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MANILA: Room 206, JPD Building, CM Recto Avenue, Manila

CEBU: 4/F J. Martinez Bldg., Osmeña Blvd., Cebu City

Telephone Number: (02) 516 7559 (Manila) E-Mail: buksmarquez1 @yahoo.com
(032) 254-9967 (Cebu)

Review MODULE – Engineering Mechanics (Statics)

STATICS – Branch of engineering mechanics that deals with Situation 5: The cable shown passes over the drum G and is
forces in equilibrium or with bodies held motionless by the forces fastened to the frame at C. What are the vertical and horizontal
acting on them. reactions at E, D, and A?
A force is well defined if the three items below are met:
1. Magnitude
2. Direction
3. Point of application
System of Planar forces:
A. CONCURRENT FORCES
B. PARALLEL FORCES
C. NON-CONCURRENT AND NON-PARALLEL FORCES
*If in case the forces themselves are in equilibrium, then ƩFx,
ƩFy, and ƩMo are equal to zero.
Situation 6: Determine the forces in members GF, GD and CD.
ILLUSTRATIVE PROBLEMS
Situation 1 (CE Board Dec. 2014)
In the Figure:

Force A = 6.0 kN
Force B = 2.4 kN
Angle β = 30 deg.

a. If the resultant of the three forces A, B, and C is 3.6 kN and it FRICTION

acts along Y-axis, what is the angle θ in degrees? The resistance to sliding between contacting surfaces when the
b. If the resultant of the three forces A, B, and C is 5.4 kN and it resistance is due to the nature of the surfaces and not their shape
acts along Y-axis, what is the force C (kN) if the angle θ is 45⁰? or form.
c. If the angle θ = 60⁰ and the force C = 3kN, how much is the
resultant pulling force on the eyebolt? Static Friction – Between two bodies is the tangential force
which opposes the sliding of one body relative to the other.
Situation 2: Determine the force P Limiting Friction – Is the maximum value of static friction that
that will keep the pulley system in occurs when motion is impending.
equilibrium. Kinetic Friction – Is the tangential force between to bodies after
motion begins. It is less than Static Friction.
Dry Friction – refers to the friction force that exists between two
unlubricated solid surfaces.

STATIC CASE: F ≤ Fmax = μs N

IMPENDING CASE: F = Fmax = μs N
DYNAMIC CASE: F = Fk = μk N

Situation 7: A 200 N block is set on a 30o inclined plane with a

coefficient of friction of 0.30.
Situation 3: In the angular 1. The minimum value of P that will
motion amplifier shown, the hold the block in place if θ is zero
oscillatory motion of AC is is nearest to?
amplified by the oscillatory 2. The minimum value of P that will
motion of BC. Neglecting produce impending motion up the
friction and the weights of the plane if θ is zero is nearest to?
members, determine the 3. The smallest possible value of P
output torque C0, given that that will produce impending motion
the input torque is 36 N.m. up the plane if θ can be adjusted is
nearest to?

Situation 4: The cable carrying three 400-lb loads has sag at C of Situation 8: Given the figure:
hC =16 ft. Calculate the force in each segment of the cable. 1. What force P is needed to drive the 5º wedge to raise the 500
kg mass? The coefficient of friction for all surfaces is 0.20.
2. What is the reaction between the mass and the wall?
3. What is the reaction between the wedge and the horizontal
surface?
MANILA: Room 206, JPD Building, CM Recto Avenue, Manila
CEBU: 4/F J. Martinez Bldg., Osmeña Blvd., Cebu City
Telephone Number: (02) 516 7559 (Manila) E-Mail: buksmarquez1 @yahoo.com
(032) 254-9967 (Cebu)

Review MODULE – Engineering Mechanics (Statics)

BELT FRICTION – When a belt or band passes over a rough Situation 10: Find the moment of Inertia of the figure given with
pulley, the tensions in the belt or band on the two sides of the respect to its centroidal x-axis.
pulley will be different.
T1  T2 e  
Where:
T1 – Larger Tension (tight side)
T2 – Smaller tension (slack side)
 - Coefficient of friction
 - Angle of contact, in radians.
e - 2.71828…

Situation 9: Determine the largest mass of cylinder A that can be

supported from the drum if a force P = 20 N is applied to the
handle of the lever. The coefficient of static friction between the
belt and the wheel is 0.3. The drum is pin supported at its center,
B.

Second Moment of Area. Also known as moment of

inertia of plane area, area moment of inertia, or second area
moment, is a geometrical property of an area which reflects how
its points are distributed with regard to an arbitrary axis.
Common Shapes:
centoid, x= b/2
2
A= πr centoid, y= h/2
IX= πr4/4 A= bh
IY= πr4/4 IX= bh3/12
IY= b3h/12

centoid, x= 4r/3π
centoid, y= 4r/3π centoid, x= (a+b)/3
A= πr2/4 centoid, y= h/3
IX= 0.055r4 A= bh/2
IY= 0.055r4 IX= bh3/36

Parallel Axis theorem/Transfer Moment of Inertia.

Used to determine the mass moment of inertia or the second
moment of area of a rigid body about any axis.
Ixx = Ix + Ad2

Where: Ix = Centroidal Moment of Inertia

A = Area of the section/shape
d = perpendicular distance b/w centroid to axis x-x