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LIST OF ARTICLES

Abstraction in the Formation of Concepts I 1 Atomism in the Seventeenth Century I 132

Academic Freedom I 9 Authority I 141

Agnosticism I 17 Axiomatization I 162

Alchemy I 27 Baconianism 1172

Alienation in Christian Theology I 34 Balance of Power I 179

Alienation in Hegel and Marx I 37 Baroque in Literature I 188

Allegory in Literary History I 41 Theories of Beauty to the Mid-Nineteenth


Century I 195
Ambiguity as Aesthetic Principle I 48
Theories of Beauty since the Mid-
Analogy in Early Greek Thought I 60 Nineteenth Century I 207

Analogy in Patristic and Medieval Thought I 64 Behaviorism I 214

Analogy of the Body Politic 167 Biological Conceptions in Antiquity I 229··

Anarchism I 70 Biological Homologies and Analogies I 236


Ancients and Moderns in the Eighteenth
Biological Models I 242
Century I 76
,
Buddhism I 247
Anthropomorphism in Science I 87

Antinomy of Pure Reason I 91 Casuistry I 257

Appearance and Reality I 94 Catharsis I 264

Art and Play I 99 Causation I 270

Art for Art's Sake I 108 Causation in History I 279


Association of Ideas lUI
Causation in Islamic Thought I 286
Astrology I 118
Causation in Law I 289
Atomism: Antiquity to the Seventeenth
Century I 126 Causation in the Seventeenth Century I 294 xvii
LIST OF ARTICLES

Irony II 626 Marxist Revisionism: From Bernstein to


Modern Forms III 161
Irrationalism in the History of Philosophy II 634
Relativity of Standards of Mathematical
Islamic Conception of Intellectual Life II 638 Rigor III 170

Justice II 652 Mathematics in Cultural History III 177

Study of Language II 659 Changing Concepts. of Matter from


Antiquity to Newton III 185
Ancient Greek Ideas of Law II 673
Metaphor in Philosophy III 196
Ancient Roman Ideas of Law II 685
Metaphor in Religious Discourse III 201
Common Law II 691
Metaphysical Imagination III 208
Concept of Law III 1
Millenarianism III 223
Due Process in Law III 6
Mimesis III 225
Equal Protection in Law III 10
Moral Sense III 1i!30
Natural Law and Natural Rights III 13
Motif III 235
Legal Precedent III 27
Motif in Literature: The Faust Theme III 244
Legal Responsibility III 33
Literary Attitudes Toward Mountains III 253
Liberalism III 36
Music and Science III 260
Linguistics III 61
Music as a Demonic Art III 264
Linguistic Theories in British Seventeenth-
Century Philosophy III 73 Music as a Divine Art III 267

Literary Paradox III 76 Myth in Antiquity III 272

Literature and Its Cognates III 81 Myth in Biblical Times III 275

Longevity III 89 Myth in the Middle Ages and the


Renaissance III 286

Love III 94
Myth in English Literature: Seventeenth
and Eighteenth Centuries III 294
Loyalty III 108
Myth in the Eighteenth and Early
Machiavellism III 116 Nineteenth Centuries III 300

Macrocosm and Microcosm III 126 Myth in the Nineteenth and Twentieth
Centuries III 307
Man-Machine from the Greeks to the
Computer III 131 Medieval and Renaissance Ideas of Nation III 318

XX Marxism III 146 Nationalism III 324


LIST OF ARTICLES

Vox populi IV 496 Witchcraft IV 521

War and Militarism IV 500 Social Attitudes Towards Women IV 523

Welfare State IV 509 Work IV 530

Wisdom of the Fool IV 515 Zeitgeist IV 535

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LIST OF ARTICLES

Abstraction in the Formation of Concepts I 1 Atomism in the Seventeenth Century I 132

Academic Freedom I 9 Authority I 141

Agnosticism I 17 Axiomatization I 162

Alchemy I 27 Baconianism I 172

Alienation in Christian Theology I 34 Balance of Power I 179

Alienation in Hegel and Marx I 37 Baroque in Literature I 188

Allegory in Literary History I 41 Theories of Beauty to the Mid- Nineteenth


Century I 195
Ambiguity as Aesthetic Principle I 48
Theories of Beauty since the Mid-
Analogy in Early Greek Thought I 60 Nineteenth Century I 207

Analogy in Patristic and Medieval Thought I 64 Behaviorism I 214

Analogy of the Body Politic I 67 Biological Conceptions in Antiquity I 229

Anarchism I 70 Biological Homologies and Analogies I 236

Ancients and Moderns in the Eighteenth


Biological Models I 242
Century I 76

Buddhism I 247
Anthropomorphism in Science I 87

Antinomy of Pure Reason I 91 Casuistry I 257

Appearance and Reality I 94 Catharsis I 264

Art and Play I 99 Causation I 270

Art for Art's Sake I 108


Causation in History I 279

Association of Ideas I 111


Causation in Islamic Thought I 286
Astrology I 118
Causation in Law I 289
Atomism: Antiquity to the Seventeenth
Century I 126 Causation in the Seventeenth Century I 294 xvii
LIST OF ARTICLES

Causation in the Seventeenth Century, Creativity in Art I 577


Final Causes I 300
Crisis in History I 589
Certainty in Seventeenth-Century Thought I 304
Literary Criticism I 596
Certainty since the Seventeenth Century I 312
Cultural Development in Antiquity I 607
Chain of Being I 325
Culture and Civilization in Modern Times I 613
Chance I 335
Cycles I 621
Chance Images I 340
Cynicism I 627
China in Western Thought and Culture I 353
Death and Immortality I 634
Christianity in History I 373
Deism I 646
Church as an Institution I 412
Democracy I 652
Modernism in the Christian Church I 418
Demonology I 667
The City I 427
Design Argument I 670
Civil Disobedience I 434
Despotism II 1

Class I 441
Determinism in History II 18
Classicism in Literature I 449
Determinism in Theology: Predestination II 25
Classification of the Arts I 456
Double Truth II 31
Classification of the Sciences I 462
Dualism in Philosophy and Religion II 38
Sense of the Comic I 467
Economic History II 44
Conservation of Natural Resources I 470
Economic Theory of Natural Liberty II 61
Conservatism I 477
Education II 71
Constitutionalism I 485
Empathy II 85
Continuity and Discontinuity in Nature
and Knowledge I 492 Enlightenment II 89

Cosmic Fall I 504 The Counter-Enlightenment [I 100

Cosmic Images I 513 Entropy [I 112

Cosmic Voyages I 524 Environment II 120

Cosmology from Antiquity to 1850 I 535 Environment and Culture [I 127

Cosmology since 1850 I 554 Epicureanism and Free Will [I 134

Creation in Religion I 571 Equality [I 138


LIST OF ARTICLES

Equity in Law and Ethics II 148 Harmony or Rapture in Music II 388

Eschatology II 154 Health and Disease II 395

Problem of Evil II 161 Hegelian Political and Religious Ideas II 407

Evolution of Literature II 169 Heresy in the Middle Ages II 416

Evolutionism II 174 Heresy, Renaissance and Later II 424

Existentialism II 189 Hermeticism II 431

Experimental Science and Mechanics in the Hierarchy and Order II 434


Middle Ages II 196
Historical and Dialectical Materialism II 450
Expressionism in Literature II 206
Historicism II 456
Faith, Hope, and Charity II 209
Historiography II 464
Form in the History of Aesthetics II 216
The Influence of Ideas on Ancient Greek
Fortune, Fate, and Chance II 225 Historiography II 499

Free Will and Determinism II 236 Holy (The Sacred) II 511

Free Will in Theology II 242 Humanism in Italy II 515

Legal Concept of Freedom II 248 Iconography II 524

Freedom of Speech in Antiquity II 252 Idea II 542

Game Theory II 263 Ideal in Philosophy from the Renaissance


to 1780 II 549
General Will II 275
Ideology II 552
Genetic Continuity II 281
Ideology of Soviet Communism II 559
Genius from the Renaissance to 1770 II 293
Impiety in the Classical World II 564
Genius: Individualism in Art and Artists II 297
Impressionism in Art II 567
Musical Genius II 312
Imprinting and Learning Early in Life II 583
Gnosticism II 326
Indeterminacy in Physics II 586
Idea of God from Prehistory to the
Middle Ages II 331
Types of Individualism II 594

Idea of God, 1400-1800 II 346


Infinity II 604
Idea of God since 1800 II 354
Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics
Concept of Gothic II 366 (Lamarckian) II 617

Happiness and Pleasure II 374 Inheritance through Pangenesis II 622 Xix


LIST OF ARTICLES

Iron) II 626 Marxist Revisionism: From Bernstein to


Modern Forms III 161
Irrationalism in the History of Philosophy II 634
Relativity of Standards of Mathematical
Islamic Conception of Intellectual Life II 638 Rigor' III 170

Justice II 652 Mathematics in Cultural History III 177

Study of Language II 659 Changing Concepts of Matter from


Antiquity to Newton III 185
Ancient Creek Ideas of Law II 673
Metaphor in Philosophy III 196
\ik ient Roman Ideas of Law II 685
Metaphor in Religious Discourse III 201
Common Law II 691
Metaphysical Imagination HI 208
Concept of Law III 1

Millenarianism III 223


Due Process in Law III 6
Mimesis III 225
Equal Protection in Law III 10
Moral Sense HI 230
Natural Law and Natural Rights III 13
Motif III 235
Legal Precedent III 27
Motif in Literature: The Faust Theme HI 244
Legal Responsibility III 33
Literary Attitudes Toward Mountains III 253
Liberalism III 36
Music and Science HI 260
Linguistics III 61
Music as a Demonic Art III 264
Linguistic Theories in British Seventeenth-
Century Philosophy III 73 Music as a Divine Art HI 267

Literary Paradox III 76 Myth in Antiquity III 272

Literature and Its Cognates III 81 Myth in Biblical Times III 275

Longevity III 89 Myth in the Middle Ages and the


Renaissance HI 286
Love III 94
Myth in English Literature: Seventeenth
and Eighteenth Centuries HI 294
Loyalty III 108

Myth in the Eighteenth and Early


Machiavellism III 116 Nineteenth Centuries III 300

Macrocosm and Microcosm III 126 Myth in the Nineteenth and Twentieth
Centuries III 307
Man-Machine from the Greeks to the
Computer III 131 Medieval and Renaissance Ideas of Nation III 318

XX Marxism III 146 Nationalism III 324


LIST OF ARTICLES

Naturalism in Art III 339 Positivism in the Twentieth Century


(Logical Empiricism) III 545
Nature III 346
Pragmatism III 551
Necessity HI 351
Pre-Platonic Conceptions of Human Nature III 570
Neo-Classicism in Art III 362
Primitivism III 577
Neo-Platonism III 371
Primitivism in the Eighteenth Century III 598
Newton and the Method of Analysis III 378
Probability: Objective Theory III 605
Newton's Opticks and Eighteenth-Century
Imagination III 391 Progress in Classical Antiquity III 623

Number III 399 Progress in the Modern Era III 633

Optics and Vision III 407 Property III 650

Organicism III 421 Prophecy in Hebrew Scripture III 657

Oriental Ideas in American Thought III 427 Prophecy in the Middle Ages III 664

Ethics of Peace III 440 Protest Movements III 670

International Peace III 448 Psychological Ideas in Antiquity IV 1

Perennial Philosophy III 457 Psychological Schools in European Thought IV 10

Perfectibility of Man III 463 Psychological Theories in American Thought IV 16

Periodization in History III 476


Pythagorean Doctrines to 300 B.C. IV 30

Periodization in Literary History III 481


Pythagorean Harmony of the Universe IV 38
Philanthropy III 486
Ramism IV 42
Pietism III 493
Rationality among the Greeks and Romans IV 46
Rhetoric and Literary Theory in Platonism III 495
Realism in Literature IV 51
Platonism in Philosophy and Poetry III 502
Recapitulation IV 56
Platonism in the Renaissance III 508
Reformation IV 60
Platonism since the Enlightenment III 515
Relativism in Ethics IV 70
Poetry and Poetics from Antiquity to the
Mid-Eighteenth Century III 525 Relativity IV 74

Positivism in Europe to 1900 III 532 Origins of Religion IV 92

Positivism in Latin America III 539 Ritual in Religion IV 99 xxi


LIST OF ARTICLES

Religion and Science in the Nineteenth Ethics of Stoicism IV 319


Century IV 106
Structuralism IV 322
Religious Enlightenment in American
Thought IV 109 Style in Literature IV 330

Religious Toleration IV 112 Sublime in External Nature IV 333

Idea of Renaissance IV 121 Symbol and Symbolism in Literature IV 337

Renaissance Humanism IV 129 Symmetry and Asymmetry IV 345

Renaissance Idea of the Dignity of Man IV 136 Taste in the History of Aesthetics from
the Renaissance to 1770 IV 353
Renaissance Literature and Historiography IV 147
Technology IV 357
Revolution IV 152
Temperance (Sophrosyne) and the Canon of
Rhetoric after Plato IV 167 the Cardinal Virtues IV 365

Right and Good IV 173 Theodicy IV 378

Romanticism in Literature IV 187 Theriophily IV 384

Romanticism (ca. 1780-ca. 1830) IV 198 Time IV 389

Romanticism in Political Thought IV 205 Time and Measurement IV 398

Romanticism in Post-Kantian Philosophy IV 208 Totalitarianism IV 406

Satire IV 211 Sense of the Tragic IV 411

Victorian Sensibility and Sentiment IV 217 Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism IV 417

Sin and Salvation IV 224 Uniformitarianism in Linguistics IV 423

Skepticism in Antiquity IV 234 Unity of Science from Plato to Kant IV 431

Skepticism in Modern Thought IV 240 Universal Man IV 437

Social Contract IV 251 Utilitarianism IV 444

Social Democracy in Germany and Utility and Value in Economic Thought IV 450
Revisionism IV 263
Utopia IV 458
Formal Theories of Social Welfare IV 276

Ut pictura poesis IV 465


Socialism from Antiquity to Marx IV 284

Space IV 295 Virtu in and since the Renaissance IV 476

Spontaneous Generation IV 307 Virtuoso IV 486

XXii The State IV 312 Volkszeist IV 490


LIST OF ARTICLES

Vox populi IV 496 Witchcraft IV 521

War and Militarism IV 500 Social Attitudes Towards Women IV 523

Welfare State IV 509 Work IV 530

Wisdom of the Fool IV 515 Zeitgeist IV 535

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