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The 3 Types of Hajj
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Type 1 – Twice-Ihraam Umraah-Hajj (Tamattu) – This

Hajj is the most common Hajj. A pilgrim enters the state of Ihraam twice. He
first enters Makkah in the state of Ihraam, and performs an Umraah.
After the Umraah, Ihraam restrictions are lifted so he can change into normal
clothes and do all everyday things.
Later, when the first day of Hajj starts, he makes an intention for Hajj thus
entering the state of Ihraam once again, and performs his Hajj.
Ihraam restrictions apply only during the Umraah and the Hajj; in the period
between the two, all restrictions are lifted.

Type 2 – Single-Ihraam Umraah-Hajj (Qiraan) - In this

type of Hajj, a pilgrim enters the state of Ihraam just once, and performs an
Umraah and a Hajj while in that state. Ihraam restrictions apply not only
throughout the Umraah and the Hajj, but also in the period between the two,
and are only lifted on the day of sacrifice at the end of Hajj (which at the
earliest would be the 3rd day of Hajj)

Type 3 – the Hajj Only (Ifraad) - The pilgrim enters the state
of Ihraam with the intention of performing Hajj only (thus he/she does not
perform an ’Umraah). After entering the state of Ihraam, the pilgrim will
remain under Ihraam restrictions until after sacrifice at the end of Hajj

Remember in all the types of Hajj you have to be in the state of Ihraam before
you enter the Meeqaat (see later slides)
How to use this guide

• As mentioned earlier, there are three types of Hajj;

Tamattu, Qiraan and Ifraad

• The most popular Hajj is Hajj Tamattu

• This guide will explain how to perform the Tamattu Hajj

• For information on the other two types of Hajj, please

consult the Ulamaa
How to Perform Umraah
- Departing from Home -

Before you leave your home for Umraah:

- Make sure you make copies of your Passport, Ticket, Inoculation
Certificate etc. Keep one copy at home, and one with you in your suitcase.

- It is advisable that you clip the nails, remove the hair under your armpits
and private parts (your pubic hair) and trim your moustache, and then
perform ghusl as you may not get a chance to do so on your journey or on
the plane.

- Perform two Rak'aats Nafl Salaah to thank Allaah (Subhaana Wa Ta’aala)

for giving you this blessed opportunity to perform Umraah.
- Make Du’aa, asking Allaah (s.w.t.) to make the journey easy for you, and
accept it. Also to protect you from shaytaan and nafs (desires).
How to Perform Umraah
- Departing from Home -

- Meet your family and friends and Seek Forgiveness from people whom
you might have wronged. Ask people to make Du’aa for your Journey.

- Try to pay off any outstanding Debts.

- Sort out any Bills or Tasks that will be due soon – this will keep your
head clear During & After Hajj.

- If your flight is Direct to Saudi Arabia, change into your Ihraam

beforehand, as it is quite difficult to do so once you are on your way.

At the very least, change into the bottom half of your Ihraam, and wear
your everyday clothes for the top half. You can then change into the top
sheet as you near the Meeqaat Boundary.

- If your flight is not direct, change at your stopover.

Meeqaat Boundary points
There are 5 townships or Meeqaat Boundary points around Makkah which
together form an area called the Meeqaat.

You must be in the state of Ihraam when you enter this Meeqaat.

The 5 boundary points are:

1) ZUL HULAIFA: This is one of the Meeqaat points for the people
travelling by road from the direction of Madinah. It is a village six or seven
miles away from the city and is the Meeqaat point furthest away from
Makkah. it is also called Waadi ul `Aqeeq. Places of interest at this
Meeqaat point include Masjid-ash-Shajarah (the Mosque of the Tree).

2) AL-JUHFAH: This is a village midway between Madinah and Makkah. It

too is a possible Meeqaat for people travelling by road from the direction
of Madinah. It is the Meeqaat for those who make Hajj from the direction
of the west, like the people of Syria, Egypt and the West.
Meeqaat Boundary points
3) QARN UL MANAZIL: which is also called "Qarn-uth-Tha'aalib" is a
Meeqaat point quite near to Makkah. It is the Meeqaat point for the people
travelling by road from an area called Najd.

4) YALAMLAM is a Meeqaat point thirty miles south from Makkah and is

the Meeqaat point for travellers from Yemen.

5) DHAATU IRQ is a place out in the desert, on the border between the
areas of Najd and Tihaamah. It is forty-two miles away from Makkah and
is the Meeqaat point for people coming from Iraq.

Nowadays, people flying in for Hajj do not have a specific

Meeqaat point, where they would change into Ihraam clothes.
They would just have to make sure that when their plane
crosses the Meeqaat boundary and enters the Meeqaat area,
they are in the state of Ihraam.
Location : Makkah Saudia Arabia


Umraah and Hajj are performed in and around Makkah, where the Prophet
Muhammad (s.a.w) was born. Makkah contains the House of Allaah, the
Baytullaah, and that is where the mercy and blessings of Allaah are constantly
and continually descending.
Meeqaat Boundaries


Zul Hulaifa in the north

Dhat Irq in the north-east
Qarn ul Manazil in the east
Yalamlam in the south-east
Juhfah in the north-west
Jeddah is also within the
Meeqaat area

The Meeqaat boundary is anchored by different townships & localities in various directions.
Do not cross the Meeqaat without being in the state of Ihraam. If you are landing in Jeddah
and going to Makkah to perform Umraah directly, you must be in a state of Ihraam before you
land, because the plane will land at Jeddah and Jeddah is inside the Meeqaat.
Entering the State of Ihraam

Step 1) Before getting into your Ihraam cloths, take a bath or

shower (ghusal) or perform an Ablution (Wudhu).

Step 2a) For men only: Wear two pieces of plain white, unsewn
cloths. One of the pieces is to be wrapped around your midriff to
cover your body from just above the navel to the ankles. This is
very much like a South Asian “Lungi” or English Sarong.

The other is to be draped around your shoulders to cover your

torso, very much like a Greek toga.
Step 2b) For Ladies only, ordinary, everyday unpretentious clothes make
up their Ihraam. Ladies must ensure that their faces are not touched by
any covering.
Entering the ‘State of Ihraam’___

Step 3) Men may apply Itr (perfume) if they wish before entering the state of
Ihraam. However, they must apply it to their body and rub It down. Do not
apply any fragrance to your Ihraam clothes.

An important note

There are many who think that the two pieces of cloth mentioned
above make up the Ihraam.
This is incorrect
In truth, other Actions as well as the two pieces make up the
‘State of Ihraam’.

Ihraam is the intention of the person making the journey to

perform all the rites of Umraah or Hajj, and to stay away from all
sinful & prohibited things of Ihraam.
Entering the ‘State of Ihraam’
Step 4) Cover your head with the upper part of your Ihraam and perform two
Nafl Rak'aats.
Make sure it’s not a Makrooh time when you perform the prayers. The
Makrooh times are:
- Immediately after sunrise for about 15 minutes, around five minutes either
way of noon, a couple of minutes before sunset, and any time after you have
performed Asr Salaah until Maghrib time.
Recite Surah al-Kaafiroon in the 1st Rak’aat

Recite Surah Al-Ikhlas in the 2nd Rak’aat

Entering the ‘State of Ihraam’
Step 5: Now remove your head cover and make your intention for an Umraah.

You are performing Hajj Tammattu

so make intention of performing Umraah Only

Allaah humma Inneey Ooreeydul ‘Umrata Fa-yassirhaa

leey Wa ta qab-balhaa Min-neey
O Allaah! I make an intention to perform an Umraah. Make it easy
for me and accept it from me.
Entering the ‘State of Ihraam’
Step 6 – Talbiyah: After your intention, recite the Talbiyah three times. You must
recite it at least once and reciting it more than once is Sunnah.

Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeyka laka labbayk,

Innal-hamda wan-ni`mata laka wal-mulk, laa shareeyka lak.

“Here I am, O Allaah, here I am. Here I am, You have No partner, here I
am. Verily All praise and blessings, and All sovereignty, are Yours.
You have No partner”

Men should recite the Talbiyah loudly and women silently, and as often as possible.
Also make Du’aa, read darood shareef and pray for forgiveness until you reach Makkah.
The Talbiyah has a number of meanings, such as:
1. “Labbayka Allaahum-ma labbayk (Here I am, O Allaah, here I am)” is one response
after another, which is repeated to show that the response is lasting and ongoing.
2. It also means, I submit and submit again, which indicates ongoing submission.
3. It may mean staying in one place (labba bil-makan) and clinging to it, which means, I
am persisting in obeying You, thus emphasizing the meaning of continuous servitude
to Allaah.
4. One of the meanings of the Talbiyah is confirming ones love for Allaah. One only
says “Labbayk (Here I am at your service)” to a person whom one loves and respects.
5. It implies sincerity and drawing closer, so it emphasizes the meaning of seeking to
draw closer and closer to Allaah.
The Talbiyah also :
- Praises Allaah, which is the ultimate way in which to draw close to Allaah.
- Recognises the blessings of Allaah, for He is the source of all blessings and the One
Who bestows them.
- Acknowledges that all sovereignty belongs to Allaah alone, and no one else has any
true dominion
When a pilgrim is reciting the Talbiyah, he should feel a connection with all other created beings, as they
all join in with him in submission to Allaah alone, and echo his Talbiyah. The Messenger (peace and
blessings be upon him) said: “There is no Muslim who recites the Talbiyah but whatever is to his right
and to his left, of stones, rocks and clods, recites it along with him, to the furthest point in the east and
the west – meaning to his right and his left.“
(Reported by at-Tirmidhi, Ibn Khuzaymah, and al-Bayhaqi with an authentic chain of transmission).
Having recited the Talbiyah, you
have now entered the state of
Ihraam, all the restrictions that
come with it apply from this point
Note: It is ONLY until you recite the Talbiyah that you
become in the state of Ihraam.
Hence, the Talbiyah can be delayed until you are ready to
take on this state.
PROHIBITED (HARAAM) acts in the state of IHRAAM
Hunting: You are not allowed to hunt wild animals. However, Scorpions, pythons, poisonous snakes and other
venomous creatures may be killed if you come across them. Rodents like rats may be killed. If attacked by a wild animal
you can kill it. You are also allowed to fish. Slaughtering domestic fowls such as goats, sheep, camels, etc is, of course,
Sexual intercourse: Sexual intercourse, or any acts of courtship that could lead to it like kissing, embracing and
talking about sex, is forbidden.

Perfumes / Fragrances / Scents: Anything with a scent is forbidden. This includes scented soaps,
toothpastes, deodorants etc. If you can’t live without them, unscented soaps, toothpastes and deodorants can be purchased
from Makkah and Madinah. Applying scent to your clothes, body, food and drink is also not allowed

Sewn clothes: It is prohibited for men to wear sewn or stitched clothes in Ihraam
Make up / Ornament / Surma / Henna: : All methods of self-beautification are forbidden.

Lying / Abusing / Swearing / unlawful acts (e.g. obscenity, transgression, conflict etc.)

Shaving / Clipping hair from any part of the body / Clipping nails
Men must not cover the central bone of the upper part of the foot
Men must not cover their face or head
Women should not cover their faces but in the presence of men, they may cover
in a way that the covering does not touch their face
Do not cause harm to any Muslim, be it verbally or physically
Ointment: It is forbidden to apply any kind of ointment to the body, whether it has a sweet smell or not. If however, it
becomes necessary for medical reasons it is allowed.
Things Permissible in IHRAAM
Shadowing under an umbrella or other such object that protects you from the
heat, such as a car roof is allowed, as long as it does not touch you head.
You can wear a ring, a pair of glasses, a hearing aid, a watch or a
belt or girdle which protects your money and documents.
If, while you are in Ihraam, you want to wash your Ihraam cloths, or change them,
you can do so. You can also have a bath or shower but you must not scrub
yourself down – just let the water run over your body.

You can cover yourself, including your feet, with a blanket , quilt,
Sleeping bag or any other cover, but you must not cover your head or face.

You may also use Miswaak to clean your teeth

Hadhrat Ayesha (r.a) narrates that Rasulullaah (s.a.w) said:

“The reward of Salaah (Prayers) is multiplied 70 times if Miswaak was used before it.”
Guide to Umraah
Umraah is a Sunnah (a teaching of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w): and can be
performed at anytime of the year, apart from the 5 days of Hajj - from 9th Dhul
Hijjah to the 13th Dhul Hijjah - when it is Makrooh Tahreemi (semi-haraam)

A very important thing to remember is that Umraah is one of the most rewarding
Sunnats of the Prophet (s.a.w). One who is to perform Umraah should have a very
sincere intention, for all actions are judged & rewarded according to intention:
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said:
“Rewards for deeds are dependent on the intention / motive” - Bukhaari

Not everyone is blessed by Allaah with the opportunity to visit the holy land of
Makkah for Umraah or Hajj. So ensure the trip is a Beneficial & Rewarding one.
Virtues of Umraah
Performing Umraah during the Holy month of Ramadhaan is most rewarding and
equal to Hajj in reward and excellence.

“Performing One Umraah in Ramadhaan is like performing a Hajj’’

In another Narration, “it is like performing a hajj with me (s.a.w)” – Muslim

This means that performing Umraah in Ramadhaan is equal in terms of reward to

a Hajj (but it does not substitute for the performance of Hajj which is Fardh
(compulsory), once in a lifetime, if one is financially and physically capable (as it
is one of the basic Five Pillars of Islaam).

“The people who come to perform Hajj or Umraah are the guests of Allaah because
they visit His House on His Call; therefore, Allaah grants them what they ask for”
– Ibn Maajah
If you Call Allaah – He answers you,
If you seek His forgiveness - He forgives you.
Performing Hajj or Umraah from Al Aqsaa
Al Aqsaa “One Umraah is an expiation for the
sins committed between it and
another Umraah” – Bukhaari, Muslim


The Merits of Performing Hajj or Umraah from Masjid al Aqsaa are:

Umm Salamah (RadhiyAllaahu ‘Anhaa) narrates that she heard the

Prophet (Sal-lAllaahu ’Alayhi Wa sal-lam) saying, “Whosoever starts his
’Umraah or Hajj from Masjid al Aqsa his wrong actions will be forgiven,
both past and future.” In another version, he is reported to have said that
Paradise WOULD be his reward. (Targheeb)
The Rites of Umraah we will cover
There are 4 steps in completing an Umraah
1. IHRAAM - Entering the state of Ihraam with an intention to perform an
Umraah, and reciting at least one Talbiyah – (fardh)

2. TAWAAF - Circling the Kaa'bah with niyyah – (fardh)

3. SA’EE - walking briskly between the hills of Safah and Marwah a total of 7
times (i.e. 7 lengths, or 3 ½ rounds) – (waajib)

4. HALQ or QASR - Shaving all the hair of the head, or trimming at least a
quarter-length of it. For women, only a finger wrap of hair has to be cut
- (waajib)

Remember that the Hajj and Umraah are two separate acts of worship. Although
there is some overlap, and although the acts of Umraah are incorporated into the
Hajj, In Umraah, pilgrims DO NOT perform the other acts of Hajj, like travelling to
and staying at Mina, ’Arafaat and Muzdalifaah, directing pebbles at the Jamaraat,
and sacrificing an animal.
Arriving at Saudi Arabia
If you have travelled directly to Jeddah you should already be in the state
of Ihraam because Jeddah is part of the Meeqaat (see following slides)
You will be known as a Muhrim (A person in the state of Ihraam).
Your Mu’allim (group leader) should advise you of what
facilities there are for preparation of Ihraam before you get here.

Please note: not every airport you arrive at may have the facilities or be able to
cope with the thousands of people that land there in order to allow them to have a
bath, shower or even just to make Wudhu (ablution).
You are advised to have a bath or shower at home, and to take with you a
bottle of water so you can perform ablution if no facilities are available.
Also make sure that your Ihraam cloths are in your hand luggage
and NOT in your suitcase.

Before you reach makkah there will be lots of frustration, hardships, and disappointments
from yourselves and others, but please remember that you are in a state of Ihraam and to be
very patient. Try not to spoil you Hajj before its even started.
From Jeddah to Makkah
The Jeddah-Makkah journey (50 miles) may take up to twelve hours, or even more, by bus,
from the time you land to the time you reach your residence in Makkah. So take rest where
you can and remember to keep in the Dhikr of Allaah and keep reading the Talbiyah.
Other procedures that will follow are:
- At the airport there are many procedures (i.e. customs, immigration) and paperwork to be
- Your Travel Coupons for internal travel within Saudi Arabia will be attached to your
passport and you will be escorted to government buses for your journey to Makkah.
- Your passport will be taken away and be kept by the Mu’allim assigned to you by the Saudi
government. You will not see your passport again till your return flight back from Jeddah
- The bus will take you first to the Haaji Reception Centre on your way to Makkah for your
paper work to be checked again!.
- You will be taken to your Mu’allim's office in Makkah on the same bus and there you will be
issued with a plastic bracelet/badge or some other form of a document with the name,
address and the telephone number of your Mu’allim printed on it.

- Keep these with you all the time so that if you get lost or in an accident you will be taken to
the right people – take good care of these!!
Now your Mu’allim will take you to your Hotel – safeguard your belongings and rest.

Now you are ready to go to Masjid ul Haraam but, before you go, take a Hotel
business card and look for landmarks around your hotel that will bring you back
to the hotel since it is very easy to get lost.
You will be given documents like these and a
bracelet which will act as you ‘passes’ &
‘identification’ throughout the Hajj Period.

Keep these Very Safe!

From your hotel to the Kaa'bah
As you make your way towards the Kaa'bah, keep remembering Allaah,
keep asking him for forgiveness and keep reciting the Talbiyah.
As you enter the precincts of the Mosque (al-Masjid ul Haraam), do so with utmost
humility, remember the greatness of Allaah and respect the sanctity of the area.
Enter the Mosque with your right foot, and if possible, through the
door – ‘Baab us Salaam’. If it is the first time you are going to the
Kaa'bah during your current trip, try to enter through Babul Umraah.
Read this prayer as you enter.

“Bismillaahi was-salaatu was-salaamu ’alaa rasoolil-laah.

Allaah-hum-maftah-lee abwaaba rahmatik”
“In the name of Allaah. May the peace and the salutations (of Allaah) be upon the
Messenger of Allaah. O Allaah, open the doors of your mercy”.
What to pray the moment you see the Kaa’bah

Allaahu Akbar. Laa ilaaha illallaah.

“Allaah is the Greatest. There is no god except Allaah”

This moment is very precious, for

whatever du’aa is made will most
certainly be accepted by Allaah.
The moment you sight the Kaa’bah
Stop reciting Talbiyyah – instead,
Make Du’aas as much as you can
here while facing the Kaa'bah

A woman who is menstruating (haydh) or is in the period after childbirth (Nifaas)

must NOT enter the Masjid. She can however, stay in the courtyard outside the
Mosque building.
Please familiarise yourself with this diagram
It will help you perform your Tawaaf
Ruknul Shami

Meezabur Rahmah
Ruknul Yamanee
Corner Ruknul Iraqi
Hajar ul Aswad

Hajar-ul Aswad
Door Maqaami

A green tube light directly

Only the exposed opposite the Hajar-ul Aswad on
pieces are part of Hajar- a far wall, marks the point for
ul Aswad the rest is istilaam (see later – this was
varnished over to previously indicated with a thick
protect the Stone line on the marbled floor)

The circular area round the Kaa’bah where the Tawaaf is done is called the MATAAF
Al Hajar ul Aswad
(The Black Stone)

Only Small areas of

the Actual stone is

Types of Tawaaf
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Umraah Tawaaf
Tawaaf ul Umraah is the Tawaf you perform as a part of the rites of Umraah. It is identical to Tawaf ul
Qudoom. Whether you are going to Makkah during Umraah season or Hajj season, if you perform an Umraah,
you must perform this Tawaaf, and this Tawaaf requires you to wear Ihraam, and practice Idhtibah and

Hajj Tawaafs
Tawaaf ul Qudoom is the initial Tawaaf you will perform upon arrival at the Masjid ul Haram in Makkah for the
first time. It is a Sunnah and is performed only during the Hajj period, and only by those performing a Qiraan or
Ifraad Hajj. It requires you to wear Ihraam, and practice Idhtibah and Ramal.

Tawaaf ul Ziyaarah / Ifaadah is the Tawaf you will perform on or after the 10th of Zul Hijjah, usually after
taking off the Ihraam and changing into normal clothes. Ihraam, Idtiba and Ramal are not required for this Tawaf.
A Sa’ee after this Tawaaf is required of a person doing Tamattu Hajj, but is not required of a person doing a
Qiraan or Ifraad Hajj.

Tawaaf ul Widaa (The Farewell Tawaaf) is the Tawaf you will perform immediately before leaving Mecca
for your next destination following the completion of Hajj. This Tawaaf is Waajib and should be the last act you
perform in Makkah. You are not supposed to linger there after this Tawaf. Ihraam, Idtiba, Ramal and Sa'ee are not
required in Tawaaf ul Widaa.

Optional Tawaaf
Tawaaf un Nafl is a devotional Tawaf you may perform at any time, and as many times as you wish. No Ihraam
is required for this Tawaf. Sa’ee is also not required, though you may perform it if you wish.
Make your way to the Hajar-ul Aswad corner. As you walk
towards it, keep reciting the Talbiyah and Durood.

At this point men only should observe Idhtibaa

Idhtibaa is leaving the right shoulder uncovered by putting the

clothing of Ihraam under the right armpit, and draping the end
of the top part of the attire over the left shoulders.
Just before you are in line with the Hajarul Aswad, you can reaffirm a
verbal or mental intention for Tawaaf, by saying the following:

Al-laa hum-ma In-neey Ooreeydu Tawaafa Baytikal Haraami, Fa yas-sirhoo Lee Wa

Taqab-balhoo Min-neey, Sab’ata Ashwata Lil-laahi Ta’aalaa ’Az-zawajal.
O Allaah! I intend to perform Tawaaf of your Sacred House. Make it easy for me &
accept from me the seven ashwaat (circuits) for your sake, Allaah, the Most High.

This is a illustration of Idhtibaa

Tawaaf – Initial Istilaam
Once you have made your intention for Tawaaf, move in line with the Hajarul
Aswad, and turn your whole body until you are facing it
Now raise both your hands up to the ears, palms facing the Hajarul Aswad, and

Bismillaahi Allaahu Akbar wa Lillaahil Hamd

“In the name of Allaah, Allaah the greatest, and all praise is for Allaah”

• Now place both hands on the Hajarul Aswad and kiss it gently.
• If kissing is not possible, then you should just place both palms on it.
• If even this is also not possible, and this is usually the case, then you
should extend both palms towards it, then bring them towards you and
kiss the tips of your fingers once, then re-extend the palms towards the
Kaa'bah. These acts of kissing, palming, or extending, kissing, and re-
extending, are known as Istilaam.
• Now move on.
Tawaaf – Remaining 6 Istilaams
After the initial Istilaam, commence your Tawaaf. You should be walking in an
anti-clockwise direction and the Kaa'bah should always be on your left. Go
round the Ka’bah until you are once again in line with the Hajarul Aswad.

Once in line with the Hajarul Aswad, you should perform Istilaam again, but
this time, and the remaining 6 times, do not turn your body to face it. Then,
say the following:

Bismillaahi Allaahu Akbar

In the name of Allaah, Allaah is the Greatest

Masha-Allaah. Very good! you have now completed one circuit (shawt). You
must complete seven of these (called ashwaats), in this manner to complete
the 7-circuit Tawaaf.
Raml is a way of walking during some circuits of the Tawaaf. It involves
thrusting your chest forward and rolling your shoulders as you walk.

Men alone must perform Raml. Ladies are not required to. Raml is
done only in the first 3 circuits of Tawaaf ul Qudoom. Men do the Raml
walk in the first 3 circuits, then a normal walk in the remaining 4.
Ladies perform a normal walk in all 7 circuits.

The Raml walk was performed by the Prophet (s.a.w) and his companions (r.a) as
a mark of strength and endurance to the onlooking polytheists.

Ibn `Umar reported that Allaah's Messenger (s.a.w) raml-walked three times around the
Kaa'bah [starting] from the Black Stone and [ending] at the Black Stone again. He then
walked normally the remaining four rounds. - (Muslim and Ahmad)
Ruknul Yamanee
The corner before the Hajarul Aswad is called the Ruknul Yamanee, The Yemeni Corner. If
possible, touch it as you pass, but do not turn your body to face the Kaa'bah as you try.

Besides one Du’aa, we know of no other particular Du’aas that the Prophet (s.a.w)
made as he circled the Kaa'bah. That Dua is the following Qur’aanic Du’aa, which
he made as he walked between the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner:

"Rabbanaa aatina fid-dunyaa hasanataw wa fil ‘aakhirati hasanataw waqinaa

Our Lord! grant us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and
save us from the punishment of the Fire." (2:201)

Any prayer can be prayed during the Tawaaf, or the Qur'aan can be recited. There
are no specific prayers to be recited during the Tawaaf. You may pray in any
language you prefer. Your prayers needn’t be in Arabic.
Please familiarise yourself with this diagram

1 – Idhtibaa, initial Istilaam,

and Raml-walk (men only)
2 – Idhtibaa, Istilaam,
and Raml-walk (men only)

3 – Idhtibaa, Istilaam,
and Raml-walk (men only)
Ruknul Yamanee

4 – Idhtibaa, Istilaam,,
normal walking al-Hajarul

5 – Idhtibaa, Istilaam,
normal walking
6 – Idhtibaa, Istilaam, 3
normal walking 4
7 – Idhtibaa, Istilaam,
normal walking
Starting point 7
(in line with Black Stone)
Adhaan during Tawaaf
Tawaaf should be completed without any interruptions. However, if “Adhaan"
(the call to prayer) is called out while you are part way into your Tawaaf, you
should stop your Tawaaf and join the prayers immediately. After prayers, carry
on with your Tawaaf from the point you stopped. You don’t have to return to
Hajar ul Aswad to restart the interrupted round.

Female pilgrims who are in a state of menstruation or post-natal bleeding

There are special provisions to be observed by a female pilgrim who is
menstruating or suffering from post-natal bleeding).
Should she enter this state before Meeqat, she will pronounce her intention
to perform ‘Umraah or Hajj, and enter in the state of Ihraam as usual.
She will then proceed to perform all rites of ‘Umraah and Hajj, including
those at Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah, except:

• She will refrain from offering any prayers (Salawaat/Salaahs)

and entering the mosque of the Haraam. She can, however, sit in the
marble courtyards outside
• She will perform neither Tawaaf nor Sa’ee.
• She will not perform Tawaaful Ifaadhah.

After she gets out of her state, she will perform Tawaaf and Sa’ee
Prohibitions In Tawaaf:
- You do not have to touch the Black Stone for your Tawaaf to be accepted. If the
area is crowded, you may raise your hands towards the stone and say Allaahu
- Do not kiss the Yemeni corner. You should only touch it, with your hands.
- It is not necessary to follow those du’aa books that contain certain invocations for
each circuit around the Kaa'bah. Reading the Qur'aan, glorifying Allaah and
making du’aas from the heart is just as rewarding.
- Make personal, private du’aas; do not do make du'aas as part of a group,
shouting them out as you go round.
- Do not touch the walls of the ka’bah during Tawaaf. Rasulullah [Sal-lAllaahu
‘Alayhi Wa sal-lam] did not touch anything other than the black stone and the
Yemeni corner.
- Do not hurt anyone in trying to kiss the Black Stone.
- Do not raise your hands to the Yemeni Corner and say Allaahu Akbar. This is
only for the Black Stone.
- Do not push or hurt anyone during Tawaaf.
- Do not do Tawaaf with your back to the kaa’bah. The Kaa'bah should be to your
- Do not linger at the point where you are in line with the Black Stone. Move on!
Maqaami Ibraaheem
After completing the seventh round, perform an eighth Istilaam, and then go to
the Maqaami Ibraaheem (lit. the place where Ibraaheem (as) stood). If possible,
offer two Rak'aats Waajib behind it; otherwise perform the two Rak'aats
anywhere within the Masjid.
It is a Sunnah to recite Surat al-kaafiroon (Qul yaa ayyuhal kaafiroon) in the first rak'aat and
then Surah Al-Ikhlaas (Qul huwallaahu ahad) in the second rakaat. After this, spend some
time making du’aas.
Then, proceed to make du’aa at the Multazam. This is a section of Kaa'bah wall between the
Hajarul Aswad and the door of Kaa'bah. If possible, cling to the wall with arms stretched
above the head, placing your right and then left cheek on the Kaa'bah walls, and try to shed
some tears. Du’aas are accepted here.


Maqaami Ibraaheem
Maqaam e Ibraaheem

The ACTUAL Footsteps of

Hadhrat Ibraaheem (a.s)
After performing du’aa, proceed to drink Zam Zam. Drink as much Zam Zam as
possible. The Stairs to the Well are now closed but there are marked taps and
coolers all round the Masjid so don’t hesitate to drink to your heart’s content!

Face the ka’bah standing and then recite the du`a:

O Allaah! I seek from Thee profitable knowledge and bounteous

sustenance and a cure from all ailments and illnesses through Thy
Mercy, O Most Merciful of those who show mercy!

You should then, but don’t have to, return to face the
Hajarul Aswad and make a final 9th Istilaam.
One of the Early pictures of the Zamzam Well
Green Lights Mark
Start & End of
Running for Men

Safaa – Marwaa View

Separate Lane going to Marwaa
Separate Lane returning to Safaa

Lane for Wheelchair Users

Performing Sa’ee +44 (0)7973 214603

Now proceed to the 2 hills of Safaa and Marwah to perform Sa’ee. Start
from Safaa, face the Kaaba & make an intention (in your mind) for Sa’ee:

Allaahhumma innee ureedus sa’ya baynas safaa wal marwah sab’ata ashwaatin
Lillaahi azza wajall. Fa yassirhu lee wa taqabbalhu minnee

O Allaah! I intend to perform Sa’ee of seven lengths between

Safaa and Marwah for Thy Pleasure alone. Make it easy for me and
accept it from me.

As mentioned earlier, Sa’ee is the act of walking briskly between the hills
of Safaa and Marwah a total of 7 times (i.e 7 lengths, or 3 ½ rounds)
The history behind Sa’ee
The Sa’ee is connected with the Prophet Ibraaheem [as]. Ibraaheem (as) left
his wife, Haajra / Hagar, and infant son, Ismaeel / Ishmael (as) in the desert,
close to where the kaaba is located today, having been commanded to do so
through a divine revelation. Ibraaheem (as)’s wife and son (as) had few
provisions, and soon, their short supply of water was exhausted. Isma’eel
(as) began crying with thirst, and In a panic, Haajra began looking for water in
the desert. She ran repeatedly between the two small hills of Safaa and
Marwah, climbing them to get a better view of the landscape and, perhaps,
also to see if there was a desert traveller in sight. Upon her return to her son
after one of her runs, she discovered that a spring had miraculously sprouted
near the infant. The water of this spring is what we call ZamZam.
Men jog between Meelayn Akhdharayn, “the two green lights”, because
these lights mark the length of land where Haajra ran a little faster since this
was an area in which her child Isma’eel (as) was hidden from view. The hills
are now eroded, and the walk from Safa to Marwah is just a straight line.
You will retrace the steps of Haajra in Sa’ee, in commemoration of her search
for water, and Allaah's mercy in answering her prayers with the miracle of
ZamZam, and also to assert your own commitment to walk in the path of
Performing Sa’ee
Step 1 - Start your Sa’ee at Safaa. Face the Kaa'bah, raise your hands, as if
making du’aa, and say the following 3 times:

Allaahu Akbar, laa ilaaha illallaah

“Allaah is the Greatest, there is no god except Allaah”
Read Durood Shareef, and spend some time here, making du’aas for yourself and
others, because du’aas are most certainly accepted here.
Step 2 - Now start walking towards Marwah, doing dhikr and making du’aa as
you go. The distance from Safaa to Marwah is 0.4 miles. Thus, the 7-length
Sa’ee involves walking 2.8 miles. Along the way, there are 2 rows of horizontal
green lights, the Meelayn Akhdharayn. When you reach the first line of lights,
speed up until you reach the second line of green lights. From that point
onwards, walk at your normal pace again. Women do not speed up.
During Sa’ee you are not restricted to a particular du’aa or language; make any du’aa
you wish, in any language you wish. However, It is Sunnah to recite:

Rabbighfir warham antal a’azzul akram

“Oh my lord, forgive [me] and have mercy [on me], you are the most honoured, the most
Step 2 explained diagramatically - Now start walking towards Marwah, doing dhikr and making du’aa
as you go. The distance from Safaa to Marwah is 0.4 miles. Thus, the 7-length Sa’ee involves walking
2.8 miles. Along the way, there are 2 rows of horizontal green lights, the Meelayn Akhdharayn. First,
walk at normal pace. When you reach the first line of green lights, speed up, until you reach the
second line of green lights.

From that point onwards, walk at your normal pace again. Women do not speed up.

Safaa Ka’bah

Al-Hajarul Aswad Marwa

Safaa Marwa

Men walk faster here

• Step 3 - When you reach Marwah, stand facing Ka’bah and engage in du'aa as you did at
Safaa. Since the Ka’bah is not visible from here, just face in its direction.

• This is one length complete. Walk back to Safaa. Complete 7 lengths in this manner, i.e.
from Safaa to Marwah is 1 length and Marwah back to Safaa is another length.
• When you finish your 7th length you will end up at Marwah and have finished your Sa’ee.


Safaa Marwa

Men walk faster here

Do’s and don'ts of Sa’ee
- Although it’s preferable, you do not have to have wudhu during Sa’ee.
- You do not have to climb to the top of Safaa or Marwah.
- You can take breaks during the Sa’ee to drink water or rest.
- You can take a break after your Tawaaf and before you start your Sa’ee.
- You do not jog the whole way, from Safaa to Marwah; you only jog between
the green lights.
- Women do not run between the green lights.
- You are not restricted to any specific du’aas during the Sa’ee.
- However, do not forget to pray the du’aa that the Prophet (s.a.w) prayed
when he stood on Mount Safaa. Raise your hands and pray as he (s.a.w) did.

This brings us to the final stage of our Umraah >>>>>>>

Halq and Qasr
As mentioned earlier, HALQ and QASR are the acts of shaving all the hair of
the head, or trimming at least a quarter-length of it. For women, only a
fingerwrap of hair has to be cut.

Halq / Qasr signifies the ending of the Umraah, and once you have done it, you
will be free from Ihraam restrictions. You change into your everyday clothes
and can stay in Makkah doing everyday things.
The term Halq signifies shaving all the hair of your head
Qasr is trimming all the hair on the entire head so that the
hair is three quarters or less in length of what it used to be
Halq and Qasr

Yahyaa Ibne Husayn (r.a) has reported from his grandfather, that on the
occasion of the fairwell hajj, the Prophet (s.a.w) made du’aa thrice for
those who shaved off all the hair on their head, and only once for those
who trimmed it – Muslim

Therefore, it is better to shave off the hair than to trim it

Please note : If a person is naturally bald, or bald after a recent Umraah,

he must still, at the very least, pass the razor over his head
Women should trim a finger wrap (about 1 inch) of hair.
CAUTION: A Woman Must Not Expose Her Hair To Other Males Whilst Trimming

You are now free from the restrictions of Ihraam

Alhamdulillah, you have now completed your Umraah. May Allaah accept
your Umraah, and may you be a better person for your efforts in His path.
Time for Hajj
Getting ready for Hajj
• When the first day of Hajj is about to start, if you are doing a Tamattu Hajj,
you must re-enter the state of Ihraam.
(If you are doing a Qiraan or Ifraad Hajj, you should already be in the state of Ihraam)
• Go to Masjidul Haram with your Ihraam on, cover your head with your Ihraam, and
perform 2 nafl Rakaats

• Uncover your head and make the niyyah (intention) for Hajj and then recite Talibiyah

Hajj Qiraan – You made your intention for Hajj when you made your
intention for Umraah, so you should already be in the state of Ihraam,
and need not make another intention
Hajj Ifraad - You entered the state of Ihraam with the intention of Hajj only
Hajj Tammattu – You must re-enter the state of Ihraam before you leave for
Mina on the 8th
In all cases, the intention will be:

O Allaah! I intend to perform Hajj. Make it easy for me and accept

it from me
Getting ready for Hajj
Haj : Qiraan - Tammattu - Ifraad

You have now entered the state of Ihraam

You have two options:

If you wish, you can perform your Hajj Sa’ee, so you don’t have to perform it
after your Tawaaf e Ziyaarah.

However sa’ee cannot be performed without Tawaaf, so if you were to do

perform your Hajj Sa’ee now, you would first have to perform a Nafl Tawaaf
and then follow it up with the Sa’ee.

Your tawaaf would require Idtiba (leaving your shoulder uncovered) in all 7
rounds, and Ramal (jogging instead of walking) in the first 3 rounds.
The five days of Hajj
Day 1 - 8th Zul Hajj
• Make your way to Mina.

• If you’re walking, you can set off after sunrise on the 8th and arrive at
Mina before Zuhr.

• The first day of hajj has started

• If you’re travelling as part of a group in a vehicle, you may be forced

to set off in the night.

• Keep reciting the Talbiyah along the way.

• At Mina, perform Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, Isha and the

second day’s Fajr Salaah.
• Spend your time praying, asking for forgiveness and
sending Durood to the Prophet (s.a.w)
View of the Open Plains of Mina
Tall Posts, individually
Numbered can be seen
All over the camp –
Remember the one next
to Your Tent.

View of the Tents at Mina

The five days of Hajj
Day 2 - 9th Zul Hajj
The next stage of the Hajj is the Wuqoof (stay at Arafat), which starts from
Zawwaal (midday) on the 9th Zul Hajj (the second day of Hajj), and ends at
Sub'h Sadiq (Dawn – Fajr Beginning time) on the 10th Zul Hajj (The third day
of Hajj).
Leave Mina and head for Arafat after sunrise, not before. If you arrive before
midday, take a rest and conserve your energy. After midday, remain engaged
in Durood Shareef, Dhikr, Tasbeeh, praise Allaah and recite the Talbiyah. Pray
for yourself, your family and your friends, and the whole Ummah.
You must now stay at Arafat. This is called the wuqoof. Staying in Arafat is the
core rite of Hajj and MUST be completed, even it the stay is momentary. Failure
to stay in Arafat during the allotted time will mean your Hajj is not done, and
must be repeated.

You must stay in Arafat until sunset. This is Waajib. After sunset, you may leave
for Muzdallifah.

Do also remember in your Du’aa all those associated with the production of this guide
Inside Arafat
The five days of Hajj
Day 2 - 9th Zul Hajj
At Arafat, there is a mosque called Masjid Namirah where you can pray your
Salaah, but it is very difficult getting there

If you manage to get to Masjid Namirah then you will pray Zuhr and Asr
Salaah together at Zuhr time

If you pray Zuhr and Asr in your tent, then you will pray them separately at
their appropriate times.

Very important – You are advised not to go to Masjid Namirah , because at

Arafat, all the tents look exactly the same and it is very easy to get lost in
the congestion.

And although it is virtuous to stand near Jabl Rahmat, you should be wary
about straying too far from your tent as you may find it difficult getting back
Du’aa for Arafat
At Arafat, there are a some things that you are encouraged
to pray. These include:

• 100 x 4th Kalimah

• 100 x Surah Ikhlas (Qul HuwAllaahu Ahad – surah 112)
• 100 x Durood e Ibraaheem - (Add Wa’alaynaa ma’ahum at the
end of every Durood shareef)

It is stated that when you read the prayers above after Zawaal (midday) at
Arafat, facing Qiblah, Allaah responds:

“Oh my Angels! What is the reward of my servant who glorified Me, praised Me,
mentioned my Oneness and Greatness and sent salutations on my Prophet
(s.a.w)? I have forgiven him, and accepted his request regarding his needs,
and if my servant Intercedes for all who are in Arafat, I will accept it; he can
ask for whatever he wishes.”

Remain in worship for all the time you are in Arafat; cry as you ask for His mercy
and forgiveness. Pray for everyone and pray for yourself.
The five days of Hajj
Day 2 - 9th Zul Hajj
After Sunset, leave for Muzdalifah. Do not perform Maghrib Salaah at Arafat.
You are to perform Maghrib and Isha together at Muzdalifah. You will
perform them with a single Adhaan at Isha time.

Maghrib and Isha can be performed individually or in congregation up to

Sub’h Sadiq (Dawn – Fajr Beginning time)

How to pray Salaah at Muzdalifah

• Call out one Adhaan
• Say Iqaamah
• Perform Fardh of Maghrib Salaah
• Perform Fardh of Isha Salaah
• Perform Sunnah of Maghrib Salaah
• Perform Sunnah and then the Witr Waajib of Isha Salaah

Spend the rest of the night in Ibaadah as this night is full of blessings
• While at Muzdalifah, collect 70 pebbles, the size of a pea or date seed to pelt
Jamaraats (three stone pillars symbolising Shaytaan) and store the stones
safely away in a pouch. Try to collect more than you need, just in case you
lose some of yours or someone else loses theirs.
• Make sure you are collecting pebbles, as some times you can pick up sheep
droppings, date seeds or other objects. Also, make sure the stones are
collected from a clean place.
70 pebbles must be collected
7 Pebbles for Day 3 (10th Zul Hijjah)
21 Pebbles for Day 4 (11th Zul Hijjah)
21 Pebbles for Day 5 (12th Zul Hijjah)
21 Pebbles for Day 6 (13th Zul Hijjah) If you are going to pelt the Jamraats today,
you will need these. Sometimes, due to unforeseen
circumstances (weather, illness) you might end up staying this extra
day even if you don’t intend to. You must plan for such an emergency
and are advised to collect 21 pebbles for this day too

It is also permissible to collect these pebbles from places other than Muzdalifah
The five days of Hajj
Day 3 - 10th Zul Hajj
You are still at Muzdalifah. Perform Fajr Salaah here, and then, anytime after
sunrise, leave to stone the Jamaraat, which are located at Mina, a short distance
from the tents. Leave for Mina reciting the Talbiyah and performing Dhikr.
When you reach Mina you have to fulfil the obligations of:
You must perform the
1) Ramee – pelting only the large Jamaraat first three obligations in
2) Nahr – Animal Sacrifice
Failure will result in a
penalty, called the DAM,
3) Halq or Qasr - Shaving or trimming hair having to be paid.

Once these 3 rites have been done, you would then perform Tawaaf e
Ziyaarah in Makkah
Ramee – Satellite view of Mina &
The bridge of the Jamaraats

Tunnel System through mountains

Ramee – The bridge of the Jamaraats
To Makkah
Jamaraat – both floors Upper platform Exit
3. Large Jamaraat

2. Medium Jamaraat

1. Small Jamaraat

Jamaraat from above Upper platform

Lower Lower
platform platform

Jamaraat from below

Lower platform

Way in From Mina


OLD Upper Jamaraat NEW Upper Jamaraat

OLD Lower Jamaraat NEW Lower Jamaraat

The New Jamaraats

Multi-Tier To
For The Masses
The five days of Hajj
Day 3 - 10th Zul Hajj
Pelting Times are from Ishraaq (post-sunrise) until the Subah Saadiq (Fajr
beginning time) of the next day.
Come to the large Jamaraat and stand at a distance of about two and a half yards or more. If possible,
you should pelt in such a way that masjid Khaif is to your Right and Makkah to your left. However, you
can pelt from whichever direction you want.
Stop reciting Talibiyah now and aim Seven pebbles, one at a time, at the Jamaraat. Hold the pebble in
your right hand between your index finger and thumb (as if you are throwing a dart) and as you throw
each pebble, recite “ Bismillahi Allaahu Akbar”. You have now finished the day’s stoning.

Back to Mina

Small Jamaraat Medium Jamaraat Large Jamaraat

You should try to hit the Jamaraat, but if you miss, it doesn’t really matter. What does matter is that the stones land in the
walled area surrounding the jamaraat; if they don’t, you must repeat the throw. If you are pelting the Shaytaan on behalf of
others, you can only do so if they are excused by a valid Sharee’ah excuse – ‘congestion’ or ‘rush’ are not Shar’ee excuses
The five days of Hajj
Day 3 - 10th Zul Hajj
Nahr – Animal Sacrifice
Now that you have finished stoning the Jamaraat, it is time for the
Nahr / qurbani / animal sacrifice, which must be done.
When sacrificing the animal, you must make an intention for the Hajj you
are performing, for example, “I am sacrificing this animal for my Hajj
Tammatu.” If you are part of a group, your leader will usually arrange
this, and inform you when it is done, so that you can do the halq/qasr
Halaq or Qasr – Shaving or trimming hair

Now shave or trim your hair. This is Waajib so it

must be completed to fulfil the obligations of Hajj.
For women, only a fingerwrap of hair has to be cut.
The five days of Hajj
Day 3 - 10th Zul Hajj
Then Tawaaf e Ziyaarah, at Makkah

• The time for Tawaaf Ziyaarah begins at Sub’h Sadiq (Fajr beginning time) on
the 10th Zul Hijjah and ends at sunset on 12th Zul Hajj but it is more virtuous to
perform it on 10th Zul Hajj.

• You must proceed to Makkah and perform Tawaaf e Ziyaarah

• After the tawaaf, offer two Nafl Rakaats, make Du’aa, then drink some Zam

• Now perform Sa’ee (if Sa’ee has already been

performed, then you need not perform it
again). After the Sa’ee, head back to Mina.

It is a Sunnah to return back to Mina. Staying anywhere else is Makrooh.

The five days of Hajj
Day 4 - 11th Zul Hajjah
You should be in your tent at Mina. The only ritual to be performed today is the pelting of the Jamaraat

You throw seven pebbles, separately at each of the three Jamaraat

The time for this on the 11th and 12th Zul Hajj begins at Zawaal and ends at Sub’h Sadiq

• Go to the Small Jamaraat and throw a total of seven pebbles at it, one at a time. Hold each pebble
between the index finger and Thumb of your right hand and recite “Bismillahi Allaahu Akbar” as you
throw it
• After throwing the seven pebbles, move over to the side and facing Qibla, MAKE Du’aa.

• Now walk to the Middle Jamaraat and follow the same steps as you did with the Small jamaraat.

Now walk to the large jamaraat and throw seven more pebbles at it as you did with the other jamaraats
but after the last one, DO NOT MAKE Du’aa. Simply return back to Camp Mina and spend the night there.

Back to Mina

Small Jamaraat Medium Jamaraat Large Jamaraat

The five days of Hajj
Day 5 - 12th Zul Hajjah
Follow the same procedure mentioned on the previous slide. Once you have
finished, return to Makkah with your things.

If you fail to leave mina before Sub’h Sadiq of the next day, then Ramee on
the following day Becomes Wajib on you. Thus, you must stay an extra day

Back To Makkah
Before Sub’h Saadiq
Back To Mina
After Sub’h Saadiq

Small Jamaraat Medium Jamaraat Large Jamaraat

The five days of Hajj
Day 6 - 13th Zul Hajjah
The Ramee of 13th Zul Hijjah is not Waajib. However, it is virtuous and very
rewarding to pelt the three Shaytaan on 13th Zul Hijjah too.

If you are to pelt the three Shaytaans then do so in the same manner as you did
on the 11th and 12th Zul Hijjah.

Back To Makkah
Before Sub’h Saadiq

Small Jamaraat Medium Jamaraat Large Jamaraat

Alhumdulillah – InshAllaah - all the rites of Hajj are now complete. May Allaah Accept your
Hajj and shower His blessings on you, your family and the whole Ummah. Aameen.
Tawaafe Widaa
You are now a Haaji and will stay a little while longer in Makkah

As long as you remain in Makkah, value every moment. Perform:

• Tawaafs – try and perform as many Tawaafs as you can, as

Tawaafs are more rewarding than other forms of worship.
• Dhikr and Ibaadah
• Umraah

When you decide to depart from Makkah, perform the Tawaaf e Widaa (the farewell
Tawaaf) which is Waajib.
After the Tawaaf, perform two Rak'aats of Tawaaf at Maqaami Ibraaheem, and
then drink ZamZam water to your fill. Next, go to the Multazam area, shed some
tears, and make Du’aa for as long as possible.

Now make Istilaam of Hajarul Aswad as a goodbye to this Holy city. Depart with
sadness, as you don’t know if you will have the privilege of visiting again.
Ziyaarah in Makkah

Masjid Jinn / Haras – located near Ma’ala Graveyard

This Mosque is called Masjid Jinn because it is here
that a large group of Jinn accepted Islam at the
hands of the Prophet (s.a.w). The whole incident of
the Jinn coming and discussing Islam with the
Prophet (s.a.w) was witnessed by abdullah Ibn
Masood (r.a)

Masjid Namirah – located in Arafaat

This mosque marks the place where the Prophet
(s.a.w) delivered his very last sermon, called the
Khutba of Hajj, sometimes referred to as the
Farewell Sermon. It is located beside Mount
Namirah, in Arafaat.
Every year, on 9th Zul Hajj, the Khutba of Hajj is
delivered from the mosque.
Ziyaarah in Makkah

Masjid-e-Khaif - located in Mina, near the

small Jamaraat. Scores of Prophets are
believed to have performed Salah in the
area, and the Prophet (s.a.w), when he
performed Hajj performed Fajr Salah there.

Masjid -e- Aiysha (Tan’eem) – located 7.5 kms

from the centre of Makkah. Hazrat Aisha (r.a)
entered into Ihraam from this location. Anyone
living in Makkah, and wanting to perform an
Umraah, usually wears their Ihraam from this
mosque, as it is the nearest boundary point to
When the Prophet (s.a.w) was once coming to Makkah with his wife, Aiysha (r.a), to perform
Umraah, and everyone had entered into the state of Ihraam, Hadhrat Aiysha (r.a), could not
enter this state because her period had started. To allow her to perform this Umraah, the
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) told her to go outside of Makkah, to a place called Tan’eem, and
enter into the state of Ihraam from there.
Ziyaarah in Makkah
Mount Noor/ Mount Hira – located a few miles away from the centre of Makkah

The mountain is named "Jabal-e-Noor”,or Jabel-e-Hiraa, after the cave of Hiraa near its peak.
The cave of Hira is where the Prophet (s.a.w) received the first revelation of the Qur’aan.
The Prophet (s.a.w) used to frequent the cave and took food along with him because he
would spend many days there. One day the Angel Jibraeel appeared before him in the cave
and ordered him to “Iqra! - Read!” The Prophet (s.a.w) replied he did not know how to. The
angel embraced him, then repeated the command. This happened 3 times. Finally, the angel
spoke the verses below, and the Prophet (s.a.w) repeated after him.

Read! in the name of your Lord , who created man from a clot.
Read! (in the name of your Lord), the Most Bountiful, who taught by
means of the pen, and taught man what he did not know. (Qur'an 96: 1-5)
Ziyaarah in Makkah
Mount Thowr – located 4kms south from the centre of Makkah
Mount Thowr has a cave at its peak, also called Thowr. The Prophet (s.a.w) and Abu Bakr
(r.a) hid in this cave for 3 nights when they made the Hijrah, the emigration to Madinah. The
cave is nearly ½ a mile high.
As the Prophet (s.a.w) and Abu Bakr (r.a) hid in the cave, search parties scoured the land in order to
capture them and claim a massive reward. One party came dangerously close to finding them, reaching
the entrance to the cave.
Abu Bakr (r.a), on seeing them, felt capture was imminent. The Prophet consoled him, and said
"Fear not, for Allaah is with us. "
Allaah sent a spider to spin a web over the entrance to the cave, which fooled the group into thinking that
no one was in the cave, because the web was intact, and they would have had to break the spider's web
to enter the cave.

"He being the second of the two When they were in the cave,
And when Muhammad said to his companion, 'Grieve not,
surely God is with us'. Then Allaah came to their help. And
protected them with an army Which they saw not." {9:40}
Ziyaarah in Makkah

Mount Abu Qubays - located adjacent to Mount Safaa

The Black Stone, which is fixed in one corner of the Kaa'bah, when it came down from
heaven is believed to have descended to this mountain. Today, in its place, is a palace of the
ruler of Saudi Arabia. It is next to Safaa.
Ziyaarah in Makkah
Jabal-e-Rahmat – located 1.5km from Masjid Namirah, in Arafaat

In Arafaah, there is mount named "Jabal-e-Rehmat" where a white

pillar has been built. This pillar marks the mountain where Adam
and Eve (as) (Aadam and Hawwaa (as))’s repentance for their
mistake in Paradise was accepted. It was through the mercy of
Allaah that they were forgiven, and that is where Allaah’s mercy
decended; because of this, this mount is called the Mountain of
Mercy (Jabal-e-Rehmat).

The Prophet (s.a.w)’s Birthplace –

located adjacent to Marwah

The birthplace of the greatest of all men, our

beloved Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w); a small library
has been built on the spot.
Ziyaarah in Makkah
Ma’la Graveyard
The Prophet (s.a.w) described this graveyard as an ‘excellent place.” (Ahmed, Hadith 3472)

Al-Ma’la graveyard in Makkah holds the graves of :

1. Hazrat Khadija (r.a), wife of the Prophet (s.a.w)

2. Many first and second generation Muslims

A view of Mu’alla Graveyard Grave of Khadija (r.a), wife of the

Prophet (s.a.w)
Ziyaarah in Makkah
The Kiswah Factory

This is where the Kaaba's cover, called

the Kiswa, is made every year. The cover
is replaced by a new one every year.
Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah

The Prophet (s.a.w)’s Mosque in Madinah
Distance between Makkah and Madina:
209 miles / 337 km

Madinah is the 2nd holiest city in Islaam. It is in this city that Islaam
first took root, from this city that Islaam expanded, and it is here
that the grave of our Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) is located.

The city is full of blessings. The Prophet (s.a.w) has said:

"There is a cure to every disease in the dust of

Al-Madinah." (Al-Targhib)
Travelling to Madinah and Visiting the
Prophet (s.a.w)'s Mosque
Travelling to Madinah and visiting the Prophet [s.a.w]’s mosque is not a rite of Hajj
or Umraah. However, it is a Sunnah that has been heavily emphasised.

There is no Ihraam or Talbiyah for the journey to Madinah and the visit to the
Prophet (s.a.w)’s Mosque.

Abu Hurayrah (r.a) has narrated

that the Prophet (s.a.w) said:

"There are only three mosques to which travel is encouraged:

1. The Holy Mosque (in Makkah),
2. the Mosque of the Prophet (s.a.w) (in Madinah),
3. and the ‘Farthest’ Mosque (Al-Aqsa Masjid, Jerusalem)."
Prayer In the Prophet’s Mosque
The potential reward for praying at the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah is
enormous. Abu Hurayrah (r.a) narrates: “Allaah's Apostle (s.a.w) said

“With the exception of Al-Masjid Al-Haraam, performing One prayer in

my mosque brings more reward than performing a thousand prayers
in any other mosque,.” - Bukhari

And about the virtues of praying in this blessed Masjid, the Prophet (s.a.w) has

"Whoever prays 40 consecutive prayers (with the Jamaat/conregation)

at this Mosque of mine without missing even one, salvation from the
fire of Hell and salvation from punishment will be destined for him,
along with freedom from hypocrisy."
(Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi, al-Mundhiri, and at-Tabaraani)
We must emphasise that praying at Masjid an-Nabawi is not obligatory and the visiting
person should not worry if he, or she, could not do so for some reason or other, though they
should try their best not to be miss out on such great rewards.
Internal View of the
Prophet (s.a.w)’s Masjid
The Prophet’s Mosque
In the Prophet's Mosque is an area called Riyaadhul Jannah, “The Sacred
Garden”. This is the area between the Prophet (s.a.w)’s house, which no longer
exists, and the Minbar/pulpit of the mosque; the mosque stood adjacent to the
Prophet’s house; the prophet’s house, in which he was buried, is now called the
The Prophet

Light Carpeted Area

This area is the Prophet

(s.a.w)’s Musallah –
where he led prayer
The Prophet
Muhammad (s.a.w) &
the Companions
(r.a)’s Resting Place.

Riyaadhul Jannah - Garden of Paradise Area

The Messenger of Allaah
(s.a.w)’s Mimbar - Pulpit
Other virtues of visiting Madinah
The Prophet (s.a.w) has said:
“Whoever visits my grave, my intercession becomes obligatory for him” (Dara Qutni)
“Anyone who visits me after my death is like those who visited me during my life”
(Tabraani, Daar al-Qutni)
“The person who performs a Hajj and then visits my grave, is like someone who
has visited me during my life (Bayhaqi)

“Whoever travels specifically to visit me, will be a neighbour to me on the Day of

Judgement” (Bayhaqi)

“Whoever perfoms his Hajj in Makkah, then comes to Madinah with the sole aim of
visiting me at my mosque, (the rewards of) 2 accepted Hajjs will be written for him”
Whoever dies in Madinah will be entitled to the intercession of our Prophet
As well as these, there are many other benefits of visiting the Prophet (s.a.w)’s city.
On the way to Madinah
When you set off for Madinah, make the following intention in your mind:

"O Allaah! I am starting my journey.

I intend to pray at Masjid an-Nabawi and to visit the tomb of the
Holy Prophet (s.a.w). Please accept my efforts."

Keep reciting Durood Shareef (ideally Durood-e-Ibraaheem, the one that

is read in the daily prayers) over and over again and as you get closer,
you should start getting more excited.

On sighting the Prophet (s.a.w)’s Mosque, the first thing that you will see are
the minarets of Masjid an-Nabawi, which dominate the Madinah skyline.
Reaching Madinah
When you reach Madinah, continue with Durood Shareef, and recite this Du’aa once:

Allaahhumma haazaa haramu nabiyyika faj’alhu li wiqaayatam minannaari,

“O Allaah! This isamaanam minalofazaabi
the sanctuary wasoo-il(s.a.w).
your Prophet hisaab.Make it a source of
protection from the Fire (of Hell) for me, and [make it] a safeguard from
punishment and disastrous reckoning.”

After reaching your place of residence:

• Either Take a bath or perform ablution (ie. wudhu).
• Wear your best clothes (try to wear islaamic clothes).
• Apply Fragrance (‘Itr) – MEN Only.
• Make your way towards the Prophet’s Mosque uttering Durood Shareef with
full humility.
• donate some money Sadaqah to the poor as you make your way to the mosque
– however, BE CAUTIOUS!! Gangs of opportunists do operate. Lillaah Money
boxes do exist in the Masaajid of Madinah or give to the Teachers in the
The Prophet’s mosque : Sacred Garden, Pulpit, Columns &

Columns Modern-day Mihrab

Baqee’ gate Gallery for Salaam Salaam


Platform for the caller
of the Adhaan
The Prophet’s Mihrab and Mimbar


Platform of Suffah Qiblah

Entering the Prophet’s Mosque
Try to enter the Mosque through the Gate of Jibraeel or Gate of Salaam

Cross the threshold to the mosque with your RIGHT foot, Make niyyah for i’tikaaf,
then praise Allaah (by saying Allaahu-Akbar, Subhan-Allaah, Alhamdu-Lillaah,
etc.), then say:
Bismillaahi Was-salaatu Was-ssalamu alaa Rasoolillaah,
Allaahhum-maftah-lee Abwaaba Rahmatik
“In the name of Allaah, may peace and salutations (of Allaah) be upon
the Messenger of Allaah. O Allaah, open up the doors of your mercy for
me ”

Please note : Women will not be able to visit the Rawdah with the men.
Women are segregated, and at certain times, the Rawdah area is cleared of
men and they are allowed exclusive access to it.
If a husband and wife go to the mosque together, they should find a landmark
and decide on a time that they will meet up with each other afterwards.
Tahiyyatul Masjid
Now offer two Rak'aats of Tahiyyatul-Masjid (greeting-of-the-Mosque Prayer)
preferably in Riyaadh al Jannah, near the tomb of the Prophet (s.a.w) . If the
area is full, you can pray anywhere else in the Masjid, but praying in the garden
area is better, since the Prophet (SallAllaahu ’Alayhi Wa-Sallam) has said:
“[the area] between my house and my minbar is a garden from the
Gardens of Paradise"

When you offer your Prayer, make

sure it is not Makrooh time.
The Holy Graves
Please note here that there are three gold mesh enclosures that look like
doors: the first and third mesh enclosures have nothing in them.
Only the middle, 3-holed Mesh enclosure will concern you:
Leftmost hole ( the Largest hole) : This hole is in line with the noble
Prophet (s.a.w)’s face
Middle hole : This hole is in line with face of Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a)
Rightmost hole : This hole is in line with the face of Umar Farooq (r.a)
Middle Section with
the Noble Tombs
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w)’s grave
Step 1 - Stand facing the first hole - which is in line with the grave of the Prophet
(s.a.w). With great respect and in a slightly hushed voice, recite Durood and

As Salaatu Was-sallamu ’Alayka Yaa Rasoolallaah, As Salaatu Was-sallamu ’Alayka Yaa

Nabeeyyallaah, As Salaatu Was-sallamu ’Alayka Yaa Sayyidal Ambiyaaa Wal Mursaleena
Wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakaatuh
If you are facing the holy grave while making Du’aa, DO NOT raise your hands
Now convey the Salaams of all those people who asked you to convey their salaam and ask
for the Prophet (s.a.w) to intercede to Allaah on yours and their behalf.
Please, remember all those involved in the production of this guide as you stand there. If you remember
convey Durood & Salaam to the Prophet (s.a.w) on their behalf.
The Grave of Islaam’s 1st Caliph, Abu Bakr (r.a)

Step 2 - Next, move a little to the right standing in line with the grave of Abu Bakr
(r.a). Greet him, and supplicate to Allaah to bestow Mercy and Forgiveness on

As Salaamu ‘Alayka Yaa Sayyidanaa Abaa Bakrinis Siddeeyq, As Salaamu ‘Alayka Yaa
Khaleefata Rasoolillaah, As Salaamu ‘Alayka Yaa Saahiba Rasoolillaah, Feeyl Ghaari Wa
Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakaatuh
Salaams upon you Oh Sayyidinaa Abu Bakar Siddiq, Salaams upon you O Khaleef of the Messenger of
Allaah (s.a.w), Peace upon you Oh companion of the Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w) in the cave,
Mercy & Blessings of Allaah upon you.
The Grave of Islaam’s 2nd Caliph, Umar Farooq (r.a)

Step 3 - Now, once again, move a little to the right until you are in line with the
third hole - the grave of Umar (r.a). Greet him and supplicate for him.

As Salaamu ’Alayka Yaa ’Umarabnal Khattaab, As Salaamu ’Alayka Yaa Ameeyral mu’mineeyn.

Step 4 - Having finished, turn towards the Qiblah and make a private
du’aa to Allaah (s.w.t) for the people you know, and also for the
wellbeing of the entire Ummah.

Remember, Du’aas are made only to Allaah. Do not pray to anyone else, as no Prophet, Saint or
Holy man can ever grant you your wishes.
After the Salaam
• There are certain pillars in The Prophet’s mosque that hold special
significance. They are blessed, and you should spend a bit of time praying near
• them.
According to Imam Bukhaari, the companions of the Prophet (s.a.w) would offer
many prayers at these pillars.
• At these pillars, you should keep yourself occupied praying Nafl Salaah,
making du’aa and reading Quran. All these pillars have their names written on

Pillars are all
4 3 2 marked like this
7 6

1 – Ustuwaanah Mukhallaq (Hannaanah)

2 – Ustuwaanah ‘Aa’ishah
8 3 – Ustuwaanah Abu Lubaabah (Tawbah)
4 – Ustuwaanah Sareer (Sleeping place)
5 – Ustuwaanah ‘Ali
6 – Ustuwaanah Wufood (Delegation)
7 – Ustuwaanah Jibreel
8 – Ustuwaanah Tahajjud
1 - Ustuwaanah Mukhallaq (Hannaanah)
Mukhallaq – this means ‘fragranced’
Hannaanah – this means ‘crying camel’

Ustuwaanah Mukhallaq (Hannaanah):This is the most blessed of the pillars for the
Prophet (s.a.w) performed his Salaah beside this pillar. There used to be a date palm
on this spot, and the Prophet (s.a.w) would lean on it while delivering sermons.

After the first Mimbar was made, the day the Prophet (s.a.w) switched to
using it instead, the date palm began weeping and wailing, so loudly that
everyone in the mosque heard it, and they too were moved to tears. Only
after the Prophet (s.a.w) consoled it, did the date palm eventually stop its
The Prophet (s.a.w) then said:
“The tree cried because of the (loss of the) dhikr of Allaah which was made near it. Now that
the mimbar has been built, it has been deprived of the dhikr in its immediate vicinity. Had I
not placed my hands on it, it would have cried like that till the Day of Resurrection.”

According to another Hadith, it is said that when the tree cried, it almost split open. When
the Prophet (s.a.w) placed his holy hands on the palm tree, its crying subsided gradually, like
a child who quietens when he is being consoled after crying profusely. (Bukhaari)
2 - Ustuwaanah Aiysha
Other names : Ustuwaanah Muhaajireen - this means the Pillar of the Emigrants
Ustuwaanah aI-Qurraa - this means the Pillar of the Quran reciters
It has written on it “Haazihi Ustawanah Aiysha ” (this is the Pillar of Aiysha)

Hadhrat Aiysha (r.a) reports that Prophet (s.a.w) said:

“There is one spot in this mosque which, if people knew the true blessed nature
of it, they would flock towards it in such (huge) numbers that to pray there, they
would have had to cast lots with one another.”

Hadhrat Aiysha (r.a) at first refused to point out the exact spot, but later on, at the
persistence of Hadhrat ‘Abdullah ibn Zubayr (r.a), she pointed it out. Since Hadhrat
Aiysha pointed it out, it is called the Pillar of Aiysha.
This is the spot where the Prophet (s.a.w) delivered sermons before Ustuwaanah
Also, Hadhrat Abu Bakr (r.a) and Hadhrat ‘Umar (r.a) often used to pray here.
3 - Ustuwaanah Abu Lubaabah (Tawbah)
It has written on it “Haazihi Ustuwanah Abi Lubaabah”. Hadhrat Abu Lubaabah
(r.a) was a Companion who fought on the side of the Muslims in a battle
against the Jewish clan of Banu Qurayzah. Because he used to deal with Jews,
in pre-Islamic times, they called on him to try and find out what Rasoolullaah
(s.a.w) intended to do with them for an act of treachery on their part.
Abu Lubabah went and told them they were to be killed.
Abu Labbaaba then realised he was helping the enemy. He repented
his grievous mistake by coming to the Prophet (s.a.w), tying himself
to a date tree trunk at this spot and crying to Allaah for forgiveness.
He said: “Until my repentance in not accepted by Allaah, I shall not untie myself
from (the tree). And only Rasoolullaah (s.a.w) himself may untie my bonds”.
One day, the Prophet (s.a.w) was performing tahajjud prayers in the house of
Umm Salamah (r.a) when he received the good news that Abu Lubaabah’s
repentance had been accepted. The good news was conveyed to Abu
Lubaabah (r.a), but he refused to be untied by anyone other than the Prophet
(s.a.w). The Prophet (s.a.w) untied him as he entered for Fajr Salaah.
The Prophet (s.a.w) mentioned that had Abu Lubaabah (r.a) come to him first, and asked him
to ask Allaah for forgiveness on his behalf, his repentance would have been accepted
4 - Ustuwaanah Sareer (Sleeping place)
It has “Haazihi Ustuwana as-Sareer” written on it. it is reported that the the
Prophet (s.a.w) used to confine himself in I’tikaaf at the point marked by this pillar.
A platform made of wood used to be put down for the Prophet (s.a.w) to sleep on.

5 - Ustuwaanah ‘Ali
Other names : Ustuwaanah-i-Mah’ras or Hars (To watch or protect)
It has written on it “Haazihi Ustuwana al-Hars”. This is the place where Hadhrat
‘Ali (r.a) and other companions used to keep guard. Hadhrat ‘Ali (r.a) used to be
the one who was mostly here, so his name was given to the pillar

The Prophet (s.a.w) also used to pass this point when he entered the mosque
from the door of Aysha (r.a)’s house.
6 - Ustuwaanah Wufood
It has written on it “Haazihi Ustuwana al-Wufood”. When Muslims or non-Muslims
from outside Madinah came to visit the Prophet (s.a.w), he would receive their
delegations here. 'Wufood' in Arabic means delegations.

7 - Ustuwaanah Tahajjud
This pillar is now inside the Rawdah and cannot be seen. It was the place where
the Prophet (s.a.w) used to offer Tahajjud Prayer after everyone had left. It is
inside the shrine near the back wall where now the platform of Mehrab-e-Tahajjud

8 - Ustuwaanah Jibreel
Also known as the Square Grave Column, this was the usual place where Jibreel
(as) used to enter to visit the Prophet (s.a.w). Today it cannot be seen as it lies
inside the Rawdah, behind the pillar ‘Ustuwaanah Wufood’.

Remember: Every step taken in the mosque and Madinah is a step on the holy ground. Tread
carefully and with full humility
Suffah means a platform. The Prophet’s Mosque catered for the residence and
educational activities of the poor, the needy and out of the town guests. the
Prophet (s.a.w) used to honour these people by giving them his time and
imparting Islamic teachings to them on a one to one basis. That is why Suffah is
considered a residential university in modern terms. The Prophet (s.a.w) used
to send these trained residents to various lands for the propagation of Islam.

The poor, the needy and the immigrants who had no place to go, used to reside
in Suffah, and were known as Ashaab-as-Suffah (the residents of Suffah).
Some well-known Ashab-ss-Suffah are listed below.
Abu Hurayrah (r.a) Abu Dhar Ghafaary (r.a)
K’ab bin Maalik Ansari (r.a) Salmaan al-Faarsi (r.a)
Hanzalah bin Abi ‘Amr (r.a) Haarithah bin Nu’maan (r.a)
Huzayfah bin al-Yamaan (r.a) ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ood (r.a)
Suhayb bin Sanaan Roomi (r.a) Saalim Maulaa Abi Huzayfah (r.a)
Bilaal bin Rabaah (r.a) Abu Sa’eed Khudri (r.a)
Blessed places of Madinah Munawwarah
Jannatul Baqee (BAQEE AL-GHARAD)
Jannatul Baqee is the main graveyard of Madinah. There are 1000s of the great
companions and many members of the family of the Prophet (s.a.w) resting here.
There are many Ahaadith to describe the virtues of visiting Jannatul-Baqee:-
The Prophet (s.a.w) said,
“Whoever gets the golden opportunity to die in Madinah should take it. I shall call on Allaah to
forgive a person who has died in Madinah.” ( Musnad Ahmed and Tirmidhi )

Aiysha (r.a) mentions that whenever the Prophet (s.a.w) spent a night in her Hujrah, afterwards,
he would visit Baqee late at night and used to make the following supplication: “O residents of
the community of the believers, peace be upon you. You have received what you were promised.
Our appointed time will come soon. God willing, we shall meet you soon. O Allaah! Please
forgive those who are in Baqee Gharad (Baqee Graveyard).”

According to another narration, the Prophet (s.a.w) said,

“Jibreel (as) came to me and said, ‘Your creator has ordered you to go to Baqee and make
supplication for their forgiveness.’”

Aiysha (r.a) was always very keen to acquire knowledge from the Prophet (s.a.w). Aiysha (r.a)
once asked the Prophet (s.a.w), “O Prophet of Allaah! What should I say to the inhabitants of
The Prophet (s.a.w) told her to make the following supplication:
“O the dwellers of the community of Muslims and believers, peace be upon you.
May Allaah shower His mercy on those who have left us and on those who are to
follow. God willing, we shall also join you.”
Blessed graves in Baqee Graveyard
1. Ahl Al—bayt (r.a) 5. Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas (r.a) 8. Shuhadaa Al-Hirrah
Abbas ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib (r.a) Imaam Nafi (r.a)
Fatima bint Rasul Allaah (r.a) 9. ‘Uthman Ibn ‘Affaan (r.a)
Imam Hasan Ibn Ali (r.a) 6. Ibraaheem Ibn Rasoolillah (r.a)
Imam ‘Ali Zainul Aabideen (r.a) ‘Uthman Ibn Maz’oon (r.a) 10. Haleemah Sa’diyyah (r.a)
Imam Muhammed Al-Baaqir (r.a) ‘Abdurrahman ibn ‘Awf (r.a)
Imam Ja’far As-Saadiq (r.a) As’ad ibn Zuraarah (r.a) 11. Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (r.a)
Sa’d ibn Ma’aaz (r.a)
2. Daughters of the Prophet (s.a.w) 7. Safiyyah bint Abd Al-Muttalib (Aunt) (r.a)
Zainab (r.a)
Ruqayyah (r.a)
Umm Kulthoom (r.a)

3. Wives of the Prophet (s.a.w)

‘Aa’ishah (r.a) 11
Saudah (r.a) 7 10
Hafsah (r.a) GATE
Umm Salmah (r.a)
Safiyyah (r.a)
5 6 8
Juwayriyah (r.a) 4
3 9
Umm Habibah (r.a)
Zaynab bint Jahsh (r.a) 2
4. ‘Aqeel ibn Abi Taalib (r.a) 1
Sulaymaan Ibn Harith Ibn Abi
Taalib (r.a) Qibla
Abdullah ibn Ja’far al-Tayyar (r.a)
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (r.a)

The first person buried in Al-Baqee was ‘Uthmaan bin Maz’oon (r.a), the first of
the Makkan emigrants, who died in al-Madinah in the month of Sha’baan, 3AH.
Try to visit the graveyard of Jannatul Baqee daily or at least every Friday.
Du’aa should be made for all.
The Mount Uhud

Mount Uhud had a special place in the heart of the Prophet

(s.a.w). There are many hadiths reported regarding this fact:

‘Abbaas ibn Sahl reported from Abu Humayd who said: We set out along
with Allaah’s Messenger (s.a.w) in the expedition to Tabook. We
proceeded until we reached the Valley of al-Quraa and Allaah’s
Messenger (s.a.w) said, “I am going forth, so he among you who wants
to move fast with me may do so; and he who likes to go slowly may do
so.” We proceeded until Madinah was within our sight, and he said,
“This is Uhud, the mountain which loves us and which we love”.

This was also reported by Qatadah from Anas ibn Malik (r.a)
Martyrs of Uhud

The famous battle of Uhud was fought here and Seventy of the Prophet’s
Companions (r.a), including Hamzah ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib, the Prophet (s.a.w)’s
uncle, were blessed with martyrdom.

You should go and visit the graves of these great

individuals (r.a)
In Tabraani, Hadhrat Sahl bin Sa'd (r.a) described
Uhud as one of the pillars of Jannah.

Makkan Cavalry seizes the higher ground

once the Muslim archers left it for the plains
This is the first mosque in the history of Islaam.
Its foundation stone was laid down by our Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) himself.
The Prophet (s.a.w) spent a few days resting here, before he completed his
journey to Madinah.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar (r.a) reports that every Saturday the Prophet (s.a.w)
would go to Masjid-e-Qubaa, sometimes walking and sometimes by animal, and
he would perform two Rakaats of Salaah there." (Bukhari, Muslim)

It is best to visit on Saturday with the intention of both visiting the Masjid
as well as performing Salaah.
Al-Ijaabah Masjid
Al-Ijaabah Mosque was built in the time of the Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w) by
Banu Mu’aawiyah bin Maalik bin ‘Awf al-Awsiyyoon. At first it was called Bani
Mu’aawiyah Mosque, but then its name was changed, as the Messenger of
Allaah (s.a.w) had prayed two Rak'aats in it and then made du’aa to Allaah for
His approval regarding certain special matters.

I asked Allaah that my Ummah not be

destroyed by a drought
My request was granted

I asked Allaah that my Ummah

may not be drowned
My request was granted

I asked Allaah that my Ummah may not be a

victim of mutual differences / infighting –
My request was not granted
Al-Ijaabah Mosque

Location Masjid Al-Ijaabah

Other places of interest
Masjid Qiblatayn. The Mosque with two Qiblahs, i.e. one towards Al-Aqsaa Mosque
in Jerusalem and the other towards the Kaa'bah in Makkah. This is the mosque at
which, during the Salaah itself, everyone turned away from Al Aqsaa and towards
the Ka'bah following a revelation to the Prophet (s.a.w)

Masjid Jumu’ah. This mosque was built at the place where the Prophet (s.a.w)
offered his first Khutbah and Jumu’ah prayer in Madinah.

Masjid Ghamaamah - called the Mosque of "Clouds" because the Prophet (s.a.w)
once led Istisqaa (the rain prayer) here and suddenly clouds formed and it started
raining. It is also called Masjid ‘Eid because the Prophet (s.a.w) and his
companions used to offer the ‘Eid prayers here.

Masjid Abu Bakr, Masjid ‘Umar Farooq and Masjid ‘Ali. These three mosques are near
Masjid Ghamaamah.
Masjid Abu Bakr

Masjid ‘Umar Farooq

Masjid ‘Ali

Masjid Ghamaamah

335 M

455 M
305 M


460 M
Masjid ‘Uthman

Al-Fath Masjid, the 7 Mosques and Jabal-e-Sal’aa
One of the oldest landmarks in al-Madinah al-Munawwarah is this group of small mosques,
which are situated at the western side of Mount Sal’aa.
The name of every mosque located therein takes its name from the commander who was
posted there and supervised the battle from the site.
A dome was erected at the site from which the Prophet (s.a.w) supervised and surveyed the
battle. The other mosques were subsequently erected, consecutively from north to south.
They are: Fath Mosque, Salmaan al-Faarsi Mosque, Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq Mosque, 'Umar bin
al-Khattaab Mosque, 'Ali bin Abu Taalib Mosque, and Faatimah Al-Zahraa Mosque.
The 7 seven mosques have now been bulldozed and replaced with a single combined
3 2
1.Masjid Fath 1
2.Masjid Salmaan
3.Masjid ’Ali 5 4 3
4.Masjid ’Umar 5
5.Masjid Abu Bakr 2

Jabal-e-Sal’aa - Mount Sal’aa During the Battle of the Trench, the Polytheists gathered on its
western side, and were separated from the Muslims by a deep oblong trench that the Muslims had
excavated in 5 AH. At its base was the headquarters of the Muslim leadership and on it was erected the tent
of the Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w), from where he positioned a number of the Sahaabah in different
Masjid Bani Haraam
A miracle of the Prophet (s.a.w) occurred here, in which a little food was
used to feed many. Hazrat Jabir (r.a) saw the Prophet (s.a.w) with a stone
tied to his belly due to hunger. He states: I went home and slaughtered a
small lamb. I went to the Prophet (s.a.w) and quietly said to him, ‘I have a
little food.’ I invited the Prophet (s.a.w) and a few companions (to dine with

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) enquired as to how much food there was. I informed him
of the quantity. He (s.a.w) instructed all the companions (r.a) to join in the food
which the Prophet shared out with his own hands.

Everybody ate to their full, yet the food did not grow less. The Prophet (s.a.w)
even ordered food to be sent as a gift to others.
- Bukhaari

The mosque of these people of Bani Haraam is still

present today in the western Valley of Jabal-e-Sal’aa.
It is called Masjid Bani Haraam.
Other places of interest
The Battle of Badr .
Badr is the location of the first battle between the Muslims and their enemies. It is
located 60 miles from Madinah. On the Muslim side was a small band of only 313
men, of whom merely 60 had armour, while the enemy forces came with an army
of 1000 well-armed and well-equipped soldiers.

The believers had the strength of their Faith in Allaah and His Prophet (s.a.w).
They knew that Truth must prevail and falsehood must be destroyed. Thus it was
this very Faith which brought about the Miracle of a Muslim victory against all
odds, and allowed the Truth to triumph.
Abu Zar Mosque (Masjid Sajdah)
Abu Zar Mosque (Masjid Sajdah) is located on the
northern side of Masjid Nabawi.
It has been reported by Hadhrat Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf
(r.a) that the Prophet (s.a.w) went in prostration for a long
time and when he (s.a.w) lifted his head, he gave glad
tidings of Jibraeel (as) coming with a message from
Allaah (s.w.t):
“Whoever sends Salaah and salaam upon you (s.a.w),
Allaah shall shower his mercy upon such a person.”
Masjid Al-Fadheekh (Masjid Bani Al-Nadheer - Ash-Shams)
This mosque is located to the east of Qubaa’ Mosque, on the side of Waadi But’haan
Fadheekh is the name for wine that is produced from
dates. At the time when the Prophet (s.a.w) laid siege to
Banu al-Nadheer, Abu Ayyub Ansaari (r.a) and some
Sahaabah (r.a) stayed not far from it and with them was
some Fadheekh, date-wine. A verse from the Qur’aan
prohibiting alcohol was revealed, so Abu Ayoub ordered
them to spill it. Thus the mosque that was erected here
became famous by this name.
It is also known as Ash-Shams Mosque, perhaps for the
reason that the sun rises on it first, before the rest of the
buildings in the district.
A well in the mosque of Fadheekh
The Meeqaat (boundary) Mosque
(Masjid al-Shajarah)
This mosque is known as the Mosque of the Tree (or Arbor) because the Prophet
(s.a.w), as he was leaving for Makkah for Pilgrimage, spent some time under the
shade of a tree in this area, and prayed, after which he began his journey.

For the people coming from the direction of Madinah, this is the place where
they change into their Ihraam
Wells of Madina
Bir Arees (al-Khaatam)
B'ir Arees, also known as B'ir Al-Khaatim (the Well of the Ring), is located directly to the west of Qubaa' Mosque.

Arees Well is also called the Well of 'the Ring' as the

ring of the Prophet (s.a.w) fell into it. It was dropped by
‘Uthmaan bin 'Affaan (r.a), during the sixth year of his
rule. It is located near to Masjid e Qubaa.

Bir Bidhaa'ah
Bir Bidhaa'ah Well is located North-West of the Prophet's Mosque. It was
previously a watering place as mentioned in saheeh hadiths. The Prophet (s.a.w),
along with his noble companions (r.a) drank from it and washed with its water,
which affirms that its water was abundant and not contaminated. Its location is
now encompassed by the external courtyard of the Mosque.

Bir-e-Ghars (Ghars well)

It is said that this is the well from which Hadhrat ’Ali
(r.a) drew water from this well to wash the Prophet's
body before burying him. The well is now closed. It
is close to Salmaan Al Faarsi’s date garden.
Bir Haa’ (The Well of Haa’)
Bir Haa’ was located in a grove, north of the Prophet’s Mosque. The designation
Haa’ is attributed to its previous owner, Abu Talha Al-Ansaari (r.a). Abu Talha had
one of the largest number of date gardens, of which, this garden was his most
When the verse “By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you spend
(in charity) of that which you love” was revealed, Abu Talha (r.a) gave away in
Allaah’s cause this entire garden to the Prophet (s.a.w), so it could be used for
good. The Prophet (s.a.w) told him to distribute the garden amongst his own
relatives. The area was later engulfed by the Prophet’s Mosque, near door 21,
during the last expansion project.
Bir Roomah (Bir 'Uthmaan)

It is located in the northwest of al-Madinah al-

Munawwarah, near the course of Waadi al-'Aqeeq,
approximately 3.5 kilometres from the Prophet's
Mosque. When the Muslims migrated to Madinah there
was no readily available drinking water, except for the
Well of Roomah. But its owner sold the water at an
expensive price. The Messenger of Allaah (s.a.w) said
‘He who buys the well for the Muslims shall be rewarded
with that which is better in the Hereafter, so Hadhrat
'Uthmaan (r.a) bought it and donated it, in the cause of
Allaah. Hence the well is also named after him.
When the Muslims returned from Uhud to
Madinah, some of them were severely
injured. The Prophet (s.a.w) took clay from
this ditch and applied it on their wounds.
Their wounds were cured - attaining Shifa.
Thus, the clay was named Khaake Shifaa (the
dust that cured).

Tala al Badru
The first day the Prophet (s.a.w) arrived
in Madinah, having completed his
emigration from Makkah, young
children gathered there to greet him
and sang the nasheed “Tala al Badru
Alayna” (the moon has risen over us).
This picture shows the place where the
young children gathered.
- Advice -
• Please Note The Hajj is an act of Worship – one of
the Five Pillars of Islaam, one can learn & perfect all
the acts required during Hajj, but Ultimately, at the
end of this Act of Ibaadat one should feel act more
inclined towards the Daily Religious Duties which
are now to follow!
• Allaah s.w.t has taken you away from all the daily
trappings just to follow a set of rites & rituals for the
sake of Allaah swt, which should train & focus one to
continue other daily acts for the sake of Allaah swt.

May Allaah make it easy for us all to strengthen

our Imaan. Aameen.
A final message…
• We hope you’ve enjoyed watching this
interactive CD and we hope that you have learnt
a lot from it.
• If you are going for your first Hajj, then bear in
mind that there is no Hajj like your first Hajj!
• Try to make it a quality Hajj, full of Khidmat,
Salaams & Most importantly, full of as many acts
of worship as possible.
Please remember in your Du’aas all those associated with the production of this guide.

• We pray that Allaah Accepts your Hajj.

• We pray that you pray for us too. Aameen.
…and a final request
We are always working to improve our interactive
CD guides.

If you have any comments, queries, or suggestions

to make about this CD, that will help us to
improve it in the future, feel free to drop us an

Please remember in your Du’aa all those associated with the production of this guide