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# 3.1.5.

## Ft = 1400 kg/cm2 = 140.0 MPa

Fv = 714 kg/cm2 = 71.4 MPa
Fy = 2330 kg/cm2 = 233.0 MPa

3) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fv = Allowable shear stress ( bearing ) of anchor bolt
Ft = Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt
Fts = Allowable tensile stress for bolts subject to combined tension and shear
Fcv = Allowable bond stress of concrete
fv = Actual shear stress of anchor bolt
ft = Actual tensile stress of anchor bolt
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
A = Total area of anchor bolt
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
S = Total shear force at tower base per one leg
Le = Required embeded length of anchor bolt in concrete
db = Nominal diameter of anchor bolt
4) Maximum force at tower base : - P = 2838 kg

- T = 2251 kg

-S = 62 kg

## 5) Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt

Try: 1 – Ø 22 mm
ASTM A -307
A = 1 x 3.80 = 3.80 cm2

## 6) Required embeded length of anchor bolt

Le = T / (( 0.53 x )xnxdxπ)

## Use 1 – Ø22 mm, Length 650 mm

3.1.6. COLUMN BASE PLATE

1) Steel SS-400
Fy = 2500 kg/cm2

## Concrete fc’ = 225 kg/cm2

Fp = 0.35 fc' = 0.35 x 225 = 78.75 kg/cm2

2) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fp = Allowable bearing strength of the concrete
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
Ab = Area of base plate
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
B = Length of base plate
m = Distance from bolt center line to the edges of base plate
fp = Actual bearing pressure
tp = Required thickness of base plate
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
Tf = Applied uplift force per anchor bolt
M = Bending moment tributary to column by one bolt
b = Distance from bolt center line to the face of column
fb = bending stress
Z = Section modulus of base plate

## Required Ab = P/Fp = 2838 / (1.33 x 78.75) = 27.10 cm2

Required B = Ab = 5.21 cm

## fp = P/A = 2838 / 100 = 28.38 kg/cm2

fp
tp = m
1.33x0.25x Fy

28.38
= 4.0 = 0.739 cm
1.33x0.25x2500
Tf = T/1 = 2251/1 = 2251 kg

## fb = M/Z = 11255/( 46.5 tp2/6) < 1.33 x 0.75 Fy

6 x11255
tp = = 0.798 cm
1.33x0.75x46.5x2500

## Use Base plate 100 mm x 100 mm x 15 mm ........ OK

3.1.5. COLUMN ANCHORAGE Capacitor Voltage Transformer (CVT)

## Ft = 1400 kg/cm2 = 140.0 MPa

Fv = 714 kg/cm2 = 71.4 MPa
Fy = 2330 kg/cm2 = 233.0 MPa

3) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fv = Allowable shear stress ( bearing ) of anchor bolt
Ft = Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt
Fts = Allowable tensile stress for bolts subject to combined tension and shear
Fcv = Allowable bond stress of concrete
fv = Actual shear stress of anchor bolt
ft = Actual tensile stress of anchor bolt
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
A = Total area of anchor bolt
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
S = Total shear force at tower base per one leg
Le = Required embeded length of anchor bolt in concrete
db = Nominal diameter of anchor bolt
4) Maximum force at tower base : - P = 2511 kg

- T = 2150 kg

-S = 69 kg

## 5) Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt

Try: 1 – Ø 22 mm
ASTM A -307
A = 1 x 3.80 = 3.80 cm2

## 6) Required embeded length of anchor bolt

Le = T / (( 0.53 x )xnxdxπ)

## Use 1 – Ø22 mm, Length 650 mm

3.1.6. COLUMN BASE PLATE

1) Steel SS-400
Fy = 2500 kg/cm2

## Concrete fc’ = 225 kg/cm2

Fp = 0.35 fc' = 0.35 x 225 = 78.75 kg/cm2

2) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fp = Allowable bearing strength of the concrete
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
Ab = Area of base plate
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
B = Length of base plate
m = Distance from bolt center line to the edges of base plate
fp = Actual bearing pressure
tp = Required thickness of base plate
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
Tf = Applied uplift force per anchor bolt
M = Bending moment tributary to column by one bolt
b = Distance from bolt center line to the face of column
fb = bending stress
Z = Section modulus of base plate

## Required Ab = P/Fp = 2510 / (1.33 x 78.75) = 23.97 cm2

Required B = Ab = 4.90 cm

## fp = P/A = 2510 / 100 = 25.10 kg/cm2

fp
tp = m
1.33x0.25x Fy

25.10
= 4.0 = 0.70 cm
1.33x0.25x2500
Tf = T/1 = 2150/1 = 2150 kg

## fb = M/Z = 10750/( 47.5 tp2/6) < 1.33 x 0.75 Fy

6 x10750
tp = = 0.74 cm
1.33x0.75x47.5x2500

## Use Base plate 100 mm x 100 mm x 15 mm ........ OK

3.1.5. COLUMN ANCHORAGE Circuit Breaker (CB)

## Ft = 1400 kg/cm2 = 140.0 MPa

Fv = 714 kg/cm2 = 71.4 MPa
Fy = 2330 kg/cm2 = 233.0 MPa

3) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fv = Allowable shear stress ( bearing ) of anchor bolt
Ft = Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt
Fts = Allowable tensile stress for bolts subject to combined tension and shear
Fcv = Allowable bond stress of concrete
fv = Actual shear stress of anchor bolt
ft = Actual tensile stress of anchor bolt
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
A = Total area of anchor bolt
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
S = Total shear force at tower base per one leg
Le = Required embeded length of anchor bolt in concrete
db = Nominal diameter of anchor bolt
4) Maximum force at tower base : - P = 1710 kg

- T = 1220 kg

- S = 98.7 kg

## 5) Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt

Try: 1 – Ø 24 mm
ASTM A -307
A = 1 x 4.53 = 4.53 cm2

## 6) Required embeded length of anchor bolt

Le = T / (( 0.53 x )xnxdxπ)

## Use 1 – Ø24 mm, Length 700 mm

3.1.6. COLUMN BASE PLATE

1) Steel SS-400
Fy = 2500 kg/cm2

## Concrete fc’ = 175 kg/cm2

Fp = 0.35 fc' = 0.35 x 175 = 61.25 kg/cm2

2) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fp = Allowable bearing strength of the concrete
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
Ab = Area of base plate
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
B = Length of base plate
m = Distance from bolt center line to the edges of base plate
fp = Actual bearing pressure
tp = Required thickness of base plate
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
Tf = Applied uplift force per anchor bolt
M = Bending moment tributary to column by one bolt
b = Distance from bolt center line to the face of column
fb = bending stress
Z = Section modulus of base plate

## Required Ab = P/Fp = 1710 / (1.33 x 78.75) = 16.33 cm2

Required B = Ab = 4.04 cm

## fp = P/A = 1220 / 100 = 12.20 kg/cm2

fp
tp = m
1.33x0.25x Fy

12.20
= 4.0 = 0.57 cm
1.33x0.25x2500
Tf = T/8 = 1220/1 = 1220 kg

## fb = M/Z = 6100/( 13.5 tp2/6) < 1.33 x 0.75 Fy

6 x6100
tp = = 0.52 cm
1.33x0.75x42.5x2500

## Use Base plate 100 mm x 100 mm x 15 mm ........ OK

3.1.5. COLUMN ANCHORAGE Lightning Arrester (LA) 2.3 m

## Ft = 1400 kg/cm2 = 140.0 MPa

Fv = 714 kg/cm2 = 71.4 MPa
Fy = 2330 kg/cm2 = 233.0 MPa

3) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fv = Allowable shear stress ( bearing ) of anchor bolt
Ft = Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt
Fts = Allowable tensile stress for bolts subject to combined tension and shear
Fcv = Allowable bond stress of concrete
fv = Actual shear stress of anchor bolt
ft = Actual tensile stress of anchor bolt
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
A = Total area of anchor bolt
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
S = Total shear force at tower base per one leg
Le = Required embeded length of anchor bolt in concrete
db = Nominal diameter of anchor bolt
4) Maximum force at tower base : - P = 1680 kg

- T = 1510 kg

- S = 47.8 kg

## 5) Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt

Try: 1 – Ø 24 mm
ASTM A -307
A = 1 x 4.53 = 4.53 cm2

## 6) Required embeded length of anchor bolt

Le = T / (( 0.53 x )xnxdxπ)

## Use 1 – Ø24 mm, Length 700 mm

3.1.6. COLUMN BASE PLATE

1) Steel SS-400
Fy = 2500 kg/cm2

## Concrete fc’ = 225 kg/cm2

Fp = 0.35 fc' = 0.35 x 225 = 78.75 kg/cm2

2) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fp = Allowable bearing strength of the concrete
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
Ab = Area of base plate
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
B = Length of base plate
m = Distance from bolt center line to the edges of base plate
fp = Actual bearing pressure
tp = Required thickness of base plate
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
Tf = Applied uplift force per anchor bolt
M = Bending moment tributary to column by one bolt
b = Distance from bolt center line to the face of column
fb = bending stress
Z = Section modulus of base plate

## Required Ab = P/Fp = 1680 / (1.33 x 78.75) = 16.04 cm2

Required B = Ab = 4.01 cm

## fp = P/A = 1680 / 100 = 16.80 kg/cm2

fp
tp = m
1.33x0.25x Fy

16.80
= 4.0 = 0.57 cm
1.33x0.25x2500
Tf = T/1 = 1510/1 = 1510 kg

## fb = M/Z = 7550/( 42.5 tp2/6) < 1.33 x 0.75 Fy

6 x7550
tp = = 0.64 cm
1.33x0.75x42.5x2500

## Use Base plate 100 mm x 100 mm x 15 mm ........ OK

3.1.5. COLUMN ANCHORAGE Lightning Arrester (LA) 4.1 m

## Ft = 1400 kg/cm2 = 140.0 MPa

Fv = 714 kg/cm2 = 71.4 MPa
Fy = 2330 kg/cm2 = 233.0 MPa

3) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fv = Allowable shear stress ( bearing ) of anchor bolt
Ft = Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt
Fts = Allowable tensile stress for bolts subject to combined tension and shear
Fcv = Allowable bond stress of concrete
fv = Actual shear stress of anchor bolt
ft = Actual tensile stress of anchor bolt
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
A = Total area of anchor bolt
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
S = Total shear force at tower base per one leg
Le = Required embeded length of anchor bolt in concrete
db = Nominal diameter of anchor bolt
4) Maximum force at tower base : - P = 3160 kg

- T = 2960 kg

-S = 337 kg

## 5) Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt

Try: 1 – Ø 24 mm
ASTM A -307
A = 1 x 4.53 = 4.53 cm2

## 6) Required embeded length of anchor bolt

Le = T / (( 0.53 x )xnxdxπ)

## Use 1 – Ø24 mm, Length 700 mm

3.1.6. COLUMN BASE PLATE

1) Steel SS-400
Fy = 2500 kg/cm2

## Concrete fc’ = 225 kg/cm2

Fp = 0.35 fc' = 0.35 x 225 = 78.75 kg/cm2

2) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fp = Allowable bearing strength of the concrete
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
Ab = Area of base plate
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
B = Length of base plate
m = Distance from bolt center line to the edges of base plate
fp = Actual bearing pressure
tp = Required thickness of base plate
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
Tf = Applied uplift force per anchor bolt
M = Bending moment tributary to column by one bolt
b = Distance from bolt center line to the face of column
fb = bending stress
Z = Section modulus of base plate

## Required Ab = P/Fp = 3160 / (1.33 x 78.75) = 30.17 cm2

Required B = Ab = 5.49 cm

## fp = P/A = 3160 / 100 = 31.60 kg/cm2

fp
tp = m
1.33x0.25x Fy

31.60
= 4.0 = 0.78 cm
1.33x0.25x2500
Tf = T/1 = 2950/1 = 2950 kg

## fb = M/Z = 14750/( 42.5 tp2/6) < 1.33 x 0.75 Fy

6 x14750
tp = = 0.89 cm
1.33x0.75x42.5x2500

## Use Base plate 100 mm x 100 mm x 15 mm ........ OK

3.1.5. COLUMN ANCHORAGE Post Insulator (PI) 2.3 m

## Ft = 1400 kg/cm2 = 140.0 MPa

Fv = 714 kg/cm2 = 71.4 MPa
Fy = 2330 kg/cm2 = 233.0 MPa

3) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fv = Allowable shear stress ( bearing ) of anchor bolt
Ft = Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt
Fts = Allowable tensile stress for bolts subject to combined tension and shear
Fcv = Allowable bond stress of concrete
fv = Actual shear stress of anchor bolt
ft = Actual tensile stress of anchor bolt
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
A = Total area of anchor bolt
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
S = Total shear force at tower base per one leg
Le = Required embeded length of anchor bolt in concrete
db = Nominal diameter of anchor bolt
4) Maximum force at tower base : - P = 1690 kg

- T = 1490 kg

-S = 48 kg

## 5) Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt

Try: 1 – Ø 24 mm
ASTM A -307
A = 1 x 4.53 = 4.53 cm2

## 6) Required embeded length of anchor bolt

Le = T / (( 0.53 x )xnxdxπ)

## Use 1 – Ø24 mm, Length 700 mm

3.1.6. COLUMN BASE PLATE

1) Steel SS-400
Fy = 2500 kg/cm2

## Concrete fc’ = 225 kg/cm2

Fp = 0.35 fc' = 0.35 x 225 = 78.75 kg/cm2

2) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fp = Allowable bearing strength of the concrete
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
Ab = Area of base plate
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
B = Length of base plate
m = Distance from bolt center line to the edges of base plate
fp = Actual bearing pressure
tp = Required thickness of base plate
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
Tf = Applied uplift force per anchor bolt
M = Bending moment tributary to column by one bolt
b = Distance from bolt center line to the face of column
fb = bending stress
Z = Section modulus of base plate

## Required Ab = P/Fp = 1690 / (1.33 x 78.75) = 16.14 cm2

Required B = Ab = 4.02 cm

## fp = P/A = 1690 / 100 = 16.90 kg/cm2

fp
tp = m
1.33x0.25x Fy

16.90
= 4.0 = 0.57 cm
1.33x0.25x2500
Tf = T/1 = 1490/1 = 1490 kg

## fb = M/Z = 7450/( 42.5 tp2/6) < 1.33 x 0.75 Fy

6 x7450
tp = = 0.63 cm
1.33x0.75x42.5x2500

## Use Base plate 100 mm x 100 mm x 15 mm ........ OK

3.1.5. COLUMN ANCHORAGE Lightning Arrester (LA) 4.0 m

## Ft = 1400 kg/cm2 = 140.0 MPa

Fv = 714 kg/cm2 = 71.4 MPa
Fy = 2330 kg/cm2 = 233.0 MPa

3) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fv = Allowable shear stress ( bearing ) of anchor bolt
Ft = Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt
Fts = Allowable tensile stress for bolts subject to combined tension and shear
Fcv = Allowable bond stress of concrete
fv = Actual shear stress of anchor bolt
ft = Actual tensile stress of anchor bolt
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
A = Total area of anchor bolt
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
S = Total shear force at tower base per one leg
Le = Required embeded length of anchor bolt in concrete
db = Nominal diameter of anchor bolt
4) Maximum force at tower base : - P = 6579 kg

- T = 6359 kg

-S = 75 kg

## 5) Allowable tensile stress of anchor bolt

Try: 1 – Ø 22 mm
ASTM A -307
A = 1 x 3.80 = 3.80 cm2

## 6) Required embeded length of anchor bolt

Le = T / (( 0.53 x )xnxdxπ)

## Use 1 – Ø22 mm, Length 1200 mm

3.1.6. COLUMN BASE PLATE

1) Steel SS-400
Fy = 2500 kg/cm2

## Concrete fc’ = 225 kg/cm2

Fp = 0.35 fc' = 0.35 x 225 = 78.75 kg/cm2

2) Notation

## Fy = Yield strength of steel

Fp = Allowable bearing strength of the concrete
fc' = Compressive strength of concrete
Ab = Area of base plate
P = Total compression at tower base per one leg
B = Length of base plate
m = Distance from bolt center line to the edges of base plate
fp = Actual bearing pressure
tp = Required thickness of base plate
T = Total uplift force at tower base per one leg
Tf = Applied uplift force per anchor bolt
M = Bending moment tributary to column by one bolt
b = Distance from bolt center line to the face of column
fb = bending stress
Z = Section modulus of base plate

## Required Ab = P/Fp = 6579 / (1.33 x 78.75) = 62.81 cm2

Required B = Ab = 7.93 cm

## fp = P/A = 6579 / 200 = 3.29 kg/cm2

fp
tp = m
1.33x0.25x Fy

3.29
= 4.0 = 0.31 cm
1.33x0.25x2500
Tf = T/1 = 6359/1 = 6359 kg

## fb = M/Z = 26708/( 50 tp2/6) < 1.33 x 0.75 Fy

6 x26708
tp = = 1.13 cm
1.33x0.75x50 x2500