajymaewmudk
r&SdawmUwmudk t&SdrvkyfMuawmUbJ &Edkifwmudk ydkifMu&atmif BudK;pm;bkdUyg....}}

EJGUEJGUu pum;tqHk;wGif olUtm; ajrSmfvifhcsufBuD;pGmESifh Munfhvkdufonf/ olurl acgif;udk


av;yifpGm cg,rf;aeonf/

EGJUEGJUuyg rwfwwf&yfvdkufonf/ xdkUaemuf wpkHwckudk qkH;jzwfvdkuf[ef ar;&dk;av;rSm NrJNrH


aphpyfvmí rsufESmav;rSmvnf; armhfvm\/

]]uJ.... 'DrSmarmif? armifhudkEJGU aemufqkH;pum;wckudk ajym&awmUr,f/ 'Dpum;udk ajymcsifvGef;


vdkUbJ armifhudkEJGU vdkuf&SmaecJU&w,f/

oluvnf; wnfNidrfoGm;onf/ rsufarSmifwcsuf MuKwfvdkufí EJGUEJGUtm; Munfhvdkufonf/

- 182 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ajymygav....EGJU}}

]]EJGUtck vufxyf&awmUr,f.....}}

EJGUEJGUu olUrsufESmtm; aphaphMunfh&if; av;eufpGm ajymvdkufonf?

olUo@mefrSm ododomom wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ vufESpfzufrSmvnf; a&SUqefUxGufvmum


pm;yGJay:ü rSDaxmufxm;vdkuf\/

]]vufxyfawmUr,f....}}

olu EJGUEJGU\ pum;&yfrsm;udkyif jyefvnfa&&Gwfaeyg\/

]][kwfw,f? EGJU[m opömudk wwfEdkiforQ apmifhxdef;cJUw,f/ 'gayrJU EGJU[m rdef;rom;wOD;yg?


rdef;rom;wOD;taeeJU rdbaqGrsKd;ywf0ef;usifeJU xkH;wrf;pOfvm"r®wmudk xm0&qufvuf
vGefqefraeEdkifbl;/ tckarmifhudk EGJUvmawGUwm[m EGJU&JU aemufqkH;BudK;yrf;rIyg/ a&epfol
taeeJU aumuf&dk;udk qGJovdkrsm; jzpfaervm;rodbl;}}

olurl EJGUEGJU xyfajymaeonfudk Mum;[efrwl? qdkif\rsufESmMuufudk pdkufai;Munfh&if;


ar;cGef;wcsuf xkwfvdkufonf/

]]EGJU b,foleJU vufxyf&rvJ}}

EGJUEGJUxHrS csufjcif;tajzr&? ajzaomtcgwGifrl toHrSm wkef,ifxdcdkufvS\/

]]udkudkjrifheJU.....}}

]]udkjrifholeJU [kwfvm; EJGU}}

olu pm;yGJay:wGif axmufxm;aomvufudk &kyfvdkufonf/ olUo@mefrSm &kwfw&uf vTrf;rdk;


wufvmaom pdwfa0'emudk tEdkifEdkifxdef;ae[efay:\/ olUtm;Munfhaeaom EJGUEJGUonf olU
vnfpvkwfrSm wufcsnfqif;csnfESifh vIyf&Sm;aeonfudk awGU&\/ olUrsufvkH;rsm;u yxr
wGif &Da0oGm;onf/ cPrSmyif xl;qef;pGm ta&mifvJUvJU xGufvmonf/ rsufESmwGifvnf;
trsKd;trnf roJuGJaom tNyKH;&dyfonf ay:vm\/

- 183 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]EGJUudkarmif oem;w,f? 'Dpum;udkbJ armifjyefajym&awmUr,f? EGJU[m pifppfawmU odyf


pdwful;,OfvGef;w,f/ EGJUeJUarmif[m wcsdefu tifrwef vGrf;rufbG,faumif;wJU tdyfruf
uav;wckudk rufaecJUMuw,f/ tckqdk tdyfruf[m NyD;qkH;vdkU rdk;awmifpifpifvif;aeNyD/
'gayr,fh EGJU[m tdyf&mu rEdk;avao;bl;}}

olUtoHrSm xl;qef;pGm jyefwnfNidrfae\/ toHwGifru wpkHwckudk oEédXmef csNyD;onfhyrm


rsufESmrSmvnf; wnfNidrfaeonf/

]]EGJUu armifhudk vlUb0[m xGif;xkxm;wJU ausmufom;&kyfxkZmwfvrf;yrm r[kwfzl;vdkU


ajymcJUw,f/ jyKjyifvdkU&wJh b0qdkwmudk ,kHw,fqdkayrJU EJGU[m tdyfrufusawmU
wu,fxifNyD; jcm;em;aewJU acsmufurf;yg;udk pdwful;,Of oufwefUaygif;ul;wHwm;eJU
qufcsifaew,f/ cspfcsif;rnfonf aygif;oif;&jcif;udk ajrSmfrSef;ayrJU aygif;oif;&jcif;
wckxJ[mom cspfjcif;arwÅmppfwkdU&JU qkH;av&mtjzpfvdkU wGufvdkUr&aybl;}}

olu t"dyÜg,fjynfh0if;pGmjzifh EJGUEGJUtm; wcsufai;Munfhvdkufonf/ pum;udk jyefpaomtcgrl


olUtoHrSm wdk;wdwfnifomorQ aqG;ajrUvIdufvSJae\/

]]EGJUeJUarmif&JU Zmwfvrf;[m qkH;cJJUygNyD EJGU&,f/ qkH;cef;udk EGJU vufcHcsifonfjzpfap? vufrcH


csifonfjzpfap? qkH;wm[mawmU qkH;wmygbJ? armif[m vlUb0 t"dyÜg,faysmufNyD; a&Smuf
vdkufp&m vrf;rjrifawmUwJU vGwfaeolyg/ b,fae&mrSmrS aqmufwnf&mr&atmif vGifhae
avolyg/ EGJUu a&epfolrdkU aumuf&dk;udkqJG&w,fajymw,f/ avmif;avS&Sif qnfEdkifol&Sd&ufeJU
tusKd;rJU bmvdkUaumuf&dk;rQifudk qGJcsif&ovJ? 'g[marmifhtajzbJ? EJGUEGJUtwGuf taumif;qkH;
armif&JUtajzbJ}}

olu EGJUEGJUtm; wcsufNyKH;Munfhvdkufonf/ aemuf EGJUEGJU rnfodkUrQ rwm;vdkufrdrDS rajy;&kHwr,f


oGufvufaomt[kefESifh tcef;wGif;rS xGufoGm;onf/ &ifqdkifwdk;rdrwwf jzpfoGm;onfh
qdkif&Sifukvm;tm; tdwfwGif;rSqJGxkwfí ygvmaom 5-usyfwefw&Gufudk Nypfay;cJUNyD;
qdkifjyifodkU xGufcJU\/

aMumifae&mrS owd&um EGJUEGJUonf tcef;jyifodkU xGufvdkufonf/ odkU&mwGif qdkufum;


wpD;ay: ckefwufvsuf xGufcGmoGm;aom olUtuÐsjymudkom &dyfueJawGU&awmUonf/

EJGUEGJU\ rsufvkH;rsm;rSm rsuf&nfrsm;jynfhvQrf;í &Da0vmonf/ bmudkrQrjrif& bmudkrQvnf;


owdr&awmU/ pdwfvGwf&l;oGwfoltvm; qdkifwGif;rS ajy;xGufcJUonf/

- 184 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

qdkifwGif;usef tcef;wGif;rS Nidrf;ESifhar&DrSmvnf; Nidrfaeonf/

ar&Donf EGJUEGJUESifh udkvSa0ajymorQudk Mum;cJU&onf/ ar&D\&ifwdkUrSm ckefvmonf/ rdrd


wcgu &dk;&dk;&dyf&dyfom pdk;&drfxdwfvefUcJUonfh jyóemw&yfrSm ,ckrl bGif;bGif;ay:cJUavNyD/

Nidrf;u yckH;udk wcsufwGefUjyvsuf xrif;udk vufpodrf;NyD;aemuf ar&Donf ae&mrSxum


vufaq;onf/

]]a[;..... ar&D awmfbDvm;? xrif;vJ bmrS t&mr,Gif;ao;ygvm;....}}

Nidrf;u ar&DUtm; armhfMunfh&if; ajymvdkufonf/ ar&Donf Nidrf;\rsufvkH;rsm;ESifh vGJatmif


rsufESmudk vGJvdkufNyD; ]]eJeJpyfvdkUyg? ar&Drpm;Edkifbl;}} [k ajzonf/

Nidrf;u xrif;udkvufpowfí olyg xvufaq;onf/ aemuf cef;qD;udkrí ukvm;udkac:um


usoifhaom tzdk;tcudk ar;í q,fwefwcsyf xkwfay;vdkuf\/

]]rrEGJUcrsm oem;p&mraumif;bl;vm;.... [if ar&D....}}

Nidrf;u ar&D\rsufESmudk aphaphMunfh&if; ar;onf/ ar&Durl rajzbJ rcsdNyKH;uav;NyKH;vdkuf\/

]]'Dtwdkif;qdk&if rrEGJUeJU q&mOD;jrifholeJU vufxyfMuawmUrSmayghaemf....}} tvdkufrodaom


Nidrf;u qufajymaeonf/

xdktcsddefwGif ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSm ododomom ysufaecJUNyDjzpfonf/ rnfodkUyif wif;qnf


xm;aomfvnf; xdef;ír&aom rsuf&nfrsm;u rsufvkH;wGif vQHwufvm\/

awmfygao;\/ ar&D £ajE¨rysufrD ukvm;onf 0ifvmí aiGjyeftrf;onf/ Nidrf;onf


qufvufrpyfpkawmUbJ qdkifwGif;rS a&SUaqmifxGufcJU\/

qdkift0if0wGif aiGvufcH&mpm;yGJrS qdkif&Sifukvm;rSmrl ,aeUtwGuf txl;tHUMobG,fwkdUudk


BuKH&onftm; owdxm;rdonf/

a&S;OD;pGmtjzpf jzpfawmifhjzpfcJ? rdrdqdkifodkU acsmarmvSyaom txufwef;pm; jrefrm


rdef;rysKdokH;OD; ,aeU0ifa&mufcJUonf/ xdkUaemuf wOD;aomrdef;rysKdrSm rsuf&nfvnf&TJESifh

- 185 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

qdkifwGif;rS ajy;xGufoGm;cJUonf/ usefESpfOD; xGufvmaomtcgwGifvnf; taemufrS


NidrfoufpGmvdkufvmol rdef;rysKd\ 0dkif;vnf&nf&Tef;aom rsufvkH;MunfESpfckrSm rsuf&nfrsm;jzifh
jynfhvQrf;aevsuf olUa&SUarSmufta&mufwGif ykvJOwayguf yg;jyifEkEkay:odkU vdrfhusa&muf
vmonfudk qdkif&Sifonf aoaocsmcsm awGUvdkuf&\/

rSefonf/ þonfhaeU0,f EGJUEJGUESifhar&DwkdUu rsuf&nfaygufayguf uscJUMu&yg\/

odkU&mwGif EGJUEGJUESifh ar&DwdkUom r[kwf? &SpfrdkifbufrS &efukefqDodkU OD;wnfjyefajy;vmaom


um;pdrf;BuD;\ a&SUcef;wGif [ife&DnGefUESifh olUtaz:u auseyfpGm NyKH;ygvmcdkuf um;
aemufcef; vSvSwifab;rS wpdrfhpdrfh rsuf&nfus vkdufygvmaom oifoif\tjzpfudk
um,uH&Sifrsm;rSvJGí rnfolrQ rodvdkufMu/ /

- 186 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(12)

rdk;rvif;rDu &GmcJUaomrdk;aMumifh wuúodkvfywf0ef;usifrSm vef;qef;opfvGifaeonf/

rdk;ESifhaq;NyD;jzpfojzifh yGifhvif;oefUpifaeonfh aumif;uifjyifrS eHeufcif;aea&mifjcnfonf


pdrf;pdkaom opfyifrsufcif;wdkUxuf 0if;vJUpGm usa&mufae\/

wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;ESifh tif;vsm;vrf;qkH&m awmifbufaxmifh&Sd taMumfqdkifa&SUü ar&Du


&yfaeonf/

we*FaEGaeU eHeufcif; apmapmwGif ar&Donf vrf;avQmuf&if; taMumf0ifpm;&onfudk


ESpfouf\/ eHeufcif; vwfqwfaomavudk &SL&Iduf&onfudkvnf; auseyfonf/ ar&DESifhtwl
vmcJUMuaom q&mrwOD;ESifh ausmif;olBuD;wOD;rSm taMumf0dkif;rS rxao;/ olwdkUuJUodkUyif
vrf;avQmuf&if; taMumf0ifpm;onfh rdwfaqGausmif;om;ESpfOD;ESifh pum;vufqkHusaeMuonf/

,ck&ufrsm;twGif;wGif ar&Donf vlolav;yg;ESifh odyfrqkHcsif? pum;vnf; rsm;rsm;


ajymcsifpdwfr&Sd/ tm;vQif awG;aecsifí awG;ae&onfudk t&omawGUvm\/

xdkUaMumifhyif qdkifa&SUü&yf&if; &nf&G,fcsufrJU [dk[dkonfonfudk ai;arQmfMunfhaerdonf/

opf&GufESifhjrufyifrsm;xuf cdkwGJusef&pfojzifh aea&mifü xGef;vufaeaom rdk;Opufrsm;qDodkU


ar&D\tm&kHrSm a&mufoGm;onf/

wuúodkvfa&mufpu ar&D\pdwfav;rsm;rSm þopfyifjrufyifrsm;yrm pdkvef;vwfqwf


aecJUonf/ þrdk;Ordk;pufrsm;uJUodkUyif MunfvifoefUpifaecJUonf/

,ckrl þrdk;Ordk;pufwdkUESifhwlaom rsuf&nfaygufrsm;udk wdk;wdk;wdwfwdwf usdwfíus&onfh


tcgrsm;udkyif BuKHcJU&avNyD/

ar&Donf tawG;pudkjzwfvsuf qdkifwGif;&Sdtaz:rsm;tm; vSnfhMunfhvdkuf&m pum;rjywfMu


ao;onfudk awGU&ojzihf ]]rrjrihf ar&DjyefESifhr,f? pmMunfhp&m eJeJ&Sdao;vdkU}} [kqdkum
wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;udk jzwful;í jznf;jznf;yif xGufcGmcJUonf/

- 187 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tif;vsm;vrf;twdkif; avQmufvmpOf udkjrihfolwkdU\tdrfudk vSrf;jrif&aomf ar&DU&ifrSm


tenf;i,f qdkUeifhvIdufvSJoGm;onf/

þtdrfodkU ar&Dra&mufonfrSm ESpfywfcefU &SdayawmUrnf/ EJGUEJGUu ac:onfudkvnf;


qifajcay;í jiif;qefcJUonf/ ausmif;wufausmif;qif;rsm;ü udkjrifholESifh qkHaevQif wrifyif
auGUa&Smifí rjrifa&mifjyKcJUonf/ pdwfürl roufomvS/

tdrfa&SUa&mufjyefaomtcg rMunfhbJraeEdkifojzifh vSnfhMunfhrdonf/

NcHwGif;ürl a':apm&Donf uwfaus;wvufESifh yef;rsm;udk nSyfcl;aeonf/ ar&Du rsufESmvTJí


qufavQmufoGm;&ef BuHao;onf/ okdU&mwGif aemufusoGm;ayNyD/ a':apm&Du olUtm;
vSrf;NyKH;EIwfquf&if; vuf,yfac:aeonf/

NcHwGif;odkU 0ifcJU&aom ar&Dtm; a':apm&Donf ckHwef;jzLav;wckqDodkU ac:aqmifoGm;NyD;


xdkifcdkif;í olyga&mxdkifvdkufonf/

]]bk&m;wifbdkUvm; a':a':apm....}}

ar&Du ar;onf/

]][kwfw,far&D? aMomf... 'DESif;qDyef;awGuawmU pm;yGJrSmxdk;bdkUyg? ar&D yefygvm;....}}

a':apm&Du ckHwef;jzLteD; pm;yGJuav;wvkH;xufü qefumwGifxnfhxm;aom ESif;qDyef;


rsm;udk jy&if; ajymvdkufNyD;rS ar&Dtm; vSnfhMunfhvdkufjyefum ]]tdk-tck ryefeJU [kwfvm;?
'Dvdkav;u ydkMunfhaumif;w,f/ rdef;cav;acsmracsm tdyf&mxp rzD;rvdrf;cif Munfh&w,f
qdkwm w,frSef}} [k pOfpdkufBuD;ajymcsvdkuf\/ ar&Du a':apm&Dudkrl vIdufvSJat;aq;pGm
cifrifonf/ a':apm&Dwa,mufrSm tpOfNyHK;aewwfoavmuf &ifwGif;&Sdonfudkvnf; tcsdef
ra&G; bGif;bGif;ajymcswwfavh&Sd\/ ar&Dtm; oHa,mZOfNidwG,fae[ef&Sdí ,ckvnf;
ar&D\rsufESmav;tm; ESpfodrfhauseyfpGm NyHK;NyHK;BuD;Munfhaeonf/

eHUomrIefjc,frxm;ojzifh ar&D\ Ekom;0g0grSm yifudk,fa&T&nf 0if;vsufaeonf/


em;o,fqDrS avQmusqif;vmaom arT;nSif;&Sdrf;&Sdrf;wkdUrSm yg;jyifrS xif&Sm;ay:vGifaom
taMumpdrf;av;rsm;ESifh a&m&Sufvsuf jra&mifoef;aeonf/ rjyKjyif&ao;ojzifh ezl;jyifqD

- 188 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

avsmouf0JacG,drf;aeaom qHEG,frsm;ESifh ar&D\toGifrSm uydku&dkESifh wrsKd;wifhw,f


cspfpzG,f jzpfae\/

]]ar&D.... aumfzDaomufoGm;aygh [kwfvm;? a':BuD;cif cP}}

a':apm&Du ac:vkdufojzifh reD;ra0;ü yef;yifa&avmif;aeaom a':BuD;cifu tem;odkU


a&mufvmonf/

]]aeygap a':a':apm....? ar&D ausmif;u aomufcJUNyD;ygNyD}}

]]tdk-tdrfu[mvJ aomuftkH;aygh? ausmif;eJU wjcm;pDyg....}}

]]'gjzifhvJ rkefUawmUr,lcJUygeJU.... ar&DtckbJ taMumf0ifpm;vmcJUygw,f/}}

a':BuD;cifu tdrfwGif;odkU0ifoGm;\/

]]ar&DUq&mawmU tdyf&murxao;bl;/ nqdkvJ b,fawmUrS apmapmrtdrfzl;/ reufusvJ


b,fawmUrS apmapmrEdk;bl;...}}

ar&Du a':apm&Dajymonfudk em;axmifaeaomfvnf; pdwfurl tdrfacgif;&if;bufü


ykwD;pdyf&if; vrf;avQmufaeaom ta':BuD;wOD;xH a&mufaeonf/ olUtm; ,cifu ar&Donf
rjrifbl;acs/

]ar&D... tckwavm a':a':wdkUtdrfudk bmjyKvdkU rvmovJ? q&mawmUrajymeJU a':a':apm


awmif atmufarhaew,f}?

ar&Du rsufvkH;av;0dkif;vsuf a':apm&Dtm; armfMunfhvdkufonf/ a':apm&Durl t"dyÜm,f


taxGtxl;udk &nfnGef;[efr&Sd? pdwfwGif;&Sdonfudk &dk;om;pGm ajymae[efay:onf/

]]ar&D.... pmawGusufp&m&SdaevdkUyg}}

ar&Du rkom;w0uf okH;vdkufonf/

- 189 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

,ckwavm pma<u;rsm; rwifpzl; wifaeonfudk qyfae&\? okdU&mwGif rvm&onfh


taMumif;&if;rSmvnf; &Sdonf/

ar&Du oufjyif;av; rodrom&Idufvsuf tdrfacgif;&if;rS ta':BuD;qD rsufvkH;a&mufoGm;


jyefonf/

]]aMomf.... tJ'g ar&DUudk ajymjyxm;&tkH;r,f/ EGJUEGJUwkdUararav? a&mufvmwm wywfavmuf


&Sdao;w,f}}

ar&DrSm idkifidkifav;jzpfoGm;\/ xdkpOf a':BuD;cifu aumfzDwcGuf,lvm ay;onf/

]]a&mh-a&mh- aomufvkduftkH;ar&D? 'gxuf armifjrifholeJU EJGUEJGUwdkUudk pDpOfxm;wm ar&D


odNyD;bDvm;}}

ar&D\ rsufESmav;rSm uGufceJysufoGm;onf/ rsufvkH;rsm;u a':apm&Dtm; &ifrqdkif&JbJ


wzufodkUvTJypfvdkufNyD; acgif;udkom jznf;nSif;pGm cgjyvdkuf\/

]]a':a':apmwdkUvJ awmfawmftcufawGUaew,f/ vlBuD;awGuom pDpOfaewm? ar&DUq&ma&m


rrEJGUuyg tm;&yg;&r&SdvSbl;.....

ar&D\ vufuav;rsm;rSm wkefvmonf/ MumvQif ydkcufrnfpdk;í aumfzDudkukefatmif


jrefjrefarmhaomufypfvkdufí yef;uefudk teD;&Sdpm;yGJay: wifxm;&onf/

]]EJGUEJGUuawmU rdef;cav;udk;? toufuvJ tpdwf&SdbDr[kwfvm;/ 'DawmU vlBuD;pum;udk


odyfrawmfvSefEdkifygbl;? cufwmu ar&DUq&m....}}

]]q&mu bmwJUvJ a':a':apm....}}

ar&Du pdwf0ifpm;vmojzihf vTwfueJar;rdoGm;onf/

]]armifjrifholu wcgwav awmfawmf&l;csifao;w,f ar&D/ olu EJGUEJGUudk rBudKufzl;awmU


r[kwfzl;wJU/ rBudKufzl; r[kwfzl;qdkvdkU BudKufw,fawmUvJ b,f[kwfrvJwJU? uJ....
olUpum;u bmt"dyÜm,fvJ}}

- 190 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

a':apm&Du &,farmvdkufonf/ ar&Durl a':apm&Dqufajymrnfh pum;&yfrsm;udkom em;pGifh


aerdonf/

]]olUtar a':a':apmtruvJ wxpfcsbJ? EJGUEJGUeJUqdkrS EJGUEJGUeJU? armifjrifholtwGuf pdwfat;


csifbD? om;udk pdwfwdkif;us ae&mcsNyD;rSbJ olU0dyóemtvkyfudk pdwf'kH;'kH;csvkyfEkdifr,fwJU}}

ar&Du a':apm&Dudk tomapGtuJcwfvdkufonf/ tdrfwGif;a&;udpörsm;tm; rdrdtm; bmaMumifh


zGifhajymae&onfudk odcsifvmonf/

]]wu,fawmU rruom twif;tusyfudkif&if olvJ bmrSrwwfEdkifygbl;/ ratwck om;wck


r[kwfvm;/ w&m;tm;xkwfaewJUrat acgif;rcscif pdwfrcsrf;omatmif oljyK&ufrSmvJ
r[kwfzl;? tJ- wckawmU&Sdw,fayghav...}}

a':apm&Du ar&D\rsufESmav;tm; pl;pl;pdkufpkdufMunfhvdkufonf/ þtMunfhrSm t"dyÜm,f


tjynfhygonf[k ar&Dxifonf/

]]olUrSm EGJUEJGUxufydkNyD; cifrifwG,fwmp&m oHa,mZOf &Sdaeovm; rqdkEdkifbl;/ ar&DwdkUuawmU


vli,fawGbJ? taMumif;pkHMum;Edkifr,f? ar&DUq&mtaMumif; bmrsm;Mum;&ovJ....}}

a':apm&Du yg;eyfvdr®mpGmESifh vdk&mtcsufqDodkU a&mufvmonf/ ar&DrSm csufjcif;rajzEdkif/


ar;cGef;rSm rajrSmfvifhaom ar;cGef;jzpfojzifh &kwfw&uf idkifusoGm;onf/

]]wu,fvdkU olUrSm &Sdaew,fqdk&ifaum tm;vkH;twGuf pdwfraumif;p&mygar&D? txl;ojzifh


armifjrifholtwGuf oem;p&mygbJ/ ratuwzuf? wjcm;oHa,mZOfu wzufeJU? tJ-
r&Sdbl;qdk&ifawmU tvG,fom;bJ/ EJGUEGJUudk olbmrSjiif;p&mr&Sdbl;? r[kwfzl;vm;ar&Dd....}}

ar&DU&ifrSm zdkvIdufvmonf/ 0rf;enf;jcif;ESifh rcHcsifjcif;rSm NydKifwljynfhvQrf;vm\/ xGuftHUqJ


rsuf&nfrsm;udkvnf; tEdkifEdkifxdef;xm;&onf/ a':apm&Dqdkvdkcsuftm; ar&Du aumif;pGm
em;vnfvdkufayNyD/ em;vnfvdkufojzifh þNcHwGif;ü raevdkawmU? tjrefqkH; xGufcGm
ajy;csifvmonf/

ar&Du pdwfudkwif;vdkufí a':apm&Dtm; wnfhwnfh&ifqdkifvdkufonf/ aemuf toHudk


rwkef,ifatmif xdef;vQuf ajymonf/

- 191 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&DUtaeeJUawmU q&mUudka&m rrEJGUudkyg cspfcifMunfndKwJUolyg a':a':apm? q&meJUrrEJGU


tqifajyoGm;r,fqdk&if ar&D[mvJ 0rf;tomqkH;wa,muf jzpfrSmygbJ/ q&mhpdwfudk
xGif;azgufrjrifEdkifayr,fh ar&Dodoavmuf q&mhrSm rrEGJUxufydkNyD; cifrifwG,fwmp&m
oHa,mZOf r&Sdbl;xifygw,f....}}

ar&Du pum;udk&yfypfvkdufí ae&mrSvnf;xonf/

]]tdk.... ar&D jyefawmUrvdkUvm;? cPaeygtkH;vm;/ armifjrifholawmif Edk;bDxifw,f....}}

ar&Du wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ udkjrifholtm; &ifrqdkifcsifawmU/ xdkUaMumifhyif ]]aeygap


a':a':apm? ar&D pmusufp&m&Sdao;vdkU oGm;awmUr,f}} [k EIwfqufum NcHwGif;rS
cyfoGufoGufav; xGufvmcJUonf/

vrf;ray:a&mufvQifyif csKyfwnf;xm;orQ vGwfxGufukefonf/ rsuf&nfrsm;u pD;usvm\/

ausmif;aqmif&Sd&modkUom tjrefqkH; avQmufvmcJUrdonf/ ausmif;aqmifay: a&mufjyef


awmUvnf; rdrdtcef;udk r0ifrd/ Nidrf;&Sd&modkUom t&l;rav;obG,f ajy;rdonf/

]]vGrf;wylaqG;? olESifha0;aomf? jynfxJa&;ESifh 0rf;a&;wdkUxuf? vGrf;a&;cuf\}}

Nidrf;onf bmpdwful;&onfrod? eHeufapmapmpD;pD;wGif pm;yJGwGifxdkif vsuf Or®m'EÅDysKdUrS


pmwydk'fudk toHxGufatmif zwfaeonf/

]]a&SUOD;zGm;p? ighudkrom;? owÅabm*? a'0&mZm? olESifhigudk? zl;pmra&;avoavm}}

Nidfrf;onfpmtkyfudkydwfvdkufí....

]]aMomf....cspf'ku©...cspf'ku©...? 'D'ku©'Dtyl[m oHo&musifvnfaom a,mufsm;wumwdkU cH&NrJ


ygvm;? bk&m;tavmif;awmif rvGwfuif;avbl;...}} [k nnf;nnf;nLnL a&&Gwf&if;
ckwifxufü xdkifaeavaom ar&DbufodkU vSnfhvdkufonf/

cPcsif;rSmyif rSefatmufrS Nidrf;\ rsufvkH;rsm;u jyL;us,foGm;onf/

]]tdk.... ar&D bmjzpfwmvJ? rsuf&nfawGeJUygvm;...}}

- 192 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

Nidrf;onfjyLwif;rS cef;qD;udk qGJumvdkufonf/ tcef;wHcg;udkvnf; qGJydwfcsvdkuf\/

]]ar&D..... bmjzpfvmvJ? Nidrf;udkajymprf;....? Nidrf; bmvkyfay;&rvJ......}}

Nidr;fu ar&DUem;uyfoGm;um yckH;av;tm; ayGUí ,k,pGmar;onf/ vrf;wavQmufvkH; xdef;cJU


&aom ar&Du ,ckrS Nidrf;\ cg;av;udkzufum tm;&yg;& &Idufidkcsvdkufonf/

Nidrf;rSm Nidrfaeonf/ vlUobm0udk tenf;tusOf; acgufrdxm;ojzifh pdwf&SdorQ csKef;yGJcs


idkaeaomar&DUtm; bmrQxyfrar;awmU/ ar&D tm;&atmif idkNyD;onftxd ausmav;udkoyf&if;
tomNidrf&yfaeonf/ ar&D\&IdufoHav; usJoGm;cgrS ar&DUab;wGif 0ifxdkifvdkufí ar&DUyg;jyif
0,f pD;usaeaom rsuf&nfrsm;udk vufudkifyk0gESifh tomokwfay;aeonf/

]]ar&DUudk Nidrf; tuJcwfrdwmMumbD? tckwavm cgwdkif;vdk ar&Dr&Tifbl;? ar&DUudk rar;&ufvkdU


Nidrf; rodcsifa,mifaqmifaewm/ 'gayr,fh pdwf&JUa0'em qdkwmrsKd;[m zkH;uG,fxm;&if
ydkqdk;w,f? ar&DbmjzpfaevJ..... Nidrf;udk rajyjyEdkifbl;vm;....}}

ar&Du &IdufoHrsm;udk wwfEdkiforQ csKyfwnf;vdkufonf/ tm;&atmif idkvdkuf&onfrdkU


&ifrSmvnf; &Sif;vmonf/ tay:EIwfcrf;udk atmufoGm;ESifhcJum Nidrf;tm; idkifidkifav;
pdkufMunfhaeonf/ Nidrf;\ u&kPmjynfhonfh pifMu,faom rsufvkH;rsm;aMumifh tenf;i,f
tm;wufvmonf/

]]ar&DUtaMumif;pkHod&if Nidrf;u ar&DUudk &l;w,fxifrvm;rodbl;/ 'DvdktxifrSm;cH&rSm


aMumufvdkU ar&D zGifhajymcsifayr,fh b,folUudkrS zGifhrajymjzpfcJUbl;....}}

ar&Du wcsufxyf&Idufvkdufonf/ aemuf wvkH;csif;qufíajymonf/

]]ar&DUtjzpfudk ar&DvJ tpu em;rv,frdygbl; Nidrf;&,f? tckawmU Nidrf;ajymovdk rdrd


ydkifqdkifvdk&mudk pGefUvTwf&r,fqdkawmUrS xdcdkufvSwJUcHpm;rI&JU yrmPaMumifh ar&DUpdwf ar&D
odw,f....}}

ar&DtoHrSm &IdufoHu zkH;oGm;jyefonf/ Nidrf;url uav;i,fozG,f Eke,faom ar&DU


rsufESmav;udk ai;Munfh&if; oem;Muifem&mrS tHUMovnf; tHUMoaerdonf/ þrQi,f&G,fí
tppt&m&m jynfhpkHwifhw,favaom ar&DU&ifü aMuuJGbG,f tb,fvQKdU0Sufcsufonf &Sdae&
ygoenf;/

- 193 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

Nidrf;onf pOf;pOf;pm;pm;ESifh ar&DUtm; wcsufpdkufMunfhvdkufNyD; ]]bmvJ? ar&DrSm cspfol&Sdae


bDvm;....}} [k ar;onf/

ar&Du rsuf&nfMum;rS emusnf;pGm NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]cspfolqdkwmudk Nidrf; b,fvkdt"dyÜm,fay;rvJ...? ar&D 'gudkrodbl;/ ar&Dodwmu ar&D


oHa,mZOfwG,frdwJU vlwa,muf&Sdw,f/ Nidrf; wcguajymovdk tcspfqdkwm ydkifqdkifvdkjcif;bJ
qdk&ifawmU 'DtcspfrsKd; ar&DrSm r&Sdao;bl;xifw,f/ olUudk ar&D rydkifvdkygbl;/ tdk...
ydkifvdkvdkUvJ rjzpfEdkifygbl;/ 'gayr,fh olUudk ar&D rqkH;&IH;csifbl;/ 'gudk cspfwmvdkUac:rvm;/
'gudk cspfwmvdkUac:&if olUudk ar&D cspfaewmbJ/ olUudk rjrifbl;cifuxJu ar&D cspfaewm
bJ/

Nidrf;\rsufvkH;av;rsm; jyL;oGm;onf/

]]olUudk rjrifbl;cifuxJu ar&Ducspfaew,f? bk&m;a&....}}

]]Nidrf; tHUMooGm;ovm;? ar&D jyefajymjy&r,f qdk&ifawmU t&SnfBuD;bJ/ 'DZmwfvrf;u tprSm


wifh&Tef;oavmuf tqkH;rSm vTrf;cef;eJUodrf;&wJU Zmwfvrf;wckygbJNidrf;? Zmwfvrf;udk pcJUol
uawmU wjcm;vlr[kwfzl;? ar&DUrrbJ....}}

ar&Du acwÅpOf;pm;oa,mif &yfem;vdkufonf/ ar&D\ rsuf&nfrsm;rSm pJpjyKNyD;jzpfaomfvnf;


&IdufoHav;rsm;rSm wcsDwcsD 0ifazgufaeonf/

]]ar&DUrr[m wBudrfu tvS*kPfeJU wuúodkvfrSm xif&Sm;cJUwJU ausmif;olwOD;ygbJ Nidrf;?


rr&JUpum;twdkif; jyefajymjy&&if wuúodkvf&JU toJyv’iftrsm;rSm eef;wifcHcJU&wJU
xm;ocifrwyg;aygh/ ausmif;ydwfvdkU tdrfjyefvm&if rr[m ol&JUatmifjrifrIawG? olU
ausmfMum;rIawGeJU olajrSmufpm;cHcJU&wmawGudk tNrJ ar&Dudkjyefajymjyavh&Sdw,f/ xkH;pHtwdkif;
bJav? wuúodkvfra&mufao;wJU ar&D[m wuúodkvfu taMumif;awGudk odcsifw,f?
wuúodkvfu taMumif;awGudk txifBuD;w,f? rr&JU pGefUpm;cef;awGudk ar&Dtm;uscJUw,f?
waeU ar&D wuúodkvfa&muf&if.... qdkwJUtawG;eJU rrudkerlem,lNyD; ar&D pdwful;awG ,OfcJU
rdw,f}}

Nidrf;u acgif;ndwf&if; wcsufNyKH;vdkufrdonf/ wuúodkvfra&mufao;aom rdef;uav;trsm;ü


&Sdwwfaom qE´jzpfojzifh Nidrf;u aumif;pGm oabmaygufoGm;onf/

- 194 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]b,fvdkbJ rr[m bmawG ar&Dudkajymajym wckudkawmU tkyfqdkif;xm;cJUw,f/ olvufxyfNyD;


wESpfMumwJUtxd zkH;zdxm;EdkifcJhw,f? zGifhajymwJUtcgrSmawmU rsuf&nfvnf&TJeJUaygh/

]]tJ'Dnu vlBuD;awGvJr&Sdbl;/ rra,mufsm;uvJ &efukefrSm usef&pfcJUw,f? ar&Du i,fi,f


bJ&Sdao;w,f? ar&DeJUrru tJ'DnrSm a&'D,kdem;axmifaew,f? a&'D,kduaeNyD; ]aqmif;
tdrfruf {u&D} qdkwJU oDcsif;vmw,f? qdkol&JUtrnfudkvJ Mum;a&m rr[m rsufpdrsufESm
ysufoGm;w,f? oDcsif;vJqkH;a&m csKef;rUJcsidkNyD; olzkH;xm;orQ ar&DUudk ajymjyawmUwmygbJ}}

Nidrf;onf pdwf0ifpm;onfxuf 0ifpm;vmonf/ ar&DajymouJUodkUyif Zmwfvrf;rSm vGrf;bG,f


jzpf\/

]]rr tkyfqdkif;xm;cJUwmuawmU oleJU olU&JU oem;p&maumif;wJU cspfolwdkU&JU Zmwfvrf;ygbJ/


rrcspfol[m pma&;q&mwOD; a&;ovdk qif;&Jaomrdb&JU OmPfaumif;aom om;wOD;bJ
qdkygawmU/

]]rr[m ar&Dvkdr[kwfzl;? odyftxufwef;pm;qefw,f? NyD;awmU uGefAifhxGufNyDNyD AdkvfqefNyD;


abmvf'efpfawG bmawGvJ uw,f? rrem;uyfzdkUu armfawmfum;aumif;aumif; vdkw,fvdkU
ajymjyMuw,f/

]]'gayrJU qif;&JwJUoleJU rrudk aygif;ul;qufpyf ay;xm;wmu&Sdw,f? *DweJUuAsmaygh? rr[m


b,favmufbJ AdkvfqHayr,fh ArmuAsmeJU *DwudkawmU awmfawmfjrwfEdk;w,f/

]]wOD;eJUwOD; awGUMuwmuvJ rdwfaqGwOD;&JU jzLZpfu,fvfygwDwckrSm wJU? wefaqmifrkef;&JU


aiGvomom ESif;awGuswJU yef;NcHxJrSmp pum;vufqkHusMuowJU? awGUMu&ykHudk ol
pyfxm;wJU uAsmav;wyk'f ar&D&w,f? Nidrf;aum em;axmifrvm;....}}

]]tdk-em;axmifrSmaygh? Nidrf;u uAsmqdk odyfcspfwm....}}

]]vESifht&dyf? zdwfzdwfvJU&Tif? ompkHvifonf/ oefUpifikHp? ewfEdk;v\? wn&Tef;ajy?


yifjrajcwGif? pef;aiGrdk;,H? ,kefysHeef;&Sif? oufvnfvQifodkU....wJU/

]]tNrJwrf; olu rrudk rdk;,Hjrifhu vewfrdr,feJU EIdif;avh&Sdw,f/ ckeu ar&DajymjycJUwJU


aqmif;tdyfruf{u&D oDcsif;xJrSmvJ 'Dtwdkif; xyfEIdif;jyefw,f/ Nidrf;Mum;bl;vm;.....}}

- 195 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][ifhtif;? &Gwfjyprf;ygvm; ar&D/ pmom;av;awGawmU BudKufw,f}}

]]vGrf;yif&dyf.... a0a0oD/ aqmif;tdyfruf {u&D- a'0DtvS&JU/ oDwmukefqkH; 'DygokOf;ap?


bkef;rarUEdkifbl;? ydkifrvdk rqdkifoudk? udk,f&kHwdrfjymEkeJU? &Sdef0gvkum Munfrif;ocifodkU?
vewfaqG&Sif- a<uqif;- ajreif;covdk? &Tef;jromvGif zl;awGUyg&? ajrmufuEÅm&
ESif;ajrEdkifiH? acgufjyefjzmp.... nSif;av oGef;qJtcg.... wJU/ t"dyÜm,ftwlwlbJ r[kwfvm;
Nidrf;....}}

]][kwfw,f ar&D? 'Dvl[m awmfawmfawmU pdwful;,OfwmbJ}}

]][kwfw,f? odyf pdwful;,OfwmygbJ/ rrtom;u ar&DUvdk r0gbl;? qGwfqGwfjzLbJ/ tJ'g


olu ]Ektom;vnf;? e*g;aiGUwGif; Mu,fjzLvQifodkU? oefUpifrGwfrGwf} vdkU pyfqdkxm;Muw,f/
vdkufcfonfpwm; tifonfarhvfuD;a0; qdkwJU t*FvdyfuAsmtwdkif;aygh.....}}

Nidrf;u ar&Dtm; tHUBopGmESifh armfhMunfhvdkufonf/ þuAsmrsm;udk ar&Du tb,fhaMumifh


tvGwf& aeygoenf;/

]]ar&D ajymcJUovdkygbJav? olwdkUZmwfvrf;av;u tprSm MunfEl;p&mygbJ/ olu


olUOD;av;tdrfu ausmif;wuf&w,fwJU? olUOD;av;tdrfrSmu pE´,m;uvJ&SdawmU rreJU
cPcPqkHMuwmaygh/ t'Dacwfu wuúodkvfyGJvrf;obifawGrSm twD;trIwfyg&if rrwdkU
pkHwJG[m yJGtawmif;cH&qkH;bJwJU/ oleJUomcspfcJU&w,f? rr[m tNrJwrf; pdk;&drfrIwckawmU
&ifrSm cdkwGJaeowJUav}}

ar&Du pum;udk acwÅ&yfí a&SUodkUawGawGav;ai;&if;/ wpkHwckudk ajymoifhrajymoifh csifhcsdef


ae[efwlonf/

]]'guawmU ar&Dxifw,f/ ar&DwdkUrdbaqGrsKd;awG&JU t"dyÜm,frJUrIygbJ? ar&DwdkUazaz[m


ta&;ydkifwOD;ygbJ Nidrf;/ ar&DwdkUtrsKd;awGuvJ twGif;0efawG? wdkif;rif;BuD;awG? nTefMum;a&;
0efawGomrsm;w,f/ araru ajymavh&Sdw,f? 'dkUtrsKd;[m rif;pdk;&mZmrsKd;wJU? om;orD;
awGudkvJ rif;pdk;&mZmbJ jzpfapcsifMuw,f/ jzpfatmifvJ vkyfMuw,f? jzpfvJ jzpfMuwmygbJ/
'Dawmh tdrfu rrudk rif;pdk;&mZmrsKd;xJu t&m&SdwOD;OD;eJUom ay;pm;csifMuw,f/ rr&JU
cspfoluawmU omref txufwef;pma&;&JU om;wOD;bJ? olwdkUtrsKd;xJrSm BuD;BuD;us,fus,f
vdkU jyp&m[m ausmif;rSm uxduvkyfaewJU OD;av;wa,mufbJ &SdowJU/ uJ- rrwdkUtjzpfu
rcufvm;...}}

- 196 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'gawmU ar&DwkdUtdrfu tjrifusOf;&ma&mufwmaygh....}}

]][kwfw,f tjrifusOf;wmbJ? NyD;awmU om;orD;awG&JU vGwfvyfcGifhudk csKyfcs,f&m rusbl;


vm;? ar&DawmU ar&DUus&if acgif;ikHUrcHbl;/ rSefw,fxifwm avQmufvkyfrSmbJ.....}}

ar&Du tom;vGwfa'gav;yG&if; qdkonf/

]]ar&DUrru acgif;ikHUcHwmbJvm;...}}

]]ar&DUrru ar&DUxufawmif pdwfxufao;w,f/ 'gayr,fh olUtjypfeJUolrdkU tNyD;owf


usawmU olvJ acgif;ikHUcHoGm;&wmygbJ.....}}

]]b,fvkd olUtjypfeJUolvJ}}

]]rr[m cPu ar&DajymovdkbJ? abmfvf'efUpfawG bmawGudkawmU rypfy,fbl;/ olUcspfol


uvJ rwm;bl;wJU/ cspfjcif;rnfonf cGifhvTwfjcif;bJvdkU olu qdkowJU? ar&DUtjrifawmU
'g[m ESpfOD;pvkH; rSm;wmbJ/ ck rr&JUa,mufsm;[m rreJU tJ'DvkduyGJrSm awGUMuwmaygh.....}}

]]tdk}}

]],Ofaus;rI ,Ofaus;rIeJU? cyf&dkif;&dkif;ajym&&if yGwfMuwmaygh/ aemufqkH;awmU t,Ofaus;


vGefNyD; rr[m tJ'DvleJU rcspfayr,fh rSm;,Gif;rdcJhowJh....}}

]][if......}}

Nidrf;u pdwfysufpGm nnf;nLrdNyD; ]]'g-ArmU,Ofaus;rI e,fedrdwfudk vGefvdkUjzpfwmbJ? jzpf&rSm


bJ? rqef;bl;}} [k rSwfcsufcsonf/

]]rSefw,fNidrf;? rr[m tckxd ,lusKH;r&jzpfaew,f/ [dkvlu opömawmU&Sdygw,f/ rrudkvJ


wu,fcspfygw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkUvJ r&t& vlBuD;csif; twif;em;azmuf,lw,f/ oludk,fwdkif
uvJ t&m&Sd? rdbuvJ rif;BuD;&mxl;wef;u/ 'DawmU csufjcif; oabmwlwmaygh....}}

]]tdk 'ku©ygbJ}}

- 197 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rraeeJU bmvkyfrvJ? wzufucspfol? wzufur,lrjzpfvl? aemufqkH; awmU rr[m


trSm;udk jyKjyifvdkUr&awmUwJUtwlwl rxdkufawmUwJU olUudk,fudk cspfolvufrtyfawmUbJ
rdbpum;udk acgif;ikHUcHoGm;&w,f}}

ar&Du oufjyif;av;ESifhtwl pum;udk &yfvdkufonf/ Nidrf;url acgif;udk av;av;


cg,rf;ae\/

]]aMomf 'gxuf ar&D? rr&JU cspfolqdkwmuaum? ol bmjzpfoGm;ovJ}}

ar&Du xdckdufpGm NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]rrwdkU vufxyfwJUtcsdefrSm wuúodkvfrSm MuLwmvkyfaewkH;vkdU od&w,f/ 'Daemuf olU


taMumif;udk bmrSrMum;&bl;vdkU rru qdkw,f? Mum;atmifvJ rru rBudK;pm;awmU
ygbl;av? ar&DwkdUqDu tJ'Dwacguf jyefcgeD;rSm rru t&ifwkef;u olUqDu&xm;wJU
uAsmpmawGudk ar&DqDrSm xm;ypfcJUawmUw,f/ xm;ypfcJUwmr[kwfygbl;av? rD;&IdUypfr,f
vkyfwkef; ar&Du vk,lxm;vdkuf&wmygbJ/ 'DpmawGeJU uAsmawGudk ,lxm;vdkufpOfu ar&D[m
waeUrSm olUaMumifh rsuf&nfus&vdrfhr,fvdkU eJeJrSrawG;rdcUJbl;....}}

ar&DrSm rsuf&nfrsm; &pf0dkif;vmjyefonf/ tawG;vGefí Nidrfem;axmifaeaom Nidrf;rSm


xdwfvefUwMum; armfMunfhonf/ ar&D\Zmwfvrf;u pjyefavNyD/

]]ar&Du 'DpmawGeJU uAsmawGudk tm;&if xkwfNyD;zwfaecJUrdw,f/ olUpmawGuAsmawG[m


olUtwGuf ar&D&JU oHa,mZOfBuD;p&mjzpfcJUw,f/ uHqdk;wJU olUudk ar&D[m rjrifbl;bJeJU
u&kPmrdk; apGcJUrdw,f/ txl;ojzifh uHUa*:awGyGifhNyD? ydawmufawG xdefbDqdk&if ar&Dqkdwm
'DajrrSm&Sdav&JUvdkUawmif odavr,fr[kwfwJU olUudk ar&D owd&aerdwwfw,f/ pmawG
uAsmawGeJUtwl EGrf;ajcmufaewJU uHUa*:yef;awG? ydawmufyGifhcufawG[m ar&DUvufxJrSm
usefcJUwmudk;/ rruajymw,f? uHUa*:awGyGifhbD? ydawmufawGyGifhbDqdk&if olu yef;pnf;
wpnf;wpnf; rrqDvmay;avh&SdowJU/ 'Dyef;awGjrifjyefawmU ]opömwifhvef;? oJOD;yef;udk?
rEGrf;ap&? yefcJUyg&Sifh? aomfwmhtjyif? Mu,frrifodkU} qdkwJU olU bk&m;wdkif&wkav;[m
ar&DUem;rSm tpOf yUJwifxyfaew,f......}}

ar&D\ toHav;rSm wjznf;jznf;ESifh aqG;aqG;jrnfhjrnfhjzpfvmonf/

- 198 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tpawmUav olUudk oem;&kHoufoufyg/ aemufawmU wajz;ajz;eJU 'DpmawGuAsmawG[m


ar&DqD ola&;vdkufwmbJ jzpfygapawmUvdkU qkawmif;rdw,f? wuúodkvfa&mufjyefawmU olUudk
ar&Du &Smrdaew,f/ trSefajym&&if 'DtcsdefrSm ar&D[m odyfpdwful;,OfrdcJUwJU ar&DUrrvdk
wuúodkvfeef;u xm;ocifrwOD; jzpfcsifcJUw,f/ olUudk &SmawGUjyef&ifvJav? teJqkH; olU
toJqdkifudk udkifvIyfNyD; rsuf&nfvl;wJUuAsmav;awG? ar&DUudk zGJUEJGUr,fh tvSuAsmav;awG
'gawGudk olUqDu t&,lcsifrdw,f/ 'gayr,fh oleJU rajrSmfvifhbJ &ifqdkifrdjyefawmU ar&DU
toJESvkH;u ar&DUudk jyefNyD; opömazmufcJUw,f/ ar&DUudkar&D b,fvdkyif vSnfhpm;xm;ayr,fh
ar&DUtoJESvkH;&JU wdkufwGef;ydkUaqmifav&mudk ar&D rjiif;qefombJ arsmygvdkufcJU&w,f}}

ar&DU&ifrSm aygufuGJxGufvmonfhtvm; &IdufoHrsm;rSm xdef;csKyfxm;onfUMum;rS wGef;uef


ay:vmonf/

]]wu,fwrf;usawmU rsufa&us&ol[m ar&Dyg Nidrf;/ ar&Djzpf&ykHu ar&Dzwfzl;wJU ukrkj'm


MumeJU ydwkH;armifqdkwJU uAsmav;twdkif;ygbJ/ aeUrSmom usifvnfEdkifwJU ydwkH;armifeJU
va&mifyufwJU ntcgrSom yGifhav&SmwJU ukrkj'mMumwkdU[m 'DurÇmrqkH;wrf;vdkbJ? uHMur®m
udku rqDavsmf vmaybJ[mudk;/ ar&DUarwÅmrdk;[m b,favmufyifaumif;ayr,fh 'Drdk;u
aESmif;cJUwJUrdk;yg Nidrf;&,f/

Nidrf;u pdwfraumif;jcif;BuD;pGmESifh ar&DUtm; Munhfaerdonf/ acwÅ csDwkHcswkH jzpfaerdNyD;rS


]]ar&D.. tJ'Dholu b,folvJ[if? NyD;awmU oluaum b,fvdkrsm; ar&DUudk &ufpufcJUovJ}} [k
ar;vdkufonf/

ar&Du acgif;av;cgvdkufonf/ Nidrf;udk vSnfhrMunfhbJ a&SUwnfhwnfhodkU idkifidkifav;ai;&if;


wvkH;csif; ajzonf/

]]q&mygNidrf;? q&mOD;jrifholyg? rrEJGUeJU vufxyfawmUr,fh q&myg/ q&m[m ar&DUtay:


r&ufpufwJUtjyif tMuifemqkH; vlwa,mufyg/ ar&D pdwfemwmu uHMur®mqdk;wmudkyg}}

Nidrf;u ckrS oabmaygufoGm;onf/ udkvSa0ESifh EJGUEGJUwdkU tcsDtcsajymcJUonfh pum;rsm;udk


ar&DUenf;wl Mum;cJU&onfrdkU &kwfw&ufqdk ar&Dtm; rnfodkU jyeftm;ay;&rnfudkrod jzpfoGm;
onf/ twefMum awG;aerdNyD;rS wpkHwckudk owd&[efESifh ar&DUyckH;av;tm; udkifvIyf&if;
ajymvdkuf\/

- 199 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'DrSmar&D? rrEGJUuvJ olUcspfoleJUolyg? NyD;awmU udkvSa0qDudk rrEJGUudk q&mudk,fwdkif


vkdufydkUay;w,f r[kwfvm;/ 'g[m pOf;pm;p&mbJ}}

ar&Du acgif;av;udk wGifwGifcgvdkufjyefonf/

]]rrEGJU b,favmuf oem;p&maumif;w,fqdkwm ar&Dodygw,f/ 'DvufxyfyJGtwGuf q&mvJ


b,fvkdenf;eJUrS pdwfrcsrf;omEdkifygbl;/ ar&Dodygw,f/ q&m[m b,favmufbJ olUpdwfudk
xdef;Edkifayr,fh ar&DeJUqkHwdkif; q&mh&ifxJrSm bm&Sdw,fqdkwm ar&Dodw,f/ trSefu ar&DwdkU
ESpfa,mufvkH; od&ufeJU [efaqmifaeMuwm/ ar&DeJU q&mMum;rSmu acsmufurf;yg;BuD;u
jcm;xm;w,f/ ar&Du &l;&l;rdkufrdkufrdkU b,fvdkbJ xifwmvkyfcsiftkH;awmU q&muawmU
'Dacsmufurf;yg;u ausmfvTm;vdrfhr,f r[kwfzl;....}}

]]'gjzihf rrEGJUeJUq&mu ,lMuvdrfhr,fvdkU ar&Dxifovm;....}}

]]xifovm;ar;raeeJUNidrf;? ,lMu&awmUrSmbJ/ 'gudk a':a':apmu tckav;wif ajymjyvdkuf


w,f/ tif;av.... tNyD;owfusawmU ar&DUrr ajymcJUovdkygbJ? cspfwmuwjcm;? ,lwmu
wjcm;yg/ cspfwdkif;vJ r,lEdkifovdk ,lwdkif;vJ cspfzdkUrvdkygbl;....}}

ar&DrSm &IdufoHuav;rsm;aysmufí rsuf&nfyg ajcmufaeayNyD? nId;EGrf;vQuf&Sdaom rsufESmav;


rSm wppESifh rodrom wif;rmvmcJU\/

]]aMomf.... jzpfcsifwdkif;vJrjzpf? rjzpfcsifwmvJ jzpf&qdkwJU pum;udk a&S;wkef;u ar&D ayghayghbJ


awG;cJUrdw,f? tckawmh Munfhprf;? ar&Du cspfolqdkwmudk r&SmcJUygbl;? tcspfqdkwm[m
b,fvkdvJvdkUvJ em;vnfcsifpdwf r&SdcJUbl;/ 'gayr,fh rzdwfac:avbJ 'Dtcspfqdkwmu ar&DU
&ifxJ ykef;cdk0ifatmif;cJhw,f.....}}

ar&Du pum;udk rqufbJ &,farmvdkufojzifh Nidrf;rSm xdwfvefUwMum; jzpfoGm;onf/

]]t&ifu ar&D b,folUudkrS *&krpdkufcJUbl;/ wjcm;vlawGu ar&DUudk *&kpdkufatmifombJ


[efaqmifaecJUw,f/ [efaqmifrI[m wudk,faumif;qef&musayr,fh bmrSt&if;rpdkuf&bJ
tjrwf&w,f/ 'Dwkef;u ar&DUrSm ylp&mr&Sdbl;/ pdwf[m ayghyg;NyD; tNrJaysmf&TifaecJUw,f/
'DMum;xJu ar&D[m b0udk av;eufvmatmif rajrSmfvifhbJ BudK;pm;aerdoGm;w,f/
aerdwmeJU wNydKifeuf t&if;pdkufvdkuf&w,f/ pdkufvdkuf&wJU t&if;u ar&DUtoJbJ....}}

- 200 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Du tHav;Budwfí ae&mrSxvdkufonf/ Nidrf;url pdwftajymif;tvJGjrefvSaom ar&DUtm;


tHUMopdwfw0uf pdk;&drfpdwfw0ufESifh armfhMunfhrdonf/

]]vlUb0qdkwmrSm bmrSt"dyÜm,fr&Sdygbl;/ t"dyÜm,fr&Sdwmudk &Sdatmifvkyfae&if udk,fom


yifyef;rSmbJ/ jzpfapcsifwm wckrSjzpfrvmwJU avmuBuD;rSm jzpfcsifwmjzpf? xif&m pGwf
vkyfaewm at;w,f....}}

ar&Du a'grmefav;ygygESifhajymí Nidrf;udkyif EIwfrqufawmUbJ csmueJvSnfhí wHcg;udkzGifhNyD;


xGufcGmajy;onf/

Nidrf;wa,mufurl bmvkyf&rSef;rodbJ tlaMumifaMumif &yfusef&pfonf/ twefMum idkifae


rdNyD;rS acgif;udk,rf;um pm;yGJwGifjyefxdkifí zwfvufppmtkyfudk zGifhvsuf apmapmu pmydk'fudk
yif wdk;wdk;av; jyef&Gwfzwfaerd\/

]]vGrf;wylaqG;? olESifha0;aomf? jynfxJa&;ESifh? 0rf;a&;wdkUxuf? vGrf;a&;cuf\/ tzufr&?


cufokH;prl? 'kv’bwGif; r0ifygvsuf....}}

- 201 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(13)

wuúodkvfor*¾ a&G;aumufyGJem; eD;vmojzifh wausmif;vkH;rSm vIyfvIyf&G&G jzpfaeonf/


0g'csif; zDvmjcm;aom ausmif;om;tkyfpkESpfpk þESpfwGif pwif,SOfNydKifMurnf jzpfaom
aMumifhvnf; ydkrdkpnfyifNydKifqdkifae\/

ausmif;taqmuftODwdkif;\ eH&Hrsm;rSm ydkpwmrsKd;pkH uyfxm;jcif;cH&onf/ ydkpwmrsm;rSm


opfyifyifpnfrsm;üyif rusefatmif uyfxm;onf/

aeUa&mnyg pdwfwuf<ubG,faumif;aom oHcsyfxdk;oHrsm;ESifh 'dk;ywfoHrsm;u qlnHaeonf/

pmoifcef;rsm;wGif4if;? ausmif;aqmifrsm;wGif4if;? vzuf&nfqdkifrsm;wGif4if;? or*¾0ifcGifh


avQmufvTmykHpHrsm;ESifh zGJUpnf;pkaqmif;a&; wm0efcHausmif;om;rsm;rSm tvkyf&IyfaeMuonf/

ausmif;0if;twGif;üvnf; um;BuD;um;i,f toG,foG,fwdkUrSm cgwdkif;xuf ydkrkdtxGuft0if


toGm;tvm rsm;ae\/

udkjrifholrSmvnf; þ&ufrsm;twGif; pdwfa&mvlyg&IyfaxG;yifyef;aeonf/

oDwif;uRwf ausmif;ydwf&uftrSD owfrSwfxm;aom oif&dk;ukefatmifvnf; jyifqif&onf/


wmrDe,fwufpfac: v0ufpmar;yGJrsm; ppf&efvnf; BudK;yrf;&onf/ þESpftwGufrl tvkyfydk
tjzpf EdkifiHawmftpdk;&\ tultnDawmif;cHcsuft& tusOf;orm;rsm;\ pddwfaeoabmxm;
avhvmprf;oyfa&; vkyfief;twGuf ygarmu©jzpfol nGefMum;csrSwfonfhtwdkif; jyifqifa&;qGJ
bG,f&m wdkUtm;vnf; jyifqifa&;qJGae&onf/

þMum;xJwGif udk,fa&;udk,f&m jyóemrsm;aMumifh OD;aESmufajcmuf&jyefonf/ OD;aESmufom


ajcmuf&onfr[kwf? ESvkH;om;rSmvnf; roufomvS/

ar&Dwa,mufu olUtm; wrifa&SmifaerSef; &dyfrdojzifh e*dk&furS rcsdaom&ifrSm roufomvS?


toJESvkH;\ apcdkif;&mudk rsufpdrSdwf ZGwfvkdufem&efrSmrl touft&G,f *kPftqifhtwef;
aMumifh vkH;0rjzpfEkdifcJU/

- 202 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

vGwfvyfpGm vIyf&Sm;ajymqdk Asmrsm;aeMuaom ausmif;om;vli,frsm;tm; Munfhí tm;us


rdonf/ vlBuD;jzpfvmjyefawmUrl taESmiftzJGUu rsm;vGef;vSavonfwum;/

wm0efu&Sdjyefí waeUwGif pm;yGJü tvkyfxdkifvkyfaeonf/ tvkyfxdkifvkyf&if;u a&muf


vmaom pmwapmiftm; zGifhazgufMunfhrdonf/

pmrSm rdrd tar&dum;ü&SdpOfu cifrifcJUaom qGD'ifvlrsKd; vlrIa&;&myg&*lwOD;qDrS jzpfonf/


rdwfaqGrSm ukvor*¾ vlrIa&;&mXmeBuD;rSL;wOD; jzpfaeonf/ tm&StwGuf vlrIa&;&mESifh
,Ofaus;rIa&;&m t&m&Sdrsm; vdkaeí rdrd\t&nftcsif;tm; odol rdwfaqGu avQmufxm;&ef
taMumif;Mum;onf/

udkjrifholu tomNyKH;vkduf&if; pm;yGJay:&Sd owif;pmwapmifrS aMumfjimwcktm;vnf; zwf


Munfhrdonf/

xdkpOf rdrd\ pm;yGJa&SUü vlwa,mufu vm&yfonf/

]]aMomf- udkapmatmif.....}}

vm&yfolrSm rdrdESifh ynmawmfoifoGm;buf tpdk;&okawoeXmerS t&m&SdwOD;jzpfonf/

]]b,fupmawGrsm; zwfaewmvJ}}

]]rdwfaqGwa,mufqDuyg? ukvor*¾u tvkyfwckay:vdkU? vcuawmU 6000d- eD;yg;bJ/


tcGefvGwfw,f? tdrfeJUum; &tkH;r,f/ aeawmU umvuwÅm;rSm ae&vdrfhr,f}}

]]tcGifhta&;awGu aumif;om;bJ? avQmufygvm;....}}

]]tcGifhta&;aumif;vdkUom udk,fhEdkifiHudk,f pGefUpwrf;qdk wuúodkvfu ygarmu©awGeJU uxdu


awmfawmfrsm;rsm;[m EdkifiHjcm;a&mufukefwm MumvSbD/ uRefawmfwdkUu EdkifiHa&;orm;awG
vdkawmU pifjrifhay:wufatmfNyD; trsKd;rcspfwwfygbl;/ udk,fhenf;eJUudk,fawmUvJ trsKd;udk
cspfwwfygao;w,f...}}

]]'gayr,fh cifAsm;wdkUudk b,folurS rcsD;rGrf;bl;/ aus;Zl;vJ rwifygbl;}}

- 203 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]csD;rGrf;wm aus;Zl;wifwm[m t"dur[kwfygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkU q&mvkyfaeMuwmu


q&mqdkwJU tvkyfudk ckHrifvdkU jrwfEdk;vdkU rufarmvdkU vkyfaewm/ bmrS wjcm;rufp&mr&Sdbl;/
atmufausmif;u q&mawGu omMunfndKbkdU aumif;ao;w,f/ vcav;uvJ ajcmufjym;?
txufudkvJ aMumuf&? EkdifiHa&;orm;vJ aMumuf&? EdkifiHa&;orm;&JU zdeyfudkvJ aMumuf&?
ausmif;om;vJ aMumufae&eJU? 'DMum;xJu q&mqdkwJU tvkyfuav;oufoufudk rufNyD;
vkyfaeMuwm[m tifrwef av;pm;p&maumif;w,f.....}}

udkapmatmifu bmrQjyefrajymbJ NyKH;&kHNyKH;onf/

]]uRefawmfu a[mf'DaMumfjimudk ydkpdwf0ifpm;w,f/ rEÅav;wuúodkvfausmif;u zDvdkqdkzDeJU


pdwfynmXme uxdu&mxl;twGuf avQmufvTmac:wmbJ/ olwkdUu txufArmEdkifiHtwGuf
ynmhwefaqmifjzpfr,fh wuúodkvfwckudk aqmufaeMuwm tawmfc&D;aygufaebD? olwdkU
aqmufaeMuwJU ynmhAdrmefudk uRefawmfu tkwfav;wcsyfjzpfjzpf 0ifo,fNyD; ulnDay;csif
w,f}}

]]cifAsm;rdkUbJ &efukefuae e,fqif;csifw,f/ qef;vJqef;wJUvl}}

]]e,f[mvJ ArmjynfygbJcifAsm/ tckacwf jynfolvlxkudk cspfygw,fqdkwJU vli,fav;awG


awmfawmfrsm;rsm;[m ynmwwfvm&if &efukefrSmbJ &&mtvkyf wG,fuyfvkyfNyD; aecsif
Muw,f/ e,fqdk&if i&JjynfoGm;&rSmxuf aMumufMuao;w,f/ &efukefeJU NrdKUjyBuD;awG[m
Armjynfr[kwfzl;? Armjynfolvlrsm;pku awmawGrsm;aewm/ jynfolUtcGefeJU ynm,lcJUwJU
vli,fawG[m avvkH;rdk;vkH;om xGm;raeMubJ tJ'DjynfolawGMum;xJ oGm;NyD; wm0efxrf;
MubdkU aumif;w,f}}

]]tJ'D awmxJoGm;awmU ckeu cifAsm;ajymwJU EdkifiHa&;orm; zdeyfudkifawG? awmxJu


aoeyfudkifawGeJU awGUawmU b,fhES,fvkyfrvJ...}}

]]tcuftcJawGuawmU &Sdygw,f/ 'geJUqifajcay;NyD; xdkifaeMuawmUrvm;...? 0efxrf;pdwf


udk,fusKd;pGefUpdwfeJU tepfemcHvdkpdwf&Sd&if b,ftcuftcJ[mrS rIavmufp&mr&Sdygbl;...}}

]]uJ.... q&mBuD;? cifAsm;w&m;a[mwmuawmU aumif;ygw,f? uRefawmfqmvSbD/ aeUv,f


ausmif;vJ qif;cgeD;bDr[kwfvm;.... oGm;Mu&atmif}}

udkapmatmifajymí pum;rqkH;rD ausmif;qif;acgif;avmif;oHu ay:vmonf/

- 204 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrifholu ukvm;xdkif aemufrSDwGif csdwfxm;aom wdkufykHtuÐsudk ,l0wfvkdufum


udkapmatmifESifh twlxGufcJUMuonf/

olwdkUESpfOD;u *syfqiftaqmuftOD;rsm;tv,fxyf pBuFwavQmuf avQmufvmMuonf/

xdkpOf taqmuftOD;\ ta&SUbuf rsufcif;jyifü toHcsJUpufwyfxm;aom *spfum;wpD;u


xdk;&yfvkdufonf/ toJcsJUpufrS w&m;a[moH xGufay:vmaomtcg udkjrifholESifh
udkapmatmifu tHUtm;oifhum NydKifwl&yfrdvdkufMuonf/ csKdat;Munfvifaom rdef;uav;
wOD;\ toHwnf;/

ywf0ef;usifü pka0;vsuf&SdMuaom ausmif;om;rsm;u qlnHpGm 0dkif;í Mobmay;onf/

udkjrifholu w&m;a[mvsuf&Sdaom rdef;uav;tm; oJuGJpGm jrifvdkuf&onfhcPwGif EIwfrS


pum;uav;ESpfvkH;u vTwfxGufoGm;onf/

]]ar&D....}}

rSefayonf? ar&Dyifjzpfonf/ ar&Du rdkufu&dkzkef;udkudkifum pm&Gufw&Gufü a&;xm;onfudk


zwf&if; a[majymaeonf/ ar&DUtem;üuyfvsuf Mu,fjzLu xkdifaeonf/ '&dkifbmESifh
,SOfvsufrl armifoufwifu xdkifvsuf&SdNyD; udkjrifholtm; jrifaomtcg vSrf;í vufjy
EIwfqufonf/

um;pufzkH;ab; ajrBuD;ay:wGifrl xbDwdkwkd0wfí cg;axmufvsuf wkwfwkwfonf rmef


ygygESifh &yfae\/ wkwfwkwfteD;wGifrl wkwfwkwfxuf wxGmcefUt&yfedrfhaom nGefUwif
BuD;rSm olU'l;qpfausmfaom vG,ftdwf&SnfBuD;udk vG,fvsuf vuf[efajc[efESifh xkH;pHtwkdif;
avyef;aeonf/

ywf0ef;usifrS ausmif;om;rsm;url ar&D\ a[majymjcif;rS csufusaomae&ma&mufwdkif;


qlnHpGm MobmoHay;aeayonf/

]]ar&DuG....? a&T*sKd;jzLrav; ar&D....}}

- 205 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ausmif;om;wOD;\ tm;ay;oH ay:vmNyD; usefausmif;om;rsm;\ nmoHuvnf; vdkufyg


vmonf/ xdkpOf y&dowfaemufqG,frS udk,fudkykum toHaMumifESifh [pfvkdufaom
ausmif;om;wOD;\toH ay:vmjyefonf/

]]ar&Da&....? rif;wdkUtzJGUudk rJay;r,fuGJU? rif;av;aMumifh udk,f ay;jzpfatmifay;tkH;r,f....


t[d}}

ausmif;om;rsm;u 0g;ueJ 0dkif;&,fvkdufMuonf/

xdkpOf tjcm;toHcsJUpufwyf *spfum;wpD;u ar&DwkdU\um;ESifh reD;ra0;,SOfvsuf qdkuf


vmonf/ ar&D\ a[majymcsufrSm rqkH;ao;aomfvnf; wzufrS toHcsJUpufrSm tNydKiftqdkif
jrnf[nf;aeonf/ xGufay:vmaom toHrSmvnf; rdef;ruav;wOD;\ toHyifwnf;/

aemufa&mufvmaom *spfum;ay:rS a[majymaeolrSm oifoifjzpfonf/ um;a&SUcef;wGif


vSvSwifu xdkifvdkufvmonfudk awGUEdkifonf/

a[majymoHESpfckrSm a&m,SufqlnHum bmrQroJuJGawmU/ xdkpOf b,fuay:vmonfrod?


ausmif;om;wodkufu 'dk;ywfvif;uGif;rsm;udk w'kef;'kef; w*Grf;*Grf;ESifh 0ifxkonf/

]]a[U...... zGJuG? t&l;awG tvkdr&Sd oGm;a[U...}}

]]csa[U.... 'gaESmifh&Sufwm? &JabmfwdkU...}}

cPcsif;rSm &kwf&kwf&uf&ufjzpfoGm;um &efyGJwck ay:tHUawmUrnf jzpfoGm;onf/

odkU&mwGif eD;pyf&m q&mrsm;ESifh ausmif;om;acgif;aqmifrsm; ay:vmjzefajzay;ojzifhvnf;


NidrfoufoGm;Muonf/

udkjrifholu pdwfrcsrf;ajrUjcif;BuD;pGmESifh a&SUrSjrufcif;tm; idkifíMunfhaerdonf/

]]'Dvkd onf;cHrI? tvSnfhay;rI? oabmxm;BuD;rIr&SdbJ 'Drdkua&pDudk b,fvdkusifhokH;MurSmvJ/}}

udkapmatmifu pdwfysufpGmESifh qdkonf/

- 206 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrihfolu acgif;udk av;yifpGm cgvdkufonf/ bmpum;rQrajymawmUbJ acgif;idkufpdkufcsum


ae&mrS cGmcJUonf/ ab;rS uyfvdkufygvmaom udkapmatmifuom qufvufrSwfcsufcsonf/

]]'Dtwdkif; qdk&ifawmU cifAsm;wkdUwuúodkvf EdkifiHa&;ppfwvif; jzpftkH;rSmbJ}}

udkapmatmif\pum;u aoG;xGufatmifrSefcJUonf/

yxr rJykH;&dkufcJGrIBuD; ay:cJUonf/ aemuf qE´jyrItrsKd;rsKd;u vkdufvmonf/

xdkpOf ausmif;wvydwfa&;jyóem ay:cJUjyefonf/ wuúodkvftoif;aygif;pkHrS OD;pD;aom


qE´jyoydwfu vdkufvmonf/

vli,fwdkif;rSm wuf<uaeonf/ vli,fwdkif;rSm a'goxGufaeMuonf/

aeUpOf npOf aoG;xdk;vIHUaqmfrItrsKd;rsKd;udk awGUMu&onf/ taxGaxG pnf;urf;azmufrIrsm;?


vufa&mufajcvGef trItcif;rsm;uvnf; rvJGra&Smifom ay:aygufcJUonf/

aemufqkH;wGifrl wuúodkvf&mZ0ifwGif trJpufxifawmUrnfh tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SU


ausmif;om;ESifhykvdyf t"du&kPf;BuD;u qlylrItaxGaxGtm; ausmfvTm; o&zlaqmif;vdkuf
avonfwum;..../ /

_____

- 207 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

qloH nHoH atmf[pfa<u;aMumfoHrsm; vTrf;vsuf&Sdaom tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SU vomaqmif


tkwfwdkifudk rSDvsuf armifoufwifonf &yfae\/

olUvufwzufu tkwfcJusKd;wckudk udkifxm;vsuf tjcm;vufwzufwGifrl ESpfayausmfcefU


&Snfaom ckwifwdkiftusKd;wckudk pJGxm;onf/

tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SU *dwfwHcg;BuD;rSm ydwfxm;í aMu;aomhcavmufBuD;wckESifh cwfxm;


onfhtjyif oHBudK; 0dkif,mBudK; trsKd;rsKd;ESifh txyfxyf &pfywfcsnfaESmifxm;Muonf/

cJvkH; wkwfusKd; paom vufeufrsm; pGJxm;tyfonfh ausmif;om;wodkufu wHcg;udk


umuG,fapmifha&Smuf aeMuonf/ ausmif;om;okH;av;OD;url wHcg;rS uefUvefUoHwef;
tqifhrsm;ay: wuf&yfí tjyifbuf&Sd ykvdyft&m&Sdrsm;tm; vSrf;atmf[pfí w&m;a[mvdkuf?
arwÅm&yfcHvdkufESifh vkyfaeMuonf/ twifh&Jaom ausmif;om;wOD;url ausmif;aqmifudk
um&Hxm;onfh oHwdkiftcRefrsm;udk uwfoD;uwfoyf cGxdkif&if; tjrifhrS uif;apmifholuJUodkU
[dk[dkonfonf arQmfMunfhaeonf/

y'ltkHudk wkwfESifhqGxm;onfhyrm ausmif;om;trsm;rSm vIyfvIyf&G&G jzpfaeMuonf/ xdk;ppf


w&yftm; rm;rm;rwfrwf ckcHawmUrnfh &JwdkufwwdkufrS ppfom;rsm;yrmvnf; jyifqif
tvkyfrsm;aeMuonf/

xkdpOf rdk;csKef;oHtvm; yUJwif&dkuf[nf;aom toHBuD;wcku tif;0ausmif;aqmif tay:xyf


qDrS ay:vmonf/

armifoufwifudk,fwdkifyif tHUtm;oifhoGm;\/

]]'g bmoHvJ....}}

armifoufwifu teD;&Sd ausmif;om;wOD;tm; ar;onf/

]]ivsifvIyfoHav...}}

rSefonf/ toHrSm ivsifvIyfoHodkUyif xdwfvefUwkefvIyfzG,f aumif;vS\/

- 208 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]cifAsm; rodbl;vm;? a&pnfyDygawGudk tay:qkH;xyfrSm vSdrfhaeMuwm? wdkufoHeJUvIdifoH


[def;aewmaygh.....}}

]]aMomf.... wu,fhvlawGbJ...}}

armifoufwifrSmvnf; ,ckrS oabmaygufoGm;í ESpfNcdKufpGm&,farmrdonf/

]]a[;...a[;... vmMua[U? &m'0def;0def;? &m'0def;0def;? eD&mrmyl? uwfcl,Hausmuf?


abavqwf...... abavqwf..}}

þtoHrSm tif;0ausmif;aqmif ta&SUbufaxmifhcsKd; uwÅ&mvrf;qDrS ay:vmonf/

armifoufwifu vSrf;Munfhvdkufaomtcg ausmif;om; 10-OD;cefUonf b,fu &SmawGUvm


onfrod? BuD;rm;vSaom tkwfESifht*Fawa&mpyfxm;onfh tpdkiftcJBuD;wcktm; o,f,l
vmMuonf/ olwdkUtm; Munfh&onfrSm tpdkiftcJBuD;waphtm; rEdkifreif; o,fvmaom
yk&Gufqdwfrsm;ESifh wlaeonf/ cPjcif;yif vly&GufqdwftkyfrSm BuD;rm;vmNyD; tkwftpdkiftcJ
BuD;tm; tif;0ausmif;aqmif tay:qkH;xyfqDodkU o,f,loGm;onf/

]]olwdkU bmvkyfMuwmvJ....}}

]]apmifhMunfhav....}}

rMumrD tay:qkH;xyfrsufESmpm aumf&pf'grS ausmif;om;wOD;u ay:vmNyD; atmuf&Sd


vlrsm;tm; atmf[pfa&Smif&Sm;cdkif;onf/

]]&JabmfwdkU.... ab;z,faeMu? tufwGefrpfAkH;? tufwGefrpfAkH;}}

rMumrD apmapmu tkwftpdkiftcJBuD;onf 3-xyftjrifhrS atmuf ausmufvrf;ay:odkU


t&Sdefjyif;pGmESifh usvmonf/ tkwfcJESifh t*Fawprsm;rSm AkH;qefrsm; vGifhpifonfhyrm
aygufuJGMujyefukefawmUonf/

]]a[;... vufeufawGuG vufeufawG....}}

- 209 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

atmuf&Sd ausmif;om;rsm;u jyefUBuJaeaom tkwfcJusKd;rsm;tm; waysmfwyg; tvkt,uf


aumuf,lMuonf/

apmapmu a&Smifckdif;aom tay:xyfrS ausmif;om;onf atmufodkU ikHUMunfhvdkuf? aemufodkU


vSnfhMunfhvdkufESifh vkyfae&mrS rsufvkH;jyL; rsufqHjyL;vsuf vuf ESpfzufajrSmufum atmf[pf
vdkufonf/

]][.. [... aeMuygtkH;? tHrmav;.... aoukefMuygvdrfhr,f? atmufu&JabmfawG ab;udk-


ab;udk}}

cPwGifyif opfom;ckwifwvkH;u avxJwGif 0JysHusvmonf/ pm;yGJrsm;? ukvm;xdkifrsm;vnf;


aemufrS uyfvdkufvmMuonf/ ausmif;aqmifa&SU atmufajrjyifwGif opfom;tusKd;tyJU?
tkwfcJtwkH;tprsm; jynfhESufjyefUBuJukefonf/

armifoufwifu 0if;tjyifbufqDodkU arQmfMunfhvdkufonf/

ygPaA' taqmuftOD atmufxyf? xdktaqmuftODqDrS oG,fwef;vmaom pBuFwavQmuf?


armfawmfum;*dka'gifrsm;atmuf? þae&mrsm; tm;vkH;wGifvnf; ausmif;om;rsm; jynfhaeMu
onf/

þausmif;om;tkyfESifh 0if;twGif;&Sd ausmif;om;tkyf 2-tkyfMum;wGif &Jt&m&Sdrsm;ESifh &Jom;


rsm;udk awGUEdkifonf/

pmoifcef; taqmuftODBuD;qDrS tif;0ausmif;aqmifqD oG,fwef;vmaom uwÅ&map;


vrf;\ wzufwcsufqDü &efukefaoewfudkif &JtzGJUom;rsm;rSm pDwef;&yfaeMuonf/
ausmif;aqmifa&SU&Sd taemufESifhta&SUajy;aeaom vrf;wavQmufwGifrl umuDabmif;bD?
tuÐseuf0wf 0g;&if;wkwfudkif &JtzGJUom;rsm;udk csxm;onf/

aoewfudkif &JtzJGUom;rsm;teD;ü &J0efaxmufwOD;ESifh w&m;olBuD;wOD;rSm 0if;twGif;&Sd


ausmif;om;rsm;qD vSrf;Munfh&if; aqG;aEG;wdkifyifaeMuonf/

rvSrf;rurf;&Sd tif;vsm;ausmif;aqmif\ oHwdkif0if;wavQmufrSvnf; ausmif;olrsm;rSm


pDwef;vsuf Munfh&IaeMuonf/ pBuFay:&Sd vltkyfrsm;xJwGifvnf; ausmif;olrsm;ygav&m
rajrSmfvifhbJ ar&Dtm; awGUvdkuf&ojzifh armifoufwifrSm tHUMooGm;onf/

- 210 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

oydwfarSmufNyD;í rMumrDyif ar&DUtm; OD;av;jzpfol twGif;0efwOD;u ausmif;aqmifrS


vma&muf ac:iifoGm;onfudk odxm;aom armifoufwifrSm ,ck ar&DUtm; þywf0ef;usif
wGif awGU&ojzifh tHUtm;oifhoGm;jcif;jzpfonf/ ar&DUtwGufrl pdk;&drfpdwfu ay:vmonf/
þae&mrsKd;ESifh þtajctaeü ar&DUtm; r&Sdapvdk/

pl;pl;pdkufpdkuf Munfhaeaom armifoufwifonf ar&DUtem;wGif uyf&yfaeaom t&yf&Snf&Snf


tom;jzLjzLESifh ausmif;om;wOD;udkyg jrif&onf/ jyZmwfrif;om;[ef zrf;aeonfudk jrif&í
Mu,fjzLrSef; rSwfrdonf/

armifoufwifrSm &kwfw&uf a'gyGoGm;onf/ þtajctaersKd;wGif Mu,fjzLonf ta&;BuD;


aomae&modkU ay:rvmbJ bmaMumifh ar&DUem;a&mufae&oenf;/

þtcgusrS armifoufwifonf ab;ywf0ef;usif ausmif;om;rsm;tm; vSnfhywfMunfhrdonf/

rkwfqdwfarT;&Snf&Snf t&yfjrifhjrifh uwkH;qHawmufESifh 'kwd,wef; acgif;aqmifwOD;rS vJGí


apmapm&ufrsm;u pifjrihfay:ü ol&Jaumif;vkyfí aoG;xdk;ajrSmufyifhay;cJUaom {&mr
acgif;aqmifBuD;rsm;udk wa,mufrQ rawGU&/

pka0;aeMuaom ausmif;om;trsm;rSm ta&mifrJU taoG;rJU 0g'rJU ausmif;om;ppfppfrsm;om


jzpfMuonf/ apmapm&ufrsm;u rdrdwdkUtzJGUtm; qefUusifolrsm;? oydwfudk raxmufcHolrsm;
yif ta&;BuD;aoG;eD;bdkUtvm; vma&mufnDnm aygif;pnf;aeonf/ rsufrSefxlESifh *kPfxl;
wef;rS pm*sydk;rsm;? abmif;bD0wf ujym;ESifh ukvm;rsm;vnf; rusef/

olwdkUpdwfü bm&,f[k taxGtxl;r&SdMu? oydwfarSmufjcif;rSm rdrdwdkU\ w&m;0if tcGifhta&;


[k ,kHMunfMuonf/ tpOftvmt& ausmif;wvydwf&rnfrSm rSefonf[k ,lqxm;Muonf/
rSm;onfjzpfap rSefonfjzpfap? rdrdwdkUcspfjrwfEdk;aom ausmif;e,fajrtwGif;odkU wpdrf;w&H
vlrsm; csif;eif;0ifa&mufvmonfudk vufrcHEdkifMu/ rnfonfhtaMumif;jycsufESifh jzpfap?
rdrdwdkU\ b0wlausmif;om;rsm; tcsif;csif;tm; xdyg;vmonfudk rcHcsifMu/

pka0;vsuf&Sdolrsm;rSm þodkUaomausmif;om;rsm;om jzpfMuonf/ ,cktcdkuftwefUü olwdkU


tm; rnfolurQ trdefUray;/ rnfolurQ acgif;raqmif/

tHkHudkwkwfESifhvmxdk;onftm; ADZtavQmuf nDnDjzjzckcHMurnfh ysm;rsm;ESifhom tvm;o@mef


wlaeMuonf/

- 211 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

r[kwfonf[kxifvQif rcHcsifaom vli,fpdwf? rdrdrSefonfxifvQif &J&J0HU0HU ZGwfvkwf


wwfaom vli,fwdkU\ owÅd? þpdwf þowÅdwdkUomvQif þvli,frsm;tm; vTrf;NcKH
xm;onf/

tESpfESpftvvrS&SdcJUonfh taxGaxGaom rauseyfrIrsm;? NyD;cJUaom &ufrsm;twGif;u vIyf&Sm;


&kef;uefcJU&onfh t&Sdef? EdkifiHa&;tcGifhaumif;,lorm;rsm;\ apmapmydkif;rS aoG;xdk;vIHUaqmf
ay;xm;rI? þonfhtcsufwdkUaMumifhvnf; vli,frsm;rSm ydkía'goxGufaeMuonf/

aerSm jrifhonfxufjrifhvmí ylonfxufylvmonf/

xdktcdkuf 0if;x&Hay:rS ausmif;om;u vSrf;í owday;onf/

]]a[U- rsuf&nf,dkAkH;tzJGUeJUwlw,f.... vmaebD? rD;owfum;eJU u&drf;um;BuD;vJ ygw,f


a[U....}}

owif;rSm wa,mufwayguf ysHUESHUoGm;onf/ vkHcsnfwdkwdkESifh cJ? tkwf? wkwfudkif


ausmif;om;rsm;rSmvnf; wzGJzJGESifh ausmif;aqmifa&SUwGif rsm;oxufrsm;atmif pka0;a&mufvm
Muonf/

]]'Dbufudkcsnf; pkrvmMueJU [dkbuf*dwfawGu tvpf0ifvmtkH;r,f...}}

&ckdifausmif;om;wOD;u ppfudkif;ausmif;aqmifbufrSvmaom ausmif;om;wodkuftm; vSrf;


atmfajymonf/

]]*dwfwdkif;rSm &JabmfawG&Sdw,f ryleJU....}}

tif;0ausmif;aqmifatmufxyfrS ausmif;om; 3-OD;cefUonf a&pnfBuD;wvkH;tm; wnfcs


vdkufMu\/ xdkUaemuf taqmifa&SU uwÅ&map;vrf;ay:wGif wnfcsvdkufMu\/ usef ausmif;
om;rsm;u wa,mufwvuf[louJUodkU a&ykH;rsm;ESifh a&o,fxnfhMu\/

]]vufudkifyk0gawG xkwfxm;Muyg/ NyD;awmU a&vmqGwfMu? rsuf&nf,kdAkH;Nypf&if yg;pyfeJU


ESmacgif;udk t0wfa&pdkESifhydwfxm;...}}

- 212 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

vkHcsnfwdk pGyfus,ftuÐsESifh "mwkaA',laom xm;0,fausmif;om;wOD;u 0JwJ0JwJESifh


nTefMum;\/

ausmif;om;rsm;u ol\nTefMum;csuftm; csufjcif; vdkufemMuonf/ rMumrD ausmif;om;


toD;oD;rSm a&qGwfxm;aom vufudkifyk0gudk,fpD ar;atmufrSvnfyif;udk okdif;csnfNyD;om;
jzpfaeonf/

b,ftcsdefu a&mufaeonfrod? oHwHcg;\ tv,fwnfhwnfh teDa&mifaemufcHwGif


cGyfa'gif;ESifh ausmif;om;tvHrSm pdkufxlvsuf&Sdonf/ ausmif;om;wOD;rSm oHwHcg;tm;
wG,fwufvsuf tvHtm; udkifaqmifxm;onf/

ta&;xJwGif aemufajymifoluvnf; r&Sm;/

0if;x&Htjyifbuf wHcg;a&SUvrf;ay:wGif ausmif;om;wOD;u ajrjzLESifh rsOf;om;vdkufonf/

]]a[m'DrSm 38-rsOf;NydKifaMumif;/ 'DbufuOD;(....) e,fajr? 'Dbufu OD;(.....) orufrsm;


e,fajr? rausmfwrf;...}}

ab;rS ausmif;om;rsm;u 0g;ueJ &,fvdkufMu\/

qlMu? ylMu &,farmMuESifh jzpfaepOf teufa&mif &J0dkif,mvufum;wpD; uausmif;aqmif


wHcg;ayguftm; OD;xdk;vsuf qdkufvmonf/ um;wGif;rSaeí ausmif;tkyfcsKyfa&;t&m&SdwOD;u
toHcsJUpufESifh arwÅm&yfcHonf/

]]ausmif;om;rsm;udk q&m arwÅm&yfcHygw,f? ausmif;0if;xJrS tjyifxGufNyD; ausmif;xGuf


csifwJU ausmif;om;rsm; &Sdw,fvdkUod&ygw,f/ 'Dausmif;om;awG&JU vkHNcKHa&;eJU olwdkUudk
ac:xkwf,lbdkU Oya'wm0efcHawG[m txJ0if&ygr,f? wHcg;rudk zGifhay;Muyg? armifwdkUudk
b,fvdkrS tEÅ&,frjyKygbl;? q&m 0efcHuwday;ygw,f....}}

arwÅm&yfcHcsufrSm rqkH;ao;? ]]rzGifhbl;? r,kHbl;}} [k ausmif;om;rsm;u 0dkif;atmfMuonf/

t&m&Sdonf qufvufarwÅm&yfcHNrJ &yfaeonf/ ausmif;om;rsm;rSm qlonfxufqlvm\/


rMumrDyif t&m&SdrSm vufavQmhjyefoGm;&onf/

- 213 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

apmapmu rkwfqdwfarT;ESifh ausmif;om;onf wHcg;ay:odkU wG,fwufí tjyifodkU vSrf;


atmfajymonf/

]]w&m;olBuD;rif;ESifh &Jt&m&Sdrsm;cifAsm;? ausmif;om;rsm;[m rdrdwdkU&JU taqmifawGrSm


at;csrf;pGm qE´jyaeMuwmyg? rnfolUudkrSvJ tEÅ&,frjyKyg? wHcg;awGudkawmU rzGifhyg?
tMurf;zufNyD; ZGwfzGifhvdkU wpkHwckjzpf&if ausmif;om;rsm;&JU wm0efr[kwfyg/ vlBuD;rif;rsm;&JU
wm0efomyg....}}

olu atmufodkUqif;í ausmif;om;rsm;bufodkUvnf; atmfajymonf/

]]&JabmfwdkU? wHcg;udkawmU b,fenf;eJUrS rzGifhEdkifbl;/ 'gayr,fh onf;cHMuyg? tMurf;rzuf


MuygeJU....}}

]]onf;cHMua[U? tMurf;rzufMueJU....}}

ausmif;om;tcsKdUuvnf; olUtoHudk yJUwifxyfum vdkufvHatmf[pfaeMuonf/

odkU&mwGif tajctaerSm tkyfxdef;í&aom tajctaer[kwfawmU? 3-xyftjrifhrS tkwfcJrsm;


usvmNrJusvmonf/ ckwifrsm; vGifhvmNrJvGifhvmaeonf/

]]zGifhay;vdkuf&if olwdkUu twif;0ifzrf;awmU b,fhES,fvkyfrvJ.....}}

olESifh aygif;wnfrS we,fom;jzpfol aq;aumvdyfausmif;om;wOD;u armifoufwiftm;


ajymonf/

]][kwfw,f? olwdkUu usKyfwdkUudk 0ifzrf;csifvdkU oufoufOmPfqifwm....}}

armifoufwifu tHBudwf&if;ajymonf/

]]usKyfwkdUudk ZGwfvkyf&ifawmU ckcH&r,f? 'gayr,fh 'g[m aemufqkH;ajcvSrf;om jzpfoifhw,f?


tMurf;zuf&ifawmU tBuD;tus,f rSm;vdrfhr,f? wwfEdkiforQ tajctaeudk xdef;rS....}}

&lyaA',laom ysOfrem;rS ausmif;om;ykykwOD;u pOf;pOf;pm;pm; 0ifajymonf/

- 214 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rnfodkUyifjzpfap ausmif;om;trsm;pkrSm Mumavwuf<uavjzpfae\/ ausmif;aqmifay:rS


rdk;csKef;oHrSm qufvufxGufay:NrJ xGufay:aeonf/ qlnHaom vif;uGif;ESifh tdk;pnfoHrsm;yif
ygvmayNyD/

u&def;um;pufEId;oH? rD;owfpuf tif*sifzGifhoHwdkUonfvnf; jrnf[nf;vm\/

]]ausmif;om;wdkU .... *dwfwHcg;udk ZGwfzGifh&awmUr,f? xdcdkufrnfpdk;&drfí ab;udka&SmifMuyg...}}

toHcsJUpufrS w&m;olBuD;\ wnfNidrfaomtoHrSm ay:vmonf/ rMumrSDyif "mwfaiGUum


rsufESmzkH;pGyf rsuf&nf,kdAkH;tzJGUom;rsm;u ausmif;aqmifa&SU vrf;wzufajrmif;tpyf ukvm;
wrmyifrsm;atmufwGif ausmif;aqmif*dwfudk rsufESmrlvsuf ae&m,l tqifoifhjyifNyD;avNyD/

u&def;um;BuD;rSm tNrD;ydkif;udk *dwfwHcg;BuD;ESifhwnfhatmif csdefvsuf t&SdefESifh aemufjyef


wdkuf&ef jyifae\/ *dwfwHcg;xufrS tvHudkifausmif;om;tm; usefausmif;om;rsm;u
qJGcsMuonf/ *dwfteD;rSrl wa,mufurQrcGm/

rD;owftif*sifpufoHonf ydkqlnHjrifhwufvmonf/

]]a[U a&eJUyufawmUr,fuG...}}

oHpl;0if;x&Hay:rS ausmif;om;onf atmf[pfowday;í ckefqif;vdkufonf/ ykqkd;prSm


oHpl;ESifhNidvsuf pkwfNyJxGufoGm;NyD;vlrSm ajrBuD;ay:odkU arSmufvsufvJusvm\/

okdU&mwGif olUtm; rnfolrQ*&krpdkuftm; rD;owfydkufacgif;rS a&wHonf yef;vGwfxGufvmNyD;


*dwfteD;&Sd ausmif;om;rsm;ay:odkU wNydKufESpfNydKufusvmonf/

]]yufNyDa[U...... csMu[.... ypfMu....}}

ausmif;om;rsm;\vufwGif;rS tkwfcJusKd;rsm;? wkwfwdkrsm;onf avxJwGif ysH0Jí vGifhxGuf


oGm;Muonf/

teD;&Sd ausmif;om;wOD;u a&ydkuftm; 0ifí "m;ESifhckwfjzwfvdkufojzifh rD;owfpufrSmvnf;


tokH;r0ifjzpfoGm;onf/ wzGJzGJ qufwdkufusvmaom cJrsm; tkwfusKd;rsm;aMumifh rD;owform;
rsm;rSmvnf; um;ay:rS qif;ajy;ukefonf/

- 215 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

urÇmysufonfhtvm; qlnHatmf[pf ypfcwfajy;vTm;oHrsm;tMum;rS w0kef;0kef; rsuf&nf,kdAkH;


aygufuGJoHrsm; Mum;Mu&onf/

cPwGifyif ausmif;aqmifa&SU uGufvyfwckvkH;rSm rJGjyma&miftckd;taiGUrsm;ESifh zkH;ydwfoGm;


onf/ ausmif;om;rsm;url rqkwf? arSmifrJaom rD;cdk;rsm;Mum;rS ypfcwfckcHaeMuonf/

a&pdkt0wfESifh ESmacgif;yg;pyfrsm;udk ydwfxm;í csufjcif;rrTefaomfvnf; rsufvkH;rsm;rSmrl


rcHr&yfEdkifatmif usdef;pyfylavmifMuonf/ touf&lrGef;í t0wfa&pdkrsm;udk vSpfvdkufjyefaom
tcgwGifvnf; pl;pl;0g;0g;rTefvSojzifh roufomvS/ ZJGaumif;aom ausmif;om;rsm;u
þMum;xJrS qufíypfcwfaeMuoavmuf ausmif;om;tcsKdUrSm a&pnfqDodkU4if;? ausmif;
aqmifaemufaz;buf ajrjyifü pdkufxm;aom a&wdkifqDodkU4if;? ajy;Mu&onf/

ausmif;aqmif\ vuf0JbufaxmifhqDrS armifoufwifonf yg;pyfrS atmf&if;qJ&if;


teD;wGifykHxm;aom tkwfcJrsm;udk aumufí wvkH;NyD;wvkH; vSrf;ypfaeonf/

xdktcdkufwGif olESifh 10-aycefUtuGmü rsuf&nf,kdAkH; 2-vkH;usvmonf/ uHtm;avsmfpGm


raygufuGJ/ wdkifyifxm;onfhtvm; armifoufwifESifh pGyfus,f0wf xm;0,fausmif;om;onf
AkH;rsm;udkaumufum &Jom;rsm;&Sd&m tjyifbufodkU jyefypfvkdufMuonf/ tjyifbufü
aygufuGJoH Mum;Mu&aomtcg 2-OD;om;rSm ]]rSwfua&m}} [k atmfum 0rf;omtm;& xckef
Muonf/

rD;cdk;xJwGifrl Mum&SnfraeEdkif? rsufvkH;rsm;rSm usdef;pyfvmí yGwfypfívnf;r&? touf&SL


rSmvnf; usyfvmum w[Gwf[GwfoD;vmojzifh rD;cdk;vGwf&modkU acwÅa&SmifxGufcJU&onf/

xdkpOfwGif wHcg;qDrS jyif;xefpGmwdkufrdoH ay:vmonf/ wHcg;tkwfwdkifBuD;wckrSm usKd;jywf


NydKvJvm\/ wHcg;BuD;rSmrl oHBudK;rsm;jywfoGm;um vJusvkeD;eD; ,drf;,dkifyGifhtmoGm;onf/

]]*dwfaygufqDudk rJypfa[U....? *dwfaygufqDudk....}}

armifoufwifu yg;pyfrSvnf;atmf&if; vufrSvnf; rem;wrf;ypfcwfae\/

rTefaom ausmif;om;rsm;u a&wdkifqDajy;Muí trTefajyolrsm;u a&wdkifrScGmum qufvuf


ypfcwfaeMu\/

- 216 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ausmif;aqmif\ vuf0Jvufsm tpGef;ESpfzufqDodkU tcdk;taiGUrsm;u ra&muf? þ ESpfae&mrS


ausmif;om;rsm;rSm vlpkcGJí ypfaeMu\/

aoewfoHrsm;uvnf; ay:vmonf/ ra&S;raESmif;yif rsuf&nf,kdAkH;rsm; qufusvm\/


þtBudrfwGifrl t0g&ifha&miftaiGUrsm; ay:xGufvmonf/ þtaiGUrsm;u ydkjyif;xefonf/

armifoufwifrSm Mum&SnfqufrypfEdkif? a&wdkifqDajy;vmí wa0ga0gusaeaom a&yef;


atmufodkU tvkt,uf acgif;xdk;cHvdkuf&onf/

taqmifa&SUwGifrl rD;ckd;rsm;rSm arSmifqJ ypfcwfolrsm;rSmvnf; ypfcwfqJwnf;/

avrSm awmifbufrS vmaeojzihf tckd;aiGUrsm;rSm ajrmufbufokdU ysHUvGifhjyefUESHUae&mrS


rsuf&nf,kdAkH;tzGJUom;rsm;ESifh &Jom;rsm;rSm *dwftwGif;odkU0if&ef a&SUrwdk;EdkifMu? typftcwf
rsm;rSmvnf; ravsmhojzifh aemufqkwfajy;Muonf/

rsufvkH;tpyf oufomoGm;aomtcg armifoufwifu ywf0ef;usiftm; vSnfhMunfhrdonf/

cyfvSrf;vSrf; yif;,ausmif;aqmifESifh A[dkxrif;pm;cef;rtm; qufxm;onfhpBuFefatmufwGif


wkwfvufeufudk,fpDESifh pka0;aeaom ausmif;om;wodkufudk awGU&ojzifh olwdkUxH ajy;oGm;
onf/

]]vma[U... [dk... a[mu ausmif;om;opömazgufawGudk oGm;&dkufMu&atmif....}}

armifoufwif teD;odkUa&mufaomtcg t&yf&Snf&SnfESifh ausmif;om;wOD;u pí taz:nSd


onf/

]]vm..... [kwfw,f.... oGm;Mur,f....}}

armifoufwifu atmf[pfí a&SUrSajy;onf/ odkU&mwGif usefausmif;om;rsm;u olESifh


apmapmu ausmif;om;&Snf&Snftm; twif;jyefqJGxm;Muonf/

]]b,fjzpfrvJ? &mZ0wfrI jzpfukefrSmaygh....}}

]]tdk.... jzpfjzpf? vmoGm;Mur,f...}}

- 217 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]'DrSmudkoufwif? tck uRefawmfwkdUu udk,fhausmif;aqmifudk,f umuG,faewJU taeeJUom


wdkufaeMuwm/ olwdkUbufu b,favmufrSm;rSm; ausmif;om;csif;awmU rcscsifbl;...}}

armifoufwifESifh we,fwnf;om;jzpfol aq;aumvdyfausmif;om;u &Sif;jyonf/ olUtm;


usefausmif;om;wodkufu axmufcHMuonf/

uHtm;avsmfpGm armifoufwif bmrQqifajcray;EdkifrD ausmif;om;wodkufu ausmif;om;


wOD;tm; o,fydk;r,lvmMuí yif;,ausmif;aqmifaxmifhwGif vmcsxm;Muonf/
armifoufwifwdkUu olwdkUxH tajy;a&mufvmMuonf/

]]b,folvJ? bmjzpfoGm;vJ}}

rsuf&nf,kdAkH; tem;uyfusvkdU rl;oGm;w,feJUwlw,f? b,fES,fvkyfrvJ}}

]]orÇ&moD;&&if aumif;rSmbJ}}

ausmif;om;tcsKdUu vlemtm; ,yfcyfay;aeckduf tcsKdUu tay:qkH;xyf vufaxmuf


taqmifrSL;\ tdrfom;rsm;xH orÇ&moD; vSrf;awmif;Muonf/

taqmifrSL;\ tdrfom;rsm;rSmvnf; xdwfvefUaeMuí wHcg;rsm;udk tvkHydwfxm;Muonf/


atmufrS atmf[pfawmif;qkdoHMum;rS rdef;uav;wOD; acwÅay:vmNyD; orÇ&moD;wvkH;
csay;onf/

]]'DvdkaevdkUrjzpfzl;? [dkem;rSm 'Pf&m&wJUvlawG &Sdao;w,f? qifewdk&D,Hajy;yD; a'gufwm


a&mbwfudk ac:rSjzpfr,f}}

]]uRefawmfoGm;r,f? vmzdk;wifaz? rif;vJvdkufcJU? uRefawmfhudk wkwfwacsmif; ay;vdkufMu}}

armifoufwifonf wkwfwacsmif;&aomtcg olUrdwfaqGESifhtwl oxkHausmif;aqmif


*dwfaygufqDodkU xGufcJUonf/

tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SUwGifrl tcdk;taiGUrsm; rpJao;? ausmif;om;rsm;rSmvnf; ckcHypfcwfqJyif


jzpf\/ /

- 218 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(14)

tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SUwGif qlqlylyljzpfpuwnf;rS ar&Donf ygPaA'taqmuftOD;teD;rS


rajrSmfvifhbJ vmawGU&onfh wkwfwkwf? Mu,fjzLwdkUESifhtwl &yfMunfhaeonf/

ausmif;wvydwfa&;twGuf qE´jyoydwfay:vmNyD;í wuúodkvfe,fajrü pwifqlylvQif


qlylcsif; ar&D\ OD;av;jzpfol twGif;0efOD;xGef;cifu ar&DUtm; ausmif;aqmifrSEIwfum
tdrfodkU ZGwfac:,lxm;\/

ar&DrSm tdrfü vkH;0raecsif? eudk,fu olykefqefUusifaompdwfuav;rSm avmuudk


t&GJUwdkufí wrifZufvTwfay;xm;onf jzpfojzifh ydkrdkwuf<uaeonf/ tdrfrSxGufcGifhudkom
&SmBuHae&m tcGifhaumif;&cJUonf/ OD;xGef;ciforD; rdrd\nDr0rf;uGJawmfolrSm vSvSwifwdkU\
*dkPf;rSjzpfí oydwfudktodtrSwfrjyK? ausmif;ZGwfwufonf/ tBuH&aom ar&Du vSvSwif
wdkUESifh aygif;í ausmif;wufrnfqdkum olU0r;fuGJnDrESifhtwl tdrfrSxGufvmjcif; jzpfonf/
ausmif;a&mufaomf ar&Donf vSvSwifwdkUtodkufESifhcGJí vpftvmwGif þae&mü wkwfwkwf
wdkUESifh qkHrdjcif;jzpfonf/

ar&DwdkU\ ywf0ef;usifrSmvnf; ausmif;om;rsm;ESifh jynfhESufvQuf&Sdonf/ tif;0 ausmif;


aqmifwGif;&Sd ausmif;om;rsm;qDüom tm&kHxm;ae[efwlaom &Jom;rsm;rSm olwdkUtm;
þrSmbufrSvnf; ausmif;om;rsm; 0dkif;vsufNyD;om; &Sdaeonfudk owdxm;rd[efrwl/

ar&DwdkU &yfMunfhaeonfhae&mrSm vltenf;i,fusyfonf/ Mu,fjzLrSm ar&DESifh yckH;csif;,SOf


&yfaeí wcsDwcsDwGif rawmfwq[efjzifh ar&DUvufarmif;rsm;tm; olUudk,fESifh vmvm
xdaeonf/

ar&DrSm Mu,fjzLtm; armifoufwifESifhywfoufíom aygif;ae&onf? arwÅmawmU &SdvS


onfr[kwf? Mu,fjzLu tenf;i,fb0ifjrifhonf/ oDcsif;tenf;tusOf; tpyfaumif;&kHESifh
olu rdef;uav;rSefvQif olUtm; pdwf0ifpm;vdrfhrnf xifaeoljzpfonf/

cgwdkif;qdkvQif ar&DrS Mu,fjzLtm; &if;&if;ESD;ESD; rwGJvSacs/ ,ckrl rsufpda&SUrS wkefvIyf


acsmufcsm;zG,ftm; tm&kHjyKaerdojzifh olUtm; owdrjyKrd/

- 219 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

t"du&kPf;pí cJvkH;rsm; ysH0Jvmaomtcg ar&DrSm aMumuftm;vefUtm;ESifh aemufqkwfvdkuf&m


Mu,fjzL\ &ifcGifwGif;odkU a&mufoGm;onf/

ar&D owd&vmaomtcg Mu,fjzLu olUvufarmif;av;rsm;tm; wif;usyfpGm qkyfudkif


xm;onf/

xdkpOf rsuf&nf,dkAkH; aygufuJGoHrsm;u ay:vmonf/ aoewfoHrsm;uvnf; vdkufvmonf/

ar&DwdkUteD;w0dkufrS ausmif;om;rsm;uvnf; awGU&mcJwkwfrsm;udk aumufí &Jom;rsm;tm;


ypfMuonf/

tajctaerSm csufjcif;yif &IyfaxG;oGm;í cJrsm;wkwfrsm;onf ar&DwdkUem; usvmonf/


avoifhojzifh "mwfaiGUrsm;rSmvnf; vGifhvmonf/

aMumuftm;vefUtm;ESifh ar&Donf Mu,fjzLUvufwGif;rS&kef;um ajcOD;wnfh&m wuúodkvf


pmMunfhwdkufBuD;&Sd&modkU xGufajy;cJUonf/ Mu,fjzLuvnf; aemufrS xyfMuyfruGm ygvm
onf/

]]tdk..... ar&D aetkH;av? t&rf;rajy;eJU....}}

t"dywdvrf;ab;ta&mufwGif olu ar&D\ vufuav;tm; vSrf;qJG&if; wm;vkdufonf/

ajy;aeaom ar&DrSm wkHUueJ &yfoGm;onf/

aMumufvefUaeonfhMum;rS ar&DrSm a'gav;yGoGm;um vuftm; aqmifh&kef;vdkufonf/ &J&JeD


aom rsufESmav;jzifh olUtm; OD;acgif;av;armhfum &ifqdkifMunfhvdkufonf/

]]&Sifae&pfyg? usrvrf; usroGm;r,f....}} Mu,fjzL\ rsufESmrSmvnf; &SufaoG;aMumifh &JoGm;


onf/ bmrQjyefrajym/ ar&DUtm; acwÅawGawG jyefMunfhaeNyD;aemuf csmueJ vSnfhvsuf
xGufcGmoGm;onf/

wa,mufxJusef&pfaom ar&Donf ywf0ef;usiftm; vSnfhMunfhrd&mrS wkefvIyfxdwfvefU


oGm;onf/

- 220 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ausmif;BuD;bufrS NydKusvmaom &Jom;tkyfBuD;tm; awGU&onf/ ajcmufvkH;yl;aoewf cg;wGif


wGJavmif;ESifh &Jt&m&SdwOD;rSm bJGUESif;obif taqmuftODBuD;&Sd&modkU tajy;tvTm; oGm;
aeonf/

aygufuJGoH? qlnHatmf[pfoHrsm;rSmvnf; rpJao;/

xdkpOf &J0dkif,mvufum;wpD;u pl;&S,fus,favmifpGm tcsufay;jrnf[nf;vsuf t"dywdvrf;


twdkif; awmifrSajrmufodkU tjyif;armif;vmonf/

pmMunfhwdkuftwGif;rS ausmif;om;wodkufrSm xGufvmMuum vuf0JvufsmvlpkcJGí eD;pyf&m


cJrsm;tkwfrsm;udk aumufvsuf t"du&kPf;\ A[dkjzpfaom tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SUqDtm;
vSrf;ypfaeMujyefonf/

ar&Donf pmMunfhwdkufBuD;wGif;odkU 0ifajy;&aumif;rnfavm? *syfqif taqmuftODrsm;buf


qDodkU ul;ajy;&aumi;frnfavm[k a0cJGr&jzpfae\/

xdktcdkufwGif ar&Du rajrSmfvifhaomtoHudk Mum;vdkuf&onf/

]]ar&D....}}

vSnfhMunhfvdkufrdaom ar&DrSm &ifwGif;ü tHUtm;oifhjcif;ESifh 0rf;omjcif;wdkUu &kwfjcnf;


ay:vm\/

]]q&m....}}

rdrdudk,frdrd bmvkyfrdonfrod? ar&DrSm qefUwef;ay;avaom olUvufrsm;tm; rdrd\


vufuav;rsm;ESifh qGJ,layGUudkifrdNyD; jzpfaeonf/

]]vm.... vm..... ar&D? q&mUaemuf vdkufcJU...}}

ajymajymqdkqdkyif olu ar&DUtm; vufarmif;av;rS qkyfudkifqJGvsuf t"dywdvrf;udk


jzwfausmfí cyfoGufoGufav; ac:,lcJUonf/

ESpfOD;om;rSm opfyif&dyfatmufqkdufxm;aom ol\ um;eufuav;tem; usrS &yfvdkufonf/

- 221 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&D... odyfvefUaevm;...}}

olu tm;ay;aom tNyKH;udk NyKH;&if;ar;onf/

ar&Du oufjyif;uav;&SLvdkuf&if; jyefNyKH;jyonf/ xdwfvefUcJUonfuwaMumif;? ajy;vTm;cJh


&í armyef;aeonfu waMumif;aMumifh ar&D\&ifav;rSm w'dwf'dwfckefaeí pum;udk
csufjcif; ajymír&/

xdktckdufwGifyif ar&Du ajcaxmufqDrS wppfppf emusifvmonfudk owdxm;rdí ikHUMunfh


rdonf/

]]tdk....}}

ar&D tvefUwMum;atmfvdkufojzifh oluyg tHUtm;oifhí ar&DMunfh&mqDodkU iHkUMunfhvdkuf


onf/

]][if.... aoG;awGygvm;.....}}

ar&D\ vufsmajcaxmufrS ajcacsmif; jzLjzLav;rsm;rSm eD&JaomaoG;wdkU pGef;ayaeonf/

oluajrjyifqD 'l;nGwfxdkifcsvdkufí ar&D\ ajcaxmufav;tm; aocsmpGmpl;prf;Munfhae\/

ar&DUajcrS ajconf;av;rSm vefaeí tom;tenf;i,fyJUaeum aoG;rsm;wpdrfhpdrfh xGufae


onf/

]]ar&D.... bmeJUcdkufrdcJUvJ...}}

ar&Du rsufESmav;rodromrJUí rsufvkH;av;jyL;&if; acgif;cgjyonf/ xlxlylylESifh ajy;vTm;


cJUpOf rnfodkUxdcdkufrdonfudk rod/

]]vm... ar&D? 'Dwdkif;xm;vdkU rjzpfzl;? q&mUXmeudk oGm;&atmif}}

olu OD;atmifac:iifojzifh ar&Donf bmrQrajymawmUbJ aemufrSvdkufcJUonf/

- 222 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olu ar&DUtm; ESpfOD;pwifawGUcJUMuonfh <uufjzLavSmiftdrfteD;&Sd tcef;xJodkU ac:aqmif


cJU\/

tcef;wGif;odkU a&mufaomtcg olu ar&DUtm; a<ucGufwif vufaq;a&wdkifteD;wGif


ukvm;xdkifwvkH;ESifh xdkifcdkif;xm;í twGif;buf tcef;wckqDvSrf;um ]]armifoef;wif}} [k
ac:vdkufonf/

]]cifAsm.... q&m....}}

xl;oHMum;&NyD; touf 18-ESpft&G,f a&ToGm;0if;0if;ESifh ydefydefyg;yg; "mwfcJGcef;vufaxmuf


vli,fwOD;u ay:vmonf/

]]a&aEG;r&bl;vm;.... armifoef;wif...}}

]]&ygw,f? aumfzDaomufrvdkUvm;? azsmfvdkufr,favq&m}}

armifoef;wif\pum;aMumifh ar&DrSm tememonfhMum;rS NyKH;vdkufrdao;onf/

]]aumfzDaomufrvdkU r[kwfygbl;uG,f/ a[m'DrSm ausmif;olwa,muf ajcaxmuf cdkufrdoGm;


vdkU aq;&atmifyg....}}

armifoef;wifuvnf; olUzgomwcsufoabmusí NyKH;rd&if; ]]aumif;ygbDq&m? uRefawmf


tay:xyfrSm oGm;,lvdkufr,f}} [kqdkí xGufcGmaysmufoGm;onf/

ukdjrifholu ar&DUbufvSnfhí tomNyKH;&if; ar;onf/

]]emaeovm;ar&D...}}

ar&Du NyKH;rJUrJUESifh ]]odyfremao;bl;q&m}} [kajzonf/

tjyifbufqDrS qlnHoHrsm;rSm tcef;wGif;odkU oJUoJU0ifvmaeonf/

]]ypfMu cwfMuwkef;bJxifw,f? aemf-q&m....}}

- 223 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrifholu acgif;wcsuf pdwfysufonfh[efESifh ,rf;vdkufonf/

]]vlBuD;vlrdkufawGeJU vlav;vlrdkufuav;awG trdkufNydKifaeMuwmaygh....}}

xdkpOf armifoef;wifu ay:vmonf/ olu vufwzufwGif a&aEG;cGufudk udkifxm;í tjcm;


wbufwGif ykvif;ESpfvkH;udk udkifxm;NyD; csKdif;Mum;wGifrl *Grf;vdyfwvdyfudk nSyfxm;onf/

]]rifhvufxJu bmawGvJ? pkHvScsnfvm;....}}

]]pypf&pfeJU abm'pftufqpfaygif'gyg q&m....}}

]]a[....? w,f[kwfygvm;...? rif; 'gawGb,fu&vJ....}}

]]0,fxm;wmygq&m/ <uufawG tcsif;csif;udkufNyD; temawGjzpfwmeJU xJUay;ae&w,f.....}}

udkjrifholu a&aEG;cGufudk,lum a&wdkifrSa&at;ESifh aEG;&kH a&mpyfaeonf/ armifoef;wifu


vufwGif;rS ypönf;rsm;udk csvsuf <uufavSmiftdrfatmufrS tnpftaMu;cH oGyfjym;cGufwckudk
,lvmcJU\/

]]uJ....ar&D...? temaq;&atmif....}}

armifoef;wifu oGyfjym;cGuftm; ar&D\ ajcaxmufatmufxdk;ay;cdkuf udkjrifholu ar&D


tem;wGif 'l;axmufxdkif&if; ajymonf/

]]tdk.... tdk.... aeygap....? ar&D i&JBuD;aeyghr,f/ ar&Dzghomar&D aq;yghr,fq&m&,f....}}

ar&Du ysmysmovJ wm;onf/

]]aeprf;ar&D....? q&mvkyfwm Munhfaeprf;}}

olu wnfMunfpGm [efUwm;vdkufjyefojzifh ar&DrSm bmrQxyfrajym&JbJ Nidrfaevdkuf&onf/

olu vufwzufjzifh ar&D\jzL0if;Eke,faom ajcz0g;av;tm; tomxdef;udkifí tjcm;


vufwzufjzifh a&aEG;qGwfxm;aom *Grf;pESifh ,k,nifompGm aq;ay;onf/

- 224 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]pyfovm; ar&D...}}

ar&Du NyKH;rJUrJUESifhyif acgif;av;cgjyonf/

ar&DrSm rdrd\ ESvkH;onf;pdkifrSm vnf0wGif a&mufaeonfxifonf/ &ifav;rSm vSyfvSyf


wkef&if; xl;qef;aom MunfEl;om,mrIESifh aMuuGJ0rf;enf;jcif; a0'emESpf&yfudk cHpm;ae&
onf/

olUtm; ai;ai;av; pdkufMunfhaerdaom ar&D\ rsufvkH;tpkHrSm &kwfw&uf armhfMunfhvdkufaom


olUrsufvkH;rsm;ESifh qkHaeonf/

]]bmMunfhaewmvJar&D... emvdkUvm;....}}

]]tdk.... r[kwfygbl;? q&mu r0wfpzl; Adkvfvdk0wfxm;vdkUyg}}

udkjrihfolu EdkifvGef&SyfjzLvuf&Snf? rD;cdk;a&mif ouúvwfabmif;bD&SnfESifh jzpfonf/ vnfyif;


wGif teD&ifhcHwGif t0gpif;xm;aom vnfpnf;udk wyfxm;onf/

]]q&mht&yftarmif;eJU qlU(wf)0wfxm;wmu ydkMunfhaumiF;w,f? tNrJ0wfygvm;q&m....}}

udkjrifholu armifoef;wif vSrf;ay;aom t&ufjyefykvif;udk ,lzGifhí *Grf;pESifh t&ufjyef


tenf;i,fudk ,lqGwf&if;rS NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]q&mu ArmyDyD0wf&wm ydkESpfoufw,f/ 'gayr,fh wcgwav "gwfcJGcef;xJ vkyfp&m&Sd&if


ykqdk;eJUwdkufykHu odyfudk;,dk;um;,m;Edkifw,f/ pypf&pfxJUr,faemf... eJeJawmU pyfvdrfhr,f
atmifhxm;...}}

]]tm;.... awmfbDq&m... awmffbD? odyfpyfw,f}}

ar&Du rsuf&nfav;rsm;yif 0dkif;vmonf/ vufuav;wzufESifh ajcaxmuf&if;udk zdESdyf


xm;rdí udk,fav;rSmvnf; a&SUodkUnGwfum vufwzufrSm trSwfrxif olUyckH;ay:ü tm;jyK
axmufxm;rd\/

- 225 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rsufESmcsif;rSm yl;uyfvk eD;pyfoGm;í ar&DxHrS aygif'geHUESifh udk,foif;eHU av;rsm;rSm udkjrifhol


\ ESm0ü BudKifysHUae\/

ESpfOD;om; pum;qufrqdkrdbJ twefMum NidrfoufaerdMuonf/

rMumrDyif ar&DtemrSm abm'pftufqpfodyfí ywfwD;pnf;NyD; jzpfoGm;onf/

udkjrifholu tjyifodkUxGufum [dk[dkonfonf arQmfMunfhvdkufonf/ ypfoHcwfoH qlnHoH


rsm;rSm wdwfqdwfaeayNyD/

olu twGif;odkU jyef0ifvmí ]]uJ... tm;vkH;NyD;oGm;MuNyDxifw,f/ b,folawG b,favmuf


xdcdkufukefvJrodbl;/ ar&Da&m a[mvfudkjyefrvm;}} [k ar;onf/

]]ar&Dtck a[mvfrSmr[kwfawmUbl;/ ar&DUtefu,fvftdrfrSm ajymif;aew,f/ 0if'grD,m


ukwf(wf)xJrSm....}}

]]aMomf-'gjzifh ar&Db,foleJUvmvJ...}}

]]ar&DUumZifeJUyg? tdrfuum;eJU vmwm/ tck olwdkUvJ b,fa&mufaeNyDvJ rajymwwfzl;...}}

]]aeygapav...? q&m vdkufydkUay;ygr,f/ q&mhtdrf cPvdkufcJUygtkH;vm; ar&D...}}

ar&DrsufESmav;rSm awGawGav;ESifh idkifusoGm;onf/ tcdkuftwefUü jzpfysuforQudk arhaysmuf


í MunfEl;om,mcJUonfwdkUrSmvnf; vGifhajy;ukefonf/ waeUqDü ajymcJUaom a':apm&D\
pum;rsm;udkvnf; jyefMum;a,mifvmonf/

]]ar&D..... bmawGawG;aevJ? q&majymwm Mum;&JUvm;}}

onfawmUrS ar&DrSm wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ jiif;vnf;jiif;csif\/ jiif;vnf;rjiif;csif/ rjiif;&uf/

]]tdk.... tdk....? ar&DbmrSrawG;ygbl;/ ar&DUtemu eJeJudkufaevdkUyg}}

ar&Du ZGwf[efaqmifNyKH;&if; ajzonf/

- 226 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf- armifoef;wifa&? aus;Zl;ygbJuG,f/ q&mwdkUoGm;r,f}}

]][kwf.... [kwfuJUq&m}}

]]oGm;tkH;r,faemf aus;Zl;wifygw,f&Sif...}}

olwdkU 2-OD;u armifoef;wiftm; EIwfqufí um;eufuav;&Sd&modkU xGufcJUMuonf/

t"dywdvrf;wavQmuf um;av;ESifh armif;xGufvmcJUMupOf ESpfOD;om;rSm tawG;udk,fpDESifh


NidrfvmrdMuonf/

apmapmu qlnHaeaom ywf0ef;usifrSm wdwfqdwfae\/ vl&dyfvla&mifuif;um qdwfokOf;


ajcmufuyfaeonf/ tif;0ausmif;aqmifa&SUqDürl rD;cdk;&dyfaiGUaiGU rIdif;qifaeqJjzpfí ,rf;eHU
ESifh rsuf&nf,kdAkH;eHUrsm; raysmufao;/

]]ar&D.... q&mwdkUtdrf bmjyKvdkUray:vmwmvJ..}}

udkjrifholu &kwfw&ufar;vdkufojzifh a&SUodkUai;&if; idkifidkifav;vdkufygvmol ar&DrSm


&kwfw&ufrajzEdkifbJ olUtm;om &Da0aomrsufvkH;tpkHjzifh armfhMunfhvdkufrdonf/ twefMumrS
]]ar&D rtm;vdkUyg}} [k wdk;wdk;ajzonf/

olu ar&DUtm; tuJcwfonfh[ef tomvSnfhMunfhonf/ yef;Eka&mifazsmhazsmh tusÐav;ESifh


jzpfojzifh ar&DrSm ESif;qDyGifhav;yrm xif&dk;bG,fjzpfaeonf/

okdU&mwGif vef;qef;aom ESif;qDvTmrl r[kwf/

ar&DUrsufESmuav;rSm tenf;i,facsmifaeum toGifrSmvnf; EGrf;aeonf/ aooyfpGm


okH;oyfjyifqifxm;[efrwlaom qHEG,frsm;rSm ava0SUojzihf oefUpifonfhezl;jyifay: 0Jí0Jí
usae\/

wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf;odkU a&mufvmojzifh um;tm; vuf0JbufodkUcsKd;&if; ar&Dtm; ar;cGef;


wck xyfjyKawmUrnfvkyfaom udkjrifholrSm a&SUrvSrf;rurf;wGif jrifvdkuf&onfh o@mef
wckaMumifh tm&kHajymif;oGm;onf/

- 227 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

oxkHvrf;ESifh wuúodkvf&dyfomvrf; qkH&maxmifhwGif armifoufwifu &yfae\/ olu


vufwGif;ü wkwfwacsmif;udk qGJudkifxm;vsuf vnfyif;wGif csnfqGJxm;aom vufudkifyk0g
wxnfrSm &ifywfay:odkU wJGavmif;usae\/ tusÐrSm a&pdkaevsuf zkHrsm;ayusefí npfywf
aeonf/ ykqdk;udk 'l;qpfem;xdatmif wdkwdk0wfxm;í ajcaxmufü bdeyfr&Sd/ qHyifrsm;rSm
yGa,mif;aeum rsufESmxm;rSm rIdif;rIefwif;rmae\/

armifoufwifrSm a'gorajyao;/ tjcm;ausmif;om;toD;oD; qdkif&modkU jyefoGm;MuNyD


jzpfaomfvnf; olurl wkwfwacsmif;ESifh þae&mü acgufwkHUacgufjyef avQmuf&if; usefae
&pfonf/ jriforQvludk pdwfwdkaeí rxifonfhvlawGUvQif &efjzpfcsifaeonf/ oltpOf
rauseyfcJUaom avmuBuD;rSm ,aeUydkí rauseyfzG,fjzpfaeonf/

udkjrifholu olUteD;uyfí um;udkxdk;&yfvdkufaomtcg olu wkefvIyfoGm;onf/

]]tm... q&m....}}

olu tHUtm;oifh[efESifh EIwfqufvdkufonf/ udkjrifholurl rdrdbmvkyf&rnfudk qkH;jzwfNyD;


jzpfonf/

]]armifoufwif um;ay:wufprf;? q&meJUvdkufcJU...}}

olu ar&Dtm;wvSnfh? udkjrifholtm;wvSnfh tlaMumifaMumifESifh r&,frNyKH; Munhfaeonf/

]]armifoufwif q&majymaewm Mum;vm;...}}

olu onfawmUrS vIyf&Sm;vmonf/

oGm;ESifhygq&m....? NyD;awmUrS uRefawmfvmcJUygr,f...}}

udkjrifholu um;wHcg;udkzGifhí qif;vdkufNyD; olUvufwGif;rSwkwftm; qJG,lvQuf vTifhypfvdkuf


onf/

]]armifoufwif? q&majymaew,f? um;ay:wufprf;....}}

- 228 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwifu rsufarSmifMuKwfí olUtm; armfhMunfhonf/ odkU&mwGif NidrfoufwnfMunfpGm


pl;pdkufí olUtm;Munfhaeaom udkjrifhol\ rsufvkH;rsm;udk Mum&Snf&ifrqdkif&J/ acwÅ wGefUqkwf
wGefUqkwf jzpfaeNyD;aemuf bmrQjyefrajymbJ um;\aemufcef;wHcg;udk zGifhvsuf wufxdkif
onf/

ar&Du um;a&SUcef; udkjrihfol\ab;wGif xdkifae&mrS aemufodkUvSnfhí armifoufwiftm;


tNyKH;ESifh EIwfqufonf/ armifoufwifu idkifae&mrS jyefNyKH;jyonf/ cPrSmyif jyefidkifoGm;
jyef\/

rMumrD um;uav;rSm udkjrifhol\tdrfa&SUwGif xdk;&yfrdonf/

udkjrifholu {nfhcef;odkU vli,fESpfOD;tm; a&SUaqmifac:iifcJUonf/

toD;oD; ae&mxdkif,lNyD;onftxd &kwfw&uf pum;rprdMu/ udkjrifholu olxdkifaeus


ukvm;xdkiftykav;wGif acgif;udk aemufrSDay:vSefwifxm;&if; oufjyif;wcsuftm; rsufESm
MuufqDodkU rIwfxkwfvdkuf\/ armifoufwifurl rsufarSmifBuKwf&if; Murf;crf;aumfaZmay:rS
yef;yGifhrsm;tm; pl;pl;pdkufpkduf Munfhaeonf/ ar&Durl pE´,m;BuD;tm; ai;armMunfh&if;
idkifidkifav; tawG;vGefaerd\/ pwifpum;ajymolrSm udkjrifholyifjzpf\/

]]armifoufwif? bmawGawG;aeovJ....}}

olu tomNyKH;&if; armifoufwiftm; vSnfhMunfhar;vdkufonf/

armifoufwifu r&,frNyKH;ESifh olUtm; wcsufjyefMunfhvdkufNyD; ajzonf/

]]zufqpfESdyfuGyfrIBuD; wuúodkvfe,fxJ0ifvmwmudk awG;aewmq&m...}}

ar&Du armifoufwiftm; vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ udkjrifholrSmvnf; rsufvkH;jyL;oGm;\/

]]'Dtpdk;&[m jynfolvlxkudk zdESdyfcJUw,f/ tck olwdkU&JU zdESdyfrIjrSm;OD;[m ausmif;om;awGbuf


vSJUvmbD/ 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHwdkif;rSm oydwfarSmufEdkifcGifh&Sdw,f/ e,fcsJUt*Fvdyfawmif oydwf
arSmufausmif;om;awGudk 'Davmuf r&ufpufcJUbl;...}}

- 229 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwif\toHrSm ajym&if; rmvmonf/ eHeufuxJu tkH<uaygufuGJcJUaom a'go


t&SdefrSm rajyao;/ olu olUpdwfwGif&SdorQudk zGifh[tefcscsifaeonf/ wwfEdkifvQif
armfawmfum;acgifrdk;ay: wufvsuf? wNrdKUvkH;tm; wdkifwnfvdkufcsifonf/

]]tck vufeufudkif &Jom;awGeJU armifoufwifwdkUudk ta&;,lwm oydwfarSmufvdkvdkU


armifoufwifu ,lqovm;...}}

udkjrifholu wnfNidrfpGmar;vdkufojzifh armifoufwifrSm tHUMooGm;onf/

]]cifAsm....}}

]]q&mhtjrifuawmU tckvdk tpkd;&0ifpGuf&wm[m oydwfarSmufvdkUr[kwfzl;/ Oya'udk


xdef;odrf;bdkUom jzpfw,fxifw,f}}

]]uRefawmfwdkUu b,fvdkrsm; Oya'awGudk csKd;azgufaevdkUvJ q&m...}}

q&mxifwJUtwdkif;ygbJ? armifoufwifwdkU[m armifoufwifwdkU bmvkyfcJUw,fqdkwm


rodbl;/ 'DaeUtxd jzpfcJUwmawGudk jyefpOf;pm;Munfhprf;/ qlylrIawG? vIHUaqmfrIawG? &efapmifrI
awG csnf;bJ/ tqdk;qkH;uawmU rJykH;&dkufcJGNyD; a&G;aumufyGJudk ysufapvdkufwmbJ/ 'Davmuf
Oya'rJU tMurf;zufcsifwdkif; zufaewmudk wm0ef&SdwJU b,ftpdk;&rqdk vufydkufMunfhrae
Edkifbl;/ armifoufwifvJ pOf;pm;Munfhav}}

]]rJykH;udk cGJ&wmayghq&m/ olwdkUbufu rJckd;wmudk;}}

]]rJckd;wJUvludk q&m cGifhrvTwfygbl;/ rJcdk;wJUvl[mvJ 'Drdkua&pDudk vkyfBuHwJUvlbJ/ olwdkUu


rJckd;&rvm;qdkNyD; udk,fu rJykH;&dkufcGJwm[mvJ 'Drdkua&pDudk zsufqD;wmygbJ/ olowf&if
udk,fjyefowfr,f? olrdkuf&if udk,fjyefrdkufr,fqdkwm[m Oya'EdkifiHom;wdkU&JU tjyKtrl r[kwf
zl;/ awmwGif;vl&dkif;awG&JU p&dkufom jzpfw,f}}

]]q&m uRefawmfwdkUudk tjypfwifaeovm;}}

]]uRefawmfwdkUudkqdkwm armifoufwif b,folawGudk qdkvdkovJ/ [kwfw,f? q&m tjypfwif


aew,f? tjypfwif&kHrubl; &Iwfcsaewm/ 'gayr,fh ausmif;om;awGudkr[kwfzl;? ausmif;om;
ta&NcKHxm;wJU rif;wdkUtzJGUua&m? rif;wdkUtzJGU&JU twdkuftcHua&m EdkifiHa&;orm;awGudkyg/

- 230 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tjyKoabm vkH;0em;rvnfwJU zsufzdkUomem;v,fwJU yif'dk&mabmuf(pf) EdkifiHa&;orm;


av;awGudk &Iwfcsaewm}}

armifoufwif\ rsufESmav;rSm ysufoGm;onf/

]]yif'dk&mabmuf(pf) qdkwmaum armifoufwifMum;bl;vm;/ rMum;bl;&if q&majymjyr,f/


'g..... acgrykHjyifuvmwJU pum;wckbJ/ wcgu bk&m;arh w&m;arheJU pnf;pdrf,pfrl;
taysmfMuL;NyD; rw&m;rIawGjyKaewJU bk&ifwyg;udkqkH;rbdkU *sLyDwmqdkwJU ewfbk&ifBuD;u
yif'dk&mqdkwJU rdef;rwOD;udk aowÅmav;wvkH; tJ'Dbk&ifrdkufudk qufcdkif;vdkufw,f/ bk&if[m
tJ'DaowÅmav;udk zGifhvJzGifhvdkufa&m aowÅmxJuae tdkjcif;? emjcif;? aojcif;qdkwJU raumif;
wJU tr*FvmoabmawG[m wurÇmvkH; jyefESHUoGm;&owJU/ 'DaeU wuúodkvfrSm&SdwJU EdkifiHa&;
[m yif'dk&mabmufpf EdkifiHa&;bJ/ 'DEdkifiHa&;0ifvmuxJu at;csrf;om,mwJU wuúodkvf
e,fajr[m qlylrIawG? &dkif;pdkif;rIawG? tMurf;zufrIawG pnf;urf;rJUrIawG&JU vTrf;rdk;jcif;udk cH&
wmbJ}}

ar&DrSm armifoufwiftm;wvSnfh udkjrifholtm;wvSnfh rsufvkH;av; taMumifom;ESifh Munfh


aerdonf/ wa,mxdk;pOf aysmhaysmif;orQ ,ckrl cufxefaeaom armifoufwifudk4if;? tcg
wdkif;ü pum;udk at;at;ESifhajymhajymh ajymavh&Sd&mrS ,ckrl jywfjywfom;om;ESifh tm;remwrf;
ajymaeaom udkjrihfoludk4if; ar&DrSm txl;yiftHUMoaerd\/

]]'DrSmarmifoufwif? wuúodkvfynma&;&JU &,f&Gnfcsuf[m ausmif;om;awGudk pmoifay;bdkU?


toufarG;0r;fausmif; ynmay;bdkUwifrubl;/ ausmif;om;awGudk 'Drdkua&pDtcGifhta&;eJU
'Drdkua&pDpnf;urf;awGudk rQrQww cHpm;wwfMubdkU? vdkufemwwfMubdkU vufawGUoGefoif
ay;a&;vJ ygw,f? 'Drdkua&pDudk atmifjrifpGm usifhokH;EdkifbdkUu onf;cHrI em;vnfrI cGifhvTwfrI
qdkwJU tusifhoabmawGudk arG;jrLvufcHEdkif&r,f}}

armifoufwifu ,JU,JUNyKH;vdkufonf/

]]q&majymaewJU 'Drdkua&pDu pdwful;,Of 'Drdkua&pDbJ? vufawGUrSmu "e&SifawG pdwfBudKuf


cs,fvS,faewJU 'Drdkua&pDom&Sdw,f/ uRefawmfu 'D 'Drdkua&pDrsKd;udk r,kHbl;}}

]]b,f'Drdkua&pDrsKd;udk ,kHvJ}}

]]jynfolU 'Drdkua&pD}}

- 231 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]jynfolU'Drdkua&pDqdkwm bmvJ}}

armifoufwifrSm awGoGm;onf/ &kwfw&uf tajzray;EdkifbJ idkifae\/ udkjrihfolu


armifoufwiftm; pl;pdkufMunhf&if;rS armifoufwif\ tcuftcJudk &dyfrdonf/ xdkUaMumifhyif
pum;udk qufajym&mü olUtoHrSm tjyeftvSef a0zefaqG;aEG;aom 0wfvkHawmf&\
avoHxuf oGefoifqkH;raom q&morm;\ avoHESifh wlnDvmum ajymhajymif;ae\/

]]armifoufwiftpm; q&mubJ tajzay;yghr,f/ uGefjrLepfawGawG;ac:ykHu t&if;&SifawG[m


pD;yGm;a&;tmPmudk csKyfudkifxm;w,f/ 'Dvdk pD;yGm;a&;tmPmudk csKyfudkifEdkifwJU t&if;&Sif
awG[m tpkd;&eJU EdkifiHawmfudkvJ xifovdk cs,fvS,fEdkifMuw,f/ NyD;awmU olwdkU[m
owif;pm? a&'D,kdeJUwuG tjcm; 0g'jzefUcsDa&;vufeufawGudkvJ vufxJqkyfxm;EdkifwmrdkU
a&G;aumufyJGawGrSm tEdkif&bdkU jynfolvlxkudk rdrdwdkUtvdkus rIdif;wdkuftidkufzrf;Edkifw,f/
'Dvdk txufpD;&xm;wmrdkU tpdk;&tmPmeJU EdkifiHawmftmPmudk t&if;&SifawG tydkifpD;Edkifw,f?
ygvDref'Drdkua&pD tkyfcsKyfa&;vdkU trnfay;xm;ayr,fh t&if;&SifEdkifiHawGudk pawmUtdwfpfcsdef;
eJU bPfwdkufBuD;awGu vufawGU tkyfcsKyfaew,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkU ygvDref'Drkdua&pD[m
t&if;&SifblZGmawG&JU twkta,mif 'Drkdua&pDrQomjzpfw,f/ [kwfw,fr[kwfvm;....}}

armifoufwifonf tHUMooa,mifESifh udkjrifholtm; armfMunfhvdkufNyD; acgif;ndwfonf/

]]wenf;tm;jzihf rmhufpf0g'DawG[m EdkifiHa&;tzGJUtpnf;rSeforQ[m pD;yGm;a&;&m vlwef;pm;


toD;oD;udk udk,fpm;jyKxm;w,fvdkU ,kHMunfw,f/ wcg pD;yGm;a&;&m vlwef;pm;[m ESpfrsKd;bJ
&SdwmrdkU EdkifiHa&;tzJGUtpnf;[mvJ ESpfrsKd;bJ&Sd&r,fvdkU wGufMujyefw,f/ uGefjrLepfygwDu
ypönf;rJUvlwef;pm;udk udk,fpm;jyKw,f/ usefygwDrSeforQ[m t&if;&SifblZGmawG&JU vufudkif
wkwf rQomjzpfw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkU awmfvSefa&;enf;eJU tmPmodrf;NyD; uGefjrLepfygwD[m
wjcm;ygwDawGudk usLyifckwf usLikwfrusefatmif okwfoifNyD; wdkif;jynfudk wygwDpHepfeJU
tkyfcsKyfr,f? tJ'Dvdk uGefjrLepfwygwDxJ BuD;pdk;tkyfcsKyfwJU EdkifiHudkrS wu,fh jynfolU'Drdkua&pD
EdkifiHac:w,f? [kwfw,fr[kwfvm;...}}

armifoufwifrSm acgif;ndwfvdkuf&jyefonf/

]]q&mhtaeeJU uGefjrLepfqdkwJU vlawGeJU uGefjrLepfaemufvdkuf a&ma,mifav;awG&JU acgif;xJ


rSm OD;aESmufrS &Sdygao;&JUvm;vdkU tHUMordw,f/ urÇmUordkif;rSm wygwDtkyfcsKyfrIudk tmPm&Sif
pepfrdkUvdkU tBudrfBudrfawmfvSefNyD; twdkuftcH&SdwJU ygvDrmef'Drdkua&pDpHepfudk aoG;awG
toufawGeJU&if;NyD; wnfaxmifcJUMu&w,f/ vlrSef&if bk&m;tavmif; olawmfaumif;awG

- 232 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

r[kwfvdkU vlwOD;xJ wzJGUxJvufxJrSm b,folrS tmPmudk ykHrtyf&Jbl;/ 'DtpOftvmudk


ajymif;jyefjyefNyD; wygwDtkyfcsKyfa&;udk axmifcsifwm[m &mZ0ifc&D;udk aemufjyefjyefa&muf
wmeJU twlwlbJ...}}

þtBudrfwGifrl armifoufwifrSm acgif;rndwfEdkif? idkifíomaeonf/ udkjrifholuom ar;cGef;


wck qufxkwfvdkufonf/

]]'Drdkua&pDqdkwm bmvJ armifoufwif}}

]]jynfolvlxkxHu qif;oufvmwJU tmPmt& tkyfcsKyfwmaygh....}}

]]'gwGifbJvm;....}}

armifoufwifu wBudrf udkjrifholtm; armfhMunfhvdkufjyefonf/ olUrsufESmav;rSm rwif;rm


awmUbJ pdwftm;ajymhnHUonfho@mef ay:aeonf/ armifoufwif rajzEdkifrSef;odojzihf
udkjrifholu quf&Sif;jyonf/

]]'Drdkua&pDudk okH;rsKd;okH;pm; ,lqEdkifw,f/ ckeu armifoufwifajzcJUwmu EdkifiHa&;&m


'Drkdua&pDbJ/ vlrIa&;&m 'Drkdua&pDvJ &Sdao;w,f/ w&m;rQwrI? vkHNcHKjynhf0rI? vlcsif;wlnDrI
pwJUoabmawGaygh/ wcg 'Drkdua&pD qdkwmudk vlawG&JU pdwfaeoabmxm;tjzpfvJ
jyqdkao;w,f/ pdwf&SnfrI? onf;cHrI? cGifhvTwfrIoabmawG tusKH;0ifw,f/ vlrsm;pkrdkU xifwm
vkyfr,f qdkwm[mvJ 'Drdkua&pDr[kwfzl;? tMurf;zufwJU vlenf;pk[mvJ 'Drdkua&pDudk
vkyfBuHolawGbJ/ armifoufwif jrefrmjynfaxmifpk&JU zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'udk
zwfzl;vm;...}}

armifoufwifu rajz/ olonf EdkifiHjcm;rSwifydkUaom pmtkyfpmwrf;rsm;udk zwfzl;aomfvnf;


EdkifiHawmfzJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'tm; wBudrfrQ ravhvmbl;/ udkjrifholu ar;aom
tcgrS rdrdcRwf,Gif;csufudk &dyfrdum &Sufpdwf0ifrdí acgif;raz:acs/

]]w&m;rQwjcif;? vGwfvyfjcif;? nDrQjcif;wnf;[laom avmuygvw&m;rsm;udk tajcjyKum


vlowÅ0gcyfodrf;wdkU\ Nidrf;csrf;om,ma&;udk cdkifNrJwnfwHUatmif xdef;odrf;&ef oEdéXmef
csí4if;.... qdkwJU pmydk'f[m q&mwdkU&JU zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya' ed'gef;rSm ygw,f/ tJ'D
az:jyxm;wJU avmuygvw&m;? jA[®pdk&fw&m;awG[mom 'Drdkua&pD jrwfyef;yif &Sifvef;
oefpGrf;EdkifwJU ajraumif;ajroefUjzpfw,f/ a'gotmCmww&m; jyif;xefwJU tMurf;zuf

- 233 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

uGefjrLepf0g'eJU 'Drdkua&pD[m jy'g;wvrf; oHwvrf;bJ/ tD;tifrfazmpwm; qdkwJU


ynm&SifBuD;u 'Drkdua&pD0g'rSm t"du jrwfEdk;bG,fESpfcsuf &Sdw,fvdkU qdkw,f/ wcsufu
'Drdkua&pD[m uGJjym;jcm;em;jcif;udk cGifhjyKonf;cHw,f/ aemufwcsufu 'Drdkua&pD[m
a0zefrIudk tm;ay;vufcHw,f/ 'Dvkdoabm&SdwJU 'Drdkua&pD[m wygwDpdk;rdk;rIudkom vufcHwJU
uGefjrLepfEdkifiHawGrSm &Sdw,fvdkU ,kHaeol[m oGufoGufcg&l;aewJU vl&ifvJjzpf&r,f?
pOf;pm;OmPfr&SdwJU OD;aESmufrJUolom jzpf&r,f/ b,fhES,fvJ}}

]]'gjzifh q&mu t&if;&SifEdkifiHawGu 'Drdkua&pDudkrS tppfvdkU qdkvdkovm;}}

udkjrifholu tomNyKH;&if; acgif;cgvdkufonf/

]]t&if;&Sif pD;yGm;a&;0g'[m acwfukefaeovdk t&if;&SifEdkifiHawGu 'Drdkua&pDawG[mvJ


rjynfhpkHawmUbl;/ urÇmUordkif;udk avhvmbl;&if tck q&majymr,fU pum;awGudk
armifoufwif ydkem;v,fvdrfhr,f/ a&mrNrdKUawmf[m waeUxJeJU aqmufcJUwmr[kwf... qdkwJU
pum;ykHudk Mum;bl;w,fr[kwfvm;/ om,mjynfh0wJU vlUavmuudk &mZ0iftqufqufom
wnfaqmufvdkU&r,f/ 18-&mpk 19-&mpkESpfawGrSm vlom;awG[m oufOD;qHydkif bk&ifawG
rSL;rwf tmPm&SifawG&JU vufatmufuae awmfvSefxGufcJUMuw,f? 'DacwfawGwkef;u
vlom;udk EdkifiHa&;&mowÅ0gtjzpfyJ jrifMuw,f/ EdkifiHa&;&m csKyfcs,frIawG jyif;xefqJrdkU
EkdifiHa&;vGwfvyfrIudkom tmomirf;irf; wdkuf,lMuNyD; tdwfufpfy&uf&Sifepfwf pwdwf qdkwJU
jynfoljynfom;awG&JU vGwfvyfcGifhudk ESpfouf&mtpdk;&udk rJUeJUa&G;cs,f wifajrSmufjcif;jzifh
az:jyEdkifpGrf;&SdwJU EdkifiHrsKd;awGudkom wnfaqmufMuw,f/ armifoufwif em;v,f&JUvm;...}}

]]em;v,fygw,fq&m...}}

]]'gayr,fh vlom;[m EdkifiHa&;owÅ0gjzpfovdk pD;yGm;a&;owwÅ0gvJ jzpfao;w,f/


om,maomvlUabmif wnfaqmufEdkifbkdUu vlom;wdkU&JU EdkifiHa&;vGwfvyfcGifh omru
pD;yGm;a&; w&m;rQwrIudkyg ay;pGrf;Edkif&r,f? 'Doabmudk 19-&mpkESpfawGrSm xdkufoifh
oavmuf tav;rjyKcJUMubl;/ a&S;tcgawGu jynfydkiftpdk;&awG&JU csKyfcs,frIudk awmfvSefcJU
MuwJU vlawG[m jynfolvlxk&JU ta&;udpörSeforQrSm tpdk;&0ifpGufrSm tvGef&GHUrkef;Muw,f/
Oyrm tar&duefawGtaeeJU *sufzmqifajymcJUwJU ]taumif;qkH;tpdk;&[m tpdk;r&qkH;aom
tpdk;&omwnf;} qdkwJU aqmifyk'fudk toJpGJrSwfxm;Muw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkU tar&duefawGeJU
taemufOa&my EdkifiHom;awG[m pD;yGm;a&;udk tpdk;&u 0ifpGufcs,fvS,fwmxuf ]vGwfvyfpGm
,SOfNydKifEdkifaom aps;} oabmu 'g[m t&if;&Sif0g'&JU oabmwckbJ/ armifoufwif
oabmaygufw,faemf...}}

- 234 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aygufygw,fq&m....}}

]]vGwfvyfpGm ,SOfNydKifEdkifaomaps;.... oabm[m pmawGUrSm b,fvdkaumif;cJUayr,fh vufawGU


rSm yxreJU'kwd,urÇmppfBuD;awGvdk vufeufudkif,SOfNydKifrIBuD;awG 1930-ck urÇmUpD;yGm;a&;
uyfBuD;vdk xdef;rEdkifodrf;r& jzpfrIawGudk ay:aygufapcJUw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkU jynfwGif;pD;yGm;
a&; udkomru urÇmUpD;yGm;a&;udkyg rQwnDnGwfatmif pdwfaumif;apwemeJU tmPmydkifwJU
tzJGUwzJGUu xdef;odrf;yJUjyif pDrHcefUcGJ&r,fqdkwJU t,ltq[m ay:vmcJUw,f/ 'Dvdk
xdef;odrf;yJUjyif pDrHcefUcJGwJU tmPmydkiftzJGU[mvJ jynfwGif;pD;yGm;a&;? urÇmUpDyGm;a&;udk
vkyftm;OmPftm;eJU wu,fvufawGU zefwD;tusKd;jyKay;aewJU tvkyform;rsm;udkom
udk,fpm;jyK&r,f/ vufwqkyfpmvleJpk udk,fusKd;&Smorm;awG rjzpf&bl;/ 'Dt,ltq[m
qdk&S,fvpf0g'&JU tajccHjzpfw,f? &Sif;&JUvm;....}}

]]&Sif;ygw,fq&m...}}

]]tJ'D&nf&G,fcsuf atmifbdkUu 'Dtvkyform;awG[m EdkifiHwdkif;rSm EdkifiHa&;tmPm?


tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPm? Oya'jyXmef;EdkifcGifhtmPmawG &&r,f? b,fvdkenf;eJU tmPm,lrvJ/
'Dae&mrSm um;vfrufpfu tMurf;zufawmfvSefa&;enf;udk jycJUw,f? vDeifu vufawGU
atmifjrifcJUw,f? vDeifvJatmifa&m qdk&S,fvpf0g'&JU rlv &nf&G,fcsufawGvJ ysufawmU
wmbJ...}}

]]bmaMumifhvJq&m....}}

]]bmaMumifhvJqdkawmU wdkif;jynfwjynf&JU vlrIpHepfjyKjyif ajymif;vJwJUae&mrSm 'Dwdkif;jynf&JU


tpOftvm aemufaMumif;&mZ0if? vlawG&JU todOmPfynmtqifhtwef; 'gawGuvJ
ta&;BuD;w,f/ &k&Sjynf&JU &mZ0if[mqdk&if xm0pOf uHqdk;rdk;arSmifMucJUwmbJ? &mZ0if
wnf[JU qdkuxJu ]wmwm} vlrsKd;awG&JU &ufpufwJU tkyfcsKyfrIatmufu &k&SawG r&IrvS
a&mufcJU&w,f/ wmwmawGvufatmufu vGefjyefawmU armfpudk qufZmbk&ifawG&JU
oufOD;qHydkifpHepfatmufrSm jym;jym;0yfaeMu&jyefw,f/ apmapmpD;pD;xJu c&pf,mefor®m
usrf;pmudk qvmAdkepfbmomeJU bmomjyefvufcHxm;MuawmU c&pf,mefbmomudk rSD0if
vmwJU vufwifbmom? acgrbmomawG[m &k&Sm;jynfrSm wdrfaumyaysmufukefw,f?
taemufOa&myEdkifiHawG[m vufwifbmom? acgrbmomawG&JU aus;Zl;aMumifh acgrwdkU&JU
'Drdkua&pDoabm? a&mrwdkU&JU Oya'EdkifiHoabmawGeJU tjcm;,Ofaus;rI taxGaxGudk
em;v,fod&Sd wdk;wdkufaewJUtcsdefrSm &k&SjynfBuD;[m tarSmifzkH;NyD; acwfaemuf ,lZem
trsm;BuD;usef&pfw,f/ tpOf tzdtESdyfcHae&wJU &k&SawG[m zdESdyfrIudk vkyfBuHowfjzwfenf;eJU

- 235 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

awmfvSefa&;uvJGNyD; bmrSrodbl;/ 'Drkdua&pDeJU ygvDreftkyfcsKyfa&; qdkwmudk Mum;om


Mum;bl;w,f wcgrSrBuKHbl;zl;? vufawGUrodbl;bl;/ &k&SawGtm;vkH;vkdbJ vDeifcrsm[mvJ
olrBuHKbl; rodbl;wJU 'Drdkua&pDygvDrefpHepfudk r,kHbl;/ 'gaMumifhvJ &k&SawmfvSefa&;BuD;
NyD;wJU tcgrSm ygvDref'Drdkua&pDEdkifiH xlaxmifbdkU tcGifhta&;&ayr,fh vDeif[m 'D
tcGifhta&;udk vufrcHbJ wygwDtmPm&SifpHepfudk xlaxmifvdkufwmbJ....}}

]]q&mu vDeifudk &k&Sjynf&JU aumif;usKd;udk bmrSraqmif&GufoGm;bl;vdkU qdkvdkovm;....}}

]]qkH;atmifem;axmifygtkH;av? vDeif&JU vkyfaqmifcsufawGrSm csD;rGrf;p&mawG &Sdygw,f/ Oyrm


vDeif wnfaqmufvdkufwJU EdkifiHawmfopfrSm xl;jcm;wmawG ygw,f? taemufOa&my
EdkifiHawG&JU jynfolvlxk[m ]rJay;olrsm;} om jzpfaew,f/ udk,fBudKuf&mudk rJay;NyD;wJUtcgrS
udpö[mNyD;ovdkjzpfaew,f/ 'DEdkifiHawGu Oya'awG[m EdkifiHawmfom;wOD;udk vlwa,muf
taeeJU pdwf\ vGwfvyfcGifh? yk*¾vdu ypönf;ydkifqdkifcGifh ponfawGudk umuG,fapmifha&Smuf
ay;ayr,fh ukefxkwfol ukefokH;ol wa,muftaeeJU tusKd;xdcdkufvm&if bmrS xdxd
a&mufa&muf umuG,fray;Edkifbl;/ vDeifu 'DEdkifiHawGvdk EdkifiHa&;tajccHeJU r[kwfbJ
pD;yGm;a&;tajccHeJU tpdk;&wrsKd;udk zJUG,lw,f? olUwdkif;oljynfom;awG[m ae&yftvdkuf
r[kwfbJ tvkyfcGiftvdkuf rJay;Muw,f? wufvmwJU tpdk;&[mvJ ]tvkyform; wdkif;ol
jynfom;} awG&JU udk,fpm;vS,frdkU tvkyform; wdkif;oljynfom;wdkUtwGuf nDnGwfrQwwJU
pD;yGm;a&;pDrHudef;awGudk csrSwfvkyfaqmifay;w,f...}}

]][m... 'Dvkdqdk&if raumif;wm bm&SdvJq&m...}}

]]&Sif;jyyghr,f? vDeifeJU olUaemufqufcHwJU vlawG[m rmhufpf0g'DawGjzpfwJU rmhufpf0g'twkdif;


tvkyform;vlwef;pm;&JU udk,fpm;vS,f uGefjrLepfygwD wckxJom EdkfifiHrSm&Sd&r,fvdkU jyXmef;
Muw,f/ 'DwygwDxJ&Sdatmif twdkuftcHygwDrSeforQudk okwfoifypf&w,f/ twdkuftcH
r&SdwmeJU wNydKifeuf 'Drdkua&pD&JU t"duvu©Pmw&yfjzpfwJU vGwfvyfpGma0zefcGifh[m
aysmufuG,foGm;&w,f/ wcg-&kyf0g'udkomvQif trSefw&m;tjzpfeJU wdkif;oljynfom;awGudk
vufcH&r,fvdkU ynwfxm;jyefawmU vGyfvyfpGm,kHMunfcGifh[m ysufokOf;oGm;&w,f/ ygwDeJU
EdkifiHawmf[m cJGjcm;vdkUr&awmUbJ vlom;awG[m ygwDcdkif;orQvkyf? ygwDu ,kHcdkif;wmom
,kH&NyD; puf&kyfyrm jzpfoGm;Mu&w,f/ awmfvSefa0zefr,fh vlawGudk EdSdyfuGyfazsmufzsufypfzdkU
tifauAD'Dac:wJU vlowftzJGUawG zJGUpnf;xm;&w,f/ ygwDwGif; wdkufyGJenf;eJU ygwD
acgif;aqmifrIudk a0zefEdkifr,f qdkayr,fh pHepfudku twdkuftcHvufrcHwJU pHepfrdkUvdkU
a0zefwJUvlawG[m toufudk paw;ypfvdkuf&wmcsnf;bJ/ pwmvifaMumifh towfcHoGm;&wJU
xa&mhpuD? uDrDewfzf? umvDeifeJU tjcm;ra&wGufEdkifwJU acgif;aqmifawG[m om"uwJU/

- 236 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

wdkufwm taqmuftODBuD;awG? puf&kHBuD;awG ay:vmayr,fh wdkif;oljynfom;awG[m


xrif;wvkyf wkwfwcsufqdkwJUudef; vmqdkufaew,f/ 'gvJrqef;bl;/ aoG;eJU&if;&if
aoG;omxGufyD; tqdyfapUudkpdkuf&if tqdyfyifomaygufrSm[m "r®mwmbJ/ rmhufpf0g'
udk,füu vl&JUpdwf,Ofaus;rIxuf cufxefrIudk tm;ay;xm;wmudk;/ EdkifiHa&;vGwfvyfrI
omru pD;yGm;a&;rQwrIyg &Sd&r,fqdkwJU qdk&S,fvpf0g'&JU rl&if; rGefjrwfwJUoabmawG[m
&k&SuGefjrLepfawG&JU vufrSm tukefysufukefw,f}}

udkjrifholu acwÅem;vdkufonf/ armifoufwiftm; tuJcwfMunfhvdkuf&m awGawGawG;&if;


idkifaeonfudk jrif&\/ teD;rS ar&Durl rvIyfr&Sm; xdkifaeonf/

]]'gayr,fh armifoufwif.... wdk;wufvmwJU urÇmolurÇmom;awGudk t&if;&SifawG[m


ezm;BudK;xdk;vdkU r&awmUovdk uGefjrLepfawG[mvJ rsufvSJUjyvdkU r&awmUbl;/ 'DaeU urÇmol
urÇmom;awG[m vlwa,muf[m tvkyfvkyfcsifvkyf? rvkyfcsifae? udk,fpGrf;&if wyg;vludk
cdkif;csifoavmufcdkif;NyD; ay;csifoavmufay;qdkwJU t&if;&Sif0g'a[mif;BuD;udkvJ vufrcH
awmUbl;/ t&if;&Sifacgif;aqmif EdkifiHqdkwJU tar&dum;rSmawmif 1930-ck? pD;yGm;a&;uyf
aemuf orw&kpbJU wuftNyD;rSm wdkif;oljynfom;wdkU&JU vlaerItqifhjrifhrm;bdkU tpkd;&rSm
wm0ef&Sdw,fqdkwJU 0g' tEdkif&NyD; vdktyfwJUOya'awGjyK? XmeawGzGifheJU jyKjyifajymif;vJcJU
w,f/ ydkxl;jcm;wmu EdkifiHa&;&m vGwfvyfrIa&m? pD;yGm;a&;&m nDrQrIa&mudkyg 2-zufpvkH;udk
tav;jyKwJU zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHqJGNyD; EdkifiHopfwnfaqmufwJU wdkif;jynfawG ay:vmjcif;
bJ/ tJ'Dvdk acwfrSDjynfhpkHwJU zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'eJU EdkifiHopfudk 1919-ckESpfrSm
ay:aygufcJUwJU *smreDor®wEdkifiHrSm awGUcJU&w,f/ 'gayr,fh vlawG todOmPf r&ifhoef
ao;awmU tJ'DBudK;yrf;rI[m ysufcJU&w,f/ 'kwd,urÇmppfBuD;NyD;rS vlawG&JU todOmPf
&ifhoefvmvdkU tJ'DorpdwÅrQNyD; rZösdry#dy'gvJus avmuygvmw&m; jA[®pdk&fw&m;awGeJUvJ
udkufnDwJU 'Drkdua&pD qdk&S,fvpfEdkifiHawmfawG[m atmifatmifjrifjrif ay:cJUw,f/ pHerlemu
awmU q&mwdkU&JU jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHawmfbJ....}}

armifoufwifu rsufvkH;av;jyL;um olUtm; armfhMunfhvdkufonf/ Mum;&aompum;tm;


r,kHEdkif[efwlonf/

]]armifoufwifwdkU vli,fawG[m &xm;wJU rPdaZmwywÅjrm;udkawmU ywÅjrm;rSef;rodbl;/


&k&Sm;jynfvkyf i&Jyef;udkawmU a&Tyef;xifaeMuw,f/ q&mwdkU&JU zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'
BuD;udk aoaocsmcsm avhvmMunfhprf;/ &k&Sm;jynfrSmr&SdwJU vGwfvyfrItcGifhta&;awG?
t&if;&SifEdkifiHawGrSm rjynfhpkHwJU pD;yGm;a&;&m rQwrI0g'awG[m 'DOya'BuD;xJrSm tcdkiftrm
ygw,f/ q&mwdkU&JU zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'BuD;&JU tcef;2-rSm qdk&if EdkifiHom;wdkU

- 237 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

twGuf 'Drdkua&pD rlvtcGifhta&;awGudk usyfjynfhwif;jynfh ay;xm;&kHrubl;? pD;yGm;a&;


qdkif&m tcGifhta&;rsm;qdkwJU acgif;pOfatmufrSm *kwfaoG;pkwf t&if;&Sif0g'udk twdtus
wm;jrpfxm;w,f/ tcef; 3-rSmqdk&if awmifolv,form;rsm;eJU tvkyform;rsm;twGuf
EdkifiHawmf&JU wm0ef0wÅ&m;rsm;udk twdtvif; jyXmef;xm;w,f/ tcef; 4-rSmusawmU
om,mpdkajyaom vlUabmifopfudk wnfaqmuf&mrSm EdkifiHawmfu usifhokH;&r,fh 0g'
&nfnGef;csufawGudk tao;pdwf az:jyxm;w,f/ b,fygwD b,ftpdk;&wufwuf 'D
zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'BuD;udk rvGefqef&bl;/ rvGefqefEdkifbl;}}

]]vGefqefawmUaum... q&m}}

]]vGefqefol[m ysufpD;&rSmbJ/ rvGefqefatmif xdef;odrf;ay;wJU? w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf &Sdw,f/


w&m;0if vufeufudkif wyfrawmfawG&Sdw,f? w&m;0if twkduftcH tzJGUtpnf;awG&Sdw,f/
pwkw¬r@dKif ppfppf owif;pmawG&Sdw,f/ wckawmU&Sdw,f? 'Drdkua&pDpHepfudk usifhokH;prdkU
jzpfap? jynfolvlxkawG todOmPfr&Sdao;vdkU jzpfap? jynfwGif;qlylrIawGaMumifh ta&;ay:
tajctaerSmaMumifh jzpfap? tajccHOya'eJU cRwfvJGatmif aqmif&GufrItenf;tusOf; &Sdcsif
&Sdr,f? 'gayr,fh 'gawG[m a&&SnfrcHEdkifbl;/ taMumif;uawmU 'DzJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccH
Oya'BuD;[m puúLay: rifeJUa&;xm;wJU oufrJUypönf;r[kwfbl;/ vGwfvyfa&;BudK;yrf;rI
tqufquf paw;cJU&wJU jrifjrwfvSwJU jynfolUaoG;awGeJU armfuGef;wifxm;wJU xm0pOf
touf&SifaewJU jynfolUqE´BuD; rdkUvdkUbJ/ om,mpdkajyaom vlUabmifudk vdkcsifwJU
armifoufwifwdkU[m tarausmf a'G;awmfvGrf;aebdkUr[kwfzl;/ 'D rPdaZmwywÅjrm;&wem
yrmjzpfwJU zJGUpnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'BuD;udk avmuopfwnfaxmifEdkifbdkU t&nftcsif;
jynfh0wJU wdkif;jyKjynfjyK ol&Jaumif;av;awG jzpfvmatmif BudK;pm;r,f}}

udkjrifholu &Snfvsm;vSpGmaom olUpum;tm; tqkH;owfum pd;u&ufAl;udk tdwfwGif;rS


xkwf,lí armifoufwiftm; wvdyfurf;ay;vdkufNyD; rdrdtwGufyg wvdyfEIwf,lvdkuf\/
rD;jcpfudkzGifhjcpfNyD; armifoufwiftm; t&ifNidSapí rdrdu aemufrSNiSdonf/

]]ar&Da&m q&mwdkUajymwmawG em;v,fvm;....}}

udkjrihfolu pD;u&ufaiGUrsm;tm; rIwfxkwf&if; &kwfw&uf ar&DUbufvSnfh ar;vdkufonf/

ar&Du wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ tawG;vGefaerdonfrdkU udkjrifhol\ pum;rsm;udk ar&DrSm rMum;


wcsuf Mum;wcsufom &SdcJUonf/

- 238 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]eJeJyg;yg;awmU ar&Dem;vnfygw,fq&m}}

ar&Donf rkom;av; okH;vdkufonf/

xdktckdufwGif odrfarGUnifomaom ajcvSrf;jzifh touf 50-cefU &Snf&Snf oG,foG,fESifh


rdef;rBuD;wOD;u tcef;0ü &yfvmonf/ olUtm; rjrifbl;ao;aom ar&Du tHUtm;oifhvsuf
ai;Munfhaerdonf/ tom;rSmvwfí acsmarmaomrsufESmrSm wnfNidrfat;csrf;vsuf udkjrifhol
ESifh qifae\/

]]aMomf... arar? vmxdkifav....}}

udkjrifholu EIwfqufac:iifonf/

]]vlav; jyefa&mufaebDudk;? ararrxdkifawmUygbl;/ rapmeJU aps;vkdufrvdkU/ olawmU a&csKd;


aeav&JU....}}

ta':BuD;\avoHrSm rsufESmxm;uJUodkUyif wnfNidrfat;csrf;aeonf/

]]EJGUEGJUwdkUom;trdvJ vdkufvdrfhr,fxifw,f/ ighom;bJ vdkufydkU&r,f/ tm;&JUr[kwfvm;...}}

]]tm;ygw,f arar...}}

]]at;...at;.... 'gvmajymwm/ ararvJ eJeJjyifp&m&Sdao;w,f/ pum;ajymMutkH;av...}}

ta':BuD;u armifoufwifESifh ar&DwdkUtm;yg tomNyKH;vsuf EIwfqufxGufoGm;onf/

]]'g q&mhrdcifbJ? ppfudkif;u cPvmwm...}}

udkjrifholu oufjyif;udk rodrom&Iduf&if; ajymonf/

ar&Du wHawG;udk rsKdcsvdkufrdonf/ udkjrifhol rajymrDuwnf;u olUrdcifjzpfrSef; &dyfrdNyD;


jzpfonf/

- 239 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkjrifhol\ rdcifu ar&DUtm; olcspfvSpGmaom q&m\ apmapmu ,k,MuifemrIav;rsm;wGif


rdef;armom,m arhavsmhvsuf MunfEl;epfrGef;cJUrdonfh pdwful;,Of tdyfrufuav;rS vefUEdk;ap
onf/ a':apm&DajymcJUaom pum;&yfrsm;udk jyefvnfMum;a,mifvmonf/ ,cif&ufrsm;
twefMumyif a&muf&Sdaeaom EJGUEJGUrdciftm;vnf; owd&onf/

ar&DUtwGuf tm;vkH;rSm &Sif;aeayNyD/

ar&D &ifrSrckefawmU/ xl;qef;aom aqG;ajrUemusnf;jcif;wcku ESvkH;om;tm; rvIyfEdkifatmif


csKyfudkifvTrf;NcKHxm;onf xif&\/ rsuf&nfwdkUuom rodrom pdkUxGufvmonf/

ar&D... pE´,m;wD;tkH;rvm;....}}

udkjrifholu ar;onf/

]]ar&D..... ar&D.... rwD;csifawmUygbl; q&m&,f....}}

udkjrifholu wef&Daom ar&D\toHav;udk owdxm;vdkufrdonf/ oluvnf; rcsdvSaom


&ifESifh nId;i,faom uav;r\ rsufESmav;tm; wcsufai;Munfhrdonf/

xdkpOf [Gef;oHESifhtwl tdrf0if;twGif;odkU 0lpavum;wpif;rSm 0ifa&mufvmonf/

]]a[m..... rra'g&pfpfeJU ar&DUumZif vdkufvmMuNyD....}}

ar&Du ae&mrSx&if; ajymonf/

a'g&pfpf[k toHMum;onfESifhwNydKifeuf &ifqdkifvdk[efrwlol armifoufwifu ae&mrSxí


]]uRefawmf jyeftkH;r,fq&m}} [k qdkum ajcvSrf;jyifonf/

]]aeygtkH;vm; armifoufwif? aumfzDjzpfjzpf aomufoGm;ygtkH;vm;...}}

]]awmfygbDq&m.... aemufrS uRefawmfvmcJUygr,f....}}

]]at;...at;? 'gayr,fh bmrS t&rf;awG a&Smufvkyfraeapcsifbl; armifoufwif...}}

- 240 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][kwfuJUygq&m...}}

armifoufwifu ar&DUtm; r&TifysvSonfhtNyKH;ESifh EIwfquf&if; ]]oGm;r,far&D...}} [kqdkonf/

armifoufwif txGufwGif a'g&pf(pf)vSvSwifESifh ar&DUnDr0rf;uGJ pw,fvmwdkUrSmvnf;


tcef;wGif;odkU a&mufvmcJUonf/

]]tHr,fav;... &Smvdkuf&wm ar&D&,f....? rrwdkUjzihf armvdkU/ aemufawmUrS ausmif;om;


wa,mufu q&meJU xGufoGm;wm awGUw,fqdkvdkU}}

a'g&pfpfu udkjrifholbufudkyg NyKH;vSnfhMunfh&if; olU&ifolzd&if; ajymonf/

udkjrifholu bmrQ0ifrajymbJ tomNyKH;&if;...

]]xdkifMuav}} [kqdkonf/

]]rxdkifawmUbl;q&m? tdrfu odyfpdwfylaevdrfhr,f/ uJ-ar&D oGm;Mu&atmif}}

a'g&pfpfuom &Tef;&Tef;a0atmif ajymaeaomfvnf; ar&DrSm olUtm; cyfwnfwnfyif Munfh


aeonf/

]]'gjzifh ar&D olwdkUeJUbJ jyefvdkufoGm;awmUr,fq&m}}

ar&Du EIwfqufojzifh udkjrifholu ae&mrSxí olwdkU 3-OD;tm; um;qDtxd vdkufydkUonf/

]]ar&D ajcaxmufu emaeao;vm;}}

um;xGufcgeD;wGif udkjrifholuar;onf/

]]odyfremawmUygbl; q&m}}

ar&Du rJUNyKH;av;ESifh acgif;av;udkcg&if; ajzonf/

usef2-OD;uvnf; udkjrifholtm; NydKifwlEIwfqufMuonf/

- 241 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]oGm;bDq&m}}

NcH0if;tjyifta&mufwGif pw,fvmu ar;\/

]]ar&DUajcaxmuf bmjzpfwmvJ}}

]]ajy;&if;xdrdwmyg}}

]]aMomf'gaMumifh ar&DUrsufESm nId;aewmudk;}}

a'g&pfpfu jyefrajz? um;jyLwif;rSai;&if; rcsdwifuJNyKH;rdonf/

olU&ifrS ESvkH;\ aMuuGJysufjyKef;onfh 'Pf&mudkrl rnfolrQrodava,mifwum;/ /

- 242 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(15)

&ufwdkU wa&GUa&GU a<upifcJUonf/ rdk;&moDqkH;í ESif;OD;wdkUNzdKif&m wefaqmifrkef;vodkU


wdkifcJUonf/

wuúodkvfrS y#dyu©BuD;ESifh y#dyu©rI\ aemufqufwJG ausmif;xkwfcH&jcif; owif;rsm;vnf;


&kd;vmcJUonf/ odkU&mwGif t*Fvdyfbmomjzihf ykHESdyfxkwfa0aom aeUpOfowif;pmBuD; wapmif
wGif e,fpyfqDrS pdk;&drfbG,fowif;rsm; qufwdkufygvmaeonf/

e,fpyfrS txl;owif;axmufu jrefrmhajrtm; tvkH;t&if;ESifh usL;ausmfwyfpJGvsuf&Sdaom


ulrifwef w&kwfjzLrsm; taMumif;udk4if;? tiftm;enf;yg;aom e,fjcm;apmifh jrefrmwyf
uav;rsm;\ &J0HUpGefUpm;pGm w&kyfjzLwyfrsm; oHvGifjrpftaemufzufodkU rul;vmEdkif&ef
cufcJpGm umuG,fae&onfh taMumif;udk4if;? pdwf0ifpm;zG,f&m tao;pdwfa&;om; owif;ydkU
aeonf/

ausmif;om;ta&;udpö/ jynfwGif;qlylrI paom pdwfrcsrf;ajrUbG,f owif;rsm;tm;om aeUpOf


zwf&Iae&aom jynfolvlxktwGuf þowif;rSm quJydkvGef pdk;&drfbG,fjzpfae\/ urÇmU
EdkifiHa&;usm;uGufESifh qufpyfaeonfu waMumif;? tcsKyftcsmtmPmydkif jynfaxmifpk
jrefrmEdkifiHawmf\ vGwfvyfa&;ESifh *kPfoa&udkyg xdcdkufaeonfu waMumif; ponfwdkU
aMumifh þowif;tm; jynfolvlxkBuD; w&yfvkH;rSm pdwf0ifpm;pGm aqG;aEG;a0zefaeMuonf/
jynfolvlxk twGif;üomru oHwref&yfuGufrsm;üyif vIyf&Sm;*,ufxvsuf ygvDrefESifh
tpdk;& &yfuGufrsm;wGifvnf; ta&;,lpOf;pm;ae&\/

þodkU wjynfvkH; vIyfvIyf&Sm;&Sm;jzpfaeonfh aqmif;OD;umv\ wn0,f AdkvfcsKyfvrf;


&GKdif&,f&kHab;&Sd wm0gbm;twGif; pm;yGJwvkH;ü armifoufwifonf t&ufzefcGufudk udkif&if;
wa,mufwnf; rvIyfr&Sm; xdkifaeonf/

vlpnfcsdefjzpfojzifh bm;twGif;&Sd yefum 7-vkH;rSm w0SD;0SD;ESifh aqmif;wGif;BuD;jzpfvsuf


vnfaeum armifoufwifxdkifaeaom pm;yJGrSvJGí pm;yGJtm;vkH;rSm vljynfhusyfaeonf/

- 243 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwif\ rsufawmifrsm;rSm pif;arS;aeí OD;acgif;rSm &Da0pjyKaeonf/ t&ufudk


wBudKufarmhfvdkufNyD; tmvl;aMumftm; 0g;&if; ywf0ef;usifudk &nf&G,fcsufrJU vSnfhvnf
Munfhrdonf/

armifoufwif xdkifaeaom &GdKif&,f&kHbuf eH&Hem;&Sd pm;yGJrS MunfhvdkufvQif awmifbufeH&HqDü


]1820-ckESpfwGif arG;zGm;í ,ckwdkif oefwkef; jrefwkef;}} [laompmwrf;ESifh a*smfeD0g;um;
0DpuDaMumfjim yef;csDum;BuD;udk jrif&onf/ qdkifaemufaz; rD;zdkcef;udkvnf; wpGef;wp
jrifae&\/ qdkif\A[dkwGif awmifbufeH&Htm; ausmay;vsuf tkwfwdkifBuD; ESpfwdkifMum;wGif
aiG&Sif;aumifwmESifh bm;&Sd\/ aumifwmwGifrl touf 30-cefU axmifuJwOD;onf t&uf
ykvif;aygif;pkH wef;pDvsuf&Sdaom bD&dkrsm;tm; aemufcHjyKvsuf cHUnm;pGmxdkifaeonf/
tkwfwdkif ESpfwdkifteuf wpfwdkifay:wGif AdkvfcsKyf"mwfykHudk4if;? tjcm;wwdkifay:wGif EkdifiHawmf
or®wBuD; OD;bOD;\ykHudk4if; csdwfxm;onf/ rqDrqdkif AdkvfcsKyf"mwfykHatmufem; uyfvsuf
teufcHwGif tjzLpmvkH;rsm;jzifh ]]qdkifzGifhcsdef eHeuf 5-em&DrS n 10-em&DcJG} [k a&;xm;onfh
oHjym;qdkif;bkwfwckudk uyfxm;\/

armifoufwifu NyKH;vkdufí ywf0ef;usifpm;yJGrsm;rS vlawGqD tm&kHa&mufoGm;onf/

olUa&SUwnfhwnfh pm;yJGwGif ,leDazgif;tjynfhtpkH ajcmufvkH;jyL;wJGavmif;ESifh &JtkyfESpfOD;rSm


t&yf0wft&yfpm;ESifh vlwOD;ESifhtwl &rft&ufwykvif;udk aomuf&if; w&kwfjzLrsm;taMumif;
udk aqG;aEG;aeMuonf/

tkwfwdkifteD;&Sd pm;yGJwGif pma&;pmcsD[efaygufaom wdkufykHtuÐsudk,fpDESifh vl&G,fESpfOD;rSm


NyD;cJUaom jrif;yGJtaMumif;udk awmufwacgufacgufESifh bD,maomuf&if; pNrKHUjyefaeMu\/

armifoufwiftwGuf ywf0ef;usifwckvkH;rSm pdwf0ifpm;p&mjzpfaeonf/ t&uf&Sdefuav;


uvnf; wufvmojzifh olUudkoltm; þywf0ef;usifteuf pdwf0ifpm;bG,ftaumif;qkH;
ol&Jaumif;wa,muftjzpfvnf; xifaerdonf/ &kyf&Sifrsm;xJrS Zmwfvdkuf vlrdkufrsm;yrm
&efjzpfcsifpdwfuvnf; ay:vm\/

pm;aomufcef;rtm; tv,frS w0ufrjynfhwjynfh a'gifhcsKd;xdk;0ifum ESpfydkif;-ydkif;xm;onfh


eH&Hay:wGifrl qdkiftwGif;odkU tjyifrS,lvmaom tpm;taomufrsm;ay: aumuf,laom
EIef;rsm;tm; teDcHoHjym;ü pmvkH;jzLrsm;ESifh a&;om;xm;onf/ 4if;ab;wGif rdef;racsmwOD;ykH
ygonfh bD,maMumfjim "mwfykHum;csyfBuD; &Sdonf/

- 244 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwif\ rsufvkH;rsm;u a&ul;0wfpkHr,fykHü pl;pdkufvsuf&Sdonf/ olUrsufvkH;xJwGifrl


a&ul;0wfpkHr,f\ykHay:vdkuf ar&D\ykHay:vdkufESifh jzpfaeonf/

þ"mwfykH&Sdaom eH&HESifhuyfvsuf pm;yJGwvkH;wGifrl pdwf0ifpm;bG,faumif;aom vlwodkuf


0dkif;xdkif t&ufaomufaeMuonf/ wOD;rSm qG,fwmvuf&SnfBuD;udk 0wfxm;í vnfyif;
aumfvmwzuf qG,fwmtjyifxGufí wzufrSmrl twGif;0ifaeonf/ qdkiftwGif;ü jzpfaomf
vnf; ouúvyfOD;xkyf taygpm;wvkH;tm; acgif;rSrcRwfbJ aqmif;xm;onf/ wOD;rSmrl
[ma0,H&Swf0wf w&kwfujym;tzdk;BuD;jzpfonf/ tzdk;BuD;em; uyfxdkifaeolrSm qHyifjzL
xdk;xdk;axmifaxmif xGufaeaom AdkvfautopfpufpufESifh touf 40-cefU vlwOD;jzpfonf/
olu zJxD;pkwf? ta&mifrJGjzLaeNyDjzpfaom wdkufykHtuÐsteufudk 0wfxm;í olUtom;rSmvnf;
olUtuÐsodkUyif rJGajcmufajcmufjzpf\/ olESifh rsufESmcsif;qdkif xdkifaeolwa,mufrSm yifeD
wdkufykH a&TrsufrSefESifhjzpf\/ 4if;wdkU ESpfOD;Mum;wGifrl ta&mifray: tarT;r&SdawmUaom
pdwfuwÅDyg tay:zkH;tuÐsrsm;ESifh acgif;wGif oajycufudk,fpD xdk;yefxm;aom rdef;rESpfOD;
xdkifaeMuonf/

olwdkUtodkufu pum;udk &mZ0iftlayguf qlnHatmifajymaeMuonf/ urÇmUNidrf;csrf;a&;


uGef*&ufESifh zqyvtaMumif;vnf; ygonf/ qXoH*g,emtaMumif;ESifh jrif;yJGtaMumif;
vnf;ygonf/ pdefatmifrif; a&Tref;wifarmif paom Zmwfrif;om;rsm;taMumif;ESifh Munfyk
armfawmf,mOfvdkif; taMumif;vnf; ygonf/

cPtMumwGif rsufvSnfhtaMumif;odkU a&mufvmMujyefonf/

]]tHrm.... rsufvSnfhqdkwm vG,fvG,fav; usKyfjyr,f Munfh}}

tuÐseufq&mu atmfíajymvdkufojzifh qdkifwGif;&Sd vlrsm;tm;vkH;u olUtm; vSrf;Munfhvdkuf


Muonf/

olu vufudkifyk0gESifh pm;yGJay:ü jzefUcsxm;aom olUvufz0g; 2-ckvkH;tm; &Gwfqdkaeonf/

armifoufwiftygt0if vlrsm;tm;vkH;u vufudkifyk0gzGifhvdkufvQif bmay:vmrnfenf;[k


pdwf0ifpm;pGmESifh vSrf;MunfhaeMuonf/

]]uJ.... zGifhvdkufawmU...}}

- 245 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rdef;ru vufudkifyk0gudk rqGJ,lvdkuf\/

]][if.... npfpkwfwm....}}

rdef;rESpfOD;u olUtm; 0dkif;xkMuonf/

vufudkifyk0gtm; zGifhvdkufaomtcgrl bmrQ txl;taxGay:rvm/ odkU&mwGif olu


b,fbufvufnId;ESifhvufr? nmvufnId;wdkUudk tokH;jyKum ,kwfrmnpfnrf;aom vu©Pm
trSwftom;wckudk vkyfjyxm;onf/

qdkifwGif;&Sd vltm;vkH;u wcdcdESifh usdwf&,fMuonf/ 0wfjzLpifMu,f0wf pm;yJGxdk;ukvm;ESifh


rsufESmxm;wnfaom qdkif&SifaxmifuJyif £ajE´rqnfEdkifMu/ odkU&mwGif tm;vkH;\ &,foH
tm; armifoufwif\toHu vTrf;oGm;onf/

]][m;.... [m;.... tifrwefajymifajrmufnpfpkwfwJU tEkynmbJ? [m.... [m.....}}

tuÐseufq&mESifh olUtaz:rsm;u rsufarSmifMuKwfí oltm;vSrf;MunfhMuonf/

armifoufwifu yrmrcefU[efESifh olUt&ufcGuftm; pwdkifygyg ,laomufvdkufNyD; jyefcsum


wzufvlrsm;tm; rsufawmifudkpif;arS;vsuf xDrxif jyefpdkufMunfhonf/ aemuf olUpm;yJG
ay:rS aqmf'gykvif;tvGwftm; ,lum wywfvnfatmif ajrSmufypfupm;vdkufNyD; w[J[J
quf&,faeonf/

rdef;rrsm;u bmwdk;wdk;ajymírod? wzuf0dkif;rS a,mufsm;rsm;onf jyefNidrfusoGm;onf/ xdkpOf


tuif;yg;aom qdkif&Sifw&kwfu armifoufwif\pm;yGJodkU udk,fwdkifxvmonf/

]]tm;... q&mav;/ uifrsm;zefcGufvJ ajymifyDav? bm,ltkH;rDvJ? xJUay;rDav..}}

armifoufwifu auseyfpGm NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]0DpuD.... 0rf;ywfxyfay;/ aqmf'gwykvif;vJ ,lcJU...}}

]]tm;.... tm;.... &r,f.... &r,f...}}

- 246 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

axmifuJu bGKdifukvm;rsm;tm; vSrf;atmfrSmMum;í ae&mrScGmonf/

armifoufwifrSm þtwdkif;omqdkvQif bmqufvkyfaerdrnfrod/ odkU&mwGif xdktcdkufwGifyif


aumifwma&SUü vm&yfavaom rajrSmfvifholwOD;tm; awGUvdkuf&ojzifh rsufvkH;jyL;oGm;onf/

]]a[U..... udka&Tarmif...}}

udka&TarmifrS xdwfvefUoGm;[efwlonf/ armifoufwiftm; jrifaomtcgwGif tHUMoaom


toGifodkU ajymif;oGm;um ]][m udkoufwif cifAsm; b,fES,f....}} [k qdk&if; pm;yGJqD avQmuf
cJUí ukvm;xdkifwvkH;wGif 0ifxdkif\/

]]cifAsm;bmvJ? t&ufvmaomufwmvm;}}

vQmav;pjyKaom armifoufwifu ar;onf/ udka&Tarmifu rsufvkH;jyL; rsufqefjyL;ESifh


ysmysmovJ jiif;\/

]]r...r... r[kwfygbl;? bD[dkufb&ef'DwvkH; vm0,fwmyg....}}

]]bmvkyfbdkUvJ...}}

udka&Tarmifu awGoGm;NyD;rS wdk;wdk;ajzonf/

]]Nidrf;u 0,fcdkif;vdkUyg...}}

arS;aeaom armifoufwif\ rsufvkH;rsm;rSm jyL;us,foGm;onf/

]]Asm.... Nidrf;u...}}

]][kwfw,f...}}

]]Nidrf;u bmjyKvdkU cifAsm;udk t&uf0,fcdkif;&wmvJ...}}

]]'gawmU rodbl;As? olu wcgawmU ajymbl;w,f? t&ufrl;wm b,fvdkvJ prf;Munfh


csifw,fwJU}}

- 247 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rdef;ruav;wa,mufu ausmif;aqmifrSm t&ufaomufrvdkUvm;...}}

]]Nidrf;u tck ausmif;aqmifrSmr[kwfawmUbl;? NrdKUxJrSm}}

]][if... NrdKUxJrSm.. Nidrf;u awmifilur[kwfvm;? NrdKUxJrSm b,foleJUaevJ...}}

]][D; [D; uRefawmfeJU....}}

udka&Tarmifu &SufNyKH;BuD;NyKH;&if; ajzonf/

]]Asm.... bmwJU? cifAsm;eJU...}}

armifoufwifrSm tHUMovGef;í t&ufrl;yif ajyrwwfjzpfoGm;onf/

]]'Dvdkygav.... uRefawmfeJUNidrf;u vufxyfNyD;bD...}}

]]pGHUrJUpGHUawmU jrefvScsnfvm;? qdkprf;ygtkH; b,fwkH;uvJ? b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ}}

]]uRefawmfeJUNidrf;u b,fvdkb,fvdkrSef;rodbl;? BudKufoGm;MuwmbJ/ &kyf&SifawGbmawG


wJGMunfh? wd&pämef&kHawGoGm;? &efukefjrpfxJ orÁmefa&SmufpD;eJU Nidrf;u vkyfcsifwmawG
a&SmufvkyfwmbJ/ aemufawmUAsm.... olUta': tysKdBuD;awGqD b,folu wdkifpmydkUvJrodbl;?
oDwif;uRwfausmif;ydwfvdkU tdrfjyefoGm;awmU ausmif;jyefrvTwfawmUbJ olwdkUoabmwlwJU
oleJU ay;pm;r,fvkyfowJU? tJ'g &efukefudk r&t& jyefvpfvmNyD; olUtod pma&;q&mr
vifr,m;tdrfrSm wNJyD; uRefawmfUae&yfudk pma&;taMumif;Mum; apmifhaew,f? uRefawmf
a&mufvmawmU &kH;wufvufxyfvdkufwmaygh...}}

]][if.... cifAsm;[mu cifAsm;pGefUpm;cef;udk rygbl;/ Nidrf;pGefUpm;cef;BuD;bJ}}

armifoufwifu tm;&yg;&&,f&if; ajymonf/

]]tck Nidrf;u oef;aumifpm&if;rif;BuD;&kH;rSm txufwef;pma&; &w,f? uRefawmfu ausmif;


jyefwufaew,f? aemufwESpfqdk uRefawmfu bJGU&awmUr,fr[kwfvm;? 'DawmUrS Nidrf;udk
ausmif;jyefxm;r,f}}

- 248 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwifu udka&Tarmif pum;qkH;aomtcg acgif;wqwfqwfndwf&if; wpkHwckudk


eufeufeJeJ awG;aeonf/

]]aMomf.... udka&Tarmif? cifAsm;aum aomufygtkH;vm;...}}

]][m;.... rvkyfygeJU? Nidrf;u yGwfaevdkU...}}

]][m;....[m; oluawmif t&uf0,fcdkif;aewm? cifAsm;u aMumuf&efaum....}}

]]aMumufwm raMumufwm ab;z,fxm;Asm? uRefawmfu t&ufudk rsKdvdkUr&bl;? 'gxuf


cifAsm;aum bmjzpfaevJ}}

armifoufwifu EIwfcrf;udkwGefUí rcHcsifaomtNyKH;udk jyvdkufonf/

]]uRefawmfhudk ausmif;pmoifcef;uae &dkufESifvTwfvdkufawmU t&ufqdkifxJ a&mufaewmaygh?


[J...[J}}

armifoufwifu t&ufudk &IHUrJUrsKdcsvdkuf&if; qdkonf/

]][kwfw,f? cifAsm; ausmif;uxkwfcH&w,fvdkUawmU Mum;vm;.....}}

]]xkwforS &moufyefudk txkwfcH&wm/ xkwfypf&kHrubl;? axmifxJawmifcsxm;vdkU t&uf


20-avmuf oGm;ae&ao;w,f}}

]]tdk..... jzpf&av...? cifAsm; b,fhES,f vGwfvmovJ...}}

]]uRefawmf axmifxJuvGwfvmawmU uRefawmfhtzGJUu acgif;aqmifBuD;awG qD;BudK*kPfjyKwJU


pum;eJU ajym&&if opömazguf 'l;axmuftnHUcHcJUvdkUaygh? [m;..... [m;..... acG;om;awG...}}

armifoufwifrSm tawmfrl;aeNyDjzpfonf/ wif;rmaeaomrsufESmrSm a'got&SdefESifh t&uf&Sdef


a&mum eDjref;ae\/ tajctaeudk &dyfrdaom udka&Tarmifu pum;udk vSD;vTJypfonf/

]]aMomf.... 'gxuf cifAsm; udkvSa0taMumif;aum Mum;&JUvm;.....}}

- 249 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwifu rsufarSmifMuKwfí bm&nf&G,fcsufESifhrod udkvSa0\ emrnfudk xyfwvJvJ


&Gwfvdkuf\/

]]ukdvSa0 ..... udkvSa0? udkvSa0udk uRefawmf odyfowd&w,f/ tif;... udkvSa0 bmjzpfovJ}}

]]owif;aumif;yg? tck [dk t*Fvdyfowif;pmxJrSm e,fpyfu w&kwfjzLawGtaMumif; a&;ydkU


aewJU owif;axmuf[m udkvSa0wJU/ tJ'Dowif;awGudk EdkifiHjcm; owif;jzefUcsDa&; XmeawG
uyg udk;um;ae&vdkU ckqdk&if udkvSa0udk urÇmuawmifodaew,f/ NyD;awmU jrefrm
r*¾Zif;BuD;wapmifrSmvJ e,fpyfawmifwef;a'ou wdkif;&if;om;awGtaMumif; "gwfykHaqmif;
yg;awG a&;aewmvJ awmfawmfatmifjrifaew,f}}

]]cifAsm; 'gawGb,fuodvJ}}

]]b,fu&rvJ? Nidrf;qDuaygh/ tck Nidrf;uvJ pmayavmu owif;pmavmu vlawGeJU


awmfawmf &if;ESD;aew,f}}

]]udkvSa0 xGufoGm;wm b,favmufMumbDvJ}}

]]ESpfveD;yg;awmU &SdbD/ 'Davmufqdk&if &efukefudk jyefrsm;a&mufaeyvm; rqdkEdkifbl;}}

armifoufwif\ rsufvkH;rsm;rSm a&ul;0wfpkHr,fqD a&mufoGm;jyefonf/ ar&D\ rsufESm


uav;vnf; ay:vmjyefonf/

]]'Dvlu jyefa&mufvJ ykef;a&SmifaetkH;rSmygav......? uRefawmf olUudk odyfawGUcsifaew,f?


odyfudk awGUcsifaew,f....}}

armifoufwifu tHBudwf&if; t&ufzefcGufudk uspfuspfygatmifqkyfvsuf ajym\/

armifoufwif odyfawGUcsifaeaom udkvSa0rSm þtcsdefwGif wm0Smbm;teD;ü a&mufaeonf/

olu t&ifudkvSa0r[kwfawmU? pwpfaumfvm tuÐsjzL ouúvyfwdkufykH tndKajzmhajzmh?


a&Tzvm;a&mif befaumufvkHcsnfwdkESifh oyf,yfcHUnm;ae\/ owif;pmwdkuftrnf a&;xm;
aom teufa&mif atmfpwiftrsKd;tpm; paw&Sif0uf*Gef; um;av;udk &GdKif&,f&kHESifh
rsufESmcsif;qdkif wzuf&Sd um;rsm;tyfESHqdkufuyf&mwGif aomhcwfxm;cJUNyD; wm0Smbm;&Sd&modkU

- 250 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ul;vmcJUonf/ ul;vmcJUpOf udkvSa0rSm tomNyKH;rdonf/ t&ufaomufcsifvSíawmUr[kwf?


aomufcsiftkH;awmUvnf; rdrd ,aeUa&muf&Sdaeaom tajctaeESifh þodkU vlpkHvGef;aom
ae&mrsKd;odkU 0ifjcif;iSmroifh/ odkU&mwGif rdrdrJGawaepOfu cifrifoduRrf;cJUí rdrday: aumif;cJU
aom qdkif&SifESifh pm;yGJxkd; r'&mpDukvm; vufcsrGefwdkUtm; awGUcsifonf/ vufcsrGeftm;vnf;
abmufql;uav; jrufjrufay;csifonf/

qdkifwGif;odkU udkvSa0u taemufzuftaygufrS 0ifa&mufvmonf/ olUtm; jrifjrifjcif;


qdkif&SifaxmifuJu 0rf;omtm;& EIwfquf\/

]]tm;.... q&muD; udkvSa0? w,f[kwfaeygvm;...}}

udkvSa0u NyKH;&if; ]]b,fheJUvJ? xkH;pHtwdkif; ta&mif;t0,fawmU aumif;&ufbJaemf}} [k


qdkonf/

]]tm;... aumif;v,f... aumif;v,f..}}

axmifuJu &,farm&if; ajymaepOf 0wfjzLpOfMu,fESifh qHyifvIdif;wGefUrsm;udk oyf,yfpGm


aemufjyefNzD;xm;aom vufcsrGefu qvHay;&if; tem;odkUa&mufvm\/

]]bmaomufrvJqyf...}}

]]aMomf.... vufcsrGef? 0DpuDeJUqdk'gayg? rEÅav;awmU r[kwfzl;aemf? 0Idufavb,fvf?


tjrnf;uawmU xkH;pHtwdkif;aygh..}}

udkvSa0u a[mfw,f\ taemufzufeH&HqDrS oD;oefUtcef;wckqDodkU oGm;rnfajcvSrf;jyifpOf


olUrsufvkH;rsm;u ta&SUbuftpGefpm;yJGrS armifoufwifESifh udka&TarmifwdkUtm; jrifrdonf/
tHUMovGef;í udkvSa0rSm acwÅai;MunfhaerdNyD;rS olwdkUteD;odkU ajcvSrf;usJrsm;ESifh a&mufoGm;
onf/

]][m.... udkvSa0BuD;....}}

udka&Tarmifu t&ifEIwfqufonf/

- 251 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwifu xdkif&mrS ',D;',dkif xvdkufonf/ olu rsufvkH;rsm;tm; r,kHoa,mif


NzJMunfhvsuf vufnId;uvnf; avxJwGif ,drf;EGJUvIyf,rf;&if; ]]udkvSa0 cifAsm; wa,muf
vm;? ESpfa,mufvm;? vlvm; wapävm;...? uRefawmfhrsufpdxJ cifAsm; ESpfudk,fcJGcJG xGuf
aew,f....}} [k tmav;vQmav;ESifh qdkonf/

udkvSa0u r&,farmrd? rdrdodcJU&orQ &dk;om;wnfMunfí tusifhpm&dwÅaumif;rGefaom


armifoufwifjzpfaeykHudkom &ifxkremESifh acwÅaMumifai;Munfhaerdonf/

]]cifAsm;udk awGUcsifvGef;vdkU uRefawmf rESJav;ar;&rvm;...? aA'ifq&m uyf&rvm;eJU pOf;pm;


aewm}}

armifoufwifuom qufwdkufajymcsae\/

]]'DavmufawmifbJvm; armifoufwif? bmjyKvdkUvJ....}}

]]bmjyKvdkUvJ [J....[J...}}

armifoufwifu t"dyÜg,frJUoa,mif &,farmvdkuf\/ okdU&mwGif olU&,foHrSm emusnf;rIESifh


jynfhaeonf/

]]bmjyKvdkUvJ? tJ'gudk ajymcsifaewmbJ? 'DrSm udkvSa0BuD; cifAsm;udk uRefawmf ta&;BuD;wm


awG trsm;BuD; ajymp&m&Sdw,f}}

udkvSa0u ab;w0dkuftm; acwÅtuJcwfMunfhvdkufonf/ xdkaemuf vli,fESpfOD;\ yckH;udk


zufum ac:iifonf/

]]vm.... 'gjzifh [dktcef;xJ oGm;&atmif? 'Dpm;yJGu[mawGtwGuf ryleJU xm;cJU vm....}}

ajymajymqdkqdk udkvSa0u armifoufwdkUtm; oD;oefUtcef;qD qJGac:vmcJUonf/

tcef;wGifrl pm;yJGay:ü vufcsrGefu 0DpuDzefcGuf? qdk'gykvif;? a&cJcGuf? tmvl;aMumf?


uufwvdwftjrnf; ponfwdkUtm; tqifoifhvmcsay;NyD; jzpfaeonf/

]]aMomf.... udka&Tarmif? bmaomufrvJ....}}

- 252 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][m.... uRefawmf raomufygbl;}}

]]uJ- vufcsrGef [dkpm;yGJu[mawG odrf;vdkuf? pm&if;udk ig&Sif;r,f? NyD;awmU tckeifu ol


aomufwJU t&ufrsKd;bJ? [wfzfyuf xyf,lcJU}}

t&ufcsif;a&mí armifoufwif trl;rvGefap&ef udkvSa0u cJGjcm;rSmay;onf/

]]udka&Tarmifu armifoufwifeJU taz:vdkufvmwmvm;}}

ae&mwusxdkifrdvQif xdkifrdjcif; udkvSa0u ar;onf/

]]r[kwfygbl;}} [k tpcsDí udka&Tarmifu olvmcJU&if;taMumif;ESifh olUtXxkyÜwdÅtm;


tusOf;csKH; jyefajymjyonf/

]]Nidrf;[m wu,fowdÅaumif;wJU rdef;uav;wOD;bJ...}}

udka&Tarmifhpum; qkH;aomtcg udkvSa0u rSwfcsufcsonf/

]]Nidrf;wa,muf owÅdaumif;oavmuf cifAsm;BuD;u owÅdaMumifw,f udkvSa0}}

armifoufwifu uufwvdwftm; cuf&if;ESifhaumfpm;&if; a0zefonf/

]]rif;..... bmqdkvdkovJ armifoufwif}}

0DpuDtm; tompkwfaomufae&mrS udkvSa0u ar;onf/

]]'g cifAsm;todqkH;yg}}

udkvSa0u tomNyKH;vdkufonf/ rSef\/ wBudrfurl rdrdonf owÅdaMumifol? pdwful;,Of


atmufajcvGwfcJUol jzpfonf/ ,ckrl r[kwfawmU/ 0g'pum;vkH;BuD;BuD;ESifh ol EdkifiHa&;&m
pdwful;,OfcJUorQrSm awmifwef;e,fpyf a'ow0dkufrS wdkif;&if;om;wdkU\ 'ku©qif;&Jrsm;udk
jrifcJU&aomtcg ysufjy,fukefí vufawGUqefvmcJUonf/ vlreD;olreD; awmBuD;rsufrJxJü
vlrodolrodESifh ab;'ku©toG,foG,f? tEÅ&,ftpkpktm; trIrxm;bJ EdkifiHU0eftm; touf
pGefU xrf;aqmifaeMuaom wyfrawmfom;rsm;\b0udk rsufjrifBuKHawGUcJUonfhaemuf olUpdwf

- 253 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rSm owÅdaoG;opfESifh xGef;ajymifvmcJU\/ odkU&mwGif ,ck armifoufwifu olUtm; owÅd


aMumifoltjzpf pGyfpGJaeacsNyD/

]]rif;ajymcsifwmudkom qufajymprf;yg armifoufwif...}}

]]ajymrSmygbJ udkvSa0/ uRefawmfu 'Dpum;udk ajymcsifvGef;vdkU apmifhaecJUwm MumygbD}}

armifoufwifrSm trl;&kwfw&ufajyoGm;onfhtvm; acgif;rSmarmhfvmí udk,frSmrwfvmonf/

]]cifAsm; pdwful;,Of atmufajcvGwf rIaMumifh tjypfrJUwJU vlom; 3-OD;[m rsuf&nf ayguf


ayguf us&bD odvm;/ 'DvlawG[m b,folawGxifvJ? cifAsm;udkcspfrdwJU rrEGJU&,f? cifAsm;vdk
vludkrS oli,fcsif;vkyfrdwJU q&mOD;jrifhol&,f/ NyD;awmU NyD;awmU tjypfrJUwJU ar&D&,f? 'D 3-
a,mufaygh/ [J....[J... aemufxyfwdk;csifao;&if cifAsm;a&SUu ioufwif&,f}}

armifoufwifu tHudkBudwfí olU&ifxJ&SdorQudk zGifhcsvdkufonf/ udkvSa0\ wnfNidrfaeaom


rsufESmxm;rSm rIefrIdif;oGm;í &ifrSmvnf; vIyf&Sm;vmonf/ rajrSmfvifhbJ Mum;vdkuf&onfrdkU
pum;jyefracsEdkif/ armifoufwiftm;om jyefai;Munfhaerdonf/

]]cifAsm;u vrf;paysmufatmif a&Smifajy;awmU rrEGJUu bmvkyf&rvJ? rdef;rom;wa,muf


taeeJU ywf0ef;usifeJU rdbtodkif;t0dkif;udk b,fvdk vGefqefEdkifyghrvJ/ cspfolaMumifh uJGcJUwJU
toJeJU rcspfaomfvJ MuifemrJU vlwa,muf&JU &ifcGifxJ rsuf&nfvnf&GJeJU 0ifawmUr,fh
rrEGJUudk cifAsm; tjypfqdkrvm;? wyg;oludk cspf&ufeJU Muifem&rJUolrdkU rrEJGUudk odrf;ydkuf&
awmUr,fh q&mhtoJESvkH;u 'Pf&mudk cifAsm;u b,fqifajceJUrsm; vTrf;ypfrSmvJ? tqdk;qkH;u
q&mhqDu tcspfudk &,lbdkU rjzpfEdkifrSef;odvsufu qufxm;&SdcJUwJU ajrSmfvifhcsuf ysufysKH;wJU
tqkH; b0udkygvkH;vkH; a&pkHarsmapNyD; xif&mpdkif;avwJU trdkufr rdar&DtwGuf cifAsm;u
b,fajzaq;udkrsm; ay;rSmvJ}}

pdwfxdcdkufjcif;BuD;pGmjzifh aMuuGJrIw0uf a'gow0ufESifh ajymcsaeaom armifoufwif\


xufjrufaom pum;vkH;rsm;u udkvSa0\ toJvTmwGif;odkU azgufxGif;csif;eif;0ifoGm;onf/

]]'gawGudk igbmrSrodbl; armifoufwif? ightjypfbJxm;ygawmU? ar&Du udkjrifholudk cspfae


w,fqdkwm rif;b,fvdkvkyfodovJ}}

- 254 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armifoufwifu olUa&SUwGif a&mufaeNyDjzpfaom t&ufcGufudk,lum wusKduf armhaomuf


vdkufonf/

]]b,fvkdodovJ? [J.....[J.....? od&ykHuvm;? uRefawmfhtoJeJU&if;NyD; odcJU&wmaygh}}

armoufwif\ wif;rmaeaom rsufESmuav;rSm nId;usoGm;í toHrSmvnf; ajymhaysmif;


wkef,ifvmonf/

]]wBudrfu uRefawmf[m ar&DUtay: trkef;onf;cJUw,f/ trkef;onf;cJUorQ wcsdefusawmU


tcspfBuD;cJUrd&jyefw,f? 'gayr,hf uRefawmfhtcspfu rwkHUjyefvmaom arwÅmoabmygbJav/
'DvkdqdkvdkU ar&Du uRefawmfhudk rkef;ovm;ar;? rrkef;ygbl;? 'gayr,fh rcspfzl;? uRefawmfhtay:
ar&Du u&kPmawmU&Sdygw,f/ 'Du&kPmu u&kPmwGifbJ &yfaecJUw,f? rqkH;u&kPmaygh/
p&kHompNyD; tqkH;rowfwJU ra&Tar&D&JU uRefawmfhtwGuf rqkH;avaom u&kPm oabm
awG....}}

armifoufwifu idkjcif;xuf qdkUeifhbG,fjzpfaom &,forIudk jyKvdkufonf/

]]uRefawmfu oDcsif;rpyfpzl;pyf? aw;rodpzl;oD? yefolrJUwJU uRefawmfhoJOD;yef;udk zJGUEGJUvdkuf


cJU&wmawGav....? 'gayr,fh udkapmNidrf;a&;cJUovdk aiGpy,fMuLarT;udkrS ola&G;NyDxifw,f....}}

armifoufwifu oHaeoHxm;ESifh wcsuf[Jvdkufojzifh ab;rSNidrfvsuf tmvl;aMumf0g;aeaom


udka&TarmifrSm pdwfraumif;onfhMum;rS NyKH;rdoGm;onf/

]]uRefawmfu tzrf;rcH&cifuav;rSm uRefawmfh&ifxJ&SdorQ ar&DUudk zGifhtefjycJUw,f/ 'DawmU


ar&Du csKef;yJGcsidkcJUw,f/ ar&DjyefajymcJUwJU pum;av;[m uRefawmfhem;xJrSm raysmufysuf
ao;bl;/ ]]udkoufwif&,f rD;avmifajrrSm EG,feDyef;udk rysKd;vmygeJU}} wJU/ [kwfw,f? ar&DU
toJu q&mhtwGuf avmifuRrf;cJUNyD;bD? uRefawmfhtoJuvJ ar&DUtwGuf aMuysufcJUyD;bD}}

armifoufwifu t&ufudk armhvkdufjyefonf/

,cktcsdeftxd Nidrfaeaom udka&Tarmifu 0ifajym\/

]][kwfw,f? q&mhtay:xm;cJUwJU olUarwÅmtaMumif;udk ar&D[m rsuf&nfvnf&GJeJU Nidrf;udkvJ


ajymjybl;w,fwJU}}

- 255 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udka&Tarmifu Nidrf;xHrS olodrQtm; qufvufajymjyaeonf? olUpum; qkH;aomtcg udkvSa0


u pdwfrcsrf;omjcif;BuD;pGmESifh acgif;udkom wGifwGif,rf;aeonf/

]]ckeifu armifoufwifajymwJUtxJrSm tzrf;cH&w,fqdkwmbmvJ}}

armifoufwif\ rsufESmrSm jyefvnfwif;rmvmonf/

]]ausmif;rSmay:cJUwJU atmufwdkbmqlylrIeJU ywfoufvdkUaygh/ uRefawmf tcsKyfxJ a&mufoGm;


awmU b,folrS ay:rvmMubl;? tukodkvfuHuvJ qifhuJusvmw,f/ tcsKyfusaewkef;
uRefawmfhtaz avjzwfvdkU rrmyifpif ,lvdkuf&w,fqdkwJUpm tarhqDuvmw,f/ uRefawmf
bmvkyf&rvJ? udk,fhtrSm; udk,f0efcHNyD; q&mOD;jrifhol&JU tmrcHcsufeJU xGufvmcJU&w,f/
uRefawmf bmrSrazmfcJUbl;? bmrSopömrazmufcJUbl;? 'gayr,fh.....}}

armifoufwifu emusnf;pGm NyKH;onf/

]]'gayr,fh tjyifrSmusef&pfwJU &Jabmfol&Jaumif;BuD;awGu uRefawmfhudk ajymhnHUol?


'l;axmufol opömazmufqdkwJU bGJUawGeJU qD;BudK*kPfjyKMuw,fav? 'DarmifawGuawmU
bmvkyfaevJ odvm;? qlqlylyl tmPmzDqefa&;awGom vlwum ajrSmufay;aeMuwm?
ta&;usawmU olwdkUudku,frJU BuD;BuD;rmpwm trsKd;awG&Sdw,f? tzrf;tqD;awGvJ vkyfa&m?
tJ'D trsKd;awGtdrfrSm ukyfukyfav;wufaeNyD; tdyfvdkufpm;vkduf pmzwfvdkuf vkyfaeMuw,f/
'DowÅdrsKd;awmU vlwdkif;&Sdygw,fAsm....}}

armifoufwifu pm;yJGudk vufoD;ESifhxkvdkufonf/

]]tck uRefawmfu tvkyf&Sm&r,f/ ausmif;uvJ txkwfcHxm;&bD/ b,folurSvJ tvkyf


ray;bl;/ udk&SdefwdkUajymwm odyfrSefw,f/ wu,fxrif;iwfawmU b,folUtarvif EdkifiHa&;
orm;urS xrif;vmrauR;bl;....}}

udkvSa0u tomNyKH;í olUtm; ar;vdkufonf/

]]rif; tvkyf,lrvm;...}}

]]cifAsm;u ay;EdkifvdkUvm;...}}

- 256 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ay;EdkifvdkU ar;aewmaygh.....}}

]]bmtvkyfvJ....}}

]]owif;axmuf....}}

wu,fajymaewmvm;....? uRefawmfu t[kwfvkyfrSm....}}

]]wu,fajymaewmyg armifoufwif&m? eufjzefus igudk,fwdkifrif;udk vmac:yghr,f/ rif;tck


b,faevJ...}}

]][dkae'DaebJ? tck qif;&JUOD;av;qDvm;rodbl;? yefcsmyDq&m0efwOD;&JU aq;wdkufatmufxyf


rSm aeaew,f/ r*dkvrf;wGifbJ}}

udkvSa0u armifoufwiftm; t&ufxyfay;oifh ray;oifh csdefaeonf/ armifoufwifrSm


owdrvGwfaomfvnf; acgif;rSm wjznf;jznf;usKd;usae\/

]]'gxuf.... tck ar&Da&m...}}

]]ar&D..... ysufpD;aebD}}

]]b,fvdk.... b,fvdk.... armifoufwif}}

udkvSa0u xdwfvefUwMum; ar;vdkufonf/

]]cifAsm; oifoifudk rSwfrdvm;}}

]]tif;....}}

]][dkaumifeJU wGJvdkufwm tck ausmif;uxGufajy;&bD? bmaMumifhvJqufrar;eJU? awG;,l}}

]]tdk.... uRwf... uRwf}}

udkvSa0rSm trSefyif pdwfxdckdufoGm;onf/

- 257 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tckar&D ausmif;aqmifrSm r[kwfawmUbl;? olUOD;av;tdrfrSm/ olUOD;av; Munfh&'gawmU


vl&dk;bJ? 'gayr,fh olUorD; pw,fvmwdkUu vSvSwifwdkU todkufxJubJ/ ar&D[m tck
usm;emrav;vdkbJ xif&mpdkif;aew,f/ 'DaumifawGeJU wGJNyD; yGwfobifawG bmawGawmif
vdkufaew,fvdkU y*¾DqDu Mum;w,f}}

udkvSa0rSm wkefvIyfacsmufcsm;oGm;onf/ udk,fwdkif pdwfaemufudk,fyg rdkufrSm;bl;ojzifh ar&D


uJUodkU i,f&G,folwOD; rnfonhftxd vdrfhvJoGm;Edkifonfudk odayrnf/ vufawGU rdrda&SUü
ZufusKd;pjyKaeol armifoufwif\b0u Oyrmjyae\/

]]udkvSa0BuD; uRefawmfajymwm em;axmifyg/ 'Dt&Iyfudk &Sif;Edkifwm cifAsm;wa,mufbJ


&Sdw,f/ uRefawmfajymwm em;v,f&JUvm;}}

armifoufwif\ vQmrSm av;vHaeum pum;rsm;vnf; xyfvm\/ acgif;rSmvnf; rxlawmU/

]]uRefawmfajymwm em;v,fw,fr[kwfvm; udkvSa0.../ uRefawmfu udk,fhudkrcspfwJU udk,fu


cspfoludk olcspfwJUoludk cspfoleJU&bdkU udk,fusKd;pGefU wdkufwGef;aewmudk cifAsm;u? tJ-cifAsm;
cspfwJU cifAsm;cspfoludk olrcspfoleJU raygif;apbJ? tm;.... uRefawmfhpum; b,fa&mufoGm;
bDvJ? tJ..tJ... olrcspfwJUoleJU raygif;apbJ? uJ.... uJ.... ,lbdkU0efav;ae&if cifAsm; EGm;-
EGm;bJ/ 0wfx&def;vdkUatmf oGm;. jrufpm;...}}

armifoufwifu pum;tqkH;wGif pm;yJGckHay:odkU rsufESmarSmufvsuf usoGm;onf/

]]olU b,fhES,fvkyfrvJ...}}

udkvSa0u xyfar;onf/

]]olUae&mvJrodbl;? 'DtajceJU jyefvTwfzdkUroifhbl;/ uRefawmfawmU uRefawmfhtdrf ac:oGm;


csifw,f...}}

udka&Tarmifu tBuHay;onf/

]]uRefawmfhrSm um;ygygw,f/ cifAsm;b,faevJ....}}

]]Munfhjrifwdkif "r®du0wDvrf;rSm}}

- 258 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

udkvSa0u vufcsrGeftm;ac:í usoifhaomtzdk;ESifh abmufql;udkyg ay;onf/ NyD;rS owd&


um aiGxyfxkwfNyD; ]]vufcsrGef-bD[dkuftvwfpm;wvkH; ay;yg}} [k rSmvkduf&onf/

]][mAsm.. tm;emp&mBuD;...}}

]]udpör&Sdygbl;/ vm-armifoufwifudk wJGac:Mu&atmif}}

udkvSa0u vufcsrGef vmay;aom bD[dkufb&ef'Dudk udka&Tarmiftm; vSrf;ay;vdkufNyD;


ESpfOD;om; armifoufwiftm; wGJac:,lMuonf/

armifoufwifrSm [efraqmifEdkifawmUaomfvnf; owd&Sdoifhoavmuf &Sdao;onf/

udkvSa0\ um;aemufydkif;ü rSDxdkifrdvQifyif yg;pyfrS nnf;nnf;nLnL a&&Twfvdkuf\/

]]aMomf.... ar&D ar&D....? ar-&Dayr,fh armifidk&bD}}

udkvSa0u um;tm; pufEId;xGufcJUpOf armifoufwif\ aemufqkH;pum;aMumifh rcsdwifuJ


jzpfoGm;rdonf/

um;aemufydkif;rS armifoufwifurl vQmtmav;aeaomfvnf; aqG;ajrUbG,f&m oDcsif;wyk'f


udk qdkírsm;yifaeyg\/

]]aMomf.... oJOD;yef;&,f? yefqifolrJUNyDuG,f/ nId;rl-ydk;ulrzsufaveJU/ &Gm&ufrSmajy;...?


cspfrdk;a0wJU&moD? aEG&uf&Snfarm...? a<uoufrnfapm....}}

_ _ __ _ _

- 259 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

þtcsdefwGifyif armifoufwif\ oJOD;yef;tm; jiif;qefcJUol ar&Dwa,mufu olrcspfol\


&ifcGif0,f wJGrSDvsuf&Sdaeonf/

ae&mrSm tif;vsm;tvGef jynfvrf;rab;rS acwfrSDcHUnm;x,f0gaom wdkufBuD;wvkH;tm; A[dk


jyKxm;onfh yef;rmefO,smOfwdkUjzihf wifhw,fom,maom NcHus,fwckwGifjzpfonf/

tdrf&SifrSm Adkvfausmif;xGuf txufwef;pm;rsm; ujym;rsm;ESifh aygif;rdvQif jrefrmjynf


taMumif; odNyDxifaeaom jynfaxmifpkor®wEdkifiHawmf\ ajrmufjrm;vSpGmonfh rsufESmjzL
acwf "e&Sif {nfhonfawmfBuD;wOD;jzpfonf/

tdrfBuD;\ awmifbufrS wif;epf(pf)upm;uGif;rSm av;bufav;wef xkd;xm;onfh


"mwfrD;a&mifwdkUjzifh xdefvif;aeonf/ upm;uGif;xJwGifrl cyfvSrf;vSrf;pm;yGJwck&Sd *&r®mzkef;rS
vmaeaom taemufEdkifiHaw;tvdkuf zdkrpkHnDwdkU &ifcsif;rSDwGJí cufnufnuf uuGufudk
az:aeMu\/

ar&Du a&nSdpdrf;a&mif b&dkudwfxbD EdkifvGefjzLtuÐs vufjywfESifhjzpfí a&TwuefU


ausmufpdrf;wuefU qJGBudK;av;rSm ar&D\ oG,f&Sif;aom vufwdkif0if;0if;0,f rD;a&mifaMumifh
xGef;vJUae\/

ar&D\ t0wfwefqmwdkUu ajymifvufaeaomfvnf; ar&DUrsufvkH;rsm;rSm &Da0í


rsufawmifrsm;u pif;usaeonf/ OD;acgif;rSm &Da0a0jzpfvsuf tawGUtxd tMum;todwdkUrSm
rjywfom;rxufjruf? xkHxdkif;xdkif;jzpfaeonf/ teDa&mif bdk;wdkifvnfpnf; &Swfpuif;ukwf
tusÐjzL? eufjyma&muf ouúvufabmif;bD&SnfESifh vlBuD;vlaumif;*dkuf zrf;aeaom
[ife&DnGefUu OD;aqmifauGUywf uav&m aemufodkU pnf;rvGwf&kH tvdkufoifh rSDygae&\/

[ife&DnGefU\ tayGUrSm xkH;pHxufvGefí wif;usyfNyD; &ifcsif;rSmvnf; vdkonfxufydk


eD;uyfaeonf[k ar&Duxifonf/ odkU&mwGif &kef;uefjiif;qef&ef ar&Dü tm;ur&Sd/

vSvSwifESifh pw,fvmwdkUvnf; twJGudk,fpDESifh &,farmpum;ajym&if; uvsuf&Sdonfudk


ar&Du [ife&DnGefU\ yckH;xufrSmausmfí jrif&onf/

uHtm;avsmfpGm oDcsif;oHu &yfoGm;onf/ uaeaom twGJtoD;oD;u &yfvkdufMuí


vufckwfwD; Mobmay;onf/

- 260 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&Du [ife&DnGefUtm; NyKH;Munhfvkdufí ]]ar&D em;csifao;w,f}} [kqdkum upm;uGif;rS


tjyifodkUxGufvmojzifh [ife&DnGefUuvnf; uyfvkdufygvmonf/

"mwfpufzGifhaeaom tdrf&SifrsufESmjzLu bmatmfí vSrf;ajymvdkufonf rod/ uyJGy&dowfu


qlnHpGmjrL;wl;pGm atmf[pfvdkufNyD; vufckyfwD;Muonf/ cPtMumwGif oGufoGufESifh vIyf&Sm;
x<uaom wD;vkH;oHu ay:vmonf/ tdrf&SifrSmvnf; uyJG0dkif;twGif;odkU 0ifvmum olUxuf
waycefU t&yfedrfhaom trsKd;orD;wa,mufudk qJGí wJGu0ifEGJaeonf/ y&dowfrSm oGufvuf
jrL;xl;aom wif*dktuudk paeMuayNyD/

ar&Du rvSrf;rurf; opfyifwyifatmuf&Sd pm;yGJwvkH;ESifhjyifxm;aom bm;&Sd&modkU avQmuf


vmcJUonf/

]]ar&D bmaomufrvdkUvJ....}} [ife&DnGefUu ar;onf/

]]eJeJrl;aemufaevdkdU a&cJa&wcGufavmuf aomufcsifw,f...}}

]]ckeifuvdk vdkif;rf*sLpf aomufygvm;...}}

]][ifhtif;... 'Dvdkif;rf*sLpfvJukefa&m ar&DvJ wrsKd;BuD;jzpfvmwmbJ....}}

]]tcefUroifhvdkUyg? apmapmu ar&Dblaz;pm;wm rsm;oGm;w,fxifw,f...}}

bm;rS pm;yJGxdk;vSrf;ay;aom a&cJa&cGufudk [ife&DnGefUu,lvdkufNyD; ar&DUtm;wqifhay;onf/


oludk,fwdkifurl bD,moHAl;wvkH;udk azgufckdif;í pkwfaomuf,laeonf/

"mwfpufqDrSm uBudK;wD;0dZÆm ApfwmqDAvfpwm;\ wif*dkbdkvm;&dk;aw;oGm;rSm NrdKifNrdKifBuD;


xGufay:aeí wif;epfupm;uGif;v,frS y&dowfrSmvnf; tjrL;BuD;jrL;aeMuayNyD/

]]ar&D-wyJGavmuf EGJvdkufMupdkUygtkH;vm;...}}

bD,mAl;udkudkif&if; [ife&DnGefUu qG,fonf/

]]tdk.... ar&D acgif;xJurl;aew,f? em;aecsifvdkufwm? NyD;awmU wif*dkvJ ruwwfygbl;...}}

- 261 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

[ife&DnGefUu bmudkauseyfonfrod? tomNyKH;vdkufonf/ bD,mAl;udk pm;yGJay: csxm;


vdkufNyD; ]]vmar&D? NcHxJoGm;xdkif&atmif? av00&SLvdkuf&&if aeomoGm;rSmyg}} [k qdkonf/
pum;qkH;vQif olua&SUaqmifí tdrf\aemufzufusaom NcHtwGif;ydkif;odkU ar&Dtm; ac:cJh
onf/

wae&mwGifrl pdefyef;yif&dyfatmufü csxm;aom aq;pdrf;okwf ckHwef;aemufrSDay: acgif;wif


rSDí ajcypfvufypfuav; xdkifaerdonf/

þae&modkU rD;a&mifu wdkuf&dkufrvm/ odkU&mwGif reD;ra0;wGif&Sd opfyifwyifü "mwfBudK;


oG,fxGef;NiSdxm;onfh rD;vkH;rsm;rS ta&mifwdkUrSm jyef[yfvmrIaMumifh arSmifíraeay/

ar&Du rdrd þnüBuKHcJU&orQudk tomNidrfawG;aerdonf/ þygwDodkU a&mufvmpurl 0if


urnf[k pdwful;rxnfhrd/ okdU&mwGif [ife&DnGefU ,lvmay;aom orÇ&mazsmf&nfwcGufudk
aomufNyD;onfhaemuf rdrd bmawGvkyfrdcJUonfudkrod/ tpyxraomf pdwfrSm&Tifvmí
&,farm&onfrSm vGwfvyfum ESpfESpfNcdKufNcdKuf&SdvS\/ r&nf&G,fbJESifh [ife&DnGefUeJUwJGí
b,fESpfBudrf urdonfvnf; rrSwfrdawmU? xrif;pm;tNyD;wGifrl vlrSmav;vHvmí acgif;rSm
vnf; ododomom rl;a0vmonf/

acgif;udkarmhí yGifh&kH pif;arS;zGifhxm;aom ar&DUrsufvkH;rsm;u pdefyef;&Gufrsm;Mum;rS rJarSmifaom


rdk;jyifaemufcH0,f wvJUvJUay:xGufaeonfh Mu,fzl;Mu,fyGifhwdkUtm; jrifaeonf/

ESif;rIefrsm;rSm rodrom zJGzJGusqif;aevsuf ajrSmufjyefavu tomt,m 0ifvmwdk;a0SUae\/

ajrmufjyefav\ tawGUu at;csrf;aeaomfvnf; xl;qef;onfh aqG;ajrUjcif; a0'em


w&yftm; ar&DUü ay:vmaponf/

ar&DUrsufawmifrsm;u pif;arS;usvm\/ rsufvkH;ydwfxm;aomfvnf; o@mefwcku tm&kHwGif


ay:aeonf/ em;rSmvnf; toHwdkUudk Mum;aeonf/

]]ar&DUudk,far&D aumif;aumif;xdef;Edkifygap...}}

xdktcdkufwGifyif ylaEG;aom vufarmif;rsm;u rdrdudk,fav;tm; ayGU,lxm;rSef; ar&Donf


owdjyKrd\/ yg;jyifxufodkU ESmacgif;rS avwdk;onfudk cHpm;vdkuf&NyD; ylaEG;wkef,ifaom
EIwfcrf;rsm;u rdrd\ EIwfcrf;vTmrsm;ay: wGef;zdusa&mufvm\/

- 262 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&D owdaumif;aumif;&aom tcsdefwGifrl emusnf;eifheJvSaom a0'emw&yfu &ifudk


vTrf;NcKHxm;onf/ &kwfw&uf xdkif&mrSxvdkufrdNyD; &Da0aomrsufvkH;rsm;jzihf rdrdtm; pl;pdkuf
ai;Munhfaeol [ife&DnGefUtm; &GH&Smrkef;wD;pGm acwÅjyefMunfhaerd\/ aemuf rdrdudk,frdrd
bmvkyfvdkufonfrodrD rdrd\vuf0g;u ol\yg;jyifudk wtm;csrdNyD; jzpfoGm;\/

aemufwcPürl ar&Donf &Sufpdwf? 0rf;enf;pdwf a'gopdwfrsm;ESifh rTefxlum NcHwGif;rSaeí


wZGwfxdk; xGufvmcJUrdonf/

okdU&mwGif jynfvrf;ray:odkU ta&mufwGifrl aemufrS [ife&DnGefUu rSDvdkufvmonf/

]]tdk.. ar&D? aetkH;av...? 'gb,fvJ....}}

[ife&DnGefUu ar&D\ vufav;tm; qGJ,lxm;vkdufojzifh t&SdefESifhoGm;aeol ar&DrSm wkHUueJ


wefUvnfywfvsuf olESifh rsufEScsif;qdkif &yfrdoGm;\/

]]&Sif-usrvufudk vTwfyg...}}

]]tdk... 'DavmufvJ a'gorBuD;ygeJU ar&D? uRefawmf ajymygtkH;r,f}}

]]&Sifhpum;rMum;csifbl;? vTwfqdkvTwfaemf...}}

ar&Du twif;&kef;onf/ oluvnf; rvTwf/ NrJNrHpGm qkyfudkifxm;\/

xdktckdufwGifyif uRDueJb&dwftkyfoHESifhtwl um;eufuav;wpD;u olwdkUtem; xdk;&yf


vdkufNyD; um;ay:rS udkvSa0u qif;vmonf/

]]ar&D... bmjzpfovJ...}}

udkvSa0u ajcvSrf;usJBuD;rsm;jzifh csOf;uyfvm&if; ar;onf/

[ife&DnGefUrSm udk,f&SdefowfoGm;onf/ ar&DrSm tpyxrü xdefvefUoGm;[efjyaomfvnf;


vrf;ab;"mwfrD;a&mifaMumifh udkvSa0\rsufESmudk oJoJuJGuJG jrif&aomtcgwGifrl tm;wuf
oGm;[efESifh olUteD;odkU ajy;uyfvmonf/

- 263 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf rdwfaqG[m vlBuD;vlaumif;wa,mufbJxifw,f? 'g[m uRefawmf 'dwfufvkyf


ac:vmwJU *Jvfz&if;'fyg/ a[m'D ygwDvm&if; pdwfaumuffNyD; xGufvmvdkU vkdufacsmhac:
aewmbJ...}}

[ife&DnGefUu tNyKH;rysuf &Sif;jyaeonf/ olu £ajE¨rysuf &Sif;jyaomfvnf; twefaxG


onfh[ef ay:ae\/

udkvSa0u udkuf50-cefUa0;aom NcHwGif;rS ygwDqDtm; vSrf;MunhfvkdufNyD; ar&DUbufvSnfhí


]]olajymwm[kwfvm; ar&D}} [k ar;vdkuf\/

]]tdk.. olbmajymajym? ar&D 'DxJvJjyefroGm;csifbl;/ olwdkUeJUvJ rjyefcsifbl;/ ar&Dzmom


bmjzpfjzpf a&SmufoGm;r,f...}}

wcgu uufeufofESifh &ifqdkifpOf Mum;cJU&ouJUodkUyif ar&D\ toHav;rSm a'goESifh


wkef,ifaeonf/

udkvSa0u [ife&DnGefUtm; wnfMunfpGm vSefMunfhvdkufí at;csrf;pGmyif pum;jyefonf/

]]'Drdef;uav;urS oabmrwlbJ[m bmvdkUzdwfac:aervJ? olUudk uRefawmfodw,f?


uRefawmfbJ tdrfjyefydkUay;vkdufygr,f}}

[ife&DnGefUu vIyf&Sm;oGm;onf/

]]b,fjzpfrvJrdwfaqG? olUtdrfudk uRefawmfwm0efcH ac:vmwmudk....}}

]]cifAsm;wm0efcH ac:vmayr,fh um,uH&Sifrdef;uav; udk,fEdIufurS cifAsm;tay: ,kHMunfrI


r&SdawmUwJU[m....}}

pdwfxGufcJUNyDjzpfaom udkvSa0u cyfwif;wif;yifajymrdonf/

[ife&DnGefUu rsufarSmifMuKwfí udkvSa0tm; Munfhvdkuf\/

]]rdwfaqG? rqdkifwm0ifr&IyfygeJU? vmar&D....}}

- 264 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

[ife&DnGefUu a&SUwvSrf;wdk;um ar&DUtm; qJGac:rnfjyifonf/ ar&Durl udkvSa0\aemufü


uG,fí um;em;uyfaeonf/

udkvSa0u apmapmuwGif ajymcJUaom armifoufwif\pum;rsm;udk Mum;a,mifvmonf/


oifoif\ rsufESmav;udkyg jrifa,mifvm\/ a'gorSmvnf; axmif;ueJxvmonf/
xdkUaMumifhyif rdrdtm;wGef;z,fí ar&DUqD wdk;0ifvmaom [ife&DnGefU\ ukwftusÐudk
&yfbwfae&mrS pkqGJvsuf ar;qDodkU vufoD;ESifh pGwfxdk;csvkdufonf/

[ife&DnGefUrSm vrf;ab;jrufcif;ay:odkU xdk;vJusoGm;onf/ &kwfw&uf jyefrxEdkifbJ


apmif;vJvsufrS udkvSa0tm; rsufvkH;tjyL;om;ESifh pdkufMunfhaeonf/

]]'DrSm- cifAsm;b,folqdkwm&,f? oifoifvdk rdef;cav;awGudk cifAsm; bmvkyfcJUw,f qdkwm


&,f? usKyf tukefodw,f? usKyfeHr,f vSa0? owif;pmq&mwOD;bJ/ [dkbuf ESpfNcHausmfrSm
aew,f/ ta&;,lcsif&if um;udkrSwfxm;vdkuf...}}

udkvSa0u rdrd\nmvufoD;tm; b,fvuf0g;ESifh tomyGwf&if; [ife&DnGefUtm; wkefvIyf


jcif; uif;aomavoHESifh wvkH;csif;ajymaeonf/

xdkUaemuf um;a&SUwHcg;udkzGifhvsuf ]]uJ-ar&Dwuf}} [kqdkonf/ ar&D um;ay:a&mufaomtcg


olu '&dkifbmae&mwGif ar&DESifh,SOfxdkufvsuf um;udk &efukefbufjyefauGU armif;xGufcJU
onf/

]]ar&D b,frSmaevJ...}}

]]0if'grD,mukwfrSmyg}}

'Dvmwm wjcm;taz:awG ygcJUao;vm;}}

]]ar&DUnDr0rf;uGJ ygw,f...}}

udkvSa0u pum;qufrajymawmUbJ um;udkom cyfjrefjrefarmif;aeonf/ olUem;xJwGifrl


armifoufwif rl;rl;ESifh rcsdwifuJajymcJUavaom pum;&yfrsm;udk jyefvnfMum;a,mifaeonf/

- 265 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ajrSmvifhcsuf ysufjyKef;wJUtqkH;rSm b0udkyg vkH;vkH;a&pkefarsmapNyD; xif&mpdkif;avwJU


trdkufr rdar&DtwGuf cifAsm;u b,fajzaq;udkrsm; ay;rSmvJ...}}

udkvSa0u oufjyif;wcsuf &Idufvdkufí ]]ar&D bmvdkU'DvdkyJGawG wuf&wmvJ}} [k nifompGm


ar;rdonf/

ar&Du a&SUodkU NidrfNidrfav; pl;pdkufai;Munhf vdkufygvm&mrS olUtm; awGawG jyefvSnfhMunfh


onf/ aemuf rJUNyKH;av; NyKH;vdkufonf/

]]'Dtar;udk tudkBuD; ar&DUudk rar;bJxm;&if aumif;r,f...}}

]]tdk...}}

udkvSa0u vTwfueJ tHUMovdkufrdNyD; ar&DUtm; tuJcwfí wcsufMunfhvdkufonf/ aemuf


acsmharmhaomavoHESifh qufajymonf/

]]tudkBuD;taeeJU ar&DUudk udk,fa&;udk,fwmudpöawG rar;oifhbl;qdkwm em;v,fygw,f/


ar&DeJU tudkBuD;[m tckrS pum;ajymbl;MuwmrSefw,f? 'gayr,fh taMumif;aMumif;awG
axmufvdkuf&if tudkBuD;taeeJU ar&UDudk nDrt&if;yrm apmifha&Smuftyf ajymqdktyfwJU
0wÅ&m;awG &Sdw,fxifw,f}}

udkvSa0u armfawmfum;udk t&Sdefavsmhí pwD&m&ifudk xdef;vsuf a&SUodkUMunfh&if; jznf;nSif;


pGm ajymae\/ ar&Du tHUMopdwfaiGUaiGUESifh acsmarmcHUnm;aom udkvSa0\ rsufESmudk
armfMunfhrdaom udkvSa0ESifh ,ckudkvSa0rSm wjcm;pDjzpfaeonf/

]]ar&DUtaeJU bmawGbJa&Smufvkyfaeae 'Dntodkuft0ef;rsKd;eJU [ife&DnGefUvdk vlpm;awGudk


awmU a0;a0;u a&Smifxdkufw,fxifw,f}}

udkvSa0u pum;udkjzwfvQuf ar&DUtm; vSnfhMunfhNyD; ]]tudkBuD;qdkvkdwm em;v,fw,f


r[kwfvm;}} [kar;onf/

ar&DUrsufESmwGif rJUNyKH;avm? emusnf;rItNyKH;avm? cJGjcm;rwwfEdkifonhf tNyKH;u ay:vmjyef


onf/ tvif;ajzmhajzmhü ar&DUrsufvkH;rSm rsuf&nfrsm;ESifh awmufyaeonfudk awGUEdkifonf/

- 266 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&D.... 'gawGudk odom;bJ....}}

ar&Du tHUav;Budwf&if; ajzonf/ udkvSa0rSm ar&DUpum;aMumifh tHMooGm;&jyefonf/

um;rSm [Hom0wDt0dkif;BuD;odkU a&mufvmí OD;0dpm&vrf;twdkif; qufajy;aeonf/

]]ar&D 'gawGudkodw,f? 'gayr,fh odwmuwjcm;? ar&DUpdwfudk tpdk;r&wmuwjcm;bJ? tdk-


'gawG qufrajymeJUMuygpdkUvm;}}

ar&Du yg;jyifay:odkU ckefaygufusvmao rsuf&nfrsm;tm; udkvSa0rjrifatmif rsufESmudk


wzufodkU vJGypfvdkufonf/ tomusdwfum &ifxJwGifyif &Idufaerdonf/ udkvSa0tm; jrifae&
jcif;onfyif ar&Dtm; &ifü vufrcHcsifNyDjzpfaom a0'emESifh tm&kHwGif rxifvmapvdkawmU
aom tjzpf&yfrsm;udk jyefvnfopfvmap\/

]]ar&Du bmhaMumifh ar&Dpdwfudk tpdk;r& &wmvJ...}}

odvsufESifh udkvSa0u ZGwfyif ar&DxHrS pum;awmufMunfhonf/ ar&DUxHrS pum;jyefu


ay:rvm/ usdwfxdef;xm;&mrS yGifhxGufvmaom &IdufoHav;udk Mum;&onf/ udkvSa0
vSnfhMunfhvdkufaom tcgwGifrl ar&DrSm rsufESmav;tm; vuf0g;ESifhtkyfí udk,fav;odrfodrfh
wkefatmif &IdufidkaeayNyD/

udkvSa0u bmrQqufrajymawmUbJ um;udkom 0if'grD,mtwGif;odkU auGUarmif;0ifcJUonf/

]]b,fem;utdrfvJ ar&D...}}

udkvSa0u ajreDvrf;twdkif; um;udkjznf;jznf; vSdrfharmif;vm&mrS ar;onf/

]]a&SUeJeJoGm;ygtkH;/ tdrfa&SUbufrSm ,if;vdyftpdrf; csxm;w,f}}

ar&Du acgif;av;jyefarmfhvmum toHudkxdef;&if; ajymonf/ udkvSa0u ar&DnTefjyaom NcH0


wHcg;jzLa&SUwGif um;udk&yfvsuf [Gef;3-csuf qufwD;vdkuf\/

ar&Du um;ay:rSqif;onf/

- 267 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aus;Zl;odyfwifygw,f tudkBuD;? jyefcsifjyefygawmU? '&0rfvmaeygbD/

udkvSa0u pdwfudkqkH;jzwfvdkuf[ef rsufESmudkwnfwnfxm;vsuf ar;cGef;wckar;vdkufonf/

]]ar&D aemuf'grsKd;awG a&SmufvkyfaetkH;rSmvm;....}}

ar&Du olUtm; csmueJvSnfhMunfhvdkufonf/ rsuf&nfaMumif; raysmufao;aom rsufESmav;


u xdckdufvSaomtNyKH;udk jyae\/

]]tudkBuD;- bmvdkU 'Dpum;awGudkbJ ajymae&ovJ? ar&D pum;ukefajymyD;bD/ ar&DUpdwfudk


ar&D tpdk;r&bl;/ ar&Dxifwm ar&Da&SmufvkyfrSmbJ/ NyD;awmU ar&DUtrSm; ar&DcHr,f/ ar&DUrSm
'DavmufawmU owÅd&Sdw,f....}}

udkvSa0u tomNyKH;vdkufonf/ aemuf ar&D\ rsufvkH;rsm;udk pl;pl;pdkufpdkufMunfh&if; t"dyÜm,f


jynfhaom pum;w&yfudk ajymvdkuf\/

]]ar&Dxifwm vkyfygav? 'gayr,fh ar&DxifwmawG vkyfaewmudk ar&DUudk cifrifwJU wcsKdU


vlawG odoGm;&if b,fhES,faervJ}}

ar&DrSm ododomom wkefvIyfacsmufcsm;oGm;onf/ um;teD;odkU jyefuyfvmum udkvSa0\


rsufESmtm; aphaph jyefMunfhaeonf/

]]tudkBuD; bmqdkvdkovJ....}}

udkvSa0u rajzbJ pwD&m&ifay: wifxm;aom vuf0g; 2-zufudk vSefajrSmufí yckH;udk


wGefUvdkufonf/

ar&DUudk,fav;u rwfvmonf/ ar;&dk;av;rSm wif;vmum rsufESmrSmvnf; wnfMunfvm\/

]]'DrSm tudkBuD;....? 'DnjzpfcJUwmawGudk q&mrodygapeJU? q&modrSef; ar&DMum;&&if ar&DUudk,f


ar&D owfaoypfvdkufr,f odvm;? *GwfEdkuf}}

udkvSa0u xdwfvefUpGmESifh ar&DUtm; wcsufpdkufMunfhvdkufonf/ ar&DUtaMumif;udk odoifh


orQ odcJU&NyDjzpfojzifh ajymvdkufaompum;tm; ayghayghqq rrSwfxif&J/

- 268 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

xdkUaMumifhyif oufjyif;wcsuf &Idufvdkuf&if; ]]*GwfEdkufwf}} [k av;yifpGm jyefEIwfqufcJUvsuf


um;udk aemufqkwfjyefauGUxGufcJUpOf olUtaeESifh bmvkyfp&mom usefawmUonfudk od&Sd
qkH;jzwfNyD; jzpfaeonf/

armifoufwifajymouJUodkU trdkufr rdar&DtwGuf udkvSa0u ajzaq;udkom ay;&ayawmU


rnf/ /

- 269 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(16)

jynfh0ef;aom wefaqmifrkef;aiGv\ a&mifjcnfrsm;u a&Twd*kHqHawmf&Sif\ a&T&nfESifhzufum


0if;vQH xGef;vufae\/

apwDawmf\ ,ifjyifawmfay:wGifrl rD;xGef;yJGvnf&if; bk&m;wGif wcgqkHvdkolwdkUESifh


BudwfBudwfwdk; pnfum;aeonf/

y&dowfxJwGif armif&Sef? jrifhoef;? atmifcifjrifhESifh qif;wdkUvnf;yg0ifí bk&m;tm; oufaph


ywfaeMuonf/ wifOD;armifwa,mufrl ryg/

]]tif;.... ighrsufpdxJawmU rdef;uav;jriforQ acsmaewmbJuGm....}}

jrifhoef;u a&SUrvSrf;rurf;rS avQmufoGm;aeMuaom rdef;rysKdwodkuf\ aemufydkif;tm;


ai;Munfh&if; nnf;nnf;nLnL rSwfcsufcsonf/

olUenf;twl rrSdwfrokH a&SUodkUtm&kHjyK&if; rSefrSef avQmufaeMuaom usef&Jabmfrsm;u


&kwfw&uf jyefrajzMu/ twefMumrS rEÅav;yefcsmu wpkHwckudk av;av;eufeuf awG;í
rSwfcsufcsonf/

]]rdef;uav;awG[m tppt&m&m uRefawmfwdkUxuf cHEdkif&nf&SdoAs....}}

olUpum;aMumifh usef3-OD;u rsufvkH;jyL;oGm;Muonf/

]]aMomf.... udkudkyefcsmES,f...? rSefwmawGBuD; a&Smufajym? Mum;vm;}}

armif&Sdefu teufaumufí azmufvdkufojzifh jrifhoef;wdkUu oabmaygufum 0dkif;&,f


Muonf/

]]cifAsm;wdkUu bk&m;ay:awmif r[kwfwmawG;NyD; t"dyÜm,faumufaeMuwmudk;/ uRefawmf


qdkvdkwmu vSoxufvSr,fqdk&if 'Dracsmav;awG t&nfxlEdkifwJU £w¬d,obm0udk
ajymwm....}}

- 270 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rSefygh wuúodkvfyefcsm udkudkumvDa&...? oQwÅ&oabmav;awG trdefU&Sdygh? Mum;Mu&atmif


aESm....}}

obifonfwydkif; jzpfaeol armif&Sdefu tNidrfhvljywfavESifh 0ifaxmufonf/

]]Munfh? tck cifAsm;wdkU uRefawmfwdkUu aqmif;wGif;rdkU taEG;xnfawG bmawGeJU? olwdkUudk


Munfhprf;? ukwftuÐsav;awG vufxJ pwdkifeJUydkufvdkU/ EdkifvGefvufwdk yg;yg;av;awGeJU
rcsrf;Mubl;/ ckaersm; olwdkUvufarmif;oGm;udkif&if rdef;rjrwf wa,mufrSawGUrSmr[kwfzl;...}}

]]a[.... a[..... bm.... bm.... bmajymw,f}}

usefvlrsm;u qif;\pum;udk &kwfw&ufem;rvnfMu/

]]q&muvJ odyfuGufausmfawGrESdyfygeJU..../ q&mhwynhfrsm;u 'DavmufOmPfrrSDbl;/ vif;prf;


ygtkH;}}

jrifhoef;u awmif;yefonf/

]]olwdkUvufarmif;awG oGm;udkifMunfhygvm;? at;pufaerSmbJ/ a[rEÅajymif;vm? aqmif;tcg


udk,faEG;? aumif;omrm*kPfolaX;[mrdkU BuKHao;uruf&ef...qdkwJU pmqdkeJU nDekdifygawmU
rvm;}}

]]bk&m;.... bk&m;? ewf&Sifawmifudk,fawmfBuD;rsm; rkefqdwfarT;eJU yefcsmyDa,mif zefqif;NyD;


<uvmovm;u&dkU...}}

jrifhoef;u qif;tm; *kPfjyKvdkufojzifh usefvlrsm;u 0dkif;&,fMuonf/

]]wefprf;ygqif;&m....? armif&ifhbmom pdwfacsmufcsm;NyD; aumifrav;awGvuf udkifcsifwmeJU


oQwÅ& okawoevkyfief;bJ vkyfcsifoa,mifa,mif pum;rac:ygeJU....}}

atmifcifjrifhu us,favmifus,favmifESifh qif;tm;cGyfvdkuf\/

- 271 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

jrifhoef;u armif&SdefUtm; vufwdkUí atmifcifjrihfqD ar;aighjyvsuf ]aomufuef;ujrifvm;?


'grsKd;awmUtNrJMum;} [k wdk;wdk;ajymonf/ atmifcifjrifhu jrifvdkufojzifh ]]bmvJ armif&if
wdkUu udk,fhtwif; ajymwmvm;}} [k jyefar;onf/

]]aMomf.... r[kwfygbl; oli,fcsif;&m? rif;rSm&SdorQ *kPfusufoa& taygif;udk csD;rGrf;aeMu


wmyg}}

armif&Sdefu ajymvdkufNyD; udk,fhpum;udk,foabmusí w[J[J&,faeonf/ atmifcifjrifhuyg


a&m&,fí a&SUu qufavQmufoGm;ae\/

a&SUurdef;uav;rsm; &yfvQif &yfjcif;? avQmufvQif avQmufjcif;ESifh rSefrSefcsDwufvmMuaom


oli,fcsif;wodkufrSm ta&SUapmif;wef;teD;odkU a&mufvmMuonf/

yg;pyfBuD;NzJvsuf [dkMunfhonfMunfhESifh a&SUaqmifa&mufvmaom atmifcifjrihf\ rsufvkH;


rsm;rSm ta&SUapmif;wef;taygufESifh uyfvsuf&Sdaom p&yfwaqmifrS rdef;uav;wOD;qDodkU
a&mufoGm;ojzifh ]]a[h... a[h....}} [kqdkum vlrSmvnf; &yfoGm;\/

]]bmvJ... bmvJ oli,fcsif;? rif;vuf csdwfxdk;cH&vdkUvm;}}

]]rif;tb....? igubmvkyfvdkU vuf csdwftxdk;cH&rSmvJ}}

]]aMomf.... rif;uawmU bmrSrvkyfzl;aygh/ 'gayr,fh ab;vlvkyfwm rif;u em;xdkif;yg;wdkif;


rtlrv,feJU tacsmif0ifcHvkduf&ovm;vdkUyg}}

atmifcifjrifhu tHBudwfí armif&SdefUtm; Munhfvdkufonf/

]]acG;rom;awG? ighbJ ESdrfaygufMunfhaeMuw,f}}

atmifcifjrifhu av;av;yifyif Budrf;aeojzifh usefvlrsm;u pyfNzJNzJESifh 0dkif;acsmhMu&onf/

]]qdkygtkH;.... rif;bmawGUvdkUvJ}}

atmifcifjrifhu p&yfqDodkU nTefjyonf/

- 272 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&Dav? arb,fvfudk trSwfr&bl;vm;}}

oli,fcsif;tm;vkH;u atmifcifjrifhnTef&modkU ai;Munfhí pum;rajymEdkifatmif jzpfoGm;Mu


onf/

rD;a&mifESifh0if;yaeaom p&yf\0&HwmrS ar;av;axmuf&if; ar&Du &ifjyifawmfay:rS


vlrsm;tm; ai;Munfhaeonf/

ar&Du MunfjymcH0,f aiGyGifhazguf ydk;ajymhxbD? EdkifvGeftuÐsjzLESifhjzpf&m rD;a&mif0,f xGef;vJh


aeaom p&yftwGif;rS a&T&nfaemufcHESifh vdkufzufwifhw,fcsifwdkif; wifhw,faeonf/

]][kdwkH;u arb,fvfvJ 'Dae&mrSm 'Dtwdkif;bJ awGU&bl;w,faemf....}}

udk&Sdefu rSwfcsufcsonf/ wefaqmifwdkifyJGa&mufvQif &efukefwuúodkvf aeUausmif;ol ausmif;


om;rsm;toif;u þp&yfwGif rkHU[if;cg;auR;{nfhcHaom tpOftvm&Sdonf/ NrdKUwGif;
rD;yGJMunfhvnfywfaom ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm;rSm þp&yfwGif vmqkHNrJjzpfonf/

]]vmyguGm? pdwfrcsrf;omp&mawG rawG;MuygeJU? rodk;ouFef;&ufwJUqD oGm;wdk;Mu&atmif}}

jrifhoef;u acgif;aqmifac:iifojzifh oli,fcsif;wodkufrSm reD;ra0;&Sd rodk;ouFef; tNydKif


&ufaeaom p&yfqDodkU xGufvmcJUMuonf/ odkU&mwGif a&SUü yufyif;ygwdk;aeaom vlodkuf
aMumifh tHUtm;oifhum &yfoGm;rdMujyefonf/

wdkufykHtuÐsteuf befaumufvkHuGif;tjymEk a&TrsufrSef0if;0if;ESifh wifOD;armifonf wNyKH;NyKH;


jzifh rdef;uav;wodkufESifh wJGavQmufvmonf/

]][...[...? udkMuufOwdkU pGHaewmawG Munfhprf;}}

]]at;[....? olUrsufESmuvkyfxm;vdkufwm Munfhprf;? u&meDqdkifu aygifrkHUaxmywfokwfudk


oMum;jzL;xm;wJUtwdkif;bJ}}

rdef;uav;rsm;rSm tm;vkH;aygif; 3-OD;jzpfonf/ vuf0JbuftpGefqkH;&Sd ukwftusÐav;tm;


vufarmif;ay:wGif acgufcsKd;wifum &ifüydkufxm;aom tom;vwfvwf rdef;rysKdem;ü
wifOD;armifu uyfvsufygvm\/ wzuftpGefwGif tjcm; a,mufsm;av; 2-OD;ygonf/

- 273 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]rdef;uav;u ausmif;uawmUr[kwfzl;}}

atmifcifjrifhu rSwfcsufcsonf/

wifOD;armifu olwdkUtodkuftm; vSrf;jrifaomfvnf; csufjcif;yif rsufESmvJGí rjrif[ef


jyKvQuf rdef;rysKdtm; pum;ajym&if; qufavQmufoGm;onf/

atmifcifjrihfu vSrf;ac:rnfjyKonfudk armif&SdefESifhjrifhoef;wdkUu wm;vdkufonf/

]]ae.... ae.... ieJom;u tom;vGwf<um;oGm;vdkufwm? oda&maygh}} [k jrifhoef;u yckH;


wzufwnf;udk jrifhcsnfedrfhcsnfvkyf&if; Budrf;NyD; olUtBuHudkzGifhajymonf/ usef 3-OD;u
oabmwlvdkufMuonf/

2-jym;wefaqmif;xdyfwGif toHcsJUpufwvkH;&Sdonf/ y&dowfrSm 0uf0ufuJGrQ pnfaeojzifh


rMumcP cav;aysmufrIrsm;&Sd\/ toJcsJUpufteD;wGif rD;owf&Jabmf 2-OD;u aysmufaom
uav;rsm;\ emrnfudk ac:í aMumfjimay;aeonf/

rMumrD &kwf&kwfjzifh armif&SdefwdkUtodkufu toHcsJUpufem; a&mufívmMuonf/ armif&Sdefu


azgifwdefxkwfí pD;u&ufAl;twGif;cHpuúLjzLü pmpDay;onf/ jrihfoef;u rsufESmi,fav;jzifh
rD;owf&Jabmfrsm;qD uyfoGm;onf/

]]&JabmfBuD;wdkU&m..../ uRefawmfwdkU nDuav;wa,muf vufwJGjyKwfNyD; b,fusef&pfrSef; rod


bl;/ wqdwfuav; aus;Zl;jyKNyD; aMumfjimay;yg}}

rSifaoaoESifh jrifhoef;u toem;cHaecdkuf armif&SdefESifhatmifcifjrifhu ZD;uif;avmuf&Sdaom


rsufESmav;rsm;jzifh ab;rS &yfMunfhaeMuonf/

]]cifAsm;wdkUnDu b,ft&G,f&SdNyDvJ}}

befaumufwdkufykHwdkUjzifh &Id;usus0wfvmMuaom vl&G,frsm; uav;aysmufonfqdkjcif;tm;


r,kHEdkif[efESifh rD;owf&Jabmfu jyefar;onf/

- 274 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]10-ESpfavmufawmU &SdygbD? cav;u awmuwufvmp? uRefawmfwdkUeJU tyfxnfhvdkufwm


rtlrv,fav;? [dkroGm;wwf 'DrvmwwfeJU 'Dpm&Gufay:rSm eHr,fa&;xm;ygw,f/ r,kH&if
a[m[dk a'gufwmBuD; ar;Munfhyg}}

jrifhoef;u cyfNyKH;NyKH;ESifh wnfMunfcefUnm;pGm &yfaeaom qif;buf vufnId; xdk;nTefjy&if;


ajymonf/ qif;u acgif;wqwfqwfESifh ]]rSefygw,f.... rSefygw,f}} [k orm"dBuD;pGmESifh
0ifaxmufcH\/

rD;owf&Jabmfu jrifhoef;ay;aompm&Guftm; ,lzwfMunfhonf/

]][m... cifAsm;wdkUvufa&; uRefawmfrzwfwwfzl;? cifAsm;wkdUzmomcifAsm;wdkU aMumfjimMu


ayawmU....}}

tBudKufusoGm;aom jrifhoef;ESifharmif&Sdefu toHcsJUpufem;oGm;í wa,mufwvJ atmfMu


onf/

xdktcsdefwGif tawmfvSrf;vSrf;ü wifOD;armifwdkUrSm a&mufaeNyDjzpfonf/ wifOD;armifu


rdef;rysKdtm; wwfEdkiforQ uAsmtqefqkH;pum;a&G;í csdwfaepOf jzpf\/

]]wefaqmifrkef;vjynfhxGufwJU 0dkif;0dkif;pufpufvrif;BuD;eJU cifhrsufESmu oP²mefwlw,f


qdkwJU oDcsif;udk uRefawmfu tpu oabmraygufzl;cifAs}}

]]tckawmUaum....}}

]]tckawmUvm; [J.... [J... tckawmUvufawGU....}}

wifOD;armifu pum;rqkH;acs/ iSufqkd;xdk;oH Mum;vkduf&aom vlrrm\ rsufESmodkU rsufESmrSm


i,foGm;í vlrSmvnf; wkefvIyfoGm;\/

]]wifOD;armifac:- tDpGwfac:- MuufOarmif.....? rifhtudkrsm; 2-jym; wefaqmif;teD;u


apmifhaeonf}}

þtoHrSm jrifhoef;toHjzpfonf/

- 275 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]wifOD;armifac:- tDpGwfac:- MuufOarmif rifhtudkrsm; pdwfylaeonf/ ESpfjym;wefaqmif;


teD;odkU tjrefvmcJUyg.....}}

þtoHurl armif&SdefUtoHjzpfonf/

]]a[m.... udkwifOD;armif....? &Sifhudkac:aewm xifw,f......}}

rdef;rysKdrodí aemufvdkufjcif;jzpfaomfvnf; um,uH&Sif wifOD;armifrSm ausm&dk;rSonf


em;&Gufzsm;txd pdrfhcsrf;atmif &SufpdwfrTefoGm;onf/ [efaqmifí rNyKH;edkifawmUbJ rsufESmrSm
eDjref;&mrS ndKrJí tysufBuD;ysufaeonf/

]]udkwifOD;armif? &SifbmjzpfaevJ}}

tvdkufrodaom rdef;rysKdu qufar;aeonf/

]]Asm- uRefawmfvm;? [J[J..... bm-bmrSrjzpfygbl;? t[D;...}}

armif&SdefESifh jrifhoef;wdkUu rD;owf&Jabmftm; aus;Zl;wifpum; ajymaeMuonf/

]]odyfaus;Zl;wifygw,fcifAsm? cav; 'Dudkvm&if wqdwfxdef;odrf;xm;vdkufyg? qufquf


aemf? uRefawmfwdkUvlpk cJG&SmvdkuftkH;r,f}}

4-a,mufom;rSm rSifaoaoESifh cyfvSrf;vSrf;arSmif&dyfwckqDodkU okwfajcwifcJUMuonf/


arSmif&dyfa&mufrS atmifhxm;&orQ twdk;csum AdkufESdyfí wcGD;cGD;&,fMu&\/

]]vm- vm .....? 'dkU'Dem; Mum&SnfaevdkU rjzpfawmUbl;? vpfMu&atmif}}

olwdkUu rD;owf&Jabmfrsm;rjrifatmif a&Smifykef;í avQmufvmMuonf/ okdU&mwGif a&SUrvSrf;


rurf;ü pD;u&ufudkzGm&if; acgif;idkufpdkufESifh jznf;nSif;pGm ajcvSrf;vsuf aAm"dyif&Sd&mbufodkU
avQmufoGm;aeaom udkjrifholtm; jrifvdkuf&ojzifh &yfrdoGm;Muonf/

]]a[U udkjrifholBuD;ygvm;}}

]]vmoGm;EIwfqufMu&atmif}}

- 276 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

xdktcdkufwGifyif wpkHwa,mufu olwdkUtm; aemufausmrS ykwfvdkuf\/

]][m- armifoufwif}}

tm;vkH;u NydKifwlatmfvdkufMuonf/ rSefonf? jrKyfcsufom;aumif;aeaom armifoufwifyif


jzpfonf/

]]a[U armifoufwif? rif;tckb,faevJ}}

udk&Sdefu armifoufwifyckH;udk ykwf&if;ar;onf/

]]uRef;awmvrf;rSm}}

]]uRef;awmvrf;rSm? prf;acsmif;rSmaygh? b,foleJUaevJ}}

]]udkvSa0wdkUeJU}}

]]udkvSa0wdkUeJU? [- udkvSa0u tck tdrfeJU,meJUvm;}}

]]cifAsm;wdkU rodao;bl;xifw,f? udkvSa0eJU rrEJGUwdkU vufxyfNyD;bD? uRef;awmvrf;rSm


olwdkUpkHwJG&,f? Nidrf;wdkUpkHwJG&,f? tm;vkH; tdrfwvkH;pDiSm;NyD; aeMuw,f? tckolwdkUa&m q&m
OD;jrifholvJ ygw,f}}

]]tckb,frvJ}}

]]aeUausmif;om; {nfhcHyJGbuf oGm;Muw,f/ q&meJUuRefawmfwdkUuom wrifcJGae&pfwm}}

]]rif;wdkUu bmvdkUae&pfwmvJ}}

]]taMumif;&SdvdkUayghAsm}}

armifoufwifu yifhouf&SL&if; ajymonf/

]][- zdk;oufwif& vkyfprf;ygtkH;? b,fvdkawGjzpfoGm;MuwmvJ? 'dkUvJ odyg&aptkH;}}

- 277 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

armif&Sdefu 0ifar;onf/

]]uJ..... 'gjzifh vmAsm? [dktm&kHcHwefaqmif;xJ oGm;xdkifMu&atmif}}

armif&SdefwkdU awGUcJUMu&onfhtwdkif;yif ar&Du {nfhcHyJGw&yf\ 0&Hwm0,f &yfvsuf&SdcJU\/

ar&DUtm&kHrSm vuf&Sd pnfum;vSaom y&dowfü r&Sd/

olUtrajymjycJUaom Zmwfvrf;ü wefaqmifwdkifESifh þaeUausmif;olausmif;om; {nfhcHyJG


taMumif;vnf; ygonf/ txl;ojzifh ESif;OD;usp þv\ aiGva&mifrSm vGrf;armwobG,f
yifjzpfonf/

]]a[;.... ar&D}}

tawG;vGefaeol ar&Dtm; wpkHwa,mufu aemufrS &if;ESD;pGmac:vdkufNyD; ,k,pGm 0ifzuf


vdkuf\/

]]tdk..... y*¾D}}

ar&Duvnf; 0rf;omtm;& jyefzufvdkufonf/

ar&D ausmif;aqmifrS NrdKUxJajymif;uwnf;u oli,fcsif; 2-a,mufrSm ,cifuavmuf twl


yl;wJGae&csdef r&Mu/

]]ar&D rif;bmjzpfaeovJ? ydefoGm;ygvm;}}

y*¾Du ar&D\rsufESmav;tm; aphaphMunfh&if; &ifxkremESifh qdkonf/ ar&Du bmrQjyefrajzbJ


cyfEGrf;EGrf;om NyKH;ae\/

]]rif; a[mvfudk jyefrvm&awmUbl;vm; ar&D}}

]][ifhtif;? aemifESpfcgqdk 'Dausmif;rSmawmif ar&D&SdrSmr[kwfawmUbl;}}

]]tdk..... bmjyKvdkU}}

- 278 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]ar&DwdkUazazu yifpif,lvdkufNyDav? ar&DwdkUZmwdu armfvNrdKifuqdkawmU tm;vkH;


armfvNrdKif jyefaeMur,f/ 'DawmU ar&DvJ armfvNrdKifaumvdyfrSmbJ wuf&awmUrSmaygh}}

ar&Du oufjyif;av;&Iduf&if; ajymonf/

]][if.... 'Dvdkqdk y*¾DwdkUoli,fcsif;awG uJGMu&rSmayghaemf? Nidrf;uvJ vufxyfoGm;bD


r[kwfvm;....}}

Nidrf; vufxyfNyD;onfhtaMumif;udk y*¾¾DxHrSyif ar&Donf odNyD;jzpfonf/

]]avmuqdkwm 'Dvdkayghy*¾D? wuúodkvfanmifndKyifpcef;rSm awGUMu qkHMu cifMu? 'gayr,fh


tcsdefwef vrf;cJGNyD; a0;MupNrJygbJ....}}

ar&Du aqG;aqG;ajrUajrUav; ajymojzifh y*¾DrsufESmav;rSm ododomom nId;usoGm;onf/

]]bmbJjzpfjzpfav? wenf;awmU ar&DUtwGuf aumif;wmayghar&D/ rdbeJU rcGJrcGm nDtudk


armifESr twlwlaeMu&wmaygh....}}

y*¾Du ar&D pdwfoufomatmif BuHzefajymonf/

]]ar&DwdkU nDtrESpfa,mufxJ&Sdygw,f/ aMomf.... [dkaeUu rrqDuawmif pmvmw,f/


olwdkUvJ Armjynf jyefvm&awmUr,fwJU}}

]]tdk.... 'gjzifh om[efuswmaygh? ydk odkufokduf0ef;0ef; jyefaeMu&wmaygh}}}

ar&Du bmrQjyefrajz? apwDawmfBuD;tm;om vSrf;arQmfai;Munfhaerdonf/

]]aMomf.... 'gxuf rrEJGUvJ vufxyfoGm;bD? b,foleJUvJ odvm;.....}}

ar&D\OD;acgif;rSm rdkufueJjzpfoGm;onf/ rsufvkH;rsm;rSmvnf; jyma0oGm;onf/ wudk,fvkH;rSm


tm;tifawG ukefoGm;onfhyrm Ekef;usoGm;ojzifh 0&Hwmtm; vufESifhaxmuf tm;jyKvdkuf
&onf/

]]ar&D.... bmjzpfovJ}}

- 279 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

y*¾Du ar&DyckH;av;tm; vIyf,rf;í ar;onf/

]]bmrS... bmrSrjzpfygbl;? ajymygy*¾D qufajymyg/ q&mr[kwfvm;}}

]]a[m.. ajym&if;qdk&if; [dkrSmvmMubD rrEJGUwdkUpkHwJG? tdk.... ar&D? Nidrf;wdkU pkHwJGvJygw,f}}

y*¾Du &TifjrL;pGmatmfí p&yfay:wuf&mqD ajy;oGm;BudKqdkonf/ ar&Du ae&mwGifom aMumif


&yfusef&pfonf/ y*¾Dajy;oGm;&modkU vSrf;rMunfh&J? wwfEdkifvQif þae&mrS tawmifayguf
ysHajy;oGm;csifonf/

odkU&mwGif olaumif;aumif;rSwfrdaom EJGUEJGUESifh Nidrf;\toHudk NydKifwlMum;vdkuf&onf/

]]ar&D....}}

vufwbufpDuvnf; ar&DU yckH;wbufpDay:odkU usvmMuonf/ ar&D\ jyma0aom rsufvkH;


rsm;u Munfvifvmonf/

yxrqkH;awGU&onfrSm NyHK;csKdaeaom EGJUEJGUESifhNidrf;wdkU\ rsufESmrsm;jzpfonf/ olwdkUaemufwGif


uyfvsufrSmrl udka&TarmifESifh ar&DrnfodkUrQ rarQmfvifhaom udkvSa0/

ar&Du tHUMovGef;ojzifh rnfokdUrQ pum;rqdkEdkif/

]]ar&D odyftHUMoaew,fxifyg&JUEJGU....}}

udkvSa0u 0ifajymonf/ aemuf ar&DUtm; t"dyÜg,fjynfh0aomtNyKH;ESifh Munfhaeonf/

EJGUEJGUESifhNidrf;u ar&DUtm; qGJac:vmí zsmwcsyfay: 0dkif;xdkifMuonf/ {nfhcHaumfrwD0ifrsm;u


rkHUyGJrsm; vmcsay;onf/

tHUMopdwfajyaysmufoGm;aom ar&Du ,ckrSNyKH;&TifEdkifonf/

]]ar&D odyftHUMooGm;w,frrEJGU? rrEJGUwkdUu bmtaMumif;rSvJ rMum;bl;}}

- 280 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][kwfw,far&D? rrEGJUwdkU b,folUrS taMumif;rMum;bl;? &kH;wufvufxyfvdkufwmbJ?


owif;pmxJawmif rxnfhygbl;}}

EJGUEJGUu rkHU[if;cg;udkpm;&if; ajymonf/

]]a[m'D Nidrf;wdkUwkH;uvJ 'DvkdbJ jAKef;pm;BuD;? y*¾DajymjyrS ar&Dod&w,f}}

ar&Du Nidrf;\ausmuav;tm; rematmifxk&if; ajymonf/

]]aMomf.... ar&D&,f? vif,lw,fqdkwm pOf;pOf;pm;pm;vkyf&w,fr[kwfvm;? 'gaMumifh Nidrf;u


'Davmuf t&ifvdkae&wmyg}}

xkH;pHtwkdif; Nidrf;u wnfwnfESifh t&Tef;ajymojzifh tm;vkH;rSm 0dkif;&,fvkdufMuonf/


udka&Tarmifurl bmrQ0ifrajymbJ rkHU[if;cg;udkom ikHUpm;aeonf/

]]udka&TarmifuvJ pum;rsm;vdkufwm}}

y*¾Du vSrf;aemufonf/

]][kwfw,f.... owdkUorD;u eJeJ&Sufwwfw,f}}

Nidrf;u olUvifawmfarmiftm; oljyefaemuf\/ udka&Tarmifu &SufNyKH;BuD;NyKH;aeonf/

]]tudkBuD;aum.... e,fxGuf&tkH;rSmvm;}}

ar&Du udkvSa0tm; vSrf;ar;vdkufonf/

]]a[m'Dr,f q&mru ausmif;jyefwuf&r,f Budrf;aew,f}}

udkvSa0u EGJUEGJUtm; ar;aighnTefjy&if; NyKH;íajymonf/ EJGUEJGUu olUtm; cspfpEdk; rsufapmif;av;


xdk;í.....

]][if; q&mrpum; em;axmif&if MumvSbD 'D*&D&wm}} [k NyKH;vsufESifh rmefonf/

- 281 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aMomf.... ar&D? udkudkjrifhvJygw,f? armifoufwifav;vJ ygao;w,f}}

ar&D\ NyKH;aeaom rsufESmav;rSm wnfusoGm;í &ifav;rSm ckefvmonf/ yg;jyifav;rSmvnf;


rodrom eD&JoGm;onf/

]]tckq&mwdkUu b,fusef&pfvJ}}

ar&Du toHudkxdef;í ar;onf/

]]'Dudkac:wm rvdkufMubl;av? bk&m;ay:bJ a&SmufMunfhawmUrwJU? vlcsif;vJGae&if um;rSm


jyefapmifhpwrf;wJU}}

ar&Du bmrQqufrar;awmU? udkjrifholu þae&mudk bmaMumifha&Smifoenf;/ &ifxJüom


odcsifaeonf/

xdkpOf EJGUEJGUESifh udkvSa0\ todrsm; a&mufvmojzifh pum;0dkif;opfrSm pjyef\/

y*¾DrSm olUtazmfrsm; jyef&efjyifojzifh tm;vkH;udkEIwfqufí xvdkufoGm;&onf/

Nidrf;u ar&DUtm; vufukyfonf/ aemuf ]]udka&Tarmif? 'DrSmcPaecJUtkH;aemf rrEGJU? Nidrf;eJUar&D


tckjyefvmcJUr,f}} [kqdkí &ifjyifawmfay:odkU qif;cJUMuonf/

2-OD;om; vufwGJum oGufoGufav;avQmufcJUMu\/

]]ar&D.... t&if Nidrf;wdkUESpfa,muf avQmuf*sydk;uswm rSwfrdao;vm;}}

ar&Du a&S;jzpfa[mif;av;tm; atmufarhrdojzihf tomNyKH;vdkufonf/

]]vifom;&jyefawmU w,frvGwfvyfvSbl; ar&Da&? 0wÅ&m;qdkwmu &Sdjyefw,fr[kwfvm;}}

Nidrf;u pum;tqufrjywf ajymvmonf/

]]tck ar&DwdkU b,foGm;rvdkUvJ}}

- 282 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tdk.... ar&DeJUtwlwl vrf;avQmufcsifvdkUyg}}

Nidrf;u aAm"dyif&Sd&maxmifhodkU ar&DUtm; ac:cJUonf/ aemuf&yfí avoHudkESdrfhum ajymonf/

]]ar&D.... tcspfqdkwm ydkifqdkifcsifwmbJvdkU Nidrf;ajymcJUwm rSwfrd&JUvm; cspf&if bmrqdk vkyf&J


&w,f}}

ar&Du Nidrf;\ xl;qef;aompum;aMumifh rsufvkH;av;jyL;oGm;rdonf/

]]ckeu vlawGa&SUrdkU rrEGJUajymwm? q&mu 'Dem;rSmol&Sdr,fwJU? jyef&if 0ifac:bkdUrSmxm;w,f}}

]]tJ'gbmjzpfvJ Nidrf;}}

]]tJ'gbmjzpf&rvJ ar&DoGm;acsaygh}}

]]tdk... Nidrf;&,f}}

]]tkd... Nidrf;&,fvkyfraeeJU ar&D? ar&D wcgajymovdkbJ ukrkj'mMumeJU ydwkef;armifyrm


jzpfaeMuwJU ar&DwkdU&JUtjzpfudk Nidrf;rMunfh&ufzl;}}

Nidr;fu ajymajymqdkqdkESifh ar&DUtyg;rS oGufvufpGm ajy;cGmxGufoGm;onf/ ar&Du NidrfNidrfav;


&yfusef&pfonf/ Nidrf;aemuf jyefajy;vdkufoGm;csifaomfvnf; ajcudkvSrf;ír&? twefMum
csDwkHcswkHjzpfaerdNyD;rS pdwfurqkH;jzwfrdrD vlrSm wa&GUa&GUavQmufaeayNyD/ Nidrf;aemufodkUrl
r[kwf/

ar&Du aAm"dyifBuD;tm; ausmfcJUonf/ þrSmbufwGifrl taqmuftODrsm;uG,faeþ &ifjyif


awmfqDrS rD;a&mifrsm;rvm? at;jraomva&mifom yufzsef;aeí ajymufusm;aom t&dyfrsm;
usae\/

vlolav;yg;vnf; odyfr&SdvS? pnfum;aom &ifjyifawmfudk pGefUí va&mifESifh t&dyfwdkUom


rif;rlaeaom þqdwfNidrf&mbufudk rnfolvmcsifayrnfenf;/

va&mifü xD;xD;&yfaeaom udkjrifholtm; ar&Du vSrf;jrif&onf/ ukef;apmif;udk &Hywfum


xm;onfh tkwfwHwkdif;ay: vufaxmufí awmifajcajrjyefUqDtm; ai;arQmfMunfhaeykH&\/

- 283 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ar&DUajcoHudk Mum;aomtcg trSwfrxif[efESifh oluvSnfhMunfhonf/ cPrSmyif udkif;ae


aomcg;rSm rwfvmí vlrSmvnf; wkefvIyfoGm;ykHay:onf/

ar&Du BudK;pm;í NyKH;EIwfqufMunfhonf/ tNyKH;uay:rvm EIwfcrf;av;awGrSmom wkef,if


ae\/

]]ar&D}}

aemufqkH;rS oluac:onf/

]]q&m}}

ar&DUtoHrSm avoHxufrydk? avoHxufydkívnf;r&? aMuuJGaom a0'emw&yfu


0rf;omrIESifh ,SOfwJGum vnfacsmif;ESifh&ifudk qdkUeifhaponf/ b,fuay:vmonfrod?
rsuf&nfrsm;uvnf; rsufvkH;rsm;0,f a0hvnfzkH;vTrf;vm\/

oluvnf; njymjym0,f tjym&nfxnf0wfESifh aMumhrqkH;aom ar&D\tvStm; ai;armMunfh


aerdonf/ xdkpOf0,f twdwfumv ewfEdk;v wnwm0,f qkHvSmbl;cJUaom arb,fvf\
oP²mefrSmvnf; a&;a&;xifvmonf/

udkjrifholu jiifompGmNyKH;vsuf ar&DUtm; olUvufudkurf;vkdufonf/ ar&Du onfawmUrS


jyefNyKH;Edkifonf/ NyKH;ckdufwGifyif trnfraz:Edkifonfh rsuf&nfwaygufu yg;jyifay:odkU
ckefqif;vmonf/ ar&D\ azG;azG;Ekaom vufuav;uvnf; a&SUodkUxGufqefUvm\/

olu ar&DUvufuav;tm; ,k,pGmqJG,lvmí tkwfwHwdkif;qDodkU ac:vmonf/ ESpfOD;twl


,SOfwGJ&yf&if; awmifajcqDodkU twlai;MunhfaeMuonf/ bmpum;udkrQ rqdkrd/ qdk&efvnf;
rvdk? &ifü wodrfhodrfh udk,fpDay:aygufcJUaom a0'emrsm;tm; qdwfNidrfpGm cHpm;ae&onfrsm;
uyif MunfEl;bG,fjzpfaeMu\/

]]ar&D rcsrf;bl;vm;....}}

twefMum qdwfNidrfae&mrS olu MuifempGmar;onf/

]][ifhtif; ar&Drcsrf;ygbl;...}}

- 284 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

okdU&mwGif at;pdrfhaom aqmif;avOD;rSm jrL;aeí ESif;ykvJwdkUu zJGzJGusae\/

olu bmrQjyefrajymawmUbJ olUudk,fü0wfxm;onfh rD;cdk;a&mifajzmhajzmh ouúvyfukwftuÐs


tm; cRwfí ar&DUudk,fav;ay:0,f vTrf;NcKHay;onf/

]]tdk.... q&m&,f....? q&mcsrf;aeawmUrSmygbJ}}

ar&Du nnf;nnf;nLnLqdkonf/ odkU&mwGif oljyKay;orQudk rjiif;rd/ jiif;&efvnf;tm;r&Sd/

]]aMomf... q&mhpD;u&ufAl; tdwfxJygoGm;w,f/ wvdyfavmufar&D}}

ar&Du pD;u&ufAl;udk,lí olUtm;vSrf;ay;vdkufonf/ olu wvdyfEIduf,lNyD; Al;udk jyefay;


vdkufojzifh ar&Du tdwfwGif;jyefxnfhvdkufonf/ udkjrifholu owdray;rD ar&Du rD;cspfudk
EIduf,lvdkufí wcsufNyKH;vdkufum olUtm;ray;bJ cvkyfudkESdyfí jcpfvkduf\/ udkjrifholu
auseyfpGmNyKH;vdkufNyD; cg;udkudkif;í rD;NiSd,lonf/

]]aMomf.... ar&D ar&D}}

olu pD;u&ufaiGUrsm;udk zGmxkwf&if; a&&Gwfvdkuf\/

]][dkwcgwkH;vJ q&m'DvdkbJ aMomf- ar&Dqdknnf;w,f/ bmjyKvdkUvJ q&m}}

]]aMomf ar&D&,f 'gawmU}}

olu tajzray;Edkifojzifh &,farmaevdkuf&onf/

]]a[m... nnf;jyefbDwcg? 'Dvdkqdk ar&DuvJ nnf;vkdufr,f/ aMomf q&m&,f.....uJ}}

ar&Du [efygyg yifhoufav;&l&if; nnf;jyojzifh olu ESpfNcdKufpGm &,farmrdonf/

olu t&,f&yfí ar&DUtm; pif;arS;aomrsufvkH;rsm;ESifh ai;Munfhaeonf/ pum;wvkH;u


EIwfrS xGufvkqJqJjzpfaeonf/ odkU&mwGif pum;u xGufrvm? wpkHwcku olUEIwftm;
xdef;xm;onf/

- 285 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olu rsufESmvTJvdkufí pum;udkyg vDS;vJGypfonf/

]]ar&D b,foleJUvmvJ}}

]]ar&DUumZifeUJygbJ}}

]]q&m'DrSm&SdrSef; b,fvdkvkyfodvJ}}

]]Nidrf;uajymvdkU q&m}}

olu tomvSnfhMunfhvkduf\/

]]'gjzifh EGJUwdkUeJU ar&D awGUNyD;bDaygh}}

]][kwfuJUq&m}}

udkjrifholu bmrQrajymbJ awmifajcwGif jym;jym;0yfaeaom awmtkyfopf&dyfwdkUMum;rS


xGef;vufaeaom &efukef\ rD;yGifhrsm;udk ai;Munfhaeonf/

]]rrEJGUwdkUtcspf[m pHerlem,lxkdufw,faemf}}

ar&Du pOf;pOf;pm;pm; 0ifajymonf/

]]tcspfppftcspfrSefwdkU[m pHerlemoabmcsnf;ygbJ ar&D}}

c&D;vrf;[m Murf;pNrJqdkayr,fh tqkH;rSm tcspfppfwkdUrnfonf atmifyJGcH&&dk;ygbJ}}

]][kwfuJUvm;q&m}}

olu trSwfrxif emusnf;pGmNyHK;rdoGm;onf/

cRif;csufawmUvJ &SdpNrJayghar&D&,f}}

]]ar&DawmU tJ'D cRif;csufoabmeJUrsm; vmawGUrSm odyfaMumufwmbJ}}

- 286 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tdk ar&D&,f}}

]][kwfw,fq&m? ar&Di,fi,fu vjynfhyvm;qdk&if v0ef;BuD;[m rdk;jyifuae uRHusNyD;


tdrfa&SUuuGif;xJ usvmawmUrSmbJatmufarhw,f? uGif;xJudkusvm&if b,folrSrOD;cif ar&D
ajy;aumuf,lr,fqdk apmifhapmifhMunfhaew,f/ v0ef;BuD;uvJ b,fawmUrSuRHusrvmbl;/
ar&DvJ tdyfaysmfaysmfoGm;wmbJ}}

ar&Du uav;i,fyrm cspfpbG,fajymjyaeonf/

]]tck BuD;vmwmawmif 'DtaMumif;awG;rd&if idkcsifovdkbJ/ ar&Duav vdkcsifwmwckudk&rS?


r&&if ar&DxifwmawG a&SmufvkyfwmbJ/ araruawmif cPcPqlw,f}}

udkjrifholu tom&,farmrdonf/

]]aMomf ar&D ar&D}}

]]a[m vmjyefbD}}

]]ar&D tck toufb,favmuf&SdbDvJ}}

]]aEGus&if ar&D 17-ESpfjynfhawmUr,f}}

]]..... tdk ar&Du q&mhxuf 10-ESpfawmif i,fao;wmbJ}}

]]tJ'g bmjzpfvJq&m}}

]]aMomf- ar&Di,fao;wmudk ajymwmyg? tckaum vrif;BuD;udk vdkcsifao;vm;}}

udkjrifholu rdk;jyifrS jynfhvkqJqJvtm; nTefjy&if; ar;onf/ ar&Du NyKH;íomae\/

]]avmurSm jzpfEdkifwm&Sdw,f? rjzpfEdkifwm&Sdw,f? jzpfcsifwm&Sdw,f? rjzpfcsifwm&Sdw,f?


jzpfoifhwm&Sdw,f? rjzpfoifhwm&Sdw,f? rjzpfEdkifwmawGudk avQmufrvkyfxdkufovdk? udk,f
jzpfcsifwmawGcsnf;vJ avQmufvkyfaevdkU raumif;bl;}}

- 287 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]][if-'Dvdkqdk avmuBuD;u bmaysmfp&m&SdawmUrvJ}}

]]'DvdkvJr[kwfzl;ar&D? jzpfcsifwmudk jzpfoifhjzpfxdkufwJhenf;eJU jzpfay:vmatmif BudK;pm;


,l&w,f? 'g[m vlUb0&JU tEkynmbJ}}

]]jzpfcsifwm[m b,fawmUrS jzpfoifhovdk jzpfvmrSmwJUvJ q&m}}

]]tcsdefqdkwm &Sdw,far&D? tcsdefudkapmihf&w,f? tcsdef[m taumif;qkH;aq;orm;jzpfovdk


wdkifyifbdkUtwGuf? taumif;qkH; ynm&SdbJ}}

ar&Du wpkHwcktm; awGawGav; pOf;pm;ae\/

]]aMomf-'gxufq&m aemifESpfcg ar&D 'Dausmif;jyefvm&awmUrSmr[kwfzl;}}

]][if bmjyKvdkU}}

ol\rsufESmuvnf; ododomom ysufoGm;onf/ ar&Du Nidrf;tm;&Sif;jyouJUodkU &Sif;jy\/

olu oufjyif;&Idufvdkufonf/

]]q&muvJ 'Dvdkqdk rEÅav;wuúodkvfudk ajymif;jzpfrvm;rodbl;}}

]]tdk.... rEÅav;udk...? [if ta0;BuD;bJ}}

ar&Du yifhoufav;&SL&if; ajymonf/

]]rEÅav;[mvJ ArmjynfxJwGifygbJ ar&D&,f/ 'gxuf 'DaEG armfvNrdKifrSm ar&D&SdaerSmaygh}}

]][kwfuJUq&m- bmjyKvdkUvJ}}

]]aEGus&if q&m armfvNrdKifaxmifxJrSm okawoevmvkyfp&m&Sdw,f/ tJ'DawmUrS}}

udkjrifholu &kwfw&uf pum;&yfypfvdkufonf/

- 288 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tJ'DawmUrS bmjzpfvJq&m...}}

olNyKH;vdkufonf/ &kwfw&uf tajzray;ao;/

]]aMomf... tJ'DusawmU ar&Dckxuf trsm;BuD;pOf;pm;EdkifNyD/ 'DawmUusrS ar&DUudkq&m pum;awG


trsm;BuD; ajymjytkH;r,f}}

]]tckajymawmUaumq&m}}

]]aMomf....ar&D&,f? ckeu q&majymcJUyga&mvm;? tcsdefqdkwJU ynm&SdBuD;eJU wdkifyif&w,fvdkU}}

ar&Du bmrQrajymbJ Nidrfaeonf/ oluom va&mif0,fazG;azG;vJUí oefUpOfEke,faom


ar&D\ rsufESmav;tm; ai;ai;Munfh&if; wnfNidrfpGmESifh qufajymjyae\/

]]avrdk;xefwJUrdk;&moDtcgrSm tckvdk aiGva&mifeJU om,mwJUaqmif;umvudk vlawG


awmif;wMuw,f/ awmif;wMuwJU twdkif;bJ? rdk;ukefavqkH;&if ESif;zkHzkHeJU omarmwJU
aqmif;tvSudk BuKH&pNrJbJ ar&D? 'DvkdbJ vlUb0c&D;wm[m b,fvdk&Snfarmayr,fh awmudk
vGef awmifudkqHk;&if jrpfurf;a&&dyfeJU uGef;axmufeef;uRef;om,mudk a&muf&rSmbJ...}}

udkjrifholu wnfNidrfat;csrf;pGmNyKH;í ar&DUtm; pdkufMunfhvdkufonf/ olUpum;udk aumif;pGm


em;rvnfaomfvnf; ar&Du auseyfpGm jyefNyKH;vdkufonf/

]]uJ- vmar&D oGm;MupdkU...}}

olu ar&DUyckH;av;tm; tomykwfqJG,lvnfhvsuf ae&mrS ,SOfwGJxGufcGmvmonf/

odkU&mwGif aAm"danmifteD; t&dyfuG,frS vlom;4-OD;u rausreyfESifh ckefqGckefqG jzpfusef&pf


onfudkrl olwdkUESpfOD;u odMurnfr[kwf/

]]'dkUZmwfvdkufBuD;[m odyfa&SmfwmbJuGm....}}

armif&Sdefu pdwfysufvufysufqdkonf/

]]ESpfyg;oGm;jyrvm; atmufarhw,f? tbd"r®mawGrsm; vufcsm&dkufoGm;vm;rodbl;}}

- 289 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

jrifhoef;u tjypfwifonf/

xdkpOf rajrSmfvifhbJ Budrf;armif;qJqdkoHudk Mum;&ojzifh olwdkUu vSnfhMunfhvdkufonf/

]]ighaomufcGufudk&SJw,f...? bk&m;ay:awmifra&SmifbJ aomufcGufvdkuf&SJw,f? ratay;awG


oda&maygh...}}

wifOD;armifu wu,fxdk;awmUrnfh[ef vufoD;vufarmif;wef;í ay:vmojzifh armif&SdefwkdU


todkufrSm bk&m;BudKbk&m;Mum; auGUywfum &ifjyifawmfay:odkU ajy;a&SmifxGufvm& avo
wnf;/ /

- 290 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tcef;(17)

]]qnf;qm&dyf? ae&D&D0,f...? aiGrif&nfvJUwdrfeDa&mifjc,f? [dkawmifpG,f uysysrIdif;? naewdkif;


tkHUum... aeawmUw,f}}

oHvGifjrpf\ armfvNrdKifqdyfurf;rSm 0ifvkqJaea&mifatmufwGif at;csrf;pGm Nidrfoufae\/

ar&DESifh udkjrifholu qdyfurf;wavQmuf tem;oyfum&Hxm;aom tkwfwHwdkif;0,f rSD&if;


&yfaeMuonf/

jrpf\wzufurf; rkwÅrbufqDrS jrLqdkif;aomawmifwef;wdkUrSm tkHUrIdif;jym&Dvsuf &Sdonf/


arv\ aemufydkif;&ufjzpfojzifh rdk;apmaom armfvNrdKif\ opfyifawm&dyfwdkUrSm vef;qef;
pdrf;vGifaeonf/

wdrfawmufojzifh rdk;v\qnf;qmrSm eDMuefoa,mif a&TvQHwrsKd;ESifh 0if;rSnfhxGef;wifhae\/

jrpfqdyfa&pyf qdyfcHwHwm;wGif qdkufuyfvsuf&Sdaom oabFmOD;rS w,moHESifh oDcsif;oHu


rkwfokefavwaMum0,f arsmrDSysHUvGifhaeonf/

]]jrpfom;oifjzL;vm;vdkU xifa,mifrSm;bG,f? vSrsKd;pkHcif;wJU a&jyifyifv,f}}

tqdkESifh twD;rSm cRJcRJEJGUEGJU xyfaMumhíae\/

]]oJomaomifeJU aiGa&mifurf;pG,f? &GufBudK;qifwJU wefcGefzsm;? ukuúvHeJU vif;,Ofzsm;0,f?


em0gavSrsm;awG&,f}}

wa,moHu EJGUorQ tqdkrSmvnf; ydkifvSonf/

]]ukdapmNidrf;[m 'DoDcsif;udk armfvNrdKifqdyfurf;twGuf wrifrsm; pyfxm;vm;rodbl;}}

rkwfokefav\ wdk;a0SUjcif;tm; qdwfNidrfpGmcHpm;&if; aw;ESifh*DwoHtm; t&momcHae&mrS


udkjrifholu rSwfcsufcsonf/

- 291 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rkwÅrqDrS avSi,fwpif;u &GufzGifhvsuf þrSmbufodkU ul;vmaeonf? bDvl;uRef;bufrS


avSBuD;rsm;uvnf; Zifa,mfawmif&GufzGifhvsuf jrpfudkqefwufvmaeonf/

oHvGifjrpf\ rsufESmjyifonfom oifjzL;cif;ouJUodkU wnfNidrfrae? avtwdk;0,f wcsDwcsD


vIdif;acgif;jzLrsm; ay:ae\/

]]q&m.... 'DoDcsif; &w,fr[kwfvm;? udkatmifvif; qdkwmav/ 0ifqdkygvm;}}

ar&Du NyKH;&if; olUtm;wdkufwGef;onf/

]]tdk-ar&DuvJ ab;rSmvlawGeJU &Sufp&mBuD;}}

udkjrifholu avnSif;cH&if; vrf;avQmufaeolrsm;tm; vSnfhMunfh&if; ajymonf/

tqdkESifhtwD;rSmrl qufvufxGufay:aeonf/

]]aqG;oludk az;ulkygvSJU? vrf;BuKH&if ac:apcsif&JU? jym&DvJU qnf;qmcsrf;0,f arQmfavav


arhudkvGrf;w,f? urf;qdyfu om,mvSw,f}}

tdyfwef;wufaom AsKdif;rsm;u jrpfjyifudkjzwfvsuf ysHaeMuonf/ ysHvTm;iSufrsm;uvnf;


a&jyifudk vQyfwdkufcsnf tjrifhysHcsnfESifh jrL;wl;aeMu\/

ar&Du oDcsif;udk wdk;wdk;vdkufqdkMunfhonf/

]]a&T[oFmarmif...r,f? awmifyH,SufNyD? vnfacsmif;rSDí cscsDcspfuRrf;? atmifawmfoH cGef;wkHU


vS,f? aendKtdyfwef;xuf0,f? wlEJGpufum aysmfEdkifygayw,f}}

oDcsif;oHu &yfoGm;aomfvnf; wa,mav;rSm qufvufMuLEGJUaeonf/

]]q&m armfvNrdKifrSm aysmf&JUvm;}}

]]aysmfygw,far&D? q&mu arNrdKUeJU awmifBuD;om om,mw,frSwfw,f? armfvNrdKifuvJ


wrsKd;vSwmbJ}}

- 292 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]bk&m;awGaum a&Smufzl;NyD;bDvm; q&m....}}

]]raeUunaeu axmifxJujyefjyefcsif; q&mhwynfh armifausmfpdefwdkU? armiftkH;azwdkUeJU


awmif&dk;ay:ubk&m;awG a&Smufzl;Muao;w,f/ r[mjrwfrkedwdkU? OD;ZdewdkUaygh...}}

]]'geJUawmif qufNyD; ar&DwdkUqD qif;rvmcJUbl;? OD;Zddebk&m;uaeqif;vm&if ar&DwdkU


AoQL;vrf;eJU bma0;awmUwmrSwfvdkU}}

ar&Du rsufapmif;xdk;&if; ajymonf/

]]q&muawmU vmcsifwmaygh ar&D/ 'gayr,fh q&ma&m ygarmu©udka&m? q&mwdkUwynfh


*kPfxl;wef;bufaew,f odrvm;rqdkEdkifbl;? eDeDcifqdkwmav 'dkif;0uGif;rSmaew,f?
xrif;pm; zdwfxm;vdkU.....}}

]]tHr,f...../ q&mu armfvNrdKifavawGawmif &aeyga&mvm;...}}

]]bmvJar&D...}}

]]'dkif;0uGif;vdkU 'Duac:ayr,fh wNrdKUom;awGu pmtwdkif; yDyDoo 'dkif;0efuGif;vdkU ac:w,f


r[kwfvm;....}}

udkjrifholu &,farm&if; ]]AkHjywform;awGqDu wwfwmyg}} [kqdkonf/

]]axmifxJ waeUvkH; oGm;oGm;ae&wm pdwfrnpfzl;vm; q&m....}}

]]pdwfnpfp&mawG oem;p&mawGvJ awGUwmaygh? 'gayr,fh axmifydkif0efa&m? axmifrSL;BuD;uyg


oabmaumif;Muygw,f? wa,mufu xm;0,fom;? wa,mufu &cdkifom;? ESpfOD;vkH;
az:a&GMuw,f....}}

]]eufjzef q&m tdrfvmtkH;rvm;/ azazuawmif ar;aeao;w,f....}}

]]eufjzefu paeaeUr[kwfvm;? axmifom;tm;vkH; aeUw0uf tvkyfem;cGifh&awmU q&mwdkU


pkHprf;p&m&Sdwm reufydkif;rSm tNyD;vkyf&r,f/ naeydkif;awmU vmEdkifr,fxifw,f....}}

- 293 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]axmifom;awGu aeUw0uftem;&w,fvm;...}}

]]ar&D rodao;bl;vm;? 'DaeUArmjynfrSm 'Drdkua&pDtcGifhta&;udk axmifxJrSmtxd vdkufay;


w,f....}}

ESpfOD;om; pum;jywfoGm;Muonf/

ae0ifcJUNyDjzpfojzifh rkwÅrbufurf;qDrS rD;a&mifwvufvufudk pwifjrif&onf/

]]q&mwdkU t*FgaeUjyefr,fr[kwfvm;? we*FaEGaeUrSm usKdu©rDbufoGm;vnfbdkU ar&D pOf;pm;


xm;w,f....}}

ar&Du ta0;odkUai;&if; ajymonf/

]]ar&D bmawG;aewmvJ...}}

ar&Du uAsmu&m jyefNyKH;vdkufonf/

]]bmrSr[kwfygbl; q&m....}}

]]bmrSr[kwfygbl;om qdkw,f? ar&DUrsufESmu nId;oGm;ygvm;....}}

ar&Du [efaqmifNyKH;udk &yfypfvkdufonf/ oufjyif;uav;udkvnf; &SLvdkufonf/

]]qdkygtkH;ar&D....}}

oluom ZGwfar;aeonf/ ar&Du tomNyKH;&if;qdkonf/

]]q&m b,fvdkrS ratmifharheJUaemf? wu,fvkdU ckaersm; ar&DUrrudk q&m jyefawGU&if b,fES,f


aervJ....}}

þtBudrfwGifrl udkjrifholu idkifusoGm;onf/

]]a[m q&mrajzEdkifawmUbl;....}}

- 294 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olu tomNyKH;vdkuf\/

]]ar&DUudk q&m wcguajymcJUwm rSwfrdao;vm;...}}

]]bmvJq&m....}}

]]q&m[m [dkwkH;ujrifholr[kwfawmUbl; qdkwmav? NyD;awmU ar&D[m q&m&JU arT;&eUH


o,fvmwJU ESif;qDopfqdkwm? q&mu Oyg'gef&JU aus;uRef rjzpfcsifbl;....}}

ar&DUrsufESmav;u jyefMunfvifvmonf/

]]ar&D bmvdkU 'Dtar;udk ar;&wmvJ....}}

ar&Du &kwfw&ufrajz...? wpkHwcktm; csDwkHcswkHjzpfae[ef&Sdonf/

]]qdkygtkH;ar&D...}}

ar&Du oufjyif;wcsuf xyf&SLdufvdkufonf/

]]'DaeU q&mUudk tdrfvmbdkU ajymxm;&ufeJU q&mU&JUAdkvfwJqD ar&DOD;atmifvmNyD; 'Dbuf


ac:vmwm q&modvm;...}}

]][ifhtif;? bmjyKvdkUvJar&D....}}

ar&Djyefajzvdkufaompum;rSm olb,fvdkrQ rajrSmfvifhaompum;jzpfonf/

]]ar&Drr tdrfudkjyefa&mufaew,f/ reufu av,mOfysHeJU ygvmwm....}}

udkjrifholu wkefvIyfacsmufcsm;oGm;onf/ olUem;udkyifolr,kHrd? bmpum;rQvnf; &kwfw&uf


rjyefEdkif/

]]q&m... pdwfxdcdkufoGm;vm;....}}

ar&Du trJUudkrvTrf;Edkifaom tNyKH;av;ESifhar;onf/

- 295 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olu jznf;nSif;pGmacgif;udkcgonf/

]]ar&D bmvdkU 'Dtar;udkar;&wmvJ/ q&mxyfajym&tkH;r,f/ topfawGUMu&wJU q&meJU


ar&D[m twdwfu Oyg'gefawG uif;uif;&Sif;&Sif;eJU oefUpifvGwfvyfwJU cifrifaygif;zJGUrIudk
wnfaqmuf&r,f/ em;vnf&JUvm; ar&D..}}

ar&Du bmrQjyefrajz/ arSmif&DysKd;í a&;a&;omjrif&awmUaom jrpfjyifudk ai;Munfhaeonf/

wa,m&SifESifh tqdkorm;wdkUu vGrf;prpJao;/ apmapmu oDcsif;udkyif xyfausmhaeonf/

]]aqG;oludkaz;ulygvSJU? vrf;BuKH&ifac:apcsif&JU/ jym... &DvJUqnf;qmcsrf;0,f? arQmfavav


arhudkvGrf;w,f....}}

ar&Du udkjrifholbuf vSnfhvkdufonf/

]]q&m rEÅav;udk wu,fajymif;rvdkUvm;...}}

]]cefUpmawmif&bD r&D? 'Dujyef&if ZGefvausmif;zGifhtrSD oGm;&awmUr,f}}

ar&Du olUtm; pl;pl;pdkufpdkuf Munhfaeonf/ wnfNidrfvGef;aomolUtm; tm;r&/

]]q&m wcguajymcJUwJU tcsdefqdkwJUynm&SdBuD;u q&mhudk bmajymvJq&m}}

ar&DUtoHav;rSm wkefaeonf/

]]armfvNrdKifus&if ar&DUudk pum;awGtrsm;BuD; ajymp&m&Sdw,fqdk? [if.... q&m...}}

olu jynhfvQrf;aom&ifESifh ar&DUtm; Munfhvkdufonf/

tarSmifoef;cJUNyDjzpfojzifh ajzmhajzmhom&Sdaom tvif;a&mif0,f nId;i,faom ar&D\


rsufESmav;udk a&;a&;jrif&onf/

olu ywf0ef;usifudk arhoGm;onf/ olUb0udkvnf; owdr&awmU/ apmifhpnf;cJUorQ orm"d


wm&dk;rSmvnf; usKd;cJUavNyD/

- 296 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

olUvufu jynfhNzdK;aom ar&D\yckH;av;ay: a&mufoGm;onf/ &ifrSESvkH;rSmvnf; vnfacsmif;


qD ckefvmonfxif&\/

þwcP....? þtckduftwefU? þpuúefUydkif;twGif;wGifyif tpdk;r&aom uHMur®mu 0ifa&muf


ydkif;jzwf aESmifh&Sufvkdufonf/

]]ar&D....}}

udkjrifhol\ vufrsm;u yckH;xufrS uGmusoGm;onf/ ar&DrSmvnf; wkefvIyfoGm;\/ NydKifwl


aemufodkU vSnfhMunhfvkdufMuaom ar&DESifh udkjrifholu b,fodkUrQ rajrSmfvifhcJUaom o@mef
wckudk &ifqdkifrdvsufom; jzpfae\/

arb,fvfvGifu olwdkUESpfOD;tm; rwkefrvIyfMunfh&if; &yfae\/

____

- 297 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

tjyifbufwGif rdk;awGu onf;ae\/ rdk;OD;jzpfojzifh vQyfwvufvuf0,f &dkufcsKef;


jrnf[nf;vsuf rkd;BudK;rsm;xpfaeonf/ onf;xefaom av'PfaMumifh ,drf;,dkifvIyf&Sm;vsuf
&Sdaom opfyifBuD;i,frsm;xHrS wa0ga0gtoHrsm;rSmvnf; qlnHae\/

udkjrifholurl onfrdk;onfavESifh onfvQyfppfrkefwdkif;wdkUxufvGefaom tiftm;w&yfudk


&ifqdkifae&onf/ rdef;rom;wOD;\ rsuf&nfulaom xkd;ppfyifwnf;/

]]vGifajymwmawGudk armifem;rvnfbl;...? em;vJrv,fyg&apeJU vGif&,f? vGif[mvGifhtwGuf


om,mwJUb0udkzefwD;cJUNyD;rS bmhaMumifh armif&JUvGwfvyfcGifhudk vmydwfyifae&ovJ}}

udkjrifholu emusnf;vIdufvSJvSaom a0'emudk csKd;ESdrf&if; ajymonf/

olUa&SUukvm;xdkifwvkH;ay:wGifrl arb,fvfu rsuf&nf0dkif;aom rsufvkH;rsm;ESifh olUtm;


Munfh&if; xdkifaeonf/

AdkvfwJwckvkH;rSmrl paeaeU0ufjzpfojzifh xGufvnfaeMuíavm? rdk;at;ojzifh auG;aeMuí


avmrod? vloHqdwfNidrfaeonf/

udkjrifholurl arbv,fvftm;rMunfh? ckwifwdkifwckudk qkyfudkif&yf&if; avrdk;xefaeaom


tjyifbufodkU rsufESmvTJ&if; ajymae\/

]]tckvdk armifhtcef;xJtxd vGifvkdufvmwmudkbJ armiftHUMordw,f/ armifhodu©mawG...


tJ'gxuf vGifh&JU*kPfoa&awG.... bmjzpfoGm;rvJ.? NyD;awmU ar&Drsm; odoGm;&if b,fhES,f
aervJ}}

arb,fvf\ rsufESmoG,fav;rSm armfhvmonf/ wkef,ifaeaomfvnf; xdckdufaom rme&Sdef


vTrf;aomtoHESifh jyefajymonf/

]]armifwa,muf vGifhudk pdwfemaer,fqdkwm vGifawG;rdcJUygw,f/ em;vJv,fygw,f/


'gayr,fh 'Davmuf vGifhtay:rSm pdrf;pdrf;um;um; ajymvdrfhr,fU armifhudkawmU vGif
rajrSmfvihfcJUbl;}}

arb,fvfu tHBudwf&if;ajymonf/

- 298 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]vGifrSm;cJUygw,f? vGifrdkufcJUygw,f? vGifhudk,fudka&m armifhudkyg vGif rvSJUpm;ygbl;?


'gayr,fh armif&,f? tckvGif[m armifhvGwfvyfcGifhudk vmydwfyifaewm r[kwfovdk
vGifhtwGuf om,maomb0udk vGif zefwD;cJUwmr[kwfzl;qdkwm jzpfcJUorQudk todqkH;
armifu 'DvdkpGyfpGJvkdufawmU vGifhtoJrSm qwfqwfcgemrdw,f odvm;armif}}

arb,fvfu ajym&if; rsuf&nfusvmonf/

]]armifu vGifh*kPfoa&udk xJUajymw,f/ 'D*kPfoa&awGudk vGifu bmvkyf&rSmvJ? 'D


*kPfoa&awGaMumifh vGifu [efaqmifcJU&w,f/ tck [efaqmif&wmudk vGifarmbD/ rkef;bD?
'DvdkqdkawmU vGifh&JUvifom;tay: vGif opömysufw,fvdkUawmU rxifvdkufygeJU/ 'gayr,fh
rcspfayrJU aygif;cJU&wJU viftay: opöm&Sdwmwjcm;? cspfayrJU raygif;&wJU armifhudk rarh
Edkifwmu wjcm;bJ...}}

udkjrifholu &,fvkdufonf/ olU&,foHaMumifh arb,fvfu xdwfvefUoGm;onf/

]]&Dygarmif... &DEdkifygw,f/ armifuawmU &DEdkifoludk;....}}

udkjrifholu t&,f&yfvdkufNyD; arb,fvftm; tomai;Munfh&if; ]]vGif[m tifrwefpdwful;


,Ofao;wmudkaemf}} [kqdk\/

]]vGifu pdwful;,Ofw,fbJ qdkygawmU/ 'gayr,fh vGifhxufydk pdwful;,OfaewJU armifhudk,fudk


aum armifod&JUvm;...}}

]]armifu bmawGrsm; pdwful;,OfaeygovJ...}}

]]aMomf...}}

arb,fvfu oufjyif;&Idufí acgif;av;udk wqwfqwfndwfvkdufonf/

]]vGifeJUarmif bmjzpfMuovJ? trSwf&ao;&JUvm;armif...? [if..}}

olu NyKH;vkdufjyefonf/ ckwifwdkifudk qkyfudkifxm;aomvuftm; jzKwfvkdufum ckwifay:ü


ajcypfvufypf xdkifcsvdkuf\/

- 299 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]bmaMumifh ta[mif;awGudk topfjyefvkyfcsifovJ vGif? armifu ukefvGefcJUwJUtcsdefawGrSm


wapäyrm acsmufwJU twdwfqdkwmudk arhaysmufatmifBudK;pm;cJUw,f? arhvJarh&vdrfhr,f/
vlUb0qdkwm rysufawmUrJU ydwfum;ay:u qDaq;yef;csDum;wcsyf r[kwfzl;/ 'g[m
armifhtjrifbJ...}}

arb,fvfu rJUNyKH;av;NyKH;vkdufonf/

]]armifhtjrif[m rSefygw,f/ vlUb0[m ydwfum;ay:a&;jc,fxm;wJU qDaq;yef;csD r[kwf


ygbl;/ 'gayr,fh toJESvkH;rSm aoG;eJUa&;xm;&wJU Zmwfvrf;qdkwmawmU armifu vGifhudk
jiif;tkH;rSmvm;...}}

olurajz/ BuKHvSqkHvSm&aom b0uH\ tqifrajyrIudkom ,lusKH;r&jzpfaeonf/

tjyifbufwGifrl rdk;uonf;wkH;jzpfonf/ ava0SUojzifh rdk;jrLrkd;pufrsm;u jyLwif;rS wdk;0if


vmae\/

arb,fvfuom aqG;ajrU&dyfvGrf;aomavoHjzifh wvkH;csif;qufajymaeonf/

]]vGifeJUarmif bmjzpfcJUMuovJ? armiftrSwfr&&if vGifubJ jyefajym&tkH;r,f? vGifrkdufvkdU


vGifrSm;vdkU vGifhudk,fudk rcspfwJUvl&JUvufxJ rtyfcifuav;rSm vGifbmvkyfcJUovJ/ armif
*efUa*:NrdKifu vGifwkdUaecJUMuwJU tdrfuav;udk owd&ao;vm;}}

udkjrifholu ododomom wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ xdwfvefUwMum;ESifh arb,fvftm; vSnfhMunfh


rdonf/

]]armifeJU woufom uGma0;&awmUr,fqdkwm odwJUtcsdefrSm vGifu vGifhtcspfOD; armifh&JU


&ifcGifrSm wb0pm tm;&atmifaeoGm;r,fqdkNyD; vGiftjzpfeJU vGifhtBuHudk bmrSrodao;bJ
taysmfBuD;aysmfaewJU armifeJU *efUa*:NrdKifrSm oGm;aecJUMuwmav? armif 7-&ufxJygarmifaemf?
'D 7-&uf[m vGifhb0wmrSm taysmfqkH;jzpfcJUovdk nnawGusawmU armiftdyfaysmfaewkef;
armifhrsufESmudkMunfhNyD; vGif usdwfusdwfcdk;idkcJU&wJU tqif;&JqkH;tcsdefvJ jzpfcJUygw,f
armif...}}

arb,fvf\toHu wdrf0ifoGm;onf/ rsufESmudk vuf0g;ESifhtkyfum aygufuGJxGufvmaom


&ifESvkH;tm; rxdef;csKyfEdkifbJ csKef;yJGcsidkypfvkdufonf/

- 300 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

a,mufsm;wefr,fh oluyg rsuf&nfaygufrsm;usrdonf/ udk,fav;odrfhodrfhwkefvsuf r&Suf


aMumufEdkifawmUbJ w&Iwf&Iwfidkaeol cspfoltm; uGJaMutHUaom &ifESvkH;ESifh rcsdwifuJ
Munfhaerdonf/

arb,fvfu tm;&atmifidkNyD;rS olUtm;armfhMunfhvdkufonf/

olurlrvIyf? rsufawmifaumU&Snf0,f rsuf&nfOckdwGJvsufESifh i,f&kyfrysufao;onfh


wBudrfu ol&IrqkH;rufrqkH; MuifrqkH;jzpfcJU&aom arb,fvf\ acsmarmvSonfh rsufESmav;
udkom tai;om;Munfhaerdonf/

]]vGifeJUarmif&JU woufrSm b,fvkdrS ysufjy,fawmUr,fr[kwfwJU 'DtjzpfBuD;u &Sdae&ufeJU


ar&DeJUarmifu ,lr,frsm; BuHovm;[if..? vGif&dyfrdoavmuf armifwdkU[m c&D;rvGefao;
ygbl;/ armif[m ynm&Sdyg/ vGifajymwmawGudk aoaocsmcsm pOf;pm;prf;yg}}

olu tajzray;? trSwfrxif emusnf;aomtNyKH;udk NyKH;aerdonf/

]]ar&Dukd armifu ,lvdkufygbDwJU/ awG;Munfhprf; armif/ vGifwdkUrSm 'DnDtrbJ&Sdw,f/ 'Db0


rSm vGifwdkUESpfa,muftdrfaxmif[m b,fvdkrS cGJaevdkUr&bl;/ wBudrfr[kwf wBudrfawmU
qkHMu&rSmbJ/ twlaevdkUrS rjzpfwJU b0BuD;ygvm;/ wyg;olvufu vGifhudkarmif Munfh&uf
rvm;/ olUvufuarmifhudka&m vGifu b,fvdk&ifqdkif&rvJ/ vGifeJUarmifhtaMumif;udk
aumif;aumif;odwJU ar&DrSma&m b,fhES,faervJ/ pOf;pm;ygarmif? &IyfaxG;p&m txifrSm;
p&mawG jzpfvmr,fh vGifwdkUarmifwdkU&JU tdrfaxmifa&;[m tqifajy om,mEdkifygawmU
rvm;...}}

olUOD;acgif;u usKd;usoGm;onf/ arb,fvf ajymonfwdkUrSm vufawGUqefí rSefvGef;aeonf/

]]'DawmU vGifhudk oabmxm;ao;w,frsm; qdkrvm;.../ armif.... wjcm; wpdrf;w&HqHeJU


&oGm;&if vGif ajzEdkifao;w,f/ vGifhtcspfqkH;nDr&JU vufrSmawmU armifhudk rMunfhEdkifbl;...}}

olu tHUMopGmESifh arb,fvftm; Munfhvdkufonf/ xl;qef;vSaom rdef;rom;wkdU\ obm0


ygwum;/

]]'DawmUarmifu vGifhudk rkef;ygap/ 'gayr,fh vGifuawmU armifeJUar&D r&atmif wm;&rSmbJ?


jzpfovdkenf;eJU wm;&rSmbJ/ aemufqkH; vGifwdk&JUtjzpfudk vlBuD;awGudk zGifhajymypfvdkufr,f/

- 301 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

vGifhazazeJU arartaMumif;udk vGifaumif;aumif;odw,f/ 'Dvdk &Iyf&IyfaxG;axG;rSef;od&if


b,fenf;eJUrS oabmwlrSm r[kwfzl;...}}

arb,fvf\toHrSm ydkifEdkifvS\/

'DawmU armifbmvkyfrvJ/ ar&DUudk vlBuD;awGoabmrwlbJ ZGwf,lrvm;/ armifh*kPfodu©meJU


'grjzpfEdkifbl;/ armif[m q&mwOD;/ ar&Du ausmif;olwOD;}}

olu ae&mrS 0kef;ueJxvdkufonf/ olUrsufESmrSm pdwfxdcdkufjcif;jyif;jyvSojzifh ESpfaygif;


rsm;pGm tdkrif;usoGm;[ef ay:aeonf/

]]awmfygawmU... vGif? awmfygawmU/ armift&IH;ay;ygbD}}

olu t&l;yrm atmfvkdufonf/ aemuf jyLwif;0rS xGufum tjyifbuftm; arQmfMunfh


vkduf\/

arb,fvfu ae&rSxonf/ pdwfa&mudk,fyg ajymrdcJUaomfvnf; olUjzpf[efudk jrif&jyefawmU


arb,fvf\&ifrSm rcsdvS/

olu jyefvSnfhvmonf/ olUrsufESmu wpkHwcktm; qkH;jzwfNyD;onfh[ef rkefwdkif;Nidrfp


yifv,fjyifyrm wnfMunfae\/

]]armift&IH;ay;ygbD? wcguvdkbJ armifu 'Davmuudk t&IH;ay;ygbD? jzpfcsifwmvJrjzpf?


rjzpfcsifwmvJjzpfNyD; cspfoleJUvJ auGuGif;&? rcspfoleJUvJ aygif;azmf&eJU uarmufur tpdk;
r&wJU avmu"Hoabmudk armifem;v,fygw,f? uJGaMuNyD;wJU armifhtoJ[mvJ 'Pf&mopf
aMumifh ysufjyKef;p&m rusefawmUygbl;/ armifhcspfolcifolawGuom om,maom vlUb0udk
zefwD;EdkifMuygapvdkU armifqkawmif;w,f/ oGm;ayawmUvGif/ armifhtwGufvJ rvGrf;eJUawmU/
wcgu armifhtcspfqkH;vGifhudk wcguvdkbJ armifcGifhvTwfw,f}}

arb,fvfu tHav;Budwfvkdufonf/ rsuf&nfwdkUrSmvnf; 0Jusvm\/

]]vGifhudkarmif wu,f cGifhvTwfovm;}}

udkjrifholu aqG;ajrUpGm NyKH;vdkufonf/

- 302 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]cspfjcif;qdkwm cGifhvTwfjcif;ygbJvGif/ vGifhudkarmif tEl;tnGwf cGifhvTwfovdk armifeJUvGif


udkvJ ar&Dwa,muf[m cGifhvTwfEdkifygapvdkU armifqkawmif;w,f}}

arb,fvfu rsuf&nfaygufrsm; pD;usrvmrD csmueJvSnfhí xGufajy;oGm;onf/

wa,mufwnf; usef&pfaom udkjrifholu rwkefrvIyf &yfusef&pf\/ odkU&mwGif cPrSmyif


rsufESmudk vuf0g;ESifhtkyfvsuf tm;tiftvkH; ukefqkH;vGifhaysmufoGm;onfhvlyrm ckwifay:odkU
vJusoGm;\/ /

________

- 303 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

rdk;aygufrsm;u vrf;ray:wGif wajzmufajzmufusae\/

EGJUEJGU pE´,m;ckHwGifxdkif&if; rdk;bJGUywfysKd;wyk'fudk tomwD;acguf&if; vrf;rbufqDodkU arQmf


arQmf Munfhaeonf/

teDDd;&Sd yufvufukvm;xdkifwvkH;wGif Nidrf;u pmtkyfukd zwfaeí cyfvSrf;vSrf;waxmifhwGifrl


udka&TarmifESifh armifoufwifu qdwfNidrfpGm usm;upm;aeMuonf/

xdktcdkuf tdrfa&SUwGif um;wpD;xdk;qdkufí udkvSa0u qif;vm\/

]]b,fhES,fvJ}}

udkvSa0 ukvm;xdkifwvkH;wGif xdkifrdvQifxdkifrdcsif; EGJUEGJUuar;onf/

]]eufjzef 10-em&DxGufr,fh av,mOfysHeJUbJ vdkufjzpfvdrfhr,f? rdk;wGif;qdkawmU pD;r,fhvlu


odyfr&SdawmU vufrSwfvJ vG,fvG,f&cJUygw,f/ aMomf EJGUwkdU vdkufrydkUMuygeJUawmUwJU}}

]]tdk..... b,fjzpfrvJ armif&,f}}

udkvSa0u bmrQrajymbJ teD;&Sdpm;yGJay:rS aq;ayghvdyfwvdyftm; aumuf,lrD;NidSzGmaeonf/

udkudkjrihfwa,muf[m uHudkqdk;w,faemf...}}

EJGJUEJGUu oufjyif;cs&if; qdkonf/ udkvSa0u bmrQjyefrajymbJ aq;vdyfaiGUrsm; rsufESmMuufqD


vGGifhwufaeonfudk pl;pdkufMunfh&if; awG;aeonf/

Nidrf;u pmtkyfydwfí csxm;vdkufNyD; 0ifajym\/

]]tudkBuD;qDu wqifhMum;&wJUtwdkif;qdk&if q&mOD;jrifhol[m ar&DUtay: odyf&ufpuf&m


usw,f}}

]]'DvkdvJ r[kwfzl;av? tudkBuD;od&oavmuf udkjrifhol[m ar&DUudkcspfw,f/ 'gayr,fh vlBuD;


tcspf[m cav;cspfeJUawmU b,fwlrvJav}}

- 304 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]cspfwmrsm; vlBuD;cspf cav;cspf &Sdao;ovm; tudkBuD;&m}}

]]aMomf... &SdwmayghNidrf;&,f? vlBuD;wa,muftaeeJU b,favmufcspfcspf avmuBuD;rSmcsnfhbJ


OD;pm;b,fay;EdkifrvJ...}}

Nidrf;u ESmacgif;&IHUí acgif;cgvkdufonf/

]]avmuBuD;rSm cspf&if bmrqdkvkyf&J&r,f/ rvkyf&Jwm tpGrf;ukefrcspfao;vdkU? 'guawmU


Nidrf;0g'bJ...}}

EJGUEGJUESifh udkvSa0u &,faeonf/ usm;0dkif;rSaeí armifoufwifu ]]Nidrf;udk axmufcHw,f


AsKdU}} [k vSrf;atmfonf/

xdkpOfwGif tdrfa&SUü um;wpD; xdk;&yfvmjyef\/ um;udkjyefvTwfvdkufNyD; tdrfay:odkU


rajrSmfvifholwOD;u ajy;wufvmojzifh tm;vkH;rSm tmar#dwfoHESifh NydKifwlac:vdkufMuonf/

]]ar&D...}}

ar&Du vSrf;BudK,laom Nidrf;\&ifcGifwGif;odkU ajy;0ifvmum uav;i,fyrm csKef;yGJcsidkonf/

tvdkufodaom a,mufsm; 3-a,mufu bmrQrajymbJ twGif;cef;qDodkU 0ifay;Muonf/

]]wdwfygar&D&,f? bmjzpfvmwmvJ? Nidrf;udkajymprf;ygtkH;}}

ar&Durajz/ tm;&atmifom idkaeonf/ Nidrf;u ausmif;aqmifwGif &SdMupOfu tjzpfav;tm;


awG;í &ifwGif;ü qdkUeifhoGm;onf/

EGJUEJGUrSmvnf; raeEdkif/ ar&DUausmudkyGwfum 0ifacsmaerd\/

twefMumrS ar&Du tidk&yfojzifh Nidrf;uwGJum 2-a,mufxdkifukvm;xdkifqDodkU ac:cJUonf/

]]tm;&atmifidkNyD;aom ar&Du rsufESmav;udkarmhfum tHav;Budwf&if; Nidrf;wdkUtm; jyefMunfh


\/

- 305 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

EGJUEJGUurl t&G,fESifhrvdkufatmif pdwf'ku©cHpm;ae&oluav;tm; pdwfxdcdkufjcif;BuD;pGmESifh


ai;Munfhaerd\/

]]ar&D armfvNrdKifrSmqdk? b,fwkef;u 'Da&mufvJ...}}

]]tckbJ av,mOfysHeJU a&mufvmwm...}}

]][if... ypönf;awGaum}}

]]rygbl;? ar&D tdrfuxGufajy;vmwm}}

]]tdk....}}

]]ar&D armfvNrdKifrSmvJ raecsifbl;? b,frSmrSvJ raecsifbl;/ tkd ar&D aooGm;&ifaumif;rSm}}

ar&Du &Iduf&if;qdkonf/

]]aeygtkH; ar&D q&mhqDudk a&mufNyD;bDvm;? eufjzefq&m rEÅav;oGm;rvkdUwJU}}

ar&Du rJUNyKH;uav;jyKH;onf/

]]q&mhqD ar&Du bmjyKvdkUoGm;&rSmvJ/ wcgwkef;u q&m[m ar&DUtcspfqkH; vlwa,muf


jzpfcJUayr,fh tck ar&Dtrkef;qkH;vl/ ar&DrawGUcsifqkH;vl}}

]]tdk bmjzpfvdkUvJ ar&D&,f}}

]]ar&DUudk q&mu wcgucspfcJUbl;[efwlw,f? 'gayr,fh ar&DUrreJUvJ jyefawGUa&m? ar&DUudk


&uf&ufpufpuf ypfajy;w,fav? ar&Dujzifh usKduúrDoGm;v,fbdkU tpDtpOfawGvkyfvdkU?
olwnf;wJUqD reufus ar&DoGm;ac:awmU r&SdawmUbl;av? ar&D &ifusKd;cJU&w,f}}

ajym&if;yif ar&Du rsuf&nfrsm; usvmjyef\/

Nidrf;u jznf;nSif;pGm acgif;udkcgonf/

- 306 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]r[kwfzl;ar&D? ar&DrSm;aebD? ar&D q&mhudk wzufowftxifvTJaebD}}

]]ar&D txifrvJGbl;/ ar&D rSefudkrSefw,f/ ar&Du cHpm;&olyg}}

EGJUEGJUu ar&D\udk,fav;tm; ydkufayGUvsuf &Sif;jyonf/

]]ar&D txifvJGaewmyg/ rrEJGU &Sif;jyr,f/ ar&DU q&mu armfvNrdKifu jyefvmjyefvmcsif;


armif? tJ ar&DUtudkBuD; udkvSa0udk tukefajymjyw,f? ar&Dem;axmif}}

EGJUEJGUu udkvSa0rSwqifh Mum;cJU&aom udkjrifholESifh arb,fvfwdkU awGUykH? arb,fvfu


wm;jrpfykH? udkjrifhol tb,fodkU &efukefqD jyefajy;cJUykHwdkUtm; &Sif;jyonf/ ar&Du awGawGav;
em;axmifae\/ EJGUEJGUpum; qkH;aomtcg r,kHMunfEdkif[efESifh ]]rrEGJU wu,fajymaewmvm;}}
[k ar;onf/

]]tdk wu,fajymaewmaygh}}

ar&D idkifusoGm;\/ EJGUEJGUuom quf&Sif;jyae\/

]]udkjrifholtaeeJU ar&DUudkcspfwmrS wkefaeatmif cspfw,f/ tckb,favmuftxd pdwfxdcdkuf


w,f rSwfovJ? armifuajymw,f? raeUnu raomufpzl;? t&ufawGawmif aomufvdkUwJU?
NyD;awmU olUudk ar&DcspfNyD; pdwfxdcdkufaer,fhtpm; txifvJGrkef;NyD; pdwfajzEdkifygapwJU}}

ar&Du Nidrfae&mrS acgif;av;jyefarmhfvmonf/

]]'Dvkdqdk ar&Dbmvkyf&rvJ}}

EJGUEGJUu bmajz&rSef;rodojzifh ar&DUtm;om jyefai;Munfhae\/

]]q&m reufjzef wu,frEÅav;udk oGm;awmUr,faygh}}

]][kwfw,f...}}

ar&Du ae&mrS xvdkufonf/

- 307 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]aetkH;ar&D? 'gb,fvJ...}}

]]ar&D q&mhqDoGm;r,f? csufjcif;oGm;rS...}}

EGJUEGJUu rsufvkH;jyL;oGm;onf? Nidrf;url wpkHwckudk qkH;jzwfvdkuf[efESifh ae&mrSxonf/

]]aetkH;ar&D/ Nidrf;tBuH&bD}}

xkdaemuf tcef;wGif;odkUvSrf;í atmfac:onf/

]]udka&Tarmif....}}

udka&TarmifESifharmifoufwifwkdUu t&ifxGufvmí udkvSa0u aemufrSygvmonf/

]]udka&Tarmif? tudkBuD;qDu um;aomh,lxm;NyD; Nidrf;wdkUudk vdkufydkUprf;yg? ar&D cPaetkH; Nidrf;


tckbJ vmcJUr,f...}}

Nidrf;u tcef;wGif;odkU ajy;0ifoGm;onf/ rMumrDyif tajy;tvTm; jyefxGufvm\/

]]Nidrf;wdkU b,fvJ}}

udkvSa0u em;rvnfEdkifojzifh ar;onf/

]]tudkBuD; tomaeprf;yg? vlBuD;awG wcgwcg pdwful;r,Ofatmif BudK;pm;vGef;vdkU pdwful;


,Of,Ofukefw,f? vmoGm;r,f/ aMomf- udkoufwifyg vdkufcJUprf;yg}}

udkvSa0ESifhEJGUEJGUwdkU aMumifai;MunfhaepOf olwdkU4-OD;u um;ESifh xGufcGmoGm;Mu\/

]]'Duav;awG bmawGa&SmufvkyfrvdkUvJ}}

]]rodbl;? udkudkjrifhqDoGm;wm jzpfrSmaygh}}

udkvSa0u acgif;udk av;yifpGm cgvdkufonf/

- 308 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

]]tm;vkH;awmU cufukefvdrfhr,f/ udkjrifholu pdwfudkqkH;jzwfNyD;&if jyifcJw,f/ ar&DUudkawGU&if


ar&D ydkrkef;oGm;atmif wrifajymvTwfvdkufrSmbJ}}

____

- 309 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

toHcsJUpufrS rEÅav;?vGKdifaumf? vm;&Id; c&D;onfrsm;tm; ac:oHxGufay:vmonf/

udkjrifholu vdkufydkUMuaom rdwfaqGESifh wynfhrsm;tm; vufqGJEIwfqufvdkuf\/

]]q&m? uRefawmfhtdrf r*Fvmaps;em;rSm &Sdw,f? tuf'&uf(pf) twdkif;bJ oGm;v,fyg}}

qif;u rSmMum;\/

]]uRefawmfvJ atmif&if rEÅav;q&mjzpfoifaumvdyfudk &atmif BuHajymif;vmcJUr,f}}

atmifcifjrifhu qdk\/

]]uRefawmfwdkUawmU awmifNyKH;wufcJUOD;r,fq&m ajrSmfae...}}

armif&Sdef? wifOD;armifESifh jrifoef;wdkUu wa,mufwaygufajym\/

udkvSa0url olUvuftm; qkyf,rf;&if; t"dyÜm,fjynfh0ef;pGmESifh pum;rqdkbJ NyKH;Munfhae\/

]]uJ-EJGUoGm;r,f...}}

EGJUEJGUu pum;rjyefEdkif/ rsuf&nf0dkif;vsufuom tomNyKH;EIwfqufEdkifonf/

udkjrifholu oufjyif;&Idufvdkufonf/ &efukefajrESifh a0;&awmUrnf/ &efukefajrESifh a0;&jcif;rSm


þcspfvSpGmaom taygif;toif;rsm;ESifh cJGí w&yfwajr0,f wudk,fxD;b0opfudk a&S;&SL&
jcif;yif jzpfawmU\/ þb0onfyif rdrdtwGuf taumif;qkH;ayvm;rod/ rdk;oufavu
tomt,m wdkufcwfvm\/ wdrfpdkifwdkUrSm ndKrJí NydKqif;pjyKonf/

c&D;onfrsm;teuf a&SUqkH;rSxGufcGmcJUol udkjrifholu jynfhNzdK;rIdif;tkHaom rdk;jyiftm; ai;armfh


Munfh&if; av,mOfqD avQmufcJUonf/ rIdif;&dyfqifaom aumif;uifjyif0,f olUwouf0,f
arh&ufawmUrnfr[kwfaom rsufESmuav;u ay:aeonf/

]]rvGrf;&pfeJUar&D? q&mhudk rkef;vdkufawmU}}

- 310 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ykvJ&nfrdk;aygufwkdU avmuajrjyiftm; csD;ajrSmufonfh ysKd;aygufopfyif NrJopfvGif&m


e,kefa<url; 0gqdkOD;onf wESpfvnfjyefopfaví ywf0ef;usifw0dkufrSm pdrf;vef;wifhw,f
ae\/

þ rkwfokefOD;wGifyif ysKd;EkodkUoefUpifwifh&Tef;aom ar&Dtm; awGUcJU&onf/ xdkrkwfokefOD;wGif


yif ysKd;Ekyifyrm vef;Edkifvdrfh&Smrnf r[kwfawmUaom cspfvSpGmonfh ar&Dtm; pGefUcGmajy;cJU&
ayNyD/

av,mOfxdkifckHwGif toufrJUaompuf&kyfyrm xdkifrdonf/ jyLwif;rS arQmfMunfhaomf avxJ


wGif vufrsm;a0h,rf; EIwfqufaeaom udkvSa0wdkUtodkuftm; usqif;prdk;rQifrsm;udk jzwf
vsuf a&;a&;jrif&onf/ av,mOfpufoHu jrnf[nf;vm\/ aq;vdyfraomuf&ef wm;jrpf
aom rD;eDwef;av;u ay:vm\/ udkjrifholu aemufqkH;tjzpf tjyifodkUai;Munfhvkdufonf/

rajrSmfvihfbJ udkvSa0wdkU todkufteD;wGif Nidrf; udka&TarmifESifh armifoufwifwdkU\ oP²mef


rsm;tm; jrif&onf/

xdktcdkufwGifyif ajymhaysmif;El;nHUaom vufuav;wzufu olUvufarmif;ay:usvmonf/


vSnfhMunfhrdaomtcgwGifrl olu tHUMovGef;í udk,fhrsufpdudk,fyif r,kHrd/

]]ar&D....}}

]]q&m....}}

oluyif qJG,lvdkufavvm;rod? ar&Duyif ,drf;0ifvdkufavvm;rod? odkUr[kwf wufp


av,mOf\ t&SdefaMumifhyifvm;rod? ar&DUudk,fwydkif;u olESifh,SOfvsuf vGwfaeaomckHwGif
xdkifrdí usefwydkif;u olU&ifcGifwGif;odkU tvdkufoifhusvmonf/

av,mOfrSm NidrfhueJajrmufí ajrrSvGwfayNyD/

av,mOfpD;bl;[efrwlol aemufwnfhwnfhrS OD;xkyfjzLwapmif;aqmif;vsuf bmblukvm;BuD;


wOD;u rwwfwwwfESifh ywfxm;aom txdef;cg;ywftm; prf;vsuf tvkyfrsm;ae&mrS
Nidrf&yfoGm;um rsufvkH;BuD;jyL;vsuf olwdkUtm; pdkufai;Munfhaeonf/

- 311 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

av,mOfarmif;cef;teD; wdkifudkudkifvQuf &yfaeol av,mOfr,fu yg;pyfuav;[? vQmav;


xkwfum rsufvkH;av;jyL;oGm;NyD;aemuf MunfEl;pGmNyKH;í rsufESmvTJoGm;onf/

tjyifav[mü rdk;aygufrsm; jzwfcGif;usae\/

tyfxm;rdaom ESpfOD;om;\ yg;jyifrsm;0,f trnfraz:Edkifaom rsuf&nfrsm;u a&mpyfaygif;


qkH ae\/

av,mOfu wdrfjzLjzLrsm;tm; jzwfum c&D;ESifaeayNyD/

ar&Du tom&kef; xxdkifvdkufonf/

]]ar&D b,fhES,fa&mufvmvJ...}}

]]Nidrf;u 'g&dkufwmav? q&mhudk 'DvdktMuyfudkifrS &r,fwJU/ ar&D av,mOfysHuGif; a&mufay


r,fh um;xJurqif;bJ wdwfwdwfav;ykef;aewm? vlawGwufawmUvJ rdk;umtuÐsNcKHNyD;
q&mrjrifatmif uG,fwufvmwm...}}

olu cspfpzG,f&Sif;jyaeaom ar&DUtm; rufrqkH;aomtMunfhESifh ai;Munfhaerdonf/

]]ar&DU vlBuD;awG pdwfylaeawmUrSmbJ...}}

]]ylyap? ar&D avmuBuD;rSm wjcm;b,folUudkrS rcspfEdkifbl;? Nidrf;uajymw,f? avmuBuD;rSm


cspf&if bmrqdkvkyf&J&r,fwJU? tcspfqdkwm ydkifqdkifcsifwmwJU? q&m ar&DUudk cspfuJUvm;...}}

]]aMomf- ar&D&,f...}}

]][if vmjyefNyDwcg? ar&Dar;wmudk ajzygtkH;q&m}}

]]aMomf- ar&D&,f cspfwmaygh/ ar&DUudk q&mcspfwmrSav tlxJtoJxJuudkwkefNyD; toufeJUykH


ukefukefcspfwm/ uJ-auseyfNyDvm;...}}

ar&Du pum;jzifhrajz/ pif;vsuf&Sdaom &SnfoG,faumhjzL;onfh rsufawmifrsm; NcH&Honfh


rsufvkH;jymBuD;rsm;\ NyKH;&Dvnf&Tef;jcif;ESifh &ifrSESpfodrfhrIudk azmf\/

- 312 -
wuúodkvf bkef;Edkif nDrav;&,f pdk;&drfrdw,f

ai;&onfudk arm[efwlaom bmblukvm;BuD;u wacgacgESifh tdyfaysmfaeayNyD/

OD;cef;wGif;odkU 0ifoGm;aom av,mOfr,frSmvnf; ay:rvmawmU/

ar&DESifh udkjrihfolu yg;csif;tyfvsuf a0;vHaomatmufqD0,f auGUumvnfum a&GUavsm


usef&pfonfh acsmif;ajrmif;opfyif v,fajrtaxGaxGwdkUtm; ai;armMunfh&if; vdkufygvm
onf/

]]Munfhprf; ar&D? c&D;ESifvmwJU av,mOf&JU Oyrmudk...}}

udkjrifholu ar&D\aygifav;tm; ,k,pGm tomykwf&if; ajymonf/

]]a&ajrudkjzwf? awmudkausmf awmifudkvTm;eJU aemuf bmawGudk vGef&tkH;r,frodbl;...}}

udkjrifholu at;csrf;pGmqdkonf/

]]'DvkdbJav? cspfjcif;qdkwm ydkifvdkwmjzpfayr,fh ydkifqdkifjcif;[m c&D;&JUtqkH;r[kwfavbl;?


vlUb0udk ork',csnfwdkifaESmifNyD: r[Dawmifus,foa&GU EGJavU&mrSm q&mhnDrav; ar&D[m
aysmf&mrSm &Tifwwfovdk? NidKjiif&mrSm ryifyef;bJ xm0pOfvef;wJUpdwfeJU q&meJUtwl csDvSrf;
EdkifygapvdkU.... cspfvGef;vdkUbJ qkawmif;rdw,f ar&D....}}

NyD;ygNyD

wuúodkvf-bkef;Edkif

- 313 -