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Owner's Manual for the Vehicle.

With a quick reference guide
for your convenience.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Congratulations, and thank you for choosing a BMW.
Thorough familiarity with your vehicle will provide you with enhanced control and
security when you drive it. We therefore have this request:
Please take the time to read this Owner's Manual and familiarize yourself with the
information that we have compiled for you before driving your new car. It contains
important data and instructions intended to assist you in gaining maximum use and
satisfaction from the unique range of technical features on your BMW. The manual
also contains information on care and maintenance designed to enhance operating
safety and contribute to maintaining the value of your BMW throughout an extended
service life.
This Owner's Manual should be considered a permanent part of this vehicle. It
should stay with the vehicle when sold to provide the next owner with important
operating, safety and maintenance information.
This manual is supplemented by a Service and Warranty Information Booklet
(US models) or a Warranty and Service Guide Booklet (Canadian models). We
recommend that you read these publications thoroughly.
Your BMW is covered by the following warranties:
– New Vehicle Limited Warranty
– Limited Warranty Rust Perforation
– Emissions System Defect Warranty
– Emissions Performance Warranty
– California Emissions Control System Limited Warranty
Detailed information about these warranties is listed in the Service and Warranty
Information Booklet (US models) and the Warranty and Service Guide Booklet
(Canadian models).
We wish you an enjoyable driving experience.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Notes on the Owner's Manual Symbols used The individual vehicle

We have made every effort to ensure On purchasing your BMW, you have
that you are able to find what you need These sections contain vital infor- decided in favor of a model with individ-
in this Owner's Manual as quickly as mation – please read the accom- ualized equipment and features. This
possible. The fastest way to find certain panying text passages carefully, for Owner's Manual describes all models
topics is by using the detailed index at your safety, the safety of others and to and equipment that BMW offers within
the end. If you wish to gain only an initial prevent damage to your BMW. < the same group.
overview of your vehicle, you will find We hope you will understand that
this in the first chapter. These passages contain informa-
equipment and features are included
The detailed list of contents that directly tion on special and unique fea-
which you might not have chosen for
follows the summary of contents is tures of your vehicle.<
your vehicle. Any differences can easily
intended to stimulate your curiosity be identified, since all optional acces-
regarding your BMW and to encourage Indicates special information on
sories and special equipment are
you to read the manual. recycling.<
marked with an asterisk *.
Should you wish to sell your BMW at If your BMW features equipment which
< Indicates the end of a note.
some time in the future, please remem- is not described in this Owner's Manual
ber to hand over this Owner's Manual
* Indicates special equipment, country- (car radio or telephone, for instance),
to the new owner; it is part of the
specific equipment and optional extras. Supplementary Owner's Manuals are
vehicle. enclosed. We ask you to read these
Should you have any further questions, Indicates that you should consult manuals as well.
your BMW center will be glad to assist the relevant section of this Owner's
at any time. Manual for information on a specific part
or assembly.

Alerts you to functions that can

© 1999 BMW AG be adjusted by your BMW center
Munich, Germany ("Car Memory" or "Key Memory"). Refer
Reprinting, including excerpts, only with the
written consent of BMW AG, Munich. to page 53.<
Order number 01 41 0 155 024
US English IX/99
Printed in Germany
Printed on environmentally friendly paper
(bleached without chlorine, suitable for recycling)
Notes on the Owner's Manual
Symbols used
The individual
Online vehicle
Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Status at time of printing

BMW pursues a policy of continuous,
ongoing development that is conceived
to ensure that our vehicles continue to
embody the highest quality and safety
standards combined with advanced,
state-of-the-art technology. For this
reason, it is possible that the features
described in this Owner's Manual could
differ from those on your vehicle. Nor
can errors and omissions be entirely
ruled out. You are therefore asked to
appreciate that no legal claims can be
entertained on the basis of the data,
illustrations or descriptions in this
Owner's Manual.

Status at time of printing

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


For your own safety Important safety information! Installation and operation of non-BMW
For your own safety, use genuine approved accessories such as alarms,
Use unleaded gasoline only. parts and accessories approved by radios, amplifiers, radar detectors,
Fuels containing up to 10% etha- BMW. wheels, suspension components, brake
nol or other oxygenates with up to 2.8% When you purchase accessories tested dust shields, telephones (including
oxygen by weight (i.e. 15% MTBE or and approved by BMW and Original operation of any portable cellular phone
3% methanol plus an equivalent BMW Parts, you simultaneously acquire from within the vehicle without using an
amount of co-solvent) will not void the the assurance that they have been thor- externally mounted antenna) or trans-
applicable warranties with respect to oughly tested by BMW to ensure opti- ceiver equipment (such as C.B., walkie-
defects in materials or workmanship. mum performance when installed on talkie, ham radio or similar) may cause
Field experience has indicated signifi- your vehicle. extensive damage to the vehicle, com-
cant differences in fuel quality (volatility, BMW warrants these parts to be free promise its safety, interfere with the
composition, additives, for example) from defects in material and workman- vehicle's electrical system or affect the
among gasolines offered for sale in the ship. validity of the BMW Limited Warranty.
United States and Canada. The use of BMW will not accept any liability for See your BMW center for additional
poor-quality fuels may result in drive- damage resulting from installation of information.
ability, starting and stalling problems, parts and accessories not approved by Do not use a key or remote control to
especially under certain environmental BMW. lock the doors or luggage compartment
conditions, such as high ambient tem- BMW cannot test every product from with anyone inside the car. See
perature and high altitude. other manufacturers to verify if it can be page 34 for more details.
Should you encounter driveability prob- used on a BMW safely and without risk "Maintenance, replacement, or repair
lems that you suspect could be related to either the vehicle, its operation, or its of the emission control devices and
to the fuel you are using, we recom- occupants. systems may be performed by any
mend that you respond by switching Original BMW Parts, BMW Accessories automotive repair establishment or indi-
to a recognized high-quality brand. and other products approved by BMW, vidual using any certified automotive
Failure to comply with these recom- together with professional advice on part."<
mendations may result in unscheduled using these items, are available from all
maintenance. BMW centers.
Follow the relevant safety rules when
you are handling gasoline.<

For your own safety

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


The following only applies to vehicles owned and operated in the US.


If you believe that your vehicle has a defect that could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying BMW of
North America, Inc., P.O. Box 1227, Westwood, New Jersey 07675-1227, Telephone (201) 307-4000.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or BMW of North America, Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 202-366-0123 in
Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590. You can
also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG



Controls and features

Operation, care

Car care
and maintenance

Owner service procedures

Technology Repairs
Advanced technology

Technical data


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Cockpit 16 Locks and security systems: Driving:

Controls and features

Instrument cluster 18 Keys 32 Steering/Ignition lock 61
Indicator and warning lamps 20 Electronic vehicle Starting the engine 61
Multifunction steering wheel immobilizer 33 Switching off the engine 62
(MFL) 24 Central locking system 34 Parking brake 63
Hazard warning flashers 25 Opening and closing – from Manual transmission 64
Warning triangle 25 outside 34 Automatic transmission with
First-aid kit 25 Opening and closing – from Steptronic 65
Refueling 26 inside 38 Turn signal indicator/Headlamp
Fuel specifications 26 Luggage compartment lid 39 flasher 68
Tire inflation pressure 27 Luggage compartment 41 Wiper/Washer system/Rain
Alarm system 42 sensor 68
Electric power windows 44 Rear window defroster 70
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 45 Cruise control 71
Adjustments: Everything under control:
Seats 47 Odometer 73
Seat and mirror memory 50 Tachometer 73
Steering wheel 51 Energy Control 73
Mirrors 52 Fuel gauge 74
Car Memory, Key Memory 53 Temperature gauge 74
Service Interval Display 74
Passenger safety systems:
Check Control 75
Safety belts 54
Clock 75
Child restraint systems 55
Onboard computer 76
Child-safety locks 56
Airbags 56 Technology for safety and
Child restraints 59 convenience:
Installing a child restraint Park Distance Control (PDC) 78
system 60 Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 79
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 80

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Lamps: Special operating instructions: Under the hood:

Operation, care and maintenance

Controls and features
Parking lamps/Headlamps 82 Break-in procedures 104 Hood 120
Dash lighting 82 Driving notes 104 Engine compartment 122
High beams/Parking lamps 83 Catalytic converter 105 Washer fluids 124
Fog lamps 83 Antilock Brake System Washer nozzles 124
Interior lamps 83 (ABS) 106 Engine oil 125
Reading lamps 84 Disc brakes 108 Coolant 128
Brake system 109 Brake fluid 129
Controlling the climate
Winter operation 110 Vehicle Identification
for pleasant driving:
Power steering 111 Number 130
Automatic climate control 86
Cellular phones 112
Seat heating 91 Care and maintenance:
Radio reception 112
Roller sun blind 91 The BMW Maintenance
Wheels and tires: System 131
Interior conveniences:
Tire inflation pressures 113 Caring for your car 132
HiFi system 92
Tire condition 113 Airbags 137
Glove compartment 92
Tire replacement 114 Vehicle storage 137
Storage compartments 93
Tire rotation 115
Cellular phones 95 Laws and regulations:
Wheel and tire
Ashtray, front 95 Technical modifications to the
combinations 116
Cigarette lighter 96 vehicle 138
Winter tires 117
Ashtray, rear 96 OBD interface socket 139
Snow chains 117
Loading and transporting: Approved wheel and tire
Through-loading system 97 specifications 118
Ski bag 98
Cargo loading 99
Roof-mounted luggage rack 100

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Replacement procedures: Adaptive Transmission Control Engine data 172

Owner service procedures

Advanced technology

Technical data
Onboard tool kit 142 (ATC) 162 Dimensions 173
Windshield wiper blades 142 Airbags 163 Weights 174
Lamps and bulbs 142 Dynamic Stability Control Capacities 175
Changing a wheel 149 (DSC) 163 Electrical system 176
Battery 152 Radio reception 164 Ribbed V-belt 176
Fuses 154 Safety belt tensioner 164
Microfilter 155 Interior rearview mirror with
automatic dimming
In case of electrical
feature 165
Rain sensor 166
Fuel filler door 156
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 167
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 156
Self-diagnostics 168
Assistance, giving and Xenon lamps 169
Jump-starting 157
Towing the vehicle 158

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Everything from A to Z 180

Owner service procedures 186

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Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Cockpit 16 Overview

Instrument cluster 18
Indicator and warning lamps 20
Multifunction steering wheel
(MFL) 24
Hazard warning flashers 25 Controls and features

Warning triangle 25
First-aid kit 25
Refueling 26
Fuel specifications 26
Tire inflation pressure 27 Operation, care

Car care
and maintenance

Owner service procedures

Technology Repairs
Advanced technology

Technical data


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Cockpit 17n

1 Headlamp switch 82

2 > Turn signal indicator 68
> Parking lamps 83
> High beams 83
> Headlamp flasher 68
> Onboard computer* 76

3 Wiper/Washer system 68
4 Shift lever/Selector lever* 64
For vehicles equipped with manual

Car care
Press the lever to the left to
overcome the slight resistance to
engage reverse gear
5 Central locking system 34
6 Hazard warning flashers 25

Technology Repairs
7 Rear window defroster 70
8 Horn: The entire surface functions
as the horn
9 Adjusting steering wheel 51
10 Front fog lamps* 83

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
18nInstrument cluster


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Instrument cluster 19n

1 Fuel gauge with indicator lamp 9 Program display for automatic 14 Indicator and warning lamps

for fuel reserve 74 transmission* 65, 67 (clockwise) for
2 Turn signal indicator 23 Indicator lamp for automatic > Front fog lamps* 23
transmission* 22, 65 > Add washer fluid 22
3 Speedometer
10 Indicator lamp for Dynamic Stability > Coolant level 23
4 Indicator lamp for > Electronic Engine Power Control
Control (DSC) 22

> Battery charge current 20 (EML)* 23
> High beams 23 11 Indicator for
> Engine 22
> Engine oil pressure/Engine oil > Odometer 73
level 20, 22 > Trip odometer 73
You can display the outside tem-
> Clock 75
5 Tachometer and Energy Control 73 perature and distance driven in

Car care
> Service Interval 74
different units of measurement. <
6 Engine coolant temperature gauge
Display for onboard computer *,
with "Coolant temperature too high"
operation via the turn signal lever:
indicator 74
Refer to page 76.
7 Indicator and warning lamps
> Clock

Technology Repairs
(clockwise) for
> Outside temperature
> Parking brake/Brake hydraulic
> Average fuel consumption
system/Cornering Brake Control
> Range
(CBC) 20
> Average speed
> ABS 22
> Brake pads 22 12 Indicator for Check Control 75
> Tire Pressure Control 13 Trip odometer, reset to zero 73
(RDC)* 20, 22
> Airbags 21
> Please fasten safety belts 21
> Cruise control* 23

8 Clock reset
> Clock 75
> Service Interval 74

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
20nIndicator and warning lamps
Technology that monitors itself Red: Stop immediately Tire Pressure Control (RDC)* ●
Many of the systems of your BMW Battery charge ● In addition, an acoustic signal is
monitor themselves automatically, both The battery is no longer being sounded: A tire failure has oc-
during engine starts and while you are charged. There is a malfunction curred. Reduce vehicle speed immedi-
driving. Indicator and warning lamps of the alternator ribbed V-belt or in the ately and stop the vehicle. Avoid hard
that are identified by "●" are tested for charging circuit of the alternator. Please brake applications. Do not oversteer.
proper functioning whenever the igni- contact the nearest BMW center. For additional information: Refer to
tion key is turned. They each light up page 80.
once for different periods of time. If the ribbed V-belt is defective, do Brake hydraulic system ●
If a fault should occur in one of these not continue driving. If you do so, If the lamp comes on when the
systems, the corresponding lamp does the engine could be damaged due to parking brake is not engaged:
not go out after the engine is started, or overheating. If the ribbed V-belt is de- Check the brake fluid level. Before driv-
it lights up while the vehicle is moving. fective, increased steering effort is also ing further, be sure to read the notes on
You will see how to react to this below. required.< pages 109 and 129.
Brake warning lamp for Cana-
Engine oil pressure ● dian models.
Stop the vehicle and switch off
the engine immediately. Check
the engine oil and top up as required. If
the oil level is correct, please contact
the nearest BMW center.

Do not continue driving. If you do

so, the engine could be damaged
because of inadequate lubrication.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Indicator and warning lamps 21n

Yellow: Stop immediately Red and yellow: Continue driving Red: An important reminder

Engine oil level cautiously Parking brake
Comes on while driving: Stop Cornering Brake Control (CBC) ● Comes on when the parking
the vehicle and switch off the If the brake warning lamp comes brake is applied – an additional
engine immediately. The oil level is at on together with the yellow indi- acoustic signal sounds when starting
the absolute minimum. cator lamps for ABS and DSC: off.

For additional information: Refer to The entire ABS, CBC and DSC For additional information: Refer to
page 125. control system has failed. Con- page 63.
tinue driving cautiously and Brake warning lamp for Cana-
Do not continue driving until you defensively. Avoid hard brake dian models.
have topped up the engine oil. If applications. Please have the system

Car care
you continue to drive, the engine could checked by your BMW center as soon as
Please fasten safety belts ●
be damaged because of inadequate possible.
An acoustic warning signal
lubrication.< For additional information: Refer to
sounds simultaneously. Lights
pages 79 and 107.
up for a few seconds or until the safety

Technology Repairs
CBC, ABS and DSC indicator belt is fastened.
and warning lamps for Canadian For additional information on safety
models. belts: Refer to page 54.
Airbags ●
Please have the system in-
spected by your BMW center.
For additional information: Refer to
pages 56 and 163.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
22nIndicator and warning lamps
Orange: Consult the nearest BMW Yellow: Check as soon as Dynamic Stability Control
center possible (DSC) ●
Automatic transmission* Antilock Brake System (ABS) ● DSC has been switched off or
Because of a malfunction, the ABS has been deactivated in re- has been deactivated because of a mal-
automatic transmission shifts sponse to system malfunction. function. In the event of a malfunction,
only in the emergency program. Please Conventional braking efficiency is avail- have the system checked by your BMW
consult the nearest BMW center. able without limitations. Please have center.
For additional information: Refer to the system inspected by your BMW For additional information: Refer to
page 65. center. page 79.
For additional information: Refer to Add washer fluid
page 107. The washer fluid is too low. Top
ABS warning lamp for Canadian off the fluid at the earliest op-
models. portunity.
For additional information: Refer to
page 124.
Engine oil level
Comes on after the engine has Service engine soon ●
been turned off: Check the There is a defect in the Engine
engine oil level. Management system. It is impor-
For additional information: Refer to tant to note that an illuminated lamp is
page 125. intended to inform the driver of the need
for service, not of the need to stop the
Brake pads ●
Have the brake pads checked.
This can also be an indication that the
For additional information: Refer
filler cap was not properly tightened after
to page 109.
refueling. Please have the system in-
Tire Pressure Control (RDC)* ● spected by your BMW center.
Check the tire pressure. Refer to For additional information: Refer to
pages 27 and 80. page 139.
Engine Management warning
lamp for Canadian models.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Indicator and warning lamps 23n

Electronic Engine Power Control Green: For your information Blue: For your information

(EML)* ● Turn signal indicator High beams
Malfunction in engine timing. Flashes when the turn signal in- Lights up when the high beams
Higher brake application pressure may dicator is actuated. Includes the are on or the headlamp flasher
be necessary and brake pedal travel trailer turn signals if you are towing a is actuated.
may be significantly longer. Please have trailer. Rapid flashing indicates a sys- For additional information: Refer to

the system inspected by your BMW tem malfunction. pages 68 and 83.
center. For additional information: Refer to
Add coolant page 68.
The coolant level is too low. Top Cruise control*
up the coolant at the earliest

Car care
Comes on when the cruise con-
opportunity. trol is activated. Available for
For additional information: Refer to operation via the multifunction steering
page 128. wheel.
For additional information: Refer to

Technology Repairs
page 71.
Front fog lamps*
Lights up whenever you switch
on the front fog lamps.
For additional information: Refer to
page 83.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
24nMultifunction steering wheel (MFL)*
The controls integrated in the multi-
function steering wheel are provided
so that you can operate a number of
accessories quickly and without being
distracted from traffic conditions. You
may operate:
> selected radio functions
> the cruise control

> selected cellular phone functions.

In order to operate a system via

the MFL, the corresponding sys-
tem controls must be switched on.< 1 Cellular phone: Receive a call, initiate 6 Horn: The entire surface functions as
dialing and terminate a call the horn
2 Radio/Cellular phone: Select 7 Cruise control: Resume stored setting
3 Radio/Cellular phone: Scan back- 8 Cruise control: Store and accelerate
ward or scan station keys or scroll in (+); decelerate and store (–)
the phone listings 9 Cruise control: Activate/Interrupt/
4 Radio/Cellular phone: Volume Cancel.
5 Radio/Cellular phone: Scan forward
or scan station keys or scroll in the
phone listings

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Hazard warning flashers Warning triangle* First-aid kit* 25n



Car care
The push button flashes rhythmically The hazard warning triangle is stored in The first-aid kit is located under the
when the hazard flashers are on. a recess on the left-hand side of the passenger seat.
To help you locate the switch in an luggage compartment where it is To open: Pull the handle and fold the
quickly available.

Technology Repairs
emergency, the button is also illumi- cover down.
nated whenever the car lamps are on. To close: Fold the cover up.
Comply with legal requirements
that cover the availability of a
Some of the articles in the first-aid
hazard warning triangle in the car.<
kit may be used within a limited
time only. For this reason, check the
expiration dates of each of the items
regularly, and replace any whose expi-
ration dates have passed. You can pur-
chase replacements in any drugstore or
pharmacy. Comply with legal require-

ments that cover the availability of a
first-aid kit in the car.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
26nRefueling Fuel specifications
Use unleaded gasoline only.
Recommended fuel: Premium with a
minimum octane rating of 91 AKI.
BMW engines are equipped with knock
sensors and will adapt automatically to
different octane ratings, provided that
the minimum octane requirement

(87 AKI) is met.
Fuels with higher octane ratings will pro-
vide enhanced performance and lower
fuel consumption, while the use of fuels
with lower octane ratings will have the
Fuel filler door Simple and environmentally
opposite effect.
Press on the rear edge of the fuel filler friendly
door to open and close it. Do not use leaded fuels. The use of
Open the fuel filler cap carefully.
To unlock the fuel filler door if there is a leaded fuels will cause permanent
If you do not, fuel could spray out.
malfunction of the central locking sys- damage to the system's oxygen sensor
Fuel spray may cause injury.<
tem, refer to page 156. and the catalytic convertor.<
Keep the filler cap in the bracket at-
When handling fuels, comply with
tached to the fuel filler door.
all of the applicable safety precau-
tions and regulations pertaining to fuels. When refueling, insert the filler nozzle AKI = Anti Knock Index
Never carry spare fuel containers in your completely into the filler pipe. Pulling
vehicle. Whether empty or full, these the nozzle out of the pipe during refuel-
containers can leak, cause an explo- ing
sion, or lead to fire in the event of a col- > results in premature pump shutoff
lision.< > and will reduce the effect of the vapor
recovery system on the pump.

Close the fuel cap carefully after

refueling. A loose or missing cap
will activate the Service Engine Soon
warning lamp.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Tire inflation pressure 27n

Check tire inflation pressures reg- Comply with tire approval

ularly – at least every two weeks specifications
and before beginning a longer trip. In- The inflation pressures in the table ap-
correct tire pressure can otherwise lead ply to tires from BMW-approved manu-
to tire damage and accidents. facturers. Your BMW center is familiar
Also check the inflation pressure of the with these pressures. Higher pressures

space-saver tire or spare tire *. Inflate may be specified for tires from other
the spare tire to the highest inflation

manufacturers. You will find a list of

specified for your vehicle.< approved tires beginning on page 118.

Car care
The inflation pressures are indicated on
a sticker attached to the door pillar be-
hind the driver's door (visible with door

Technology Repairs
Check tire pressures
All pressure specifications are stated in
psi (kilopascal) with cold tires (cold =
ambient temperature). Refer to the next
page as well.
For vehicles with RDC (Tire Pressure
After a correction of the tire inflation
pressure, reactivate the system. Refer

to page 80.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
28nTire inflation pressure

BMW Tires
Inflation pressures in psi (kilopascal)

Summer tires 29 (2.0) 33 (2.3) 33 (2.3) 41 (2.8)

Winter tires 32 (2.2) 36 (2.5) 36 (2.5) 44 (3.0)
Summer tires 29 (2.0) 33 (2.3) 33 (2.3) 41 (2.8)
Winter tires 32 (2.2) 36 (2.5) 36 (2.5) 44 (3.0)
All Space-saver spare tire 61 (4.2) 61 (4.2) 61 (4.2) 61 (4.2)
For all-season tires, use the same tire inflation pressure as for summer tires.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Car care
Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Locks and security systems:

Keys 32
Electronic vehicle
immobilizer 33
Central locking system 34
Opening and closing – from
outside 34
Opening and closing – from
inside 38
Luggage compartment lid 39
Luggage compartment 41
Alarm system 42
Electric power windows 44
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 45
Seats 47
Seat and mirror memory 50
Steering wheel 51
Mirrors 52
Car Memory, Key Memory 53
Passenger safety systems:
Safety belts 54
Child restraint systems 55
Child-safety locks 56
Airbags 56
Child restraints 59
Installing a child restraint
system 60

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Driving: Lamps: Overview

Steering/Ignition lock 61 Parking lamps/Headlamps 82
Starting the engine 61 Dash lighting 82
Switching off the engine 62 High beams/Parking lamps 83
Parking brake 63 Fog lamps 83
Manual transmission 64 Interior lamps 83 Controls and features

Automatic transmission with Reading lamps 84
Steptronic 65
Controlling the climate for
Turn signal indicator/Headlamp
pleasant driving:
flasher 68
Wiper/Washer system/Rain
Automatic climate control 86 Operation, care

Car care
Seat heating 91
sensor 68
Roller sun blind 91 and maintenance
Rear window defroster 70
Cruise control 71 Interior conveniences:
HiFi system 92 Owner service procedures
Everything under control:
Glove compartment 92

Technology Repairs
Odometer 73
Storage compartments 93
Tachometer 73
Cellular phones 95
Energy Control 73
Ashtray, front 95
Fuel gauge 74
Temperature gauge 74
Cigarette lighter 96 Advanced technology
Ashtray, rear 96
Service Interval Display 74
Check Control 75 Loading and transporting:
Clock 75 Through-loading system 97
Onboard computer 76 Ski bag 98 Technical data
Cargo loading 99
Technology for safety and
Roof-mounted luggage rack 100

Park Distance Control (PDC) 78
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 79
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 80

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

3 Door and ignition key Replacement keys

The locks for the luggage compart- Replacement keys are available exclu-
ment lid and the glove compartment sively through your BMW center. Since
cannot be operated with this key – the keys belong to a security system
this is recommended for valet park- (refer to "Electronic vehicle immobilizer"
ing, for instance. on page 33), your BMW center is obli-
gated to be sure that a person request-

ing a key is authorized to do so.

If possible, take all of the master

keys that belong to the vehicle
with you when you pick up your re-
1 The master keys with remote control placement key.
determine the functions of the Key When you receive a new replacement
Memory. Refer to page 53. key, turn that key to position 2 in the
ignition lock once (ignition switched on)
There is an extended-life battery and then back. This allows the elec-
in every master key which is tronic vehicle immobilizer to "learn" the
charged automatically in the steering new key.<
lock as you drive.
For this reason, if you have a master
key that is otherwise not used, use that
key approximately once every year
while driving for an extended period.
This will charge the battery. Refer also
to page 35.<

2 Spare key for storage in a safe place,

such as in your wallet. This key is not
intended for continuous use.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Electronic vehicle immobilizer 33n

How the electronics work

At the heart of this system is an elec-
tronic chip that is integrated into the
key. The lock mechanism itself is actu-
ally a dual-function device, simulta-
neously serving as a communications

interface designed to allow the security

system to maintain a continuous stream

of variable, vehicle-specific signals with
the electronic circuitry in the key. The
system will not release the ignition, fuel

Car care
injection and starter unless it recog-
The key to security nizes an "authorized" key.
Your BMW is equipped with a passive
anti-theft system. This electronic immo- Force applied to the key can dam-
bilization system is designed to reduce age the integrated electronic cir-

Technology Repairs
the susceptibility of the vehicle to theft cuitry. A damaged key can no longer be
by making it impossible to start the used to start the engine.<
engine using any means other than the
special keys furnished with the vehicle.
Your BMW center can cancel the elec-
tronic system authorization for individual
keys (in the event of loss, for instance). A
deactivated key can no longer be used
to start the engine.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
34nCentral locking system Opening and closing – from outside
The concept Convenience operating mode
The central locking system is ready for You can also operate the power win-
operation whenever the driver's door is dows and sliding/tilt sunroof* via the
closed. The system engages and re- door lock.
leases the locks on the > To open: With the door closed, turn
> doors, the key to the "Unlock" position and
> luggage compartment lid and hold it.

> fuel filler door. > To close: With the door closed, turn
The central locking system can be the key to the "Lock" position and
operated hold it.
> from outside via the door lock and
Watch during the closing process
using the remote control Using the key to be sure that no one is injured.
> from inside by pressing a button. One turn of the key in the driver's door Releasing the key stops the opera-
Activating it from inside does not lock lock unlocks the driver's door only. tion.<
the fuel filler door (see page 38). When Turning the key a second time unlocks
the system is actuated from the out- the passenger-side door, the luggage Manual operation
side, the antitheft system is activated compartment lid and the fuel filler door. (in the event of electrical malfunction)
simultaneously. Both the door locks
and the safety lock buttons remain You can have a confirmation mes- Turn the key to the extreme left or right
locked. The alarm system* is also sage set to inform you that the car to unlock/lock the door.
armed or disarmed. has been properly locked.<
If locked from the inside, the central
locking system unlocks automatically in You will find additional information on
the event of an accident. In addition, the alarm system* on page 42.
the hazard warning flashers and interior
lamps come on.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Opening and closing – from outside 35n

Using the remote control Master keys that are used repeat-

The remote control makes opening and edly are always ready for opera-
locking the doors of your vehicle very tion since the battery in the transmitter
convenient. Furthermore, it provides is charged automatically in the steering
two additional functions that can only lock as you drive.
be executed by means of the remote If it is no longer possible to unlock the

control: vehicle via the remote control, the bat-
tery is discharged. Use this key while

> Switch on the interior lamps
driving for an extended period in order
With this function, you can also
to charge the battery. Refer also to
"search for" your car – when parked
page 32.

Car care
in an underground garage, for in-
To prevent unauthorized use of the re-
Master keys mote control, surrender only the door
> Open the luggage compartment
and ignition key or the spare key (refer
The luggage compartment lid will Keys with remote control are master
to page 32) when leaving the vehicle for
open slightly, regardless of whether keys. Refer to page 32.
valet parking, for example.

Technology Repairs
the lid was previously locked or un-
In the event of a system malfunction,
locked. Children might be able to lock the
please contact your BMW center.
The anti-theft system is also deacti- doors from the inside. For this rea-
You can also obtain replacement keys
vated simultaneously when you unlock son, always take the vehicle keys with
the vehicle, the alarm system * is dis- you so that the vehicle can be opened
armed, and the interior lamps are again from the outside at any time.<
turned on. When you lock the vehicle,
the systems are activated and armed,
and the lamps go off.

You can have a confirmation mes-

sage set to inform you that the car
has been properly locked.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
36nOpening and closing – from outside



To unlock the car To lock and secure To switch on the interior lamps
Press button 1 to unlock the driver's Press button 2. After locking the car, press button 2
door only. again.
Press the button twice in order to
unlock the entire vehicle. To switch off the tilt alarm* and
interior motion sensor*
Convenience opening mode Press button 2 again immediately after
Press and hold button 1. The power locking.
windows and the sliding/tilt sunroof * For additional information: Refer to
are opened. page 43.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Opening and closing – from outside 37n

Panic-Mode (trigger alarm) For US owners only

By pressing button 3 for two to five sec- The transmitter and receiver units com-
onds, the alarm* can be sounded in the ply with part 15 of the FCC (Federal
event of danger, if it is armed. Communications Commission) regula-
Pressing button 1 will deactivate the tions. Operation is governed by the
alarm. following:

The LED (light-emitting diode) lights up FCC ID: LX8EWS

briefly when the individual buttons are LX8FZVS

pressed. LX8FZVE
Compliance statement:
Non-BMW systems

Car care
This device complies with part 15 of the
The proper functioning of the remote FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
To open the luggage compartment control system may be affected by
following two conditions:
Press button 3. other units or equipment operating in
> This device may not cause harmful
The luggage compartment lid will open the immediate vicinity of your car.
interference, and

Technology Repairs
slightly, regardless of whether the lid If this should this occur, you can still > this device must accept any interfer-
was previously locked or unlocked. open and close the vehicle using the ence received, including interference
master key in both the door and lug- that may cause undesired operation.
Before and after a trip, be sure gage compartment locks.
that the luggage compartment lid Any unauthorized modifications or
was not opened unintentionally.< changes to these devices could
void the user's authority to operate this

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
38nOpening and closing – from inside
To unlock and open the doors To engage the locks
> Either unlock the doors together with > Use the central locking button to lock
the button for the central locking sys- all doors at once
tem and then pull each of the release or
handles above the armrests > press the individual safety lock but-
or tons down. The fuel filler door then
> pull the release handle for each door remains unlocked. As an added

twice: The first pull unlocks the door, design feature to prevent the driver
and the second one opens it. from being inadvertently locked out
of the vehicle, the driver's door safety
Doors locked from outside can be lock button will not engage as long as
opened from inside by first press- the door is open.
Use this button to operate the central ing the button and then pulling a re-
locking system when the front doors lease handle twice.< Children might be able to lock the
are closed. The doors and luggage doors from the inside. For this rea-
compartment lid are unlocked or locked son, always take the vehicle's keys with
only. The antitheft alarm system is not you so that the vehicle can be opened
activated. again from the outside at any time.<

If only the driver's door was un-

locked from the outside and you
press the button
> all other doors, the luggage compart-
ment lid and the fuel filler door will be
unlocked when the driver's door is
> the driver's door will be locked again
when it is closed.<

If you desire, the central locking

system will secure the locks as
soon as you start to drive. This can be
adjusted to be key-specific.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Luggage compartment lid 39n




Car care
The lock To secure separately To open from outside
Only the master key (refer to page 32) Turn the master key to the right past the Press the button in the handle recess
fits in the lock of the luggage compart- resistance point and then pull it out in (arrow):
ment. the horizontal position. The luggage compartment lid opens

Technology Repairs
This locks the luggage compartment lid slightly.
and disconnects it from the central lock- The luggage compartment is lit when
ing system. This feature can be used to the luggage compartment lid is opened.
prevent unauthorized access to the lug-
gage compartment when you surrender Manual operation
the door and ignition key (refer to (in the event of electrical malfunction)
page 32) for valet parking, for instance.
Turn the master key to the left to the
stop – the luggage compartment lid will
open slightly.

The luggage compartment is locked
again as soon as you close the lid.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
40nLuggage compartment lid
Operate the vehicle only when the
luggage compartment lid is com-
pletely closed. Otherwise, exhaust
fumes could penetrate the interior of
the vehicle. Should it be absolutely nec-
essary to operate the vehicle with the
luggage compartment lid open:

> Close all windows. Shut the sliding/
tilt sunroof *.
> Increase the airflow of the automatic
climate control to a high level. Refer
to page 86.<
Opening from the inside To close
If the luggage compartment lid has not The handle recesses in the interior trim
been locked separately, you can open it panel of the luggage compartment lid
with this button in the footwell on the (arrows) make it easier to pull the lid
driver's side when the vehicle is sta- down.
To avoid injuries, be sure that the
travel path of the luggage com-
partment lid is clear when it is closed,
as with all closing procedures.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Luggage compartment 41n

The fittings at the corners of the lug-

gage compartment provide you with a
convenient means of attaching luggage
nets* and flexible straps for securing
suitcases and luggage.
Refer also to "Cargo loading" on

page 99.


Car care
Floor panel Floor mat
To raise and secure the floor panel, lift You can turn the floor mat over if re-
it by the ring and hook it into the rubber quired (for transporting soiled objects
seal of the run-off gutter with the for instance). The rubberized side may

Technology Repairs
hanger (arrow). be washed. It reduces movement of ob-
jects placed on it.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
42nAlarm system*
The concept To activate and deactivate the
The vehicle's alarm system responds: alarm system
> When a door, the hood or the lug- When the vehicle is locked or unlocked
gage compartment lid is opened by using a key or with the remote con-
> To movement inside the vehicle trol, the alarm system is also simulta-
(interior motion sensor) neously armed or disarmed.
> To a change of the vehicle's tilt – if The interior motion sensor is activated

someone attempts to steal the wheels approx. 30 seconds after you have fin-
or tow the vehicle without authoriza- ished locking the car.
tion, for example If the alarm system has been armed
> If there is an interruption of battery correctly, the hazard warning flashers
voltage. flash once. An acoustic warning signal
sounds at the same time. Indicator lamp displays
The alarm system signals unauthorized
access to the vehicle or an attempted The indicator lamp is located under the
theft in different ways: You can have different acknow- interior rearview mirror.
ledgment messages set to confirm > When the indicator lamp flashes con-
> Sounding an acoustical alarm for
arming and disarming.< tinuously: The system is armed.
30 seconds
> The hazard warning flashers are acti- > If the indicator lamp flashes during
You can also open the luggage com- arming of the system: The door(s),
vated for approx. five minutes.
partment lid when the system is armed the hood or luggage compartment lid
by pressing button 3 of the remote con- are not completely closed. Even if
trol (refer to page 37). When it is closed, you do not close the alerted area, the
the lid is once again secured. system begins to monitor the remain-
ing areas, and the indicator lamp
flashes continuously after 10 sec-
onds. However, the interior motion
sensor is not activated.
> If the indicator lamp goes out when
the system is disarmed: No manipu-
lation or attempted intrusions have
been detected in the period since the
system was armed.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Alarm system* 43n

> If the indicator lamp flashes for The tilt sensor and interior motion

10 seconds when the system is dis- sensor are deactivated if the con-
armed: An attempted entry has been venience closing mode for the windows
detected in the period since the sys- and the sliding/tilt sunroof is interrupted
tem was armed. within the first 10 seconds and then
Following triggering of an alarm, the in- reinitiated. If this happens, you must

dicator lamp will flash continuously. disarm the system and then re-arm it.<

Avoiding an unintentional alarm
The tilt alarm sensor and interior motion

Car care
sensor may be switched off at the same
time. You can do this to prevent a false
alarm from being triggered (in garages Interior motion sensor
with elevator ramps, for instance), or The transmitter and receiver of the inte-
when the vehicle is transported by rior motion sensor are located in a trim
panel in the vehicle's roof.

Technology Repairs
trailer or train:
Lock the vehicle twice (= arm the sys- In order for the interior motion sensor to
tem). Press button 2 on the remote con- function properly, the windows and
trol twice in succession or lock the sliding/tilt sunroof must be completely
vehicle twice with the key (refer to closed.
page 36). However, you should switch off the inte-
The indicator lamp lights up briefly and rior motion sensor (see previous column
then flashes continuously. The tilt alarm under the heading "Avoiding an unin-
sensor and the interior motion sensor tentional alarm") if you wish to leave the
are deactivated as long as the system is windows or sliding/tilt sunroof open.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
44nElectric power windows
Separate switches are located under Safety feature
windows in the rear passenger area. A contact strip is located on the inside
After the ignition has been switched off: upper frame of each of the windows. If
You can still operate the power win- pressure is exerted against this contact
dows for up to 15 minutes, as long as strip while a window is being raised, the
neither of the front doors has been system will respond by stopping the
opened. window and then retracting it a small

Remove the key from the ignition
key and close the doors when you Despite this safety feature, be ex-
leave the vehicle, so that children can- tremely careful to ensure that the
not operate the power windows and closing path of the window is not ob-
Open and close the windows possibly injure themselves.< structed. Otherwise, an object might
In ignition key position 1 or 2: not touch the contact strip in some situ-
For the convenience operating mode ations (very thin objects, for instance).
> Depress the switch until you feel You can disable this safety feature by
resistance: with the door lock or remote control,
pressing the switch beyond the resis-
The window will continue to open as refer to page 34 or 35. tance point and holding it.<
long as you hold the switch.
> Press the switch briefly past the pres-
sure point:
The window will automatically open
completely. Pressing the switch
again briefly stops the opening cycle.
You can close windows in the same
manner by pulling the switch.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Electric power windows Sliding/Tilt sunroof* 45n

Exercise care when closing the

sliding/tilt sunroof and keep it in
your field of vision until it is completely
closed. Failure to do so can result in
Remove the key from the ignition and

close the doors when you leave the ve-
hicle so that children cannot operate

the sunroof and possibly injure them-

Car care
To avoid pressure or drafts in the pas-
senger compartment when the sunroof
Safety switch Lifting – Opening – Closing
is open or raised, keep the air vents in
You can use the safety switch to deacti- the dashboard open and increase the air In ignition key position 1 or 2, press the
vate the rear power window switches supply if necessary. Refer to page 89. switch or slide it to the desired direction

Technology Repairs
(when children are in the rear seats, for until you feel resistance.
instance). If the sunroof is completely open, air
disturbances may be caused in the When lifting, the headliner retracts
several inches.
Press the safety switch whenever vehicle when you are driving at higher
speeds. Close the roof as far as is nec- After the ignition has been switched off,
children are riding in the rear of
essary until this natural phenomenon you can still operate the sunroof for up
the vehicle. Careless use of the power
ceases. to 15 minutes, as long as neither of the
windows can lead to injury.<
For the convenience operating mode front doors has been opened.
with the door lock or the remote con-
trol, refer to page 34 or 35. Automatic opening and closing
> Press the switch past the resistance

point briefly: The sunroof travels to
either the fully-closed or fully-open

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
46nSliding/Tilt sunroof*
> With the sunroof open, press the Safety feature Power loss or malfunction
switch briefly toward "Lift:" The sun- If the sliding/tilt sunroof encounters In the event of an electrical system mal-
roof automatically extends to its fully resistance at a point roughly past the function, the sliding/tilt sunroof can be
raised position. middle of its travel when it is closing, manually operated. Refer to page 156.
Pressing the switch again briefly stops the closing cycle is interrupted and the
the motion immediately. sunroof will open again slightly.

Despite this safety feature, always

be careful to ensure that the clos-
ing path of the roof is not obstructed.
Otherwise, an object might not touch
the contact strip in some situations
(very thin objects, for instance).
You can disable this safety feature by
pressing the switch beyond the resis-
tance point and holding it.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Seat adjustment Mechanical seat 47n

For your personal safety when adjusting

the seat position, please follow the in-
structions below carefully:

Never try to adjust your seat while

operating the vehicle. The seat

could respond with an unexpected
movement, and the ensuing loss of ve-


hicle control could lead to an accident.
Be sure that the safety belt remains
firmly against your body at all times. In

Car care
the event of a frontal impact, a loose lap
belt could slide over the hips, leading to 1 Longitudinal adjustment 3 Backrest angle
abdominal injury. In addition, the safety Pull the lever and slide the seat to the Pull the lever and apply weight to or
belt's restraint effectiveness is reduced desired position. remove weight from the backrest as
if the belt is worn loosely. After releasing the lever, apply pres- required.

Technology Repairs
Never ride with the backrest reclined to sure to the cushion to ensure that the
an extreme angle (especially important latch engages securely.
for the front passenger to remember).
If you do so, there is a risk that you will 2 Cushion height
slide under the safety belt in an acci- Pull the lever and apply weight to or
dent, thus reducing the protection pro- remove weight from the seat as re-
vided by the safety belt.< quired.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
48nMechanical seat Head restraints
Correct sitting posture
To reduce strain on the spinal column,
sit all the way back in the seat and rest
your back fully against the backrest.
In the ideal sitting posture, your head is
positioned along a straight line in rela-
tionship to your spinal column.


For long-distance driving, you may wish
to increase the backrest angle slightly
to reduce muscular tension. You should
be able to grasp the steering wheel at
its highest point with your arms slightly
bent. Adjustments Removal
After a seat adjustment, adjust the Height: Adjust by pulling up or pushing > Pull the head restraint upward to the
height of the safety belt also. Refer to down. stop.
page 54. > Press the button (arrow) and remove
In order to move to the lowest the head restraint.
positions, press button 1.<
To adjust the angle of the front head > Press the button (arrow) and insert
restraints: the head restraint into the guides.
Rotate them in the desired direction. > Adjust the head restraint.

Head restraints reduce the risk of

injury to the cervical vertebra in
the event of an accident.
Adjust the head restraint so that its
center is approximately at the height of
your ears.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

BMW Sports Seat* Lumbar support* Power seat* 49n




Car care
With this seat, you can also adjust the You can adjust the backrest's contour 1 Backward/Forward adjustment
tilt angle and the thigh support: for additional support in the curvature 2 Cushion height
1 To adjust the tilt angle upward: of your spine's lumbar region.
3 Backrest angle

Technology Repairs
Pull the lever as often as necessary to The upper hips and spinal column re-
The head restraint is adjusted manually.
reach the desired angle. ceive supplementary support to help
2 To adjust the tilt angle downward: you maintain a relaxed, upright posture.
Please refer to the adjustment in-
Push the lever as often as necessary > Press the front/rear of switch: structions on page 47 to reduce
to reach the desired angle. Increase/Decrease curvature. the risk of personal injury.<
3 Thigh support area: > Press the upper/lower end of the
Pull the lever and adjust the position switch: Increase the upper/lower cur-
of the cushion for thigh support as vature.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
50nPower seat* Seat and mirror memory*
To select a stored setting
Convenience function:
1 Open the driver's door after unlocking
or set the ignition key in position 1.
2 Briefly press memory button 1, 2 or 3
as desired.
The adjustment cycle is canceled im-

mediately if you press a seat adjust-
ment switch or one of the memory
Security function:
BMW Sports Seat You can store and recall three different 1 With the driver's door closed and the
1 Tilt angle driver's seat and outside mirror posi- ignition key either removed or in posi-
tions. tion 0 or 2
2 Backward/Forward adjustment 2 Maintain pressure on the desired
3 Cushion height The adjustment setting of the lum- memory button (1, 2 or 3) until the
4 Backrest angle bar support is not saved in the adjustment process is completed.
The head restraint and the thigh sup- memory.< If you press the MEMORY button acci-
port area are adjusted manually. dentally: Press the button a second
To store time; the indicator lamp goes out.<
Please refer to the adjustment in- 1 Turn the key to ignition key position
structions on page 47 to reduce 1 or 2. Do not select a memory position
the risk of personal injury.< 2 Adjust your seat and outside mirrors while the vehicle is moving. If you
to the desired position. do so, there is a risk of accident from
3 Press the MEMORY button: The indi- unexpected seat movement.<
cator lamp in the button lights up.
4 Press memory button 1, 2 or 3 as de-
sired: The indicator lamp goes out.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Seat and mirror memory* Adjusting steering wheel 51n
Your BMW center can adjust your

vehicle's systems in such a man-
ner that your personalized settings are
automatically set for the seat and out-
side mirror positions when you unlock
the vehicle with your personal remote



If you make use of this method of
adjustment, be sure that the foot-
well behind the driver's seat is unob-

Car care
structed before unlocking the vehicle.
If you fail to do so, persons or objects Passenger side exterior mirror tilt 1 Push the locking lever downward.
could be injured or damaged if the seat function 2 Adjust the steering wheel (fore/aft
should move backward.< and up/down) to the desired position.
(automatic curb monitor)
3 Pull the lever back in to clamp the

Technology Repairs
1 Move the mirror selector switch 1 to
steering wheel in the new position.
the "driver's mirror" position.
2 When the selector lever is placed in
Do not adjust the steering wheel
"Reverse," the passenger-side mirror
while the vehicle is moving. If you
tilts downward. This allows the driver
do so, there is a risk of accident from
to see the area directly adjacent to
unexpected movement.<
the vehicle during parking (curbs,
You can deactivate this automatic fea-
ture: Set the mirror selection switch to
the "passenger side" position.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

You can also adjust the mirrors manu-

ally by pressing against the outer edges
of their lenses.

The mirror on the passenger's

side features a lens with a more
convex surface than the mirror installed
on the driver's side. When estimating


the distance between yourself and

other traffic, bear in mind that the ob-
jects reflected in the mirror are closer
than they appear. Estimations of the
Exterior mirrors distance to following traffic should Interior rearview mirror
therefore not be regarded as precise.
1 Switch for 4-way adjustment To reduce glare from behind when driv-
This is also true for the aspherical sec-
2 Selection switch for changing ing at night, tilt the small lever forward.
tion of both exterior mirrors.<
between mirrors
Lighted vanity mirror*
Electric defrosting
Fold down the sun visor and slide the
Both mirrors are automatically defrosted
cover panel to the side as required.
with the ignition key in position 2.
The mirror lamps operate in ignition key
positions 1 and 2.

Sun visors
These can be folded down toward the
windshield or swiveled out against the
side windows.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Mirrors Car Memory, Key Memory 53n

the individual user by means of a data

exchange with the key, and makes ad-
justments accordingly.
In order for you to distinguish between
different keys, colored decals are sup-
plied together with the keys.


What the system can do
Your BMW center can provide you with
details on the capabilities of the Car

Car care
Memory and Key Memory systems.

Interior rearview mirror with How the system functions You will see this symbol through-
automatic dimming feature* You have probably frequently wished out the Owner's Manual. It is to re-
By responding to the effects of ambient that you could configure individual mind you at appropriate places of the
light and the glare from following traffic, functions of your vehicle to reflect your

Technology Repairs
settings that are available to you.<
this mirror automatically dims through own personal requirements. In engi-
an infinitely-variable range. neering your vehicle, BMW has in- An example of Key Memory is the auto-
The mirror switches to its clear, un- cluded several user-defined functions matic adjustment of the driver's power
dimmed mode whenever the transmis- in the vehicle's design. Your BMW cen- seat* with settings stored in the mem-
sion is placed in reverse gear (selector ter can make these settings for you in ory for the individual driver when the
lever in "Reverse"). accordance with your wishes. vehicle is unlocked.
To ensure that the mirror continues to There are settings related to the vehicle
operate properly, keep the two photo- ("Car Memory") and settings related to
cells clean and unobstructed. One pho- individuals ("Key Memory"). You can
tocell (arrow) is in the mirror glass, while have up to four different basic settings

the other is offset somewhat on the adjusted for four different persons. The
other side of the mirror. only requirement is that each person
uses his or her own remote control key.
For an explanation of the electrochro-
When your vehicle is unlocked with the
mic technology used in this mirror, refer

remote control, the vehicle recognizes
to page 165.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

54nSafety belts
In the rear, the belt buckle with the
word "CENTER" is provided exclu-
sively for the passenger sitting in the

For your safety, please comply

with the following instruction for
wearing safety belts. If you do not, the

safety belts may not be able to provide
their maximum protection. The follow-
ing information also applies to your
Fasten your safety belt at the beginning Safety belt height adjustment Never allow more than one person to
of every trip. wear a single safety belt. Never allow
You can adjust the safety belts to fit
infants or small children to ride in a pas-
To fasten: your own physical dimensions by using
senger's lap.
Make sure you hear the catch engage in the safety belt height adjustment.
Avoid twisting the belt while routing it
the belt buckle. Slide the button downward or upward. firmly across your hips and shoulder.
To release: Do not allow the belt to rest against
Press the red button in the buckle. Hold hard or fragile objects in your pockets.
the belt and guide it back into its reel. Never route the belt across your neck,
do not run it across sharp edges and be
sure that the belt does not become
caught or jammed.
Be sure that the safety belt fits snugly
against your body at all times, and
avoid wearing clothing that prevents
the belt from fitting properly. Pull on the
belt periodically to readjust the tension
across your shoulder. In the event of a
frontal impact, a loose lap belt could
slide over your hips, leading to abdomi-

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Safety belts Child restraint systems* 55n

nal injury. In addition, the safety belt's Never install a rear-facing child re-

restraint effectiveness is reduced if the straint device on the front passen-
belt is worn loosely. ger seat. Injuries could occur if the air-
Expectant mothers should also wear bag is triggered in the event of an
the safety belt, taking special care to accident.
place the lap belt over the lower hips, Children should always ride in the rear.

where it does not exert pressure on the Do not modify the child restraint system
abdominal area.< in any way. If you do so, it will not pro-
vide your child with maximum protec-
For care instructions, refer to "Car care" tion.<
page 135.

Car care
If the safety belt system has been
subjected to the stresses in-
volved in an accident or otherwise
damaged: Have the entire safety belt

Technology Repairs
mechanism replaced by your BMW
center, including the safety belt ten-
sioner. In addition, have your BMW
center inspect the safety belt anchors.
If a child restraint system was in the ve-
hicle during an accident, consult the
manufacturer's instructions regarding

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
56nChild-safety locks Airbags



On a rear door, the push the safety 1 Front airbags for driver and passen- The illustration depicts schematically
lever downward: ger the primary directions of vehicle impact
The door can now be opened from the 2 Side impact Head Protection System that initiate an airbag deployment.
outside only. (front)
3 Side airbags (front and rear*).

Protective effect
The front airbags supplement the three-
point safety belts by providing additional
protection for the front-seat occupants
in the event of a severe frontal collision
on which the protection afforded by the
belts alone may no longer be sufficient.
The head and side airbags help provide
protection in the event of a side impact.
Each of the side airbags is designed to
help support the upper body.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Airbags 57n

Indicator lamp For your own safety, please com- Do not use the cover panel above the

The indicator lamp displays the ply with the following precautions front passenger airbag as a storage
operational status of the airbag concerning airbags. If you do not, their area.
system when the ignition key is protective function may be impaired Never tape the airbag cover panels,
in position 1 and higher. and your personal safety endangered. cover them over or alter them in any
The following information pertains to all other way.
System operational:

occupants: Never install a rear-facing child restraint
> The indicator lamp comes on briefly The airbags are supplemental restraint device on the front passenger seat. Chil-
then goes out. devices designed to provide extra pro- dren under 13 years of age and children
System malfunction: tection; they are not a substitute for who are smaller than 5 feet (150 cm),
safety belts. Wear your safety belt at all should only travel in the rear seat.
> The indicator lamp fails to come on.

Car care
times. The airbags will not be triggered If your vehicle is equipped with side air-
> The indicator lamp comes on briefly
in the event of a minor accident, a vehi- bags in the rear, be sure that child seats
before going out, and then lights up
cle roll-over, or collisions from the rear. are installed correctly and with the
In these instances, the safety belt offers greatest possible distance from the side
If there is a system malfunction, there is the best protection. trim panels. Do not allow children to

Technology Repairs
a risk that the airbags will not be trig- Airbags are located under the cover lean out of the child's seat in the direc-
gered within their normal response panels in the steering wheel, in the in- tion of the side trim panels. Otherwise,
range, even if the level of impact would strument panel, in the side trim panels serious injuries could occur if the airbag
normally have triggered them. in the front and rear*, in the roof panels, is triggered.
Have your BMW center inspect and and in the sides of the inside roof lining. At all times, occupants should sit up-
repair the system immediately. Select a seat position that is comfort- right and be properly restrained (infants
able and allows the greatest possible and small children in appropriate child
The airbag indicator lamp also distance from each of the applicable air- restraint systems; larger children and
comes on if the safety belt ten- bags. Hold the steering wheel at the rim adults using the safety belts). Never let
sioners have been triggered.< (hands at the "9 o'clock and 3 o'clock" an occupant's head rest near or on a
positions) in order to avoid injuries to side airbag because the inflating airbag

your hands or arms if the airbag is trig- could cause a serious or fatal injury.
gered. Please note that the word "Airbag" im-
Never allow any objects to obstruct the printed on the door trim panel indicates
area between the airbag and an occu- the airbag's location.


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Accident research shows that the safest Even when all these guidelines are ob-
place for children in an automobile is in served, there is still a small residual risk
the rear seat. However, a child sitting in of injuries to the face, hands and arms
the rear seat and not properly restrained occurring from airbag deployment in
may place his or her head on or near the isolated instances. The ignition and in-
side airbag, if so equipped. For exam- flation noise may induce a mild tempo-
ple, a child – even though belted – may rary hearing loss in sensitive individu-
fall asleep with his or her head against als.

the side airbag. It may be difficult for a For additional information concerning
driver to ensure that children in the rear the airbag system: Refer to pages 137
seat will remain properly positioned at and 163.
all times and not place their heads on or
near the side airbag. Therefore, we rec- This is the right way for a child to sit in a
ommend that the rear seat side airbags, child restraint when rear side airbags
if provided, be deactivated if you plan to (arrow) are provided.
transport children in the rear seat.
The rear seat side airbags may already
have been deactivated, either at the
time of manufacture or by a BMW cen-
ter. Labels in the rear door opening
should indicate the status of your rear
seat side airbags. If you are uncertain of
their status, or wish to have the airbags
activated or deactivated, please contact
your BMW center.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Airbags Child restraints* 59n

If you use a child restraint system with a

tether strap, three additional tether an-
chorage points (refer to the arrows in
the illustration) have been provided.
Depending on the location selected for
seating in the rear passenger area, at-

tach the tether strap to the correspond-
ing anchorage point to secure the child

restraint system. Remove the cover first
on the middle location.
If the respective seating position is fit-

Car care
ted with a headrest lift the headrest and
This is the right way for a larger child to Commercially available child seats pass the tether strap between the
sit wearing the safety belt when rear complying with the legal standard are headrest and the seat back.
side airbags (arrow) are provided. designed to be secured with a lap belt Adjust the tether strap according to the
or with the lap belt portion of a combi-

Technology Repairs
child restraint manufacturer's instruc-
nation lap/shoulder belt. Improperly or tions.
inadequately installed restraint sys-
tems can increase the risk of injury to Before installing any child restraint
children. Always read and follow the in- device or child seat, please read
structions that come with the system. the following:
Never install a rearward-facing child re-
straint system in the front passenger
seat of this car.
Your car is equipped with an airbag
supplemental restraint system for the

front passenger. Because the backrest
on any rear-facing child restraint system
(of the kind designed for infants under
1 year and 20 lbs.) would be within the

airbag's deployment range, you should
never mount such a device in the front
passenger seat, since the impact of the

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

60nChild restraints* Installing a child restraint system
airbag against the child restraint's back- Unlock the safety belt
rest could lead to serious or fatal inju- Release the safety belt, remove the
ries. child's seat and pull the safety belt out
If it is necessary for a child (not an in- to its end position on the belt retractor.
fant) to ride in the front seat, certain pre-
cautions should be taken. First, move
the passenger seat as far away from the
dashboard as possible. This important

precaution is intended to maximize the
distance between the airbag and the
child. Older children should be tightly
secured with the safety belt. Younger
children should be secured in an appro-
All of the rear belt retractors and the
priate forward-facing child restraint sys-
front passenger's safety belt can be
tem that has first been properly secured
locked for mounting and securing child
with a safety belt.
restraint systems.
Never install a rear-facing child restraint
system in the front passenger seat. Information pertaining to this is located
We strongly urge you to carefully read in the immediate vicinity of the buckle
and comply with the instructions for in- latch of each safety belt.
stallation and use provided by the child
restraint's manufacturer whenever you Lock the safety belt
use such a device. Extract the entire length of the belt from
Be sure that all occupants (of all ages) the inertia reel mechanism. Allow the
remain properly and securely restrained reel to retract the belt somewhat and
at all times.c engage the buckle, then tighten the belt
against the child restraint system. The
All rear seating positions in your vehicle retraction mechanism is now locked.
meet the recommendations of SAE The belt cannot be extracted further.
J1819, an industry recommended prac- Always comply with the installation
tice for securing child restraint systems instructions provided by the manufac-
in motor vehicles. turer of the child restraint system.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Steering/Ignition lock Starting the engine 61n

1 Steering lock disengaged Before starting

Turning the steering wheel slightly to > Engage the parking brake.
the right or left often makes it easier to > Be sure that the shift lever is in "Neu-
turn the key from 0 to 1. tral" (or "Park" if the vehicle is equipped
Individual electrical devices are ready with an automatic transmission).
for operation. > Manual transmission: Depress the

clutch pedal.

2 Ignition on > Automatic transmission: Depress the

All electrical equipment and accesso- footbrake.
ries are available for use.
Do not run the engine in enclosed

Car care
3 Starting the engine areas. The exhaust gases contain
0 Steering lock engaged carbon monoxide, an odorless and col-
The key can only be inserted or re- Vehicles with manual transmis- orless, but highly toxic gas. Breathing
moved in this position. sion: Depress the clutch when the exhaust gases poses an extreme
health risk, and can lead to uncon-

Technology Repairs
After removing the key, turn the steer- starting the vehicle. A lockout prevents
the engine from starting if the clutch is sciousness and death.
ing wheel slightly to the left or right until
not depressed.c Do not leave the car unattended with
the lock engages.
the engine running. An unattended vehi-
If the key is not removed, an acoustic cle with a running engine represents a
signal is sounded after the driver's door potential safety hazard.<
has been opened.
> Start the engine. Do not press the
Vehicles with automatic transmis- accelerator pedal.
Do not move the selector lever from the Do not actuate the starter for too
"Park" position until the engine is run-

short a time, but not turn it for more
ning (ignition key at position 2). than approx. 20 seconds. Release the
In order to turn the key back to position ignition key immediately when the
0 or to remove it, move the selector engine starts.
lever into position "Park" first (Inter- Do not allow the engine to warm up by

lock).< leaving it running while the vehicle remains
stationary. Instead, begin driving immedi-
ately at a moderate engine speed.<
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
62nStarting the engine Switching off the engine
If the engine does not start on the first Turn the ignition key to position 1 or 0.
attempt (if it is very hot or cold, for in-
stance): Do not remove the ignition key
> Press the accelerator pedal halfway while the vehicle is still moving.
down while engaging the starter. If you did so, the steering lock would
engage when the steering wheel is
Cold start at extremely low tempera-
tures, from approx. + 5 7 (– 15 6)
When you leave the vehicle, always re-
and at elevations above 3,300 feet
move the ignition key and engage the
(1,000 meters):
steering lock.
> On the first start attempt, engage the Vehicles with manual transmission:
starter for a longer period (approx. Always engage the parking brake when
10 seconds) parking on slopes and inclined sur-
> Press the accelerator pedal halfway faces. Placing the lever in 1st gear or
down while engaging the starter. reverse may not provide adequate
resistance to rolling.
Vehicles with automatic transmission:
Place the selector lever in "Park."<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Parking brake 63n

If, in exceptional circumstances,

it should be necessary to engage
the parking brake while the vehicle is
in motion, do not pull the lever with
excessive pressure. Keep your thumb
pressed against the release button

while carefully pulling the lever up to
apply moderate pressure.

Excessive pressure can lead to over-

braking and loss of traction (fishtailing)
at the rear axle.

Car care
The brake lamps do not come on when
the parking brake is engaged.
To engage
Vehicles with manual transmission:
The lock engages automatically when Always engage the parking brake when
you lift the lever. The indicator lamp in parking on slopes and inclined sur-

Technology Repairs
the instrument cluster lights up in igni- faces. Placing the lever in 1st gear or
tion key position 2. Refer to page 21. reverse may not provide adequate
resistance to rolling.
To release Vehicles with automatic transmission:
Pull up slightly on the lever, press the Place the selector lever in "Park."<
button and lower the lever.
The parking brake is designed primarily To avoid corrosion, apply the parking
to prevent the vehicle from rolling when brake lightly from time to time when
it is parked. It operates against the rear coasting to a standstill (at a traffic sig-
wheels. nal, for instance), provided that it is safe
to do so.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
64nManual transmission
Select "Reverse" only when the vehicle
is at a complete stop. Press the shift
lever to the left to overcome the slight
As you do this, the backup lamps will
turn on automatically when the ignition

key is in position 2.

Do not hold the vehicle in place on

slopes by slipping or "riding" the
clutch. Use the parking brake instead.
The shift lever's neutral plane (dot in the A slipping clutch increases clutch
illustration) is located between 3rd and wear.<
4th gears.
When shifting from each gear into
"Neutral," the shift lever returns auto-
matically to this neutral position be-
cause of its spring loading.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Automatic transmission with Steptronic* 65n

You have the option of driving with a While the vehicle is stationary and

normal automatic transmission or before shifting out of "Park" or
switching to manual. "Neutral," depress the footbrake in
When you move the selector lever from order to disengage the selector lever's
the "D" position to the left into the M/S lock mechanism (Shiftlock).
range, the performance-oriented shift Hold the footbrake down until starting

programs of the automatic transmission off. Otherwise the vehicle will "creep"
when a drive position is engaged.<

are engaged. As soon as you briefly
touch the selector lever in the "+" or "–"
direction, Steptronic changes the gear. If you leave the vehicle with the
The manual mode is engaged. When- engine running, move the selector

Car care
ever you want to use automatic again, lever to the "Park" or "Neutral" position
just shift the selector lever toward the and apply the parking brake. If you fail
Selector lever positions
right to position D. to do this, the vehicle could move. Do
P R N D M/S + – not leave the car unattended with the
The automatic transmission with Step-
engine running. An unattended vehicle

Technology Repairs
tronic is equipped with ATC (Adaptive Starting the engine with a running engine represents a po-
Transmission Control). ATC reacts with The engine can only be started in selec- tential safety hazard.<
precision to your individual driving style tor lever positions P ("Park") or N ("Neu-
and the current driving conditions. It is tral"). P Park
for this reason that various shift pro-
grams are used. Select only when the vehicle is station-
Range selection ary. The transmission locks to prevent
For additional details concerning the A detent prevents inadvertent shifts into the rear wheels from turning.
ATC, please refer to the chapter de- certain selector lever positions. To dis-
scribing "Advanced technology" on engage the detent, press the button on R Reverse
page 162. the front of the shift knob (arrow). Select only when the vehicle is station-


N Neutral
Select only if your journey is interrupted

for a long period.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

66nAutomatic transmission with Steptronic*
D Drive (automatic shift program) Upshifts or downshifts will only be car-
This position is designed for driving un- ried out by the ATC at appropriate en-
der all normal operating conditions. All gine speeds and road speeds. If the en-
forward gears are available. gine speed is too high, for instance, a
downshift will not be executed. The gear
"Kickdown" selected will appear briefly in the instru-
ment cluster followed by the current
In the "Kickdown" mode, you achieve

the maximum acceleration and the top
speed in position D.
To accelerate quickly in the man-
To activate this mode, depress the ac-
ual mode (to pass another vehicle,
celerator pedal beyond the full-throttle
for instance), shift down manually or
position, at which a resistance point
employ the kickdown mode.<
must be overcome. M/S Manual operation and
Sport Program
Shifting from M/S to the selector lever
Shifting from D into M/S activates the positions P, R and N is possible only by
Sport Program. This is indicated by going through D.
"SD" in the gear selection display. This
position is recommended for a perfor-
mance-oriented driving style.
With the first brief touch, the automatic
transmission shifts from the Sport Pro-
gram to the manual mode.
When you move the selector lever for-
ward in the "+" direction, the transmis-
sion shifts up. When the lever is moved
back in the "–" direction, the transmis-
sion shifts down. M1 to M5 appear in
the gear indicator.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Automatic transmission with Steptronic* 67n

In the following situations, the Step- Electronic transmission control

tronic "thinks" for you in the manual module
mode: If the indicator lamp comes on,
> In order to prevent the engine from there is a malfunction in the
overrevving, the transmission shifts transmission system.
automatically to the next higher gear Bring the vehicle to a stop, select trans-

just before the RPM cutoff point. mission position "P," set the parking

> If you do not do anything to inter- brake and turn the engine off (ignition
vene, it will automatically downshift key to position 0).
at lower speeds.
Wait a few seconds, then start the
> In kickdown, it will downshift into

Car care
the lowest gear possible, depending
If the indicator lamp goes out after a
on the engine speed. Available displays few seconds, normal transmission per-
> According to the situation, for in- P R N D SD M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 formance has been restored. You may
stance in wintry conditions, the
continue to drive as usual.
vehicle can be started in 2nd or

Technology Repairs
If the indicator lamp does not go out,
3rd gear.
you can place the selector lever in all
positions. However, the vehicle will now
only operate in 3rd and 4th gear.
If this happens, avoid extreme engine
loads and consult the nearest BMW

Do not work in the engine com-

partment when a drive gear (for-
ward or reverse) is engaged. If you do

this, the vehicle could move.<

For towing, tow-starting or jump-start-

ing the vehicle, refer to the information

beginning on page 157.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

68nTurn signal indicator/Headlamp flasher Wiper/Washer system
To signal briefly
Press the lever up to but not beyond
the detent. It then returns to the center
460de085 position when released.

1 High beams (blue indicator) 0 Wipers retracted
2 Headlamp flasher (blue indicator) 1 Intermittent wipe or rain sensor *
3 Turn signal indicator (green indicator 2 Normal wipe
lamp accompanied by periodic click- 3 Fast wipe
ing sound from the relay).
4 Brief wipe
If the indicator lamp and the clicking
from the relay are both faster than nor- 5 Automatic windshield washer
mal, one of the turn indicators has 6 Rotary dial for control of the wipe
failed. interval or the sensitivity of the rain

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Wiper/Washer system 69n

1 Intermittent wipe or rain You can leave the lever permanently in 2 Normal wiper speed

sensor* position 1, and then activate the rain When the vehicle is stationary, the wip-
Intermittent wipe: sensor in ignition key positions 1 or 2. ers switch automatically to intermittent
To do this, wipe (not on vehicles with rain sensor).
You can use rotary dial 6 to select from
four wipe intervals. > turn rotary dial 6 briefly or
In addition, the wipe interval automati- > use the automatic windshield 3 Fast wiper speed

cally adapts to variations in road speed. washer 5. When the vehicle is stationary, the wip-
Rain sensor: To modify the sensitivity of the rain ers operate at normal speed (not on
sensor: vehicles with rain sensor).
The rain sensor is positioned on the
Turn rotary dial 6.
windshield, directly ahead of the inte-

Car care
5 Automatic windshield washer
rior rearview mirror. When the rain sen-
Turn the rain sensor off when The system sprays washer fluid against
sor is activated, the windshield wiper is
passing through an automatic car the windshield and activates the wipers
controlled automatically, depending on
wash. Failure to do so could result in for a brief period.
the degree of wetness of the windshield
damage caused by undesired wiper
(in both snow and rain). You do not If you pull the lever only briefly, the sys-

Technology Repairs
have to be concerned with switching tem sprays washer fluid onto the wind-
the windshield wiper on or off or adjust- shield without activating the wipers.
ing the wipe interval between intermit-
tent and full wipe. Instead, you can
concentrate fully on the traffic condi-
tions. This is especially important under
adverse weather conditions.
To activate the rain sensor:
In ignition key positions 1 or 2, move
the lever to position 1. The wipers travel

once across the windshield, regardless
of the weather.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
70nWiper/Washer system Rear window defroster
Headlamp washers* To deactivate
When the vehicle's lighting system is Press the button if the indicator lamp is
switched on, the headlamps will also be on.
cleaned every fifth time the automatic
windshield washer is activated.

Do not use the washers if there

is any danger that the fluid will
freeze on the windshield. If you do so,
your vision could be obscured. Use an
antifreeze agent. Refer to page 124.
Do not use the washers when the reser-
voir is empty. If you do so, the washer To activate
pump could be damaged.< Press the button: As long as the indica-
tor lamp remains on, the rear window
Windshield washer jets defroster continues at high-output
The windshield washer jets are heated * (rapid thaw).
automatically when the ignition key is in After the indicator lamp goes out, the
position 2. defroster continues operating at re-
duced power for a limited period before
deactivating automatically.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Cruise control* 71n

To store and maintain speed or To decelerate

to accelerate Press button 2 briefly:
Press button 3 briefly: When the cruise control is active, vehi-
The system registers and maintains the cle speed is reduced by approx.
current vehicle speed. The speed will 0.6 mph (approx. 1 km/h) every time
now be increased by approx. 0.6 mph you briefly press the button.

(approx. 1 km/h) every time you briefly Press and hold button 2:

press the button. With the cruise control active, the sys-
Press and hold button 3: tem automatically reduces the throttle
The vehicle accelerates without pres- opening to slow the vehicle. When you

Car care
sure on the accelerator pedal. When release the button, the system registers
you release the button, the system reg- and maintains the current speed.
You can store and automatically main- isters and maintains the current speed.
tain any desired vehicle speed above
approx. 20 mph (30 km/h). If, on a downhill gradient, the

Technology Repairs
engine braking effect is not suffi-
To activate the system cient, the controlled speed may be
In ignition key positions 1 or 2: exceeded. Speed may drop on uphill
Press button 1. The indicator lamp in grades if the engine output is insuffi-
the instrument cluster comes on. You cient.<
can now use the cruise control.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
72nCruise control*
To cancel the cruise control To resume the stored setting To deactivate the system
When the system is activated, press Press button 4: When the cruise control has been can-
and hold button 1. The indicator lamp The vehicle accelerates to and main- celed, press button 1 again. The indica-
stays on. You can use the cruise control tains the last speed stored. When you tor lamp goes off and the stored speed
again as desired. turn the ignition key to position 0, the is canceled.
In addition, cruise control is canceled stored speed is deleted from the sys-
automatically: tem's memory and the system is deacti- Do not use cruise control on twist-
vated. ing roads, when high traffic density
> if the brakes are applied
prevents driving at a constant speed,
> if the clutch is depressed or the auto-
when the road surface is slick (snow,
matic transmission selector lever is
rain, ice), or when the road surface is
moved from "Drive" to "Neutral"
loose (rocks, sand).<
> if you exceed or fall below the pro-
grammed speed for an extended pe-
riod (by depressing the accelerator,
for example).

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Odometer Tachometer Energy Control 73n




Car care
1 Odometer Avoid engine speeds in the red warning Indicates the current fuel consumption
You can activate the displays shown in zone of the gauge. in mpg (in l/100 km for Canadian mod-
the illustration with the ignition key in To protect the engine, the fuel supply is els). You can check your current driving

Technology Repairs
position 0 by pressing the button in the automatically interrupted in this zone; style to see whether it is conducive to
instrument cluster (arrow). you will notice a loss of power. economy and minimum exhaust emis-
2 Trip odometer The needle goes back to zero when the
To reset the trip odometer to zero, car is not moving.
press the button (arrow) with the
ignition key in position 1 or 2.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
74nFuel gauge Temperature gauge Service Interval Display



When you switch on the ignition, the in- Blue Remaining distance for service
dicator lamp comes on briefly to con- The engine is still cold. Drive at moder- The displays shown in the illustration
firm that the system is stationary. ate engine and vehicle speeds. appear for a few seconds when the
Once the indicator lamp begins to light ignition key is in positions 1 and 2 or
up continuously, there are still approx. Red after the engine is started.
2.1 gallons (8 liters) of fuel in the fuel When you switch on the ignition, the The next service due appears with the
tank. indicator lamp comes on briefly to con- message OILSERVICE or INSPECTION,
Tank capacity: page 175. firm that the system is operational. together with the remaining distance
If the tilt of the vehicle varies (extended If the lamp comes on while operating before scheduled service.
driving in mountainous areas, for exam- the vehicle: The engine is overheated. The computer bases its calculations of
ple), there may be slight fluctuations of Stop and switch the engine off immedi- the remaining distance on the rate of
the needle. ately and allow it to cool down. fuel consumption in the period immedi-
ately preceding your data request.
Fill the fuel tank well before it is Between the blue and red zones A flashing message and a "–" in front of
empty. Driving to the last drop of Normal operating range. It is not un- the number mean that the service inter-
fuel can result in damage to the engine usual for the needle to rise as far as the val has already been exceeded by the
and/or the catalytic converter.< edge of the red zone in response to distance shown on the display. Please
high outside temperatures or severe contact your BMW center for an
operating conditions. appointment.
Checking coolant level: page 128.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Check Control Clock 75n

If you wish to have a permanent time

display, you can make this adjustment
in the radio display (refer to the Radio
Owner's Manual).
You can adjust the clock and the time
display in the car radio as follows.



Car care
Graphic display Adjustments
The following information and/or condi- In ignition key position 1 and 2
tions are indicated using symbols, start- To set ahead: Turn the button to the
ing with the ignition key position 2, until

Technology Repairs
the condition has been corrected.
To set back: Turn the button to the left.
1 Inspect the low-beam and high-beam The adjustment speed will increase the
headlamps, as well as the side lamps longer you continue to hold the button.
2 Door open
To change the display mode: Press the
3 Luggage compartment lid open
knob briefly.
4 Check brake and tail lamps.
Every time you press the knob, the
After the completion of a trip and when clock display alternates between the
the driver's door is opened, an acousti- 12-hour or 24-hour mode.
cal signal is given for "Lamps on" if the
In ignition key position 0: The time is
lamps have not been switched off.

displayed for a few seconds after you
press the left button (refer to "Odome-
ter" on page 73).

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
76nOnboard computer*
Ice warning
If the outside temperature drops to ap-
prox. +37.5 7 (+3 6), the onboard
computer switches automatically to the
outside temperature display. In addi-
tion, a signal sounds as a warning and
the display flashes for a brief period.

The warning is repeated whenever the
temperature climbs to at least +43 7
(+6 6) following the last warning and
then drops back to +37.5 7 (+3 6).

Mode selection Outside temperature The ice warning does not alter the
In ignition key positions 1 and 2, you You can change the units of measure- fact that surface ice can form at
can call up information from the on- ment for the outside temperature dis- temperatures above +37.5 7 (+3 6),
board computer using the button in the play (6/7) by pressing the right-hand on bridges or shaded road surfaces, for
turn signal lever. By pressing the button reset button in the instrument cluster instance.<
briefly in the direction of the steering when the temperature display is active.
column, you can call up a new function
for display.
The displays appear in the following
Time, outside temperature, average fuel
consumption, cruising range, average
vehicle speed.
The function that was last selected will
be displayed when the ignition is
switched on.

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Onboard computer* 77n




Car care
Average fuel consumption Range Average speed
If you continue to hold the button on the The computer bases its calculations of If you continue to hold the button on the
turn signal lever, the average fuel con- the cruising range on the rate of fuel turn signal lever, the average fuel con-

Technology Repairs
sumption last displayed is recalculated consumption in the period immediately sumption last displayed for that speed
from that point. preceding your data request. is recalculated from that point in time.
Any time spent when the vehicle is
stationary and the engine is shut off is
ignored for the calculation.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
78nPark Distance Control (PDC)*
The PDC assists you when you back Acoustical signals The PDC does not remove the
into a parking space. A signal warns The distance to the nearest object is in- driver's personal responsibility for
you of the distance to an obstacle. To dicated by a tone sounding at various evaluating the distance between the
do this, four ultrasonic sensors in the intervals. As the distance between vehi- vehicle and any obstacles. Even when
rear bumper measure the distance to cle and object decreases, the intervals sensors are involved, there is a blind
the nearest object. The monitoring between the tones become shorter. spot in which objects cannot be de-
range of the two corner sensors ex- A continuous warning tone sounds if tected. This applies especially in those
tends to approx. 2 feet (60 cm) behind the distance to a recognized object is cases where the system approaches
the bumper. The two center sensors less than 1 foot (30 cm). the physical limits of ultrasonic mea-
cover a distance of approx. 4.9 feet surement, as occurs with tow bars and
The warning signal is canceled after
(1.50 meters). trailer couplings, and in the vicinity of
approx. three seconds if the distance to
The system starts to operate automati- thin and painted objects.
the obstacle remains constant during
cally about one second after you select Certain sources of sound, such as a
this time (if you are moving parallel to
reverse with the ignition key in position 2. loud radio, could drown the PDC signal
a wall, for instance).
PDC is deactivated when you shift back tone.<
System malfunctions will be indicated
out of reverse.
by a continuous high-pitched tone Keep the sensors clean and free
when the system is activated the first of ice or snow in order to ensure
time. Please refer the problem to your that they continue to operate effec-
BMW center. tively.
Do not apply high-pressure spray to the
sensors for a prolonged period of time.
Maintain an adequate distance of more
than approx. 4 inches (10 cm).<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) 79n

Indicator lamp In exceptional instances, it is effective

The indicator lamp in the instru- to deactivate the system:
ment cluster goes out shortly > when rocking the vehicle or starting
after you switch on the ignition. off in deep snow or on loose surfaces
Refer to pages 21 and 22. > or when driving with snow chains.
Refer also to page 110.
Indicator lamp flashes:

The system is actively regulating drive
To reactivate the system

torque in response to monitored vehicle

operating conditions. Press the button again; the indicator
lamp goes out.
If the indicator lamp fails to go out after

Car care
the engine is started, or comes on dur-
The laws of physics cannot be re-
ing the course of normal vehicle opera-
pealed, even with DSC. Any con-
The concept tion:
sequences arising from traction loss
DSC maintains vehicle stability, even in If the system was not switched off,
due to excessive vehicle speed remain
critical driving situations. there is a system malfunction. The vehi-
the responsibility of the driver. For this

Technology Repairs
cle remains operational, but without
The system optimizes vehicle stability reason, do not take risks by using the
DSC. Please consult your BMW center
during acceleration and when starting additional safety margin provided by
for repairs.
from a full stop, as well as optimizing the system as an excuse.<
traction. In addition, the system recog-
nizes unstable vehicle conditions (un-
To deactivate the system For additional details concerning DSC,
dersteering or oversteering, for example) Press the button. The indicator lamp please refer to the chapter describing
and holds the vehicle on a sure course flashes. "Advanced technology" on page 163.
by intervening via the engine and by The illustration depicts the arrangement
braking intervention at the individual of the buttons if the vehicle is fully
wheels. equipped. This may vary, depending on

The system activates automatically each the equipment actually installed.
time you start the engine. When the DSC is deactivated, you are
operating the vehicle in the conven-
tional drive mode.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
80nTire Pressure Control (RDC)*
The concept Loss in tire pressure
RDC monitors the tire pressures at all If the inflation pressure has dropped
four wheels, even when the vehicle is significantly over a long period of time
moving. The system provides an alert (which is normal for any tire), the indica-
whenever the inflation pressure drops tor lamp will come on with a yellow
significantly below the specified pres- lamp.
sure in one or more tires. This alerts you to have the tires inflated

In order for the system to "learn" the to the specified pressures as soon as
correct tire inflation pressure, check the possible.
inflation pressure in all tires. Refer to
the table of "Tire inflation pressures" If you are prompted to check the
(page 28) and correct the pressures if tire pressure shortly after a cor-
necessary. Then activate the system. Activate the system rection has been made, this indicates
1 Turn the ignition key to position 2. that the corrected values were not ac-
This indicator lamp in the instru- 2 Press the switch long enough for the curate. Please check the inflation pres-
ment cluster will inform you if yellow indicator lamp in the instru- sure again and make corrections ac-
the tire pressure is not correct. ment cluster to light up for a few cording to the inflation pressure table.
seconds. Then activate the system once again.<
3 After a few minutes driving time, RDC
sets the current inflation pressure in
the tires as the target values to be
You will only have to repeat this proce-
dure following a correction of the tire
inflation pressure. Otherwise, RDC
functions automatically when the igni-
tion key is in position 2, and thus oper-
ates whenever the vehicle is driven.

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Tire Pressure Control (RDC)* 81n

Flat tire RDC cannot alert you to severe System interference

If there is a tire failure with loss of pres- and sudden tire damage caused The RDC system may be interrupted
sure, the indicator lamp comes on with by external factors.< temporarily by other systems or devices
a red lamp. In addition, an acoustic sig- that use the same radio frequency.
nal is sounded. Have the tires changed by your
The yellow indicator lamp will come on
BMW center.
If this occurs, reduce vehicle speed im- during the malfunction.

Your BMW center has been trained to
mediately and stop the vehicle in a safe The indicator lamp also comes on
work with the RDC system and is
location. Avoid hard brake applications.
equipped with the necessary special > in the event of a system fault
Do not oversteer. Replace the wheel
tools.< > if a wheel is mounted without the
and flat tire.
appropriate electronics

Car care
> if, in addition to the spare tire *, addi-
The space-saver spare tire* is
tional wheels with RDC electronics
provided for temporary use only in
are on board.
the event of a tire failure. It does not
have RDC electronics and is not moni- Please contact your BMW center for
tored. A full-size spare tire* that has the additional information.

Technology Repairs
same dimensions as the tires already
mounted on the vehicle is equipped
with the necessary RDC electronics,
and will be also be monitored once the
tires have been mounted and the sys-
tem activated.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
82nParking lamps/Headlamps Dash lighting
LAMPS ON warning
When you open the driver's door after
turning the ignition key to position 0, an
acoustic signal sounds for a few sec-
onds to remind you that the headlamps
have not been switched off.

Daytime running lamps*
If you desire, the light switch can be left
in the second position:
When the ignition is switched off, the
external lighting is also switched off.
Parking lamps Turn the rotary dial to adjust the illumi-
With the switch in this position, nation intensity.
the front, rear and side vehicle
lighting is switched on. For light-
ing on one side for parking, refer to
page 83.

Low beam headlamps

When you switch the ignition off
with the low beam headlamps
on, only the parking lamps will
remain on.

"Follow-me-home lighting:"
If you actuate the headlamp
flasher after you have parked the vehi-
cle and shut off the engine, the low
beams will remain on for a brief period.
You can also have this function deacti-

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

High beams/Parking lamps Fog lamps* Interior lamps 83n



Car care
1 High beams (blue indicator lamp) A green indicator lamp appears The illustration provides an example of
2 Headlamp flasher (blue indicator in the instrument cluster to indi- the interior lamps when equipped with
lamp) cate that the front fog lamps are reading lamps.

Technology Repairs
3 Parking lamps The interior lamps operate automati-
Parking lamp, left or right
To switch the interior lamps on
With the ignition key in position 0,
and off manually
engage the lever in the appropriate
turn-signal position. Press the button briefly.
If you want the interior lamps to remain
off all the time, press and hold the but-
ton for approximately 3 seconds.
To revert to normal operation, press the

button briefly.

Footwell lamps*
The footwell lamps operate in the same

way as the interior lamp.

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84nReading lamps*


The reading lamps are located in the

front* near the interior lamp and in the
rear* (illustration). They can be switched
on and off with the switch adjacent to
each lamp.

In order to prevent battery dis-

charge, all of the lamps in the
vehicle are switched off automatically
approx. 15 minutes after the ignition
key is turned to position 0.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Car care
Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
86nAutomatic climate control


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Automatic climate control 87n

1 Air on the windshield and on the

side windows
2 Air flow toward the upper body
The side rotary dials allow you to
open and close the air supply
through an infinitely-variable range,

while the levers change the airflow
direction. The center rotary dial
controls the temperature of the air
as it flows out. Refer to page 90

Car care
3 Front footwell ventilation
There are corresponding air vents in
the rear footwell as well.
4 Recirculated air mode/Automatic
recirculated air control (AUC) 89

Technology Repairs
5 Air supply 89
6 Temperature 88
7 Automatic air distribution 88
8 Individual air distribution 88
9 Air grill for interior temperature sen-
sor – please keep clear and unob-
10 Display for temperature and air
supply 88

11 Defrost the windshield and side
windows 89
12 Air conditioner 89
13 Rear window defroster 70, 90

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
88nAutomatic climate control
Tips for pleasant driving Automatic air distribution Temperature
Use the automatic system (switch on The AUTO program assumes The figures in the display pro-
AUTO – button 7). Select an interior the adjustment of the air distri- vide a general indication of inte-
temperature that is comfortable for you bution and the air supply for you and in rior temperature. We recommend 70 7
– we recommend 70 7 (22 6). When addition adapts the temperature to ex- (22 6) as a comfortable setting,
the outside temperature is above 42 7 ternal influences (summer, winter) to whether the air conditioner is operating
(5 6), you can also use the air condi- meet preferences you can specify. This or not. When you start the vehicle, the
tioner (12). This will dry the air as well program maintains a comfortable in-car system ensures that the selected tem-
as preventing condensation on the win- climate regardless of the season. Select perature is reached as quickly as possi-
dow surfaces – if there are passengers an interior temperature that is comfort- ble. It then maintains this temperature,
with damp clothing, for example. Set able for you – we recommend 70 7 regardless of the season.
the air outlets (2) so that the air flows (22 6). The temperature selected and Set rotary dial (3; refer to "Draft-free
past you and is not directed straight at AUTO for the air supply appear in ventilation" on page 90) to a medium
you. Set the rotary dial between the air display (10), refer to the overview on setting, since air that is somewhat
outlets (2) for the upper body to a me- page 86. Open the air outlets for the cooler promotes driving without fatigue.
dium position, since air that is some- upper body area. Switch on the air con- You can use this setting for mixing air to
what cooler promotes driving without ditioner in warm weather. The maxi- make minor comfort modifications.
fatigue. mum cooling capacity is achieved when
Detailed setting options are described you set rotary dial (3) to cold. Refer to The full, uncontrolled heater out-
for you in the following section. page 90. put is available starting at an inte-
rior temperature setting of 90 7
Your vehicle is set in such a man- Individual air distribution (32 6). At a setting of 60 7 (16 6),
ner that, when you unlock the car You can cancel the AUTO pro- the full cooling output is available when
with your personalized remote control, gram by selecting specific dis- the air conditioner is activated.<
your own personalized setting of the tribution patterns to suit your
automatic climate control is initiated.< own individual requirements.
You can direct air to flow onto the win-
dows , toward the upper body ,
and into the footwell .

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Automatic climate control 89n

Air supply Air conditioner Automatic recirculated air control

By pressing the left or right half The air is cooled and dehumidi- (AUC)
of the button, you can vary the fied and – depending on the You can respond to unpleasant
air supply. By doing this, you switch off temperature setting – rewarmed when external odors by temporarily
the automatic control of the air supply. the air conditioner system is switched blocking the outside air. The system
Nevertheless, the automatic air distri- on. then recirculates the air already within

bution remains unchanged. Depending on the weather, the wind- the vehicle. By repeated actuation of
When you set the lowest blower speed shield may fog over briefly when the the button, you can select one of three
by pressing the left half of the button, engine is started. different operation modes.
all of the displays are canceled: The Switch off the air conditioner at outside > Indicator lamps off: Fresh air flows
temperatures below approx. 42 7

Car care
blower, heating and air conditioner are into the vehicle
switched off, and the air supply is (5 6). This will help to prevent the win- > Left-hand indicator lamp on – AUC
stopped. You can reactivate the system dows from fogging up. mode: The system detects pollutants
by pressing any button of the automatic If the windows fog over after switching in the outside air and responds by
climate control. the air conditioner off, switch it back deactivating the outside air flow as

Technology Repairs
required. The system then recircu-
To defrost the windshield and lates the air already within the
side windows Condensation forms in the air vehicle.
conditioner system during opera- Depending on air quality require-
This program quickly removes
tion, which then exits under the vehicle. ments, the system automatically
ice and condensation from the
Traces of condensed water of this kind switches between outside air supply
windshield and side windows.
are thus normal.< and recirculation of the air already
within the vehicle.
> Right-hand indicator lamp on: The
flow of outside air is permanently
blocked. The system recirculates the

air already within the vehicle.

If the windows fog over in the

recirculated air mode, switch this

mode off and increase the air supply as

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

90nAutomatic climate control
Rear window defroster Microfilter, activated-charcoal
When the rear window defroster filter
is activated, the indicator lamp A microfilter removes dust and pollen
comes on. The rear window defroster from the incoming outside air. The acti-
switches off automatically. Refer to vated-charcoal filter provides additional
page 70. protection by filtering gaseous pollut-
ants from the outside air. Your BMW

center replaces the combined filter as a
standard part of your scheduled main-
tenance. A substantial reduction in air
supply indicates that the filter must be
replaced before normal maintenance.
Draft-free ventilation For additional details on the filter
Set the ventilation outlets for your upper change, refer to page 155.
body area so that it is comfortable for
Use rotary dials (1) to open and close
the air outlets through an infinitely-vari-
able range. You can adjust the direction
of the airflow with the levers (2).
Set the outlets so that the air flows past
you and is not directed straight at you.
The rotary dial (3) allows you to mix the
air from the outlets for your upper body
by warming or cooling the air as de-

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Seat heating* Roller sun blind* 91n



Car care
The seat cushion and backrest can To actuate, press the button briefly with
be heated with the ignition key in posi- the ignition key in position 2.
tion 2.
The illustration depicts the arrangement

Technology Repairs
You can call up different heating modes of the buttons if the vehicle is fully
by repeatedly pressing the keys. equipped. This may vary, depending on
When the three indicator lamps are illu- the equipment actually installed.
minated, the highest heating mode is
activated. One lamp indicates the low-
est heating mode. The temperature is
regulated with a thermostat in each
You can also switch the higher heating
modes off directly:

Press and hold the button slightly

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
92nHiFi system* Glove compartment
To prevent injury in the event of
a crash, close the glove compart-
ment immediately after use.<

Rechargeable flashlight*
The flashlight is located on the left-
hand side of the glove compartment.


It features integral overload-protection

so it can be left in its holder continu-

Be sure that the flashlight is

HiFi system – harman kardon To open switched off when it is inserted
Special acoustical effects are activated Pull the handle. The lamp comes on. into its holder. Failure to comply with
or deactivated every time you press the this precaution could lead to over-
charging and damage.<
button. To close
When the system is activated, the im- Fold the cover up.
pression of a significantly larger pas-
senger compartment is created at all To lock
seating areas, together with an im- Lock with one of the master keys.
provement of the stereo effect. A master key can also be used for un-
When reception is weak, the system locking.
frequently switches between stereo and
mono operation. Switch the feature off If you turn over only your door and
if this occurs. ignition keys for valet parking
(refer to page 32), for example, access
to the glove compartment is not possi-

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Storage compartments 93n



Car care
Open the storage compartment in the Coin holder, cup holder Rear center armrest*
front center armrest*: Press the button A coin holder and two cup holders are Without through-loading system:
(arrow) and lift upward. provided in the center console. You will find a storage compartment

Technology Repairs
You will find additional storage areas in and a beverage holder (for two drink
the front doors and in the center con- containers) in the rear center armrest.
sole above the ashtray*. Storage nets*
1 Storage compartment: Pull upward.
are located on the back of the front
2 Beverage holder: Press to open.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
94nStorage compartments


Rear center armrest* Storage package*
With through-loading system: For your convenience, there are:
You will find a beverage holder (for two > two extending sockets on the center
drink containers) in the rear center arm- console in the rear (arrows)
rest. > an eyeglass compartment* in the
> Beverage holder: Press to open front center console above the ash-
(arrow). tray.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Cellular phones* Ashtray, front 95n




Car care
Handsfree system To open To empty
On vehicles that are wired for a tele- Press briefly in the direction indicated Open the lid and press down (arrow):
phone*, the cover for the handsfree by the arrow. You can now pull the ashtray upward

Technology Repairs
microphone is located in the headliner To extinguish a cigarette, tap off the for removal.
near the interior lamp. ash and gently press the tip into the On vehicles with the nonsmoker's
For additional information concerning funnel. equipment package, the insert is re-
the cellular phone, please refer to the moved in the same way.
separate Owner's Manual.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
96nCigarette lighter* Ashtray, rear*


Press the lighter in. Remove the lighter To open

as soon as it retracts. Push the cover open.

Hold or touch the hot cigarette To empty

lighter by the knob only. Holding
Press on the edge of the raised cover in
or touching it in other areas could result
the opening direction (arrow). You can
in burns.
now pull the ashtray upward for re-
The cigarette lighter remains opera-
tional when the ignition key has been
removed. For this reason, children
should never be left in the car unat-

Cigarette lighter socket

Suitable for attaching power supplies
for flashlights, car vacuum cleaners,
etc., up to a rating of approx. 200 watts
at 12 volts. Avoid damaging the socket
due to inserting plugs of different
shapes or sizes.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Through-loading system* 97n

The fittings at the corners of the lug-

gage compartment provide you with a
convenient means of attaching luggage
nets* and flexible straps for securing
suitcases and luggage.
Refer also to "Cargo loading" on

page 99.


Car care
The rear backrest is divided into two The rear backrest section will move
sections (one-third and two-thirds of the forward slightly when it is unlocked.
width of the seat). For carrying longer Reach into the gap and pull the back-
objects, you can fold down either rest down.

Technology Repairs
section of the backrest separately.
To unlock, pull the lever corresponding When you close the backrest, be
to the section (arrow). sure that the retainer engages
correctly. If it is not correctly engaged,
transported cargo could enter the pas-
senger compartment from the luggage
compartment during brake applications
or evasive maneuvers and endanger the
vehicle occupants.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
98nSki bag*
The ski bag allows the safe and clean
transport of four pairs of skis or two
The length of the ski bag and the addi-
tional space provided in the luggage
compartment make it possible to carry
skis with a length of up to 6.8 feet


(2.1 meters). The ski bag can only
accommodate two pairs of skis with a
length of 6.8 feet (2.1 meters) because
of the tapered shape of the bag.

Loading Securing the load

1 Pull the center armrest down. Loosen
the trim from the upper Velcro® fas- Secure the skis or other objects in
tener and place it on the armrest. the bag by tightening the strap
2 Press button 1 downward and swing with the buckle.<
the cover forward.
3 Extend the ski bag between the front Please be sure that your skis are clean
seats. The zipper provides conve- before loading them into the bag. Avoid
nient access to stored items. It may damage from sharp edges during load-
be opened to allow the ski bag to dry. ing.
4 Press knob 2: The cover in the lug-
gage compartment is unlocked.
To store the ski bag, perform the above
steps in reverse sequence.

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Cargo loading 99n




Car care
Stowing cargo > If you are transporting very heavy Securing the load
If you are transporting a load in your loads when the rear seat is not occu- > For small, light items, use the rubber-
BMW pied, secure the outer safety belts in lined non-skid side of the floor mat or
the opposite buckles (refer to the secure with a luggage compartment

Technology Repairs
> Load heavy cargo as far forward as
illustration). net* or elastic straps (refer to
possible – directly behind the back-
rests or the luggage compartment page 41).
partition – and as low as possible. > For large, heavy pieces, see your
> Cover sharp edges and corners. BMW center for load-securing de-
> Do not pile objects higher than the vices*. Lashing eyes (arrow) are pro-
top edge of the backrest. vided at the corners of the luggage
compartment for attaching these
load-securing devices.
> Comply with the information en-
closed with the load-securing de-


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
100nCargo loading Roof-mounted luggage rack*
Always position and secure the Make sure that the load is not too heavy,
load correctly. If you do not, it can and attempt to distribute it evenly.
endanger the passengers during brak- Always load the heaviest pieces first (on
ing or evasive maneuvers. the bottom). Be sure that adequate
Do not exceed the permissible gross clearance is maintained for raising the
vehicle weight and the permissible axle sliding/tilt sunroof*, and that objects do
loads (refer to page 174). If you do, the not project into the opening path of the
operating safety of the vehicle is no luggage compartment lid.

longer ensured and you are in violation Secure the roof luggage correctly and
of the law. securely to prevent it from shifting or
Do not carry hard or heavy objects un- being lost during driving (danger to fol-
secured in the passenger compartment. lowing traffic).
If you do so, they may be projected Anchors Drive smoothly and avoid sudden ac-
through the air during braking and eva-
Access to the anchors: celeration or braking. Do not corner at
sive maneuvers, thus endangering vehi-
To open the cover (arrow), please use high speeds.
cle occupants.<
the tool included with the luggage rack The roof load increases the aerody-
system. namic resistance. Increased fuel con-
A special roof-rack system is available sumption and additional stresses on the
for your BMW as an optional extra. vehicle's body result from this.
Please comply with the precautions in-
cluded with the installation instructions.
Because roof racks raise the center of
gravity of the car when loaded, they
exercise a major effect on its handling
and steering response.
You should therefore always remember
not to exceed the approved roof weight,
the approved gross vehicle weight or
the axle weights when loading the rack.
You will find the specifications under
"Technical Data" on page 174.

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Car care
Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Special operating instructions: Under the hood: Overview

Break-in procedures 104 Hood 120
Driving notes 104 Engine compartment 122
Catalytic converter 105 Washer fluids 124
Antilock Brake System Washer nozzles 124
(ABS) 106 Engine oil 125 Controls and features

Disc brakes 108 Coolant 128
Brake system 109 Brake fluid 129
Winter operation 110 Vehicle Identification
Power steering 111 Number 130
Cellular phones 112 Operation, care

Car care
Care and maintenance:
Radio reception 112
The BMW Maintenance and maintenance
Wheels and tires: System 131
Tire inflation pressures 113 Caring for your car 132
Tire condition 113 Airbags 137 Owner service procedures

Technology Repairs
Tire replacement 114 Vehicle storage 137
Tire rotation 115
Laws and regulations:
Wheel and tire
Technical modifications to the
combinations 116
Winter tires 117
vehicle 138 Advanced technology
OBD interface socket 139
Snow chains 117
Approved wheel and tire
specifications 118
Technical data


Car care
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
104nBreak-in procedures Driving notes
To ensure that your vehicle provides Tires Brakes:
maximum economy throughout a long Due to technical factors associated Do not drive with your foot resting
service life, we request that you comply with their manufacture, tires do not on the brake pedal. Even light but con-
with the following recommendations: achieve their full traction potential until sistent pedal pressure can lead to high
an initial break-in period has elapsed. temperatures, brake wear, and possibly
Engine and differential For this reason, drive cautiously during to brake failure.
Up to 1,200 miles (2,000 km): the first 200 miles (300 km). Aquaplaning:
Drive at varying engine speeds and Reduce your speed when you drive on
road speeds, but do not exceed Brake system wet or slushy roads. If you do not, a
4,500 RPM or a road speed of 100 mph wedge of water can form between the
Brake pads and disks do not attain their
(160 km/h) during this initial period. tires and the road surface. This phe-
optimal wear patterns until after approx.
nomenon is referred to as aquaplaning
Do not apply full throttle and avoid 300 miles (500 km).
or hydroplaning. It is characterized by a
pressing the accelerator beyond the To break-in the separate parking brake partial or complete loss of contact be-
kickdown point. drums, apply the parking brake lightly tween the tires and the road surface.
After 1,200 miles (2,000 km), you can when coasting to a standstill (at a traffic The ultimate results are loss of steering
gradually increase the engine speed or signal, for instance), provided that traf- and braking control.
road speed. fic conditions allow you to do so. Driving through water:
Follow the same break-in procedure if To avoid corrosion, repeat this proce- Do not drive through water that is
either the engine or the differential is dure from time to time. deeper than 1 foot (30 cm). If you must
replaced in the future. drive through water accumulations up
The brake lamps do not come on to that depth, drive only at walking
when the parking brake is set. speed. Driving at a faster speed could
Vacuum for the brake system servo unit cause damage to the engine, the elec-
on your BMW is available only when the trical systems and the transmission.
engine is running. When you move the Package tray:
car with the engine off – when towing, Never use the rear window shelf to
for example – substantially higher levels store heavy or bulky objects. If you do
of pedal force will be required to brake so, such objects could pose the risk of
the vehicle.< injury to vehicle occupants during brak-
ing or evasive maneuvers or in a crash.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Driving notes Catalytic converter 105n

Clothes hooks: The catalytic converter reduces harmful Be sure to comply with the in-

When suspending clothing from the exhaust emissions, and is designed for structions above to prevent un-
hooks, be sure that they will not ob- use with unleaded fuel only. burned fuel from reaching the catalytic
struct the driver's vision. Do not hang Even minute quantities of lead would be convertor. If you do not, the catalytic
heavy objects on the hooks. If you do enough to permanently damage both converter could respond by overheat-
so, such objects could pose the risk of the catalytic converter and the system ing, leading to serious damage.

personal injury during braking or eva- oxygen sensor. Extreme temperatures occur at the cat-
sive maneuvers.< To ensure efficient, trouble-free engine alytic converter on this and every cata-
operation and avoid potential damage: lyst-equipped vehicle. Heat shields are
installed adjacent to some sections of
> Be sure to comply with the scheduled
the exhaust system. Never remove

Car care
maintenance requirements.
these shields; do not apply undercoat-
> Fill the fuel tank well before it is
ing to their surfaces. When driving,
standing at idle, and parking the vehi-
> Tow-start only when the engine is
cle, take extra care to avoid contact be-
cold. If you attempt to tow-start with
tween the exhaust system and flamma-

Technology Repairs
a warm engine, unburned residual
ble materials (grass, hay, leaves, etc.).
fuel in the catalytic converter could
Such contact could lead to a fire, re-
ignite and cause damage. It is better
sulting in serious personal injury and
to jump-start the vehicle with outside
property damage.<
> Avoid other situations in which the
fuel is not burned, or burns incom-
pletely, such as engaging the starter
frequently or for extended periods, or
repeated start attempts in which the
engine does not start (stopping and

restarting an engine which is running
properly does not present a problem).
Never allow the engine to run with
any of the spark plug cables discon-


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

106nAntilock Brake System (ABS)
The concept Braking with ABS ple), or when snow chains are mounted,
ABS enhances active safety by helping The system becomes operative once braking distances may be longer than
to prevent the wheels from locking un- the vehicle exceeds a speed of approx. with locked wheels. However, ABS
der braking. This is because locked 6 mph (10 km/h). Below approx. 3 mph continues to provide enhanced vehicle
wheels are dangerous. When the front (6 km/h), it is once again deactivated. stability and steering response under
wheels slide, the driver loses steering This means that the wheels can lock in these conditions.
control over the vehicle. Traction loss at the final phase of a panic stop – a factor
the rear wheels can cause the rear end of no significance in actual use. Information for your safety
to break into an uncontrolled skid. If you are in a situation that requires full Not even ABS can suspend the laws of
ABS is designed to meet two essential braking, you will exploit the full benefits physics. ABS cannot prevent the con-
requirements during every brake appli- of the ABS system if you apply maxi- sequences of brake applications with
cation: mum brake pressure ("panic stop"). inadequate clearances for safety be-
Since the vehicle maintains steering re- tween vehicles, when exceeding the
> To help provide vehicle stability
sponsiveness, you can avoid possible speed limit in curves, or the risks in-
> To help maintain steering control and
obstacles with a minimum of steering volved when aquaplaning occurs. Re-
maneuverability – on all types of road
effort, despite the full brake application. sponsibility for these types of situations
surfaces (asphalt, concrete, mud, wet,
remains in the hands (and at the feet) of
snow, ice). The ABS system closed-loop control
the driver. You should never allow the
The system can achieve the shortest circuit cycles in fractions of a second.
added safety of ABS to lull you into a
braking distances possible under most A pulsation at the brake pedal indicates
false sense of security, or mislead you
conditions (on straight-aways and in to the driver that ABS is active, that is,
into taking increased risks that could af-
curves, on asphalt, ice, wet road sur- that the vehicle is within its maximum
fect your own safety and that of others.
faces, etc.). braking range. In addition, a pulsation –
a result of the control function cycles –
Do not make any modifications to
indicates to the driver that vehicle
the ABS system.
speed should be reduced to adapt to
Service procedures on ABS are to be
road surface conditions when there is
performed by authorized technicians
reduced traction and grip between tires
and road surface (slippery road sur-
On road surfaces that have a loose sur-
face layer on a firm base with good
traction (on gravel or snow, for exam-

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Antilock Brake System (ABS) 107n

Antilock Brake System (ABS)/ In the event of a fault CBC, ABS and DSC indicator

Cornering Brake Control (CBC) If the ABS in the instrument and warning lamps for Canadian
CBC is an advanced engineering devel- cluster lights up, refer to models.
opment of ABS. When braking during page 22. The brake system then
cornering with high lateral accelera- reverts to conventional operation as on
tion, or when braking during a lane vehicles without ABS. However, have

change, vehicle stability is improved the brake system checked by your
and the steering response is enhanced. BMW center as soon as possible. To
prevent undetected defects and cumu-
lative faults from adversely affecting the
brake system, refer any problems to

Car care
your BMW center at the earliest oppor-
ABS warning lamp for Canadian

Technology Repairs
If the brake warning lamp
comes on together with the indi-
cator lamps for ABS and DSC
(refer to page 21), the entire
ABS, CBC and DSC control sys-
tem has failed. Continue driving
cautiously and defensively.
Avoid full brake applications.
This could cause the vehicle to lose
stability and you might no longer be

able to control it.
Have the system checked as soon as
possible by your BMW center.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
108nDisc brakes
Disc brakes furnish optimum decelera- Driving notes Should engine braking prove inade-
tion and braking control and greater When driving in wet conditions and in quate, you should still avoid extended,
fade resistance under heavy use. heavy rain, it is effective to apply light continuous braking. Instead of main-
When the vehicle is driven only occa- pressure to the brakes every few miles taining low to moderate pressure over
sionally, during extended periods when or kilometers. Be aware of traffic condi- an extended period of time, you should
the vehicle is not used at all, and in oper- tions to ensure that this maneuver does decelerate by applying more substantial
ating conditions where brake applica- not endanger other road users. The pressure to the brake pedal (watch for
tions are less frequent, there is an heat that is generated by the brake ap- following traffic), releasing the pedal,
increased tendency for corrosion of the plications helps to dry the brake pads and then repeating the application
rotors and accumulation of contamina- and rotors. (staggered braking). The cooling phases
tion on the brake pads. This occurs between active braking intervals pre-
Maximum braking force is obtained
because the minimal pressure that must while the wheels are not locked, but vent the brakes from overheating, thus
be exerted by the pads to clean the ensuring that full braking capacity re-
rather when they are still barely turning
rotors by brake applications is not mains available at all times.
immediately prior to locking. ABS main-
reached. tains this state automatically. If the ABS
Do not coast with the clutch de-
If the brake rotors are corroded, they fails, you should revert to the staggered
pressed or with the shift lever or
will tend to respond to braking with a braking technique described above on
selector lever in neutral. Do not drive
pulsating effect that even extended page 110.
with the engine shut off. The engine
brake applications will fail to cure. Long or steep mountain descents do provides no braking effect when the
not necessarily lead to reduced braking clutch is depressed or the transmission
For your own safety: Use only efficiency if you drive downhill with the is in neutral, and there is no power-
brake pads that BMW has ap- transmission in a gear that allows mini- assist for braking or steering when the
proved for your particular vehicle mal brake applications (or, with an au- engine is not running.
model. BMW cannot evaluate non- tomatic transmission, in an appropriate Do not allow floor mats, carpets or any
approved brake pads to determine if lower range). other objects to protrude into the area
they are suited for use, and therefore
You can further increase the engine's around the brake pedal, the clutch or
cannot ensure the operating safety of
braking effect by selecting a lower gear, the accelerator which could obstruct
the vehicle if they are installed.<
downshifting as far as first gear or plac- their freedom of movement.<
ing the selector lever in position 1.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Brake system 109n

Brake fluid level Brake pads

If the brake warning lamp If the warning lamp for the brake
comes on and the parking brake pads lights up:
has been released: The brake pads have reached
The brake fluid level is too low in the their minimum pad thickness. Proceed
reservoir (refer to page 129). to the nearest BMW center as soon as

If the brake fluid level is too low and possible to have the pads replaced.
brake pedal travel has become notice-
ably longer, there may be a defect in For your own safety: Use only
one of the hydraulic circuits of the brake brake pads that BMW has ap-
proved for your particular vehicle

Car care
model. BMW cannot evaluate non-
Brake warning lamp for Cana-
approved brake pads to determine if
dian models.
they are suited for use, and therefore
cannot ensure the operating safety of
the vehicle if they are installed.<

Technology Repairs
Proceed to the nearest BMW
center. Higher brake application
pressure may be necessary under these
conditions, and brake pedal travel may
be significantly longer. Please remem-
ber to adapt your driving style accord-

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
110nWinter operation
The onset of winter is often accompa- Snow chains Brakes
nied by rapid changes in weather. BMW snow chains* can be mounted on Winter road conditions substantially re-
Adaptations in driving style should be both summer and winter tires. Mount duce the traction available between the
accompanied by preparations on the them in pairs on the rear wheels only tires and the road surface. Remember
vehicle itself to ensure that your and comply with the manufacturer's that braking distances will be signifi-
progress through the winter remains safety precautions. Do not exceed a cantly longer as a result.
safe and trouble-free. maximum speed of 30 mph (50 km/h). ABS is intended to prevent the wheels
For best performance, deactivate the from locking during brake applications,
Coolant DSC when snow chains are mounted. thus helping to maintain vehicle stability
Be sure that the coolant mixture con- Refer to page 79. and steering response.
tains the year-round ratio of 50:50
If the ABS does not respond in a critical
water and extended-duty antifreeze/ Starting off
braking situation and the wheels lock:
corrosion protection. This mixture pro- When starting from a full stop in deep Reduce the pressure on the brake pedal
vides protection against freezing down snow or for "rocking" the vehicle to free until the wheels just start to roll again
to approx. – 34 7 (– 37 6). Replace it, we recommend that you deactivate while still maintaining enough force to
the coolant every four years. the DSC system. Refer to page 79. continue braking.
Following that, increase pedal pressure
Locks Driving on low-traction road again. Reduce the pressure as the
BMW door lock deicer can be used to surfaces wheels lock, then reapply pressure.
free them if frozen. This deicer also Use smooth, gentle pressure to control Repeat this procedure. This type of
contains lubricant. the accelerator pedal. Avoid excessive staggered braking will reduce the brak-
After its use, treatment with BMW lock engine speeds and shift to the next ing distance, and the vehicle still re-
barrel grease is recommended. higher gear at an early point. On down- mains responsive to steering. It allows
grades or slopes, shift down to the next you to steer around hazards once you
Rubber seals and components lower gear at an early point. Maintain an have reduced the pressure on the brake
To prevent the weather-stripping from adequate distance between yourself pedal.
freezing, apply a spray-on rubber treat- and the car ahead.
ment or silicone spray to the door, hood
and luggage compartment lid seals.

A full range of car care products is

available from your BMW center.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Winter operation Power steering 111n

Do not shift down on slick road Parking High steering effort:

surfaces. Doing so could cause Engage 1st or reverse gear. If your car Contact an BMW center immediately to
the rear wheels to lose traction and is equipped with an automatic trans- have this system inspected.
skid, resulting in a loss of vehicle con-mission, place the selector lever in
trol.< Park. On vehicles with manual trans- If the power steering fails, in-
mission, also apply the parking brake creased effort will be required to

Depress the clutch during hard when parking on inclined surfaces. In steer the vehicle.<
braking on road surfaces that pro- order to prevent the parking brake lin-
vide only poor or uneven traction.< ings from locking due to frost or corro-
sion, dry them by gently applying the
Skid control parking brake as the vehicle is coming

Car care
Depress the clutch and release the ac- to a stop. Make sure that following traf-
celerator pedal, or place the selector fic is not endangered.
lever of the automatic transmission into
the "Neutral" position. Countersteer The brake lamps do not light up
carefully and attempt to regain control when the parking brake is ap-

Technology Repairs
of the vehicle. plied.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
112nCellular phones* Radio reception
Mobile communications systems (cellu- The reception and sound quality ob-
lar phone, radio, etc.) are only allowed a tained from mobile radios varies accord-
power output of up to 10 watts. Mobile ing to a variety of factors, including the
communications devices not specifi- broadcast range of the transmitter and
cally designed for use in your car may the directional orientation of the an-
trigger malfunctions while operating tenna. Interference factors such as high-
your vehicle. BMW can neither test nor tension power lines, buildings and natu-
assume responsibility for every individ- ral obstructions can all lead to unavoid-
ual product being offered on the mar- able reception interference, regardless
ket. We recommend that you consult of how well the vehicle's sound system
your BMW center before purchasing is operating.
any device of this kind. Climatic factors such as intense solar ra-
To ensure that your BMW continues to diation, fog, rain and snow can also in-
provide reliable and trouble-free opera- terfere with reception.
tion, do not use a cellular phone or other Car telephones or cellular phones not
radio device with an antenna located approved by BMW can also cause in-
inside the passenger compartment or terference in the radio during a tele-
an antenna that is not mounted on the phone call. This phenomenon assumes
outside of the vehicle. the form of a low-pitched hum emanat-
ing from the speaker system.
Before loading the vehicle on a Please refer to the supplementary oper-
car-carrier train or driving it ating instructions provided with your
through a car-wash, remove the an- sound system for detailed information
tenna.< on its use.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Tire inflation pressures Tire condition 113n

Information for your safety Do not drive on a deflated (flat)

The factory-approved radial tires are tire. A flat tire greatly impairs
matched to the car and have been se- steering and braking response, and can
lected to provide optimum safety and lead to complete loss of control over
driving comfort on your car. the vehicle.
Avoid overloading the vehicle so that
It is not merely the tire's service life, but

the permitted load on the tires is not ex-
also driving comfort and – above all else
ceeded. Overloading can lead to over-

– driving safety that depend on the con-
heating and increases the rate at which
dition of the tires and the maintenance
damage develops inside the tires. You
of the specified tire pressure.
could have a blowout as a result.

Car care
Incorrect inflation pressure is a frequent Unusual vibrations encountered during
cause of tire damage. It also signifi- normal vehicle operation can indicate
cantly influences the roadholding ability
Tire tread – Tire damage
tire failure or some other vehicle defect.
of your BMW. Inspect your tires frequently for tread This is also true for irregularities in the
wear, signs of damage and for foreign vehicle's handling characteristics, such

Technology Repairs
Check tire inflation pressures reg- objects lodged in the tread. Check the as a pronounced tendency to pull to the
ularly – include the space-saver tread depth. left or right. Should this occur, respond
spare tire or spare tire – at least twice a The tread depth should not be any shal- by immediately reducing your speed.
month and before beginning a longer lower than 0.12 inches (3 mm). Below Proceed carefully to the nearest BMW
trip. If this is not done, incorrect tire this tread depth, there is a significant center or professional tire center, or
pressures can cause driving instability risk of aquaplaning, even at relatively have the vehicle towed in to have it and
and tire damage, ultimately resulting in moderate speeds and with only small its tires inspected.
an accident.< amounts of water on the road. Tire damage (up to and including blow-
We recommend that you always re- outs) can endanger the lives of both the
place the tires once the tread wears to vehicle occupants and other road

0.12 inches (3 mm). If you continue to
use the tires, wear indicators appear in
the tread at 0.063 inches (1.6 mm).

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
114nTire replacement
To maintain good handling and vehicle Traction Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
response, use only tires of a single The traction grades, from highest to Grades B and A represent higher levels
tread configuration from a single manu- lowest, are AA, A, B and C. of performance on the laboratory test
facturer. BMW tests and approves Those grades represent the tire's ability wheel than the minimum required by
wheel/tire combinations. Refer to to stop on wet pavement as measured law.
page 118. under controlled conditions on speci-
fied government test surfaces of as- The temperature grade for this tire
DOT Quality Grades phalt and concrete. A tire marked C is established for a tire that is
Treadwear may have poor traction performance. properly inflated and not overloaded.
Traction AA A B C Excessive speed, underinflation, or ex-
Temperature A B C The traction grade assigned to cessive loading, either separately or in
this tire is based on straight- combination, can cause heat buildup
All passenger car tires must con- ahead braking traction tests, and does and possible tire failure.<
form to Federal Safety Require- not include acceleration, cornering, hy-
ments in addition to these grades.< droplaning, or peak traction character- Uniform Tire Quality Grading
istics.< Quality grades can be found where ap-
Treadwear plicable on the tire sidewall between
The treadwear grade is a comparative Temperature tread shoulder and maximum section
rating based on the wear rate of the tire The temperature grades are A (the width. For example:
when tested under controlled condi- highest), B and C, representing the Treadwear 200 Traction AA
tions on a specified government test tire's resistance to the generation of Temperature A
course. heat and its ability to dissipate heat
For example, a tire graded 150 would when tested under controlled condi-
wear one and one-half (1 1/2) times as tions on a specified indoor laboratory
well on the government course as a tire test wheel.
graded 100. The relative performance Sustained high temperature can cause
of tires depends upon the actual condi- the material of the tire to degenerate
tions of their use, however, and may and reduce tire life, and excessive tem-
depart significantly from the norm due perature can lead to sudden tire failure.
to variations in driving habits, service The grade C correspods to a level of
practices and differences in road char- performance which all passenger car
acteristics and climate. tires must meet under the Federal

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Tire replacement Tire rotation 115n

Do not use retreaded tires. Driving Between the axles If different tire sizes are mounted

safety may be impaired by their The tread wear patterns at the front end on the front and rear axles (refer to
use. This is due to the possible varia- differ from those at the rear – the actual page 118), the wheels may not be ro-
tions in casing structures and, in some patterns will vary according to individ- tated from one axle to the other.<
cases, to their extreme age, factors that ual driving conditions. In the interests of
can lead to a decrease in their durabil- safety and maintaining optimal handling

ity.< characteristics, tire rotation is not rec-
Tire age
If a proposed interaxle rotation of tires
The date on which the tire was manu- is based on economic considerations,
factured is indicated by the code on the

Car care
one should consider whether the costs
sidewall: for the rotation are likely to be recap-
DOT ... 329 indicates that the tire was tured by any increase in the service life
manufactured in Week 32 of 1999. of the tires that might be realized. In
BMW recommends the replacement of principle, interaxle rotation should be

Technology Repairs
all tires when the tires are no more than performed in short intervals, with a
6 years old, even if a tire life of 10 years maximum of 3,000 miles (5,000 km).
is possible. Consult your BMW center for more
Spare tires over 6 years old should be information.
used only in case of emergency. A tire Should you decide to rotate the tires, it
in this condition should be replaced by is essential to comply with the following:
a new tire immediately, and should not Rotate tires on the same side only, since
be mounted together with new tires. braking characteristics and road grip
could otherwise be adversely affected.
Following rotation, the tire inflation
pressure should always be corrected.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
116nWheel and tire combinations
The right choice Codes on tires and wheels Winter tires:
Use only BMW-approved tires. Refer to The tire codes will aid you in selecting Q M+S = up to 100 mph (160 km/h)
page 118. the correct tire. T M+S = up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
Due to the high speeds this vehicle can The codes on radial tires: H M+S = up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
reach, the use of specific brands, spec- Example: 205/60 R 15 91 W Codes stamped on light-alloy wheels:
ifications and sizes is mandatory. Con- Example:
Nominal width 7 J x 15 H2
sult any BMW center for details. Com-
in mm Rim width
ply with local/national regulations.
Aspect ratio in % in inches
Radial tire ID code Code letter for
The correct wheel-tire combina-
Rim diameter in inches flange type
tion affects different systems such
Load rating Symbol for full-drop
as ABS, ATC and DSC. The function of
(not on ZR tires) center rim
these systems is impaired if improper
Speed rating Rim diameter in inches
wheel-tire combinations are used.
(before R on ZR tires) Hump on the 2 rim shoulders
For this reason, use only tires of the
same brand and tread pattern. In the
event of a flat tire, for example, remount The speed rating indicates the approved Protect tire valve from dirt by using
the approved wheel-tire combination as maximum speed for the tire. screw-on valve stem caps. Dirt in the
soon as possible.< valves frequently leads to slow leaks.
Summer tires:
S = up to 112 mph (180 km/h)
T = up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
H = up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
V = up to 150 mph (240 km/h)
W = up to 167 mph (270 km/h)
Y = above 167 mph (270 km/h)
ZR = above 150 mph (240 km/h)

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Winter tires 117n

Choosing the right tire Never exceed the maximum speed Storage

BMW recommends winter tires (M+S for which the tires are rated. Always store tires in a cool, dry place.
radial tires) for driving in adverse winter Unprofessional attempts by laymen to Store them away from light whenever
road conditions. Although all-season service tires can lead to damage and possible. Protect the tires against con-
M+S tires provide better winter traction accidents. tact with oil, grease and fuel.
than standard summer tires with H, V, Have this work performed by skilled

W, Y and ZR speed ratings, they gener- professionals only. Any BMW center Snow chains*
ally fail to provide the same levels of has the required technical knowledge
The use of narrow-link BMW snow
performance as standard snow tires in and the proper equipment and will be
chains on summer or winter tires is
winter driving. happy to assist you.<
approved only in pairs and only on the

Car care
In the interest of safe tracking and rear wheels. Comply with all manufac-
Tire condition, tire pressure
steering response, install winter tires turer's safety precautions when mount-
made by the same manufacturer having Winter tires display a perceptible loss in ing the chains.
the same tread configuration on all four their ability to cope with winter driving
wheels. conditions once the tread wears to
below 0.16 inches (4 mm), and should

Technology Repairs
Mount only winter tires approved by
thus be replaced.
BMW. Any BMW center will be glad to
provide you with information on the Comply with the specified tire inflation
best winter tires for your particular driv- pressures – and be sure to have the
ing conditions. wheel and tire assemblies balanced
every time you change the tires.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
118nApproved wheel and tire specifications

Tire specifications Steel rim (wheel rim) Light-alloy wheel Snow chains*
BMW 323i You cannot mount snow chains with the
following tires:
All-Season 225/50 R 16 92 W
195/65 R 15 91 H – 6.5Jx15 225/50 ZR 16
Summer tires 225/45 ZR 17
245/40 ZR 17
195/65 R 15 91 H – 6.5Jx15 225/45 R 17 91 W
205/60 R 15 91 H – 6.5Jx15 225/50 R 16 92 Q/T/H
7Jx15 225/45 R 17 91 Q/T/H
205/55 R 16 91 H – 7Jx16
225/50 R 16 92 W Mixed tires
225/50 ZR 16 For details concerning tire manufactur-
ers for mixed tires, refer to the original-
225/45 R 17 91 W – 8Jx17
equipment specifications.
Front: 225/45 ZR 17 – 7.5Jx17
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17 – 8.5Jx17
Winter tires
195/65 R 15 91 Q M+S 6.5Jx15 6.5Jx15
205/60 R 15 91 Q M+S 6.5Jx15 6.5Jx15
205/55 R 16 91 Q M + S 7Jx16 7Jx16
225/50 R 16 92 Q M + S
225/45 R 17 91 Q M + S – 8Jx17
Space-saver spare tire
T 125/90 R 15 96 M 3.5Bx15 –
T 125/90 R 16 98 M 3.5Bx16 –
Comply with the specifications for tires and wheels in the vehicle's manuals.
If you install tire sizes not approved by the manufacturer, an entry in the vehicle
documents may be necessary.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Approved wheel and tire specifications 119n

Tire specifications Steel rim (wheel rim) Light-alloy wheel Snow chains*

You cannot mount snow chains with the
BMW 328i
following tires:
All-Season 225/50 R 16 92 W
205/55 R 16 91 H – 7Jx16 225/50 ZR 16
225/45 ZR 17

Summer tires 245/40 ZR 17
205/55 R 16 91 H – 7Jx16 225/45 R 17 91 W
225/50 R 16 92 H 225/50 R 16 92 Q/T/H
225/50 ZR 16 225/45 R 17 91 Q/T/H

Car care
225/45 R 17 91 H – 8Jx17
Mixed tires
Front: 225/45 ZR 17 – 7.5Jx17
For details concerning tire manufactur-
Rear: 245/40 ZR 17 – 8.5Jx17 ers for mixed tires, refer to the original-
Winter tires equipment specifications.

Technology Repairs
205/55 R 16 91 Q M + S 7Jx16 7Jx16
225/50 R 16 92 Q M + S
225/45 R 17 91 Q M + S – 8Jx17
Space-saver spare tire
T 125/90 R 16 98 M 3.5Bx16 –
Comply with the specifications for tires and wheels in the vehicle's manuals.
If you install tire sizes not approved by the manufacturer, an entry in the vehicle
documents may be necessary.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Do not work on your vehicle

without appropriate skills. Always
switch off the engine and allow it to
cool down before working in the engine
compartment. Always disconnect the
battery before working on any electrical
systems or equipment, especially when
these are located within the engine


compartment. Comply with all applica-
ble instructions and warnings. Failure to
work in an informed, professional man-
ner when servicing components and
materials constitutes a safety hazard
To unlock To open
for vehicle occupants and other road
users. If you are not familiar with the Pull the lever located under the left- Pull the release handle and open the
guidelines, please have the operations hand side of the instrument panel. hood.
performed by your BMW center.<

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Hood 121n


Car care
To close
Allow the hood to drop from a height of
about 12 inches (30 cm) so that it audi-

Technology Repairs
bly engages.

To avoid injuries, be sure that the

travel path of the hood is clear
when it is closed, as with all closing
procedures. If it is determined that the
hood is not completely closed while
driving, stop immediately and close
it securely.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
122nEngine compartment


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Engine compartment 123n

1 Brake fluid reservoir 129

2 Engine oil dipstick 125
3 Coolant expansion tank 128
4 Engine oil filler neck 125
5 Reservoir for the windshield and

headlamp washer system* 124
6 Auxiliary terminal for jump
starting 157

Car care
Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
124nWasher fluids Washer nozzles
Antifreeze agent for the washer Windshield washer
systems is inflammable. For this The spray from the nozzles should be
reason, keep it away from sources of directed so as to ensure effective
flame and store it in its original con- cleaning, even at high speeds. Use a
tainer. Store it so that it is inaccessible needle to adjust the nozzles as re-
to children. Comply with the instruc- quired, or have them adjusted by your
tions on the containers.< BMW center.

Headlamp washer system

Have this system adjusted by your
BMW center as required.

Headlamp* and windshield

washer system
Filling capacity: approx. 5.6 US quarts
(5.3 liters).
Fill with water and – if required – with a
washer antifreeze (according to manu-
facturer's recommendations).

We recommend that you mix the

washer fluid before adding it to
the reservoir.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Engine oil 125n




Car care
Checking the oil level The space between the two marks on To add oil
1 Park the vehicle on a level surface. the dipstick corresponds to approx. Wait until the level has dropped to just
2 Shut the engine off after it has 1.1 US quarts (1 liter). Do not fill beyond above the lower mark before adding oil.
reached normal operating tempera- the upper mark on the dipstick. Excess However, never let the oil drop below

Technology Repairs
ture. oil will damage the engine. the lower mark.
3 After approx. 5 minutes, pull the dip-
stick out and wipe it off with a clean BMW engines are designed to
lint-free cloth, paper towel, or similar operate without oil additives; the
material. use of additives could lead to damage
4 Push the dipstick all the way into the in some cases. This also applies for the
guide tube and pull it out again. manual transmission, automatic trans-
5 The oil level should be between the mission, differential and the power
two graduations on the dipstick. steering system.<
As with fuel economy, oil consumption

is directly influenced by your driving
style and vehicle operating conditions.

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126nEngine oil
Specified engine oils Viscosity ratings
The quality of the engine oil is ex- Viscosity is the oil flow rating as estab-
tremely important for the function and lished in SAE classes.
life of an engine. Based on extensive The selection of the correct SAE class
testing, BMW has approved only cer- depends on the climatic conditions in
tain types of engine oils. the area where you drive your BMW.
Use only approved "BMW High Perfor- BMW recommends the use of oils in
mance Synthetic Oil." SAE classes SAE 0W-X or SAE 5W-X
If you are unable to obtain "BMW High ("X" stands for a typical value such as
Performance Synthetic Oil," you may 30, 40, or 50).
use small volumes of other approved These oils may be used for driving in all
synthetic oils for topping up between oil ambient temperatures.
changes. Use only oils with the specifi-
cation API SH or higher.

Ask your BMW center for details

concerning the specific "BMW
High Performance Synthetic Oil" or
other synthetic oils that have been

You can also call BMW of North Amer-

ica at 1-800-831-1117 or visit this web-
site: to obtain this

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Engine oil 127n

Always comply with all environ-

mental protection guidelines and
regulations when disposing of used

Recommendation: Have the oil

changed by your BMW center only.

Continuous exposure to used oil

has caused cancer in laboratory

Car care
For this reason, thoroughly wash any
areas of skin that come into contact
with oil using soap and water.
Always store oils, grease and similar
materials so that they are inaccessible

Technology Repairs
to children. Comply with warning labels
and information on containers.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Do not add coolant to the cooling Add coolant

system when the engine is hot. If Wait until the engine cools before re-
you attempt to do so, escaping coolant moving the cap from the expansion
can cause burns. tank. The needle of the coolant gauge
To avoid the possibility of damage later in the instrument cluster must be lo-
on, never use anything other than fac- cated in the blue zone. If it is not, there
tory-approved, nitrite and amino-free is a danger of scalding.
extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion

1 Turn the cap slightly counterclock-
inhibitor. Your BMW center is familiar
wise in order to allow accumulated
with the official specifications.
pressure to escape. Then open.
Antifreeze and anticorrosion agents are
2 If the coolant is low, slowly add
hazardous to health. You should always
coolant until the correct level is
store them in their original container Checking coolant level reached – do not overfill.
and in a location that is inaccessible to
Correct coolant level when the engine The coolant is a mixture of water and
children. Extended-duty antifreeze with
is cold (approx. 68 7 or 20 6): extended-duty antifreeze with corrosion
corrosion inhibitor contains ethylene
glycol, a flammable substance. For this Unscrew the cap from the expansion inhibitor. Always maintain the pre-
reason, do not spill antifreeze with cor- tank. scribed all-season 50:50 mixture ratio
rosion inhibitor on hot engine parts. It The coolant level is correct when the for year-round protection against inter-
could ignite and cause serious burns.< end of the red float is aligned with the nal corrosion. No other additives are
upper edge of the filler opening (refer required.
Comply with the applicable envi- to the arrow in the illustration), or max. Replace the coolant every four years.
ronmental laws regulating the dis- 0.8 in (2 cm) higher, that is up to the
posal of extended-duty antifreeze with second mark on the float (see also the
corrosion inhibitor.< schematic diagram next to the filler

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Brake fluid 129n

Brake fluid is hygroscopic, that is,

it absorbs moisture from the air
over time.
In order to ensure the safety and reli-
ability of the brake system, have the
brake fluid changed every two years by

a BMW center. Refer also to page 154
and to the Service and Warranty Infor-

mation Booklet (US models) or War-

ranty and Service Guide Booklet
(Canadian models).

Car care
Brake fluid is toxic and damages the
If the brake warning lamp comes on vehicle's paint. You should always store
and the parking brake has been re- it in its original container and in a loca-
leased: tion that is inaccessible to children.
Check the brake fluid level and if nec- Do not spill the fluid and do not fill the

Technology Repairs
essary, fill it back up to the top mark. brake fluid reservoir beyond the "MAX"
mark. The brake fluid could ignite upon
For adding brake fluid or for determin- contact with hot engine parts and
ing and correcting the cause of brake cause serious burns.<
fluid loss, consult your BMW center.
Your BMW center is familiar with the Comply with the applicable envi-
specifications for factory-approved ronmental laws regulating the dis-
brake fluids (DOT 4). posal of brake fluid.<
Brake fluid loss can result in extended
pedal travel. Comply with the informa-
tion provided on page 109.

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130nVehicle Identification Number


In the engine compartment, on the

right-hand strut dome (arrow).

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The BMW Maintenance System 131n

Service Interval Display Service and Warranty Information

Advanced technology is employed to Booklet (US models) /
calculate the optimal maintenance in- Warranty and Service Guide
tervals. These are then indicated in the Booklet (Canadian models)
Service Interval Display. While conven- Please refer to the Service and War-
tional systems rely on distance traveled ranty Information Booklet (US models)

alone to determine when service is due, or Warranty and Service Guide Booklet

the BMW Maintenance System has for (Canadian models) for additional infor-
years considered the actual conditions mation on maintenance intervals and
under which the vehicle operates, be- procedures.
cause miles can be traveled in many

Car care
As a precaution against rust, it might be
different ways. a good idea to have the body checked
The BMW Maintenance System has From the point of view of maintenance, for damage from rocks or gravel at the
been designed as a reliable means of 62,000 miles (100,000 km) accumulated same time, depending upon operating
providing maximum driving and operat- in short-distance urban driving are not conditions.
ing safety – and as cost-effectively as the equivalent of the same distance

Technology Repairs
possible for you. Technical innovations covered at moderate speeds in long- Have your BMW center perform
have made it possible to reduce main- distance highway travel. maintenance and repair.
tenance costs significantly compared to The BMW Maintenance System in- Your BMW center is always informed on
earlier models. cludes the Engine Oil Service and In- the latest maintenance work and repair
Please keep in mind that regular main- spections I and II. techniques and equipped with the re-
tenance is not only necessary for the Determining the maintenance intervals quired special tools. In addition, check-
safety of your vehicle, but also plays a according to the actual use of the car ing parts known from experience to be
significant role in maintaining the resale covers every kind of operating situation. subject to wear is a permanent part of
value of the vehicle. Minimal use drivers – those who drive the maintenance specifications.
significantly less than 6,000 miles Be sure that all maintenance work is

(10,000 km) per year – should neverthe- confirmed in the Service and Warranty
less have the oil changed at least every Information Booklet (US models) or War-
two years, since engine oil ages regard- ranty and Service Guide Booklet (Cana-
less of use. dian models). These entries are your

verification for the regular maintenance
of your vehicle and are required for the
performance of warranty repairs.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

132nCaring for your car
Washing your car Vehicles with rain sensor*: When cleaning the headlamps,
You can have your BMW washed in Clean the windshield regularly. Wax please observe the following:
an automatic car wash, even when it from automatic car washes or insects > Do not clean by wiping with a dry
is new. Car wash systems that do not can cause malfunctions in the function cloth (this causes scratches). Never
employ brushes are preferable. of the rain sensor*. use abrasives or strong solvents.
Wipe away tough dirt and loosen and > Remove dirt and contamination (such
Turn the rain sensor* off (refer to as insects) by soaking with BMW Car
remove dead insects before washing
page 69) when passing through an Shampoo and then rinsing with plenty
the car.
automatic car wash. Failure to do so of water.
In order to avoid spots, do not wash the could result in damage caused by unin- > Always use a deicer spray to remove
vehicle when the hood is warm, or dur- tended wiper activation.< accumulated ice and snow – never
ing or immediately after exposure to
use a scraper.<
strong sunlight. Parts of the car that are inaccessible to
When using an automatic car wash, be the automatic washer – such as door After washing the car, apply the
sure that: sills, door and hood edges, etc. – brakes briefly to dry them. Braking
should be cleaned by hand. efficiency might otherwise be reduced
> The car wash system is suited for the
dimensions of your vehicle. In the winter months, it is especially by the moisture and the brake rotors
> No damage will occur on vehicles important to be sure that the car is could also be corroded.<
with attached body accessories (such washed on a regular basis. Large quan-
as spoilers or antennas). Consult the tities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
car wash operator if necessary. remove, and they also cause damage
> The wheels and tires of your vehicle to the vehicle.
cannot be damaged by the convey-
ance devices of the car wash system. If spray wands or high-pressure
> The vehicle is cleaned with minimum washers are used, be sure to
brush pressure, and that ample water maintain an adequate distance between
is available for washing and rinsing. the spray source and the vehicle's sur-
face. Inadequate distance and exces-
sive pressure can damage or weaken
the finish, making it more susceptible to
subsequent attack. In addition, mois-
ture could penetrate to vehicle compo-
nents, leading to long-term damage.<

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Caring for your car 133n

Exterior finish gravel, etc., can cause corrosion to Caring for the vehicle finish

To provide effective corrosion protec- start extending beneath the finish, start- Regular washing is a preventive mea-
tion, multilayer paintwork is applied at ing at the point of impact. sure against long-term effects from
the factory. Cataphoretic immersion Road dirt, tar spots, dead insects, ani- substances that are harmful to the vehi-
priming techniques are supplemented mal droppings (strong alkali effect) and cle's finish, especially if you drive your
using special body-cavity protectants, tree excretions (resins and pollen) all vehicle in areas with high levels of air

with the application of specially-devel- contain substances capable of causing pollution or aggressive natural sub-
oped and extensively tested materials. damage when allowed to remain on the stances (tree resins, pollen).
A layer of flexible PVC is first applied finish of your vehicle for any period of Nevertheless, you should immediately
to the undercarriage. Following this, a time. This includes spots, etching, flak- remove especially aggressive sub-
comprehensive undercoating treat- ing, and separations in the top coat.

Car care
stances. Failure to do so can lead to
ment with a wax-based protectant is In industrial areas, deposits of flue dust, changes in the paint's chemical struc-
applied. Regular maintenance makes lime, oily soot, precipitation containing ture or to discoloration. Gasoline spilled
an important contribution to maintaining sulfur-dioxide (acid rain) and other envi- during refueling, oil, grease and brake
the safety and value of your vehicle. ronmental pollutants will damage the fluid should always be cleaned away

Technology Repairs
Increasing awareness of the effects of car's finish unless adequate care is pro- immediately, as should bird droppings.
harmful environmental factors on vehi- vided – even though this is generally Any contamination remaining on the
cle finishes have urged paint and vehi- limited to the outside horizontal sur- surface of the vehicle will be especially
cle manufacturers to initiate ongoing faces. conspicuous after washing. Use clean-
programs designed to further improve In coastal regions, high levels of atmo- ing fluid or alcohol with a clean cloth or
the durability of their finishes. Despite spheric salt and humidity promote cor- cotton pad to remove. Remove tar spots
this, environmental factors that occur rosion. with tar remover. After cleaning, the
locally or regionally can have negative affected areas should be waxed to
In tropical zones, temperatures of over
effects on the finish of your vehicle. ensure continued protection.
105 7 (40 6) in the shade prevail, in
These should guide you in determining
addition to heavy ultraviolet radiation
the frequency and extent of your efforts Use cleaning and car-care
and high humidity. Under those condi-

to maintain the vehicle finish. products that you can obtain at
tions, light paints can reach tempera-
Depending upon material and type of tures up to 175 7 (80 6) and dark your BMW center.<
impact (perforation of paint layer), phys- paints up to 250 7 (120 6).
ical stresses from sand, road salt,

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134nCaring for your car
Waxing your car Paint damage Caring for other vehicle
Protect the finish using carnauba or You can touch up small areas of paint components and materials
synthetic-based waxes only. damage with a BMW spray paint or a Light-alloy wheels should be treated
The best way to determine when the BMW touchup stick. with alloy wheel cleaner, especially dur-
finish needs to be waxed is by noting The paint color code for your car is pro- ing the winter months. However, do not
when water stops beading on the sur- vided on a sticker located next to the use aggressive products containing
face. type plate and on the first page of your acids, strong alkalis or abrasives. Do
Service and Warranty Information not use steam cleaners operating at
You can use a glass cleaner to remove
Booklet (US models) or Warranty and temperatures above 140 7 (60 6).
any wax or silicone that may have been
left on the windows during waxing. Service Guide Booklet (Canadian mod- Follow the manufacturer's instructions.
els). If your vehicle has chrome parts * such
Use cleaning and car-care Damage caused by flying stones, as the window frames and door handles,
products that you can obtain at scratches, etc., must be touched up clean these parts carefully with ample
your BMW center.< without delay to prevent rust from form- clean water and a shampoo supplement
ing. if desired, especially if they have an
accumulation of road salt. Use chrome
If corrosion has started to form in an
polish as an additional treatment.
area with paint damage, remove all rust
and clean the area. Then prime the area You can use window and glass cleaner
with a BMW Primer Stick. Finally, apply to clean inside window surfaces and
the finish coat. Wait a few days, then mirrors without smearing and streaking.
polish the repaired area. Finish by Never use polishing pastes or abrasive
applying a wax preservative. (quartz) cleansers on mirror lenses.
More extensive paint damage should
be professionally repaired in accor-
dance with the manufacturer's instruc-
tions. Your BMW center uses original
BMW finish materials in accordance
with official repair procedures.

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Caring for your car 135n

Plastic components, vinyl upholstery, After cleaning, never allow the inertia Care of upholstery materials

headliners, lamp lenses, the clear cover reel to retract the belts until they are Depressions in the upholstery that re-
of the instrument panel and compo- completely dry. Dirty safety belts pre- sult from everyday use can be brushed
nents with a sprayed dull black surface vent the inertia reel mechanism from smooth by brushing against the nap
can be cleaned with water (add plastic retracting the strap properly, and thus with a lightly dampened brush.
shampoo as required). Do not allow constitute a safety hazard.
The tendency of the pile to lie in a par-

moisture to soak through the seats or Heavily soiled floor carpets and mats * ticular direction on velour upholstery is
headliner. Never use solvents such as can be cleaned with an interior cleaner. not a quality defect. Just as with home
lacquer thinner, heavy-duty grease re- The floor mats can be removed from textiles or clothing, this cannot be
mover, fuels, or similar substances. the vehicle for cleaning. avoided.
Rubber components should be cleaned

Car care
Use only a damp cloth to clean trim Lint on upholstery materials, rubbed-in
with water only; a rubber treatment or panels made of real wood* and other fabric or suede residues can be re-
silicone spray may also be applied. parts constructed of real wood *. Follow moved with a lint brush or Velcro®
Clean the wiper blades with soapy up by drying with a soft cloth. brush. A cleaning glove is available for
water. The wiper blades should be re- especially "stubborn" lint. Stains and

Technology Repairs
placed twice a year – before and after Use cleaning and car-care fairly large areas of dirt should be
the cold season. This is especially im- products that you can obtain at cleaned off without delay, using luke-
portant for vehicles with a rain sensor *. your BMW center.< warm water and an interior cleaner,
stain remover or appropriate cleaning
Use only wiper blades approved fluid. Brush the fabric afterwards to re-
by BMW.< store its appearance.
If the vehicle will be stored for an ex-
Do not remove safety belts to clean
tended period or if it is exposed to in-
them. Clean them with mild soapy
tense sunlight, cover all the seats or the
water only. Do not use chemicals or dry
windows to prevent fading.
cleaners to clean safety belts, since this

could damage the belt fabric.
Use cleaning and car-care
products that you can obtain at
your BMW center.<

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136nCaring for your car
The buildup of an electrostatic charge For cleaning, use BMW leather cleaning Cleaning agents can contain sub-
on the seat covers, particularly if atmo- foam. stances that are dangerous or that
spheric humidity is low, can give the Since dirt and grease gradually attack pose health risks. For this reason, al-
occupants an unpleasant electric shock the protective layer of the leather, the ways comply with the warnings and
if they touch metal body parts after leav- cleaned surfaces should be treated danger notices on the packaging.
ing the vehicle. Although this not dan- with BMW leather care agent. This also Open the doors or windows on your ve-
gerous in any way, it can be avoided by acts as an antistatic agent. hicle when cleaning the interior. Never
touching a bare or polished metal part clean your vehicle with solvents or other
For protection against dampness or
of the car while getting out. materials not specifically intended for
moisture, treat the leather with a BMW
this purpose.<
impregnating agent.
Leather care
We recommend that you perform this
The leather upholstery* used by BMW
procedure twice a year on leather ex-
is a natural product of the highest qual-
posed to normal use.
ity, processed using state-of-the-art
methods to ensure that it will maintain Spills should be wiped up immediately.
its high quality for years to come, pro- Remove grease and oil stains without
vided that it is properly cared for. rubbing, but rather by dabbing with
spot remover.
Because this product is manufactured
using natural materials, you must make If the upholstery will be exposed to in-
allowance for its special characteristics tense sunlight, or if the vehicle is to be
and for the peculiarities of its use and stored for an extended period, cover all
care. leather surfaces to prevent fading (or
better yet, cover the windows).
Regular periodic cleaning and care are
essential, as dust and road dirt act as
Use cleaning and car-care
abrasives in the pores and creases of
products that you can obtain at
the material. This leads to wear spots
your BMW center.<
and premature brittleness on the sur-
face of the leather. We therefore sug-
gest that you clean the leather with a
vacuum cleaner or cloth at frequent

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Airbags Vehicle storage 137n

Do not modify or tamper with either the Consult your BMW center regarding

wiring or the individual components in special procedures if you intend to
the airbag system. These include the store the vehicle for more than three
padded steering wheel hub, the instru- months.
ment panel, the side trim panels of the
front or rear doors and the roof pillars or

the sides of the headliner. Do not apply
adhesive materials to these compo-

nents or cover or modify them in any

way. Do not attempt to remove or dis-
mantle the steering wheel.

Car care
To ensure compliance with official
1 Front airbags for driver and passen- safety regulations, have an BMW center
ger dispose of airbag generators.
Unprofessional attempts to service the
2 Side impact Head Protection System system could lead to failure in an emer-

Technology Repairs
(front) gency or undesired airbag activation,
3 Side airbags (front and rear*) either of which could result in personal
Important safety notices
Don't remove the airbag restraint
system's gas generator. Testing
and servicing must be performed by
trained technicians only. In the event of
a malfunction, deactivation, or triggered
actuation (as a response to an accident)

of the airbag restraint system, consult
your BMW center for repairs or service

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138nTechnical modifications to the vehicle
Any BMW center will be glad to inform Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
you of the advisability, legal require- Light-emitting diodes installed behind
ments and factory recommendations translucent lenses serve as the light
regarding technical modifications on source for many of the controls and dis-
your vehicle. For this purpose, the plays in your vehicle. These LEDs re-
BMW center will require the Vehicle semble conventional lasers and are
Identification Number and, in some classified by law as "Class 1 light-emit-
cases, also the engine number. ting diodes."

Do not remove the protective lens

and avoid staring directly at the
unfiltered beam for extended periods
(several hours). To do so could result in
inflammation of the iris.<

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OBD interface socket 139n

An illuminated indicator informs you of

the need for service, not that you need
to stop the vehicle. Your system should
be checked, however, at the earliest
possible opportunity.
If the indicator blinks or flashes, this

indicates a high level of engine misfire.

Reduce speed and contact your near-

est BMW center immediately. Severe
engine misfire over even a short period
of time can seriously damage emission

Car care
control components, especially the cat-
alytic converter.
The OBD interface socket for onboard
diagnostics is located on the driver's If the fuel filler cap is not on tight
side at the left-hand bottom of the in- enough, the OBD system can detect

Technology Repairs
strument panel and under a cover. The leaking vapor and the indicator will light
cover has the letters "OBD" on it. up. If the fuel filler cap is then tightened,
the indicator will usually go out after a
The purpose of the OBD system is to
short period of time.
assure proper emission control system
operation for the vehicle's lifetime by
monitoring emission-related compo-
nents and systems for deterioration and

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Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Replacement procedures: Overview

Onboard tool kit 142
Windshield wiper blades 142
Lamps and bulbs 142
Changing a wheel 149
Battery 152 Controls and features

Fuses 154
Microfilter 155
In case of electrical
malfunction: Operation, care

Car care
Fuel filler door 156
Sliding/Tilt sunroof 156 and maintenance
Assistance, giving and
receiving: Owner service procedures
Jump-starting 157

Technology Repairs
Towing the vehicle 158

Advanced technology

Technical data


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
142nOnboard tool kit Windshield wiper blades Lamps and bulbs
The lamps and bulbs are essential fac-
tors contributing to the safety of your
vehicle. For this reason, follow the in-
structions below carefully when replac-
ing a bulb.If you are not familiar with
any of the procedures, consult your
BMW center.

Do not touch the glass portion of
a new bulb with your bare hands
since even small amounts of impurities
burn in to the surface and reduce the
The onboard tool kit is located in the 1 Rotate the wiper arm completely out service life of the bulb. Use a clean
luggage compartment lid. from the windshield. cloth, paper napkin, or a similar mate-
2 Position the wiper blade at an angle rial, or hold the bulb by its metallic
Loosen the wingnut to open. base.<
and pull the release spring (arrow).
3 Fold the wiper blade down and un-
hook it toward the windshield. A replacement bulb set is available from
4 Pull the wiper blade past the wiper your BMW center.
arm toward the top.
5 Insert a new wiper blade and apply Whenever working on the electri-
pressure until you hear it engage. cal system, switch off the electri-
cal accessory you are working on or
Use only wiper blades approved disconnect the cable from the negative
by BMW.< terminal of the battery. Failure to do this
could result in short circuits.
To prevent injuries and damage, com-
ply with any instructions provided by
the bulb manufacturer.<

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Lamps and bulbs 143n

When cleaning the headlamps, Xenon lamps*

please observe the following: The service life of these bulbs is very
> Do not clean by wiping with a dry long and the probability of a failure is
cloth (this causes scratches). Never very low, provided that they are not
use abrasives or strong solvents to switched on and off an unusual number
clean the covers. of times. If one of these bulbs should

> Remove dirt and contamination (such nevertheless fail, it is possible to con-

as insects) by soaking with BMW Car tinue driving with great caution using
Shampoo and then rinsing with plenty the front fog lamps, provided traffic
of water. laws in your area do not prohibit this.
> Always use a deicer spray to remove

Car care
accumulated ice and snow – never Because of the extremely high
The illustration shows the left-hand side use a scraper.< voltages involved, any work on the
of the engine compartment. lighting system should be performed
only by technicians with the appropriate
1 Low beams qualifications. Failure to comply with

Technology Repairs
H7, 55 watt bulb this creates a risk of fatal injury.<

2 High beams
H7, 55 watt bulb

The H7 bulb is pressurized. There-

fore, wear safety glasses and pro-
tective gloves. Failure to comply with
this precaution could lead to injury if the
bulb is accidentally damaged during re-


1 Turn the bulb holder to the left and

remove it.

2 Remove and replace the bulb.

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144nLamps and bulbs



The illustration shows the left-hand side Front turn signal indicator 4 Insert the 2 pins on the lamp into the
of the engine compartment. 21 watt bulb guides on the vehicle.
5 Guide the lamp into position. Apply
1 Using a screwdriver, release the inner
Parking lamps hook through the upper opening.
gentle pressure until you hear it en-
5 watt bulb gage.
2 Pull the lamp toward the front.
1 Turn the bulb holder to the left (arrow) 3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
and remove it. to the left. Remove and exchange the
2 Remove and replace the bulb. bulb.

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Lamps and bulbs 145n




Car care
Side turn signal indicator* Front fog lamps Tail lamps
5 watt bulb HB4, 55 watt bulb Tail lamps (4): bulbs 21/4 watts
1 Use finger pressure against the rear Remaining bulbs: 21 watts
The bulb is pressurized. There-

Technology Repairs
end of the lens (arrow) to press it for- 1 Turn signal indicator yellow
ward for removal. fore, wear safety glasses and pro-
2 Backup lamps white
2 Apply gentle pressure to the bulb tective gloves. Failure to comply with
this precaution could lead to injury if the 3 Tail lamp red
while turning it to the left to remove.
bulb is accidentally damaged during re- 4 Tail lamps/Brake lamps red

1 Using a screwdriver, carefully loosen

the lamp.
2 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
to the left. Remove and exchange the


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
146nLamps and bulbs



The illustration shows the right-hand Bulbs in the luggage compartment lid: 2 Fold the trim panel down (arrow 1).
luggage compartment opening. 1 Using a screwdriver, loosen the two Disengage the bulb holder (arrow 2)
Bulbs in the fender: clips. and remove it.
3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
All of the bulbs are integrated in a cen-
to the left. Remove and exchange the
tral bulb holder.
1 Release the bulb holder (arrow, par- 4 Press the bulb holder into position
tial view) and remove. until you hear it engage.
2 Unplug the power supply receptacle. 5 Reinstall the trim with the two clips.
Set the bulb holder aside (on the
luggage compartment floor, for ex-
3 Applying light pressure, turn the bulb
to the left. Remove and exchange the
4 Plug in the power supply receptacle.
5 Position the bulb holder for reinstalla-
tion. Apply gentle pressure on the
button (arrow, partial view) until you
hear it engage.

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Lamps and bulbs 147n




Car care
Center (high-mount) brake lamp License plate lamps Interior lamps
LED light bar on the rear window. 5 watt bulb Front
Please contact a BMW center in the 1 Place a screwdriver in the slot and The illustration provides an example of

Technology Repairs
event of a malfunction. press toward the left (arrow) to re- the interior lamps when equipped with
lease the lens. reading lamps*.
2 Replace the bulb.
Interior lamps (2 x 5 watt bulbs)
1 Using a screwdriver, press the lamp
out toward the front.
2 Remove the lens and pull the bulb
out of the contact studs.
Interior lamps (6 watt bulb) with reading
lamps* (2 x 6 watt bulbs)
1 Using a screwdriver, press the lamp

out toward the front.
2 Turn the bulb holder to the left and
3 Remove and replace the bulb.

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148nLamps and bulbs
Footwell lamps*
5 watt bulb
1 Press the lamp out using a screw-
2 Replace the bulb.

Glove compartment lamp


5 watt bulb
1 Press the lamp out using a screw-
2 Replace the bulb.
Rear Lighted vanity mirror*
Luggage compartment lamps
The illustration provides an example of 10 watt bulb
the interior lamps when equipped with One lamp each in the bulb holder of the
1 Remove the bulb housing – use a
reading lamps*. tail lamp assembly: 10 watt bulb.
screwdriver if necessary.
Interior lamps (5 watt bulb) 2 Replace the bulb. 1 Apply a screwdriver to the recess and
remove the lens.
1 Using a screwdriver, press the lamp 2 Replace the bulb.
out toward the front.
2 Turn the bulb holder to the left and
3 Remove and replace the bulb.
Interior lamps (6 watt bulb) with reading
lamp* (6 watt bulb)
1 Press the lamp out using a screw-
2 Turn the bulb holder to the left and
3 Remove and replace the bulb.

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Changing a wheel 149n

Take these precautionary mea- support capacity because of the limited

sures if you have either a flat tire height.
or are changing the tire. Do not lie under the vehicle or start the
Stop the vehicle as far as possible from engine when the vehicle is supported
passing traffic. Park on a firm, flat sur- by the jack. Failure to comply with this
face. Switch on the hazard flashers. creates a risk of fatal injury.<

Turn the steering wheel to the straight-
ahead position, remove the key and en- Your BMW has either a spare wheel * or

gage the steering lock. Shift into 1st or a space-saver spare tire* for temporary
reverse (selector lever in "Park" with use and to ensure your mobility.
automatic) and engage the parking

Car care
brake. To remove the spare wheel*,
Have all passengers leave the car and lift the floor panel in the luggage You will the need the following:
remain well away from your immediate compartment completely out (refer to
In order to avoid rattling noises later,
working area (behind a guardrail, for in- page 41).<
note the position of the tools when you
remove them and return them to their

Technology Repairs
If a warning triangle or portable hazard
original position when you are through
warning lamp is available, set it up on
using them.
the roadside at an appropriate distance
from the rear of the vehicle. Comply > Jack (1)
with all applicable safety guidelines and Raise the floor panel in the luggage
regulations. compartment (refer to page 41) and
Change the wheel only on a level, firm loosen the red wing nut (arrow).
surface that is not slippery. Avoid jack- When you have completed work,
ing the car on a soft or slippery support screw the jack all the way back
surface (snow, ice, loose gravel, etc.), down. Fold the handle back and in-
as it could slide sideways. sert it in its holder.

Position the jack on a firm support sur- > Wedge (2)
face. The wedge, or wheel chock, is lo-
Do not place wooden blocks or similar cated behind the jack on the luggage
objects under the jack. If you do so, the compartment's rear wall. Loosen the

jack might not be able to reach its full wing nut to remove it.

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150nChanging a wheel



> Spare tire* or space-saver spare tire* Procedure 4 Loosen the lug bolts 1/2 turn.
Located next to the jack. 1 Read and comply with the safety 5 Position the jack at the jacking point
Loosen the wing nut (arrow) by hand, precautions provided on the previ- closest to the flat tire (refer to the
remove the storage tray and take out ous page. center illustration) so that the jack
the spare wheel. 2 Secure the vehicle from rolling: base is vertically below the jacking
> Lug wrench – is in the onboard tool Place the wedge against the rear point and the entire surface of the
kit on the underside of the luggage surface of the front tire on the side head of the jack will move into the
compartment lid (refer to page 142). opposite the side being raised. If square recess of the jacking point
the vehicle is parked on a down- (refer to the illustration detail) when
ward slope, place the wedge se- the jack is cranked.
curely in front of the tire. If the 6 Jack the car up until the wheel you
wheel must be changed on a sur- are changing is raised from the
face with a more severe slope, take ground.
additional precautions to secure the 7 Unscrew the lug bolts and remove
vehicle from rolling. the wheel.
3 If your wheels are equipped with full 8 Remove accumulations of mud or
wheel covers*: Reach into the ven- dirt from the mounting surfaces of
tilation openings and pull the cover the wheel and hub; clean the lug
off. bolts.

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Changing a wheel 151n

The vehicle jack is designed for

changing wheels only. Do not at-
tempt to raise another vehicle model
with it or to raise any load of any kind.
To do so could cause accidents and
personal injury.

Have the lug bolts checked for proper
tightness with a calibrated torque

wrench at the earliest possibility [torque
specification: 72 lb.ft. (100 Nm)].<

Car care
When storing the wheel, be sure that
9 Position the new wheel or the 13 Wheels with full wheel covers: you do not damage the retaining pin in
space-saver spare tire* on the hub Position the wheel cover with the the spare tire recess.
and screw at least two lug bolts fin- valve opening over the valve (arrow) If light-alloy wheels other than Original
ger-tight into opposite bolt holes. and press it onto the wheel with BMW light-alloy wheels have been

Technology Repairs
10 Screw in the remaining lug bolts. both hands. mounted, it may be necessary to use
Tighten all the bolts securely. 14 Check and correct the tire's inflation different lug bolts for those wheels.
11 Lower the jack and remove it from pressure at the earliest possibility. Replace the defective tire as quickly as
beneath the car. For vehicles with RDC (Tire Pres- possible and have the new wheel bal-
12 Tighten the lug bolts in a diagonal sure Control)*: anced.
pattern. Reactivate the system after mount-
ing either the spare tire or after in-
flating tire(s) to proper pressure.
Refer to page 80.

Use only the full wheel cover in-
stalled by the factory. Other wheel
covers may not fit securely. The full
wheel cover may not be installed on the
space-saver spare tire* since this could

damage the cover.<

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152nChanging a wheel Battery
Driving with the space-saver
spare tire*
Drive cautiously and do not exceed a
speed of 45 mph (80 km/h).
Be aware that vehicle handling will be
altered. Slower brake response time,
longer braking distances and changed


steering characteristics may be antici-
pated when approaching limit condi-
The changes in handling characteristics
will be even more pronounced in con-
Battery location Charge condition
junction with winter tires.
The battery is located at the right-rear The "Magic Eye*" is a hydrometer that
Only one space-saver spare tire of the luggage compartment. Raise the allows you to read the charge condition
may be mounted at one time. luggage compartment floor panel (refer of the battery:
Mount a wheel and tire with the same to page 41). Use a screwdriver or a coin > Green: adequate charge.
size and specifications as the others at to loosen the two fasteners in the illus- > Black: not adequately charged. The
the earliest possible opportunity. Main- tration 1/4-turn. Loosen the third fas- battery must be recharged. Please
tain correct tire pressures. Refer to tener in the upper-center side trim contact your BMW center for addi-
page 28.< panel. Remove the fasteners. In order tional information.
to remove the storage tray, slide the > Yellow: Replace the battery.
side trim panel slightly upward.
The service life specified for the
battery can be achieved only if it is
always kept adequately charged. If the
vehicle is primarily used for stop-and-
go traffic, be sure to check the charge
state often.<

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Battery 153n

Battery care Do not allow children access to Removal and installation

The battery is absolutely maintenance- batteries and battery acid.
free, that is, the original electrolyte will Do not disconnect the battery
normally last for the service life of the Never allow sparks or open when the engine is running. If you
battery under moderate climatic condi- flame in the vicinity of the bat- do so, the ensuing voltage surge will
tions. tery. Avoid sparks from electri- damage the vehicle's onboard electron-

cal cables or electrical equipment. Turn ics.
For all questions that regard the the key to position 0 in the steering lock Do not make any modifications in the
battery, please consult your BMW when disconnecting or connecting the wires to the positive terminal. If you do
center. Since the battery is mainte- battery. Do not short-circuit the battery so, the protective function of the safety
nance-free, the following is for your terminals. This creates a risk of injury battery terminal is no longer ensured.

Car care
information only.< from high-energy sparks. Repair and disposal must be performed
by trained technicians only.<
A highly-explosive gas is gener-
Symbols ated when the battery is charged.
When removing the battery, disconnect
You will find the following symbols on
the cable on the negative terminal first,

Technology Repairs
your car battery. To avoid injury, please If battery acid is splashed into then the cable on the positive terminal.
comply with the corresponding precau- your eyes, rinse them thor- Loosen the center adjusting screw on
tions whenever you work with or near oughly with clear water for at the battery retaining strap (use the
the battery. least 15 minutes. Consult a physician screwdriver included with the onboard
Before handling the battery, immediately. If your skin or clothing are tool kit) and disconnect the strap.
please read the following infor- splashed by acid, rinse immediately
When installing a battery, connect the
mation. with ample clear water. If electrolyte is
positive terminal first, then connect the
Wear eye protection. Do not accidentally swallowed, consult a phy-
negative terminal.
allow particles containing bat- sician immediately.
tery acid or lead to come into In order to protect the battery When installing a battery, be sure
contact with your eyes, your skin, or case from ultraviolet radiation,

that it is mounted properly and
your clothing. do not place it in direct sunlight. that the retaining bracket is installed
Battery acid is extremely corro- A discharged battery can freeze. Store with the center adjustment screw. If this
sive. Wear eye protection and the battery in areas where temperature is not done, the battery will not be ade-
protective gloves. Do not tip the remains above freezing. quately secured in case of an acci-

battery. Battery acid can leak from the dent.<
ventilation openings.

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154nBattery Fuses
Charging the battery Storage periods during which the
Charge the battery in the vehicle only battery is disconnected are not
when the engine is not running. taken into consideration by the Service
Interval Display for changing the brake
Before doing any work on the elec- fluid.
trical system, be sure to unclamp For this reason, be sure that the brake
the cable from the battery's negative fluid is changed every two years, re-
gardless of the information displayed.

terminal. Failure to do so can result in
short-circuits, a fire or personal injury.< Read and comply with the information
on page 129 covering this subject.<
If the vehicle is to be parked longer than
four weeks, disconnect the battery from
the vehicle's electrical system by dis- If an electrical accessory should fail,
connecting the negative terminal cable switch it off and check the fuse.
and then recharge using a suitable
charging device. In the glove compartment
If you intend to store your car for longer 1 Open the glove compartment and
than twelve weeks: Remove the battery, turn the two white quick-release fas-
charge it and store it in a cool (but frost- teners outward. Spare fuses and
and dust-free) room. Every three months plastic tweezers are located on the
and before reinstalling the battery, have fuse holder.
it recharged. If it is not recharged, it will 2 Use the plastic tweezers to remove
not be serviceable. Every time the bat- the fuse for the accessory or equip-
tery is discharged, especially over ex- ment that has stopped working.
tended periods, its service life is re- 3 If the fuse is burned through (the
duced. metal strip is melted and separated),
replace it with a new fuse of the same
Return used batteries to a recy- ampere rating (color code).
cling center or your BMW center.
Maintain the battery in an upright posi-
tion for transport and storage. Secure
the battery to prevent it from tilting dur-
ing transport.<

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Fuses Microfilter 155n

The fuses, their respective ampere rat-

ings and the equipment in their circuits
are all indicated below the fuse holder.
To close the fuse holder, snap it into
position at the top and turn the two fas-
teners inward.


Do not attempt to repair a burned
fuse or replace it with a fuse hav-
ing a different color or amperage rating.
To do this could cause a fire in the vehi-

Car care
cle resulting from a circuit overload.<
1 Open the hood. 4 Remove the filter by pulling it for-
If a fuse blows repeatedly, refer the 2 Loosen the three fasteners (arrow) ward. Install the new filter.
problem to your BMW center for repair. with a 1/4-turn. 5 Position the filter cover and secure it
3 Remove the filter cover. with the three fasteners.

Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
156nFuel filler door Sliding/Tilt sunroof*


Manual release Manual operation
Pull the knob with the fuel pump symbol 1 Remove the interior lamp (refer to
(arrow) on the right trim panel of the page 147), reach into the opening
luggage compartment. and push the panel out.
2 Turn the sunroof's steel crank with
the Allen wrench from the onboard
tool kit (refer to page 142) in the de-
sired direction.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Jump-starting 157n

Do not use spray starter fluids. 6 Start the engine of the support vehi-

If the battery is discharged, the engine cle and let it run.
can be started with the use of two 7 Start the engine on the vehicle need-
jumper cables and the battery of an- ing the jump-start, and allow it to run
other vehicle. Use only jumper cables as usual. If the first start attempt is
with fully insulated grips on the terminal not successful, wait a few minutes

clamps. before another attempt in order to
allow the discharged battery to re-

Do not touch the parts conducting charge.
electrical current while the engine 8 Before disconnecting the jumper ca-
is running. Failure to comply with this bles from your BMW, turn on the rear

Car care
creates a risk of fatal injury.< window defroster and set the blower
gine compartment. The cover of the to the highest speed; allow the en-
Carefully comply with the following in- positive terminal connector is marked gine to run approx. 10 seconds. This
structions to avoid personal injury or with a "+" sign. Refer to the illustra- will prevent a voltage surge from the
damage to one or both vehicles: tion. Remove by pulling the tab voltage regulator to the electrical ac-

Technology Repairs
(arrow 1). cessories.
1 Be sure that the battery on the sup-
5 Then connect the negative terminals. 9 Then disconnect the jumper cables in
port vehicle is also rated at 12 volts,
Attach the cable to either the support reverse sequence.
and that the capacities of the two
vehicle's negative battery terminal (–), Depending on the cause of the fault,
batteries (Ah) are roughly comparable
or to a suitable ground on its engine recharge the battery.
(printed on casing).
or bodywork. Then connect the other
2 Leave the discharged battery con-
end of the cable to a ground on the
nected to the vehicle's electrical sys-
engine or on the bodywork of the
vehicle that is to be started. There is
3 Make sure that there is no contact
a special nut provided for this on the
between the bodywork of the two ve-
BMW (arrow 2).

hicles – this creates a risk of short cir-
Follow the same sequence for
4 Start by connecting the jumper cable
connecting the jumper cables
from the positive terminal of the sup-
when helping other vehicles. If you do

port vehicle to the positive terminal
not, there is the risk of injury if sparks
connector located in your BMW's en-
are generated at the battery.<

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

158nTowing the vehicle



Tow fitting Rear Towing with a commercial tow
The screw-in tow fitting is stored in the Use a screwdriver in the upper section truck
onboard tool kit; be sure that it remains of the recess to press the cover out. > Do not tow with sling-type equip-
in the vehicle at all times. This fitting is ment.
designed for installation in the tow Screw the tow fittings in com- > Use a wheel lift or flat bed carrier.
sockets located at the front and rear of pletely and tightly. If you do not, > Please comply with applicable towing
the vehicle. It is intended for towing on the threads could be damaged. laws.
paved road surfaces only. This fitting Do not tow the vehicle by any compo-
should not be used to pull a vehicle out nents of the running gear, or lash them Never allow passengers to ride in
of deep snow, mud, sand, etc. down in any way. If you do so, the com- a towed vehicle for any reason.
Always comply with all applicable tow- ponents could be damaged, leading to Never attach tie-down hooks, chains,
ing laws and regulations. possible accidents.< straps, or tow hooks to the tie rods,
control arms, or any other part of the
Access to tow sockets vehicle suspension. If you do so, severe
Front damage will occur to these compo-
Use a screwdriver in the upper section nents.c
of the recess to press the cover out.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Car care
Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Adaptive Transmission Control Overview

(ATC) 162
Airbags 163
Dynamic Stability Control
(DSC) 163
Radio reception 164 Controls and features

Safety belt tensioner 164
Interior rearview mirror
with automatic dimming
feature 165
Rain sensor 166 Operation, care

Car care
Tire Pressure Control (RDC) 167 and maintenance
Self-diagnostics 168
Xenon lamps 169
Owner service procedures

Technology Repairs
Advanced technology

Technical data


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

In order to include driving conditions in

its calculations, ATC registers curves
and both uphill and downhill gradients.
For example, if you maintain speed
through a curve, the transmission does
not shift up. On uphill gradients, it shifts
up only when the engine speed in-
creases in order to make more efficient

use of power reserves. On downhill

gradients, ATC shifts down when the
speed of the vehicle increases and the
driver must apply the brakes.
On vehicles with an automatic trans-
mission, the ATC (Adaptive Transmis-
sion Control) uses a number of factors
to calculate the gear which provides the
maximum efficiency. In this process, it
considers your individual driving style
as well as current driving conditions.
ATC recognizes your personal driving
style from the positions and movements
of the accelerator pedal, deceleration
when braking, and lateral acceleration
through curves. Based on different shift
characteristics – from comfort-oriented
to performance-oriented – ATC will se-
lect the appropriate gear.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Airbags DSC 163n

The airbags located under the marked Highly sensitive sensors monitor the

covers inflate and unfold in a matter of number of revolutions of the wheels.
a few milliseconds. In this process, they When equipped with DSC, they also
tear through the designed separation monitor steering angle, lateral accelera-
points of the upholstered covers or tion, brake pressure and the movement
press them out. of the vehicle around its vertical axis.

Because the inflation process must be If differences in the wheel speeds occur,

virtually instantaneous, it is necessarily the system counteracts the danger of

accompanied by a certain amount of wheelspin by reducing engine torque.
ignition and inflation noise. The gas If necessary, the system also responds
required to inflate the airbags is not with additional application of the brakes

Car care
dangerous, and the smoke associated at the rear wheels.
Deceleration sensors continuously with it dissipates. If the system detects an instability in the
monitor the acceleration forces acting The entire process is completed within vehicle's condition, the braking action
upon the vehicle. If, as the result of a fractions of a second. can also be directed to the front wheels
frontal collision, a deceleration is

Technology Repairs
by the DSC in order to help stabilize the
reached at which the protection of the vehicle.
safety belts alone is no longer ade-
You may need some time to become
quate, the gas generators of the driver
accustomed to this system's interven-
and passenger-front airbags are ignited.
tion. However, it provides optimum
However, the passenger-side airbag is
drive force and driving stability.
only triggered if an additional sensor
has recognized that the passenger seat The braking intervention may be ac-
is occupied. companied by sounds specific to the
In the event of a side collision, the Head
Protection and side airbags in the front

or rear* are triggered if necessary.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
164nRadio reception Safety belt tensioner
The limitations inherent to radio recep-
tion in a moving vehicle have been min-
imized by a number of innovative sys-
tem designs:
The "Radio Data System" (RDS) makes
sure that, for broadcast stations send-
ing on several frequencies, the radio

automatically tunes to the frequency
with the best reception quality.
The Diversity Antenna system employs
several FM antennas integrated within
the rear window to provide three sepa-
AM radio provides reception across a rate sources for receiving broadcast The safety belt tensioner responds to
considerable distance because the waves. An integral processor automati- severe collisions by tightening the belts
broadcast signals not only travel along cally selects the antenna with the best to ensure that occupants remain firmly
the ground as surface waves, but they FM reception quality at any given time. positioned in their seats. A gas-pressure
are also reflected from the ionosphere The selection of the antenna takes system retracts the buckle assembly
as atmospheric waves. place within milliseconds, and is there- to tension the shoulder and lap belts
Frequency-modulation (FM) provides fore not noticed by the radio listener. within fractions of a second. This re-
substantially better sound quality than duces the tendency to slide under the
AM. However, because FM transmis- lap belt.
sions rely on line-of-sight broadcast
waves, their effective reception range is

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Interior rearview mirror with automatic dimming feature * 165n

The semisolid reacts chemically to this

electrical current, thus providing dim-
ming of the mirror through an infinitely-
variable range (electrochromic technol-
As a result, it is no longer necessary to

dim the mirror manually, and the driver

can concentrate completely on traffic


Car care
The interior rearview mirror with auto-
matic dimming feature reduces blinding
from following traffic by adapting the
intensity of the reflected images to cor-

Technology Repairs
respond to levels of light registered by
the unit's sensors. The mirror reverts to
its undimmed setting as soon as the
light source disappears. One lamp sen-
sor is mounted on the front of the mirror
housing. This sensor, which is directed
forward, measures light intensity in the
area ahead of the vehicle. The second
sensor is integrated within the mirror's
glass. The electronic control system

compares the light intensity from front
and rear. The difference provides the
basic parameter used to modulate an
electrical current and induce chemical
changes in a semisolid layer incorpo-

rated in the lens.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

166nRain sensor*
When the system is set to the "Intermit-
tent" wiper speed, the wipers react im-
mediately – if water is splashed onto
the windshield by vehicles traveling
ahead of you, for example. As a result,
the rain sensor provides a contribution
to driving safety and comfort.

Depending on the degree of wetness

on the windshield, the rain sensor con-
trols the operation of the windshield
Infrared light is carried along the sur-
face of the windshield in an optical con-
ductor in such a manner that it is re-
flected completely when the windshield
is dry. The quantity of reflected light is
If there is moisture on the glass, the
amount of light reflected is reduced
since the infrared light at the surface of
the windshield can escape. The quan-
tity of reflected light is thus a means of
gauging the degree of wetness on the

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Tire Pressure Control (RDC)* 167n

Near every wheel is an antenna in the

body that receives the signal from the
wheel. A central electronics system
evaluates the quadruple signals and for-
wards any changes.
The RDC provides an important contri-

bution to driving safety.

Car care
This system regularly checks tire pres-
sure and monitors all four tires even
while driving, so you don't have to.

Technology Repairs
Behind the valve stem in every wheel,
there is an electronic chip that is de-
signed for severe-duty applications and
long service life. It contains a pressure
sensor, a transmitter and a battery. The
pressure is measured in extremely short
time intervals and then transmitted by a
radio signal. If an irregularity is detected,
the transmission rate is increased.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

In the same manner, the electrical re- You will hear the sounds of the air flaps
sistance of the airbag ignition genera- as the heater/ventilation system carries
tors and all of the remaining airbag out its self-diagnostic functions after the
components is measured at all times. ignition is shut off. All of the other self-
Any fault in this system would be de- diagnostics functions operate silently in
tected immediately by a current fluctua- the background.
tion that would necessarily accompany Any faults detected during these self-
it. The fault would be indicated immedi-

diagnostics can be read out by your

ately by the airbag warning lamp. BMW center during the next regularly-
Even after you shut off the engine, the scheduled maintenance and corrected
overall functional status of your vehicle with a minimum of time.
is monitored. For example, all of the
All of the important electrical and elec- flaps of the heating and ventilation sys-
tronic systems in the vehicle are tested tem travel to the nearest limit position.
regularly and automatically – the driver This action ensures that the system will
does not have to perform any extra be able to provide defrosting, regard-
operations or adjustments. less of other circumstances (if a mal-
The indicator lamps also come on function in the heating or ventilation
briefly after the ignition has been turned system should occur during the night
on. while the vehicle is parked, for in-
While you are driving, the functional
status of the actuator motors (for the A calibration cycle runs every tenth time
windshield wipers, power windows, the engine is shut off. During this cycle,
seats, sunroof, etc.) is constantly ana- the actuator motors of all the heating
lyzed by current measurements in their and ventilation flaps travel to their limit
relays. stops in both directions. The limit posi-
tions and the return travel paths are
checked in this manner in order to en-
sure that appropriate adjustments for
the operating elements can be made at
any time.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Xenon lamps* 169n

Xenon lamps provide significantly-

improved visibility, especially during
adverse weather conditions and driving
situations, (driving at night in heavy rain
or through road repair areas where
there are no lane markers, for instance).

Xenon lamps make a significant contri-

bution to highway safety since other

highway users, bicyclists and motorcy-
clists in the right lane, and pedestrians
are more easily detected.

Car care
The xenon lamp provides forward illu-
mination with significantly more bright-
ness and uniformity than the traditional
halogen lamp.

Technology Repairs
In a xenon lamp, an electric arc replaces
the filament in order to generate intense
illumination. A gas mixture in a quartz
glass tube with metal vapor is ignited by
a high electric voltage. The arc that is
generated is then sustained by a lower
voltage. When the lamp is turned on,
there is a brief warm-up period. Maxi-
mum brightness is attained in approx.
15 seconds.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Engine data 172 Overview

Dimensions 173
Weights 174
Capacities 175
Electrical system 176
Ribbed V-belt 176 Controls and features

Operation, care

Car care
and maintenance

Owner service procedures

Technology Repairs
Advanced technology

Technical data


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
172nEngine data

BMW 323i BMW 328i

Displacement (cmm) 152.2 (2,494) 170.4 (2,793)
Number of cylinders 6 6
Max. output hp (kW) 170 (127) 193 (144)
at engine speed RPM 5,500 5,500
Maximum torque lb.ft (Nm) 181 (245) 206 (280)
at engine speed rpm 3,500 3,500
Compression ratio 10.5 10.2
Stroke in. (mm) 2.95 (75) 3.31 (84)
Bore in. (mm) 3.31 (84) 3.31 (84)
Fuel-injection system Digital-electronic engine-management system

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Dimensions 173n

Car care
Technology Repairs

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

BMW 323i BMW 328i

Curb weight (with one person, ready for operation, full tank of fuel, options not included)
with manual transmission lbs (kg) 3,153 (1,430) 3,197 (1,450)
with automatic transmission lbs (kg) 3,213 (1,457) 3,256 (1,477)
Approved gross vehicle weight
with manual transmission lbs (kg) 4,211 (1,910) 4,270 (1,937)
with automatic transmission lbs (kg) 4,255 (1,930) 4,314 (1,957)
Approved front axle weight lbs (kg) 1,962 (890) 1,973 (895)
Approved rear axle weight lbs (kg) 2,348 (1,065) 2,370 (1,075)
Approved roof load capacity lbs (kg) 165 (75) 165 (75)
Luggage compartment capacity cu. ft. (liters) 14.5 (410) 14.5 (410)

Never exceed either the approved axle weights or the gross vehicle weight.

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Capacities 175n


Fuel tank gal. (liters) approx. 16.6 (approx. 63) Fuel specification: Page 26
reserve gal. (liters) approx. 2.1 (approx. 8)
Windshield washer system/ quarts (liters) approx. 5.6 (approx. 5.3) For details: Page 124
Headlamp washer system*

Cooling system including heater circuit quarts (liters) approx. 8.9 (approx. 8.4) For details: Page 128
Engine oil and filter change quarts (liters) approx. 6.9 (approx. 6.5) BMW High Performance
Synthetic Oil
For details: Page 126

Car care
Manual transmission, automatic transmission – Lifetime fluid, no fluid change
and differential required.

Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
176nElectrical system Ribbed V-belt
Battery Water pump – AC alternator – Power You can obtain Original BMW
12 V, 80 Ah steering Parts and Accessories, as well as
Ribbed V-belt 6 PK x 1538 professional advice from your BMW
Spark plugs A/C compressor center.<
NGK BKR 6 EQUP Ribbed V-belt 5 PK x 863
Bosch FGR 7 DQP (not released at this

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Car care
Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG


Everything from A to Z 180 Overview

Owner service procedures 186

Controls and features

Operation, care

Car care
and maintenance

Owner service procedures

Technology Repairs
Advanced technology

Technical data


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z
A Ashtray 95 discharged 157 Car radio
ABS (Antilock Brake front 95 removal and reception 112, 164
System) 22, 106 rear 96 installation 153 Car vacuum cleaner,
Accessories 6 ATC (Adaptive Transmission Battery charge current 20 connecting 96
Activated-charcoal Control) 65, 162 Battery Safety Terminal Car wash 132
filter 90, 155 AUC (Automatic (BST) 153 Care
Adaptive Transmission recirculated-air Belts 54 exterior 133
Control (ATC) 65, 162 control) 89 Blower 89 interior 134
Adding engine oil 125 Automatic car washes 132 BMW High Performance Care of upholstery 135
Adding washer Automatic climate Synthetic Oils 126 Care of wool velour 135
fluid 124, 175 control 86 BMW Sports Seat 49 Cargo loading 99
Adjusting the backrest 47 removing condensation Bore 172 Caring for the vehicle
Adjusting the steering from the windows 89 Brake fluid 129 finish 133
wheel 51 Automatic cruise control 71 Brake hydraulic system 20 Catalytic converter 105
Adjusting the thigh support Automatic dimming, interior Brake lamps CBC (Cornering Brake
area 49 rearview mirror 53 bulb replacement 145 Control) 21, 107
Air distribution 88 Automatic recirculated-air Brake pads 22 Cellular phone 95, 112
Air nozzles 86 control (AUC) 89 Brakes 108 refer also to the separate
Air outlets 86 Automatic transmission with malfunctions 109 Owner's Manual
ventilation 86 Steptronic 22, 65 Break-in procedure 104 Center (high-mount) brake
Air pressure 113 Automatic windshield Breaking in the vehicle 104 lamp 147
Air supply 89 washer 69 BST (Battery Safety Center armrest 93
Airbags 21, 56, 137, 163 Average consumption 77 Terminal) 153 Central locking system 34
Alarm system 42 Average speed 77 Bulb replacement 142 button 38
Antenna 112 Axle loads 174 Changing a tire 149
Antenna, Diversity 164 C Changing a wheel 149
Antifreeze 128 B Capacities 175 Charge indicator lamp 20
radiator 110 Backup lamps 64 Car Memory 53 Check Control 75
Antilock Brake System bulb replacement 145 Car radio 112 Child restraint
(ABS) 22, 106 Battery 152, 176 refer also to the separate systems 55, 59
Anti-theft alarm system 42 capacity 176 Owner's Manual Child seat 59
Aquaplaning 104, 113 charge 154 Child-safety locks 56
Armrest 93 Cigarette lighter 96

Everything from A-Z

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Everything from A to Z 181n

Clock 75 Defroster, rear window 90 Emergency operation, Flashlight 92

refer also to the Radio Defrosting the windows 89 doors 34 Flat tire 113, 149
or Onboard Computer Digital clock 75 Energy Control 73 Fog lamps 83
Owner's Manual Dimensions 173 Engine Folding rear backrest 97
Cockpit 16 Dipstick 125 starting 61 Footbrake 108
Coin holder, cup holder 93 Disc brakes 108 Engine compartment 122 Footwell lamps 83

Combination switch 68 Displacement 172 Engine coolant 128, 175 bulb replacement 148
Compression 172 Display lighting 82 Engine data 172 Front fog lamps 83
Computer 76 Displays 18 Engine oil bulb replacement 145
Configure settings 53 Distance warning 78 capacity 175 Front seat-adjustment 47
Consumption 77 Diversity Antenna 164 consumption 125 Frost protection,

Car care
Consumption display 74 Divided rear backrest 97 pressure 20 radiator 128
Coolant 110, 128, 175 Door key 32 quality 126 Fuel 26
antifreeze 110 Door locks, care 110 specifications 126 fuel injection 172
Coolant temperature Doors viscosity 126 Fuel consumption 77
gauge 74 child-safety locks 56 Engine oil level 21, 22 Fuel consumption

Technology Repairs
Cooling system 175 emergency operation 34 check 125 display 74
Cornering Brake Control unlocking and locking 34 Engine speed 172 Fuel filler door
(CBC) 21, 107 Draft-free ventilation 90 Exterior mirrors 52 releasing following an
Cruise control 71 Driving hints 104 electrical malfunction 156
Cruising range 77 Driving in winter 110 F Fuel gauge 74
Curb weight 174 Driving lamps 82 Failure messages 75 Fuel quality 26
Dynamic Stability Control Fault Fuel reserve indicator
D (DSC) 22, 79, 163 ABS 107 lamp 74
Dash lighting 82 Fault displays 75 Fuel tank capacity 175
Dashboard 16 E Filler cap cover 26 Fuel tank gauge 74
Functional status 168

Data Electric power windows 44 Filling capacities 175
dimensions 173 Electrical accessories, Filling the washer Fuses 154
engine 172 failure 154 reservoir 175
weights 174 Electrical system 176 First aid 25 G
Daytime-driving lamp Electronic vehicle First-aid kit 25 Gasoline 26

switch 82 immobilizer 33 Fittings, towing and Gasoline gauge 74
Defrost position 89 Elements of operation 16 tow-starting 158 Glove compartment 92

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Everything from A to Z
Glove compartment lamp Ignition key 32 K Luggage compartment
bulb replacement 148 Ignition lock 61 Key Memory 53 lid 39
Gross vehicle weight 174 Indicator lamps 20 Keys 32 emergency release 39
Inflated pressure 27, 113 with remote control 32 securing separately 39
H Inflation pressure Luggage compartment
Handbrake 63 monitoring 80, 167 L lighting 39
Handsfree system 95 INSPECTION 74 Luggage rack 100
LAMPS ON warning 82
Hazard warning flashers 25 Installing a child restraint Lumbar support 49
Lashing eyes 99
Hazard warning triangle 25 system 60
Leather care 136
Head restraint 48 Instrument cluster 18 M
Length 173
Headlamp covers, Instrument lighting 82 M+S tires 117
License plate lamp
care 132, 143 Instrument panel 18 Maintenance 74, 131
bulb replacement 147
Headlamp flasher 83 Interaxle tire rotation 115 Malfunction displays 75
Light switch 82
Headlamp washer Interface socket 96 Manual transmission 64
Light-alloy wheels 118
system 124, 175 for Onboard Manually controlled
Lighter 96
Headlamp washers 70 Diagnostics 139 recirculated-air 89
Load-securing devices 99
Heated seats 91 Interference Memory 50
Louvers 86
Heavy loads 99 cellular phones 112 MFL (Multifunction steering
Low beam headlamps 82
Height 173 Interior lamps 36, 83 wheel) 24
Low beams
HiFi system – harman bulb replacement 147 Microfilter 90, 155
bulb replacement 143
kardon 92 remote control 36 Mirror memory 50
Lug bolts 150
High beams 23, 68, 83 Interior motion sensor 42 Mirrors 52
Lug wrench 149
bulb replacement 143 Interior rearview mirror 52 Mobile phones 112
Luggage compartment 41
Hood release 120 automatic dimming Modifications,
capacity 174
Horn 17 feature 53, 165 technical 6, 138
floor mat 41
Hubcap 150 Interlock 61 Multifunction steering wheel
floor panel 41
Intermittent wipe 68 (MFL) 24
remote control 37
I Luggage compartment
Ice warning 76 J lamps N
Icy roads 76 Jack 149 bulb replacement 148 Neckrest 48
Identification, tires 116 Jump-starting 157

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Everything from A to Z 183n

O Paintwork, waxing 134 Reading lamps 84 Seat heating 91

OBD interface socket 139 Park Distance Control Rear backrest, folding 97 Seat memory 50
Obstruction protection 44 (PDC) 78 Rear lamps 145 Securing cargo 99
Odometer 73 Parking brake 63 Rear window Securing loads 99
Oil Parking help 78 defroster 70, 90 Selector lever, automatic
capacity 175 Parking lamps 83 Rearview mirror 52 transmission 65

consumption 125 Parking, winter 111 Reclining seat 47 Self-defrosting mirrors 52
dipstick 125 PDC (Park Distance Refueling 26 Self-diagnostics 168
quality 126 Control) 78 Remote control 35 Service and Warranty
specifications 126 Performance 172 Removing condensation, Information Booklet 131
viscosity 126 Pocket flashlight 92 windows 89 Service Interval

Car care
Oil additives 125 Pollen 90 Replacement key 32 Display 74, 131
Oil change intervals, see the Power seat 49 Reporting safety defects 7 Shiftlock 65
Service and Warranty Power steering 111 Restraint system 59 Side airbags 56
Information Booklet Power windows 44 Reverse 17, 64 Side impact Head Protection
Oil filter change 175 safety switch 45 Roller blind, sun System 56

Technology Repairs
Oil level Pressure monitoring, protection 91 Side lamps 82
check 125 tires 80, 167 Roller sun blind 91 bulb replacement 144
indicator lamp 20 Pressure, tires 27, 113 Roof load capacity 174 Ski bag 98
Oil pressure, indicator Roof-mounted luggage Skid control 111
lamp 20 R rack 100 Sliding/Tilt sunroof 45
OILSERVICE 74 Radiator 175 Rubber parts 110 closing following an
Onboard computer 76 Radio electrical malfunction 156
Onboard tool kit 142 refer to the separate S convenience operation 34
Outside temperature Owner's Manual Safety belt tensioner 164 Slippery roads 110
display 76 Radio Data System Safety belts 54 Snow chains 110, 118
Space-saver spare tire 149

(RDS) 164 height adjustment 54
P Radio reception 112, 164 Safety feature 44 Spare key 32
Rain sensor 69, 166 Safety lock buttons 38 Spare tire 149
Paint blemishes 133
RDC (Tire Pressure Seat Spare wheel 149
Paint, care 133
Control) 80, 167 mechanical 47 Spark plugs 176
Paintwork, minor

RDS (Radio Data power 49 Speaker 95
repairs 134
System) 164 Seat adjustment 47 Speed control 71

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Everything from A to Z
Speed display 18 Telephone Towing 158 Vehicle immobilizer 33
Speedometer 18 refer to the separate Track 173 Vehicle painting 133
Sports Seat 49 Owner's Manual Traction Control System Vehicle storage 137
Starting 61 Telephone hookup 95 refer to DSC 79 Vehicle weight 174
Starting assistance 157 Temperature adjustment 88 Transmission 64 Ventilation 86
Starting problems 105, 157 Temperature display Tread depth, tires 113 draft-free 90
Starting the engine 61 outside temperature 76 Trip odometer 73 Vinyl care 135
Steel wheels 118 Temperature gauge Trunk 39
Steering 111 engine coolant 74 Trunk lid, refer to luggage W
Steering wheel lock 61 Temperature layering 90 compartment lid 39 Warning lamp "Please fasten
Steptronic 65 Third brake lamp 147 Turn signal safety belts" 21
Stopping the vehicle 62 Through-loading system 97 indicator 23, 68, 144 Warning lamps 20
Storage compartments 93 Tilt alarm 36, 43 bulb replacement 144 Warning messages 75
Storing the vehicle 137 remote control 36 Turning radius 173 Warranty and Service Guide
Stroke 172 Tire codes 116 Two-way radios 112 Booklet 131
Summer tires 116 Tire damage 113 Washer reservoir, filling 124
Sun visors 52 Tire inflation U Washing your car 132
Switching off the engine 62 pressure 27, 113 Used batteries 154 Water on roadways
Symbols 4, 153 Tire pressure deep water 104
Synthetic oils 126 checking 27 Waxing, paintwork 134
Tire Pressure Control Weights 174
Vacuum cleaner,
T (RDC) 80, 167 Wheel rims 116
connecting 96
Tachometer 73 Tire pressure Wheelbase 173
Vanity mirror 52
Tail lamp assembly monitoring 80, 167 Wheels and tires 116, 118
bulb replacement 148
bulb replacement 145 Tire replacement 114, 115 Width 173
Vehicle battery 152, 176
Tail lamps 145 Tire specifications 118 Windows, convenience
Vehicle care
Tank capacity 175 Tire tread 113 operation 34
exterior 133
Technical data 172 Tools 142 Windshield washer nozzle
interior 134
Technical Torque 172 adjustment 124
Vehicle identification 130
modifications 6, 138 Tow fittings 158 Windshield washer reservoir,
Vehicle Identification
Tow starting 158 filling 124, 175
Number (VIN) 130

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

Everything from A to Z 185n

Windshield wiper 68

Windshield wiper blade
replacement 142
Winter operation 110
Winter tires 116, 117
Wiper blade

replacement 142
Wiper system 68
Work in the engine
compartment 120

Car care
Xenon lamps 143, 169

Technology Repairs
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Owner service procedures
Activated-charcoal filter, Electrical accessories, Hazard warning flashers 25 Maintenance 131
changing 155 failure 154 Hazard warning triangle 25 Malfunction displays 75
Adding brake fluid 129 Electrical malfunction Headlamp cover, care 143 Microfilter, changing 155
Adding engine coolant 128 fuel filler door 156 High beams
Adding engine oil 125 sliding/tilt sunroof 156 bulb replacement 143 O
Emergency operation Oil
B doors 34 I quality 126
Backup lamps fuel filler door 156 Indicator lamps 20 specifications 126
bulb replacement 145 sliding/tilt sunroof 156 Inflated pressure 27, 113 viscosity 126
Battery Engine oil Interior lamps Onboard tool kit 142
add distilled water 153 add 125 bulb replacement 147
charging 154 quality 126 Interior motion sensor, P
Brake lamps specifications 126 switching off 43 Pressure, tires 27
bulb replacement 145 viscosity 126
Brakes, brake faults 109 J
Jack 149 Rear lamps 145
C Failure messages 75
Releasing the fuel filler door
Changing a tire 149 Fault displays 75
L following an electrical
Changing a wheel 149 First aid 25
License plate lamp malfunction 156
Check Control 75 First-aid kit 25
bulb replacement 147 Releasing the hood 120
Checking air pressure 27 Fittings, towing and
Low beams Removing condensation
Checking engine oil tow-starting 158
bulb replacement 143 from the windows 89
level 125 Flat tire 149
Lug wrench 149 Replacement key 32
Checking oil level 125 Footwell lamps
Luggage compartment Replacing bulbs 142
bulb replacement 148
lamps Replacing lamp bulbs 142
Front fog lamps
D bulb replacement 148 Replacing windshield wiper
bulb replacement 145
Defrosting the windows 89 Luggage compartment lid, blades 142
Fuses, replacing 154
Difficult steering 111 emergency release 39 Replacing wiper blades 142
Doors, emergency Return used batteries 154
operation 34 G
Glove compartment lamp
bulb replacement 148
Owner service procedures
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
Owner service procedures 187n


Side lamps Vanity mirror
bulb replacement 144 bulb replacement 148
Sliding/Tilt sunroof, closing
following an electrical W
malfunction 156 Warning lamps 20

Space-saver spare tire 149 Warning messages 75
Spare key 32 Washer fluid, adding 124
Spare wheel 149 Washer nozzles,
Starting problems 105 adjusting 124
Washer reservoir, filling 124

Car care
T Windshield washer,
Tail lamp assembly filling 124
bulb replacement 145 Working in the engine
Tail lamps compartment 120
bulb replacement 145

Technology Repairs
Tilt alarm, switching off 43
Tire damage 113
Tools 142
Tow fittings 158
Tow starting 158
Towing 158
Trunk, emergency
release 39
Turn signal indicator
bulb replacement 144

Use of antifreeze,
radiator 128

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG
So that you will have important specifi- Fuel
cations available when you stop to
refuel, we recommend that you supple- Designation
ment this table with data that apply to
your vehicle. AKI: minimum

AKI: for rated performance

AKI: for enhanced perfor-


Engine oil


The space between the two marks on

the dipstick corresponds to approx.
1.1 US quarts (1 liter).

Tire inflation pressure Summer Winter

Front Rear Front Rear

4 persons

5 persons or 4 plus luggage

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG

01 41 0 155 024 US-En
We wish you an enjoyable
driving experience. The Ultimate Driving Machine

Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 0 155 024 - © 07/99 BMW AG