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Nutraceutical

Chia is grown commercially for its seeds rich in α-
linolenic acid.

A Nutraceutical is a pharmaceutical-grade
and standardized nutrient.[1] In the US,
"nutraceuticals" do not exist as a
regulatory category; they are regulated as
dietary supplements and food additives by
the FDA under the authority of the Federal
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.[2]

Regulation
Nutraceuticals are treated differently in
different jurisdictions.

Canada

Under Canadian law, a nutraceutical can
either be marketed as a food or as a drug;

[5][6] .[3] referring to "a product isolated or purified from foods that is generally sold in medicinal forms not usually associated with food [and] is demonstrated to have a physiological benefit or provide protection against chronic disease. or food. dietary supplement.[4] Depending on its ingredients and the claims with which it is marketed.the terms "nutraceutical" and "functional food" have no legal distinction. food ingredient." United States The term "nutraceutical" is not defined by US law. a product is regulated as a drug.

yet the lack of regulation may compromise the safety and effectiveness of products.International sources In the global market. there are significant product quality issues. Companies looking to create a wide profit margin may create unregulated products overseas with low-quality or ineffective ingredients.[7] Nutraceuticals from the international market may claim to use organic or exotic ingredients. Market .

Non-Herbals. Minerals. & Others).[8] defining that market as "Dietary Supplements (Vitamins. and Functional Foods & Beverages"[9] Classification of nutraceuticals Nutraceuticals are products derived from food sources that are purported to provide extra health benefits. Depending on the jurisdiction. products . Herbals. in addition to the basic nutritional value found in foods.A market research report produced in 2012 projected that the worldwide nutraceuticals market would reach US$250 billion by 2018.

In the United States. the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act . are typically sold in pill form. or support the structure or function of the body.[10] Dietary supplements Dietary supplements. such as the vitamin B supplement shown above. delay the aging process. improve health. increase life expectancy.may claim to prevent chronic diseases.

Dietary supplements can also be extracts or concentrates. capsules. The "dietary ingredients" in these products may include: vitamins.S. herbs or other botanicals. amino acids.(DSHEA) of 1994 defined the term: “A dietary supplement is a product taken by mouth that contains a "dietary ingredient" intended to supplement the diet.”[11] Dietary supplements do not have to be approved by the U. liquids. and substances such as enzymes. and may be found in many forms such as tablets. Food and Drug . minerals. softgels. and metabolites. organ tissues. gelcaps. or powders. glandulars.

” The exceptions are when the FDA has reviewed and approved a health claim. and must include a label that says: “These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. With a few well- defined exceptions.Administration (FDA) before marketing. treat. In those . or prevent any disease. but companies must register their manufacturing facilities with the FDA and follow current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs). cure. This product is not intended to diagnose. and may not claim to treat a disease or condition. dietary supplements may only be marketed to support the structure or function of the body.

such as vitamin D to milk.situations the FDA also stipulates the exact wording allowed. additional complementary nutrients are added. other . Functional foods Functional foods are fortified or enriched during processing and then marketed as providing some benefit to consumers. Health Canada defines functional foods as “ordinary food that has components or ingredients added to give it a specific medical or physiological benefit. Sometimes.

”[12] In Japan. rather than a capsule.than a purely nutritional effect. and (3) should regulate a biological process in hopes of preventing or controlling disease. (2) consumed in the diet as often as daily. or powder. all functional foods must meet three established requirements: foods should be (1) present in their naturally occurring form. tablet.[13] History .

Egyptians.” is a common . Hippocrates advocated the healing effects of food. The word "nutraceutical" is a portmanteau of the words "nutrition" and "pharmaceutical". Chinese. and Sumerians are just a few civilizations that have used food as medicine. founder and chairman of the Foundation of Innovation Medicine. was coined in 1989 by Stephen L. DeFelice.[14] Indians.[15] “Let food be thy medicine.Considered a father of Western medicine.

The modern nutraceutical market began to develop in Japan during the 1980s.misquotation [16] attributed to Hippocrates.[17] See also Health claims on food labels Cosmeceutical for cosmetic products with quasi-medicinal claims . the nutraceutical industry has grown alongside the expansion and exploration of modern technology. In contrast to the natural herbs and spices used as folk medicine for centuries throughout Asia. who is considered by some to be the father of Western medicine.

David.References 1. Jerome. "Adjunctive Nutraceuticals for Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses". Mischoulon. Jenifer. Berk. Michael.15091228 . Retrieved 2016-10-11. The Food and Drug Administration.ajp. "Labeling & Nutrition" . Murphy.2016. ISSN 0002-953X . Sarris. 5 October 2016. PMID 27113121 . . Chee H. 2. doi:10. Maurizio.. Papakostas. George I.1176/appi. US Department of Health and Human Services. American Journal of Psychiatry. (2016). Fava. Ng. 173 (6): 575–587.

Health Canada. Last updated March 29. Staff. Retrieved January 30.3. 2013. FDA. ISBN 978-0-309-09110-7. June 24. 4. 21. . Dietary Supplements: A Framework for Evaluating Safety. Committee on the Framework for Evaluating the Safety of the Dietary Supplements (2005). 5. 2014. FDA. 2013. Staff. Last Updated March 27. Institute of Medicine.Dietary Supplements 6. 2013. Q&A . Food Labeling & Nutrition Overview . p. "Committee Change" . "Nutraceuticals / Functional Foods and Health Claims on Foods: Policy Paper" .

Nutraceuticals/Functional Foods and Health Claims on Foods . ISBN 0-8138-1177-5. Global Industry Analysts. Staff. 8.7. Hasler. IFT Press and Blackwell Publishing.6 bn and Heart Health Ingredients Near $15. PRNewswire-iReach Nov. 2012 Market Research Report: Nutraceuticals 10. July 1. Staff. 2012. Probiotics to Touch $39. 19. Regulation of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: A Global Perspective. Clare M. (2005).2 bn 9. Inc. /Global Health Movement Drives Market for Nutraceuticals to $250 bn by 2018.

16 (7–8): 688–9.11.1016/S0899-9007(00)00332-4 . Retrieved 2011-06-03. 13. G (2000). 12. Retrieved 2011-06-03. PMID 10906598 .Biotechnology" . Hc- sc. "Nutraceutical- definition and introduction" . AAPS PharmSci. "Overview of Dietary Supplements" . 5 (3): 27–28. Kalra EK (2003). PMC 2750935  . Nutrition. doi:10. .1208/ps050325 .gc. "Glossary .gov. doi:10. "Nutraceuticals and functional foods: introduction and meaning".ca. 14. PMID 14621960 . Fda. Hardy.

 993. Takayuki. ed. 17. ACS Symposium. CRC Series in Modern Nutrition. Functional Food and Health. Further reading Books . Cardenas. ISBN 0-8493-8734-5. eds. Kanazawa. Kazuki.. Fereidoon. Robert E.. Diana (2013). C. et al. ISBN 978-0-8412-6982- 8. Shahidi. Wildman.).15. (2008). e-SPEN Journal. Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods (1st ed. p. 16. (2001). "Let not thy food be confused with thy medicine: The Hippocratic misquotation" . Shibamoto.

ISBN 978-1-4200-8221-0 Shahidi. and Health Effects. D. Y. Formulations. ISBN 978-0- 8412-3823-7 Review articles on possible health benefits . CRC Press.K. M. American Chemical Society. 2003). (eds. CRC Press. 2004). / Naczk.Pathak. / Weerasinghe. 1): Ingredients. (eds. 2010). Nutrition. Nutraceutical Beverages: Chemistry. F. Phenolics in Food and Nutraceuticals (2nd edition).V. F. and Applications. ISBN 978-1- 58716-138-4 Shahidi. (editor. Handbook of Nutraceuticals(vol.

S. ” Regulation of survival. B. Kannappan. “Neuroprotection by Spice-Derived Nutraceuticals: You Are .Aggarwal. and metastasis of tumor cells through modulation of inflammatory pathways by nutraceuticals“.B. et al.29(3):405-434. invasion. “Molecular Targets of Nutraceuticals Derived from Dietary Spices: Potential Role in Suppression of Inflammation and Tumorigenesis”. Gupta.234(8):825-849. Experimental Biology and Medicine (2009). Cancer Metastasis Reviews (2010). et al. R. angiogenesis. proliferation.C. et al.

org/w/index. External links Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.php? title=Nutraceutical&oldid=816490159" Last edited 9 days ago by Lakeside… . 2007 US FDA/CFSAN . Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals. Molecular Neurobiology (2011).wikipedia. What You Eat!”.Dietary Supplements Retrieved from "https://en.44(2):142-159.

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