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Name of project :

DESIGN OF ABUTMENT

ABUTMENT DESIGN

ABUTMENT FOR CAUSEWAY

DESIGN DATA :

Units

1 Foundation level

95.00

M

2 Junction level of the abutment with concrete

95.50

M

3 Seating Level

99.575
99.575

M

4 Roadway level and top of abutment

100.00

M

5 D/S Slope Level

100.00

M

6 Pond level

100.00
100.00

M

7 U/S Slope (H/V)

1/10
1/10

8 D/S Slope (H/V)

0.60

 

9 Width at Seating

0.50

M

10 Top width of abutment

0.80
0.80

M

11 Foundation concrete offsets

U/S

0.50 0.50
0.50
0.50

M

D/S

M

12

Braking force

13 Surcharge Intensity

14 Vertical reaction of bridge,gates,operating platform etc.

15 Angle of internal friction ( f )

4.50 0.000
4.50
0.000
5.20 30.00
5.20
30.00

t

Ton/Sq m

t/m

Degree

16 Unit weight of Masonry

1.90

Ton/Cu m

17 Unit weight of dry earth

1.60

Ton/Cu m

18 Unit weight of wet earth

1.75
1.75

Ton/Cu m

19 Unit weight of saturated earth

2.00
2.00

Ton/Cu m

20 Unit weight of foundation concrete

2.25

Ton/Cu m

21 Bearing Capacity of soil

20.00
20.00

Ton/Sq m

22 Coeff of friction between concrete and masonry

0.65
0.65

23 Max. allowable compressive stress in masonry

100.00

Ton/Sq m

24 Max. allowable tensile stress in masonry

10.00

Ton/Sq m

1

ABUTMENT DESIGN

ABUTMENT SECTION AT JUNCTION LEVEL

L.L. SURCHARGE @ 10 0.80 R.L. 100.00 6 5 5.2 t R.L. 100.000 4.5 t
L.L. SURCHARGE @
10
0.80
R.L.
100.00
6
5
5.2
t
R.L.
100.000
4.5
t
R.L.
99.575
8
17
7
R.L.
100.00
9
1
2
3
4
R.L.
95.50
0.41
0.50
0.80
2.70
100.00 9 1 2 3 4 R.L. 95.50 0.41 0.50 0.80 2.70 4.41 11 4.5 UPLIFT
4.41 11 4.5
4.41
11
4.5

UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM

0.000 t/m 2 L.L. SURCHARGE 12 16 13 14 15
0.000
t/m 2
L.L. SURCHARGE
12
16
13
14
15

EARTH PRESSURE DIAGRAM

2

ABUTMENT DESIGN

(i)

Checking the stability of abutment section at the junction level i.e.at R.L. HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL FORCES

95.50

S.No

Item

 

Description

 

Forces (t)

Lever arm

Moments in t-m

 

Vertical

Horizontal

(m)

V

M

H

M

(A)

 

Vertical forces

           

1

Self weight of Abutment

 

1

1/2 X

4.08 X

0.41 X

1.90

1.578

0.272

 

0.429

2

4.08

X

0.50 X

1.90

3.871

0.658

2.545

3

4.50

X

0.80 X

1.90

6.840

1.308

8.943

4

1/2 X

4.50 X

2.70 X

1.90

11.543

2.608

30.097

2

Load due to bridge,gates etc.

 

5

 

1.00

X

5.20

5.200

0.658

 

3.419

3

Vertical weight due to earth retained on backfill

 

6

 

2.70

X

0.00 X

1.75

0.000

3.058

 

0.000

7

2.70

X

0.00 X

1.75

0.000

3.058

0.000

8

1/2 X

0.00 X

0.00 X

1.75

0.000

1.708

0.000

9

1/2 X

2.70 X

4.50 X

2.00

12.150

3.508

42.616

4

Vertical load due to surcharge

10

 

2.70

X

0.000

0.000

3.058

 

0.000

5

Uplift Pressure

   

11

1/2 X

4.50 X

4.408 X

1.00

-9.917

2.938

-29.139

(B)

Horizontal forces

 

1

Wet earth pressure

12

1/2 X

0.33 X

1.75 X

0

0.000

4.500

0.000

13

0.33 X

1.75 X

0.00 X

4.50

0.000

2.250

0.000

2

Saturated earth pressure

 

14

1/2 X

0.33 X

1.00 X

20.25

3.375

1.500

5.063

15

1/2 X

1.00 X

1.00 X

20.25

10.125

1.500

15.188

3

Live load surcharge

 

16

0.000 X

4.50

0.000

2.250

0.000

4

Braking force

 

17

 

4.500

4.08

18.338

     

Total =

 

S V =

S H =

 

S V M =

S H M =

 

31.264

18.000

58.910

38.588

3

 

Net stabilizing moments =

 

S V M

-

S H M

 

S

M =

58.910

-

38.588

S

M =

20.323

 
 

S

M

20.323

b

=

4.41

,

X

=

--------

----------- =

0.650

 

S

V

31.26441

 

e

=

b/2 - X

 
 

=

1.554

Vertical stresses at Heel

= SV/b(1-6e/b)

=

-7.910

t/m

2

<

Vertical stresses at Toe

= SV/b(1+6e/b) =

22.097

t/m

2

<

Sliding factor =

 

S

H

 

18.000

0.576

 

0.65

S

V

=

31.264

=

 

<

 

Hence

safe

Factor of safety in overturning

 
 

=

S

S

V

H

M

M

=

58.91

38.588

=

1.53

>

1.5

 

Hence

safe

4

ABUTMENT DESIGN

10.00

safe

100.00

safe

t/m

t/m

2

2

ABUTMENT DESIGN

ABUTMENT SECTION AT FOUNDATION LEVEL

L.L. SURCHARGE @ 13 0.80 R.L. 100.00 7 6 5.20 R.L. 100.00 10 R.L. 99.58
L.L. SURCHARGE @
13
0.80
R.L.
100.00
7
6
5.20
R.L.
100.00
10
R.L.
99.58
4.50
9
20
8
R.L.
100.00
11
12
1
2
3
4
R.L.
95.50
0.50
5
0.50 0.41
0.50
0.80
2.70 0.50
0.000 t/m 2 L.L. SURCHARGE 15 19 16 17 18
0.000
t/m 2
L.L. SURCHARGE
15
19
16
17
18

EARTH PRESSURE DIAGRAM

5.41 14 5.00
5.41
14
5.00

UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM

5

ABUTMENT DESIGN

(i)

Checking the stability of abutment section at foundation level i.e.at R.L. HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL FORCES

95.00

S.No

Item

 

Description

 

Forces (t)

Lever arm

Moments in t-m

 

Vertical

Horizontal

(m)

V

M

H

M

(A)

 

Vertical forces

           

1

Self weight of Abutment

 

1

1/2 X

4.08 X

0.41 X

1.90

1.578

0.772

 

1.217

2

4.08

X

0.50 X

1.90

3.871

1.158

4.481

3

4.50

X

0.80 X

1.90

6.840

1.808

12.363

4

1/2 X

4.50 X

2.70 X

1.90

11.543

3.108

35.868

2

Foundation concrete

 

5

 

5.41

X

0.50 X

2.25

6.083

2.704

16.448

3

Load due to bridge,gates etc.

 

6

 

1.00

X

5.20

5.20

1.158

 

6.019

4

Vertical weight due to earth retained on backfill

 

7

 

2.70

X

0.00 X

1.75

0.000

3.558

 

0.000

8

2.70

X

0.00 X

1.75

0.000

3.558

0.000

9

1/2 X

0.00 X

0.00 X

1.75

0.000

2.208

0.000

10

0.00

X

0.50 X

1.75

0.000

5.16

0.000

11

1/2 X

2.70 X

4.50 X

2.00

12.150

4.008

48.691

12

4.50

X

0.50 X

2.00

4.500

5.16

23.209

5

Vertical load due to surcharge

13

 

3.20

X

0.000

0.000

3.558

 

0.000

6

Uplift Pressure

   

14

1/2 X

5.00 X

5.408 X

1.00

-13.519

3.605

-48.735

(B)

Horizontal forces

 

1

Wet earth pressure

15

1/2 X

0.33 X

1.75 X

0

0.000

5.000

0.000

16

0.33 X

1.75 X

0.00 X

5.00

0.000

2.500

0.000

2

Saturated earth pressure

 

17

1/2 X

0.33 X

1.00 X

25.00

4.167

1.667

6.944

18

1/2 X

1.00 X

1.00 X

25.00

12.500

1.667

20.833

3

Live load surcharge

 

19

0.000 X

5.00

0.000

2.500

0.000

4

Braking force

 

20

 

4.500

4.58

20.588

     

Total =

 

S V =

S H =

 

S V M =

S H M =

 

38.246

21.167

99.562

48.365

6

 

Net stabilizing moments =

 

S V M

-

S H M

 

S

M =

99.562

-

48.365

S

M =

51.197

 
 

S

M

51.197

b

=

5.41

,

 

X

=

--------

----------- =

1.339

 

S

V

38.24597

 

e

=

b/2 - X

 
 

=

1.365

Vertical stresses at Heel

= SV/b(1-6e/b)

=

-3.640

t/m

2

<

Vertical stresses at Toe

= SV/b(1+6e/b) =

17.786

t/m

2

<

Sliding factor =

 

S

H

21.167

0.553

 

0.65

S

V

=

38.246

=

 

<

 

Hence

safe

Factor of safety in overturning

 
 

S

V M

99.56

2.06

 

1.5

 

=

=

=

 

>

 

S

H M

48.365

 

Hence

safe

********************

7

ABUTMENT DESIGN

10.00

safe

100.00

safe

t/m

t/m

2

2