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# 1. 0.4 m3 of air at 5 bar and 130º C is contained in a system.

## A reversible adiabatic expansion takes place

till the pressure falls to 1.02 bar. The gas is heated at constant pressure till enthalpy increased by 72.5
kJ. Calculate (i) Work done (ii) the index of expansion, if the above processes are replaced by a single
reversible polytrophic process giving the same work between the same initial and final states.

(Cp =1005J/kg-K)

2. A fluid flows through a steady flow open system at rate of 3 Kg/s. At the system inlet, the pressure,
velocity and internal energy are 5 atm, 150 m/s and 2000 kJ/Kg respectively and the specific volume is
0.4 m3/Kg. The fluid leaves the system with 1.2 atm, 80 m/s an internal energy of 1300 kJ/Kg and specific
volume is 1.1 m3/Kg. The fluid loses 25kJ/kg through heat transfer during the process. Determine the
power output of the system, neglecting the change in potential energy.

3. A stationary mass of gas is compressed without friction from initial state of 0.3 m3 and 0.105 Mpa to
final state 0.15 m3 and 0.105 Mpa, the pressure remaining constant during the process. There is transfer
of 37.6 kJ of heat from the gas during the process. Determine the change in internal energy.

4. 2 Kg of gas at pressure of 1.5 bar occupies a volume of 2.5 m3. If this gas compresses isothermally to
1/3 times of the initial volume, find the initial temperature, work done and heat transfer.

5. Derive the heat transfer during polytropic process and adiabatic process

6. An insulated tank having 5kg of air at 3atm and 30ºC is connected to an air supply line at 8 atm and
50ºC through a valve. The valve is now slowly opened to allow the air from the supply line to flow into
the tank until the tank pressure reaches 8 atm and then the valve is closed. Determine the final
temperature of the air in the tank and find the amount of air added to the tank. (ν= 1.4).

## 11. What is specific heat of fluid and its significance?

12. A cold storage plant requires 30 tonnes of refrigeration. The freezing temperature is -20ºC and the
ambient temperature is 30ºC. The performance of the refrigeration plant is 25% of the carnot coefficient
of performance of the plant working between the same temperature limits, determine the power supply
required to run the plant. One tonne of refrigeration is equivalent to 211 kJ/min.

13. A carnot engine receives heat from a reservoir at 1173K at a rate of 800 kJ/min and rejects the waste
heat to the ambient air at 300K. The entire work output of the heat engine is used to derive a
refrigerator that removes heat from refrigerated space at 268 K and transfer it to the same ambient air
at 300K. Determine the maximum rate of heat removal from the refrigerated space and the total rate of
heat rejection to the ambient air.
14. Two vessels A & B each of volume 3m3 may be connected by a tube of negligible volume. Vessel A
contains air at 0.7 Mpa, 95ºC, while vessel B contains air at 0.35 Mpa, 250ºC. Find the change in entropy
when A is connected B by working from the first principle and assuming the mixing tube to be complete

15. A carnot heat engine operates between temperature of 300K and 900K. If the heat received from
the higher temperature source is 1000kJ. Calculate the work output.

16. A carnot cycle refrigerator operates in a room in which the temperature is 25ºC. It is required to
transfer 100J from the cold space being held at (-30ºC). Calculate the required power of the motor.

17. Derive the relation for maximum work obtained from two finite bodies at T1 and T2 where T1>T2

## 19. Differentiate between heat pump and refrigerator.

20. Write a brief note on perpetual motion machine of second kind (PMM2).

21. Define Kelvin and clausius statement of second law of thermodynamics with diagram.